Grades K-8 Social Studies Curriculum Framework - Revised 2006 Amended November 2007

 
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       Grades K-8

Social Studies Curriculum
       Framework

        Revised 2006
    Amended November 2007
Social Studies Curriculum Framework

Strands                     Content Standard
Geography
 1. Physical and Spatial    Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
 2. Culture and Diversity   Students shall develop an understanding of how cultures around the world develop and change.
 3. Interaction of People   Students shall develop an understanding of the interactions between people and their environment.
   and the Environment
Civics
 4. Government              Students shall develop an understanding of the forms and roles of government.
 5. Citizenship             Students shall develop an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of citizens.
History
 6. History                 Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                            change over time.
Economics
7. Choices                 Students shall analyze the costs and benefits of making economic choices.
8. Resources               Students shall evaluate the use and allocation of human, natural, and capital resources.
9. Markets                 Students shall analyze the exchange of goods and services and the roles of governments, businesses, and individuals in
                           the market place.
*Each grade level continues to address earlier Student Learner Expectations as needed and as they apply to more difficult text.

This icon indicates Student Learning Expectations that focus on topics in grades K-6 which relate to Arkansas and may be used to fulfill the
requirements of the Arkansas History unit for grades K-6 as defined in Act 787 of 1997. This framework does not meet the 7-12 Arkansas History
requirement as defined in Act 787 of 1997. Refer to the Arkansas History Curriculum Framework written for the course in grades 7-8 or the
Arkansas History Curriculum Framework for the course in grades 9-12 to fulfill the one semester Arkansas History requirement as defined in Act
787 of 1997.

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                                                  Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                               Amended November 2007
Strand: Geography
       Standard 1: Physical and Spatial
                  Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                 Grade 1                  Grade 2                      Grade 3                   Grade 4
Location, Place,   G.1.K.1                   G.1.1.1                   G.1.2.1                      G.1.3.1                   G.1.4.1
and Region         Identify home address     Identify and locate       Define relative location     Define absolute location Discuss the difference
                                             student’s town/city on                                                           between relative and
                                             an appropriate map                                                               absolute location
                   G.1.K.2
                   Identify the school
                   attended and the city in
                   which the school is
                   located

                   G.1.K.3                    G.1.1.2                   G.1.2.2                    G.1.3.2                   G.1.4.2
                   Identify the state of      Locate Arkansas on a      Locate the county in       Name and locate the       Locate and describe
                   Arkansas on a map of       United States map         which the student lives    states that border        physical characteristics
                   the United States                                    on an Arkansas map         Arkansas                  of the six natural
                                                                                                                             regions of Arkansas:
                                                                                                                                  • Arkansas River
                                                                                                                                      Valley
                                                                        G.1.2.3                    G.1.3.3                        • Crowley’s
                                                                        Locate the capital of      Discuss the                        Ridge
                                                                        Arkansas                   characteristics that           • Mississippi
                                                                                                   define a region:                   Alluvial Plain
                                                                                                       • takes up area            • Ozark
                                                                                                       • has boundaries               Mountains
                                                                                                       • has special                  (plateau)
                                                                                                           features               • West Gulf
                                                                                                                                      Coastal Plain
                                                                                                                                  • Ouachita
                                                                                                                                      Mountains

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                                                        Geography: Physical and Spatial K-4
                                                Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                         Arkansas Department of Education
                                                             Amended November 2007
                                                      st
Key: G.1.K.1 = Geography. Standard 1. Kindergarten. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
       Standard 1: Physical and Spatial
                  Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                 Grade 1                   Grade 2                      Grade 3                  Grade 4
Location, Place,   G.1.K.4                   G.1.1.3                   G.1.2.4                      G.1.3.4                   G.1.4.3
and Region         Recognize the United      Identify and locate the   Identify and locate          Identify on which         Locate each of the five
                   States on a world map     United States on a        countries bordering the      continent and in which    regions of the United
                   or globe                  world map or globe        United States                hemispheres the United States and describe
                                                                                                    States is located         each region’s major
                                                                                                                              physical features:
                                                                                                                                  • Northeast
                                                                                                                                  • Southeast
                                                                                                                                  • Midwest
                                                                                                                                  • Southwest
                                                                                                                                  • West
                                              G.1.1.4                    G.1.2.5                    G.1.3.5                     G.1.4.4
                                              Identify the North and     Locate and define the      Identify the following      Determine absolute
                                              South Poles and the        North and South Poles      using a globe or a map:     locations (latitude and
                                              Equator on a map or        and the Equator on a           • Equator               longitude) of places
                                              globe                      map of globe                   • Prime Meridian        studied using a grid
                                                                                                        • North Pole            map
                                                                                                        • South Pole

                                                                                                    G.1.3.6                     G.1.4.5
                                                                                                    Divide the earth into the   Locate several
                                                                                                    four hemispheres using      countries in each of the
                                                                                                    a map or globe:             four hemispheres
                                                                                                         • northern
                                                                                                         • southern
                                                                                                         • eastern
                                                                                                         • western

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                                                         Geography: Physical and Spatial K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                       th
Key: G.1.K.4 = Geography. Standard 1. Kindergarten. 4 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
       Standard 1: Physical and Spatial
                  Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                   Grade 4
Location, Place,   G.1.K.5                   G.1.1.5                   G.1.2.6                      G.1.3.7                    G.1.4.6
and Region         Identify land on maps     Recognize that there      Locate the seven             Identify the seven         Explain the difference
                   and globes                are seven major           continents using a map       continents                 between a continent
                                             continents                or globe                                                and a country

                                                                                                    G.1.3.8                    G.1.4.7
                                                                                                    Locate mountain ranges     Locate major mountain
                                                                                                    in Arkansas:               ranges in the United
                                                                                                        • Ozark                States:
                                                                                                        • Ouachita                 • Appalachian
                                                                                                                                   • Rocky

                                                                                                                               G.1.4.8
                                                                                                                               Locate major mountain
                                                                                                                               ranges in the world:
                                                                                                                                   • Andes
                                                                                                                                   • Alps
                                                                                                                                   • Himalayas
                                                                                                                                   • Rocky
                    G.1.K.6                   G.1.1.6                    G.1.2.7                                               G.1.4.9
                                                                                                    G.1.3.9
                    Identify water on maps    Recognize that there       Name and locate the                                   Locate major rivers in
                                                                                                    Locate major rivers in
                    and globes                are four major oceans in   four major oceans                                     the United States:
                                                                                                    Arkansas:
                                              the world                                                                            • Mississippi
                                                                                                        • Arkansas
                                                                                                        • Mississippi              • Ohio
                                                                                                        • Red                      • Arkansas
                                                                                                        • White                    • Hudson
                                                                                                        • Ouachita                 • Missouri
                                                                                                        • St. Francis              • Colorado

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                                                         Geography: Physical and Spatial K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                      th
Key: G.1.K.5= Geography. Standard 1. Kindergarten. 5 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
       Standard 1: Physical and Spatial
                  Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten               Grade 1                     Grade 2                     Grade 3                    Grade 4
Location, Place,                                                                                                               G.1.4.10
and Region                                                                                                                     Locate major rivers in
                                                                                                                               the world:
                                                                                                                                   • Nile
                                                                                                                                   • Amazon
                                                                                                                                   • Mississippi
                                                                                                                                   • Yangtze
                                                                                                                                   • Ganges
                                                                                                                                   • Volga
                                                                                                                                   • Rhine

