01 POLICE The POLICE magazine is published by the Publications and Broadcast Section of Corporate Communication. HEAD: CORPORATE COMMUNICATION Maj Gen SA de Beer SUB-SECTION HEAD: INTERNAL PUBLICATIONS Col Linda van den Berg 012 393 7075 SUBEDITOR Lt Col Fundiswa Maphanga-Nkosi 012 393 7104 JOURNALISTS: Lt Col Erica Holtzhausen 012 393 7106 Capt Keitumetse Mmushi 012 393 7138 Capt Vincent Mukhathi 012 393 7088 Capt Kgabo Mashamaite 012 393 7151 WO Percy Sepaela 012 393 7108 LAYOUT WO Henk Venter COVER Mount Road Cluster Communication PHOTOGRAPHERS: WO Theo van Wyk 012 393 7103 WO Ndanduleni Nyambeni 012 393 7279 LANGUAGE EDITING BY: Lt Col Ilze-Mari Visagie Capt Maurene Claasens SAPS POLICE ONLINE: Lt Col Johan Heüer 012 393 7030 heuer@saps.gov.za REPUBLISHING Permission to republish articles contained in the POLICE may be obtained from the Head: Corporate Communication.

The opinions expressed in the POLICE are not necessarily those of the Head: Corporate Communication, his staff or of the POLICE authorities. INDEMNITY Contributions, photographs and other material sent to the POLICE for publication must be accompanied by a stamped and self-addressed envelope. Contributions are returned at the risk of the contributor. The POLICE reserves the right to effect changes to any contribution. COPYRIGHT POLICE Copyright reserved CONTENTS www.saps.gov.za @ SAPoliceService South African Police Service (SAPS Official Page) The President of South Africa, His Excellency Cyril Ramaphosa, in his recent State of the Nation Address held on 20 June 2019, emphasised the pivotal role that government and public servants play in the achievement of the country’s objectives for a better nation as set out in the National Development Plan, 2030.

As President Ramaphosa stated (pp 4 – 5), South Africa can only move forward if we, as public servants, deliver on our respective key performance areas and conduct ourselves ethically. The SAPS, along with the rest of the continent, celebrated the annual Africa Public Service Day (APSD) just days after the SoNA, on 23 June 2019, to remind ourselves of the importance of good governance and the need for having integrity in all our endeavours as public servants.

APSD (p3) underscores youth involvement in the country’s progression to a better living environment for all. The SAPS has always been cognisant of the power of the next generation and has put the youth at the centre of many of the organisation’s crime prevention and awareness initiatives. This is exhibited with the existence and implementation of the SAPS Youth Crime Prevention Strategy, which guides all our programmes and policies concerning the youth. We can only secure and enhance the prospects of this country by protecting our 02 National Commissioner’s Message 03 Africa Public Service Day 04 SONA 2019 06 Child Protection Week 08 Take a Child to Work 10 Raising Resilient Children 12 SAPS-Sudan Deployments 14 EHW - Suicide in the SAPS 16 Flash News 18 Viva Fitness 20 Cybercrime Strategy 21 Missing Persons 22 Wanted Persons youth, for they are the future of this nation.

Our efforts to do this include, observing Child Protection Week yearly, where our men and women in dignified blue across the country, teach children about their rights and what to do when these rights are violated (pp 6 – 7). To protect our children, we must also develop them as individuals so they can play an active role in protecting themselves and others.

It is crucial that we give our children and their parents the tools for children to withstand difficulties effectively as we cannot be everywhere or with them all the time. These methods of circumventing challenges (pp 10 – 11) should be imparted to children as early as possible in their childhood as studies show that early intervention, breeds well-rounded children who finish school, find appropriate means to generate income and are less likely to commit violent crime. Equally important, is to provide children with much-needed extracurricular activities, such as the SAPS Junior Commissioner Project and the ‘Take a Child to Work’ (pp 8 - 9) to engage their energy, showcase job opportunities in the SAPS so the youth can be interested in policing, and give them as sense of ‘family’ that they would otherwise seek from negative elements.

It is only through working as a collective, engaging the public and collaborating with the youth that we can build a better South Africa for all – where all people live in prosperity, equality, harmony and safety. Major General Sally de Beer What


POLICE JUNE 2019 02 03 POLICE JUNE 2019 ON A JOURNEY TO A SAFER SOUTH AFRICA #FightingCrime NATIONAL COMMISSIONER’S MESSAGE GENERAL KHEHLA JOHN SITOLE The safety of our men and women in blue is high on the agenda of the SAPS and ensuring the safety of all our members is at the core of the SAPS’s strategic imperatives.

As such, we launched a National Police Safety Plan to strengthen the implementation of the Police Safety Strategy to eradicate attacks on and the unnatural deaths of police officers. Some of our initiatives toward this goal is inclusive of a checklist to be adhered to, regularly conducting refresher tactical courses so that members’ skills are always in top form, as well as offering Employee Health and Wellness programmes to ensure members’ mental health so they can perform optimally, among others. We urge all our police officers to make use of all the programmes and resources available to them so that they can be prepared for the war against crime at all times.

The strategy also includes involving members of the public in our endeavours to stop police murders as they have a negative impact on the service delivery of the SAPS in the fight against crime. Working with the community, we will ultimately inculcate a culture where everyone appreciates, values and protects our men and women in blue.

