2018 Course Booklet - Murchison Area School

 
2018 Course Booklet - Murchison Area School
2018 Course Booklet
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2018 Course Booklet - Murchison Area School
Living to Learn – Learning to Live

   Curriculum Information
                                           For
                Students studying NCEA
                              Levels 1, 2, 3
                                      in 2018

Due to small class numbers, individual assessment plans will be designed with each student.

Students should be aiming for an average of 14-20 credits across each of their six subjects.

                 NATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS AND YOU
All of the courses you study in the Senior School enable you to gain credits towards NCEA or
National Certificate in Educational Achievement. Credits are the ‘points’ you receive whenever
you achieve a Unit Standard or an Achievement Standard in any of your courses. The number
of credits you receive varies from standard to standard depending on how much work it involves
to obtain the standard.

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2018 Course Booklet - Murchison Area School
The basic qualification in the Senior School is the National Certificate in Educational
Achievement (NCEA). Credits gained by achieving any Unit Standard or Achievement Standard
count towards NCEA.
   o You need to gain a minimum of 80 credits at Level 1 or higher to gain NCEA Level 1.
        The eighty must include at least10 credits from Literacy standards (usually gained in
        English) and at least 10 credits from Numeracy standards (usually gained in
        Mathematics).
   o You need a minimum of 80 credits to gain NCEA Level 2. Sixty of these credits must be
        at Level 2 or higher.
   o You need a minimum of 80 credits to gain NCEA Level 3. Sixty of these credits must be
        at Level 3 or higher.
   o All Students are encouraged to enter for external exams in subjects in which they are
        available.
These credits may be gained over a one to two year programme developed with each student.

COURSE ENDORSEM ENTS
Course endorsement provides recognition for students who perform exceptionally well in
individual courses. Students will gain an endorsement for a course if, in a single school year,
they achieve:
    • 14 or more credits at Merit or Excellence, where
    • at least 3 of these credits from externally assessed standards and 3 credits from
        internally assessed standards. ( this does not apply to Physical Education, Religious
        Studies and Level 3 Visual Arts.)

ASSESSM ENT STANDARDS
Learning in the senior school is assessed using national standards, which describe what a
student must know or be able to do for particular topics. These standards are called either Unit
standards or Achievement standards.
    • Unit and Achievement standards may be used in the classroom for internal assessment
       during the year.
    • Achievement standards are used in Examinations in November for external assessment.
This assessment system encourages all students to achieve their potential because they can
pursue merit and excellence in the achievement standards.

NZQA RECORD OF ACHIEVEM ENT
The Ministry of Education issues each student with a National Student Identification Number
(NSN) which is theirs for their lifetime of learning.
NZQA then keeps records of the Standards and National Certificates that you gain which are
listed on your Record of Achievement. You can apply for one Record of Achievement (RoA) per
year which is posted to you in April of the following year. You can also access your Record of
Achievement from the NZQA website (www.nzqa.govt.nz). As you continue your learning your
RoA is updated.
The RoA gives students, parents and employers a very detailed picture of what a student has
achieved at what level and with what grade.

PATHWAYS TO GAIN QUALIFICATIONS
YEAR 11 STUDENTS
     LEVEL 1
  • Students must complete a full programme of 25 lessons per week.
  • All students must take English, Mathematics and Science.
  • All students select THREE other optional courses ( Level 2 courses m ay be approved
     dependent on student work record and ability/interest).

YEAR 12 STUDENTS
LEVEL 1, 2

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2018 Course Booklet - Murchison Area School
•   Students must complete a full programme of 25 lessons per week.
     •   All students are recommended to take English and Mathematics. There are Level 2
         standards which are needed for University Entrance in English.
     •   All students select FOUR other optional courses from Level 1 or 2. ( Level 3 courses
         may be approved dependant on student work record and ability/interest)

 YEAR 13 STUDENTS
 LEVEL 1, 2, 3
   • Students must complete a full programme of 25 lessons per week (that programme MAY
      include 4 hours of independent study dependent within their chosen course load.)
   • All students select FIVE or SIX courses (from Level 1, 2 or 3)

 STUDENTS NEEDING UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE
 To gain entrance to a New Zealand University or complete a degree in New Zealand you will
 need the following:
    • UE Numeracy: 10 numeracy credits at Level 1 or higher
    • UE Literacy: 10 literacy credits at Level 2 or higher (5 credits in ‘Reading’ and 5 credits
        in ‘Writing’ Level 2 or 5 in “Both”)
    • NCEA Level 3 (i.e. 60 credits at Level 3)
    • And have at least 14 Level 3 credits from 3 or more approved subjects –

 The list of approved subjects for University Entrance is as follows: (Check
 http://www.nzqa.govt.nz/ for specific detail on which standards are approved)
 Accounting                          Geography                        Science
 Agriculture & Horticulture          German                           Sculpture (Practical Art)
 Biology                             Health Education                 Social Studies
 Business Studies                    History                          Spanish
 Calculus                            History of Art                   Statistics
 Chemistry                           Home Economics                   Technology
 Chinese                             Indonesian                       Te Reo Maori
 Classical Studies                   Japanese                         Te Reo Rangatira
 Construction and Mechanical         Korean
 Technologies                        Latin
 Cook Island Maori                   Mathematics
 Dance                               Media Studies
 Design & visual communication       Music Studies
 Design (Practical Art)              Painting (Practical Art)
 Digital Technology                  Photography (Practical Art)
 Drama                               Physical Education
 Earth & Space Science               Physics
 Economics                           Printmaking (Practical Art)
 Education for Sustainability        Processing Technologies
 English                             Religious Studies
 French                              Samoan

Vocational Pathways
The Vocational Pathways provide new ways to structure and
achieve NCEA Level 2, the foundation for successful
transitions to further education and work. They enable
students to see how their learning is relevant for a wide range
of jobs and study options in six broad sectors of industry:
• Manufacturing and Technology;
• Construction and Infrastructure;
• Primary Industries;
• Social and Community Services
• Services Industries; and
• Creative Industries.

