BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011

 
BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011
BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting   1

BUILDING MOMENTUM
Measuring, monitoring and reporting
                    Low Carbon Oxford
                    One Year Update
LOW CARBON OXFORD   2010 - 2011
BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011
2

    Table of Contents                                                                              Foreword
    Foreword                                                                             3         Building Momentum is an important step for Low Carbon Oxford. This report
    Executive Summary                                                                    4         allows us to better understand CO2 emissions in Oxford and by doing this to take
                                                                                                   concerted and effective action together.
    Introduction                                                                         6
    City of Oxford Emissions                                                             8         In a very short time Low Carbon Oxford has succeeded in bringing together
                                                                                                   29 Pathfinders who represent a significant proportion of the carbon emissions from
    Buildings – Commercial and Industrial                                               10         Oxford City in order to collaborate in taking action to move towards a sustainable future
    Transport                                                                           19         for the city. LCO is an important and groundbreaking initiative of which we can all be
                                                                                                   proud.
    Domestic                                                                            24
    Recommendations                                                                     33         This report is an important start; it provides an initial CO2 emissions baseline for
                                                                                                   Pathfinders and begins to show trends in carbon emissions. Instead of relying on
    Appendix 1: Low Carbon Oxford Charter                                               35
                                                                                                   national statistics we have worked with individual Pathfinders to gather data about what
    Appendix 2: List of Low Carbon Oxford Pathfinders                                   36         the picture on emissions really looks like on the ground in Oxford.
    Appendix 3: Summary Data from Pathfinders                                           38         Alongside the measuring, monitoring and reporting, captured here are some wonderful
                                                                                                   case studies showcasing examples of best practice in carbon reduction in Oxford from
                                                                                                   the great work that Pathfinders are doing. My real hope is that this will inspire others to
                                                                                                   action.

                                                                                                   We are building momentum for positive change and I congratulate all the Pathfinder
                                                                                                   organisations who feature in this report.
    Acknowledgements. This report was commissioned by Oxford City Council on behalf of
    Low Carbon Oxford. It was written by Emma Alexander, Katie King and Julia Patrick with input
    from a range of Low Carbon Oxford Pathfinders. It was edited by Jo Colwell, Ian Halliday,
    Paul Robinson and Jenny Carr of Oxford City Council. The design work is by Nicky Downes.
    Photographs were supplied by MINI Plant Oxford, Oxford Brookes University, CAG Oxfordshire,
                                                                                                   DR BARBARA HAMMOND
    Oxford Bus Company, Oxfordshire County Council, Lucy Properties, Oxford City Council and
                                                                                                   Director, Low Carbon Oxford
    Low Carbon West Oxford
BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011
2

    Table of Contents                                                                              Foreword
    Foreword                                                                             3         Building Momentum is an important step for Low Carbon Oxford. This report
    Executive Summary                                                                    4         allows us to better understand CO2 emissions in Oxford and by doing this to take
                                                                                                   concerted and effective action together.
    Introduction                                                                         6
    City of Oxford Emissions                                                             8         In a very short time Low Carbon Oxford has succeeded in bringing together
                                                                                                   29 Pathfinders who represent a significant proportion of the carbon emissions from
    Buildings – Commercial and Industrial                                               10         Oxford City in order to collaborate in taking action to move towards a sustainable future
    Transport                                                                           19         for the city. LCO is an important and groundbreaking initiative of which we can all be
                                                                                                   proud.
    Domestic                                                                            24
    Recommendations                                                                     33         This report is an important start; it provides an initial CO2 emissions baseline for
                                                                                                   Pathfinders and begins to show trends in carbon emissions. Instead of relying on
    Appendix 1: Low Carbon Oxford Charter                                               35
                                                                                                   national statistics we have worked with individual Pathfinders to gather data about what
    Appendix 2: List of Low Carbon Oxford Pathfinders                                   36         the picture on emissions really looks like on the ground in Oxford.
    Appendix 3: Summary Data from Pathfinders                                           38         Alongside the measuring, monitoring and reporting, captured here are some wonderful
                                                                                                   case studies showcasing examples of best practice in carbon reduction in Oxford from
                                                                                                   the great work that Pathfinders are doing. My real hope is that this will inspire others to
                                                                                                   action.

                                                                                                   We are building momentum for positive change and I congratulate all the Pathfinder
                                                                                                   organisations who feature in this report.
    Acknowledgements. This report was commissioned by Oxford City Council on behalf of
    Low Carbon Oxford. It was written by Emma Alexander, Katie King and Julia Patrick with input
    from a range of Low Carbon Oxford Pathfinders. It was edited by Jo Colwell, Ian Halliday,
    Paul Robinson and Jenny Carr of Oxford City Council. The design work is by Nicky Downes.
    Photographs were supplied by MINI Plant Oxford, Oxford Brookes University, CAG Oxfordshire,
                                                                                                   DR BARBARA HAMMOND
    Oxford Bus Company, Oxfordshire County Council, Lucy Properties, Oxford City Council and
                                                                                                   Director, Low Carbon Oxford
    Low Carbon West Oxford
BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011
4   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                              5

      Executive Summary
                                                                                                                                                                                           2
      Background                                                          reduce the carbon footprint of Oxford City. We                      reduction in both gas and electricity (due                       Households and communities                                            The benefits of sharing and
      The Low Carbon Oxford (LCO) programme was                           recognise that there are some limitations to the                    to the timescales involved in reporting not                      Measuring energy consumption and emissions                            collaboration
      launched in October 2010 with 15 Pathfinder                         data collection process and we aim to improve                       all Pathfinders were able to report on gas                       in the domestic sector is carried out at national                     One of the key benefits of being involved in LCO
                                       1                                                                                                                                                                                        4
      organisations initially signed up . As momentum                     this in future years.                                               and electricity consumption for 2011). This                      level by DECC (the dataset formerly used for                          is that Pathfinders are able to share examples
      grew in the first year, membership increased to                                                                                         is extremely encouraging and demonstrates                        indicator NI 186). In Oxford, we are starting to                      of best practice and initiatives with one-another
      25 organisations representing a large proportion                    Summary of key trends                                               that even at this early stage Pathfinders are                    see initiatives in communities and in the private                     and across different sectors. We hope the case
      of Oxford City’s carbon emissions. In this report                   Data from the Department of Energy and                              reducing their CO2 emissions and contributing                    and social rented sectors to measure energy use                       studies within this report inspire others to get
      we present data on Pathfinders’ CO2 emissions                       Climate Change (DECC) tells us that the City                        to reducing the carbon footprint of Oxford. Of                   and carbon emissions in a systematic way, and                         involved and be part of this exciting project to
      for the first time.                                                 of Oxford emissions are generally declining                         the four Pathfinders that provided transport data                use these measurements to inform and drive                            reduce the carbon footprint of Oxford.
                                                                          over time, showing an 11% reduction from                            for 2010 and 2011, two reported a reduction in                   carbon reductions at a local level.
                                                                                                                                                              3
      This report is a starting point. It provides an                     2005 to 2009. They also suggest that, in the                        CO2 emissions .                                                                                                                        How to get involved
      initial CO2 emissions baseline for Pathfinders                      industrial and commercial sector, emissions from                                                                                     In the Domestic section we therefore discuss                          If you would like to find out more about
      and begins to show trends in carbon emissions.
      As LCO was only launched in October 2010,
                                                                          electricity are more volatile and will need to be
                                                                          addressed to hit 2020 targets.                                      Taking action
                                                                                                                                                                                                               specific initiatives from the six Pathfinder
                                                                                                                                                                                                               organisations representing the sector: Lucy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     LCO and get involved, please visit our
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     website, www.lowcarbonoxford.org
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                “The Hub and Low Carbon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Oxford pushed forward this
      this report presents a baseline and reports on                                                                                          Pathfinders are implementing a great number                      Properties (private rental sector), A2Dominion                        or contact Jennifer Carr on 01865 252564
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   idea ofcollaboration and
      progress for a limited number of Pathfinders. In                    Pathfinder data in the commercial and industrial                    and variety of actions, only some of which we                    (housing association), Oxford City Council                            or email lowcarbonoxford@oxford.gov.uk.
      future years we will be able to report on progress                  sector show how Pathfinders significantly                           are able to highlight in this report. In future                  (social housing), Low Carbon West Oxford                                                                                                            how to work with the limited
      for the majority of Pathfinders and show the                        impact Oxford’s carbon footprint. In 2009 LCO                       years we will report on further examples of best                 (local community charity), West Oxford                                                                                                              resources. We’re now working
      impact that LCO is having on carbon emissions                       Pathfinders represented just under half of the                      practice and will report in more detail on the CO2               Community Renewables, WOCoRe (local                                                                                                                 a lot closer than before which
      in the City.                                                        Industrial and Commercial Footprint in Oxford                       savings from these individual initiatives.                       community renewable energy enterprise) and                                                                                                          I think it great. It’s really, really
                                                                          and 9% of the total Oxford transport footprint                                                                                       The Community Action Group, CAG (network of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   important because everyone
      We are proud to have reached this point. As                         (the latter to be expected because Pathfinders                      We found that for the majority of Pathfinders,                   local voluntary groups in Oxfordshire engaging in
      well as presenting data, this report is about                       are mostly reporting only fleet and business                        carbon emissions have an impact on business                      carbon reduction activities).                                                                                                                       has got limited funding, limited
      celebrating achievements and showcasing                             miles).                                                             decisions and a significant proportion of                                                                                                                                                                            resources [and] limited time.”
      examples of best practice in carbon reduction                                                                                           Pathfinders are publicly reporting emissions,                                                                                                                                                                        LCO Pathfinder
      in Oxford. We hope that it will inspire others                      Of the nine organisations that reported data                        demonstrating openness and willing to share
      to get involved in this collective movement to                      for 2010 and 2011, all of them reported a                           performance.

