International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL

International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL
International projects
on sustainable forest management
Issue 7 –­­­January 2019
International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL
greet ings

Dear Readers,

Our forests are one of nature’s most valuable resources and it is therefore of great importance
that we actively work to preserve them. This project letter on internationally sustainable forest
management will give you an insight into the ways in which my ministry is actively working with
other institutions to protect forests internationally, campaigning for their sustainable cultivation
and reforesting woodlands that have been destroyed.

One thing is certain: without our forests to act as gigantic carbon reservoirs as well as the
sustainable use of wood as a climate-neutral and versatile raw material, we will never achieve
international climate goals. It is vital that we implement internationally coordinated strategies
to successfully adapt our forests to new climatic challenges, to stop illegal logging and wherever
possible promote the regeneration of destroyed forests and sustainable forestry. Bringing
specialists and experts together through networking and supporting the exchange of scientific
knowledge play a fundamental role.

International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL
greet ings

Working together with international organisations and partners from the scientific,
industrial and political fields, my ministry promotes knowledge transfer and expert
networking. We are active in European as well as worldwide committees and lobbies
thereby helping to shape the political processes that promote sustainable forestry
and preserve multi-functional forests and a legal and fair wood trade.

Our dedication is providing a substantial contribution to the goals of the inter-
national community formulated, for example, in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
Development and the United Nations Strategic Plan for Forests adopted in 2017.

In the following pages you will find some examples of our activities and
our numerous projects.

Wishing you an enjoyable and exciting read!

Julia Klöckner
Federal Minister for Food and Agriculture

International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL

Greeting 2

Introduction 6

1 International forest policy 8

2 Sustainable forest management 12

3	Resilience and adaptation to climate change 16

4 Combating illegal logging 20

5	Knowledge transfer,
   network building and research 24

Project list 28

Abbreviations 31

Imprint 32

International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL
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International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL





                                                                                        Myanmar                   Laos
                                              Belize                                         Thailand             Philippines
                                                                                            Cambodia               Viet Nam
                                                   Trinidad and Tobago
                                                     Guyana                                                        Malaysia
                                   Ecuador                                           Kenya    Indonesia
                                                                          of the                                                Papua
                                       Peru                                                                                     New Guinea
                                                                          Congo      Zambia

    Cooperation projects with
    selected partner countries
    (bilateral projects)
    Measures of projects
    with international organisations
    (pilot projects)
    Bilateral and pilot projects

International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL

Introduction                                                 sustainable forest management worldwide and combat
                                                             illegal logging and illegal timber trading. Expertise in
                                                             appropriate, long-term use of forests is disseminated
Around the world, forests fulfil a pivotal function in       worldwide through research and initial and continuing
mitigating climate change, protect soils against erosion     training measures. Projects, which are usually pilot
and make an important contribution to food secu-             schemes, are based on the principle of ‘conservation
rity. Timber is a high-quality construction material         through use’. The findings and results are disseminated
and an alternative source of fuel and, alongside many        via publications, workshops and follow-on projects to
non-wood products, can be made available through             enable as many people as possible to benefit.
sustainable forest management without damaging the
complex ecosystem that forests represent. Forests on         On the project development and implementation side,
the outskirts of towns and cities also fulfil an important   BMEL receives technical and administrative support
recreational function. Maintaining or, where necessary,      from the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale
restoring multi-functional forests requires measures         Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, GFA Consulting Group
tailored to local circumstances and needs. Extreme           GmbH and Germany’s Federal Office for Agriculture
weather events can cause enormous damage as the              and Food (BLE).
result of storms, fires and pest infestation. We can and
must respond to these risks with targeted silvicultural      As well as cooperating with international organisations,
measures. Research, policy and practice all have a part      BMEL implements cooperation projects in the field of
to play in tackling these challenges. BMEL’s interna-        food and agriculture with selected partner countries
tional projects support partner countries and partner        as part of its bilateral cooperation programme (www.
institutions in this vital work.                   

Germany’s Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture
(BMEL) finances projects that promote the concept of

International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL
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    1             International
                  forest policy
                  Around the world, forests play a vital role. The timber
                  trade crosses national borders. The conservation,
                  enhancement and expansion of the various functions of
                  forest ecosystems – ranging from climate change mitigation
                  and biodiversity conservation to economic factors –
                  are enshrined in international regulations and agreements.

