Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation

Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation
Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency
Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation
•   We focus on designing, developing, and
                        maintaining road, rail, and maritime transport
What does the           routes, arranging winter navigation, as well as on
                        coordinating transport and land use.
Finnish Transport   •   We strive to ensure that transport networks meet
Infrastructure          the needs of our citizens and businesses alike –
                        promoting Finland’s competitive edge.
Agency (FTIA) do?   •   FTIA, in cooperation with the ELY Centres,
                        operates as the primary partner of regional
                        councils, municipalities, urban regions, and other
                        operators in the planning of transport systems.

                    •   FTIA is also responsible for organising traffic
                        management according to a service agreement with
                        Traffic Management Finland (TMF).

                    •   FTIA operates responsibly by limiting
                        environmental damage.

                    •   FTIA is an expert procurement organisation.
Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation
Reorganisation of the agencies
       Interaction map
                                                          Brings its expertise in transport infrastructure
                                                        management and view of the development needs
 Finnish Transport                                      in transport networks into the national transport
                                                                                                                        Transport and
 Infrastucture                                                             system work
 Agency                                                  Adopts transport infrastructure plans and grants
                                                                authorisations and safety permits
 Planning, development                                  Coordinates and ensures operative implementation                Official regulatory,
 and maintenance of state                                       of national transport system goals
                                                                                                                        licensing, registration and
 infrastructure network
                                                             Issuance of regulations and supervision                    supervision duties

Strategic partnership/
service agreement                                         Traffic control company
                                                                                                                        Official duties


Transport Infrarstructure Agency acts as                                                                                •   Competent VTS authority
                                                           Traffic control and management
the contractor for traffic control and                                                                                  •   Responsible for VTS decisions
management services in road, maritime                     services in road, rail and maritime                           •   Provides other authorities with
and rail transport in the state                                        transport                                            up-to-date sea surveillance data
infrastructure network, including services
for other authorities
Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation
Rail traffic

• The Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency
  maintains and develops the state-owned rail
  network, ensures its safety and decides upon
  its use by allocating track capacity and
  providing the traffic control services.

• The Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency
  is responsible for capacity management
  (including network statement, access
  contracts, capacity allocation), traffic control
  and passengers’ information.

• Related work is partly done by FTIA own
  personnel, partly by service providers.

Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation
Infrastructure provides a platform for growth

     Infrastructure         Current spending on     Maintenance backlog
     assets                 ongoing projects        of traffic network

    20        billion €     2.6       billion €     2.6           billion €

                                FTIA personnel,   Number of people the
    Annual budget                                   FTIA employs indirectly

                                                    through projects

   1.6       billion €
                                 experts          12,000
Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation
Finnish Transport Inrastructure Agency
      Organisation Feb. 2019
                                                                General Director Kari Wihlman

                                                                        Transport Network       Projects            Infrastructure              Infrastructure
                                                                        Planning                Pekka Petäjäniemi   Management                  Access and
Communications and                                                      Mirja Noukka                                Jukka Karjalainen           Information
                          Customer relations Anu Kruth
Stakeholder Relations     Communications Hanna Ackley
Anna Jokela                                                                                                                                     Raimo Tapio

