Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education

Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education
Academic Booklet
   (For JAE Students)
Name: _______________________
Class: _______________________

Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education
Table of Contents
1. FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 3

2. SUBJECT COMBINATION INFORMATION ........................................................................... 4

   3.1. H1 GENERAL PAPER ……..…………………………………………………………………... 11
   3.2. H1 PROJECT WORK ……………………………………………………………………….….. 12

   4.1. H1/H2 ENGLISH LITERATURE……..…….………………………………………….............. 13
   4.2. H2 ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTICS ……………………………………………... 15
   4.3. H1/H2 FRENCH / GERMAN / JAPANESE & H2 SPANISH ……………………………… 17
   4.4. H1 MOTHER TONGUE LANGUAGE …………………………………………………….… 19
   4.5. H1 GENERAL STUDIES IN CHINESE (H1 华文理解与写作) .…….……………………….. 20
   4.6. H2 CHINESE LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (H2 华文与文学) …………………………. 21
   4.7. H2 CHINA STUDIES IN CHINESE (H2 中国通识) ………………...………………….…….. 23
   4.8. H2 TRANSLATION (CHINESE) (H2 翻译) ……………………………..…………………….. 25
   4.9. H1/H2 ART ………………………………………………………………………………….....… 27
   4.10.H2 MUSIC ………………………………………………………….………………................... 29
   4.11.H1/H2 ECONOMICS        ………………………………………………………………....... 31
   4.12.H1/H2 GEOGRAPHY ……..…………………………………………………………....…....... 33
   4.13.H1/H2 HISTORY …..………………………………………………………………….……....... 35

   5.1. H1/H2 BIOLOGY………………………………………………………………………………… 38
   5.2. H1/H2 CHEMISTRY..….………………………………………………………………………... 40
   5.3. H2 COMPUTING ……………..………………………………………………………………… 43
   5.4. H1/H2 MATHEMATICS / H2 FURTHER MATHEMATICS ……………………………...… 45
   5.5. H1/H2 PHYSICS ………………………………………………………………………..........… 47

6. SCHOLARSHIPS & HIGHER EDUCATION ……………………...............................……......                                                     49

   7.1. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE ……………………………………………....… 49
   7.2. NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY …….……………………………………....… 57
   7.3. SINGAPORE MANAGEMENT UNIVERSITY ……...………………………………..…........ 64
   7.5. SINGAPORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY………...…………...................................... 66
   7.7. Worksheet …………………………………………………..………………………………....… 69

Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education

Dear Would-be Dunmanians,

As part of our support for students joining Dunman High School (DHS), the
dedicated team of DHS teachers have put together this Academic Booklet for
your easy reference.

One of the challenging decisions that you will have to make is to decide on your
subject combination. It is challenging because your decision will have an
impact on your future university courses, and possibly your future career.
This Academic Booklet is developed to aid you in your decision-making. It offers
an overview of subjects offered at JC, as well as other information on
scholarships and pre-requisites of a range of university courses to help you
make an informed choice.

It is important that you take into account your personal interests and
competency, as well as your career aspirations in choosing your subject
combination. Based on our observation and feedback from graduands, we
strongly recommended that you offer subjects that you have an interest and
aptitude in, for that will make the next two years of learning much more
enjoyable and sustain you when the going gets tough.

You are not alone in this journey. Your parents, teachers and schoolmates will
always cheer you on and journey alongside you. It is therefore advisable that
you consult your parents and teachers in this process, as well as approach your
seniors to gain deeper insights on the various subjects, as well as the impact
of your choice going forward.

All of us in DHS look forward to welcoming you into our Dunmanian Family!

Mr Tony Low
Dunman High School

01 January 2019

Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education
(A)   Number of Subjects Each Student Can Offer

1     The number of units assigned to Higher 1(H1), Higher 2(H2) and Higher 3(H3) subjects are as

                     Level          No. of Academic Units
                      H1                       1
                      H2                       2
                      H3                       1

      The total number of units for a chosen subject combination can range from a minimum of 10
      AUs to a maximum of 12 AUs, including H1 MTL.

         10 AUs – 3 H2 and 1 H1 content-based subjects
         11 AUs – 4 H2 content-based subjects
         12 AUs – 4 H2 + 1 H1 content-based subjects

      Students who maximise their 12 AUs in Y5 will have to drop 1 AU if they decide to offer a H3
      subject in Y6.

 2    Students who have obtained D7 or better in their Higher MTL examinations at O-Level do not
      need to offer H1 MTL at JC as they would have fulfilled the MTL requirement for local university

(B)   Subject Combinations

 3    Students must be mindful that the choice of subject combination will determine the range of
      courses that they may offer at universities. This is because students must fulfil the subject
      prerequisites for the universities courses, which they wish to be considered for. Students are
      strongly encouraged to research on the subject prerequisites (pages 49-68 in this booklet)
      before they make their decision.

 4    The available subjects are listed in Section (C).The students can select 3 subject combinations
      highlighted in Sections (D) to (F). Each subject combination must include 1 contrasting subject,
      taken at either H1 or H2 level.

 5    Students who wish to offer a combination that is not on the list can appeal by indicating their
      desired combination. However, before they appeal, they must select three subject
      combinations from the list when they register. After which they must state their proposed
      subject combination clearly in their appeal. As far as possible, the school will try to cater to
      your preferred choice subject to school’s constraints and a minimum enrolment for some
      subjects or subject combinations.

 6    H2 AR or H2 MU can replace any H2 subjects but adhere to the contrasting subject requirement
      and the following subject combination restrictions.

 7    Students are not allowed to take more than one subject with coursework component. These
      subjects are H2AR, H2MU, H2CSC and H2CP.

Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education
8     Subject Combination Restriction:
       These subjects cannot be taken together
      H2 HS / H2 GE / H2 TC
      H2 FM / H2 CH
      H2 PH / H2 BI
      H2 CLL/ H2 ELL/ H2 AR/ H2 MU

(C)    Subjects Offered

                                                                                               REMARKS /
            TYPE                                 SUBJECT           H1     H2    H3*
                                CL         Chinese Language          •
                                                                                       See Section (A), item 2 for
 LANGUAGES                      ML         Malay Language            •
                                                                                       exemption criteria
                                TL         Tamil Language            •
 KNOWLEDGE                      GP         General Paper             •
 SKILLS                         PW         Project Work              •
                                BI         Biology*                       •      •
                                CH         Chemistry                 •    •      •     See Section (F), items 1 to 5
 MATHEMATICS &                  PH         Physics                   •    •      •     for details of subject pre
 SCIENCES                       MA         Mathematics               •    •      •     requisites
                                FM         Further Mathematics            •
                                CP         Computing                      •            No pre-requisites
                                JAP                                                    See Section (F), item 6
                                           3rd Language                   •
                                GER                                                    for subject prerequisites
                                           Translation                                 See Section (F), item 7
                                TC                                        •
                                           (Chinese)                                   for subject prerequisites
                                           Chinese Language &                          No prerequisites
                                CLL                                       •      •
                                           China Studies in                            See Section (G) on BSP
                                CSC                                       •            and CLEP details
                                           General Studies in                          See Section (F), item 8
                                GSC                                  •
                                           Chinese                                     for subject prerequisites
 HUMANITIES &                   EC         Economics                 •    •      •     No prerequisites
 THE ARTS                       EL         English Literature        •    •      •     No prerequisites
                                           English Language &                          See Section (F), item 9 for
                                ELL                                       •
                                           Linguistics                                 subject prerequisites
                                GE         Geography                 •    •      •     No prerequisites
                                HS         History                   •    •      •     No prerequisites
                                                                                       See Section (F), item 10 for
                                AR         Art                       •    •
                                                                                       subject prerequisites
                                                                                       See Section (F), item 11 for
                                                                                       subject prerequisites
                                MEP        Music                          •      •
                                                                                       See Section G on MEP
* H1 BI will be offered for JC2 in 2020.
** H3 Subjects: H3 subjects are offered in JC2. Selection will be based on JC1 academic results. Students who wish to
offer a particular subject at H3 level must have offered the same subject at H2 level.

Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education
(D)   Standard Subject Combinations: 3 H2 and 1 H1 content-based subjects
      These subject combinations add up to 10 AUs.

            1ST H2             2ND H2             3RD H2                    H1
             MA                  EC            GE / HS / TC /
                                                                  Any H1 subject offered by
                                                 EL / ELL/
                                                 CLL / CSC
                                  EL           GE / HS / TC            Any H1 subject
           EC or MA              ELL           EL / HS /T C        (H1 MA if H2 MA is not
                             GE / HS / TC        CLL / CSC                chosen)
             MA               CH / PH               EC /
                                               GE / HS / TC /     Any H1 subject offered by
                                                 EL / ELL /                school
                                                 CLL / CSC
             MA              CH / FM / CP           PH               Any H1 contrasting
             MA                   CH                 BI           subject offered by school
                                             Any H2 contrasting
              BI                  CH                                       H1 MA
                                             Any H2 contrasting
             MA                   BI                                       H1 CH

(E)   4 H2 content-based subjects (Students must score Raw L1R5 of 10 pts or below)
      These subject combinations add up to 11 AUs.
             1ST H2              2ND H2           3RD H2                4TH H2
              MA                  EC                EL               GE / HS / TC
                                                    ELL               HS / EL / TC
                                                GE /HS / TC            CLL / CSC
              MA                  EC             CH / PH             GE / HS / TC /
                                                                       EL / ELL /
                                                                       CLL / CSC
              MA                  PH           CH / FM / CP              EC /
                                                                    GE / HS / TC /
                                                                       EL / ELL /
                                                                         CLL /
                                                                   CSC (not with CP)
              MA                  BI               CH                    EC /
                                                                    GE / HS / TC /
                                                                       EL / ELL /
                                                                       CLL / CSC

Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education
(F)   Pre-requisites to offer certain subjects

  1   H2 MA: Students who wish to offer this must have passed both E. Math and A. Math.

  2   H2 BI, H2 PH, H2 CH: Students who wish to offer any of these subjects must have passed the
      corresponding subject (either Pure or Combined) at O-level.

  3   H2 PH + H2 CH: Students who wish to offer these two subjects must offer H2 MA.

  4   H2BI + H2CH: Students who wish to offer these two subjects must offer H1 MA or H2 MA.

  5   H2 FM: Students who wish to offer this must have obtained good grades in both E. Math and
      A. Math and pass a selection test.

  6   H1/H2 3rd Language: LEP students who wish to offer this subject can apply when the 2019
      application opens after the official release of the GCE O-Level Examination results. Students
      will be selected for the scholarship selection interview based on their GCE O-Level
      Examinations results.

  7   H2 TC: Students who wish to offer this subject must have obtained a minimum 'A2' for EL at
      O-Level, and a minimum B3 for HCL (or A2 for CL) at O-Level.

  8   H1 GSC: Students who wish to offer this subject must have obtained a minimum ‘C6’ for
      HCL/CL at O-Level.

  9   H2 ELL: Students who wish to offer this must have obtained good grades in English Language
      and pass a selection test.

  10 H2 AR: Students who wish to offer this must pass a selection test.

  11 H2 MU: Students who wish to offer this must pass a selection test on listening and harmony
      and a practical audition.

                                Enquiries and Assistance
             For subject combination general enquiries, please email

Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education
(G) Special Programmes in DHS

12    Music Elective Programme (MEP):
      The Music Elective Programme (MEP) provides opportunities for musically-inclined
      students to pursue a deeper and more comprehensive study in the subject. The MEP
      curriculum aims to develop students' conceptual and analytical thinking and creativity
      through Performance, Music Analysis, Aural Perception and Composition.

     In the MEP classroom, learning takes place individually and collaboratively in groups.

     The components of Listening, Composing and Performing allow MEP students to
     a) Broaden their musical knowledge
     b) Gain a deeper musical appreciation
     c) Sharpen their aural perception skills
     d) Exercise their musical creativity
     e) Develop music leadership skills to enable them to contribute back to their CCA or
        music collaborative projects.

