Collaborative Partnerships

                    Call for proposals 2019


                 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

       Urban Orienteering as a Grassroots Sport in Europe

                    (To be attached to the eForm)

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Part D - Organisations and activities

D.1. Aims and activities of organisations

Please provide a short presentation of your organisation (key activities, affiliations, size of the organisation,
etc.) relating to the area covered by the project.
Please provide this information for all organisations participating in the project (coordinator and partners).

Coordinator: Deutscher Turner-Bund (DTB), German Gymnastics Federation

The DTB is the second biggest German sport federation with more than 5 million members organized in
more than 21.000 clubs and 22 regional organisations. The success of the DTB is mainly based on the
voluntary work of the members that has developed into the creation of a successful sport club culture in
Germany. The DTB represents three national and international Olympic sports (Artistic Gymnastics,
Rhythmic Gymnastics and Trampoline), four other individual sports and six team sports, all aimed at the
increase of physical activation of citizens. This makes the DTB to be the biggest “Sport for All” (SfA)
organization in Germany with a wide range of offers for all age groups and fitness conditions. Since the DTB
foundation over 200 years ago, a main focus is putted on the field “health and fitness” and “Sport for All”,
represented in its logo/slogan of the 4Fs (Frisch, Fromm, Fröhlich, Frei – Fresh, Devoted, Happy and Free).

Orienteering is one of the DTB sports, and the only one with a greater nature component. Its capacity to
adopt to different target groups inviting the whole family to exercise and its different variants (foot,
mountain bike, ski) and settings (forest, urban) makes it a top activity in the field of Sport for All.
DTB is strongly committed to the promotion of sport activities that include all citizens to participate not only
in the physical activities but also in the planning, coordination and execution of activities as volunteers. By
promoting volunteer’s involvement in their sport clubs, DTB encourages the acquisition of new skills,
providing equal opportunities for all and raising awareness about the importance of health enhancing
physical activity (HEPA). This commitment is proved by the many projects and campaigns in which DTB is
involved at national and European levels, making DTB undoubtedly the driving force of HEPA and SfA in the
sport sector of Germany.


Dansk Orientering-Forbund (DOF)
Dansk Orienterings-Forbund (DOF) is the national Orienteering Association in Denmark. It is recognized as
the orienteering association for Denmark by the International Orienteering Federation (IOF), of which it is
a member. The association was founded in 1950 and is a member of Danmarks Idræts-forbund (DIF). DOF
has 72 associated clubs and 7.000 members, distributed over 5 regions in Denmark. DOF is experienced in
coordinating and facilitating large multi-cultural projects and events. At the headquarters in Copenhagen
we have an experienced and highly competent group of project managers and trainers, who are eager to
take the leadership in project management of the work packages assigned as well as other functions such
as event organization, fundraising, coordination, etc.
The DOF has a world leading position in Urban Orienteering. One of the reasons are that Denmark (unlike
the rest of Scandinavia - lacking large forest areas) has developed skills in difficult urban terrains. This
includes mapping almost every town in Denmark with detailed 1:4000 scale maps of the city centers.
Together with this, Denmark launched a School Orienteering project in 2017 which is based on education
material, school maps and on-line training materials used by pupils and students in grammar schools in 99
Danish schools in almost every urban town area in the country. As a national sporting Federation, the DOF
has the most updated knowledge about digital materials used for training of young people in urban areas.

Český svaz orientačních sportů
Orienteering sports have a long tradition in the Czech Republic (since 1968) and have strong membership
over 13.200 registered athletes in 217 clubs spread over the whole country. In the Czech Orienteering
Federation (CZE) there are about 300 competitions annually organized in all four disciplines (foot
orienteering, mountain bike orienteering, ski orienteering and trail orienteering) by the clubs. Within each
competition there are also open categories for all, which has regularly about 100 participants. CZE of its
own is also well experienced in organising high level orienteering events – 2013 Junior World Championships

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in Hradec Králové, 2016 European Championships in Jeseník, 2018 World Cup Final in Prague and the World
Championship 2021 in Doksy will follow. The course of the Year 2018 selected by IOF was the middle-
distance WC Final in Prague. CZE has also many successful elite athletes who are able to perform on the
highest level, which encourages young citizens to try out and practice orienteering. Every year there are
about 200 new special orienteering maps produced by the Czech clubs. There is long term successful project
“Education maps” (since 2007), which offers mapping for schools and children clubs, each year there is 50
new maps produced. In 2018 the project developing orienteering programs for Czech curriculum
“Experience Your Hometown” supported by EU-funds has started.

Slovenský zväz orientačných športov
Slovak Orienteering Association (SOA) is the national association of sport clubs focused on different
orienteering sports. It unifies and represents four orienteering sports: foot orienteering, ski orienteering,
mountain bike orienteering and trail orienteering. It has long time history; its foundation is dated back to
1968. The activities are done on local level (Western, Central and Eastern regions) and national level.
Orienteering is a small sport in Slovakia: the SOA unifies all 21 orienteering clubs and around 600 registered
runners. The clubs organize each year around 50 competitions on local level and 15 competitions on national
level. Runners regularly represent the country in International competitions. In 2020 SOA will host the World
Masters Orienteering Championship in Košice, Eastern Slovakia with around 5000 participants. The clubs
produce around 70 new maps each year located in different parts of the country.
In Slovakia there are several clubs focusing on the work with children and families on the grassroots level.
Some of them, like Sokol Pezinok, Farmaceut Bratislava and SK Sandberg Bratislava are not only keeping
regular trainings during the week, but also organizing each year summer training camps for children and
beginners in orienteering in Slovakia and also in Czech Republic. Through these activities many people
understand orienteering as sport suitable not only for children but also for all ages, categories and
performance levels. These systematic activities result in a growing number of people dealing with
orienteering and enjoying the benefits of being physically active. SOA has a devoted team of trainers working
with young people, spreading the Orienteering in Slovakia.

