Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail

 
Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail
Christmas Island

    T HE OLD R AILWAY
             Self-Guided Trail

christmas.net.au
Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail
THE OLD R AILWAY

    Shay Number 4 leaving South Point 1937.

    There was once a railway line                  Grab a map from the Visitor Centre,
    which stretched from Drumsite to a             a picnic and head to Flying Fish
    thriving settlement at South Point.            Cove. The complete loop will take
                                                   three to five hours and involves
    This trail follows the route of the
                                                   some dirt driving. An all-wheel drive
    railway and the story of phosphate;
                                                   or 4WD vehicle is recommended.
    the economic and social foundation
                                                   During the red crab migration some
    of the Island. The trail recognises
                                                   of the roads will be closed.
    the men who cut a path through
    the forest, carved jungle tracks,
    built a railroad across the plateau                     Grab a map from the
    to reach phosphate deposits,                            Visitor Centre.
    created a township and the women
    and children by their side.                             Approximate duration
                                                            3 – 5 hours
    Other self-guided trails focus on
    the historic township in A Step Back
    in Time and culture through The                         An all-wheel drive or
    Spirit of Christmas Island. These                       4WD vehicle is recommended.
    stories are interwoven, overlap
    and together provide a glimpse                          During the red crab migration
    into the rich history and culture of                    some of the roads will be closed.
    Christmas Island.

2   Self Guided Trail – T h e Ol d R a i l w a y
Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail
1. FLYING FISH COVE
Christmas Island rises from the          In 1895, the first shipment of
depths of the Indian Ocean. It is rich   twenty tonnes of phosphate was
in phosphate which is a soil nutrient    sent to England. In 1899 the first
vital to agriculture. Christmas Island   coolies arrived from South China
phosphate is believed to be from         and large scale mining began.
sedimentary marine deposits left over    The workforce soon grew to over
millions of years and more recently      1,000. Later workers from South East
from seabird excreta.                    Asia replaced contracted coolies
                                         from China.
The port at Flying Fish Cove provides
the vital link between Christmas         Mining ceased in 1987 due to effects
Island and the phosphate markets.        of drought, low phosphate prices
All phosphate exported from              and industrial unrest. Many workers
Christmas Island has moved               were offered resettlement to Asia or
through the port.                        mainland Australia.

 The port 1945.

                                              S elf G u i d ed Tra i l – T h e Old R ailwa y   3
Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail
Loading phosphate 1973.

    Phosphate production restarted in September 1990 when a company
    formed by the Union of Christmas Island Workers processed stockpiles from
    previously mined areas. This mining practice continues to this day.
    Mining methods have changed over the years but basically phosphate is dug
    from an open cut mine, loaded onto vehicles to be crushed and dried and then
    transported to the wharf for shipping.
    The original wharves were made of timber. Phosphate was tipped from small
    mining trucks directly into the ship. This was replaced by a system of conveyor
    belts in about 1912 and eventually by a cantilever system in 1963. These two
    arms can load up to 600 tonnes per hour directly into a ship’s hold. At peak
    production 700,000 tonnes of phosphate is exported per annum.
    Before regular flights, all imported goods and supplies including the railway
    tracks and locomotives were delivered to the port. Most locomotives were
    shipped to the Island in parts. Parts were then lifted from the ship onto barges
    and then by derrick to the shore before assembly. The ships were unloaded near
    the cranes which are now used to discharge the supply ship every 4 to 8 weeks.

         NEXT STOP
      Follow Jalan Pantai (Beach Rd) to the roundabout, once a thriving railway hub, and
      take Murray Rd up the hill to the George Fam Centre on the right to the Incline.
      The Incline is accessed by the steps next to the water tank at the George Fam
      Centre. This part of the Incline is now a footpath to the suburb of Silver City,
      named for the aluminium cladding on the original houses.

4    Self Guided Trail – T h e Ol d R a i l w a y
Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail
2. THE INCLINE
The plan to link South Point to Drumsite by rail and then to the wharf by the
Incline started with the first survey in 1908 – 1910 by Sir John Murray, the first
Chairman of the Christmas Island Phosphate Company.
Work on the incline started in 1911 and was completed in 1915. It was a feat
of engineering and construction to build a single lane concrete road with
standard gauge railway track on both sides. The gradient varies between 1
in 6 to 1 in 7. Large gangs of coolies (Chinese workers) blasted the cuttings,
built embankments and laid the sleepers and track between Drumsite and the
shunting yards near the Cocos Padang on Gaze Rd.
At the top of the 1,120m Incline was a control tower to monitor the wagons
travelling up and down the hill and the large winding drums. The drums, at the
head of the Incline (the area now known as Drumsite) was part of the classic
gravity cableway - heavy loaded cars descend and haul the empty cars back up.

