La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08

 
La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08
La Palma Airport
              Environmental Management Report 2006-08

Aeropuerto
de La Palma
La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08
La Palma Airport
Environmental
Management Report 2006-08

3    Presentation

4    La Palma Island

6    La Palma Airport

8    Aena activity at La Palma Airport

10   Environmental policy

12   Environmental management system

14   Environmental aspects

30   Training and awareness

32   Audits

34   Environmental objectives and targets

36   Fauna control
La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08
Presentación
Presentation

          La Palma Airport herein presents its third
          environmental management report, this time
          corresponding to the 2006-2008 period. This report
          is a summary of all the aspects derived from airport
          activities and the measures that have been taken to
          reduce the impact the airport activity may have on
          the environment.

          This publication has arisen as a result of Aena’s
          environmental policy and it is intended to inform
          the society at large of the results of its sustainable
          development strategies.

          The airport management is aware of the
          environmental impact its activity has on the fragile
          island ecosystem. Because of this and especially
          taking into account that La Palma Island is considered
          a biosphere reserve, the management has taken on
          a commitment to environmental conservation.

          At Aena we are grateful for the efforts made to
          achieve the environmental objectives established,
          and we encourage both the airport personnel and
          the staff members of the companies conducting
          activities there to carry on this process.

                                La Palma Airport, March 2009

                                                                   3
La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08
La Palma Island

    La Palma is located in the north-western region         Also known as the green island, it is favoured with
    of the Canary Archipelago and it is shaped like an      abundant rain, which gives rise to dense plant life
    inverted isosceles triangle. It has a population of     in which all the vegetation belts of the Canary
    86,062 inhabitants and it extends over a surface        Islands are represented. In 1983 the UNESCO
    area of 708.32 km2, of which 25,005.5 hectares are      declared Canal and Los Tilos, in San Andrés and
    protected natural spaces.                               Sauces, a Biosphere Reserve. In the year 2002 this
                                                            declaration was extended to the whole island. Its
    Most notable in its mountainous terrain are La          main attractions include a great variety of beautiful
    Caldera de Taburiente National Park, on whose           landscapes, with 19 protected nature areas, notably
    border stand the Roque de los Muchachos                 Caldera de Taburiente National Park (designated as
    astrophysics facilities at 2,423 m; Cumbre Vieja, the   such in 1954), with its streams and waterfalls, and
    site of historical volcanoes; Las Breñas and Aridane    the Las Nieves and Cumbre Vieja nature parks.
    Valleys and the deep ravines of the north, including
    Tilos, where the highest bridge in the archipelago      Tourism is one of the mainstays of the island
    has been built.                                         economy, so a good transport infrastructure is
                                                            of utmost importance. The airport is among the
                                                            main components of this infrastructure, while also
                                                            constituting a significant source of employment.

4
La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08
PASSENGERS PERIOD 2003 – 2008
   Year                2003             2004            2005            2006             2007        2008
 Passengers         941,112          1,015,667        1,145,567       1,175,299        1,207,555   1,151,353

Growth by percentage          2003-2004          2004-2005        2005-2006           2006-2007    2007-2008
(Year 2003 – Base 100)           7.92              12.79              2.60              2.74         -4.65

                                      Trends in passenger throughput 2003-08

                         1,400,000

                         1,200,000

                         1,000,000

                          800,000

                          600,000

                          400,000

                          200,000

                                0
                                      2003     2004   2005     2006   2007     2008

                                                                                                               5
La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08
La Palma Airport

           Trade name: Aena
           Centre: La Palma Airport
           Address: La Palma Airport
                     La Bajita s/n
                     38738 Villa de Mazo
           Company tax code: Q-2822001-J

           La Palma Airport belongs to the public company Aena, Spanish Airports and Air
           Navigation.

           It is located in the eastern part of the island, in the municipality of La Villa de Mazo,
           on the coast, eight kilometres from the capital Santa Cruz de La Palma, and at a similar
           distance from the towns that have undergone the greatest population growth in
           recent years: Breña Alta and Breña Baja. The largest tourist complex on the island,
           Cancajos, is located in Breña Baja.

           History of the airport

           After the studies made necessary by the special island terrain and climate, the first
           airport, called Buenavista, was opened on July 19 1955, in the municipality of Breña
           Alta.

           In 1970, this airport ceased to operate and a new one located in Villa de Mazo went
           into service. It had one runway oriented at 01º-19º. The south end (threshold) was
           called 01 and the north threshold was called 19. At that time the runway was 1,700 m
           long, there was an aircraft apron, and a 1,500 m2 terminal building.

           In 1980 the runway was extended by 500 m so that it could be used by jet aeroplanes.
           This was accomplished by building a large breakwater that enabled the creation of a
           landfill.

6
La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08
The increasing air traffic made it necessary to build new facilities, which were opened
in 1984. These consisted in a newly built 5,700 m2 two-storey terminal, a larger paved
area and car park, providing over 900 parking places.

In the year 2005 construction work began to improve and expand the airport facilities.
These projects include:

         new passenger terminal building with 30,000 m2 of surface area projected
        A
        to enter into service in the year 2010.

