Measuring BAP outcomes from landscape scale projects in Cornwall

 
Measuring BAP outcomes from landscape scale projects in Cornwall
Measuring BAP outcomes from landscape scale
            projects in Cornwall

Upland Oak Woodland planting on a China clay tip, part of the China Clay Woodlands Project -Photo
Cheryl Marriott

A report for Natural England prepared by Cornwall Wildlife Trust as part
of the Cornwall Biodiversity Initiative

March 2008
Contents
Summary                                                          4

1 Introduction                                                   6
       1.1 The aim of this report                                6
       1.2 Background to the landscape-scale projects            6
       1.3 Biodiversity Action Plans                            20

2 Methodology                                                   21
      2.1 Desk study of BAP habitats and species                21
      2.2 Project activity information collection               21

3 Results                                                       23
      3.1 Explanation of results tables                         23
      3.2 Results- Tomorrow’s Heathland Heritage                25
                    China Clay Woodlands                        29
                    Mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE project             32
                    HEATH Project                               39
                    Waves of Heath                              45
      3.3 Results Overview                                      49

4 Conclusion/Recommendations                                    54
      4.0 Conclusion                                            54
      4.1 Recommendations                                       54

References                                                      55
Appendix 1 – BAP habitat maps                                   56
Appendix 2 – Map of areas grazed through the Mid-Cornwall       68
             Moors LIFE Project

List of Tables
Table 1 - Tomorrow’s Heathland Heritage Habitat Information
Table 2 - Tomorrow’s Heathland Heritage Species Information
Table 3 - China Clay Woodlands Habitat Information
Table 4 - China Clay Woodlands Species Information
Table 5 - Mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE Project Habitat Information
Table 6 - Mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE Project Species Information
Table 7 - HEATH Project Habitat Information
Table 8 - HEATH Project Species Information
Table 9 - Waves of Heath Project Habitat Information
Table 10 - Waves of Heath Project Species Information
Table 11 - Delivery against Regional HAPs
Table 12 - Delivery against National HAPs
List of Maps
Map 1 - Tomorrow’s Heathland Heritage Project Area
Map 2 – China Clay Woodlands Project Area
Map 3 - Mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE Project Area
Map 4 - HEATH Project Area (whole area)
Map 5 - HEATH Project Area (Penwith East)
Map 6 - HEATH Project Area (Penwith Mid)
Map 7 - HEATH Project Area (Penwith West)
Map 8 - HEATH Project Area (Lizard)
Map 9 - HEATH Project Area (Godolphin)
Map 10 - HEATH Project Area (Redruth)
Map 11 - HEATH Project Area (St Agnes)
Map 12 - Waves of Heath
Map 13 - Tomorrow’s Heathland Heritage BAP habitats
Map 14 - China Clay Woodlands BAP habitats
Map 15 - Mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE BAP habitats
Map 16 - HEATH Project (whole area) BAP habitats
Map 17 - HEATH Project (Penwith East) BAP habitats
Map 18 - HEATH Project (Penwith Mid) BAP habitats
Map 19 - HEATH Project (Penwith West) BAP habitats
Map 20 - HEATH Project (Lizard) BAP habitats
Map 21 - HEATH Project (Godolphin) BAP habitats
Map 22 - HEATH Project (Redruth) BAP habitats
Map 23 - HEATH Project Area (St Agnes) BAP habitats
Map 24 – Goss Moor Grazing Map

List of Graphs
Graph 1 - Number of Cornwall BAP volume 3 HAPs and SAPs influenced and
numbers of targets and actions contributed to by project
Graph 2 – Number of HAPs and SAPs influenced and numbers of targets and actions
contributed to by project.
Summary
x   Natural England approached Cornwall Biodiversity Initiative in 2007 to look at
    the impact that 5 landscape-scale projects in Cornwall have had with regard to
    delivery of the Cornwall Biodiversity Action Plan (Vol 3). The projects are:

         ƒ   Tomorrow’s Heathland Heritage- Putting back the wild heart of
             Cornwall
         ƒ   China Clay Woodland Project
         ƒ   Mid-Cornwall Moors Life Project
         ƒ   HEATH (Heathland, Environment, Agriculture, Tourism, Heritage)
             Project
         ƒ   Waves of Heath

x   An analysis of the initial extent of BAP habitat was completed for each project
    area. This was done using BAP habitat information held on the Environmental
    Records Centre for Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly (ERCCIS) Geographical
    Information System (GIS).

x   An analysis of BAP species was carried out using GIS and species records
    held by ERCCIS. For each project a 500m buffer was drawn around clusters of
    the separate project sites.

x   Project Officers were asked to provide information on which BAP and non-BAP
    habitats have been gained, lost or altered as part of the project activities.

x   In total, 7 individual Habitat Action Plans (HAPs) and 29 Species Action Plans
    (SAPs) in Cornwall BAP volume 3 were influenced by the projects. Eleven
    HAP targets, 8 HAP actions, 36 SAP targets and 16 SAP actions were
    contributed to overall.

x   The Waves of Heath project activities have been related to the UK BAP since
    the Isles of Scilly are not covered by the Cornwall BAP and as yet there is no
    BAP for Scilly. Waves of Heath contributed to one national HAP, influencing
    one HAP target, and 5 national SAPs, influencing 16 SAP targets.

x   Two projects delivered against the lowland heathland management target T2 in
    the local BAP, leading to an overall contribution of 2,261.3 hectares. No
    percentage achievement can be given as the target is not SMART.

x   Two projects delivered against the lowland heathland re-creation target T3 in
    the local BAP, leading to an overall contribution of 185.5 hectares, 17.6% of the
    target.

x   Two projects delivered against the wet woodland restoration target T1 for
    SSSIs and SACs in the local BAP, leading to an overall contribution of 254.7
    hectares. The target is not SMART but an associated action is to restore 50
    hectares so this has been exceeded several times over.

x   The same 2 projects also delivered against the (very similar) wet woodland
    restoration target T3 in the local BAP, leading to an overall contribution of
    254.7 hectares. The target is to restore 50 hectares so again this has been
    exceeded.
x   The contribution to some Regional BAP targets is significant. The Cornwall
    projects collectively contribute to 13% of the lowland heathland maintenance
    target, 19% of the lowland heathland restoration target, almost 6% of the
    woodland restoration target, nearly 30% of the fen maintenance target and 5%
    of the purple moor grass and rush pasture maintenance target.

x   The contribution to some National BAP targets is significant. The Cornwall
    projects collectively contribute to 4% of the lowland heathland maintenance
    target, nearly 18% of the lowland heathland expansion target, 3.3% of the fen
    maintenance target and 4.6% of the purple moor grass and rush pasture
    maintenance target.

x   Even taking into account the limitations of the methods used in this report it is
    clear that significant contributions have been made towards BAP targets,
    particularly when viewed against regional and national HAP targets. This
    shows that the landscape scale projects studied have delivered very positive
    changes for biodiversity in Cornwall.

x   Various recommendations to take forward in future landscape scale projects
    and recommendations for improvements that can be made to Cornwall BAP
    volume 3 are suggested in section 4.1.
1 Introduction
1.1 The aim of this report

Natural England approached Cornwall Biodiversity Initiative in 2007 to look at the
impact that 5 landscape-scale projects in Cornwall have had with regard to delivery
of the Cornwall Biodiversity Action Plan (Vol 3). The projects are:

 x     Tomorrows Heathland Heritage- Putting back the wild heart of Cornwall
 x     China Clay Woodland Project
 x     Mid-Cornwall Moors Life Project
 x     HEATH (Heathland, Environment, Agriculture, Tourism, Heritage) Project
 x     Waves of Heath

Only one of these projects was complete at the time of writing but all have been
running for several years. All five projects have/had specific targets for habitat
creation and/or management. Some reporting against BAP targets has been carried
out but this is fairly limited. This report aims to assess all five projects against BAP
targets. It is hoped that the results will help to shape future landscape-scale projects
in the county and that the simple methodology used here can be replicated
elsewhere.

