Women's History - National Women's History Alliance

 
Women's History - National Women's History Alliance
Women’s History
NATIONAL WOMEN’S HISTORY ALLIANCE       I 2021

Extending the Women’s Suffrage Centennial through 2021
       What’s Happening       Statues & Memorials   Equality Day Resolution
          Black Suffragists   2021 Honorees      Women’s History Forum

              Women’s History Resource Catalog Inside
Women's History - National Women's History Alliance
2 WOMEN’S HISTORY

SUSAN WARE

A Timely & Compelling History

I    MARCHED in my first feminist
    demonstration on the historically
    significant date of August 26, 1970 –
the fiftieth anniversary of the passage of
the Nineteenth Amendment – as a col-
                                              “Why haven’t I heard
                                             this history before?” was
                                             a refrain I encountered
                                                                                          movement is an important part of that
                                                                                          story.
                                                                                              Even without the disruptions caused
                                                                                          by the pandemic, extending the com-
                                                                                          memoration of the centennial of the
lege student newly awakened to the           time and again.                              Nineteenth Amendment into 2021 and
powerful ideas of modern feminism and                                                     beyond makes sense. The questions and
the excitement of women’s history. Suf-                                                   lessons this history raises don’t have an
                                             ham Clinton at the White House also
frage has been part of my life ever since.                                                expiration date. They remain timely and
                                             created a political climate where ques-
Probably earlier than most, I fixed my                                                    compelling. I very much look forward
                                             tions of feminism, women’s political
                                                                                          to joining with the National Women’s
                                             activism, and voting rights were very
                                                                                          History Alliance to keep this conversa-
                                             much front and center. It was not hard to
                                                                                          tion going.
                                             get audiences to draw parallels between
                                             the suffrage struggle and contemporary       Susan Ware is the Honorary Women’s Suf-
                                             movements for social change.                 frage Centennial Historian at Radcliffe’s
                                                                                          Schlesinger Library. She is the editor of the
                                             An Ongoing Struggle                          Library of America anthology American
                                                                                          Women’s Suffrage: Voices from the Long
                                             As a historian I was privileged to be part   Struggle for the Vote, 1776-1965 (2020).
                                             of many of these events. During my time
                                             on the suffrage hustings, I was able to
Suffragists march in Washington D.C. on
                                             share with audiences the powerful stories      WOMEN’S HISTORY
March 3, 1913.
                                             of those women – and men – who were            March 2021 Number 1
                                             part of the long fight to win the right to
                                                                                            Published by the National
eye on the upcoming centennial in 2020,      vote. “Why haven’t I heard this history        Women’s History Alliance
hoping to be part of a larger national       before?” was a refrain I encountered           © 2021 NWHA
conversation about questions of citizen-     time and again.                                All rights reserved.
                                                                                            Reprint inquiries welcome.
ship, gender, and voting. Things didn’t
work out quite as I had expected.                                                           Editors: Molly Murphy MacGregor,
                                                                                            Robert P. J. Cooney, Jr.
                                                                                            Design & Production: Vicki Dougan/Sales
Feminism Front and Center                                                                   Promotion, Robert Cooney Graphic Design
                                                                                            Thank you to all our national contributors,
First, the election of Donald Trump in                                                      writers, artists and photographers.
2016 robbed feminists of the chance to
celebrate the centennial of the Nine-                                                       National Women’s History Alliance
                                                                                            730 Second Street #469
teenth Amendment with our first woman                                                       Santa Rosa, CA 95402
president. Then the planning suffered a                                                     (707) 636-2888
second blow when the global pandemic                                                        https://nationalwomenshistoryalliance.org
caused by COVID-19 upended so many                                                          nwhp1980@gmail.com
of the activities planned to mark the        The Women’s March in Washington D.C.
                                                                                            Individual copies $2.50 Multiple copies can
event. Nevertheless, we persisted.           on January 21, 2017.
                                                                                            be ordered for $15 for 10 copies plus ship-
Around the country there was a robust                                                       ping through the NWHA online store:
agenda of virtual events, symposia, and         I was also able to point out how in-         www.nwha1980.org.
commemoration that allowed the public        complete the legacy of the Nineteenth
at large to engage in the vital historical   Amendment was, especially for African          Cover photograph: STAND, A monument
                                             American women and other women of              celebrating the 100th anniversary of the
questions raised by the long suffrage                                                       passage of the 19th Amendment
struggle and make connections to our         color, an equally important takeaway           Artist: © Barbara Grygutis 2020
contemporary political landscape.            point. I would always conclude my talks        Computer render by Katie McCann
    Ironically the very election of Donald   by pointing out that feminism is an on-        Commissioned by Breaking the Bronze
Trump that deprived us of the chance to      going struggle and it will always be nec-      Ceiling, Lexington, Kentucky
celebrate with President Hillary Rod-        essary. And the women’s suffrage
Women's History - National Women's History Alliance
WOMEN’S HISTORY 3

Celebrating Women’s History
Throughout 2021
2021 is a year full of hope and promise that offers us an
extended opportunity to celebrate what women accom-
plished one hundred years ago and ever since. When the
pandemic hit in March 2020, many plans for celebrating
the women’s suffrage centennial - exhibits, performances
and events of every kind - had to be cancelled, often after
years of preparation. Now, to make up for lost time, many
groups have extended suffrage celebrations through 2021.

A Year to be Proud of

2020 was a very difficult year and yet a year to be proud                   Image courtesy of Bria Goeller and WTF America-Good Trubble.

of. Despite the impact of the pandemic, Americans              Vice-President Kamala Harris walking with the
                                                               shadow of Ruby Bridges, who integrated a New
throughout the country paid tribute to the dedicated suffra-   Orleans elementary school in 1960.
gists who won Votes for Women 100 years ago. By the
end of the year, there had not only been thousands of both
                                                                 CONTENTS
live and virtual centennial events but also the election of
the first woman as Vice-President of the United States.          A Timely and Compelling
Women’s history, a central part of American history, was         History, Susan Ware                                        2
written before our eyes.                                         Plan a Parade                                              4
   Throughout the year, the National Women’s History
Alliance played an important role. We supported the Rose         2021 Highlights                                            5
Parade centennial float, serving as fiscal sponsor for that      Women’s Equality Week                                   10
and for the Women’s Vote Centennial Initiative. We con-          2021 Valiant Women of
vened a National Networking Conference in January and            the Vote Honorees                                       12
published “Women Win the Vote,” our third gazette aimed
at building interest in the centennial.                          NWHA 2021 Partners                                      15
                                                                 Women Who Refused
Heralding Women’s Achievements                                   to be Silenced                                          17

The Alliance also created lists of state groups, catalogs of     WOMENS HISTORY FORUM
centennial merchandise and updates on events throughout
                                                                 The Fruits of Our
the country. These efforts supported established and new
                                                                 Democracy, Krysta Jones                                 19
groups, artists and many other individuals and helped keep
the suffrage centennial visible in a difficult time.             The Challenge of Telling
   Now we plan a year heralding women’s achievements             Complex History,
today as well as 100 years ago. This year's theme, Valiant       Robert P. J. Cooney, Jr.                                20
Women of the Vote - Refusing to Be Silenced, emphasizes          The Shaming Must Stop,
the resilience of multicultural women working for the vote       Myriam Miedzian                                         21
both in the suffrage movement and later. Women’s largely         Black Women Marched in
unheralded accomplishments are what the NWHA has cel-            The 1913 Parade,
ebrated for 40 years.                                            Martha S. Jones                                         23
   Women’s history is something happening today, a cur-
rent and ongoing source of inspiration and power. It is an
                                                                 Statues and Memorials                                   24
overlooked part of our national history that has a chance to
come forward now and shine as never before.                     Women’s History Resources
                                                                 Catalog                                                 27
Women's History - National Women's History Alliance
4 WOMEN’S HISTORY

                                         MAKE WOMEN’S LIVES VISIBLE IN 2021

                    Plan or Join a Parade

                      The Women’s Suffrage Centennial Float in the Pasadena Rose Parade, January 1, 2020