        A new control tower.

         xpansion of the aircraft apron, part of which entered into service in the year
        E
        2008. It will reach its maximum capacity, which is twice that of the current
        capacity, when the new terminal is completed.

         ew access roads and 2,600 parking places, some of which are already in
        N
        service.

                                                                                           7
La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08
Aena activity at La Palma Airport

           The sphere of application of the EMS (Environmental Management
           System) encompasses the management and maintenance activities
           of La Palma Airport’s facilities, infrastructures and services.

           We can highlight the following activities and services:

                Generation of emergency power

                Power supply

                Water supply

8
La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08
 aintenance of facilities (electrical system, waterworks, air
M
conditioning, landscaping, computer system, etc.)

Wastewater treatment

Maintenance of company vehicles

Rescue and fire-fighting

Waste collection

Administrative and sales activities

                                                                 9
La Palma Airport Environmental Management Report 2006-08
Environmental policy

     The basic pillars of environmental management of La Palma Airport are defined in
     Aena’s environmental policy, which was approved by Aena’s Chief Executive Officer
     on June 2, 2003 and is applicable to all the network airports:

           espect and protect the environment as a basic objective in the management of
          R
          the activities Aena conducts with regard to airports and air navigation, as well as
          aeronautical and related business developments.

           ake the development of air traffic compatible with environmental conservation,
          M
          so that today’s acts are not detrimental to the quality of life of future generations,
          thereby fostering sustainable development.

           stablish procedures to ensure updated familiarity and compliance with the
          E
          legal requisites pertinent to Aena’s activities, and other applicable requisites.

          Implement an Environmental Management System in every centre in accordance
           with this Environmental Policy that will permit the periodic concretion of
           environmental objectives and targets, and systematically control and evaluate
           their level of compliance in order to ensure continual improvement and pollution
           prevention.

          romote actions designed to minimise sound levels and to bolster the preservation
         P
         of the quality of life of the population in the airport vicinity.

           revent atmospheric pollution that may be associated with Aena activities, taking
          P
          advantage of the technological and economic means avail able, minimising
          chemical emissions and establishing adequate mechanisms of control, monitoring
          and correction.

10
Encourage environmentally sound reuse, recycling and management of waste.

Rationalise the consumption of energy and natural resources through energy
efficiency and the progressive use of renewable energy sources.

 ct in a transparent manner with the administrations, institutions and communities
A
in the areas where Aena conducts activities and co-operate fully with them in the
prevention of possible environmental impacts that could result from activities
associated with air transport.

 ommunicate the Environmental Policy to all Aena employees, contractors and
C
concessionaires, and make it available to its clients and the society at large.

Foster the environmental conscientiousness of personnel through environmental
awareness training programmes instilling the importance of their performing
their tasks correctly and encouraging them to play their part in complying with
the objectives.

 eriodically accommodate this Environmental Policy to the new objectives of the
P
organisation, adapting it to any new circumstances that may arise.

                                                                                      11
Environmental management system

                      Environmental management system

                      Owing to society’s necessarily increasing sensitivity toward the
                      environment, sustainable development and recycling, these
                      facets have become incorporated into work methods with specific
                      objectives and targets taken on by many modern industries.

                      By implementing and maintaining an Environmental Management
                      System (EMS), this airport demonstrates its sensitivity toward its
                      surroundings, embracing a commitment to guarantee the quality
                      of all its services and to conduct its activities through respect and
                      protection of the environment. This EMS was certified in the
                      year 2001 in accordance with the international standards ISO
                      13001:2004, and its certification has been renewed ever since.

                      The implementation of the system facilitates compliance with
                      the current environmental legislation and ensures controls
                      of all the activities that may directly or indirectly affect the
                      environment.

                      An important part of the system is the establishment of goals
                      in the form of objectives of environmental improvement with
                      established time-frames for their accomplishment.

                      Not only are the environmental aspects derived from Aena
                      activity controlled for the purpose of minimising their impact,
                      but the relevant aspects of the companies conducting activities
                      on the airport premises (airlines, restaurants, etc.) are also
                      monitored through periodic controls to make sure that these
                      companies also comply with the environmental legislation.

12
All the projects carried out within the EMS to abide by the environmental policy are
recorded in the system documentation:

     The Manual serves as a reference for the implementation and maintenance of the EMS.

     The Procedures stipulate the general requisites of the ISO 13001:2004 standards.

      he Instructions establish the responsibilities and environmental steps to take
     T
     with regard to these aspects, clearly and concisely stating the specific tasks to
     perform.

      he Records are documents determining whether a project has been carried out,
     T
     which make it possible to analyse the level of compliance with the EMS.

In the year 2007 an Environmental Information System (EIS) was implemented to
facilitate access to the system records for Aena workers, which in turn became a tool in
the audits conducted annually for the maintenance of the ISO 14001 certificate.

                                                                                            13
Environmental aspects

     Principal environmental aspects

     These are the elements of the airport activities        The airport has established a method for identifying
     and services that may have an impact on the             all the environmental aspects of its activity, both
     environment. They are therefore the core of the         those derived from its normal development (direct),
     Environmental Management System as operating            with a real impact, and those caused by emergency
     requirements are established to permit their            situations (potential) with an impact derived from
     control, follow-up and continual improvement.           the possible consequences of these situations.