SENIOR SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL SUBJECT CHOICES
For students in Years 11, 12 and 13 we offer:
    • A wide range of courses leading to NCEA at Levels 1, 2 and 3 and to many other National
       Certificates.
    • Courses to meet students’ interests and career needs and to prepare them for further study.

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2018 Course Booklet - Murchison Area School
•   A balanced mix of courses taught by our qualified staff or by distance learning from many
       outside national providers.
   •   A dedicated and supervised E-learning centre.
   •   Small classes allowing high levels of individual teaching, support and access to equipment and
       resources,

CAREERS PLANNING
The jobs or careers you are interested in may require that you gain qualifications at school in particular
subjects and at particular levels before you will be considered for employment. Alternatively you may
need to obtain particular degrees, diplomas and/or certificates and to gain these you may again need
to have particular standards or National Certificates. If you need to explore your career pathways
contact our Careers Advisor and Principal (Mr Ashworth), STAR Co-ordinator (Mrs Thomason) or The
Careers Service website on Kiwicareers.govt.nz

CHOOSING YOUR OPTIONS
   • Choose courses you need for a career you want to pursue.
   • Choose courses that will give you the credits you need for National Certificates you are aiming
       for.
   • Choose subjects you enjoy and do well at.
   • Discuss your choices with your parents
   • Ask your Mr Ashworth about new subjects you are interested in taking but don’t know enough
       about.
   • Ask your teachers how well they think you could do in courses you are interested in.
Teachers, older students, friends and relatives may all offer you advice about courses but it is
important that in the end it is your decision. Make your decision with care.

ATTENDANCE
When you miss school
  • You get behind with your studies and then have to find time to catch up.
  • You miss important ideas being taught by your teacher
  • You may develop gaps in your learning or lose threads in your understanding.
  • You may not gain sufficient credits for a NCEA.

    Aim to
   • Schedule appointments (dental, medical, driving tests, etc.) for the school holidays
   • Miss school only when you are sick
   • Catch up work at home as soon as you are able
   • Let your teachers know beforehand if you really can’t avoid being away, so they can give you
      the work you may miss in advance.
   • Use Google Classroom, where possible to keep up with your work.
Students are required by law to attend school until the age of 16 years.

KEEPING UP W ITH YOUR W ORK
  • Do an adequate amount of homework each night and at the weekend, at a time when you are
     awake and alert, to keep up with the work.
  • For an extended project set yourself a timeline and use it.
  • As a general rule the amount of homework required per week per subject is
                           1 hour at NCEA Level 1
                           1 hour 40 minutes at NCEA Level 2
                           2 hours 20 minutes at NCEA Level.

LUNCHTIM E CLASSES
Occasionally some subjects may require that students work during the normal lunch period. Teachers
will give you advance notice of these classes, which you are then expected to attend. Where they are
a regular event you may be given a ‘make-up’ lunch period at a different time. Some subjects
delivered through various methods of E-Learning may also be scheduled in our school’s lunchtime.
Students will be able to have a timetabled lunchbreak in such instances.

COURSE DELIVERY
Some of our senior courses are teacher taught face to face and some will be provided by E-learning.
This gives all students the widest possible range of courses to choose from in the Senior School.
The method of course delivery is determined by:-

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•   Numbers of Students. If fewer than five students choose a course we cannot usually allocate a
       teacher to teach the course. If the numbers are small we may or may not have a teacher able
       to teach multi-level classes. We sometimes may be in a position where we can have a class
       with less than four students.
   •   Teacher availability. We may not have a teacher available to teach a specialist course.
   •   Accreditation. There are some vocational subjects that the school does not have the
       accreditation from NZQA to assess.

E-LEARNING
It should be noted that m any of the E -Learning subjects at m ost of the levels are
available with Google,video, audio or com puter conferences – this m eans there is
teacher contact.

When we cannot provide a teacher for a course you have chosen, we will try to make that course
available from distance learning providers such as:

              Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu                     The Open Polytechnic of New Zealand
              Hospitality Service Institute                Retail Institute
              Southern Institute of Technology             Tai Poutini Polytechnic
              Telford                                        New Zealand School of Tourism
              Virtual Learning Network                     National Trade Academy
              Porse Education in Schools                   Agriculture Challenge Ltd

Here’s how E-Learning works:-
In late November an application is made to the distance learning provider for the course that you want.
By the time school begins in the New Year your first units of work should be in the school. The
provider also assigns a teacher to you who will provide you with help and assess your work.

Whenever the course appears in your timetable you will work in Room 9, the E-Learning Room
where the E-Learning Co-ordinator or another staff member will supervise your studies. Your work
may come in the form of a printed booklet, online, as email attachments, DVD, audiotapes, and some
may include video conference and Google Classroom and Google Hangouts.