Though our lives are under attack, we cannot and will not deviate from our call to protect our beautiful nation. To safeguard South Africa, we must protect our children as they are the country’s future. We continue to implement multidisciplinary approaches to address the alarming rates of child abuse in South Africa. The most notable being the Family Violence, Child Protection and Family Violence (FCS) Units to give special attention to cases of child abuse so that our qualified police officers, working in conjunction with the Department of Social Development, can support victims of abuse effectively.

Our long-standing Protocol on Crime and Violence in Schools with the Department of Basic Education, where schools are linked to police stations and specific Social Crime Prevention Officers, who conduct crime prevention and awareness initiatives according to the school’s needs, has also assisted in the fight to safeguard our children. One of the most recent efforts to engage children is the SAPS’s active participation in celebrating Child Protection Week, which has been observed throughout South Africa annually for the past 21 years to raise awareness of the rights of children. Our Social Crime Prevention members unceasingly embark on educating children from the levels of crèche to high school about their rights, as well as what to do when those rights have been violated.

In addition to this, the SAPS keeps an open line of communication and trust with children through ongoing projects such as the ‘Safer Schools’, ‘Junior Police Commissioners’ and ‘Take a Child to Work’ projects, which involve children in crime-fighting and moral regeneration initiatives, as well as provide them with productive extracurricular activities and teach them essential social skills. The SAPS family gives children a sense of belonging, which could otherwise be sought in gang affiliation. The onus to protect children and build a safer South Africa for all, is on every person in South Africa.

I thank all SAPS employees for dedicating themselves to the success of these crime prevention and awareness projects.

I would also like to appreciate and thank all the members who were involved in ensuring that President Cyril Ramaphosa’s State of the Nation Address (SoNA) on 20 June 2019 was conducted in a peaceful environment. The National Joint and Operational Structure as the operational arm of the Justice, Crime Prevention and Security Cluster delivered on their mandate to provide safety and security during the SoNA. This was an incident-free event because every law enforcement official deployed to the SoNA applied fundamental policing principles, as guided by the Constitution of South Africa, and executed their responsibilities professionally, impartially and with integrity.

Thank you – you made your country proud. The SAPS, along with other government departments, affords due recognition to the working conditions and quality of public officials who diligently serve the inhabitants of the country through the annual commemoration of Africa Public Service Day (APSD) on 23 June 2019.

The celebration of APSD aims at discovering innovations and motivating public servants to further promote innovation, as well as rewarding excellence in, enhancing the professionalism of, raising the image of, and enhancing trust in the public service. To do this, we collect, document and share best practices for possible replication within our country, as well as across Africa. Themed ‘The Intersection of Youth Empowerment and Migration: Entrenching a Culture of Good Governance, Information Communication Technology and Innovation for Inclusive Service Delivery’, the APSD 2019 strives toward giving recognition to and making known the importance of the public service and public servants, as well as acknowledging their positive contribution to citizens, civil society, the private sector and government as a whole.

According to the custodian of APSD in the country, the Department of Public Services and Administration (DPSA), the decision to celebrate APSD was a result of the conference of the African Ministers for Public and/or Civil Service held in Tangier, Morocco in 1994 to recognise the value and virtue of service to the community through annual, national and biennial continental events. The DPSA also says that APSD is also a platform to reflect on and share practical recommendations on the upliftment of women in the public service across the continent. Appealing to members of the SAPS to celebrate APSD and support its objectives, the National Commissioner of the SAPS, General Khehla Sitole said: “The SAPS will participate in APSD celebrations and engage in specific actions within the organisation to support initiatives on the approved theme.

There is no need to be extravagant in spending, but there should be activities within the day-to-day duties.” In celebrating the APSD 2019, employees of the SAPS designed a Public Servants’ Pledge to be signed by all members in June. Police officials, once again, signed the Code of Conduct and Code of Ethics to re-pledge their vow to adhere to the content of the Codes when delivering public services. Members were also reminded of all the Employee Health and Wellness programmes, such as Suicide Prevention, Substance Abuse, Financial Management, Anger Management, Relationship Building, Ethics and Anticorruption, as well as Stress Management that are available to them so that they can be at their optimal health to better serve the public.

It is disheartening that I have to begin this month’s message to employees of our beloved SAPS lamenting the brutal attacks on the very men and women, who fulfil their gallant pledge to serve and protect the people in this country under dangerous circumstances daily. Our members are under attack at all hours of the day, whether they are on or off duty. In a mere three months into this financial year, the SAPS already has 28 unnatural deaths of police officers on the record, this against the 229 suffered in the 2018/2019 fiscal year.

The fatal shooting of 28-year-old Constable Nhlamulo Vuyeka of the Moroka Police Station in Soweto, Gauteng, while attempting to conduct a random stop-and-search of a suspicious-looking vehicle on 20 June 2019, is the most recent of the ongoing ruthless attacks on our men and women in dignified blue.

The SAPS will afford Constable Vuyeka’s family, as with all members who perish in the line of duty, with all the necessary support in their time of bereavement. The continued callous onslaught on our police officers is an attack on the authority of our State, which will continue to be punished heavily so that it may eventually come to an end. The three suspects involved in Constable Vuyeka’s shooting have already been apprehended. No matter how long it takes for the wheels of justice to turn, police murderers do pay the price for their gruesome crimes. Most recently, the Mthunzini High Court in KwaZuluNatal convicted and sentenced Msawenkosi Ngema (29) to life imprisonment for the murder of Warrant Officer Jerico Mdletshe and five years’ imprisonment for the attempted murder of Constable Senzo Ndwandwe, who he shot while fleeing a crime scene in November 2015.