                                                                                                                               G.1.4.11
                    G.1.K.7                    G.1.1.7                    G.1.2.8                   G.1.3.10                   Explore weather
                    Identify different types   Explain how climate,       Describe how climate      Describe how seasonal      changes in various
                    of weather                 location, and physical     changes with the          weather changes affect     regions
                                               surroundings affect the    seasons                   the environment
                                               way people live (e.g.,
                                               food, clothing, shelter,
                                               transportation,
                                               recreation)

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                                                         Geography: Physical and Spatial K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                       th
Key: G.1.K.7 = Geography. Standard 1. Kindergarten. 7 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
       Standard 1: Physical and Spatial
                  Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                          Kindergarten               Grade 1                    Grade 2                     Grade 3                     Grade 4
Map and Globe      G.1.K.8                   G.1.1.8                   G.1.2.9                      G.1.3.11                   G.1.4.12
Skills             Recognize the             Understand how and        Distinguish between          Explain the purpose of     Explain the purpose of
                   difference between        why maps and globes       different types of maps:     a physical map             historical and political
                   maps and globes           are used                       • physical                                         maps
                                                                            • political
                                                                            • historical

                    G.1.K.9                    G.1.1.9                    G.1.2.10                   G.1.3.12                   G.1.4.13
                    Recognize that maps        Recognize that pictorial   Understand the purpose     Utilize the map            Utilize the map
                    and globes represent       symbols on a map           of map components:         legend/key to interpret    legend/key to interpret
                    models of the Earth        represent real objects         • title                physical maps              historical and political
                                                                              • compass rose                                    maps
                                                                              • legend/key
                                                                              • map scale
                    G.1.K.10                   G.1.1.10
                    Use words related to       Show a relationship
                    location, direction, and   between places using
                    distance:                  directional words (e.g.,
                         • here/there          school, home,
                         • near/far            community)
                         • over/under
                         • left/right
                         • up/down
                         • top/bottom
                         • between

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                                                         Geography: Physical and Spatial K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                       th
Key: G.1.K.8 = Geography. Standard 1. Kindergarten. 8 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
       Standard 1: Physical and Spatial
                  Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                    Grade 4
Map and Globe                                G.1.1.11                  G.1.2.11                     G.1.3.13                   G.1.4.14
Skills                                       Name and label the        Describe the relative        Locate places on           Interpret a map using
                                             cardinal directions on a  locations of places          contemporary maps          cardinal and
                                             map:                      using cardinal directions using cardinal and            intermediate directions,
                                                 • north               (e.g., Arkansas is south     intermediate directions,   map scales, legends,
                                                 • south               of Missouri)                 map scales, legends,       and titles to locate
                                                 • east                                             and titles                 places on contemporary
                                                 • west                                                                        maps

                                              G.1.1.12
                                              Recognize physical         G.1.2.12                   G.1.3.14                   G.1.4.15
                                              features of maps and       Identify and locate        Label physical features    Identify and label
                                              globes:                    physical features on       on maps and globes:        political map features:
                                                  • rivers               maps and globes:               • rivers                    • boundaries
                                                  • lakes                    • rivers                   • lakes                     • capitols
                                                  • oceans                   • lakes                    • oceans                    • cities
                                                  • mountains                • oceans                   • mountains
                                                  • islands                  • mountains                • islands
                                                  • desert                   • islands                  • desert
                                                  • coast                    • desert                   • coast
                                              (e.g., use pictures,           • coast                    • peninsula
                                              visual aids, stories)                                     • plain
                                                                                                        • plateau
                    G.1.K.11                  G.1.1.13
                                                                         G.1.2.13                   G.1.3.15                   G.1.4.16
                    Illustrate a map of a     Illustrate and label a
                                                                         Construct maps of a        Create a physical map      Create a political map
                    familiar place (e.g.      map of a familiar place
                                                                         familiar place (e.g.       that includes the          that includes the
                    bedroom, playground,                                 classroom, bedroom,                                   following:
                    school)                                                                         following:
                                                                         fictional place) that           • title                    • title
                                                                         includes the following:         • compass rose             • compass rose
                                                                               • title                   • legend/key               • legend/key
                                                                               • compass rose
                                                                               • legend/key

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                                                         Geography: Physical and Spatial K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                         th
Key: G.1.K.11 = Geography. Standard 1. Kindergarten. 11 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
        Standard 2: Culture and Diversity
                   Students shall develop an understanding of how cultures around the world develop and change.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                           Kindergarten                 Grade 1                 Grade 2                    Grade 3                  Grade 4
Culture and         G.2.K.1                   G.2.1.1                   G.2.2.1                   G.2.3.1                  G.2.4.1
Diversity           Discuss similarities and  Discuss elements of       Compare customs of        Discuss several          Research elements of
                    differences in families   culture (e.g., food,      another culture to one’s  customs in the United    culture in a community,
                                              clothing, housing,        own                       States and tell how they state, or nation
                                              language, sports/                                   originated               (e.g., food, clothing,
                                              recreation, customs,                                (e.g., greetings,        housing, language,
                                              traditions, art, music,                             fireworks, parades)      sports/ recreation,
                                              religion)                                                                    customs, traditions, art,
                                                                                                                           music, religion)

                                                                                                                                  G.2.4.2
                   G.2.K.2                     G.2.1.2                   G.2.2.2                    G.2.3.2                       Describe the cultural
                   Discuss the location of a   Explain ways in which     Compare the lifestyle,     Identify cultural traits of   characteristics of
                   community and the           the location of a         dress, and occupations     ethnic groups that live in    diverse populations in
                   ways that location          community affects         of Arkansans to those of   Arkansas                      the United States
                   affects the people of a     people’s lives, dress,    people in other parts of
                   community                   and occupation            the world
                                                                                                                                  G.2.4.3
                                                                                                    G.2.3.3                       Discuss the advantages
                                               G.2.1.3                   G.2.2.3                    Identify reasons people       and disadvantages of
                                               Explain the difference    Compare and contrast       live in rural, urban, and     life in a suburban area
                                               between rural and         how people in rural and    suburban areas
                                               urban areas               urban areas live and                                     G.2.4.4
                                                                         work                       G.2.3.4                       Compare and contrast
                                                                                                    Compare and contrast          the human
                                                                                                    the human                     characteristics of early
                                                                                                    characteristics of early      settlements and
                                                                                                    settlements and               contemporary
                                                                                                    contemporary                  communities in the five
                                                                                                    communities in                regions of the United
                                                                                                    Arkansas                      States

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                                                        Geography: Culture and Diversity K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                         Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                       st
Key: G.2.K.1 = Geography. Standard 2. Kindergarten. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
       Standard 3: Interaction of People and the Environment
                  Students shall develop an understanding of the interactions between people and their environment.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                           Kindergarten                Grade 1                   Grade 2                   Grade 3                 Grade 4
Movement            G.3.K.1                    G.3.1.1                  G.3.2.1                   G.3.3.1                 G.3.4.1
                    Identify different types   Recognize reasons        Identify the various      Discuss different types Examine different types
                    of transportation          people need various      types of transportation   of transportation and   of transportation and
                                               types of transportation  and communication         communication links     communication links
                                                                        links between             between communities     between communities in
                                                                        communities                                       Arkansas

                                                                                                       G.3.3.2                      G.3.4.2
                                                                                                       Describe human               Discuss the reasons for
                                                                                                       settlements (e.g., cities,   human settlement
                                                                                                       towns, communities,          patterns (e.g., jobs,
                                                                                                       villages)                    climate, family)

                                                                                                                                    G.3.4.3
                                                                                                                                    Explain how
                                                                                                                                    communities share
                                                                                                                                    ideas and information
                                                                                                                                    with each other

