Sacramento Council of Governments Yolo County Transit District

Sacramento Council of Governments Yolo County Transit District

Sacramento Council of Governments Yolo County Transit District

Sacramento Council of Governments Yolo County Transit District Long-Range Transit Plan: FY 2009-10 to FY 2018-19 Presented by: 5840 Red Bug Lake Road Suite 165 Winter Springs, FL 32708 Phone: (407) 977-4500 Fax: (407) 977-7333 tranrc@earthlink.net 2036 Nevada City Hwy, #200 Grass Valley, CA 95945 Phone: (530) 271-0177 Fax: (530) 271-0626 cliffchambers@earthlink.net! NSIT RESOURCE CENTE Final Report October 2009

Sacramento Council of Governments Yolo County Transit District

TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary . ES-1 Chapter 1: Introduction . 1-1 Long Range Transit Plan Objective . 1-1 Historic Perspective . 1-1 Report Organization .

1-3 Chapter 2: Transit Needs . 2-1 Community Trends . 2-1 Population and Employment Trends . 2-2 Yolobus Ridership Trends . 2-8 Changes in Senior and Disabled Demographics . 2-12 Annual Unmet Transit Needs Hearings . 2-14 Chapter 3: Transit Service and Plan . 3-1 Service Improvement by Year . 3-7 Summary by Community . 3-9 Currently Planned Capital Improvements . 3-12 Chapter 4: Financial Plan . 4-1 Introduction and Assumptions . 4-1 Operating Costs . 4-2 Operating and Capital Revenues . 4-8 Capital Expenditures . 4-10 Financial Plan Summary . 4-16 List of Figures 2-1. SACOG Population and Employment Projections .

2-2 2-2. Yolo County Population Growth: 2005-2018 by TAZ . 2-3 2-3. Yolo County Employment Change: 2005-2018 by TAZ . 2-4 2-4. Daily Person Trips Growth from Davis: 2005-18 . 2-5 2-5. Daily Person Trips Growth within West Sacramento: 2005-18 . 2-7 2-6. Daily Person Trips Growth from Woodland: 2005-18 . 2-8 2-7. SACOG Projection of Transit Trips . 2-9 2-8. Yolobus Ridership Trends . 2-10 2-9. Yolobus Fixed Routes and Ridership . 2-11 2-10 Department of Finance Projections by Age for Yolo County . 2-14 3-1. Yolobus Revenue Hours: 2009-10 . 3-1 3-2. Route 42 Intercity Service Map . 3-3 3-3. West Sacramento Route Map .

3-4 3-4. Woodland Route Map . 3-5 3-5. Davis Express Route Map . 3-6 3-6. Summary of Incremental Fixed Route Revenue Hours and Buses... 3-10 3-7. Future Route Network for West Sacramento . 3-11 4-1A Yolobus Changes in Service Supply: FY 2009/10 - FY 2013/14 . 4-4 4-1B Yolobus Changes in Service Supply: FY 2014/15 – FY 2018/19... 4-5 4-2A Projected Operating Revenue and Operating Costs: FY 2009/10 – FY 2013/14 . 4-6

Sacramento Council of Governments Yolo County Transit District

4-2B Projected Operating Revenue and Operating Cost: FY 2014/15 – FY 2018/2019 . 4-7 4-3. Yolobus Fares . 4-8 4-4. Yolobus Fleet Plan . 4-11 4-5A Capital Expenses and Revenue: FY 2009/10 - FY 2013/14 . 4-14 4-5B Capital Expenses and Revenue L FY 2014/15 – FY 2018/19 . 4-15

Sacramento Council of Governments Yolo County Transit District

Yolo County Transit District Executive Summary Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center ES-1 Executive Summary Long Range Transit Plan Objectives A Short-Range Transit Plan for YCTD was completed in August 2006 with five year forecasts that anticipated considerable improvements in transit service.

In March 2008, Sacramento Area Council of Governments (SACOG) adopted the Metropolitan Transportation Plan (MTP) 2035. As succinctly summarized in the MTP: “The Metropolitan Transportation Plan 2035 links land use and transportation planning with $42 billion in transportation investments in the six county Sacramento Region over the next 28 years.” The MTP provides a framework for significant increases in travel by transit. Region wide, total transit trips are expected to increase from 101,000 per day in 2005 to 326,000 per day in 2035. Annual growth in transit trips over the planning period is 4% per year, more than twice the rate of population change.

The primary objective of the Long-Range Transit Plan is to update the Short-Range Transit Plan, providing a ten- year plan to FY 2018-19, the mid-point of the Metropolitan Transportation Plan 2035. The Long-Range Transit Plan is meant to expand the planning horizon to FY 2018-19 by: ! Updating the Short Range Transit Plan by expanding the planning horizon from FY 2012-13 to FY 2018-19.

! Documenting transit needs by incorporating SACOG 2018 model results. ! Providing service plan and fare recommendations. ! Planning for facility development. ! Establishing a detailed operating and capital financial plan. Services Provided The Yolo County Transportation District administers Yolobus, which operates local and intercity bus service 365 days a year in Yolo County and neighboring areas. Yolobus consists of 22 fixed routes and provides local, intercity, express/commute and rural service throughout Yolo County. Outside of Yolo County, Yolobus provides service to downtown Sacramento, the Sacramento International Airport and Vacaville.

