Course Handbook 2020-2021 - UCLan

Course Handbook 2020-2021 - UCLan
Course Handbook
BSc (Hons) Forensic Science and Criminal Investigation
                  Course Leader: Deryck Sharples
              School of Forensic and Applied Sciences

Please read this Handbook in conjunction with the University’s Student Handbook.

All course materials, including lecture notes and other additional materials related to
your course and provided to you, whether electronically or in hard copy, as part of your
study, are the property of (or licensed to) UCLan and MUST not be distributed, sold,
published, made available to others or copied other than for your personal study use
unless you have gained written permission to do so from the Dean of School. This
applies to the materials in their entirety and to any part of the materials.

1   Welcome to the Course
2   Structure of the Course
3   Approaches to teaching and learning
4   Student Support
5   Assessment
6   Classification of Awards
7   Student Feedback
8   Appendices
    8.1 Programme Specification(s)
1.   Welcome to the course

     The BSc (Hons) Forensic Science and Criminal Investigation is run by the School of
     Forensic and Applied Sciences. The role of the School in general and this course of
     study in particular, are to enhance knowledge, understanding and application of
     forensic science and domestic and international criminal investigation by formal
     teaching, research and scholarship. As your awareness of forensic science and
     criminal investigation grows you will begin to appreciate the multi-disciplinary
     approach adopted in the modern-day investigative process. During your course you
     will acquire an understanding of how these specialist fields interact and you will
     therefore be studying a wide range of subject areas. Broadly speaking, there are three
     compulsory streams of study: criminal investigation, crime scene science and forensic
     science. You will also have the opportunity to specialise further in the fields of crime
     scene investigation or forensic anthropology.

     This course, one of the first of its kind in England, has been designed to focus on the
     analytical knowledge and skills required by crime and crime scene investigators.
     When thinking of crime investigation, most people automatically think of the police
     service but there are many other organisations engaged in the investigation of crime.
     In the public sector there are criminal investigation branches in many government
     Schools such as the National Health Service (Counter Fraud), School of Trade and
     Industry (‘DTI’), School for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (‘Defra’), Benefits
     Agency, HM Customs & Excise, National Crime Agency; and each arm of the military
     has its own, specialised investigative branch. Every local authority employs
     investigators in enforcement roles and consumer protection.

     In the private sector there are many organisations employing investigators to look into
     insurance frauds, copyright and counterfeiting. There are also a growing number of
     organisations tasked with the investigation of international crime and abuses of
     human rights and the presentation of evidence to the various international courts and
     tribunals. The course will equip students for employment in any of these fields.

     Additionally, the course develops a wide range of skills that are required for a career
     outside the fields of forensic science and criminal investigation; for example, the
     military, other aspects of science, management or teaching. Experience has shown
     that many graduates take up a career in a range of related areas.

     The School has strong links with various Forensic Science Providers including LGC
     and Cellmark, the Crown Prosecution Service and Scientific Support Units especially
     in the North West of England and elsewhere in the U.K. Liaison with ‘front-line’
     investigators and both legal and forensic science practitioners has been central to the
     development of the School and there has been significant input by such specialists
     into the course design, development and delivery. Links such as these ensure both
     that you will have the opportunity to develop a unique insight into both forensic
     science and criminal investigation and that the quality and relevance of the courses is
     maintained. The course itself is designed so that after each year of study you will have
     the knowledge base and practical ability of Volume Crime Scene Investigators, Crime
Scene Investigators and management. This is achieved as a result of mapping the
teaching materials against the National Occupational Standards for VCSI’s and CSI’s.

The School has invested in specialist teaching facilities for all of its courses. These
include evidence search and recovery laboratories, a microscopy suite for scientific
investigation, three crime scene houses and a forensic warehouse in which is located
our vehicle examination
facilities complete with four vehicles. In the latter two facilities you will learn how to record
the crime scene using photography, identify, enhance and recover all types of evidence,
record the intelligence obtainable from that evidence and interpret the crime scene.

1.1 Rationale, aims and learning outcomes of the course

                         It is important that both you and your teaching team are clear
                        about what you are striving to achieve over the next three years of
                        your studies, and to that end the aims and objectives of the course
                        are outlined in the paragraphs that follow.

                        The specific aims of the course are:
                          • To foster the development of key academic, vocational and
         personal skills to prepare students for a career as a crime scene or crime investigator,
         particularly with those domestic and international agencies which place a high reliance
         on scientific evidence in the identification and prosecution of offenders.
 •       To provide detailed contextual knowledge of subjects underpinning forensic and
         investigative science in the broad areas of law, criminal investigation, and one of
         anthropology or crime scene investigation.
 •       Through simulated experience of gathering evidence from both scientific and other
         sources, to develop the practical skills necessary to contribute to a criminal, crime
         scene and scientific examination.
 •       To provide practical experience of scientific and criminal investigations and forensic
 •       To foster the development of the transferable and key skills required for further
         academic and vocational training and in employment, including communication and
         inter-personal skills.
 •       To develop critical and analytical thought.

 What are the Learning Outcomes of the course?

 The learning outcomes which follow should provide you with an understanding of the
 global learning goals which apply to the course. However, in the booklet for each
 module that will be provided, you will find individual syllabuses and the detailed
 learning outcomes for each particular module.

 By the end of the course you should achieve the following outcomes:

 Knowledge and Understanding

 •       Demonstrate knowledge and understanding in the following areas:

      Describe the principles relevant to criminal investigation and the
          court process, crime scene science, forensic science and evidence
         Explain and apply the rules of domestic and international criminal law
         Explain and evaluate the roles of the people within the English
          and international legal systems,
         Correctly use the terminology and classification of law and criminal investigation
         Apply the practical skills essential to a modern criminal investigation.
Cognitive Skills

 •   Demonstrate the following cognitive skills:
 Selection and analysis of information from written, electronic and interview-
  based sources.
 Formulation of structured arguments, hypotheses and lines of enquiry and
  the execution and critical evaluation of these in the light of specific evidence.
 Presentation on the results of investigative studies.

