Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018

Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
Contents
Radiated Tortoise SAFE Species Program Goal ............................................................................................ 3
Program Operational Structure .................................................................................................................... 4
Conservation Target ..................................................................................................................................... 5
Status of Taxon within the AZA Community ................................................................................................ 5
AZA Conservation Activities ......................................................................................................................... 6
AZA Public Engagement Activities ................................................................................................................ 7
Conservation Status of Taxon ....................................................................................................................... 8
Population and Habitat Viability Assessment .............................................................................................. 8
Threats ......................................................................................................................................................... 9
Strategic Objectives .................................................................................................................................... 11
Literature Cited .......................................................................................................................................... 12




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Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
Radiated Tortoise SAFE Species Program Goal
The Radiated Tortoise, Astrochelys radiata, is one of Madagascar’s most iconic and culturally significant
species (Figure 1). It’s also the flagship species of the critically endangered spiny forest ecoregion along
the southern most region of the island (Figure 2). Consequently, conservation efforts for the Radiated
Tortoise will also benefit other key species including endangered lemurs, reptiles, invertebrates and
vegetation (Pritchard 2013).




                 Figure 1. Radiated Tortoise, Astrochelys radiata (Photo Rick Hudson).
Despite only being close in size to the state of Texas, Madagascar supports nearly 5% of all the plant and
animal species on earth; nevertheless, most of this exceptional wildlife is threatened with extinction
(Goodman and Benstead 2003). The Radiated Tortoise, one of the island’s many endemic species, has
disappeared from more than half of its historic range and scientists predict that we could lose this
species forever sometime with the next few decades if far‐reaching and immediate conservation action
is not taken (Leuteritz 2005).
The mission of an Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) SAFE Species program is to bring groups of
AZA members together with field‐based partners to enhance the probability of conservation success for
threatened species or a group of related taxa in the wild (AZA 2017). Therefore, the Radiated Tortoise
SAFE species program aims to prevent the extinction of the Radiated Tortoise by:

       Leveraging the collective expertise and resources of the AZA community, particularly those
        members that participate in the Species Survival Plan (SSP) program for this species, to support
        our field‐based partners in implementing existing recovery plans through collaborative and
        strategic conservation and public engagement activities.




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Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
Program Operational Structure
The operational structure of the Radiated Tortoise SAFE program includes Program Leaders, Program
Partners – Steering Committee and expert Advisors (Table 1). Descriptions of these roles and the
associated responsibilities are included in the AZA SAFE Species Handbook (AZA 2017).

     Affiliation        Representative(s)                   Title             Contact Information

 Program Leaders
                        Christina                                          woodturtle@gmail.com
                        Castellano, PhD
                                            Curator, Department of
                                            Archelosaurs & Lepidosaurs;    mogle@zooknoxville.org;
 Zoo Knoxville          Michael Ogle
                                            Chair, Chelonian Taxon         865‐637‐5331 Ext 1201
                                            Advisory Group
 Program Partners ‐ Steering Committee
 Turtle Survival                                                           rhudson@fortworthzoo.org;
                        Rick Hudson         President/CEO
 Alliance                                                                  817‐343‐7380
 Program Advisors
 AZA Field
                                            Vice President, Conservation   priger@houstonzoo.org;
 Conservation     Peter Riger
                                            and Education, Houston Zoo     713‐533‐6745
 Committee

 Nautilus Ecology       Ryan Walker, PhD    Biologist                      ryan@nautilusecology.org


                   Table 1. Contact Information for Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Team.




                 Figure 2. Spiny Forest habitat in Ifaty, SW Madagascar (Photo unknown).

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Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
Conservation Target
The Radiated Tortoise (Astrochelys radiata) is endemic to Madagascar. It lives in the dry, spiny forest in
the southern and southwestern regions of the island. Recent population survey data indicates a more
than 50% reduction in this species range since 1865 (Rafeliarisoa et al. 2011) (Figure 3).