  Looking down The Incline 1937.		          The Incline.

                                                 S elf G u i d ed Tra i l – T h e Old R ailwa y   5
Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail
Loading phosphate 1973.

    Loading phosphate 1973.

    The Incline originally carried people to        In 1958 the settlement was linked to
    work at the Phosphate Hill deposits             Drumsite by a new road which cut the
    in a small open-sided carriage,                 Incline in two. Phosphate was then
    called a Rake. The steep hill was               transported by a conveyor belt system
    compensated by the sloping bench                which ran from Drumsite down to the
    seat, by the time the steepest part of          dryers and storage bins above the
    the incline was reached people were             loading point and cantilevers.
    sitting upright.

         NEXT STOP
      Continue along Murray Rd to the Community Hall at Poon Saan. On the side is a
      large mural.

6    Self Guided Trail – T h e Ol d R a i l w a y
Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail
3. RAILWAY MURAL – POON SAAN
The mural, taken from a photograph,        This engine was in service until the
shows a train being hauled up the          Japanese occupation in World War ll
Incline on 1 December 1921.                (March 1942- August 1945) when it
                                           was damaged during a bombing raid.
The locomotive is Shay Number 4.
It arrived on Christmas Island in early    The social makeup of the Island in
1916 and was the second train in the       1921 can be glimpsed in the mural
fleet, the first arriving in May 1914. A   with a European manager at the front
Shay was a wood-burning steam train        dressed in white and a worker behind.
built in America to haul large loads at
low speeds.

  From the same era - 1921.

     NEXT STOP
  Drive past the Old Dryers. This is part of the working mine and can only
  be seen from the road or twice a year when the small Taoist Temple at
  the Old Dryers is open as part of the Hungry Ghost festival and God’s
  birthday celebrations.

                                                S elf G u i d ed Tra i l – T h e Old R ailwa y   7
Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail
4. OLD DRYERS
    The main line from South Point ended at the Drumsite railway yard, which had
    a covered siding, weighbridge, workshop and three rail tracks. The centre track
    was on a bridge to enable phosphate to be dumped for drying. Phosphate is
    wet and heavy when extracted and is dried for ease of transport. The remnants
    of this track is visible.
    Phosphate production was measured by the number of full ore cars transported
    daily on the railway. In the years before World War Two these phosphate cars
    carried around 25 tons of ore each, 20 cars a day was good day.

       Covered siding 2019.

     Dryers 1950s.

         NEXT STOP
     Along Murray Rd are glimpses of the old railway line. These are most visible
     outside the Christmas Island Phosphates Office. Stop near the mine office on
     Lam Lok Loh.

8    Self Guided Trail – T h e Ol d R a i l w a y
Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail
5. RAILWAY LINES AT DRUMSITE
With the closure of the mine in 1987, most tracks were pulled up and sold
overseas for scrap.
The railway was about 17.5km long (11 miles), standard gauge and laid in
27kg (60lb) rail which was bolted to steel sleepers then packed with limestone
ballast.
The first trains (Shays) were steam and mainly used to build the railway to
South Point hauling rails, sleepers and other material. Once the railway was
built these trains moved phosphate at the top and the bottom of The Incline.
The main track was overhauled in the 1960s. Prior to this all track maintenance
was done by hand. A report in 1932 says ‘in several places the (train) line has
sunk slightly due doubtless to burrowing crabs’.

 Hauling Phosphate.