We commend the perseverance of the dedicated members of the Detective Services Division, who worked tirelessly to secure a combined nine life imprisonment terms for police murderers. The Mthatha High Court in the Eastern Cape sentenced six suspects to life imprisonment each, for killing Warrant Officer Mawethu Siganga when he and his crew responded to an armed robbery in July 2012. Detectives ensured that justice was served for three police officers, who were murdered between 2016 and 2017, both on and off duty in three separate instances. These amounted to three life terms for three suspects and a cumulative 32 years’ imprisonment for two suspects.

Though these sentences do not bring our members back, we can only hope that they bring closure to their colleagues and loved ones. By Capt Kgabo Mashamaite SAPS COMMEMORATES AFRICA PUBLIC SERVICE DAY


POLICE JUNE 2019 04 05 POLICE JUNE 2019 In his third State of the Nation Address (SoNA) on 20 June 2019, President Ramaphosa emphasised the importance of defining a South Africa we all want more clearly and agreeing on the concrete actions needed to achieve it as South Africa entered the last decade of the attainment of Vision 2030. “We must restore the National Development Plan to its place at the centre of our national effort to make it alive, to make it part of the lived experience of the South African people,” said President Ramaphosa.

The National Development Plan (NDP)’s Vision is that, in 2030, people living in South Africa, must feel safe at home, at school and at work − that they enjoy community life without fear, that women walk freely in the street and children play safely outside.

According to the NDP, safety and security should be prioritised because it directly impacts on socio-economic development and equality, which affects the development objectives of economic growth and transformation, employment creation, improved education and health outcome, as well as strengthened social cohesion. Therefore, to strengthen safety and security, the government will be increasing the number of police members in police trainee intakes to increase police visibility in ensuring that citizens are and feel safe. “The first step is to increase police visibility by employing more policewomen and policemen, and to create a more active role for citizens through effective community policing forums.

Currently, there are more than 5 000 students registered for basic training at our police training colleges, and we envisage that this number will be increased to PRESIDENT RAMAPHOSA FOCUSES ON NDP 2030 OBJECTIVES 7 000 in each cycle for the next two intakes,” said President Ramaphosa.

He further explained the importance of a collaboration between the police and communities, as well as police forums to fight crime and create a safe environment for all. “Violent crime is a societal problem that requires a holistic, society-wide response. The South Africa we want, is a country where all people are safe and feel safe. Let us therefore work together to ensure that violent crime is at least halved over the next decade,” said President Ramaphosa. Highlighting the progress made in terms of communitypolice partnership, President Ramaphosa said: “We are working with civil society organisations on strategies to end gender-based violence and femicide.

Following intensive consultations and engagements, we are working toward the establishment of a Gender-based Violence and Femicide Council, and a National Strategic Plan that will guide all of us, wherever we are, in our efforts to eradicate this national scourge,” said President Ramaphosa.

In addition to this, President Ramaphosa said that the government is currently capacitating and equipping the police and court system to support the survivors of genderbased violence. The President also stated that the SAPS was stepping up the fight against drug syndicates through the implementation of the revised National Drug Master Plan. President Ramaphosa also outlined seven priorities that should be focused on to move South Africa forward, namely:
  • Economic transformation and job creation
  • Education, skills and health
  • Consolidating social wage through reliable and quality basic services
  • Spatial integration, human settlement and local government
  • Social cohesion and safe communities
  • A capable, ethical and developmental State
  • A better Africa and World.
  • In addition to these, President Ramaphosa called on the country to tackle poverty, inequality and unemployment, in the next 10 years, by agreeing to work toward ensuring that:
  • No person in South Africa will go hungry.
  • Our economy will grow at a much faster rate than our population.
  • Two million more young people will be in employment.
  • Our schools will have better educational outcomes and every 10-year-old will be able to read for meaning.
  • Violent crime will be halved. He also pointed out that all South Africa’s programmes and policies in all departments and agencies, would be directed in pursuit of these overarching tasks.

Let us make these commitments now to ourselves and to each other – knowing that they will stretch our resources and capabilities, but understanding that if we achieve these goals, we would have fundamentally transformed our society,” said President Ramaphosa. He further emphasised that, to achieve the set objectives, the government needed professional and ethical public servants who are free from corruption. “We are committed to building an ethical State in which there is no place for corruption, patronage, rent-seeking, nor plundering of public money. We want a corps of skilled and professional public servants of the highest moral standards – who are dedicated to the public good,” said President Ramaphosa.

President Cyril Ramaphosa has urged all government departments and agencies, including the SAPS, to dedicate all their resources and energy in pursuit of the objectives of the National Development Plan (also known as Vision 2030). By Capt Vincent Mukhathi


POLICE JUNE 2019 06 07 POLICE JUNE 2019 CHILD PROTECTION WEEK Police from the Brooklyn Police Station in Pretoria, Gauteng, observed Child Protection Week with a visit to the local Little Footsteps Nursery School on 30 May 2019. All the little ones made their own police caps and some were even dressed in makeshift police uniform.

The children were very excited to try out the bullet-resistant vests, tonfa, handcuffs and a police siren. Members taught the children the 10111 emergency number and told them to call it whenever they felt unsafe. Thanking the SAPS for the visit, the children recited a police poem for the police officers in attendance.