1.2 Background to the landscape-scale projects

Tomorrows Heathland Heritage- Putting back the wild heart of Cornwall
The Tomorrow's Heathland Heritage putting back the wild heart of Cornwall project is
now complete. The project was a landscape scale post-mining regeneration project
that successfully re-created lowland heathland on former china clay waste tips in the
St Austell mining through a combination of re-seeding, scrub clearance and using
traditional grazing methods. This was achieved through a partnership between
English Nature (now Natural England), Imerys, Cornwall County Council and
Goonvean and was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund. Map 1 below shows the
areas of heathland created through the project.

China Clay Woodland Project
The China Clay Woodland Project is an Objective One funded initiative to re-create
and restore 800 ha of native broadleaf woodland. The project is a partnership
between Imerys and Natural England and aims to create more than 339 hectares of
new native broadleaf woodland on former china clay waste tips in mid-Cornwall.
The project also aims to bring 400 hectares of existing woodland into sustainable
management, with species such as conifers and rhododendron removed and
replaced with tree species that are native to Cornwall. Map 2 below shows the area
of woodland planted as part of the project.

Mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE Project
The Mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE Project is a partnership project that aims to improve
the key habitats for the marsh fritillary in mid-Cornwall. Through the restoration of key
habitats such as moor and wet and dry heaths, the Project also aims to benefit other
important plant and animal species. The project is connected to the re-routing of the
A30 trunk road; this provided an opportunity to reconnect patches of habitat. Map 3
below shows the areas that together make up the mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE Project.
HEATH (Heathland, Environment, Agriculture, Tourism, Heritage) Project
The HEATH project aims to lay the foundations for restoration of heathlands by re-
introducing traditional farming practices such as scrub clearance, grazing, bracken
control and controlled burning, to over 4000Ha of heathland. The project aims to
work on 58 sites across West Penwith, the Lizard and the North Coast of Cornwall.
Map 4 below shows the suite of sites involved in the project. Maps 5-11 show the
same sites on a smaller scale.

Waves of Heath
The Waves of Heath project is restoring 592 hectares (1,463 acres) of lowland
heathland on the Isles of Scilly. This is being achieved by scrub control through
cutting, rolling and burning. Reinstating grazing is also an important aspect of the
project. Map 12 below shows the Waves of Heath project sites.
Map 1

  Tomorrow's Heathland
        Heritage
      Project Area
Putting back the wild heart of Cornwall

    Scale 1:40,000 on A3
     This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
     an individual with CWT information. No further copies
     may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey

                                                                                                ¯
      material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
       behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
    Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction
    infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution
                                                             0   1,150   2,300   4,600 Meters
          or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                          LA076538 2005
Map 2

China Clay Woodland
    Project Area

 Scale 1:38,500 on A3

                                                                                             ¯
  This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
  an individual with CWT information. No further copies
  may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey
   material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
    behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
 Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction
 infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution    0   1,100   2,200   4,400 Meters
       or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                       LA076538 2005
Map 3

  Mid-Cornwall Moors
   LIFE Project Area

 Scale 1:50,500 on A3
     This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
     an individual with CWT information. No further copies

                                                                                                ¯
     may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey
      material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
       behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
    Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction
    infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution
                                                             0   1,450   2,900   5,800 Meters
          or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                          LA076538 2005
Map 4

 HEATH Project Area

 Scale 1:170,000 on A3
         This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
         an individual with CWT information. No further copies

                                                                                                     ¯
         may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey
          material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
           behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
        Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction
        infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution
                                                                 0   4,950   9,900   19,800 Meters
              or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                              LA076538 2005
Map 5

        HEATH Project
        Penwith - East

 Scale 1:33,500 on A3
     This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
     an individual with CWT information. No further copies

                                                                                                ¯
     may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey
      material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
       behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
    Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction    0   1,000   2,000   4,000 Meters
    infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution
          or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                          LA076538 2005
Map 6

        HEATH Project
         Penwith - Mid

 Scale 1:28,000 on A3
     This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
     an individual with CWT information. No further copies

                                                                                              ¯
     may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey
      material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
       behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
    Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction    0   800   1,600   3,200 Meters
    infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution
          or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                          LA076538 2005
Map 7

        HEATH Project
        Penwith - West

 Scale 1:21,500 on A3
     This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
     an individual with CWT information. No further copies

                                                                                              ¯
     may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey
      material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
       behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
    Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction
                                                             0   625   1,250   2,500 Meters
    infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution
          or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                          LA076538 2005
Map 8

    HEATH Project
     The Lizard

 Scale 1:37,000 on A3
    This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
    an individual with CWT information. No further copies

                                                                                               ¯
    may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey
     material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
      behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
   Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction    0   1,100   2,200   4,400 Meters
   infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution
         or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                         LA076538 2005
Map 9

   HEATH Project
Godolphin, Rosudgeon
   and Praa Sands

  Scale 1:20,500 on A3
         This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
         an individual with CWT information. No further copies

                                                                                                  ¯
         may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey
          material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
           behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
        Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction    0   600   1,200   2,400 Meters
        infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution
              or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                              LA076538 2005
Map 10

         HEATH Project
          Redruth Area

  Scale 1:26,500 on A3
    This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
    an individual with CWT information. No further copies
    may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey

                                                                                             ¯
     material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
      behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
   Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction
   infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution
         or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                                                            0   750   1,500   3,000 Meters
                         LA076538 2005
Map 11

     HEATH Project
     St Agnes Area

 Scale 1:26,500 on A3
     This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
     an individual with CWT information. No further copies

                                                                                              ¯
     may be made. The map is based on Ordnance Survey
      material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on
       behalf of the Controller of her Majestys Stationary
    Office (c) Crown Copyright. Unauthorised reproduction
    infringes Crown Copyright and may lead to prosecution
                                                             0   750   1,500   3,000 Meters
          or civil proceedings. Cornwall County Council
                          LA076538 2005
Map 12

       Waves of Heath
        Project Area

     Key

                Waves of Heath boundaries

   This copy has been reproduced specifically to supply
  an individual with CWT information. No furthur copies
    may be made. This map is based upon Ordnance
Survey material with the permission of Ordnance Survey
 on behalf of The Controller of Her majesty’s Stationery
  Office © Crown copyright. Unauthorised reproduction
 infringes Crown copyright and may lead to prosecution
       or civil proceedings Cornwall County Council
                      LA 076538, 2006

                                                           0   750   1,500   3,000 Meters
                            Scale 1:47,000
1.3 Biodiversity Action Plans

The Cornwall Biodiversity Action Plan
The Cornwall Biodiversity Action Plan has three parts:

   x   Cornwall’s Biodiversity volume 1- Audit and Priorities (1997)1
   x   Cornwall’s Biodiversity volume 2- Action plans (1998) 2
   x   Cornwall’s Biodiversity volume 3- Action plans (2004) 3

Volume 1 set out to assess the status and trends in biodiversity in Cornwall and the
main factors influencing those trends. Volume 1 also established priority species and
habitats and made recommendations for immediate action. The species and habitat
list in volume 1 was derived in part from the UK Biodiversity Steering Group long list
of globally threatened and declining species. Local experts added additional species
which they felt were of conservation concern in the county.

