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    GIGA Annual Report 2019
    Veröffentlichungsversion / Published Version
    Tätigkeitsbericht, Jahresbericht / annual report

    Zur Verfügung gestellt in Kooperation mit / provided in cooperation with:
    GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies

Empfohlene Zitierung / Suggested Citation:
GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies - Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien. (2020). GIGA
Annual Report 2019. (GIGA Jahresberichte). Hamburg. https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-69239-2

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GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
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PREFACE

                                Dear Readers
                                It is with pleasure that I present to you our Annual Report 2019, this time from the vantage
                                point of having started my second term as GIGA President.
                                     We welcomed new members to Team GIGA. Among them are two women Junior
                                Professors jointly hired with University Göttingen, Renate Hartwig, and Leuphana University
                                Lüneburg, Belén González. Eckart Woertz was appointed as new Director of one of our
                                regional institutes (IMES) and Professor at the Humanities Faculty at University of Hamburg.
                                And in December, it was agreed that the name of our institute be adapted to standard
                                practice to become the German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA).
                                     GIGA scholars again won accolades for their research. Felix Haaß, Elisabeth Bunsel-
                                meyer, and Saskia Ruth-Lovell were awarded the Leibniz Dissertation Prize, the German
                                Association for Peace and Conflict Studies Dissertation Prize, and the Political Studies
                                Association’s Harrison Prize for an outstanding journal article, respectively.
                                     We are (somewhat unusually) part of two Excellence Clusters that began their work in
                                2019: CLICCS in Hamburg and SCRIPTS in Berlin. Our acquisitions in third-party funding
                                reached an all-time high, facilitating a wide range of innovative projects. We have been
                                intensifying our policy exchange with the Federal Foreign Office at all levels as well as with
                                other federal ministries, the Bundestag, and international organisations like WTO, OECD,
                                and World Bank. Our media presence – in national and international outlets – has increased.
                                Our events have brought together leading scholars, practitioners, and journalists, as we
                                analyse key problems that the world faces today and contribute to finding feasible solutions.
                                Amidst the global outbreak of COVID-19, we see it as our duty to study and analyse the
                                human, social, economic, and policy dimensions of the pandemic, and engage with the
                                broader public at large via digital means. Putting together this Annual Report in the spring
Photo: GIGA/Claudia Höhne (1)

                                of 2020, we remain more committed than ever to theoria cum praxis, and we look forward
                                to our evaluation by the Leibniz Association in 2021.
                                     Yours truly
                                Amrita Narlikar

                                Prof. Dr. Amrita Narlikar, D.Phil. (Oxon), Ph.D. (Cantab)
                                President of the GIGA
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CONTENT
Preface.................................................................................................. 3

1 HIGHLIGHTS
Highlights 2019.....................................................................................10

2 RESEARCH
Research at the GIGA...........................................................................16
GIGA Institute for African Affairs............................................................18
GIGA Institute for Asian Studies............................................................20
GIGA Institute for Latin American Studies..............................................22
GIGA Institute for Middle East Studies...................................................24
Research Programme 1: Accountability and Participation......................26
Research Programme 2: Peace and Security........................................28
Research Programme 3: Growth and Development...............................30
Research Programme 4: Power and Ideas............................................32

3 INTERNATIONALISATION, YOUNG TALENTS
& EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
Internationalisation................................................................................37
Doctoral Programme.............................................................................38
Equal Opportunity.................................................................................40

4 TRANSFER OF KNOWLEDGE & IMPACT STORIES
Transfer of Knowledge..........................................................................44
Impact Stories......................................................................................48

5 GIGA INFORMATION CENTRE
GIGA Information Centre.......................................................................52

6 ANNEX
Third Party-Funded Projects.................................................................56
  Research Programme 1: Accountability and Participation..................56
  Research Programme 2: Peace and Security....................................57
  Research Programme 3: Growth and Development...........................58
  Research Programme 4: Power and Ideas........................................59
Publications..........................................................................................60
  Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles.........................................................60
  GIGA Working Papers.......................................................................64
  GIGA Focus Global...........................................................................64
  GIGA Focus Africa............................................................................65
  GIGA Focus Asia..............................................................................65
  GIGA Focus Latin America................................................................66
  GIGA Focus Middle East...................................................................66
  Monographs, Edited Volumes, and Special Issues............................67
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Events..................................................................................................69
   GIGA Forum.....................................................................................69
   GIGA Talks.......................................................................................69
   Lectures and Discussions.................................................................70
   Workshops and Conferences............................................................72
International Networking.......................................................................73
   Visiting Fellows.................................................................................73
Staff.....................................................................................................74
   Executive Board...............................................................................74
   Academic Staff.................................................................................74
   Staff of Service Departments............................................................75
Doctoral Training...................................................................................77
   Doctorates Earned in 2019................................................................77
Engagement in Professional Associations.............................................78
   Area-Specific Associations...............................................................78
   Thematic and Disciplinary Associations............................................79
Financial Statement..............................................................................80
   Financial Statement 1 January – 31 December 2019...........................80
Boards.................................................................................................81
   Board of Trustees.............................................................................81
   Academic Advisory Board.................................................................82
   Council for Financial Affairs...............................................................83
Imprint..................................................................................................84
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1
......................................................

         HIGHLIGHTS
......................................................

                        *
HIGHLIGHTS 2019

                      GIGA PRESIDENT WON FOR NEXT TERM; NEW IMES DIRECTOR

 Prof. Dr. Amrita
Narlikar (left) and
 Prof. Dr. Eckart
   Woertz (right)

                      The course is set for the future: Amrita Narlikar has been won over for
                      a second term. The GIGA Board of Trustees lauded her achievements
                      and the strides the institute has made under her leadership. She is at
                      the helm of the GIGA for the coming five years. Joining her team in the
                      GIGA Executive Board, following an international selection procedure,
                      is Eckart Woertz. He was appointed as the new director of the GIGA
                      Institute for Middle East Studies (IMES) and Professor of Contemporary
                      History and Politics of the Middle East at University of Hamburg.
                      www.giga-hamburg.de/en/executive-board

                                                                                                   Photos: GIGA/Claudia Höhne (2), GIGA (2), Elisabeth Bunselmeyer (1), David Ausserhofer (1)
                      HIGH-LEVEL CONFERENCE ON ECONOMIC STATECRAFT