                                              S elf G u i d ed Tra i l – T h e Old R ailwa y   9
Christmas Island THE OLD RAILWAY - Self-Guided Trail
6. MINE OFFICE
     This office, still in use, was                  Mining operations were disrupted
     built in 1967 for the British                   during World War Two when the
     Phosphate Commission.                           Japanese occupied Christmas Island.
     By 1900, phosphate mining was                   The Australian and New Zealand
     underway and many labourers were                governments took over the Christmas
     recruited from China through the                Island mining lease in 1948 under the
     Straits Settlements (now Singapore              management of the British Phosphate
     and Malaysia) to work a six-day week.           Commission. The British Phosphate
     Housing and food were supplied                  Commission had extraordinary power
     and although conditions were harsh              over everything on the Island from
     it was better than the poverty                  food, accommodation and if a person
     back home.                                      fell out of favour they left the Island
                                                     with their documents stamped NTR –
     In the early 20th century Christmas
                                                     Never to Return.
     Island, along with the Pacific island
     territories of Naura and Banaba (then           Ten years later, on 1 October 1958,
     known as Ocean Island.) monopolised             Christmas Island became a Territory
     the global phosphate market.                    of Australia.

       Mine Workers 1950s.

10    Self Guided Trail – T h e Ol d R a i l w a y
Mine Workers 1950s.

Production increased in the 1960s        enabling tourism and other industries
and 1970s. More low paid workers         to develop.
were hired from South East Asia. In
                                         Following tense negotiations with
1975 the Union of Christmas Island
                                         the Australian Government, a
Workers (UCIW) was set up to address
                                         company owned by members of the
social and wage inequality between
                                         Union of Christmas Island Workers
mainland Australian standards
                                         recommenced phosphate mining
and the low paid Christmas Island
                                         in 1990.
workforce. For the first time the mine
management faced a unionised             Over time, shares were sold and now
workforce and a long and bitter fight    the mine is operated by Phosphate
ensued. Success came for the UCIW        Resources Limited (PRL), trading
and the Asian workers, but was short     as Christmas Island Phosphates.
lived with the closure of the mine       PRL and its parent company have
in 1987.                                 diversified into maintenance, fuel and
                                         marine services on Christmas Island
In 1989, the Christmas Island
                                         and palm oil in Malaysia.
National Park (established in 1980)
was extended to 63% of Christmas
Island to protect the unique habitat         NEXT STOP
and endangered species, notably the       Walk along the train lines to the Old
Abbott’s Booby. These conservation        Railway Station a short way along
measures have restricted access           Murray Rd on the left.
to phosphate for mining, while

                                              S elf G u i d ed Tra i l – T h e Old R ailwa y   11
7. MURRAY ROAD RAILWAY STATION
     During the 1950s and 1960s a large community of mine workers and families
     lived at South Point. This railway station was used by the children going to and
     from school. Prior to 1968 this station was just a wooden platform.
     By the 1960s, the School Train was a fleet of Wickham railcars. The carriages
     had wooden benches, side panels, open doors and open windows. Over time
     safety improvements were made to the rail cars. The journey could take up
     to one and a half hours as they had to give way to phosphate trains. Due to
     the long journey the children could not participate in after school activities
     at Drumsite.
     The settlement at South Point was closed in 1971 and the people re-located,
     mainly to the flats at Poon Saan.

      1963 school train at Drumsite.

          NEXT STOP
       An old train is about 1.5km along Murray Rd, on the left just past the crab bridge.
       During the red crab migration this bridge helps the crabs safely cross the road and
       the traffic to pass freely below!
       Along the way, look for the new dryers on the right where the rails cross the road.
       These dryers have been operating since 1969 with trucks and road-trains delivering
       the phosphate for processing.

12    Self Guided Trail – T h e Ol d R a i l w a y
8. OLD TRAIN ON MURRAY RD
The railway continued along Murray Rd. The remains of the Whitcomb
Locomotive Number 8901 sits on rail tracks, slowly becoming at one with
the jungle.
This American made engine was one of two which arrived in early 1947. It is a
classic centre cab twin engine yard shunter fitted with two V8 Caterpillar diesel
engines coupled to two Westinghouse generators and four Westinghouse
traction motors. It was painted yellow with black and yellow dazzle stripes.
The train arrived in parts and was assembled on Christmas Island to take
phosphate between South Point and Drumsite.

    NEXT STOP
 Drive the old railway route across the central plateau. Continue along Murray Rd
 for 4km then turn left towards the Pink House and continue along to the East West
 Baseline.
 Along the route of the railway line cuttings and embankments are clearly visible as
 well as:
 • a stop/go sign on the left just after the turn
 • a telephone box on the right in 300m
 • rail tracks cross the road in 100m
 • rail lines are still visible at the Pink House turnoff, continue straight towards
   the East West Baseline. The Pink House was part of Camp 4 and is part of the
   Christmas Island National Park.