 Subject Specific Skills

 •   Demonstrate the following subject specific skills:

  Apply range of practical techniques in the investigation of crime and the
     recovery, preservation and documentation of scientific evidence
  Critically evaluate evidence within the law of evidence and relate it to substantive law.
  Describe and evaluate major concepts and principles of law.
  Use the correct terminology, nomenclature and classification of law and
     criminal investigation.
  Organise and conduct investigative interviews.
  Assess and examine crime scenes and recover, analyse and interpret
   physical evidence.
  Apply specialist knowledge of forensic practices to investigations and cases.
  Work safely and effectively in the laboratory, at crime scenes and in simulated
   law enforcement situations
  Demonstrate skills in communication, independent thought, analysis
   and research, observation and teamwork.

 Transferable Skills/Key Skills

 •   Manage time and learning/work activities.
 •   Work individually and in a group to solve ‘real world’ problems.
 •   Learn independently, making use of written, electronic and human
     sources of information.
 •   Communicate effectively, both individually and as part of a group.
 •   Apply specialist knowledge of forensic practices to investigations and cases.
 •   Perform calculations and appropriate statistical analysis.
 •   Management of people and situations, such as crime scenes and incidents.
 •   Analyse problems and generate a dissertation plan.

 As it is often useful to identify the different learning outcomes that you will be expected
 to achieve in each module; the programme specification in Appendix B plots the
 different learning outcomes against each module.
1.2 Course Team

You will mainly be taught by staff from the School of Forensic and Applied Sciences at the
University. This list represents those co-ordinating particular areas, or who have particular
roles in the delivery of the Course. We have included their qualifications so that you can
see where their expertise lies.

Academic Staff
Deryck Sharples       MSc Course Leader Forensic Science and Criminal Investigation
                      Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                      e-mail: Ext 4397 Room JBF106
Kev Pritchard         MA
                      Senior Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                      e-mail: Ext 4379 Room JBF001
Bob Barnes            Cert ED. MSc
                      Associate Lecturer (Policing)
                      e-mail: Ext 4151Room MB22
Dave Brian            LLB (Hons). LLM Lecturer (Policing)
                      E-mail : Ext 3539 Room MB222
Paul Callaghan        MA Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                      Email: Ext 4029 Room JBF105
Sue Carney            MSc
                      Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                      e-mail: Ext 3493 Room JBF106
Paul Wheeler
                      Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                      e-mail: Ext 4337 Room JBF111
Carol Cox             BSc (Hons), MSc, PhD
                      Dean of School
                      E-mail: Ext 3757 Room MB052
Peter Cross           BSc, MSc
                      Associate Lecturer (Forensic Anthropology)
                      email: Ext. 4153 Room MB129
Rachel Cunliffe       BSc, MSc
                      Associate Lecturer
                      e-mail: Ext: 3755 Room MB129
Peter Hall            MSc
                      Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                      e-mail: Ext 4388 Room JBF106
Arati Iyengar         BSc, MSc, PhD (Genetics)
                      School Disability Officer Lecturer (Forensic Genetics)
                       e-mail: Ext 3925 Room MB130
Andy Johnson                  MBA
                      Course Leader Police and Criminal Investigation
                      Lecturer (Police and Criminal Investigation)
                      e-mail: Ext. 4259 Room MB52
Janine McGuire        BSc PhD (Chemistry)
                      School Programme Coordinator
                      Senior Lecturer (Forensic Chemistry)
                      e-mail: Ext 4385 Room JBF109
Allan Scott           DMS
                      Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                      e-mail: Ext 4394 Room MB063
Judith Smith          BSc, PhD (Genetics)
                       Lecturer (Forensic Genetics)
                       Course Leader Forensic Sciences
                       e-mail: Ext 4257 Room MB130
 Cat Tennick           PhD
                       Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                       e-mail: Ext 4170 Room MB128
 Adam Wilcox           BSc
                       e-mail: Ext 4396 Room JBF111
 Claire Williamson     PhD
                       Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                       e-mail: Ext 4152 Room MB128
 Catherine Tennick     BSc, PhD (Forensic Science)
                       Associate Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                       e-mail: Ext 4170 Room MB128
 Claire Williamson     BSc, MSc
                       Associate Lecturer (Forensic Science)
                       e-mail: Ext 4152 Room MB128
 Michael Wysocki       BA Hons, PhD (Archaeology)
                       Academic Lead, Forensic Sciences
                       E-mail: Ext 4389 Room JBF009

 1.3 Academic Advisor
You will be assigned an Academic Advisor who will provide additional academic advice and
support during the year. They will be the first point of call for many of the questions that you
might have during the year. Your Academic Advisor will be able to help you with personal
development, providing insight and direction to enable you to realise your potential.

         1.4 Administration details
         Campus Admin Services provides academic administration support for students
         and staff and are located in the following hubs which open from 8.45am
         until 5.15pm
 Monday to Thursday and until 4.00pm on Fridays. The hub can provide general assistance
 and advice regarding specific processes such as extenuating circumstances, extensions
 and appeals.

 Foster Building
 Forensic and Applied Sciences
 Pharmacy and Biomedical
 Sciences Psychology
 Physical Sciences
 telephone: 01772 891990/891991

 1.6 Communicati
                     The University expects you to use your UCLan email address and
                     check regularly for messages from staff. If you send us email
                     messages from other addresses they risk being filtered out as
potential spam
and discarded
unread. Staff
aim to reply to
emails within
one working
Appointments can
usually be made
to speak to staff
personally via
although some staff invite you to knock on their door if you are passing their office.

 1.7 External Examiner

 The University has appointed an External Examiner to your course who helps to ensure
 that the standards of your course are comparable to those provided at other higher
 education institutions in the UK. The name of this person, their position and home
 institution can be found below. If you wish to make contact with your External Examiner,
 you should do this through your Course Leader and not directly. You can access the
 external examiners report via the Course site on Blackboard.

