G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - PRIORITY 1 - PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE AND ILLICIT TRAFFICKING - Ministero della cultura

 
G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - PRIORITY 1 - PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE AND ILLICIT TRAFFICKING - Ministero della cultura
G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL
     PRIORITY 1 - PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE AND
                     ILLICIT TRAFFICKING

                    The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past

                                  Multi-stakeholder Webinar
                             9 April 2021, 12.00 - 16.00 CET

                                    Chair and Speakers
                                       biographies

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - PRIORITY 1 - PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE AND ILLICIT TRAFFICKING - Ministero della cultura
Session I

                                       “United Against Crime”
                          Intergovernmental, Judicial and Police Cooperation

                                                  Chair

Ernesto Ottone Ramirez
UNESCO, Assistant Director-General for Culture

Mr Ernesto Ottone R. is the Assistant Director-General for Culture of UNESCO.
Prior to this position, Mr Ottone R. served as Chile’s first Minister of Culture, Arts
and Heritage from 2015 to 2018. As Minister of Culture, he created a
Department of First Peoples, a Migrants Unit and strengthened copyright laws
and heritage protections. During this time, he also chaired the Regional Centre
for the Promotion of Books in Latin America and the Caribbean (2016 – 2017).
From 2011 to 2015, Mr Ottone R. served as Director-General of the Artistic and
Cultural Extension Center of the University of Chile, which manages the National
Symphony Orchestra of Chile, the Chilean National Ballet (BANCH), the Chile
Symphony Choir and the Vocal Camerata. From 2001 to 2010, he held the
position of Executive Director at the Matucana 100 Cultural Center in Santiago.
Mr Ottone R. holds a Master's degree in Management of Cultural Institutions and Policies from the
University of Paris IX Dauphine (1998) and a Bachelor of Arts in theatre from the University of Chile
(1995).

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - PRIORITY 1 - PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE AND ILLICIT TRAFFICKING - Ministero della cultura
Session I

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                Speakers

Maria Chiara Malaguti
President UNIDROIT

Bio
Maria Chiara Malaguti is Full Professor of International law at Università
Cattolica Sacro Cuore (Milan/Rome, Italy). She was appointed President
of UNIDROIT on 1 September 2020. She is also legal advisor to the
Italian Ministry for Foreign Affairs on trade matters and to the World
Bank on modernization of payment systems, financial markets and
governance. Professor Malaguti chairs the UNCITRAL WG1 on Micro,
Small and Medium-Size Enterprises. International arbitrator in particular
for foreign direct investments, she supports the General Attorney’s
Office of Italy in all procedures opened against Italy until now.
Until 31st July 2003 she was senior expert in the Payments Systems
Division of the European Central Bank, advising in legal matters to the
Section on Securities Settlement Systems. Already in a previous period
of consultancy at the European Monetary Institute in 1996 she had dealt with issues concerning
financial markets and global governance.
Professor Malaguti holds degrees in law and in economics, an LLM from Harvard Law School and a PhD
from the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence, Italy. She has various publications, mainly
focusing on financial markets, harmonization of law and sovereign debt.
In the past, she has been legal assistant and chief of cabinet at the European Court of Justice and still
practices as an attorney in Rome.

Title of the speech
Private Law as the basis for effective action

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - PRIORITY 1 - PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE AND ILLICIT TRAFFICKING - Ministero della cultura
Session I

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                Speakers

Sophie Delepierre
International Council of Museums (ICOM) - Head of Heritage Protection Department

Bio
Sophie Delepierre is the Head of Heritage Protection Department at the
International Council of Museums (ICOM), which she joined in 2017. In this
position, she leads operational programs, trainings and awareness raising
activities related to the protection of cultural heritage from the museum’s
perspective. She regularly represents ICOM at international conferences on
the strategies to fight the illicit trafficking of cultural property. Previously at
ICOM, she was the Legal Advisor and Institutional Affairs Coordinator.
Before joining ICOM, she served as Associated Expert at UNESCO (Culture
sector) from 2008 to 2015. She mainly worked on the implementation of the
1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import,
Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. As Assistant Specialist,
she actively contributed to the revitalization of this Convention and drafted numerous working
documents and legal notices on the circulation of cultural goods. She also regularly participated in
international conferences on the legal aspects of the cultural heritage protection and as speaker in
regional workshops on this subject.
Sophie Delepierre holds a Master in Law and a Master in Art History from the University of Louvain-la-
Neuve, Belgium (2006 and 2008) and a Master in Art Market from the Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-
Sorbonne, France (2008).

Title of the speech
The fight against illicit trafficking of cultural goods: the international museum community’s engagement
and ICOM’s actions

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session I

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                Speakers

Filippo Spiezia
National Member for Italy at Eurojust

Bio
Filippo Spiezia was appointed National Member for Italy in January
2016. He was elected as one of the two Vice-Presidents of Eurojust in
December 2017. He began his legal career in 1991 as a Public
Prosecutor, and was appointed Anti-mafia Public Prosecutor in 2003. He
also worked in the Italian Justice Superior Council as a member of the
Scientific Committee, dealing with judicial training for judges and
prosecutors.
He served as Deputy National Member for Italy at Eurojust between
2008 and 2012, leaving Eurojust to join the Anti-mafia and Anti-
terrorism National Directorate, for which he coordinated several investigations of organised crime and
terrorism.
At the National Directorate, Mr Spiezia was in charge of the Unit dealing with international judicial
cooperation and was appointed national correspondent for Eurojust.
He is the author of several law books on judicial cooperation and the fight against transnational crime,
including THB and corruption. Mr Spiezia has also an academic experience for lecturing in several Italian
Universities and publishing his work in scientific magazines. He has been invited to speak at many
national and international conferences on several topics of the EU and international Law.
In 2003, he was awarded the “Falcone and Borsellino Prize” for his legal textbook, Trafficking and
exploitation of human beings. He also got an important recognition for his career in 2018, when he was
awarded with the XXIII Prize “Paolo Borsellino”. For the results of professional commitments, he was
awarded in 2019 with the European Prize for the investigative journalism and in 2020, the International
Anti-Piracy Consortium awarded him with the 3rd Anti-Piracy Awards.