     The list of aspects is revised every year in case the   Consumption
     rendering of new services should cause new aspects
     to appear or in case any should be eliminated.          One aspect to take into account in the La Palma
     This list is drawn up so that it can be evaluated to    EMS is the consumption of natural resources, since
     determine which aspects are significant according       meeting present demands requires the consumption
     to the established criteria.                            of water, electrical energy, fuel, etc.

14
Water

The following graph represents the consumption
of potable water during recent years.

                       Cubic metres
         60,000

         50,000
                                                                   Water consumption (m3) – Period 2006 - 2008
         40,000
                                                       Years       (1)
                                                                                 2006           2007             2008
         30,000                                            m   3
                                                                                39,403         30,866            54,440

         20,000                                   This does not include part of the volume of the water employed during the
                                                (1)

                                                construction of the airport expansion.
         10,000

               0
                    2006   2007    2008

Despite the fact that an effort was made to separate
consumption by installing gauges in order to distinguish
that used for the construction work underway, it was
not possible to make a thorough distinction. Therefore,
in the chart they are listed together.

The measures taken to reduce and optimise this
consumption are:

     Awareness campaigns among airport personnel

     Installation of drip irrigation equipment and
      automatic taps

      euse of treated water for irrigating landscaped
     R
     areas

      onitoring of the waterworks on airport
     M
     premises

                                                                                                                              15
Presentación aspects
            Environmental

     Electrical energy

     In the year 2003 the Industry, Commerce and New        La Palma Airport has become the first airport
     Technologies Council of the Government of the          in Spain to supply its own energy. From 2005 to
     Canary Islands granted the La Palma Airport wind       2008 the amount of energy produced by the wind
     power plant, property of Aena, the condition of        turbines ranged from 66 to 95 percent, respectively,
     electrical energy facility, in accordance with the     of the total amount of energy consumed at the
     royal decree 2818/1998 “on the production of           Aena facilities. This has led to significant savings in
     electrical power by facilities supplied by renewable   the cost of airport operations.
     resources or sources, waste and co-generation”.
     That same year the two turbines of the wind power      The wind power plant consists of two wind turbines
     plant entered into service.                            with a nominal power of 660 kW, which provide most
                                                            of the energy needed to operate the airport facilities.
     To take better advantage of the energy produced,       They are located in the eastern part of the airport,
     Aena has signed a contract with the provider of        where they do not interfere with air navigation. It is
     electric power, wherein any extra energy produced      estimated that the production of energy from both
     is sent to the company to supply other customers. If   turbines, from the time they entered into service
     the wind turbines cannot meet the demands of the       until the year 2008, was 11,360,242 kWh, which
     airport facilities, the power company will supply      prevented the emission of some 6,816 tonnes of CO2
     the necessary energy.                                  (0.6 kg of CO2 per kWh).

16
We can highlight the following significant measures to save energy or to conserve natural resources:

     Reducing the consumption of the lights on the airport access roads

     Requesting the installation of a third wind turbine, with 850 kW of power

     Installing 1000 m2 of surface area of solar panels

     Replacing the fluorescent lights of the terminal with energy-saving equivalents

     Installing presence and light sensors, which led to savings of roughly 50% where they were installed

      Aena’s consumption of electrical energy (produced + bought - sold - consumed in construction
                               of airport expansion) 2006 – 2008 period

                                                                                      % of Aena                   % of airport
              In-house                                                               consumption                  consumption
             production                          Concessionaires                       produced                     produced
                                                                        Aena                          Airport
               (airport    Bought       Sold     and expansion                           with                         with
                                                                     consumption                    consumption
             wind power                           construction                        renewable                    renewable
                plant)                                                                  energy                       energy
                                                                                        sources                      sources
 Year 2006    2,148,791   1,974,160    788,225       86,412           3,248,314         66.15        3,334,726        64
 Year 2007    2,357,175   2,474,046    663,775      1,655,080         2,512,366         93.82        4,167,446        57
 Year 2008    2,436,542   2,876,475    455,396      2,295,220         2,562,401         95.09        4,857,621        50

6,000,000
                                                                                                                       2006
5,000,000                                                                                                              2007

4,000,000                                                                                                              2008

3,000,000

2,000,000

1,000,000

         0
                  In-house          Bought         Sold         Concessionaires       Aena           Airport
                production                                      and expansion      consumption     consumption
               (airport wind                                     construction
               power plant)                                         work

      * AENA CONSUMTPION = PRODUCED + PURCHASED - SOLD - CONSUMPTION CONSTRUCTION - CONSUMPTION CONCESSIONAIRES                  17
Environmental aspects

     Fuel

     The graph shows the notable reduction in the consumption of fuel and zero consumption
     of petrol in the year 2008 owing to the elimination of vehicles that run on petrol.

     These results were achieved because of the renovation of the vehicle fleet and
     adequate maintenance upheld through the Maximum Programme (a programme to
     control the maintenance of Aena facilities and vehicles).