 The School will also send a sample of student coursework to the external examiner(s) for
 external moderation purposes, once it has been marked and internally moderated by the
 course tutors. The sample will include work awarded the highest and lowest marks and
 awarded marks in the middle range.

 Mr Martin Holleran
 Senior Lecturer in Policing Studies
 York St. John University

                  2. Structure of the course

                  2.1 Overall structure

                  How the course is put together

  Like most degree courses this course is modular. This means that it is split up into
  particular areas of study, which are studied and assessed separately. The degree is
  therefore a lot more flexible and you can choose from a number of options: it also
  means that there are no ‘final exams’ covering the whole of the three year course. To
  achieve an Honours degree, full-time students must pass 18 modules over the three
  years of the course: i.e. 6 modules per year.

  Most of the modules that you will take are ‘single modules’: that is they count as ‘1 Module’.

  You will see modules described by both a title and code number. The module code
  consists of 2 letters and four digits e.g. FZ 1041 (FZ = Forensic Science). The first digit is
  the level of the module, which for full-time students is also the year of study.

  The academic year is divided into 2 semesters. The exact dates of these semesters
  vary slightly, but generally semester 1 runs from mid- September to January, semester
  2 from January to around the end of May.

  There is a foundation entry route available for this course. For more details on this year
  of study, please refer to the programme specification detailed in section 8 of this handbook.

  How the Course is Managed

  At the front of this handbook you will find the names, telephone numbers, email
addresses and room numbers of key people involved in the running of the Forensic Science
 and Criminal Investigation course. Do not hesitate to contact them if you are unclear about

 The BSc (Hons) Forensic Science and Criminal Investigation course has a Course
 Leader who is responsible for planning and co-ordinating course delivery. The Course
 Leader      is Kev      Pritchard,  room   JBF001      tel  01772     894379,     email You should see the course leader if there is anything going on
 with you that cannot be handled by a module tutor, academic advisor or retention tutor.

 Each module you will study has a Module Tutor. The Module Tutor is responsible for
 the planning, delivery and assessment of the module. In some cases the Course Leader
 may also be the Module Tutor. You should see the module tutor about any issues to do
 with their module (coursework, revision, etc.).

 The Course Leader, Retention Tutor, Module Tutors and other lecturing staff form the
 Course Team, which meets regularly to review the progress of the Course and take
 account of your comments - both positive and negative. Adjustments will be made to the
 delivery of the Course if the Team feel that changes are necessary to make delivery and/or
 organisation better. At the end of the academic year all modules undergo review.

 The University operates a quality assurance scheme, which requires the Course
 Leader to report periodically to the Head of School to keep them in touch with progress. Every
 year the Course Leader submits a detailed report to the Head of School
 Your comments are important to the successful running and evolution of the course and
 its delivery. For this reason you will be asked to meet with your fellow students and
 elect two Course Representatives from each year. They will meet with the Course Team
 (called the Staff Student Liaison Committee) once a semester to represent the views of
 the students. This is one route for your comments to be discussed and fed into the
 system. We will report how we have dealt with your comments back to the next
 meeting of the Staff Student Liaison Committee and minutes will be posted on the notice

 We also encourage you to feedback comments to the Course Team on an ad hoc
 basis. Your feelings and thoughts are valuable and we want to hear them.

2.2 Modules available
Each module is a self-contained block of learning with defined aims, learning outcomes and
assessment. A standard module is worth 20 credits. It equates to the learning activity
expected from one sixth of a full-time undergraduate year. Modules may be developed as
half or double modules with credit allocated up to a maximum of 120 credits per module.

Year 1
In your first year at University you will study: police structures and powers; the English
legal system; sources and types of law; human rights; criminal offences; crime scene
science and forensic science. You will also learn and develop study skills in
communication and the use of the library and electronic sources of material.

You will have a choice to make at the start of the course: whether, as part of the
forensic science element of the course you wish to specialise in forensic anthropology or
crime scene investigation. The subjects you have chosen to study at ‘A’ Level, or your
own career aspirations or interests, may dictate your choice. That decision is important
because once you have embarked on one route you will have to stay on it for the rest of
the degree.
Unlike some courses, you are not required to choose an additional subject unrelated to
your course to study as an elective (free choice) module. In effect, your choice of forensic
anthropology or crime scene investigation stands as your elective module. However,
are a number of personal development teaching sessions and workshops that are available
to you outside normal teaching hours and you are encouraged to take advantage of
these. Your academic advisor will provide further details of these at the beginning of the
Module Title                    Module        Year or    Compulsory
                                                    Size          Semester   (COMP) or
                                                                             Optional (O)
  FZ1034 Volume Crime Scene Science                        1      Year            COMP
  FZ1048 Introduction to Policing                          1      Year             COMP

  FZ1044 Study Skills for Criminal                         1      Year             COMP
  FZ1050 Introduction to Criminal Investigation            2      Year             COMP
  And one of the following:
  FZ1036 Crime Scene Photography                           1      Year                 O
  FZ1054 Anthropology for Forensic                         1      Year                 O

Year 2
In the second year you will study: criminal investigation; photography; crime scene
science; criminalistics (forensic science); research methods and forensic practice. These
aspects are all pertinent to the role of investigators engaged in the practice of criminal
investigation. Dependent on the choice you made in your first year of study, you will also
be required to take a further module in either forensic anthropology or crime scene

                     Module                       Module       Semester   Compulsory
                                                  Size         or Year    (COMP) or
                                                                          Optional (O)
 FZ2030 Criminalistics                               1         Year             COMP
 FZ2036 Forensic Practice                            2         Year             COMP
 FZ2061 Research Methods                             1         Year             COMP
 And one of the following pairs:
 FZ2037 Advanced Crime Scene                         1         Year                O
 Investigation and
 FZ2053 Advanced Photography                         1         Sem 1               O