It is incumbent on everybody to play a role in protecting children and creating a safe and secure environment for them. Parents and caretakers must keep an open line of communication and trust with children. They should also know where their children are at all times and be observant so they can identify any abnormal behaviour by their children. The SAPS urges all to take note of the following safety tips. Children should:
  • Not be left alone at home or elsewhere, such as a shopping centers, where they can become susceptible to abuse, alcohol and/or drug use
  • Be accompanied to public rest rooms
  • Know their full names, residential address and parents’ phone numbers By Capt Colette Weilbach FOCUS ON CHILD SAFETY Capt Sergio Kock CHILD PROTECTION WEEK DRAWS TO CLOSE The police in the Northern Cape closed off the Child Protection Week at Vals Beautiful Beginnings Preschool in De Beers, Kimberley. The Provincial Corporate Communication and Liaison Services, Visible Policing and Human Resource Utilisation Units, the Galeshewe and Kimberley Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences (FCS) Units, as well as the SAPS’s Women’s Network and Men for Change held a Child Protection Week campaign at the preschool on 11 June 2019.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Marli Strydom and Captain Sabata Tsiu from FCS conducted informative safety talks with the children who were all between four and six-years-old. Captain Patricia Mushwana from Social Crime Prevention and Warrant Officer Chappies Chabedi, a Field Training Officer, enjoying time with preschoolers.
  • Know the 10111 emergency number and what to do during an emergency
  • Know that it is OK to say “NO” when they are faced with uncomfortable situations
  • Know that no one may touch them in a way that makes them feel uncomfortable
  • Check with their parents before accepting gifts from anyone, or before going anywhere, or getting into a vehicle with somebody – even if they know them.

Communities are urged to report any suspicious persons, vehicles or circumstances to the police, immediately, by phoning the 10111 emergency number. Information regarding crime can be given to the police anonymously by phoning 08600 10111. The children listened attentively and were all rewarded with SAPS colouring books with safety hints inside, stationery and party packs. Members of the SAPS also fingerprinted the children on certificates that were filed at the preschool to be kept with the educators for use in case of emergency, such as when a child goes missing.

The children entertained the police with beautiful poetry and singing the South African National Anthem and other wellknown songs.

Captain Sabata Tsiu giving preschoolers safety tips during a Child Protection Week event. By Col Priscilla Naidu EDUCATING CHILDREN IN KABEGA PARK Police in Port Elizabeth’s Kabega Park, Eastern Cape, observed Child Protection Week with learners from the Kuyga Public Primary School recently. This initiative was conducted by the SAPS’s Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Unit, and the Mounted Unit in Port Elizabeth, as well as the province’s Community Policing Forum and the Department for Safety and Liaison. The visit aimed at educating learners on their rights as children in South Africa, teaching them what constitutes domestic violence and urging them to report it, as well as deterring them from bullying and telling them to report it.

Members also discouraged learners from using drugs and warned them about the consequences thereof. A rehabilitated drug addict also gave a moving testimony on how he turned his life around to become a successful person.

The Mounted Unit and its adopted dog, Moertjie, along with about 60 children and teachers led a procession through the streets of Kuyga, handed out pamphlets and conducted a door-to-door crime prevention campaign. Members urged the community to not mete out mob justice and to rather report unlawful deeds and criminals to the police. The children were treated to food hampers and beverages, which were generously sponsored by local businesses in the Kabega Park area. Emphasising the importance of keeping the youth safe, the Spokesperson of the SAPS in Port Elizabeth, Colonel Priscilla Naidu said: “The youth and our children remain one of our greatest assets as the change-makers and innovators of our country, therefore their safety and well-being is of utmost importance.” By Capt Winnie Mabena POLICE IN KWAGGAFONTEIN The police in Kwaggafontein, Mpumalanga, recently celebrated Child Protection Week with preschool children and their educators at the Kwaggafontein Police Station.

More than 120 children and 15 educators from 13 crèches in Kwaggafontein’s Sector Two policing precinct, that is, Kwaggafontein Sections B, C and D, as well as Vreisgewagt, participated in a police-led peaceful march from the Thandanani Crèche to the police station, carrying posters depicting their rights demands, and slogans that their rights should not be violated. The Head of Supply Chain Management at the Kwaggafontein Police Station and the Acting Station Commander on the day, Captain Mampipi Madisha, welcomed the children and their educators to the police station. While the station’s Communication Officer, Captain Winnie Mabena, with the help of Sergeant Nomvula Masombuka and Constable Thabile Maphanga, sensitised the children about their right to shelter, health care, basic nutrition, education and social services, as well as their right to be protected from any kind of abuse or neglect.

Police officials told the children to not trust or be around strangers and to not accept food, sweets, or money from strangers as they might be kidnapped. The members also encouraged the children to memorise their parents’ names and their residential addresses in case they get lost. Members also told the children that no one is allowed to touch their private parts and that they should report it to an adult, teacher or police official, should somebody touch them in a way that makes them uncomfortable.

Due to the number of incidents of children mimicking sexual acts with other children in preschools, the children were also encouraged to tell their parents that they should not share a room with them, or tell their educators if they do sleep with both parents because it is inappropriate to be in the room when their parents do “adult” things. Captain Mabena reminded educators that child protection is everyone’s business and cautioned them against the abuse of children at their crèches.

Appreciating the SAPS for their involvement in child protection on behalf of all the crèches in attendance, Ms Tracy Mdluli, an educator at Thandanani Crèche, said: “We thank the police for a warm welcome at the station.

These lessons are sure to keep our children safe. The love and humanity you showed us, really built the children’s trust in the police.” SPEND DAY WITH PRESCHOOLERS


POLICE JUNE 2019 08 09 POLICE JUNE 2019 TAKE A CHILD TO WORK The SAPS participated, once again, in the ‘Take a child to work’ campaign in various provinces and divisions, including Head office. The campaign celebrated its 17th anniversary under the theme #MoreThanADay. A total of 200 learners from several schools in Pretoria visited various South African Police Service (SAPS) divisions and components on 30 May 2019. On 31 May 2019, the same learners gathered at the SAPS Tshwane Academy for a career expo and motivational talks.

