Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...

Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...
Technical Assistance Consultant’s Report

Project Number: 48323-001
January 2018

Republic of Indonesia: Sustainable and Inclusive
Energy Program
(Financed by the Agence Française de Développement and the
Technical Assistance Special Fund)

Appendix E: PLN PV Procurement Workshop Support
Appendix F: Renewable Incentives FGD 1—Current Policies
Appendix G: Renewable Incentives FGD 2—Financing Gaps

Prepared by Castlerock Consulting, Indonesia in association with Economic Consulting
Associates Ltd, United Kingdom and PT. Q Energy South East Asia, Indonesia

For     Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs
        Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources
        Ministry of Finance
        Perusahaan Listrik Negara

This consultant’s report does not necessarily reflect the views of ADB or the Government concerned, and
ADB and the Government cannot be held liable for its contents.
Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...

Technical Assistance to PLN:
Workshop on Solar PV Procurement
23-24 May 2017


                                             SIEP Final Report – January 2018
Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...

This report was prepared by Castlerock Consulting under a policy and technical assistance
grant administered by the Asian Development Bank (ADB): Sustainable and Inclusive Energy
Program (PATA 8826-INO). Inputs were provided by PT Synergy Engineering, Mott
MacDonald, and Hadiputranto, Hadinoto and Partners.


The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect
the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the
governments they represent.

ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no
responsibility for any consequence of their use. The mention of specific companies or products
of manufacturers does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by ADB in
preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

By making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area, or by
using the term “country” in this document, ADB does not intend to make any judgments as to
the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...
Executive Summary
Under Government Regulation No. 79 of 2014 on the National Energy Policy, the Government
of Indonesia has targeted new and renewable energy to provide 23% of primary energy needs
by 2025 (up from 6% in 2015). This target has been reaffirmed in the National Energy Plan
signed by President Joko Widodo in January 2017. In addition, the country’s Nationally
Determined Contribution to the Paris Agreement of 2015 calls for a 29% reduction greenhouse
gas emission by 2030.

As the state-owned enterprise for electricity supply, PLN (Perusahaan Listrik Negara – State
Electricity Company) has planned accordingly to develop electricity by utilizing renewable
energy. As stated in the Electricity Supply Business Plan (Rencana Usaha Penyediaan
Tenaga Listrik, RUPTL) 2017-2026, PLN plans to expand electricity generation capacity to
fulfill demand growth and to increase their supply by utilizing local energy resources, especially
renewable energy.

By November 2016, total installed capacity of generation in Indonesia had reached 51,915
MW which consists of PLN-owned generation of 39,859 MW, independent power producer
(IPP)-owned generation of 8,867 MW and rented generation of 3,192 MW. Out of this total,
44% of total capacity is from coal power plants, 29.3% from gas power plants, 11.1% from
diesel power plants, 8.9% from hydro power plants, 3.2% from oil-steamed power plants, 2.6%
from geothermal, and 0.2% from various renewable energy.

In January 2017, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR) issued broad-based
guidelines for purchasing electricity from renewable energy sources. Ministerial Regulation
MEMR (Peraturan Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral, Permen ESDM) No.12/2017
establishes pricing and selection guidance for all forms of renewable energy (including solar
photovoltaic, wind, hydropower, biomass, biogas, municipal waste, and geothermal). This
regulation requires PLN to purchase electricity from renewable sources with reference to
national targets, prioritize the dispatch of renewable-based generation projects below 10
megawatts (MW) as “must-run” plants, and develop standardized procurement documents
and power purchase agreements (PPAs). It requires tendering of wind and solar projects in in
packages of at least 15 MW each and provides a benchmark price for all renewable generation

The state-owned electricity corporation, PLN, plans to issue several tenders for solar and wind
power procurement under this new regulation in the coming months, representing the first
large-scale tenders for renewables in the country. The first tender will be for a combined 167
MW of solar power plants in Sumatera. The benchmark price will be tied to local average cost
of generation (Biaya Pokok Penyediaan, BPP), which is approximately USD 7 cents/kWh. PLN
plans to subsequently tender solar packages for Kalimantan, Maluku and Papua, and West
Java. As stipulated by Permen ESDM 12/2017, PLN is also preparing standard power
purchase agreements (PPAs) and standard bidding documents.

As part of on-going assistance for clean energy development, ADB, in collaboration with AFD,
has been providing support to PLN with tender preparation. ADB conducted a one-week
consultation with PLN with a team comprising a solar PV specialist, power system planner,
and other specialists in Jakarta.

The workshop was designed to help PLN have a better understanding of solar PV
procurement. It covered grid connection issues, solar PV development issues, and commercial

Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...
and legal issues. The workshop was followed up by one day of in-depth one-on-one
consultations between PLN engineers and the consultants.

Representatives from PLN Headquarters and Regional Offices attended the workshop and
one-on-one consultations. Representatives from ADB and AFD also attended the series of

The main findings from the workshop are as follows:
    The effectiveness of solar PV procurement is still an issue for PLN. The grid code and
      distribution code do not adequately address renewable energy integration, particularly
      given the intermittent nature of wind and PV power generation.
    The selection of projects was largely conducted in an ad hoc manner, with the
      bolstering of areas with forecast power deficits being the main criterion for project
      selection. As a result, many projects do not appear to be technically feasible due to
      grid conditions.
    PLN has not conducted any grid-connected solar PV procurement to date. The
      rationale and objectives of the solar procurement seems unclear for some PLN
      Regional Office staff.
    PLN seeks performance guarantees from IPPs, but guaranteeing energy production
      from solar and other intermittent power projects is not possible due to their intermittent
      and uncertain nature. For solar PV, PLN’s PPA instead works on the basis of
      guaranteeing plant capacity under defined operating conditions. However, this
      approach is not used elsewhere in the world.

Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...
Executive Summary ......................................................................................................... E-3
Introduction ...................................................................................................................... E-6
   Background .................................................................................................................. E-6
   Objective ...................................................................................................................... E-6
   Proposed Assistance ................................................................................................... E-6
   Agenda ......................................................................................................................... E-7
Presentation..................................................................................................................... E-7
   Integration of Intermittent Renewable Power Plant in Power System Planning ........... E-7
   Grid Impact Studies for Integrating Utility Scale Solar PV into PLN Networks ............. E-8
   Solar PV Generation in the Region .............................................................................. E-8
   Solar Development Challenges in Indonesia ............................................................... E-9
   Procurement of Solar PV Projects ............................................................................. E-10
   Solar PV Power Purchase Agreement ....................................................................... E-10
Findings ......................................................................................................................... E-11
Recommendation for next step ...................................................................................... E-12
Appendix 1: Workshop’s Agenda................................................................................... E-14
Appendix 2: Workshop’s Documentation ....................................................................... E-16


                                                                                             SIEP Final Report – January 2018
Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...

1.     The Government of Indonesia recognizes that a climate-friendly social and economic
development path is a key factor for sustainable development. The government has set the
target to reduce emissions by 29% by 2030, and this reduction could reach 41% subject to
availability of international support. In addition, the government has set an ambitious target
of 23% of renewable energy share in its primary energy mix by 2025 in the 2014 National
Energy Policy, which has been reaffirmed in the National Energy Plan. To increase
renewable energy production in the electricity mix, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral
Resources (MEMR) of the Republic of Indonesia stipulated Ministerial Regulation No.
12/2017 on Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources for Electricity Supply.
2.     According to the Electricity Law No. 30/2009, the government is obliged to control the
electricity supply. Through national electricity company Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN),
the government controls electricity supply, distribution, and demand. Ministerial Regulation
No.12/2017 also mandates (i) PLN to purchase electricity from renewable energy
generators to achieve the targeted energy mix and electrification targets, and (ii) the manner
in which PLN may procure electricity supply from various renewable energy resources.
3.     In PLN’s Electricity Supply Business Plan (RUPTL, Rencana Usaha Penyediaan
Tenaga Listrik), developing new and renewable energy is one of PLN’s policy objectives.
Therefore, PLN is planning to develop new and renewable energy in the form of geothermal,
hydro, wind, solar, and bioenergy. Furthermore, PLN is obliged to treat renewable energy
projects with a capacity below 10MW as “must run” plants. PLN must procure solar PV and
wind projects through open tender. Adequate preparation of the tender process is the key
to achieve positive outcomes and low prices. The required preparation includes (i) technical
analysis (i.e. resource quality analysis and grid studies), and (ii) commercial analysis.
However, PLN has only limited resources and capacity to develop proper criteria based on
technical and commercial studies.