Title of the speech
Recovery of pieces of art: challenges in judicial cooperation. Eurojust role and perspectives

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session I

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                Speakers

Corrado Catesi
Coordinator of the Works of Art Unit, INTERPOL HQ

Bio
After a master’s degree in Law, Corrado Catesi began as a police officer in the
Carabinieri Corps in 1993. After working in different operative departments as
a commander (in Corleone, Palermo and Valdagno), he dedicated his last 17
years in the fight against the illicit traffic on cultural property. Out of them, for
eight years, he belonged to the Carabinieri for the Protection of Cultural
Heritage where he was the Commander of two different specialized units. From
2004 to 2008 in Venice, as a Commander of the Venice Unit, competent for
three northeast Italian regions. From 2008 to 2012, in Rome as Head of the
Forgery and Contemporary Art Section in the Operative Department, with a
national competence.
After these experiences in the Carabinieri for the Protection of Cultural Heritage,
from 2012 to 2015, he was in charge on the Works of Art Section in Interpol
Rome.
From August 2015 to date he is the Coordinator of Works of Art Unit in the General Secretariat in Lyon
and in his position he is also the contact point between INTERPOL and ICOM, ICCROM, UNESCO,
UNIDROIT, UNODC, WCO, OSCE, EUROPOL and SAARPCO for all matters related to this sensitive field..

Title of the speech
Creating a National Cultural Heritage Unit

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session I

                                                Case Studies

                                                 Speakers

Gilles Dutertre
Senior Trial Lawyer, Office of the Prosecutor
International Criminal Court

Bio
From 1997 to 2002, Gilles Dutertre served as a prosecution trial lawyer and,
subsequently, as a sentence enforcement judge in France. From 2002 to 2005,
he was posted to the Human Rights department of the Legal Affairs Division of the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Paris, where he served as co-agent of the French
Government before the European Court of Human Rights. During this time, he also
took part in various multilateral negotiations, including for the establishment of
the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced
Disappearance. He was also a member of the Steering Committee for Human
Rights of the Council of Europe. He is the author of Key case-law extracts -
European Court of Human Rights. From 2005 to 2008, Gilles Dutertre practised
as a Trial Attorney at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
He was then recruited by the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal
Court as a Trial Lawyer and later promoted to Senior Trial Lawyer. In this capacity, he has led the case
relating to the attack carried out on historic monuments and buildings dedicated to religion that was
resulted in the conviction of the accused. He is currently leading another ICC case that covers similar
crimes.

Title of the speech
The International Criminal Court and the protection of cultural property

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session I

                                              Case Studies

                                                Speakers

Mariya Polner
Senior Policy Advisor, Enforcement and Compliance SubDirectorate
World Customs Organisation

Bio
Mariya Polner is a Senior Advisor at the WCO’s Enforcement and Compliance
SubDirectorate. Her main areas of work include illicit trade, security, data
analytics and intelligence. Since 2015, she has also been responsible for the
WCO global programme on countering illicit trafficking of cultural objects,
including its strategic, tactical and operational aspects. Prior to joining the
WCO, she worked at the European Commission’s Directorate General on
External Relations and at the European Union Border Assistance Mission to
Moldova and Ukraine. Mariya holds two postgraduate degrees: an MA in
International Relations from Central European University (Budapest, Hungary),
and an MA in EU Politics from the College of Europe (Bruges, Belgium). She
published a number of articles on governance and law enforcement matters,
and she speaks fluent English, French, Russian and Ukrainian.

Title of the speech
The use of international legal framework for customs seizure and restitution: a case study

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session I

                                               Case Studies

                                                 Speakers

Bandar Almalaq
Advisor to the World Heritage Unit - Heritage Commission

Bio
Bandar Mohammad Ali Al-Malaq is a Senior Advisor of World Heritage
Sites at Saudi Arabian Heritage Commission, Ministry of Culture
He attended the college and obtained BSC Degree in Architecture &
Building Science from KSU in Riyadh.
He joined the Supreme commission for tourism (SCT) as an architect in
the Culture and Heritage Program in 2004. I was later promoted to a
Senior Architect in the Antiquities and Museums Sector in the Saudi
Commission for Tourism and Antiquities (SCTA) in 2008. Then I was
appointed by the H.R.H Prince Sultan ibn Salman Chair of Saudi
Commission for Tourism and National Heritage (SCTH) to Head the World
Heritage unit in the Antiquities Sector in 2015. In 2019 I was named an
Advisor to the World Heritage Unit until the transfer of the National Heritage Sector to the Ministry of
Culture in 2020 till today.
He also contributed to several UNESCO conventions including:
• The Hague 1945 Convention and its two protocols.
• An expert from Saudi Arabia in the World Heritage Convention (1972).
• The Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of
    Ownership of Cultural Property (1970).
• The Memory of the World Register.
• the UNESCO Creative Cities Network.