      1                                                                                                                                                                                                        4
        2Degrees, A2Dominion, B&Q, Blake Lapthorn, Grafton plc (Buildbase), Low Carbon West Oxford, Marks and Spencer, MINI Plant Oxford, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford City Council, Oxfordshire County     The NI 186 indicator data set was developed by government to support local authority carbon reduction, providing a nationally consistent data set with a 2005 baseline. Although the national indicators
      Council, Serco, Stagecoach, Unipart and University of Oxford                                                                                                                                             are no longer used to monitor local authority performance by central government the dataset is still published annually by DECC. The data provides estimates of emissions from industrial and commercial,
      2
        Oxford City Council -10.9%, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust -5.6%, Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action -11.5%, Oxford County Council (excluding schools) -10.4% Oxford County Council       domestic and road transport but excludes aviation, shipping, ETS sites and motorways because these are not considered to be within the influence of local authorities.
      Schools -15.5%, The Oxford Bus Company - 8.1%, Unipart Group -17.7%, MINI Plant Oxford -12.4% and Linacre College -11.9%
      3
         Oxford City Council and Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action
BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011
4   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                              5

      Executive Summary
                                                                                                                                                                                           2
      Background                                                          reduce the carbon footprint of Oxford City. We                      reduction in both gas and electricity (due                       Households and communities                                            The benefits of sharing and
      The Low Carbon Oxford (LCO) programme was                           recognise that there are some limitations to the                    to the timescales involved in reporting not                      Measuring energy consumption and emissions                            collaboration
      launched in October 2010 with 15 Pathfinder                         data collection process and we aim to improve                       all Pathfinders were able to report on gas                       in the domestic sector is carried out at national                     One of the key benefits of being involved in LCO
                                       1                                                                                                                                                                                        4
      organisations initially signed up . As momentum                     this in future years.                                               and electricity consumption for 2011). This                      level by DECC (the dataset formerly used for                          is that Pathfinders are able to share examples
      grew in the first year, membership increased to                                                                                         is extremely encouraging and demonstrates                        indicator NI 186). In Oxford, we are starting to                      of best practice and initiatives with one-another
      25 organisations representing a large proportion                    Summary of key trends                                               that even at this early stage Pathfinders are                    see initiatives in communities and in the private                     and across different sectors. We hope the case
      of Oxford City’s carbon emissions. In this report                   Data from the Department of Energy and                              reducing their CO2 emissions and contributing                    and social rented sectors to measure energy use                       studies within this report inspire others to get
      we present data on Pathfinders’ CO2 emissions                       Climate Change (DECC) tells us that the City                        to reducing the carbon footprint of Oxford. Of                   and carbon emissions in a systematic way, and                         involved and be part of this exciting project to
      for the first time.                                                 of Oxford emissions are generally declining                         the four Pathfinders that provided transport data                use these measurements to inform and drive                            reduce the carbon footprint of Oxford.
                                                                          over time, showing an 11% reduction from                            for 2010 and 2011, two reported a reduction in                   carbon reductions at a local level.
                                                                                                                                                              3
      This report is a starting point. It provides an                     2005 to 2009. They also suggest that, in the                        CO2 emissions .                                                                                                                        How to get involved
      initial CO2 emissions baseline for Pathfinders                      industrial and commercial sector, emissions from                                                                                     In the Domestic section we therefore discuss                          If you would like to find out more about
      and begins to show trends in carbon emissions.
      As LCO was only launched in October 2010,
                                                                          electricity are more volatile and will need to be
                                                                          addressed to hit 2020 targets.                                      Taking action
                                                                                                                                                                                                               specific initiatives from the six Pathfinder
                                                                                                                                                                                                               organisations representing the sector: Lucy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     LCO and get involved, please visit our
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     website, www.lowcarbonoxford.org
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                “The Hub and Low Carbon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Oxford pushed forward this
      this report presents a baseline and reports on                                                                                          Pathfinders are implementing a great number                      Properties (private rental sector), A2Dominion                        or contact Jennifer Carr on 01865 252564
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   idea ofcollaboration and
      progress for a limited number of Pathfinders. In                    Pathfinder data in the commercial and industrial                    and variety of actions, only some of which we                    (housing association), Oxford City Council                            or email lowcarbonoxford@oxford.gov.uk.
      future years we will be able to report on progress                  sector show how Pathfinders significantly                           are able to highlight in this report. In future                  (social housing), Low Carbon West Oxford                                                                                                            how to work with the limited
      for the majority of Pathfinders and show the                        impact Oxford’s carbon footprint. In 2009 LCO                       years we will report on further examples of best                 (local community charity), West Oxford                                                                                                              resources. We’re now working
      impact that LCO is having on carbon emissions                       Pathfinders represented just under half of the                      practice and will report in more detail on the CO2               Community Renewables, WOCoRe (local                                                                                                                 a lot closer than before which
      in the City.                                                        Industrial and Commercial Footprint in Oxford                       savings from these individual initiatives.                       community renewable energy enterprise) and                                                                                                          I think it great. It’s really, really
                                                                          and 9% of the total Oxford transport footprint                                                                                       The Community Action Group, CAG (network of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   important because everyone
      We are proud to have reached this point. As                         (the latter to be expected because Pathfinders                      We found that for the majority of Pathfinders,                   local voluntary groups in Oxfordshire engaging in
      well as presenting data, this report is about                       are mostly reporting only fleet and business                        carbon emissions have an impact on business                      carbon reduction activities).                                                                                                                       has got limited funding, limited
      celebrating achievements and showcasing                             miles).                                                             decisions and a significant proportion of                                                                                                                                                                            resources [and] limited time.”
      examples of best practice in carbon reduction                                                                                           Pathfinders are publicly reporting emissions,                                                                                                                                                                        LCO Pathfinder
      in Oxford. We hope that it will inspire others                      Of the nine organisations that reported data                        demonstrating openness and willing to share
      to get involved in this collective movement to                      for 2010 and 2011, all of them reported a                           performance.