Local service is provided in Woodland and West Sacramento, and is supported by the intercity Route 42 which provides an hourly loop between Davis, Woodland, West Sacramento, and downtown Sacramento. It operates in both directions and provides the only public

Sacramento Council of Governments Yolo County Transit District

Yolo County Transit District Executive Summary Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center ES-2 bus service to Sacramento International Airport, serving it from both Sacramento and Woodland. Time transfers to Woodland local service are available at the County Fair Mall. Express service operates on the freeway between cities during commute periods with a premium fare, and commute service also operates only during peak periods, but links closer communities, usually without operating on the freeways. Yolobus makes connections with other local public transportation systems, including Unitrans and Fairfield-Suisun Transit in Davis, Vacaville City Coach in Vacaville, as well as Capitol Corridor trains to Fairfield and the Bay Area, and Regional Transit and Light Rail in Sacramento.

It is possible to make direct connections to other regional operators that serve downtown Sacramento, such as Yuba-Sutter or El Dorado Transit. Most of the 48 fixed-route buses use CNG, which is considered one of the lowest emission buses available in the transit industry. YCTD has ordered several 45-foot intercity coaches with 57 seats, and these are not available with CNG. In addition to fixed route service, YCTD is responsible for ADA complementary paratransit services in Yolo County, which were consolidated in January 1997. The two main providers are the Yolobus Special paratransit service provided by YCTD and Davis Community Transit (DCT).

YCTD is responsible for general administration, service and policy planning, contract oversight, service monitoring and evaluation, preparation of annual operating and capital budgets, provision of the fixed route and paratransit fleet, and service marketing. The contract operator is responsible for the hiring, training and supervision of all operations, maintenance, and road supervisory staff, the operation, fueling, and maintenance of service vehicles, the booking and dispatching of all Yolobus Special (Paratransit) trip requests, client registration, and the preparation of management reports.

During FY 2009-10, YCTD will operate 122,895 vehicle revenue hours of service, including 106,654 hours of Yolobus service and 16,241 hours of Paratransit. Market Penetration Transit ridership has grown rapidly on the local fixed route service. The 1.81 million riders in FY 2008-09 represented a 22% increase over the previous year. Annual Paratransit ridership is modest at approximately 18,200 trips, an increase of 1,600 from the previous year. Total annual transit trips per capita increased from 6.8 to 9.1 during the past five years. When Davis Unitrans ridership is added (Davis undergraduate students ride Unitrans for free – supporting the system with their registration fees), YCTD and Unitrans together account for approximately 24 annual trips per capita for the County population.

Sacramento Council of Governments Yolo County Transit District

Yolo County Transit District Executive Summary Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center ES-3 Population and Employment Growth Yolo County, which has four cities and a large unincorporated primarily agricultural area, had a population of 168,000 according to the 2000 Census, which represented a growth of 19% compared to 1990. The 2009 population is estimated at approximately 200,000 persons according to the California Department of Finance, of whom 65,000 live in Davis, 54,000 reside in Woodland, and 47,000 live in West Sacramento. Winters, the fourth city, has about 7,000 residents.

While West Sacramento is adjacent to and across the river from the City of Sacramento, the other cities are geographically separate and distinct, surrounded by agricultural land. In terms of transportation access, Davis and West Sacramento are connected to the region via I-80 while I-5 connects Woodland to the Sacramento Metropolitan Airport and the City of Sacramento. Route 113 links Davis and Woodland. Median income in the County was below the regional average, particularly in West Sacramento, which had a median household income of $31,700 in 1990 compared to the County average of $40,770 and the Sacramento County average of $43,816.

The West Sacramento proportion of families below the poverty level, at 17%, was almost double the County proportion of 9%. YCTD ridership reflects both the significant low income and large student populations, two demographic groups that have higher transit ridership patterns than the general population.

SACOG projections show Yolo County growing 27% from 2005 to 2018, although the County is approaching the 2013 forecast of 204,132 people in 2009. West Sacramento is expected to grow the most rapidly, 50% between 2005 and 2018, compared to 24% for Woodland and 14% for Davis. According to SACOG projections, the greatest growth in person trips will be internal trips within Davis, Woodland, and West Sacramento. Beyond that the largest increase in travel will be between West Sacramento and downtown Sacramento, North Natomas, and other nearby Sacramento districts.

Yolobus Plan Recommendations The key recommendations of this 10-year transit plan include development of new commute routes serving developing areas of West Sacramento, expanded service to the Cache Creek Casino, reducing headways to 30 minutes on the Route 42 Intercity service, and additional commute trips linking downtown Sacramento with each of the communities.

One new local route is also proposed for a developing area on the fringe of Woodland. An additional 500 hours of Paratransit service are proposed for each year of the planning period, boosting the current 16,241 annual hours of service to 20,741 by FY 2018-19.

Sacramento Council of Governments Yolo County Transit District

Yolo County Transit District Executive Summary Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center ES-4 The financial analysis indicates that implementing all of these enhancements in the year indicated would only be feasible with a new source of revenue or high rate of growth in sales tax. These include the following fixed route changes by year: FY 2010-11 14 new trips on the Route 215 Cache Creek service from Woodland, adding 6,000 additional revenue hours. The subsidy for this would be contributed by the tribe.

FY 2014-15 Three new routes are programmed between the expanding Southport neighborhood of West Sacramento and downtown Sacramento.

Subsidy for the additional 4,950 annual hours should be provided by developer contributions. FY 2015-16 Doubling the frequency on the West Sacramento new routes created in the previous year, and additional commute service from Woodland and Davis, adding approximately 9,800 hours of service. FY 2016-17 The largest programmed increase is 8,000 additional hours on intercity Route 42, expanding the span of service hours. Other increases include the new Woodland local route for approximately 3,000 annual hours, and smaller increments of Davis and West Sacramento commute services.