I
    F WE ARE LUCKY ENOUGH           millions watched the Rose              dressed in white in rows of       theme of hope.
      to have 4th of July           Parade on January 1, 2020,             ten.                                 Alice Paul organized a
      Parades in 2021, please       as the float that launched the             On the float were the        parade for suffrage through
join one and bring the spirit       Centennial celebration of              descendants of suffragists       Washington D.C. on March
of the suffrage movement to a       women in the United States             including Elizabeth Cady         3, 1913, one day before the
larger crowd. If not the 4th of     winning the right to vote              Stanton, Ida B. Wells and        inauguration of President
July then on August 26th            came into view. The crowds             Frederick Douglass. The          Woodrow Wilson. The
have your own hometown              cheered as Years of Hope,              magnificent, flower covered      parade hosted 8,000 partici-
parade in honor of the 101st        Years of Courage – the                 float was over 50 feet long      pants, nine marching bands,
                                                                                                                      20 floats, and a
anniversary of women              1913 Suffrage Parade, Washington, D.C.
                                                                                                                      performance in
in the United States
                                                                                                                      front of the
winning the vote. Once                                                                                                Treasury Building.
it is safe, let’s bring                                                                                                   This Sonoma
the celebratory spirit                                                                                                County, California,
of women’s history to                                                                                                 parade (left) on
our communities by                                                                                                    March 10, 1979.
decorating cars and dressing        Women’s Suffrage                       and featured a 20-foot tall      helped launch what would
as suffragist or other women        Centennial Rose Parade Float           Statue of Liberty covered in     become the National
in history. Maybe the local         – began the 5½ mile route.             eucalyptus leaves.               Women’s History Project/
high school marching band           Right behind the float was                The vibrant, colorful float   Alliance. It was a county-
would like to participate.          a contingent of 100                    won the Theme Award for          wide event which included a
     Throughout the world,          contemporary suffragist all            best representing the parade’s   local junior high school band.
Women's History - National Women's History Alliance
WOMEN’S HISTORY 5

Members of Long Beach Suffrage 100 launched their centennial effort on August 24, 2019, under artist Dina Saadi's vibrant mural that
reflects both the boldness and serious purpose that marked centennial celebrations throughout the country. Photo by Jose Cordon.

 2021 HIGHIGHTS

 An Extended Celebration of Votes for Women
  Free Women’s Suffrage
  Centennial Resources
  The National Women’s History
                                       W          E ARE EXCITED to
                                                  have an additional
                                                  year to celebrate
                                       the Women’s Suffrage
                                                                                                         celebrations. The record set-
                                                                                                         ting parachute jump attempt
                                                                                                         is now set for Fall 2021
                                                                                                         (brokenrecords.world). The
  Alliance published “Women            Centennial, which features                                        Centennial Motorcycle Ride
  Win the Vote” in 2020 as well        many events and celebrations                                      to Washington D.C. has also
  as several updates and catalogs      that had to be postponed last                                     been rescheduled for July 31-
  to prepare for and popularize        year. While there were                                            August 20, 2021
  the women’s suffrage centenni-       wonderful live events that did                                    (centennialride.com).
  al. Each publication is full of      happen in 2020, including the                                          A number of ambitious
  news, articles, links to resources
                                       Rose Parade Float and the                                         suffrage-related efforts are
  and more, and is available on
  our homepage under the tab           Central Park statue unveiling,                                    still in the works, including
  Centennial Events (national          many plans and projects had                                       the television series based on
  womenshistoryalliance.org).          to be cancelled or delayed.                                       Elaine Weiss’ book, “The
  The list of groups organized for     Many have now been               Project 19 Skydivers.            Woman’s Hour,” lighting up
  the centennial in each state is in   rescheduled but check ahead                                       Mt. Rushmore with women’s
  the Centennial Update, August-       to confirm.                      record. With colorful flags      images (lookuptoher.com),
  16-22 pdf and in the Gift Idea           Women skydivers still        and flares, Project 19 jumpers   and Shaina Taub’s Broadway
  Catalog.                             plan to jump for a Guiness       were a dramatic presence at      musical, The Suffragists.
                                                                        several centennial               However, once discovered.
Women's History - National Women's History Alliance
6 WOMEN’S HISTORY

 women’s history isn’t going       Rights Amendment and ideas        place historical markers out-    and the Right to Vote” on
 away, so there should be          are aready being discussed.       side suffrage sites, shares      their 2021 calendar. In
 plenty of time for these              Here are a few examples       women’s history on social        Michigan, the Greater Grand
 creations as well as many         and highlights of plans for the   media, and has big plans for     Rapids Women’s History
 others.                           year, particularly from many      the year.                        Council (ggrwhc.org) offers a
     There were centennial         state suffrage centennial             The Maryland Women’s         fine Digital History Exhibit
 exhibits, often multiple ones,    groups. Each of the websites      Heritage Center in Baltimore     on suffrage in the state and a
 in nearly every state and most    referenced offers a wealth of     has a new home (mdwomens         new “Women Who Ran”
 went online as much as            resources, attractions, links     heritagecenter.org) as well as   electoral history of 47 women
 possible. You can still view      and new information; many         a vibrant website with down-     who ran for public office in
 many. Museums, libraries,         have short films, slide shows,    loadable panels celebrating      Grand Rapids between 1887
                                                                     “Valiant Maryland Women,”        and 1920.
                                                                     a traveling suffrage exhibit         Arkansas Heritage
                                                                     and more. The Center opened      (arkansasheritage.com) is
                                                                     the year with a panel on “The    featuring their series “Sand-
                                                                     Next 100 Years: Continuing       wiching in History,” virtual
                                                                     the Work of Our Maryland         noon-time tours of significant
                                                                     Foremothers.” There’s also a     state sites, and a series of
                                                                                                      “Suffrage in Sixty Seconds”
                                                                                                      radio spots. Florida’s Cen-
                                                                                                      tennial Commission’s website
                                                                                                      offers “Suffrage Tea Time,”
                                                                                                      a virtual monthly series of
                                                                                                      informative interviews,
                                                                                                      lectures, and discussions
                                                                                                      (floridasuffrage100.org).
                                                                                                          North Carolina
                                                                                                      (ncder.gov) has an education-
                                                                                                      al online interactive exhibit,
                                                                     Unveiling a new display panel    “She Changed the World:
                                                                     on activists in Massachusetts.   North Carolina Women
                                                                                                      Breaking Barriers,” and other
                                                                     new Maryland Museum of           suffrage resources. The Mu-
                                                                     Women’s History in Centre-       seum of the American Revo-
 “Fight for the Right: 100 Years of Women Voting” Exhibit at
 the Museum of California in Sacramento.
                                                                     ville whose first exhibit was    lution (amrevmuseum.org)
                                                                     “Enslavement to Emancipa-        in Philadelphia is having a
                                   videos, calendars and news-       tion: Voices Not Heard,”         virtual exhibit to April 25,
 historical societies and state
                                   letters to keep you informed.     (marylandmuseumofwomens          2021, “When Women Lost
 government all paid tribute to
                                   They are all worth exploring.     history.org).                    the Vote: A Revolutionary
 women’s achievement. Since
                                   See the Free Centennial Re-           Tennessee’s group            Story, 1776-1807.”
 the suffrage movement was
                                   sources box (page 5) for a list   (tnwoman100) has an ongo-            In Iowa, there are plans
 based in the states, this fresh
                                   of state centennial sites.        ing Commemoration at the         for an original musical, The
 attention uncovered new
                                                                     Parthenon and the exhibit        Suffragist, July 16-18 in Ce-
 information, forgotten local
                                                                     “Ratified! Tennessee Women       dar Falls, postponed from last
 leaders, and a largely            Celebrations in
 unknown part of our national      the States
 history.
      Recoginizing the             Centennial activists in
 centennial in 2021 as well as     Massachusetts (suffrage
 2020 increases our chances of     100MA.org) just launched
 engaging the public and pays      their “1000 Classrooms Initi-
 fitting tribute to these women    ative” to identify teachers
 and what they accomplished.       who will screen and discuss
 Events and celebrations of        their new educational film,
 women’s political involve-        The Fight for Women’s Suf-
 ment will continue through        frage: Looking Back, March-
 this year and beyond. 2023 is     ing Forward, which high-
 the centennial of the intro-      lights overlooked women of
 duction of the Equal              color. The group maintains a      Women’s basketball coaches and players on teams at several
                                   fine website, continues to        Iowa universities commemorated the 19th Amendment.
Women's History - National Women's History Alliance
WOMEN’S HISTORY 7