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                                            Geography: Interaction of People and the Environment K-4
                                              Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                      Arkansas Department of Education
                                                           Amended November 2007
                                                     st
Key: G.3.K.1 = Geography. Standard 3. Kindergarten. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
        Standard 3: Interaction of People and the Environment
                   Students shall develop an understanding of the interactions between people and their environment.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                           Kindergarten                   Grade 1                  Grade 2                   Grade 3                  Grade 4
Human                G.3.K.2                    G.3.1.2                    G.3.2.2                 G.3.3.3                   G.3.4.4
Environment          Recognize the              Identify ways to take      Explore the roles of    Describe how people       Explain how people are
Interaction          importance of protecting personal action to           responsible citizens in affect and alter their    influenced by, adapt to,
                     the air, water, and land   protect the environment preserving the             environment               and alter the
                                                (e.g., cleaning up litter, environment:            (e.g., farming, building  environment
                                                recycling, Earth Day,          • recycling         dams, environmental       (e.g., agriculture,
                                                Arbor Day)                     • planting trees    lighting, irrigation, pit housing, occupation,
                                                                               • conserving        mining)                   industry, transportation,
                                                                                   energy                                    communication, acid
                                                                                                                             rain, global warming,
                                                                                                                             ozone depletion)

                                                                                                                                   G.3.4.5
                                                                                                                                   Describe the social
                                                                                                                                   impact of extreme
                                                                                                                                   natural events on
                                                                                                                                   human and physical
                                                                                                                                   environments
                                                                                                                                   (e.g., fires, volcanoes,
                                                                                                                                   earthquakes, floods,
                                                                                                                                   hurricanes, tornados,
                                                                                                                                   tsunamis)

                   G.3.K.3                    G.3.1.3                       G.3.2.3                      G.3.3.4                   G.3.4.6
                   Define physical            Identify ways in which        Examine ways in which        Discuss ways in which     Research ways in which
                   environment                people depend on the          people affect the            the school and            the school and
                                              physical environment          physical environment         community can improve     community can improve
                                                                                                         the physical              the physical
                                                                                                         environment by            environment by
                                                                                                         practicing conservation   practicing conservation

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                                              Geography: Interaction of People and the Environment K-4
                                                Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                        Arkansas Department of Education
                                                             Amended November 2007
                                                        nd
Key: G.3.K.2 = Geography. Standard 3. Kindergarten. 2        Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Civics
       Standard 4: Government
                   Students shall develop an understanding of the forms and roles of government.
               THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                          Kindergarten                Grade 1                     Grade 2                Grade 3                 Grade 4
Forms and Roles C.4.K.1                       C.4.1.1                    C.4.2.1                 C.4.3.1                C.4.4.1
of Government      Recognize the need for     Understand that            Explain the basic       Discuss why            Compare and contrast
                   rules and the              government is an           purposes of government government is           the purpose and
                   consequences of            organized form of rules    at the local level      necessary at the local function of government
                   violating rules            and procedures                                     level                  at the local, state, and
                                                                                                                        federal levels
                                              C.4.1.2
                                              Explain the importance
                                              of government in the
                                              classroom and school

                   C.4.K.2                   C.4.1.3                     C.4.2.2
                   Identify people in the    Discuss the roles of        Identify various people
                   family and school who     people in families and      and groups who make,
                   hold positions of         schools who hold            apply, and enforce rules
                   authority                 positions of authority      and laws for others

                   C.4.K.3                   C.4.1.4                     C.4.2.3                    C.4.3.2                     C.4.4.2
                   Identify the name and     Discuss the basic role of   Identify local             Describe responsibilities   Compare
                   picture of the current    the current president of    government officials       and services of local       responsibilities of local,
                   president of the United   the United States and       (e.g., mayor, city         government                  state, and federal
                   States and current        current governor of         manager, county judge,     (e.g., law enforcement,     government officials
                   governor of Arkansas      Arkansas                    sheriff)                   fire protection, public
                                                                                                    parks, public schools,
                                                                                                    roads)

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                                                              Civics: Government K-4
                                                Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                        Arkansas Department of Education
                                                             Amended November 2007
                                                st
Key: C.4.K.1 = Civics. Standard 4. Kindergarten. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Civics
       Standard 4: Government
                   Students shall develop an understanding of the forms and roles of government.
               THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                        Kindergarten                 Grade 1                     Grade 2                  Grade 3                   Grade 4
Forms and Roles                                                                                  C.4.3.3                   C.4.4.3
of Government                                                                                    Identify the three levels Identify the three
                                                                                                 of government:            branches of
                                                                                                     • local               government:
                                                                                                     • state                   • executive
                                                                                                     • federal                 • legislative
                                                                                                                               • judicial

                                                                        C.4.2.4                    C.4.3.4                    C.4.4.4
                                                                        Define democracy           Identify the fundamental   Describe how United
                                                                                                   ideals of democracy        States citizens apply
                                                                                                   (e.g., human rights,       fundamental principles
                                                                                                   justice, common good,      of democracy
                                                                                                   equal opportunity)         (e.g., people rule
                                                                                                                              themselves, power of
                                                                                                                              government limited by
                                                                                                                              law, people exercise
                                                                                                                              their authority directly
                                                                                                                              through voting and
                                                                                                                              indirectly through
                                                                                                                              elected officials)

                                                                                                                              C.4.4.5
                                                                                                                              Recognize that there
                                                                                                                              are different forms of
                                                                                                                              government throughout
                                                                                                                              the world

12
                                                              Civics: Government K-4
                                                Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                        Arkansas Department of Education
                                                             Amended November 2007
                                           th
Key: C.4.2.4 = Civics. Standard 4. Grade 2. 4 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Civics
       Standard 5: Citizenship
                   Students shall develop an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of citizens.
               THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                  Grade 1                     Grade 2                      Grade 3                   Grade 4
Roots of           C.5.K.1                    C.5.1.1                     C.5.2.1                      C.5.3.1                  C.5.4.1
Democracy          Recognize national         Identify and discuss        Understand the               Examine the              Identify and explain the
                   symbols that represent     national symbols that       significance of national     significance of national role of the Founding
                   American democracy:        represent American          symbols (e.g., National      symbols and the role     Fathers in writing the
                        • American flag       democracy:                  Anthem, Liberty Bell,        they play in fostering   founding documents:
                        • Bald Eagle              • American flag         Pledge of Allegiance,        effective citizenship        • Benjamin
                        • Statue of               • Bald Eagle            American Flag, Statue        (e.g., National Anthem,           Franklin
                           Liberty                • Statue of             of Liberty, United States Liberty Bell, Pledge of         • John Hancock
                        • White House                  Liberty            Constitution)                Allegiance, American         • Thomas
                        • United States           • White House                                        Flag, Statue of Liberty,          Jefferson
                           Constitution           • United States                                      United States                • James Madison
                                                       Constitution                                    Constitution)                • George
                                                                                                                                         Washington

                                                                                                                                C.5.4.2
                                                                                                                                Identify and explain the
                                                                                                                                purpose of the founding
                                                                                                                                documents:
                                                                                                                                    • Declaration of
                                                                                                                                         Independence
                                                                                                                                    • Articles of
                                                                                                                                         Confederation
                                                                                                                                    • United States
                                                                                                                                         Constitution

                                                                                                                                C.5.4.3
                                                                                                                                Examine the meaning of
                                                                                                                                the Pledge of Allegiance