The SAPS used the event as an additional opportunity to reach out to young people and market the SAPS as an employer of choice to achieve the objectives of the National Development Plan, Vision 2030 - to promote economic growth and increase the availability of jobs.

Maj Gen Mathonsi of the Visible Policing Division said that the day was not only about careers in the SAPS, but also to educate learners in grade eight up to grade 12 on what police work encompasses of. “More importantly for this age, is the lack of understanding of what police work entails. We will educate them on the wide variety of career opportunities we have in the SAPS and we spend time listening to their challenges, so that we can adjust our programmes to respond to those challenges”, explained Maj Gen Mathonsi.

By Lt Col Erica Holtzhausen Photographs by WO Ndanduleni Nyambeni and Amos Ndlovu “TAKE A CHILD TO WORK” CAMPAIGN UNDER THE THEME #MORETHANADAY At Technology Management Services (TMS), the learners had the opportunity to see what role information technology played in the fight against crime. TMS Radio Technical gave a demonstration on how radio communication worked, including the technical side of it, which enables operational police members to communicate effectively. A total of 20 of the learners were taken to the SAPS’s Broadcasting Unit to see how the TV programme, “When Duty Calls”, is put together.

Some learners had the opportunity to “present” the programme, others did voice overs and some learners were taken to the editing suites to “edit” the video material taken at the inauguration of President Ramaphosa. Later in the morning, the Head of Corporate Communication, Maj Gen Sally de Beer welcomed the 20 learners to the SAPS Museum. The group then split in half, with ten of them visiting Legal Services while the rest of the learners were accommodated by Lt Col Baratang Pelle and Captain Tintswalo Thobane of Corporate Image and Graphics.

The officers explained that they communicate in a visual way to educate communities about SAPS issues, for example, they created a poster about what one should do when a friend or loved one goes missing. Lt Col Pelle indicated that the blue and gold corporate colours on the poster already indicate that it is communication from the SAPS. The rest of the poster contains very important information about missing persons, for example that you do not have to wait 24 hours before reporting a person missing. It also tells you which documents you have to take with you to the police station, when you want to report a person as missing.

Both Lt Col Pelle and Capt Thobane explained that they are normally working on between three to five different projects at once. Various divisions and components need graphic and corporate image work done and it becomes hectic when they all want it instantly, putting the members under lots of pressure. “It is therefore imperative for you to know exactly what you want to do when you choose a career. It is only because I love what I am doing and am inspired by it, that I can handle the stress and pressure. I really love my job, therefore I know that I made the right career choice”, said Lt Col Pelle.

Both officers urged the learners to do thorough research about the careers that they are interested in. They explained that ending up in the wrong job, can make one’s life extremely miserable.

The learners were then handed copies of the internal Police magazine, annual SAPS reports and the annual Excellence Awards booklets so that they could see what the officers meant when they were talking about the layout of pages, logos, page settings, etc. In the SAPS’s Corporate Communication environment alone, there are many career options, such as media, journalism, photography, videography and duties of a language practitioner. Learners living with a disability from Filadelphia School, visited Language Management, and were received and welcomed by Capt Moshidi Kabeng. Chaplain Thobejane-Makhurupetsi from EHW kick-started the day with prayer and they thanked her for gracing them with her presence.

They started their day having refreshments and were later taken through the section for orientation. After the orientation, Capt Kabeng briefed them about the roles and responsibilities of a language practitioner. They were given short translating and editing exercises on hard copy. Each task they were assigned to do, they were working in pairs to make it easier for them. They were actively involved and showed some enthusiasm despite their challenges. After all the activities of the day, each of the 10 learners, was awarded with a certificate of participation to show their involvement in the campaign.

The learners indicated that they experienced an unforgettable day at Language Management. On Friday, 31 May 2019, the learners attended a career expo to experience even more of the wide choice of careers that the SAPS have to offer. On the day, the learners could see that SAPS employs more than just law enforcement officials. The organisational structure makes it possible for the organisation to absorb candidates from a vast range of study fields to complement their support personnel. These study fields include Psychology, Social Work, Forensics, Human Resources, Law, Administration, Communication, Finance and Auto Mechanics, to name but a few.

One of the grade 10 learners from Kutumela-Molefi High School, Kamogelo Khoza, said that being a part of the SAPS’s ‘Take a child to work’ campaign has taught her that choosing a career, requires passion, dedication and being well-informed. She said that she was surprised by the many exciting careers in the police and that she was looking forward to studying Social Work and then join the SAPS so that she can assist employees with any challenges they might experience. Lt Col Baratang Pelle explained the layout of pages, logos, page settings, etc in the internal Police magazine, other annual SAPS reports and the annual Excellence Awards booklets and posters.

The learners were taken to various components and sections within the SAPS such as the Broadcasting Unit, Corporate Image (Graphics section), Legal component and Forensics to get insight in what police members do every day.


POLICE JUNE 2019 10 11 POLICE JUNE 2019 Global Parents’ Day is observed on 1 June annually to honour parents worldwide for their lifelong sacrifice toward nurturing their relationships with their children. Families remain at the centre of social life in ensuring the well-being of their members, educating and socialising with children, as well as caring for the young and the old.

Parents of every race, religion, culture and nationality in all parts of the world are seen as the primary caregivers and teachers of children, preparing them for a happy, fulfilling and productive life.

