Research Matters - NUI Galway

Research Matters - NUI Galway
Research Matters
                                                                                            National University of Ireland, Galway

                                                                                                                     Issue 7 SPRING 2014

Research Matters
National University of Ireland, Galway,
University Road, Galway,
Republic of Ireland

T: +353 9149 5312
                                                                     Beyond Research     The EU App Economy                Young Researcher Profiles
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     VP Letter                                                                                                                                                   Contents
                                                          W             elcome to Issue 7 of Research
                                                                        Matters. The following pages give a
                                                                        snapshot of some of the important
                                                                                                              will help build on the success of previous
                                                                                                              plans and contribute significantly towards
                                                                                                              the University of the future.                                                                                        Featured Articles:

                                                          research activities in the University in recent           I am also pleased to share our recent
                                                          times. This issue’s theme, ‘Beyond Research’,       successes in terms of improving research
                                                                                                                                                                 Editorial Board
                                                                                                                                                                 John Holden, Editor
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Beyond Research
                                                          broadens the focus somewhat in terms of             supports at NUI Galway. In February we
                                                                                                                                                                 Eithne O’Connell, Deputy Editor
                                                          coverage of the research horizon and its            launched the Research Support Services
                                                          many facets.                                        Initiative, created to support researchers at
                                                                                                                                                                 Sarah Knight
                                                               Undoubtedly, it is a very exciting time for    all stages of the research lifecycle through the   Jim Duggan
                                                          research at NUI Galway. Numerous successful         introduction of a support desk, an integrated      Valerie Parker
                                                          funding applications have created a confident       website and additional support workshops and       Patrick Hayes

                                                                                                                                                                 Joanne O’Connor
                                                          and thriving research atmosphere. In a variety
                                                          of disciplines, we are now recognised as world
                                                                                                              events. Research Support Services also hosted
                                                                                                              the first meeting of the Research Support          Patrick Lonergan                  The Mechanics
                                                          class leaders. Recent successes include EU
                                                          Marie Curie Awards - SphereScaff, Kinseed,
                                                                                                              Committee, a new group focused on developing
                                                                                                              a community of practice and harnessing the
                                                                                                                                                                                                   of Stabbing
                                                          Rhak, EpicS and Gendowl. NUI Galway was             knowledge and expertise that exist across
                                                          also awarded 31 Irish Research Council New          NUI Galway with respect to research support.
                                                          Foundations Awards, such as Genesis, ShorTIE,              This month we launch the Online Grant
                                                          Choices, newspeakers, Neander150 and                Management system to support research project
                                                          Blooms2Feeds. Further funding and awards
                                                          have also come from Enterprise Ireland, EU FP7
                                                          and SFI.
                                                               From a strategic planning perspective we are
                                                          currently engaging with the campus community
                                                                                                              management and administration. Furthermore
                                                                                                              we will grow our Research Support team in May
                                                                                                              through the appointment of our new H2020
                                                                                                              advisors. These supports will all contribute
                                                                                                              toward a stronger research support footprint
                                                                                                                                                                                                   International Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                   for Traditional Music
                                                          to develop a Research and Innovation Strategy       for NUI Galway.
                                                          bringing us to 2020. As we move forward

                                                          through the strategic consultation and planning     Professor Lokesh Joshi ,
                                                          process we are looking forward to the various       Vice President of Research                                                           Brain Awareness Week
                                                          contributions that will influence the future of
                                                          research at NUI Galway. We are confident that
                                                          the University Research and Innovation strategy

     From the Editor
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Participatory Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Research                         19
     T        his issue looks at some of the external forces affecting 21st century professional research.
              “Beyond Research” is the theme underpinning Issue 7 and in the introductory piece I talk
              to VP for Research Prof Lokesh Joshi about current challenges and opportunities. Like a
     ship navigating its way through a storm, the lighthouse can often be one’s saving grace. In the last
     number of months NUI Galway has upped its game to make itself that lighthouse for its researchers
     by offering improved support structures.

     We will also feature various fascinating research areas, some of which have not been covered here
     before. From the world of Applied Maths to the goings on at NUI Galway’s Centre for Irish Studies
     we showcase some very interesting work indeed. In addition, a number of the University’s younger
     researchers have been profiled to show just how much promising talent there is on the way up. Enjoy.

     John Holden,

         Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ From the Editor                                                                                                                                                                                                   Contents / Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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     Beyond Research
     While research and experimentation are the primary focus
     of academics, inventors and innovators, there’s a whole lot more
     to 21st century enquiry. RM Editor John Holden interviews Vice
     President of Research Professor Lokesh Joshi about some of the
     main challenges facing NUI Galway’s research community.