                                         Fuel consumption (I) (2006 – 2008 period)

                                                 General-use         Diesel for RFFS          Kerosene
                          Petrol vehicles                                                                        Diesel GS (2)
                                                diesel vehicles            (1)              for RFFS drills

           Year 2006          1,565                  8,613                11,228                8,264                   1,925
           Year 2007           262                  13,536                11,581                8,380                   2,690
           Year 2008             0                   9,408                10,441                3,080                   1,350

       16,000                                                                                                            2006

       14,000                                                                                                            2007
                                                                                                                         2008
       12,000

       10,000

           8,000

           6,000

           4,000

           2,000

                0
                       Petrol vehicles       General use      Diesel for RFFS (1)     Kerosene          Diesel GS (2)
                                            diesel vehicles                         for RFFS drills

     (1)
           RFFS = Rescue and Fire-Fighting Service
     (2)
           GS = Generator set

18
Other environmental aspects controlled at the airport are:

Wastewater effluent

La Palma Airport has a wastewater treatment plant to purify the sewage generated at the terminal building
(toilets, bars, etc.) as well as the rest of the Aena facilities (fire-fighting, power plant facilities, and that
coming from the aircraft bilges, which are unloaded when parked on the apron). In this process of purifying
the sewage, sludge is produced in association with biological purification treatment.

The quantity generated during this period and the result of the tests of the water treated is demonstrated
in the following charts. The increase in sludge is a result of the growing number of airport users and the
increase in the frequency with which it is extracted so as not to overload the plant.

                        Average values from tests run on wastewater from WTP (Period 2006 – 2008)
                                                                                                      Bacterial
                                    BOD5 (*)               pH             Suspended solids         contamination            COD (**)
                                                                                                       (E. coli)
                                                      Between 5.5
          Legal limit           Less than 20 mg/l                         Less than 30 mg/l     Less than 100/100 ml    Less than 160 mg/l
                                                        and 9.5
      Average values 2006            11.91                 7.04                 7.74                      0.00                 17.47
      Average values 2007              8.1                 6.8                   6.7                      0.00                 12.76
      Average values 2008            11.69                 7.07                 11.8                      0.00                 29.2
(*)
    Biological oxygen demand
(**)
     Chemical oxygen demand

                                                                                              BOD5 (*)
                                                                                              pH

35                                                                                            Suspended solids
                                                                                              Bacterial contamination (E. coli)
30
                                                                                              COD (**)
25

20                                                                                       Amount of sludge generated in the
15                                                                                       wastewater purification process
                                                                                         (Period 2006 – 2008)
10
                                                                                                                 2006   2007           2008
      5
                                                                                              Kilograms
                                                                                              of sludge          570    1398           1980
      0                                                                                       generated
          Average values 2006        Average values 2007        Average values 2008                                                           19
Environmental aspects

            The rainwater on the aircraft apron may be contaminated by
            washing away spills that may be on the surface. For this reason it
            is put through a hydrocarbon separator prior to being discharged
            into the sea. To ensure the correct functioning of this equipment,
            a programme has been established for its maintenance and
            cleaning, tasks which also generate waste which is ultimately
            properly managed by authorised agents. Before its discharge
            into the sea, this water is tested to make sure it meets legal
            limits established by the Environmental Council of the Canary
            Island Government.

            The fire-fighting service carries out drills with real fire employing
            kerosene as fuel. These drills take place on an apron fitted out
            for this purpose and, as at the aircraft apron, a hydrocarbon
            separator has been connected there to treat this water before
            it is discharged.

20
Effluent (Period 2006 – 2008)

                                              Emergency spillway at WTP

                             pH               Oil and grease (mg/l)             BOD5 (mg/l)         Suspended solids (mg/l)
       YEAR
                    Legal limit = 5.5 - 9.5   Legal limit = 75 mg/l        Legal limit = 500 mg/l    Legal limit = 500 mg/l

2006                                                          There was no effluent
2007 (February)              8.3
Aspectos ambientales
     Environmental aspects

            Waste management

            The management of urban and hazardous waste is conducted, in compliance with the
            law, through authorised transporters and managers who label the waste and carry out
            a correct segregation, observing time limits on storage and properly fitting out these
            facilities to prevent spills.

                           25,000
                                                                                                   2006
                           24,000
                           23,000                                                                  2007
                           22,000                                                                  2008
                           21,000
                           20,000
                           19,000
                           18,000
                           17,000
                           16,000
                           15,000
                           14,000
                           13,000
                           12,000
                           11,000
                           10,000
                            9,000
                            8,000
                            7,000
                            6,000
                            5,000
                            4,000
                            3,000
                            2,000
                            1,000
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22
Non-hazardous waste managed (Period 2006 – 2008)

                             Plant refuse      Scrap metal      Wood                                            Toner and printer
              Glass (m3)                                                       Rubble (m3)   Domestic oil (l)
                                 (m3)              (m3)      (kg and m3 )                                       cartridges (units)

    2006         36              1,940            4,500         4,300             7,000            75                  144
    2007         32              2,500            4,050          640              7,300            50                  93
    2008         21              5,540            23,160      1,960 (kg)        7,060,00           40                  173

Urban waste                                                    Inert waste

The urban waste generated at the airport (organic              This waste mainly consists of rubble, wood and
rubbish, paper, cardboard, glass, containers, toner            scrap metal generated by the construction work on
cartridges and plant refuse from trimming) is                  airport premises. Once it is placed in construction
managed through the Mazo Town Hall rubbish                     bins and after it has been authorised, the waste is
collection service by external authorised agents               transported to the dump by an authorised manager
(cardboard, containers and glass) and through                  of non-hazardous waste.
companies with waste assessment systems. This is
the case of the toner cartridges and plant refuse
from the airport gardens. In the latter case, the
waste is employed for making compost.