 Whitcombe locomotive number 3 hauling full phosphate hoppers at South Point 1952.

                                                     S elf G u i d ed Tra i l – T h e Old R ailwa y   13
9. CENTRAL PLATEAU
     The track was laid over fairly level            The Shays took two hours to journey
     terrain in comparison to the Incline.           from South Point to Drumsite with 20-
     The main tasks were clearing                    30 minutes on each journey to refuel
     vegetation by hand, creating a level            with wood and water. Water was
     track, laying the track bed, positioning        sourced from Grant’s Well.
     steel sleepers, dropping rails in place
                                                     Before the School Train was in
     and then bolting it together.
                                                     service, wagons were converted to
     There were 8 fettlers camps built               transport people and goods. The
     along the line during construction.             carriages were spartan with bench
     Once the railway was completed the              seats against the walls and hauled
     track gangs were relocated to South             behind the dusty open phosphate
     Point and Drumsite. Camp 4 (the Pink            hoppers. As well as the school run,
     House) continued to be used for rail            the wagons conveyed theatre goers
     maintenance and Camp 5 (no longer               from Drumsite and Camps 4 and 5
     visible) by the wood cutters.                   to South Point for the Saturday night
                                                     open air cinema.
     Both phosphate, passenger and the
     weekly supply trains used the railway.

       Building the railway 1914.

14    Self Guided Trail – T h e Ol d R a i l w a y
Camp 5 1952.

    NEXT STOP
  South Point: Turn left towards South Point at the East West Baseline then
  follow the signs to the Old South Point Railway past both old and active
  mining leases.

     DETOUR
  The energetic may wish to walk or ride a bike along the 7km Telegraph Track
  following the route of the railway between the Blowholes Rd and South Point.
  The trail starts 800m from the junction on the left past the rail tracks which
  cross the road.
  A small Taoist temple dedicated to Tham Kong Sheng Ye is on the track on the
  right 200 metres past the Blowholes Rd turn off. This temple served the workers
  at nearby Camp 5 and was believed to protect them from harsh conditions and
  weather extremes.

                                                    S elf G u i d ed Tra i l – T h e Old R ailwa y   15
10. SOUTH POINT
     Now in ruins, South Point was once              In the early days, mining phosphate at
     thriving community that lasted                  South Point was hard work performed
     around 60 years. It was established             by an army of Chinese contract
     in 1914 to provide a workforce for the          labourers. After the rainforest was
     nearby phosphate mines.                         cleared the top 2 metres of soil was
                                                     removed and dumped in a nearby
     The train station, railway lines, loading
                                                     fields. The phosphate was dug
     gantries, the walls of a 100,000 gallon
                                                     with a hoe leaving behind an array
     water tank are still visible.
                                                     of limestone pinnacles. These are
     The settlement grew to become                   clearly visible across the Island as
     a significant population centre,                fern and rock fields. The phosphate
     accommodating the largest part of               was loaded into baskets and when
     the mine workforce. At its peak there           full, tipped into trams hitched to a
     were several hundred people living at           small locomotive.
     South Point, many with families and
                                                     The narrow gauge quarry trams
     children. There were houses, a kongsi
                                                     ran to the top of the loading bridge,
     store, a dispensary, a police station
                                                     originally a steel frame with a timber
     with lock up, a discreetly located
                                                     deck and tipped the product into
     brothel, playing fields and an outdoor
                                                     the chute that loaded directly on the
     cinema showing English, Mandarin,
                                                     standard gauge phosphate hopper
     Cantonese and Tamil language films
                                                     wagons for transport to Drumsite.
     and of course the railway station
     and mine infrastructure. The Chinese            The first exports from South Point
     Literary Association ran cultural               occurred in 1923 and by 1926 South
     evening classes and night school for            Point was producing 100,000 tons
     the children.                                   a year.

       The School Train at South Point.

16    Self Guided Trail – T h e Ol d R a i l w a y
Railroad and Gantry 1927. The long building was
the Chinese Manager’s house until World War Two.
After the War it was occupied by the European South
Point Manager.

                                                      Loading at South Point before World War Two.