     Some of the platforms for developing students’ musical and leadership skills are as
     a) Instrumental masterclasses, school and public concerts such as the CRASH series
         and community projects. Many of these events are student-organised and aim to
         showcase their talent and develop their passion in Community Outreach.
     b) Customised enrichment programmes including learning journeys to concerts and
         workshops that are organised to enrich students’ cultural understanding.
     c) MOE-organised events including
            i. Combined MEP Schools Composition Workshop for students to experiment
               on different forms of compositional practices in a collaborative manner.
           ii. Biennial Combined Schools MEP Concert where students across the Junior
               and JC levels participate in performances either as soloists, orchestra or
               ensemble performers.
          iii. “Resonates” with series showcasing MEP students in community outreach
               with MOE and National Gallery of Singapore.

     Additionally, Y5 MEP students will be considered for the Music Elective Scholarship,
     which is worth $1000 per annum. These scholarships are open to Singapore citizens,
     Singapore permanent residents and children of Singapore citizens. Candidates should
     have done consistently well in school and obtained at least an A2 in O-Level Higher
     Music or equivalent results in the Year 4 IP MEP.

     All MEP students will offer both H2 and H3 Music. Students interested in the programme
     must meet one of the following criteria:
     (a) Existing O-Level Higher Music students who have obtained at least a pass in their
         final Higher Music grade OR
     (b) Students who have obtained a Grade 6 Theory and Grade 5 Practical

     All students will be placed on a selection test on listening and harmony and a practical
     audition before acceptance.

Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education
13 Bicultural Studies Programme (BSP):

      The Bicultural Studies Programme (BSP) has been offered by the Ministry of Education
      (MOE) since 2007 to develop bicultural and bilingual talents who can effectively interact
      with China and the West, and to further cultivate their interest and capacity to engage
      in key issues relating to contemporary China with cross-cultural perspectives.

      Students under the BSP who show strong academic performance and excellent
      personal qualities will be awarded the BSP Scholarship by MOE. Interested students
      may apply for this scholarship in JC1 when the application window opens in early 2019.
      Only Singapore Citizens will be considered for this scholarship.

      BSP Scholarship holders will embark on highly-subsidised immersion trips to China in
      JC1 to enhance their understanding of the contemporary political and social makeup of
      this country, as well as China’s relations with Singapore and the rest of the world. In
      addition, BSP Scholarship holders will receive an annual allowance of $1,000 and are
      exempted from the payment of school fees. Scholarship recipients are not required to
      enter into a bond with the Singapore Government.

      Applicants must offer H2 China Studies in Chinese (H2CSC) as one of their A-
      Level subjects. It is highly recommended that students who intend to offer H2CSC
      obtained a minimum A2 for Higher Chinese at O-Level.

      More details regarding H2CSC, the anchor subject of BSP, can be found on page 23.

14 Chinese Language Elective Programme (CLEP)

      The Chinese Language Elective Programme (CLEP) was introduced by the Ministry of
      Education in 1990 to nurture the language talent of students who have an aptitude for
      the Chinese language so that they can attain a high level of proficiency and enhance
      their understanding and appreciation of Chinese literature. The programme also aims to
      develop academically able students to become effectively bilingual so as to better serve
      the needs of our nation.

      The CLEP is suitable for students with very strong passion and interest in Chinese
      language, literature and culture, and who possess a high level of aptitude and academic
      ability in these areas of study. It provides a wide range of activities to enhance students’
      learning, including literary lecture series, cultural camp, creative writing for publication in
      literary magazines, immersion trip to China or Taiwan, internship at Singapore Press
      Holdings, Mediacorp or National University of Singapore, and school-based projects.

      All students under this 2-year programme must offer H2 Chinese Language and
      Literature (H2CLL) as one of their A-Level subjects.

       In the GCE O-Level examination, students must obtain at least:

          Grade B3 in Higher Chinese (HCL) or
          Grade B4 in HCL and B3 in Literature in Chinese (Full or Elective) or
          Grade A2 in Chinese (CL)
Academic Booklet (For JAE Students) - Name: _ Class: _ - Ministry of Education
Programme Incentives

 Bonus Points

    Students who apply and are selected for the CLEP are eligible to enjoy 2 bonus
     points for admission to Dunman High School.
    However, these students will not be allowed to withdraw from the CLEP.
     Otherwise, they may be asked to leave the school.

Chinese Language Elective Programme Scholarship

Outstanding Singapore Citizens selected for the CLEP will be considered for the MOE
CLEP Scholarship. Each scholarship is valued at $1000 per annum, includes waiver of
school fees, full subsidy for the immersion trip to China or Taiwan and is tenable for 2
years subject to the scholar’s satisfactory progress and performance at the end of JC1.
Scholarship recipients are not required to enter into a bond with the Singapore

More details regarding H2CLL, the anchor subject of CLEP, can be found on page 21.

                                                                                   | 10

                              3.1 H1 General Paper

H1 General Paper (GP) is essentially a paper that focuses on critical thinking and the construction
of arguments. In Paper 1 (Essay), you are tested on your ability to formulate sound arguments
based on issues given and in Paper 2 (Comprehension), you are assessed on your ability to
comprehend and critically evaluate the points of arguments presented by the author(s).

GP requires you to read widely and gain adequate knowledge of issues and events. It also requires
you to refine your reading and writing skills. It may sound intimidating at first but it is a unique subject
that you will come to love once you have grasped the necessary skills and learnt to form your own
views on different issues.


Expect to deal with diverse issues that affect people from all around the world. These can range from
issues regarding young people like you, such as the influence of the media, to issues that have been
frequently debated upon, such as organ trading. Also, expect to be asked questions and defend your
position. Do not expect the GP tutors to spoon-feed you with information to be memorised; instead,
a lot of individual reading and thinking are necessary to equip yourself with the knowledge and
perspectives from which you can form your responses.


GP does not have a specific syllabus that you have to follow; neither does it give a list of topics
you must be familiar with. To give you a rough idea of how essay questions can be like, here’s a
list of questions your seniors were exposed to in JC1 this year, some of which were past year A-
Level questions:
       Mobile technology has devalued privacy. To what extent is this true?
       How important are dreams?
       “Contemporary music has no artistic value” Is this a fair statement?
       Can small countries have a significant voice in world affairs?
       “Instead of speeding up the pace of life, we should be slowing it down.” What do you think?
       “The prospect of a Third World War is now unthinkable.” Do you agree?
       “If people become ill, it is largely their own fault.” How far do you agree?
       Is marriage still relevant in today’s society?
       “Don’t worry, be happy.” Is this good advice?
       “Young people today are overly concerned with how they look.” Comment.