                                                                        Transport and           Project             Maintenance                 Infrastructure
Management Support Strategy Virpi Anttila                               Land Use                Management          Magnus Nygård               Access
and Financial Services Financial Planning Jaana Kuusisto                Anna Saarlo             Kristiina Laakso                                Juuso Kummala
Jukka Laiho            Finance Services Elina Tossavainen               Deputy Director         Deputy Director
                                                                                                                    Maintenance Management
                                                                                                                    and Development             Deputy Director
                                                                        Tapio Ojanen            Heli Sissonen       Tuomas Toivonen             Maija Märkälä
Administration and     Document Management Anne Ojala                                                               Simo Kerkelä
Legal Services         Human Resources Hannu Mäkikangas                 Infrastructure                              Inland Waterways
                       ICT Services and Office Premises Esko Hätälä     Planning                Project
                                                                                                                    Tero Sikiö
Laura Kuistio                                                                                                       Railway maintenance
                       Legal Services Virpi Kangasniemi                 Päivi Nuutinen          Implementation -    Jukka Valjakka              Services
                                                                                                Pasila              Railway Maintenance         Jan Juslen
                                                                        Deputy Director                             Services Aki Härkönen
Safety and       Transport and Environmental Safety Risto Murto         Railway Planning
                                                                                                Esa Sirkiä                                      Deputy Director
Security         Safety, Security and Risk Management Petri Rönneikkö   Jussi Lindberg          Deputy Director
                                                                                                                    Engineering and             Riitta Kaasalainen
Heikki Hernesmaa Digital Safety and Security Paul Kinnunen                                      Maria Torttila
                                                                        Deputy Director
                                                                                                                    Minna Torkkeli
                                                                        Steering of Planning
Regional Steering (ELY centres)                                         Jenna Johansson         Project             Track and Rolling Stock
Jarmo Joutsensaari                                                                              Implementation -    Technology Simo Toikkanen
                                                                                                regions             Environmental and
                                                                                                                    Property Issues
                                                                                                Lars Westermark     Susanna Koivujärvi
Railways Markku Nummelin                                                                        Deputy Director     Engineering Structures
Roads Pekka Rajala                                                                              Mauri Mäkiaho       Markku Äijälä
                                                                                                                    Road and Geotechnology
Waterways Esa Sirkiä                                                                                                Kari Lehtonen
Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation
Rail network
and traffic

Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation
Railway Statistics

                            85,7                                      High-speed

    2,500                million journeys
                         made in railway         Length of the
                                                                   railway network,
  level crossings
(main and secondary
                          transport and
                                                Finnish railway
                                                   network         160

    tracks) and
       45                   38,4                 kilometres,
   tunnels on the          million tonnes                          Track kilometres.
                                                  of which
     main lines          carrried in freight

      350                    transport.          90%
                                               on single track.
  traffic operating                             Length of the
points for passenger                            electrified line
and freight transport.
                                               Track kilometres.
Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation
Ongoing development
  projects in 2019
         Road projects                                     Railway projects

1. Park-and-ride parking at the West Metro       14.   Helsinki railway yard
    extension                                    15.   Western track in Central Pasila
2. Ring Road I at Laajalahti                     16.   Helsinki–Riihimäki, increased capacity, 1st phase
3. Main Road 12 Tillola-Keltti                   17.   Luumäki-Imatra
4. Main Road 12, Lahti Southern Ring Road        18.   Electrification of the Turku–Uusikaupunki line
5. Main Road 5 Mikkeli–Juva                            section
6. Main Road 4 Kirri–Tikkakoski                  19.   Electrification of the Pori–Mäntyluoto line section
7. Road connections to the bio-product mill in
8. Main Road 3 Tampere-Vaasa, at Laihia, 1st
9. Fixed connection to Hailuoto
10. Main Road 4 Oulu–Kemi                                  Waterway projects

                                                 20.   Vuosaari channel
                                                 21.   Realignment of Savonlinna
Road projects in basic transport                       deep channel
infrastructure management                        22.   Kokkola channel
                                                 23.   Oulu channel
11.   Road 132, Klaukkala bypass
12.   E18 Turku Ring Road
13.   Road 438, road ferry in Vekaransalmi

Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency Presentation
Planned projects in Southern Finland

● Leppävaara-Espoo, commuter train tracks
● Pasila-Riihimäki II-phase, increasing capacity
● Riihimäki-Tampere, increasing capacity
● Lenghtening of some platforms
● Upgrading passenger information system
● Tampere arena

Rail network qualities

• length of the network 5900
• max. speed 220 km/h
• max. axle load 25 tonnes
• mostly electrified
• Interlocking system and
  Centralised Traffic Control
• Automatic Train Protection,
  ATP based on balises
• Operating language Finnish
• mixed traffic

Rail network qualities

• Passenger volumes 2017
 (journeys per section of
 line), excl. Helsinki
 Regional Traffic

Finnish rail network
• 90% single track
• Southern Finland mainly 2-4

General track usage principles,
Helsinki region

● Long distance traffic (red)
● Commuter and long distance traffic (blue)
● Commuter / short distance traffic (green)
● Ilmala depot tracks (black)
● Freight track to Vuosaari (brown)

               1.10.2018                      14
Helsinki and Pasila, tracks today and
     to-be in few years

● 19 tracks at Helsinki
 main station (long
 distance and
 commuter traffic)
● 10 tracks at Pasila
 (today 9, will be 10)