13
                                                                Civics: Citizenship K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                         Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                  st
Key: C.5.K.1 = Civics. Standard 5. Kindergarten. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Civics
        Standard 5: Citizenship
                   Students shall develop an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of citizens.
               THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                           Kindergarten                 Grade 1                    Grade 2                     Grade 3                   Grade 4
Rights and          C.5.K.2                   C.5.1.2                     C.5.2.2                      C.5.3.2                  C.5.4.4
Responsibilities    Discuss the rights and    Demonstrate the rights      Examine the rights and       Describe how citizens    Examine characteristics
of Citizens         responsibilities of being and responsibilities of     responsibilities that        contribute to the        needed for active
                    a good citizen            being a good citizen        citizens have in a           improvement of a         citizenship
                    (e.g., respect others,    (e.g., politeness,          community (e.g., obey        community (e.g., service
                    cooperate, share)         reliability, fairness,      laws, voting in elections) projects, volunteerism)
                                              honesty, patriotism)

                    C.5.K.3                    C.5.1.3                        C.5.2.3                    C.5.3.3                 C.5.4.5
                    Identify voting            Discuss the voting             Explain the voter’s role   Describe the election   Analyze components of
                    procedures by              process as it relates to       in the democratic          process                 the election process:
                    participating in a         an election                    process                                                • candidacy
                    classroom voting                                                                                                 • primary
                    process (e.g., which                                                                                             • general
                    book to read, what
                    game to play)

                    C.5.K.4                    C.5.1.4                        C.5.2.4                    C.5.3.4                 C.5.4.6
                    Identify the appropriate   Demonstrate the                Identify rules of          Discuss the proper      Demonstrate the proper
                    procedures for the daily   appropriate procedures         etiquette for the          etiquette for the       flag etiquette for the
                    recitation of the Pledge   for reciting the Pledge of     American flag              American flag           American flag
                    of Allegiance:             Allegiance:
                         • standing up              • standing up
                             straight                    straight
                         • placing the right        • placing the right
                             hand over heart             hand over heart
                         • removing hats            • removing hats
                         • observing                • observing
                             location of                 location of the
                             the flag                    flag

14
                                                                Civics: Citizenship K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                         Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                     nd
Key: C.5.K.2 = Civics. Standard 5. Kindergarten. 2        Student Learning Expectation
Strand: History
       Standard 6: History
                  Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                  change over time.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                  Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                     Grade 4
Regionalism/       H.6.K.1                    H.6.1.1                    H.6.2.1
Nationalism        Recognize celebrations     Identify people and        Explain the purpose in
                   and holidays as a way      events observed in         celebrating national
                   of remembering and         national celebrations      holidays:
                   honoring events and        and holidays:                  • Labor Day
                   people of the past:            • Labor Day                • Veteran’s Day
                        • Labor Day               • Veteran’s Day            • Thanksgiving
                        • Veteran’s Day           • Thanksgiving             • Columbus Day
                        • Thanksgiving            • Columbus Day             • Martin Luther
                        • Columbus Day            • Martin Luther                 King, Jr. Day
                        • Martin Luther                King, Jr. Day         • President’s Day
                            King, Jr. Day         • President’s Day          • Independence
                        • President’s Day         • Independence                  Day
                        • Independence                 Day                   • Constitution
                            Day                   • Constitution                  Day
                        • Memorial Day                 Day
                                                                                                      H.6.3.1                     H.6.4.1
                                                                                                      Research the history of     Discuss the meaning of
                                                                                                      the Arkansas state flag     the state motto of
                   H.6.K.2                    H.6.1.2                    H.6.2.2
                                                                                                                                  Arkansas
                   Identify state symbols of Identify state symbols of Identify state symbols of
                   Arkansas:                  Arkansas:                  Arkansas:
                        • flag                    • flower                   • gem
                        • tree                    • bird                     • mineral                                            H.6.4.2
                        • insect                  • fruit/vegetable          • rock                                               Examine the history of
                        • beverage                • folk dance               • mammal                                             the State Seal of
                                                  • instrument               • anthem                                             Arkansas and its
                                                                                                                                  components

15
                                                                 History: History K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                         Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                   st
Key: H.6.K.1 = History. Standard 6. Kindergarten. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: History
       Standard 6: History
                  Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                  change over time.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                  Grade 1                     Grade 2                     Grade 3                    Grade 4
Regionalism and    H.6.K.3                    H.6.1.3                    H.6.2.3                      H.6.3.2                     H.6.4.3
Nationalism        Identify famous            Identify historical sites  Discuss historical           Examine historical          Examine historical
                   Arkansans                  of Arkansas                people of Arkansas           people and events of        settlements in
                                              (e.g., Old Washington,     (e.g., Bill Clinton, Daisy   Arkansas                    Arkansas:
                                              Arkansas Post)             Bates, Sequoyah)             (e.g., Maya Angelou,             • Arkansas Post
                                                                                                      Civil War, civil rights          • Old Washington
                                                                                                      movement)                        • Fort Smith

16
                                                                 History: History K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                         Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                  rd
Key: H.6.K.3 = History. Standard 6. Kindergarten. 3 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: History
        Standard 6: History
                   Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                   change over time.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                          Kindergarten                  Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                    Grade 4
Conflict and                                                              H.6.2.4                      H.6.3.3                     H.6.4.4
Consensus                                                                 Define conflict              Discuss that conflicts      Name the major causes
                                                                                                       between countries can       of the American
                                                                                                       lead to war                 Revolutionary War:
                                                                                                                                        • taxation
                                                                                                                                        • distance
                                                                                                                                        • lack of
                                                                                                                                           communication

                                                                                                      H.6.3.4                   H.6.4.5
                                                                                                      Discuss the meaning of    Identify George
                                                                                                      revolution                Washington as the lead
                                                                                                                                general in the
                                                                                                                                Revolutionary War

                                                                                                      H.6.3.5                   H.6.4.6
                                                                                                      Discuss the meaning of    Identify events that led
                                                                                                      civil war                 to Arkansas’
                                                                                                                                involvement in the Civil
                                                                                                                                War:
                                                                                                                                    • excise taxes
                                                                                                                                    • state’s rights
                                                                                                                                    • slavery

17
                                                                   History: History K-4
                                                   Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                           Arkansas Department of Education
                                                                Amended November 2007
                                              th
Key: H.6.2.4 = History. Standard 6. Grade 2. 4 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: History
        Standard 6: History
                   Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                   change over time.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                          Kindergarten                  Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                     Grade 4
Conflict and                                                                                                                       H.6.4.7
Consensus                                                                                                                          Identify major historical
                                                                                                                                   events that occurred
                                                                                                                                                 th
                                                                                                                                   during the 20 century
                                                                                                                                   (e.g., World War I,
                                                                                                                                   Great Depression,
                                                                                                                                   World War II, space
                                                                                                                                   exploration, civil rights)

                                                                                                                                    H.6.4.8
                                                                                                         H.6.3.6                    Discuss how differences
                                                                                                         Recognize individuals      between people lead to
                                                                                                         who contributed to the     conflict
                                                                                                         common good of             (e.g., social, political,
                                                                                                         society                    economic)
                                                                                                         (e.g., Rosa Parks,
                                                                                                         Susan B. Anthony,
                                                                                                         César Chávez)

18
                                                                     History: History K-4
                                                     Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                             Arkansas Department of Education
                                                                  Amended November 2007
                                                th
Key: H.6.3.6 = History. Standard 6. Grade 3. 6 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: History
       Standard 6: History
                  Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                  change over time.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                  Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                   Grade 4
Continuity and     H.6.K.4                    H.6.1.4
Change             Discuss how things         Recognize time
                   change over time using     equivalency using
                   chronological terms:       chronological terms:
                        • before/after             • yesterday/past
                        • first/next/last          • today/present
                        • now/long ago             • tomorrow/
                        • yesterday/                    future
                            today/tomorrow