Volume 2 sets out the action plans that resulted from focus groups formed to address
the priorities highlighted in volume 1. Each action plan follows a set format and
includes a table of actions showing lead and other partners.

Volume 3 identifies all the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP) Priority Habitats and
Species that occur in Cornwall in order to guide local conservation work to contribute
to UK BAP targets. Volume 3 compliments rather than replaces volumes 1 and 2. It
was hoped that by ‘UK Proofing’ the Cornwall BAP, volume 3 would form a clearer
link with national habitat and species actions. This would then enable the Cornwall
Biodiversity Initiative (CBI) to identify any gaps in delivery of UK BAP actions and
obtain funding for UK priority habitats and species.

Isles of Scilly BAP
The Cornwall BAP volume 3 does not include the Isles of Scilly. A BAP audit of the
Isles of Scilly has recently been completed by the Environmental Records Centre for
Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly (ERCCIS), but no plan has yet been produced. For
this reason, the outcomes of the Waves of Heath Project will be measured against
the regional and UK BAP rather than a local BAP.

UK Biodiversity Action Plan Review
At the time of writing the UK BAP list had been updated and approved but the
England list was not yet published. Work is planned to incorporate the new England
BAP list into Cornwall’s Biodiversity volume 3 but has not yet started. For this
reason, this report relates to the UK BAP list prior to it being updated in 2007.
2 Methodology
2.1 Desk study of BAP habitats and species

Habitats
An analysis of BAP habitat was completed for each project. This was done using
BAP habitat information held on the ERCCIS Geographical Information System
(GIS). Digital project boundaries were used to calculate the area of mapped BAP
habitat on each of the separate sites which make up each of the five projects. The
BAP habitats information used is that which was mapped as part of the NBN pilot
BAP habitat mapping work completed in 2005/06. This does introduce a possible
source of error but it is the best information currently available to us. The
methodology used in the BAP habitat mapping means that some areas are classed
as ‘definitely present within the polygon but not mappable’ or ‘probably the priority
habitat but some uncertainty of interpretation’. It is possible for one area to be
classed as 2 different priority habitat types under these categories. Where this was
the case, for example for large areas of Goss Moor in the mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE
project, advice was taken from the Project Officers as to which habitat to class the
area as.

At the time of writing digital BAP habitat information was not available for the Isles of
Scilly. Instead, information from project officers was used to determine the habitat
types on project sites.

Maps showing the extent of BAP habitat are shown on maps 13-23 in appendix 1.

Species
An analysis of BAP species was carried out using GIS and species records held by
ERCCIS. For each project a 500m buffer was drawn around clusters of the separate
project sites. Records of BAP species within those areas were then compiled. The
resultant BAP species lists were reviewed by ERCCIS staff, CWT staff and in some
cases, the Project Officers. BAP species that were thought likely to be on the sites
but which are generally under-recorded, such as relatively common species, were
added to the lists. Likewise, BAP species which were on the lists but which were
thought unlikely to be found on the habitat types on the project sites were removed.

2.2 Project activity information collection

Project Officers were asked to provide information on which BAP and non-BAP
habitats have been gained, lost or altered as part of the project activities. The format
and level of detail of this information vary greatly between the 5 projects:

 Tomorrows Heathland Heritage- Putting back the wild heart of Cornwall
 ƒ A GIS layer of the area of lowland heath created was supplied.
 ƒ Project Officers from the mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE project and the China Clay
   Woodland project were able to give information on the likely BAP species
   impacts of the project.

 China Clay Woodland Project
 ƒ A GIS layer of the area of woodland planted up to the end of 2007 was supplied,
   but it is recognised that further planting has taken place since. However, figures
   were supplied for the area of planting and woodland restoration by the Project
   Officer and these include the area that the Project Officer was confident would
   be complete before the end of the project.
ƒ The Project Officer and the mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE Project Officer gave
  information on the likely BAP species impacts of the project activities.

Mid-Cornwall Moors Life Project
ƒ A GIS layer of the project area was supplied.
ƒ A GIS layer of the areas of the project that have been brought back into grazing
  was supplied (see appendix 2).
ƒ Verbal information on other project activities was given, but collated figures for
  the area of track cutting, heathland burning and scrub clearance were not
  available at the time of writing.
ƒ The Project Officer gave information on the likely BAP species impacts of the
  project activities.

HEATH (Heathland, Environment, Agriculture, Tourism, Heritage) Project
ƒ A GIS layer of the project area was supplied.
ƒ Information on the area of new or improved grazing, heathland re-creation, scrub
  clearance and bracken clearance for each project site was supplied. For sites
  where the work is not yet complete, figures were included where the Project
  Officers were confident that the work would go ahead before the end of the
  project.

Waves of Heath
ƒ A GIS layer of the project area was supplied.
ƒ A detailed breakdown of the grazing, burning, scrub and bracken clearance on
  project sites over 4 years was supplied. Unfortunately, whilst the information
  was very detailed, it was not possible to determine how much of the
  management over the 4 years was repeated on the individual sites, and how
  much was new. We have assumed that most of the management has been
  repeated year on year, so took the areas managed in year 4 to represent the
  total area under that form of management.
3 Results
3.1 Explanation of results tables
Tables on the pages that follow include information on the project activities for each
of the 5 projects and how this relates to BAP targets and actions. An explanation of
each of the column headings is provided below.

Habitats
Initial extent -The initial extent of the habitat in the project area is listed in hectares.

Re-creation gain - Where new priority habitat has been created as part of a project
the extent is given in hectares.

Loss due to project activities - Where an area of habitat has been lost due to project
activities the area in hectares is given, if known.

Positive habitat modification - Where an area of habitat has been modified in a
positive way due to project activities the area in hectares is given, if known.

Negative habitat modification - Where an area of habitat has been modified in a
negative way due to project activities the area in hectares is given, if known.

Relevant HAP targets - This lists the Cornwall BAP volume 3 Habitat Action Plan
Targets that have been delivered as part of the project (or UK BAP targets in the
case of the Isles of Scilly Waves of Heath project). Reference numbers already used
in the Cornwall entries on the Biodiversity Action Reporting System (BARS see
www.ukbap-reporting.org.uk ) are used. The habitat coding uses an abbreviation of
the habitat name, for example, target 1 for lowland heathland is ‘Habitat_LH_T1’.

Target achieved? - Where the HAP targets are SMART (Specific, Measurable,
Achievable, Relevant, Trackable) and there is enough information, a percentage
achievement of the individual target has been calculated. Where a percentage
cannot be given due to a lack of information or a SMART target a comment is
included if it is thought the target is achieved in part.

Relevant HAP actions - This lists the Cornwall BAP volume 3 Habitat Action Plan
actions that have been delivered as part of the project (or UK BAP actions in the
case of the Isles of Scilly Waves of Heath project). As above, reference numbers
already used in the Cornwall entries on the Biodiversity Action Reporting System are
used. This analysis concentrates on actions relating directly to habitats, particularly
the ‘site safeguard and management’ actions.

Action achieved? - Where the HAP actions are SMART and there is enough
information, a percentage achievement of the individual action has been calculated.
Where a percentage cannot be given due to a lack of information a comment is
included if it is thought the action is achieved in part.

Species
ERCCIS records -This lists the date of the most recent record held at ERCCIS for
BAP species for the project sites and surrounding area. This list has been trimmed
down by ERCCIS, CWT and Project staff by removing species thought unlikely to be
present in the habitats found on project sites. For example a rare lichen found on
bare china clay deposits came up in the mid-Cornwall Moors desk study but clearly is
not relevant to the wet heath habitats of the project area.
Information from Project Officer/ERCCIS Staff/CWT Staff -Brief details of the habitat
requirements of the species and/or the relevance of the project activities to that
species help to illustrate how the BAP actions and targets were assigned.