International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL

Besides oceans and soil, forests are the most important          The international community has agreed to protect
ecosystems when it comes to regulating Earth’s carbon            and sustainably manage existing forests and to reforest
sinks, so they make a major contribution to climate              and rehabilitate damaged forests. European policy
change mitigation. This contribution is reflected in the         processes such as the Action Programme to Combat
Paris Climate Agreement and in the Sustainable Devel-            Illegal Logging and international agreements are
opment Goals laid down in the 2030 Agenda.                       designed to help conserve forests and their multifunc-
                                                                 tionality in the long term.

   BMEL coordinates the German Federal Govern-
   ment’s international forest policy; it is a member
   of a variety of international bodies concerned
   with this issue and is involved in negotiations.
   The German Government’s aim in this context
   is to work with its EU partners to make interna-
   tional processes more coherent and to harness
   potential synergies when implementing national

                                          Tropical rainforest
                                                     in Brazil

International projects on sustainable forest management - Issue 7 - January 2019 - BMEL

The following projects contribute recent research find-        erosion. Reforming forest and timber trade policies
ings to policy-making and help disseminate interna-            is essential to this. To intensify the dialogue, BMEL
tional targets for forest conservation.                        has set up a permanent forest policy advice centre
                                                               within the Sino-German Agricultural Centre. Pilot
  Political dialogue and bilateral exchange with part-         approaches to multi-functional forest management
  ner countries to support reform initiatives, intensify       are being trialled in a number of provinces in China
  cooperation and, where desirable, facilitate advice.         and the results disseminated via the country’s State
  BMEL’s existing agricultural policy dialogue with            Forestry and Grassland Administration.
  Ukraine and Russia has been expanded to include a            Sino-German Forest Policy Dialogue Intensification
  forestry component. In Russia, the project promotes
  discussion of issues of forest policy and an exchange     →	Financed by a trust fund with contributions from
  of forestry professionals. In Ukraine, it gives prior-       several European countries, forestry research
  ity to a national forest inventory as a crucial policy       findings are evaluated and presented to political
  management tool.                                             decision-makers. Through events with high-ranking
  Russian-German Agricultural Dialogue –                       participants and publications on current issues in
  Forestry Component                                           forest management, this supports political deci-
  Ukrainian-German Agricultural Dialogue –                     sion-making with sound academic knowledge.
  Forestry Component                                           The fund is administered by the European Forest
                                                               Institute (EFI).
→	China is facing major challenges in its forest sector.      Multi Donor Trust Fund for Policy Support
   Restoring and developing productive, multi-func-
   tional forests and managing them sustainably is
   intended to preserve timber stocks in the long
   term. Moreover, forests can help to mitigate cli-
   mate change, preserve biodiversity and combat


→	In Ecuador, the Philippines and Zambia, the efficien-   →	Which challenges does international forest policy
   cy of procedures for managing deforestation and            face? What has been the experience of experts, and
   afforestation processes is being studied. The contri-      what might possible future strategies and options
   bution made by forests to ecosystems is assessed fi-       look like? The European Forest Institute has dis-
   nancially and the impact of compensation payments          cussed these questions with 35 high-ranking re-
   for forest maintenance and reforestation is being          searchers and practitioners from various countries.
   researched. Possible scenarios for forest develop-         Using the innovative project approach comprising
   ment are simulated using geoinformation systems,           surveys, an online study and a workshop, the input
   remote sensing data and household surveys.                 from the experts has been evaluated scientifically,
   Towards policy approaches for improving livelihoods,       promoting exchange between the stakeholders
   sustainable forest management and conservation in          involved and particularly between academics and
   selected countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa       practitioners. The ideas and survey results generated
   (LaForeT)                                                  are being compiled in a publication to be launched
                                                              in early 2019 as part of two events.
                                                              New frontiers in global forest governance –
                                                              from lessons learned to future options

                                                           Processing timber
                                                           within the forest

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     2            Sustainable
                  forest management
                  ‘Sustainable forest management as a dynamic and
                  continually developing concept aims to maintain and
                  enhance the economic, social and environmental value
                  of all kinds of forest for the benefit of present and future
                  generations.’ (United Nations Forum on Forests 2007)