GP is a good gauge of one’s ability to think critically. It is also an indicator of your command of the
English Language. As such, it is often one of the criteria for many courses in various universities. If
you are considering courses such as Law, mastering GP is imperative.
Teacher: Mr Lester Lim []

                                                                                                       | 11
3.2 H1 Project Work
Project Work is a compulsory subject for all JC1 students. You will be working in groups of 4-5 to
complete an assigned project task. The groups are assigned randomly, so it will be a real test of
your inter-personal skills and ability to work in a team. It is very important to learn to compromise
and find a good balance in your team; if you can do so, the process would be made much easier.

Research skills are a major component of PW, so it would be a good idea for you to read up on it
beforehand. Find out how to research for a report, how to write footnotes and bibliographies, how to
structure your report etc. This will allow you to focus on working on your content when PW
commences. It would also be useful to consult your seniors early, and to look at samples of their PW
reports and presentations. You will have to be very disciplined and consistent throughout, or it will
be very hectic as the deadline approaches, and you might lose a lot of sleep.

PW is very good preparation for the future, as you would most definitely have to prepare reports and
presentations in the future. It also inculcates in you analytical skills that will be relevant in many
situations. Presentation skills are also another very useful skill. A lot of people have a fear of public
speaking, so this would be a good time to learn to overcome it, in a fairly supportive environment.


   Written            Each group is required to submit a Written Report (WR) based on the task
   Component          that they have completed. The process will require substantial research into
   (50%):             your chosen project, and brainstorming to propose ideas in line with the
  i. Written          project task. As it is a written report, you must be able to present your ideas
     Report           in a clear and logical flow, and provide lots of substantiation and supporting
 ii. Insights and     evidence. The marks awarded for the WR is a group mark, hence the group
     Reflections      must work closely such that the WR reflects a collective effort and
                      contributions from each and every member. In addition, each student is also
                      required to individually submit an Insights and Reflections (I&R) document at
                      the end of the PW course in which you analyse and evaluate the content
                      your group produced as well as the processes employed by the group. The
                      marks awarded for the I&R represent the individual component for the
                      assessment of the written component.
 Oral                 A group presentation of your project. Each student from the group is required
 Component            to present a part of the project (5 minutes/person). There will also be a Q&A
 (50%):               session, where each student will have to answer a question posed to them.
 i. Oral              You will be assessed as individuals and as a group. Individually, it will be
    Presentation      assessed on presentation skills, and you will have to be clear and coherent
                      in presenting your ideas and to address and engage the audience. There will
                      also be a group mark, which will be assessed on how organised and
                      coherent the overall presentation was throughout the oral presentation.

Teacher: Mr Martin Chew []

                                                                                                    | 12

                4.1 H1/H2 Literature in English
Literature in English focuses on critical reading and the analysis of texts in their historical and cultural
context. As a student offering Literature, you will be expected to do a lot of independent reading and
critical analysis of texts, hence a strong interest in Literature is crucial. In order to do well, you are
required to form and develop your own ideas, and construct effective and persuasive arguments that
are supported and illuminated by evidence from the literary texts. A prior understanding of literary
concepts would be an advantage. For students interested in taking Literature, it is strongly
recommended that you scored at least a B for English Language and have a good grasp of the
English Language.

Literary features:    Elements of a novel, poem or play such as plot structure, viewpoint,
                      characterisation, poetic devices, style, setting and atmosphere. You will be
                      expected to analyse how these features are used by authors, and the effect that
                      is created.

Text and context:     An appreciation of how texts studied relate to the contexts in which these texts
                      were created - events, ideas and socio-cultural forces that characterised the
                      period. You will also have to investigate why writers choose these thematic
                      concerns to write on.

Language use:         The use of language in a functional and literary sense. You are required to
                      understand how writers use language to create meaning and stylistic effects.
                      This includes an examination of elements of style and literary form such as
                      register, figurative language, rhythm and language patterns.

Paper 1: For H1 and H2 students
This paper is designed to give you greater exposure to literary study, focusing on the three genres of
writing in Literature, namely poetry, prose and drama. Texts chosen for this paper will be texts of
recognised importance and significance spanning the three genres. Paper 1 has 3 sections, each
centred on a particular genre.

  Section A:             H1 students are given a choice of two poems. They are expected to
  Unseen Poetry          critically analyse one of the given poems.

                         H2 students are given a choice of two pairs of poems. They are required to
                         respond to and critically compare one of the given pairs. The questions set
                         will focus primarily on response and comparison skills.

                         At least one poem from this section will be a Singaporean poem.

  Section B: Prose        For Sections B and C, you will be given a choice between a passage-
                          based question and an essay question. This assesses your
  Section C: Drama        understanding of the text and ability to critically analyse it.

                                                                                                        | 13
Elective Paper - ‘The Mind and Self in Literature’: For H2 students only

The Elective Paper is designed for H2 students to build on the foundation of H1 and study Literature
in greater depth. This paper is a topic-based paper which explores the relationship between the mind
and self as represented in Literature. It involves examining the means by which writers offer insight
into how consciousness is linked to identity, individuality and social contexts. The selected texts are
literary explorations of how the interaction between the mind and self underscores various forms of
revelation and discovery.

You are required to study 3 texts and this paper has 3 sections, each of which tests you on different
skills. Analytical thinkers who excel at critical thinking are best suited for H2 Literature as it will require
you to construct balanced arguments based on evidence extracted from the texts and poems. If you
wish to offer H2 Literature, it is highly recommended that you have a strong interest in the subject as
you will need to carefully analyse the text independently in addition to the perspectives offered by
your tutors.

  Section A: Unseen         You will answer one question from a choice of two unseen extracts. You
  in Context                will be assessed based on how well you respond to and analyse the text
                            extract, with reference to the topic of ‘The Mind and Self in Literature’.
                            The unseen extracts can be in the form of a poem, prose or dramatic
  Section B:                You will be given a choice between two comparison essay questions
  Comparison of set         that will require you to compare and analyse two texts that you have
  texts                     studied.
  Section C: Single          You are to answer a question from a choice of two questions based
  text                       on each text. You must not use the same texts that you have used in
                             Section B. This section tests your ability to critically analyse the
                             chosen text.


