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DEFINITION, PURPOSE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES                                     4    Research infrastructures (RI) play an increasingly        The second national Roadmap was necessary in
DEVELOPMENT OF EUROPEAN RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES. ESFRI AND ERIC                                      6   important role in the modern science world. What is       order to assess the progress of the national research
                                                                                                          this new player of the academic field that has emerged    infrastructures, and identify new infrastructures
LITHUANIAN RI POLICY AND THE NATIONAL ROADMAP                                                        10
                                                                                                          next to researcher groups, laboratories, institutes       capable of representing the Lithuanian academic
                                                                                                          and universities? Essentially, research infrastructures   community.      The   Commission      on    Research
SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES                                                                            are broad academic networks integrating research          Infrastructures set up by the Research Council
       E-lingua (CLARIN-LT) – Electronic Resources of the Lithuanian Language                        16   resources on a more extensive scale than conventional     of Lithuania applied to the already operating
       ESS LT – European Social Survey                                                               18   ones. Such networks emerge for at least two reasons:      infrastructures with a request to update the
                                                                                                          modern research is becoming increasingly costly,          information on their activity, and to the entire
       LiDA – Lithuanian Data Archive for Humanities and Social Sciences                             20
                                                                                                          hence RIs are a method to accumulate resources and        research community of Lithuania with a proposal to
       HUMRE – Research Infrastructure for Human Well-Being and Development                          22
                                                                                                          enhance the competitive potential; furthermore, RIs       identify new RIs.
       PITI Aruodai – Heritage and History Research Infrastructure Aruodai                           24   build the preconditions for international cooperation
                                                                                                                                                                    The Roadmap was updated following an analysis and
BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES                                                                                       or science internationalisation. European Research
                                                                                                                                                                    assessment of the proposals submitted by research
       AEROINFRA – National Aerobiological Research Infrastructure                                   28   Infrastructure Consortia that accumulate the growing
                                                                                                                                                                    and study institutions and a consideration on whether
                                                                                                          academic capital are rapidly growing in number in
       MEDWAN – Biomedicine Data Warehousing, Standardization and Analysis Research Infrastructure   30                                                             the RI is significant at national level and able to provide
       REIA – Research Infrastructure of Experimental Animals                                        32                                                             resources for high-level research and has a potential
                                                                                                          For Lithuanian researchers, an important task is to       to integrate into international consortia. Furthermore,
       CossyBio – Centre for Computational, Structural and Systems Biology                           34
                                                                                                          integrate into such academic consortia, or otherwise      for the purpose of assessment, account was taken of
       INECOM – Infrastructure for Ecological Metabolomics                                           36
                                                                                                          face a risk of remaining in the periphery of the          whether the RIs could ensure open access, employ
       Consortium Biobank-LT – National Networks of Biobanks                                         38   academic field.                                           researchers and specialists of highest qualifications
                                                                                                          The first Lithuanian Roadmap for Research                 who have experience in working with resources of
       INOCHEMAS – Centre of Innovative Chemistry                                                    42   Infrastructures was published in 2011. Issued as a        infrastructures and able to ensure efficient utilisation
                                                                                                          result of several years of work, the Roadmap adapted      of RIs for the needs of not only the institution, but
       LitGrid-HPC – Lithuanian Grid Infrastructure for High-Performance Computing                   44
                                                                                                          the European and global RI criteria for the Lithuanian    also for those of the wider academic community.
       Mechatronika – Research Infrastructure of Mechatronics                                        46
                                                                                                          academic field, and identified the first academic         There is no doubt that in several years from now the
       MNAAPC – Micro-, Nanotechnology and Analysis Open Access Centre                               48
                                                                                                          networks operating sufficient resources to place          third Roadmap will appear compiled in response to
       MAO – Molėtai Astronomical Observatory                                                        50
                                                                                                          the networks in a position equal to international         the new configurations in the academic field, while
       Laser RI – High-Intensity and Broad Spectral Range Ultrashort Pulse Laser Research                 infrastructures, and opened new opportunities for         the present Roadmap will remain part of the history.
       Infrastructure of National and International Access                                           52
                                                                                                          integration with international RIs.                       Thus, our Roadmaps perform a double role: they form
       PTC – Centre of Semiconductor Technologies                                                    54
                                                                                                          Lithuanian researchers took advantage of this             new academic identities and record the essential
       SPECTROVERSUM – Centre of Spectroscopic Characterization of Materials and Electronic /
                                                                                                          opportunity with success: on 22 November 2013, the        stages in the history of Lithuanian science.
       Molecular Processes                                                                           56
                                                                                                     58   organisers of the European Social Survey became
       AChePha– Centre for Applied Chemistry and Biopharmaceutical Research
                                                                                                          part of the RI Consortium of the European Social
       ULTRATEST – Ultrasonic non-destructive testing, measurement and diagnostics centre            60
                                                                                                          Survey; on 28 October 2014, the researchers of the
AGRICULTURE SCIENCES                                                                                      national official language brought together to a
       AGBC – Centre for Plant Genetics and Biotechnologies                                          64   national consortium by researchers of the Vytautas
                                                                                                          Magnus University were admitted as members to
                                                                                                          the European Common Language Resources and                    Chairman of the Research Council of Lithuania
                                                                                                          Technology Infrastructure.                                                               Dainius H. Pauža