4.    The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Agence Francaise de Developpment (AFD)
are jointly providing technical assistance to PLN to support the renewable energy
procurement preparation. The objective of the support is as follows:
a.     To improve PLN’s knowledge on renewable energy tendering preparation
b.     To improve the capacity of PLN’s staff on the tendering process.
c.     To provide PLN with methods and support to evaluate the suitability of particular
       sites for solar PV development from the standpoint of grid conditions.
d.     To provide inputs for preparation of a standard power purchase agreement (PPA)
       and standard bidding documents in purchasing renewable energy by PLN.

Proposed Assistance
5.  ADB-AFD initiated the assistance with a 3-day consultation with a team comprising:
    Solar PV Specialist
    Power System Planner
    Other specialists (legal expert, renewable energy tender specialist)
6.  The assistance included a one-day workshop, covering technical issues and
commercial issues on solar PV procurement process.

Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...
7.    Key technical and commercial issues for PLN were discussed during the workshop.
This covered grid integration (injection from renewable energy and stability), technical and
economic criteria for tendering, and key aspects in the PPA for renewable energy. Lessons
learned from renewable energy procurement, primarily solar PV, from selected countries
were presented as well. This aims to increase PLN’s knowledge on solar PV so they can
prepare proper tendering processes and criteria in the future.

8.     The assistance was conducted in 4th week of May (please see attachment 1 for
detailed agenda), with detailed scheduled as follows:
       22 May – Afternoon – Kickoff meeting within the team to discuss issues
       23 May – workshop at PLN on solar PV procurement – technical and commercial
       24 May – detailed one-on-one consultations in small groups at PLN - with engineers
        from PLN Wilayahs and Pusat.

Integration of Intermittent Renewable Power Plant in Power System
9.     Renewable energy (RE) penetration into power systems globally will continue to grow
rapidly as has been forecasted by the International Energy Agency in their Energy Outlook
2015, as well as BP in their energy outlook. Both analyses show that renewable energy will
be the highest growth in electricity power production compared to other types of primary
energy resources. One of the reasons for this is the declining price of RE, mainly solar and
wind. A defining characteristic of RE is energy from a sustainable natural resource, but
production is intermittent, which makes RE more difficult to integrate into power systems.
10. Economic evaluation of RE rests mainly on the capital expense as operation and
maintenance expense is minor. Economic evaluation will depend principally on construction
cost, and its economic life and discount rate, which reflects the cost of financing. Other
important parameters that must be considered are availability of RE resources and their
characteristics. This will determine the productivity of RE.
11. RE resource availability will determine the energy that is produced, hence it will
determine the economic viability as well. There are several publicly available sources of
information on resource availability but they are usually not as detailed and accurate as
needed for an in-depth, investment-grade analysis. At least using this information, we can
estimate and approach the characteristic.
    12. One such source of information is the Energy Sector Management Assistance
        Program (ESMAP) World Solar Irradiation Atlas ( This
        site provides average solar irradiation around the world with 1 km-sq resolution. This
        allows us to estimate production of a solar power plant anywhere in the world.
13. Intermittency is one challenge that must be considered when integrating RE into
power systems. There are several mitigations that are available and implementable for RE
intermittency. These include site size limitation, multiple site diversity, storage, fast
response conventional generation elsewhere on the grid and forecasting of RE output.
These mitigations will be more effective if supported by regulation, such as grid and
distribution code.
14. There are several simulation tools for integrating RE into power system capacity
expansion planning. One of the simulation tools is PLEXOS Simulator by Energy Exemplar.

Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...
This simulation will optimize capacity planning (long term), create a production simulation
by optimizing available resources, and show chronologic dispatch of each power plant.
15. Sumba Island was used as a case study in the presentation. Data on solar and wind
have hourly resolution for 1 year and were extended into 10 years of simulation time.
Results of the simulation show that a combination of RE (solar & wind) and fossil energy
(gas engine) is needed in Sumba. This shows that fossil fuel is still needed, while RE will
minimize the consumption of LNG. Fossil fuel is still needed for supporting capacity need,
while RE will support on energy need. This sort of capacity expansion planning should be
followed by grid impact studies.

Grid Impact Studies for Integrating Utility Scale Solar PV into PLN Networks
16. This presentation describes a structured approach to performing grid impact studies
for the interconnection of utility scale solar PV into PLN’s networks. Because PLN is
responsible for hundreds of separate electricity grids around Indonesia, a single “one size
fits all” approach and assessment criteria is neither practical nor advisable. Rather, the
concept of “weak” and “strong” grid connections are introduced taking into account the
characteristics of the network relative to the power plant to be connected.
17. Weak grid connections are subdivided into high impedance and low inertia
connection points. A weak high impedance connection point is one that has a Short Circuit
Ratio (SCR) of less than 3 (as per IEEE Std 1204). These types of connection points are
typically characterized by long radial upstream feeders and low short circuit levels, leading
to issues relating to voltage regulation / stability and increases in active power losses.
18. A weak low inertia connection point is associated with the connection of a large power
plant relative to the frequency response characteristics of the system, i.e. the power plant
has a large influence on the frequency of the system. It is proposed that a connection point
is weak if the Stiffness Ratio (SR) is less than 4. Low inertia connection points are typically
associated with small isolated power systems with a high mix of diesel or gas engine
generator capacity (i.e. low inertia machines). The key issues surrounding low inertia
connection points are frequency stability and issues with conventional generator dispatch
and loading (such as maintaining minimum machine loading and spinning reserve).
19. Lastly, strong connection points are those that have SCR >3 and SR >4. In such
cases, there are no major issues foreseen in the connection of solar PV plants and standard
grid impact studies apply for checking the evacuation of the power to the grid and short
circuit contributions.

Solar PV Generation in the Region
20. Despite huge resources and ambitious national and regional targets, uptake of solar
in South East Asia (SEA) has been limited so far. The main barriers identified so far include:
       –       Data availability for preliminary assessments,
       –       Grid connection and integration,
       –       Access to land,
       –       Regulatory frameworks (complex, frequently changing),
       –       Perception of high cost still exists,
       –       Very short timelines for bid preparations,
       –       Local content expectations,
       –       Access to financing,
       –       Poor track record of some projects.

Technical Assistance Consultant's Report - Sustainable and ...
21. These barriers can be overcome by an adequate procurement approach and lessons
learned from existing projects in the region. Various approaches that could be applied to
minimize the cost of energy in equatorial regions include the following:
        –       Optimisation of DC/AC ratio
        –       East / East-West facing orientation
        –       Layout optimization for complex terrain
        –       Component selection based on latest technical developments and the site
22. Procurement rules should allow new trends that provide value for money, as long as
they don’t compromise the robustness of the projects. Current engineering, procurement
and construction (EPC) cost in SEA region is ~USD 1,000/kWp for utility scale projects with
good access. A very clear downward trend in cost can be observed, but conditions vary
greatly and so do costs. All technical and commercial elements need to be considered when
comparing tariffs achieved internationally (as evident from the comparison between Dubai
and Indonesia projects):
        –    Irradiation
        –    Economies of scale
        –    Local content restrictions
        –    Land cost
        –    Responsibility for grid interconnection costs
        –    Taxes and import duties
        –    Country, currency and off-taker risk
        –    Financing costs, and
        –    PPA term and escalation provisions