Participants of the                                         The GIGA Global Transitions
    GIGA Global
                                                            Conference explored the cutting-
       Transitions
       Conference                                           edge topic of “economic statecraft.”
                                                            Our flagship event was launched
                                                            with a GIGA Distinguished Speaker
                                                            Lecture by Henry Farrell (George
                                                            Washington University) and
                                                            Abraham Newman (Georgetown
                                                            University). Their seminal work
                                                            on “weaponised interdependence”
                                                            gave the conference a stimulating
                                                            start to its inspiring deliberations
                                                            amongst leading scholars in the
                                                            field and influential practitioners.
                                                            www.giga-hamburg.de/en/event/
                                                            economic-statecraft

                      10                                              GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
GIGA SCHOLARS WIN PRESTIGIOUS DISSERTATION AWARDS

                                                                               Dr. Elisabeth
                                                                               Bunselmeyer (left)
                                                                               and Dr. Felix Haaß
                                                                               (right)

Felix Haaß received the Leibniz Dissertation Award for his doctoral thesis
on the influence of development aid on democratisation processes in post-
conflict societies. This is the second time the prize has gone to a junior
GIGA researcher, after Julia Strasheim became the first member of the
GIGA Doctoral Programme to receive the prestigious award in 2017. Also,
the German Association for Peace and Conflict Studies awarded the 2019
Christiane Rajewsky Prize to Elisabeth Bunselmeyer for her outstanding
dissertation on the reconciliation process following the Peruvian civil war.
www.giga-hamburg.de/en/dp

ALL-TIME HIGH IN GRANT ACQUISITIONS

                                       In 2019, the GIGA won the highest       Third-party funding
                                       amount of third-party funding since     acquired by the
                                                                               GIGA, 2017-2019
                                       records began. The total amount
                                       brought in was of EUR 3,472,321.
                                       Funding for research grants ac-
                                       counted for a share of approxi-
                                       mately 27 per cent of the institute’s
                                       total revenue, reaching the upper
                                       limit of the range recommended
                                       to the GIGA after the last Leibniz
                                       evaluation. The GIGA was particu-
                                       larly successful in highly competi-
                                       tive funding schemes, for example
                                       regarding EU and DFG grants.
                                       www.giga-hamburg.de/en/re-
                                       search-projects

HIGHLIGHTS 2019                                                           11
HIGHLIGHTS 2019

                       GIGA PRESIDENT ADVISES GOVERNMENT AND PARLIAMENT

    GIGA President
   Prof. Dr. Amrita
Narlikar and Federal
   Foreign Minister
  Heiko Maas with
    other delegation
     members in the
              Arctic

                       Amrita Narlikar accompanied Federal Foreign Minister Heiko Maas on his
                       delegation trip to New York, Toronto, and the Canadian Arctic in August.
                       The visit addressed several key and pressing matters of our time, from the
                       protection of humanitarian actors in conflicts to trade multilateralism and
                       protection of the environment. Amrita Narlikar also accepted invitations
                       from the FDP and CDU parliamentary groups of the Bundestag to brief
                       them on the World Trade Organisation’s reform and on India as a partner
                       in a values-based foreign policy, respectively.
                       www.giga-hamburg.de/multilateralism-international-trade-climate-protection

                       GIGA CELEBRATES A DECADE OF OPEN ACCESS

                                                              For ten years, the GIGA has been
                                                              publishing its in-house publica-
                                                              tions, such as the GIGA Journals,
                                                              the GIGA Focus, and the GIGA
                                                              Working Papers, as Open Access
                                                              formats, making research results
                                                              readily available worldwide, free
                                                              of charge. The four outlets of the
                                                              GIGA Journal Family went Open
                                                              Access in 2009, and as an impor-
                                                              tant next step are now issued by
                                                              SAGE – one of the world’s leading
                                                              independent academic publishers.
                                                                                                     Photos: GIGA (5),

                                                              www.giga-hamburg.de/en/news/
                                                              the-giga-celebrates-10-years-of-
                                                              open-access

                       12                                               GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
NEW PROFESSORSHIPS WITH LEUPHANA AND GÖTTINGEN

                                                                             Prof. Dr. Belén
                                                                             González (left) and
                                                                             Prof. Dr. Renate
                                                                             Hartwig (right)

In September, the GIGA inaugurated two new joint W1 professorships,
enhancing its long-standing cooperation with prestigious partner universi-
ties in northern Germany. Belén González became Junior Professor in
Sustainable Governance at Leuphana University Lüneburg and a research
fellow at the GIGA Institute for Latin American Studies. Together with the
University of Göttingen, the GIGA welcomed Renate Hartwig as Junior
Professor for Development Economics and a research fellow at the GIGA
Institute for African Affairs.
www.giga-hamburg.de/en/team/gonzalez and .../en/team/hartwig

GIGA INFORMATION CENTRE: NEW LIBRARY FACILITIES

                                      The GIGA Information Centre (IZ),
                                      Germany’s largest non-university
                                      library for Area Studies and Com-
                                      parative Area Studies, was relocat-
                                      ed from the fourth to the second
                                      floor of the GIGA headquarters in
                                      Hamburg. The move was part of a
                                      set of safety-related improvements
                                      in the Neuer Jungfernstieg building.
                                      The IZ’s internal and external users
                                      can now enjoy a very pleasant and
                                      modern library environment.
                                      www.giga-hamburg.de/en/news/
                                      new-rooms-for-giga-information-
                                      centre and www.giga-hamburg.
                                      de/en/IZ

HIGHLIGHTS 2019                                                         13
2
......................................................

            RESEARCH
......................................................