Belgian Orienteering Federation (ABSO-BVOS)
The Association Belge des Sports D´Orientation / Belgische Verband voor Orientatiesporten was established
in 1964 and is composed by 2 regional leagues: FRSO for the French/German speaking side, Orienteering
Vlaanderen for Flanders. Foot orienteering is the major orienteering activity in Belgium. In total, the
association has 15 clubs and around 1.800 regular members. Every year, the clubs organise about 85-90
competitions at the official calendar, plus almost as many open local events (something between local
competitions and trainings). A national event involves more than 450 participants, a regional event between
150 and 250 participants. Belgium also organised a World Cup event in 2002 in the province Luxemburg.

Deutscher Orientierungssport-Verband (DOSV)
Members of the DOSV (German Orienteering Federation) are active orienteering clubs. The DOSV aims on
strengthening all International Orienteering Federation (IOF) orienteering sports in Germany - that implies
foot orienteering, mountain bike orienteering, ski orienteering and trail orienteering. The DOSV is a young
and independent federation, founded in 2014.
The reason for founding the DOSV as a new federation besides the DTB (German Gymnastics Federation)
- so far, the only organization representing orienteering in Germany - were the special requirements of all
orienteering disciplines. They can be faced best in most cases by a specialized federation which cooperates
with a multi-sports organization like the DTB in Germany. Today the DOSV takes full responsibility for an
own competition registration system (O-Manager), the national ranking system and the German orienteering
homepage as well as for the IOF-membership (fifty-fifty arrangement together with DTB) and for a number
of national competitions which DTB cannot organize. The DOSV wants to get more people in Germany
interested in orienteering - aiming on an easy and low-cost access to orienteering without special limitations.
Up to now about 30 orienteering clubs (representing more than 1.500 active athletes) are members of the
DOSV. They represent more than 2/3 of the clubs which are involved in organizing national events on a
regular basis.
The DOSV was involved in the DTB-Project: Orientierungssport in Großstädten und Ballungsräumen –
Konzept für eine naturverträgliche Sportausübung, (Orienteering in big cities and metropolitan areas –
concept for a sport in line with nature), financed by the DOSB (Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund). The

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ANGEBOTE, wich can be obtained at the DOSB. Former projects dealt with environmental effects of
orienteering and methods of easy access to orienteering.
From the international point of view, German orienteering has a lot of informal contacts and coworking with
partners of the surrounding states. For instance, a regular two days event is organized together by Czech
und German clubs.

D.2. Previous sport projects

If the applicant organisation has received financial support in the framework of sport preparatory actions
(2009-2013) or Erasmus+ Sport calls for proposals, please provide references in the table below.
Please add tables if necessary.
Reference number                   2018-0484/001-001
Title of the project               European Week of Sport
Project dates (from/to)            01.03.2018 – 31.12.2018
Role of organisation               National Coordinator
Please provide a short summary of the project outcomes and describe if and how the new proposal seeks
to build on them.
During 2018 DTB successfully coordinated the European Week of Sport in Germany. In a brief summary
EWoS in Germany during 2018 organized 89 events, at 223 locations including 9 #BeActive Nights. DTB
fruitfully created alliances with 16 partners and was awarded with #the BeActive Local Hero Award.
2019 is as well in the preparation phase.

Orienteering activities are in the strategy of DTB dissemination of activities during the
European Week of Sport. The project will highlight this European campaign as a milestone for
implementation of orienteering activities.

Reference number                   590350-EPP-1-201-1-DE-SPO-SCP
Title of the project               European Fitness Badge II – Dissemination, Evaluation and
Project dates (from/to)            01.01.2018 – 31.12.2019
Role of organisation               Applicant and Coordinator
Please provide a short summary of the project outcomes and describe if and how the new proposal seeks
to build on them.
Currently taking place, the EFB II continues in a sustainable way raising the awareness of the adult
population in Europe of the importance of health enhancing physical activity by utilising the motivating
elements of a personal fitness test - including a differentiated feedback of the actual fitness status and an
individual counselling. The European Fitness Badge will therefore be able to give a significant contribution
to the implementation of the EU Physical Activity Guidelines, and a tool that can be replicated and taken up
by other stakeholders throughout and beyond the project lifetime.
At the moment the, EFB Online Data Platform has been translated to 5 languages (Spanish, German, Danish,
Slovenian and Bulgarian) proving an even more personal feedback to all participants of EFB events, in both,
big and small settings.
All education material developed during EFB I are being updated and improved, adding as well new tool for
the training of the EFB trainers. Education seminars have been taking place in all project partners countries,
and the EFB Certification is part of most education schemes of these countries.
At the moment more than 5000 Europeans have taken the European Fitness Badge, and the number keeps
increasing daily.