      1                                                                                                                                                                                                        4
        2Degrees, A2Dominion, B&Q, Blake Lapthorn, Grafton plc (Buildbase), Low Carbon West Oxford, Marks and Spencer, MINI Plant Oxford, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford City Council, Oxfordshire County     The NI 186 indicator data set was developed by government to support local authority carbon reduction, providing a nationally consistent data set with a 2005 baseline. Although the national indicators
      Council, Serco, Stagecoach, Unipart and University of Oxford                                                                                                                                             are no longer used to monitor local authority performance by central government the dataset is still published annually by DECC. The data provides estimates of emissions from industrial and commercial,
      2
        Oxford City Council -10.9%, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust -5.6%, Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action -11.5%, Oxford County Council (excluding schools) -10.4% Oxford County Council       domestic and road transport but excludes aviation, shipping, ETS sites and motorways because these are not considered to be within the influence of local authorities.
      Schools -15.5%, The Oxford Bus Company - 8.1%, Unipart Group -17.7%, MINI Plant Oxford -12.4% and Linacre College -11.9%
      3
         Oxford City Council and Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action
BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011
6   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting            7

      Introduction
      Low Carbon Oxford (LCO) brings together                            In order to realise the Charter commitments,                        against the 2005 baseline by 2020. Targets to                   Latest data for 2009 shows that CO2 emissions       from road transport across the City.                  that organisations, communities and households
      private, public and non-profit organisations in                    Low Carbon Oxford needs to develop into a                           2020 are shown in the box below, based on                       are 11% lower than in 2005, an average                                                                    can have in reducing the carbon footprint of
                                                                                                                                                                       6
      a programme of collaboration, with the aim of                      strategy that will deliver 40% carbon reductions                    DECC Local Authority data .                                     2.7% reduction per year, with each category         This report is a starting point. It provides          Oxford. We have included some quotes that
      reducing the City of Oxford’s carbon footprint.                                                                                                                                                        contributing as follows:                            a bottom-up CO2 emissions baseline for                Pathfinders have made and hope that these
      LCO members, or Pathfinders, have signed up                                                                                                                                                            • The industrial and commercial footprint is 10%   Pathfinders and begins to show trends in              inspire others to get involved.
      to a Charter (see appendix 1) with the following                                                  Low Carbon Oxford –                                                                                    lower than 2005 although the emissions have       carbon emissions. As LCO was only launched
      commitments:                                                                  -40%                Targets for 40% reduction by 2020
                                                                                                                                                                                                               been fairly volatile with emissions in 2006 and   in October 2010, this report presents a baseline      The data presented in the following pages was
      • Collaborate to reduce our carbon footprints                                 BY 2020                                                                                                                   2008 higher than the 2005 baseline year;          and reports on progress for a limited number          gathered from Pathfinders via a questionnaire
         across our sites and operations in Oxford City                                                                                                                                                      • The domestic footprint is 15% lower and          of Pathfinders. In future years we will be able to    and feedback event. Our analysis is split into
         by a minimum of 3% average, every year, for at                                                 Industrial and commercial footprint                                                                                                                     report on progress for the majority of Pathfinders    four sections:
                                                                                                                                                                                                               shows a consistent tracking down;
         least the next ten years;                                                                       Businesses to work individually and collectively to reduce the                                                                                         and show the impact that LCO is having on             1.	Summary of carbon emissions for the City of
                                                                                                                                                                                                             • The transport footprint is 8% lower than in
      • Create a low carbon, sustainable economy in                                                      industrial and commercial footprint from 563,000 tonnes of CO2                                                                                         carbon emissions in the City. We recognise that           Oxford (DECC dataset);
                                                                                                                                                                                                               2005.
         the Oxford area which will be an example to                                                    in 2005 to 338,000 tonnes in 2020.                                                                                                                       there are some limitations to the data collection     2.	Non-domestic buildings: CO2 emissions
         cities across the country;                                                                                                                                                                                                                              process and we will improve on this in future             related to energy consumed in the form of
                                                                                                        Domestic footprint                                                                                   As the economy picks up and once many of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 years.                                                    gas and electricity in commercial, industrial
      • Collaborate on creating more green jobs,                                                       Households to work individually and as part of their communities to                                 the easiest measures have been implemented,
         increased prosperity and opportunity for all;                                                                                                                                                       collaboration under LCO’s Energy Efficiency                                                                   and public sector buildings;
                                                                                                         reduce the domestic footprint from 308,000 tonnes of CO2 in 2005                                                                                        We are proud to have reached this point. As
      • Support a programme of best practice sharing                                                    to 185,000 tonnes in 2020. This target means that:                                                  Forum and similar initiatives will become                                                                 3.	Transport: CO2 emissions from fuel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 well as presenting data, this report is about
        and piloting of sustainable innovations;                                                         Either one third of the City housing stock of 63,000 houses has                                    increasingly important to maintain these trends                                                               consumed by road transport;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 celebrating achievements and showcasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                             and to meet the 2020 targets.                                                                             4.	Domestic: CO2 emissions from housing and
      • Report each year on the progress we are                                                          to be retrofitted to achieve 80% reductions in carbon emissions by                                                                                     examples of best practice in carbon reduction in
        making.                                                                                           2020;                                                                                                                                                  Oxford. We hope that it will inspire others to get        local communities.
                                                                                                                                                                                                             In the LCO ‘one year on’ report published in
                                                                                                          Or the whole stock of 63,000 houses has to be retrofitted to achieve                                                                                  involved in this collective movement to reduce
                                                                                                                                                                                                             2011, LCO made a commitment to set up a                                                                   Each of these areas is discussed in turn in the
      The LCO programme was launched in October                                                            40% reductions in carbon emissions by 2020.                                                                                                           the carbon footprint of Oxford City.
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Measuring, Monitoring and Reporting process                                                               following sections.
      2010 with 15 Pathfinder organisations initially
                  5                                                                                     Transport footprint                                                                                  and to produce the first report presenting data
      signed up . As momentum grew in the first year,                                                                                                                                                                                                            The data and information we have collected is
                                                                                                        City and County Councils to work with key actors to reduce road                                     on Pathfinders CO2 emissions. In this report,
      membership increased to 25 organisations (see                                                                                                                                                                                                              presented and analysed in the following pages.
                                                                                                         transport emissions from 145,000 tonnes of CO2 in 2005 to 87,000                                    for the first time, we present data from 12
      appendix 1) representing a large proportion of                                                                                                                                                                                                             We have highlighted examples of successful
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Pathfinders representing just under 50% of the
      Oxford City carbon emissions. In this report we                                                   tonnes in 2020.                                                                                                                                          carbon reduction activities across all sectors and
                                                                                                                                                                                                             industrial and commercial CO2 emissions and
      present data on Pathfinders’ CO2 emissions for                                                                                                                                                                                                             this report starts to build a picture of the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                             eight Pathfinders representing CO2 emissions
      the first time.
      5
       Degrees, A2Dominion, B&Q, Blake Lapthorn, Grafton plc (Buildbase), Low Carbon West Oxford, Marks and Spencer, MINI Plant Oxford, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford City Council, Oxfordshire County
      Council, Serco, Stagecoach, Unipart and University of Oxford.
      6
       “Emissions within the scope of influence of Local Authorities for 2005-2009”, previously NI 186 data.
BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011
6   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting            7