Solar Development Challenges in Indonesia
23. Solar resource estimation is not yet mature for the Indonesian context. It is necessary
to consider both ground-measured and satellite-derived data to ensure confidence in
revenue estimates, to capture (i) long-term climate; (ii) modelling uncertainty; (iii)
microclimate effects; and (iv) any impacts from air pollution.
24. BMKG (Indonesia Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics) has more
than 60 meteorological stations with solar irradiation measurements. However, this
information is not easily accessible to developers and consultants and its quality needs to
be assessed.
25. Adequate site assessment is key for a successful project. Logistics can have a huge
impact on the delivery of the project and need to be factored in the design and procurement.
26. Lessons from elsewhere in the SEA region regarding design and equipment selection
remain relevant, for example:
       –       Material selection to avoid corrosion,
       –       Enclosures for electrical components adequate for high temperatures and
       –       Flood mitigation and drainage design,
27. During operations, inverter outages are typically the key revenue risk under plant
owner control:
       –       Nuisance trips from low isolation resistance, particularly during damp periods
               (e.g. from DC cable selection; damage to cable insulation; poorly specified
               ducting; inadequate drainage),
       –       Nuisance trips due to over-voltage and/or coordination of settings (e.g. for
               varied AC cable lengths),
       –       Lack of local maintenance or spares storage base, particularly for inverter
               suppliers without a prior installed base in the country.

28. Grid-related constraints on power sales remains a central concern for island networks
(this was discussed in more detail by the other presenters).

Procurement of Solar PV Projects
29. Auctions represent best practice for RE procurement, providing price discovery and
control over volumes and cost. Auction risks can be managed by adequate selection of
design features: demand, qualification requirements, winner selection and seller liabilities.
There is no single formula for successful auctions, but ensuring competition is key.
30. Valuable lessons learned from South African REIPPP, Scaling Solar and Kenyan
auctions study were discussed. A multi-stage, solar specific auction seems appropriate as
a first step in Indonesia. The option of pre-selected sites or at least pre-selected
area/connection substation should be explored.

Solar PV Power Purchase Agreement
31. The presentation highlights the Indonesian solar power purchase agreement, which
is a new model power purchase agreement and relatively different compared to the
previously issued model agreement in 2013.
32. The presentation first covered the contractual structure and objectives of a power
purchase agreement and the roles of the parties involved in a power project in order to get
a general understanding where a power purchase agreement sits and why it is an important
project document.
33. The presentation points out key terms of a power purchase agreement as they relate
to different stages of the project, such as construction, operation, and power supply. Under
the terms of the power purchase agreement, an IPP would be required to construct a power
plant and the transmission line, and be ready to operate by a certain targeted commercial
operation date. The contract will also define consequences of delay, force majeure, term
and termination etc.
34. The solar power purchase agreement introduced by PLN suggests key differences in
terms of supply guarantee from other power purchase agreements. For example, in thermal
PPAs, energy supply guarantee is possible due to constant fuel source, whilst for solar
power purchase agreement, it is impossible for the IPP to guarantee if the sun will shine or
for how long, and therefore, a guarantee is feasible only with respect to plant capacity under
defined operating conditions. However, this type of guarantee is not used elsewhere in the
world; elsewhere it is accepted that PV is intermittent and projects are sized and located so
that the system can compensate for variation in output. The presentation also addresses
the differences in the tariff components for solar power projects where it only comprises
components A (capital cost recovery), B (fixed and variable O&M) and C (transmission line
capital cost recovery).
35. The presentation further addresses the key concerns relating to Regulation of the
Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources No. 10 of 2017 on the terms of a power purchase
agreement ("Reg 10"), which does not apply to solar projects, but PLN indicates that it wants
to follow the same principles under Reg 10 for solar power purchase agreements. Some of
the key concerns are relating to the build-own-operate-transfer (BOOT) model, Force
Majeure conditions (PLN is relieved of payment obligations where PLN cannot take power
due to (natural) Force Majeure, thereby PLN shifts government force majeure risk to power
developers), and the take or pay period, which should be set by taking into account the debt

36. The following points are the findings from the workshop and one-on-one
consultations with PLN’s staff:
              Planning departments from the PLN Wilayahs were given the responsibility
               to select the quotas and projects (capacity and location) for the upcoming
               solar PV tenders.
              From discussions with planning staff, the selection of projects was largely
               conducted in an ad hoc manner, with the bolstering of areas with forecast
               power deficits being the main criterion for project selection. As a result, there
               are many projects that do not appear to be technically feasible since the local
               grid conditions were not assessed.
              No technical assessment studies were performed for the selection of the
               solar PV projects. It appears that PLN has no simulation models for most of
               the smaller isolated grids.
              During the breakout session, the Sumatera projects were categorized into
               Strong, Weak (Low Inertia) and Weak (High Impedance) connections based
               on a preliminary screening. PLN will follow up by collecting the required
               technical data to conduct a more detailed evaluation.
              The participants from procurement divisions were new and had never done
               any procurement to date. They expect that the solar procurement would be
               rolled-out in Java next year.
              The rationale and objectives of the solar procurement seem unclear to some
               PLN staff. The workshop was useful to share knowledge and increase buy-
               in among stakeholders.
              The allocation of capacity for the announced solar tenders is decided by the
               planning teams of each Wilayah. It appears that the solar capacity is selected
               only based on a simple threshold (e.g. no more than 5% of the total peak
               generation capacity in each system). It seems that no specific grid studies
               are being conducted to select the capacity allocation or the interconnection
               point of the projects.
              An area of concern for the participants (shared by the consultant team) is the
               feasibility of interconnection and dispatch of future solar PV projects.
              Procurement documents were not available for review by the consultant, and
               the below findings are purely based on verbal communications from PLN,
               which in some cases presented some contradictions.
              The basic structure of the procurement seems reasonable with a staged
               process: prequalification (PQ) and request for proposal (RFP) stage; and
               multi-round approach: one region first and then lessons learned to be applied
               to next regions.
              The PQ is focused on the capabilities of the prospective bidders to develop,
               build and operate the project. It includes legal, financial and track-record
              The RFP package seems to be still under preparation. The contents of the
               RFP are unclear; it was mentioned that it includes a draft PPA, details of the
               project sites and the point of interconnection. However, based on
               subsequent discussions, it seems that the last two items are actually not
              The evaluation is based on a combined technical and financial score. The
               weights are not clear at this stage but in other PLN procurement processes
               the technical component can have up to a 60% weight.

      The tender timelines are challenging for the bidders, with one week to
               respond to the PQ and one month to respond to the RFP. Considering that
               the prequalified bidders are provided with little information (no solar data, no
               interconnection study) and that the project site is not pre-selected by PLN,
               one month seems insufficient to prepare a well-informed proposal.
              There is a local content requirement in the tender process. While this is
               feasible for some components and beneficial to develop local industry, it
               should be carefully considered not to affect the competitiveness. At the
               moment, it would seem that the PV module local content requirement
               effectively means that there is only one possible Tier 1 supplier.
              The documentation of the Scaling Solar initiative was shown to the
               participants, with particular focus on the up-front advisory work to select the
               project site, define the project capacity and the technical limits of the
               interconnection; and the Minimum Functional Specifications.
              Guaranteeing supply of energy for solar and other intermittent power projects
               is not possible for intermittent power project, and the possible approach is
               by way of guaranteeing the plant capacity under defined operating conditions
               (Though this is not used elsewhere in the world. Elsewhere PV projects are
               sized and located so that the power system can accommodate the variability
               of PV output);
              The relief of PLN's payment obligation due to PLN’s inability to take power
               caused by a force majeure event and the shifting government force majeure
               risk to developers are major bankability concerns;
              There is no restriction for PLN to set take or pay at full term of PPA; and
              There is no regulatory requirement for solar projects to be set on a BOOT

Recommendations for next steps
37. PLN is undertaking significant efforts to increase the uptake of solar in their system.
The upcoming tenders show some positive features, but the overall impression is that they
might not attract enough competition; bidders will be pricing the risks/uncertainties
associated in the absence of information, and the lack of upfront grid impact/interconnection
studies may compromise the feasibility of some projects.
38. Throughout our interactions during the workshop we have identified several areas of
future work. Below are some proposed follow-up actions which could be supported by ADB-
AFD and carried out by independent consultants:
       Assist PLN with technical evaluation of projects already selected for upcoming solar
        PV tenders (starting with the Sumatera tender packages) when all data is collected
       Assist PLN with developing clearly defined assessment criteria and framework for
        conducting grid impact studies. The studies can be further developed into
        integration of intermittent RE in power system planning, penetration level of
        intermittent RE, and mitigation of intermittency studies.
       Assist PLN with developing the grid code and updated distribution code for
        renewable energy integration.
       PLN (or a consultant) to conduct whole of system studies for each of the major grids
        (e.g. Sumatera interconnected system, Jawa-Bali, etc.) that incorporates all
        intermittent power plants in the system. This is done to determine system-level
        limits for solar PV and wind penetration.