Relevant SAP targets -This lists the Cornwall BAP volume 3 Species Action Plan
targets that have been delivered as part of the project (or UK BAP targets in the case
of the Isles of Scilly Waves of Heath project). Reference numbers already used in the
Biodiversity Action Reporting System (BARS) are used; the species coding uses the
species group and an abbreviation of the Latin name of the species. For example
target 1 for linnet is ‘Bird_CC_T1’. This analysis concentrates on actions relating
directly to species, particularly the ‘species management and protection’ actions.

Target achieved? -Where the SAP targets are SMART and there is enough
information, a percentage achievement of the individual targets has been calculated.
Where a percentage cannot be given due to a lack of information or a SMART target
a comment is included if it is thought the target is achieved in part.

Relevant SAP actions -This lists the Cornwall BAP volume 3 Species Action Plan
actions that have been delivered as part of the project (or UK BAP actions in the
case of the Isles of Scilly Waves of Heath project). As above, reference numbers
already used in the Biodiversity Action Reporting System (BARS) are used. This
analysis concentrates on actions relating directly to species, particularly the ‘species
management and protection’ actions.

Action achieved? Where the SAP targets are SMART and there is enough
information, a percentage achievement of the individual action has been calculated.
Where a percentage cannot be given due to a lack of information a comment is
included if it is thought the action is achieved in part.
3.2 Results

Tomorrows Heathland Heritage- Putting back the wild heart of
Cornwall
Table 1 - China Clay THH - Habitat Information
                         Initial extent       Re-creation         Loss due to       Positive habitat negative habitat Relevant HAP targets                                                  Target      Relevant HAP actions                                               Actions
                         (ha)                 gain (ha)           project actions   modification     modification                                                                           achieved?                                                                      achieved?
                                                                  (ha)              (ha)             (ha)

BAP habitat
                                                                                                                                     Changes in this habitat due to the activities of the
Fen                                   0.17                                                                                           THH project are thought unlikely.
                                                                                                                                                                                        17% of target   Habitat_LH_5.2. Achieve 750ha of heathland re-creation in the St   24% of the
                                                                                                                                   Re-establish 1050ha of lowland heathland in achieved                 5               Austell heathland sub-zone of the mid-Cornwall     action achieved
Lowland heathland                         0                 181                                                      Habitat_LH_T3 Cornwall, consolidating the existing blocks.                                         moors heathland zone.
                                                                                                                                   Changes in this habitat due to the activities of the
Wet woodland                          0.14                                                                                         THH project are thought unlikely.
Table 2 - THH China Clay Heaths - Species Information
BAP Species                                         ERCCIS    Information from          Relevant SAP target                                            Target             Relevant SAP action                                           Action
                                                    Records   Project staff/ERCCIS                                                                     achieved?                                                                        achieved?
                                                              staff/CWT staff
Vascular plants: Euphrasia       Vigur's                      Fencing and               Vplant_EV_ Enhance population numbers through                  Target not very
                 vigursii        eyebright                    reintroduction of grazing T2         experimental management at a range of extant        SMART but
                                                              likely to have a positive            sites. Light grazing and the associated trampling   some positive
                                                              impact if the species can            of paths may well prove effective. Increasing the   effect possibly
                                                              spread to project sites.             number of footpaths criss-crossing the coastal      achieved as part
                                                                                                   heaths may well be beneficial too.                  of this project,
                                                                                                                                                       monitoring
                                                                                                                                                       required.

                Eurodryas        marsh fritillary   1990      Some fencing was        Butterfly_EA Ensure 80% of marsh fritillary sites are in         Target achieved Butterfly_EA Encourage favourable management of all known        Action achieved
                aurinia                                       completed on Retire     _T1          appropriate management regimes.                     in part         _5.2.3       sites and associated potential sites.               in part
                                                              common and cattle grids
                                                              were put on Goss Moor,
                                                              this allowed grazing so
                                                              should have had a
                                                              positive impact.
                                                                                      Butterfly_EA Maintain at least the same number of sites and       Target achieved Butterfly_EA Encourage the formation of large site networks      Action achieved
                                                                                      _T2          colonies as known in 2000                            in part          _5.2.4       and viable meta-populations centred around large in part
                                                                                                                                                                                      or medium sized colonies.
                                                                                       Butterfly_EA Ensure that at least 5 sites in each key area (mid- Target achieved
                                                                                       _T3          Cornwall moors, the Culm measures, Bodmin           in part due to
                                                                                                    Moor) are managed for marsh fritillary as a         this project
                                                                                                    primary management objective.
                Plebejus argus   silver-studded               Habitat creation and     Butterfly_PA Maintain populations at all known sites.            Achieved in part Butterfly_PA Where possible, increase the available habitat at Action achieved
                                 blue                         management should        _T1                                                                               _5.2.2       known sites and adjacent areas, and attempt to     in part
                                                              have had a positive                                                                                                     link up existing fragments of habitat within 0.6 –
                                                              impact.                                                                                                                 1.0km of each other.
                                                                                                                                                                         Butterfly_PA Restore suitable heathland habitat, initially      Action achieved
                                                                                                                                                                         _5.2.3       concentrating on abandoned metalliferous mining in part
                                                                                                                                                                                      areas.

Birds:          Alauda arvensis s kylark            1994      New breeding             Bird_AA_T1 Maintain the 2004 breeding population and range. Project work is
                                                              opportunities created.                                                                likely to have
                                                                                                                                                    contributed to
                                                                                                                                                    this target.
                                                                                       Bird_AA_T2 The priority for skylark is to promote widespread Target is not
                                                                                                  sympathetic land management, particularly in key SMART, but the
                                                                                                  areas.                                            project has
                                                                                                                                                    achieved it in
                                                                                                                                                    part.
                Caprimulgus      nightjar           1992      New breeding             Bird_AA_T1 Maintain the 2004 population: c30 males at c15    Project work is Bird_AA_5.2 Ensure specific management of all key sites for         Action achieved
                europaeus                                     opportunities created.              sites.                                            likely to have  .3          nightjar.                                               in part
                                                                                                                                                    contributed to
                                                                                                                                                    this target.
                                                                                       Bird_AA_T2 Increase the numbers and range of nightjar to 50 Project work is
                                                                                                  males at c20 sites by 2010.                       likely to have
                                                                                                                                                    contributed to
                                                                                                                                                    this target.
BAP Species                                         ERCCIS    Information from         Relevant SAP target                                          Target          Relevant SAP action                                                 Action
                                                    Records   Project staff/ERCCIS                                                                  achieved?                                                                           achieved?
                                                              staff/CWT staff
Birds:     Carduelis         linnet            recent   New suitable habitat     Bird_CC_T1 In the short term, maintain current population and Target achieved
           cannabina                                    created.                            range within Cornwall.                             in part

                                                                                Bird_CC_T2 In the long term, see a sustained recovery in          Target may be
                                                                                           numbers and evidence of significant increases in       achieved in part
                                                                                           population within key areas – coastal strip, Lizard,   but monitoring is
                                                                                           West Penwith, Bodmin Moor and the mid-Cornwall         required.
                                                                                           moors.
           Emberiza          reed bunting      1968     Management work on      Bird_ES_T1 In the short term, maintain the 2004 population        Target achieved
           schoeniclus                                  Hensbarrow expected to             and range.                                             in part
                                                        have a positive impact.

                                                                                 Bird_ES_T2 In the long term, see a sustained recovery in         Target may be
                                                                                            numbers, with measurable increases within key         achieved in part
                                                                                            areas.                                                but monitoring is
                                                                                                                                                  required.