DTB uses the EFB as a tool to disseminate along their 22 regional organizations, providing all
clubs in Germany access to it. The same strategy will be implemented for the dissemination of
Orienteering as a grassroots sport.

Reference number                 572862-EPP-1-2016-1-DK-SPO-SCP
Title of the project             European Fitness Day

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Project dates (from/to)            01.01.2016 – 30.09.2017
Role of organisation               Partner
Please provide a short summary of the project outcomes and describe if and how the new proposal seeks
to build on them.
The European Fitness Day 2016 Collaborative Partnership demonstrated “good practice” of a European
initiative on aiming to tackle the declining levels of participation in sport and physical activity in Europe, and
in particular delivering promotion of the European Week of Sport in its second year.
Beyond promoting the European Week of Sport, European Fitness Day 2016, provided specific opportunities
to European citizens to be active, raised awareness of the importance and celebrated the role played by
physical activity in improving the health of citizens.
Key European Fitness Day results are as follows:
• 23 participating countries
• 294 participating cities
• 837 registered MOVE Agents (Fitness centres and Sport clubs)
• 19 000 events (18 000 from ukactive National Fitness Day 2016)
• Around 170 publications and radio interviews promoting European Fitness Day
• Around 895 volunteers
• 8 Flagship events
• 3 Supporting municipal bodies
• 2 Supporting Ministries

This project provided the DTB a clear strategy on how to implement specific sport activities
into broader campaigns. A similar approach is the one taken by this project.

Reference number                  2016-1142/001-001
Title of the project              European Week of Sport
Project dates (from/to)           01.03.2016 – 31.12.2016
Role of organisation              National Coordinator
Please provide a short summary of the project outcomes and describe if and how the new proposal seeks
to build on them.
In 2016 the DTB was for the first time the National Coordinator EWoS in Germany.
In four pre-events we offered the challenge “4XF Games” – a competition for youth and young grownup in
the field of Functional Training. The idea was to present an attractive, trendy challenge to motivate young
people to be physically active on a regular basis – and preferably with like-minded people in a sports club.
337 participants took part in the competition “4XF Games” and more than 1.000 spectators were excited.
From these 337 participants 80 persons were qualified to participate in the main EWoS event (key event)
in Berlin. Parallel to these events we developed recommendations concerning the type of event and the
content or the message:
• A “day of the open doors/Fitness Day”,
• The “challenge Fitness” (the “light” version of the 4XF Games),
• The “challenge Dance” (with the FlashMove of ISCA and UEG) or
• The “challenge Endurance” (with running, walking or hiking).
We had also many companies supporting us by setting the link to our website and by organizing own events.
At the end 283 EWoS-events were registered. Most of the events were “days of the open doors” (55%),
followed by the “challenge Fitness” (18%). 11 events were education events for instructors. At the end
38.600 persons were physical active. The main EWoS-event Education (1. Saarbrücker Turn- und
Sportkongress) took place in Saarbrücken from 24 - 25 of September. 500 participants – club managers
and instructors - took part.

Orienteering activities are in the strategy of DTB dissemination of activities during the
European Week of Sport. The project will highlight this European campaign as a milestone for
implementation of orienteering activities.

Reference number                  557244-EPP-1-2014-1-DE-SPO-ECP
Title of the project              European Fitness Badge
Project dates (from/to)           01.01.2015 – 30.06.2017
Role of organisation              Applicant and Coordinator

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Please provide a short summary of the project outcomes and describe if and how the new proposal seeks
to build on them.
The European Fitness Badge (EFB I) successfully come to a temporary end (in terms of project time frame)
with a full and complete set of deliverables. These ones reflect the objectives set by the project partners
when starting the development of the EFB and to which they have worked during the project time frame.
The main objective pursued by the project was the “promotion of voluntary activities in sport, together with
social inclusion, equal opportunities and awareness of the importance of health-enhancing physical activity
through increased participation in, and equal access, to sport for all”. With this headline as a trigger, the
EFB collaborative partnership has achieved and developed tangible and intangible outcomes. In a way of
summarizing the objectives proposed and accomplished, it first and most important outcome is the
development of the Badge itself.
The development of the European Fitness Badge in itself, achieved the overall objective of the project,
expressed as the “increment of citizen participation in sport and physical activity across Europe via an
innovative European Fitness Badge (see website
The project has also enhanced the capacity of sport and physical promotion organizations to engage citizens
in sport and physical activity. The deliverables outcomes can be seen in the systematic and strategic training
of the organizations, using the EFB as a holistic and integrated concept. The development of the “Trainers
Handbook” and the organization of “Multiplier Seminars” as well as “Trainers Seminars” are aligned to the
achievement of this objective.
The European Fitness Badge therefore was able to give a significant contribution to the implementation of
the EU Physical Activity Guidelines, and a tool that can be replicated and taken up by other stakeholders
throughout and beyond the project lifetime. Sustainable behaviour change from inactive to active passes
several stages. The Fitness Badge is a sustainable module on the way to change the behaviour, especially
from the stage “thinking about/making plans” to the stage of “exploring”. The Fitness Badge is very helpful
for changing behaviour – especially when it is integrated in special events and settings. In this realm, the
European Fitness Badge has been introduced in single events by sport clubs and organizations but also in
big events such as the International German Turnfest, and European level campaigns like the NowWeMove
campaign of ISCA during the MOVE Week and the European Week of Sport during 2017.