                        *
RESEARCH AT THE GIGA

                                                                        Figure 1: GIGA Research Matrix

                    Africa, Asia, Latin America, the          unfold across the world and within
                    Middle East, and Europe – regions         the regions of the Global South.
                    across the world experienced              The institute’s research is backed
                    waves of protest in 2019. While           by the successful acquisition of
                    the individual triggers were often        additional funding. The year 2019
                    relatively small, the underlying          marked an all-time high in terms
                    concerns were not: lack of political      of third-party inflows assuring the
        Prof. Dr.
Amrita Narlikar,    freedom, economic and social              uptake of new innovative research
 President of the   inequalities, climate change. At the      projects to complement the on-
          GIGA
                    same time, the world saw ongoing          going activities.
                    conflicts, a crisis of multilateralism,       Research on questions of
                    the questioning of international          accountability and participation
                    norms and institutions, and serious       in different regime types is one of
                    challenges to globalisation.              the GIGA’s hallmarks. In 2019, we
                        With its rigorous research            conducted sustained investigation
                    and research-based knowledge              on different aspects of electoral
                                                                                                         Photos: Charlie Gray (1), GIGA (1)

                    transfer, the GIGA contributes to         politics (clientelism, populism),
                    addressing these challenges. It is        problems of horizontal account-
                    committed to a global approach            ability (role of courts, judicial in-
                    to scholarship and analyses how           dependence), and political parti-
                    political, social, and economic           cipation of specific groups, such
                    transitions originate, and how they       as migrants, ethnic minorities,

                    16                                                   GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
dias­poras, and youth. A new citizen      collaborative project it investigates
science project, funded by the           decarbonisation in developing
EU’s Erasmus+ programme, aims             countries. Challenges like climate
at the promotion of democracy             change, but also economic and
among young people and will work         social inequalities, require a com-
with a set of game-based tools.           bination of global solutions and
Research on authoritarian regimes         local responses. The GIGA helps
was further strengthened, inter alia,    to find these answers by rigorous
with a new DFG-funded project             empirical research. A new flagship
on the justification of repression        in this regard is the scientific sup-
in authoritarian regimes of the           port of the BMZ special initiative
Arab World.                              “Training and Employment”, which
    Another integral part of GIGA’s       contributes to policy initiatives
agenda is peace and security             such as the Marshall Plan with
research. The German Council of          Africa and the G20 Compact with
Science and Humanities (Wissen-          Africa.
schaftsrat), in its 2019 report,               Central to the debate at the
emphasised the GIGA’s significant        GIGA is the necessary reform of
contribution to the field. The           the rules-based global order and
institute’s research addresses the        its international organisations. The
rele­vance of formal and informal        GIGA is part of the new Cluster of
institutions, deals with international   Excellence “Contestations of the
interventions and security, and          Liberal Script” (SCRIPTS) at FU
investigates the role of migration,      Berlin, which has begun its work
land use change, social identities,       in 2019. With its research and
and other drivers of conflict or          knowledge transfer, the GIGA also
peace. A special focus is on the role     contributes to the Federal Foreign
of religion. The GIGA is engaged         Office’s different initiatives for multi-
in a new collaborative project on         lateralism (see also Impact Story
radicalisation (BMBF), contributes        on page 48). At the 2019 GIGA
to an EU network on the influence        Global Transitions Conference our
of digitisation on Islam, and ex-        scholars inter alia discussed with
pands its research on the potential      distinguished guests how countries
of religion for peace with two new        employed economic statecraft in
projects (BMZ, DFG) (see also             an increasingly hostile fashion and
Impact Story on page 49).                 how targeted entities respond.
    A major topic on the global          With its global approach and its
agenda in 2019 was climate change.        research on the regions of the
As part of the new Hamburg Cluster       Global South as well as on multi-
of Excellence “Climate, Climatic          lateral and regional institutions,
Change, and Society”, the GIGA           the GIGA is excellently positioned
scrutinises the climate–security         to enrich these deliberations and
nexus, social constructions of           their policy implications.
climate futures, and dynamics of         www.giga-hamburg.de/en/re-
climate governance. In another            search

RESEARCH AT THE GIGA                                                           17
GIGA INSTITUTE FOR AFRICAN AFFAIRS

                    The year 2019 seemed to confirm          opposition candidate. The winner,
                    the impression of sub-Saharan            Felix Thisekedi, formed a coalition
                    Africa as a region of crisis. Armed      with the political party of former
                     conflicts in countries such as Cam-     president Joseph Kabila – who won
                     eroon and the Democratic Republic       the parliamentary elections.
                     of Congo (DRC) continued. Violence          The GIGA Institute for African
                     persisted in the whole of the Sahel.    Affairs (IAA) reacted to many of
        Prof. Dr.
Matthias Basedau    In Burkina Faso, jihadist attacks        these key developments. Particu-
                     intensified. Other jihadist conflicts   larly, the IAA contributed to a more
                     lingered on in Nigeria, the Horn of     nuanced picture of Africa forming.
                    Africa, and – less known – in Mo-        A GIGA Focus and public appear-
                    zambique. But there were positive        ances made at the Federal Ministry
                     developments too. The African Free      of Defence and in the Bundes­tag
                    Trade Zone (AFTZ) came into effect,      underscored that many of the long-
                    which may boost growth across            term political and socio-economic
                    the continent. Ethiopian prime           developments occurring on the
                     minister Abiy Ahmed was awarded         continent are, in fact, positive.
                    the Nobel Peace Prize for his                However, challenges were not
                     peace efforts and political reforms.    denied. Security and peace were
                    Elections in established democra-        prominent themes in the institute’s
                     cies such as Botswana, Namibia,         work. The IAA continued its work
                                                                                                    Photos: GIGA/Marein Kasiske (2), iStock (1)

                     and South Africa went smoothly,         on religious conflicts, especially
                     confirming the respective ruling        ones involving jihadist ideologies.
                     parties’ continuation in power. In      GIGA staff worked closely with the
                    Nigeria too, the incumbent govern-       Federal Ministry for Economic Co-
                     ment won national elections – albeit    operation and Development (BMZ)
                    ­under more contested conditions.        on these, including during talks in
                    In the DRC, however, presidential        Berlin and fieldwork in West Africa.
                     elections were seemingly heavily        GIGA Focus issues discussed
                     manipulated, though in favour of an     peacekeeping and Abiy’s interim