                      Paper 1                                                Paper 3
  F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Great Gatsby                Sylvia Plath: Ariel

  Arthur Miller: Playing for Time                      Elizabeth Jennings: The Collected Poems
                                                       Pat Barker: Regeneration

Ms Rathiy Devi []

                                                                                                          | 14
4.2 H2 English Language
                         and Linguistics (ELL)
For students interested in taking ELL, you are required to pass a selection test which assesses your
writing ability and sensitivity to linguistic choices. To do well in ELL, a good standard of written
English is essential, which encompasses control of sentence structures, felicitous expression and
awareness of the rules of grammar. ELL also requires ability to analyse both spoken and written
texts in consideration of relevant contextual factors.

Wide reading of academic texts and independent research are highly essential, as you are expected
to demonstrate understanding of language issues, linguistic studies and debates and use
appropriate terminology in your responses. As such, ELL involves extensive and independent
reading and analyses of texts. The ability to develop and explore your own ideas and construct
effective and persuasive arguments supported and illuminated by evidence from the text and other
resources is of the essence. A genuine interest in the English language, how the English
language works, and issues related to language and society is crucial for one to be able to
take on the demands and rigour of this esoteric subject.


Linguistic analysis: Demonstrate understanding of linguistic concepts, methods and approaches,
                     and apply this understanding to the construction and analysis of meanings in
                     different modes of communication (spoken, written and multimodal).

Text and context:    Analyse and evaluate how contextual and cultural factors affect the production
                     and reception of a variety of text types. Awareness of modern trends, socio-
                     cultural factors, language issues and debates is essential.

Use of English:      Demonstrate expertise in the use of English and develop your skills as producers
                     and interpreters of meaning.

Paper 1: Analysing Language Use

  Section A:        One compulsory task based on two linked texts printed on the question paper.
  Analysis          The task will require systematic analysis of the various linguistic constituents of
                    both texts, and consideration of relevant contextual factors.
  Section B:        One compulsory task, based on material printed on the question paper.
  Adaptive          (a) You are required to adapt the given material for another written medium for a
  Writing and       specified audience, purpose and format. For example, the given material might
  Commentary        be a page of information from a travel guide book. Your task might be to construct
                    a brochure for students encouraging them to sign up for an overseas learning
                    trip. Layout will not be assessed. What the examiners are looking for are
                    appropriateness of word choice, levels of formality, tone and style.
                    (b) You are then required to write an evaluation of your adaptation, discussing
                    and exploring the range of linguistic features you have used in constructing your
                    adaptation (e.g. grammar, word choice, sentence structure, etc).
                    N.B.: In both sections, the use of meta-language, that is, specialised
                    terminology to describe and discuss linguistic choices, is highly essential.

                                                                                                   | 15
Paper 2: Investigating Language Use in Society
The paper is made up of two sections. There will be two questions in each section. You have to
attempt three questions in total (i.e. at least one from each section). Each task will be linked to
material printed on the question paper. The material could be graphical or statistical data, as well as
conventional texts.

  Section A:            Each task will require response to an essay question in the area of English
  Language              language variation and change. Some areas of concern include:
  Variation and             ● the role of standard English
  Change                    ● the place of Singapore Standard English and Singlish
                            ● English as a world language
                            ● the impact of new media and communications technology on the use
                               of English
                            ● how new varieties of English reflect the society they are situated in.

  Section B:            Each task will be linked to material printed on the question paper. Relevant
  Language,             areas of concern include:
  Culture and              ● the influence of culture on language
  Identity                 ● the use of language to convey, influence and construct how we
                               understand and respond to society and culture
                           ● how language is used to shape perspectives and behaviour
                           ● how language is used to reflect or transmit particular characteristics
                               of individuals, groups and institutions.

Many of those who have taken or are taking English Language and Linguistics have attested to its
usefulness in various fields of study, particularly in how the subject develops a keen awareness of
and sensitivity to the workings of language and language choices made by producers of texts.

At the same time, the subject helps students to be more effective in the use of language
and be competent in producing various text types such as press releases, advertisements, and
information brochures.

Teacher: Mr Lester Ian Lim []


                                                                                                  | 16
4.3 H1/H2 French/German/Japanese &
                   H2 Spanish
To offer any of the four foreign languages at H2 level, you are advised to have a strong foundation
of grammar and vocabulary of either subject, because the JC curriculum is largely based on content
rather than language. Much of the learning (i.e. grammar and vocabulary) will have to be done at
one’s own time, or one will face huge difficulties in writing and speaking, two important skills
required to master the curriculum. Before H2 lessons begin, students are required to sit for an
aptitude test. Those who do not pass will be strongly encouraged to offer H1 instead, as they are
most likely unable to cope with the rigor of the subject at H2 level.


Mündliche Prüfung
                                   Includes a presentation / speech of 3 minutes, question and
オーラル試験                             answer regarding the presentation and a general
 Examen d’Orale                    conversation section (can be anything depending on the
(Oral)                             examiner)

                                   Students will be given 2 passages. Questions are similar to GP
                                   questions, though type may vary according to the language
                                   offered. (E.g. German: questions include finding synonyms,
                                   rearranging sentences and the usual paraphrasing questions;
 Leseverständnis                   Japanese: requires students to answer in their own words,
                                   similar to a GP comprehension paper)
 Compréhension Écrite
 (Comprehension)                   The latter section involves a “summary” (Kommentar/意見文
                                   /Résumé), where students are expected to summarise the 2
                                   passages and later present their opinions on the subject

 Hörverständnis                    Similar to format in secondary 3rd language lessons, but
                                   content and language is of a higher level. This requires a lot of
                                   reading up and language exposure on one’s own in order to
 Compréhension Orale               understand and excel.
 (Listening Comprehension)
Aufsatz                            You will be given a choice of questions on subjects that are
                                   very similar to those in GP. Exact topics can be found on the
                                   SEAB website. Language carries a higher mark percentage
Rédaction                          than content, take note of this.
 Kursarbeit*                       You will pick a topic that you are interested in and present a
                                   report on it. Word limit differs depending on language
 コースワーク                            offered. This is done over a period of time and not in one
 (Coursework)                      examination sitting.