 FZ2051 Forensic Anthropology                        1         Year                O
 FZ2052 The Science and Management of Death          1         Year                O
 * Students undertaking Erasmus Exchange
 programmes will take the equivalent 10 credit
 *FZ2130 Aspects of Criminalistics                   0.5       Sem 1               O
 *FZ2136 Aspects of Forensic Practice                0.5       Sem 1               O
 *FZ2137 Aspects of Advanced Crime                   0.5       Sem 1               O
 Scene Science
*FZ2151 Aspects of Forensic                             0.5     Sem 1                  O

Year 3
In your final year there are some compulsory modules and some optional modules. All
students study the application of forensic science and modules in their own forensic
science specialisation. Also, you are required to research and produce a double
module dissertation on a subject related to forensic science or criminal investigation.
This gives you the opportunity to undertake independent research on a related subject of
your choice and to produce a significant piece of written work.
Then there are the PCI modules:
 •     Fraud and Asset Recovery
 •     Policing Cybercrime
 •     Major Crime Inquiries
 •     International Humanitarian and Criminal Law
 •     Counter Terrorism

You must take one of these modules. If you are unsure which of them are best suited to
your intended career, you should seek advice from your academic advisor.

                     Module                  Module       Year or        Compulsory
                                             Size         Semester       (COMP) or
                                                                         Optional (O)
     FZ3035 Application of Forensic
                                                     1    Year                COMP
     And one of the following :
     FZ3501 Forensic Science                         2    Year                   O
     FZ3940 Policing and                             2    Year                   O
     Criminal Investigation
     And any one of the following :
     FZ3041 Major Crime Inquiries                    1    Year                   O
     FZ3042 Policing Cybercrime                      1    Year                   O
     FZ3046 Fraud & Asset Recovery                   1    Year                   O
     FZ3049 International Humanitarian
                                                     1    Year                   O
     and Criminal Law
     FZ3050 Counter Terrorism                        1    Year                   O
     FZ3056 Major Operations                         1    Year                   O
     Plus either
     Stream One:
     FZ3038 Crime Scene Management                   2    Year                   O
     Stream Two:
     FZ3051 Forensic Taphonomic Traces               1    Sem 1                  O
     FZ3053 Human Remains Recovery                   1    Sem 2                  O
A brief description of the component modules for each of the three years can be found
in Appendix 8.2. Further information about each of the modules, including reading lists,
will be found in the module booklet that you will receive at the start of each module.

The full list of options indicated may not all be delivered every year, and this may
depend on how many students choose that particular option. When accepting your offer of
a place to study on this course, you are accepting that not all of these options will be running.
At (or before) the start of each year, you will have an opportunity to discuss your course and
preferred options with your tutor. The University will do all it reasonably can to ensure
that you are able to undertake your preferred options.

Accreditation of Prior Learning

If you consider that you may have already achieved some of the learning outcomes of the
course through previous learning, please consult your course leader and gain advice
from the APL Unit to find out whether you can make a claim for accreditation of prior learning
for part of your course.

Part Time Students

Part-time students typically take 4 modules each year. An individual programme will be
worked out for each student to fit in with their needs and the pre-requisite requirements
of any of the modules

                    2.4 Module Registration Options
                    Discussions about your progression through the course normally take
                    place in February each year. It is an opportunity for you to make plans
                    for your study over the next academic year. The course team will tell
                    you about the various modules / combinations available and you will
                    both agree on the most appropriate (and legal) course of study for you.

A progression talk will be held by the Course Leader in February explaining which modules
you should study next year, and what options are available to you.

2.5 Study Time
2.5.1 Weekly timetable
A timetable will be available once you have enrolled on the programme, through the student

2.5.2 Expected hours of study
20 credits is a standard module size and equals 200 notional learning hours. As a rough
guide The normal amount of work involved in achieving a successful outcome to your
studies is to study for 10 hours per each credit you need to achieve – this includes
attendance at UCLan and time spent in private study.

 On average, then, you should be planning to do between 36 and 40 hours per week.
 Any lesser commitment is unlikely to produce a good degree. You should bear this
 in mind if you intend to undertake part-time employment or pursue other interests outside
 the curriculum.

 There is no check on this, no-one to test whether you are doing the private study – but it
will become apparent at exam time if you have not!

                  Attendance Requirements
                     You are required to attend all timetabled learning activities for each
                     module. Notification of illness or exceptional requests for leave of
                     absence must be made to: or
                     by telephoning the hub on 01772 891990 or 01772 891991.

                Exceptional requests for leave must be made to the Programme
 Coordinator or nominee (usually the Course Leader). You should contact the Admin
 Hub as above and your request will be forwarded to the appropriate person.

 For International Students under the Visas and Immigration (UKVI) Points Based
 System (PBS) - you MUST attend your course of study regularly; under PBS, UCLan is
 obliged to tell UKVI if you withdraw from a course, defer or suspend your studies, or if
 you fail to attend the course regularly.

 Unauthorised absence is not acceptable and may attract academic penalties and/or
 other penalties. Some practical sessions may involve assessed work, so if you miss
 the practical without good reason you will attract a score of 0% in that assessment. In the
 event of absence due to illness, a medical certificate must be produced.

 If you have not gained the required authorisation for leave of absence, do not respond
 to communications from the University and if you are absent for four weeks or more,
 you may be deemed to have withdrawn from the course. If this is the case, then the date
 of withdrawal will be recorded as the last day of attendance. Your attendance at classes
 will be monitored using the Student Attendance Monitoring system (SAM) and you can
 check your attendance record through MyUCLan.

 Each time you are asked to enter your details on SAM you must remember that the
 University has a responsibility to keep information up to date and that you must only
 enter your own details on the system. To enter any other names would result in
 inaccurate records and be dishonest. Any student who is found to make false entries
 can be disciplined under the student guide to regulations.