There are specific bins for the selective collection
of paper and cardboard, glass, containers, plant
refuse and printer toner.                                                    Non-hazardous waste managed
                                                                                  (Period 2006 – 2008)

                                                                                                                        2006
                                                               3,000                                                    2007

                                                               2,500                                                    2008

                                                               2,000
            Paper and                       Primary waste
            cardboard      Plastic (kg)       treatment        1,500
               (m3)                           plant (kg)
   2006        579            720               738
                                                               1,000

   2007       1,160           980               1,080            500
   2008       2,700          2,060              1,400
                                                                    0
                                                                              Paper and          Plastic         Primary waste
                                                                            cardboard (m3)        (kg)          treatment plant
                                                                                                                      (kg)           23
Environmental aspects

     Hazardous waste

     La Palma Airport is registered with the Government of the Canary Islands as a small producer of hazardous
     waste. The hazardous waste that is generated during airport activities (Rescue and fire-fighting service;
     maintenance of the facilities and vehicle fleet; passenger terminal and Aena offices) consists of:

          Used oils and oil filters                                                Diesel fuel and petrol filters

          L ead batteries, alkaline batteries, button cell                         Containers of hazardous waste
           batteries and accumulator batteries
                                                                                    Contaminated soil
          Fluorescent and sodium lamps
                                                                                    Solvents
          Material impregnated with hydrocarbons
                                                                                    Healthcare waste

                                                                                    Aerosols

     In order to avoid harming the environment, La Palma Airport carries out proper collection and storage
     of HW prior to turning it over to agents authorised by the Government of the Canary Islands to handle
     hazardous waste.

                                        Hazardous waste managed (Period 2006 – 2008)

                                  Fluorescents   Contaminated         Contaminated                                                     Soil
                                                                                       Healthcare
                   Used oil (l)    and other      empty metal         empty plastic                   Oil filters    Solvents     contaminated
                                                                                         waste
                                   lamps (kg)      containers           containers                                                   with HC
         2006         180             130                0                 68              0              28            0            1.126
         2007         500             58                 30                67              4              0            17             377
         2008         265             79                172                93              0              66           50             244

                     Absorbent                                                                            Aerosol
                                                                           Botton     Contaminated                   Out of use   Components
                      material         Lead       Ni – Cd     Alkaline                                  containers
                                                                            cell      empty aerosol                   vehicles    of discarded
                   contaminated      batteries   batteries    batteries                                    with
                                                                          batteries     containers                     (units)     equipment
                    with HC (kg)                                                                         contents
         2006           260             622         29           96          0.5            0                  0         0             0
         2007           140            1,026        0            42             0           0                  0         5             0

24       2008           146                0        0           132             0          26                  7         0            224
0
                                                        75
                                                             150
                                                                   225
                                                                         300
                                                                               375
                                                                                     450
                                                                                           525
                                                                                                 600
                                                                                                       675
                                                                                                             750
                                                                                                                   825
                                                                                                                         900
                                                                                                                               975
                                                                                                                                     1,050
                                                                                                                                             1,125
                                                                                                                                                     1,200
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           Co            ll        e
                            ba s
              nt                tt
           ae m  a                 erie
        A ros ina
          er                             s
                  ol te
             os              d
                ol con em
      O           co ta p
        ut           nt in ty
           of           ai ers
                            ne
              us               r
                 e con s w
      Co           v eh te ith
         m              ic nts
           po              le
               ne            s(
                  nt             un
                     so               its
                                          )
                                                                                                                                             2008
                                                                                                                                                      2007
                                                                                                                                                             2006

                        fd
                     eq is
                        ui ar  c
                            pm de
                                 en d
                                     t

25
Environmental aspects

                                Hazardous waste managed
                                   (Period 2006 – 2008)

                                                               2006
                             14,000                            2007
                             12,000                            2008

                             10,000

                              8,000

                              6,000

                              4,000

                              2,000

                                    0
                                            Sludge        Electrical
                                        contaminated      computer
                                         with HC (kg)    equipment
                                                             (kg)

                                            Sludge         Electrical
                                        contaminated      computer
                                         with HC (kg)   equipment (kg)
                             2006             0             2,089
                             2007             0               0
                             2008          12,600           3,368

26
Assessment of aspects

In order to establish objective evaluation criteria,
representative indicators are used for each
environmental aspect, which permits assessing its
significance. Moreover, for each one a reference
value is defined for comparing it with the
indicator in order to determine whether or not
the aspect is significant. This reference value may
be: the legal limit, amounts over a certain period
of time, etc. Improvement objectives and targets
are established in relation to the aspects that are
deemed significant.