Commercial use of forests and the protection of bio-
diversity are not mutually exclusive notions, nor does
commercial use reduce the contribution of forests
to mitigating climate change. Sustainable manage-
ment preserves the multifunctionality of forests. This
approach, which has long been in use in Germany,
also promotes the long-term and multi-functional use
of forests in other countries. Concepts that promote
sustainable management and research findings that
contribute to their sustainable use are the focus of the
following projects:

                                Training in the use of measuring
                                       instruments in Viet Nam


→	German development cooperation has been pro-              While the Academy teaches theoretical knowledge,
   moting sustainable forest management in Viet Nam          the neighbouring certified state forest operation
   for more than 10 years. In collaboration with the         Truong Son offers practical training. Ongoing
   Vietnamese Academy of Forest Sciences (VAFS),             advisory services for this state-run forestry com-
   a wide-ranging curriculum and materials for               pany are helping to ensure its long-term survival
   in-service training of teachers are being developed.      as a demonstration plot.
                                                             Promotion of sustainable forest management in state
                                                             forest enterprises in Viet Nam

                                                          →	Agroforestry is not a significant sector in Europe.
                                                             In many countries around the world, however,
 A tree nursery in Viet Nam
                                                             forests not only produce timber but are also used
                                                             to grow and harvest fruit, coffee and nuts, which is
                                                             crucial to their preservation. Training for experi-
                                                             enced smallholder farmers to equip them to operate
                                                             as multipliers helps disseminate good agroforestry
                                                             practices. At the same time, efforts are made to in-
                                                             crease the number of trees managed by smallholder
                                                             farmers to help stop exploitation of existing natural
                                                             forests for charcoal production.
                                                             Promotion of agroforestry for the production of wood
                                                             and non-wood forest products in Zambia


→	Conservation of biodiversity and other aspects of
   nature conservation do not necessarily prevent the
   use of forests for commercial purposes. Training
   plots known as Marteloscopes and associated soft-
   ware demonstrate the scope for sustainable forest
   management and nature conservation. With this
   special software and expert guidance, forestry and
   nature conservation experts can use virtual train-
   ing to optimise biodiversity maintenance and at
   the same time use timber resources. Training plots
   enable forestry workers and conservationists alike in
   many European countries to access training oppor-
   tunities and to combine both sets of aims meaning-
   fully as part of multi-functional forest management.
   To ensure that decision-makers also have access to
   findings in this crucial area, a Europe-wide network
   called INTEGRATE is being supported.
   Integrated Forest Management Learning
   Architecture (InForMAr)

                                Tablet with software to simulate
                         environmentally sustainable timber use

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     3            Resilience and
                  adaptation to
                  climate change
                  Extreme weather events in the European summer of 2018
                  and the devastating wildfires in many European countries
                  have demonstrated that forests need to be adapted to
                  changing conditions.


There is a growing risk of storms, forest fires and pest
infestation as a result of climate change. To protect
and preserve forests, long-term measures are needed to
adapt to changing conditions: increasing the number
of resilient species in healthy mixed forests is one way
of countering these risks. However, even short-term
measures can, for example, help protect against or fight
large fires. Research in these areas, knowledge exchange
and mutual support in tackling damage is designed to
help increase forest resilience to climate change across
Europe and to boost adaptation to its impact.

                                        Forest exercise in a
                                     Marteloscope in France


→	With the aim of improving expertise in sustainable
   forest management in multi-functional forests and       In its Resilience blog, the European Forest
   enhancing cooperation, the European Commission          Institute (EFI) reports on projects, activities and
   is promoting forward-looking approaches. In five        recent research findings. Contributions consider
   current projects as part of the Sumforest framework,    the risks to forests and forest management from
   German research institutions work with Euro-            a number of perspectives and explore options for
   pean neighbours to develop approaches to foster         tackling them. Other issues include integrating
   resilience and adaptation to climate change and to      nature conservation in sustainable forest manage-
   promote a joint forest policy. The following research   ment and enhancing forest resilience to protect their
   projects are under way in cooperation with 13 Euro-     long-term multifunctionality. Forests near towns
   pean countries:                                         and cities are a further theme: they contribute to
   Polyfores, FOREXCLIM, REFORM, ForRISK, REFORCE          our health and recreation.