Mammals:   Pipistrellus      pipistrelle bat   2005     Habitat creation likely to Mammal_M Maintain the existing populations and range of        Target achieved
           pipistrellus & P.                            have provided foraging A_T1         pipistrelles (based on 2004) in Cornwall.             in part
           pygmaeus                                     habitat.
                                                                                   Mammal_M Wherever possible achieve an increase in              Target may be
                                                                                   A_T3     population within the county by improving habitats    achieved in part
                                                                                            and safeguarding linear landscape features.           but monitoring is
                                                                                                                                                  required.

           Rhinolophus   greater               2004     Habitat creation likely to Mammal_R Facilitate an increase in the population within the   Target achieved
           ferrumequinum horseshoe bat                  have provided foraging F_T2         county by protecting and where necessary              in part
                                                        habitat.                            improving roost sites and the surrounding foraging
                                                                                            habitat and commuting routes.
           Rhinolophus       lesser            2005     Habitat creation likely to Mammal_R Facilitate an increase in the population within the   Target achieved
           hipposideros      horseshoe bat              have provided foraging H_T2         county by improving habitats and connectivity         in part
                                                        habitat.                            between existing roosts.
China Clay Woodland Project
Table 3 - China Clay Woodland- Habitat information
                                       Initial       Re-creation       Loss due to           Positive habitat negative habitat Relevant HAP Targets                                               Target      Relevant HAP actions                                          Action
                                       extent        gain (ha)         project actions       modification     modification                                                                        achieved?                                                                 achieved?
                                       (ha)                            (ha)                  (ha)             (ha)

BAP habitat
Fen                                    0.81          0                 Woodland only         0                 0
Lowland heathland                      1.63          0                 planted where         0                 0
Purple Moor Grass and Rush Pasture     0             0                 there has been        0                 0
Wet woodland                           0             0                 tipping so no         0                 0
New upland oak ash woodland (alder     0             358               loss.                 0                 0               Habitata_UO_T Expand the area in Cornwall of well-managed oak Target not       5.2.12         Expand the area in Cornwall of well-managed oak Action 100%
as pioneer to be removed in future)                                                                                            3             woodland with a diverse and characteristic      SMART                           woodland with a diverse and characteristic        achieved
                                                                                                                                             community of animals and plants, without                                        community of animals and plants, without
                                                                                                                                             consequent loss of other semi-natural habitats.                                 consequential loss of other semi-natural habitats
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             by about 10% (140ha), particularly through
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             expansion into currently open ground by planting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and natural regeneration, and restocking conifer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             sites adjacent to oak woodland with native
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             broadleaf species. Specific target 150ha by 2005.

Non-BAP habitats
Scrub                                                                                                                                         See species section
                                                                                                                                              Rhododendron and other exotic species removed
                                                                                                                                              from shelter belts, presume no negative impact on
Other woodland not classified as BAP          280                  0                     0              280                0                  BAP species.
Fencing (>8km) has allowed some                                                                                                               Will have contributed to the THH project
THH sites to be grazed                        39.4                 0                     0              39.4               0                  outcomes, so picked up in that section.
Table 4- China Clay Woods - Species Information
Species Group BAP Species                        ERCCIS    Information from          Relevant SAP target                                              Target              Action ref   Action Text                             Action
                                                 Records   Project staff/ERCCIS                                                                       Achieved?                                                                achieved?
                                                           staff/CWT staff
Birds:       Caprimulgus       nightjar          1992      Early stages of woodland Bird_CE_T2 Increase the numbers and range of nightjar to 50       Target may be
             europaeus                                     growth may benefit the               males at c20 sites by 2010.                           achieved in part
                                                           species and in the longer                                                                  but monitoring is
                                                           term woodland edge will                                                                    required.
                                                           be created.

             Carduelis         linnet                      There are recent records Bird_CC_T2 In the long term, see a sustained recovery in          Target may be
             cannabina                                     on site. There has been             numbers and evidence of significant increases in       achieved in part
                                                           some gorse clearance                population within key areas – coastal strip, Lizard,   but monitoring is
                                                           prior to planting which             West Penwith, Bodmin Moor and the mid-Cornwall         required.
                                                           may have had a slight               moors.
                                                           temporary negative
                                                           impact, early stages of
                                                           woodland growth and
                                                           creation of woodland
                                                           edge may negate this so
                                                           overall no impact.

             Emberiza          reed bunting      1968      Short term positive whilst Bird_ES_T1 In the short term, maintain the 2004 population      Target achieved
             schoeniclus                                   new woodlands are in                  and range.                                           in part
                                                           early stages of growth.

             Muscicapa         spotted           1986      Long term positive due to Bird_MS_T1 In the short term, maintain the 2004 population       Target achieved
             striata           flycatcher                  creation of new                       and range in Cornwall.                               in part
                                                           woodland.
             Pyrrhula          bullfinch         1991      Short term positive whilst Bird_PPv_T In the short term, maintain the 2004 population      Target achieved
             pyrrhula                                      new woodlands are in       1          and range in Cornwall.                               in part
                                                           early stages of growth,
                                                           long term positive due to
                                                           creation of woodland
                                                           edge habitat

             Turdus            song thrush       1991      Creation of woodland     Bird_TP_T1 Maintain the 2004 population and range in              Target achieved
             philomelos                                    and woodland edge likely            Cornwall.                                              in part
                                                           to be slight positive.

Mammals:     Lutra lutra       European otter    1993      Planting of woodlands in Mammal_LL Expand the 2004 otter populations.                      Target may be Mammal_LL Secure appropriate management of riparian       Action achieved
                                                           river valleys will provide _T2                                                             achieved in part _5.2.2 habitats and catchments in woodlands to enhance in part
                                                           cover and potential holt                                                                   but monitoring is       otter populations.
                                                           sites in the longer term.                                                                  required.

             Muscardinus       Dormouse                    Woodland and woodland Mamal_MA_ Ensure no loss of the 2004 range in Cornwall.              Target may be Mammal_M Encourage the management of woodlands and         Action achieved
             avellanarius                                  edge creation likely to be T1                                                              achieved in part A_5.2.3. hedgerows so as to maintain 2004 populations   in part
                                                           positive long term.                                                                        but monitoring is         and prevent habitat fragmentation.
                                                                                                                                                      required.

             Pipistrellus      pipistrelle bat   1991      Early stages of the      MammalPPi Maintain the existing populations and range of          Target achieved
             pipistrellus & P.                             woodland growth and      _T1       pipistrelles (based on 2004) in Cornwall.               in part
             pygmaeus                                      woodland edge habitat
                                                           will provide foraging
                                                           opportunities .
                                                                                    Mammal_P Wherever possible achieve an increase in
                                                                                    Pi_T3    population within the county by improving habitats
                                                                                             and safeguarding linear landscape features.

             Rhinolophus   greater                         Not recorded on the      Mammal_R Facilitate an increase in the population within the      Target may be
             ferrumequinum horseshoe bat                   project sites but are in F_T2     county by protecting and where necessary                 achieved in part
                                                           the area so early stages          improving roost sites and the surrounding foraging       but monitoring is
                                                           of the woodland growth            habitat and commuting routes.                            required.
                                                           and woodland edge
                                                           habitat will provide
                                                           foraging opportunities.