    In the modern world, scientific knowledge is             centres, laboratories, etc. However, not infrequently,   archive. The purpose of all RIs is to provide research   employing modern information technologies.
    perceived as an important factor of global and           such a system is fragmented and isolated, and            services under pre-agreed terms; furthermore, they       Such infrastructures most often are virtual and
    local economic, as well as social and political          economically inefficient duplication of functions,       are open for researchers from other institutions or      comprise digital libraries, data repositories,
    development. Quality research is the basis for           impeding the cooperation of researchers and              new institutional partners. Therefore, RIs should be     search engines, etc. accessible via computer
    understanding the place of the man in the world          institutions both among themselves as well as with       perceived not only as a means for the redeployment       networks from the workplace of each researcher.
    and his relation with the environment, the matter        industry and business entities. Strategic planning       of material and intellectual resources available for
                                                                                                                                                                               In terms of research topics covered, RIs may be
    of the universe and the origin of life, as well of the   and management of a broadly defined research             research institutions, but also as a new tool for
                                                                                                                                                                               specialised and relate to research in a single or
    progress of society. Scientific knowledge is also a      infrastructure oriented towards the creation of a        mainstreaming such resources and making them
                                                                                                                                                                               several related areas (astronomical observatories,
    prerequisite for technical and medical innovations       coherent national or European-level research area        operational.
                                                                                                                                                                               nature studies stations, etc.), and interdisciplinary
    relevant for each society. Science is becoming a         require distinguishing integrated or interrelated
                                                                                                                      In terms of their form, research infrastructures         whose resources are made available to
    public good of international significance and one        competence platforms for knowledge means
                                                                                                                      may be single-sited (centralised), distributed           researchers of multiple fields, or even those from
    of the invaluable sources of innovations, economic       or data, or their use, which could facilitate the
                                                                                                                      (network), or virtual (digital). The concept of an       different areas (libraries, museums, information
    well-being and social progress. In its turn that         actualisation of and give meaning to the existing
                                                                                                                      RI is most clearly defined and best established          and communication infrastructures, etc.). Legally
    creates a need to search for new research practice       relations among research institutions by integrating
                                                                                                                      in physical and technology sciences. Due to the          a research infrastructure may be managed by a
    administration models employing which would              their resources and avoiding radical institutional
                                                                                                                      specific research needs in these research areas,         single institution, or by a consortium of several
    facilitate the most efficient utilisation of material    reforms. Such infrastructures are created on
                                                                                                                      the research community tends to use research             institutions.
    resources and the intellectual potential.                the basis of traditional research institutions
                                                                                                                      centres that have and can provide expensive
                                                             as national or international level networks of                                                                    The creation, upgrading and maintenance of
    No modern innovative or top-quality research is                                                                   and sophisticated physical instruments such as
                                                             research institutions or related facilities, with a                                                               efficiently operating research infrastructures
    possible without creating favourable conditions,                                                                  telescopes, particle accelerators, special purpose
                                                             view to contributing to, rather than replacing the                                                                are a prerequisite for the future science of any
    i.e. a creative intellectual environment, freely                                                                  laboratories, etc. The RI concept is also used in
                                                             existing research framework. In this specific sense,                                                              state. However, the successful implementation
    accessible research equipment and a suitable                                                                      environmental and biomedical sciences, though
                                                             a research infrastructure (hereinafter – RI) is a                                                                 of the objective requires not only constructive
    methodological base. To ensure the appropriate                                                                    in those areas infrastructures have a higher
                                                             physically or virtually existing platform, having its                                                             ideas, but also substantial investment that
    concentration and efficiency of research resources,                                                               degree of diversity and complexity. Those areas
                                                             own name and defined management principles                                                                        should be supported by well-thought decisions
    significant attention is devoted to the management                                                                of science are characterised more by distributed
                                                             and providing access for the research community                                                                   of the scientific and political community. In order
    of the research system and the development of its                                                                 (network) infrastructures, in particular coordinated
                                                             to facilities, data and competences required for                                                                  to ensure that public funds are used in a most
    infrastructure.                                                                                                   environmental research stations, biobanks, tissue
                                                             conducting top level research.                                                                                    efficient manner and taking into consideration the
                                                                                                                      banks, bioinformatics repositories and processing
    In general terms the research infrastructure is                                                                                                                            vital needs of the public and the actual capacities
                                                             It is common to define an RI is defined as an entirety   centres. A relatively new phenomenon is research
    understood as an entirety of interrelated structural                                                                                                                       of the scientific community, nearly all European
                                                             of measures, resources and related services that         infrastructures in humanities and social sciences
    elements enabling conducting and maintaining                                                                                                                               states, including Lithuania, draw up National
                                                             the research community uses when conducting              requiring less experimental equipment, where
    research. In that sense, this may refer to the entire                                                                                                                      Roadmaps for research infrastructures specifying
                                                             research: it comprises scientific equipment,             the decisive role is played by information. The
    research infrastructure of a specific state or region,                                                                                                                     the most important needs of the research
                                                             research material, knowledge sources, information        most important requirement for researchers
    or a certain research area or field. A research                                                                                                                            infrastructure and highlighting the strategic
                                                             and communication technologies-based infra­              in humanities and social sciences is a safe and
    infrastructure normally consists of material and                                                                                                                           development priorities of national initiatives.
                                                             structures, as well as means vitally important for       convenient storage, accumulation and processing
    intellectual research resources concentrated
                                                             acquiring scientific competence. However, an RI is       of the maximum amount and diversity of data
    at conventional and well-recognised research
                                                             much more than mere research equipment or a data         and sources, therefore the RIs are developed
    institutions, universities, institutes, research
4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5

         RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES.                                                                                                                                                 THE ESFRI ROADMAP OF INTERNATIONAL RIs1

    Top-level RIs is one of the key conditions for           in the European Union (EU) and globally. The
                                                                                                                          SOCIAL SCIENCES           BIOMEDICAL           ENVIRONMENT           ENERGY       MATERIALS      PHYSICAL AND           E-
    competitiveness of science. Developing and               emergence of ESFRI was caused by objective
                                                                                                                               AND                   SCIENCES              SCIENCES                        AND ANALYSIS     TECHNOLOGY          INFRA-
    maintaining such RIs, however, require substantial       reasons: the costs of implementing, upgrading and              HUMANITIES                                                                       CENTRES          SCIENCES        STRUCTURES
    investment. Small countries cannot allocate their        functioning of research facilities are so high that
    limited resources to a single or several branches        they can be reasonably managed only by means of
    of research. The highly competitive environment          transnational cooperation.                                      CESSDA*           AnaEE        ERINHA      ACTRIS     EURO-­      ECCSEL         ESRF         CTA        FAIR       PRACE*
    requires creating a critical mass of researchers                                                                                                                               ARGO                     UPGRADES
                                                             The year 2006 saw the publication of the first                                                                         ERIC
    capable of achieving a breakthrough in a specific
                                                             ESFRI Roadmap – a European RI development
    area of science and ensuring the efficient                                                                             CLARIN ERIC*     BBMRI ERIC*    EU-OPEN- DANUBIUS-­ IAGOS         EU-SOLARIS      European      E-ELT    KM3NeT
                                                             plan identifying long term strategic directions with
    dissemination of knowledge among researcher                                                                                                             SCREEN     RI                                    Spallation
                                                             a view to coordinating the measures developed at
    groups. Therefore in the course of the past decades                                                                                                                                                     Source ERIC
                                                             the European level and the efforts of national states.
    the European states, in response to the rapidly
                                                             The first version of the ESFRI Roadmap defined                DARIAH ERIC*     EATRIS ERIC*   Euro Bio­   EISCAT_3D ICOS ERIC      JHR        European XFEL   ELI*       SKA
    growing demand for research resources and the
                                                             35 international RIs of European significance,                                                Imaging
    prevailing global trends, directed their attention
                                                             comprising all areas of science. The updated
    towards the development of international RIs.
                                                             ESFRI Roadmap of 2008 included 44 RI projects.
    An essential impetus in this area is associated with     The third version of the ESFRI Roadmap was                      ESS ERIC*      ECRIN ERIC       INFRA-      EPOS    Life­Watch MYRRHA            HL-LHC       EMFL     SPIRAL2
    the Strasbourg Conference of 2000, at which the          published at the end of 2010; and presented 48 RI
    scientific community together with the European          projects responding to the needs of the European
    Commission (EC) emphasised that research                 scientific community. The implementation of the               SHARE ERIC*        ELIXIR*      INSTRUCT*     EMSO       SIOS     Windscanner     ILL 20/20     EST
    infrastructures were one of the key elements of          projects would require about EUR 20 billion, and
    the commonly built European Research Area.               their annual operating costs would account for
    The conference concluded that the development            about 10 % of the initial investment. The year 2014              E-RIHS         EMPHASIS        ISBE
    of the RIs must be pursued on the national and           marked the beginning of the updating of the ESFRI
    international level by integrating and coordinating      Roadmap, the term for the submission of new                                                     MMRI
    the ideas of the scientific community with the           project proposals was until end of March 2015, and
    actions of the institutional stakeholders involved in    a new version of the ESFRI Roadmap is expected
    political and financial decision-making.                 to come out in 2016.
                                                                                                                      Regular – RI under preparation
    The implementation of the ideas put forward at                                                                    Bold – operating RI
    the Strasbourg conference led to the creation
                                                                                                                      Grey – distributed (network) RI
    in 2002 of the European Strategy Forum for
                                                                                                                      Blue – single-sited (centralised) RI
    Research Infrastructures (ESFRI), with a mandate
    to draw up a coherent strategy for the European                                                                   * – RIs in which Lithuanian RIs participate, or cooperate with
    RI policy, develop a common strategic approach,
    coordinate the interests of the parties and
    promote multilateral initiatives resulting in a better
    use and development of research infrastructures                                                                   1
                                                                                                                 (updated regularly)
6                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7