                                                       27
Environmental aspects

                                                              SIGNIFICANT DIRECT ASPECTS

               2005*                       2006*                         2007*                        2008*                        2009*

      Effluent into septic tank                                   Organic rubbish and          Organic rubbish and          Organic rubbish and
                                  Effluent of wastewater
      (Annex building, Breña                                     other non-segregated         other non-segregated         other non-segregated
                                        from WTP
                Baja)                                                     UW                          SUW                          SUW

                                    Rainwater runoff
       Effluent of wastewater                                   Containers (tins, plastic,   Containers (tins, plastic,    Effluent from Moncloa
                                  (point 4 – power plant
             from WTP                                                cartons, etc.                cartons, etc.)                 septic tank
                                           area)

                                                                                                                              Consumption EE
                                  Effluent into septic tank
        Emissions from petrol                                    Effluent from Moncloa        Effluent from Moncloa         (turbines + bought -
                                  (Annex building, Breña
               vehicles                                                septic tank                  septic tank           sold) minus consumption
                                            Baja)
                                                                                                                           airlines + construction

                                                                                              Consumption of diesel       Consumption of diesel
       Consumption of petrol         Rainwater runoff             Water consumed for
                                                                                              fuel by vehicles other       fuel in RFFS vehicles
            by vehicles            (point 2 – Cepsa area)             irrigation
                                                                                                   than lorries           other than fire engines

                                                                                              Total consumption of
                                                                                             water minus consumption      Consumption diesel fuel
       Consumption of diesel      Emissions of diesel fuel         Total consumption
                                                                                              for irrigation + RFFS +         by fire engines
          fuel by vehicles               vehicles                   of water by RFFS
                                                                                                    airlines + AN               (by hours)
                                                                                                  + construction
                                                                  Total consumption of        Consumption EE (wind
                                   Generation of empty          water minus consumption      turbines + bought - sold)           Sludge from
       Generation of various
                                   metal containers that           for irrigation + fire-       minus consumption          hydrocarbon separator
          used batteries
                                   have contained HW            fighting + airlines + AN +    AN + airlines + apron +      of fire-fighting service
                                                                       construction           beacons + construction

              Generation
                                  Consumption of diesel                                                                   Consumption of water in
      of fluorescent and other                                   Consumption of paper         Consumption of paper
                                     fuel by vehicles                                                                        fire-fighting drills
            lamps (Hg-Na)

                                                                                                                            Total consumption of
                                                                                              Consumption of diesel       water minus consumption
        Generation of paint,
                                  Generation of batteries              Used filters            fuel by fire engines          for irrigation + fire-
         solvent and glue
                                                                                                    (by hours)             fighting + airlines + AN
                                                                                                                                + construction

                                                                 Material impregnated         Consumption of diesel
       Emissions of diesel fuel    Electricity consumed
                                                                with HS: rags, paper, etc.   fuel/kerosene/petrol for      Consumption of paper
              vehicles                 at facilitie©s
                                                                  airport maintenance           fire-fighting drills

     RFFS Rescue and Fire-Fighting Service /WTP: Wastewater treatment plant / GS: Generator set /
     HS: Hazardous substances / SUW: Solid urban waste / HW: Hazardous waste / EE: Electrical energy

     * THE YEAR IS THAT IN WHICH THE ASPECTS WERE EVALUATED BY EMPLOYING DATA FROM THE PREVIOUS YEAR

28
SIGNIFICANT DIRECT ASPECTS

           2005*                        2006*                        2007*                       2008*                      2009*

                                                                Consumption of           Emissions diesel fuel
    Rainwater runoff –           Generation of used
                                                             electrical energy (wind    vehicles other than fire         Used filters
   (point 2 Cepsa area)              motor oil
                                                            turbines + bought - sold)           engines

    Rainwater runoff –         Generation of material        Consumption of diesel
                                                                                         Emissions RFFS drills -
   (point 4 power plant          impregnated with             fuel by fire engines                                    Sludge from WTP
                                                                                               kerosene
           area)                   hydrocarbons                    (by hours)

 Generation of materials                                     Consumption of diesel
                                 Generation of empty                                                               Empty plastic containers
   impregnated with                                           fuel/kerosene/petrol         Sludge from WTP
                               plastic containers of HW                                                                     of HS
     hydrocarbons                                                for RFFS drills

   Generation of empty         Consumption of petrol         Emissions diesel fuel                                 Empty metal containers
                                                                                                Used oil
 plastic containers of HW           by vehicles             apart from fire engines                                       of HS

  Generation of empty                                                                   Empty plastic containers     Electrical computer
                               Fuel consumption GS 1        Emissions petrol vehicles
 metal containers of HW                                                                         of HW                    equipment

  Fuel consumption GS 1                                      Emissions RFFS drills –
                               Fuel consumption GS 2                                                               Batteries HW at airport
        (new plant)                                                kerosene