As you work on your assignments you may find you need help, perhaps in understanding the
instructions, finding information or writing answers clearly. You are able to contact your teacher via
phone, email, Video Conferencing, Drop box, Skype etc. using the facilities in the distance learning
room. Other teachers in the school or people in the community may also be available to help you with
your studies. Any queries re help should be made via the E-Learning Co-ordinator or your staff
member.
Your standard assessments are also delivered to the school and after completing them in the E-
learning room they are returned to your E Learning teacher for marking. E- Learning is different from
classroom learning and a few students find it difficult to become an independent learner. Here are
some of the characteristics that make a good E-learner:

       Able to follow instructions accurately
       Good at asking for help rather than waiting to be asked if you need help
       Able to express your ideas and answers in writing
       Effective at using books and the internet to find information
       Willing to contact your teacher by telephone or email
       Self-motivated and keen to learn

Vocational Pathways

These pathways will let you see how learning and achievement will be valued in the workplace. They
will also suggest the types of study options and jobs opportunities available to learners.
Employers will be able to see learner strengths, abilities, interests and achievements when they look
at the Vocational Pathways information.
To achieve the Vocational Pathways Award, a learner must:

   •   achieve NCEA Level 2 which includes literacy (10 credits) and numeracy (10 credits) at Level 1
       or above, and

   •   achieve 60 x Level 2 credits from the Recommended Assessment Standards for a Vocational
       Pathways, including 20 x Level 2 credits from Sector-Related Standards for the same
       sector. Credits from the Recommended Assessment Standards and Sector-Related Standards
       must come from the same Vocational Pathway e.g Primary Industries.
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A learner can achieve more than one Vocational Pathways Award if they complete more than one
Vocational Pathway.

                                      Trade Academies
Students at Murchison Area School may also take part in the Top of the
South Island Trades Academy. This is a partnership between Secondary
schools and Tertiary education provided by the government and allows
for either one day a week or block courses for our students to take part
in throughout the year in subjects that our school cannot provide face
to face. These courses are free of charge to the students and Murchison
Area School will try to arrange all transport issues for these courses
and subjects.

Each course will provide NCEA credits at Levels 1, 2 or 3.

These courses and their credits are listed at the end of this brochure. If
a student is interested in entering into one of these courses they must
see Mr Ashworth to complete a separate application form.

      Trade Academies-Top of the South Island
             Our mission: Developing opportunities for your future

W e give students great reasons to stay in school, and help them gain trades skills for
                           successful, satisfying careers.

How can we help you?

W e help year 11–13 high school students keep their options open by achieving NCEA
credits at school while gaining practical work skills and trades qualifications in a wide
variety of industries from aviation to uniform ed services.

W e’re your link between secondary school and work opportunities, or further study.
W e’ll help you:

  •   ease your transition into the world of work
  •   identify further training or study opportunities
  •   show you what your future career could look like while working towards NCEA

Who do we work with?
We partner with local secondary schools and their students, Nelson Marlborough
Institute of Technology (NMIT), Whenua Iti Outdoors, and industry.

So, we’re part of the secondary education system, but you will walk between the
two worlds... school and tertiary.

How it works

If you’re in year 11–13 and are focused, committed, and keen to work in a trade, then contact us (or
your school's Trades Academy Co-ordinator) to learn more and apply.

Training is one day a week for the school year, at NMIT’s campuses in Richmond, Nelson or
Blenheim, or at selected schools.

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Some courses are live-in (residential) ‘block’ courses at Whenua Iti Outdoors.

Our tutors are experienced and have connections in the industry. They’ll give you (and the others in
your trades class) training and a first-hand taste of working in your chosen field.

What does it cost?

We’re funded through the Ministry of Education’s Youth Guarantee Policy – so it’s free to study
through us.

When does training happen?

Training is normally one day a week (usually Friday) at one of NMIT’s campuses in Richmond or
Nelson, or at live-in ‘block’ courses at Whenua Iti Outdoors.

Recommended Subjects for Some Areas of Tertiary Study
These are recommendations/suggestions only. Tertiary providers are becoming increasingly flexible
about having pre-requisite subjects studied at school. For more specific details, check the provider’s
website.
English should usually be taken at Level 3 if students intend to go on to tertiary study.

  Study Areas         Year 11 Subjects      Year 12 Subjects            Year 13 Subjects
Architecture          Art or Graphics       Design and/or             Design and/or Painting
                      Mathematics           Painting or Graphics      or Graphics
                      Science               Mathematics
Business              Mathematics           Mathematics               Mathematics (Statistics
(Degree level         Accounting            Accounting                and/or Calculus)
study)                Business Studies      Business Studies          Accounting
                                                                      Business Studies
Engineering           Mathematics           Mathematics               Mathematics with
                      Science               Physics                   Calculus
                                            Chemistry                 Physics
                                                                      Chemistry
Biological            Mathematics           Biology                   Biology
Sciences              Science               Chemistry                 Chemistry
                                            Mathematics               Mathematics with
                                                                      Statistics
Health                Mathematics           Mathematics               Mathematics with
Sciences              Science               At least two out of       Statistics
(Dentistry,                                 the three sciences:       At least two out of the
Medicine,                                   Biology                   three sciences:
Medical                                     Physics                   Biology
Science,                                    Chemistry                 Physics
Physiotherapy,                                                        Chemistry
Pharmacy,                                                             Health Science
Veterinary)
Health Science        Mathematics           Mathematics               Minimum of one of the
(Nursing,             Science               Minimum of one of         following:
Occupational                                the sciences:             Mathematics
Therapy)                                    Biology                   Biology
                                            Chemistry                 Physics
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Physics                Chemistry
Law, Political   Mathematics        Mathematics            At least four academic
Science,         Science            At least one Science   subjects e.g.
Psychology,      At least one       At least two           History
Sociology        academic subject   academic subjects      Geography
                 e.g.               e.g.                   Accounting
                 History            History                Economics
                 Geography          Geography              Classics
                 Accounting         Accounting             Psychology
                 Legal Studies      Economics              Computing
                                    Classics               Mathematics
                                    Psychology             Legal Studies
                                    Computing
                                    Legal Studies
Technology &     Mathematics        Mathematics            Mathematics with
Physical         Science            Physics                Calculus
Sciences                            Chemistry              Physics
                                                           Chemistry