DTB uses the EFB as a tool to disseminate along their 22 regional organizations, providing all
clubs in Germany access to it. The same strategy will be implemented for the dissemination of
Orienteering as a grassroots sport.

Reference number                 556953-EPP-1-FI-SPO-SCP
Title of the project             Promoting national implementation of SCforH programmes in EU
                                 member states
Project dates (from/to)          01.01.2015 – 30.06.2017
Role of organisation             Partner
Please provide a short summary of the project outcomes and describe if and how the new proposal seeks
to build on them.
SCforH is an expert-based approach that supports clubs as well as national and regional sport organisations
to recognize the health potential of their sports disciplines and organize health-enhancing sports activities
in the sports club setting. The purpose of SCforH is to encourage sports clubs and national sport
organizations to invest more in using the health potential of their particular sport. In practice, this primarily
means promoting health-enhancing sports activities within sports clubs.
Main project outcomes were the following:
• Report of current status of Sports Club for Health (SCforH) programmes in EU countries
• Practical E-tool for sport associations how they can implement SCforH approach and support their member
organisations in it
• Scientific review of the evidence base for SCforH
• Updated SCforH guide for sports clubs

Orienteering activities in this project are understood in this project as a health enhancing
physical activity form of exercise.

Reference number                  EAC-2012-0558
Title of the project              ActiveAge
Project dates (from/to)           01.01.2013 – 30.06.2014

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Role of organisation               Applicant and Coordinator
Please provide a short summary of the project outcomes and describe if and how the new proposal seeks
to build on them.
ActiveAge was a transnational project that fosters the exchange of knowledge and experience to counteract
the physical inactivity of older people through capacity building for physical activities and sport programs of
aging people in well-structured and wide-spread settings, with the starting point in sport-organisations.
The project comprised three work packages. These were “Target groups & fitting exercise programs”,
“Strategic planning & implementation”, “Recruitment & education of instructors” The outcomes are
summarized in a handbook with:
• Differentiation and description of relevant sub target-groups of older people; criteria and standards for
the description and validation of fitting exercise programs for older people and a collection of established
exercise programs along the criteria (“best practice”).
• Recommendations and guidelines to create and implement strategy plans for promotion of physical activity
for older people; collection of good practise examples with a self-assessment tool; guidelines how to create
and carry out networks, recommendations for steps to initiative and implement strategy plans and in each
case a fitting tool kit.
• Recommendations for the recruitment of instructors for older people and recommendations for the content
of a curriculum to educate instructors for older people.
The new proposal “European Fitness Badge” can profit by the experiences and the conclusions out of the
“ActiveAge” project – especially with respect of cooperating with different associations including their
sport/fitness clubs and networking on a municipal level. Additionally, the outcomes of the new project will
be a supporting instrument for active aging, to promote physical activity in all age groups of adulthood.

Orienteering is a clear example of an activity that can be motivating for the specific target
group of senior citizens.

D.3. Other EU grants

1. Please list the projects for which the applicant organisation has received financial support from the EU
programme this financial year.
Please add tables if necessary.
Reference number
Title of the project
Beneficiary organisation

2. Please list other grant applications submitted by applicant organisation this financial year.
Please add tables if necessary.
Key action/ EU programme
Title of the project
Amount requested

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PART E - Project characteristics and relevance

E.1. Objectives

Please explain:
    •   why and how the project addresses the topic you selected in the eForm application (section B.2) and
        the European policies in the field of sport,
    •   the genuine and adequate needs analyses,
    •   the extent to which the objectives address issues relevant to the participating organisations and target
Open Access to Orienteering (OA2O) is a European wide project proposal that addresses one of the topics
pursued by the Erasmus+ programme: “the promotion of voluntary activities in sport, together with social
inclusion, equal opportunities and awareness of the importance of health-enhancing physical activity, through
increased participation in, and equal access to sport for all”. By breaking down this statement, the OA2O
project focusses on certain aspects as the main objectives and goals of a 3 year long European cooperation.

OA2O has the following objectives:
    1. Development of Orienteering and Event organization skills for young orienteering participants through
       non-formal education trainings
    2. Encouragement of young orienteering participants to volunteer as organizers of low-level orienteering
       events promoting Sport for All
    3. Promotion of the benefits of Orienteering as a grassroots sport around Europe
Following these three main goals, the project aims at taking a maximum benefit of the advantages that
Orienteering offers as a physical activity: low cost, urban and rural settings, and adaptable to all ages and
fitness levels. In this sense, Orienteering is described by the International Orienteering Federation (IOF) as “a
low-cost sport suitable for both genders and for all ages”. The sport tests both the physical and the mental
strength of participants, which - while using a map - and with the help of a compass – have to find specific
control points (marked on a map) in the correct order. The actual route taken to the control points may be
freely chosen by the individual participant, provided that restricted areas (such as private property or nature
protection areas) are not entered.