FY 2017-18 Another 8,000 hours would start reducing headways on Route 42; other increases include Davis and West Sacramento commute service and additional trips on the Route 220 service which links Vacaville, Winters, and Davis. FY 2018-19 A final increment of 19,000 annual hours would be added to Route 42, bringing headways to 30 minutes. A new local route in West Sacramento would add 10,400 more hours, and the number of Davis commute trips would continue to expand. Figure ES-1 summarizes the additional revenue hours and vehicles required to implement the Long-Range Transit Plan for fixed route service.

In addition, 4,500 annual hours and three additional Paratransit vehicles are planned to provide enhancements for the Paratransit service.

Yolo County Transit District Executive Summary Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center ES-5 Figure ES-1. Summary of Incremental Fixed Route Revenue Hours and Buses Additional Revenue Hours Additional Vehicles West Sacramento 22,428 10 Woodland 5,404 4 Davis 8,500 9 Yolo County 42,000 6 Total 78,332 29 Financial Planning Considerations The financial plan provides the details on costs and revenues from FY 2009-10 to FY 2018-19 based both on present revenue projections and on the recommendations described above. Assumptions on cost inflation per hour and other expenditures are based on past experience and anticipated future trends.

Likewise, on the revenue side, forecasts will be generated starting from the MTP financial projections updated with new information since the adoption of the MTP 2035. Adjustments to fares are based on financial needs and in order to achieve farebox recovery objectives. The capital plan is based on fleet replacement and expansion needs as well as facility improvements and other capital projects such as park-and-ride lots. The number of revenue vehicle hours is the primary variable that determines operating cost. The analysis details the forecasts of revenue hours, broken down by type of service and geographic location as described in chapter three.

The hourly cost of operations and maintenance, as well as any staffing costs, are subject to inflation, generally assumed to be 2.5-3% annually unless higher by contractual arrangement or specifics of the particular operation. The operating cost projections are based on applying the anticipated number of revenue hours by the hourly service cost projection. The bus operating cost of approximately $101 per hour for Yolobus buses and $75 per hour for Paratransit shown in the figure for FY 2009-10 was calculated by dividing total operating costs by revenue hours, so these figures include all overhead, administrative, and fuel costs.

This is a fully- loaded operating cost including fuel, insurance, and administration as well as operations and maintenance. This is a very reasonable cost per hour, particularly considering the use of CNG vehicles for the Yolobus service.

Yolo County Transit District Executive Summary Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center ES-6 The operating plan shows a significant shortfall of operating funds with the desired service expansions. As cited previously, full implementation will require either an expansion of existing funding sources or a new source of funding. The last three years of the plan show an operating deficit of $880,000, $2.29 million, and $5.6 million respectively. The total 10-year shortfall would be approximately $9.4 million, so almost 60% in the final year of the plan as a result of reducing headways to 30 minutes for several key routes.

The capital needs of the District appear to be fundable with existing and programmed sources.

The basic adult fare for Yolobus is $2.00, with an additional $1 for express commuter service. The senior and student fare is $1.00 and a student monthly pass is available for $42.50. Fares were increased approximately 25-30% in April 2009. The DAR fare for seniors and disabled is $3 to $5 depending on distance. Fare increases are included in FY 2012-13 and FY 2017-18 to help balance the budget. These would be on the order of $0.25 for adult cash with proportional increases in other fares YCTD does not use all Local Transportation Fund (LTF) funds generated in Yolo County. The plan would increase use of LTF funds from approximately $5.5 million in FY 2008-09 to $8.1 million by FY 2018-19, which represents about 2/3 of the $12.6 million projected LTF revenue in FY 2018-19.

Davis uses a portion of its funds to support Unitrans and bikeway maintenance, and Woodland and Yolo County use a portion of their funds for non-transit projects.

Yolo County Transit District Introduction Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 1-1 CHAPTER 1: Introduction This chapter describes the objectives of the Long-Range Transit Plan (LRTP). It then provides a historical perspective of the development of transit service by the Yolo County Transit District (YCTD). Long Range Transit Plan Objectives A Short-Range Transit Plan for YCTD was completed in August 2006 with five year forecasts that anticipated considerable improvements in transit service. Some of the improvements have been implemented but some have been delayed because new development has slowed somewhat.

In March 2008, Sacramento Area Council of Governments (SACOG) adopted the Metropolitan Transportation Plan (MTP) 2035. As succinctly summarized in the MTP: “The Metropolitan Transportation Plan 2035 links land use and transportation planning, with $42 billion in transportation investments in the six county Sacramento Region over the next 28 years.” The MTP provides a framework for significant increases in travel by transit. Region wide, total transit trips are expected to increase from 101,000 per day in 2005 to 326,000 per day in 2035. Annual growth in transit trips over the planning period is 4% per year, more than twice the rate of population change.

The primary objective of the Long-Range Transit Plan is to update the Short-Range Transit Plan, providing a ten- year plan to FY 2018-19, the mid-point of the Metropolitan Transportation Plan 2035. The Long-Range Transit Plan is meant to expand the planning horizon to FY 2018-19 by: ! Updating the Short Range Transit Plan by expanding the planning horizon from FY 2012-13 to FY 2018-19.