                                                                                                       (womenvote100.org). A
                                                                                                       Legacy video, Reflecting on
                                                                                                       the Suffrage Centennial, and
                                                                                                       an Agency Report highlight
                                                                                                       creative projects throughout
                                                                                                       the country.
                                                                                                           The National Park Service
                                                                                                       (nps.gov/subjects/womenshist
                                                                                                       ory/19th-amendment) has a
                                                                                                       series of very informative
                                                                                                       suffrage articles by scholars
                                                                                                       plus the collection of essays
                                                                                                       from the Centennial Commis-
                                                                                                       sion, “On Their Shoulders:
Vision2020 celebrated the centennial with a SHE Leads Road Rally, a motorcade from                     The Radical Stories of Wom-
Philadelphia to Seneca Falls and back in October.                                                      en’s Fight for the Vote.” The
                                                                                                       National Portrait Gallery also
year (suffragistmusical.com).     fragists, free panel exhibits,                                       offers a set of ten download-
Iowa’s 19th Amendment             collages and more.                                                   able “A Portrait of Persis-
Centennial group, whose               Rhode Island                                                     tence” thematic posters with
motto is “Hard Won, Not           (shallnotbedenied.org) is                                            an exhibition handbook and
Done,” had to suspend in-         helping Girl Scouts earn a                                           user guide, (sites.si.edu/s
person events, but online,        19th Amendment Centennial                                            /topic/0TO1Q000000cZgKW
they offer a fascinating varie-   Patch through July and is also                                       AU/votes-for-women-a-
ty of learning resources in-      hosting an Archiving                                                 portrait-of-persistence).
cluding a curriculum de-                                                                               There’s also “Suffrage at 100:
signed for Grades 9-12 based                                         Girl Scouts in Elk River, Min-    A Visual History” from the
on Iowa Social Studies                                               nesota, received the mayor’s      New York Times
Standards. They also have                                            centennial Women’s Equality       (www.nytimes.com/interactiv
two suffrage wagon replicas                                          Day proclamation in August.       e/2020).
they loan out,                                                                                             The League of Women
(19thamendment-                                                      Thinking Nationally               Voters (lwv.org), which grew
centennial.org).                                                                                       directly out of the suffrage
                                                                     The national grassroots or-
Profiles and                                                         ganization, 2020 Women’s
New Curriculum                                                       Vote Centennial Initiative
                                                                     (2020Centennial.org), will
Utah’s accomplished centen-       Workshop. The website has          continue to offer its expan-
nial group “Better Days           great links, a timeline and        sive website and calendar of
2020” (betterdays2020.com)        other educational materials.       events. Also, check Vision
has developed suffrage cur-           Kentucky (Kentucky             2020 (drexel.edu/vsion2020)
                                  womansuffrageproject.org)                                            movement, is one consistent
riculum for elementary                                               and the National Women’s
                                  offers profiles of state suffra-                                     contact in every state. Over
schools tied to the Utah Core                                        History Alliance for events,
                                  gists, videos, teaching re-                                          700 chapters stay active as
                                                                     information and support.
                                  sources, a Student Activity                                          reliable sources for news and
                                                                         Many national and gov-
                                  book and more. An inspired                                           events. One new effort to
                                                                     ernmental organizations offer
                                  site for educators teaching                                          involve young women is The
                                                                     special suffrage resources,
                                  engaged civics is What Is a                                          Voter Girl Project.
                                                                     like the Library of Congress,
                                  Vote Worth?                                                              The Alice Paul Institute in
                                                                     the Schlesinger Library, and
                                  (whatisavoteworth.org).                                              New Jersey (alicepaul.org),
                                                                     the National Organization for
                                      The wealth of new re-                                            which has just added a series
                                                                     Women, which has a poster
State Standards. They also        sources is astonishing. New                                          of educational videos on its
                                                                     set of 100 voting rights activ-
offer an impressive educa-        research and original source                                         Youtube channel, has agreed
                                                                     ists (now.org/sisters-of-
tional site (UtahWomens His-      material will be indispensible                                       to officially preserve the leg-
                                                                     suffrage).
tory.org).                        in writing the full story of the                                     acy of the historic National
                                                                         The federally funded
    The Washington state          national drive for Votes for                                         Woman’s Party, co-founded
                                                                     Women’s Suffrage Centenni-
group (Suffrage100WA) now         Women and the importance                                             by Alice Paul. The API has
                                                                     al Commission ceased opera-
offers 57 biographical            of suffragists in each state.                                        received the right to use the
                                                                     tion in December but left a
sketches of Washington suf-                                                                            NWP name for future pro-
                                                                     record of events along with
                                                                                                       grams, some possibly in
                                                                     an archived website
Women's History - National Women's History Alliance
8 WOMEN’S HISTORY

 grams, some possibly in                                                                                Elaine Weiss and Hillary
 Washington D.C. The                                                                                    Clinton, on youtube.com.
 Library of Congress and the                                                                                 The Suffragists, a musical
 National Park Service already                                                                          by Shaina Taub, is discussed
 received NWP collections.                                                                              and two songs are performed
                                                                                                        in a NY Times special on
 New Films on                                                                                           youtube.com.
                                                                                                             The Battle for the Ballot,
 Women’s Suffrage
                                                                                                        composer Stacy Garrop’s 16-
 Several states, like Tennes-                                                                           minute symphonic work fea-
 see, produced their own cen-                                                                           tures quotes from American
 tennial films or worked with                                                                           suffragists plus an interview,
 local filmmakers to create                                                                             cabrillomusic.org/2020-
                                     The White House was lit up in suffrage colors for Equality Day.    season.
 programs like the Iowa PBS
 film, Carrie Chapman Catt:                                                                                  A Suffrage Centennial
                                         Finding Justice: The Un-           “Unceasing Militant: The    Playlist of 90 rousing songs
 Warrior for Women.
                                     told Story of Women’s Fight        Life of Mary Church Terrell,”   assembled by Joyce Rouse,
                                     for the Vote is a 19-minute        a new biography by Alison       earthmama.org/her-story.
                                     documentary just produced          M. Parker,                           American Journalism’s
                                     by the Justice Bell Founda-             “An Unfinished Revolu-     Suffrage and the Media
                                     tion in Pennsylvania. They         tion: Edna Buckman Kearns       website offers links to books,
                                     also funded a Justice Bell         and the Struggle for Wom-       articles, film clips, interviews
                                     replica as a public art project    en’s Rights,” a finely-tuned    and much more, suffrageand
                                     (justicebell.org).                 and delightful family memoir,   themedia.org
                                         The 19th Amendment: A          with photographs, by grand-          She Resisted: Strategies of
                                     Woman’s Right to Vote is the       daughter and long-time          Suffrage, an interactive presen-
                                     Annenberg Center’s award-          activist Marguerite Kearns.     tation with great visuals, relat-
                                     winning video (Annenberg                                           ed to The Vote PBS Special,
                                     publicpolicycenter.org).                                           www.pbs.org/wgbh/american
                                                                                                        experience/features/vote-she-
                                     Recent &                                                           resisted.
                                                                                                             UNLADYLIKE2020 has
                                     Upcoming Books
                                                                                                        films profiling diverse and
     Without a Whisper —                                                                                little-known American
 Konnon:Kwe is a new docu-           Look for new books through-
                                                                                                        women from the early 20th
 mentary film by Katsitsionni        out the year, including these
                                                                                                        century and today who follow
 Fox on how Indigenous               recent and upcoming titles:
                                                                                                        in their footsteps. Visit their
 women influenced early suf-         “A Vote for Women,” a beau-
                                                                                                        resource-rich website,
 fragists in their fight for free-   tifully illustrated coffee table
                                                                                                        unladylike2020.com.
 dom and equality, featuring         book produced by St. James
                                                                                                             The Crisis: A Record of
 Mohawk Bear Clan Mother             House in London with the
                                                                                                        Darker Races, founded by
 Louise Herne and professor          Women Vote Centennial Ini-
                                                                                                        W.E.B. DuBois in 1910,
 Sally Roesch Wagner                 tiative,
                                                                                                        was the magazine of the
 (withoutawhisperfilm.com).              “One Woman, One Vote,”
                                                                        New York suffragist and jour-   newly-formed NAACP, now
     Into Light is a dramatic        an expanded second edition         nalist Edna Buckman Kearns.     digitized – go to the source,
 13-minute film, now stream-         with incisive essays by a mul-
                                                                                                        www.modjourn.org
 ing on Amazon Prime, featur-        titude of scholars,                   New state books include           Women and Social
 ing a powerful portrayal by             “We Demand: The Suf-           “Pioneering the Vote: The       Movements has generated
 Amy Walker of suffragist            frage Road Trip,” Anne Gass’       Untold Story of Suffragists     hundreds of profiles and
 Inez Milholland’s last speech       fictionalized version of Sara      in Utah and the West” by        writings of both White and
 in Los Angeles (intolight           Bard Field’s cross-country         Neylan McBaine and “A           Black suffragists at docu-
 official.com). Los Angeles-         journey as seen by the unher-      Simple Justice: Kentucky        ments.alexanderstreet.com/
 based Wild West Women,              alded Swedish women who            Women Fight for the Vote”       VOTESforWOMEN
 who made the inspiring doc-         drove her,                         by Melanie Beals Goan.               WEAR Organization
 umentary, Inez Milholland ~             “Bohemians West: Free
                                                                                                        works to increase recognition
 Forward into Light, continues       Love, Family, and Radicals in      A Few Favorites                 of women’s history in middle
 to present films and lead dis-      Twentieth Century America,”
                                                                                                        and high schools in Fairfax
 cussions about historical           Sherry L. Smith’s portrait of      Women’s Fight for the Vote      County, Virginia
 women (wildwest                     western suffragist Sara Bard       Centennial talk with author     (w-e-a-r.org).
 women.org).                         Field and poet CES Wood,
Women's History - National Women's History Alliance
WOMEN’S HISTORY 9

In hats and suits, resolute members of the Men’s League for Woman Suffrage march up Fifth Avenue during the May 2, 1913 suffrage parade in New York City.