     Introduction                                         Funding                                               Commercialisation                                   Internationalisation

     T         he days of innovators like Robert Boyle,
               Francis Beaufort, Ernest Walton and
               even NUI Galway’s Vincent Barry may
     be well and truly over.
          Modern research in any field –scientific,
                                                                “Certainly funding is essential for research,
                                                          but what is more important is the impact of that
                                                          research,” explains Professor Lokesh Joshi.
                                                                “We can think of this impact in both soft
                                                          and hard terms: soft might be considered
                                                                                                                     “Commercialisation is a very direct way of
                                                                                                                showing the impact of research coming out of
                                                                                                                universities that is tangible and measurable,” he
                                                                                                                says. “Any product we use – from a new drug
                                                                                                                to a smart phone - is the result of many years of
                                                                                                                                                                        “Networking is key to a healthy university
                                                                                                                                                                    research environment. The way the globe
                                                                                                                                                                    is moving, the way international funding
                                                                                                                                                                    structures are moving, NUI Galway needs
                                                                                                                                                                    to be plugged into anything that relates to
     social or artistic - is routinely interrupted,       as anything which has long-term value to              hard work by many people. What we want is for       our research, whether it’s in San Francisco or
     influenced and shaped by extenuating factors.        communities or society at large.” [these              our research at NUI Galway to translate directly    Sydney. Likewise, across the world we need
     Funding applications, commercialisation,             might be political, social, economic and/or           to products found in the market, to processes       to be known for doing certain things well.”
     internationalisation, social embedding and           psychological benefits]. “Social embedding is         that maximise agility and efficiency and to
     societal impact are just some of the issues that     the bedrock of research. We can do great work         services that drive technological change. The       by JOHN HOLDEN
     are affected by modern research outcomes.            in the university but if people don’t know about      beauty of innovation is its ability to transcend    RM Editor
     One could be forgiven for thinking that time         it and are not impacted by it, it really is of        the traditional School and College boundaries
     spent filling out forms and paperwork to justify     little consequence.”                                  and create collaborative opportunities which
     research is now competing with the task at hand.            “The harder impact might relate to the         underpin our research ethos in terms of cross
          However, the increasingly structured            innovation of a new product or service. Issues        cutting and interdisciplinary research.
     approach has its advantages. For example, it can     surrounding commerialisation, translation,                 “Still we shouldn’t get hung up on
     lead to more practical outcomes and solutions        industrial interaction: these all relate to           commercialisation alone,” he stresses. “Not
     to real challenges facing society in a number        harder impacts.                                       everything can be measured this way. Equally
     of areas – healthcare, social inclusion, equality,         “That being said, research funding is           impactful research adds to policies which
     technology deficits, improved meta-analysis          simply a vehicle, which is not required in all        benefit society and government in ways where
     etc. In addition, as NUI Galway continues            areas equally. The engineer, the scientist or the     traditional metrics are less easily defined. What
     to become known for world class research             medical researcher might need it at high levels.      is important to realise for Ireland as a nation -
     in specific areas, larger funding doors begin        The economist, sociologist or psychologist (and       with a huge skill set base - is that we encourage
     to open as well as opportunities from more           others in the arts and social sciences) may not       our researchers to think about translating their
     interesting collaborations with similar institutes   require as much funding as the scientist does,        knowledge through commercialisation to make
     around the world.                                    yet their research might have just as much of         sure there’s an impact on society.”
                                                          an impact.
                                                                “There’s no doubt our researchers are under
                                                          pressure for funding from government agencies
                                                          and other funding streams but we need to
                                                          balance funding and impact. From our point
                                                          of view, funding is the mechanism but impact
                                                          is the goal.”

         Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ Beyond Research                                                                                                                                                                                              Beyond Research / Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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 Insight EU App Economy                                                                                                                                             Energy Night 2014

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The various participants who
     European Commission Vice President Neelie Kroes with NUI Galway's Dr John Breslin                                                                                                                                                                                                      took part in Energy Night

     The EU App Economy                                   In addition to €6 billion in app sales, in-app             Eurapp is one strand of the Startup Europe
                                                          spending for virtual goods, and advertising, EU       manifesto for entrepreneurship and innovation