           Figure 3. Comparison between the historic (top) and current (right) distribution of the
           Radiated Tortoise indicates a greater than 50% range reduction (Rafeliarisoa et al. 2013).


Status of Taxon within the AZA Community
The Radiated Tortoise has been an important species in AZA institutions for more than 60 years. The
first wild tortoises arrived at the Saint Louis Zoo in the early 1960’s. Subsequently, the Bronx Zoo
created the Species Survival Program (SSP) for Radiated Tortoises in 1985. The Radiated Tortoise SSP
was one of the very first AZA animal programs to be established for a reptile (Ogle pers. comm.).
Today, the SSP population of Radiated Tortoises is thriving with 338 individuals living at 63 AZA
institutions. Breeding at these facilities has been ongoing with the result being a high‐level of genetic
diversity (97%) within the SSP population (Ogle et al. 2016). Over the last few years, the SSP has
reached out to our partners in the Prosimian TAG, and have worked on creating several successful mixed
exhibits with the Ring‐tailed Lemur (Lemur catta) along with a few other lemur species. These hardy
tortoises also work well as outreach ambassadors.




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Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
AZA Conservation Activities
AZA institutions and their project partners are playing an important role in the conservation of the
Radiated Tortoise in Madagascar (Figure 4). According to the 2015 and 2016 AZA Annual Report on
Conservation and Science (ARCS) databases, eight institutions participated in field conservation
programs and one participated in mission‐focused research. These projects were implemented through
partnerships with both non‐profit and governmental organizations (Table 2).

         Reporting Institutions                   Category                   Project Partners

              Audubon Zoo                    Field Conservation           Conservation Fusion
     Duke University Lemur Center            Field Conservation     Madagascar Fauna and Flora Group
            Lincoln Park Zoo                 Field Conservation        US Fish and Wildlife Service
 Los Angeles Zoo and Botanical Gardens       Field Conservation          Turtle Survival Alliance
              Toronto Zoo                    Field Conservation          Turtle Survival Alliance
           Utah's Hogle Zoo                  Field Conservation          Turtle Survival Alliance
              Zoo Knoxville                  Field Conservation          Turtle Survival Alliance
               Zoo Miami                     Field Conservation          Turtle Survival Alliance
 Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo & Aquarium              Research               Turtle Survival Alliance

Table 2. Reporting Institutions, project categories and project partners identified in the 2015 and 2016
                         ARCS databases associated with the Radiated Tortoise.




 Figure 4. Stephen Nelson, Animal Keeper at Zoo Knoxville, conducting population surveys with Riana
                Rakotondrainy, TSA Scientist, southern Madagascar (Photo Jason Bell).




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Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
AZA institutions that participated in Radiated Tortoise conservation in 2015 and 2016 focused their
efforts on raising awareness, capacity building/training, assurance populations, reintroduction,
population management, behavior/ethology, anti‐poaching/patrolling, disaster emergency response and
animal health (Table 3).

          Reporting Institutions                                 Keywords
              Audubon Zoo                          Awareness, Capacity Building/Training
      Duke University Lemur Center                 Awareness, Capacity Building/Training
                                             Assurance Populations, Reintroduction, Population
             Lincoln Park Zoo
                                                              Management
      Los Angeles Zoo and Botanical
                                         Assurance Populations, Reintroduction, Behavior/Ethology
                Gardens
              Toronto Zoo                                Capacity Building/Training
                                              Awareness, Population Biology/Monitoring, Anti‐
             Utah's Hogle Zoo
                                                            poaching/Patrolling
                                               Assurance Population, Reintroduction, Capacity
               Zoo Knoxville
                                                              Building/Training
               Zoo Miami                               Disaster/Emergency Response
       Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo &
                                                               Animal Health
               Aquarium

     Table 3. Reporting institutions and the keywords they selected in their 2015 and 2016 ARCS
             submissions to describe their conservation efforts for the Radiated Tortoise.