                                                                                       Pines following forest
                                                                                       fires in Brandenburg


→	The persistent drought in 2018 in Europe caused
   extensive forest fires, including regions previously
   unaffected by such fires. A further consequence of
   the drought is a serious bark beetle infestation of
   trees weakened by a shortage of water. These exam-
   ples illustrate the need to respond to forest damage
   and to take measures to minimise losses. A Europe-
   an network of researchers and forest practitioners is
   intended to promote a rapid and targeted exchange
   in these topics. Experts also make their knowledge
   and experience available when new cases of damage
   arise and provide advice on controlling this or the
   reforestation of affected areas.
   Sustaining and Enhancing Resilience of European
   Forests (SURE)

                                 Controlled fires to reduce fine
                                         combustible material

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     4            Combating
                  illegal logging
                  Illegal logging hampers sustainable forest management
                  and development of forest management that enables
                  individuals to earn a living and protect nature and the
                  climate in the long term.


Illegal logging harms forest management at local level.             These methods can support the implementation of
Since it pursues short-term goals and fails to take                 statutory measures on legal trading between timber
sufficient account of environmental aspects and long-               supplying counties and the European Union (EUTR).
term goals, it is incompatible with sustainable forest              They also make a major contribution to the EU’s part-
management. Timber is traded on the world market,                   nership agreement with producer countries (FLEGT)
so schemes to combat illegal logging and illegal timber             and comparable regulations in other states.
trading are also internationally based.

A contribution to combating illegal logging and the
illegal trade of timber, for example, is made by precisely
tracing the origin of timber using laboratory processes
across the supply chain, from raw timber to the pro-
cessed final product. Tracing the illegal financial flows
that arise from large-scale illegal timber trade can help
to avoid them. Developing the skills of staff of the
relevant agencies in export and import countries can
help combat illegal trade in timber.

                               Introducing traceability of timber
                                       supply chains in Morocco


                             →	The Global Timber Tracking Network (GTTN)
                                connects research bodies, specialist laboratories,
                                non-governmental organisations and state bodies to
                                collaborate to improve the identification and tracea-
                                bility of timber. The network operates with innova-
                                tive technologies such as DNA analysis, stable isotope
                                analysis and mass spectrometry. The results enable
                                the combating of illegal timber trade. An interactive
                                internet platform helps to identify specialised labo-
                                ratories and the institutions involved in the network.
                                An open online database will shortly provide refer-
                                ence data for a range of methods for identifying the
                                origin of timber. These include, for example, genetic
                                fingerprinting of many different tree species.
                                Global Timber Tracking Network (Phase 2)

                             GTTN interactive
                             online platform


→	To increase the benefits from cedar forests in the        wide interest and have already been run in a num-
   Ifrane National Park in Morocco, the project im-          ber of South-East Asian countries. The approach –
   plements training for cooperatives in the areas of        investigating environmental crime through illegal
   timber cropping and occupational safety. A further        financial flows – is also used in other sectors, such as
   focus of the project is a traceability system for cedar   the ivory trade.
   wood to prevent illegal logging and illegal timber        To establish a regional training initiative in South­
   trading. Using the appropriate technical equip-           East Asia and build capacity for member countries to
   ment and following skills development for all staff,      conduct investigations of illegal logging proceeds
   around 20,000 trees to be felled were recorded and
   barcoded in 2018. Extending the traceability system
   to national level is currently at the planning stage in
   cooperation with the Moroccan High Commissioner
   for Water, Forests and Anti-Desertification.
   Contribution to the Sustainable Management
                                                              Documenting timber
   of Cedar Forests in Ifrane National Park                   origins in Peru

→	For the densely forested countries of South-East
   Asia, the timber trade makes an important contri-
   bution to the economy. Hence, stopping illegal trade
   in timber is crucial. INTERPOL carries out training
   courses designed to investigate crime involving
   illegal financial flows in the forestry sector. Raising
   awareness and developing the skills of staff of offi-
   cial agencies and state prosecutors can curb illegal
   timber trading. The training courses have attracted

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     5            Knowledge transfer,
                  network building
                  and research