                                                                                                                                       RIS REGISTERED WITH THE ERIC2 AND THE ERIC LEVEL RIS INCLUDED IN
                                                                                                                                                                      THE ESFRI ROADMAP (DATA OF 2015)

    Although according to the EU legislation the            the implementation of the projects foreseen
    responsibility for the development of RIs lies          in the ESFRI Roadmap. ERIC is a legal entity
    with national supervisory authorities, the ESFRI        recognised in all EU Member States, with flexible            BBMRI-ERIC           Biobanks and Biomolecular Resources Research Infrastructure Consortium
    Roadmap and the processes triggered by it               internal infrastructure defined in the Statutes
    demonstrate that in the future increasingly more        of its members. ERIC members may include EU                  CERIC-ERIC           Central European Research Infrastructure Consortium
    common EU resources should be allocated for             Member States, associated countries, and third
                                                                                                                         CESSDA               Consortium of European Social Science Data Archives
    developing, updating and maintaining European           countries that are not associated countries,
    RIs. Thus, the 7th Framework Programme                  as well as intergovernmental organisations.                  CLARIN-ERIC**        Common Language Resources and Technology Infrastructure
    implemented in 2007-2013 provided for about EUR         However, in practice the states participating in the
    1 billion for the development of RIs, and the Horizon   ERIC consortium appoint research institutions to             DARIAH ERIC          European digital research infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities
    2020 programme intends to allocate another EUR          conduct the activities.
                                                                                                                         EATRIS-ERIC          European Advanced Translational Research Infrastructure in Medicine European Research Infrastructure Consortium
    2.5 billion for the ongoing and new RIs. A major
                                                            An important outcome of the ESFRI activities is
    part of the funds will be used to integrate the RIs
                                                            an RI development process system encompassing
    and ensure the open access. Significant financial                                                                    ECCSEL               European Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Laboratory Infrastructure
                                                            all stages, from the birth of an idea to the
    resources are assigned to fund the preparatory
                                                            implementation of the project. The system well
    phase of the projects under the ESFRI Roadmap.                                                                       ECRIN-ERIC           European Clinical Research Infrastructure Network
                                                            facilitates coordinating the interests of different
    However, the major part of the costs related to
                                                            States, organisations and research communities.              EMSO                 European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and Water Column Observatory
    the development, upgrading or operation of
                                                            Lithuania should also review its scientific interests
    RIs is borne by the Member States. With a view                                                                       ESS ERIC**           European Social Survey
                                                            on a regular basis in order to decide on the ESFRI
    to promoting investment in RIs, in 2007 the
                                                            RI projects worth for Lithuania to participate in
    European Commission (EC) in cooperation with
                                                            as a member or a partner. The ESFRI process that             European Spallation European Spallation Source
    the European Investment Bank (EIB) proposed a                                                                        Source ERIC
                                                            has defined clear landmarks for the development
    new instrument – a Risk Sharing Financial Facility
                                                            of the European research capacities in the course            EU-OPENSCREEN        European Infrastructure of Open Screening Platforms for Chemical Biology
    (RSFF), according to which the EIB grants loans
                                                            of the next 10 to 20 years has encouraged the
    jointly funded by the EC to institutions creating RIs                                                                Euro-Argo ERIC       Euro-Argo Research Infrastructure
                                                            governments of many countries to draw up
    in EU Member States and associated states. Under
                                                            similar strategic documents or their national
    the RSFF, loans for developing and upgrading
                                                            RI Roadmaps. The RI Roadmaps of European                     ICOS ERIC            Integrated Carbon Observation System
    infrastructures are provided under much more
                                                            States highlight the need to participate in the                                   Joint Institute for Very Long Baseline Interferometry
    favourable terms than regular commercial loans.                                                                      JIV-ERIC
                                                            creation or use the European RI currently under
    To create a favourable legal environment for            development. The drawing up of the ESFRI                     „LifeWatch“          Science and Technology Infrastructure for Research on Biodiversity and Ecosystems
    encouraging EU Member States not only to                and the national Roadmaps essentially reflects
    accelerate investment in RIs, but also to participate   the important developments in the European                   SHARE-ERIC           European Research Infrastructure Consortium for the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe
    in their integration on the European scale, in 2009     Research Area as the joint and well-coordinated
                                                                                                                         SIOS                 Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observation System
    the Council of the EU approved a regulation on          participation of multiple states in the high-level RI
    the European Research Infrastructure Consortium         operations opens up new possibilities for Europe
    (ERIC). The regulation promotes new initiatives on      to compete in the global arena of innovations and
                                                                                                                    Blue – applicants to the ERIC
    transnational cooperation to develop and upgrade        high added value research.
                                                                                                                    Green – ERIC level RIs, managed by Norway and without a consortium status
    RIs, and provides for conditions conducive to
                                                                                                                    ** – Lithuania is a member

                                                                                                                        Source (updated regularly).
8                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               9

