Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO

 
Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                              ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                               Albania
                                             Conserve through sustainable use
                                            for current and future generations

              NATIONAL PRIORITIES
              • Give greater attention to development of programmes and projects for identification,
                characterization, management and sustainable use of AnGR.
              • Develop activities for conservation (in situ, in vitro and ex situ in vivo) of native and local breeds and
                establish a national database for AnGR.
              • Strengthen capacities for implementing cross-border and regional projects for transboundary breeds.
              • Promote technology transfer for the management the AnGR and support the market for traditional
                products.
              • Develop the legal framework for AnGR in accordance with EU legislation.

                                          CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                          ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                          Characterization studies of native breeds are being implemented along
                                          with genetic distancing studies at country and regional levels. Since the
                                          Interlaken Conference (2007) we have identified 3 local cattle breeds,
                                          3 native pig breeds, 2 types of local dog, 1 local turkey breed, several local
                                          duck populations and 4 types of Albanian donkeys. We are updating the
© A.ÇILI

                                          Catalogue of Albanian Farm Animal Genetic Resources.

                                          SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                          Capacity-building to support traditional processing and marketing of local
                                          animal products is being strengthened by promoting collaboration among
                                          farmers and setting up the “Local Network of Farmers”.
© K. KUME

                                          CONSERVATION
                                          Capacity for in situ conservation is being strengthened. The national ex situ
                                          in vivo programme and the Somatic Cells Gene Bank are being built up.
                                          Since the Interlaken Conference (2007), in situ conservation programmes
                                          have been implemented for local pig breeds, Ilyrian Dwarf cattle breeds –
© K. KUME

                                          Busha type, Shkodra sheep and Dukati goats.

                                          POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                          In 2008, the government approved a legal framework for subsidies for
                                          local sheep and goat breeds at risk of extinction. The National Action Plan
© F. TAHIRI

                                          for Conservation and Development of AnGR is being updated within the
                                          framework of the Sectoral Strategy for Rural Sustainable Development.
                                          Promotional booklets on local AnGR have been published and distributed
                                          and national symposiums have been held on aspects of AnGR management.
Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                    ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                                Austria
                                                 We create and safeguard the basis
                                                  for high quality of life in Austria

                         NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                         Austria’s agricultural policy aims to achieve a comprehensive ecological orientation. Our
                         commitment focuses on:
                         • treating the environment carefully;
                         • preserving the diversity of life and of cultivated landscapes;
                         • sustainable use of natural resources;
                         • avoiding waste; and
                         • minimizing dangerous climatic disturbances.

                                                 CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                                 ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                                 • Comprehensive inventories of national AnGR are maintained in EFABIS
                                                   and in national data bases; individual animals are registered according to
© ANGELIKA EDELSBACHER

                                                   European Union legislation.
                                                 • Monitoring of populations is enabled by integrating population genetics
                                                   formulas into the central databases for cattle, small ruminants and pigs.
                                                 • For endangered populations, a census is taken and trends are monitored
                                                   annually.

                                                 SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                                 • The main objective is to maintain regional character, biodiversity and
                                                   traditional food trades.
                                                 • The aim is to offer a wide variety of traditional and new local products,
© THOMAS SENDLHOFER

                                                   ensuring sustainable use of endangered breeds.
                                                 • Foodstuffs that have regional labeling are becoming increasingly popular.
                                                   This calls for the development of endangered breeds by moderate
                                                   selection, as appropriate.

                                                 CONSERVATION
                                                 The main objectives are:
                                                 • to maintain endangered AnGR in situ – on farm and in traditional use;
© FRANZ FISCHERLEITNER

                                                 • to preserve traditional knowledge of AnGR and their use and products;
                                                 • to complete the collection in the Austrian Gene Bank for AnGR; and
                                                 • to strengthen the Austrian Association for Rare Endangered Breeds
                                                   (ÖNGENE) as National Focal Point for AnGR.

                                                 POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                                 • The Action Program for Organic Farming of the Ministry of Life is a
                                                   concrete political declaration of intent to promote organic farming and its
                                                   products.
© FRANZ FISCHERLEITNER

                                                 • Awareness-raising activities convey to society the importance of
                                                   sustainable agricultural policy and precautionary environmental policy.
                                                 • Well-targeted promotion of research and education supports innovative
                                                   farm-based agriculture.
Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                               ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                    Azerbaijan
                        Preservation and rational use of AnGR is a
                  guarantee for the next generation’s food security

                  NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                  • Develop a national strategy and legislation on AnGR.
                  • Inventory AnGR developed by livestock keepers.
                  • Create a database of indigenous AnGR.
                  • Establish a genebank for indigenous AnGR at the Republic Artificial Insemination Centre.
                  • Strengthen educational facilities and training on AnGR.
                  • Develop projects on zebu cattle, buffalo and sheep husbandry and identify donors for implementing
                    these projects.
                  • Improve productivity traits of local AnGR.
                  • Develop national policies and legal frameworks for utilization of local AnGR.

                                            CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                            ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                            Surveys and research on AnGR are carried out by the Genetic Resources
                                            Institute of the National Academy of Science (ANAS) and the Ministry of
© MAMMADOV A.M.

                                            Agriculture’s Livestock Research Institute. The Zoology Institute of ANAS
                                            has also been involved. Between 2005 and 2010, most local breeds have
                                            been registered. Some of their characteristic features have been studied and
                                            reports on their population status have been prepared.

                                            SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                            Projects on improving the utilization of animal products and management
                                            of pastures for AnGR are being implemented. Next steps in this work should
                                            be to collect information on local knowledge and AnGR management
                                            practices, traditional systems of animal agriculture and AnGR development.
© EMINOV F.O.

                                            All actions aim to improve livestock production and sustainable utilization of
                                            indigenous genetic resources.

                                            CONSERVATION
                                            Characterization and conservation of AnGR is coordinated among research
                                            institutes. There is capacity for cryoconservation of semen at the Republic
                                            Artificial Insemination Centre, which needs to be used for conservation of
                                            indigenous AnGR. Some farms are conserving and using indigenous AnGR:
© EMINOV F.O.

                                            for example, Bayram Lala, Haji Jamalkhan, Yavar Bini Oglu and Dashuz.

                                            POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                            The National Strategy and Action Plan on Preservation and Sustainable
                                            Use of Biodiversity (2006); and laws on Horse Breeding (2007); Pedigree
                                            Breeding (2008); Apiculture (2008), etc. have made AnGR management
© MAMMADOV A.T.