             Rhinolophus       lesser            1992      Early stages of the      Mammal_R Facilitate an increase in the population within the      Target may be
             hipposideros      horseshoe bat               woodland growth and      H_T2     county by improving habitats and connectivity            achieved in part
                                                           woodland edge habitat             between existing roosts.                                 but monitoring is
                                                           will provide foraging                                                                      required.
                                                           opportunities.
Mid-Cornwall Moors Life Project
Table 5 - Mid-Cornwall Moors LIFE - Habitat Information
                                     Initial extent   Re-creation gain Loss due to       Positive habitat negative habitat Relevant HAP targets                                                Target        Relevant HAP actions                                          Action
                                     (ha)             (ha)             project actions   modification     modification                                                                         achieved?                                                                   achieved?
                                                                       (ha)              (ha)             (ha)

BAP habitat
Fen                                  211.93           0                0                 186             0                Habitat_F_T2  Maintain and where necessary restore favourable        Target not    5.2.3      Secure favourable management of all significant    Part achieved
                                                                                                                                        habitat condition on all key fen sites including the   SMART                   fen sites designated as SSSI.
                                                                                                                                        maintenance and restoration of sustainable
                                                                                                                                        management regimes.
                                                                                                                          Habitat_F_T6  Within SSSIs instigate appropriate management          Target not
                                                                                                                                        so that all significant stands of fen are in           SMART
                                                                                                                                        favourable condition by 2010.
Lowland heathland                    194.67           0                0                 131             0                Habitat_LH_T2 Ensure that all viable heathland blocks are            Target not    5.2.4     Source and encourage grazing animals and            Part achieved
                                                                                                                                        managed appropriately to restore and enhance           SMART                   markets. Link with economic initiatives relevant to
                                                                                                                                        their biodiversity.                                                            heathland management, especially development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of extensive grazing and markets. Link with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       initiatives on the THH mid-Cornwall Project,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Bodmin Moor and mid-Cornwall LIFE Project

Purple moor grass and rush pasture   306.08           0                0                 272             0                Habitat_PMGR Arrest the depletion of surviving purple moor           Target not
                                                                                                                          P_T1          grass and rush-pasture throughout Cornwall (eg -       SMART
                                                                                                                                        area of Culm grassland in North Cornwall last
                                                                                                                                        recorded in 1999 at 349ha).
                                                                                                                          Habitat_PMGR Within SSSIs in Cornwall, initiate rehabilitation       Target not
                                                                                                                          P_T2          management for all significant stands of purple        SMART
                                                                                                                                        moor grass and rush pasture in unfavourable
                                                                                                                                        condition by 2005 (eg - unfavourable area of Culm
                                                                                                                                        grassland in North Cornwall SSSIs recorded in
                                                                                                                                        2002-03 at 64ha).
Wet woodland                         308.68           0                                  216             0                Habitat_WW_T1 Initiate re-habilitation management for wet            Target not    5.2.7     Encourage the restoration of at least 50ha of wet   Action achieved
                                                                                                                                        woodlands within SSSIs and cSACs by 2004.              SMART                   woodland
                                                                                                                                        Achieve favourable condition, or unfavourable
                                                                                                                                        recovering condition, in all significant stands of
                                                                                                                                        wet woodland within SSSIs and cSACs by 2010.

                                                                                                                          Habitat_WW_T3 Identify and encourage the restoration of at least Target Achieved
                                                                                                                                        50ha of woodland wherever possible extending or
                                                                                                                                        linking existing woodland
Non-BAP habitat
Scrub- Gorse                                                                                                                               See species table
Scrub- Willow                                                                                                                              See species table
Bracken                                                                                                                                    See species table
Table 6 - Mid-Cornwall Moors - Species Information
Species Group BAP Species                           ERCCIS    Information from             Relevant SAP target                                            Target             Relevant SAP action                                          Action
                                                    Records   Project staff/ERCCIS                                                                        achieved?                                                                       achieved?
                                                              staff/CWT staff

Vascular plants: Euphrasia       Vigur's            2000      Scrub clearance and          Vplant_EV_ Enhance population numbers through                  Target not very Vplant_EV_ Promote beneficial management at all extant sites
                 vigursii        eyebright                    bringing sites back into     T2         experimental management at a range of extant        SMART but        5.2.1     plus heathland sites where it formerly occurred.
                                                              grazing should have a                   sites. Light grazing and the associated trampling   some positive
                                                              positive impact.                        of paths may well prove effective. Increasing the   effect possibly
                                                                                                      number of footpaths criss-crossing the coastal      achieved as part
                                                                                                      heaths may well be beneficial too.                  of this project,
                                                                                                                                                          monitoring
                                                                                                                                                          required.

                Lycopodiella     marsh clubmoss 2002          Bringing sites back into Moss_LI_T1 Maintain and increase the population of the             Target not very
                inundata                                      management by grazing,              species at Retire Common.                               SMART but
                                                              burning and scrub                                                                           possibly
                                                              clearance should help.                                                                      achieved as part
                                                                                                                                                          of this project,
                                                                                                                                                          monitoring
                                                                                                                                                          required.

                Mentha           pennyroyal         1909      Not recorded for a long                                                                                        Vplant_MP_ Ensure appropriate habitat management to          Action may
                pulegium                                      time but current                                                                                               5.2.3      encourage existing populations to spread,         have been
                                                              management would                                                                                                          incorporating it into agri-environment schemes.   achieved in part
                                                              favour the species if it                                                                                                                                                    but monitoring is
                                                              were to spread back.                                                                                                                                                        required to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          check current
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          status of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          species on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          project sites.

                Pilularia        pillwort           2002      Reintroduction of grazing Vplant_PG_ Maintain the 2004 range of pillwort in Cornwall.       Target may       Vplant_PG_ Re-introduce suitable management to old sites       Action achieved
                globulifera                                   on sites and resultant    T1                                                                have been        5.2.2      where possible.                                     in part
                                                              poaching should be                                                                          avhieved in part
                                                              beneficial.                                                                                 but monitoring
                                                                                                                                                          required
                Ranunculus       three-lobed        2002      Reintroduction of grazing Vplant_RT_ Maintain viable populations at all extant sites.       Target achieved
                tripartitus      water-crowfoot               on sites and resultant    T1                                                                in part
                                                              poaching, and scrub
                                                              management has been
                                                              beneficial and this
                                                              species has increased
                                                              on the project sites.

Flies:          Asilus           hornet robberfly             Not recorded here but                                                                                          Fly_AC_5.2. Promote favourable management in all SSSIs and Action achieved
                crabroniformis                                management should                                                                                              1           nature reserves where the species occurs, or   in part
                                                              favour it if it can spread                                                                                                 formerly occurred.
                                                              into the area.
Species Group BAP Species                          ERCCIS    Information from          Relevant SAP target                                             Target           Action ref   Relevant SAP action                                  Action
                                                   Records   Project staff/ERCCIS                                                                      achieved?                                                                          achieved?
                                                             staff/CWT staff
Bees:          Bombus humilis brown carder         1997      Reintroduction of grazing Bee_BH_T1 Maintain populations at all known sites.              Target may        Bee_BH_5.2 Where possible, ensure that all occupied and          Action achieved
                              bumblebee                      and scrub clearance                                                                       have been         .1         nearby potential habitat is appropriately managed     in part assuming
                                                             should help.                                                                              achieved in part             by 2008, for example through SSSI or agri-            that the species
                                                                                                                                                       but monitoring is            environment scheme management agreements.             is still found in
                                                                                                                                                       required to                                                                        the area
                                                                                                                                                       check current
                                                                                                                                                       status of the
                                                                                                                                                       species on
                                                                                                                                                       project sites.

Butterflies:   Eurodryas        marsh fritillary   2002      Project sites managed     Butterfly_EA Ensure 80% of marsh fritillary sites are in        Target achieved Butterfly_EA Encourage favourable management of all known          Action achieved
               aurinia                                       specifically for this     _T1          appropriate management regimes.                    in part         _5.2.3       sites and associated potential sites.                 in part
                                                             species; scrub
                                                             clearance, reintroduction
                                                             of grazing and controlled
                                                             burning.