Title of the speech
A view of Saudi Arabia’s efforts in combating Illicit trade in cultural goods

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session I

                                                Case Studies

                                                 Speakers

Zeynep Boz
Head of Department Combatting Illicit Trafficking
(Author of the Toolkit)
Ministry of Culture and Tourism Republic of Turkey

Bio
Zeynep Boz works as the Head of the Department for Combatting Illicit
Trafficking at the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Turkey. After graduating
from the Department of Prehistory at Ankara University, she started her
professional career in 2007 as an associate expert in the Ministry. She gained
her expert title upon defending her expertise thesis on the UNIDROIT 1995
Convention and Bilateral Agreements in 2010. She was invited to join the
UNESCO 1970 Convention Secretariat in 2014. In 2015, she was appointed
as the focal point of UNESCO to the UN Security Council for the
implementation of the paragraphs 15-17 of the UNSC Resolution 2199. She
returned to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Turkey in early 2017. Her
responsibilities include the implementation of the UNESCO 1970 Convention,
organizing training and awareness-raising programmes, contributing to the
planning of Turkey’s policies on preventing illicit trafficking at the international level as well as dealing
with restitution cases, coordinating all domestic agencies for preventative measures. In 2018 Zeynep
Boz drafted “a toolkit for European judiciary and law enforcement” for UNESCO. She holds three
Ministerial awards and several certificates of achievement related to the fight against illicit trafficking
as well as a diploma of Art, Law and Ethics (Institute of Art and Law, London, UK).

Title of the speech
Fighting the Illicit Trafficking of Cultural Property: A toolkit for European Judiciary and Law Enforcement

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                          The soldiers of Venus.
                                  Civilian/Military/Police cooperation

                                                  Chair

Tara Gutman
International Humanitarian Legal Adviser, International Humanitarian Law
Australian Red Cross

Tara Gutman is a legal advocate with over 20 years’ experience in the
corporate, international and NGO sectors. Tara leads Australian Red Cross’
international humanitarian law advocacy on policy and law. Internationally
the Red Cross promotes the laws of war, which include the protection of
cultural property in armed conflict, underpinned by protection regimes
implemented in peacetime.
Tara developed an Australian Roundtable series on Cultural Property
Protection to promote dialogue between the arts sector, the Blue Shield and
the Australian Government. She curated a photographic exhibition on the
destruction of cultural property called Culture Under Attack that toured
Australia for one year and continues to advocate for the Australian
Government to sign the two Protocols to the Hague Convention for the
Protection of Cultural Property in Armed Conflict.
Tara’s previous roles include Visiting Professional at the International Criminal Court (The Hague),
Visiting Scholar at George Washington University (Washington DC) and Legal Consultant to the
Cambodian Government’s Khmer Rouge Trials Task Force (Phnom Penh).

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                Speakers

Eloundou Assomo
Director of Culture and Emergencies UNESCO

Bio
Mr. Lazare Eloundou Assomo is Director for Culture and Emergencies at
UNESCO since November 2018. The entity for which he is responsible deals
with all matters regarding protection of cultural heritage in emergency
situations, restitution and fight against illicit trafficking of cultural objects,
protection of underwater cultural heritage and museums. He is an architect
conservator and town-planner specialized in cultural heritage conservation
and management. Previously, he held the position of Deputy Director of the
Division of Heritage and the World Heritage Centre. From September 2013
until October 2016, he was the UNESCO Representative in Mali and mainly
responsible for coordinating UNESCO’s actions to rehabilitate Mali’s cultural
heritage and ancient manuscripts. In this capacity, he had successfully
coordinated the reconstruction of the destroyed mausoleums in Timbuktu by violent extremist groups,
in close cooperation with MINUSMA, the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Mali. Before being
posted in Mali, Mr. Eloundou Assomo was the Chief of Unit for Africa at the UNESCO World Heritage
Centre, where he was in charge of coordinating the cooperation between UNESCO and African Member
States for all issues related to World Heritage. He is the author of the book “African World Heritage, a
remarkable diversity” published by UNESCO in 2012 and has published numerous articles on the issue
of the conservation of cultural heritage.

Title of the speech
The role of Culture in Emergency situations: Key Developments & Opportunities for Strengthened
Intersectoral Collaboration

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                Speakers

Deborah Lehr
Chairman and Founder, The Antiquities Coalition

Bio
Deborah M. Lehr is an accomplished global business strategist who has
supported leading global firms and organizations to grow their presence in
the world’s most complex markets. Deborah has applied her business
acumen and policy knowledge to launch the Antiquities Coalition, which
works with governments across the world to fight against antiquities
trafficking and its use in funding terrorism and organized crime. As the
Chairman of the Antiquities Coalition, Lehr launched a robust Minister-level
dialogue on how to preserve and protect our cultural heritage and has
elevated global understanding of the linkage between antiquities trafficking
and terror networks. Heritage projects offer a tremendous chance for
business to create opportunity throughout the Middle East and around the
world. Deborah is also CEO and founding partner of Basilinna, a strategic
consulting firm focused on China and the Middle East. She is also the Executive Director of the Paulson
Institute, a think tank founded by former Secretary of Treasury Hank Paulson, which is focused on US-
China trade, finance, and conservation. She oversees their Green Finance initiative including helping to
establish the U.S.-China Green Fund to invest in energy efficient technologies and projects. She is on
the Board of the World Monuments Fund, the Middle East Institute, the International Advisory Board of
the London School of Economics, and the Sesame Workshop Global Advisory Board. Deborah is also a
member of the Council on Foreign Relations. UNESCO has nominated Deborah as one of its inaugural
list of accomplished global women. She also received the prestigious Hadrian Award from the World
Monument Fund for her work in fighting the illicit trade in antiquities.