The AZA institutions included in the 2015 and 2016 ARCS database spent a total of $200,645 on 11
projects for the Radiated Tortoise over those two years (Table 4).

                                                               # Reporting            # Project
               Category                Amount Spent
                                                               Institutions          Submissions
         Field Conservation               $196,115                  8                      10
      Mission‐Focused Research             $4,530                   1                      1

 Table 4. Project categories, amount spent for each, number of reporting institutions reporting in the
           2015 and 2016 ARCS databases and number of projects for the Radiated Tortoise.


AZA Public Engagement Activities
In 2011, Utah’s Hogle Zoo and the Turtle Survival Alliance started a comprehensive public awareness
campaign about tortoise conservation in Madagascar. The campaign includes workshops on providing
care for confiscated tortoises; distributing stickers, T‐shirts and posters with conservation messaging
(Figure 5); a film on tortoise conservation (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6njssQnyblQ); activity
books for school children; and an education program called Soccer for Sokake that connects people to
tortoise conservation through the international language of soccer (CONNECT 2015).

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Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
Figure 5. Children with stickers messaging tortoise conservation (Photo Christina Castellano).


Conservation Status of Taxon
The Radiated Tortoise is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild. As a result it is listed as Critically
Endangered by the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) and is included on
Appendix I of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora),
which limits its trade internationally. In addition, Malagasy law (Decree 60126) prohibits the collection
of this species from the wild (Leuteritz 2005).
Historically the Radiated Tortoise has been abundant throughout its range and still remains the iconic
symbol of the south. Today, however, this species is in drastic decline; population models suggest that
the Radiated Tortoise could be extinct in the wild within the next 45 years (Randriamahazo et al. 2007).


Population and Habitat Viability Assessment
A Population and Habitat Viability Assessment (PHVA) workshop was conducted for two Madagascar
tortoise species, including the Radiated Tortoise, in Ifaty, Madagascar on 25‐28 August 2005. The
workshop involved a wide‐variety of stakeholders, including local community members, legislators,
decision‐makers, academic biologists, wildlife managers and other interested parties. The Radiated
Tortoise SAFE program is designed to address many of the key conservation issues facing tortoise
populations that were identified through this process and are included in the final report that was
generated from the workshop entitled Population and Habitat Viability Assessment for Endemic Tortoise



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Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
Species in Madagascar (Randriamahazo et al. 2007). The actions included in the Radiated Tortoise SAFE
program plan are aligned with the recommendations put forward in the PHVA.


Threats
The primary threats to the survival of the Radiated Tortoise are: 1) collection for food and the
international wildlife trade, and 2) habitat loss. Scientists estimate that between 22,000 and 241,000
tortoises are illegally collected each year (O’Brien et al. 2003). Although local tribes consider touching,
or harming the tortoises to be taboo, people from other tribes collect large numbers of tortoises
(Leuteritz 2005) (Figure 6).


Habitat loss is caused mainly by the practice of slash‐and‐burn agriculture and the production of
charcoal, but the land is further degraded due to grazing livestock (Nussbaum & Raxworthy 1998)
(Figure 7). A consistent annual forest loss rate of 1.2% was documented for the spiny forest (primary
Radiated Tortoise habitat) throughout the 30 year period from 1970‐2000, despite the high level of
endemism of the flora (95%) and its status as a Critically Endangered bioregion (Harper et al. 2007). The
Radiated Tortoise SAFE program includes actions to address habitat loss and support law enforcement
efforts to stop poaching (Figure 8).




   Figure 6. Juvenile Radiated Tortoises confiscated before transport to international pet markets.
    Smugglers tape their limbs against their shells to prevent movement (Photo Mongabay.com).