! Documenting transit needs by incorporating SACOG 2018 model results. ! Providing service plan and fare recommendations. ! Planning for facility development. ! Establishing a detailed operating and capital financial plan. Historic Perspective Yolo County is one of the counties that make up the Sacramento Metropolitan Area, which stretches from the central valley to the foothills of the Sierra Mountains. Yolo

Yolo County Transit District Introduction Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 1-2 County, which has four cities and a large unincorporated, primarily agricultural area, has, according to the California Department of Finance, a 2009 population of approximately 200,000 persons of whom 65,000 live in Davis, 54,000 reside in Woodland, and 47,000 live in West Sacramento.

Winters, the fourth city, has about 7,000 residents. While West Sacramento is adjacent to and across the river from the City of Sacramento, the other cities are geographically separate and distinct, surrounded by agricultural land. In terms of transportation access, Davis and West Sacramento are connected to the region via I-80 while I-5 connects Woodland to the Sacramento International Airport and the City of Sacramento. Route 113 links Davis and Woodland. Amtrak and the Capitol Corridor trains make a stop in Davis on their route between Sacramento and the San Francisco Bay Area.

The Yolo County Transportation District (YCTD) was created in 1997 to replace an earlier Transit Authority. The duties of the agency were expanded as described below: 1 ! To provide public transit services in Yolo County, both fixed route and paratransit; ! Serve as the Consolidated Transportation Services Agency (CTSA) for the County; ! To act as the Congestion Management Agency for Yolo County; ! Serve as the agency responsible for countywide coordination of transportation system planning, programming and prioritization of significant projects; and ! Serve as the coordinating agency for all state and federal funding applications, where appropriate.

The agency budget primarily reflects the transit operating and capital function, although major transportation planning activities, such as technical and environmental studies for a potential West Sacramento streetcar, also can affect the budget. The seven person YCTD Board consists of representatives of the four cities, Yolo County, and the University of California at Davis and Caltrans, which have ex-officio Board membership. The Yolo County Transportation District administers Yolobus Special (Paratransit) an ADA paratransit service which operates local and intercity bus service 365 days a year in Yolo County and neighboring areas.

Paratransit serves Davis, West Sacramento, Winters, Woodland, downtown Sacramento, Sacramento International Airport, Cache Creek Casino, Esparto, Madison and Knights Landing. Local bus service within Davis is 1 Source: Yolo County Transportation District, Short-range Transit Plan, August 2006

Yolo County Transit District Introduction Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 1-3 primarily operated by the University-operated Unitrans system; Paratransit service within Davis is provided by Davis Community Transit; and YCTD provides the intercity and commute service connecting Davis with Woodland, Sacramento, West Sacramento, and Winters. Yolobus makes connections with other local public transportation systems, including Unitrans and Fairfield-Suisun Transit in Davis, Vacaville City Coach in Vacaville, as well as Capitol Corridor trains to Fairfield and the Bay Area, and Regional Transit and Light Rail in Sacramento.

It is possible to make direct connections to other regional operators that serve downtown Sacramento, such as Yuba-Sutter or El Dorado Transit. In 1993, the YCTD was among the first transit agencies in California to use compressed natural gas bus technology, and now most of the 48 fixed-route buses use CNG, which is considered one of the lowest emission buses available in the transit industry. YCTD has ordered several 45-foot intercity coaches with 57 seats, and these are not available with CNG.

In addition to fixed route service, YCTD is responsible for ADA complementary paratransit services in Yolo County, which were consolidated in January 1997. The two main providers are Yolobus Special, the paratransit service provided by YCTD and Davis Community Transit (DCT). YCTD provides local ADA paratransit services in Woodland and West Sacramento, inter-city ADA paratransit services between specific Yolo County communities, and rural ADA route deviation services. The Yolobus Special service is provided for persons who are unable to use Yolobus Special or Unitrans wheelchair accessible fixed route service because of a “functional” disability.

Applicants are screened based on mobility aid use, and questions pertaining to difficulties getting to and from a bus stop, understanding instructions, waiting at a bus stop, and cognitive capabilities. Professional verification of the applicant’s condition is required. Herein after the ADA paratransit service will be referred to as Paratransit. YCTD is responsible for general administration, service and policy planning, contract oversight, service monitoring and evaluation, preparation of annual operating and capital budgets, provision of the Yolobus and Paratransit fleet, and service marketing.

The contract operator is responsible for the hiring, training and supervision of all operations, maintenance, and road supervisory staff, the operation, fueling, and maintenance of service vehicles, the booking and dispatching of all Paratransit trip requests, client registration, and the preparation of management reports. Report Organization Chapter 2 provides an overview of transit needs between 2005 and 2018 in the Yolo County Transit District service area. Forecasts on population and employment increases between 2005 and 2018 provided by SACOG are presented. Origin and destination model data provided by SACOG are mapped to better understand potential growth in transit demand by FY 2018-19.

Demographic projections from the SACOG Senior and Disabled Mobility Study are highlighted.

Yolo County Transit District Introduction Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 1-4 Chapter 3 is the service plan. Service plan recommendations are provided for the local routes and paratransit services. Chapter 4 is a detailed financial plan. A discussion is provided of existing and future revenue sources. The FY 2008-09 budget and budgeted FY 2009-10 figures are used as a starting point. Operating cost projections between FY 2009-10 and FY 2018-19 are provided. A capital plan between FY 2009-10 and FY 2018-19 for new buses and park-and-ride facilities is also provided.

The required revenues for both operating and capital are included.