   Solar resource: the solar irradiation data recorded by BMKG meteorological
    stations is currently not accessible. Technical support to compile, assess and make
    this data easily available would significantly benefit solar development in the
   Tender documents: independent review and update of the current tender design
    and the existing tender documents: RFQ, RFP (project agreements, studies,
    technical requirements) and evaluation criteria.
   Grid integration, as elaborated by other presenters:
       o   Review and update of Grid Code for integration of intermittent renewable
           energy generation;
       o   System studies for each of the major grids to determine potential
           penetration of renewables.
   Terms of reference for upfront work required to define project sites, project capacity
    and technical limits of the interconnection of future tender processes.
   Capacity building within the relevant PLN teams on procurement, solar/wind energy
    and grid impact studies.
   In order to promote and support for the development of solar power projects, PLN
    should consider adopting a model of power purchase agreement that applies risk
    allocation principles, and removing the major bankability concerns raised by Reg
   There must be an integrated view and actions taken by the Government, PLN and
    stakeholders in respect of solar projects development and for this purpose, it is
    important for the Government to issue an implementing regulation that governs the
    development of intermittent power projects.

Appendix 1: Workshop’s Agenda
ADB-AFD Support to PLN on RE Procurement
Venue: PLN Pusat, Jakarta, Indonesia
Participants: Representatives from PLN Pusat and PLN Wilayah
Date: May 22, 2017
 Time          Agenda                                     Speaker
 13.00 pm    – Kickoff meeting representatives            Led by Toru Kubo
 15.00 pm      from ADB, AFD, and PLN                     Asian Development Bank

Date: May 23, 2017
 Time               Agenda                                Speaker
 9.00 am – 9.30     Registration
 9.30 am – 10.30    Session 1: Grid impacts on integrating renewable energy
 9.30 – 10.00 am    Integration of renewable power        I Made Rosakya
                    in system planning                    Castlerock Consulting
 10.00 – 10.30      Grid     impact      studies    for   Dharma Susanto
 am                 integrating utility-scale solar PV    Castlerock Consulting
                    plants into PLN networks
 10.30 – 10.45      Coffee/Tea Break
 10.45 – 12.15      Session 2: Solar PV Development
 10.45 – 11.15      Solar PV generation in the region     Mr. Inaki Perez
 am                                                       Solar Team Leader, Mott MacDonald
 11.15 – 11.45      Solar development challenges in       Mr. Inaki Perez
 am                 Indonesia                             Solar Team Leader, Mott MacDonald
 11.45 – 12.15      Solar procurement program             Mr. Inaki Perez
 pm                                                       Solar Team Leader, Mott MacDonald
 12.15 – 1.30 pm    Lunch Break
 1.30 - 2.30 pm     Session 3: Legal and commercial issues
 1.30 - 2.00 pm     Legal issues on solar PV Baker MacKenzie
 2.00 – 2.30 pm     Commercial issues             Baker MacKenzie
 2.30 – 2.45 pm     Coffee/Tea Break
 2.45 – 3.45 pm     Q&A Session

Date: May 24, 2017
 Time              Agenda                                 Speaker
 8.30 – 09.00      Registration
 09.00 – 10.30     One-on-one consultation on solar pv development
 am                Resource person: Inaki Perez, Mott McDonald
 10.30 – 12.00     One-on-one consultation on grid impacts
 pm                Resource person: Castlerock Consulting

Time             Agenda                          Speaker
8.30 – 09.00     Registration
12.00 – 1.00     Lunch Break
1.00 – 3.00 pm   One-on-one consultation on legal and commercial issues
                 Resource Person: Baker MacKenzie

Appendix 2: Workshop’s Documentation


This appendix contains four presentations from MEMR, DEN, INDEF and BKPM which is
presented during the first FGD. The first FGD mainly discuss about the current policy in
Indonesia's RE sector.

These presentations are provided below.


                                                              SIEP Final Report – January 2018
KEMENTERIAN ENERGI DAN SUMBER DAYA MINERAL                                                                                                                        Outline

                                                                                                                                                    I.     Kebijakan dan Peraturan Pengembangan EBTKE                                                                        3
                                                                                                                                                    II. Potensi dan Target Penyediaan Energi Primer EBT                                                                      5
                                                                                                                                                    III. Pengembangan Energi Terbarukan berdasarkan RUPTL dan
                                                                                                                                                         Roadmap EBT                                                                                                         7
                                                                                                                                                    IV. Penyederhanaan Perizinan dan Insentif                                                                                10
                                                                                                                                                    V. Upaya Pengembangan EBT                                                                                                13
                                                                                                                                                    VI. Tantangan dan Kemitraan Strategis                                                                                    16