                                                                                                                                     Council of Lithuania set up a Commission for research               supplemented with seven other RI projects selected
                                                                                                                                     infrastructures of the Research Council of Lithuania.6 The          from 26 project proposals received. When updating
                                                                                                                                     Commission evaluates the plans on the membership in                 the Roadmap, the experts of the Council took into
           LITHUANIAN RI POLICY                                                                                                      European RI consortia drawn up by Lithuanian research               consideration the links of all national infrastructures
                                                                                                                                     institutions or their groups, having regard to the needs of         with the priority directions of the smart specialisation of
           AND THE NATIONAL ROADMAP                                                                                                  the Lithuanian scientific community and the preparedness            Lithuania. All the infrastructures included in the updated
                                                                                                                                     of the drafters of the membership plans to participate in           Roadmap implement one or several priorities of the
                                                                                                                                     an international infrastructure. The Commission submits             smart specialisation.
                                                                                                                                     its conclusion to the Research Council of Lithuania which,
     In 2007, the Government of the Republic of Lithuania           research institutions and high technology entities inviting                                                                          An inclusion of any RI project into the national
                                                                                                                                     upon evaluating the conclusions of the Commission,
     drew up a concept for the development of integrated            them cooperate with the working group in identifying the                                                                             Roadmap means recognition of its significance.
                                                                                                                                     decides on whether to approve the plan and submit
     research, education and business centres (valleys), and in     most important national RI projects.                                                                                                 The current Roadmap for research infrastructure
                                                                                                                                     it, in connection with the conclusion, to the Ministry of
     2008, the Government approved five valley development                                                                                                                                               of Lithuanian introduces 22 initiatives of national
                                                                    In 2010, the Ministry of Education and Science authorised        Education and Science. The final decision concerning the
     programmes. The consolidation of national-level                                                                                                                                                     significance. The development and maintenance of all
                                                                    the Research Council of Lithuania to represent the Republic      participation of Lithuanian institutions in international
     institutions of related research areas through a merger of                                                                                                                                          those infrastructures, including their integration into
                                                                    of Lithuania in creating European research infrastructure        research infrastructures is passed by the Government of
     their dispersed resources is in most cases a progressive                                                                                                                                            international networks or consortia, is a vital factor in
                                                                    consortia according to the EU Council regulation.4               the Republic of Lithuania on a proposal of the Ministry of
     step that not only boosts the efficiency in resource                                                                                                                                                pursuit of a qualitative improvement of the conditions
                                                                    Following the draft guidelines on the development of the         Education and Science.
     management, but also creates the preconditions for the                                                                                                                                              and the environment of Lithuanian research that
     country to participate in major European RI consortia.         RI, in 2011 the Research Council of Lithuania drew up and        The Lithuanian Roadmap for Research Infrastructures is              represent the basis for the progress and breakthrough
     For a small country like Lithuania, the participation in       published the first Roadmap for research infrastructures         a long-term planning instrument encompassing all areas              of Lithuanian research. The presentation of a research
     international RI projects is the only possibility to provide   of Lithuania designed to identify the strategic directions       of science, ranging from humanities and social sciences             infrastructure in a national or international Roadmap
     its researchers with access to facilities and methods of       of the long-term development of the national RIs. The            to physical and technology sciences. The Roadmap is a               does not by itself ensure any funding required for its
     cutting-edge world level research. However, it should          Lithuanian Roadmap for research infrastructures presents         strategic document based on the analysis of the Lithuanian          development, updating or maintenance, as decisions
     be noted that neither the development (2008), nor              the Lithuanian RI projects that are prioritised in relation      and the European research infrastructure system, taking             regarding RI funding are taken separately. The public
     the amendment (2014) of the valley programme took              to Lithuania’s progress towards the membership of the            into account the factual and potential links and synergies          financial resources will be used efficiently only provided
     due account of the European Roadmap for research               European research infrastructures included in the ESFRI          between national and international RIs, also duly taking            the funding and investment for specific RIs are allocated
     infrastructures drawn up by the ESFRI.                         Roadmap, as well as other international RIs. The Roadmap         into account the priorities of the Lithuanian and European          taking duly in account the Roadmap.
                                                                    introduces 15 national infrastructure projects important         research activities. The Roadmap is a dynamic document,
     Having become a Member State of the EU, Lithuania                                                                                                                                                   Following the recommendations provided in the
                                                                    for the national research and development, and specifies         updated with regard to changes related to the need for
     appointed its representatives to the ESFRI, and has been                                                                                                                                            Roadmap 2011, and the synergies defined therein with
                                                                    international infrastructures that Lithuania should seek to      infrastructures and their development. According to the
     since 2004 participating in the activities of the forum.                                                                                                                                            the European infrastructures, in 2013 Lithuania became
                                                                    join. The proposals for Lithuanian RI projects submitted         established procedure, the Research Council of Lithuania
     In April 2009, the Ministry of Education and Science set                                                                                                                                            a member of the European Research Infrastructure
                                                                    to the Research Council of Lithuania in order to be              reviews and updates the Lithuanian Roadmap for research
     up a working group consisting of Lithuanian and émigré                                                                                                                                              Consortium ‘European Social Survey’ – ESS ERIC, and in
                                                                    included in the Roadmap of 2011 were all considered at           infrastructures no less frequently than once per five years. 7
     researchers and innovative business representatives and                                                                                                                                             2014 – a member of the European Research infrastructure
                                                                    the respective sub-groups of the Research Council of
     tasked with drafting guidelines for the development of                                                                          At the request of the Ministry of Education and Science,            Consortium ‘Common Language Resources and
                                                                    Lithuania (humanities and social sciences, biomedical,
     the Lithuanian RIs. With a view to identifying the main                                                                         in 2014 the Research Council of Lithuania updated the               Technology infrastructure network – CLARIN ERIC.
                                                                    physical and technology sciences); to obtain an objective
     directions in the development of the national RIs for the                                                                       Roadmap to include new infrastructure projects: the
                                                                    and unbiased opinion a summary evaluation of the
     coming 10 to 15 years, the working group suggested that                                                                         Roadmap 2011 list consisting of 15 RI projects was in 2014
                                                                    proposals was performed by foreign experts.
     its members, in cooperation with the scientific community,
     identify the most viable projects. Upon a decision of the      In 2012, the Minister for Education and Science of the           3
                                                                                                                                         Letter No. SR-40-338 of 10 August 2009 of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania.
                                                                    Republic of Lithuania approved the Description of
                                                                                                                                         Letter No. 43-01-R-3604 of 24 May 2010 of the Ministry of Education and Science ‘Regarding the participation in creation
     working group, the right of submitting proposals and                                                                                consortia of European research infrastructures‘.
     a preliminary evaluation was assigned to theme sub-            the procedure for the participation in international             5
                                                                                                                                         Order No. V-1068 of 2 July 2012 of the Minister of Education and Science ‘Regarding the approval of the procedure for the
                                                                    infrastructures.5 In the same year, the Research Council of          participation in international research infrastructures‘.
     groups that organised the promotion of project ideas and                                                                        6
                                                                                                                                         Resolution No. VII-127 ‘Regarding the approval of the Description of the procedure for the initiation of the participation of
     communication with the scientific community. To ensure         Lithuania approved the Description of the procedure for              Lithuanian institutions in international research infrastructures’, and Resolution No. VII-130 ‘Regarding the approval of the
     greater publicity of the working group, the Ministry of        the initiation of the participation of Lithuanian institutions       commission of research infrastructures’ of 17 December 2012 of the Research Council of Lithuania.
                                                                                                                                         Order No. V-1068 of 2 July 2012 of the Minister of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania ‘Regarding the approval
     Education and Science3 applied to higher education and         in international RIs, according to which the Research                of the Description of the procedure for the participation in the international research infrastructures’.
10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       11

                                                         INFRASTRUCTURES INCLUDED IN
                                                         THE ROADMAP FOR RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES OF LITHUANIA 2014

                                                           No.    Acronym and name of the RI                                                                             Institution acronym withRelation
                                                                                                                                                                                                   the ESFRI