Learn about the inspiring example of men                 Named one of the "Five Best Books" on the
backing women and working together for jus-                    Subject by The Wall Street Journal
tice and equal rights. This is a story men of eve-
                                                            Readers’ responses to “Winning the Vote”
ry age should know and take pride in. Under-                  from Amazon reviews (5 out of 5 stars)
stand how the bold actions that women took          “A must have” • “A pleasure to read and hard to put down”
to win the vote were supported by many brave         “Outstanding and unparalleled” • “A really fine volume”
and farsighted men despite intense pressure        “An excellent resource for our home library” • “A visual feast”
from other men.                                         “A volume to be treasured” • “In a class by itself”

                     Winning the Vote features hundreds of photographs, illustrations and editorial cartoons from the time.

                                               Winning the Vote
                    The Triumph of the American Woman Suffrage Movement
                                                        by Robert P. J. Cooney, Jr.
 Reviews and more at www.AmericanGraphicPress.com                                    Order from the nwha1980.org NWHA STORE
Women's History - National Women's History Alliance
10 WOMEN’S HISTORY

                          Women’s Equality Week
On August 18, 1920, the Votes for Women Amendment was ratified by the state of Tennessee, the last state
needed for ratification. Certified on August 26, 1920, it became the 19th Amendment to the Constitution.
In 1973 Congress recognized the important historic event by designating August 26th as “Women’s Equality
Day.” In 2021, we want to expand Women’s Equality Day to Women’s Equality Week from the day of ratifica-
tion day - August 18th to the day of certification day - August 26, culminating the week by having Women’s
Equality Day, August 26th recognized as a national holiday. Please join us.

                    It’s Time to Update the National Calendar
This is a Call to Action to recognize Equality Day,            civic and nonprofit bodies, city and county boards and
August 26, as a national holiday.                              state legislatures to celebrate Women’s Equality Day an-
   We are entering a new chapter in American history, 100      nually and to officially adopt this Resolution to make it
years after passage of the 19th Amendment, and the Na-         a national holiday that honors American women.
tional Women’s History Alliance wants to make sure that
multicultural women have a prominent place on the new             Women’s Equality Day
national calendar.
   As we reevaluate the values and institutions we hold           Program Kit
dear, rejecting racism and white male supremacy, we need           #0534 $45.95
to create new holidays and ways to promote the society we          #0545 $55.95 (wih DVD)
want to see flourish. The contributions of those who have          All items are
been excluded can now be included and honored.                     available
                                                                   individually
   Therefore, we call on individuals and collective bodies
                                                                   in our webstore
throughout the country to pass this Resolution to make             nwha1980.org
August 26 a national holiday.
   The first step for a significant date to become a
national holiday is for people to observe it themselves,
every year, regardless of official sanction.
   The NWHA calls on individuals, businesses, civic and
nonprofit bodies, city and county boards and state legisla-
tures to celebrate Women’s Equality Day annually and to
officially adopt this Resolution to make it a national holi-
day that honors American women. Our goal for Women’s
Equality Day to become a widely observed, festive multi-
cultural holiday with lasting historical importance.
  We will have downloadable version of the Celebrate
Women’s Equality Day as a National Holiday Petition on
our website. The NWHA calls on individuals, businesses,
WOMEN’S HISTORY 11

  Proposing August 26
  as a National Holiday
Downloadable Petition available at nwha1980.org
To measure the success of this effort, please email
the names and locations of organizations, business-
es, nonprofits or legislative bodies who have officially
adopted this Resolution to nwhp1980.@gmail.com
We will acknowledge them on our website.

WHEREAS, there is no national holiday that
recognizes women and their many contributions
to American life.
WHEREAS, the women of the United States
have historically been treated as second-class
citizens and have often been denied the full
rights and privileges, public or private, legal or
institutional, which are available to male citi-
zens of the United States; and
WHEREAS, the women of the United States
have united to assure that these rights and privi-
leges are available to ALL citizens equally, and
WHEREAS, the women of the United States
have designated August 26, the anniversary date
                                                           ERA Update
of the certification of the Nineteenth Amend-
                                                           The Equal Rights Amend-
ment, which culminated a 72-year, non-violent
                                                           ment is a proposed amend-
campaign to extend the right to vote to women,
                                                           ment to the United States
as a symbol of the continued fight for equal
                                                           Constitution designed to
rights: and
                                                           guarantee equal legal rights
WHEREAS, the women of the United States                    for all American citizens regardless of sex. It seeks
are to be commended and supported in their                 to end the legal distinctions between men and
organizations and activities,                              women in terms of divorce, property, employment,
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, that                       and other matters.
Women’s Equality Day commemorating that day                   Three-State Strategy: Bills to remove the time
in 1920, on which the women of America won                 limit of seven years that had been imposed on the
their right to vote will be recognized and cel-            ERA’s ratification process and declare it complete
ebrated as an opportunity to continue to work for          when three-fourths (38) of the states ratify, thereby
equal rights for ALL citizens.                             retaining the existing 35 state ratifications as viable.
                                                              Legislation is pending in Congress to remove any
National Women’s History Alliance                          time limit on the ERA ratification For more infor-
730 Second Street #469
                                                           mation contact www.equalrightsamendment.org.
Santa Rosa, CA 95402
(707) 636-2888                                                “Equality of rights under the law shall not be
nwhp1980@gmail.com                                         denied or abridged by the United States or by any
nwha1980.org                                               state on account of sex.”
WOMEN’S HISTORY 10