      Introduction
      Low Carbon Oxford (LCO) brings together                            In order to realise the Charter commitments,                        against the 2005 baseline by 2020. Targets to                   Latest data for 2009 shows that CO2 emissions       from road transport across the City.                  that organisations, communities and households
      private, public and non-profit organisations in                    Low Carbon Oxford needs to develop into a                           2020 are shown in the box below, based on                       are 11% lower than in 2005, an average                                                                    can have in reducing the carbon footprint of
                                                                                                                                                                       6
      a programme of collaboration, with the aim of                      strategy that will deliver 40% carbon reductions                    DECC Local Authority data .                                     2.7% reduction per year, with each category         This report is a starting point. It provides          Oxford. We have included some quotes that
      reducing the City of Oxford’s carbon footprint.                                                                                                                                                        contributing as follows:                            a bottom-up CO2 emissions baseline for                Pathfinders have made and hope that these
      LCO members, or Pathfinders, have signed up                                                                                                                                                            • The industrial and commercial footprint is 10%   Pathfinders and begins to show trends in              inspire others to get involved.
      to a Charter (see appendix 1) with the following                                                  Low Carbon Oxford –                                                                                    lower than 2005 although the emissions have       carbon emissions. As LCO was only launched
      commitments:                                                                  -40%                Targets for 40% reduction by 2020
                                                                                                                                                                                                               been fairly volatile with emissions in 2006 and   in October 2010, this report presents a baseline      The data presented in the following pages was
      • Collaborate to reduce our carbon footprints                                 BY 2020                                                                                                                   2008 higher than the 2005 baseline year;          and reports on progress for a limited number          gathered from Pathfinders via a questionnaire
         across our sites and operations in Oxford City                                                                                                                                                      • The domestic footprint is 15% lower and          of Pathfinders. In future years we will be able to    and feedback event. Our analysis is split into
         by a minimum of 3% average, every year, for at                                                 Industrial and commercial footprint                                                                                                                     report on progress for the majority of Pathfinders    four sections:
                                                                                                                                                                                                               shows a consistent tracking down;
         least the next ten years;                                                                       Businesses to work individually and collectively to reduce the                                                                                         and show the impact that LCO is having on             1.	Summary of carbon emissions for the City of
                                                                                                                                                                                                             • The transport footprint is 8% lower than in
      • Create a low carbon, sustainable economy in                                                      industrial and commercial footprint from 563,000 tonnes of CO2                                                                                         carbon emissions in the City. We recognise that           Oxford (DECC dataset);
                                                                                                                                                                                                               2005.
         the Oxford area which will be an example to                                                    in 2005 to 338,000 tonnes in 2020.                                                                                                                       there are some limitations to the data collection     2.	Non-domestic buildings: CO2 emissions
         cities across the country;                                                                                                                                                                                                                              process and we will improve on this in future             related to energy consumed in the form of
                                                                                                        Domestic footprint                                                                                   As the economy picks up and once many of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 years.                                                    gas and electricity in commercial, industrial
      • Collaborate on creating more green jobs,                                                       Households to work individually and as part of their communities to                                 the easiest measures have been implemented,
         increased prosperity and opportunity for all;                                                                                                                                                       collaboration under LCO’s Energy Efficiency                                                                   and public sector buildings;
                                                                                                         reduce the domestic footprint from 308,000 tonnes of CO2 in 2005                                                                                        We are proud to have reached this point. As
      • Support a programme of best practice sharing                                                    to 185,000 tonnes in 2020. This target means that:                                                  Forum and similar initiatives will become                                                                 3.	Transport: CO2 emissions from fuel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 well as presenting data, this report is about
        and piloting of sustainable innovations;                                                         Either one third of the City housing stock of 63,000 houses has                                    increasingly important to maintain these trends                                                               consumed by road transport;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 celebrating achievements and showcasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                             and to meet the 2020 targets.                                                                             4.	Domestic: CO2 emissions from housing and
      • Report each year on the progress we are                                                          to be retrofitted to achieve 80% reductions in carbon emissions by                                                                                     examples of best practice in carbon reduction in
        making.                                                                                           2020;                                                                                                                                                  Oxford. We hope that it will inspire others to get        local communities.
                                                                                                                                                                                                             In the LCO ‘one year on’ report published in
                                                                                                          Or the whole stock of 63,000 houses has to be retrofitted to achieve                                                                                  involved in this collective movement to reduce
                                                                                                                                                                                                             2011, LCO made a commitment to set up a                                                                   Each of these areas is discussed in turn in the
      The LCO programme was launched in October                                                            40% reductions in carbon emissions by 2020.                                                                                                           the carbon footprint of Oxford City.
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Measuring, Monitoring and Reporting process                                                               following sections.
      2010 with 15 Pathfinder organisations initially
                  5                                                                                     Transport footprint                                                                                  and to produce the first report presenting data
      signed up . As momentum grew in the first year,                                                                                                                                                                                                            The data and information we have collected is
                                                                                                        City and County Councils to work with key actors to reduce road                                     on Pathfinders CO2 emissions. In this report,
      membership increased to 25 organisations (see                                                                                                                                                                                                              presented and analysed in the following pages.
                                                                                                         transport emissions from 145,000 tonnes of CO2 in 2005 to 87,000                                    for the first time, we present data from 12
      appendix 1) representing a large proportion of                                                                                                                                                                                                             We have highlighted examples of successful
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Pathfinders representing just under 50% of the
      Oxford City carbon emissions. In this report we                                                   tonnes in 2020.                                                                                                                                          carbon reduction activities across all sectors and
                                                                                                                                                                                                             industrial and commercial CO2 emissions and
      present data on Pathfinders’ CO2 emissions for                                                                                                                                                                                                             this report starts to build a picture of the impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                             eight Pathfinders representing CO2 emissions
      the first time.
      5
       Degrees, A2Dominion, B&Q, Blake Lapthorn, Grafton plc (Buildbase), Low Carbon West Oxford, Marks and Spencer, MINI Plant Oxford, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford City Council, Oxfordshire County
      Council, Serco, Stagecoach, Unipart and University of Oxford.
      6
       “Emissions within the scope of influence of Local Authorities for 2005-2009”, previously NI 186 data.
BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011
8   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting   9

      City of Oxford Emissions and the National Context
      City of Oxford Emissions and the National Context
      DECC publishes the local CO2 emissions                                                                                                                                                                       Indicators of more recent change are available       This additional data will feed into the wider work
              7
      dataset which provides a time-series of CO2                                        Oxford CO2 emissions (NI186 equivalent)                                                                                   in the DECC sub-national gas and electricity         plan for the Oxford Low Emissions Strategy
      emissions from 2005 to 2009 split into Industrial                                                                                                                                                            consumption data which are also available for        (LES). Oxford City Council is developing an
      & Commercial (non-domestic), Transport and                                                                                                                                                                   2010. The data show that total commercial            integrated database of air quality and climate
                            8
      Domestic emissions . This dataset is equivalent                                                                                                                                                              and industrial gas consumption has reduced           change emissions and an updated LES action
      to that previously used for National Indicator                                                                                                                                                               by 18.4% from 2005 to 2010 (and 0.8% from            plan for the city. The Pathfinders’ reported
          9
      186 . Oxford’s total emissions are shown in                                                                                                                                                                  2009 to 2010) but electricity usage has been         emissions and actions will be included within the
      the graph in Figure 1. This shows dominance                                                                                                                                                                  more volatile and increased by 1.6% from 2005        database which will be used to monitor progress
      by the Industrial and Commercial sector (56%                                                                                                                                                                 to 2010 (and increased by 1.3% from 2009 to          across all sectors in the city and provide further
      in 2009) which also includes public sector                                                                                                                                                                   2010). In the domestic sector gas consumption        context for assessing the impact of LCO and its
      emissions. It compares with a national average                                                                                                                                                               has reduced by 18.9% and electricity by 7.8%         Pathfinders.
      of 41% industrial and commercial emissions                                                                                                                                                                   from 2005 to 2010 (gas reducing by 1.4% and
      across all Local Authorities in the DECC dataset.                                                                                                                                                            electricity by 0.3% from 2009 to 2010).
      Compared with the national average, Oxford
      therefore has a lower domestic contribution to                                                                                                                                                               These data therefore show a mixed picture
      the total and a significantly lower road transport                                                                                                                                                           most likely the result of a number of factors
      contribution.                                                                                                                                                                                                which cannot be disaggregated. However, they
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	
           suggest that, in the industrial and commercial
      Emissions are generally declining over time,                                                                                                                                                                 sector in Oxford, emission from electricity will
      showing an 11% reduction from 2005 to 2009                                                                                                                                                                   need to be tackled to maintain overall emission
      equivalent to 2.7% per year. This compares with                                Figure 1 – Oxford CO2 emissions from DECC, 2009                                                                               reduction trends and reach carbon reduction
      an overall reduction of 13% across all sectors                                                                                                                                                               targets. In future years, further data collection
      nationally. The difference is due to slower                                                                                                                                                                  and analysis of trends, and a comparison of
      reductions in the industrial and commercial                                                                                                                                                                  Pathfinder data with national data, will provide a
      sector than nationally. Reductions in the                                                                                                                                                                    clearer picture of the impact of LCO emissions
      domestic sector in Oxford have been faster than                                                                                                                                                              reduction initiatives.
      nationally, and in transport they have been at the
      same rate.