3. Approaches to teaching and learning
3.1 1 Learning and teaching methods
 The course is delivered in a variety of teaching/learning methods. There are formal
 lectures followed up by small group tutorials in which the subject of the lecture is
 explored in detail. Practical skills are developed through role-plays and practical
 sessions. Investigative skills are learned from on-going scenarios based on real
 investigations of major crimes.

 Most of the course is delivered by university staff but where appropriate experts in their
 own field are brought in to speak with authority from their own experience and

As with all university education you are responsible for your own learning; the lectures are
merely the starting point and you will have to undertake a substantial amount of study
in order to succeed.

3.2 Study skills
All of the courses within the school have a study skills module to assist with the
development of your academic and employability skills. There are a variety of other
 services that support schools and these include

Study Skills - ‘Ask Your Librarian’

You can book a one to one session with a subject Librarian via Starfish. These sessions will
help with questions such as “My lecturer says I need a wider variety of sources in my
references, what do I do?"
"I need to find research articles, where do I start?"
"How do I find the Journal of ...?"
"How do I use RefWorks?”

                  3.3 Learning and Information Services (LIS)
                  The best place to start when exploring the Library resources available to
                  you is;
                  • Your ‘Subject Guide’ can be found in the Library Resources
                  • Your ‘My Library’ tab in the Student Portal
                  • Library search

3.4. Electronic Resources
Extensive resources are available to support your studies provided by LIS – library and IT
staff. Take advantage of the free training sessions designed to enable you to gain all the
skills you need for your research and study.

3.5 Personal development planning

  While you are at university, you will learn many things. You already expect to learn lots of
  facts and techniques to do with criminal investigation, but you will also learn other things
  of which you might be unaware. You will learn how to study, how to work with other
  people, how to manage your time to meet deadlines, and so on. If you are to be an
  employable graduate it is vital that you can list in your CV the skills that employers value.

  Employers are looking for skills such as:

   •   self-organisation
   •   team work
   •   good written communication
   •   good oral communication
   •   problem solving

  To help you, we have introduced a system that aims to:

   •   help you to identify the skills you should be developing,
   •   help you to identify the ones you are weak in, and
   •   to take action to improve those skills.

  This approach can broadly be described as Personal Development Planning, and can be
  defined as:
A structured and supported process undertaken by an individual to reflect upon
 their own learning, performance and/or achievement and to plan for their personal,
 educational and career development.

 The University puts a high priority on your personal development, and so keeping a
 record of your achievements is encouraged and will help when you are applying for
 jobs. When you ask staff for a reference, they could use this information to help them
 provide more rounded detail.

                3.6 Preparing for your career
                Career Opportunities

              Having been successful and gained your degree, perhaps the most important
              question is, what jobs can you apply for? As students take core modules from
              both the Forensic Science course and the Police and Criminal Investigation
 course, they are well placed      for careers in both these areas, as well as Crime
 Scene Investigation.

 Crime Scene Investigation
 CSI’s are civilians employed by the police to carry out the examination and investigation
 of crime scenes. It can be a very demanding and sometimes stressful, but rewarding
 career. Vacancies are usually advertised in texts such as Police Review magazine.
 Successful applicants are then sent for training by the National College of Policing at
 Harperley Hall, Durham. It is usual for personnel to initially be trained as Volume Crime
 Scene Investigators (VCSI’s). This short course enables the VCSI to examine scenes of
 volume crime such as crimes involving vehicles. After a period of time working in their
 Constabulary the VCSI may be eligible to apply for the post of CSI, where upon they will
 be sent for further training by the College.

Forensic Science
Some of the main employers of forensic scientists in the UK include LGC Forensics, Key
Forensics and Cellmark Orchid. They provide a service to the Police, HM Revenue
and Customs and the Crown Prosecution Services. Scotland has an independent Forensic
Science Service and other independent laboratories exist on a smaller scale. In addition many
Police Forces employ their own forensic scientists to carry out analysis “in-house”.

A good Honours degree in science or technology is invariably the minimum requirement
for appointment as a potential court-going officer in any of the laboratories mentioned, and
more frequently postgraduate qualifications are also required.

Graduates should realise that for all of the above options it is usual to initially work alongside
more senior staff and undertake further specialist training when and if their individual progress
warrants it. Competition for posts such as those described is extremely high but this
course is ideally suited to such careers.

Police Personnel
Successful students will also be ideally placed for a career in the police, having studied several
core modules of the Police and Criminal Investigation course. They will also find themselves
to be much more forensically aware than other police personnel, proving a valuable asset
to their Constabulary.

Your University experience is not only about achieving your chosen award, it is also about
developing as a person and realising your potential. We want you to gain the skills and
attitudes that will help you to achieve your goals and aspirations.

Your future is important to us, so to make sure that you achieve your full potential whilst at
university and beyond, your course has been designed with employability learning integrated
into it. This is not extra to your degree, but an important part of it which will help you to show
future employers just how valuable your degree is. These “Transferable Skills” take you
on a journey of development that will help you to write your own personal story of your
time at university:

    •   To begin with, you will explore your identity, your likes and dislikes, the things
        that are important to you and what you want to get out of life.
    •   Later, you will investigate a range of options including jobs and
        work experience, postgraduate study and self- employment,
    •   You will then be ready to learn how to successfully tackle the
        recruitment process.

Careers offers a range of support for you including:-

   •    career and employability advice and guidance appointments
   •    support to find work placements, internships, voluntary opportunities, part-
        time employment and live projects
   •    workshops, seminars, modules, certificates and events to develop your skills
Daily drop in service available from 09:00-17:00 for CV checks and initial careers
  information. For more information come along and visit the team (in Foster building
  near the main entrance) or access our careers and employability resources via the Student

 4. Student Support

Information on the support available is at:

 Perhaps the most important thing that the School of Forensic and Applied Sciences will
 give you is support. We will guide you through the subject and instil in you the
 critical and enquiring characteristics required of an investigator.