                    H.6.K.5                     H.6.1.5                     H.6.2.5                  H.6.3.7                    H.6.4.9
                    Identify events that take   Determine the               Determine the data to    Analyze a timeline that    Evaluate data
                    place in sequential         sequential order of         be included on a         illustrates selected       presented on a
                    order                       events on a timeline        personal timeline        historical events          timeline of Arkansas
                    (e.g., family photos,       (e.g., school events,                                                           history
                    pictures from               holidays, birthday,
                    magazines)                  historical events)

                    H.6.K.6                     H.6.1.6                     H.6.2.6                  H.6.3.8                    H.6.4.10
                    Discuss how historical      Explore people and          Determine how photos     Compare artifacts from     Examine artifacts
                    events relate to the        events from the past        and documents are        events in various          relating to events in
                    present day                 using primary and           used to gather           periods of history         Arkansas history
                    (e.g., stories of George    secondary sources           information about the
                    Washington Carver,          (e.g., photos, artifacts,   past
                    Wright Brothers)            maps)

                                                                            H.6.2.7                  H.6.3.9                    H.6.4.11
                                                                            Define technology and    Identify ways in which     Discuss advances in
                                                                            list examples            technology has             technology
                                                                                                     changed the world          (e.g., communications,
                                                                                                     (e.g., computers, fax      space travel, medical)
                                                                                                     machines, cell phones)

19
                                                                  History: History K-4
                                                  Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                               Amended November 2007
                                                    th
Key: H.6.K.4 = History. Standard 6. Kindergarten. 4 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: History
       Standard 6: History
                  Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                  change over time.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                          Kindergarten                 Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                    Grade 4
Continuity and     H.6.K.7                    H.6.1.7                    H.6.2.8                      H.6.3.10                    H.6.4.12
Change             Recognize that family      Discuss daily life in the  Describe the ways in         Examine land                Analyze changes in
                   activities have changed    past and present           which communities            development and its         Arkansas from past to
                   over time                                             have changed over time impact on a community             present

                    H.6.K.8                    H.6.1.8                    H.6.2.9                    H.6.3.11
                    Understand that            Recognize that the         Identify reasons           Identify Jamestown as
                    Pilgrims came to           Pilgrims came to           Pilgrims came to the       the first permanent
                    America from another       America on the             New World:                 American settlement
                    part of the world          Mayflower and arrived          • religious
                                               at Plymouth Rock                    freedom
                                                                              • political
                                                                                   freedom

                                                                                                     H.6.3.12
                                                                                                     Discuss John Smith’s
                                                                                                     role and influence in the
                                                                                                     establishment of a self-
                                                                                                     sufficient settlement in
                                                                                                     Jamestown

                                                                          H.6.2.10                   H.6.3.13                    H.6.4.13
                                                                          Discuss the                Identify the causes for     Understand the
                                                                          characteristics of a       the establishment of the    transition of the
                                                                          colony                     thirteen colonies           thirteen colonies into
                                                                                                     (e.g., gold, tobacco,       thirteen separate
                                                                                                     religion)                   states

20
                                                                  History: History K-4
                                                  Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                               Amended November 2007
                                                   th
Key: H.6.K.7 = History. Standard 6. Kindergarten. 7 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: History
       Standard 6: History
                  Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                  change over time.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                  Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                     Grade 4
Continuity and                                H.6.1.9                    H.6.2.11                     H.6.3.14                    H.6.4.14
Change                                        Understand that the        Recognize American           Describe the early          Identify and describe
                                              name of Arkansas           Indian tribes of             American Indian             the Arkansas Indian
                                              originated from the        Arkansas:                    cultures in Arkansas        Tribes:
                                              Quapaw Indians                 • Osage                                                  • Osage
                                                                             • Quapaw                                                 • Quapaw
                                                                             • Caddo                                                  • Caddo

                                                                                                                                 H.6.4.15
                                                                                                                                 Identify the reasons for
                                                                                                                                 the decline of the
                                                                                                                                 native populations of
                                                                                                                                 Arkansas
                                                                                                                                 (e.g., influenza, small
                                                                                                                                 pox, competition for
                                                                                                                                 land)

                    H.6.K.9                                                                                                      H.6.4.16
                                               H.6.1.10                    H.6.2.12                   H.6.3.15
                    Recognize examples of                                                                                        Describe how new
                                               Discuss methods of          Compare past and           Identify the modes of
                    current and early                                                                                            forms of transportation
                                               transportation of today     present means of           transportation in
                    transportation                                                                                               and communication
                                               and long ago                transportation and         westward movement
                                                                                                                                 impacted the
                                                                           communication in           (e.g., wagons, horses,
                                                                                                                                 Westward Expansion
                                                                           Arkansas                   railroads)
                                                                                                                                 of the United States
                                                                                                                                 (e.g., pony express,
                                                                                                                                 railroads, telegraphs)

21
                                                                  History: History K-4
                                                  Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                               Amended November 2007
                                                    th
Key: H.6.K.9 = History. Standard 6. Kindergarten. 9 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: History
       Standard 6: History
                  Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                  change over time.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                  Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                   Grade 4
Movement           H.6.K.10                   H.6.1.11                   H.6.2.13
                   Discuss Christopher        Describe the voyage of     Identify areas settled as
                   Columbus and his           Christopher Columbus       a result of Christopher
                   discovery of America                                  Columbus’ voyages to
                                                                         America

                                                                          H.6.2.14                   H.6.3.16                   H.6.4.17
                                                                          Identify Ferdinand and     Identify the following     Identify areas in
                                                                          Isabella and their         explorers:                 Arkansas that were
                                                                          purpose in supporting          • Hernando             explored by the
                                                                          Columbus:                           Desoto            following:
                                                                              • gold                     • La Salle/De               • Hernando
                                                                              • silk                          Tonti                      Desoto
                                                                              • spices                   • Marquette/Joliet          • La Salle/De
                                                                                                                                         Tonti
                                                                                                                                     • Marquette
                                                                                                                                     • Joliet

                                                                                                                                H.6.4.18
                                                                                                                                Identify European
                                                                                                                                nations that claimed
                                                                                                                                authority over territorial
                                                                                                                                Arkansas:
                                                                                                                                    • France
                                                                                                                                    • Spain

22
                                                                 History: History K-4
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                         Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                     th
Key: H.6.K.10 = History. Standard 6. Kindergarten. 10 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: History
       Standard 6: History
                  Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                  change over time.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                  Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                     Grade 4
Movement                                                                                                                          H.6.4.19
                                                                                                                                  Discuss the causes
                                                                                                                                  and effects of
                                                                                                                                  Westward Expansion
                                                                                                                                  (e.g., economic
                                                                                                                                  opportunity, resources,
                                                                                                                                  forced removal,
                                                                                                                                  unclaimed lands,
                                                                                                                                  religion)

                                                                                                      H.6.3.17                   H.6.4.20
                                                                                                      Identify the factors       Compare the area of
                                                                                                      leading to the purchase    the United States
                                                                                                      of Louisiana               before and after the
                                                                                                                                 Louisiana Purchase

                                                                                                      H.6.3.18                   H.6.4.21
                                                                                                      Recognize that             Identify the following
                                                                                                      Arkansas was part of       individuals and their
                                                                                                      the Louisiana Purchase     roles in the Louisiana
                                                                                                                                 Purchase:
                                                                                                                                     • Thomas
                                                                                                                                          Jefferson
                                                                                                                                     • Napoleon
                                                                                                                                     • Lewis and
                                                                                                                                          Clark
                                                                                                                                     • Sacagawea