                                            one of the main priorities of the country. National legislation on AnGR still
                                            needs to be developed along with strengthening staff training and creating
                                            a database of indigenous AnGR.
Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO
PLAN D’
                                                                  ACTION MONDIAL POUR LES RESSOURCES ZOOGÉNÉTIQUES

                                                                                                                                   Belgique
                                                                                    Préserver la diversité génétique,
                                                                               base d’une sélection animale durable

                                                LES PRIORITÉS NATIONALES
                                                • Améliorer la connaissance des effectifs de toutes les races et mettre à disposition cette information via
                                                  les bases de données internationales.
                                                • Promouvoir la conservation des races autochtones par leur valorisation au travers du contrôle des
                                                  performances et d’une stratégie d’amélioration.
                                                • Poursuivre la mise en place d’une cryobanque en visant à élargir son champ d’application, tout en
                                                  soutenant les programmes de conservation in situ.
                                                • Intégrer le maintien de la diversité génétique et la sauvegarde des races menacées dans la
                                                  réglementation agricole régionale.

                                                                            CARACTÉRISATION, INVENTAIRE ET SURVEILLANCE DES TENDANCES ET
© BELEIDSDOMEIN LANDBOUW EN VISSERIJ,

                                                                            DES RISQUES ASSOCIÉS
                                                                            La connaissance des effectifs des races animales présentes sur le territoire
                                                                            doit être améliorée, quant à sa précision et à la régularité de sa mise à
                                                                            jour. Outre les interactions avec les associations d’éleveurs, une méthode
VLAAMSE OVERHEID

                                                                            originale d’investigation sera appliquée, qui a été développée et mise en
                                                                            œuvre pour étudier plusieurs races ovines, avec des résultats inédits en
                                           Ardennais tacheté
                                                                            termes d’inventaire notamment.

                                                                            UTILISATION DURABLE ET MISE EN VALEUR
                                                                            La valorisation économique reste un élément souvent déterminant dans
                                                                            le choix d’une race par un éleveur. L’utilisation durable d’une de nos races
                                                                            indigènes passera dès lors par la démonstration de sa valeur, non seulement
                  © FRÉDÉRIC COLINET

                                                                            culturelle et patrimoniale, mais également économique, en s’appuyant sur
                                                                            le contrôle des performances et le développement d’un schéma de sélection
                                           Blanc-Bleu Mixte
                                                                            adapté.

                                                                            CONSERVATION
                                                                            Conservations in situ et ex situ doivent être développées de façon
                                                                            complémentaire. La mise en place d’une cryobanque régionale, initiée en
                  © JEAN-FRANÇOIS DUMASY

                                                                            2010, sera poursuivie et étendue en élargissant son champ d’application
                                                                            à d’autres espèces et aux populations non inscrites dans les livres
                                                                            généalogiques. Les programmes de conservation in situ ne seront pas pour
                                           Cryobanque                       autant délaissés, ils seront maintenus ou même étendus.

                                                                            POLITIQUES, INSTITUTIONS ET RENFORCEMENT DES CAPACITÉS
                                                                            Le maintien de la diversité génétique et la sauvegarde des races menacées
                                                                            doivent être des éléments de notre politique d’élevage. Cet objectif sera pris
                  © JEAN-FRANÇOIS DUMASY

                                                                            en compte dans le cadre de l’élaboration de notre législation zootechnique.
                                                                            Sur le plan institutionnel, le développement de la cryobanque prévoit la mise
                                                                            en place d’un Conseil scientifique et technique, chargé de l’orientation de
                                           Mouton Laitier Belge
                                                                            ses activités.
Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                             ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                             Bhutan
                                      Sustainable management of
                 domestic animal diversity for food and agriculture

                 NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                 • Establish an animal gene bank for preservation of germplasm from livestock breeds for
                   sustainable use.
                 • Document all livestock breeds with respect to their distribution, utility, characteristics and
                   population status.
                 • Coordinate and promote in situ conservation.
                 • Disseminate information and promote education on the importance of animal genetic
                   resources.

                                          CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                          ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                          • There is a decline in the population sizes of indigenous breeds across all
                                            species: particularly in sheep, Nublang and Golang cattle, pigs and horses.
© SONAM TAMANG

                                            Indigenous breeds have been diluted by cross-breeding with exotic breeds
                                            for economic production and higher rural income.
                                          • Priorities include review and collation of existing information on animal
                                            genetic resources and building a national database of these resources.

                                          SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                          • Promoting coordinated involvement of stakeholder in situ conservation.
                                          • Improving knowledge of breeds and their production environments.
                                          • Developing enabling policies that support farmers’ conservation initiatives
© SONAM TAMANG

                                            for native breeds.

                                          CONSERVATION
                                          • Establishment of an animal gene bank.
                                          • Identification and prioritization of threatened breeds for targeted interventions.
                                          • Strengthening in situ conservation through technical and technological
© SONAM TAMANG

                                            support and educating farmers on the importance of conservation.
                                          • Initiating farmer groups, a nucleus-herd farm at government level and
                                            multiplier farms at field level.

                                          POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                          • An agrobiodiversity policy is currently being developed.
                                          • National capacity is being strengthened in line with the Tenth Five Year
                                            Plan.
© SONAM TAMANG

                                          • Consultations and biodiversity fairs and exhibitions are held to increase
                                            awareness of agrobiodiversity conservation activities.
Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                            ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                                               Brazil
                                                Conservation of animal genetic resources:
                                               preserving the past, anticipating the future

                          NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                          • Maintain conservation nuclei of naturalized breeds and form new ones when necessary.
                          • Increase the stock of genetic material of breeds at risk stored in the Brazilian Animal Gene Bank.
                          • Genetic characterization.
                          • Re-introduce naturalized breeds in sustainable production systems.
                          • Identify economic niches for naturalized breeds, showing breeders that when well used these breeds
                            can provide economic returns.
                          • Stimulate the creation of additional breeders’ associations.
                          • Increase the awareness of society about the importance of AnGR.

                                                       CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                                       ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                                       The study of molecular markers in locally adapted Brazilian livestock started
                                                       after the creation of a DNA bank in 1998. Today, this bank has more
                                                       than 14 000 DNA and tissue samples from livestock breeds and native
© ARTHUR MARIANTE

                                                       species with economic potential. Goals for the future are to improve the
                                                       management of the herds being conserved and the selection of germplasm
                     Moxotó goats
                                                       donors for the Brazilian Animal Gene Bank.