      A covered siding was built in 1928 for          Between 1950 and 1953 a new loading
      storing loaded phosphate hoppers in             bridge at South Point was installed
      an effort to keep the phosphate dry.            and then upgraded in the 1960s. To
                                                      improve efficiency, phosphate was
      The mine operated six days a
                                                      dumped in stockpiles rather than
      week. During the 1940s and 1950s,
                                                      directly into the railway wagons.
      on Sundays the engines were
      maintained at the Drumsite workshop             By the end of May 1972 the
      and returned to South Point to                  settlement of South Point was
      begin work on Monday at 6:00am.                 bulldozed and the phosphate it was
      A supply train operated on Saturday             sitting on mined. Most of the people
      afternoons providing food and                   moved to Poon Saan but South Point
      general supplies.                               will always be ‘home’.

            HISTORICAL TALE
         On 21 September 1922 a solar eclipse
         cast its shadow across the British Empire
         with Christmas Island in its path. Two
         expeditions (British and German) were
         mounted to view the eclipse and test
         Einstein’s Theory of Relativity. A large
         telescope was mounted at South Point
         but the weather was against them and
         the voyage unsuccessful. However, those Expedition plaque now at the Christmas
         watching from Settlement had clear views. Island National Park Nursery.

            NEXT STOP
         Before heading back to town along the North South Baseline stop at the nearby
         temples. See The Spirit of Christmas Island for information.

                                                            S elf G u i d ed Tra i l – T h e Old R ailwa y   17
North East Point
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                          MU

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            RTH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           NR

                                                                                                                                                                                 EA
                                                                                                                                                                                   ST                                                                                                                                                                                                                   BEA

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          NO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         TIO

                                                THE DALES                                                                                                                             W                                                                                                                                                                                                           ETA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             GR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      STA

                                                                                                Murray Hill                                                                               EST
                                         Sydneys (No 6) Dale                                                                                                                                  BA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   CH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                JED

                                                                                                361m                                                                                             SE   L IN E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                EAR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 DA

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ross Hill Garden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    CAVE

                                          No 7 Da
                                                 le
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         RD

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          EA                                                                  The Pink House
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ST
            Winifred Beach                                                                                                                                                                                                                        W    EST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BA
                                                          EACH TRAC                                                                                                                                                                                                 SEL
                                                     RED B          K                                                                                                                                                                                                     INE                                                                                                               Stronach Hill
                                               WINIF                                                          CIRC
                                                                                                                                                                   I VE

                                                                                                                  UIT TR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        260m
                                                                                                                                                                 DR

                                                                                                                           ACKS
                                                                                                                                                                  A
                                                                                                                                                               MB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Greta Beach
                                                                                                                                                           N RI
                                                                                                                                                             N

                                                                                                                                                          HU
                                                                                                                                                          TA

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       RD E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BAS E

                                                                            Douglas Point
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              TH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           SOU

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        DOLLY B EACH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       RTH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       RD

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NO

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ross Hill
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     LE S

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            319m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    HO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                L OW

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            RD

 Egeria Point                                                                                                                       Middle Point                                              The Blowholes                                                                      B

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       John D Point

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Dolly Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       RD

                                                                                                                                                                                Smithson Bight Indian Ocean
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ELIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  BAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              UTHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TH S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         NOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      OLD RAILWAY LINE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BOULD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    TRACK

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 South Point                                                     INT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Railway Ruins                                                   PO D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TH LE R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SOU EMP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            T

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Produced by the Christmas Island Tourism Association | December 2019
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        South Point

18              Self Guided Trail – T h e Ol d R a i l w a y
ROCKY POINT

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Divers Villa
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Sea Spray Villa

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         CRES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       POINT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Rumah Tinggi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Island Time

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ROCKY
                                                                                                                                                                                GAZE RD
                                                                                                                          The Captain’s Last Resort
                                                                                                                                Captain’s Lookout               Sea Eye Guest House
                                                                                                                                     The Sunset     The Retreat       Wet’n’dry Adventures                                                                     The Sanctuary         COCONU                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Malay
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            T GROV                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cemetery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Hibiscus House                    E                                                                TRIADIC CRE
                                                                                                                                                                    VQ3 VIEW                                                                                                                                                                                                         S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Villa Papaya

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ST
                                                                                                                                                          The Cabin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Golf Club

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SHORT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Breeze Inn
                                                                                                                                                                       PA

                                                                                                                                                         Rocky Point Town House
                                                                                                                                                                   TAM