                                       FGD Percepatan Investasi Energi Terbarukan, Jakarta 31 Juli 2017
                                                                                                                                               1                                                                                                                                  2
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                    I. KEBIJAKAN PERCEPATAN PENGEMBANGAN EBTKE                                                                                            I. Peraturan Pendukung Energi Baru Terbarukan
                                                                                                                                                    1. Undang-undang Nomor 30 tahun 2007 tentang Energi; Undang-undang ini merupakan regulasi payung,
                                                      Proses bisnis yang semakin jelas, terukur,                                                       meskipun memberikan penekanan khusus terhadap EBT Pasal 20 ayat (3) mengamanatkan bahwa
                                                      sederhana dan cepat                                                                              penyediaan energi baru dan energi terbarukan wajib ditingkatkan oleh Pemerintah dan pemerintah daerah sesuai
                                                                                                                                                       dengan kewenangannya;
                                                                                                                                                    2. Undang-undang Nomor 30 tahun 2009 tentang Ketenagalistrikan;
                                                                                                                                                    3. Undang-undang Nomor 21 tahun 2014 tentang Panas Bumi;
                                                                                                                                                    4. Undang-undang Nomor 16 tahun 2016 tentang Pengesahan Paris Agreement To The United Nations
         Penggunaan teknologi yang efektif, efisien                                                                                                    Framework Convention On Climate Change
                                                                                                                                                    5. Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 79 tahun 2014 tentang Kebijakan Energi Nasional, Pasal 9
         dan memberikan keekonomian proyek                                                                                                              mengamanatkan bahwa peran Energi Baru dan Energi Terbarukan paling sedikit 23% tahun 2025 dan paling
         yang bagus                                                                                                                                     sedikit 31% tahun 2050 sepanjang keekonomiannya terpenuhi;
                                                                                                                                                    6. Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 7 Tahun 2017 tentang Panas Bumi untuk Pemanfaatan Tidak Langsung;
                                                                                                                                                    7. Peraturan Presiden Nomor 4/2016 tentang Percepatan Infrastruktur Ketenagalistrikan, Pasal 14
                                                                                                                                                        mengamanatkan bahwa pelaksanaan percepatan infrastruktur ketenagalistrikan mengutamakan pemanfaatan
                                                                                                                                                        energi baru dan terbarukan;
                                                                                                                                                    8. Peraturan Presiden Nomor 22/2017 tentang Rencana Umum Energi Nasional (RUEN);
                                                        Peningkatan kompetensi sumber daya manusia                                                  9. Peraturan Menteri ESDM Nomor 12 Tahun 2017 tentang Pemanfaatan Sumber Energi Terbarukan
                                                                                                                                                        untuk Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik dan Peraturan Menteri Nomor 43 Tahun 2017 tentang Perubahan
                                                        yang meliputi pengetahuan, keahlian dan                                                         atas Permen ESDM Nomor 12 Tahun 2017 tentang Pemanfaatan Sumber Energi Terbarukan untuk
                                                                                                                                                        Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik;
                                                        pengalaman                                                                                  10. Peraturan Menteri ESDM Nomor 39 Tahun 2017 tentang Pelaksanaan Kegiatan Fisik Pemanfaatan
                                                                                                                                                        Energi Baru dan Energi Terbarukan;
                                                                                                                                                    11. Beberapa Peraturan Menteri Keuangan tentang insentif fiskal dan non fiskal pengembangan EBT.
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                             II. Potensi Energi Baru Terbarukan                                                                                          II. Target Penyediaan Energi Primer EBT Tahun 2025
              Air                                         Surya                                           Panas Bumi
                                                                                                                                                    Berdasarkan Peraturan Presiden Nomor 22 Tahun 2017 tentang
                                Potensi :
                                75 GW + 19,3 GW
                                                                        Potensi : 207,8 GWp                             Potensi
                                                                                                                        Sumber Daya : 11,0 GW       Rencana Umum Energi Nasional (RUEN)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Kapasitas Pembangkit Listrik Nasional        135 GW
                                Realisasi                                                                               Reserve : 17,5 GW
                                PLTA 5,124 GW
                                                                        PLTS 0,085 GWp
                                                                        (0,02%)                                         Realisasi                                                                                    Kapasitas Pembangkit Listrik EBT                45 GW
                                PLTMH 0,162 GW                                                                          PLTP 1,65 GW
                                (1,19%)                                                                                 (0,36%)                    Batubara             Gas
                                                            Bioenergi                                           Laut                                                                                                                         1.   PLT Panas Bumi, 7,2 GW
           Angin                                                                                                                                                   22%                                                       Listrik         2.   PLT Hidro, 17,9 GW
                             Potensi : 60,6 GW                                 Potensi                                     Potensi : 17,9 GW                                                                                                 3.   PLT Mikrohidro, 3 GW
                             PLTB :1,1 MW
                                                                               PLT Bio : 32,6 GW
                                                                               BBN : 200 Ribu Bph                                                                                                      69,2                  EBT 45          4.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PLT Bioenergi, 5,5 GW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PLT Surya, 6,5 GW
                             (0,0002%)                                         Realisasi
                                                                                                                                                     30%         ~ 400                                  MTOE                 GW              6.   PLT Angin, 1,8 GW
                                                                               PLT Bio : 1,78 GW (0,4%)                                                                       23%                                                            7.   PLT EBT lainnya, 3 GW
    Energi Fosil                          Produksi      Akan habis                                    8,80 GW                                                                             MTOE
                                                                        441,7 GW                (2% terhadap potensi)                                             25%                                                        Biofuel                                13,69
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               juta kilo liter
   Minyak Bumi      3,6 miliar barel   288 Juta barel   13 tahun
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Biomassa                                   8,4
   Gas Bumi         100,3 TSCF         2,97 TSCF        34 tahun     Kapasitas terpasang                                                                          Minyak                              23,0                                                          juta ton

   Batubara         7,2 miliar ton     434 juta ton     16 tahun
                                                                     Pembangkit saat ini                      59.656 MW                                                                                MTOE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Biogas                                 489,8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    juta m3
                                                                     Rencana                                  35.000 MW          New project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             CBM                                       46,0
                                                                     Pembangunan Pembangkit                        +7.500 MW

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                                                                                                                                                                                          SIEP Final Report – January 2018
III. Pengembangan Energi Terbarukan berdasarkan RUPTL                                                                                                                                                                                                                  III. Roadmap Panas Bumi (1/2)
Wilayah Sumatera                                         Wilayah Kalimantan                                                     Berdasarkan RUPTL 2017 – 2026 PT. PLN Persero                                                                                8,000.0                                                                                                                    3000
 No    Pembangkit Listrik    Kapasitas   Total           No    Pembangkit Listrik           Kapasitas       Total                                                                                                                                                       Kapasitas Terpasang (per Juli 2017) :                                       Indonesia
                                                                                                                                           Total Indonesia
  1    Panas Bumi            MW          3.305            1    Panas Bumi                   MW                  -                                                                                                                                                       1.698,5 MW Penambahan kapasitas                                           peringkat ke-1
                                                                                                                                               No        Pembangkit Listrik           Kapasitas       Total                                                  7,000.0
  2    Air                   MW          4.284            2    Air                          MW             1.056                                                                                                                                                        terpasang 2017 terdiri dari:                                             dunia melampaui
  3    Mini/Mikro Hidro      MW            983            3    Mini/Mikro Hidro             MW                 10                              1         Panas Bumi                   MW                6.290                                                            1.PLTP Ulubelu Unit 4 (55 MW) (COD                                          Amerika
  4    Surya                 MWp                 5        4    Surya                        MWp                 -                                                                                                                                            6,000.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           25 April 2017)                                  Indonesia
                                                                                                                                               2         Air                          MW               12.343
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2.PLTP Karaha Unit 1 (30 MW)                    peringkat ke-2
  5    Bayu                  MW                  -        5    Bayu                         MW                 15

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Tambahan Kapasitas (MW)
                                                                                                                                               3         Mini/Mikro Hidro             MW                1.694                                                            3.PLTP Sorik Marapi (Modular, 20 MW)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Rencana Kapasitas (MW)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        dunia melampaui                                                 2000
  6    Biomas/ Sampah kota   MW            274            6    Biomas/ Sampah kota          MW                 41                              4         Surya                        MWp                     57                                             5,000.0     4.PLTP Sarulla Unit 2 (110 MW)                     Filipina
  7    Laut                  MW                  -        7    Laut                         MW                  -
                                                                                                                                               5         Bayu                         MW                  570
  8    Bio-Fuel              Ribu KL       411            8    Bio-Fuel                     Ribu KL           830
                                                                                                                                               6         Biomas/ Sampah kota          MW                  597                                                4,000.0                                                                                                                    1500
              Total            MW        8.851                       Total                    MW           1.257
                                                                                                                                               7         Laut                         MW                       0
                                                                                                                                               8         Bio-Fuel                     Ribu KL           6.572
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3,000.0                                                                                                              999
                                                                                                                                                               Total                      MW          21.549                                                                                                                                   866            858                       1000