                                                       SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                                       One of the most effective ways of increasing interest in threatened
                                                       naturalized breeds has been the creation of breeders’ associations. Many
                                                       associations have been successfully established, but further work is needed.
© EDISON MARTINS

                                                       Traits of economic value need to be identified in specific breeds in order to
                                                       convince breeders to continue raisng them.
                     Criollo Lageano cow

                                                       CONSERVATION
                                                       The establishment of a network for the conservation of livestock breeds
                                                       at risk was essential to prevent their impending disappearance. Embrapa
                                                       (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation ) led these efforts and
                                                       now maintains in situ and ex situ conservation programmes for breeds
© RUI FAQUINI

                                                       considered at risk. The Brazilian Animal Gene Bank stores around 60 000
                                                       semen doses and 500 embryos from various livestock species.
                     Criollo Lanado ewe

                                                       POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                                       The University of Brasilia and Embrapa have cooperated closely in a
                                                       capacity-building effort that involves two main lines of research at MSc
                                                       and PhD levels: one with emphasis on characterization and conservation of
© VILSON DE JESUSE

                                                       AnGR and the other on animal reproduction strategies. This collaboration
                                                       has been fundamental to the education of students specializing in AnGR
                                                       management.
                     Pantaneiro bull
Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO
PLAN D’
                                       ACTION MONDIAL POUR LES RESSOURCES ZOOGÉNÉTIQUES

                                                                                                      Burundi
                                           Augmentons le potentiel génétique des
                                          bovins tout en conservant la race Ankolé

                          PRIORITÉ NATIONALE
                          La priorité nationale est d’augmenter les productions animales en passant par le repeuplement du
                          cheptel national qui a été décimé par la guerre qui a éclaté au Burundi en 1993. Chaque ménage
                          devrait avoir un élevage qui a un double rôle de restaurer la fertilité des sols et de rendre disponible
                          les protéines d’origine animale afin d’assurer la sécurité alimentaire des populations et d’augmenter les
                          revenus de la population et dans le but global de lutter contrer la pauvreté.

                                                      CARACTÉRISATION, INVENTAIRE ET SURVEILLANCE DES TENDANCES ET
                                                      DES RISQUES ASSOCIÉS
                                                      Un projet de recensement général de l’agriculture a été élaboré par le
                                                      Ministère de l’Agriculture et de l’élevage pour disposer des statistiques
                                                      fiables. Dans le domaine de l’Elevage, un recensement du bétail financé par
© M. BLEICH

                                                      le Fonds International pour le Développement de l’Agriculture « FIDA » est
                                                      en cours dans 7 provinces sur 16 que compte le pays.

                                                      UTILISATION DURABLE ET MISE EN VALEUR
                                                      Le pays ayant perdu par le passé des animaux d’élevage, une politique
                                                      de repeuplement du cheptel est en cours. Les bovins de race frisonne,
                                                      les chèvres de race boer ou alpine sont achetés dans les pays de la
                                                      Communauté Est Africaine.
© M. BLEICH

                                                      CONSERVATION
                                                      Dans le rapport national sur l’état des ressources génétiques, il a été noté
                                                      que la race Ankolé est considérée comme une race en danger du fait des
© FAO/GIULIO NAPOLITANO

                                                      programmes de croisement incontrôlés. Les décideurs sont déjà sensibilisés
                                                      sur le problème et l’idée d’un projet de conservation de la race a été
                                                      acceptée.

                                                      POLITIQUES, INSTITUTIONS ET RENFORCEMENT DES CAPACITÉS
                                                      Le Burundi s’est doté d’une stratégie nationale en matière des productions
                                                      animales et celle-ci devrait servir de base pour l’orientation en matière de
© FAO/GIULIO NAPOLITANO

                                                      gestion des ressources génétiques. Mais dans l’entretemps un système
                                                      d’enregistrement des géniteurs performants est en cours d’installation au
                                                      niveau de la Direction Générale de l’Elevage.
Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                             ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                                          Canada
                                             Promoting genetic diversity in livestock,
                                         environmentally friendly animal production
                                                                   and food security

                               NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                               Priorities of the Canadian Animal Genetic Resources Program (CAGR) are to:
                               • acquire, maintain and distribute animal genetic resources;
                               • characterize, evaluate and analyse livestock genetic diversity;
                               • develop indicators of change in livestock genetic diversity; and
                               • conduct research on biology of gametes and embryos and develop new techniques for conservation
                                  of animal genetic resources.
                               CAGR is a joint initiative of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the University of Saskatchewan.

                                                          CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                                          ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                                          A CAGR Genetic Resources Information Network database is being
                                                          developed for phenotypic and genotypic data linked to the collection of
                                                          characterized germplasm. Descriptions of production environments will be
                                                          included. It will assist in monitoring population trends and will be connected
© C. LESSARD

                                                          to an international AnGR database including links to breed registries,
                                                          industry representatives, producer groups and conservation initiatives.

                                                          SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                                          CAGR promotes animal genetic resource conservation within Canada and
© CANADIAN ANGUS ASSOCIATION

                                                          integrates Canadian conservation activities with those at the global level.
                                                          Research efforts focus on developing capacity and strategy for conservation
                                                          of animal genetic resources. CAGR also works to improve commercial
                                                          methods and develop new techniques for the conservation of all livestock
                                                          species.

                                                          CONSERVATION
                                                          Canada cryoconserves semen, ova, embryos to:
                                                          • enhance our ability to respond to biosecurity, environmental and food
                                                            safety risks; and
                                                          • promote economic opportunities and the competitiveness of our livestock
                                                            industry through characterizing livestock genetic diversity.
© C. LESSARD

                                                          Donations come from the livestock industry, veterinarians, animal breeders
                                                          and producers, universities and conservation agencies.

                                                          POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                                          Education and training of young Canadian scientists are central to the
                                                          CAGR Program, and students and visiting scientists are welcome. CAGR
                                                          seeks successful collaborations at national and international levels. These
© JACKI PRYSTUPA

                                                          will target the collection of germplasm for the Canadian gene bank and
                                                          research initiatives in the areas of population genetics, the biology of
                                                          reproduction and cryobiology.
Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO
PLAN D’
                        ACTION MONDIAL POUR LES RESSOURCES ZOOGÉNÉTIQUES

                                                                                                         Tchad
                                Utilisation de ressources zoogénéntique
                                         pour le développement durable

            LES PRIORITÉS NATIONALES
            • Recensement des effectifs au plan national.
            • Etablissement d’une stratégie nationale et d’un plan d’action spécifique pour la gestion durable des
              ressources zoogénétiques.
            • Création d’un centre national des biotechnologies animales.
            • Déterminer les besoins à moyen et long terme du pays en produits d’origine animale.
            • Mieux connaître les filières dans la perspective de leur développement ultérieur.
            • Mettre en place un système de crédit pastoral pour la valorisation des produits animaux.
            • Favoriser et contrôler le commerce des animaux sur pieds et de la viande dans la sous région.
            • Améliorer et intensifier les aménagements pastoraux pour l’élevage transhumant.