                                                                                                                              The Golden Bosun                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Historic House                Christian Cemetery                                          RD
                                                                                                                            Tavern & Restaurant                                                                                                                                                                              GAZE RD                                                                                                                                              GAZE
                                                                                                                                                              The Cocos Padang Lodge                                                                              MU                                                                                                                                                   Mango Tree Lodge                                                                  Chinese
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      RRA
                                                                                                                             Extra Divers C I         Red Crab Surf                                                                                                      Y RD                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Cemetery
            YOUR SAFETY IS                                                                                                                           Lotus Spa                                                                                                                                           Settlement
               IMPORTANT                                                                                                           Lucky Lukes
                   IN AN EMERGENCY                                                                                               Shorefire Fishing
                                                                                                                                 Koru Massage
                       Phone 000
                                                                                                                                                                                     RD

                                                                                                                                                    Police
                                                                                                                                                                                     RAY

                     MOBILE PHONE
                                                                                                                                                                                 MUR

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    MU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      RRA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         YR
                COVERAGE IS LIMITED.                                                                                      Tea Garden                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           D

            When exploring, borrow a Personal
            Locator Beacon (EPIRB) from the                                                                                                                                                                                            Silver City
                                                                                                                                                              Island Pharmacy and News
              Police Station. They are free.                                                                                                                     Wild Papaya

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SEAV
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  IEW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        DR

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          AN D
                                                                                                                                     RD

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       N SA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        PAI CH                                                                                           ARENGA CL
                                                                                                                                GAZE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                IN LU
                                                                                                                                                                          Shire & Public Library                                                                                                                      POO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     SILVER CITY RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LOW

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Prickle Park                                                                                                                                                    AY RD
                                                                                                                                                                               THE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 MURR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            SUN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           LO

                                                                                                                                                                               INCLINE                                                                                                                                                                                    Poon Saan Coffee Shop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SET

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       KAM

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Seaview Fish & Chips/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 PL

                                                                                                           CLA                                       Chinese Exhibition                                                                                                                                                        Pool Hall
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   PAK

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         AK

                                                                                                                                                                                                       G U A NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Op Shop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     PER

                                                                                                                      Christmas Island                                                                                                                                                                                        Meng Chong                                           Smash Espresso Bar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 JLN

                                                                                                                      Supermarket                                                                                                                                                                                                   Trading

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Old Tech School
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            DR

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 TER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          VIE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Lower Poon Saan Park
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SEA

                                                                                            Christmas Island                                                                                                                                                                                                 CI Apartments                                     RD    Poon Saan Park
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         AAN
                                                                                               Visitor Centre                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       NS                                                  TAMAN SWEETLAND CRES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         POO                                YR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         RRA

                                                                                                                                                                   2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Hardware                                                                  MU
                                                                         Isabel Beach                                                                                                                                                                 RA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         K

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              JLN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    PE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Outdoor Cinema
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Poon Saan
                                                                                                                                     TONG CHEE RD

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        RD               Lucky Ho
                                                                                                                                                        Tong Chee House                                                                                                           AAN             Poon Saan Club                                                                                                                Hospital
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                NS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         HIGH

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          POO                                                                                                            D
                                                                                                                         CLUB RD                                                                                                                                                                                                                    LN                              ILL R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           LAND

                                                                                                                                                               Catholic Church                                                                                                    LOH                                                        LO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                H                            NT H                                                                            QUARRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I                               PLA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HYE                                                       WA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             CRT

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           C                        D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SAN                       YR                                NG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RRA                                KO                                                CI Bali Style Retreat

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4
                                                                                                             TAI

                                                                                                                               CANBERRA PL

                                                                                                                                                         CI Club                                                                                                                         MU
                                                                                                           PAN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    PHO
                                                                                                       JLN

                                                         1
                                                                                                                                                              Old European Cemetery                                                                                                                                                                 RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SPH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ATE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       PHOSPHATE HILL                                                                                                                                         HILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     RD
                                                                                     Idah’s Kitchen
                             ISH
                        ING F CO
                                      VE
                 FLY

                                                                                                      MOSQUE
                                                                              Halal Cafe                                 Al Barakah                                                                                                                                                                             HA
                                                                     Metro Enterprises                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           H                                                          ERS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           LO       K LO                                                                    RD
                                                                         The Artisan
                                                                                                  Kampong                                                                                                                              LAM
                                              Jetty