23
                                                                  History: History K-4
                                                  Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                               Amended November 2007
                                                 th
Key: H.6.3.17 = History. Standard 6. Grade 3. 17 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: History
        Standard 6: History
                   Students shall analyze significant ideas, events, and people in world, national, state, and local history and how they affect
                   change over time.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                           Kindergarten                 Grade 1                    Grade 2                      Grade 3                    Grade 4
Cultural Diversity H.6.K.11                    H.6.1.12                   H.6.2.15                     H.6.3.19                    H.6.4.22
and Uniformity      Recognize the              Demonstrate the            Understand the               Identify similarities and   Discuss similarities
                    relationship between       relationship between       significance of the          differences among the       and differences among
                    the American Indians       the American Indians       Thanksgiving feast to        American Indians and        the American Indians
                    and the Pilgrims           and the Pilgrims           the relationship             Pilgrims:                   and Pilgrims:
                    (e.g., story, song)        (e.g., play, skit, song)   between the American              • housing                  • housing
                                                                          Indians and the Pilgrims          • clothing                 • clothing
                                                                                                            • foods                    • foods
                                                                                                            • traditions               • traditions
                                                                                                            • tools                    • tools

24
                                                                  History: History K-4
                                                  Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                               Amended November 2007
                                                      th
Key: H.6.K.11 = History. Standard 6. Kindergarten. 11 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Economics
       Standard 7: Choices
                  Students shall analyze the cost and benefits of making economic choices.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                        Kindergarten                   Grade 1                   Grade 2                   Grade 3                Grade 4
Costs and          E.7.K.1                    E.7.1.1                   E.7.2.1                    E.7.3.1
Benefits           Recognize that all         Identify the categories   Describe an event or       Determine that people  E.7.4.1
                   people have economic       and priorities of wants   situation in daily life in make trade offs to get Evaluate the priority of
                   wants and needs            and needs                 which a trade off is       the most benefit from  economic wants and
                                                                        made                       scarce resources       consequences of the
                   E.7.K.2                    E.7.1.2                                                                     opportunity cost
                   Discuss the concept of     Describe how people
                   making choices related     satisfy basic wants
                   to wants and needs         (e.g., grow food, earn
                                              money to buy things,
                                              trade with others)

                                             E.7.1.3                    E.7.2.2                    E.7.3.2
                                             Determine the              Discuss that because of    Evaluate examples from      E.7.4.2
                                             relationships between      scarcity people must       the local community that    Analyze how scarcity
                                             unlimited wants and        make choices and incur     illustrate scarcity         caused early exploration
                                             limited resources          opportunity costs                                      (e.g., gold, spices, silk)
                   E.7.K.3                   (e.g., scarcity)
                   Identify the concept of                              E.7.2.3                    E.7.3.3
                   scarcity                                             Discuss making choices     Recognize that stating      E.7.4.3
                   (e.g., not enough items                              based on                   the problem and listing     Recognize and use the
                   available)                                           incentives/rewards         the alternatives are part   decision making model
                                                                                                   of the decision making      to make an economic
                                                                                                   model                       decision:
                                                                                                                                   • state the
                                                                                                                                       problem
                                                                                                                                   • list the
                                                                                                                                       alternatives
                                                                                                                                   • state the criteria
                                                                                                                                   • evaluate the
                                                                                                                                       criteria
                                                                                                                                   • make a decision

25
                                                              Economics: Choices K-4
                                                Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                        Arkansas Department of Education
                                                             Amended November 2007
                                                    st
Key: E.7.K.1 = Economics. Standard 7.Kindergarten. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Economics
       Standard 8: Resources
                  Students shall evaluate the use and allocation of human, natural, and capital resources.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                          Kindergarten               Grade 1                    Grade 2                    Grade 3 Grade 4
Factors of         E.8.K.1
Production         Identify human
                   resources
                   (e.g., community
                   workers)

                   E.8.K.2                  E.8.1.1                   E.8.2.1
                   Discuss the roles of     Recognize that people     Distinguish between
                   producers and            are producers of goods    consumers and
                   consumers                and services              producers in a local
                                            (e.g., make a bed, turn   community
                                            in homework, make a
                                            craft)

                                            E.8.1.2
                                            Recognize that people
                                            are consumers of goods                               E.8.3.1                   E.8.4.1
                                            and services                                         Discuss human capital     Discuss productivity
                                            (e.g., buy a toy, get a
                                            haircut, go to a movie)

                   E.8.K.3                  E.8.1.3                   E.8.2.2                    E.8.3.2                   E.8.4.2
                   Discuss how people       Discuss skills and        Research the skills and    Recognize ways people     Compare the increase
                   earn a living in the     education necessary to    education needed for       become more skillful in   in productivity when
                   community and the        perform a job             specific jobs              the workplace             improved human capital
                   places they work                                                                                        is available

26
                                                          Economics: Resources K-4
                                              Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                      Arkansas Department of Education
                                                           Amended November 2007
                                                   st
Key: E.8.K.1 = Economics. Standard 8.Kindergarten. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Economics
       Standard 8: Resources
                  Students shall evaluate the use and allocation of human, natural, and capital resources.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                        Kindergarten                   Grade 1                  Grade 2                      Grade 3                Grade 4
Factors of         E.8.K.4                    E.8.1.4                   E.8.2.3                     E.8.3.3                E.8.4.3
Production         Discuss natural            Identify uses for natural Discuss the availability    Recognize the product  Examine the impact of
                   resources                  resources                 of natural resources        associated with the    scarcity of natural
                                                                                                    natural resources from resources on production
                                                                                                    which it is created    decisions

                   E.8.K.5                   E.8.1.5                   E.8.2.4                    E.8.3.4                    E.8.4.4
                   Discuss capital           Understand that capital   Give examples of           Explain how capital        Analyze how capital
                   resources                 resources are the tools   capital resources          resources are related to   resources are used to
                                             of trade                                             specific jobs              produce goods and
                                             (e.g., carpenter uses                                                           services
                                             hammer and nails,
                                             painter uses paint)

                                                                                                  E.8.3.5                    E.8.4.5
                                                                                                  Define and discuss         Identify Arkansas
                                                                                                  characteristics of an      entrepreneurs
                                                                                                  entrepreneur

                                                                                                  E.8.3.6                    E.8.4.6
                                                                                                  Define profit              Describe how profit is
                                                                                                                             an incentive for
                                                                                                                             entrepreneurship

27
                                                           Economics: Resources K-4
                                               Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                       Arkansas Department of Education
                                                            Amended November 2007
                                                    th
Key: E.8.K.4 = Economics. Standard 8.Kindergarten. 4 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Economics
       Standard 9: Markets
                  Students shall analyze the exchange of goods and services and the roles of governments, businesses, and individuals in the
                  market place.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                        Kindergarten                  Grade 1                   Grade 2                    Grade 3                 Grade 4
Financial Markets                             E.9.1.1                 E.9.2.1                     E.9.3.1                  E.9.4.1
                                              Discuss barter as a     Identify items that have    Research items that      Discuss the
                                              method of exchange      been used as currency       represented money        characteristics of
                                                                      (e.g., shells, beads,       throughout time          money:
                                                                      pelts)                      (e.g., shells, beads,         • portability
                                                                                                  pelts)                        • divisibility
                                                                                                                                • durability
                                                                                                                                • uniformity

                   E.9.K.1                   E.9.1.2                    E.9.2.2                    E.9.3.2
                   Recognize that money      Recognize that money       Understand that the use    List and explain the
                   is used to purchase       is a medium of             of money facilitates       functions of money:
                   items                     exchange                   exchange                        • medium of
                                                                                                           exchange
                                                                                                        • measure of
                                                                                                           value
                                                                                                        • store of value