                                       CARACTÉRISATION, INVENTAIRE ET SURVEILLANCE DES TENDANCES ET
                                       DES RISQUES ASSOCIÉS
                                       Depuis la fin des années quatre vingt le Tchad a mis en place un programme
                                       d’inventaire des animaux domestiques: Bourzat et al. (1993), Lauvergne et al.
                                       (1993), Zeuh et al. (1997) pour les petits ruminants; Souvenir Zafindrajaona et
                                       Zeuh (1998), Zafindrajaona et al. (1999) pour le bovin; Kouri et Zeuh (2000) pour
                                       les ruminants domestiques du Tchad. Le dernier recensement exhaustif date de
© V. ZEUH

                                       1976 et depuis 2008 un recensement général des ressources zoogénétiques est
                                       en cours. Aucune banque de gènes (sperme, ovocytes, embryons, etc.) n’est
                                       disponible sur place.

                                       UTILISATION DURABLE ET MISE EN VALEUR
                                       Elaboration et adoption du Plan National de Développement de l’Elevage en 2008
                                       et cinq projets à savoir:
                                        •   appui au développement de l’industrie des cuirs et peaux;
                                        •   appui au développement de l’industrie laitière;
                                        •   appui à la filière bovine;
© IUSTA

                                        •   appui au développement de l’industrie avicole (fermes de poules et pondeuses);
                                        •   création d’un Laboratoire de Contrôle de Qualité des Aliments;
                                       sont en projets ou en cours d’exécution.

                                       CONSERVATION
                                       Le Gouvernement du Tchad a mis en place depuis 2003 avec l’appui du
                                       Laboratoire de Recherches vétérinaires et Zootechniques de Farcha un centre de
                                       sauvegarde de la race bovine Kouri au Lac Tchad. Il s’agissait en fait de la création
                                       d’un centre de conservation avec les objectifs suivants:
                                       • la sélection amélioratrice de la race Kouri et la diffusion progressive de taureaux de race pure
© V. ZEUH

                                         après sélection;
                                       • la création de groupements d’intérêt pastoraux et de groupements féminins autour de la race;
                                       • la mise en œuvre d’un programme de santé animale adapté au développement de la race;
                                       • la mise en place de matériels et d’infrastructures d’appui au centre et au secteur élevage.

                                       POLITIQUES, INSTITUTIONS ET RENFORCEMENT DES CAPACITÉS
                                       Le cadre de la formation dans le domaine de ressources zoogénétiques est
                                       régi par un décret en date du 05 novembre 2009. La formation initiale des
                                       techniciens d’élevage est assurée par une école (ENATE). La formation supérieure
                                       est les instituts publics et privés (IUSTA, ESTAF, ACFA, CFAP) mais aussi par des
                                       instituions régionales (EISMV, ESVM, etc.). La formation continue des éleveurs se
© I. USTA

                                       fait par les centres spécialisés (CFPR, CFPA, CFPM et ONGs).
Albania Conserve through sustainable use for current and future generations - FAO
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                             Croatia
                                             Animal Genetic Resources –
                              national and global heritage for the future

                   NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                   • Completing inventory and characterization of animal genetic resources and continuously monitoring
                     trends and risks.
                   • Developing a programme for economic utilization of animal genetic resources.
                   • Protecting traditional knowledge, processing methods and traditional products.
                   • Improving in situ models for the conservation of animal genetic resources.
                   • Preparing action plans for breeds at risk.
                   • Improving human and technical capacity for the ex situ in vitro programme (gene bank).
                   • Fully implementing the National Animal Genetic Resources Programme.

                                             CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                             ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                             • Harmonizing operational and strategic guidelines for characterization and
                                               monitoring of animal genetic resources.
                                             • Continuous monitoring of trends and risks.
© ANTE IVANKOVIC

                                             • Characterizing exterior, production and genetic characteristics,
                                               adaptability and specific characteristics relevant to traditional and organic
                                               production.

                                             SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                             • Developing a programme for economic utilization of animal genetic
                                               resources.
                                             • Supporting programmes for sustainable use of autochthonous breeds
                                               through development of traditional processing methods, standardization
© ANTE IVANKOVIC

                                               of traditional products, and improvements to marketing and sales of
                                               characteristic food products (“Pag sheep cheese”, “Beef of Istrian cattle”
                                               and “Kulin”).

                                             CONSERVATION
                                             • Developing or improving models for in situ conservation of animal genetic
                                               resources and action plans for the conservation of breeds at risk.
                                             • Initiating ex situ in vitro programmes (gene bank).
© ANTE IVANKOVIC

                                             • Providing support to breeders’ associations, and relevant experts and
                                               institutions (subsidies, capacity-building, infrastructure development).

                                             POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                             In March 2010 the government accepted the “National Programme for
                                             Preservation of Autochthonous and Protected Breeds of Domestic Animals
                                             in Croatia”. In July 2010, the National Coordinating System for Animal
© ANTE IVANKOVIC

                                             Genetic Resources monitoring was established. Legislative frameworks
                                             related to the protection of autochthonous breeds were harmonized.
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                          ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                                     Finland
                                      Action plan for self-sustaining native breeds
                                        and collaborating with breeding industry

                           NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                           •   pedigree registers for on-farm conservation maintained by breeding organizations
                           •   cryoconservation in collaboration with artificial insemination industry
                           •   supporting gene bank herds at college and prison farms
                           •   research on biometric and genomic tools to understand, utilize and maintain genetic variation
                           •   promotion of breed-specific features and products
                           •   collaboration with Nordic and Baltic countries
                           •   active participation in European Regional Focal Point work and EU-funded research and development
                               projects

                                                       CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS
                                                       AND ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                                       Native breeds include 3 cattle, 3 sheep, 1 goat, 1 horse and a dozen
                                                       chicken breeds. Assessment of genetic variation with pedigree data
                                                       are performed for Finnsheep (Ne = 119) and native cattle breeds
                                                       (Ne = 30–90). Genomic variation is analysed in sheep and cattle
                                                       breeds jointly with neighbouring countries. Inventories have not been
                                                       established for dog and bee breeds.

                                                       SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                                       There are national breeding programmes for dairy and beef cattle,
                                                       pigs, sheep, horses and fur animals. A multi-trait approach (including
© MTT / ULLA JAUHIAINEN

                                                       random regression, animal model and genomic breeding values) is
                                                       used in genetic ranking and much attention is given to non-production
                                                       traits. Dairy cattle and pig breeding rely on Nordic collaboration.