     Valiant Women of the Vote 2021 Honorees
12 WOMEN’S HISTORY

     Valiant Women of the Vote 2021 Honorees
   A
            VICTORY as important as
            women winning the right to
            vote deserves an extended
   celebration. That’s why the National
   Women’s History Alliance is leading
   the drive to celebrate women’s historic
   achievements throughout 2021.
      In recognition of the ongoing cel-
   ebrations of the centennial of the 19th
   Amendment, we are honoring women
                                                     Lucy  Burns
                                                     Lucy Burns
                                                                                     Carrie Chapman
                                                                                      Carrie Chapman Catt
                                                                                                                      Wilhelmina
                                                                                                                      Wilhelmina
   from the original suffrage movement as
                                                     1879  – 1966
                                                     1879 – 1966                      Catt–1947
                                                                                      1859                            Kekelaokalaninui
                                                                                                                      Kekelaokalaninui
   well as 20th and 21st century women               Lucy Burns                      Carrie    Chapman Catt           Wilhelmina
                                                     American
                                                     American Woman WomanSuf-         1859 –1947
                                                                                      American     Woman Suf-         Widemann
                                                                                                                      Widemann          Dowsett
   who have continued the struggle (fight-           1879 – 1966                     1859 –1947                       Kekelaokalaninui
                                                     frage Activist
                                                     Suffrage     Activist            frage  Activist
                                                                                      American      WomanSuf-         Dowsett
                                                                                                                      1861   - 19291861 - 1929
   ing against poll taxes, literacy tests,           American Woman Suf-             American Woman                   Widemann Dowsett
                                                     Lucy Burns was an                Carrie
                                                                                      SuffrageChapman
                                                                                                  Activist  Catt      Founder
                                                                                                                      Founder      ofofthe
                                                                                                                                         theNa-Na-
   voter roll purges, and other more con-            Lucy Activist
                                                     frage   Burns was an            frage Activist                   1861   - 1929
                                                     American suffragist              was an activist from            tional
                                                                                                                      tional   Women’s
                                                                                                                                Women’s      Equal
                                                                                                                                               Equal
   temporary forms of voter suppression)             Lucy   Burnssuffragist
                                                     American
                                                     and women’s
                                                                      was an
                                                                        rights
                                                                                      CarrieChapman
                                                                                     Carrie    ChapmanCatt
                                                                                      Iowa who advocated
                                                                                                              Catt    Founder of the Na-
                                                                                                                      Suffrage Association of
                                                     American
                                                     and   women’s suffragist
                                                                          rights     was
                                                                                      was  an
                                                                                            an activist
                                                                                                activist from
                                                                                                            from      Suffrage      Association
                                                                                                                      tional Women’s Equal
   to ensure voting rights for all                   advocate. Burns left             for suffrage during the         Hawai’i
                                                     and  women’s rightsleft
                                                     advocate.                       Iowa
                                                                                      Iowawhowho   advocated
                                                                                                    advocated         Suffrage
                                                                                                                      of Hawai’i   Association of
      The National Women’s History Alli-             her studies Burns
                                                                    at Vassar         second   generation     of      Wilhelmina        Kekelao-
 Some names have dates, others                       advocate. Burns left            for suffrage during the          Hawai’i
                                                                                                                      Wilhelmina          Kekelao-
   ance is determined that the important             her  studies
                                                     College   to join at Vassar
                                                                           the        for suffrageCatt
                                                                                      suffragists.     during
                                                                                                           was the    kalaninui     Widemann
                                                     her studies at Vassar           second generation of             Wilhelmina Kekelao-
 have
   rolesnone
 Some    names  sohave
                    I eliminated
         of multicultural  dates,    the and
                                    others
                             suffragists             British suffrage
                                                     College
                                                     College   totojoin
                                                                      jointhethe      trained
                                                                                      secondingeneration
                                                                                     suffragists.
                                                                                                  political of
                                                                                                    Catt was          kalaninui
                                                                                                                      Dowsett      wasWidemann
                                                                                                                      kalaninui Widemann
                                                                                                                                         a fierce
 months    andsodays     on those     that  had      movement
                                                     British        as a mem-
                                                               suffrage       move-   activism   under
                                                                                      suffragists.       Susan
                                                                                                      Catt   was      advocate
                                                                                                                      Dowsett      for
                                                                                                                                    was thea en-
                                                                                                                                              fierce
 have  none
   voting  rights   I eliminated
                   activists         the
                              continue   to be       British suffrage                trained in political             Dowsett was a fierce
                                                     ber of the Women’s               B.  Anthony    and   played     franchisement
                                                                                                                      advocate       for   of all
                                                                                                                                          the
 them   for
   recognized
 months      consistency.
           and anddayshonored. Also
                         on those     edited
                                  Wethat
                                       refuse to
                                            had      ment as a as
                                                     movement       member
                                                                        a mem-of     activism under Susanac-
                                                                                      trained   in  political         advocate for the en-
                                                     Social and Political             a pivotal role in help-         women. After the
                                                     ber
                                                     the of  the Women’s
                                                          Women’s                     tivism
                                                                                     B.        under
                                                                                         Anthony     andSusan
                                                                                                           playedB.   enfranchisement
                                                                                                                      franchisement        of allof
   allow
 some     their
        bios    voices
              are        to
                     short  be silenced,
                             and
 them for consistency. Also edited some   even
                                           very      Union    (WSPU).Social  Dur-     ing women gain the              forced annexation of
                                                     Social
                                                     and     and Political
                                                           Political      Union      aAnthony
                                                                                        pivotal role
                                                                                                   and inplayed
                                                                                                           help- a    women.
                                                                                                                      all women.  AfterAfter
                                                                                                                                          the the
   by aso
 long   pandemic.
           those      Sincesome
                             we were    unableasto   ing her time oversees,           vote. In 1900, Catt             Hawai’i, suffragists
 some   bios  areneedshort   and    editing
                                   some    very      Union   (WSPU).         Dur-    ing   women    gain   the        forced
                                                                                                                      forced    annexation of of
   recognize   last  year’s 2020  Honorees,    we    (WSPU).       During
                                                     Burns perfected         herher   pivotal
                                                                                      succeeded role   in helping
                                                                                                   Susan     B.       from   theannexation
                                                                                                                                   mainland saw
 shown,
 long  so but
           those notneed
                      done. someAnd   an In-as
                                    editing          ing her time oversees,          vote. In 1900, Catt              Hawai’i,     suffragists
   are honoring them in 2021.                        time   oversees,
                                                     suffrage               Burns
                                                                protest tactics.      women gain
                                                                                      Anthony           the vote.
                                                                                                 as President         Hawai’i,
                                                                                                                      an  opportunitysuf-fragists
                                                                                                                                            for the
                                                     Burns perfected her             succeeded Susan B.               from the mainland saw
 troduction
 shown,    buthere.
                not done. And an In-                     Burns returned
                                                     perfected                 to
                                                                    her suffrage      of
                                                                                      In the  National
                                                                                          1900,   Catt    Ameri-
                                                                                                         succeed-     from
                                                                                                                      newly   the    mainland
                                                                                                                               acquired      United
                                                     suffrage   protest     tactics. Anthony     as  President        an opportunity for the
                                                     the U.S.
                                                     protest    to  continue          can
                                                                                      ed   Woman
                                                                                          Susan    B.Suffrage
                                                                                                       Anthony        States
                                                                                                                      saw   an territory    to grant