                    18                                                 GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
“balance sheet” regarding his            on land-related and religious
 peace efforts.                          conflicts in Burkina Faso, Ghana,
     Regarding socio-economic            and Liberia. Fieldwork is typically
de­vel­op­ment, the IAA engaged in       conducted in close collaboration
 many research-based outreach ac-        with African partners, especially in
tivities. GIGA staff started a project   Burkina Faso (see text box below)
 on land-related social conflicts that   and Ghana. Deepening coopera-
 connects to continued engagement        tion, the executive director of the
within the Land Matrix Initiative        Ghana Center for Democratic
(www.landmatrix.org). High-ranking       Development, Kwasi Prempeh,
 events in Berlin launched a new         visited the GIGA in October.
 project on employment and training          Besides (co-)organising work-
 in collaboration with the BMZ and       shops and other events, the IAA
 including talks with International      continued to provide services to the
Monetary Fund officials. A GIGA          wider community too. The SSCI-
Focus, authored by Diplomat              ranked journal Africa Spectrum
 in Residence and Fellow Peter           strongly increased its impact factor.
Woeste, debated the challenges of        Leonardo Arriola from the University
 population growth; projections for      of California, Berkeley, joined IAA
 both Africa and the world at large      senior researcher Julia Grauvogel
 indicate a decline not “explosion”      as co-editor hereof. Plans include
 herein in the long run.                 to increase African authorship, by
     The IAA continued to combine        organising – among other things –
 cutting-edge methodologies with         author workshops within the
fieldwork. We created worldwide          framework of the Merian Institute
data sets such as on “land grabs,”       for Advanced Studies in Africa –­­
 religious minorities, and sanctions.    for which Federal Ministry of Edu-
IAA staff also collected unique          cation and Research funding was
data and conducted experiments           secured for a further six years.

COOPERATION WITH THE UNIVERSITY OF OUAGADOUGOU

                         As part of its Research Platform activities, the        Ouagadougou,
                         IAA launched a joint initiative with the University     commercial center
                                                                                 of the city
                         of Ouagadougou (Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo)
                        to support researchers in Burkina Faso analysing
                         subnational government performance. This
                         collaboration extends the already broad-based
                         engagement with the country's government on
innovations to local-level governance, being led by GIGA research fellow
Malte Lierl. Through the cooperation with the University of Ouagadougou,
data on local government performance and institutional capacity will
become accessible to the local research community. Planned activities
include a research grants programme and a policy-oriented conference.

GIGA INSTITUTE FOR AFRICAN AFFAIRS                                         19
GIGA INSTITUTE FOR ASIAN STUDIES

                  The year 2019 meant business as        which ended in failure as the two
                  usual for some parts of the wider      countries’ positions on how to
                  Asian region, or the Indo-Pacific      proceed with denuclearisation in
                  as it is now often called. General     the DPRK in exchange for partial
                  elections took place in Indonesia,     sanctions relief proved too far apart.
                  India, and Australia. They all saw          Certainly not business as usual
                  incumbent heads of government          were developments in India be-
      Prof. Dr.
Patrick Köllner   and state retain power. While          yond the election, which included
                  the re-election of President Joko      airstrikes on Pakistani territory in
                  Widodo had been widely expected,       February, the revocation of Jammu
                  the scale of the victory of the gov-   and Kashmir’s autonomy in August,
                  erning BJP and its leader, Prime       and a new contested “Citizenship
                  Minister Narendra Modi, came as        Amendment Act” in December –
                  more of a surprise. A perhaps even     all of which related to the BJP’s
                  bigger one was that the Liberal-       Hindu nationalist agenda. The
                  National Coalition led since 2018      effects of the escalating trade war
                  by Prime Minister Scott Morrison       between the US and China were
                  managed to fend off competition        felt in various parts of the world,
                  from the Australian Labor Party,       as were the US’s attempts to
                                                                                                  Photos: Frank Eberhard (1), Boris Rostami (1), GIGA (1)

                  which had sought to change the         persuade its allies and partners not
                  country’s stance on decarbonisa-       to let Chinese telecommunication
                  tion. Further north, Japan success-    companies such as Huawei partici-
                  fully hosted the Rugby World Cup –     pate in the rolling out of 5G tech-
                  widely seen as a test for the 2020     nology. Whereas only a handful of
                  Tokyo Olympics – despite being         countries such as Australia and
                  severely affected by Typhoon           Japan had decided by year’s end
                  Hagibis. United States president       to clearly side with the US on this
                  Donald Trump and North Korean          matter, the confrontation between
                  leader Kim Jong-un met in Hanoi,       the two great powers would evolve
                  Vietnam, for a second summit,          ever more clearly into a struggle for

                  20                                                GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
technological supremacy. Another         GIGA President Amrita Narlikar
huge challenge for the Chinese           accompanied Federal Foreign
leader­s hip under President Xi          Minister Heiko Maas on an official
Jinping derived from the situation in    visit to New York, Toronto, and the
Hong Kong, where mass protests –         Canadian Arctic. The Hanoi Summit
initially triggered by a controversial   between Trump and Kim, maritime
extradition law – swelled over           politics in the Indo-Pacific, and the
the course of the year, leading to       implications of elections in India
violent clashes between protestors       were discussed at public GIGA
and the police.                          events in Berlin and Hamburg.
     Developments and events such            New projects funded by
as these were examined closely by        the Leibniz Association and the
IAS scholars. They published five        Federal Excellence Initiative got
books and special issues of jour-        under­way with IAS scholars heavi­ly
nals, 16 refereed articles, 10 brief-    involved. They focus, respectively,
ing papers, plus numerous other          on international institutions in crisis,
publications. Together with the          on climate, climate change, and
China Foreign Affairs University,        society (lead: University of Ham-
the IAS co-organised the Changing        burg), and on contestations of the
Asia conference in Beijing (see text     Liberal Script (lead: FU Berlin). The
box) and along with the Yangon           IAS continued to publish its two
office of the Friedrich Ebert Foun-      open-access journals on current
dation an intensive training pro-        Chinese and current Southeast
gramme for young party officials in      Asian affairs, which since 2019
Myanmar. IAS scholars also gave          have been overseen by SAGE
numerous interviews to national          Publishing. The IAS again hosted
and global media outlets and             a number of visiting scholars,
participated in a host of academic       including three funded by GIGA
conferences and dialogue forums.         India fellowships.

CHANGING ASIA CONFERENCE IN BEIJING

                         A highlight of the GIGA’s Research Platform Asia           Participants of the
                         activities was the third Changing Asia conference,         Changing Asia
                                                                                    conference
                         co-organised with and hosted by the IAS’s institu-
                         tional cooperation partner in Beijing, China Foreign
                         Affairs University. Scholars and think tankers from
                         China, India, Germany, New Zealand, Singapore,
                         the United States, and Brussels discussed the
theory and practice of global and regional governance in a multipolar world;
connectivity strategies in Asia and beyond; Chinese and Indian pol­icies
towards Asia; bilateral relations and regional cooperation in Eurasia and
Pacific Asia; and, the domestic politics – foreign policy nexus in China, India,
and the US. The conference was supported by the ZEIT Foundation.