Parents need to be aware that they sometimes keep their children dependent in their quest to be helpful. This happens when parents short circuit the important lesson that every behaviour has a consequence, by NOT allowing their children to fail and to try again. Failing and making mistakes, is an important part of growing up as this assists in testing one’s limits, building resilience and becoming empowered through independent learning. ARE YOU A ‘HELICOPTER’ PARENT? ‘Helicopter’ parents are parents who remove all the obstacles in their children’s way to protect them from failure or disappointment as opposed to giving them the space to fail and figure out on their own, how to do things differently the next time.

Helicopter’ parenting affects the child’s behaviour and brain development. By taking decisions and solving problems for your child, you reduce their ability to solve problems and make decisions. The area of the brain that deals with these components is the prefrontal cortex, which is only fully developed at the age of 25. Developing this part of the brain requires exercise, which requires that they do things for themselves, failing and trying again. Therefore, if your child does not experience the latter, they will end up not being able to do it in adulthood as their prefrontal cortex will be underdeveloped – which might diminish their quality of life.

What children need, are parents modelling resilient thinking and behaviour because children imitate the thinking, habits, and behaviour of the adults around them. All children are capable of doing extraordinary things. There is no success gene and there is no happiness gene. The potential for greatness lies in all of them. We cannot change the fact that they will face challenges along the way, BUT what we can do is give them skills to face challenges thereby building their resilience. Resilience is being able to bounce back after a stressful, traumatic or difficult experience. When children are resilient, they are braver, more curious, more adaptable, and more able to extend their reach into the world.

RESILIENCE AND THE BRAIN In times of stress or hardship, the body goes through a number of changes designed to make us faster, stronger, more alert and more capable. These are all brilliant, but the changes are only meant to be for a short term. When the stress is ongoing, these physiological changes stay switched on causing the prefrontal cortex to temporarily shutdown. Resilience is related to the capacity to activate the prefrontal cortex and calm the amygdala (the part of the brain that controls emotions). When this happens, the physiological changes that are activated by stress, start reversing and thereby, expanding the capacity to find a solution, adapt and recover from stress or challenges.

HOW DOES RESILIENCE AFFECT BEHAVIOUR? Children have different levels of resilience and consequently, they have unique ways of responding to and recovering from stressful experiences. They also have different ways of showing when the demands that are put on them, outweigh their capacity to cope. Some might become emotional and withdraw, while others might become disobedient, angry or resentful. Of course, even the most resilient of warriors have days where it all gets too much, but low resilience will drive certain patterns of behaviour more often.

CAN RESILIENCE BE CHANGED? Yes, the experiences an individual is exposed to, shapes their intrinsic characteristics to build resilience.

HOW DO WE BUILD RESILIENCE IN OUR CHILDREN? Moulding children into healthy, thriving adults, is not about moving adversity out of their way. If we do that, we will NOT be doing them any favours, since a little bit of stress is life-giving and helps them to develop the skills they need to flourish. STRATEGIES TO BUILD RESILIENCE IN YOUR CHILD 1. Build strong relationships with your children · Research tells us that it is NOT self-reliance, determination or inner strength that leads children through difficulty, but the reliable presence of at least one supportive relationship.

In the context of a loving relationship with a caring adult, children have the opportunity to develop vital coping skills. · The presence of a responsive adult can also help reverse the physiological changes that might be activated by stress. · This will ensure that the developing brain, body and immune system are protected from the damaging effects of stress-related physiological changes. 2. Increase your children’s exposure to people who care about them · Children will NOT always notice the people who are in their corner cheering them on, so make them aware of the people in their ‘fan club’.

Any contribution you are able to make to build their connection with the people who love them, will strengthen them.

3. Inform your children that it is okay to ask for help · Make them aware that being brave and strong means knowing when to ask for help. 4. Increase your children’s capacity to develop coping strategies · Establish routines. · Model healthy social behaviour. · Provide opportunities for their own social connections. · Play board games and give them a chance to make their own decisions. 5. Build feelings of competence and a sense of mastery in your children · Nurture the feeling that they can do hard things in them.

Do this by acknowledging your child’s strengths or the effort they put into doing something difficult, and encourage them to make their own decisions.

6. Nurture optimism in your children · Optimism is found to be one of the key characteristics of resilient people. · The brain can be rewired to be more optimistic through the experiences it is exposed to. · If you have a child who tends to look at the glass as being half empty, show them the half full option. This does not mean invalidating how they feel, acknowledge their view AND introduce them to a different one.

7. Teach your children how to reframe · In times of difficulty or disappointment, help them to focus on what they have, rather than on what they have lost or what they do not have. · Encourage them to question any ideas about how things should be done. 8. Model resilience · Help your children see that disappointment and sadness are normal human experiences as this will pave the way for them to explore what it (disappointment or sadness) means for them and how they would like to respond to it.

9. Facing fear – but with support · When children are faced with difficulty, they tend to think one could only handle the situation by facing it head on or avoiding it at all cost.

Show them that there is a third option – to gradually move toward it, while feeling supported and with a certain amount of control. 10. Make time for creativity and play with your children · Problem-solving is a creative process and anything that strengthens their problem-solving skills, will nurture their resilience.

RAISING RESILIENT CHILDREN THIS GLOBAL PARENTS’ DAY By Lt Col Crestelle Kleingeld Should you require any assistance, our details are as follows: Social Work Services 079 880 5966 and 012 393 5472 SAPS’s Family and Relationship Desk members: Lieutenant Colonel Kleingeld at 012 393 5192 and kleingeldc@saps.gov.za Captain MV Nkosi at 012 393 5244 and NkosiViolet@saps.gov.za Captain LK Mahlase at 012 393 5187 and MahlaseL2@saps.gov.za Above all else, let your children know that they are loved unconditionally. This will give them a solid foundation to return to when the world starts feeling shaky.