                                                                                                                                  opportunity
 troduction here.                                        Burnstactics.
                                                                  returned to        of the National Ameri-           newly acquired United
                                                     the fight for women’s            Association                     women      the
                                                                                                                      for theterritory
                                                                                                                                 newlyrightacquired
                                                                                                                                              to
 AN INTRODUCTION to the Honorees                     the Burns
                                                         U.S. to returned
                                                                    continue to       as President
                                                                                     can                of the
                                                                                           Woman Suffrage             States               to grant
                                                     suffrage. Upon her               (NAWSA).                        vote.
 for 2020
 AN          and 2021, explanation,
      INTRODUCTION                     etc.
                             to the Honorees
                                                     the
                                                     the fight
                                                          U.S.  for
                                                                  to   women’s
                                                                       continue
                                                     return she joined the            National
                                                                                     Association  American
                                                                                          Catt worked tire-
                                                                                                                      United
                                                                                                                      women       States
                                                                                                                                 the  rightterritory
                                                                                                                          In 1899, members
                                                                                                                                              to
                                                     suffrage.   Upon     her        (NAWSA).
                                                                                      Woman                           vote.
                                                                                                                      to  grant    women        the
 This  is  mockup    copy.  In 1899,
 for 2020 and 2021, explanation, etc. members        the  fight Women’s
                                                     National     for women’s         lessly  on Suffrage
                                                                                                 a nationalAs-        of the National Ameri-
                                                     return she joined the                Catt worked
                                                                                      sociation           tire-
                                                                                                   (NAWSA).               In 1899,
                                                                                                                      right   to  vote. members
 of theisNational                                    suffrage.     Upon her
                                                     Suffrage Association             level to support    suf-        can Woman Suffrage
 This     mockup American       Woman
                     copy. In 1899,       Suf-
                                      members        National Women’s                lessly on a national             of the National Ameri-
                                                                                                                          In 1899,(NAWSA)mebers of
                                                     (NAWSA)
                                                     return   she   before
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                       (NAWSA)                       tant, Congressional              state and  national    level    Appeal”,
                                                                                                                      Woman        asking Con-
                                                                                                                                   Suffrage       As-
        Valiant Women of the Vote
     CongressAppeal”,
 “Hawaiian       to give Hawaiian
                          asking women the
                                                     Suffragethe
                                                     forming
                                                     (NAWSA)
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                                                                      more mili-
                                                                      before
                                                           Congressional
                                                                                      level  to
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                                                                                      including, Woodrow
                                                                                               Catt  worked
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                                                                                                             level
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                                                                                                                      gress  to   give
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                                                                                                                                         Hawaiian
                                                                                                                                     (NAWSA) Con-
                                                     Suffrage with fellow             Wilson who did not              women the right to
    Refusing to Be Silenced Luncheon
 right
     Congress to give Hawaiianfounded
        to vote.  Later, Dowsett     womenthe  the   Union
                                                     forming fortheWomanmore
                                                     suffragist Alice Paul.
                                                     Suffrage
                                                                                     including,
                                                                                      with         Woodrow
                                                                                             politicians
                                                                                      support Women’s Suf-   at       wrote
                                                                                                                      gress  tothe
                                                                                                                                 give “Hawaiian
                                                                                                                                        Hawaiian
                                                                                                                      vote. Later, Dowsett
 National    Women’s     Equal  Suffrage
 right to vote. Later, Dowsett founded theAsso-      militant,with       fellow
                                                                  Congressio-        Wilson
                                                                                      the state
                                                                                      frage.
                                                                                                who did
                                                                                              Cattand
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                                                                                                           not
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                                                                                                                      founded
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                                                                                                                                  the National
 ciation      Hawai’i
           ofWomen’s    (WESAH)     and our
                                         led  the    suffragist Alice Paul.          support    Women’s
                                                                                      tional level            Suf-
                                                                                                      including,      vote.
                                                                                                                      gress  Later,
                                                                                                                               to  giveDowsett
                                                                                                                                           Hawai-
 National
    On Saturday,         Equal21,
                     August     Suffrage
                                  2021    Asso-
                                              2021   nal Union for Woman lentless               lobbyist   and        Women’s Equal           Suf-
                                                                                     frage. Catt was a re-            founded the National
 efforts
 ciation  to
    Honoree   enfranchise
           of Hawai’i
                luncheon   the
                        (WESAH)women    of
                                    and led
                            will be held    her
                                             the
                                          at the     Suffrage with fellow             Woodrow
                                                                                      by            Wilson
                                                                                          1918, Wilson      was       ian women
                                                                                                                      frage  Associationthe right
                                                                                                                                                of to
                                                                                     lentless lobbyist and            Women’s Equal Suf-
                                                                                      in
                                                                                      whosupport
                                                                                            did
                                                     suffragist Alice Paul. by 1918, Wilson was    of
                                                                                                  not  suffrage
                                                                                                        support       Hawai’i
                                                                                                                      vote.       (WESAH)
                                                                                                                              Later,     Dowsett
 island.
    Hamilton
 efforts         Restaurant
          to enfranchise   thelocated
                               women at of600
                                           her                                                                        frage Association of
                                                                                      which
                                                                                      Women’s led to  the pass-
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                                                                                                                      founded         efforts    to
                                                                                                                                          National
    14th   St NW,
     In 1899,
 island.             Washington,
                members             DC 20005.
                           of the National                                           in  support of    suffrage       Hawai’i     (WESAH)
                                                                                      ing of the 19th amend-          enfranchise the women
                                                                                      Catt was
                                                                                     which        a relent-less
                                                                                              led to  the pass-       Women’s
                                                                                                                      and  led the Equal
                                                                                                                                      efforts Suf-
                                                                                                                                                 to
     In All
 American   2021
        1899,      Honorees
               Woman
                members        willNational
                        Suffrage
                           of the   be acknowl-
                                   Association                                        ment in 1920.
                                                                                     ing  of the and
                                                                                      lobbyist    19thby amend-
                                                                                                             1918,
                                                                                                                      of her island.
                                                                                                                      frage Association
                                                                                                                      enfranchise      the women   of
    edged
 (NAWSA)Womanwith  a video
               wrote the    presentation.
                           “Hawaiian   Appeal”,
 American               Suffrage  Association                                        ment
                                                                                      Wilsonin 1920.
                                                                                                 was in support       of her island.
                                                                                                                      Hawai’i       (WE-SAH)
        Terry Ao Minnis, Eleanor Holmes
 (NAWSA) wrote the “Hawaiian Appeal”,                                                of suffrage which led            and led the efforts
    Norton, Maria Teresa Kumar, and Edith
    Mayonwill receive the Valiant Women                                              to the passing of the            to enfranchise the
    of the Vote Award.                                                               19th amend-ment in               women of her island.
        We hope that our Honorees will                                               1920.
    speak for 5 to 10 minutes.
WOMEN’S HISTORY 10