      7
        http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/statistics/local_auth/co2_las/co2_las.aspx
      8
        These data are calculated from a combination of sub-national energy consumption data collated by DECC and estimates made as part of the National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (www.naei.org.uk).
      9
        The NI 186 indicator data set was developed by government to support local authority carbon reduction, providing a nationally consistent data set with a 2005 baseline. Although the national indicators
      are no longer used to monitor local authority performance by central government the dataset is still published annually by DECC. The data provides estimates of emissions from industrial and commercial,
      domestic and road transport but excludes aviation, shipping, ETS sites and motorways because these are not considered to be within the influence of local authorities.
BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011
8   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting   9

      City of Oxford Emissions and the National Context
      City of Oxford Emissions and the National Context
      DECC publishes the local CO2 emissions                                                                                                                                                                       Indicators of more recent change are available       This additional data will feed into the wider work
              7
      dataset which provides a time-series of CO2                                        Oxford CO2 emissions (NI186 equivalent)                                                                                   in the DECC sub-national gas and electricity         plan for the Oxford Low Emissions Strategy
      emissions from 2005 to 2009 split into Industrial                                                                                                                                                            consumption data which are also available for        (LES). Oxford City Council is developing an
      & Commercial (non-domestic), Transport and                                                                                                                                                                   2010. The data show that total commercial            integrated database of air quality and climate
                            8
      Domestic emissions . This dataset is equivalent                                                                                                                                                              and industrial gas consumption has reduced           change emissions and an updated LES action
      to that previously used for National Indicator                                                                                                                                                               by 18.4% from 2005 to 2010 (and 0.8% from            plan for the city. The Pathfinders’ reported
          9
      186 . Oxford’s total emissions are shown in                                                                                                                                                                  2009 to 2010) but electricity usage has been         emissions and actions will be included within the
      the graph in Figure 1. This shows dominance                                                                                                                                                                  more volatile and increased by 1.6% from 2005        database which will be used to monitor progress
      by the Industrial and Commercial sector (56%                                                                                                                                                                 to 2010 (and increased by 1.3% from 2009 to          across all sectors in the city and provide further
      in 2009) which also includes public sector                                                                                                                                                                   2010). In the domestic sector gas consumption        context for assessing the impact of LCO and its
      emissions. It compares with a national average                                                                                                                                                               has reduced by 18.9% and electricity by 7.8%         Pathfinders.
      of 41% industrial and commercial emissions                                                                                                                                                                   from 2005 to 2010 (gas reducing by 1.4% and
      across all Local Authorities in the DECC dataset.                                                                                                                                                            electricity by 0.3% from 2009 to 2010).
      Compared with the national average, Oxford
      therefore has a lower domestic contribution to                                                                                                                                                               These data therefore show a mixed picture
      the total and a significantly lower road transport                                                                                                                                                           most likely the result of a number of factors
      contribution.                                                                                                                                                                                                which cannot be disaggregated. However, they
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	
           suggest that, in the industrial and commercial
      Emissions are generally declining over time,                                                                                                                                                                 sector in Oxford, emission from electricity will
      showing an 11% reduction from 2005 to 2009                                                                                                                                                                   need to be tackled to maintain overall emission
      equivalent to 2.7% per year. This compares with                                Figure 1 – Oxford CO2 emissions from DECC, 2009                                                                               reduction trends and reach carbon reduction
      an overall reduction of 13% across all sectors                                                                                                                                                               targets. In future years, further data collection
      nationally. The difference is due to slower                                                                                                                                                                  and analysis of trends, and a comparison of
      reductions in the industrial and commercial                                                                                                                                                                  Pathfinder data with national data, will provide a
      sector than nationally. Reductions in the                                                                                                                                                                    clearer picture of the impact of LCO emissions
      domestic sector in Oxford have been faster than                                                                                                                                                              reduction initiatives.
      nationally, and in transport they have been at the
      same rate.

      7
        http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/statistics/local_auth/co2_las/co2_las.aspx
      8
        These data are calculated from a combination of sub-national energy consumption data collated by DECC and estimates made as part of the National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (www.naei.org.uk).
      9
        The NI 186 indicator data set was developed by government to support local authority carbon reduction, providing a nationally consistent data set with a 2005 baseline. Although the national indicators
      are no longer used to monitor local authority performance by central government the dataset is still published annually by DECC. The data provides estimates of emissions from industrial and commercial,
      domestic and road transport but excludes aviation, shipping, ETS sites and motorways because these are not considered to be within the influence of local authorities.
BUILDING MOMENTUM Low Carbon Oxford One Year Update 2010 2011
10   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                              BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting             11

       Buildings – Commercial and Industrial                                                                                                                               Electricity 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             KEY
                                                                                                                                                                           Oxford commercial                                                                                 1   Oxford Brookes University
       LCO share of Oxford’s carbon footprint                                                                                                                              electricity                                                                                       2   Oxford City Council
       Pathfinder data in the commercial and industrial                   Commercial & industrial energy CO2 2009                                                                                                                                                            3   Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust
       sector show how Pathfinders significantly                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4   Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action
       impact Oxford’s carbon footprint. In 2009 LCO                      Oxford commercial                                                                                                                                                                                  5   Oxfordshire County Council
       Pathfinders represented just under half of the                     & industrial CO2                                                                                                                                                                                   6   Oxfordshire County Council schools
       Industrial and Commercial Footprint in Oxford,                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7   The Oxford Bus Company
       see Figure 2. Absolute CO2 emissions for each                                                                                                                                                                                                                         8   Unipart Group
       organisation are shown in brackets.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   9   University of Oxford
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             10 MINI Plant Oxford
       Figures 3 and 4 show that a higher proportion
       of gas consumption is represented by LCO                                                                                                                                                                                                                	
  
                                       10
       Pathfinders than for electricity . For electricity,
       Pathfinders represent 46% of the total Oxford                                                                                                                    Figure 3 – Pathfinders contribution to electricity consumption in Oxford, 2010
       footprint and for gas, Pathfinders represent
       63%. This is likely to be because Pathfinders
                                                                                                                                                              	
  
                                                                                                                  KEY                                                     Gas 2010
       represent some of the larger gas consuming                                                                 1   Oxford Brookes University (11194t)                                                                                                                     KEY
       businesses in Oxford, for example, due to the                                                              2   Oxford City Council (5453t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1   Oxford Brookes University
       nature of its business, the MINI Plant Oxford is                                                           3   Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (41692t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             2   Oxford City Council
       a large consumer of gas.                                                                                   4   Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action (7.7t)       Oxford                                                                                           3   Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust
                                                                                                                  5   Oxfordshire County Council (6041t)                    commercial gas                                                                                   4   Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action
                                                                                                                  6   Oxfordshire County Council schools (5712t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             5   Oxfordshire County Council
                                                                                                                  7   The Oxford Bus Company (459t)
             “Much more inspiring and                                                                            8   Unipart Group (6015t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Oxfordshire County Council schools
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The Oxford Bus Company
                much more promising                                                                               9   University of Oxford (68093t)
                                                                            Figure 2 – Pathfinders contribution                                                                                                                                                              8   Unipart Group
                because it does bring                                       to commercial and Industrial          10 MINI Plant Oxford (96713t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             9   University of Oxford
                business into that formula                                  energy CO2 emissions, 2009            13 Linacare College (630t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             10 MINI Plant Oxford
                of community and local
                government.       ”
                LCO Pathfinder                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	
  
                                                                                                                                                                        Figure 4 – Pathfinders contribution to gas consumption in Oxford, 2010

       10
            Linacre College is not included in these charts, as data on energy consumption was unavailable.
10   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                              BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting             11

       Buildings – Commercial and Industrial                                                                                                                               Electricity 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             KEY
                                                                                                                                                                           Oxford commercial                                                                                 1   Oxford Brookes University
       LCO share of Oxford’s carbon footprint                                                                                                                              electricity                                                                                       2   Oxford City Council
       Pathfinder data in the commercial and industrial                   Commercial & industrial energy CO2 2009                                                                                                                                                            3   Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust
       sector show how Pathfinders significantly                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4   Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action
       impact Oxford’s carbon footprint. In 2009 LCO                      Oxford commercial                                                                                                                                                                                  5   Oxfordshire County Council
       Pathfinders represented just under half of the                     & industrial CO2                                                                                                                                                                                   6   Oxfordshire County Council schools
       Industrial and Commercial Footprint in Oxford,                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7   The Oxford Bus Company
       see Figure 2. Absolute CO2 emissions for each                                                                                                                                                                                                                         8   Unipart Group
       organisation are shown in brackets.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   9   University of Oxford
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             10 MINI Plant Oxford
       Figures 3 and 4 show that a higher proportion
       of gas consumption is represented by LCO                                                                                                                                                                                                                	
  