ERTMS/ETCS in Finland
• ERTMS/ETCS is not yet in commercial use
  in Finland. The Class B system “JKV” in
• Deployment according to the Finnish NIP         FTA publication 42eng/2017
  (see link right) can start in early 2020’s in   Deployment of the European Rail Traffic

  North Finland. Greater Helsinki area in         Management System / European Train
                                                  Control System (ERTMS/ETCS) in
  late 30’s (see the map below).                  Finland - Finland's national
                                                  implementation plan for the European
• The current official Finnish national           Commission in 2017
  implementation plan focuses on the
  ERTMS/ETCS level 1 solutions, but
  studies for L2 are ongoing (for Helsinki
  area city lines) and some in addition
  customer demands for ERTMS/ETCS L3
  by Finnish railway undertakings exists.
• FTIA listens to its customers’ needs, but
  its decision making is based on societal

Network statement

• The Network Statement describes the access conditions,
  the state-owned rail network, the capacity allocation
  process, the services supplied to railway undertakings,
  and the principles of determing the infrastructure charge.
• The Network Statement is published for applicants for
  capacity for each timetable period separately.
• The Network Statement is a legally binding document so
  far as it is subject to the provisions laid down in the
  Railway Act.
• Network statement 2020 follows the RNE
  recommendation for table of contents
• Main updates twice a year

Access contract

• Railway undertaking has to make an access contract with FTIA on the use of
  necessary services with regard to the state rail network and operating
  railway traffic
• It is also possible to agree on other practical arrangements concerning
  railway traffic operations
• Basic services = the minimum access package (covered by basic charge)
   •   Use of rail capacity
   •   Use of traffic control services
   •   Passenger information services
   •   Use of passenger platforms
   •   Use of FTIA’s electricity supply network
   •   Use of marshaling yards
   •   Use of storage sidings, loading tracks and other tracks
• Access contract is made for each timetable period. Normally the negotiations
  for the next period starts at September

Capacity allocation

• Timetables are planned by RUs and capacity is granted by FTIA
   • The capacity information is directly used for all the operational systems such as
     CTCs, passenger information system, invoicing
• The capacity requests for the working timetable must be sent 8-12
  months before the yearly timetable period starts
  •   Request is made in LIIKE capacity management system
  •   RU creates timetables in LIIKE system or provides them as slightly modified
      RailML 1.1 files which include a specific header
  •   Passenger information systems get data from LIIKE
• After requests are received, FTIA starts an iterative process to
  resolve the conflicts together with all RUs
• At the moment FTIA is studying the possibility to take
  a framework agreement in to use

Capacity allocation,
 during timetable period

• There are six special dates per year in which RUs can change their
  working timetable
  • It is possible to make modifications for the timetables based
    on customer needs, for example
  • Only the remaining capacity can be used as FTIA will not change
    the already granted capacity for another RU. Therefore, it may
    need co-operation with other RUs to make changes
  • Requests are sent about six weeks before the change
  • For the passenger traffic, the start and end of the summer
    period are typical occasions to change timetables

Capacity allocation, ad-hoc

• For ad-hoc needs, RU can request ad-hoc capacity by using the
  LIIKE system
  • The six modification dates give approximately periods of two months and
    RUs can always request ad-hoc capacity for the current two-month period
  • Also an integration is available for requesting ad-hoc capacity
  • By law the decision is made in five working days, but in practice, in most
    cases Finrail Oy gives the decision in less than an hour as there is a person
    24/7 to process the requests

Performance regime

• Is part of Track access contract
• There is listed the delay causes that are subject to sanction
 (for IM and RU)
• Values are differrent to freight traffic, HRT trains and another
 passenger trains
• For HRT trains at 2019:
   • There is a sanction if train runs more than 3 minutes late
   • sanction is 23 €/minute, maximum for 60 minutes
   • 1000 €/cancelled trains


                       (punctuality = 0 %).

                       monitored only at arrival
                     • Punctuality of commuter trains is

                       2'30 or more (or is canceled) when

                     • Punctuality of long distance trains is
                       2’30 and for long distance trains 5’30

                       final station then the train is unpunctual
                     • FTIA and RU’s are following punctuality

                       as 50 % punctual. If the train is delayed
                       monitored at departure and at arrival. So
                     • Treshold for delays for commuter trains is

                       for example if a commuter train is delayed
                       departing from its first station its calculated
                       2'30 or more (or is canceled) at its first and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Quality of service / punctuality