                                             E.9.1.3                    E.9.2.3                    E.9.3.3                   E.9.4.2
                                             Discuss the role of a      Discuss a variety of       Discuss costs and         Describe the reasons
                                             financial institution      services that financial    benefits of saving in a   for saving money in a
                                                                        institutions provide       financial institution     financial institution:
                                                                                                                                  • interest
                                                                                                                                  • safety

28
                                                              Economics: Markets K-4
                                                Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                        Arkansas Department of Education
                                                             Amended November 2007
                                                     st
Key: E.9.K.1 = Economics. Standard 9.Kindergarten. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Economics
       Standard 9: Markets
                  Students shall analyze the exchange of goods and services and the roles of governments, businesses, and individuals in the
                  market place.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                         Kindergarten                  Grade 1                 Grade 2                     Grade 3                 Grade 4
Goods and          E.9.K.2                    E.9.1.4                 E.9.2.4                     E.9.3.4                  E.9.4.3
services           Identify goods that        Understand that the     Classify productive         Identify and explain the Research the productive
                   people use                 production of any good  resources into the          role of each productive  resources that go into
                                              or service requires:    following categories:       resource in producing a the production of a
                   E.9.K.3                        • natural                • natural              good or service          product
                   Identify services people            resources              resources           (e.g., school lunches)
                   do for each other              • human                  • human
                                                       resources              resources
                   E.9.K.4                        • capital                • capital
                   Recognize that people               resources              resources
                   choose among a variety
                   of goods and services

                   E.9.K.5
                   Recognize that people
                   work to earn money to
                   purchase items

                   E.9.K.6                   E.9.1.5                        E.9.2.5                 E.9.3.5                    E.9.4.4
                   Understand that           Recognize that markets         Investigate goods and   Research goods and         Research public goods
                   markets exist in a        exist in various places        services provided by    services provided by       and services that are
                   community                 (e.g., physical locations      markets in the local    markets in the local       provided by taxes
                                             home, Internet)                community               community

                                                                            E.9.2.6                 E.9.3.6                    E.9.4.5
                                                                            Identify exchanges      Describe the benefits of   Explain why countries
                                                                            made:                   voluntary exchange         trade
                                                                                • monetary          (e.g., trade)
                                                                                • barter

29
                                                             Economics: Markets K-4
                                               Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                       Arkansas Department of Education
                                                            Amended November 2007
                                                       nd
Key: E.9.K.2 = Economics. Standard 9.Kindergarten. 2        Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Economics
       Standard 9: Markets
                  Students shall analyze the exchange of goods and services and the roles of governments, businesses, and individuals in the
                  market place.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                        Kindergarten                Grade 1                   Grade 2                      Grade 3                  Grade 4
Goods and                                                             E.9.2.7                     E.9.3.7                  E.9.4.6
services                                                              Define specialization       Recognize the            Explain the benefits of
                                                                      and interdependence         connection between       specialization and
                                                                                                  specialization and       interdependence
                                                                                                  interdependence

                                                                                                   E.9.3.8                  E.9.4.7
                                                                                                   Define supply and        Discuss the effect of
                                                                                                   demand                   supply and demand in a
                                                                                                                            community

                                                                                                                            E.9.4.8
                                                                                                                            Define inflation

30
                                                              Economics: Markets K-4
                                                Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                        Arkansas Department of Education
                                                             Amended November 2007
                                                th
Key: E.9.2.7 = Economics. Standard 9.Grade 2. 7 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Economics
       Standard 9: Markets
                  Students shall analyze the exchange of goods and services and the roles of governments, businesses, and individuals in the
                  market place.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                        Kindergarten                Grade 1                   Grade 2                     Grade 3                    Grade 4
Global markets                                                                                    E.9.3.9                  E.9.4.9
                                                                                                  Define import and        Identify imported and
                                                                                                  export                   exported goods

                                                                                                                           E.9.4.10
                                                                                                                           List exported goods
                                                                                                                           associated with
                                                                                                                           Arkansas
                                                                                                                           (e.g., rice, chicken, auto
                                                                                                                           parts)

                                                                                                                           E.9.4.11
                                                                                                                           Explain how foreign
                                                                                                                           trade affects daily life

31
                                                              Economics: Markets K-4
                                                Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                        Arkansas Department of Education
                                                             Amended November 2007
                                                th
Key: E.9.3.9 = Economics. Standard 9. Grade 3. 9 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
        Standard 1: Physical and Spatial
                    Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                                 Grade 5                        Grade 6                           Grade 7                          Grade 8
Location, Place,     G.1.5.1                         G.1.6.1                          G.1.7.1
and Region           Classify locations as absolute  Apply the proper usage of        Determine the absolute and
                     or relative                     absolute and relative location   relative location of a specific
                                                                                      place

                     G.1.5.2                              G.1.6.2                          G.1.7.2
                     Identify and describe the            Examine the location, place,     Compare the influence of
                     region of the United States in       and region of Arkansas and       geographic locations on early
                     which Arkansas is located            determine the characteristics    civilizations
                                                          of each

                     G.1.5.3                              G.1.6.3
                     Distinguish between the major        Identify the countries on the
                     regions of the United States         continent of North America
                     and evaluate their                   and analyze their
                     interdependence                      geographical relationship

                     G.1.5.4                              G.1.6.4                          G.1.7.3                          G.1.8.1
                     Locate the major bodies of           Explain the importance of the    Analyze the importance of the    Analyze the importance of the
                     water that are related to the        major river systems of the       following river systems on the   following navigation systems
                     United States:                       United States and Arkansas:      emergence of early               on the development of world
                         • Atlantic Ocean                     • Arkansas River             civilizations:                   civilizations:
                         • Caribbean Sea                      • Colorado River                   • Ganges River                   • Amazon River
                         • Great Lakes                        • Mississippi River                • Huang He (Yellow               • Mississippi River
                                                                                                     River)                       • Panama Canal
                         • Gulf of Mexico                     • Ohio River
                                                                                                 • Indus River                    • Rhine River
                         • Pacific Ocean                      • St. Lawrence River
                                                                                                 • Nile River                     • Suez Canal
                                                                                                 • Tigris/Euphrates River         • Thames River
                                                                                                                                  • Volga River

32
                                                             Geography: Physical and Spatial 5-8
                                                     Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                             Arkansas Department of Education
                                                                  Amended November 2007
                                                     st
Key: G.1.5.1 = Geography. Standard 1. Grade 5. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
        Standard 1: Physical and Spatial
                    Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
              THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                                 Grade 5                           Grade 6                        Grade 7                          Grade 8
Location, Place,     G.1.5.5                          G.1.6.5                         G.1.7.4
and Region           Identify a variety of charts and Illustrate information relating Interpret specific
                     graphs used to display data      to population, climate,         types of charts, maps,
                     on a variety of topics such as   weather patterns, or other      and graphs showing weather
                     climate or population            specific topics on selected     patterns, climate, population,
                                                      types of charts or graphs       or other specific topics

                     G.1.5.6                           G.1.6.6                         G.1.7.5
                     Distinguish between               Analyze a map of the fifty      Compare a variety
                     geography terms that describe     states and identify regions     of regions to determine
                     or indicate region, place, or     (e.g., Northeast, Southeast,    suitability for growth
                     location (e.g., tundra, desert,   Midwest, Southwest, West)       (e.g., climate, landform,
                     rainforest, mountains)                                            vegetation regions)