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Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program Plan 2018
Figure 7. Slash and burn agricultural practices destroy habitat and cause direct mortality for tortoises
                              trapped in the fires (Photo Aaron Gekoski)




Figure 8. Checkpoint in Tsiombe constructed to inspect vehicles for illegally collected tortoises (Photo
                                     Herilala Randriamahazo).




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Strategic Objectives
The primary goal of the Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program is to re‐establish tortoise populations through
rehabilitation, release and subsequent protection of confiscated individuals. The strategic objectives
included in the Radiated Tortoise SAFE Program plan are aligned with the recommendations put forward
in the PHVA (Randriamahazo et al. 2007). The main program objectives are summarized below; however
specific actions, metrics, timeframes, and estimated budgets are included in the following Radiated
Tortoise 3‐year Program Plan.

    Public Engagement Objectives
    Strategic Objective 1. Increase Public Engagement in Radiated Tortoise conservation and the
    SAFE Program.
    Communication Objectives
    Strategic Objective 2. Increase Radiated Tortoise conservation messaging by AZA member
    institutions and field partners.

    Funding Objectives
    Strategic Objective 3. Increase funding for Radiated Tortoise conservation and SAFE program.
    Conservation Objectives
    Strategic Objective 4. Repatriate confiscated Radiated Tortoises to re‐establish locally extinct
    and depleted populations.
    Strategic Objective 5. Build the capacity of law enforcement agencies and communities to
    stop illegal collection of tortoises.
    Strategic Objective 6. Continue to build the Ala Mahavelo Tortoise Conservation Center (TCC)
    in the Androy region to foster regional development, attract tourists and rehabilitate
    confiscated tortoises that will be included in the reintroduction program.

    Strategic Objective 7. Continue to build the Ala Mahavelo Community Education and
    Outreach Center to raise awareness locally for tortoise conservation, provide content and
    opportunities for in‐school delivery, out of school delivery and media outreach and host
    community workshops, research scientists and tourists.

    Strategic Objective 8. Develop an applied research program to address social (e.g. disrespect
    for traditional practices) and environmental (e.g. habitat destruction and reforestation)
    issues, support reintroduction strategy (e.g. population and habitat monitoring), and benefit
    tortoise health, husbandry and breeding programs at the Ala Mahavelo Tortoise Conservation
    Center.



Table 5. Summary of the strategic objectives listed in the Radiated Tortoise SAFE 3‐year Program Plan.




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Literature Cited


Association of Zoos and Aquariums. 2017. SAFE Species Program Handbook. Association of Zoos and
Aquariums, Silver Spring, MD.

CONNECT Magazine 2015 Teaming up for Radiated Tortoises Mary Ellen Collins p. 22‐29

Goodman, S. M., and Benstead, J.P. 2003. The Natural History of Madagascar. University of Chicago Press

Harper, G.J., Steininger, M.K., Tucker, C.J., Juhn, D. and Hawkins, F. 2007. Fifty years of deforestation in
Madagascar. Environmental Conservation 34(4): 1‐9.

Leuteritz, T. 2005. Distribution, status, and conservation of Radiated Tortoises (Geochelone radiata) in
Madagascar. Biological Conservation 124: 451‐461.

Nussbaum, R.A. and Raxworthy, C.J. 1998. Commentary on conservation of “Sokatra,” the radiated
tortoise (Geochelone radiata) of Madagascar. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 2: 6‐14.

Ogle, M., Nelson S., and Sullivan, S. 2016. Population Analysis and Breeding and Transfer Plan, Radiated
Tortoise (Astrochelys radiata) AZA Green SSP. Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

O’Brien, S., Emahalala, E.R., Beard, V., Rakotondrainy, R.M., Reid, A., Raharisoa, V. and Coulson, T. 2003.
Decline of the radiated tortoise Geochelone radiata due to overexploitation. Oryx 37: 338‐343.