          Joulukuu                                                       95,01 %                                                       Joulukuu                                                 83,98 %

     2017 Tammikuu                                                    92,43 %                                                     2017 Tammikuu                                       79,95 %

          Helmikuu                                                     93,74 %                                                         Helmikuu                                                  84,83 %

         Maaliskuu                                                        95,81 %                                                     Maaliskuu                                                         87,32 %

          Huhtikuu                                                        95,79 %                                                      Huhtikuu                                                            89,60 %

          Toukokuu                                                      93,99 %                                                        Toukokuu                                                83,43 %

           Kesäkuu                                                      93,96 %                                                         Kesäkuu                                          81,10 %

          Heinäkuu                                                        95,58 %                                                      Heinäkuu                                               82,07 %

            Elokuu                                              90,04 %                                                                  Elokuu                                      78,69 %

           Syyskuu                                                       95,09 %                                                        Syyskuu                                                82,95 %

           Lokakuu                                               91,06 %                                                                Lokakuu                            73,28 %

         Marraskuu                                                      93,91 %                                                       Marraskuu                                       79,54 %

          Joulukuu                                                    92,56 %                                                          Joulukuu                            73,22 %

     2018 Tammikuu                                                     93,27 %                                                    2018 Tammikuu                               75,78 %

          Helmikuu                                              90,55 %                                                                Helmikuu                     69,28 %

         Maaliskuu                                                       94,67 %                                                      Maaliskuu                               75,10 %

          Huhtikuu                                                        95,39 %                                                      Huhtikuu                                                  84,95 %

          Toukokuu                                                       95,05 %                                                       Toukokuu                                                 83,70 %

           Kesäkuu                                                     93,27 %                                                          Kesäkuu                                       79,72 %

          Heinäkuu                                             89,26 %                                                                 Heinäkuu                                76,29 %

            Elokuu                                                     93,56 %                                                           Elokuu                                       79,54 %

           Syyskuu                                                      94,05 %                                                         Syyskuu                                                    85,93 %

           Lokakuu                                                      93,93 %                                                         Lokakuu                                           81,85 %

         Marraskuu                                                     93,80 %                                                        Marraskuu                                     77,81 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Long distance passenger trains

                                                                                                Helsinki region commuter trains

          Joulukuu                                                    92,46 %                                                          Joulukuu                                75,99 %
Useful links

  Guidelines are only in finnish.
• Railway traffic data. Currently the
  documentation is in Finnish only, but the REST API itself is in
  • Some railway hobbyists in Finland have already created pretty
    impressive applications based on our open data, see eg.

• FTIA contact point:
for Traffic
control in

Background to Traffic Management Finland

• The Finnish Government issued a decision on 13 September 2018 authorising the Ministry of
  Transport and Communications to establish a new limited company wholly owned by the state.

• The special assignment company will be called Traffic Management Finland Oy. It operates in
  maritime, railway and road traffic management and control as well as in the related data collection,
  management and utilisation.

• From the beginning of 2019, the new company and the present companies involved in traffic
  control, that is Air Navigation Services Finland Oy and Finrail Oy, are forming a group with
  subsidiaries for each transport mode. Services shared by the companies are centralised and
  provided at the group level.

• Finnish Transport Agency personnel who were working in traffic control and management, and their
  tasks, were transferred to the new company. This took place on 1 January 2019, and it was carried
  out in accordance with transfer-of-business principles and the personnel are employed under a
  contractual employment relationship.

The relationship and respective roles between
  Traffic Management Finland Oy is a state owned
  company operating in maritime, railway and road traffic
  management and control as well as in the related data
  collection, management and utilisation.

  Finnish Transport Infrastucture Agency is a Finnish
  government agency responsible for the planning,
  construction, maintenance and development of Finland's
  road, rail, and waterway systems.

The relationship and respective roles between
   Ministry of
 transport and                                  Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency

   Corporate                        Strategic partnership agreement

 Performance                                          Traffic Management Finland

    ANS Finland           Intelligent Traffic                                                Vessel Traffic     Clients
                         Management Finland                                               Services Finland Oy

Airway traffic control      Road traffic                      Railway traffic               Maritime traffic
                            management                        management                     management

                                           Laws and regulations
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