                                                             1.   E-lingua (CLARIN-LT) – Electronic Resources of the Lithuanian Language                                            VDU             CLARIN ERIC
                                                             2.   ESS LT – European Social Survey                                                                                    KTU              ESS ERIC
                                                             3.   LiDA – Lithuanian Data Archive for Humanities and Social Sciences                                                  KTU            CESSDA ERIC
                                                             4.   HUMRE* – Research Infrastructure for Human Well-Being and Development                                              VU             SHARE ERIC
                                                             5.   PITI Aruodai – Heritage and History Research Infrastructure Aruodai                                                VU            DARIAH ERIC
                                                             6.   AEROINFRA – Aerobiological Research Infrastructure                                                                 ŠU        COPAL (ex-EUFAR)
                                                             7.   MEDWAN – Biomedicine Data Warehousing, Standardization and Analysis Research Infrastructure                        KTU     EATRIS ERIC, BBMRI ERIC
                                                             8.   REIA – Research Infrastructure of Experimental Animals                                                        LSMU VA, IMC     INFRAFRONTIER
                                                             9.   CossyBio – Centre for Computational, Structural and Systems Biology                                          VU, LSMU VUOI    ELIXIR, INSTRUCT
                                                            10.   INECOM – Infrastructure for Ecological Metabolimics                                                              GTC, VU             EMBRC
                                                            11.   Consortium Biobank-LT – National Networks of Biobanks                                                             SMĮA            BBMRI ERIC
                                                            12.   INOCHEMAS* – Centre of Innovative Chemistry                                                                       FTMC            Neutron ESS
                                                            13.   LitGrid-HPC – Lithuanian Grid Infrastructure for High-performance Computing                                        VU         PRACE ERIC, CERN
                                                            14.   Mechatronika – Research Infrastructure of Mechatronics                                                             KTU
                                                            15.   MNAAPC* – Micro-, Nanotechnology and Analysis Open Access Centre                                                   KTU
                                                            16.   MAO – Molėtai Astronomical Observatory                                                                             VU                 E-ELT
                                                            17.   Laser RI – High-intensity and Broad Spectral Range Ultrashort Pulse Laser Research Infrastructure of National VU, FTMC              ELI ERIC
                                                                  and International Access
                                                           18.    PTC – Centre of Semiconductor Technologies                                                                      VU, FTMC
                                                           19.    SPECTROVERSUM – Centre of Spectroscopic Characterization of Materials and Electronic/molecular Processes           VU            EUROFEL ERIC
                                                           20.    AChePha* – Centre for Applied Chemistry and Biopharmaceutical Research (Cluster)                                   KTU          INSTRUCT ERIC
                                                           21.    ULTRATEST – Ultrasonic Non-destructive Testing, Measurement and Diagnostics centre                                 KTU
                                                           22.    AGBC* – Centre for Plant Genetics and Biotechnologies                                                            LAMMC

                                                         * – included in the Lithuanian RI Roadmap in 2014
12                                                                                                                                                                                                                     13

                                                                       RIs IN SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES

                                                         Five RIs in social sciences and humanities were selected to be included in the present

                                                         • E-lingua (CLARIN-LT) – Electronic Resources of the Lithuanian Language;
                                                         • ESS LT – European Social Survey;
                                                         • LiDA – Lithuanian Data Archive for Humanities and Social Sciences;
                                                         • HUMRE – Research Infrastructure for Human Well-Being and Development;
                                                         • PITI Aruodai – Heritage and History Research Infrastructure Aruodai.

14                                                                                                                                                15
ROADMAP FOR RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES OF LITHUANIA                                                                                                         RIS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES

                                                                                                                                 This infrastructure of language resources research is              in different languages (, therefore any
                                                                                                                                 required for university studies, remote language teaching,         higher education or research institution engaged in the
                                                                                                                                 as well as for the creation of new technologies and the            Lithuanian language or language technology studies and
                                                                                                                                 dissemination of the Lithuanian language worldwide. The            seeking the recognition of the studies at the European
          „E-lingua“ (CLARIN-LT)                                                                                                 E-lingua RI is important not only for science and studies, it is   scale may become a user of the system. Institutions and
                                                                                                                                 an instrument for transposing the Lithuanian language into         their researchers can thus save funds as they do not have
          Hosting institution: Vytautas Magnus University (VDU), K. Donelaičio g. 58, 4248 Kaunas
                                                                                                                                 the cyber-space, thus adapting it for modern technologies          to create or maintain an infrastructure, and can avail
          Website:                                                                                       and preserving it for the future generations.                      themselves of new upgraded conditions for research, while
                                                                                                                                                                                                    researchers do not have to install all resources or tools on
                                                                                                                                                                                                    their computers as they can access CLARIN services and
     Participating institutions:                                         THE NEED FOR AND                                                 ACTIVITIES AND SERVICES                                   language resources directly in the information network.
     - Computations Linguistics Centre of the Faculty                    THE PURPOSE OF THE RI                                   The Centre for Computational Linguistics of the VDU                CLARIN ERIC infrastructure integrates a wide range
       of Humanities, and the Faculty of Informatics of                                                                          provides the following open access services (http://               of language resources and technologies: text corpus,
                                                                 E-lingua (CLARIN-LT) is an RI of different language
       the VDU;                                                                                                         open access to the Corpus of the                dictionaries, lexical and databases, different language
                                                                 resources, instruments and technologies. Such resources
     - Department of Information Systems of the                                                                                  contemporary Lithuanian language, parallel corpuses, the           processing     and     analysis   measures,      standards,
                                                                 are a data source and a study object for researchers
       Faculty of Informatics, and the Technology                                                                                Lithuanian language noun phrase dictionary and a spoken            technologies, products and services. This integration
                                                                 representing multiple science areas, but this RI is most
       Centre of Information Systems Design of the                                                                               language records database, as well as a possibility to use         into the international structure is of vital importance as
                                                                 relevant for representatives of three areas – humanities,
       KTU;                                                                                                                      the automatic text accentuation system Accentuator, the            it ensures the preservation of the Lithuanian language
                                                                 social and physical sciences. This research infrastructure
     - Institute of Applied Sciences of the VU.                                                                                  automatic system for the identification of a morphology            resources and their permanent accessibility internationally.
                                                                 is of great interest for linguists, researchers of literature
                                                                 and folklore, historians, ethnologists, anthropologists,        category in the text ‘Morphological annotator’, the
     MTI type: network.                                                                                                          automatic morphological word form generator ‘Morfolema’
                                                                 sociologists, political scientists and social psychologists.                                                                            STRUCTURE AND INTERNATIONAL
                                                                 Language resources and the instruments for their analysis are   text function setting programme, the automatic music
     ESFRI and international cooperation: membership                                                                                                                                                     COOPERATION
                                                                 also a subject of informatics; such resources are employed      transcription programme Solo Explorer, and a set of tools
     in the CLARIN ERIC.                                                                                                         designed to create different language models. For research         The project is implemented by a consortium composed of
                                                                 to create artificial intelligence, software facilitating the
                                                                 interaction between the man and the computer, systems           purposes, the tools are accessible via the internet link of        the Centre for Computational Linguistics and the Faculty