Title of the speech
The Fight Against Cultural Racketeering: Preserving World Heritage, Strengthening Global Security

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                                Panel Discussion

                                                    Speakers

Paolo Iannelli
Ministry of culture - MiC
Special Superintendent for the areas hit by the earthquake of 24th August 2016
Director of Service 2nd - Emergencies and Reconstructions
Directorate General for Safety of Cultural Heritage
Contact Point- U4H- Blue helmets for culture

Bio
Paolo Iannelli, born in Catanzaro (Calabria) on November the 1st, 1964, graduated from
the University of Calabria in “civil engineering, specialising in structures”, and then post-
graduated from the " Specialization School of reinforced concrete constructions" of the
Polytechnic School in Milano. Since 23rd November 2016 he covers the role of Special
Superintendent for the areas hit by the earthquake of 24th August 2016, the office
carrying out functions attributed to the Ministry of Culture regarding the post-earthquake
reconstruction, operating in coordination with the Special Commissioner of the
Government for the reconstruction, local administrations involved, as well as with other
central and peripheral offices of the Ministry. Since 16th March 2016 he is the
representative of the MiC “Contact Point”, of the MiC-U4H Task Force “Blue Helmets for culture” and manages
every logistic aspect. In the same role, he also teaches at "Unite4Heritage" training courses addressed to
Carabinieri corps – Protection of Cultural Heritage Department (TPC) and MiC officials. Since 1st June 2020,
Paolo Iannelli is Director of Service II - Emergencies and Reconstructions Directorate - General for Safety of
Cultural Heritage. Since 1999, he is in service at the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism,
recently Ministry of Culture - MiC. From 10th February 2012 to 22nd November 2016, he has been Project
manager for Arcus S.p.a.- then incorporated in Ales S.p.a. - in which, among the main activities, he coordinated
and managed the monitoring of about 100 projects of maintenance and restoration of cultural heritage across
the country. From 1st August 1999 Paolo is a member of the Cultural Heritage Security Service with the
qualification of engineer officer. As part of the service, Paolo Iannelli dealt with the management of emergency
plans related to the main disasters that occurred in recent years in Italy (earthquake in L'Aquila, 04.06.2009,
earthquake in May 2012 in northern Italy, seismic events occurred starting from 24 August 2016 in Central
Italy) also in the frame of the Crisis Unit - National Coordination of the Ministry of Culture, as member since its
creation in 2012. In the context of emergency management for cultural heritage, he worked in connection with
the public institutions in charge of managing emergencies: Carabinieri TPC Dept, Firefighters Department, Civil
Protection and Prefectures. Paolo Iannelli is currently the deputy member of the MiC at the Civil Protection
Operational Committee. He has participated and still participates in numerous groups with the Civil Protection
Department for planning, management and testing of required activities to be carried out in emergency due
to natural disasters. Paolo Iannelli also has dealt with the prevention and safety of cultural heritage, with
particular attention to structural, fire and anti-crime safety. In the field of safety and fire prevention, he
participates as a MiC representative in joint work tables with the Firefighters Dept. He has also carried out
numerous assignments for the prevention and management of the man-made risk of cultural heritage and
has provided his consultancy in many projects of fire prevention and anti-intrusion systems in museums. In
recent years Paolo Iannelli has dealt with the raising risk level linked to international terrorism, testing the
security conditions of the most important Italian museums and cultural sites. Paolo Iannelli joins numerous
conferences as speaker on crime and fire safety and emergency management in cultural heritage.
Title of the speech
The Blu Helmets for Culture- Task Force MiC - Unite4Heritage

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                Speakers

Luigi Spadari
Carabinieri TPC - Head of stolen w.o.a. database Unit
Senior Officer of Italian Task Force U4H

Bio
Born in the 1962, since 1983 in the Carabinieri Corps.
From 1985 to 1999 deployed in the specific Carabinieri activities (training,
patrolling, crow and riots control, Carabinieri Station Commander)
After 12 years of experience in the investigation on organized crime, camorra
and n’drangheta style, in the 2013 started to work in the Carabinieri TPC as
responsible of the Italian stolen works of art database.
Since 2016 senior officer of the Italian Task Force Unite4Heritage.
Missions:
− 2011 Kosovo,
− 2016/2017 in the earthquake areas of central Italy,
− 2017 and 2018, Iraq in the frame of global coalition against ISIS,
− 2019 - 2020, Iraq as senior strategic adviser on cultural heritage protection of European Union
    Advisory Mission (EUAM Iraq),
− 2020, Lebanon after the explosions in Beirut,
− 2021, Croatia after the earthquakes.