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-1 CHAPTER 2: Transit Needs This chapter presents population and employment trends in Yolo County, transit ridership trends in the County, and anticipated growth in transit demand based on SACOG modeling and demographic trends. Community Trends Yolo County, which has four cities and a large unincorporated primarily agricultural area, had a population of 168,000 according to the 2000 Census, which represented a growth of 19% compared to 1990. The 2009 population is estimated at approximately 200,000 persons according to the California Department of Finance, of whom 65,000 live in Davis, 54,000 reside in Woodland, and 47,000 live in West Sacramento.

Winters, the fourth city, has about 7,000 residents.

While West Sacramento is adjacent to and across the river from the City of Sacramento, the other cities are geographically separate and distinct, surrounded by agricultural land. In terms of transportation access, Davis and West Sacramento are connected to the region via I-80 while I-5 connects Woodland to the Sacramento Metropolitan Airport and the City of Sacramento. Route 113 links Davis and Woodland. Amtrak and the Capitol Corridor trains make a stop in Davis on their route between Sacramento and the San Francisco Bay Area.

The largest employer in the County is the University of California at Davis with about 12,000 employees and 31,000 students, including undergraduate and graduate programs.

UC Davis students represent a substantial percentage of the Yolo County population although not all live in Davis or the County. The median age in Davis was 25 in 2000, compared to 29.5 for the County. This compared to a median age of almost 34 for Sacramento County and 38 in Placer County which has a significant retiree population. Median income in the County was below the regional average, particularly in West Sacramento, which had a median household income of $31,700 in 1990 compared to the County average of $40,770 and the Sacramento County average of $43,816. The West Sacramento proportion of families below the poverty level, at 17%, was almost double the County proportion of 9%.

YCTD ridership reflects both the significant low income and student populations, two demographic groups that have higher transit ridership patterns than the general population.

Annual ridership per capita has been increasing for Yolobus. The ridership of 1.81 million trips for 2008-09 represented 9.1 annual rides per capita, compared to 6.8 five years previously in 2004-05. Since Davis undergraduate students ride Unitrans for free (they support the system with their registration fees), the three million annual riders

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-2 represents a very high ratio of annual trips per capita within Davis, and adding Unitrans and Yolobus together would yield approximately 24 annual rides per capita for the County.

Population and Employment Trends As shown in Figure 2-1 below, SACOG projections show Yolo County growing 27% from 2005 to 2018, although the County is approaching the 2013 forecast of 204,132 people in 2009. Figure 2-1. SACOG Population and Employment Projections Population West Sacramento Woodland Davis Rest of Yolo County Yolo County 2005 40,440 50,794 64,330 17,336 172,900 2013 57,788 57,464 69,071 19,809 204,132 2018 60,825 63,236 73,374 22,597 220,032 % change 2005-18 50% 24% 14% 31% 27% Employment 2005 30,736 26,032 28,172 7,598 92,538 2013 39,399 28,375 33,748 8,528 110,050 2018 42,793 30,858 35,519 9,505 118,675 % change 2005-18 39% 18% 26% 25% 28%

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-3 Figures 2-2 and 2-3 show the anticipated growth of population and employment in Yolo County between 2005 and 2018. Winters, Eastern Woodland, northeast Davis, and West Sacramento are expected to see the most population growth and presumably residential development. West Davis and northern and eastern (along the river) sections of West Sacramento are expected to have the greatest employment growth during the 13 year time span. While the large Esparto-Capay Valley zone is expecting both population and employment growth, the employment growth is related to the expansion of the Cache Creek Casino and does not represent an expansion of jobs throughout the traffic analysis zone (TAZ).

Figure 2-2. Yolo County Population Growth: 2005 to 2018 by TAZ

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-4 Figure 2-3. Yolo County Employment Change: 2005 to 2018 by TAZ

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-5 Figures 2-4 through 2-6 illustrate the growth in intercity travel between 2005 and 2018 for the three principal cities of Yolo County, and figure 2-7 shows a SACOG projection of growth of transit trips internally and between communities.

In each case, the numerical increase in travel is greatest for internal trips within the communities. Figure 2-4 shows project change in travel patterns between Davis and other regional analysis districts (RAD); analysis zones defined by SACOG. The greatest volume of travel as well as the largest increase will be between Davis and Woodland with 22,000 daily trips, a growth of almost 5,000 trips a day. The projections also show the volume of daily trips between Davis and downtown Sacramento growing by 641 trips a day for a total of 14,848 trips, which is the second largest volume between communities.

Travel between Davis and both North Natomas and West Sacramento is expected to each grow by approximately 2,000 trips daily.

Figure 2-4. Daily Person Trips Growth from Davis: 2005-2018

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-6 Figure 2-5 shows projected change in travel patterns between West Sacramento and other RAD’s. Although West Sacramento is in Yolo County, its stronger travel relationship is with communities in Sacramento County, including 84,342 daily trips to downtown (a growth of 25,528 daily trips), East Sacramento (25,700 daily trips), Landpark (32,693), and North Natomas with 20,777 daily trips, a doubling from 2005 volumes.

Figure 2-5. Daily Person Trips Growth from West Sacramento: 2005 to 2018

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-7 Figure 2-6 shows the projected travel patterns between Woodland and other communities. The largest projected volumes of travel are between Woodland and Davis, with 22,000 trips, and North Natomas with 9,056 trips, a doubling of 2005 travel. Although travel to downtown Sacramento is only projected to grow by 413 daily trips, the volume of 8,000 daily trips is substantial.