                                       10
       Pathfinders than for electricity . For electricity,
       Pathfinders represent 46% of the total Oxford                                                                                                                    Figure 3 – Pathfinders contribution to electricity consumption in Oxford, 2010
       footprint and for gas, Pathfinders represent
       63%. This is likely to be because Pathfinders
                                                                                                                                                              	
  
                                                                                                                  KEY                                                     Gas 2010
       represent some of the larger gas consuming                                                                 1   Oxford Brookes University (11194t)                                                                                                                     KEY
       businesses in Oxford, for example, due to the                                                              2   Oxford City Council (5453t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1   Oxford Brookes University
       nature of its business, the MINI Plant Oxford is                                                           3   Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (41692t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             2   Oxford City Council
       a large consumer of gas.                                                                                   4   Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action (7.7t)       Oxford                                                                                           3   Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust
                                                                                                                  5   Oxfordshire County Council (6041t)                    commercial gas                                                                                   4   Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action
                                                                                                                  6   Oxfordshire County Council schools (5712t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             5   Oxfordshire County Council
                                                                                                                  7   The Oxford Bus Company (459t)
             “Much more inspiring and                                                                            8   Unipart Group (6015t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Oxfordshire County Council schools
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The Oxford Bus Company
                much more promising                                                                               9   University of Oxford (68093t)
                                                                            Figure 2 – Pathfinders contribution                                                                                                                                                              8   Unipart Group
                because it does bring                                       to commercial and Industrial          10 MINI Plant Oxford (96713t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             9   University of Oxford
                business into that formula                                  energy CO2 emissions, 2009            13 Linacare College (630t)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             10 MINI Plant Oxford
                of community and local
                government.       ”
                LCO Pathfinder                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	
  
                                                                                                                                                                        Figure 4 – Pathfinders contribution to gas consumption in Oxford, 2010

       10
            Linacre College is not included in these charts, as data on energy consumption was unavailable.
12   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting   13

                                                                                                                                             Emerging trends                                               at this stage due to the short data trends being                       to relate any energy consumption trends to
                                       Percentage change             Tonnes of CO2         Tonnes of CO2          Tonnes of CO2
        Pathfinder                                                                                                                           Of the eight organisations that reported data for             analysed, this shows a positive trend in the right                     economic growth and business changes.
                                       in CO2 2010 - 2011                2011                  2010                   2009
                                                                                                                                             2010 and 2011, all of them reported a reduction               direction.                                                             The reporting process should include more
        Buildbase                       Data for 2011 only                  448                    n/a                    n/a                in both gas and electricity (due to the timescales                                                                                   in depth dialogue between Pathfinders to
                                                                                                                                             involved in reporting not all Pathfinders were able           Based on the data collected thus far we are not                        discuss data trends and factors that may
        Oxford Brookes                  Data for 2009 and
        University                                                          n/a                  10,717                11,194                to report on gas and electricity consumption                  yet in a position to directly compare the above                        influence these. We may also wish to correct
                                            2010 only
                                                                                                                                             for 2011). This is extremely encouraging and                  emissions savings with the data for Oxford City                        data for weather influences. This would give
        Oxford City Council                     -10.9                      4,579                  5,141                  5453                demonstrates that even at this early stage                    available in the DECC NI186 dataset. This is                           context to the emissions changes and account
                                                                                                                                             Pathfinders are reducing their CO2 emissions                  because DECC data are not yet available for                            for influences other than energy efficiency
        Oxford University                                                                                                                    and contributing to reducing the carbon footprint             2011 and the Pathfinders data cannot yet be                            initiatives, and generally allow more meaningful
        Hopsitals NHS Trust                      -5.6                     41,616                 44,083                 41,692
                                                                                                                                             of Oxford.                                                    corrected for the weather related increases in                         interpretation of data.
        Oxfordshire Community                                                                                                                                                                              2010 (without more detailed understanding
                                                -11.5                       7.0                    7.9                    7.7
                                                                                                                                             Case study 1 gives an example of how MINI                     of the proportion of gas used for heating).                            Similarly, whilst the 3% yearly reduction target is
        & Voluntary Action
                                                                                                                                             Plant Oxford is reducing carbon by identifying                However it can be suggested that 2009 to                               an important benchmark for Pathfinders, LCO
        Oxfordshire County                      -10.4                      5244                   5852                   6041                ‘enablers’ in its production process, case study              2010 increases in gas emissions are likely to                          is likely to gain more meaningful indications of
        Council                                                                                                                              2 shows how Oxford City Council has reduced                   be mostly related to weather factors and that                          success over slightly longer time periods, for
                                                                                                                                             its carbon emissions by putting carbon reduction              this trend is likely to be reversed in 2011 across                     example every three years.
        Oxfordshire County
        Council - schools
                                                -15.5                      5112                   6048                   5712                at the heart of everything they do and case                   the City, illustrated by the data above and also

        The Oxford Bus                           -8.1                       445                    484                   459
                                                                                                                                             study 3 shows how Oxford Brookes University
                                                                                                                                             has reduced carbon emissions through
                                                                                                                                                                                                           shown in the provisional national data for the
                                                                                                                                                                                                           UK, published earlier this year by DECC .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      12                                                                                          “At least from my knowledge, and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     from the networks I was involved
        Company                                                                                                                              embracing corporate responsibility as a core                  2009 to 2010 increases in Pathfinder electricity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     in so far, it’s not very often you
                                                                                                                                             value and implementing a strong governance                    emissions mirror DECC Oxford City data and
        Unipart Group                           -17.7                      5,817                  7070                  6,015
                                                                                                                                             structure.                                                    may again suggest electricity emissions as an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     have a network with the whole
                                         Data for 2009 and                                                                                                                                                 area to target, with figures for 2010 to 2011                                                                                             variety of companies, branches,
        University of Oxford                                                n/a                  68,567                 68,093
                                             2010 only                                                                                       Table 1 shows these emerging trends in more                   showing movement in the right direction. Again,                                                                                           businesses, public bodies, from
        MINI Plant Oxford                       -12.4                     86,809                 99,152                 96,713               detail: of the eight organisations that provided              further data collection and analysis of trends                                                                                            a city council to a university, a
                                                                                                                                             data for 2010 and 2011, all of them reported a                over more years will provide a clearer picture of                                                                                         hospital, a bus company, a car
        B&Q                             Data for 2011 only                  413                    n/a                   n/a                                                11
                                                                                                                                             reduction in CO2 emissions , despite several                  the impact of emissions reduction initiatives.                                                                                            manufacturer: a wide range…but
        LInacre College
                                                -11.9                       496                    563                    630
                                                                                                                                             of them reporting increases between 2009 and
                                                                                                                                             2010 (the year before LCO began,) likely to be                Reporting in future years could be further
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     under a common goal.   ”
                                                                                                                                             because of the cold start and end to 2010.                    improved by asking Pathfinders to provide                                                                                                 LCO Pathfinder
       Table 1 – Percentage change in Pathfinder’s contribution to commercial and industrial buildings CO2                                   Whilst it is difficult to draw many conclusions               more commentary on data trends, for example
       emissions 2010 to 2011 and tonnes of CO2 produced in 2009, 2010 and 2011

       11                                                                                                                                                                                                  12
         Oxford City Council -10.9%, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust -5.6%, Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action -11.5%, Oxfordshire County Council -10.4%, Oxfordshire County Council Schools        http://www.decc.gov.uk/assets/decc/11/stats/climate-change/4817-2011-uk-greenhouse-gas-emissions-provisional-figur.pdf
       -15.5%, The Oxford Bus Company - 8.1%, Unipart Group -17.7%, MINI Plant Oxford -12.4% and Linacre College -11.9%
12   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting   13