Pritchard, P.C.H. 2013. Madagascar: Island continent of tortoises great and small. In: Castellano, C.M.,
Rhodin, A.G.J., Ogle, M., Mittermeier, R.A., Randriamahazo, H., Hudson, R. and Lewis, R.E. (Eds.). Turtles
on the Brink in Madagascar: Proceedings of Two Workshops on the Status, Conservation, and Biology of
Malagasy Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles. Chelonian Research Monographs 6: 17‐24.

Rafeliarisoa, T.H., Walker, R.C.J. and Louis, E.E. Jr. 2013. Decline in the range and population density of
Radiated Tortoises, Astrochelys radiata, in southern Madagascar. In: Castellano, C.M., Rhodin, A.G.J.,
Ogle, M., Mittermeier, R.A., Randriamahazo, H., Hudson, R. and Lewis, R.E. (Eds.). Turtles on the Brink in
Madagascar: Proceedings of Two Workshops on the Status, Conservation, and Biology of Malagasy
Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles. Chelonian Research Monographs 6: 83‐89.

Randriamahazo, H., Traylor‐Holzer, K., Leus, K. and Byers, H.O. 2007. Population and Habitat Viability
Assessment Workshop for Endemic Tortoise Species in Madagascar Geochelone radiata (Madagascar
Radiated Tortoise) Pyxis arachnoides (Spider Tortoise). IUCN SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist
Group, Apple Valley, MN.




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Radiated Tortoise SAFE 3‐year Program Plan (2018‐2020)


Public Engagement Objectives
Strategic Objective 1. Increase Public Engagement in Radiated Tortoise conservation and the SAFE Program.

                                                               Timeframe and Budget         AZA             Field
Number            Action                      Metric                                                                       Notes
                                                               2018    2019    2020       Members          Partners
         Increase the number of
         AZA member institutions     Two new institutions
                                                                                        Zoo Knoxville,   Turtle
         that participate in the     added to the steering
  1.1                                                           X       X        X      Utah's Hogle     Survival
         Radiated Tortoise SAFE      committee each year of
                                                                                        Zoo              Alliance
         Program to at least eight   the program.
         by 2020.
                                                                                                                      16 institutions
         Increase the number of                                                                                       represent 25% of
                                     10 new institutions
         AZA member institutions                                                        Zoo Knoxville,   Turtle       the AZA member
                                     celebrate World Turtle
  1.2    that celebrate World                                           X        X      Utah's Hogle     Survival     institutions that
                                     Day in years two and
         Turtle Day by 25% by                                                           Zoo              Alliance     participate in the
                                     three of the program.
         2020.                                                                                                        Radiated Tortoise
                                                                                                                      SSP.
         Celebrate World Turtle
                                     Program activities
         Day and Radiated
                                     created in year one and                                             Turtle
         Tortoise conservation at
  1.3                                implemented in years       X     $1,500   $1,500                    Survival
         the Tortoise
                                     two and three of the                                                Alliance
         Conservation Center in
                                     program.
         Madagascar each year.
         Increase the number of
                                     One new field‐based                                                 Turtle
         field partners that
  1.4                                partner included each      X       X        X                       Survival
         participate in Radiated
                                     year of the program.                                                Alliance
         Tortoise conservation.
Communication Objectives
Strategic Objective 2. Increase Radiated Tortoise conservation messaging by AZA member institutions and field partners.

                                                                 Timeframe and Budget        AZA             Field
Number           Action                     Metric                                                                          Notes
                                                                 2018    2019    2020      Members          Partners
                                   Social media content and                                                            12 institutions
         Increase the number of    strategy created in year                                                            represent about
         AZA member institutions   one and incorporated                                                                20% of the AZA
                                                                                                          Turtle
         that deliver Radiated     into the social media                                                               member
  2.1                                                             X        X      X                       Survival
         Tortoise conservation     platforms of six new                                                                institutions that
                                                                                                          Alliance
         messaging via social      institutions in years two                                                           participate in the
         media by 20% by 2020.     and three of the                                                                    Radiated Tortoise
                                   program.                                                                            SSP.