GIGA INSTITUTE FOR ASIAN STUDIES                                              21
GIGA INSTITUTE FOR LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES

                     The latest upheaval in Latin America     using violence as a pretext to
                     has not come out of the blue. The        reproduce traditional patterns
                     crisis of democratic governance          of repression. What was most
                     became evident in the highest levels     shocking in the images of protest
                     of social mobilisation the region has    from across the region was the
                     seen for decades. While specific         brutality of the police and some-
                     causes sparking public discontent        times the use of military force
         Prof. Dr.
Sabine Kurtenbach    differ – an increase in metro fares      against overwhelmingly peaceful
                     in Chile, the abolishment of fuel        demonstrators. The region might
                     subsidies in Ecuador, fraudulent         stand at a historical crossroads,
                     elections in Bolivia – there are a set   and needs to address the prob-
                     of commonalities. Governments            lems identified above via demo-
                     across the region have failed to         cratic means and within the rule
                     transform structural problems            of law. Otherwise, we might

                                                                                                      Photos: Frank Eberhard (1), Boris Rostami (1), Universidad Torcuato Di Tella (1)
                     such as the high levels of social        see an even stronger decline of
                     inequality around the question of        democratic governance and
                     equal citizenship. Progress has          more authoritarian and populist
                     been made to reduce poverty, but         governments.
                     the basis of it is the extractivist          ILAS research addressed many
                     development model highly depen-          issues related to these questions,
                     dent on international commodity          such as social inequalities, the
                     prices.                                  limits of peace, populist strategies
                          Institutions in the region are      in public and foreign policies. A
                     weak, and many governments               pilot study on Colombia stands at
                     independent of their ideological         the heart of a joint project with the
                     affiliation tend to change rules for     Friedrich Ebert Foundation, finan-
                     political reasons – or ignore them.      cially supported by the GIZ and
                     Last but not least, Latin American       led by Sabine Kurtenbach. The
                     states are not able to provide           variety of peace conceptualisa-
                     security for their citizens – rather     tions in Colombian municipalities

                     22                                                 GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
and a nationwide survey provided        Association’s 2018 Harrison Prize
interesting academic as well as         for her article “Popu­lism and the
policy-relevant results.                Erosion of Horizontal Accountabil-
    Two newly approved projects         ity in Latin America.”
will bring innovative research to            ILAS research was presented
the ILAS. Saskia Ruth-Lovell re-        during GIGA events in Hamburg
ceived an “Erasmus +” grant for a       and Berlin, as well as at various
project on game-based learning          international conferences and
regarding democracy. Migration          workshops. The current crisis of
also continued to be an important       democratic governance stood at
topic in ILAS research and publi-       the heart of the ILAS’s outreach
cations, due to the ongoing flows       activities in Germany and in the
of people out of Central America,       region itself (see text box below).
Mexico, and Venezuela.                       In Berlin we presented our
    ILAS staff published in high-       research at the Federal Foreign
ranking journals. Most notably,         Office and within the “Leibniz im
Adam Scharpf co-authored an             Bundestag” format. Expertise on
article on promotion strategies         the crisis in Venezuela, the new
within secret police organisations      Brazilian foreign policy, and after
in the American Journal of Political    government changes in Argentina
Science. Tobias Lenz co-authored        and Mexico was sought.
two books on international organi-           In cooperation with the EU-LAC
sations published by Oxford Uni-        Foundation, the ILAS organised a
versity Press.                          two-day conference on the topic
    Overall, ILAS fellows and asso-     of “Youth and Citizenship” in
ciates published in a variety of both   Europe, Latin America, and the
academic and more policy-oriented       Caribbean. The first panel, held
publications. Saskia Ruth-Lovell        in Hamburg City Hall, inaugurated
was awarded the Pol­itical Studies      the “Latin American Fall.”

LATIN AMERICA IN CRISIS

                         The multiple manifestations of governance and        Participants at the
                         democracy stood at the heart of the debates          Conference “Los
                                                                              retos y dilemas de
                         during two ILAS Research Platform conferences        la democracia en
                         in Berlin (June) and Buenos Aires (November),        América Latina,”
                         organised together with the Friedrich Ebert Foun-    Buenos Aires

                         dation, the journal Nueva Sociedad, and Torcuato
                         di Tella University, Argentina. GIGA researchers,
Latin American colleagues, and field practitioners discussed the relevance
of actors and institutions, the implications of crime and violence, as well
as processes of polarisation and pluralism. Due to current developments,
at the Buenos Aires conference there was a specific interest in Chile,
Ecuador, and Bolivia.

GIGA INSTITUTE FOR LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES                                23
GIGA INSTITUTE FOR MIDDLE EAST STUDIES

                   The Middle East stayed true to its      were presumably facilitated by
                   reputation as a turbulent region in     Iran marked a further escalation of
                   2019. New popular protests erupt-       the conflict, and showed the world
                   ed in Algeria, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon,     the vulnerability of pivotal energy
                   and Sudan that reminded many of         infrastructure.
                   the Arab uprisings of 2010/2011.            After moving its embassy
                   However, with the exception of          from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem in 2018,
Prof. Dr. Eckart
         Woertz    Sudan the opposition was unorgan-       the US stepped up its support
                   ised and regimes showed resilience      for Israel’s occupation policies in
                   despite their lack of legitimacy and    2019 by recognising the latter’s
                   continued socio-economic crises.        annexation of the Golan Heights.
                   Authoritarian control mechanisms        In Syria the war has been decided
                   ranged from the repression of pro-      militarily, with the Assad regime
                   tests and policing of cyberspace to     and its allies Russia and Iran con-
                   more subtle strategies of ostensible    trolling three-quarters of national

                                                                                                  Photos: GIGA/Marein Kasiske (1), GIGA (1), Lebanese Oil and Gas Initiative (1)
                   compromise. After holding elections     territory. In the northeast, Turkey
                   in autumn, Tunisia was one of the       established a buffer zone after the
                   few countries that gave reason for      US abandoned its Kurdish allies in
                   cautious optimism.                      the fight against ISIS. Weakened
                       The protests in Iraq and Leba-      by populist infighting at home,
                   non threatened Iranian spheres of       European powers were nowhere to
                   influence. Competition for regional     be seen – nor, indeed, consulted.
                   hegemony between Iran, Israel,          Russia’s Syria intervention has
                   Saudi Arabia, and Turkey was            re-established the country as a
                   exacerbated. The nuclear deal of        major player in the Middle East.
                   major international powers with         With the withdrawal of the United
                   Iran, the JCPOA, continued to dis-      Arab Emirates from the Saudi-led
                   integrate after the withdrawal of the   war in Yemen, the conflict entered
                   United States. The aerial attacks       a lull with possible avenues
                   on Saudi Arabian oil facilities that    opening up for a political solution.