For the purpose of this project, the partnership will focus mainly, but not exclusively if the opportunities are
presented, in developing Orienteering in urban settings, following a low-level course, and to be done by foot,
which generates a broader target group of users and includes a major number of participants without access
to Orienteering or to any other physical activity. In this sense, the project is oriented on the motivation of
young people, between 18 and 25 years old, to try and stay in Orienteering and to motivate others, especially
those without access to sport activities to engage in the activity as participants and as volunteers for events

Why Orienteering as European Grassroots sport will meet the objectives of the European policies
in the field of Sport
Orienteering in all its variants, but mainly foot orienteering, is a suitable physical activity for participants of a
wide range of fitness levels, without distinction of gender, economic status, education level or place of
residency. A unique feature is that both the physical and the mental capabilities of the participants are
addressed and that there is a permanent learning of new skills, because participants do not only get involved
in the sports, but also in the planning of orienteering events. Orienteering in Europe is a volunteer based
organized sport and the involvement and permanency of young people within the activities is a main problem
this project aims to overcome.

While providing non-formal education trainings to young orienteering participants, the project aims at
developing skilful volunteers, with knowledge in the theory of orienteering (mapping, course setting, etc.) and
event management. These training will be held by experienced trainers from each federation involved in the
project and all tools and support will be given to them when they come back to their communities and plan
low-level orienteering events. With this methodology, the trained volunteers - while coming back to their
communities - become multipliers of the main message and action: Orienteering is a sport for all.

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European orienteering Federations - Supporting network for orienteering as a grassroots sport
The participating organisations are members of the International Orienteering Federation (IOF) and are active
in orienteering sport ranging from the organisation and participation in international events to sport on low
level. They all have a long-term experience in these matters, but still lack the network to support sport for all
events and as well as the incentives to keep young people involved in the sport. Therefore, the objectives,
orienteering on its way to a grassroots sport with the special focus of young orienteers as responsible people
as organizers, are relevant to the participating organizations in full extent.

In terms of target groups, the project focuses on young orienteering participants who are (or are interested in
becoming) volunteers in sport for all activities. These group of selected participants will take part in 1 of the 3
planned trainings where they will get access to knowledge and skills in order to go back to their communities
and become active members of orienteering as a sport for all.
Their events will be targeting their whole community without distinction of gender, economic background or
age. According to their needs and capabilities they will create the proper partnerships with different
stakeholders in order to develop and execute orienteering events for people to try out and become physically
active with a great physical activity such as Orienteering.

The project will motivate young people to stay involved by taking over a leadership role through the
organization of low-level orienteering events with a strong component of social inclusion, by bringing
orienteering events to those sectors of society that do not know about the sport and do not have access to
physical activities and sports.

The need for young leaders as volunteers
Although active participation in orienteering events requires relatively little input from participants the
preparation and conduct of an event is labor-intensive and needs specialist skills.
This applies in the first place particularly to the map to be used. This usually starts from a commercially
available map; which must then be extended to provide participants with precise details of the contouring,
available paths and tracks and the vegetation boundaries as well as any other point or line object relevant for
orienteering. The map must also show which areas are out-of-bonds (nature protection and/or private
property) and may not be crossed. For both training and competition activities the control points must be
marked and provided with an appropriate registration device (usually electronic). The participants usually start
individually (not as mass start), their finish-time must be recorded, and the actual run time calculated and
there must be a check that all control points were found in the right order. Finally – at the end of the training
or competition – the control points must be collected up.

There are thus a number of activities which require a certain degree of experience and expertise and which
cannot be adequately learnt in a single training session. This applies not only to the organization of large
events, but also to low-level events where both the physical and mental challenges must be appropriate to the
capabilities of the participants.
It is clear, that these activities tend to be carried out by the older, more experienced Orienteerers (even when
they are still active participants in their respective age-class). Steady development of a grassroots sport is
only possible when expertise and experience is passed on to younger participants who then become more
closely involved in the organizational side of the sport. This is an aspect which has received relatively little
attention until now.

An important factor here must be the motivation of younger participants to become involved in such activities.
Many younger participants see the organizational aspects as being exclusively confined to the older generation.
Motivation to take on such roles must come from both a feeling of social responsibility and the wish to spread
interest in the sport by personal engagement. Younger participants have particular opportunities to generate
interest and enthusiasm within their age-related peer-group; the typical role-distribution between “older”
trainer and “younger” trainee must be discarded. Purely national activities in this direction are unlikely to be
successful due to great differences in the numbers of persons involved in the different countries.

As we can see, these factors refer to the following needs in the field:
    • There are no specific offerings to interest young Orienteers in such organizational aspects. These
       must be developed, tested in practice and then established so that a stable group of organizers is
       available which then regenerates over the course of time
    • The development of a long-term stable training system. This must cover all relevant organizational
       aspects such as map-making, planning and conduct of training and low-level urban orienteering events.

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•   In consideration that Orienteering is an internationally known and practiced sport but with different
        degrees of implementation in partner countries it is appropriate to tackle such problems on an
        international basis. This would also include the planning and conduct of pan-European events.
    •   There is a lack of formal institutional cooperation between European federation. Only informal
        arrangements, usually by personal contacts not by institutions, is the common understanding of
        Orienteering at the moment in Europe.

Orienteering in suburban locations
Cities and large urban areas have been growing steadily for many years. The availability of both employment
opportunities and of cultural- and recreational-events makes such areas increasingly attractive to the general
population. This development is closely associated with the provision of housing, industrial buildings and
appropriate infrastructure; as a result of which the area of “green-landscape” from agricultural land, forests
and recreational areas is steadily decreasing. The reduction in available area stands in marked contrast to the
increasing numbers of those seeking recreational opportunities. Increased commercial offers (such as open-
air music concerts in parks) and private use by the general public (for example by dog walkers and running
groups) lead to time- and space-pressures and potential conflicts of interest. There can also be administrative
problems when “minor” – relatively unknown - types of sporting activity seek local authority permissions or
approvals for their events.