                                                                                                                       Six institutions
         Increase the number of
                                   Interpretive                                          Utah's Hogle                  represent about
         AZA member institutions
                                   programming created in                                Zoo, Zoo                      10% of the AZA
         that deliver Radiated                                                                            Turtle
                                   year two and                                          Knoxville,                    member
  2.2    Tortoise conservation                                             X      X                       Survival
                                   incorporated into the                                 Chelonian TAG                 institutions that
         messaging at their                                                                               Alliance
                                   onsite messaging of six                               Education                     participate in the
         institutions by 10% by
                                   institutions by year three.                           Advisors                      Radiated Tortoise
         2020.
                                                                                                                       SSP.

         Increase the
                                   Create messaging in year                              Utah's Hogle
         conservation messaging                                                                           Turtle
                                   two and prepare and                                   Zoo, Chelonian
  2.3    at the Turtle                                                     X    $3,000                    Survival
                                   place graphics at TCC in                              TAG Education
         Conservation Center                                                                              Alliance
                                   year three.                                           Advisors
         (TCC) by 2020.




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Funding Objectives
Strategic Objective 3. Increase funding for Radiated Tortoise conservation and SAFE program.
                                                                 Timeframe and Budget           AZA           Field
Number            Action                      Metric                                                                    Notes
                                                                 2018    2019    2020         Members        Partners
         Develop fundraising
         strategy to acquire 100%    Strategic document
         of the funding needed to    created in year one and                                Utah's Hogle   Turtle
  3.1    implement the 3‐year        utilized as a roadmap for     X             X      X   Zoo, Zoo       Survival
         Action Plan for the         acquiring funds in years                               Knoxville      Alliance
         Radiated Tortoise SAFE      two and three.
         Program.

                                     Strategic document
                                     created in year three and
         Develop a fundraising
                                     utilized as a roadmap for                              Utah's Hogle   Turtle
         strategy for operations
  3.2                                securing funds for in‐                             X   Zoo, Zoo       Survival
         and programming at the
                                     country operations and                                 Knoxville      Alliance
         TCC and CEC for 10 years.
                                     programming for the
                                     long‐term (2021‐2023).

Conservation Objectives
Strategic Objective 4. Repatriate confiscated Radiated Tortoises to re‐establish locally extinct and depleted populations.
                                                                 Timeframe and Budget           AZA           Field
Number            Action                      Metric                                                                    Notes
                                                                 2018    2019    2020         Members        Partners
         Develop reintroduction                                                                            Turtle
                                     Reintroduction document
  4.1    strategy for confiscated                                $5,000                                    Survival
                                     completed.
         tortoises by 2019.                                                                                Alliance
         Survey suitable             Reintroduction sites
                                                                                                           Turtle
         reintroduction sites        selected and surveyed for
  4.2                                                                          $7,000                      Survival
         within the species range    appropriate conditions as
                                                                                                           Alliance
         by 2020.                    outlined in strategy.




                                                                          15
Relationships established
                                     and community needs
         Prepare communities for                                                                        Turtle
                                     met in order for
  4.3    stewardship of released                                                    $10,000             Survival
                                     successful stewardship of
         tortoises.                                                                                     Alliance
                                     reintroduced
                                     populations.

Strategic Objective 5. Build the capacity of law enforcement agencies and communities to stop illegal collection of tortoises.

                                                                 Timeframe and Budget           AZA        Field
Number            Action                      Metric                                                                  Notes
                                                                 2018    2019    2020         Members     Partners
         Re‐write regional pact
         (Dina) that ensures
         discipline within society
                                                                                                        Turtle
         and re‐establishes local    Revised document has
  5.1                                                                        X                          Survival
         values and traditions,      been created.
                                                                                                        Alliance
         and ensures that the
         terms (Lilitane) are
         implemented.
         Conduct follow‐up
                                     Follow‐up workshops
         workshops in three key                                                                         Turtle
                                     have been conducted in
  5.2    locations to                                                      $1,500                       Survival
                                     Tsiombe, Lavanono, and
         communicate the terms                                                                          Alliance
                                     Marovato.
         of the Dina.
         Provide safe
                                                                                                        Turtle
         transportation to TSA       Vehicle purchased and in
  5.3                                                                               $30,000             Survival
         staff members enforcing     use by staff.
                                                                                                        Alliance
         the Lilitane.