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             2,000.0                                                                                                650
Wilayah Jawa-Bali                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     450
                                                              Wilayah Sulawesi & Nusa Tenggara                                                      Wilayah Maluku & Papua                                                                                                                                                                                                              500
 No     Pembangkit Listrik   Kapasitas   Total
                                                              No       Pembangkit Listrik         Kapasitas         Total                            No         Pembangkit Listrik        Kapasitas     Total                                                1,000.0                                            205    215     165       220
 1      Panas Bumi           MW            2.150                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   110
                                                               1       Panas Bumi                 MW                  400                            1          Panas Bumi                MW              75                                                                                         60
 2      Air                  MW            4.562                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0    37           7.5              35
                                                               2       Air                        MW                2.323                            2          Air                       MW             118
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  -                                                                                                                     0
 3      Mini/Mikro Hidro     MW              437
                                                               3       Mini/Mikro Hidro           MW                  221                            3          Mini/Mikro Hidro          MW              43
 4      Surya                MWp                     -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
                                                               4       Surya                      MWp                  52                            4          Surya                     MWp                 -
 5      Bayu                 MW              250
                                                               5       Bayu                       MW                  170                            5          Bayu                      MW                  -                                                                            Rencana Kapasitas                 Tambahan Kapasitas
 6     Biomas/ Sampah kota   MW              206
                                                               6       Biomas/ Sampah kota        MW                   21                            6          Biomas/ Sampah kota       MW              55
 7      Laut                 MW                      -
                                                               7       Laut                       MW                        -                        7          Laut                      MW                  -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  *Asumsi: Filipina (1.870 MW) dan Amerika (3.450 MW) tidak mengalami penambahan kapasitas
 8      Bio-Fuel             Ribu KL         439
                                                               8       Bio-Fuel                   Ribu KL           4.423                            8          Bio-Fuel                  Ribu KL        469
              Total            MW        7.965
                                                                             Total                    MW            3.186                                             Total                 MW          290
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                               III. Roadmap Mandatori BBN (2/2)                                                                                                                                                                                                             IV. Perizinan dan Non Perizinan
                                                                     ROADMAP BIODIESEL (Minimum)                                                                                                                              1. Ditjen EBTKE telah mengelola 6 jenis perizinan dan 25 jenis non perizinan.
                                            Sektor                                          April 2015                          Januari 2016        Januari 2020                     Januari 2025                             2. Penyederhanaan perizinan telah dilakukan dengan pelimpahan 3 perizinan
               Usaha Mikro, Usaha Perikanan, Usaha Pertanian,                                    15%                                                           30%                          30%                                  dilaksanakan oleh BKPM antara lain:
               Transportasi, dan Pelayanan Umum (PSO)                                                                                                                                                                                      1.                   Penugasan Survei Pendahuluan Panas Bumi
               Transportasi Non PSO                                                              15%                                                           30%                          30%                                            2.                   Izin Panas Bumi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           3.                   Izin Penggunaan Gudang Bahan Peledak Panas Bumi
               Industri dan Komersial                                                            15%                               20%                         30%                          30%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3. Penyederhanaan non perizinan telah dilakukan dengan pelimpahan 1 non perizinan
               Pembangkit Listrik                                                                25%                               30%                         30%                          30%                                  yang dilaksanakan oleh BKPM, penghapusan 9 non perizinan dan saat ini dalam
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 proses penghapusan 8 non perizinan lainnya.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4. Ditjen EBTKE tetap mengelola 3 jenis perizinan dan 7 jenis non perizinan.
                Implementasi Biodiesel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                25                                                   P      : 3 ke BKPM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       24                                                                            NP     : 1 ke BKPM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       20                                                                                     9 dihapus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       16                                                                                     8 dalam proses dihapus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8           6                                                7
                                            B2 – B7,5                                                                           B10                 B15                        B20                                                                                      6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Awal                                Akhir
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Perizinan (P)      Non Perizinan (NP)
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                                 IV. Insentif Fiskal dan non Fiskal (1/2)                                                                                                                                                                                               IV. Insentif Fiskal dan non Fiskal (2/2)
      No.                         Tax Allowance                                                   Bea Masuk                                                                   Pendanaan                                     No.                                          Tax Allowance                                       Bea Masuk                                       Pendanaan
      1.           Peraturan Pemerintah No. 1 Tahun 2007 jo. PP                Keputusan Menteri Keuangan No.                                       Peraturan Menteri Keuangan No.                                                    PMK Nomor 89/PMK.010/2015 mengatur tata                                   Peraturan Menteri Keuangan No.                                      -
                   No. 62 Tahun 2008 jo. PP No.52 Tahun 2011                   766/1992 memberikan fasilitas berupa                                 139/PMK.011/2011 mengatur tata cara                                               cara pemberian fasilitas pajak penghasilan                                021/PMK.011/2010 memberikan fasilitas
                   memberikan fasilitas berupa pengurangan PPh                 impor barang operasi oleh Pengusaha                                  pemberian jaminan kelayakan usaha PT.                                             untuk penanaman modal di bidang usaha                                     perpajakan dan kepabeanan untuk
                   netto 30% dari nilai investasi selama 6 tahun,              untuk keperluan Pengusahaan sumber                                   Perusahaan Listrik Negara (Persero)                                      4.       tertentu dan/atau di daerah tertentu serta                                kegiatan pemanfaatan sumber energi
                   penyusutan dan amortisasi dipercepat.                       daya Panasbumi tidak dipungut Bea                                    untuk pembangunan pembangkit tenaga                                               pengalihan aktiva dan sanksi bagi wajib pajak                             terbarukan
                                                                               masuk, Pajak Pertambahan Nilai, Pajak                                listrik dengan menggunakan energi                                                 badan dalam negeri yang diberikan fasilitas
                                                                               Penjualan atas Barang Mewah dan                                      terbarukan, batubara, dan gas yang                                                pajak penghasilan.
                                                                               Pajak Penghasilan.                                                   dilakukan melalui kerjasama dengan                                                PMK Nomor 268/PMK.03/2015 mengatur tata                                   Peraturan Menteri Keuangan No.                                      -
                                                                                                                                                    pengembang listrik swasta.                                                        cara pemberian fasilitas dibebaskan dari                                  70/PMK.011/2013 Perlakuan Pajak
      2.           PMK Nomor 144/PMK.011/2012 memberikan                       Peraturan Menteri Keuangan No.                                       Peraturan Menteri Keuangan -No.                                                   pengenaan pajak pertambahan nilai atas impor                              Pertambahan Nilai dan Pajak Penjualan
                   fasilitas pajak penghasilan untuk penanaman                 78/PMK.010/2005 memberikan fasilitas                                 03/PMK.011/2012 yang mengatur tata                                                dan/atau penyerahan barang kena pajak                                     atas Barang Mewah atas Impor Barang
                   modal di bidang-bidang usaha tertentu                       pembebasan bea masuk atas impor                                      cara pengelolaan dan                                                              tertentu yang bersifat strategis dan tyata cara                           Kena Pajak Yang Dibebaskan dari
                   dan/atau di daerah-daerah tertentu berupa                   barang untuk kegiatan pengusahaan                                    pertanggungjawaban fasilitas dana panas                                           pemnbayaran pajak pertambahan nilai barang                                Pungutan Bea Masuk
                   pengurangan PPh netto 30% dari nilai investasi              Panas Bumi berdasarkan kontrak                                       bumi geothermal.                                                                  kena pajak tertentu yang bersifat strategis yang
                   selama 6 tahun, penyusutan dan amortisasi                   sebelum berlakunya UU No. 27 Tahun                                                                                                                     telah dibebaskan serta pengenaan sanksi
                   dipercepat                                                  2003 tentang Panas Bumi.
      3.           PMK Nomor 159/PMK.010/2015 memberikan                       Peraturan Menteri Keuangan No.                                                                         -
                   fasilitas pengurangan pajak penghasilan badan               177/PMK.011/2007 memberikan fasilitas
                   paling banyak 100% dan paling sedikit 10%.                  Pembebasan bea masuk atas impor
                                                                               barang untuk kegiatan usaha hulu
                                                                               minyak dan gas bumi serta panas bumi.