 In your course you will be presented with a vast amount of information and knowledge.
 Equally important, though, is the manner in which you develop as an individual over that
 period, and the skills you acquire which can be used other than in investigative work.
 Employers are looking for skills such as:
  •    self-organisation
  •    assertiveness
  •    good communication skills
  •    team work
  •    problem solving

 Who do I ask for Help/Guidance/Advice?

 Any problems you may choose to discuss with a member of staff, academic or otherwise,
 will be treated in strict confidence and will not be divulged to anyone without your permission
 (including parents). It is highly unlikely that you will have a problem we have not encountered

 The important thing is not to sit on a problem and hope it will go away – it will not! As to
 whom you should ask, that depends on the nature of the problem:
  •    Learning/teaching in a module. Each module has a Module Tutor – a member of
       staff responsible for that module. The Module Tutor will be your first port of call for
       questions about the learning/teaching within the module.
  •    Which options to take – Electives – structure of your course – progression
       (moving from year to year). These are questions for your academic advisor. He or
       she will meet with you at the start of the course and will remain your academic advisor
       throughout your time throughout the course.

   •    Welfare, money, housing, health, personal problems. The 'i' is a central Student
        Information Centre and your first point of contact. You can obtain information on a
        wide range of topics including Council Tax Exemption Certificates, Bank and
        Confirmation of Study Letters, Portable Financial Credits, (continuing students only,
        Printing and Printer Credit, UCLan Cards, the ‘I’ shop and UCLan Financial Support
        Bursary (first year students only). .
  •    Administrative questions. The Admin Hub (Foster 058). Can help you with your
       academic records and other administrative matters.
Health and Safety

As a student of the University you are responsible for the safety of yourself and for that of
others around you. You must understand and follow all the regulations and safety codes
necessary for a safe campus environment. Please help to keep it safe by reporting
any incidents, accidents or potentially unsafe situations to a member of staff as soon as

Safety assessments have been undertaken for each module of your course and you will
be advised of all applicable safety codes and any specific safety issues during the induction
to your course and modules. You must ensure that you understand and apply all necessary
safety codes. These form an essential element of your personal development and
contribute to the safety of others.

In particular, laboratories are hazardous areas unless all safety regulations are known and
implemented. Specific details of the School safety policies are given to you in separate
safety documentation. In particular you should note the requirement that laboratory coats
and safety glasses should be worn at all times in the laboratory. Safety glasses are not
required when the laboratory is used only for data handling exercises.


You will be expected to abide by the Regulations for the Conduct of Students in the
University. UCLan expects you to behave in a respectful manner demonstrated by using
appropriate language in class, and switching mobile phones / other devices off prior to
attending classes.

If your behaviour is considered to be unacceptable, any member of staff is able to issue
an informal oral warning and the University will support staff by invoking formal procedures
where necessary. You can read more about UCLan expectations in the regulations for
the Conduct of Students.

Students’ Union

The Students’ Union is the representative body for all UCLan students. The organisation
exists separately from the University and is led by the elected officers of the Student Affairs
Committee (SAC) as well as representatives on the Students’ Council. The Students’
Union building is located at the heart of the Preston campus, and is the hub for all student

Representation and campaigning for students’ rights is at the core of what we do and
is encompassed by our tag line of, Making Life Better for Students. Should you wish to
make a change to any aspect of your student experience, whether it be academically
related or not, then the Union is where your voice can be heard, actions taken, or
campaigns launched.

Your Union is also the home to a fantastic range of student-led societies, sports teams
and multitudes of volunteering opportunities. You can also receive help in finding part- time
work, whilst you study. Not sure where to go? Pop into the Opportunities Centre on the
ground floor of the Students’ Union building and someone will point you in the right direction.

We hope your time at University is trouble free, but should you come into difficulties around
anything from academic appeals, to issues with housing, benefits or debt, then our dedicated
staff team in the Advice and Representation Centre are on hand to help. As we are
independently run from the university, we can offer truly impartial advice.
More information on all these things, as well as details about all our (not-for-profit)
commercial services, including our student supermarket (Essentials) and student-bar
(Source) can be found at

Where do I get Information?

BlackBoard will be used to provide you with nearly all the information you need. You should
see the BlackBoard space for your course for your timetables, information on progression,
details of exams etc.

In addition ‘Year notice boards’ are located in Maudland Building, on the first floor
outside MB114. These notice boards will give you general information such as any last minute
changes in arrangements, details of exams, details of your retention tutor and will also direct
you to more specific notice boards elsewhere. It is your responsibility to check that board
daily to find out things that affect you.

Every student has an e-mail address at the university and we will disseminate information
via that medium so you must check your inbox on a daily basis.

               4.1   Academic Advisors

               You will be assigned an Academic advisor who will assist with Academic
               related problems. You will find out more about them and their role in induction

They are responsible for providing you with support and advice in relation to your
programme of studies, assistance in accessing other services available to students within
the University, and to offer whatever help and assistance they can to make your time at the
University a satisfying and stimulating experience. Their job is not to have all the answers
but they will be able to direct you to the person or place where they can be found. Your
academic advisor should be supportive, helpful and try to understand (but not necessarily
share) your point of view when you need advice. At times it may be necessary for them
to challenge you over your progress, performance or attendance, but it is not their role
to constantly monitor you in these areas as may have happened at school or college.

 You should meet your academic advisor during induction week and time has been
 allocated on the induction timetable to enable to you do this. During this meeting you
 should make arrangements about the process by which future regular contact will be
 maintained. You should meet with your academic advisor regularly. You should have at
 least four meetings in Year 1, with at least three of these being ‘one to one’ meetings.
 There should be at least three contacts in Year 2, one of which should be ‘one to one’
 and two during Year 3.

 There will be appointment sheets by staff offices so that you can arrange meetings
 either by booking an appointment or emailing them (details of this are at the front of the
 booklet). Throughout the year contact with your academic advisor is usually maintained
 through e-mail, you should check your UNIVERSITY e-mail account regularly.

 Both you and your tutors should keep appropriate records of meetings and this may
 form part of your Personal Development Process.