LEVEL
ONE

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10
ACCOUNTING – Level 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? Accuracy in basic mathematical calculations is essential,
  along with the ability to use a calculator. Neat bookwork and organisational skills are essential.
  W hat will I learn? Students will get an introduction to accounting by gaining knowledge, skills
  and experience to manage the financial systems of individuals, communities & businesses. It will
  include preparing financial information and communicating it via reporting.
  W here does it lead? This course leads to Level 2 Accounting

AGRICULTURE – Level 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in farming and farm animals.
  W hat will I learn? Animals and their care, Pasture production, Environmental issues, Animal
  diseases, Management of livestock and pasture.
  W here does it lead? Agriculture and Horticulture papers at Level 2, Level 2 Biology, Tertiary
  courses in Agriculture

ART (Visual Art) – Level 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? A keen interest and basic aptitude in art is important along
  with the ability to work independently and meet deadlines
  W hat will I learn? It covers drawing, painting, printmaking, using wet and dry media. Through
  the study of established NZ artists you will learn practices and procedures that will be a springboard
  and foundation for your own creative work.
  W here does it lead? To further study of Visual Arts at Levels 2 and 3, and tertiary institutions
  and/or other areas where artistic and design skills are needed such as the fashion industry, the film
  industry, the media

BUSINESS STUDIES – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in the business world and enterprise
  W hat will I learn? This study is about business formation, functions of business, people in
  business, business management and the business environment.
  W here does it lead? Business Studies Level 2. Careers in the commerce world, Small
  business skills

COMMERCE STUDIES – LEVEL 1
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This course consists of Achievement Standards and Unit Standards and
Course Endorsement is not available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in the commercial and business
  world
  W hat will I learn? This course offers internal standards only. You will learn about a range of
  topics from Accounting, Business Studies, Economics and/or Legal Studies depending on the
  student’s interests.
  W here does it lead? If students enjoy a particular subject they can specialise in any of
  Accounting, Business Studies, Economics, Legal Studies at Level 2

DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Unit Standards and
Course Endorsement is available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in keyboarding, data management and use of
  computer software
  W hat will I learn? Computer knowledge and software skills using Microsoft programmes –
  Word, Excel, Publisher, Access, Power Point and programming. The student is required to work via
  internet through an online learning environment.
  W here does it lead? Level 2 Digital Technology

  Level 1 Drama
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You will need to be prepared to perform in front of
  classmates and an invited audience for assessments. Group work and participation is essential for
  all assessments.
  W hat will I learn? You will learn how to use drama techniques including voice, body movement
  and use of space in both scripted and devised drama. You will learn how to create meaning in
  performance through the use of drama techniques and conventions and explore social, cultural and
  historical issues presented in a play. In order to be prepared to write the external exam you will
  need to attend a live drama performance with the class.
W here does it lead? Further study of drama at level 2.

ECONOMICS – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in the business world
  W hat will I learn? You will learn about producer and consumer choices, interactions between
  households and firms, how economic decisions are made, and the effects these choices have on
  individuals and the economy.
  W here does it lead? Level 2 Economics, careers in the commerce world

ENGINEERING – Technology
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This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in Metalwork and Engineering
  W hat will I learn? You will learn aspects of practical engineering including the use of hand tools,
  lathe, milling machine, welding, measurement and safety. This course contains units common to
  the Technology option, with a more specific focus on using metal and engineering tools. Charges
  for materials are based on a ‘project’ basis plus $25 to cover consumables.
  W here does it lead? Technology and/or Engineering level 2. Tertiary courses and/or
  employment in the Engineering, Tool making, Fitting, Plumbing and automotive trades

ENGLISH – LEVEL 1 (Compulsory Subject)
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? A course in English is compulsory to gain literacy skills (and
  the 10 literacy credits required for NCEA Level 1).
  W hat will I learn? You will develop your reading and writing skills; respond to literature, novels,
  short stories and film; develop critical awareness and gain production experience in speeches and
  visual language; develop and record a critical awareness of film and writing.
  W here does it lead? English level 2 which is a compulsory subject. All of the prerequisites for
  level 2 must be completed. This can be completed in a one or two year programme designed with
  each individual student.

GATEWAY – LEVEL 1
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in a specific practical career

GATEWAY
Levels 1, 2, 3

The Gateway programme is designed to strengthen the pathways for students from school to further
education and training or employment. Gateway supports students undertaking learning and
assessment in the workplace. Murchison Area School is funded to coordinate this activity to ensure
the educational and subsequent employment needs of students are met. Structured workplace
learning is a formal learning arrangement set in an actual workplace for a sustained period of time,
with clear understanding about the knowledge and skills to be attained, and the assessment of unit or
achievement standards.

Students complete a work placement and have their learning in the workplace assessed against unit
and/or achievement standards on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) and integrated with
their current programme of study. Gateway integrates general education with workplace learning and
assessment. Gateway provides senior school students with valuable learning and work opportunities.
For example, students can gain specific vocational skills leading to future employment and can benefit
from making significant progress towards qualifications. All students can enhance their career
management skills in a world where the roles of learner and worker continue to change.

Students interested in Gateway at M AS should see M rs Thom ason before choosing it
as an option to discuss what opportunities may be available on the programme. Gateway aims
wherever possible to link a student with an industry that they are seriously interested in and over the
last two years we have had students who have been incredibly successful within the Building Trade,
Auto Engineering, Agriculture, Hospitality, Farming, Conservation, Retailing, Hairdressing, Outdoor
Sport & Recreation and in Childcare. This is not an exhaustive list, so talk to Mrs Thomason about
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what might be available.