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SIEP Final Report – January 2018
V. Upaya Pengembangan Panas Bumi (1/3)                                                                                                        V. Upaya Pengembangan Bioenergi (2/3)
                            Penugasan kepada BUMN
                            Pemerintah akan memberikan penugasan kepada BUMN Panas Bumi dalam rangka pengembangan hulu                           1. Mandatori Bahan Bakar Nabati B-20 (80% Solar, 20% Biodiesel),
                            dan hilir panas bumi berdasarkan UU 21 tahun 2014
                                                                                                                                                 2. Biogas Nasional, Non Komersial (Investasi Pemerintah) dan Semi Komersial (Penerapan
                                                                                                                                                      Subsidi Parsial)
                            Penugasan Survei Pendahuluan + Eksplorasi
                            Investor yang memenuhi persyaratan memiliki kesempatan untuk mendapatkan Penugasan Survei                            3. Pengembangan Bioenergi Berbasis Hutan, Bekerjasama dengan Kementerian
                            Pendahuluan hingga tahap eksplorasi. Sebagai insentif wilayah kerja akan dilelang melalui mekanisme                       Kehutanan, merupakan Pencadangan kawasan hutan produksi yang khusus diperuntukan
                            penunjukan langsung
                                                                                                                                                      untuk pembangunan hutan energi sebagai sumber bahan baku bioenergi
                            Pengeboran Eksplorasi oleh Pemerintah & Geothermal Fund                                                              4. Pulau Ikonis Energi Terbarukan (Sumba Iconic Island), Penyediaan sumber energi
                            Mengoptimalkan pemanfaatan dana Geothermal Fund sebesar USD 300 juta yang dikelola oleh PT. SMI                           baru terbarukan di Pulau Sumba, NTT sebesar 100% pada tahun 2025.
                            untuk melakukan eksplorasi sebelum pelelangan WKP. Hal ini juga sebagai upaya mitigasi risiko untuk
                            menurunkan risiko kegagalan dalam pengembangan panas bumi.                                                           5. Biomassa Untuk Listrik, Pembangunan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biomassa dengan
                            Pelelangan WKP Indonesia Timur                                                                                            menggunakan bahan baku limbah biomassa dan sampah kota
                            Pemerintah akan fokus melakukan pelelangan WKP di wilayah Indonesia Timur khususnya di daerah yang
                            memiliki BPP setempat lebih tinggi dari BPP Nasional

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                  V. Upaya Pengembangan Aneka EBT (3/3)                                                                                                                          VI. Tantangan
 1.      Mendorong prioritas pengembangan Aneka EBT:
          Jangka pendek 1-3 tahun: PLTS (5.000 MW), PLTM/ PLTMH dan PLTB;                                                                         1. Penyamaan pola pikir dalam pengembangan EBTKE masih
          Jangka menengah 4 – 7 tahun: Pengembangan PLTA, PLT Gasifikasi Batubara
           (PLTGB), PLT Gelombang Laut (PLTGL);
                                                                                                                                                      perlu ditingkatkan;
 2.      Upaya pemerataan energi melalui penyediaan akses energi modern dengan EBT                                                                 2. Skema bisnis dan Insentif belum optimum;
         melalui Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK);
 3.      Penyusunan Road Map Aneka EBT bidang Energi Samudera, Hidro, Surya, Angin,                                                                3. Teknologi masih tergantung dari Luar Negeri (TKDN kecil);
         Batubara Tergaskan dan Nuklir;
 4.      Penyusunan SNI dan SKKNI bidang Aneka EBT.
                                                                                                                                                   4. Harga relatif masih mahal;
                                                                                                                                                   5. Potensi/Cadangan perlu diperbaharui;
                                                                                                                                                   6. Skala kecil dan tersebar;
                                                                                                                                                   7. Sistem Interkoneksi masih terbatas;
                                                                                                                                                   8. Masih terdapat resistensi masyarakat.

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                                     VI. Kemitraan Strategis
      Menyusun regulasi dan kebijakan;
      Fasilitator;
      Memberikan pembinaan dan pengawasan;
                                                             Government                Melakukan pengusahaan EBTKE;
      Melaksanakan program di bidang EBTKE;
                                                                                       Memproduksi EBTKE;
      Diseminasi informasi program EBTKE;
                                                                                       Berkontribusi dalam penerimaan negara dan
      Pemerintah wajib mengembangkan sumber daya EBT
                                                                                        kegiatan ekonomi.
       dan meningkatkan efisiensi energi

                               Academy                           EBTKE                        Bussiness
       Melakukan inovasi teknologi sekaligus
        menyiapkan inkubator untuk komersialisasi                                       Berperan aktif dalam mendorong pemanfaatan
       Melakukan survei dan kajian potensi EBTKE                                        EBTKE;
       Melakukan kajian kebijakan terutama                                             Sebagai penerima manfaat, ikut berkontribusi
        bagaimana memanfaatkan hasil riset                                               dalam menjaga keberlanjutan pemanfaatan
       Melakukan kajian teknologi sebelum                                               EBTKE;
        dikembangkan pemerintah                                                         Ikut berkontribusi dalam diseminasi informasi
       Bersama-sama meningkatkan TKDN                        Community
                                                                                         pemanfaatan EBTKE.
       Mendorong transfer teknologi informasi

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                                                                                                                                                                                       SIEP Final Report – January 2018
Upaya ke Depan                                                                                               Bauran Energi Primer
                                                                                                    Bauran Energi Primer 2016                                          Bauran EBT meningkat rata-rata 0,54% setiap tahun
     Upaya khusus dan strategi untuk pencapaian target EBT
     antara lain:                                                                                             7.7%
                                                                                                   23.9%                              EBT                               7
     1. Melakukan sosialisasi untuk penyamaan pola pikir stakeholder                                                34.6%
                                                                                                                                      Batubara                          6
        dalam pengembangan EBTKE;                                                                                                     Minyak Bumi                       5
                                                                                                      33.8%                           Gas Bumi                          4
     2. Mendorong prioritas pengembangan:                                                                                                                               3
              • Jangka pendek 1-3 tahun: mendorong PLT Bioenergi (PLTBg 1000MW,                                                                                                 2010           2011          2012           2013             2014      2015      2016 Tahun

                PLTBm 1000MW), PLTS (5000MW) dan PLTB;
                                                                                                                                                                               bauran energi primer (sbm)
              • Jangka menengah 4 – 7 tahun: pengembangan panas bumi, PLTA                No.        Jenis EBT
                                                                                                                               2010                  2011                   2012         2013           2014                                   2015            2016 *)
     3. Penugasan kepada BUMN (PT. PLN Persero dan PT. Pertamina                           1.
                                                                                                EBT LISTRIK
                                                                                                EBT NON LISTRIK
        Persero);                                                                               BATU BARA
                                                                                                                     %                 4,4%
     4. Penyempurnaan iklim investasi melalui penyediaan insentif dan                           MINYAK BUMI
                                                                                                                      %               25,1%
        kemudahan prosedur;                                                                3.

                                                                                                GAS BUMI
                                                                                                                      %               46,3%
     5. Bekerjasama dan berkolaborasi dengan investor Internasional                                  TOTAL
                                                                                                                      %               24,1%
        dan institusi bilateral/multilateral.                                                          %                             100,0%                100,0%                  100,0%               100,0%                100,0%                  100,0%          100,0%
                                                                                                        - *) Angka revisi/ final;
                                                                                                        - EBT non listrik adalah pemanfaatan biodiesel;
                                                                                                        - Sumber Data Energi Primer Batubara, Minyak Bumi & Gas Bumi dari Handbook of Energy & Economic Statistics of Indonesia, Pusdatin.
                                                                                    19                                                                                                                                                                                     20
KEMENTERIAN   ESDM                                                                       KEMENTERIAN   ESDM

              Program Andalan Pengarusutamaan EBTKE
     1. Penyusunan Regulasi EBTKE;
     2. Penyediaan energi listrik yang ekonomis;
     3. Mandatori Bahan Bakar Nabati B-20 (80% Diesel, 20% FAME); Program
        Hutan Energi.
     4. Pemerataan energi melalui Penyediaan Akses Energi Modern dengan EBT
        seperti PLTP, PLTMH, PLTS, PLTB, PLTBg, PLTSa dan Penerangan dengan
        Lampu Tenaga Surya Hemat Energi (LTSHE) untuk desa belum berlistrik;
     5. Percepatan Pembangunan PLTP melalui:
          1. Penugasan ke BUMN/BLU;
          2. Penugasan Survei Pendahuluan + Eksplorasi;
          3. Pengeboran eksplorasi oleh Pemerintah.
     6. Mandatori Efisiensi Energi kepada Bangunan Pemerintah, BUMN dan Industri;
        Program Kampanye Potong 10%.