  Fuel consumption GS 2        Fuel consumption RFFS                                                               Hazardous components
                                                                 Wood, pallets
        (new plant)                     drills                                                                     of discarded equipment

      Consumption of
                                                                Ni-Cd batteries                                           Solvents
   electricity at facilities
                                                            Empty plastic containers                                 HW from batteries
                                                                    of HS                                               at airport
                                                             Fluorescents and other
                                                                 lamps with HS

                                                            Batteries HW at airport

RFFS Rescue and Fire-Fighting Service /WTP: Wastewater treatment plant / GS: Generator set /
HS: Hazardous substances / SUW: Solid urban waste / HW: Hazardous waste / EE: Electrical energy

* THE YEAR IS THAT IN WHICH THE ASPECTS WERE EVALUATED BY EMPLOYING DATA FROM THE PREVIOUS YEAR

                                                                                                                                              29
Training and awareness

     Environmental training

     Since the implementation of the EMS in the year              Integral water management at airports. One
     2001, La Palma Airport management has deemed                  attendee. Length: 21 hours
     training essential for improving and progressing
     with respect to the environment. In order to act              nvironmental management systems at airports.
                                                                  E
     in consonance with the environmental policy, all             One attendee. Length: 28 hours
     the people employed at the airport have received
     general and environment-specific instruction,         Online courses:
     depending on the work they do.                             Environmental awareness. One attendee.
                                                                 Length: 3 hours
     The personnel have received both online and
     classroom courses. A summary of the environmental     2007
     training given in recent years at the airport is
     provided below:                                       Classroom courses:
                                                                Basic environmental management course. 48
     In the year 2006                                            attendees. Length: 2.5 hours

     Classroom courses:                                           Integral water management at airports. One
          Basic environmental management course,                  attendee. Length: 21 hours
           environmental aspects and ways of controlling
           them. Introduction to the La Palma Airport      2008
           EMS. 12 attendees. Length: 2.5 hours.
                                                           On-line course:
           nvironmental Audits. 1 attendee.
          E                                                     Environmental management. 49 attendees.
          Length: 14 hours                                       Length: 3 hours

          Auditing Environmental and Quality              Classroom course:
          Management Systems. One attendee.                     Basic environmental management course,
          Length: 40 hours                                       environmental aspects and ways to control
                                                                 them. Length: 2.5 hours
           asic Environmental Management. 11 attendees.
          B
          Length: 1.5 hours

30
Awareness

Environmental awareness has been one of the             Other awareness and training activities that have
strong points of the EMS. This has been reflected       taken place include participation in the different
in the different audits it has passed.                  environment shows held on the island in the years
                                                        2004 and 2006, at the National Congress on the
Achieving the environmental awareness of a group        Environment (CONAMA), and spreading awareness
as numerous and conducting such varied activities       about the airport’s environmental complex,
as the people working on airport premises, and          where the functioning of the disposal site, the
the users themselves, is an endeavour that requires     wastewater treatment plant and the wind turbines
continuous effort.                                      is demonstrated.

The projects that have been carried out since the
EMS was implemented include the production of
flyers, brochures, posters, informative panels and
exhibitions, and the creation of didactic advertising
campaigns, calendars, T-shirts, etc., in addition to
the everyday use of cloth bags, wooden rubbish
bins and so on.
                                                                   Visits received (Period 2006 – 2008)

                                                           Years           2006         2007          2008

                                                          Visitors         412           121          195

                                                            500
                                                            450
                                                            400
                                                            350
                                                            300
                                                            250
                                                            200
                                                            150
                                                            100
                                                             50
                                                              0
                                                                         2006          2007           2008

                                                                                                             31
Audits

              Audits

              Twice a year the environmental management system
              is subjected to an audit process consisting of an
              internal audit and an external audit conducted by
              AENOR, in order to determine:

                    hether it complies with the requisites of the
                   W
                   ISO 14001:2004 standards

                    hether the activities are in accordance with
                   W
                   what is established in the EMS

                    hether it complies with the legislation in
                   W
                   force

              Below there is a summary of the audits of the
              airport EMS, the internal ones as well as Aenor’s,
              showing the number of non-compliances detected
              in each of them. They both underscore a continual
              improvement and consolidation of the EMS. It
              is also important to point out that all the non-
              compliances detected are minor.

32
Audits (Period 2006 – 2008)

     YEAR                    AUDIT         NON-COMPLIANCES

   2006 (July)             INTERNAL               8

 2006 (October)             AENOR                 1

  2007 (June)              INTERNAL               6

 2007 (October)             AENOR                 2

   2008 (July)             INTERNAL               5

2008 (September)            AENOR                 1

                                                             33
Environmental objectives and targets

                       Objectives and targets

                       Every year La Palma Airport establishes an environmental management programme, “Programme of Objectives
                       and Targets”, for the purpose of furthering the achievement of continual improvement of the system and
                       environmental practice at the airport. The objectives and targets of the period 2006 – 2008 are shown below:

                            2006-2007                                                    2007-2008                                                 2008-2009

                                                                                                                                                                       Compliance at
                                                                                                                                                                        the time this
      Objective                  Action              Compliance       Objective               Action           Compliance      Objective              Action
                                                                                                                                                                         report was
                                                                                                                                                                          produced