The 3,536 daily trips between Woodland and West Sacramento are also substantial, as is the growth of 1,037 trips. Figure 2-6. Daily Person Trips Growth from Woodland: 2005 to 2018

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-8 Figure 2-7. SACOG Projection of Person Trips Regional Analysis Districts 2018 Change 2005- 2018 % Change 2005-2018 Between West Sacramento Internal 189,666 74,808 65% Downtown Sacramento 84,342 25,528 43% North Natomas 20,777 10,628 105% Land Park 32,693 5,669 21% East Sacramento 25,693 5,882 29% Davis 9,848 1,897 24% Between Woodland and Woodland 415,388 84,118 25% Downtown Sacramento 8,015 413 5% North Natomas 9,066 4,539 101% Davis 22,038 4,782 28% Between Davis and Davis * 442,342 76,410 21% Downtown Sacramento 14,848 641 5% North Natomas 4,781 2,071 76% Yolobus Ridership Trends Yolobus consists of 22 fixed routes and provides local, intercity, express/commute and rural service throughout Yolo County.

Outside of Yolo County, Yolobus provides service to downtown Sacramento, the Sacramento International Airport and Vacaville. Local service is provided in Woodland and West Sacramento, and is supported by the intercity Route 42 which provides an hourly loop between Davis, Woodland, West Sacramento, and downtown Sacramento. It operates in both directions and provides the only public bus service to Sacramento International Airport, serving it from both Sacramento and Woodland. Time transfers to Woodland local service are available at the County Fair Mall. Express service operates on the freeway between cities during commute periods with a premium fare, and commute service also operates only during peak periods, but links closer communities, usually without operating on the freeways.

Figure 2-8 shows ridership trends for Yolobus and Figure 2-9 provides brief route descriptions along with annual ridership and ridership per hour. As will be noted, the Intercity Route 42 service accounts for approximately a third of Yolobus ridership, and Route 215, the intercity route between Woodland and the Cache Creek Casino, accounts for significant ridership as well. It is unique in that Yolobus receives a

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-9 significant subsidy from the Tribe for both the purchase of buses for the service and operating assistance. Route 220 provides local service in Winters, with intercity connections to Vacaville and Davis. Routes 216 and 217 provide lifeline service between rural communities and the Woodland County Seat, operating two trips a day twice a week. Figure 2-8. Yolobus Ridership Trends FY01-02 FY02-03 FY03-04 FY04-05 FY05-06 FY06-07 FY07-08 FY08-09 Fixed Route 1,303,657 1,248,883 1,201,697 1,230,312 1,307,400 1,362,732 1,485,782 1,811,716 Paratransit 16,241 14,937 14,417 14,699 12,585 15,028 16,650 18,224 TOTAL 1,319,898 1,263,820 1,216,114 1,245,011 1,319,985 1,377,760 1,502,432 1,829,940 As seen in Figure 2-8, Yolobus ridership has fluctuated somewhat, but has shown solid increases during the past few years.

After Yolobus service generated 1.3 million annual trips in FY 2001-02, it declined about 8% to 1.2 million trips during the following two- year recessionary period, before coming back to 1.3 million trips by FY 2005-06. Since then it gained four percent, nine percent, and had a 22% gain comparing FY 2008-09 to the previous year. Unlike other recessionary periods, the current one showed a large patronage increase, presumably related to high gasoline cost during summer and fall 2008. However, the ridership gains have continued during 2009 despite lower gas prices and rising unemployment.

Because of the large service area, Yolobus does not operate out of one central “transit center,” but rather has several smaller transfer locations where some routes have timed connections. Many connections are made via Route 42 at the County Fair Mall in Woodland, along West Capitol Avenue in West Sacramento, at the Memorial Union in Davis and at several locations throughout Downtown Sacramento. Connections to other transit agencies can also be made in Davis (to Unitrans, Fairfield-Suisun Transit and Amtrak), in downtown Sacramento (to RT and several other providers) and in Vacaville (to Vacaville City Coach and Fairfield-Suisun Transit).

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-10 Figure 2-9. Yolobus Fixed Routes and Ridership Annual Ridership Route Description Category Riders/Hour Jan 2009 2007-08 2008-09 43 Davis – Sacramento Express 35.7 69,134 89,511 44 South Davis – Sacramento Express 26.6 38,319 42,665 45 Woodland – Sacramento Express 27.9 58,547 70,919 230 W. Davis - Sacramento Express 27.6 36,175 43,091 231 Sacramento - Davis Express 11.0 2,657 3,594 232 Davis - Sacramento Express 27.4 10,513 13,287 39 W. Sac. (Southport) – Sacramento Commute 17.5 29,269 38,780 241 W.

Sacramento – Sacramento Commute 20.4 13,107 15,358 242 Woodland – Davis Commute 34.9 7,823 12,584 42 Intercity Loop Intercity 21.7 551,207 649,885 215 Woodland – Cache Creek Casino Intercity 22.5 237,864 292,734 220 Vacaville – Winters – Davis Intercity 9.6 15,534 20,677 35 West Sacramento (Southport) Local 8.0 29,134 42,396 40 West Sacramento Loop Local 15.8 68,834 88,955 41 West Sacramento Loop Local 15.8 66,687 78,219 210 West Woodland Loop Local 13.0 90,852 46,852 211 West Woodland Loop Local 16.3 79,942 83,686 212 East Woodland Loop (new 08- 09) Local 12.2 0 54,683 214 East Woodland Loop (new 08- 09) Local 11.8 0 34,832 240 West Sacramento – Sacramento Local 17.6 74,967 83,840 216 Woodland – Knights Landing 2 trips twice a week 1,014 1,302 217 Woodland – Yolo - Dunnigan 2 trips twice a week 797 1,040 340 West Sacramento - Sacramento Commute 273 Total 1,485,044 1,811,716