Each student on Gateway has to endeavour to achieve 20 work based credits. These credits can be at
Level 1- 3 depending on the particular industry programme followed and individual student
achievement at Murchison Area School thus far has ranged from 15 credits up to 42+.

In 2018 Gateway is to run as an option subject.

GEOGRAPHY – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in how people interact on earth
  and use their environment
  W hat will I learn? The course will cover:
    • Natural hazards such as earthquakes and hurricanes in SW pacific and the effects of extreme
        natural events
    • Population studies, issues and concepts
    • Resources and their use
    • NZ and Global issues
    • Drawing and interpreting maps, information and data

  W here does it lead? Geography Level 2. Careers in areas of Tourism, Conservation and
  Agriculture, World travel

GRAPHICS: DESIGN & VISUAL COMMUNICATION –
LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in design, formal working and
  presentation techniques. Specialised drawing instruments are required such as T square, set
  squares, compass, graphite pencils, mechanical pencil, chalk pastels etc.
  W hat will I learn? The aim is for you to learn how to start thinking and working like a designer
  and how to communicate your design ideas using a range of techniques such as freehand
  sketching, colour rendering, working drawings and computer applications. The studies are based in
  the area of product and architectural design.
  W here does it lead? Graphics Level 2

HEALTH – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in wanting to become involved in
  any aspect of the Health sector and careers that involve working with people.
  W hat will I learn?
     • Examine and develop a sound understanding of concepts, influences and choices for
        achieving wellbeing.
     • An understanding of success and strategies to employ to deal with success in a range of
        situations.

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•   A “tool box” of interpersonal skills in order to develop and understand how interpersonal
         skills can improve relationships and help people deal with changing states of health.
     •   A comprehensive understanding of the decision making process and the implications of
         decisions.
     •   A sound understanding of issues relating to sexuality and this course aims to explore these
         through a range of perspectives.

 W here does it lead? Level 2 Health, Level 2 Physical Education. Careers in working with
 people, or within the health sector.

HISTORY – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
 W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in how international people and
 events have influenced the world both historically and currently e.g. Wars lead to the world we know
 today.
 W hat   will I learn? You will study themes chosen from:
   •     International relations (origins of World War II)
   •     World conflicts (Palestine and Israel)
   •     Race Relations (South Africa and NZ)
   •     Social change (1981 Springbok rugby tour)

 W here does it lead? Level 2 History. Careers in any social sciences field.

HOSPITALITY & FOODS – Technology
This course consists of Unit Standards and Course Endorsement is not
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in food safety, food preparation
  and presentation, and nutrition. There is a charge of $20 towards herbs, spices, sauces,
  condiments etc. used in dishes. Students may be required to provide some ingredients.
  W hat will I learn? This subject is a practical skills based course. The student will learn to
  prepare, present and store food using appropriate skills and safe food practices. The student will
  study the preparation and presentation of meat, egg, cheese, fruit and vegetable dishes in the
  hospitality industry.
  W here does it lead? Certificate in Practical Cookery Skills Level 1. Gateway in Hospitality
  Industry Level 2 & 3

HORTICULTURE – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
 W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest or ‘green fingers’ in plants,
 gardening and the use of land for horticulture.
 W hat will I learn? Students will learn to:

    •    Grow and propagate plants
    •    Look at the makeup of soil and soil communities
    •    Find out what plants need to survive
    •    The principles of garden design to meet a user’s needs
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•   Care of the environment and landscaping

 W here does it lead? Horticulture Level 2, Tertiary courses related to land management

LANGUAGES – LEVEL 1
A number of language courses are available. Speak with our E-
Learning Co-ordinator if you are interested in studying a language.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil. However, students with little or no previous experience in a
  language will usually need 2 years to achieve full credits at Level 1.
  W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in other countries, cultures and travel, the tourism
  industry, meeting people and talking!
  W hat will I learn? Everyday practical skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing in your
  chosen language. Aspects of the cultural dimensions of the world where your chosen language is
  spoken.
  W here does it lead? Level 2 Language courses. Life in a multicultural world and global
  economy.

LEGAL STUDIES – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Unit Standards and Course Endorsement is not
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? A reasonable level of literacy is required.
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in the legal system and justice.
  W hat will I learn? The course covers topics in how laws are made and applied in everyday life,
  the systems and processes of the NZ Legal system.
  W here does it lead? A course in Legal studies leads on to level 2 & 3. At a tertiary level as a
  Lawyer or Legal practitioner.

MATHEMATICS & STATISTICS – LEVEL 1 (Compulsory
Subject)
A student’s level 1 programme may consist of Unit Standards, Achievement Standards
or a combination of both in order to meet their needs.
  W hat are the prerequisites? This course is compulsory. W hat skills/interests do I need?
  A programme specifically tailored to your skills and needs will be developed in collaboration with
  students and whanau where appropriate.
   W hat will I learn? The Achievement standards course covers topics including algebra,
  trigonometry, measurement, number, statistics, geometry and probability. The Unit Standards
  course covers number, measurement and statistics and may include units from the Financial
  Capability subject
  W here does it lead? This course covers the content that will allow you to take Level 2
  Mathematics & Statistics.
  Equipm ent: A scientific calculator fx-82AU II PLUS, maths set, and general stationery items are
  requirements of this course. Some students prefer to use maths exercise books for notes, others
  refill and folders. Workbooks if required will be provided.