                                                                              Kampong Park                                                                                                        D
                                                                                                                                                                                                 R
                                                                                                                                                                                              AY
                                             NTAI                                                                                                                                        RR
                                    JLN PA                                                                                                                                         MU

To Tai Jin House & Gun Emplacement
                                                                   5                                                                                               YAN LOH
                                                                                                                                                                                LAM
                                                                                                                                                                                    LO   K LO

                                                                                                                                                                                   Boong Trading
                                                                                                                                                                                                H            Tracks Tavern

                                                                                                                                                              TONG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               TO AIRPORT

                                                                                                DRUMSITE
                                                                                                PARK                           LOH
                                             Christmas Island                                                            LOK
                                                                                                                   LAM
                                                   Radio 6RCI
                                                      NURS
                                                                                     GOLD

Territory Day Park        Ci National Park                ERY RD
                             Headquarters
                                                                                         EN B

                                                                                                                                 H
                                                                                                                         ERA
                                                                                                                     MM
                                                                                                                                                     Drumsite
                                                                                          OSU

                                                                                                                 KETA
                                                                                                           JLN
                                                                                           N RD

                                                                                                       Christmas Island
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  VAGABOND RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  VET

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                C I Cricket &                          S PL
                                                             LOH

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ERA
                                                                                     ST

                                         TUTO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Sporting Club                     EXILE            Christmas Island
                                                                              TTS NE

                                                R RD
                                                         LAM LOK

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NS R

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Recreation Centre/Kookai’z

6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           D
                                                                          ABBO

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Refuse
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Oval                                                                                Station
                            SIN SANG RD

                        JLN GU                                     Mine Office

                                                                                                                                                                                    Township
                               RU                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Route from Airport to town

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 • Turn right out of airport car park
           Christmas Island                     Old Railway Station
        District High School                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     • Take the first right onto Phosphate Hill
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Road and follow signs to township
                                      RD
                                    MURRAY

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               NOT TO SCALE December 2019

                                                                          7                                                                                                                   Indian Ocean                                                                                                                                                                                                                Extra
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Divers
                                                                                                                                                                                                Experiences                                                                                                      Wet ‘n’ Dry                                                                                              Worldwide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Diving • Snorkelling
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Sea Bird Watching • Charters
                                                                                                                            1/20 Gaze Road, Christmas Island                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          49C Gaze Road (PO Box 434)
                            Gaze Road, Settlement, Christmas Island                                                                    T: +61 (0) 439 215 667                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Christmas Island, WA 6798
                     T: +61 (0) 8 9164 8382 E: cita@christmas.net.au                                                 E: lisa@indianoceanexperiences.com.au                                                                                                                              T: +61 (0) 439 215 290                                                                                                                                                              Ph: 0475 247 789
                                                  W: christmas.net.au                                                     W: indianoceanexperiences.com.au                                                                                                                       E: hama@divingchristmas.com                                                                                                                                                        christmasisland@extradivers.org
                     www.facebook.com/CIVisitorInformationCentre                                                                     IndianOceanEperiences                                                                                                                             W: divingchristmas.com                                                                                                                                                         extradivers-worldwide.com

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Shop 1 & 2, Unit 9, 26 Gaze Road,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Settlement, Christmas Island
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        S elf G u i d ed Tra i l – T h e Old R ailwa y                                                                                                                                                  19
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        T: +61 (0) 8 9164 8337
                                                                                                                     Screening 7.30pm every Saturday and every second Wednesday                                                                                         +61 (0) 8 9164 8187
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        E: cipharm@pulau.cx
Produced by the Christmas Island Tourism Association with support from the Australian
Government. 2019
Photos are from the Collection of the National Archives of Australia, Christmas Island Past and
Present and personal collections.

For more information:                                       Other self-guided trails:

    christmas.net.au                                                     Christmas Island
                                                                     T H E S P IR IT OF
                                                                                                          Christmas Island

                                                                                                A ST E P BA C K IN T IM E
                                                                 C H R IS T M A S IS L A N D
                                                                                                             Self-Guided Trail
                                                                            Self-Guided Trail

    ChristmasIslandTourism
    ChristmasIsland

                                                               christmas.net.au                 christmas.net.au

                                                                                                                      Last updated Dec2020
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