As a result of such developments, outdoor sporting activities are increasingly taking place further and further
away from urban centres – often well outside the area served by public transportation – so that the time
required for travel to and from events becomes increasingly disadvantageous. Participation by beginners,
juveniles and – particularly – people with low-income is thus particularly difficult. It is thus necessary to develop
the offer of orienteering events in both urban and the directly adjacent areas.

Over the last 15 years, various additional trainings and friendly competition formats of orienteering have been
developed which are applicable not only in urban- and suburban areas but also in parkland and nearby forest
areas. These formats are particularly suitable for recreational, beginners and young participants since the
navigational problems are relatively simple. Special courses and materials to train people with orienteering
background to make them fit to deal with the challenges arising from the situation described do not exist.
Activities in this field are short termed mostly, are lacking well trained coaches and do not lead to good
established projects.

Considering the needs previously mentioned and the opportunities that arise form the implementation of low-
level urban orienteering, the OA2O project will work by:
    •   Developing learning material on low-level orienteering events in urban areas and how to plan and
        execute grassroots sport events with a focus on social inclusion
    •   Training young orienteering participants as volunteers for mapping and other orienteering techniques
        and requirements
    •   Supporting young trainees in the organization of their own community events, mainly during the
        European Week of Sport and the World Orienteering Day.
    •   Generating promotional material that can be freely used by all people interested in orienteering as a
        grassroots sport
    •   Generating partnerships, networks and synergies by working together and learning from each other’s
        experiences (within the project partners and with the training participants)
    •   Developing new partnerships while bringing orienteering to new setting such as municipalities, schools,
        day centres, shelters, etc, specially to those without access to sport and physical activities
    •   Documenting and publishing all learning experiences
    •   Establishing formal and institutional cooperation between European Orienteering Federations.

In a glimpse, we see the project socializing knowledge, bringing new skills to young people and motivate them
to stay in the sport and to bring the activities to their community.

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O-Federations                             O-Volunteers                             O-Events

       • Knowledge and                           • Training and new                       • Community activities.
        experience                                skills. Motivation to                    O-for All
                                                  stay involved

E.2. Innovative aspects

Please describe to which extent is the proposal innovative.
Orienteering is a sport traditionally executed in forest areas. In recent years the “Sprint” form of orienteering
was developed with the aim to take the sport out of the forest and closer to the spectators. Thus, more
often urban areas started to be used as a setting for the activity.
When learning orienteering on a grassroots level often school yards and city parks are used. This
development is also reflected in development of new forms of map standards (sprint maps, maps of school
yards). In bringing orienteering to beginners, schools and general public new technical innovative solutions
are often used: laser scanning (for map preparation), digital printing (for easy and flexible map printing),
GPS tracking (for showing the participants position during race at finish areas), various software solutions
(for map drawing, for time keeping, for TV production, etc.). All technical innovative solutions shifted
orienteering to new level and enable to use this sport platform for growing the sport between general public,
young people, physically disabled people (trial orienteering), socially excluded people.

Previous attempts to extend the range of orienteering have been strongly regional in character and have
not been systematic from a European point-of-view. Also, the lack of compromise and motivation of young
orienteering participants in the organization side of the sport is damaging and delaying the development of
orienteering as a grassroots sport.

The proposed project is intended not only to exchange information but also to develop completely new
   •     Systematic development of “Orienteering for All“ by bringing the sport to the people – this focusses
   on local opportunities in residential areas.
   •      Cooperation with societies and institutions (also those currently outside the sport) to establish
   additional openings on the longer term.
   •     Development of peer-group learning experiences and exchange of knowledge by bringing together
         young orienteering participants to trainings in low-level urban orienteering events.
   •     Formal institutional cooperation with European partners in relation to organization, particularly the
   training, development and integration of younger participants into all aspects of such activities

By performing this project, a lot of innovative tools will be used:
Innovations in Technical area:
- New software and techniques for map productions (laser scanning, mobile mapping devices, new drawing
systems like OCAD, Purple pen), course settings and control description production (new 2018 version),
time keeping
- New standards for maps: maps for school yards (now under development)
- Stable training areas in cities: NRF solutions for punching with mobile devices and mobile solutions for
time keeping so this solution is suitable for general public. Nevertheless, SPORTident equipment is needed
for certain events.

Innovations in Social area:
- Involvement of young orienteering participants to organizers positions (map production, course setting,
negotiations in order to receive permissions, time keeping, working with public, PR, etc.). This will
strengthen the expertise, management skills and responsibility level of young people.

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- Spreading sport as integration element between excluded or disabled communities in participating

The grassroot character of orienteering which could be performed at school or city parks enables to integrate
different social groups and contribute to their integration to the society, as well as providing a low-cost
activity to become physically active.

E.3. EU added value

Please describe the project's added value at EU level through results that would not be attained by activities
carried out solely at national level.
From the European point of view Orienteering is a very underdeveloped sport. Often related to University
students and graduates, in certain regions of Europe like in the Scandinavian countries the sport has deep
roots and a wide popularity. In other countries the sport is less prominent and is relatively unknown to a
large part of the population (including politicians and administrative personnel). And one of its main
problems, is the drop-out of young orienteering participants, without available motivations to keep them
involved in their clubs and in the sport in general.