*Only done in JC2 and only for H2 students

                                                                                                    | 17
Lessons start at 5.30 pm and end at 7.30 pm, 2 times every week. Hence, students must take note
that transportation will not be provided by the school unless there is a significant number of students
who offer the subjects. There may also be scheduling conflicts with regards to the school timetable,
which the students will then have to settle on their own with the school timetable scheduling


                                     H1                                     H2
Duration               1 year (students will take      2 years (students will take A-Level at the
                       A-Level at the end of JC 1)     end of JC 2)

Language Elective      -                               Only H2 students are eligible for this
Programme                                              scholarship (applications are open at
(LEP)Scholarship                                       end of Year 4, students are encouraged
                                                       to apply early)


Registration for H1 and H2 foreign language classes is via the MOELC website homepage at from Friday, 1 Feb – Thursday, 7 Feb 2019 (registration closes at 5pm
sharp). Classes will be conducted twice a week from 5.30pm to 7.30pm. Classes will commence from
Monday, 11 Feb 2019.



  H1   examinations/syllabus/alevel/2019Syllabus/8833_2019.pdf
  H2    Japanese:

Coordinator: Mdm June Loh []

                                                                                                    | 18
4.4 H1 Mother Tongue Language
1.   Students who have obtained D7 or better in their Higher MTL examinations at O-Level
     do not need to offer H1 MTL at JC as they would have fulfilled the MTL requirement
     for local university admission.

2. H1 MTL cannot be used as a Humanities contrasting subject as it is considered a
   language-based subject.

3. Students will sit for their A-Level H1 MTL examination at the end of JC1.

4.   H1 MTL places great emphasis on functional oral and listening skills, as well as
     practical reading and writing skills. It aims to help students acquire these skills through
     authentic learning resources and focusing on the application of the language in real-
     life situations, thereby facilitating students’ effective communication in daily living.

     Topics include:
       Environment
       Growing Up
       Nation and Society
       Culture and Recreation
       Songs and Movies
       Internet and Media

5. The assessment of H1 MTL comprises two components:
     Paper 1:
          Composition (30%)
          Language Application (40%): Cloze Passage and Comprehension
     Paper 2:
          Oral (25%): Oral Presentation and Conversation
          Listening Comprehension (5%)

H1 Chinese Language: Mdm Hong Lan []
H1 Malay Language: Mdm Noorizan Beevi Abdul Aziz []
H1 Tamil Language: Dr S Jegathesan []

                                                                                             | 19
4.5 H1 华文理解与写作
         (H1 General Studies in Chinese)
1. 考 获 ‘O’ 水 准 高 级 华 文 / 普 通 华 文 (O-Level Higher Chinese Language/Chinese
  Language) C6 或以上成绩、并关注时事的同学,欢迎修读 H1 华文理解与写作。

2. 本科目可作为人文对比科目 (Humanities contrasting subject) ,与数理科目搭配。

3. 本课程包括以下课题:
     新加坡课题,如:政治、经济、文化、社会、教育等。
     中华文化与价值观,如:节日礼俗、文学以及文化特色、中华艺术等。
     国际时事与重要课题,如:国际间的经济合作、新加坡与外国关系、亚细安与中

4. 本科目试卷包括 2 个部分:
     第一部分:写作(50%):论说文(10 选 1)
     第二部分:理解(50%):问答题、发表个人意见及长文缩短

5. 与‘O’水准高级华文相比,H1 华文理解与写作:
     难度和高级华文相当。
     作文题目均为论说文,无记叙文。
     理解问答包括以下题型:
        o Q1-3:问答题,并需根据文章内容发表己见
        o Q4:词语解释
        o Q5:长文缩短

6. 学生一般认为,华文理解与写作的难度与中四高级华文相近。只要华文基础好,学习
  与英文的理解与写作(H1 General Paper)相辅相成。

7. 若有任何疑问,欢迎联络李子坚老师(Mr Lee Chee Keen [])。

                                                                      | 20
4.6 H2 华文与文学
      (H2 Chinese Language and Literature)
1. 考获‘O’水准高级华文 (O-Level Higher Chinese Language) C6 或以上成绩、并对华文与
  文学有浓厚兴趣的同学,欢迎选修 H2 华文与文学。其中以考获 B4 及以上者更为适合

2. 本科目可作为人文对比科目 (Humanities contrasting subject) ,与数理科目搭配。

3. 本科目教授华文写作与修辞技巧,及中国古代与现当代文学作品,也包括台湾、新加坡

4. 课程内容包括以下文学体裁:
      古代汉语篇章:包括《六国论》(苏洵)、《岳阳楼记》(范仲淹)
      唐诗:包括《行路难》(李白)、《旅夜书怀》(杜甫)、《燕歌行》(高适)
      宋词:包括《雨霖铃》(柳永)、《念奴娇》(苏轼)、《声声慢》(李清照)
      新诗:包括《心跳》(闻一多)、《错误》(郑愁予)
      现当代小说:包括《药》(鲁迅)、《一把青》(白先勇)、《天龙八部》41-43
      现代戏剧:《傻姑娘与怪老树》、《㗝呸店》(郭宝崑)

5. 本试卷包括 3 个部分:
      试卷一:          写作:记叙文/抒情文/说明文/议论文/看图作文(4 题选 1 题)
                    综合填空
                    阅读理解
      试卷二           阅读理解
      试卷三:          古文:2 选 1
                    韵文:2 选 1
                    现当代小说:2 选 1
                    现代戏剧:2 选 1

6. 与‘O’水准高级华文相比,H2 华文与文学:
      无应用文写作。

                                                             | 21
   作文题型更多样化,包括看图作文。
       写作之论析深度要求更高。
       学习赏析文学作品,并对之进行深入分析与评论。

7. 对于在中学选修华文文学 (Literature in Chinese) 的同学而言,高中选修 H2 华文与文学

8. 若有任何疑问,欢迎联络卢汉霖老师 (Mr Lu Han Lin [])。


                                                       | 22
4.7 H2 中国通识
           (H2 China Studies in Chinese)
1. 考获‘O’水准高级华文 (O-Level Higher Chinese Language) C6 或以上成绩,并对中国经
  选修 H2 华文与文学。) 其中以考获 A2 及以上者更为适合选修。