                   24                                                GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
Such solutions remained elusive        the Federal Ministry of Education
in L
   ­ ibya, where France and the        and Research (BMBF). This will
Gulf countries sided with General      bolster the IMES’s close research
Haftar, while Italy and most of the    ties with regional partners.
rest of the European Union sup-            In October, Eckart Woertz came
ported the United Nations-backed       in as new IMES director, following
government in Tripoli.                 André Bank’s successful interim
    The GIGA Institute for Middle      leadership. The work of IMES re-
East Studies (IMES) covered these      searchers was published in major
events within a number of third-       peer-reviewed journals, such as
party funded projects. The Leibniz-    Mediterranean Politics, Mobilities,
funded network on International        Nature Climate Change, as well
Diffusion and Cooperation of           as Sustainability. IMES members
Authoritarian Regimes (IDCAR)          organised GIGA Forum and GIGA
concluded, and was followed by         Berlin Talk events on elections in
Maria Josua’s new DFG project          Turkey and the conflict in Syria,
on government justifications for       respectively. They also contributed
repression in Morocco and Tunisia.     to the GIGA Focus series, address-
Crucially, the IMES started to host    ing issues such as the economic
two EU Horizon 2020 projects, one      diversification of the oil monar-
on migration governance (MAGYC,        chies, the spread of anti-terrorism
led by Christiane Fröhlich) and        legislation, and the emergence of a
another on Islamic authority in        Gülenist diaspora in Europe. IMES
the digital age (MIDA, led by Jens     staff provided important policy
Heibach). Finally, the IMES together   advice, among others to the Fed-
with German and Arab partners          eral Foreign Office, and reached
won a consortium project to            out to the wider public with over
establish a Merian Centre for Ad-      30 interviews held with German
vanced Studies in Tunis, funded by     and international media partners.

OIL PRICE DECLINE AND POLICY ADJUSTMENT

                       The highlight of the Middle East Research Plat-       Participants of
                        form’s activities in 2019 was the workshop “Chal-    the workshop
                                                                             “Challenged by
                        lenged by the Decreased Price of Oil: Adjustment     the Decreased Price
                        Policies of the Arab Gulf States and Beyond since     of Oil”
                        2014,” held in Beirut, Lebanon. Co-organised
                        with the Centre for Contemporary Middle East
                        Studies at the University of Southern Denmark
and hosted by the Lebanese Oil and Gas Initiative, the event brought
together distinguished scholars and practitioners from Bahrain, Denmark,
Egypt, Germany, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, the Netherlands, Oman, the
United Kingdom, and the US. In the course of 2020, the results of the
workshop will be published as a book with a prestigious university press.

GIGA INSTITUTE FOR MIDDLE EAST STUDIES                                  25
RESEARCH PROGRAMME 1:

              ACCOUNTABILITY AND PARTICIPATION

              The scholars of Research Pro-           to identity features such as religion,
              gramme 1 “Accountability and            ethnicity, or region of origin –
              Participation” (RP1) produce top-       adding to the fragmentation among
              notch research on the academically      the political opposition.
              and socially relevant topics of             Not only does RP1 conduct re-
              authoritarian politics, democratic      search on current political process-
              institutions, and migration develop-    es in the four GIGA world regions,
Dr. Mariana
     Llanos   ments. Within RP1’s established         but it also deals with recent devel-
              research line on authoritarian          opments in Political Science. The
              politics, a new DFG project started     journal Democratization published
              which studies how state officials       the special issue “Methodological
              justify repression within the author-   Trends in Democratization Re-
              itarian regimes of the Arab World       search,” which was organised with
              and why certain justifications were     the participation of RP1 members.
              chosen in the repression of the         Interestingly, analyses show that
              Arab uprisings. In the same vein,       while quantitative and multi-method
              the DFG project “Do Diasporas           research has grown in recent
              Contribute to the Persistence of        years the bulk of research is still
                                                                                               Photos: Reuters/David Mercado (1), Boris Rostami (1), GIGA (1)

              Autocratic Rule?” conducted inter-      done on the basis of comparative
              views with members of the Eritrean      or single case studies.
              diaspora and Eritrean refugees in           Our line of research on demo-
              Germany, Norway, Sweden, and            cratic institutions is developing
              the United Kingdom to explore their     further as well. On the one hand,
              transnational activities and their      in the DFG project on presidential
              relations to the home government        term limits researchers collected
              in comparative perspective. They        detailed information on about 60
              found, among other results, that        reform processes – and additional
              in spite of strong feelings of long-    failed attempts thereat – across
              distance nationalism, patterns of       Latin America and sub-Saharan
              political organisation have shifted     Africa, designed mostly to facilitate

              26                                                 GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
longer terms in office for power-     (diaspora pol­icies). This intensive
f­ul executives. Case studies on       coding process follows an equally
 Argentina and Senegal were pub-       intense phase of data collection
 lished as chapters in the edit­ed     that involved the development of a
volume “The Politics of Presiden-      questionnaire to amass qualitative
tial Term Limits” (Oxford University   data for each of the 32 cases, with
 Press). On the other hand, the        273 single questions in total. The
 DFG project “Latin American           originality of the IMISEM project
 Courts Going Public” further          comes from the conceptualisation
 explored institutional innovations    of migration policies as one com-
 regarding social participation in     prehensive policy field, instead
 judicial decisions, and began to      of focusing either on immigration
 analyse the use of social media       policies or on integration policies
 by courts.                            alone.
     RP1’s research on migration           Finally, RP1 further advanced
 made great steps forwards with        its regular reading series on
the “Every Immigrant Is an Emi-        demo­cratic recession by critically
 grant” (IMISEM) project, complet-     discussing a flourishing literature
 ing the coding process leading        that aims to increase awareness
to a data set on migration policies    among scholars, policymakers,
that covers 32 polities across         and the general public regarding
three world regions. The data set      the global decline of democracy
 is composed of more than 1,200        and freedom. These contributions
 indicators that cover all migration   relate strongly to RP1’s research
 regulations: from those that target   topics; it is a debate in which we
 labour migrants to those that         engage with the help of the unique
 cover humanitarian migrants;          tools provided by the GIGA’s
 from those that cover co-ethnics      global approach and comparative
to those that cover emigrants          as well as in-depth area expertise.