                                                                                         Butterfly_EA Maintain at least the same number of sites and      Target achieved Butterfly_EA Encourage the formation of large site networks   Action achieved
                                                                                         _T2          colonies as known in 2000.                          in part         _5.2.4       and viable meta-populations centred around large in part
                                                                                                                                                                                       or medium sized colonies.
                                                                                         Butterfly_EA Ensure that at least 5 sites in each key area (mid- Yes - achieved
                                                                                         _T3          Cornwall moors, the Culm measures, Bodmin           for the mid-
                                                                                                      Moor) are managed for marsh fritillary as a         Cornwall moors
                                                                                                      primary management objective.                       key area

               Plebejus argus   silver-studded               Known on project sites.     Butterfly_PA Maintain populations at all known sites.         Achieved in part Butterfly_PA Where possible, increase the available habitat at    Action achieved
                                blue                         Reinstatement of            _T1                                                                            _5.2.2       known sites and adjacent areas, and attempt to       in part
                                                             heathland management                                                                                                    link up existing fragments of habitat within 0.6 –
                                                             should help.                                                                                                            1.0km of each other.
                                                                                                                                                                        Butterfly_PA Restore suitable heathland habitat, initially        Action achieved
                                                                                                                                                                        _5.2.3       concentrating on abandoned metalliferous mining      in part
                                                                                                                                                                                     areas.

Moths:         Hemaris tityus   narrow-                      No recent records but                                                                                      Moth_HT_5. Encourage an increase in the available habitat         Action achieved
                                bordered bee                 may be under-recorded.                                                                                     2.1        and attempt to link up existing fragments of           in part
                                hawk                         Uses same food plant as                                                                                               habitat.
                                                             marsh fritillary so
                                                             reinstatement of
                                                             heathland management
                                                             is beneficial if this
                                                             species is still on site.

               Hydrelia sylvata waved carpet       1989      Status on project sites     Moth_HS_T Maintain populations at all known sites.            Target may        Moth_HS_5. Where possible, ensure that five main occupied        Action may
                                                             not known but scrub         1                                                             have been         2.1        sites are appropriately managed, for example          have been
                                                             clearance and track                                                                       achieved in part             through SSSI or WGS management agreements.            achieved in part
                                                             creation/clearance                                                                        but monitoring is                                                                  but monitoring is
                                                             positive if they are on                                                                   required to                                                                        required to
                                                             project sites.                                                                            check current                                                                      check current
                                                                                                                                                       status of the                                                                      status of the
                                                                                                                                                       species on                                                                         species on
                                                                                                                                                       project sites.                                                                     project sites.
Species Group BAP Species                   ERCCIS    Information from       Relevant SAP target                                                 Target              Action ref   Relevant SAP action                               Action
                                            Records   Project staff/ERCCIS                                                                       achieved?                                                                          achieved?
                                                      staff/CWT staff
Moths:       Mythimnia turca double line    1985      There are more recent  Moth_MT_T Maintain populations at all known sites.                  Target may        Moth_MT_5. Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is   Action may
                                                      records and Adrian     1                                                                   have been         2.1        appropriately managed by 2008, for example            have been
                                                      Spalding has done some                                                                     achieved in part             through SSSI or agri-environment scheme               achieved in part
                                                      survey work. Work on                                                                       but monitoring is            management agreements.                                but monitoring is
                                                      sites to maintain a                                                                        required to                                                                        required to
                                                      mosaic of habitats                                                                         check current                                                                      check current
                                                      should have a positive                                                                     status of the                                                                      status of the
                                                      effect                                                                                     species on                                                                         species on
                                                                                                                                                 project sites.                                                                     project sites.

Birds:       Alauda arvensis s kylark       2001      Reinstated heathland       Bird_AA_T1 Maintain the 2004 breeding population and range. Project work is
                                                      management and                                                                         likely to have
                                                      maintenance of habitat                                                                 contributed to
                                                      mosaic should be                                                                       this target.
                                                      positive.
                                                                               Bird_AA_T2 The priority for skylark is to promote widespread Target is not
                                                                                          sympathetic land management, particularly in key SMART, but the
                                                                                          areas.                                            project has
                                                                                                                                            achieved it in
                                                                                                                                            part.
             Caprimulgus     nightjar       1967      There are recent records Bird_CE_T1 Maintain the 2004 population: c30 males at c15    Project work is Bird_CE_5.2 Ensure specific management of all key sites for             Action achieved
             europaeus                                on Criggan Moor and                 sites.                                            likely to have  .3          nightjar.                                                   in part
                                                      Hensbarrow, reinstated                                                                contributed to
                                                      heathland management                                                                  this target.
                                                      and scrub clearance may
                                                      be beneficial.

                                                                                 Bird_CE_T2 Increase the numbers and range of nightjar to 50     Project work is
                                                                                            males at c20 sites by 2010.                          likely to have
                                                                                                                                                 contributed to
                                                                                                                                                 this target.
             Carduelis       linnet         1981      These are still present on Bird_CC_T1 In the short term, maintain current population and Target achieved
             cannabina                                project sites. Scrub                  range within Cornwall.                               in part
                                                      control and low intensity
                                                      grazing should have
                                                      benefitted this species.
                                                                                 Bird_CC_T2 In the long term, see a sustained recovery in        Target may be
                                                                                            numbers and evidence of significant increases in achieved in part
                                                                                            population within key areas – coastal strip, Lizard, but monitoring is
                                                                                            West Penwith, Bodmin Moor and the mid-Cornwall required.
                                                                                            moors.
             Emberiza        reed bunting   1993      Still on project sites.    Bird_ES_T1 In the short term, maintain the 2004 population      Target achieved
             schoeniclus                              Management to retain                  and range.                                           in part
                                                      habitat mosaics with
                                                      plenty of wet, open areas
                                                      should be beneficial.

                                                                                 Bird_ES_T2 In the long term, see a sustained recovery in        Target may be
                                                                                            numbers, with measurable increases within key        achieved in part
                                                                                            areas.                                               but monitoring is
                                                                                                                                                 required.

             Muscicapa       spotted        1993      Still here, expansion of   Bird_MS_T1 In the short term, maintain the 2004 population      Target achieved
             striata         flycatcher               grazing and positive                  and range in Cornwall.                               in part
                                                      woodland edge
                                                      management should
                                                      have helped.
Species Group BAP Species                        ERCCIS    Information from           Relevant SAP target                                            Target              Action ref   Relevant SAP action                      Action
                                                 Records   Project staff/ERCCIS                                                                      achieved?                                                                 achieved?
                                                           staff/CWT staff
Birds:       Muscicapa         spotted                                                Bird_MS_T2 In the long term, recover population to former      Target may be
             striata           flycatcher                                                        levels.                                             achieved in part
                                                                                                                                                     but monitoring is
                                                                                                                                                     required.

             Pyrrhula          bullfinch         1968      Still on project sites. Bird_PPv_T In the short term, maintain the 2004 population        Target achieved
             pyrrhula                                      Opening up tracks and 1            and range in Cornwall.                                 in part
                                                           blackthorn management
                                                           may lead to a slight
                                                           positive impact.

                                                                                      Bird_PPv_T In the long term, recover population and range to   Target may be
                                                                                      2          former levels.                                      achieved in part
                                                                                                                                                     but monitoring is
                                                                                                                                                     required.

             Turdus            song thrush       1981      Maintenance of mosaic      Bird_TP_T1 Maintain the 2004 population and range in           Target achieved
             philomelos                                    of habitats likely to be              Cornwall.                                           in part
                                                           slight positive.