     L                                                                                                                                                              Energy Night was held in February 2014 in the New Engineering Building at
              eaders from the EU app economy              developers raised €11.5 billion in 2013 from          in the EU, and the project is led by the Insight
              gathered in Brussels in February for        contract labour. Much of the developer-for-hire       Centre for Data Analytics at NUI Galway and
              the launch of the Eurapp study report       business is commissioned by companies that            Gigaom Research.                                    NUI Galway. Two hundred people attended the event which was organised by
                                                          are not really in the apps business per se, but use        “Throughout the past year, the Eurapp team
     “Sizing the EU App Economy”. Guest speakers
     including Neelie Kroes and Rovio’s Peter             apps to support and market their mainstream           have interviewed a variety of stakeholders in       energy engineering students in conjunction with the Career Development Centre.
     Vesterbacka discussed the future of the EU app       offerings: such as financial services, retailing,     the EU app economy and surveyed hundreds
                                                          and packaged goods.                                   of companies that are producing apps, both

     economy in the context of Eurapp; a yearlong
     project run by NUI Galway and Gigaom which                • Fewer than half of the independent             big and small,” says NUI Galway’s Dr John                    he event began with tours of the New       Monaghan, Mechanical Engineering Discipline
     looks at the opportunities and challenges facing     developers that were surveyed by the study            Breslin, leader of the Eurapp project. “Some                 Engineering Building departing from        and Director of the NUIG Energy Systems
     the EU app economy.                                  said they were offering services for hire; this       of the main bottlenecks facing app companies                 the foyer and included demonstrations      Engineering Course, entitled “Energy in Ireland
          Launching the study, Neelie Kroes, Vice         is a potentially untapped market for startups.        in the EU were identified in these interviews       of lab equipment, Building Management               – Local Wellbeing, National Priorities, Global
     President of the European Commission,                Similarly, half of the enterprises that did their     and workshops, followed by crowdsourcing            Systems and a tour of the state-of-the-art Energy   Challenges” examined the impact, conflicts and
     highlighted its importance. "The amazing scale       own in-house development also used third-             challenges where nearly 100 innovative              Centre. There was also an ESB electric car on       opportunities that arise in local communities
     of the European app economy is only getting          party developers. Also, in-house developers are       solutions were submitted to address those           display.                                            through the development of large-scale energy
     bigger, with 1.8 million jobs, rising to nearly 5    by and large more satisfied in achieving their        bottlenecks.”                                            Several speakers from major players in the     projects of national importance. This is a topical
     million by 2018 and revenues of €17.5 billion        commercial objectives than independents,                   The launch event also featured talks from      energy industry, including ESBI, ENERIT,            subject, which is reflected in the current debates
     rising to €63 billion in the same period. Yet just   many of which are frustrated by low prices, free      other leading figures in the app and tech startup   ÉireComposites, Glan Agua and the Irish Wind        over wind farm development and transmission
     five years ago, it didn't exist at all."             products, or barely-emerging ad revenues.             space: Peter Vesterbacka, Chief Marketing           Energy Association, delivered presentations         network expansion. Speakers on the night
          The “Sizing the EU App Economy” report               • The EU app developer workforce will            Officer at Rovio, who leads the marketing and       to students on the various employment               were Gabriel D’Arcy (CEO, Bord na Móna),
     focuses on sizing and qualifying the EU apps         grow from 1 million in 2013 to 2.8 million in         brand strategy for the Angry Birds video game       opportunities available in the sector.              Mike de Jong (Communities for Responsible
     ecosystem, with a focus on revenue generation,       2018. Additional support and marketing staff          franchise, one of the EU’s top app success               There was a Research Poster Showcase           Engagement with Wind Energy) and John
     jobs supported and the bottlenecks still facing      result in app economy jobs of 1.8 million in          stories; Simon Schaefer who has made angel          highlighting the important work and innovative      Fogarty (Chairman of Templederry Windfarm
     EU apps developers. Key findings from the            2013, growing to 4.8 million in 2018.                 investments in many European startups and           thinking currently being carried out by             Ltd. which is 100 percent owned by equal
     analysis by Gigaom Research’s Mark Mulligan               EU developers face more business than            app companies (including 6Wunderkinder,             researchers in Irish third level institutions.      shareholders from the local community). This
     and David Card, which is based in part on two        technical bottlenecks. It’s difficult to increase     the creators of Wunderlist) and founded                  This year the Energy Night panel               was followed by an energetic Q&A session.
     surveys of developers targeting EU markets,          users' willingness to pay for apps, but better        The Factory in Berlin, a 16,000 square metre        discussion, which was moderated by Dr. Rory
     include the following:                               discovery vehicles could help relieve high            startup campus; and Gemma Coles, director of
          • EU developers will take in €17.5 billion      customer acquisition costs. Similarly the study       mobile strategy for Mubaloo, one of Europe’s                                                            by DR JIM DUGGAN
     in revenue in 2013, and the study forecasts          saw an opportunity for an EU marketplace              leading enterprise and consumer mobile app                                                              College of Engineering and Informatics
     that figure will increase to €63 billion in five     where companies needing app development               development companies.
     years. The source of that revenue is surprising.     could identify, negotiate with, and hire
                                                          contract developers.                                  by DR JOHN BRESLIN
                                                                                                                College of Engineering and Informatics
                                                                                                                and researcher with DERI.

         Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ Insight EU App Economy                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Energy Night 2014 / Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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     Making a Stab at Forensic Biomechanics
     In recent years, the fields of biomechanics and forensic medicine
     have merged to form a new discipline: forensic biomechanics. This
     discipline has met the needs of the legal system in particular, with
     engineers increasingly acting as expert witnesses in courts of law.                                                                                                                                                                                                                       A drug eluting stent increases the flow of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               blood through a diseased coronary artery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               and releases a drug to prevent narrowing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of the vessel due to inflammation

                                                                                                                                                                          NUI Galway Maths Research in Focus
                                                                                                                                                                          Mathematics at NUI Galway is more vibrant than ever with numerous research
                                                                                                                                                                          areas looking for solutions in key areas, particularly medicine and biology.
                                                                                                                                                                          Mechanics of the Brain                              system. Eventually their research should assist in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the design of better stents.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sequences; assembly and analysis of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    genome of Hydractinia echinata, a new model
                                                                                                                                                                          The mechanics of the brain are being                                                                      organism that is being used to study stem cell
                                                                                                                                                                          investigated in order to gain better
                                                                                                                                                                          understanding of the physical properties of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Visualising Decision Space                            regeneration and cancer at NUIG; analysis of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the structure and function of DNA in difficult-
                                                                                                                                                                          brain tissue – an under-researched area where       One way to conceptualise how we make                  to-sequence regions of the human genome
                                                                                                                                                                          greater levels of understanding could assist in a   decisions is to consider our possible choices         that were neglected by the Human Genome
     Knife puncturing porcine skin                                                                                                  Biaxial tension device                variety of medical treatments.                      as “attractors” in a “decision space”. We make        Project; development of new probabilistic tools
                                                                                                                                                                               Prof Michel Destrade, Head of Applied          a decision when our behaviour reaches the             to understand how some human antibodies
                                                                                                                                                                          Mathematics at NUI Galway, teamed up with           vicinity of one of these equilibria. By tracking      can control HIV by targeting specific parts of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              how individuals make their choices, for instance

                                                                                                                                                                          Prof Michael Gilchrist and Dr Badar Rashid                                                                the virus; and understanding how proteins
                   ith this in mind, Prof Michel Destrade,    the force as either mild, moderate or severe. “The         “The chief advantage of developing such          in Mechanical Engineering at UCD to address         through the trajectory of a computer-mouse            interact with one another, forming complex
                   Head of Applied Mathematics at             problem with such descriptions is that they are       a model is that once the development process          this knowledge gap. They conducted a series         choice, it is possible to infer the pull towards      networks that are an important aspect of how
                   NUI Galway, teamed up with the             open to interpretation,” adds Cassidy. “Moderate      is complete, the same model can be used to            of experiments on porcine brain matter in           available responses prior to the eventual             cellular systems work. In many cases we can
     Irish State Pathologists Prof Marie Cassidy and          could mean something completely different to me       investigate the influence of the many factors         order to model and simulate the mechanical          response, and in so doing, to infer characteristics   analyse large amounts of genomics data that are
     Dr Mike Curtis, and Prof Michael Gilchrist and           than it does to a juror.”                             associated with stabbing incidents,” explains         properties of the brain. They also studied the      of the decision space where these choices exist.      now being shared globally, while also enabling
     Dr Aisling Ni Annaidh from the The School of                  It’s an unusual research interest for applied    Dr. Ní Annaidh. “This work has lead to the            microstructure of brain matter                           Dr Petri Piiroinen at the School of              NUIG researchers to benefit from advances in
     Mechanical and Materials Engineering, at UCD to          mathematicians and engineers, but this work has       development of a stab metric that can indicate the                                                        Mathematics and Dr Denis O’Hora at the                genomics technologies.
     carry out multidisciplinary research on some of the
     big questions in forensic biomechanics. One such
                                                              successfully combined experimental techniques
                                                              with sophisticated finite element methods to
                                                                                                                    level of force used in a given stabbing incident.
                                                                                                                    It has been disseminated in the best forensics
                                                                                                                                                                          Polymer Free Stents                                 School of Psychology in NUI Galway have