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-11 Comparing the performance and route network in FY 2008-09 to that reported in the August 2006 Short-Range Transit Plan indicates good progress in most respects. The Route 42 Intercity service that links Woodland, Sacramento, West Sacramento and Davis remains the most significant trunk line. Due to an increase in service on other routes, Route 42 has dropped from 43% of total Yolobus patronage in 2004 to 36% by October 2008 during which 61,150 passengers rode the service. Almost 650,000 used the route during FY 2008-09 – an increase of almost 100,000 trips from the previous year.

With the development and expansion of the Cache Creek Casino, the 215 route that links it with Woodland has become the second most utilized route, with 292,000 passengers during 2008-09, 16% of total patronage. Several other routes, including Route 43 Davis to Sacramento peak period express route, and two local routes which link West Sacramento to downtown Sacramento (routes 40 and 240) each generate about five percent of the patronage and about 8,000 monthly trips. Like any transit service, there is a great variety in route productivity, with several commute routes showing productivity rates of 34 passengers per hour (routes 43 and 242), and the well utilized 42 and 215 routes which operate every day generating approximately 21-22 passengers per hour.

Weekday and Saturday service is much more productive than Sunday, but YCTD operates Sunday service to provide lifeline connections. For example, the route 42 intercity service carries 24 passengers per hour on weekdays, 20 passengers per hour on Saturdays, but only 8 passengers per hour on Sundays. Route 211 local service in Woodland generates 18 passengers per hour on weekdays, 13 per hour on Saturdays, but only six per hour on Sundays. The worst performing route, the 221 Winters local service, generated fewer than one passenger per hour, and was recently eliminated from the route network.

Considering future transit demand, the most rapid population growth is anticipated in West Sacramento, in the redevelopment area closest to the river and downtown Sacramento and new development in the Southport area. Figure 2-1 showed the 50% population increase anticipated in West Sacramento between 2005 and 2018. Forecasts of total travel and growth of transit trips indicate significant growth within West Sacramento, across the river to downtown Sacramento, as well as to other Sacramento districts such as Natomas, Land Park, and East Sacramento. While Paratransit is responsible for trips to the downtown area, current plans anticipate the patrons would continue to transfer to Regional Transit for trips to other areas besides downtown.

YCTD has evaluated the feasibility of streetcar, linking West Sacramento Transit Center, including West Sacramento City Hall, West Sacramento Los Rios Community College, Yolo County Library and West Sacramento Community Center, and development along Tower Bridge Gateway with downtown Sacramento. The project would be primarily funded through developer contributions and creation of an assessment district. Currently YCTD, City of West Sacramento, City of Sacramento and Sacramento Regional Transit are completing phase 2 of the project which includes Environmental and Preliminary Engineering work.

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-12 West Sacramento YCTD has worked with the City of West Sacramento to require, as part of a development agreement, that three developments in the Southport area contribute both capital and operating funds as part of the development approval.

However, all three of the developments are on hold as a result of FEMA’s concerns about the adequate level of flood protections and the current housing market. When the developments proceed, YCTD will receive $1.7 million in one-time capital funds and an on-going contribution of up to $600,000 annually from each development to support operating costs of additional service.

Paratransit Special Service The Yolo County Paratransit service is operated by Yolobus, with the exception of trips within Davis which are operated by Davis Community Transit. YCTD provides ADA complementary paratransit service within ! of a mile of fixed route service for those unable to use fixed route service because of a functional disability. Riders need to be registered and certified as eligible. For the rural areas, including registrants in Winters, Capay, Dunnigan, Yolo, and Knights Landing, the scheduled buses will divert up to ! of a mile to accommodate ADA clients.

According to the 2006 SRTP, ridership on the Paratransit service declined 10% over a five year period ending in 2004, and revenue hours declined by 17% over the same period.

Passenger productivity increased from 1.62 to 1.74 passengers per revenue hour, but operating cost per passenger increased significantly to a FY 2004-05 subsidy level of $51.38 per trip. Results since then have been mixed. FY 2008-09 Paratransit ridership increased to 18,224, an increase of 45% during the past four years. However, passenger productivity has declined to 1.12 passengers per revenue hour and the operating cost per passenger was at approximately $70 per trip for FY 2008-09. With the substantial increase in senior population, increasing demand for Paratransit service is anticipated.

Changes In Senior And Disabled Demographics Aging of the population is well documented. In 2005, SACOG completed the regional Senior and Disabled Mobility Study, which documented the projected increase in the population aged 65+ for Sacramento and other counties. As the study pointed out: ! Population projections have been developed by the California Department of Finance (DoF). DoF projections are from a regional economic model which makes assumptions about future levels of migration into each county. ! According to DoF projections, the number of people age 55 or older in the Sacramento Region will increase by approximately 580,000, or 153%, between 2000 and 2030.

As shown in Figure 2-10 below, the population of people over 55 and 65

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-13 is expected to grow much faster than Yolo County population as a whole. This will increase demand for both Yolobus and Paratransit service. Figure 2-10. Department of Finance Projections by Age for Yolo County Yolo 2000 2010 2020 2030 Total 169,882 222,277 271,040 320,434 55+ 27,713 41,581 58,936 76,746 65+ 15,928 19,987 30,952 43,708 75+ 7,821 8,314 11,030 18,126 % 55+ 16% 19% 22% 24% % 65+ 9% 9% 11% 14% %75+ 5% 4% 4% 6% Local input was received during the study process at Yolo County.