Title of the speech
The Carabinieri TPC and Italian Task Force Unite4Heritage

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                               Case Studies

                                                 Speakers

Burcu Özdemir
Chief of the International Combatting Against Illicit Trafficking Unit
Ministry of Culture and Tourism Republic of Turkey

Bio
Burcu Özdemir is the chief of the International Combatting Against Illicit
Trafficking Unit within the Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Turkey. She is
in charge of bilateral negotiations, analysis of reports, and the unit’s
cooperation with International Organizations and law-enforcement
authorities.
Before joining the International Combatting Against Illicit Trafficking Unit in
the Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism, between 2014-2020 she
worked as a programme specialist in the Europe and North America Unit
within the World Heritage Centre in UNESCO (Paris). This role included
overseeing the state of conservation of World Heritage properties in
Western and Northern Europe and leading several projects and
publications.
From 2004 to 2014, she worked in the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of
the Republic of Turkey in various departments including Museums, Archaeological Excavations, Projects
coordination, etc. Her expertise thesis in the Ministry, was on ‘Rescue Excavations in the Urban Areas:
The Marmaray Project in Istanbul’ which she defended in 2008. Burcu Özdemir was a member of the
team preparing the Cultural Development and Action Plan for the Areas of the Seljuq Empire.
Burcu Özdemir is an archaeologist and holds a Master of Arts in Classical Archaeology in Turkey. During
her studies and professional life, she participated in many excavation fieldworks including in Arycanda,
Antalya; Magnesia on the Maeander, Aydin as well as in an archeological survey of the Ancient site of
Erythreia in Izmir, Turkey.

Title of the speech
Restitution of the sarcophagus of Sidamara

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                                Case Studies

                                                  Speakers

Noemí Cortés Gallardo Mondragón
Deputy Director of Interinstitutional Relations, Linking Community and Fundraising at the World
Heritage Direction in INAH. Represented to the General Director of National Institute of Anthropology
and History

Bio
Bachelor degree in restoration of cultural heritage from the National
Conservation, Restoration and Museography school "Manuel del Castillo de
Negrete”, Mexico, post graduate degree in museography in the same
academic institution.
Master (MA) in Art: decoding of the visual image, by the Hellenic Institute,
Mexico. She has been working at the INAH (National Institute of
Anthropology and History) in different areas around the conservation of
cultural assets, at illicit trafficking program of cultural heritage, on
preventive conservation and training for various actors involved in the
conservation of cultural assets for 24 years. Almost 10 years, she
contributed in the National Museum of History and National Coordination
for Conservation of Cultural Heritage.
She was collaborating in the Conservation and Protection of the
Presidential Collections at the National Palace during the past six-year term, having responsibility for
the preservation, preventive conservation in exhibition spaces, movement of collections, as well as
monitoring the protocol issues and collaboration of distinguished visitors and inter-institutional linkage.

Title of the speech
Against illicit traffic of cultural property: a solid chain between Italy and Mexico

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                              Case Studies

                                                Speakers

Suani Gabriela Ramos Alvarado
Agente Mayor of the National Guard

Bio
Degree in Communication Sciences from the University of Sonora.
Functions focused on crime prevention, proximity policing and social
intelligence.
Assignments: Specialized Area in Analysis, Processing and Investigation of
the crime scene, and to the Operational Technical Group dedicated to
production activities.
Currently attached to the Management Control Desk of the General
Directorate of Special Services of the National Guard.

Title of the speech
The National Guard in defense of Cultural Heritage

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                              Case Studies

                                                Speakers

Nico Schouten
Senior Inspector at the Information and Heritage Inspectorate
Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of The Netherlands

Bio
Trained as a Museums Collections Manager, Nico Schouten held various
positions in different museums and a sector support organization before
entering the Information and Heritage Inspectorate in 2002. At the Inspectorate,
he is concerned with supervision on the management of State Museums
collections and on the import and expoert of cultural goods.

Title of the speech
Joint execution of tasks by Information and Heritage Inspectorate and Customs in The Netherlands

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                                Case Studies

                                                  Speakers

Huo Zhengxin
School of International Law
Department of Strategic Development and Discipline Construction
China University of Political Science and Law

Bio
Zhengxin HUO is currently a professor of law at China University of Political Science
and Law (CUPL). He is an observer of the UNESCO 1970 Convention, an associate
member of the International Academy of Comparative Law, and a vice chairman
of the Law Committee of China Society of Museum.
Prof. Huo’s principal areas of research include international law, comparative law
and culture heritage law. He is a leading Chinese scholar in the areas of the
protection of cultural property, the restitution and return of cultural property, as
well as the UNESCO conventions of cultural heritage, and he has published
extensively in these areas. He may be contacted at zhengxinh@cupl.edu.cn, or
huozhengxin@hotmail.com.

Title of the speech
Fight against Illicit Traffic Trafficking of Cultural Property: the Chinese Experience

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session II

                                              Case Studies

                                                Speakers

Valentin Payraud
Finances Judicial Investigation Service - Investigator

Bio
Customs inspector since 2003, first investigator specialized in industrial goods
until 2007, then and until now judicial investigator in Finances Judicial
Investigation Service. Specialized in money laundering and cultural goods
trafficking.
Trainer in cultural goods regulations and anti-cultural goods smuggling
(especially: trainings at La Rochelle French customs school 2017-2020 ; UE
conference at Sofia (2018) ; WCO workshop in Tunisia in April 2017 ; trainings
of Iraki, Libyan and Chinese delegations at Institut National du Patrimoine -
Heritage National Institute, 2016/ 2017 ; study day at Poitiers University,
March 2016 ;
trainings in Libya at a UNESCO organized seminar, November 2013 ; regular
trainings of the French magistrates and policemen in partnership with the Ministry of Cultural Affairs).
Trainer in customs criminal law in the Criminal law Master's of Paris X University (since 2014).
Trainer for the WCO project COPES (Compendium of Customs Operational Practices for Enforcement
and Seizures).
Trainer in management of criminal dossiers and cooperation with judicial authorities in Pristina for
Kosovo customs (2015)

Title of the speech
Cultural goods: an example of a joint investigation by customs and police