TERM LIMITS AND PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION

                         The DAAD-funded project “Presidents Who Die          Participants of
                         Too Soon and Presidents Who Live Too Long:           a workshop on
                                                                              “Term Limits and
                         Term Limits and Succession in Presidential and       Succession in
                          Semi-Presidential Regimes” brings together two      Presidential and
                          different but interconnected research agendas       Semi-Presidential
                                                                              Regimes”
                          developed by the GIGA and the University of
                          Bergen, Norway. Both teams have extensive
regional and country expertise, and their agendas address a joint interest
in the stability and quality of democratic institutions in the Global South
through the study of the constitutional constraints on elected executives –
particularly the rules regulating their tenure.
www.giga-hamburg.de/en/project/presidents-who-die-too-soon

RESEARCH PROGRAMME 1                                                     27
RESEARCH PROGRAMME 2:

                PEACE AND SECURITY

                Researchers from Research Pro-          to existing, internationally highly
                gramme 2 “Peace and Security”           visible research, the project seeks
                (RP2) investigated how climate          to identify and specify the con-
                change affects human migration.         textual religious conditions (demo-
                Christiane Fröhlich and collabora-      graphy and dynamics of identity,
                tors from other research institutions   content of religious ideas, institu-
                argued for a more nuanced under-        tions that accommodate group
Dr. Christian
    von Soest   standing of the conditions that         interests) that can promote or
                link global warming to migration        harm peace respectively.
                patterns, and presented detailed            Further attesting to RP2’s
                research results as well as concep-     academic recognition, in 2019 its
                tual considerations in the journals     researchers published in prestig-
                Review of Environmental Econom-         ious outlets such as the British
                ics and Policy, Sustainability, and a   Journal of Political Science, Jour-
                special issue of Mobilities. These      nal of Peace Research, Journal of

                                                                                                Photos: Reuters/Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah (1), Boris Rostami (1), GIGA (1)
                findings are the product of the         Conflict Resolution, Mediterranean
                Horizon 2020 project “Migration         Politics, Peacebuilding, and
                Governance and Asylum Crises”           Zeitschrift für Internationale Bezie-
                (MAGYC); Christiane Fröhlich con-       hungen. Two articles, one on the
                tributes as a work package leader       effect of religious ideas on altruism
                to this European Union initiative.      and discrimination by Lisa Hoff-
                    A further key question for          mann, Matthias Basedau, Simone
                peace and conflict research is          Gobien, and Sebastian Prediger
                as to when religion triggers or         (in cooperation with colleagues
                tames violence. Matthias Basedau        from RP3) and another one on
                started the new project “Religion,      the composition of secret police
                Conflict, and Sustainable Peace,”       forces by Adam Scharpf and his
                funded by the German Ministry           co-author (see text box below),
                for Economic Cooperation and            were accepted by the American
                Development (BMZ). Contributing         Journal of Political Science.

                28                                                GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
In July, the German Council of       this award (Julia Straßheim was
Science and Humanities (Wissen-           the first, in 2017). Further to that,
schaftsrat) published its compre-         the German Association for Peace
hensive evaluation report on the          and Conflict Studies (AFK) recog-
state of peace and security re-           nised Elisabeth Bunsel­m eyer’s
search in Germany. The council            dissertation on the reconciliation
emphasised the GIGA’s significant         process after the Peruvian civil
contribution to the field, and par-       war; she won the AFK’s 2019
ticularly highlighted the institute’s     Christiane Rajewsky Prize.
Doctoral Programme and its coop-              RP2 members actively shared
eration with universities. In addition,   their insights through public events,
the GIGA also actively contributes        numerous media appearances,
to efforts to bring peace and con-        and policy advice given to federal
flict researchers in Hamburg closer       ministries and members of parlia-
together and to strengthen the            ment (“Leibniz im Bundestag”). A
city’s role as one of the field’s         well-attended GIGA Talk in Berlin,
regional centres in Germany.              organised by André Bank, focussed
    Two prestigious awards dem-           on “The Future of Syria.” The 2019
onstrate the success of the GIGA’s        GIGA NDR “Grenzgänger” event
young peace and security scholars.        series dealt with the crisis in
After Felix Haaß in 2018 won two          Vene­zuela (Sabine Kurtenbach) and
academic prizes for his dissertation      the relationship between religion
on the influence of development aid       and violence in Africa (Matthias
on democratisation in post-conflict       Basedau), respectively. Christian
societies, in 2019 he also received       von Soest was among the key
the Leibniz Dissertation Award.           organisers and contributors to
This was already the second time          the GIGA Global Transitions Con-
that a young peace and conflict           ference on “Economic Statecraft:
researcher from the GIGA received         Competition and Cooperation.”

THE COMPOSITION OF SECRET POLICE FORCES

                          Who serves in a dictator’s secret police? Adam          Dr. Adam Scharpf
                          Scharpf and his co-author Christian Gläßel pub-
                          lished their study “Why Underachievers Dominate
                          Secret Police Organizations: Evidence from Auto-
                          cratic Argentina” in one of the highest-ranking
                          political science journals, the American Journal of
                          Political Science. They powerfully demonstrated
that state officials, who are threatened by grim career prospects within
the military, become committed secret police agents willing to do the
regime’s dirty work. These findings have major implications for the study
of security agencies in autocracies and of political radicalisation.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/ajps.12475

RESEARCH PROGRAMME 2                                                        29
RESEARCH PROGRAMME 3:

                 GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

                 Two of 2019’s major global themes      leading experts on the topic.
                 were among the foci of RP3’s (Re-      In continued contributions to the
                 search Programme “Growth and           problems confronted by the inter-
                 Development”) research: first, the     national trade regime, Amrita
                 trade war between China and the        Narlikar has suggested that tech-
                 United States, weaponised interde-     nocratic fixes within the World
                 pendence, and the repercussions        Trade Organization will not be
Apl. Prof. Dr.
     Jann Lay    hereof for the Global South, and,      enough. Instead, fundamentally
                 second, climate change – with an       re-thinking and re-negotiating
                 emphasis on the obstacles to de-       the terms of globalisation and the
                 carbonisation’s development in the     corresponding narrative is required.
                 GIGA’s study regions. Further, the     She presented these ideas for
                 Research Programme secured             example at the 30th anniversary