2. 本科目可作为人文对比科目 (Humanities contrasting subject),与数理科目搭配。

3. 本科目探讨 1978 年以后与中国发展相关的各种课题,并将指导学生认识中国发展、了

4. 选 修 这 门 科 目 的 新 加 坡 公 民 可 以 在 高 一 时 申 请 教 育 部 的 “ 双 文 化 课 程 奖 学 金 ”
  (Bicultural Studies Programme Scholarship)。成功获颁奖学金的学生能够享有高额津

5. H2 中国通识教学内容范围涵盖四大课题:
     中国的发展及其影响
     中国的治理及其挑战
     中国社会及其演变
     中国的崛起及其意义

6. 本科目试卷包括:
    试卷一:案例分析
    试卷二:问答题
    试卷三:独立研习论文(考生必须在课程第二年撰写并呈交一篇 3000 至 4000 字

7. 与‘O’水准高级华文相比,H2 中国通识:
    学习中国的经济、政治、社会、外交等课题。
    是一门跨学科的科目。
    强调培养学生整理、综合资料的能力及批判性思辨评价的能力。

                                                                    | 23
8. 在初期阶段,学生们可能因为不了解中国国情和个别专用术语而面临一些学习困难,

9. 若有任何疑问,欢迎联络安凤云老师(Mdm An Fengyun [])。

                                                    | 24
4.8 H2 翻译
                (H2 Translation [Chinese])
1. 有意选修这门科目的同学,必须符合以下条件:
         ‘O’水准英文和华文 (O-Level English Language and Chinese Language) 考获至
          少 A2;或者
         ‘O’水准英文 (O-Level English Language) 考获至少 A2,高级华文 (Higher
          Chinese Language) 考获至少 B3。

2. 本科目可作为人文对比科目 (Humanities contrasting subject) ,与数理科目搭配。

3. 本科目分为以下部分:
     语言学(Linguistics):人类语言共同的特性、词汇、语法、语义、语用
     翻译(Translation):翻译简介、东西方翻译的发展、翻译理论、翻译手法、翻译

4. 本试卷包括 3 个部分:
     短篇中—英翻译*
     长篇中—英翻译*及评论
     短篇英—中翻译
     长篇英—中翻译及评论
     题目提供中文原文,针对其英文译文进行错误分析及点评
     题目提供英文原文,针对其中文译文进行错误分析及点评
     题目提供中文原文,针对其两篇英文译文进行比较并评论
     题目提供英文原文,针对其两篇中文译文进行比较并评论

5. 同时必须注意,学生必须是已经具备扎实、优秀的英汉双语能力才适合选修这门科目,
                                                                      | 25

6. H2 翻译没有对应的 H1 项目,亦没有相应的‘O’水准学科。

7. 若有任何疑问,欢迎联络刘志强老师(Mr Low Chee Keong Timothy [])。

                                                          | 26
4.9 H1/H2 Art
A-Level Art is a passion-driven subject. Whether H1 or H2, it focuses on three behavioural domains
– Perceiving, Communicating and Appreciating. Most Art students are motivated by a strong
interest for Visual Arts even though it is time-consuming and requires students to be highly-
independent learners.

There is a big difference between the H1 and H2 art syllabi. H1 Art covers the Study of Visual Arts
(SOVA), whereas H2 Art comprises 40% SOVA and 60% Studio Practice. The SOVA syllabus is
identical for both H1 and H2, with two broad themes – “Visual Arts and Representations” and
“Visual Arts and Society”.

Through SOVA, students are able to experience and engage with the visual arts in greater breath.
SOVA emphasises the development of critical thinking skills; it provides students with opportunities
to respond to and interpret artwork critically with an awareness of the context in which artworks are
made. The examination format is one 3-hour written paper with 2 structured questions and 1 essay.
Present Art students who want to take SOVA in JC should be prepared to study current topics, such
as Western and South East Asian Art, at a deeper level, and explore new topics in modern and
contemporary Art. However, students who have not taken Art before should not be afraid to take on
the subject. Our Art teachers are dedicated in catering to the needs of these students via extra notes
and supplementary lessons if needed. As long as students have the patience and interest to
understand Art, SOVA is not difficult, and is in fact very interesting. Students with the aptitude for
writing and perceiving are encouraged to take this subject.

For Studio Practice, students are expected to be independent and open-minded. As students have
to create individual art works for their eventual A-Level assessment, students have to take initiative
and be responsible for their learning. Teachers are there to provide guidance and motivation.
Students are assessed based on coursework, which is a visual work based on concept of their choice
and takes about 6 to 8 months to complete. It can be an advantage as Art students are required to
start on their coursework at the end of JC1 and complete their works before Preliminary
Examinations. Similarly, current Art students benefit from art-making skills attained in JH, but as
compared to SOVA, Studio Practice provides a more level field for newcomers and existing Art
students. This is because students are free to express and explore ideas, thus there will be many
new and unforeseen challenges to overcome. Possible challenges include aesthetic perception,
conceptualisation, exploration, experimentation and development of mature ideas. New-comers are
advised to have some experience of artistic practice, such as drawing, painting or photography. A
great deal of determination and patience is required to see through the whole coursework process,
which re-emphasises the importance of interest in Art.

                                                                                                  | 27
Art is both time- and energy-consuming. However, Art is a subject that gives students the freedom
to personalise their work and express themselves. Students interested in H1 Art may wish to prepare
by reading up about art history and visiting art galleries whereas those interested in H2 Art should
experiment with various media, in addition to the above. Remember, Art is fuelled by passion and
interest. Students who possess this should definitely consider taking Art as a subject.

Teacher: Ms Tan Yu Shi [] or Mr Ivan Ng []

                                                                                                | 28
4.10 H2 Music
GCE A-Level MEP at DHS is an exciting and challenging programme aimed at providing opportunities
for students with an aptitude for serious study of music. It focuses on giving students a direct
experience of music in terms of Performing, Listening and Composing. Through developing a deep
understanding of music history and social context, students also achieve a greater sense of
appreciation of different types of music, including Asian and Western Music.