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session III

                       The protection to come. New technologies and new eyes

                                                  Chair

Alfio Gullotta
Training and Study Unit Head, Carabinieri Command for Protection of Cultural Heritage

Bio
Degree in Law, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, 2004.
Degree in Security Studies, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, 2017, cum laude.
Master II Level in “New strategies of analysis and planning”, University “Niccolò
Cusano” of Rome, 2015. Joined the Carabinieri in 1999. Attended the Military
Academy of Modena and then the Carabinieri Officers’ School in Rome.
Has been Commander of Platoon in the 7° Carabinieri Regiment (2004 – 2006),
a Unit that performs Peace Keeping Operations abroad. He then commanded
two Carabinieri Companies, in Palmanova (UD) (2007-2012), northern Italy, and
in Sicily (2012-2016), Misilmeri (PA), a small town between Palermo and the
notorious Corleone, where he performed complex investigations on organized
criminality.
He has served many times abroad, in Iraq in 2005, as platoon commander on a Multinational
Specialized Unit Regiment, performing police and military operations in the Dhi Qar Province. In 2006
was Legal Advisor of the Commander of ITALFOR Kabul Regiment in Afghanistan. In 2009-2010, again
in Afghanistan, was Chief of Staff of the Carabinieri training Unit of Adraskan. In 2011-2012 in
Folkestone (UK) has been Police Advisor for the British Army in the final Command Field Exercise for
British troops prior to deployment to Afghanistan.
Since October 2016 he is Head of the Training and Study Unit of the Carabinieri Command for The
Protection of Cultural Heritage (CC TPC), responsible for all the training activity of the Command both in
Italy and abroad. He is also part of the “Unite4Heritage” Task Force (the so called “Blue Helmets of
Culture”). Since November 2019 he is also Civilian Coordinator for Training on Cultural Heritage
Protection
For the European Union Civilian Training Group (EUCTG).
Attended in 2017 the Specialization Course in Cultural Heritage Protection for personnel employed in
the CC TPC.
Attended in 2018 the Course “Preventing Illicit Trafficking – Protecting Cultural Heritage” organized by
the Smithsonian Institution in coordination with U.S. Immigration and Custom Enforcement and the U.S.
Cultural Heritage Center.
Attended in 2018 the Qualification course for personnel of the “Unite4Heritage” Task Force.
    • Participated as speaker to the “7th South Asian Conference on International Humanitarian Law -
        Protection of Cultural Property and Armed Conflict” (Katmandu, Nepal, 20-23 August 2017).
    • Participated as speaker to the “Seminar on Protection of Heritage Under Armed Conflicts”
        organized by the Swedish institute of Alexandria (Alexandria, Egypt, 28-29 September 2017).
Publications:
    • The Protection of Cultural Heritage: The Experience of the Italian Carabinieri Command, in
        “Contested Holy Cities: The Urban Dimension of Religious Conflicts”, edited by Michael Dumper,
        Routledge, London, May 31, 2019.

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session III

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                 Speakers

Anas Al Khabour
Researcher - Lund University, Sweden

Bio
EDUCATION
2001 BA Archaeology; Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Damascus
University.
2010 Master Archaeology; PhD program: Cultures in Contact with Ancient
Mediterranean, University Autonoma of Madrid, Spain.
2012 Master translation Spanish-Arabic-Spanish, Institute of Modern
Languages and Translators, University of Complutense of Madrid. Spain.
2012 PhD Archaeology; PhD program: Cultures in Contact with Ancient
Mediterranean. Department of Ancient History, Medieval, Paleography and
Diplomacy, Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, University Autonoma of Madrid, Spain.
EMPLOYMENT AND WORK EXPERIENCE:
2020 Oct- till present Researcher, Lund University, Sweden.
2019 Oct-2020 Sept Researcher, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
2018 Curator of the Ancient Middle East Collection and Endangered Cultural Heritage, National
Museums of World Cultures, Sweden.
2016-2018 Researcher and Guest Lecturer, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
2015-2016 Senior Archaeologist, Heritage Halland, Sweden.
2014 Postdoc Researcher, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
2008-2012 Attaché Cultural, Syrian Centre of Madrid, Spain.
2003-2008 Director of the National Museum of Raqqa, Syria.
PUBLICATIONS (ANTHOLOGY):
Ohnuma, K., Al-Khabour, A. (2008): Archaeological Research in the Bishri Region: Report of the Second
Working Season. Al-Rafidan: journal of western Asiatic studies, Vol 29, pp. 134–149. Tokyo, Japan.
ISSN: 0285- 4406. Published by the Institute for Cultural Studies of Ancient Iraq, Kokushikan University,
Tokyo, JAPAN.
Al- Khabour, A. et all (2010): Early Bronze Age strata at Tell Ghanem Al- Ali along the middle Euphrates
in Syria: a preliminary report of 14C dating results. in Radiocarbon, Vol 52, no2, pp. 383-392. University
of Arizona, USA. ISSN: 0033-8222.
Al Khabour, A. (2015): El conflicto armado en Siria y su repercusión sobre el Patrimonio Cultural: Vol. I:
Inventario del Patrimonio Cultural afectado en la provincia de Deir Ez-Zor (marzo 2011-mazro 2015).
ISBN: 978-84-606- 7735-2, ISBN 978-84-606-9619-3. Published on the UNESCO; The Observatory of
Syrian Cultural Heritage.
https://ar.unesco.org/syrian-observatory/sites/syrian-observatory/files/reports/ANAS_VOL_I.pdf
Al Khabour, A. (2016): Arslan Tash, in: One hundred sites tell us the history of Syria. Edited by Youssef
Kanjou and Akira Tsuneki, ISBN 978 1 78491 381 6, ISBN 978 1 78491 382 3 (e-Pdf), pp. 297-299,
Archaeopress Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
Al Khabour, A. (2018): Il ruolo della Legge sulle Antichità Siriane per la protezione del patrimonio
culturale fino allo scoppio della guerra civile in Siria nel 2011. In: Astarté. Estudios del Oriente Próximo
y el Mediterráneo. Vol. 1, pp.1-13. UCOPress, Editorial Universidad de Córdoba, Spain.