     Natural language is a highly complex communication          of search and retrieval of intellectual information, analysis   the VDU Centre for Computational Linguistics (CCL), or as          of Informatics of the VDU, the Department of Information

     system, while its usage is one of the most important        and processing of large texts repositories and multimedia.      an internet as a website service. The most popular service         Systems and the Technology Centre of Information

     human abilities inseparable from any human activities.      The synergy of humanities and information sciences has          provided by the CCL is the machine text translation service        Systems Design of the KTU, and the Institute of Applied

     Therefore, the studies and knowledge of language are        produced new interdisciplinary research areas, in particular    from English into Lithuanian (             Sciences of the VU. Other members are expected to

     relevant from the cultural, social and technological        the processing of natural language, computer linguistics or                                                                        join the consortium in due time. The consortium will
                                                                                                                                 The Centre for Computational Linguistics of the Faculty of
     viewpoints.   Within   the   general,   specialised   and   language technologies that need the language resources RI.                                                                         be operating as a national unit within the international
                                                                                                                                 Humanities and the Faculty of Informatics of the VDU, in
     applied language studies, information technologies                                                                                                                                             consortium CLARIN ERIC. By participating in the joint
                                                                 Lithuanian higher education and research institutions           cooperation with the Department of Information Systems
     are acquiring an increasingly important role and                                                                                                                                               activities of CLARIN ERIC , the national consortium will be
                                                                 carry out research, most of which is related to the need for    of the Faculty of Informatics of the KTU, as well as the
     require the regular updating of the relevant resources                                                                                                                                         able to contribute to the drafting of standards, and take
                                                                 using language resources and language technologies, and         Technology Centre of Information Systems Design, provide
     and the upgrading of language technologies. That was                                                                                                                                           over a software of universal profile, i.e. suitable also for
                                                                 for having access to the common platform that provides          via the internet link, or as website services, automatic text
     the idea underlying the creation of E-lingua (CLARIN-                                                                                                                                          the Lithuanian language, and thus make the resources of
                                                                 standardised services. In view of the overall prevalence        analysis, internet website analysis and other language
     LT), a research infrastructure operating on the basis                                                                                                                                          the Lithuanian language accessible for the international
                                                                 of computer technologies and the appearance of digital          technology services ( The Institute of
     of the Lithuanian language electronic resources,                                                                                                                                               community.
                                                                 text, video and audio repositories, the work of researchers     Applied Sciences of Vilnius University provides open access
     instruments and technologies, and comprising text                                                                           to the language resources created by its researchers.              The E-lingua (CLARIN-LT) RI corresponds to the ‘Inclusive
                                                                 has become impossible without specialised software that
     corpora, ontology and other language databases                                                                                                                                                 and learning society’ and ‘New materials, processes and
                                                                 provides facilities for accumulating, managing and studying     The principal services provided by E-lingua (CLARIN-LT)
     and analysis instruments. Currently the creation of a                                                                                                                                          technologies for production’ priority areas of the smart
                                                                 electronic resources. Lithuania has accumulated significant     together with CLARIN ERIC are related to the integration
     B type CLARIN ERIC data and service centre, as well                                                                                                                                            specialisation of Lithuania.
                                                                 resources of the Lithuanian language and the specifically       and the accessibility of European languages for Lithuanian
     as the accumulation of digital language resources,
                                                                 designed software; nevertheless, in terms of the nature of      and European users. The membership of E-lingua in the
     development of their analysis means and other
                                                                 the software available and the services offered to users        international consortium CLRIN ERIC provides access
     technologies are in progress.
                                                                 in the Lithuanian language, the system is largely lagging       to large-scale digital audio, video and text databases
                                                                 behind those in other EU language.
16                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 17
ROADMAP FOR RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES OF LITHUANIA                                                                                          RIS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES

           European Social Survey (ESS LT)
           Hosting institution: Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), K. Donelaičio St. 73, LT-44029 Kaunas            the knowledge of social sciences. An important             most important scientific themes in their research.
                                                                                                                        advantage of such surveys is that the analysis of the      In recent years, the main themes of the ESS LT
                                                                                                                        survey data is especially instrumental in creating,        have been personal and social well-being, the
                                                                                                                        verifying or developing theories, as well as for           understanding and assessment of democracy, the
                                                                                                                        learning and teaching. The analysis of the ESS LT data     media and social trust, a welfare state, etc.
                                                                                                                        allows obtaining evidence for the social development
     Participating institutions:                                 UNVEILING THE CURTAIN OF                                                                                          A standard survey is conducted in 36 states, and
                                                                                                                        processes in a comparative perspective.
                                                                 CHANGES IN EUROPEAN SOCIETIES                                                                                     its results are used by researchers in different
     -   Institute of Public Policy and Administration of
                                                                                                                                                                                   social sciences and humanities from more than 160
         the KTU                                            There are more than one international iterative social           EUROPEAN SOCIAL SURVEY                                countries of the world. The data of the ESS LT have
                                                            survey (e.g. Eurobarometer, European Values Studies),            AS A EUROPEAN RESEARCH                                already been used in hundreds of scientific articles
                                                            however, the ESS LT study is exceptional. The survey
     RI type: network.                                                                                                       INFRASTRUCTURE CONSORTIUM                             and academic monographs.
                                                            measures the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns
                                                            of diverse populations in more than thirty European         Since 30 November 2013, the European Social Survey         The Institute of Public Policy and Administration
     ESFRI and international cooperation: Lithuania is a
                                                            nations. The ESS LT studies the social structure, living    has been operating under the status of the European        (VPAI) of the KTU is the administrator of the ESS LT
     member of the ESS ERIC.
                                                            conditions and attitudes in Europe, monitors and            Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) with         and the ESS ERIC service provider in Lithuania. By
                                                            records changes in the social, political or moral fabric    14 EU Member States including the UK, Germany,             implementing the ESS ERIC activities in Lithuania,
     The object of social surveys is the beliefs and        of European societies, while an equally important           Austria, Sweden, Belgium, Poland and other countries       the KTU VPAI not only contributes to the creation
     behaviour of people, where the results of a            objective of the study is to introduce soundly-based        as its full members. Lithuania is a full member of the     of pan-European indicators of national progress
     survey not only allow to know society and              indicators of national progress based on citizens’          ESS ERIC, and this European infrastructure was the         that are based on people’s attitudes and opinions
     forecast its development, but also build a more        perceptions and judgements of the key aspects of their      first one joined by the Republic of Lithuania.             about the principal aspects of social life, but also
     solid foundation and a clearer perspective for         societies. Next to conventional economic indicators,                                                                   every second year carries out representative opinion
                                                                                                                        ESS ERIC is an international infrastructure, and
     practical solutions when facing different social,      the ESS LT seeks to create comparative indicators to                                                                   surveys among Lithuanian residents, provides
                                                                                                                        the implementation of its activities is the result
     economic and political challenges. The European        be used for the assessment and comparison of the                                                                       public access to the primary data of such surveys,
                                                                                                                        of joint efforts of multiple institutions in different
     Social Survey (hereinafter – the ESS LT) is an         quality of life in different countries or regions.                                                                     and arranges regular training for ESS LT data users
                                                                                                                        European countries. ESS ERIC is managed by the
     academically driven cross-national survey that                                                                                                                                (students of social sciences, scientists, and other
                                                            Another exceptional feature of the ESS LT is its            General Assembly consisting of representatives
     has been conducted every two years across                                                                                                                                     researchers or experts) in Lithuania.
                                                            pursuit to achieve and spread higher standards of           of the Member States and appointing a Research
     Europe since 2001, to measure attitudes, beliefs
                                                            rigour in cross-national research in the social sciences,   Director responsible for the day-to-day actions.           The surveys of the 4th, 6th and 7th wave of the ESS
     and behaviour patterns of Europeans. Currently
                                                            including for example, the questionnaire design and         The headquarters of the infrastructure operates            LT were performed by UAB Baltijos tyrimai, and the
     the 7th wave of the European Social Survey is
                                                            pre-testing, sampling, data collection, reduction of        at City University London, United kingdom; the             5th wave survey was conducted by UAB RAIT. The
     being implemented.
                                                            bias and the reliability of questions. In 2005, the ESS     principal scientific team made up of the following six     European Social Survey is conducted and its data
                                                            was the winner of the EU Descartes Prize for radical        institutions: Norwegian Social Science Data Service,       are presented in all cases in close cooperation with
                                                            innovations in international opinion surveys. The           Leibnitz Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany; the   the media; the results of the survey are published on
                                                            European Social Survey seeks to increase the visibility     Netherlands Institute for Social Research, University      the news portals Delfi and Alfa, and are commented
                                                            and accessibility of the data on social changes for         of Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, University of Leuven,          in radio and TV programmes.
                                                            researchers, policy-makers and the wider public. The        Belgium, and University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.            Lithuania is a regular participant of methodological
                                                            ESS LT allows the specialists and the public to use         As a research infrastructure, the European Social          surveys of international social studies conducted by
                                                            the accumulated data at no charge and without any           Survey ensures the constant collection of data about       the European Social Survey.
                                                            restrictions.                                               the attitudes and behaviour of Europeans, which
                                                            Surveys of different societies (especially multiple         enables different groups of researchers to include the
                                                            surveys) are one of the essential measures to increase
18                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         19
ROADMAP FOR RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES OF LITHUANIA                                                                                                     RIS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES

           Lithuanian Data Archive
                                                                                                                             social surveys, historical statistics and the political system;   The European HSS data institutions are united in the
           for Humanities and Social Sciences (LiDA)                                                                         the data are described according to the international             Consortium of European Social Science Data Archive
           Hosting institution: Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), K. Donelaičio St. 73, LT-44029 Kaunas                 standards in English and Lithuanian. The archive stores           (CESSDA) established in 2013 whose services in Lithuania
           Website:                                                                                            the data from the European Social Survey, the European            are provided by LiDA. The members of the CESSDA
                                                                                                                             Values Studies, the International Social Survey Programme,        consortium are 13 European states, including Norway, the
                                                                                                                             the European Election Studies, Lithuanian national election       United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia
                                                                                                                             studies and other social studies of national importance.          and other states. The principal objective of the consortium
     Participating institutions:                                 QUALITY AND PUBLICLY                                        Furthermore, access to the official statistics and the survey     is a fully-fledged and sustainable infrastructure assisting
                                                                 ACCESSIBLE DATA                                             data stored at the Statistics Lithuania is currently being        scientists in conducting top-level research in their search
     -   Institute of Public Policy and Administration of                                                                    created through the LiDA catalogue. All the data in the           for solutions in the face of the main challenges of modern
         the KTU.                                           A comprehensive understanding of a society is impossible         system are linked to search engines, such as the Lithuanian       societies.
                                                            without long-term empiric studies, and the data of such          Academic Electronic Library (, the Lithuanian
                                                            surveys must be freely accessible to researchers and other                                                                         CESSDA develops and coordinates the HSS data
     RI type: localised, network.                                                                                            virtual library (, or Google, which makes them
                                                                                                                                                                                               recording standards, protocols and good professional
                                                            persons concerned. The data of public opinion polls that         readily accessible to the users.
                                                            since the second half of the 20th c. have been one of the                                                                          practice, while providing the general European access to
     ESFRI and international cooperation: Lithuania is a                                                                     LiDA also publishes teaching aids in which researchers            social sciences data resources.
                                                            most important sources for social surveys are accumulated
     member of the CESSDA.                                                                                                   in relevant areas present the most advanced research
                                                            and published in specially constructed data centres –                                                                              The tools installed in the LiDA long-term data storage and
                                                            empiric data repositories. The practice first appeared some      methods. Two textbooks on qualitative comparative analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                               dissemination systems (such as multilingual thesauruses,
     Nowadays all countries face numerous challenges        70 years ago, when the world’s oldest public opinion data        and applied regression have been published under the
                                                                                                                                                                                               DDI metadata standard, OAI-PMH (Open Archives
     in such areas as labour market or welfare systems,     archive, the Roper Centre was established in the United          ‘Research Methods’ series. The archive provides training on
                                                                                                                                                                                               Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting), provide a
     healthcare or social security, demography or           States in 1947. Today such archives most often serve as          data analysis conducted by Lithuanian and foreign experts.
                                                                                                                                                                                               ready interface to the CESSDA cataloguing system (www.
     migration and others. The ability to comprehend        repositories not only of opinion surveys, but also of various    Such training sessions receive considerable attention on
                                                                                                                                                                                      The catalogue is exceptional in its functionality
     and address the challenges and the changes             digital data required for social sciences and humanities.        the part of HSS scientist and researchers, and the teaching
                                                                                                                                                                                               permitting simultaneous search in data archives of several
     demands surveys and reliable data. Such data are                                                                        aids are widely used for university level studies.
                                                                                                                                                                                               countries and, upon locating a required survey or data,
                                                            In Lithuania, the beginning of long-term storage and
     also required for the purpose of implementing                                                                                                                                             directly access to the archive storing the data. The search
                                                            dissemination of empiric data is associated with the
     an evidence-based public policy. Quality data                                                                                                                                             is performed through a multilingual thesaurus whose
                                                            establishment of humanities and social sciences (HSS)
     is a vitally important part of a science-based
                                                            data archive in 2006. LiDA is a virtual digital infrastructure        OPENING OF THE DATA ON                                       Lithuanian version is integrated into the general system,
     understanding and management of society.
                                                            in the HSS area (, identical to the social              LITHUANIA TO THE WORLD AND                                   while a search for data or variables may be performed
     For modern states, data as well as reliable data
                                                            data repositories operating in other European countries,              INTEGRATION INTO EUROPEAN                                    in Lithuanian. In 2015, the CESSDA catalogue contained
     accumulation and dissemination institutions are
                                                            such as the Swiss Foundation for Social Research (FORS),              INFRASTRUCTURES                                              more than 400 data sets stored at LiDA.
     of equal importance. In Lithuania, open access
                                                            Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD), German             As recently as several decades ago, the HSS studies were          The participation of LiDA in this research infrastructure
     to the data on the most important national and
                                                            Social Science Infrastructure Service (GESIS) or the UK          mostly local with just a very limited number of international     undeniably boosts the development and quality of
     international studies is provided by the Lithuanian
                                                            Data Archive (UKDA).                                             surveys. Now the situation is substantially different – the       surveys in the Lithuanian society and its evolution, and
     Data Archive for Humanities and Social Sciences
     (hereinafter – LiDA).                                  LiDA provides access to HSS survey data collected at             studies are increasingly geared towards the international         expands the possibilities for comparative analysis.
                                                            Lithuanian higher education and research institutions. The       comparative and historical analysis, and the trend is
                                                            key providers (depositors) of the data are researchers from      specifically prominent in Europe. Thus, the cooperation
                                                            Kaunas University of Technology, Vilnius University, Vytautas    of LiDA with data archives in other countries and its
                                                            Magnus University, the Lithuanian Social Research centre,        participation in international associations open the data
                                                            the Institute of Lithuanian History, as well as public opinion   about Lithuania to the world and provide access to the
                                                            survey organisations (RAIT, Vilmorus). Currently, LiDA           data created in other countries.
                                                            catalogues contain more than 500 data sets on qualitative
20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              21
ROADMAP FOR RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES OF LITHUANIA                                                                                                    RIS IN SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES

       Research Infrastructure for Human Well-Being and
       Development (HUMRE)
       Hosting institution: Vilnius University, Universiteto St. 3, LT-01513 Vilnius

     Participating institutions:
                                                                   THE PURPOSE OF AND THE NEED                             The activities in the area are related to the analysis of       of human well-being and the different stages of human
     - Faculty of Philology of the VU;
                                                                   FOR THE INFRASTRUCTURE                                  the problems in methodological research of ageing, the          development. HUMRE provides researcher and technical
     - Faculty of Natural Sciences of the VU.
                                                                                                                           development of research tools, as well as the enhancement       personnel services, access to different equipment and
                                                           The HUMRE infrastructure is represented by interdisciplinary
                                                                                                                           of researchers’ competences.                                    instruments designed to analyse human behaviour
                                                           research in the area of ageing, retirement and the database
     RI type: network.                                                                                                                                                                     and well-being, and conducts different competence
                                                           (project SHARE Lietuva), as well as by access to the material   SHARE is one of the main studies in the European RI
                                                                                                                                                                                           development and internship programmes.
                                                           facilities used for studying human development and well-        research area conducting international, continuous and
     ESFRI and international cooperation: membership
                                                           being, and assessing human functionality. In view of the        interdisciplinary research in ageing in 20 European countries
     in the SHARE research infrastructure consortium,
     preparedness for the SHARE ERIC membership.
                                                           improving quality of life and longer life expectancy, as well   and Israel, and providing access to the database in the                  INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
                                                           as the average age of the population, the different research    areas of health, socio-economic status, social and family
                                                                                                                                                                                           Since 2013, Vilnius University has cooperated with the
                                                           of the elderly are of utmost importance when searching          networks. SHARE is primarily meant for representatives of
                                                                                                                                                                                           SHARE-ERIC infrastructure included into the European
     Studies in human well-being in different stages of    for possibilities to deal with the challenges created by the    social sciences (demographers, economists, psychologists,
                                                                                                                                                                                           ESFRI Roadmap, and the University has been part of
     evolution are an important source of information      ageing of the population and ensure the well-being of the       sociologists, specialists in social and political sciences,
                                                                                                                                                                                           the infrastructure activities starting with Wave 7. In 2015,
     and accurate data for the academic community          elderly. The issues are addressed within the framework          etc.); however, it is highly relevant for representatives of
                                                                                                                                                                                           the Scientific Committee of the SHARE infrastructure
     in social sciences, humanities and biomedical         of SHARE – a survey for health, ageing and retirement           other research areas studying the related issues (biologists,
                                                                                                                                                                                           approved the participation of Vilnius University in the
     sciences, as well for the institutions responsible    conducted since 2004. SHARE is one of the most important        epidemiologists, medics, or researchers in public health
                                                                                                                                                                                           SHARE consortium, as a national research partner. Vilnius
     for taking strategic social and political decisions   interdisciplinary surveys in which Lithuania participates       issues). The principal purpose of the SHARE project is
                                                                                                                                                                                           University was invited to sign an agreement that marked
     and their implementation. One of the stages in        through the activities of the HUMRE research infrastructure     to accumulate the data on the individual and the society
                                                                                                                                                                                           the beginning of the integration of the HUMRE into the
     the process of human development – ageing             (                                         ageing processes, and provide access to such data. By 2015,
                                                                                                                                                                                           SHARE ERIC consortium. Vilnius University will participate
     – is becoming a major challenge that the                                                                              SHARE conducted five waves of research (2004, 2006,
                                                           The participation in the international continuous study                                                                         in the research under individual waves of the SHARE until
     European Union, including Lithuania, is facing.                                                                       2010, 2012 and 2014); the research included studies in living
                                                           SHARE, access to the data accumulated in the course                                                                             2024, accumulate the data of interdisciplinary research
     This research area is covered by the HUMRE – a                                                                        conditions, and one retrospective study SHARELIFE 2008,
                                                           of the survey, and to the material facilities required for                                                                      in the international network and national database, and
     network interdisciplinary human well-being and                                                                        which focused on people’s life histories. Another five waves
                                                           studying human well-being and development, as well as                                                                           provide its research community with quality access to
     development research infrastructure participating                                                                     of the studies are scheduled to be conducted by 2024.
                                                           the services provided to the scientific community are key to                                                                    scientific material.
     in the activities of the international SHARE (the                                                                     The data collected through more than 150,000 interviews
                                                           social sciences and the fundamental and applied research
     Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in                                                                            allow analysing the life of people over 50, while assessing     The activities under the HUMRE infrastructure are mostly
                                                           in humanities and biomedical sciences.
     Europe 50+ in Europe) infrastructure.                                                                                 their physical and mental health, economic and public           associated with two priority areas of smart specialisations
                                                                                                                           engagement, income, assets, the patterns of spending time       in Lithuania: ‘Health technologies and biotechnologies’
                                                                                                                                                                                           and ‘Inclusive and creative society’.
                                                                   ACTIVITIES AND SERVICES                                 and money within and outside the family, their satisfaction
                                                                                                                           with life, as well as the well-being of people.
                                                           By participating in the SHARE infrastructure, the HUMRE
                                                           is engaged in research on ageing issues in Lithuania, and       The material facilities of the HUMRE infrastructure
                                                           accumulates national data. This enables the researchers to      consisting of the scientific facilities used in social and
                                                           access the SHARE data and perform a comparative analysis        biomedical sciences, statistics software, instruments for
                                                           of the data collected in Lithuania and other countries.         assessing human well-being and functionality, enable
                                                                                                                           different research not only in the area of ageing, but also
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