                                                       CONSERVATION
                                                       There is an in situ scheme for Eastern and Northern Finncattle and
                                                       landrace chickens. The mating recommendations for cattle are based
© MTT / ASKO MAKI-TANILA

                                                       on minimizing coancestry. Work on semen cryoconservation is ongoing
                                                       in cattle and sheep breeds. On-farm conservation is included in the
                                                       subsidy policies of the agri-environmental programme.

                                                       POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                                       Finland’s national action plan was launched in 2004 and is coordinated
                                                       by MTT Agrifood Research Finland. Work is planned and monitored
© MTT / ASKO MAKI-TANILA

                                                       jointly with the Advisory Board on Genetic Resources (Ministry of
                                                       Agriculture and Forestry). Activities are publicised via media interviews,
                                                       seminars and leaflets. University and college education includes courses
                                                       on genetic resources.
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                                                                          ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                                                                                  Germany
                                                                                                     Animal Genetic Resources in Germany

                                 NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                                 • Promote long-term in situ and ex situ conservation in scientifically sound and cost-
                                   effective breeding programmes.
                                 • Enhance attractiveness of animal genetic resources for sustainable animal
                                   production systems.
                                 • Support the utilization of animal genetic resources in nature and landscape
                                   protection areas.
                                 • Support the conservation of animal genetic resources.
                                 • Promote cooperation at national, European and international levels and exploit the
                                   resulting synergies.

                                                                                                       CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                                                                                       ASSOCIATED RISKS
 © BLE

                                                                                                       In 1997, the Central Documentation for Animal Genetic Resources in
                                                                                                       Germany (TGRDEU) was established. Since then, all breeders’ organizations,
                                                                                                       their breeds and the numbers of breeding horses, cattle, pigs, sheep, goats,
                                                                                                       rabbits, chickens, geese and ducks listed in herd books are documented.
                                                                                                       TGRDEU functions as the national inventory and provides the basis for
                                                                                                       categorizing breeds according to their risk status.

                                                                                                       SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                                                                                       Support measures for endangered indigenous farm animal breeds are
                                                                                                       implemented under the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development
                                                                                                       (EU Council Regulation 1698/2005). Responsibility for their formulation and
    © BLE, FRANK GÄRTNER

                                                                                                       implementation within this framework lies with the “Laender”. Currently
                                                                                                       10 “Laender” offer 90 measures for 54 different horse, cattle, pig, sheep,
                           Weiße Gehörnte Heidschnucke
                                                                                                       goat and poulty breeds.

                                                                                                       CONSERVATION
                                                                                                       Ex situ conservation of animal genetic resources through cryoconservation,
                                                                                                       in particular of semen, embryos and cell cultures, is implemented to
© BLE, DOMINIK MENZLER

                                                                                                       complement in situ conservation measures. Currently, preparations are
                                                                                                       being made to establish the German Genebank for Domestic Animals.

                           Artificial Insemination

                                                                                                       POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                     6c^bVa
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                                   ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                                            Hungary
                                                                              The base of our future is
                                                                        the protection of our heritage

                                           NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                                           • Maintaining the basis of animal production for a healthy and
                                             sustainable world.
                                           • Protecting indigenous breeds as national heritage.
                                           • Research and raising awareness of animal genetic resources.
                                           • Building up an in vitro gene bank.

                                                                 CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                                                 ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                                                 • The animal breeding authority maintains and runs the central animal
                                                                   breeding database.
                                                                 • The breeding authority and breeding organizations collect data
                                                                   continuously.
                    © ZSUZSA BOROVKA

                                                                 • The permanent link between the breeding authority and the breeding
                                                                   organizations allows trends to be followed, threats to be recognized and
                                                                   timely interventions.

                                                                 SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                                                 Marketing the products of indigenous breeds is seen is one of the most
                                                                 important means in maintaining these breeds. Hungarian Grey cattle and
                    © TAMÁS SZOBOLEVSZKI

                                                                 Mangalica pig products are becoming ever more popular in Hungary and
                                                                 abroad.

                                                                 CONSERVATION
                                                                 • The breeding programmes for indigenous breeds meet the requirements
© RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR ANIMAL

                                                                   of conservation.
                                                                 • The Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resource Committee was
BREEDING AND NUTRITION

                                                                   established in 2007.
                                                                 • A new financial subsidy for in situ conservation of genetic resources was
                                                                   introduced in 2010. It is cofinanced by the European Agricultural Fund for
                                                                   Rural Development.
                                                                 • Indigenous breeds are continuously being researched.

                                                                 POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                                                 • Revising and renewing of the Animal Breeding Act is in progress. The
                                                                   new act will deal in more detail with the protection of animal genetic
                                                                   resources.
                    © PÉTER SZABÓ

                                                                 • Hungary actively takes part in the work of the European Regional Focal
                                                                   Point for Animal Genetic Resources.
                                                                 • The head office of Danubian Countries Alliance for Conservation of Genes
                                                                   in Animal Species has been in Hungary since its establishment in 1989.
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                  ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                          Malaysia
                                           Safeguarding the future with today’s
                                                      animal genetic resources

                         NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                         • Human-resource development to enhance the competency of AnGR professionals
                           in all aspects of AnGR conservation and sustainable development.
                         • Implementation of sustainable programmes to utilize selected AnGR.
                         • Effective in situ and ex situ conservation programmes for AnGR identified as being
                           at risk.
                         • Development of the National Focal Point (National Institute of Veterinary
                           Biodiversity – NIVB) as a reference centre for AnGR conservation and utilization.

                                               CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS
                                               AND ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                               High priority is given to inventory and characterization of AnGR, monitoring
© AZIZOL MD. SHARUN

                                               trends and risks, and establishing country-based early warning and
                                               response mechanisms. Work focuses on obtaining breed morphological and
                                               performance information in current production environments. Information is
                                               obtained by direct research and through collaboration with private farms.

                                               SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                               The major priority is establishing national species and breed development
                                               strategies and programmes. A committee has been set up to oversee the
© ADRIEN KUMAR RAYMOND

                                               formulation of a comprehensive Livestock Breeding Policy for Malaysia. The
                                               agro-ecosystems approach is being integrated into all livestock policies.
                                               Indigenous production systems and sustainable use and management of
                                               AnGR are being promoted.

                                               CONSERVATION
                                               The major priority is to establish or strengthen in situ conservation
                                               programmes for several breeds of livestock. National Strategies and Action
                                               Plans for Agricultural Biodiversity are being drafted. Ex situ conservation
                                               programmes are being established and strengthened – a semen bank at
© ZULKIFLI ISHAK

                                               the National Institute of Veterinary Biodiversity and an embryo bank at the
                                               National Embryo Centre.