Title of the speech
Archaeological research and cultural resource management standards and best practices

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session III

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                Speakers

Jorge A. Sánchez Cordero
President of the Mexican Center of Uniform Law

Bio
German bachelor’s diploma (Deutsches Abitur). Gabino Barreda Silver Medal
awarded by the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Gold
Medal awarded by the Government of Mexico as the best university Student
in the years of 1969/1974. Magna cum laude in his Juris Doctor dissertation.
PhD awarded by Pantheon-Assas University (Paris II). Doctoral dissertation
conferred the mention Tres honorable avec la félicitation du jury. Silver Medal
awarded by the Henri Capitant Association. awarded as Chevalier by the
French Government under the Ordre National du merit for his contributions to
Human Cultural Heritage.
Practitioner and public notary in Mexico City. Judge at the Electoral Federal
Court. Representative of the Government of Mexico in several diplomatic
conferences. he served as Vice President of the diplomatic conference which approved the UNIDROIT
Cultural Convention in Rome in 1995. he was recently nominated as an Emeritus Consultant of the
Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Chair of the Mexican Branch of the Henri Capitant Association. member of the American Law Institute
and Fellow of the European Law Institute. member of the Governing Council and of the Permanent
Committee of the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT). President of the
General Assembly of UNIDROIT (2020-2021).
Member of the International Committee on Legal, Administrative and Financial Issues (ICLAFI) of the
International Committee of Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS). Member of the Committee on Participation
in Global Cultural Heritage Governance of the International Law Association. Member and former Vice
President of the International Academy of Comparative Law.
Member of the Executive Committee of the International Association of Legal Science UNESCO (IALS).
Honorary member of the Royal Spanish Academy of Legislation and Jurisprudence. Director of the
Mexican Center of Uniform Law.
Author and editor of various books written and translated in different languages, and of several articles
and essays published in Mexican and international reviews. member of several editorial boards such as
the International Journal of Cultural Property edited by Princeton University.

Title of the speech
In the search of consensus in new Cultural Projects

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session III

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                Speakers

Salvatore Rapicavoli
Carabinieri General Headquarters – SWOADS project designer

Bio
Major Salvatore Rapicavoli, Electronic Engineer, specialized in
Telecommunications, currently working at the Telematics Department of the
Carabinieri General Headquarters., from 2013 to 2020 handled the
administration, the evolution and the management of the Stolen Works of Art
database and LEONARDO, the information system of the Carabinieri TPC.
During his other previous assignments, he dealt with IT centralized systems, at
the Carabinieri General Headquarters.
Before to undertake his military career, as a Carabinieri Officer, had job
experiences in the field of telecommunications technologies, computer system
validation for the pharmaceutical industry, and software project management.

Title of the speech
SWOADS (Stolen Works of Art Detection System)

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session III

                                             Panel Discussion

                                                Speakers

Agnese Ratzenberger
Y20 Head of Delegation

Bio
Agnese Ratzenberger is Head of Delegation of the Culture Working Group for
the Y20, the G20 engagement group dedicated to young people. She is part
of the Young Ambassadors Society, the association in charge of the Y20 Italy
2021.
Furthermore, she has five years of experience working at United Nations
agencies in Brussels, where she covers policy and partnerships. A European
citizen, she speaks five languages and holds a Master of Science in business
administration from the University of Rome “Tor Vergata”.

Title of the speech
The challenge of next generations to supporting cooperation in the protection
of cultural heritage

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session III

                                                     Case Studies

                                                      Speakers

Ciraj Rassool
Senior Professor - Director of the African Programme in Museum and Heritage Studies
Department of History, University of the Western Cape (South Africa)

Bio
Ciraj Rassool is Senior Professor of History at the University of the Western Cape
(UWC) in South Africa, where he also teaches Museum and Heritage Studies and
Curatorship. Among his latest publications are The Politics of Heritage in Africa:
Economies, Histories and Infrastructures (New York 2015), co-edited with Derek
Peterson and Kodzo Gavua; Unsettled History: Making South African Public Pasts
(Ann Arbor, 2017), written with Leslie Witz and Gary Minkley; and Missing and
Missed: Subject, Politics, Memorialisation (published as Kronos: southern african
histories, 44, 2018), co-edited with Nicky Rousseau and Riedwaan Moosage. He
served on the boards of the District Six Museum, Iziko Museums of South Africa
and the South African Heritage Resources Agency. He was also a member of the
Human Remains Advisory Committee of the Minister of Arts and Culture. He has previously chaired the
Scientific Committee of the International Council of African Museums (AFRICOM), and is a member of
the Scientific Advisory Board for the study of the Physical Anthropology Collection ‘Felix von Luschan’ at
the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany. He is a Research Associate of the Global South Studies
Centre at the University of Cologne.