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Strategic Objective 6. Continue to build the Ala Mahavelo Tortoise Conservation Center (TCC) in the Androy region to foster
regional development, attract tourists and rehabilitate confiscated tortoises that will be included in the reintroduction
program.
                                                                  Timeframe and Budget       AZA             Field
Number             Action                      Metric                                                                       Notes
                                                                  2018    2019    2020     Members          Partners
         Increase number of
         tortoise holding             Enclosures built and                                                Turtle
  6.1    enclosures to                available for up to 1000                  $5,000                    Survival
         accommodate additional       additional tortoises.                                               Alliance
         confiscated tortoises.
                                      Fences replaced with
                                                                                                          Turtle
         Harden fences around         stronger, weather
  6.2                                                                           $2,500                    Survival
         tortoise enclosures.         resistant material and
                                                                                                          Alliance
                                      secured with metal posts.
                                      Husbandry guidelines and
                                      materials created that                                                           Animal Keeper
                                      allow keepers to                                                                 from Hogle Zoo
         Develop husbandry                                                                                Turtle
                                      maintain an inventory of                           Utah's Hogle                  traveling to TCC
  6.3    guidelines to monitor                                    $5,000                                  Survival
                                      tortoises and supplies,                            Zoo                           to work with
         care and tortoises.                                                                              Alliance
                                      diets, feeding schedules,                                                        staff in May
                                      weights and                                                                      2018.
                                      measurements, etc.
         Provide transportation       Three bicycles with carts                                           Turtle
  6.4    for staff to travel within   purchased and delivered     $1,200                 Zoo Knoxville    Survival
         the center.                  to TCC.                                                             Alliance
                                                                                         Rosamond
                                                                                         Gifford Zoo,     Turtle
         Provide uniforms to TCC      Shirts and shorts
  6.5                                                             $1,200                 Zoo Knoxville,   Survival
         staff.                       purchased and delivered.
                                                                                         Utah's Hogle     Alliance
                                                                                         Zoo




                                                                           17
Rooms to accommodate
                                    10 staff members and
                                                                                                                  Turtle
       Build staff housing within   shower/toilet block built
6.6                                                                        $12,000      $2,000                    Survival
       the core area of the TCC.    in year two and
                                                                                                                  Alliance
                                    kitchen/laundry facility
                                    built in year three.

                                    Rooms to accommodate
       Build staff housing          10 staff members,                                                             Turtle
6.7    outside the core area of     shower/toilet block and                             $14,000                   Survival
       the TCC                      kitchen/laundry facility                                                      Alliance
                                    built in year three.

                                    Designated parking area,
                                    workshop with tools and                                                       Turtle
       Provide designated
6.8                                 work bench and fuel                                 $3,000                    Survival
       vehicle area for staff.
                                    storage area created and                                                      Alliance
                                    in use by year three.
       Create breeding facility
                                    Small building
       for confiscated Spider
                                    constructed that includes                                                     Turtle
       Tortoises (adults and
6.9                                 incubators and               $3,500                           Zoo Knoxville   Survival
       offspring to be included
                                    indoor/outdoor rearing                                                        Alliance
       in reintroduction
                                    enclosures.
       program).
                                    Enclosures expanded,
                                    screens for windows and
                                    shelves installed,
       Complete construction        partitions in place in                                                        Turtle
6.10   and set‐up of tortoise       quarantine area and                        $3,000                             Survival
       hospital.                    equipment purchased                                                           Alliance
                                    (i.e. thermometers,
                                    microscopes, surgery
                                    lamp, refrigerator, etc.).
       Provide security check                                                                                     Turtle
                                    Guard station
6.11   point station at entrance                                 $800                             Zoo Knoxville   Survival
                                    constructed and in use.
       to TCC.                                                                                                    Alliance