The Social Work Service Family and Relationship Desk would like to thank you for your commitment toward nurturing your relationship with your children and building their resilience.


POLICE JUNE 2019 12 13 POLICE JUNE 2019 SAPS HUMANITARIAN EFFORTS CONTRIBUTE TO DARFUR LITERACY By Capt Kgabo Mashamaite Photographs by WO Theo van Wyk Members of the SAPS, who were part of the United Nations – African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) were good ambassadors for the country during their one-year deployment in Sudan. This, according to the Section Head for External Deployment and Mobilisation Support in the Operational Response Services (ORS) Division, Brigadier Ria Ramodingwane, during the debriefing of members fresh from their international duties at the ORS offices at the Maupa Naga Building in Pretoria, Gauteng, on 27 May 2019.

These members were deployed with instructions to protect civilians, contribute to security for humanitarian assistance, monitor and verify the implementation of various agreements, assist in an inclusive political process, as well as contribute to the promotion of human rights and the rule of law, among others. The members hoisted the country’s flag aloft with humanitarian intervention projects apart from their core mandate.

After having assessed the level of illiteracy among the civilians in the Internally Displaced People camp at Shangil in the Tobaya area, the SAPS members deployed there, raised about US$1 000 to build a classroom and help with the procurement of building material to complete the (half-built) administration block at the camp’s school, EL Hurria Basic School. In her welcoming address, Brigadier Ramodingwane said: “We commend our highly-disciplined members for a job well done. Not only on their key responsibility areas, but for walking the extra mile and extending their hands and opening their wallets to make a difference in the lives of their fellow Africans.” One of the members involved in raising funds for the two projects, Sergeant Benjamin van Vuuren, said: “After having observed the lack of basic human rights and the enthusiasm that locals had for learning basic English communication skills, we decided to build a classroom that would accommodate learners who were willing to learn the language.

We then started to contribute funds out of our own pockets and purchased building material for the project. The Head Master, Mr Osman Muhammad, and the teacher’s association mobilised community members to assist in building the classrooms and classroom benches. The actual construction started in February 2019 and the handing over was done on 12 May 2019 – just two weeks before our departure back to South Africa. We are grateful to have made a difference in the lives of ordinary people.” According to the ORS Division’s Commander for External Deployment, Colonel Kuli Mahlangu, the SAPS is mandated by Cabinet to deploy at least 50 deployment-ready members every financial year at a budget of R18 million.

Colonel Mahlangu further explained that there are two types of external deployments, namely, external contingent deployment (the mission forwards contingent requirements to Cabinet) and contractual external deployment (the mission advertises vacancies for individuals with specific qualification/skills).

Sharing his experience as an individual police officer for the UNAMID, his first external deployment in his 26-year career with the SAPS, Warrant Officer Richard Govender said that serving the country at an international peace-keeping mission, was an experience of a lifetime and that, given the opportunity, he would not hesitate to continue where he had left off. “I am also glad that, as the commander has said, the team raised the flag of the country high and engraved the name of the SAPS into the hearts of Dafur’s local civilians in the Shangil camp through these projects,” said Warrant Officer Govender.

Detailing his experience, Warrant Officer Govender said: “We contended with extreme weather conditions with temperatures soaring to 40˚C and frequent sand storms, but we adapted. Regarding the locals, we first had to overcome our cultural and language differences, but we adapted well as time continued as they began to accept us.” In the debriefing session, the Section Head for the SAPS’s Employee Health and Wellness’s Psychological Services, Brigadier Petunia Lenono, explained the importance of debriefing members going to and returning from deployment.

The pre-deployment phase mainly involves preparing members’ mindset for change so they can adjust to extraordinary duties, being away from their loved ones, as well as the different environment and cultures.

We also consult with members’ families as they too will go through change because of members’ absence from their everyday lives. The post-deployment process is aimed at reintegrating members into their former normal duties and their families, as well as reorientating them in the changes that would have happened during their 12-month absence,” said Brigadier Lenono.

The ORS Division’s Commander for Mobilisation Support, Lieutenant Colonel Milton Ndlovu said that members deployed to foreign missions, have to be fully-functional police officers, over the age of 25, medically fit, subject themselves to comprehensive medical screening, comply with the United Nations’ medical criteria, undergo the United Nations’ generic assessments, undergo two to four-week assessment training in various disciplines, and pass the e-based United Nation assessment tests.

A group picture of the SAPS members who were part of the United Nations Hybrid Operations mission from 27 May 2018 to 27 May 2019 in Darfur, Sudan.

WO Richard Govender and Sergeant Benjamin van Vuuren next to the completed classroom structure with the Head Master, Mr Osman Muhammad (dresssed in white) and the local teachers association representative (dresssed in grey) during their handing-over ceremony.


POLICE JUNE 2019 14 15 POLICE JUNE 2019 EHW EHW The SAPS is entrusted with the vital task of upholding law and order in the democratic Republic of South Africa. It is therefore imperative that police officials remain healthy so that they can be productive and deliver on their Constitutional mandate to protect the country and all its inhabitants. By Lt Col (Dr) Coenraad van den Heever Unfortunately, traumatic experiences in the line of duty, stress and/or depression, sometimes overburden our law enforcement officials which often leads them to commit suicide. Police officials are not only at risk of committing suicide, but are also susceptible to committing murder-suicide.