33
                                                         Geography: Physical and Spatial 5-8
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                         Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                  th
Key: G.1.5.5 = Geography. Standard 1. Grade 5. 5 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
        Standard 1: Physical and Spatial
                   Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                                  Grade 5                       Grade 6                           Grade 7                           Grade 8
Map and Globe        G.1.5.7                        G.1.6.7                           G.1.7.6                           G.1.8.2
Skills               Recognize the various types    Examine different maps and        Compare and contrast the          Analyze a physical map or
                     of maps used by geographers globe projections and                tools used by geographers,        global projection created by
                     (e.g., physical, political,    recognize the differences of      past and present, to develop      geographer’s tools (e.g.,
                     historical, special purpose,   each map or projection            maps and globes (e.g.,            astrolabe, compass, sextant,
                     and other types of maps)                                         astrolabe, compass, sextant,      Global Positioning System
                                                                                      Global Positioning System         [GPS], Geographic
                                                                                      [GPS], Geographic                 Information Systems
                                                                                      Information Systems               [GIS], LANDSAT, Internet)
                                                                                      [GIS], LANDSAT, Internet)

                     G.1.5.8                           G.1.6.8                          G.1.7.7                        G.1.8.3
                     Demonstrate an                    Construct a map of the United    Design maps of places and      Construct specialized maps
                     understanding of the              States using all basic map       regions that contain map       using data (e.g., climate,
                     following:                        components:                      elements:                      population, political units,
                          • latitude                       • compass rose                   • compass rose             resources)
                          • longitude                      • map scale                      • inset map
                          • parallels                      • legend/key                     • grid system
                          • meridians                      • inset map                      • legend/key
                          • degrees                        • title                          • latitude
                          • grid systems                                                    • longitude
                          • coordinates                                                     • map scale
                          • Tropic of Cancer                                                • title
                          • Tropic of Capricorn
                          • Equator
                          • Prime Meridian

34
                                                          Geography: Physical and Spatial 5-8
                                                  Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                          Arkansas Department of Education
                                                               Amended November 2007
                                                  th
Key: G.1.5.7 = Geography. Standard 1. Grade 5. 7 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
        Standard 1: Physical and Spatial
                   Students shall develop an understanding of the physical and spatial characteristics and applications of geography.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                                Grade 5                         Grade 6                           Grade 7                           Grade 8
Map and Globe                                       G.1.6.9                           G.1.7.8                           G.1.8.4
Skills                                              Compare the location of           Determine latitude and            Locate specific places on
                                                    specific places on both maps      longitude using maps or           maps and globes using grid
                                                    and globes                        globes                            points (longitude and latitude)

                     G.1.5.10                                G.1.6.10                           G.1.7.9                         G.1.8.5
                     Compare and contrast major              Discuss reasons for the            Examine the influence of        Analyze the influence of
                     landforms characterized as              location of political boundaries   Earth’s physical features on    Earth’s physical features on
                     physical features of Earth              and capital cities due to          the development of regions of   the development of regions of
                     (e.g., plateaus, rivers, deltas,        physical features of the nation    early civilizations             the world
                     seas, oceans, peninsulas)               or states

35
                                                            Geography: Physical and Spatial 5-8
                                                    Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                            Arkansas Department of Education
                                                                 Amended November 2007
                                                        th
Key: G.1.5.10 = Geography. Standard 1. Grade 5. 10 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
        Standard 2: Culture and Diversity
                    Students shall develop an understanding of how cultures around the world develop and change.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                                 Grade 5                          Grade 6                           Grade 7                     Grade 8
Culture/Diversity    G.2.5.1                         G.2.6.1                          G.2.7.1                       G.2.8.1
                     Describe customs,               Examine the effects of the       Examine creative work as      Analyze the work of writers
                     celebrations, and traditions of contributions of people from     examples of cultural heritage and artists as examples of
                     selected racial, ethnic, and    selected racial, ethnic, and     (e.g., literature, mosaics,   cultural heritage from
                     religious groups in Arkansas    religious groups to the cultural statuary, architecture,       communities around the world
                     and the United States           identify of Arkansas and the     philosophy, dramas)
                                                     United States

                    G.2.5.2                             G.2.6.2                            G.2.7.2                        G.2.8.2
                    Understand the contributions        Describe how people from           Compare and contrast the       Research the contributions of
                    of people of various racial,        selected racial, ethnic, and       contributions of people of     people of various racial, ethnic
                    ethnic, and religious groups in     religious groups attempt to        various racial, ethnic, and    and religious backgrounds
                    Arkansas and the United             maintain their cultural heritage   religious groups in the        (e.g., de Medici, Emperor
                    States                              while adapting to the culture      development of early           Meiji, Matthew Perry,
                                                        of Arkansas and the United         civilizations                  Saladin the Great)
                                                        States                             (e.g., Akbar the Great,
                                                                                           Chandragupta I, Hatshepsut,
                                                                                           Marco Polo, Mansu Musa,
                                                                                           Ramses)

                                                                                           G.2.7.3                        G.2.8.3
                    G.2.5.3                             G.2.6.3                            Demonstrate examples of        Examine cultures to determine
                    Recognize examples of               Identify the occurrences of        cultural exchange throughout   the level of assimilation and
                    cultural diffusion, cultural        cultural diffusion, cultural       various periods of world       cultural exchange brought
                    exchange, and assimilation          exchange, and assimilation in      history                        about by technological
                                                        local and national history                                        advances:
                                                                                                                               • printing press
                                                                                                                               • telegraph
                                                                                                                               • railroad
                                                                                                                               • radio
                                                                                                                               • television
                                                                                                                               • Internet

36
                                                          Geography: Culture and Diversity 5-8
                                                   Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                           Arkansas Department of Education
                                                                Amended November 2007
                                                   st
Key: G.2.5.1 = Geography. Standard 2. Grade 5. 1 Student Learning Expectation
Strand: Geography
        Standard 3: Interaction of People and the Environment
                    Students shall develop an understanding of the interactions between people and their environment.
             THE GOAL FOR EACH STUDENT IS PROFICIENCY IN ALL REQUIREMENTS AT CURRENT AND PREVIOUS GRADES.
                                 Grade 5                           Grade 6                      Grade 7               Grade 8
Movement             G.3.5.1                          G.3.6.1
                     Recognize factors that           Describe the location of major
                     influence migration (e.g.,       cities in Arkansas and the
                     employment, natural              United States and the
                     resources)                       availability of resources and
                                                      transportation in those areas

                    G.3.5.2                            G.3.6.2                            G.3.7.1                          G.3.8.1
                    Define push-pull factors           Distinguish between push-pull      Discuss push-pull factors that   Examine effects of push-pull
                                                       factors                            influenced the growth of         factors on various regions
                                                                                          population centers (e.g.,        (e.g., disease, resources,
                                                                                          location, transportation         industrialization, technology)
                                                                                          corridors and barriers,
                                                                                          distribution of resources)

                    G.3.5.3                            G.3.6.3                                                             G.3.8.2
                    Identify various forms of          Compare methods of                                                  Analyze the impact of ideas,
                    technology and methods of          communication through                                               information, and technology
                    transferring ideas and             present day technology                                              on global interdependence
                    information

                    G.3.5.4                            G.3.6.4                            G.3.7.2                          G.3.8.3
                    Recognize the concepts of          Distinguish between interstate     Investigate the infrastructure   Analyze changes in
                    interstate, intrastate,            and intrastate transportation      of population centers            infrastructure brought about
                    infrastructure, and                and the effects globalization                                       by globalization
                    globalization                      has on these methods of
                                                       transportation

37
                                               Geography: Interaction of People and the Environment 5-8
                                                 Social Studies Curriculum Framework Revised 2006
                                                         Arkansas Department of Education
                                                              Amended November 2007
                                                  st
Key: G.3.5.1 = Geography. Standard 3. Grade 5. 1 Student Learning Expectation
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