MEDIA STUDIES – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Strong literacy and computer skills.
  W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in the dynamic role of the media in society, business
  and the news world.
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W hat will I learn? You will learn about all aspects of the media including: film, television, radio,
  print, social networking and the web. All studies are done online by computer and the internet.
  W here does it lead? Understanding of the role media plays in everyday lives. Careers in the
  world of journalism and the media.

FINANCIAL CAPABILITY– LEVEL 1
This course consists of Unit Standards and Course Endorsement is not
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in how to handle money,
  budgeting, goal setting and saving and investment options.
  W hat will I learn? There will be modules in interpreting financial documents, balancing budgets,
  effects of life factors on income, financial goal setting, saving and investment options.
  W here does it lead? Understanding how to manage your money effectively. Personal Finance
  Management Level 2.
  N.B. This course is available as an option and is not able to be taken in place of a level 1
  mathematics & statistics course. Level 1 Numeracy credits are not available through this subject.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION - LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in analysing the factors that
  influence and shape ones physical performance and general wellbeing.
  W hat will I learn?

     •   This course offers the opportunity to improve physical skill and gain a basic understanding
         of the factors that affect personal performance.
     •   Some research will be undertaken into current issues in sport.
     •   This course is approximately 80% theory and 20% practical
  W here does it lead? PE level 2. Careers in fitness training and prescription, sports coaching,
  outdoor education, education, professional sports and health promotion.

SCIENCE – LEVEL 1 (Compulsory Subject)
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in plants, animals and the world
  around you.
  W hat will I learn? There will be modules available from:
  Living World (Biology) – Micro-organisms, Genetics
  Physical World (Physics) – Forces and Motion, Electricity
  Material World (Chemistry) – Metals and Compounds, Atomic Theory, Chemical Reactions
  Planet Earth and Beyond – Geology, Astronomy
  W here does it lead? This course covers units that will allow you to take Level 2 Science,
  Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.

SOCIAL SCIENCES – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.

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W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in the world around you and the
  people who inhabit it.
  W hat will I learn? There will be opportunities to examine the culture and history of New Zealand
  and the wider world.
  W here does it lead? Level 2 History, Geography, Social Studies, Psychology

SOFT MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You will need to like making/constructing functional items out
  of conventional ‘soft’ materials
  W hat will I learn? We will be using some or all of: sewing machines, glues, hand stitching
  techniques, wire, card, paper and plastic etc. to create clothing, accessories and/or furnishings.
  Your imagination and ingenuity will be ignited and extended.
  W here does it lead? Further study of textiles, film industry, design.

TECHNOLOGY – LEVEL 1
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
  W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
  W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in design and practical
  workshop skills.
  W hat will I learn? The year is based on one or two themed projects. In the first stages you will
  develop design process and drawing skills for a conceptual product design. In the second project
  you will develop practical skills as you make a product using the material of your interest (timber,
  metal or other materials). You will develop knowledge of, and skills with, tools and machinery. This
  course is assessed with Achievement Standards.
  W here does it lead? Technology Level 2, Tertiary courses and/or employment in the building
  and engineering trades or similar related fields: e.g. automotive, joinery, welding etc.
  Costs: Charges for materials based on a ‘project’ basis plus $25 to cover consumables. An A3
  Clearfile folder is needed for the design work.

If you do not see a subject you are looking for please speak to us regarding
other available options via Distance. There are a variety of subjects available
that change each year.

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LEVEL
 TWO

        19
20
ACCOUNTING – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Accounting Level 1 is recommended. Reasonable level of literacy.
 W hat skills/interests do I need? Accuracy in basic mathematical calculations is essential, along
 with the ability to use a calculator. Neat bookwork and organisational skills are essential.
 W hat will I learn? Students will gain knowledge, skills and experience to manage business
 financial sub-systems. It includes processing and reporting on transactions and events for sole traders
 and analysing and interpreting the information. You will use the business software MYOB.
 W here does it lead? This course leads to Level 3 Accounting

AGRICULTURE – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Level 1 Science, Biology, Agriculture or Horticulture
 W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in farming and farm animals.
 W hat will I learn? Students study and apply the biology of livestock production. How modification
 of plants and manipulation of animals maximises production while looking at environmental issues that
 are affected by these techniques.
 W here does it lead? Agriculture and Horticulture at Level 3 or careers in related industries

ART HISTORY – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Nil - not necessary to have practical skills in Art.
 W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in art and how and why it has been produced.
 W hat will I learn? Students will develop the art historical skills of observation, analysis and
 understanding of content and context by looking at nineteenth century French art and New Zealand
 art.
 W here does it lead? Level 3 Art History, Tourism, Museum work, General Interest

ART (Visual Art) – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
 W hat skills/interests do I need? The ability to work independently and meet deadlines along
 with artistic aptitude as developed during NCEA Level 1. A keen enquiring interest in art.
 W hat will I learn? You will learn how to conceive of ideas in a more independent way, without
 abandoning recognised practice. You will be refining and adding to technique already acquired.
 W here does it lead? This course is the prerequisite for Visual Arts at Levels 3, can also lead to
 careers in any of the art/design related industries – fashion, film, illustration and advertising.

BIOLOGY – LEVEL 2

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This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? NCEA Level 1 in either Science, Biology, Agriculture or Horticulture
 W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in the science of plants and animals, the natural
 environment and bio technology.
 W hat will I learn? Ecology with a NZ focus, cell structure and chemistry, genetics and evolution,
 and adaptation of plants and animals to their way of life.
 W here does it lead? Biology Level 3, Tertiary study and careers in animal and plant sciences,
 microbiology, biochemistry, nursing, veterinary, medicine and similar fields.