Further development and wider knowledge of the sport can only be attained if experiences are exchanged
across national borders and partners learn from each other, motivating each other to disseminate and
expand orienteering along their life. In this sense, the project through its new Orienteering volunteers will
create a European network of young leaders that will bring the activity to socially excluded groups in their
own communities.

Positioning the project on a European perspective, the project will generate synergies among the national
partners, creating opportunities and products such as:
    •   special experiences and ideas in the construction and structure of offerings in recreational and
        popular sport are partially not available at all, or of differing nature, or only available in certain
        geographical areas
    •   young participants should be encouraged to participate in the organization and conduct of all types
        of orienteering – from competitive to purely recreational level. The added value is provided by the
        very wide range of experience to be shared and the harmonization of work-flows and processes.
        In the longer term, organizational teams could be formed internationally; this could facilitate the
        organization of major competitive events and/or recreational activities also in countries which have
        only limited national capacity.
    •   orienteering events “use” geographical locations and must therefore consider rights of access to
        such locations. Here again there are widely different national regulations and experiences. General
        rules which have a European dimension do not yet exist but are essential for the further
        development of the sport.
    •   the integration of citizens from all social backgrounds, with emphasis on immigrant and refugees
        seeking opportunities for integration in their new communities, must be implemented; this is a pan
        European responsibility. Jointly developed concepts and joint experiences could be useful not only
        for orienteering but also for other sports.
It is evident that many new developments in separated areas (like maps, timekeeping, PR, standards,
working with schools etc.) emerge and develop in countries on local level. Many new and good ideas,
techniques and practices are also today separated and unknown on EU level. This project will enable two
major things:
    •   transfer of existing know-how between participating countries and further its transfer to other EU
        countries through dissemination activities
    •   initiation of a creative environment by encouraging young people from different countries to bring
        their own experiences to common “hot pot”. That means common meetings of young people with
        different backgrounds will enable initiation and further development of new ideas. Their proving in
        practice will be enabled on follow up replication events to be done in their home countries.

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Finally, the project will bring together European orienteering federations that currently do not work
cooperatively together in a formal way, but rather through personal contacts. With this project, a formal
and institutional agreement of cooperation will be established and will generate future opportunities to
continue with it after the project and include other European countries as well.

Part F - Quality of the project design
         and implementation

F.1. Project design

Please describe a clear and complete work programme, including appropriate phases for preparation,
implementation, monitoring, evaluation and dissemination. Describe the proposal (on the basis of the main
activities planned) and where and how it will be implemented.
In order to face the needs described in E.1 and considering the positive aspects mentioned in E.2 and E.3
the project will work in a project design as follows: young orienteering participants from all partner countries
will be trained in organization of low-level urban orienteering events. The material for these trainings will
be developed by the partners based on their knowledge and experience, aiming at developing general and
common guidelines to be applicable on a European level. The training participants will organize events for
their own communities in their clubs and countries with the support of the partner federations.

As described above, the project will focus on the training of young orienteering participants in the field of
low-level urban orienteering events for the development of orienteering as a grassroots sport. To do this,
special training material needs to be developed (WP1 and WP2) that will be tested and updated based on
the experiences of the training seminars (WP3). Trainees will work closely with their national federation and
clubs in the organizing of events (WP4). All results and materials developed will be available for open use
in a common European platform working as a hub of orienteering activities throughout the continent (WP5).

For a proper development of the project, the project manager will work closely with all WPs leaders. This
way, and through a fluent communication, all partners will be updated in the progress of each outcome and
in the next steps. The project has been divided in 6 Work Packages, each one with a final Intellectual
Outcome (IO). Every WP has an appointed leader who will make sure the activities and tasks will be
delivered in time and with the expected results. Together with the project manager they will work closely
to communicate all information, control the work plan and ensure que quality of the project outcomes.

WP1: Education material in Orienteering → IO 1: Handbook of Orienteering for All I
The WP1 objective is to develop the non-formal education material that training participants will use in
order to gain knowledge and skills in the Orienteering. The information will have a component of aspects
such as mapping, course setting, for low-level orienteering in urban settings. The material develop will be
tested during the training’s schemes and improved based on the feedback received from participants.
Leader: Walther Rahbek (DOF)
    A- Collection of educational material in orienteering
    B- Adaptation of collected material for international training – Non formal intercultural learning
    C- Development and design of handbook
    D- Test of material during Training seminars
    E- Correction of material based on evaluations

WP2: Education material in orienteering events and programs → IO2: Handbook of
Orienteering for All II
The WP2 objective is to work closely with the WP1 in the development of the non-formal education material,
in this WP with the focus on the knowledge and skills necessary for the planning and execution of low-level
orienteering events in urban areas. The information will have a component of aspects such as agenda
planning, partnerships and fundraising, with a strong emphasis on the social inclusion aspect of this events.