Murder-suicide is an act in which an individual kills one or more people, usually an intimate partner and/or children, before (or while) killing themselves. Police officials mostly commit suicide or murder-suicide with service firearms, which is attributed to them having free access to them. Hanging and drug overdose are also popular methods of suicide among police officials. Males use more violent methods such as firearms to kill themselves, compared to females who prefer less violent options such as drug overdosing.

Which myths exist about suicide? Please test your understanding of suicidal behaviour by determining whether you believe the below statements by indicating whether they are true or false? Myths about suicide: · do not understand why they attempted suicide in the first place · feel angry that they cannot just “get over it”.

We can help prevent suicide by doing the following: · Participating in the Employee Health and Wellness (EHW) Psychological Services’ Choose Life Programme, which raises awareness on suicide among police officials and aims at providing preventative measures that members can use to curb suicide.

Acquiring the help of psychological professionals. EHW’s Psychological Services’ personnel are available seven days a week, even after hours, to assist police officials and their immediate family members. · Taking up the responsibility of saving the lives of your colleagues, family members and friends, you do not have to be a psychologist to be able to identify a person in distress. Each individual can be a lifesaver by being observant, listening to their intuition, and acting appropriately.

Keeping in mind that a suicidal person’s inability or unwillingness to ask for help, does not mean that they do not need it.

Realising that suicide prevention starts with recognising the warning signs and taking any threats of suicide or murder-suicide seriously. How can I support those who have attempted suicide? If someone you know is a suicide survivor, you can, irrespective of the type of relationship you have with them: · Check on them often (make time for people and be concerned about their well-being) · Tell them that it is OK to talk about their suicidal thoughts and feelings · Listen without judging or preaching to them · Tell them that you want them in your life and how important they are to you · Ask them directly whether they are thinking about committing suicide when they start showing warning signs THE FINAL ACT: SUICIDE AMONG EMPLOYEES OF THE SAPS True False 1.

More men than women attempt suicide. 2. A person who has attempted suicide once, is less likely to try it a second time. 3. If you ask a person whether they are thinking about suicide, you will put suicidal ideas into their minds. 4. A person who has been suffering from depression, who seems to be feeling better now, is not likely to commit suicide. 5. Most suicides occur without the person giving any indication that they are thinking about it.

  • 6. Individuals who try to commit suicide, must be mentally ill. 7. Alcohol does not have much influence on the number of suicides. Myth buster: 1. False
  • Women attempt suicide three times more often than men.
  • However, the completed suicide rate is four to five times higher for males than it is for females. 2. False
  • The chances of an individual attempting suicide for a second time are very high, especially in cases where there was no intervention after the first attempt. 3. False
  • DO NOT be afraid to openly talk about suicide. You might just save a person’s life.
  • 4. False
  • A person who suffers from depression, usually, does not have the energy to commit suicide, but they are much more likely to attempt suicide after they have recovered from their mood disorder. 5. False
  • About 80% of all intended suicides are communicated to others, verbally (where the person actually says: “I want to kill myself”) or non-verbally (where a person does things that display that he or she is giving up, for example giving away their possessions). NOTE: non-verbal cues in murder-suicide are much more subtle.
  • 6. False
  • Not all suicidal persons suffer from a mental disorder. Sometimes, individuals who commit suicide are merely looking for a permanent solution to their problem(s). 7. False
  • Alcohol use is associated with 25% to 50% of all suicides.
  • Alcohol lowers an individual’s inhibitions thereby helping them to overcome the anxiety involved in committing suicide. Factors leading to suicide? Suicide is a complex phenomenon which involves many factors that in some instances, interact with each other and lead to suicide.

These include: · Genetic or biological factors (for example family history of suicide and/or depression) · Social factors (for example financial adversity, exposure to violence and aggression in the line of duty, and relationship problems) · Psychological factors (for example poor interpersonal and/or problem-solving skills) · Spiritual factors (for example disconnectedness from God and neglect of one’s spiritual well-being). What signs must we look for? Most suicidal individuals give major warning signs of their intentions.

These include: · Talking about killing or harming themselves · Talking or writing about death a lot · Suffering or having previously suffered from a mental illness/disorder such as depression and/or post-traumatic stress disorder · Having previous suicide attempt(s) · Having a family history of suicide · Abusing alcohol and/or other substances · Losing interest in activities which he or she enjoyed previously (for example hobbies and sport) · Having dramatic mood swings · Sudden changing behaviour (for example, to change from being an outgoing person to becoming withdrawn or from well-behaved to rebellious) · Neglecting physical appearance · Displaying changes in eating and/or sleeping patterns · Withdrawing and isolating from people, often opting to be alone, whether at home or work · Expressing feelings of emptiness, or having a void that no one/nothing can fill Survivors of suicide attempts often − · feel guilty about what they did · fear doing it again, they might be successful next time · feel embarrassed that they failed to take their own lives Call the EHW: Psychological Services for immediate assistance at the following numbers: Head Office: 082 779 8616 Gauteng: 082 413 1898 Limpopo: 082 445 9586 North West: 082 855 0657 Free State: 082 463 4083 KwaZulu Natal: 082 567 4181 Western Cape: 082 469 1076 Eastern Cape: 082 779 7197 Northern Cape: 082 494 9927 Mpumalanga: 013 249 1775 NOTE: Studies show that a sense of hopelessness, is a strong predictor of suicide as people who feel hopeless, predict a bleak future and reckon that they have nothing to look forward to.

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