BUSINESS STUDIES – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
 W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in the business world and enterprise
 W hat will I learn? Students will develop an understanding of large businesses and their role in
 society and the economy. They will then develop an insight into how businesses deal with takeovers,
 investments, fraud, technology and problem areas.
 W here does it lead? Careers in the commerce world, Small business skills

CHEMISTRY – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? NCEA Level 1 in Science and/or Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics
 W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in the material world of chemicals and how they react.
 W hat will I learn? You will learn about structure and bonding of chemical substances, oxidation
 and reduction reactions, organic, inorganic and aqueous solution chemistry, rates of chemical
 reactions and equilibrium. The use of formulae and equations and the application of mathematics to
 these are part of the course.
 W here does it lead? Chemistry level 3, Tertiary courses in engineering, veterinary, medicine,
 dentistry, agricultural, biological and horticultural sciences and related courses.

CLASSICAL STUDIES – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
 W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in Art, Mythology, & Ancient
 History, Greek and Roman Gods.
 W hat will I learn? You will learn about the culture of both ancient Greece and Rome including a
 study of classical mythology, Homer’s “The Odyssey”, Roman Art and Architecture, Classical
 Sculpture, Politics of Ancient Rome through Caesar and the Philosophy of Cicero.
 W here does it lead? Classical Studies at Level 3

COMMERCE STUDIES – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Unit Standards and
 Course Endorsement is not available.
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W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
 W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in commercial, business world.
 W hat will I learn? You will cover standards from accounting, economics, business and legal
 studies.
 W here does it lead? Commerce Studies Level 3

DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Unit Standards and
 Course Endorsement is available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
 W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in learning to use computers and computer
 programmes.
 W hat will I learn? You will learn to use and apply computer software applications in other subjects
 and workplace situations. For example Word Processing, Spread sheets, Databases, Desktop
 Publishing and Computer Graphics
 W here does it lead? National Certificate in Computing Level 2 and 3. Tertiary courses in
 computer usage and programming. Using computers in any workplace.

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Unit Standards and Course Endorsement is not
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites?        Nil
 W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in young children and their
 development
 W hat will I learn? You will learn about meeting young children’s needs, health and safety in early
 childhood, growing and learning, parents as teachers and planning for play. You will be required to
 visit a licensed ECE setting e.g. Playcentre for more than an hour a week.
 W here does it lead? National Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care Level 3.
 Polytechnic courses in Nannying, Crèche or Preschool work or teaching as a career.

ECONOMICS – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? NCEA Level 1 or Level 1 commerce or economics is desirable but
 not a requirement.
 W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in the business world
 W hat will I learn? You will learn about the workings of the NZ economy through the issues of
 Employment, Trade, Growth, Inequality and Inflation, and the role of the Government in these
 economic issues.
 W here does it lead? Level 3 Economics, tertiary studies and careers in the commerce world.

 ENGINEERING – Technology
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Level 1 Engineering Technology
 W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in Metalwork and Engineering
                                                                                                   23
W hat will I learn? You will learn advanced aspects of practical engineering including the use of
hand tools, lathe, milling machine, welding, measurement and safety. This course contains units
common to the Technology option, with a more specific focus on using metal and engineering tools.
Charges for materials are based on a ‘project’ basis plus $25 to cover consumables.
W here does it lead? Technology or Engineering level 3. Tertiary courses and/or employment in
the Engineering, Tool making, Fitting, Plumbing and automotive trades.

 ENGLISH – LEVEL 2
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
W hat are the prerequisites? A minimum of 10 credits at Level 1 NCEA in English before a
student can take a full Level 2 course, otherwise they will take a combined course.
W hat skills/interests do I need? Level 2 English is a compulsory subject at Murchison Area
School. A revision book is required.
W hat will I learn? You will study:

   •   Effective writing appropriate to a situation, including essays and critiques
   •   Language and its use: written and verbal
   •   Visual forms of communication including film/video
   •   Literature including novel, short stories and film

W here does it lead? English level 3. To gain University Entrance students need a minimum
Literacy requirement of 5 credits in Level 2 Reading and 5 credits in Level 2 Writing or 5 from “Both”

 FASHION AND DESIGN – LEVEL 2
This course consists of Unit Standards and Course Endorsement is not
available.
W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in garments and fashion, good self-
motivation and creativity and access to a sewing machine at home.
W hat will I learn? This is a practical based course which includes:
Exploring principles in design
Developing pattern making skills
Constructing high quality finished products
Experimenting with methods of decorating fabrics
W here does it lead? Tertiary courses or Trade training in textiles, garment or fashion business.
The course aims to assist students to enter design competitions i.e. Wearable Art.

 GATEWAY                                                            Levels 1, 2, 3

The Gateway programme is designed to strengthen the pathways for students from school to further
education and training or employment. Gateway supports students undertaking learning and
assessment in the workplace. Murchison Area School is funded to coordinate this activity to ensure
the educational and subsequent employment needs of students are met. Structured workplace
learning is a formal learning arrangement set in an actual workplace for a sustained period of time,
with clear understanding about the knowledge and skills to be attained, and the assessment of unit or
achievement standards.

Students complete a work placement and have their learning in the workplace assessed against unit
and/or achievement standards on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) and integrated with
                                                                                                         24
their current programme of study. Gateway integrates general education with workplace learning and
 assessment. Gateway provides senior school students with valuable learning and work opportunities.
 For example, students can gain specific vocational skills leading to future employment and can benefit
 from making significant progress towards qualifications. All students can enhance their career
 management skills in a world where the roles of learner and worker continue to change.