                                                                                                                                             Emerging trends                                               at this stage due to the short data trends being                       to relate any energy consumption trends to
                                       Percentage change             Tonnes of CO2         Tonnes of CO2          Tonnes of CO2
        Pathfinder                                                                                                                           Of the eight organisations that reported data for             analysed, this shows a positive trend in the right                     economic growth and business changes.
                                       in CO2 2010 - 2011                2011                  2010                   2009
                                                                                                                                             2010 and 2011, all of them reported a reduction               direction.                                                             The reporting process should include more
        Buildbase                       Data for 2011 only                  448                    n/a                    n/a                in both gas and electricity (due to the timescales                                                                                   in depth dialogue between Pathfinders to
                                                                                                                                             involved in reporting not all Pathfinders were able           Based on the data collected thus far we are not                        discuss data trends and factors that may
        Oxford Brookes                  Data for 2009 and
        University                                                          n/a                  10,717                11,194                to report on gas and electricity consumption                  yet in a position to directly compare the above                        influence these. We may also wish to correct
                                            2010 only
                                                                                                                                             for 2011). This is extremely encouraging and                  emissions savings with the data for Oxford City                        data for weather influences. This would give
        Oxford City Council                     -10.9                      4,579                  5,141                  5453                demonstrates that even at this early stage                    available in the DECC NI186 dataset. This is                           context to the emissions changes and account
                                                                                                                                             Pathfinders are reducing their CO2 emissions                  because DECC data are not yet available for                            for influences other than energy efficiency
        Oxford University                                                                                                                    and contributing to reducing the carbon footprint             2011 and the Pathfinders data cannot yet be                            initiatives, and generally allow more meaningful
        Hopsitals NHS Trust                      -5.6                     41,616                 44,083                 41,692
                                                                                                                                             of Oxford.                                                    corrected for the weather related increases in                         interpretation of data.
        Oxfordshire Community                                                                                                                                                                              2010 (without more detailed understanding
                                                -11.5                       7.0                    7.9                    7.7
                                                                                                                                             Case study 1 gives an example of how MINI                     of the proportion of gas used for heating).                            Similarly, whilst the 3% yearly reduction target is
        & Voluntary Action
                                                                                                                                             Plant Oxford is reducing carbon by identifying                However it can be suggested that 2009 to                               an important benchmark for Pathfinders, LCO
        Oxfordshire County                      -10.4                      5244                   5852                   6041                ‘enablers’ in its production process, case study              2010 increases in gas emissions are likely to                          is likely to gain more meaningful indications of
        Council                                                                                                                              2 shows how Oxford City Council has reduced                   be mostly related to weather factors and that                          success over slightly longer time periods, for
                                                                                                                                             its carbon emissions by putting carbon reduction              this trend is likely to be reversed in 2011 across                     example every three years.
        Oxfordshire County
        Council - schools
                                                -15.5                      5112                   6048                   5712                at the heart of everything they do and case                   the City, illustrated by the data above and also

        The Oxford Bus                           -8.1                       445                    484                   459
                                                                                                                                             study 3 shows how Oxford Brookes University
                                                                                                                                             has reduced carbon emissions through
                                                                                                                                                                                                           shown in the provisional national data for the
                                                                                                                                                                                                           UK, published earlier this year by DECC .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      12                                                                                          “At least from my knowledge, and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     from the networks I was involved
        Company                                                                                                                              embracing corporate responsibility as a core                  2009 to 2010 increases in Pathfinder electricity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     in so far, it’s not very often you
                                                                                                                                             value and implementing a strong governance                    emissions mirror DECC Oxford City data and
        Unipart Group                           -17.7                      5,817                  7070                  6,015
                                                                                                                                             structure.                                                    may again suggest electricity emissions as an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     have a network with the whole
                                         Data for 2009 and                                                                                                                                                 area to target, with figures for 2010 to 2011                                                                                             variety of companies, branches,
        University of Oxford                                                n/a                  68,567                 68,093
                                             2010 only                                                                                       Table 1 shows these emerging trends in more                   showing movement in the right direction. Again,                                                                                           businesses, public bodies, from
        MINI Plant Oxford                       -12.4                     86,809                 99,152                 96,713               detail: of the eight organisations that provided              further data collection and analysis of trends                                                                                            a city council to a university, a
                                                                                                                                             data for 2010 and 2011, all of them reported a                over more years will provide a clearer picture of                                                                                         hospital, a bus company, a car
        B&Q                             Data for 2011 only                  413                    n/a                   n/a                                                11
                                                                                                                                             reduction in CO2 emissions , despite several                  the impact of emissions reduction initiatives.                                                                                            manufacturer: a wide range…but
        LInacre College
                                                -11.9                       496                    563                    630
                                                                                                                                             of them reporting increases between 2009 and
                                                                                                                                             2010 (the year before LCO began,) likely to be                Reporting in future years could be further
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     under a common goal.   ”
                                                                                                                                             because of the cold start and end to 2010.                    improved by asking Pathfinders to provide                                                                                                 LCO Pathfinder
       Table 1 – Percentage change in Pathfinder’s contribution to commercial and industrial buildings CO2                                   Whilst it is difficult to draw many conclusions               more commentary on data trends, for example
       emissions 2010 to 2011 and tonnes of CO2 produced in 2009, 2010 and 2011

       11                                                                                                                                                                                                  12
         Oxford City Council -10.9%, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust -5.6%, Oxfordshire Community & Voluntary Action -11.5%, Oxfordshire County Council -10.4%, Oxfordshire County Council Schools        http://www.decc.gov.uk/assets/decc/11/stats/climate-change/4817-2011-uk-greenhouse-gas-emissions-provisional-figur.pdf
       -15.5%, The Oxford Bus Company - 8.1%, Unipart Group -17.7%, MINI Plant Oxford -12.4% and Linacre College -11.9%
14   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                      BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting             15

          Case study 1                                                                                                                                 Case study 2

          MINI Plant Oxford - Identifying ‘enablers’:                                                                                                  Oxford City Council – Carbon Reduction at the Heart of everything we do
          a new philosophy to decarbonise processes
                                                                                                                                                       Oxford City Council is a non-metropolitan         its estate and operations as efficiently and
                                                                                                                                                       district council. Driven by the Council’s         effectively as possible.
          MINI Plant Oxford’s approach to sustainability   The Energy Efficiency Forum                                                                 ambition to reduce its environmental impact
          combines a longer term focus on technological    MINI Plant Oxford seeks to work with                                                        and the amount of fossil fuels it consumes,       Most carbon reduction capacity in Oxford
          innovations and opportunities with ongoing       other companies and organisations like                                                      Oxford City Council adopted its first Carbon      City Council to date has come from a range
          efforts to reduce energy consumption within      the Universities and City Council. As part                                                  Management Strategy and Implementation            of initiatives such as:
          manufacturing processes.                         of Low Carbon Oxford MINI Plant Oxford                                                      Plan (Getting our House in Order) in 2008/09      • Pool covers, lighting upgrades, Variable
                                                           hosted the Energy Efficiency Forum to share                                                 which mapped out a path to a lower carbon           Speed Drives (invertors), insulation            A phased installation of the lower energy
          Over the last year MINI Plant Oxford has         knowledge and experience in reducing energy                                                 council over five years. Baseline year (2005/6)     measures;                                       lamps was carried out leading to a greater
          introduced a new ‘enabler tree’ approach in      consumption. The forum was centered on                                                      CO2 emissions for the original scope were         • Staff awareness programmes and active          than 40% reduction in energy consumption
          order to map its energy consuming processes      a number of common interest projects, in                                                    around 10,000t CO2. By March 2011,                  carbon champions network;                       saving an estimated £33,000 and 178t CO2/
          and look at the key drivers for consumption      particular, LED lighting, radiant heating,                                                  the Council had met its first key target to       • Fleet energy reductions;                        year. The profile chart below shows the
          – the ‘enablers’. With the process mapped in     data centre energy optimization and staff                                                   implement a range of carbon reduction             • Reductions in council generated waste sent     change in consumption comparing annual
          this way, [MINI] Plant Oxford has been able      engagement. During 2011 three events took                                                   measures to reduce CO2 emissions by 25%             to landfill;                                    consumption in 2011/12 after full completion
          to identify and predict how changing one         place where various ideas were shared.                                                      by the end of March 2011 and 3% year on           • Renewable energy installations (e.g.           of the project with consumption during the
          parameter can affect an entire process. The                                                                                                  year thereafter.                                    photovoltaics at leisure centres & sheltered    baseline year (2005/06).
          enabler tree approach is helping the plant’s                                                                                                                                                     housing).
          managers to understand the underlying
          factors that influence energy consumption
                                                                                                  “As one of the largest employers in                 The Carbon reduction plan is now being
                                                                                                                                                       updated with an expanded scope and                Highlighting one of the Council’s larger scale
                                                                                                     Oxfordshire we are committed to making                                                                                                                Westgate Car Park electricity consumption before
          and business results, and thereby identify                                                                                                   a stretch target to achieve 5% per year           projects completed as part of its carbon
                                                                                                     our contribution towards a lower carbon                                                                                                               and after lighting upgrade
          processes that can be optimized. In the                                                                                                      CO2 reduction for the next five years. The        management programme is a major lighting                                                         2005-06
                                                                                                     community. This initiative fits in perfectly                                                                                                                                                         2011-12
          paint shop, for example, refinements to                                                                                                      intention is to accelerate the Council’s own      upgrade at Westgate multi-storey car park.              80000
                                                                                                     with our BMW Group objectives to establish        carbon reductions and also to demonstrate         Over 1000 old style T8 fluorescent lamps                70000
          the ventilation system mean that warm                                                                                                                                                                                                                  60000
          air that was previously vented into the                                                    sustainable business practices. We are            leadership to other LCO members by going          were upgraded to T5 lower energy lamps.                 50000
                                                                                                     keen to share best practice in energy             beyond the 3% per year target that LCO            The site consumed around 780,000 kWh of