Mammals:     Lutra lutra       European otter    2006      The river restoration part Mammal_LL Maintain the 2004 otter populations.                 Target achieved Mammal_LL Secure appropriate management of riparian       Action achieved
                                                           of the project and         _T1                                                            in part         _5.2.2    habitats and catchments in woodlands to enhance in part
                                                           hydrological                                                                                                        otter populations.
                                                           management on
                                                           Redmoor should be
                                                           beneficial.
                                                                                      Mammal_LL Expand the 2004 otter populations.                   Target may be
                                                                                      _T2                                                            achieved in part
                                                                                                                                                     but monitoring is
                                                                                                                                                     required.

             Muscardinus       dormouse          2006      Maintenance of habitat Mammal_M Ensure no loss of the 2004 range in Cornwall.             Target achieved Mammal_M Encourage the management of woodlands and        Action achieved
             avellanarius                                  mosaics should have a A_T1                                                                in part         A_5.2.3  hedgerows so as to maintain 2004 populations     in part
                                                           long-term positive impact                                                                                          and prevent habitat fragmentation.
                                                           on availability of food
                                                           supply despite impacts of
                                                           scrub clearance and
                                                           uncontrolled burning.

             Pipistrellus      pipistrelle bat   2006      Maintenance of habitat Mammal_Pp Maintain the existing populations and range of           Target achieved
             pipistrellus & P.                             mosaics should have a i_T1       pipistrelles (based on 2004) in Cornwall.                in part
             pygmaeus                                      long-term positive impact
                                                           on availability of food
                                                           supply.
                                                                                      Mammal_P Wherever possible achieve an increase in           Target may be
                                                                                      Pi_T3    population within the county by improving habitats achieved in part
                                                                                               and safeguarding linear landscape features.        but monitoring is
                                                                                                                                                  required.

             Rhinolophus   greater                         Maintenance of habitat Mammal_R Facilitate an increase in the population within the Target achieved
             ferrumequinum horseshoe bat                   mosaics should have a F_T2      county by protecting and where necessary            in part
                                                           long-term positive impact       improving roost sites and the surrounding foraging
                                                           on availability of food         habitat and commuting routes.
                                                           supply.
Rhinolophus    lesser          2004   Maintenance of habitat Mammal_R Facilitate an increase in the population within the   Target achieved
hipposideros   horseshoe bat          mosaics should have a H_        county by improving habitats and connectivity         in part
                                      long-term positive impact       between existing roosts.
                                      on availability of food
                                      supply.
HEATH (Heathland, Environment, Agriculture, Tourism,
Heritage) Project
Table 7 - HEATH Project - Habitat Information
                                        Initial extent     Re-creation       Loss due to       Positive habitat negative habitat Relevant HAP targets                                               Target achieved?                                  Relevant HAP actions                                                Actions
                                        (ha)               gain (ha) (or m   project actions   modification (ha modification                                                                                                                                                                                              achieved?
                                                           for hedges)       (ha)              or m of hedge) (ha)

BAP habitat
Lowland heathland:                               3171.07
          Brought back into grazing                                                            2021.14                          Habitat_LH_T2 Ensure that all viable heathland blocks are           Target not SMART                                  Habitat_LH_5.2. Source and encourage grazing animals and            Action achieved
                                                                                                                                              managed appropriately to restore and enhance                                                            4               markets. Link with economic initiatives relevant to in part
                                                                                                                                              their biodiversity                                                                                                      heathland management, especially development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      of extensive grazing and markets. Link with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      initiatives on the THH mid-Cornwall Project,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Bodmin Moor and mid-Cornwall LIFE Project.

Brought into more appropriate grazing                                                          109.2                            Habitat_LH_T2 Ensure that all viable heathland blocks are           Target not SMART                                  Habitat_LH_5.2. Source and encourage grazing animals and            Action achieved
                                                                                                                                              managed appropriately to restore and enhance                                                            4               markets. Link with economic initiatives relevant to in part
                                                                                                                                              their biodiversity                                                                                                      heathland management, especially development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      of extensive grazing and markets. Link with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      initiatives on the THH mid-Cornwall Project,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Bodmin Moor and mid-Cornwall LIFE Project.

               Heathland re-creation                       4.5                                                                  Habitat_LH_T3 Re-establish 1050ha of lowland heathland in           0.43% of target achieved                          Habitat_LH_5.2. Achieve 50ha of heathland recreation in the Lizard 1% achieved
                                                                                                                                              Cornwall, consolidating the existing blocks                                                             8               heathland zone.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Habitat_LH_5.2. Achieve 100ha of heathland recreation in the         1% achieved
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9               Penwith heathland zone
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Habitat_LH_2.2. Achieve 100ha of heathland recreation in the         3% achieved
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10              north Coast heathland recreation zone.
Ancient and/or species rich hedges                         1715                                                                 Habitat_ASRH_ Encourage an increase in valuable hedge habitat Target not SMART                                        Habitat_ASRH_   Promote the creation of new hedges using local Achieved in part
                                                                                                                                T7            over time.                                                                                              5.2.2           techniques, traditions, materials and locally native
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      species.
Fen                                     77.99                                                  Unknown                          Habitat_F_T2 Maintain and where necessary restore favourable        Target probably achieved in part were fen sites   Habitat_F_5.2.3 Secure favourable management of all significant Achieved in part
                                                                                                                                             habitat condition on all key fen sites including the   have been brought back into grazing, but no                       fen sites designated as SSSI.
                                                                                                                                             maintenance and restoration of sustainable             information is yet available on the area of fen
                                                                                                                                             management regimes.                                    being grazed
Wet woodland                            38.69                                                  Unknown                          Habitat_WW_T Initiate re-habilitation management for wet            Target probably achieved in part where wet          Habitat_WW_5. Encourage the restoration of at least 50ha of wet   Action probably
                                                                                                                                1            woodlands within SSSIs and cSACs by 2004.              woodland areas have been brought back into          2.7           woodland                                            achieved in part
                                                                                                                                             Achieve favourable condition, or unfavourable          grazing, but no information is yet available on the                                                                   where wet
                                                                                                                                             recovering condition, in all significant stands of     area of wet woodland being grazed                                                                                     woodland areas
                                                                                                                                             wet woodland within SSSIs and cSACs by 2010.                                                                                                                                 have been
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          brought back
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          into grazing, but
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          no information is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          yet available on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          the area of wet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          woodland being
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          grazed

                                                                                                                                Habitat_WW_T Identify and encourage the restoration of at least Target probably achieved in part where wet
                                                                                                                                3            50ha of woodland wherever possible extending or woodland areas have been brought back into
                                                                                                                                             linking existing woodland.                         grazing, but no information is yet available on the
                                                                                                                                                                                                area of wet woodland being grazed
Upland mixed ash woodland               0.01                                                   Unknown                                       No HAP in BAP Volume 3
Reedbeds                                4.38                                                   Unknown                          Habitat_R_T2 Maintain all priority areas of existing reedbed by Target possibly achieved in part where the larger Habitat_R_5.2.3 Ensure favourable management of key reedbeds,           Action possibly
                                                                                                                                             active management                                  reedbed areas have been brought back into                         offering where appropriate long-term, targeted          achieved in part
                                                                                                                                                                                                grazing, but no information is yet available on the               management agreements or agri-environment               where the larger
                                                                                                                                                                                                area of reedbed being grazed.                                     schemes.                                                reedbed areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          have been
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          brought back
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          into grazing, but
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          no information is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          yet available on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          the area of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          reedbed being
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          grazed.
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