 Students interested in Gateway at M AS should see M rs Thom ason before choosing it
 as an option to discuss what opportunities may be available on the programme. Gateway aims
 wherever possible to link a student with an industry that they are seriously interested in and over the
 last two years we have had students who have been incredibly successful within the Building Trade,
 Auto Engineering, Agriculture, Hospitality, Farming, Conservation, Retailing, Hairdressing, Outdoor
 Sport & Recreation and in Childcare. This is not an exhaustive list, so talk to Mrs Thomason about
 what might be available.

 Each student on Gateway has to endeavour to achieve 20 work based credits. These credits can be at
 Level 1- 3 depending on the particular industry programme followed and individual student
 achievement at Murchison Area School thus far has ranged from 15 credits up to 42+.

 In 2018 Gateway is to run as an option subject.

  GEOGRAPHY – LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Level 1 Geography or Social Studies desirable but not essential
 W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in how people use their
 environment. An enjoyment of mapping and graphing is an advantage.
 W hat will I learn? The course covers

    •   Natural Landscapes
    •   Urban settlements comparing cities in NZ and other countries
    •   Inequities in local, national and global development
    •   Considering differences between developed and less developed countries
    •   Skills such as photo-sketching
 W here does it lead? Geography Level 3. Careers in areas of Tourism, Farming, Planning and
 Geology. World travel

  GRAPHICS: DESIGN & VISUAL COMMUNICATION–
LEVEL 2
 This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
 available.
 W hat are the prerequisites? Graphics Level 1
 W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in design and scale drawing.
 W hat will I learn? You will learn a variety of skills including formal and informal drawing
 techniques, colour rendering and drawing presentation, letter and information layout covering the
 following topics based on furniture and building:

    •   Graphic communication and design
    •   Media design
    •   Technology design
    •   Architectural design
    •   Design of restaurant franchise, magazine cover, garden feature, circuit diagram, apartment

                                                                                                       25
W here does it lead? Graphics Level 3.          Specialised drawing instrum ents are required.

 HISTORY– LEVEL 2
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
W hat are the prerequisites? Literacy skills. History Level 1 is useful but not essential.
W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in people and events that have
shaped the modern world.
W hat will I learn? Students will study themes from:

   •   Origins of WWI
   •   Conflict in Vietnam 1945-1975
   •   Changing roles and opportunities for women in NZ 1880-1960
   •   Homefront in NZ during WWII
W here does it lead? History Level 3

 HEALTH – LEVEL 2
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
W hat are the prerequisites? Level 1 Health or Level 1 Physical Education
W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in wanting to become involved in
any aspect of the Health sector and careers that involve working with people.
W hat will I learn?

   •   Examine and develop a sound understanding of concepts, influences and choices for achieving
       wellbeing.
   •   An understanding of success and strategies to employ to deal with success in a range of
       situations.
   •   A “tool box” of interpersonal skills in order to develop and understand how interpersonal skills
       can improve relationships and help people deal with changing states of health.
   •   Personal, interpersonal and societal strategies to deal with changing states of health.
   •   A comprehensive understanding of the decision making process and the implications of
       decisions.
W here does it lead?
  Level 3 Health, Level 3 Physical Education. Careers in working with people, or within the health
  sector.

 HOME ECONOMICS – LEVEL 2
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Unit Standards and
Course Endorsement is available.
W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in practical work with food and
family life skills
W hat will I learn? Students will identify and reflect on factors that influence people’s choices and
behaviours. They will develop practical life skills in planning and preparing food, budgeting and
exploring nutrition issues affecting society.
W here does it lead? Tertiary study and careers in food, clothing, fashion or related industries.

HORTICULTURE – LEVEL 2
This course consists of Achievement Standards and Course Endorsement is
available.
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W hat are the prerequisites? Nil
W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest or ‘green fingers’ in plants,
gardening and the use of land for horticulture.
W hat will I learn? Students will learn to:

     • Advanced horticultural concepts
     • Investigations into soil composition and enhancements
     • Plant propagation
     • Landscaping
W here does it lead? Agriculture/Horticulture Level 3, land-based careers, Tertiary courses related
to land management.

 LANGUAGES – LEVEL 2
French, Latin, Chinese, Te Reo Maori, German, Spanish. Speak
with our E-Learning Co-ordinator if you are interested in studying a
language.
W hat are the prerequisites? At least 14 credits in your chosen language at NCEA Level 1.
W hat skills/interests do I need? Interest in other countries, cultures and travel, the tourism
industry, meeting people and talking!
W hat will I learn? Everyday practical skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing in your
chosen language. Aspects of the cultural dimensions of the world where your chosen language is
spoken.
W here does it lead? Level 2 Language courses. Life in a multicultural world and global economy.

 LEGAL STUDIES – LEVEL 2
This course consists of Unit Standards and Course Endorsement is not
available.
W hat are the prerequisites? A reasonable standard of literacy is required.
W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in how NZ laws are made and your
rights under NZ law.
W hat will I learn? You may study topics including:

   •   Consumer law
   •   Youth justice
   •   Legal aid
   •   Family law
   •   Employment law
   •   Factors and consequences of crime
   •   Settling disputes
W here does it lead? Legal Studies Level 3, Tertiary studies and careers in business and law and
life in a modern society

 MATHEMATICS & STATISTICS – LEVEL 2
This is an Achievement Standards course. Alternatives are available for those who
completed a Unit Standard course at Level 1, please see Miss Stewart for more
details.
W hat are the prerequisites? Generally, students need to have gained at least 10 credits in Level
1 Achievement Standards.
W hat skills/interests do I need? You should have an interest in learning new skills and problem
solving and numeracy skills.

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