                                                                                                                                                       WOMEN’S HISTORY 13

      Valiant Women of the Vote 2021 Honorees                                                                                                   WOMEN’S HISTORY 11

Ana  Roqué de
Ana Roqué de
                                    Elizabeth   Piper
                                    Elizabeth Piper
                                                                         Marie  Foster
                                                                         Marie Foster                          Dr.
                                                                                                               Dr. Mabel  Ping-
                                                                                                                   Mabel Ping-Hua  Virginia  Louisa
                                                                                                                                   Virginia Louisa Mi-
Duprey
Duprey                              Ensley
                                    Ensley                               1917  –2003
                                                                         1917 –2003                            Hua
                                                                                                               Lee Lee             Minor
                                                                                                                                   nor
1853
1853 ––1933
        1933                        1847-1919
                                    1847-1919                            LucyRights
                                                                         Civil
                                                                         Civil     BurnsLeader
                                                                                   Rights      Leader          1896-1966           1824
                                                                                                               Carrie Chapman Catt 1824
                                                                                                               1896-1966                ––1894
                                                                                                                                           1894
                                                                                                                                   Wilhelmina
                                                                         1879 –Foster
                                                                         Marie       1966 was born             Suffragist, Member of
                                                                                                                1859 –1947                           American Women Suf-
                                                                                                                                                      Kekelaokalaninui
Suffragist and
Suffragist      andCo-  Co-         Educator
                                    Educator and     andAfrican-
                                                            African-     Marie       Foster      was    born   Suffragist,       Member        of    American           Women
                                    American         suffragist          American
                                                                         in  rural Wilcox Woman   Coun-Suf-     the  Women’s
                                                                                                                American       Woman Political
                                                                                                                                            Suf-      frage
                                                                                                                                                      Widemann ActivistDowsett
founder     of the    Unive-
founder of the Unive- American suffragist                                in  rural     Wilcox        Coun-     the   Women’s         Political       Suffrage         Activist
                                    Elizabeth Piper                      frage
                                                                         ty,       ActivistBecause
                                                                              Alabama.                          Equality
                                                                                                                frage ActivistLeague                  Virginia
                                                                                                                                                      1861 - 1929    Louisa Minor
rsity of Puerto Rico
rsity  of Puerto Rico               Elizabeth         PiperEnsley
                                                               Ensley    ty,
                                                                         Lucy
                                                                         of   Alabama.
                                                                             the   Burns
                                                                                   overt and    Because
                                                                                              was   an
                                                                                                   non-        Equality
                                                                                                                Mabel
                                                                                                                Carrie ChapmanLeague
                                                                                                                          Ping-     HuaCatt
                                                                                                                                          Lee        Virginia
                                                                                                                                                      was            Louisa
                                                                                                                                                            a courageous
                                                                                                                                                      Founder         of the Na-   Minor
                                                                                                                                                                                     ac-
Ana Roqué de Duprey,                was a champion of the
Ana   Roquéasde“Flor
also known              Du-         was    a cham-pion of
                                    Woman Suffrage                       of   the overt
                                                                         American
                                                                         ending      racism    and
                                                                                           suffragist
                                                                                                 Marienon-     Mabel  an Ping
                                                                                                                was born   activistHua
                                                                                                                              in 1896  fromLee
                                                                                                                                           in        was
                                                                                                                                                      tivist
                                                                                                                                                      tionalawhocourageous
                                                                                                                                                                Women’stook an        ac-
                                                                                                                                                                                  Equal
prey,   also (Flower
del Valle”     known of             the   Woman
                                    Movement and         Suffrage
                                                             became      and women’s
                                                                         Foster
                                                                         ending     faced
                                                                                      racism    rights
                                                                                              daily,   she
                                                                                                   Marie        Guangzhou,
                                                                                                                Iowaborn
                                                                                                               was      who in     China.
                                                                                                                                advocated
                                                                                                                                    1896 in           tive  rolewho
                                                                                                                                                      Suffrage
                                                                                                                                                     activist        in  founding
                                                                                                                                                                     Association
                                                                                                                                                                            took anof
                                    Movement
                                    a leading activist be-
                                                        and              advocate.
                                                                         became       a   Burns
                                                                                         courageous
                                                                         Foster faced daily, she    left        Lee   emigrated
                                                                                                                for suffrage
                                                                                                               Guangzhou,             to thethe
                                                                                                                                   during
                                                                                                                                     China.           the  Woman
                                                                                                                                                      Hawai’i
                                                                                                                                                     active      role in  Suffrage
                                                                                                                                                                              founding
as
the“Flor
    Valley),  delwas
                   Valle”edu-                                  in the
                                    came      a  leading       activ-    her studies
                                                                         and    unrelenting at Vassar
                                                                                                   leader       United
                                                                                                                second     States
                                                                                                                           generationand at-of        Association
                                                                                                                                                      Wilhelmina          of   Mis-
                                                                                                                                                                          Kekelao-
cated
(Flower in  elementary
             of   the   Valley),
 Some names have dates, others      CivilRightsMovement.                 became         a courageous           Lee emigrated to the                  the Woman Suffrage
                                    Ensley      lived    in Wash-        College
                                                                         in  the Civilto join
                                                                                            Rightsthe           tended    Barnard
                                                                                                                suffragists.     Catt Col-
                                                                                                                                        was           souri.   It   was
                                                                                                                                                      kalaninui Widemann   the    first
and secondary         school        ist  in the     CivilRights-                                               United
was
 have educated
teaching.  none
              Duprey
                      in
                       soel-I eliminated
                                    ington     D.Ctheand was a           and
                                                                         British
                                                                         Movementunrelentingduringleader
                                                                                     suffrage         the       lege  andStates
                                                                                                                trained    inColumbia
                                                                                                                                      and
                                                                                                                               political
                                                                                                                                                     Association
                                                                                                                                                      organization
                                                                                                                                                      Dowsett was in
                                                                                                                                                                            of   Mis-
                                                                                                                                                                                the
                                                                                                                                                                            a fierce
ementary and second- Movement. Ensley                                    in  the Civil
                                                                         movement
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                                                                                                                        In  1900,
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                                                                                                                                      Catt            Suffrage
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                                                                                                                                                     even predating the
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phy.
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                                                                                                                                                     National         Woman’ssaw
recognized      for   her           brary.                               suffrage
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                                                                                                                                                                B.    Anthony         the
atroduction
  textbook onhere.     univer-      to  teach      and    helped    to   wasOn   scheduled
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insight into astronomy                   After     a move to                        Sunday,       March                                               newly acquired             United
                                    build
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                                                                         the1965
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honorary      member
       INTRODUCTION        of      to   theaHonorees
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for
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    Paris  insight
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 This sheisanmockup                                                                                             women.   onAt    the   age of         proposing
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1893
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feminist     newspaper,       La    Women         (NACW).                (NAWSA)
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                                                                                                                                                      argued      simply, in 1869
                                                                                                                                                                                that the
                                    Even     though women                as                   Edmund                                                  wrote     the    “Hawaiian
Mujer [Woman].
 “Hawaiian In
tronomers.         Appeal”,
                        1893 asking the   National        Asso- in       attacked        the marchers
                                                                         tant, Congressional
                                                                         Pettus     Bridge,      when          and
                                                                                                                stateChinese
                                                                                                                York,    where
                                                                                                                       and           women.
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                                                                                                                              national     level     by   proposing
                                                                                                                                                      Fourteenth
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    Duprey is consid-               Colorado had won the
she  founded        Puerto          ciationwomen of Colored              with
                                                                         Unionand billy
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                                                                                                                                                      ment
                                                                                                                                                      gress to the      for    quickly
                                                                                                                                                                         Constitu-
eredCongress
      one of Puerto   to give Hawaiian
                                    right to vote in 1893,    the        state                   lawmen         including,                                          give    Hawaiian
Rico’s
 right to
Rico’s     first  feminist
              vote.
          strongest    Later,       Women
                         advo- Dowsett      founded
                                    suffragists    (NACW).  the
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                                                                         attacked
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                                                                                        and     fellow
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newspaper,         La   Mujer       Even
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                                                                                                                                                                          simply,    to
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 National Women’s Equal Suffrage Asso-
                                    in  Colorado
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                                                                                                                                                      founded       The
                                                                                                                                                                     the
                                                                                                                                                     that the Fourteenth   associa-
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suffrage. She was one
[Woman].
 ciation of Hawai’i (WESAH)                    and led      the          Foster was one of the
                                    amendment.           To edu-         them back into Selma.                  Equality      League and in
                                                                                                                lentless lobbyist                     tion  adopted
                                                                                                                                                      Women’s              her Suf-
                                                                                                                                                                       Equal      argu-
of the
     She founders
             was one   of of
                           the      the   right to vote         in       marchers          and because         where      she an helped      lead    Amendment              toit the
 effortsRican
Puerto      to enfranchise
                    Feminist     the1893,
                                       women
                                    cate   women     ofofhercolor        Foster was one of the                  1915    gave
                                                                                                                by 1918, Wilson      im-was           ment
                                                                                                                                                      frage Associationwide-
                                                                                                                                                              and     used           of
the founders of the                            suffragists               the    brutality
                                                                         marchers        and of     her
                                                                                                because        the   parade
                                                                                                                portant
                                                                                                                in support speechwhile      on
                                                                                                                                      titled,
                                                                                                                                of suffrage          Constitution
                                                                                                                                                      ly.
                                                                                                                                                      Hawai’i (WESAH)       implicitly
 island. and utilized
League                              on how to vote
                                    continued                and for
                                                       to push                                                 horseback.
Puerto
her talentsRican
               as   a Feminist
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                                                                         beating
                                                                         the brutality wasofcaptured
                                                                                                  her           “China’s       toLee
                                                                                                                which ledSubmerged       was a
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     In 1899,
League              members ofathe
            and utilized                   National
                                       national        women’s           on    film,was
                                                                         beating        shecaptured
                                                                                               came to         member
                                                                                                                Half”    theof19th
                                                                                                                ing of which      the
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                                                                                                                                          cov-
                                                                                                                                       amend-        chise     to women.
                                                                                                                                                      enfranchise         the women  The
to gain public       support        Ensley founded the
 American
her
for  talents
    the   causeas Woman
                    ofa wom-
                         writerSuffrage
                                    ColoredAssociation
                                    suffrage        amendment.
                                                  Women’s                on film, she
                                                                         embody         thecame       to
                                                                                               challeng-        ered   by
                                                                                                                        in the
                                                                                                                mentPolitical
                                                                                                               en’s         1920.New     York
                                                                                                                                      Equality       association
                                                                                                                                                      of her island.adopted
                   wrote            To   educate        women of         embody        the   challenges         Times. In      thisinspeech
 (NAWSA)
to gain
en’s        public
      suffrage.        sup-the “Hawaiian
                                    Republic Appeal”,
                                                    Club.                es the protesters faced.              League       and        1915          her argument and used
                                    color on how to vote                 the protesters faced.                  she said: “The welfare
port for the cause of                                                                                          gave an important                     it widely.
                                                                         On March 21, two                       of China and possibly
women’s suffrage.                   and why they should                                                        speech
                                                                                                                its very titled,
                                                                                                                            existence “China’s
                                                                                                                                           as an
                                                                         weeks later, Foster,
                                    vote, Ensley founded                 with two injured                      Submerged           Half.”
                                                                                                                tardy justice to its Ed-
                                    the Colored Women’s                  Edited 4 lines to fit                 ited 4 lines to fit                   Honorees – pp 10-12
                                    Republic Club.
WOMEN’S HISTORY 10

14 WOMEN’S HISTORY

      Valiant Women of the Vote 2021 Honorees                                                                                                     WOMEN’S HISTORY 12