Title of the speech
Illicit traffic, colonial violence and restitution

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session III

                                              Case Studies

                                                Speakers

Gilda Guerisoli
Art Historian, Staff Officer (Res.), Carabinieri Command for the Protection of Cultural Heritage

Bio
Gilda Guerisoli is Art Historian and Second Lieutenant of the Carabinieri
Command for the Protection of Cultural Heritage (TPC).
Before joining in the Carabinieri, she started her career in art forgery
detection at the “Lab of Forgeries” (University of Roma Tre) focusing on
five art forgery cases discovered by the Carabinieri TPC. She is strong
believer of the need to interconnect humanistic and scientific subjects in
order to properly examine artworks conditions and protect cultural
heritage. She led her analysis combining historic research with a multi-
technique approach, including UV imaging, IR and False-Color
photography, X-Radiography, XRF, Raman and FTIR spectroscopy (in
collaboration with Chiara Manfriani). Results of these researches were
shown in November 2019 for the Exhibition “In defense of beauty.
Humanistic and technological-scientific diagnostics for the unveiling of
the art forgery" (opening 22 Nov. 2019) and in the thesis “Between authenticity and forgery. Historical-
artistic research and diagnostic techniques applied to the five works by Pippo Oriani”. During that time,
two Academic Advanced Training Courses in “Technologies for the conservation and use of
archaeological heritage” and “Diagnostics for cultural heritage” (University of La Sapienza and Roma
Tre) continued the dialogue among complementary figures, art historians, archaeologists and scientists.
Her previous professional experiences include both private sector and academia. She worked at
Christie’s in Rome, Milan and London, and other well-known institutions from auction houses to art
galleries, dealing with evaluations, selling, customs, transport and insurance companies, curators.
Magna cum laude in her Master’s Degree dissertation in Art History, she holds a Postgraduate biannual
Master (level 8 of EQF) as “Expert in the Evaluation and Protection of Cultural Heritage”. In 2018, she
won the national contest “Generazione Cultura” for 50 young-graduated talents, in collaboration with
Luiss Business School and Ministry of Culture, focusing on Digital Transformation and Communication,
Art and Cultural Marketing, Adventure Lab, Cultural Project Management, Economy and Management
of the Cultural Associations. During her Bachelor’s Degree, she spent a semester in the Department of
Kunstwissenschaften for the field Kunstgeschichte in Munich.
During her studies and professional life, she has covered European project planning and she has
participated in archaeological excavation fieldworks, including Imperial Fora and Colosseum.
Cultural expert for over two years, already in charge of the role of Cultural Director, she was appointed
President of international non-profit association Roma Tre Erasmus Student Network (ESN). The mission
was to enrich society through international students, to provide opportunities for cultural understanding
and self-development under the principle of Students Helping Students. Moreover, promote unity in
diversity and diversity in the unity, love for Europe as an area of peace and cultural exchange and
cooperation in the integration, sharing a holistic view towards internationality, have been fundamental
values of association.

Title of the speech
The “Lab of Forgeries”

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session III

                                               Case Studies

                                                 Speakers

Mohona Chakraburtty                                      Meghna Goyal
Conservation Architect                                   Humanitarian Operations
ICCROM Consultant                                        Assistant Manager - Save the Children

Bio                                                      Bio
Mohona Chakraburtty                                      Meghna       Goyal     is
is     a    conservation                                 working with Save the
architect from India,                                    Children           India
with a master's degree                                   Humanitarian     Team.
from La Sapienza                                         She provides surge
University of Rome,                                      support          during
Italy. She has worked                                    emergencies and works
on several prestigious                                   on preparedness and
conservation planning                                    capacity        building
projects in India, with                                  programmes       during
organizations like UNESCO, New Delhi, and                peacetime. She is currently responding to the
DRONAH        (Development      and       Research       COVID-19 crisis and working with the Rohingya
Organization for Nature, Arts, and Heritage).            Refugees in India to document their cultural
Mohona is currently working as a consultant for          heritage. Her work with marginalized
ICCROMs ground-breaking programme – ‘First               communities has led her to explore the
Aid and Resilience for Cultural Heritage in Times        connection between humanitarian relief and
of Crisis’ that aims to safeguard heritage and           intangible heritage. She is a trained Cultural
reduce the risks of disasters and conflicts.             First Aider from ICCROM. Before this Meghna
Mohona believes, that the key to a resilient and         worked at The Energy and Resources Institute
sustainable future lies in the brilliant past.           (TERI) on Climate Change and Education for
                                                         Sustainable Development. She has studied
                                                         Mathematics and Disaster Management.

Title of the speech
Using technology to integrate heritage into humanitarian assistance - Culture Cannot Wait

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
Session III

                                              Case Studies

                                                Speakers

Riccardo Moro
C20 Sherpa – Civil 20

Bio
Riccardo Moro is the Civil 20 Sherpa, after having served several years as Global
Chair of GCAP, the Global Call for Action against Poverty, one of the widest civil
society networks on the world dealing with the Agenda 2030 with a special focus
on poverty and inequalities.
Riccardo Moro teaches Development Politics at the University of Milan and has
taught international politics and international economics at several institutions
in Africa and Latin America.
Until 2019 he had been also the Executive Director of the Italy-Peru Debt Swap
Fund, that funded more than 300 projects implemented by civil society
organizations and public institutions in Peru to promote sustainable
development in the country, using the financial resources coming from the bilateral agreement in the
framework of the international Jubilee debt cancellation initiative.

Title of the speech
The role of citizens, indigenous people and civil society in the protection of cultural heritage and
prevention of illicit traffics.

G20 CULTURE MINISTERIAL - THEMATIC WEBINAR 1 - The Future Will Give Us Back Our Past
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