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Strategic Objective 7. Continue to build the Ala Mahavelo Community Education and Outreach Center to raise awareness
locally for tortoise conservation, provide content and opportunities for in‐school delivery, out of school delivery and media
outreach and host community workshops, research scientists and tourists.
                                                                   Timeframe and Budget                 AZA           Field
Number            Action                     Metric                                                                             Notes
                                                                   2018    2019    2020               Members        Partners
         Provide community         Pavilion, Demo space,
         meeting space and         picnic area,                                                                    Turtle
                                                                                                    Utah's Hogle
  7.1    outdoor classroom to      fireplace/cooking area         $25,000                                          Survival
                                                                                                    Zoo
         host gatherings,          and sustainability                                                              Alliance
         workshops and students.   gardens built and in use.
         Provide environmental
         education and
                                                                                                                   Turtle
         conservation learning     Center constructed and                                           Utah's Hogle
  7.3                                                             $22,000                                          Survival
         center with indoor        in use.                                                          Zoo
                                                                                                                   Alliance
         classrooms and meeting
         space.
         Provide overnight         Dormitories, kitchen,
                                                                                                                   Turtle
         housing for students,     shower/toilet block and                                          Utah's Hogle
  7.2                                                                        $35,000                               Survival
         scientists, program       laundry facilities built and                                     Zoo
                                                                                                                   Alliance
         partners and tourists.    in operation.

                                   Gatehouse, offices,
         Secure the Ala Mahavelo                                                                                   Turtle
                                   parking stalls, storage
  7.4    CEOC to prevent damage                                                           $15,000                  Survival
                                   shed and perimeter fence
         and misuse.                                                                                               Alliance
                                   constructed.


                                   Central and remote                                                              Turtle
         Create fresh water
  7.5                              rainwater catchment                           $5,000                            Survival
         source for facility.
                                   system built.                                                                   Alliance




                                                                            19
Turtle
         Generate electricity for    Solar panel arrays
  7.6                                                                              $10,000                  Survival
         site using solar power.     installed.
                                                                                                            Alliance

                                     Content prepared for use
         Prepare educational and     in school and at the
                                                                                                            Turtle
         training content for        center, media outreach
  7.7                                                            X          X        X                      Survival
         student and community       and community
                                                                                                            Alliance
         programming.                workshops as outlined in
                                     the PHVA.


         Identify staffing needs     Staffing plan and                                                      Turtle
                                                                                             Utah's Hogle
  7.8    and budget for              operational budget          X                                          Survival
                                                                                             Zoo
         operations.                 established.                                                           Alliance


Strategic Objective 8. Develop an applied research program to address social (e.g. disrespect for traditional practices) and
environmental (e.g. habitat destruction and reforestation) issues, support reintroduction strategy (e.g. population and
habitat monitoring), and benefit tortoise health, husbandry and breeding programs at the Ala Mahavelo Tortoise
Conservation Center.
                                                                Timeframe and Budget             AZA           Field
Number            Action                      Metric                                                                     Notes
                                                                2018    2019    2020           Members        Partners
         Conduct social surveys at
         potential reintroduction
         sites to determine
                                                                                                            Turtle
         obstacles and
  8.1                                Survey completed.                    $5,000                            Survival
         opportunities for
                                                                                                            Alliance
         communities to
         participate in the
         stewardship program.
         Conduct habitat                                                                                    Turtle
  8.2    assessment at               Assessment completed.                         $5,000                   Survival
         reintroduction sites.                                                                              Alliance


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