 Anna Howard                      Maria  TeresaKu-
                                  Maria Teresa                       EleanorHolmes
                                                                     Eleanor          Holmes              Terry AoMinnis
                                                                                                          Terry Ao Minnis                          Edith Mayo
                                                                                                                                                   Edith Mayo
 Anna Howard
 Shaw
 Shaw                             Kumar
                                  mar                                Norton
                                                                     Norton                               Senior       Director of
                                                                                                           Senior Director of the                  Suffrage        Historian,
                                                                                                                                                   Suffrage Historian,
 1847
 1847 ––1919
         1919                     CEO,
                                  CEO, VotoVotoLatino
                                                    Latino           CivilRights
                                                                     Civil
                                                                     Lucy     RightsLeader,
                                                                             Burns        Leader,         the    Census
                                                                                                           Census Chapman
                                                                                                          Carrie               and Vot-
                                                                                                                        and Voting        Catt     Women’s
                                                                                                                                                   Women’s History
                                                                                                                                                   Wilhelmina
                                                                                                                                                                    History
 American
 American Woman WomanSuf-         Maria    Teresa
                                  Maria Teresa Kumar    Kumaris      Con-gressperson,
                                                                     Congressperson,
                                                                     1879    – 1966             Law-      ing    Programs,
                                                                                                                   –1947AsianAsian
                                                                                                           Programs,
                                                                                                          1859                                     Movement
                                                                                                                                                   Movement Activist
                                                                                                                                                   Kekelaokalaninui    Activist
 frage Activist
 Suffrage     Activist            is a  Hispanic
                                  a Hispanic American   Ameri-       Lawyer
                                                                     yer           and
                                                                          and Organizer
                                                                     American       Woman Organizer
                                                                                                  Suf-    Americans
                                                                                                           AmericansWoman
                                                                                                          American            Advancing
                                                                                                                             Advancing    Suf-     Edith
                                                                                                                                                   Widemann  Mayo
                                                                                                                                                   Edith Mayo Dowsett  isisa ahisto-
                                                                                                                                                                                histo-
 Dr. Anna
 Dr.   AnnaHoward
               Howard             can   Political
                                  Political   rightsrights
                                                        and          frage
                                                                     Eleanor Activist
                                                                                   Holmes
                                                                     Eleanor Holmes Nor-                   JusticeActivist
                                                                                                          Justice
                                                                                                          frage                                    rian
                                                                                                                                                   1861of of    the
                                                                                                                                                            - 1929     women’s
                                                                                                                                                               the women’s
 Shaw was a leader of                                                Lucy is Burns
 Shaw was a leader of and         voting   rightsrights
                                        voting       activist.       Norton
                                                                     ton          is awas
                                                                             a civil     civilan
                                                                                         rights           Carrie
                                                                                                           Terry Ao
                                                                                                          Terry      Chapman
                                                                                                                    Ao     MinnisCatt
                                                                                                                           Minnis       isisa a    Founder        of
                                                                                                                                                   suffrage movement
                                                                                                                                                   suffrage           the Na-
                                                                                                                                                                  movement
 the women’s suffrage                                                American        suffragist           was     an  activist      from
 the   women’s
 movement           suf-
                in the  Unit-
                                  Kumar was
                                  activist.        born in
                                               Kumar       was       leader   and
                                                                     rights leader andpolitical            voting     rights
                                                                                                          voting rights activistactivist           and an activistofEqual
                                                                                                                                                   tional
                                                                                                                                                   and   an  Women’s
                                                                                                                                                               activist       ofthe
                                  Bogota, Columbia and               and  women’s
                                                                     organizer.       Herrights
                                                                     political organizer.   work on       Iowa
                                                                                                           who has
                                                                                                          who
                                                                                                                   who advocated
                                                                                                                   has dedicated
                                                                                                                          dedicated        her     Suffrage
                                                                                                                                                   women’s
                                                                                                                                                   the
                                                                                                                                                                  Association
                                                                                                                                                                   history
                                                                                                                                                         women’s history
                                                                                                                                                                                     of
 frage   movement
 ed States    who was in          born in Bogota, Co-                advocate.      Burns      left       for   suffrage      during       the     Hawai’i
                                  grew up in Sonoma,                 voting rights       dates             career    to fight      for the         movement. She is the
 the   Unitedknown
                 Statesforwho lumbia         andShe grew             Her work at       onVassar
                                                                                            voting        her    career      to fightof to         movement.            She     is the
 especially                       California.            at- up in   her
                                                                     backstudies
                                                                            to the 1960s         and      second
                                                                                                           right to generation
                                                                                                                        equal access               Wilhelmina
                                                                                                                                                   current curator     Kekelao-
                                                                                                                                                                            Emerita
  Some
 her
 was        names
      affiliation
        especially  withhave
                          the dates,
                       known      Sonoma,  othersCalifornia.
                                  tended college at Har-             rights dates
                                                                     College
                                                                     continues   totoday.
                                                                                      joinback
                                                                                            the    to
                                                                                                Nor-      for
                                                                                                           the the
                                                                                                          suffragists. right
                                                                                                                 ballot.        to equal
                                                                                                                             Catt
                                                                                                                            Minnis   was at-       current
                                                                                                                                                   kalaninui     curator
                                                                                                                                                                   Widemann
                                                                                                                                                   for Political History at   Emeri-
 National
 for
  have       American
      her none
            affiliation
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                            eliminated
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                                           Kennedy        Uni-       the   1960s
                                                                     British   suffrageand
                                                                     ton earned a bachelor’s  con-        access
                                                                                                          trained     to
                                                                                                                       in  the    ballot.
                                                                                                                           political
                                                                                                           tended the University                   ta
                                                                                                                                                   thefor
                                                                                                                                                   Dowsett   Political       History
                                                                                                                                                                  was a fierce
                                                                                                                                                         Smithsonian           Na-
 Woman’s
 the          Suffrage
       National    American       at Harvard’s
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                                                                                          aNorton
                                                                                             mem-         activism
                                                                                                          Minnis
                                                                                                           of Chicago    under
                                                                                                                        attended
                                                                                                                              where Susanthe
                                                                                                                                          she      advocate
                                                                                                                                                   at  the Museum
                                                                                                                                                   tional         for
                                                                                                                                                             Smithsonianthe  ofen-
  months
 Association
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 Woman’s                          ernment andSchool the Uni-         ber  of  the
                                                                     earned aand
                                                                     College        Women’s
                                                                                        master’s
                                                                                    bachelor’s            B.   Anthony
                                                                                                           earned     her     and
                                                                                                                            bachelor’s
                                                                                                          University of Chicago       played       franchisement
                                                                                                                                                   AmericanMuseum
                                                                                                                                                   National                of all of
                                                                                                                                                                    History.
  them forSuffrage
 (NAWSA).
                            As- University
                 consistency.        Also edited of                  Social
 sociation     (NAWSA).           versity of California
                                  Government           and the       and
                                                                     degreelawand     Political
                                                                                 degrees
                                                                                from           from
                                                                                          Antioch         adegree
                                                                                                             pivotal
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                                                                                                                      she        in help-
                                                                                                                           economics.
                                                                                                                             earned        her     women.
                                                                                                                                                   Mayo      has After
                                                                                                                                                   American History.      the
                                                                                                                                                                    dedicated
  someShawbioswas born
                    are in short Davis.
                                  and some very                      Union    (WSPU). Dur-                ing
                                                                                                           She   women
                                                                                                                  then        gain the her
                                                                                                                          continued                forced
                                                                                                                                                   her career annexation         of
      Shawand
 England      wasraised
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                                                                     College
                                                                     ing
                                                                            University.
                                                                          her time andoversees, She
                                                                                          master’s        bachelor’s
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                                                                                                                                  Catt in          Mayo
                                                                                                                                                   Hawai’i,
                                                                                                                                                              hastodedicated
                                                                                                                                                                        making
  long so those need some             Kumareditingwitnessed
                                                          as         currently     serves as the           education       at American             women’ssuffragists
                                                                                                                                                                   history more
 England
 Michigan.and  Sheraised
                     had a in nia      Davis.how Latinos
                                  first-hand
                                                                     and law
                                                                     Burns         degrees
                                                                              perfected
                                                                     Congressional            herfrom
                                                                                            Repre-
                                                                                                          economics.
                                                                                                          succeeded
                                                                                                           University’s        She
                                                                                                                            Susan
                                                                                                                               Wash-    then
                                                                                                                                       B.          her
                                                                                                                                                   from  career       to making
                                                                                                                                                           the mainland
                                                                                                                                                   accessible        and   inclu- saw
  shown,
 distinguished
 Michigan.     but    not
                   profes-
                 She   had adone.     And     an     In-             Yale    University.          She     continued          her    educa-         women’s          history       more
                                  lackKumar
                                        access to  witnessed
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                                                                                                           ington College of Law                   an   opportunity
                                                                                                                                                   sive and to making       for the
 sional   career
  troduction      and   was
                    here.
 distinguished profes- in         first-hand
                                     California.  how     Latinos
                                                      Kumar          currently        serves
                                                                     trict of Columbia. to
                                                                         Burns      returned      as      tion
                                                                                                          of   theatNational
                                                                                                           where      American
                                                                                                                     she    receivedAmeri-Uni-
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                                                                                                                                                                             United
                                                                                                                                                                        receive
 highly educated
 sional    career and in awas recognized that tech-                  the
                                                                     theU.S.      to continue
                                                                           Congressional                  can    Woman
                                                                                                          versity’s
                                                                                                           law degree.         Suffrage
                                                                                                                          Washington
                                                                                                                              She is a             States
                                                                                                                                                   sive
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                                  lack access to services            Norton     became       active
 wide variety of fields.                                             the fight    forrights
                                                                                        women’s           Association
                                                                                                           key leader                              women        the   right    to
 highly    educated               nology    was a powerful           in the civil
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                                                           fit                                                                                     en.Edited 9 lines.
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