Forests in different climate zones, ecosystems and
economic systems have different aspects. Preserving             The Directive on Promoting Bilateral Research Co-
and sustainably managing forests face challenges                operation and Knowledge Sharing for International
accordingly. Preservation and restoration of multi-             Sustainable Forest Management (FinW) has been
functional forests is of both local and international           in existence since 2016. This instrument enables
interest.                                                       research institutes, councils, associations and other
                                                                organisations to apply for funding for research pro-
As in many other areas, the forestry sector also benefits       jects and subsidies for training, events and travel as
from sharing approaches, experience and knowledge,              part of the international exchange between forestry
which help disseminate and strengthen positive trends.          experts.
Networks, training and exchange programmes sup-
ported by BMEL are therefore focused both at local and          It is currently being reviewed with a view to
international level targeting forest practice and forest        strengthening the sharing of knowledge in the area
policy. This meets the high demand for German                   of forest management.
forestry know-how.
                                                                Information and forms are available from:


→	International exchange between forestry experts is as      forest issues is supported through the exchange of
   well supported by funding consultations of German          representatives of the German Forestry Council e.V.
   forestry experts at the request of a partner institution   (DWFR). To strengthen responsible and sustainable
   abroad and by funding on the job training for foreign      resource management, delegation visits in Kazakh-
   experts in Germany. Over the past year, a specific         stan, Romania, Russia and Zambia were organised as
   issue or a current need for advice formed the basis        part of the programme in 2018.
   for five bursaries and three official visits. Sharing of   Forest Expert Program – Exchange for Sustainablity
   experience and knowledge transfer with a focus on          ProInFo

 Training on using residual timber
 for cooking in Zambia
                                                              At an international work camp, young adults
                                                              considered sustainable forest use in the Amazonas
                                                              region of Brazil and in Germany by means of bilateral
                                                              visits. The experience and expertise surrounding
                                                              sustainable forest management and use of different
                                                              types of forest have fed into information and train-
                                                              ing materials for students.

                                                              These materials can be downloaded
                                                              via the Schutzgemeinschaft Deutscher Wald.


→	Storage of carbon by forests and soil can make a
   crucial contribution to mitigating climate change.
   International policy initiatives and financing mecha-
   nisms are intended to help realise the potential.
   The necessary knowledge is imparted in a three-
   week intensive course at Freiburg University. BMEL
   supports the participation of 15 forestry experts from
   developing countries and emerging economies, who
   act as multipliers.
   Capacity Building in the field of sustainable forest
   management and carbon forestry for international
   forest experts

→	Serbia’s Forest Directorate is given advice on inno-
   vative methods for forest management planning
   and monitoring. Initial and continuing training for
   forestry experts and technicians is supported by
   means of improvements to curricula and trainings.
   This support is embedded in the procedural rules of
   Serbia’s Chamber of Forestry and therefore ensures
   good training in the long term.
   Promotion of vocational education and training
   in the Serbian forest sector

                                     Training forestry experts
                                                     in Serbia   27
List of projects
     Implementing organisation          Project title                                                                       Project term

1    German Institute                   Development of an ISO standard for supply chain certification of wood and           01.2014 – 12.2019
     for Standardization e.V.           wood products (global)

2    Thünen Institute                   Large-scale collection of genetic reference data for verification of the origin     10.2014 – 10.2019
                                        of timber (Africa and South America)

3    FAO                                Ensuring long-term productivity of lowland tropical forests in the Caribbean        10.2014 – 09.2019

4    Hamburg University                 Contribution to the further development of an international standard for            11.2014 – 10.2020
                                        timber-based value chains and to the ‘State of European Forests’ report

5    WWF                                Sustainable forest management in East Malaysia                                      12.2014 – 12.2018

6    Thünen Institute                   Towards policy approaches for improving livelihoods, sustainable forest man-        07.2015 – 06.2020
                                        agement and conservation in selected countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America

7    European Forest Institute          SFM approaches to foster FLEGT and REDD+ interactions (SAFARI)                      09.2015 – 12.2018

8    German Forest Society              Forest Expert Program – Exchange for Sustainability                                 10.2015 – 12.2019
     (Deutscher Forstverein e. V.)