If you need to get advice in an emergency or when your academic advisor is not available
then you can go and see your retention tutor or course leader, or go to the School Hub
 in Foster Building and staff there will endeavor to find a member of staff who can deal with
 your enquiry.

 4.2 Students with disabilities

  If you have a disability that may affect your studies, please either contact the Disability
  Advisory Service - - or let one of the course team know as soon as
  possible. With your agreement information will be passed on to the Disability Advisory
  Service. The University will make reasonable adjustments to accommodate your needs
  and to provide appropriate support for you to complete your study successfully. Where
  necessary, you will be asked for evidence to help identify appropriate adjustments.
  Arrangements are made for students who have a disability/learning difficulty for which
  valid supporting evidence can be made available. Contact the Disability Adviser for advice
  and information,
  The School has a named lead for students with disabilities - Arati Iyengar. Arati’s
  contact details can be found at the beginning of this book and you can contact her
  direct for further advice/support.

 4.3 Students’ Union

The Students’ Union offers thousands of volunteering opportunities ranging from
representative to other leadership roles. We also advertise paid work and employ student
staff on a variety of roles. You can find out more information on our website:

                5.     Assessment

                5.1    Assessment Strategy

                  Please note that all modules will be assessed. You are expected to attempt
                  all required assessments for each module for which you are registered,
 and to do so at the times scheduled unless authorised extensions, special arrangements
 for disability, or extenuating circumstances allow you to defer your assessment.

  The Course team recognise the main purpose of assessment as:
  •      the diagnosis of strengths and weaknesses of individual students;
  •      encouragement to students to be involved in determining their own performance;
  •      evaluation as to whether or not the student has met the learning outcomes of
         the module and programme in order to progress to the next level or achieve an exit

  Assessment is continuous and uses both formative and summative methods.

  Formative assessment relates to the continuing and systematic appraisal of the degree
  of learning. This helps you by providing feedback on the appropriateness of your study
  skills in meeting the learning objectives. It also assists the academic staff by providing
  information as to the appropriateness of the learning environment in facilitating student
  learning. Formative assessment includes assessment strategies that encourage the
  student and tutor to build on the student’s strengths and to plan remedial help to correct
identified weaknesses. Formative assessment encourages the development of personal
self-awareness and self-evaluation such that corrective change can be instigated by the

The nature of formative assessment varies between modules. In some there are short tests
or essays, while in others there is informal feedback via activities such as tutorials or
discussion of experiment results during laboratory sessions.

It is important that we try to match assessment to the learning outcomes of each
module. Sometimes we need to assess how well you have assimilated facts, sometimes
we need to assess your understanding, and at other times your application of the facts.
Often we need to test all of these learning outcomes at once. In addition, we need to
assess skills, such as your ability to communicate your ideas.

The assessment methods and what we are trying to assess by the particular method
are shown below:

Examinations          Short answer questions are usually looking for how well you
                      have learned factual information. Essay questions are looking for
                      your understanding and critical analysis skills.
Presentations   Your presentational skills under pressure are being assessed here, as
                     is the ability to think on your feet using the facts that you have

Role-plays            These sessions are important in providing you with the opportunity to
                      put skills that you have learned into practice.
                       You will be placed in a number of situations, with familiar and
                       unknown individuals, and often video-taped and recorded for later
                       feedback purposes. Some sessions will be assessed by peer and
                       staff appraisal.

 Essays                Non-examination situation essays assess your understanding of
                       the subject as well as your research, written communication and
                       critical analysis skills.

 Case studies          These assess the application of theory to practical situations.
                       They also assess either your written or oral presentation skills
                       when communicating your deliberations to the class or marker.

 Dissertation          This assesses the application of the information that you have
                       gained and assesses your skills in bringing a large body of work
                       together in a concise coherent report.

 You will find a detailed breakdown of the assessments in the individual module booklets.

 Presentation of Written Work

 The way in which you present your work will be taken into account when arriving at the
 final grade for the assessment. To assist you in this regard, refer to the Student
 Guide to Assessment, produced by the School that accompanies this handbook.

5.2 Notification of assignments and examination

arrangements When will the assessments take place?

We will try to spread the assessment load. Nevertheless, it is important that you plan your
work around the assessment timetable. For this reason we will provide you with an
assessment timetable at the beginning of each semester.

Assessment arrangements for students with a disability

Arrangements are made for students who have a disability/learning difficulty for which valid
supporting evidence can be made available. Contact the Disability Adviser for advice
and information:

Submission of Assessments

Normally all work should be submitted through BlackBoard and Turnitin. Information about
the requirements for individual assessments and their respective deadlines for
submission/examination arrangements will be provided in the assignment brief or in the
module booklet that will be posted on BlackBoard.

All work should be submitted with a completed assessed work cover sheet with the
declaration signed. These assessed work cover sheets can be obtained on the module and
course pages on BlackBoard.

Once the work has a FULLY completed and signed cover sheet attached, it should be
submitted through the assignment drop-box on BlackBoard.
Deadlines for Assessments

In the workplace you will be faced with many deadlines. Assessment deadlines will help
you to develop a personal ethos, which will enable you to cope with tight work schedules.
We expect work to be handed in on time.

A deadline is set at a particular time on a particular day and work submitted after this
time without an extension granted by the relevant retention tutor will be penalised.

If you submit work late and unauthorised, a universal penalty will be applied in relation to
your work:
     • If you submit work within 5 working days following the published submission
         date you will obtain the minimum pass mark for that element of assessment.
     • Work submitted later than 5 working days after the published submission date
         will be awarded a mark of 0% for that element of assessment.
     • Unauthorised late submission at resubmission will automatically be awarded a
         mark of 0% for that element of assessment

If you have problems that prevent you meeting a deadline for submission, it is
imperative that you contact the retention tutor before the deadline expires. The
contact details can be found on the relevant noticeboard outside MB114.