                                               POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                               The major priority is to strengthen national institutions for AnGR
© ADRIEN KUMAR RAYMOND

                                               management and development (NIVB and Malaysian Agricultural Research
                                               and Development Institute). Institutional links with the Natural Resource
                                               and Environment Ministry (biodiversity focal point), regional organizations
                                               and FAO are being strengthened. Efforts are made to mobilize resources for
                                               conservation, sustainable use and development of AnGR.
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                            ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                                      Mongolia
                                                   Livestock is Mongolia’s national wealth
                                                           and subject to state protection
                                                              (Article 6 of the Constitution of Mongolia)

                             NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                             • Improve the performance of hardy livestock through creating pedigree farms for specific types and
                               breeds that will be the focus of scientifically based genetic improvement activities.
                             • Protect the gene pool of livestock, while introducing advanced biotechnologies as a means to increase
                               animal productivity.
                             • Strengthen capacity-building to improve the results of breeding activities and accessibility to services.
                             • Set up a national database and network for a livestock pedigree, performance and traceability
                               recording system.

                                                         CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                                         ASSOCIATED RISKS
© MACHTELD VAN DIERENDONCK

                                                         Since 1961, Mongolia has conducted a livestock census every December.
                                                         At the end of 2009, a total of 44 million head of livestock were counted.
                                                         At the end of the first half of 2010, 54 %, or 10.2 million head, of female
                                                         breeding stock had given birth; 71 % of total births, or 7.2 million head of
                                                         young animals, survived; 9.7 million adult animals had been lost because of
                                                         the harsh winter disaster (Zud).

                                                         SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                                         The National Animal Breeding Strategic Plan for 2009–2021 has been
                                                         developed, approved and publicized. A well-functioning dairy cattle pedigree
                                                         and performance scheme has been established within the framework of a TCP
                                                         implemented by the Government of Mongolia and FAO (2008–2010). Data
© H. URANGOO

                                                         entry and data analysis are undertaken regularly. There is consensus that genetic
                                                         improvement is a must for dairy development.

                                                         CONSERVATION
                                                         Seventeen pedigree farms for specific types and breeds of livestock
                                                         have been established: 13 based on state property and other 4 on local
                                                         properties.
© H. URANGOO

                                                         POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                                         Within the framework of the national programme “Mongol Livestock”,
                                                         which was approved by resolution of the State Great Hural of Mongolia on
                                                         20 May 2010, 329 veterinary and animal breeding units will be established
                                                         by the end of 2010 under the responsibility of provincial government
© H. URANGOO

                                                         offices. The Government of Mongolia is going to spend 9.5 billion MNT to
                                                         strengthen the capacity of these units.
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                      ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                          Montenegro
                                                      Conservation and sustainable use
                                                           of animal genetic resources

                       NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                       • Establishing in situ and ex situ conservation schemes for all autochthonous breeds of livestock with
                         emphasis on the most endangered breeds.
                       • Integrating the concept of sustainable use and development of animal genetic resources within the
                         sustainable development of national agriculture.
                       • Promoting means of valorizing autochthonous breeds as parts of cultural and historical heritage and as
                         elements in the sustainable management of pastoral areas and the environment.
                       • Capacity-building and raising public awareness about the importance of animal genetic resources.

                                                  CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                                  ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                                  Identification and inventory work has been conducted on the Busha
                                                  autochthonous brachyceros cattle breed and some sheep breeds (Zetska
© BOZIDARKA MARKOVIC

                                                  zuja, Pivska pramenka, Sora). These activities have included morphological
                                                  characterization, identification of geographical distribution, population size
                                                  (according to number of pure-bred male and female animals) and some
                                                  genetic characterization.

                                                  SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                                  There are good opportunities for promoting sustainable use of some
                                                  breeds, such as Pivska pramenka and Sora sheep and Balkan goats, due to
© BOZIDARKA MARKOVIC

                                                  the high prices that can be obtained for their various dairy products, lamb
                                                  and kid meat, which are becoming increasingly popular with consumers.
                                                  Other breeds, such as Zetska zuja sheep and Busha cattle, are currently not
                                                  economically attractive – primarily because of their low productivity.

                                                  CONSERVATION
                                                  An in situ conservation programme for animal genetic resources has been
                                                  operating for three years. The programme includes the following breeds:
© BOZIDARKA MARKOVIC

                                                  • Busha cattle (40 animals);
                                                  • Zetska zuja sheep: typical zuja (35 animals); so-called Piperska zuja (63 animals);
                                                  • two flocks of Sora sheep (230 animals); and
                                                  • three flocks of Pivska pramenka sheep (285 animals).

                                                  POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                                  • The government adopted the Action Plan for Conservation and
                                                      Sustainable Use of Animal Genetic Resources in 2008.
                                                  •   National Coordinator for the Management of AnGR was appointed in 2008.
© BOZIDARKA MARKOVIC

                                                  •   A law on livestock breeding that provides a legal framework for animal
                                                      genetic resources management was adopted in 2010.
                                                  •   Good cooperation with the European Regional Focal Point, FAO and
                                                      NGOs has been established.
                                                  •   The national breed database in EFABIS/DAD-IS has been established.
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                      ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                The Netherlands
                                        Securing heritage breeds and
                             allelic diversity both in situ and ex situ

            NATIONAL PRIORITIES
            • Extending the national gene bank: additional species, breeds and donor animals; new
              types of genetic material; and targeted cryopreservation research.
            • Supporting breeds in situ: keeping populations healthy (low inbreeding levels and
              strengthened breeding efforts); and promoting and marketing local breeds.
            • Development of knowledge of conservation genetics, breeding, reproduction and
              cryobiology.
            • Creating a national platform for breeding and conservation.

                                   CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                   ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                   • PhD studies are being undertaken on:
                                     - characterization of local breeds for their milk quality; and
                                     - use of high-density marker information for conservation decisions.
                                   • European projects are being implemented on:
                                     - local cattle breeds in Europe (EURECA);
                                     - heritage sheep breeds; and
                                     - breed and cryobank databases (EFABISnet and CRYOweb).

                                   SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                   • Technical advice is provided to breed associations on how to implement
                                     programmes that strengthen breeding efforts and minimize rates of
                                     inbreeding.
                                   • A national day for living heritage (nationale dag van het levend erfgoed)
                                     is organized by the Dutch Rare Breed Society (SZH). On this day, many
© SZH

                                     Dutch heritage breeds are shown to the general public.