                                                                                                Photos: iStock/Dilok Klaisataporn (1), Werner Bartsch (1), Reuters/Paulo Whitaker (1)
                 funding to continue its research on    conference of the WTO’s Trade
                 large-scale land acquisitions, land-   Policy Review Mechanism.
                 use change, and on rural develop-          RP3’s contribution to climate
                 ment as well as to step up that on     change research emphasises the
                 investment, structural change, and     obstacles and trade-offs faced by
                 job creation in sub-Saharan Africa.    developing countries when they
                     Early on in the debate on the      are called to reduce greenhouse
                 crisis of multilateralism, Amrita      gas emissions. For example, the
                 Narlikar warned against the danger     removal of wasteful and environ-
                 that developing countries would        mentally harmful fossil fuel subsi-
                 be negatively affected by the aris-    dies has long been advocated for;
                 ing trade wars. Bringing in the        yet, in many developing countries
                 perspective of the Global South        these policies persist. RP3 research,
                 was among the sub-themes of the        including a study published in
                 2019 Global Transitions Conference     Environment and Development on
                 on “Economic Statecraft” that          fuel-subsidy removal in Indonesia,
                 brought together diplomats and         shows that the welfare losses to

                 30                                                GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
selected groups – for example           special initiative by the Federal
to households who increasingly          Ministry for Economic Cooperation
rely on private transport – can be       and Development (BMZ) on “Train-
substantial. While the overall wel-      ing and Employment.” In a related
fare impacts of higher fuel prices      GIGA Focus, Tabea Lakemann
tend to be progressive, meaning          and Jann Lay examined the
they put a higher burden on the         “Uberisation” of work – that is, the
rich, there are also reform losers       increasing use of digital platforms
among the poor who lack the              by self-employed service providers.
means to cope with these higher         They suggest that what is often
prices. As countries grow richer,       seen as a pathway into precarious
these types of mechanisms lock           employment in rich countries may
them into a carbon-intensive de-         offer new opportunities for informal
velopment path that proves difficult     entrepreneurs in Africa. The rise
to change from. This is one of the       of digital platforms may help them
reasons why RP3 has set up a new        to become more productive, and
collaborative project to investigate     eventually to formalise. Such in-
the question of how Africa, a con-      sights were shared with policy-
tinent that is in large parts not yet    makers and practitioners in direct
locked into carbon-intensive eco-        exchanges, for ex­a mple in a Berlin
nomic development, can pursue           Talk and adjacent workshop held
a more climate-friendly path.            at the GIGA’s Berlin Office on
     Many RP3 projects focus on         “Investment and Job Creation in
Africa, reflecting an increased pub-    Africa.” Further, Jann Lay was part
lic and policy interest in economic      of a high-level panel on “Economy
development on the continent. The        and Development Cooperation in
Research Programme started a            Africa” at the Development Policy
major project that provides scien-      Forum organised by the Hanns
tific support to an Africa-targeted     Seidel Foundation.

THIRD PHASE OF THE LAND MATRIX INITIATIVE KICKS OFF

                        The Land Matrix Initiative collects data on large-      Agricultural
                        scale land acquisitions in the Global South; RP3        machinery at work

                        has been an active member hereof for many years
                        now. The third funding phase (until 2023) kicked
                        off with a debate at the World Bank Conference on
                        Land and Poverty on the practical contributions of
                        the Land Matrix to international monitoring efforts
regarding land deals, with stakeholders from NGOs, bilateral donors,
and international organisations all present. This discussion was continued
during a side event at the African Land Policy Conference held in Abidjan,
Côte d’Ivoire.
www.landmatrix.org

RESEARCH PROGRAMME 3                                                      31
RESEARCH PROGRAMME 4:

                   POWER AND IDEAS

                   The Research Programme “Power              by Tobias Lenz (including a volume
                    and Ideas” (RP4) consolidated ex-        with Oxford University Press co-
                    isting research foci and developed        authored with Liesbet Hooghe and
                    new ones. The two large projects         Gary Marks) addressed issues re-
                   “Sources and Consequences of               lated to international organisations
                   Legitimation Strategies of Regional        and international regime complex-
                   Organizations (LegRO)” (Leibniz            es. Sandra Destradi (principle in-
Prof. Dr. Sandra
       Destradi    Competition) and “Legitimate Multi-       vestigator), Sinan Chu, and Heike
                    polarity” (DFG) continu­ed their         Holbig initiated a new third-party
                   work and contributed to strength-         funded sub-project on China’s
                    ening RP4’s focus on different            approach to the Bretton Woods
                    aspects of international legitimacy      Institutions and its founding of
                    and legitimation. An internal read-       alternative institutions (AIIB, NDB).
                    ing group on the topic of legitima-      The project is part of the inter-
                   tion strengthens these connections         disciplinary Leibniz-funded project

                                                                                                       Photos: Reuters/Carlos Jasso (1), Ulrike Schröder (1), iStock/ricochet64 (1)
                    across research projects. A range        “Drifting Apart: International Institu-
                    of publications related to this topic    tions in Crisis and the Management
                    came out, including an article in         of Dissociation Processes” (DRIFT;
                   International Studies Quarterly by         coordination: PRIF/HSFK, duration:
                   Tobias Lenz and co-authors. The           2019-2022).
                   volume Contested World Orders,                 A third main topic concerns the
                   which emerged out of a Leibniz-            international impact of the global
                   funded project in which Detlef Nolte       rise of populism. Besides their
                    and Miriam Prys-Han­sen were in-          article on the impact of populism
                   volved, was published with Oxford          on foreign policy in Foreign Policy
                   University Press.                         Analysis, Sandra Destradi and
                        The broader theme of the pol­        Johannes Plagemann published a
                    itics of multilateral institutions was    comparative analysis of populist
                   further developed. Several publica-        governments’ foreign policies in
                   tions by Henning Schmidtke and             countries of the Global South in

                   32                                                   GIGA ANNUAL REPORT 2019
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