9    UNIQUE forestry and land use and   Promotion of sustainable private forest use in Kenya                                12.2015 – 03.2018

10   INTERPOL                           To establish a regional training initiative in South-East Asia and build capacity   04.2016 – 09.2019
                                        for member countries to conduct investigations of illegal logging proceeds

11   European Forest Institute          Global Timber Tracking Network (GTTN – Phase 2)                                     11.2016 – 12.2019


     Implementing organisation            Project title                                                                       Project term

12   German Forestry Council (DFWR)       ProInFo – Transfer of German expertise for international sustainable                03.2017 – 12.2020
                                          forest management

13   PIK – Potsdam Institute for          The effects of climate change on European forests – the influence of abiotic and    03.2017 – 03.2020
     Climate Impact Research e.V. and     biotic factors on resilience of forests to prolonged drought (REFORCE)
     Regensburg University

14   Munich University                    Managing mixed plantations to improve resilience and reduce risk (REFORM)           03.2017 – 03.2020

15   UNIQUE forestry and land use         Promotion of vocational education and training in the Serbian forestry sector       11.2017 – 08.2019
     and Hessen-Forst

16   Munich University                    Effects of extreme events on forests in the context of climate change               03.2017 – 12.2020

17   Freiburg University                  Risk assessment, economic evaluation and development of optimised treatment         03.2017 – 03.2020
                                          strategies for adapting spruce and fir plantations to extreme drought (ForRISK)

18   Max Planck Institute for Chemistry   Establishment of the Regional Fire Management Resource Center –                     03.2017 – 07.2019
                                          South-East Asia Region in Indonesia (RFMRC-SEA)

19   Freiburg University                  Decision-making support for forest ecosystem services (Polyfores)                   03.2017 – 03.2020

20   Deutsche Forstservice GmbH (DFS)     Promotion of sustainable forest management in state forest enterprises              04.2017 – 03.2020
     and Hessen-Forst                     in Viet Nam

21   European Forest Institute            Integrated Forest Management Learning Architecture (InForMar)                       04.2017 – 03.2020


     Implementing organisation       Project title                                                                 Project term

22   European Forest Institute       Sustaining and Enhancing Resilience of European Forests (SURE)                09.2017 – 08.2020

23   SNV Netherlands Development     Promotion of agroforestry for the production of wood and non-wood forest      11.2017 – 10.2020
     Organisation                    products in Katete District, Eastern Province of Zambia

24   Eticwood                        Contribution to the Sustainable Management of Cedar Forests in Ifrane         12.2017 – 12.2018
                                     National Park, Morocco

25   European Forest Institute       New frontiers in global forest governance – from lessons learned to future    12.2017 – 12.2018
                                     options (FuGo)

26   European Forest Institute       Multi Donor Trust Fund for Policy Support                                     01.2018 – 12.2020

27   Ekosem Beratung GmbH            Russian-German Agricultural Policy Dialogue – Forestry Component              03.2018 – 12.2018

28   IAK Agrar Consulting GmbH       Ukrainian-German Agricultural Policy Dialogue – Forestry Component            04.2018 – 12.2018

29   Freiburg University             Capacity Building in the field of sustainable forest management and carbon    11.2018 – 10.2021
                                     forestry for international forest experts

30   International Tropical Timber   Enhancing Conservation and Sustainable Management of Teak Forests and Legal   11.2018 – 10.2021
     Organization (ITTO)             and Sustainable Wood Supply Chains in the Greater Mekong Sub-region

31   GIZ                             Sino-German Forest Policy Dialogue Intensification                            12.2018 – 11.2021

32   European Forest Institute       Global student networking and green jobs in the forestry sector               12.2018 – 11.2021


BLE	   Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung
       Federal Office for Agriculture and Food
BMEL   Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft
       Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture
DFS	   Deutsche Forstservice GmbH
DFWR	 Deutscher Forstwirtschaftsrat e. V.
	German Forestry Council
DNA    Deoxyribonucleic acid; carries genetic information
EFI	European Forest Institute
EU	European Union
EUTR	EU Timber Regulation
FAO	   Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FLEGT	 Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade
GIZ    Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
GTTN	Global Timber Tracking Network
ISO	   International Organization for Standardization
REDD+	Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation
SDW	Schutzgemeinschaft Deutscher Wald
SFM	Sustainable Forest Management
WWF    World Wide Fund For Nature

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