                                                                    Improve the             Design and
     Prevent soil                                                                                                              Control the
                                                                   environmental              execute                                           Reduce the number
  pollution at the       Prolong the rainwater                                                                               introduction of
                                                                   complex (WTP,        informative panel                                           of specimens
   two points of            system from the                                                                                 invasive foreign
                                                       100%         disposal site,       about the animal        100%                              of pennisetum           100%
 rainwater runoff        outflow points to the                                                                               plant species in
                                                                    power plant)         and plant species                                       setaceum at the
   liable to carry                WTP                                                                                       a surface area of
                                                                     for tours by        in the vicinity of                                       airport facilities
   contaminants                                                                                                                 10,000 m2
                                                                   schoolchildren           the airport

                                                                     Control the            Reduce the
   Decrease the                                                    introduction of          number of                           Improve            Improve the
                         Build two new drying
 volume of sludge                                                 invasive foreign         specimens of                      conditions for      enclosure of the
                         beds to increase this         100%                                                      100%                                                      100%
accumulated in the                                                 plant species in         pennisetum                       the storage of      hazardous waste
                           surface by 200%
 sludge thickener                                                 a surface area of      setaceum at the                    hazardous waste         storeroom
                                                                      10,000 m2          airport facilities

                                                                     Improve the
Improve the WTP          100 m2 of landscaping                                                                                                  Design and produce
                                                                  management of         Direct delivery of
facility as an area      with native plants and                                                                             Reduce the use of    250 cloth bags to
                                                       100%        the scrap metal      airport waste to         100%                                                      100%
of environmental        informative signs about                                                                               plastic bags      give to workers and
                                                                  generated at the          manager
    awareness                 these plants                                                                                                             visitors
                                                                       airport

                                                                     Decrease the
    Control the                                                                                                                                 Produce 23 wooden
                          Reduce the number                           quantity of       Install six bins for                  Improve the
  introduction of                                                                                                                                 rubbish bins for
                             of specimens of                       non-segregated        the segregation                     segregation of
   invasive plant                                      100%                                                      100%                             the segregation          100%
                         pennisetum setaceum                        urban waste at         of domestic                       paper in Aena
species in a surface                                                                                                                             of paper in Aena
                         at the airport facilities                the Aena facilities       containers                           offices
 area of 10,000 m2                                                                                                                                     offices
                                                                     and terminal

 34
2006-2007                                                 2007-2008                                               2008-2009

    Objective                 Action             Compliance      Objective             Action         Compliance       Objective              Action           Compliance

                                                                                    Design and
                                                                  Promote                                                               Design and produce
                                                                                    produce 500
     Improve                                                   environmental                                           Promote           at least 200 copies
                          Direct delivery                                              copies of
the management                                                   awareness                                           measures to         of two informative
                         of airport waste          100%                              the second         100%                                                     100%
of the scrap metal                                               projects in                                       conserve natural     flyers about energy,
                           to manager                                              environmental
    generated                                                 organised airport                                       resources            water and fuel-
                                                                                      report for
                                                                    tours                                                                 saving measures
                                                                                       children

                                                                                                                   Reduce emissions       *Set minimum of
Impart knowledge                                                Improve the       Fit the hazardous                of co2 generated        air-conditioning
about some of the         Plant 200 native                     conditions of      waste storeroom                  as a consequence     thermostats at 25ºC.
 protected plant       specimens to give to        100%         storage and        with electricity      50%             of the          * Replace the 100w      100%
  species on the      visiting schoolchildren                   weighing of       and improve the                   consumption of         lights on access
      island                                                  hazardous waste          enclosure                   electricity at the      roads with 50w
                                                                                                                     Aena facilities             lights

   Improve the
  distribution of
                         Increase the no.
 environmental                                                 Decrease noise
                        of display stands                                            Substitute
 publications in                                              pollution and the
                       for environmental           100%                           falconry for bird     100%
 the terminal by                                               generation of
                       information in the                                           scare devices
  increasing the                                                  batteries
                             terminal
number of display
  stands by 25%

  Decrease the
volume of waste                                                Improve access      Put in place a
                      Install two bins for the
destined for the                                               to the airport’s   geo-referenced
                     segregation of domestic       100%                                                 100%
dump, which can                                                environmental        information
                             containers
therefore not be                                                information            system
     reused

                                                                                                                                                                     35
Fauna control

            Fauna control

            Since the airport is located between a seagull nesting area, to the
            south, and an urban waste dump, a few kilometres to the north, it
            is on the route for these birds when they seek food. Therefore, in
            order to guarantee air safety the existence of a fauna control service
            is a necessity, for it enables the identification of the birds in flight
            crossing the airspace that may pose a high risk of accident due to
            collision. This service also carries out important surveillance tasks,
            detecting other intrusive species, such as dogs, cats, etc.

            The fauna control service, known as the falconer, began operating
            in January 2008, and it has become one of the main attractions for
            schoolchildren and other organised groups visiting the airport.

36
La Palma Airport
              Environmental Management Report 2006-08

Aeropuerto
de La Palma
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