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The material developed will be tested during the training schemes and improved based on the feedback
received from the participants.
Leader: Jan Picek (CZE)
  A-   Collection of educational material in Sport for All events and volunteers
  B-   Adaptation of collected material for international training – Non formal intercultural learning schemes
  C-   Development and design of handbook
  D-   Test of material during Training seminars
  E-   Correction of material based on evaluations

WP3: Non-formal education schemes for young orienteering leaders and volunteers → IO3:
Training of Young Leaders in Orienteering
WP3 will work in the development, planning and execution of the training schemes, from the first aspects
of the selection process to the evaluation through the development of research tool and report written of
experiences. Project partners will take an active role as trainers during the 3 trainings that will take place
during the project timeframe.
Leader: Emil Kukurugya (SOA)
 A-      Planning and execution of Training Seminars
 B-      Development of selection criteria for participants (up to 5 participants from each partner organization)
 C-      Development of evaluation research tools (questionnaires, interviews, observations, etc)
 D-      Report writing

WP4: Orienteering implementation guidelines → IO4: Report on successful good practices
during International and European events
The objective of WP4 is to accompany and give follow up to the training participants once they come back
to their own countries. Participants of the training will be given all tools and skills to become Orienteering
multipliers in their communities through the organization of low-level urban orienteering events, especially
during the European Week of Sport. Based on these experiences, WP4 will develop guidelines on
implementation to disseminate orienteering events opportunities to other countries and communities
beyond those involved in the project.
Leader: Eric Hully (ABSO)
    A-    Support for trainees in their event planning
    B-    Development of research instrument
    C-    Collection of event experiences and feedback
    D-    Analysis of data collected
    E-    Development of Guidelines
    F-    Writing report including guidelines

WP5: Communications and production of promotional material for Orienteering activities and
events → IO5: Education Dissemination orienteering Platform
WP5 objective is to develop a platform that provides open access to all education, promotional and
dissemination material developed during the project, by both partners and training participants. The WP
will create communication material such as posters and videos, for free access to anyone interested in
organizing low-level urban orienteering activities. This platform will work as a European hub and network
for grassroots orienteering in Europe.
Leader: Josephine Anders (DOSV)
    A-    Collection of material developed for trainings
    B-    Collection of material developed by trainees
    C-    Research on Good Practices of Orienteering as a grassroots sport for all, as an inspiration
    D-    Permanent development of updates
    E-    Creation of videos, flyers, poster and other communication material

WP6: Project reporting → IO6: General Management and Final Report

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WP6 will ensure the correct development of the project throughout the lifetime of it and will work in the
collection of all necessary information to deliver an exhaustive report to the Commission with all deliverables,
learning experiences and outcomes of the project.
Leader: Maria Lourdes Gonzalez (DTB)
    A-   Permanent control and evaluation of all planned activities
    B-   Guidance and counselling for all project partners and multiplier evets participants
    C-   Collection of relevant information
    D-   Creation of infographics based on results
    E-   Analysis of project outreach
    F-   Report writing

Our Project timeline, including project phases, international meetings, training seminars and
evaluation periods during the project life-time frame can be break down as follows:

January – February 2020: Preparation phase for all WPs.

February 2020: Kick off meeting (Denmark) – Start of implementation phase.
    •    partners agreement, project handbook
    •    First directions for WP1, WP2 and WP3.
    •    WP5 starts working on project image and communications channels.

February 2020 – August 2020: Preparation of all education material to be used and tested during the 1st
Training (WP1 and WP2)

May 2020: Call for participants for the 1st Training (WP3)

August 2020: 1st Training of young leaders in Orienteering (WP3) and 2nd project meeting (Belgium)

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September 2020 – April 2021: 1st review phase
    •   Based on the results of the training outcomes, education material is updated by WP1 and WP2.
    •   WP4 works in the support of partners and trainees in the implementation of activities during World
        Orienteering Day and European Week of Sport and develops research tools.
    •   WP5 developed news and updates for communication channels.

April 2021: 3rd project meeting (Germany)

May 2021 – September 2021: Collection of event experiences and feedback for Implementation guidelines
    •   World Orienteering day. First round of events organized by trainees
    •   September 2021: European Week of Sport. First round of event organized by trainees.

June 2021: Call for participants for the 2nd Training (WP3)

October 2021: 2nd Training of young leaders in Orienteering and 4th project meeting (Slovakia)

October 2021 – March 2022: 2nd review phase
    •   Based on the results of the training outcomes, education material is updated by WP1 and WP2.
    •   WP5 developed news and updates for communication channels.

January 2022: Call for participants for the 3rd Training (WP3)

March 2022: 3rd Training of Young leaders in Orienteering and 5th project meeting (Czech Republic)

May 2022 – September 2022: Collection of events experiences and feedback for Implementation guidelines
    •   World Orienteering day. Second round of events organized by trainees
    •   September 2021: European Week of Sport. Second round of event organized by trainees.

June 2022 – November 2022: Final evaluation phase. All WPs working in the final version of their

August 2022: Start reporting phase (WP6)

November 2022: Final project meeting and dissemination conference (Germany)

F.2. Methodology

Please describe:
    •   the quality and feasibility of the methodology proposed,
    •   the consistency between project objectives, methodology, activities and budget proposed,
    •   the existence and quality of management arrangements (well defined and realistic timelines,
        organisation, tasks and responsibilities).

The project methodology is based on phases of preparation, implementation, review and evaluation and
dissemination. Each WPs goes through each of these phases with the support of all project partners, staff
and organisation, which will ensure a well-thought, tested and improved outcome. The quality and feasibility
of the project is as well realized by the strong cooperation between the partners involved and the skills and
experiences of all practitioners involved in the project development.

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