                                                                                                                                                           SIEP Final Report – January 2018
Realisasi Investasi

                                                                                                                                                                                                          PMA              DDI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           PMDN               Target

                                                                                                                                                                                           2010                2011               2012                   2013              2014                  2015                  2016      2017             2018           2019

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Target Realisasi Investasi

           Up Date Kebijakan Investasi Mendorong Pembangunan                                                                                                                (dalam Miliar USD)                2010            2011            2012              2013            2014
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2015       2016
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        (SMT 1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2018*        2019*

                Pembangkit Listrik Energi Baru Terbarukan                                                                                                                             PMA
                                                                                                                                                                                Total Realisasi               23.2            27.9            34.8              42.2            43.0             171.0              43.6      44.7           25.2         61.0         71.8    269.7
                                                     Disampaikan pada FGD Percepatan Investasi Energi Terbarukan, Kemenko Bidang Perekonomian
                                                                                                                                                                         • 2010-2012, Nilai Tukar 1 USD = Rp 9,000                                                                                                                     *nilai tukar 1 USD = IDR 13,000.-
                                                                                                                                                                         • 2013 (Q I and Q II), Nilai Tukar 1 USD = Rp 9,300 (berdasarkan APBN 2013)
Deputi Bidang Perencanaan Penanaman Modal, BKPM                                                                                                                          • 2013 (Q III and Q IV), Nilai Tukar 1 USD = Rp 9,600 (berdasarkan APBN 2013)
                                                                                                                                                                         • 2014 (QI-QIII) Nilai Tukar 1 USD = Rp 10,500 (berdasarkan APBN 2014)
Tamba P. Hutapea                                                                                                                                                         • 2014 (QIV) Nilai Tukar 1 USD = Rp 11,600 (berdasarkan APBN-P 2014)
                                                                                                                                                                         • 2015 Nilai Tukar 1 USD = Rp 12.500 (berdasarkan APBN-P 2015)                                                                                                                                                      2
                                                                                                                                                                         • 2016 Nilai Tukar 1 USD = Rp 13.900 (berdasarkan APBN-P 2016)

                                                                                                                                            Jakarta, 31 Juli 2017                                                                                            The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia
© Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal, 2017

                                                                   Prioritas Investasi                                                                                                                                    Rencana danRealisasi Investasi Sektor Ketenagalistrikan

                                           Sektor Prioritas Investasi
                                                                                                                                                                                               TOTAL KAPASITAS                                                                                                 Rencana Proyek EBT (2009 – 2016)
                                                           Program                                                                                                                       RENCANA PEMBANGKIT EBT (MW)
                                                                                                   24 Pelabuhan
                       Infrastruktur                   Ketenagalistrikan
                                                            35 GW                                                                                                                                               2009 - 2016                                                                                                           PMDN
                         Pertanian                     Tanaman Pangan
                                                                                                      Makanan &                                                                                   39,192                                                                                                                                            PMA
                         Industri Padat Karya                    Tekstil                                                      Furnitur         Mainan                              PLTP                              3,162                  PLTBg dan PLTBm
                                                                                                      Minuman                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       82%
                                                                                                                                                                                   1,426                                                           10
                           Industri Substitusi          Kimia & Farmasi                               Besi & Baja                                                                                                                                                                                  PMA : USD 61,59 Miliar
                                 Impor                                                                                                                                        PLTMH                                                                                                                PMDN : USD 13,69 Milliar
                                                                                                                                                                              19.442                                                          PLTA,                                                Total: USD 75,28 Milliar
                                                                                                  Minyak Kelapa                                                                                                                              188,483
                                                                                                                           Produk Kayu,
                                                        Alat Elektronika                          Sawit & Produk                               Otomotif
        Industri         Industri Berorientasi                                                     Turunannya
                                                                                                                           Pulp, & Kertas
                                                                                                                                                                                                      PLTM                                                                                                     Realisasi Proyek EBT (2009 – 2016)
                                                                                                                           Ikan & Produk
                                                                  Mesin                             Produk Karet                                Udang
                         Industri Hilir Sumber                  Cokelat                                      Gula
                                                                                                                             Batubara                                                                                                                                                                                                PMDN
                              Daya Alam                                                                                      (Smelter)                                                                                                                          PLTAL                                                                 45%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PLTBm                               15                                                                                     55%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1.916              14.442
                 Industri Kemaritiman                    Galangan Kapal                             Pemancingan
                                                                                                                           (Cold Storage)                               Catatan:
                                                                                                                                                                        PLTS: Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya                  PLTB: Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Bayu/Angin                        PPMA : USD 1,75 Milliar
          Kawasan Pariwisata, Kawasan                         Kawasan                                                                                                   PLTSa: Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Sampah                PLTAL: Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Arus Laut                        PMDN : USD 1,43 Milliar
                                                                                                                                              15 Kawasan                                                                                                                                         Total : USD 3,18 Milliar
          Ekonomi Khusus dan Kawasan                         Pariwisata                                     MICE             8+11 KEK
                                                                                                                                             Industri Baru
                                                                                                                                                                        PLTBg: Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biogas
                                                                                                                                                                        PLTBm: Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biomassa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               PLTM: Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Minihidro
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               PLTMH: Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikrohidro
                   Industri                                   Strategis                                                                                                 PLTA: Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Air                    PLTP: Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Panas Bumi
                                                         The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia                                                                                                                                      The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia
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                                                    Perbaikan Pelayanan Investasi
                                                                                                                                                                    BKPM telah menyempurnakan layanan One-Stop Service /PTSP Pusat
                                             Pintu                                                                                                                      Proses perizinan untuk penanaman modal asing, antar provinsi, dan strategis:
                        All                                                                                                                                                      Pengajuan Izin                                                                           Pengajuan Insentif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4 Pengajuan Izin
                        sectors                Lembaga                               3-hour                                                                         1                                                                  2
                        128 izin
                                                                                  Izin Investasi 3
                                                                                                                                                                                    Prinsip                                                                                    Bisnis                                                                               Bisnis
                        didelegasikan                                                         Jam                                                                                         PTSP PUSAT                                                                                      PTSP PUSAT                                                              PTSP PUSAT
                        kepada BKPM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Insentif                                                    Unit Terkait                                Kegiatan bisnis bisa
                                                                                                                                                                     PTSP pusat meliputi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Tarif Import                                      Perpajakan                                                        segera dimulai
                                                                                                                                                                      perwakilan dari 22
          Industri,                                                                                                                Pelayanan                          Kementerian/Lembaga                                          Tax Allowance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Tax Holiday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Kementerian Keuangan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Kementerian Keuangan
                                                                                                          3-hour                   Terpadu Satu
                                                                                                                                                                     PTSP pusat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   O&G Recommendation                                Kementerian Perdagangan,
         minyak &                          PTSP Pusat                                                     Izin Investasi                                              menyelenggaran layanan                                                                                         Kementerian ESDM
                                                                                                          untuk Sektor                                                proses izin 3 jam
         gas bumi,
                                             BKPM                                                         Infrastruktur            Pintu (PTSP)                                                                                    Izin pemanfaatan hutan                            Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan
                                                                                                                                                                     Fasilitas KLIK pada 32                                                                                         Kehutanan
         satu pintu
                                                                                                                                   Pusat BKPM                         kawasan industri & KEK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Pengajuan Izin Operasi
                        PTSP Daerah
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      PTSP Daerah

                        telah terbentuk.                                              Kemudahan                                                                     *Syarat & Ketentuan berlaku
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Jenis Izin                                               Unit Terkait
                        61% PTSP                                                         Investasi                                                                                                                                 Izin Lokasi                                                     PTSP Daerah Regional/Kota
                        menerapkan e-        17,238                                     Langsung
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Izin Konstruksi                                                 PTSP Daerah Regional/Kota
                        licensing            Izin diterbitkan                                                                                                                                                                      Sertifikat Lahan                                                 Pertanahan Regional/Kota
                                             dalam Jan-Des
                                                   2015                                                                                                                                                                            Izin Lingkungan                                                 Regional Environment Office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   HO (Hinderordonnantie)                                          PTSP Daerah Regional/Kota
                                                         The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia                                             Source: BKPM                                                                           The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia
                                                                                                                                                               5                                                                                                                                                                                                                         6


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SIEP Final Report – January 2018
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