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           kWh
          atmosphere is now fed back into the system                                                                                                                                                                                                             40000
          to supply the main paint spray booths. This                                                reduction with other local businesses to          Pathfinders sign up to. The plan outlines the     electricity per year, costing around £70,000            30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 20000
          measure contributed to energy savings of
          approximately 6,000 MWh and CO2 savings
                                                                                                     help us all reduce our carbon footprint.      ”   Council’s vision to place “Carbon Reduction
                                                                                                                                                       at the Heart of everything we do” and
                                                                                                                                                                                                         per year, prior to the lighting upgrade with
                                                                                                                                                                                                         lighting being the main source of electricity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 10000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2
                                                                                                     Dr Jochen Lorenzen, Director of Finance and       continue to reduce carbon emissions in            consumption at the site.
          of around 1,250t in 2011.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      r    ay un ul ug ep ct ov ec an eb ar
                                                                                                     Production Control at MINI Plant Oxford                                                                                                                         Ap      M   J  J  A S O N D J       F M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Month
14   BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting                                                                                                                                                                                      BUILDING MOMENTUM: Measuring, monitoring and reporting             15

          Case study 1                                                                                                                                 Case study 2

          MINI Plant Oxford - Identifying ‘enablers’:                                                                                                  Oxford City Council – Carbon Reduction at the Heart of everything we do
          a new philosophy to decarbonise processes
                                                                                                                                                       Oxford City Council is a non-metropolitan         its estate and operations as efficiently and
                                                                                                                                                       district council. Driven by the Council’s         effectively as possible.
          MINI Plant Oxford’s approach to sustainability   The Energy Efficiency Forum                                                                 ambition to reduce its environmental impact
          combines a longer term focus on technological    MINI Plant Oxford seeks to work with                                                        and the amount of fossil fuels it consumes,       Most carbon reduction capacity in Oxford
          innovations and opportunities with ongoing       other companies and organisations like                                                      Oxford City Council adopted its first Carbon      City Council to date has come from a range
          efforts to reduce energy consumption within      the Universities and City Council. As part                                                  Management Strategy and Implementation            of initiatives such as:
          manufacturing processes.                         of Low Carbon Oxford MINI Plant Oxford                                                      Plan (Getting our House in Order) in 2008/09      • Pool covers, lighting upgrades, Variable
                                                           hosted the Energy Efficiency Forum to share                                                 which mapped out a path to a lower carbon           Speed Drives (invertors), insulation            A phased installation of the lower energy
          Over the last year MINI Plant Oxford has         knowledge and experience in reducing energy                                                 council over five years. Baseline year (2005/6)     measures;                                       lamps was carried out leading to a greater
          introduced a new ‘enabler tree’ approach in      consumption. The forum was centered on                                                      CO2 emissions for the original scope were         • Staff awareness programmes and active          than 40% reduction in energy consumption
          order to map its energy consuming processes      a number of common interest projects, in                                                    around 10,000t CO2. By March 2011,                  carbon champions network;                       saving an estimated £33,000 and 178t CO2/
          and look at the key drivers for consumption      particular, LED lighting, radiant heating,                                                  the Council had met its first key target to       • Fleet energy reductions;                        year. The profile chart below shows the
          – the ‘enablers’. With the process mapped in     data centre energy optimization and staff                                                   implement a range of carbon reduction             • Reductions in council generated waste sent     change in consumption comparing annual
          this way, [MINI] Plant Oxford has been able      engagement. During 2011 three events took                                                   measures to reduce CO2 emissions by 25%             to landfill;                                    consumption in 2011/12 after full completion
          to identify and predict how changing one         place where various ideas were shared.                                                      by the end of March 2011 and 3% year on           • Renewable energy installations (e.g.           of the project with consumption during the
          parameter can affect an entire process. The                                                                                                  year thereafter.                                    photovoltaics at leisure centres & sheltered    baseline year (2005/06).
          enabler tree approach is helping the plant’s                                                                                                                                                     housing).
          managers to understand the underlying
          factors that influence energy consumption
                                                                                                  “As one of the largest employers in                 The Carbon reduction plan is now being
                                                                                                                                                       updated with an expanded scope and                Highlighting one of the Council’s larger scale
                                                                                                     Oxfordshire we are committed to making                                                                                                                Westgate Car Park electricity consumption before
          and business results, and thereby identify                                                                                                   a stretch target to achieve 5% per year           projects completed as part of its carbon
                                                                                                     our contribution towards a lower carbon                                                                                                               and after lighting upgrade
          processes that can be optimized. In the                                                                                                      CO2 reduction for the next five years. The        management programme is a major lighting                                                         2005-06
                                                                                                     community. This initiative fits in perfectly                                                                                                                                                         2011-12
          paint shop, for example, refinements to                                                                                                      intention is to accelerate the Council’s own      upgrade at Westgate multi-storey car park.              80000
                                                                                                     with our BMW Group objectives to establish        carbon reductions and also to demonstrate         Over 1000 old style T8 fluorescent lamps                70000
          the ventilation system mean that warm                                                                                                                                                                                                                  60000
          air that was previously vented into the                                                    sustainable business practices. We are            leadership to other LCO members by going          were upgraded to T5 lower energy lamps.                 50000
                                                                                                     keen to share best practice in energy             beyond the 3% per year target that LCO            The site consumed around 780,000 kWh of

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           kWh
          atmosphere is now fed back into the system                                                                                                                                                                                                             40000
          to supply the main paint spray booths. This                                                reduction with other local businesses to          Pathfinders sign up to. The plan outlines the     electricity per year, costing around £70,000            30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 20000
          measure contributed to energy savings of
          approximately 6,000 MWh and CO2 savings
                                                                                                     help us all reduce our carbon footprint.      ”   Council’s vision to place “Carbon Reduction
                                                                                                                                                       at the Heart of everything we do” and
                                                                                                                                                                                                         per year, prior to the lighting upgrade with
                                                                                                                                                                                                         lighting being the main source of electricity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 10000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2
                                                                                                     Dr Jochen Lorenzen, Director of Finance and       continue to reduce carbon emissions in            consumption at the site.
          of around 1,250t in 2011.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      r    ay un ul ug ep ct ov ec an eb ar
                                                                                                     Production Control at MINI Plant Oxford                                                                                                                         Ap      M   J  J  A S O N D J       F M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Month
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