                                   CONSERVATION
                                   Semen of several species and breeds is stored in the gene bank of the
                                   Centre for Genetic Resources, the Netherlands (as of Sept. 2010):
                                   - cattle (9 breeds)   - dogs (2 breeds)
                                   - goats (2 breeds)    - horses (5 breeds)
                                   - pigs (16 breeds)    - poultry (20 breeds)
© SZH/CGN

                                   - sheep (7 breeds)

                                   POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                   • National thematic workshops for breed societies have been organized as
                                     platforms for learning and networking.
                                   • International training courses have been organized on gene banking and
                                     cryopreservation.
                                   • A national platform for breeding and conservation (Ministry of Agriculture,
© CGN

                                     Product Board, Rare Breed Society, Centre for Genetic Resources, breeding
                                     companies and breed associations, etc.) is being established.
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                                             ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                                                          Norway
                                                            Conservation of animal production diversity
                                                                              and sustainable breeding

                                                     NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                                                     • Sustainable breeding for all native breeds.
                                                     • Animal production based on Norwegian AnGR.
                                                     • Increased population sizes in endangered breeds.
                                                     • Develop indicators on status and trends for native AnGR.

                                                                        CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
© NORWEGIAN GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                        ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                                                        • Pedigree recording systems should be available for all native breeds.
                                                                        • All breeding plans for native breeds should document sustainability by
                                                                          describing genetic change for functional traits and/or effective population size.
CENTRE

                                                                        • Gene banks for all native breeds should be maintained and further
                                                                          developed.

                                                                        SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
© NORWEGIAN GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                        • Ensure that all native breeds have plans for sustainable breeding.
                                                                        • Promote policies and means to achieve sustainable use of a diverse range
                                                                          of native breeds.
                                                                        • Increase the population size of all native and endangered breeds.
CENTRE

                                                                        CONSERVATION
© NORWEGIAN GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                        • Strengthen the framework for farming systems based on endangered
                                                                          native breeds.
                                                                        • Establish pedigree recording systems for all native and endangered breeds.
                                                                        • Secure native and endangered breeds by in situ conservation.
CENTRE

                                                                        POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
              © NORWEGIAN GENETIC RESOURCES CENTRE

                                                                        •    Implement the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources.
                                                                        •    Maintain and develop national, Nordic and international AnGR networks.
                                                                        •    Promote information about the value of AnGR.
                                                                        •    Strengthen research on native AnGR.
                                                                        •    Develop national networks and competence on the principals for patenting,
                                                                             protection and access to AnGR.
PLAN DE
                                                            ACCIÓN MUNDIAL SOBRE LOS RECURSOS ZOOGENÉTICOS

                                                                                                                                      Perú
                                                                  ¡Conservando los recursos zoogenéticos
                                                                    por la seguridad alimentaria del Perú!

                         PRIORIDAD O META NACIONAL DE LA INSTITUCIÓN:
                         Establecimiento de un Plan Nacional de Conservación y Uso Sostenible de los Recursos Genéticos
                         Animales dirigido a desarrollar estrategias para la valorización de los recursos zoogenéticos,
                         armonizando su uso racional, así como para la generación de beneficios y su distribución justa y
                         equitativa. Las principales actividades involucradas se traducen en ejecutar estudios de monitoreo y
                         caracterización, sistematizar la información productiva, genealógica y genética; y crear o fortalecer
                         centros biotecnológicos especializados con investigadores altamente capacitados que ejecuten
                         actividades de investigación para el desarrollo del sector agropecuario y por ende la mejora de la calidad
                         de vida de las poblaciones dedicadas a la producción pecuaria.

                                                                                   CARACTERIZACIÓN, INVENTARIO Y SEGUIMIENTO DE LOS RIESGOS
                                                                                   ASOCIADOS Y LAS TENDENCIAS
                                                                                   Identificar acciones para la investigación, caracterización e inventarios
                                                                                   de los recursos zoogenéticos destinados al desarrollo del sector pecuario
                                                                                   realizando a su vez actividades de monitoreo genético y productivo que
© EUDOSIO VELI

                                                                                   permitan reconocer el potencial biológico e índices de valoración económica
                                                                                   específicamente de razas de animales domésticos criollos como camélidos,
                    Caracterización morfométrica del bovino criollo - Puno.
                                                                                   bovinos, ovinos, caprinos y cuyes.

                                                                                   UTILIZACIÓN SOSTENIBLE Y DESARROLLO
                                                                                   Definir estrategias para el fortalecimiento de sistemas de producción
                                                                                   coherentes con el uso racional de los recursos zoogenéticos, optimizando
                                                                                   el manejo del Banco de Germoplasma in vivo de Camélidos Sudamericanos
                                                                                   y el desarrollo del Bancos Criobiológicos de camélidos y bovinos criollos,
© EUDOSIO VELI

                                                                                   propiciando la formación de asociaciones de criadores, asistiéndolos en el
                    Uso de llamas para transporte de alimento en las zonas altas
                                                                                   mejoramiento genético de sus hatos/rebaños de forma sustentable.
                    del Perú.

                                                                                   CONSERVACIÓN
                                                                                   Establecimiento de Bancos de Germoplasma in situ y ex situ de razas
                                                                                   domésticas criollas y nativas de Camélidos Sudamericanos, patos, cuyes,
                                                                                   bovinos, ovinos, caprinos y porcinos, manteniendo material genético
© ROCÍO SILVESTRE

                                                                                   promisorio para actividades de mejoramiento genético y desarrollo de las
                                                                                   cadenas productivas, e implementación de sistemas de monitoreo y alarma
                    Rebaño de alpacas de color del Banco de Germoplasma de
                                                                                   temprana para evitar el riesgo de extinción de razas y especies.
                    Camélidos “Quimsachata” - INIA – Puno.

                                                                                   POLÍTICAS, INSTITUCIONES Y CREACIÓN DE CAPACIDAD
                                                                                   Desarrollo y ejecución del Plan Nacional de Conservación y Uso Sostenible
                                                                                   de Recursos Genéticos y Biotecnología del Instituto Nacional de Innovación
                                                                                   Agraria-INIA. Se iniciará la implementación de centros especializados en
                                                                                   biotecnología aplicada a los recursos zoogenéticos (incluídas técnicas
                                                                                   de genómica y proteómica) que promuevan la competitividad del sector
© INIA

                    Sede central – INIA.
                                                                                   pecuario.
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                      ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                                       Poland
                                       Conservation of animal genetic resources:
                                             through breeders and for breeders

                       NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                       • Establishment of a national ex situ genebank for animal genetic resources in the National Research
                         Institute of Animal Production; development of genebank facilities in Balice and preparation of
                         protocols for germplasm collection.
                       • Preparation of the National Strategy and Action Plan for Animal Genetic Resources. Establishment of
                         national priorities based on Poland’s Country Report (2002) and the 23 global priorities of the Global
                         Plan of Action.
                       • Enhancement of cooperation with breeders participating in conservation programmes, breeders’
                         societies and non-governmental organizations.