Preferred solutions relevant to transit were mentioned at public meetings and are summarized as follows: ! More emphasis on the needs of elders and persons with disabilities in the transportation planning process, including universal design and transit oriented development in a way that works for all users.

! Greater public participation. ! Focusing transit funds on more frequent midday, evening, weekend, and Neighborhood Ride service, not just commuter services. ! Prioritized bus stop amenities such as shelters and benches, safety mechanisms on bus doors to keep them from closing too quickly, low-floor buses, upgrades to wheelchair restraints, and real-time transit information technology, safety improvements at bus stops and on buses, including improved lighting and visibility at stops. ! More “seamless” service with common transfer points for Yolobus and Paratransits as well as universal fare cards.

! Better linkages of smaller communities to larger ones. ! For demand-responsive services, smaller vehicle and jitney services, expanded demand-responsive and community/volunteer transportation programs. ! More taxis that are regulated, insured, supervised, offer a variety of passenger payment options and accessible vehicles, and include discounts/sliding scales/subsidies for low-income seniors/persons with disabilities.

Yolo County Transit District Transit Needs Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 2-14 ! More funding for these purposes, as well as looking at distance-based pricing, and priority for rides based on medical need.

For Yolobus transit, seniors and members of the disabled community stressed more buses for more service, including nights and weekends and more spaces for wheelchair users, accompanied by enforcement of stop announcements and reserved spaces for seniors and persons with disabilities. Participants also prioritized sensitivity training for all drivers on smooth driving of large buses or paratransit vehicles, and simulations to understand varied impairments.

The highest priority for workshop participants was supplemental, subsidized, accessible (ramp-equipped) taxi service, similar to that in San Francisco. The next was for expanded demand-responsive service hours, and greater same-day flexibility for adding riders seeking destinations similar to those with advance reservations. Attendees suggested shuttles to high-demand destinations, and that large medical facilities, such as Kaiser, provide transportation to medical appointments for those needing transportation assistance. Lastly, the group suggested developing a centralized list, managed by a transportation broker or coordinator, of groups or agencies with accessible vehicles which could transport disabled persons during unplanned situations, such as an illness at work or a vehicle break-down.

Annual Unmet Transit Needs Hearings Each year SACOG holds unmet transit needs hearings throughout Yolo County including the principal cities and Winters. After reviewing testimony received at the Yolo County hearings in March 2007 and February 2008, the SACOG board found “no unmet transit needs that were reasonable to meet” based on established criteria. Service- related comments in SACOG’s Unmet Needs Hearings Summary included: ! Adding lighting to increase bus stop safety; ! Increasing service on Route 35 in West Sacramento to provide consistent hourly service; ! Increasing service to the Southport area of West Sacramento; and ! Adding 3-bicycle racks to buses since the 2-bicycle racks are sometimes full.

YCTD has a program to improve bus stops, has addressed the Route 35 concerns and plans to add service in the Southport area when the level of development and transit demand increases. YCTD has implemented 3-bicycle racks on large Yolobus buses. An additional hearing in October 2008 included requests for expanded midday service in West Sacramento, express service in Woodland from the developing Spring Lake subdivision, and Paratransit service directly to the Amtrak Station in Davis. YCTD is seeking funding in some cases and in others indicates that there is not sufficient development or demand for the requested enhancements at this point.

Yolo County Transit District Transit Service Plan Long-Range Transit Plan Final October 2009 Transit Resource Center 3-1 CHAPTER 3: Transit Service Plan There are four elements of transit service for Yolo County residents – commute trips to jobs in other communities, intercity service between communities, including Sacramento and Sacramento International Airport, local Yolobus service within the individual cities, and Paratransit service for seniors and the disabled. As is typical, commute and intercity service are generally well utilized, and performance on local routes is mixed. As shown in Figure 3-1, approximately 106,500 annual revenue hours are budgeted for fixed route service during FY 2009-10.

The intercity routes account for almost 50% of revenue hours, followed by West Sacramento with 25%, Woodland at 19%, and Davis at 10% - which exclusively represents commute service to Sacramento. The Davis hours do not include the separate local service provided by Unitrans within Davis. Figure 3-1. Yolobus Revenue Hours: FY 2009-10 Fixed Route Area Budgeted Hours Yolo County 49,186 West Sacramento 26,881 Woodland 19,777 Davis 10,810 Total Fixed Route 106,654 Paratransit (Yolobus Special) 16,241 Total Revenue Hours 122,895 The Paratransit service is budgeted for 16,241 revenue hours during FY 2009-10.

As briefly described previously, Route 42, the intercity route that connects Woodland, Davis, West Sacramento, Sacramento, and Sacramento International Airport with hourly clockwise and counterclockwise loops is the most important route for YCTD. More than a half million annual riders use the route, approximately a third of YCTD ridership. The route makes scheduled transit center stops in Woodland, and interfaces with Unitrans in Davis at the UC Davis transit center, links to local YCTD routes in West Sacramento, and links with Sacramento RT and other agencies, including Yuba-Sutter Transit, at downtown Sacramento stops.

When funding is available, YCTD is planning to increase service on route 42. The first goal is extending the span of service – both on weekdays and weekends. The next step would be increasing service from hourly trips to trips