This regulation is not intended to be draconian. However, since in most cases work will
be returned to students with specimen answers and feedback, it would delay the
return of coursework to the rest of the group if this regulation were not adhered to.
Rather than disadvantage the majority of students for the sake of the few, this regulation
will be strictly implemented.


Assignments must be submitted no later than the date on your assignment brief. If you
anticipate that you will have difficulty in meeting assessment deadlines or you have
missed or are likely to miss in-semester tests you must report this at the earliest
possible opportunity to the relevant module tutor or course leader.

Authorisation of the late submission of work requires written permission. Your School
is authorised to give permission for one extension period of between 1 and 10 working
days where appropriate evidence of good reason has been accepted and where submission
within this timescale would be reasonable taking into account your circumstances
(Academic Regulations).

We aim to let you know if the extension has been granted within 1 working day of the
receipt of the request.
If you are unable to submit work within 10 working days after the submission date due
to verifiable extenuating circumstances, you may submit a case for consideration in
accordance with the University’s Policies and Procedures on Extenuating Circumstances
(Academic Regulations and Assessment Handbook).

Extenuating Circumstances

Some students face significant events in their personal life that occur after their course
has started, which have a greater impact on their students than can be solved by the use
of an extension. If this applies to you, the University is ready to support you both with regard
to your course and your personal wellbeing through a process called              Extenuating
Circumstances (see Academic Regulations and Assessment Handbook).

Normally extenuating circumstances will relate to a change in your circumstances since
you commenced your course, which have had a significant, adverse effect on your studies.
Everyday occurrences such as colds or known conditions such as hay- fever will not qualify
unless the effects are unusually severe and this is corroborated by a medical note. The
University does not look sympathetically on absences or delays caused by holiday
commitments or by work commitments in the case of full-time students. The normal work
commitments of part-time students would not constitute an extenuating circumstance. A
disability or learning difficulty does not constitute an extenuating circumstance (see
Academic Regulations).

Further      information     is     available     on     the    Student       Portal

You can apply for extenuating circumstances online via myUCLan. You must apply no later
than 3 days after any examination or assessment submission date. Do not wait until you
receive your assessment results to submit a claim. It is in your own interests to submit the
claim as soon as possible.

You will be expected to re-submit claims for extenuating circumstances for each semester.
All evidence that is provided relating to extenuating circumstances will be treated in a
sensitive and confidential manner. Supporting evidence will not be kept for longer than is
necessary and will be destroyed shortly after the end of the current academic year.

Further     information    about     the    submission    process    is    available
In determining assessment recommendations, Assessment Boards will consider properly
submitted claims from students who believe their performance has been adversely
affected by extenuating circumstances. N.B. Assessment Boards are not permitted to alter
individual assessment marks to take account of extenuating circumstances (Academic
Regulations and Assessment Handbook)

 What if I fail a Module?

 If you fail a module the Assessment Board may offer reassessment (of coursework,
 examination or both), or may exercise its discretion to compensate the failure of a module
 in circumstances such as significant and acceptable extenuating circumstances where
 the learning outcomes have still been met. In the latter case you will be allowed to progress
 as if you had passed the module. This decision is taken at the discretion of the Board (in
 line with the University Regulations) and will depend upon the specific circumstances
 surrounding the failure.

 However, the dissertation cannot be compensated in this respect and there are strict
 limits on the number of modules that can be compensated within each Stage of any
 degree programme. A compensated module is still regarded as a fail, but an exit award may
 then be made.
5.3 Referencing
 FSCI students are required to know two referencing systems; Harvard and OSCOLA.
 Harvard is the universally accepted method of referencing material in a written piece of
 work, e.g.

 McCarthy, P. and Hatcher, C. (1996) Speaking persuasively: Making the most of your
 presentations, Sydney: Allen and Unwin.

 OSCOLA is the standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities. For example; Author,
      Title in Italics (series title, edition Publisher, date) page
  • D Ormerod, Smith & Hogan: Criminal Law (11th edn OUP, 2005) 123
   •       Graham Gooch & Michael Williams, Oxford Dictionary of Law Enforcement
           (OUP, 2007)
   •       Tom Cobbley and others, The Road to Widdecombe (Bodley Head, 1962)

5.4 Cheating, plagiarism, collusion or re-presentation
Please refer to the information included in section 6.6 of the University Student Handbook
for full definitions. The University uses an online Assessment Tool called Turnitin. A
pseudo- Turnitin assignment will be set up using the School space on Blackboard to allow
students to check as many drafts as the system allows before their final submission to the
‘official’ Turnitin assignment. Students are required to self-submit their own assignment
on Turnitin and will be given access to the Originality Reports arising from each
submission. In operating Turnitin, Schools must take steps to ensure that the University’s
requirement for all summative assessment to be marked anonymously is not undermined
and therefore Turnitin reports should either be anonymised or considered separately from
marking. Turnitin may also be used to assist with plagiarism detection and collusion,
where there is suspicion about individual piece(s) of work.

 You are required to sign a declaration indicating that individual work submitted for an
 assessment is your own.

 If you attempt to influence the standard of the award you obtain through cheating,
 plagiarism or collusion, it will be considered as a serious academic and disciplinary
 offence as described within the Academic Regulations and the Assessment Handbook
     • Cheating is any deliberate attempt to deceive and covers a range of
         offences described in the Assessment Handbook.

       •    Plagiarism describes copying from the works of another person without suitably
            attributing the published or unpublished works of others. This means that all
            quotes, ideas, opinions, music and images should be acknowledged and
            referenced within your assignments.

       •    Collusion is an attempt to deceive the examiners by disguising the true authorship
            of an assignment by copying, or imitating in close detail another student’s work
            - this includes with the other student’s consent and also when 2 or more students
            divide the elements of an assignment amongst themselves and copy one
            another’s answers. It does not include the normal situation in which you learn
            from your peers and share ideas, as this generates the knowledge and
            understanding necessary for each individual to independently undertake an
            assignment; nor should it be confused with group work on an assignment which
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