                                                  CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                                  ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                                  • All livestock populations under conservation programmes are monitored
                                                    and their current status reported on an annual basis.
                                                  • In 2008, on-farm selection of individuals was introduced into the restoration
© JACEK SIKORA

                                                    programme of the old type of Polish Merino and Podhale Zackel sheep.
                                                  • Polish EFABIS database has been updated for cattle and poultry breeds.
                                                  • Molecular characterization of two horse breeds has been initiated.

                                                  SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                                  • Results of performance evaluation have been analysed and published: first for
                                                    pig, sheep and poultry breeds and then for cattle breeds and Hucul horses.
                                                  • Continuous efforts are made to develop products from native breeds –
© GRAZYNA POLAK

                                                    e.g. the conference “Native breeds – how to promote regional products?”
                                                  • New initiatives, in collaboration with NGOs, aim to develop and
                                                    popularize innovative approaches for utilizing cold blooded horses.

                                                  CONSERVATION
                                                  • Significant enhancement of in situ activities: increased number of conserved
                                                    populations and increased number of females within conserved breeds
                                                  • 98 AnGR populations are conserved: cattle (4), horse (7), pig (3),
© ELZBIETA MARTYNIUK

                                                    sheep (13), goat (1), chicken (19) goose, (14), duck (10), rabbit (1),
                                                    fox (2), polecat (1), nutria (8), chinchilla (1), bee (4), trout (2), carp (8).
                                                  • Conservation programmes have been revised for a number of breeds.

                                                  POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                                  • The Global Plan of Action and State of the World’s AnGR – in brief have
                                                    been translated into Polish.
                                                  • The Institute cooperates with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural
                                                    Development in implementing the agri-environmental programme.
© GRAZYNA POLAK

                                                  • Development of a multi-year programme of work for the Institute, which
                                                    includes preparation of the National Strategy and Action Plan.
                                                  • Cooperation with breeders is enhanced through breed-specific workshops.
                                                  • Native breeds are exhibited at the National Animal Show.
PLAN D’
                                   ACTION MONDIAL POUR LES RESSOURCES ZOOGÉNÉTIQUES

                                                                                             Rwanda
                                                    Intensification de l’élevage pour
                                                            une productivité durable

                         LES PRIORITÉS NATIONALES
                         • Croisement en grand nombre des races animales locales pour augmenter la
                           productivité.
                         • Conservation d’une lignée de race Ankole (la vache Inyambo).

                                               CARACTÉRISATION, INVENTAIRE ET SURVEILLANCE DES TENDANCES ET
                                               DES RISQUES ASSOCIÉS
                                               • Des études de caractérisation physique ont été entreprises à l’Institut des
© MUHINDA OTTO VIANNEY

                                                 Sciences Agronomiques du Rwanda (ISAR).
                                               • Le «Rwanda Animal Resources Development Authority» (RARDA) a créé
                                                 deux fermes pour conserver la race et continuer la caractérisation.

                                               UTILISATION DURABLE ET MISE EN VALEUR
                                               • Le pays pense consulter des études faites aux USA sur la qualité de la
                                                 viande (faible taux de cholestérol) et mettre à profit ce caractère.
© MUHINDA OTTO VIANNEY

                                               • Exportation de la semence et des embryons.

                                               CONSERVATION
                                               In vivo: Des fermes de conservation de la race sont en place.
                                               In vitro: Mise en place d’une banque de semences/embryons.
© G. DIANA

                                               POLITIQUES, INSTITUTIONS ET RENFORCEMENT DES CAPACITÉS
                                               • Mise en place d’une Direction Générale des ressources animales au sein
                                                 du Ministère de l’Agriculture et des ressources animales.
                                               • Mise en place d’une Direction des ressources animales au sein du
                                                 «Rwanda Agriculture Board» pour le suivi de l’état de ces ressources.
© G. DIANA

                                               • Politique nationale de conservation des ressources naturelles.
                                               • Politique nationale de transformation de l’Agriculture.
THE GLOBAL PLAN OF
                                                   ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES

                                                                                                  Serbia

                                Sustainable use of animal genetic resources

                      NATIONAL PRIORITIES
                      • Preserve AnGR and cultural heritage through increasing the number of breeding animals of
                        autochthonous breeds.
                      • Support autochthonous breeds that are well adapted to harsh conditions and have potential
                        to play significant roles in maintaining traditional grazing systems in mountainous and hilly
                        regions.
                      • Build institutional capacities and acquire practical experience in implementing support schemes
                        for autochthonous breeds according to European Union standards.

                                               CHARACTERIZATION, INVENTORY AND MONITORING OF TRENDS AND
                                               ASSOCIATED RISKS
                                               • Complete inventory of the location, population status and characteristics
                                                 of AnGR.
                                               • Establish institutional responsibilities for monitoring of AnGR.
© SRDJAN STOJANOVIC

                                               • Share information with EFABIS/DAD-IS.
                                               • Improve cooperation with neighbouring countries and sharing of
                                                 information about transboundary breeds.
                                               • Characterize breeds at genetic level.

                                               SUSTAINABLE USE AND DEVELOPMENT
                                               • Support consolidation of the national database of autochthonous breeds.
                                               • Support farmers in establishing new herds of autochthonous breeds in
                                                 marginal areas.
© SRDJAN STOJANOVIC

                                               • Support farmers in reconstructing and adapting their farms.
                                               • Support the promotion of autochthonous breeds at fairs.
                                               • Support stakeholders in developing agritourism based on local breeds.
                                               • Support research of carcass traits and meat and milk products.

                                               CONSERVATION
                                               • Define conservation priorities and goals.
                                               • Improve breeding programmes for endangered breeds.
                                               • Use both in situ and ex situ measures for breed conservation.
© SRDJAN STOJANOVIC

                                               • Support production systems in areas of importance to breeds at risk.
                                               • Support the conservation efforts of breeding and non-governmental
                                                 organizations.
                                               • Support stakeholders who keep endangered breeds with subsidies.
                                               • Strengthen facilities for ex situ conservation.

                                               POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND CAPACITY BUILDING
                                               • Develop national programmes and action plans for conservation and
                                                 sustainable use of AnGR.
                                               • Develop a measure supporting biodiversity and the environment within
© SRDJAN STOJANOVIC

                                                 the National Rural Development Programme.
                                               • Develop the Biodiversity Conservation Strategy.
                                               • Translate the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources into Serbian.
                                               • Develop agri-environment policy and programmes for sustainable
                                                 agriculture and rural development.
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