Students interested in the programme must meet one of the following criteria:
    (a) obtained at least a pass in their O-Level Higher Music
    (b) obtained a Grade 6 Theory and Grade 5 Practical

All students with the exception of (a) are to be placed on a diagnostic test on listening and harmony
and a practical audition before acceptance.


                              Music in America (c. 1890 – c. 1960) (2018 onwards)
   Listening Component        Malay Traditional Dance Music
                              String Music from the Karnātak and Hindustāni traditions
                              Wide variety of composition techniques – Twelve-tone, pointillism
 Composition component        Free Composition
                              A mixed recital programme from the Western and/or Asian tradition,
                              including a 20th or 21st century piece.
                              Any topic not covered under H2 for the year of examination (3000-
            H3                3500 word essay)

 Students can choose between Performance Major and Composition Major, both of which are
 40% each in weightage, and the choice is dependent on your strength in the area.

             Performance Major                                    Composition Minor
     A mixed recital programme of 20-25 min,
                                                        Part 1
     including solo performance and one of the
     following options:
                                                             1 set of stylistic imitation exercise
           Ensemble
           Accompaniment
                                                             1 set of composition techniques
           2nd instrument (including voice)            Part 2
                                                        One composition

                                                                                                  | 29
Performance Minor                                  Composition Major

     Either a solo or mixed recital                     Part 1
     programme of 10-15 min duration.                   Either
                                                         2 sets of stylistic imitation exercises
                                                           and 1 Composition Technique
                                                           exercise or
                                                         1 set of Stylistic imitation exercises
                                                           and 2 Composition techniques.
                                                        Part 2
                                                        One composition

In MEP, students get to build up their music portfolios through intensive research. They are also
given the opportunity to create their own compositions and write reviews on different types of music.
Through class presentations and debates, students get to share their passion and insight on music.
They also get many opportunities to perform in class, in school and outside school.

H2 Music requires students to write in a more in-depth and analytical manner. They would also be
exposed to Asian Music, which might be new to some. In Composition, students are expected to
consistently refine their works in discussion with their teacher supervisor. The H3 component would
require students to read widely, listen critically and be analytical in their research.

Students should always listen to a wide variety of music and to approach their listening in a
methodical manner. To develop their musical performance skills, students should practise their
instruments consistently and be guided by a qualified private instrumental teacher. In developing
their compositional skills, students should be bold to experiment with different approaches to
composition and regularly improve their composition drafts through their two years of study.

As it is compulsory to take H3 Music if you are a MEP student, one of the challenges is to be able to
cope with the demands of working independently.

Ms Debbie Tan []

                                                                                                    | 30
4.11 H1/H2 Economics
What Economics is not - Economics is not finance. Economics is not about running a business.
Economics does not teach you how to make tonnes of money.

What Economics is - Economics is about decision-making.

How individuals make decisions. Should I continue to wait for a cab? Does it matter whether I’ve
been waiting by the roadside for 30 minutes or just 10 minutes?

How businesses make decisions. Food court coffee sells for $1 whereas coffee at Starbucks costs
$5. Both are making good profits. If you’re starting a new coffee business, how much should you
price the coffee? Is there a ‘best’ price?

How governments make decisions. Should a country’s government open its doors to foreign workers?
How best to tackle greenhouse warming and climate change?

A-Level Economics is not a pre-requisite subject for any of the courses offered by the local
universities. You do not need Economics at A-Level to do Economics in the university. Neither do
you need it for business courses. Why then would anyone want to take up this subject? It’s a subject
that many students have grown to love. The study of Economics gives you a new pair of lenses to
see the world.


        H1 Syllabus (revised syllabus)                    H2 Syllabus (revised syllabus)
  (1) The Central Economic Problem                 (1) The Central Economic Problem
  1.1 Scarcity as the Central Economic Problem     1.1 Scarcity as the Central Economic Problem

  (2) Markets                                      (2) Markets
  2.1 Price Mechanism and its Applications         2.1 Price Mechanism and its Applications
  2.2 Market Failure                               2.2 Firms and Decisions
                                                   2.3 Market Failure
  (3) The National Economy
  3.1 Introduction to Macroeconomic Analysis       (3) The National and International
  3.2 Standard of Living                           Economy
                                                   3.1 Introduction to Macroeconomics
                                                   3.2 Macroeconomic Aims and Policies
                                                   3.3 Globalisation and the International

                                                                                                | 31
Lots of economic jargons to learn. Layman explanations that appeal to the general readers is a
definite no-no, not even if they sound perfectly logical to you.

Keeping up with current economic issues. Answers that are purely theoretical will not score high
marks. You should have a voracious appetite for current affairs. Pick up real-world examples and
use them to support your answers.

How much you take away from the tutorials depends on how much preparation you’ve done – how
hard you’ve thought through the questions and explored the issues – and your participation in class
discussions. Ask questions, offer alternative views, challenge assumptions and defend your case.
Lessons can be intellectually stimulating for the keen and inquisitive.

●   Good writing ability will be an advantage as it is after all a Humanities subject. You need to be
    able to analyse issues from different perspectives, formulate your arguments, use real-world
    examples to support your point and finally organise your answers into a coherent piece of writing.
●   Critical thinking and depth of analysis. Gone are the days of rehearsed answers.
●   Willingness to read a lot.
●   Good data handling skills, i.e. to have the ability to understand and interpret economic
    information presented in textual, numerical and graphical forms and make interpretations and
    valid inferences from the information presented and evaluate the reliability of information given.

The H1 syllabus has fewer topics to be covered. However, the depth of the topic taught will be the
same as H2 level.

                                   H1 Economics                             H2 Economics

 Format of              Paper 1 (100%)                          Paper 1 (40%)
 assessment and         Two compulsory case study               Two compulsory case study
 weighting              questions                               questions

                                                                Paper 2 (60%)
                                                                A choice of three essay questions
                                                                from a spread of six across
                                                                  Section A (predominantly
                                                                    Microeconomics), and
                                                                  Section B (predominantly

Teacher: Ms Tan Chien Ming []

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