10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE

10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE

10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE

10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin ITSTARTSHERE

10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE

3 Foreword from Shay Walsh 4 Sponsors, partners and exhibitors 6 The awards 9 BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition Judges 10 2018 Projects - Quick search 14 Social & Behavioural Sciences 24 Chemical, Physical & Mathematical Sciences 28 Technology 34 Exhibition map 36 Biological & Ecological Sciences 44 Special acts 48 World of Science & Technology 54 Eco Zone 56 Past winners 58 RDS Primary Science Fair 62 BT Business Bootcamp 64 Daily event schedules 100% 9:41 AM Contents Keep in contact with what is going on at BTYSTE through Twitter and Facebook, why not put some comments up there yourself! Go to www.btyoungscientist.com for direct links to all of our social media platforms.

Please use the hashtag #BTYSTE Get the app Get all the latest information about the exhibition, events and updates direct to your mobile, absolutely free! Features include Interactive Exhibition Map, Getting Here, Search Student Projects, Schedule of Events, Social Network, Awards, History, Past Winners, Photo Gallery and more... Social Networking at BTYSTE 2018 BTYSTE ITSTARTSHERE

10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE

Welcome to the 2018 BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition Proud organiser of the BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition. It is with great pleasure I welcome you to the 54th BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition.

Since its foundation by Dr. Tony Scott and the late Fr. Tom Burke in the 1960s, close to 90,000 students have entered their creative and imaginative ideas to this prestigious event. As a leading technology company we feel that it is vital to foster an interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics right across the country to ensure our cities and towns have the talent required to move forward as a society. This is something we are proud to do with our investment each year with the BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition.

At BT, we are passionate about promoting women in technology and I am pleased to report that this year over 60% of project entries and qualified projects are from female students, with a few specific projects on what influences girls to study STEM. This year was as competitive as ever, with an impressive 2,031 projects submitted by students across the island of Ireland. We are particularly satisfied to know that every county was represented by a submission. After much debate by our esteemed judges, we announced 550 finalist projects in October to an incredible group of students you will meet here this week.

Every year the quality of projects amazes myself, the judges and the entire team at BT. The energy, passion and dedication the students, teachers and parents apply to this journey is incredible to witness. The road to the BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition can start in the classroom, at home or in the most unlikely of situations but it is the student’s dedication and the support they receive from their network of teachers, parents and friends that make their idea become a reality. The projects you will see cover a wide variety of areas from new studies and analysis which forces us to look at a situation differently to technology developments that solve an everyday issue and clever use of mathematics that present unique ideas never seen before.

I would encourage you all to not only see as many projects as you can but to spend time with the students and chat to them about the journey they went on with their project. Over the course of the week, visitors will see how all the projects vary in a range of complexity. From the simplest of ideas to complex equations, the BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition continuously acts as an excellent platform to encourage students of all levels to take an interest in the areas of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. All the students should be incredibly proud of entering, qualifying and making it here this week.

They may not know it now but they have developed skills along this process that will benefit them throughout their entire careers.

The BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition is a wonderful experience for students, teachers and the public at large. It is also worth noting that the 2018 overall winner will represent Ireland in the European Union Contest for Young Scientists when it comes to Dublin in September. For some students the journey of having a project displayed at our Exhibition may have started this year but for others, ideas have been churning from when they were really young. With this in mind, I am delighted to welcome 2,200 junior scientists to the RDS Primary Science Fair. The Fair showcases STEM investigations (science, technology, engineering and maths) undertaken by 4th-6th class and Key Stage 2 primary school-aged children across Ireland.

I would also like to once again pay my gratitude and thanks to our judges and also our partners including, the Department of Education and Skills in the Republic of Ireland, Department of Education in Northern Ireland, Analog Devices, Intel, RTÉ and Perrigo, without their support we could not make this exceptional event a reality. Shay Walsh Managing Director, BT Ireland 3

10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE

4 BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition 2018 The BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition 2018 is proudly sponsored and supported by;

10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE

www.btyoungscientist.com 5 BTYSTE Ireland Chapter of PMI ONLINE SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR PROJECT MATHS

10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE 10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE 10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE 10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE 10th - 13th January / RDS, Dublin - ITSTARTSHERE