     project focuses on the mechanics of stabbing.            develop a measure of the minimum forces required      journals including Forensics Science International    Eighty percent of global stent production
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              devised a method to visualise and analyse
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              decision spaces. They are currently developing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Computational Algebra
          “When a stabbing is fatal, the amount of            to puncture human skin. A series of experiments       and The American Journal of Forensic Medicine         is carried out in Ireland. Stents are a major       new tools to analyse dynamical decision-              A de Brún Centre team are using algebra
     force required to inflict the stab wound is often        allowed for the investigation of the effect of a      and Pathology.                                        mechanical tool in the treatment of blocked         making, based on the modeling of behavioural          to design and compute shape invariants for
     the source of much debate in court,” says Prof           number of key variables in stabbings, including             “It has been a fantastic adventure to           coronary arteries. Dr Martin Meere from             experiments conducted at the university. Their        proteins, data sets, fractals, networks, medical
     Marie Cassidy. “As an expert witness, I am               the thickness and tension of the skin, the angle of   collaborate with such high-calibre experts in         the School of Mathematics at NUI Galway             preliminary results have just been published in       images, hyperbolic space, number theory, group
     usually asked to quantify the force involved in the      attack, the underlying substrate, the presence of     engineering and forensics,” says Prof Destrade.       has teamed up with the National Centre of           Nature Scientific Reports.                            theory etc.
     stabbing attack. The answer that I give is critical in   clothing, the speed of the attack and the type of     “I have learned a lot and I’m excited to be able to   Biomedical Engineering Science (Galway) to
     determining the harmful intent of an assailant.”
          Traditionally, the pathologist assesses the
                                                              instrument used.
                                                                   Based on the results, a finite element model
                                                                                                                    use applied mathematics for this on-going effort
                                                                                                                    to model the mechanics of stabbing.”
                                                                                                                                                                          propose sound mathematical models of drug
                                                                                                                                                                          release from polymer free stents. They hope
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Bio-informatics                                       Biostatistics
     force used based on the condition of the blade,          of blade penetration was developed. The model                                                               to help identify the dominant mechanisms            Bio-informatics research at NUI Galway                Biostatisticians are working to improve and
     the extent of the tissue damage, the presence of         replicates the conditions of the stab-penetration     by PROF MICHEL DESTRADE                               involved in drug release and help quantify          includes understanding how mutations cause            better understand optimum Sugar Cane
     clothing and the wound itself, and then categorises      test and uses a sophisticated failure criterion to    College of Science                                    how the release behaviour depends on the            drug resistance in Leishmania, a neglected            Growth, anti-malarial drug interactions, HIV
                                                              model the puncturing of the skin.                                                                           geometrical and material properties of the          tropical pathogen, from analysis of genome            outcomes, etc.

         Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ Making a Stab at Forensic Biomechanics                                                                                                                                                                                    Making a Stab at Forensic Biomechanics / Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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                                                             ICTM Conference                                                        T          he theme of the conference - ‘Music,
                                                                                                                                               Place and Community’ - operated at
                                                                                                                                               numerous levels during the weekend and
                                                                                                                                    there was a notable level of community-building
                                                                                                                                    among scholars drawn together by diverse but
                                                                                                                                                                                            complications (reverting back to processes
                                                                                                                                                                                            of modernity), also ran through much of the
                                                                                                                                                                                            work presented.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Place and community as articulated,
                                                                                                                                                                                            negotiated and worked out in music is of course
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 place and community are especially consistent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 in his poetry. In the same semester as a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 memorial event for Heaney was held at NUI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Galway it was fitting that the conference closed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 with a reference to Heaney’s poem, ‘The Forge’.
                                                             Comhrá Ceoil and the Centre for Irish                                  connected interests.                                    reciprocal and dynamic: music is worked out          In it he begins with ‘All I know is a door into the
                                                             Studies were delighted to host the                                          Throughout the conference, scholars with
                                                                                                                                    interests in a variety of music-making and musical
                                                                                                                                                                                            in place and by individuals in communities
                                                                                                                                                                                            too. Underpinning all of this and mentioned
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 dark . . . ‘, offering a tantilising glimpse of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 possibilities that lie within. A conference offers
                                                             International Council for Traditional                                  experiences - ranging from local, national to           explicitly in some of the papers was the essential   that glimpse, and the final line of the poem
                                                                                                                                    international contexts - engaged with topics            role of memory. It is through the prism of           suggests the work that might take place in that
                                                             Music (ICTM) Ireland conference                                        across the spectrum. Discussions and debates,           memory that the themes of music, community           place, ‘To beat real iron out, to work the bellows’.
                                                             this year. It is the first time it has                                 both at panel sessions and in the corridors of St
                                                                                                                                    Anthony’s, the conference hub, prompted many
                                                                                                                                                                                            and place relate to each other. A recurring
                                                                                                                                                                                            question was: How does music ‘become’ and            by Dr MÉABH NÍ FHUARTHÁIN
                                                             taken place at NUI Galway and is an                                    questions: no doubt issues from ICTM 2014 will          how does music ‘mean’ as it moves through            Acting Director, Centre for Irish Studies,
                                                                                                                                    be revisited in other fora. A conference such as        and embeds in the memory of individuals              Programme Director, BA with Irish Studies
                                                             acknowledgement of the research in                                     this can, and ideally should, operate as a space        and of communities?
                                                             Irish music and dance studies at the                                   where discourse is imaginatively and creatively
                                                                                                                                    realised. From that perspective ICTM 2014 was
                                                                                                                                                                                                 A particularly special event run as part
                                                                                                                                                                                            of the conference was Oíche ar an Sean-nós
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The 2014 ICTM Conference was generously
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 supported by Comhrá Ceoil, the Centre for Irish
                                                             Centre for Irish Studies, through the                                  a tremendous success.                                   which opened the proceedings on Friday night         Studies, the Millenium Grant Fund, and Drama,
                                                                                                                                         A diversity of music practices and                 at An Taibhdhearc. Past and present Sean-nós         Theatre and Performance at NUI Galway.
                                                             research network Comhrá Ceoil and in                                   cultures were discussed through political,              Artists in Residence at the Centre for Irish
                                                             other related disciplines here in Galway.                              psychoanalytical, emigrant and musicological            Studies performed and in doing so, tied together
                                                                                                                                    frameworks. This illustrates the vibrancy of the        the themes of music, place and community
                                                                                                                                    conference and of ICTM as an organisation,              perfectly. Artists included singers Joe John Mac
                                                                                                                                    which has over the years worked hard at creating        An Iomaire, Treasa Ní Mhiolláin and dancers,
                                                                                                                                    an intellectually unquarantined space, where            Róisín Ní Mhainín and Gearóid Ó Dubháin.
                                                                                                                                    musics of all hues sit easily together.                      Our poet laureate, Seamus Heaney, was
                                                                                                                                         Forty-five papers were presented and,              concerned with many ideas and the themes of
                                                                                                                                    remarkably, they were all thematically loyal,
                                                                                                                                    speaking to the main themes of place, music
                                                                                                                                    and community. Whether discussing Lockey’s                ICTM Conference Poster
                                                                                                                                    rap in London, or Cypriot emigrants’ music in
                                                                                                                                    Birmingham, they all connected.
                                                                                                                                         Nonetheless, particular subthemes and
                                                                                                                                    tropes were deployed. The tipping point between
                                                                                                                                    past and present in music practice was a powerful
                                                                                                                                    thread in many and a keen interest in the ways
                                                                                                                                    in which music-making moves from the past
                                                                                                                                    to the present was also particularly evident.
                                                                                                                                    Ethnomusicology, an organising discipline
                                                                                                                                    for several of the conference delegates (even
                                                                                                                                    those operating in cognate fields), has at times
                                                                                                                                    suppressed the historicity of practice, operating in
                                                                                                                                    the ‘now’ as if it didn’t have a ‘before’. However it
                                                                                                                                    was found that the presence of history (musical,
                                                                                                                                    social, cultural) was woven into papers presented,
                                                                                                                                    illustrating the worth of mining historical context
                                                                                                                                    for musical cultural analysis.
                                                                                                                                         Scholars in the field of Music Studies/
                                                                                                                                    Ethnomusicology have moved away from
                                                                                                                                    a simplistic binary of tradition/modernity
                                                                                                                                    and instead many papers grappled with the
                                                                                                                                    interstitial space of music-making as it finds
                                                                                                                                    itself at a moment in time, moving forward but
                                                                 Dr Lillis Ó Laoire, Head of the School in Languages, Literatures   inextricably tied somehow to its pasts. This was
                                                                 and Cultures. Lillis was Fear an Tí at Oíche ar an Sean-nós on     especially true as the subtheme of mediaisation
                                                                 21 February which took place at An Taibhdhearc in Galway           and its various manifestations, effects and

        Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ ICTM Conference                                                                                                                                                                                                  ICTM Conference / Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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     Profile: Young Researcher Tara Sugrue                                                                                               The 3-Cities Project

                                                                                                                                         The 3-Cities Project has one key aim: to engage in a citizen-led and collaborative process
                                                                                                                                         to re-imagine services as a means of maximising participation for children and youth,
                                                                                                          “I am a 25-year old
                                                                                                                                         people with disabilities and older people in their communities and cities and in Irish society.
                                                                                                          researcher from Killarney,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Galway cityscape
                                                                                                          County Kerry. I began my
                                                                                                          scientific career in 2006 as
                                                                                                          a Bachelor (Hons) student
                                                                                                                                         T        his three year programme of work,            and cities in general, in the health and well-    Research Centre, the Irish Centre for Social
                                                                                                                                                  which commenced in October 2013,             being of children and youth, people with          Gerontology, and the Centre for Disability
                                                                                                          of Biotechnology at NUI                 focuses on older people (aged 65 years
                                                                                                                                         and over), children and youth (aged 12 to 18
                                                                                                                                                                                               disabilities and older people.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    The 3-Cities Project marks the first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Law and Policy.

                                                                                                          Galway where I became          years) and people with a disability (sensory/         major programme of work undertaken by             by DR KIERAN WALSH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Deputy Director
                                                                                                                                         physical and intellectual disability) in Galway,      Project Lifecourse (http://www.nuigalway.
                                                                                   Tara Sugrue            interested in stem cell        Limerick and Dublin cities.                           ie/lifecourse/) and will be led by the Project    Irish Centre for Social Gerontology
                                                                                                                                              With a work programme that involves              Lifecourse team (Pat Bennett, Director; Keith
                                                                                                          biology and immunology.        service users, services managers and service          Egan, Researcher; Danielle Kennan, Research
                                                                                                                                         providers, and that encompasses both in-              Associate; Áine Ní Léime, Research Fellow

                                                                                                                                         depth qualitative research and service design         & Kieran Walsh, Senior Research Fellow) with
         n my final year, I carried out a research     I worked in the laboratory of Prof Antonius
                                                                                                                                         and transformation, this project endeavours           support from the UNESCO Child and Family
         project with Prof Rhodri Ceredig              Rolink (University of Basel, Switzerland), where
                                                                                                                                         to go beyond data-collection, focusing on
         (REMEDI) and realised that I really           I studied the radio-biology of immature T cells.
                                                                                                                                         the development of evidence-based policy
     enjoyed academic research. So I decided to             “From my PhD experience, I gained a
                                                                                                                                         and social innovation for our communities
     pursue a PhD with Prof Ceredig.                   great interest in how cancers develop within
                                                                                                                                         and cities. The final year of the 3-Cities
         “In collaboration with Prof Noel              the immune system and wanted to pursue
                                                                                                                                         Project will be dedicated to the development,
     Lowndes – from the Centre for Chromosome          this further. As a postdoctoral fellow in the
                                                                                                                                         implementation and evaluation of community-
     Biology - we studied the mechanisms used by       laboratory of Prof Freddy Radtke, EPFL,
                                                                                                                                         based service models in one community in each
     mesenchymal stromal cells to deal with DNA        Switzerland, I am now investigating the role
                                                                                                                                         city. Through its interconnected work packages,
     damage following irradiation and followed this    of Notch in the development of T-acute
                                                                                                                                         the 3-Cities Project provides a means of linking
     up by investigating the effect of low oxygen on   lymphoblastic leukaemia and chronic
                                                                                                                                         research, policy and practice to achieve real and
     these processes. As an EMBO Fellow, in 2012       lymphocytic leukaemia.”
                                                                                                                                         valuable outcomes for individuals and
                                                                                                                                         their communities.
                                                                                                                                               Therefore, the 3-Cities Project is interested                                                                       Programme of Works in the City
                                                                                                                                         in how services can enhance the participation
                                                                                                                                         of children and youth, people with disabilities,                                                                          WP=work-package;
                                                                                                                                         and older people in our cities, and on how                                                                                SP = service provider;
                                                                                                                                         these citizen groups can be involved in the                                                                               SU = service user;
                                                                                                                                         development of such services. More than this,                                                                             OP = older people;
                                                                                                                                         however, the Project will provide insight into                                                                            PD = people with a disability;
                                                                                                                                         the role of neighbourhoods and communities,                                                                               CY = children and youth.

        Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ Profile Young Researcher Tara Sugrue                                                                                                                                                                            The 3-Cities Project / Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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     Researcher Profile: Dr Patrick Collins                                                                                                                                Brain Awareness Week
                                                             Dr Patrick Collins is an economic geographer at
                                                             the School of Geography and Archaeology and
                                                             co-leader of the Creative, Liveable and Sustainable
                                                             Communities cluster at the Whitaker Institute.
                          Dr Patrick Collins

     Dr Patrick Collins speaking at the Creative Edge        You are in the process of wrapping up the €1.1
     conference entitled “How Creative Industries            million Creative Edge project. Explain to us
     Contribute to and Shape Peripheral Region Societies     how this project came about and the impact it
     and Economies” held in An Taibhdhearc in Galway         has had on your research?
     City December 2013                                      “The Creative Edge project came about through a
     How did you become involved in Creative                 call for interest in funded programmes that sought
     Economy research?                                       to sustain the periphery of Europe in economic
                                                             and social terms issued by the EU’s Northern
     “As often happens, I found that my research
                                                             Periphery Programme (NPP) in 2010. My work
     focus was drawn towards the creative economy
     as a result of work I carried out in a seemingly
     unrelated domain. After I completed my PhD at
                                                             on the creative economy had an obvious affinity
                                                             with this so I headed to a meeting organised by
                                                                                                                        Dr Patrick Collins and Garry Hynes
                                                                                                                                                                           Galway Neuroscience Centre Reaches Out for Brain Awareness Week
                                                             the NPP in the hope of finding partners to work

     the University of Hull, I returned to NUI Galway
                                                             with. Ian Brannigan of the Western Development                                                                         s part of the international ‘Brain          Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, brain injury and       (School of Natural Sciences), played a key
     in 2007 and worked on a PRTLI-funded research
                                                             Commission was in attendance and we saw the                                                                            Awareness Week’ event, staff and            spinal cord injury. Information leaflets obtained   role in organising the event. In addition, the
     project that was concerned with internationally
                                                             opportunity to collaborate on a project proposal.    That project then opened the door to the Creative                 students of NUI Galway’s Neuroscience       from brain-related charities and organisations      Galway Neuroscience Centre’s public outreach
     traded service industries operating out of Ireland.
                                                             We put this to all members present and that          Edge funding, which has helped situate me and the        Centre organised a major public information          were on display and available for the public        exhibition has been selected by an International
     Prof Seamus Grimes and I noted some interesting
                                                             was the foundation of the Creative Edge project      university as central in the creative economy debate     exhibit in the Aula Maxima, Quadrangle, NUI          to take away, such as the DANA Foundation,          Brain Awareness Week Awards Committee
     patterns, not least of these was evidence of what
                                                             team. We came together with partners from            in Ireland and Europe. I am currently working on a       Galway in March of this year.                        MS Ireland, Alzheimer’s Society of Ireland,         for presentation at this year’s FENS Forum in
     we termed ‘network embeddedness’; that is
                                                             various backgrounds (regional development            bid for additional funding from the NPP to develop             Members of the public and children from        Parkinson’s Association of Ireland, Aware           Milan. The FENS Forum is Europe’s largest
     foreign-owned corporations in Ireland embedding
                                                             agencies, universities and film centres) to form     and expand on the research and outputs from the          local schools visited the exhibit to learn more      (relating to depression), Chronic Pain Ireland,     international neuroscience meeting, attracting
     themselves in the global production network
                                                             a proposal for promoting the creative economy        Creative Edge project.                                   about how the brain and nervous system work.         Shine (relating to mental health, Acquired Brain    over 6,000 scientists within the neuroscience
     of their corporations but not ‘geographically’ in
                                                             in our four peripheral regions: West of Ireland,           “I should state that I do not believe that         The exhibit consisted of interactive displays        Injury Ireland and Brainwave (the Irish Epilepsy    community. “This is an excellent achievement
     Ireland in the traditional sense.
                                                             Northern Ireland, Finland and Sweden (for more       research funding is the ‘be all and end all’. Research   where visitors could learn more about the            Association).                                       and a testament to how our public outreach
          As an economic geographer, questions of
                                                             information see               itself is what matters. For me and the stage in          nervous system in a hands-on way. For example,             Microscopes were available to view            programme and Brain Awareness Week exhibit
     industrial location are always to the fore. With
                                                                                                                  my career I was at (working under contracts of           there were various puzzles and tests of hand-        brain cells and brain tissue sections for those     has developed,” says Leader of the Galway
     regard to foreign direct investment in Ireland,
                                                             You have also been part of a number of ancillary     indefinite duration) funding helped me to stay           eye coordination, visual perception, left/right      interested in seeing what a brain cell and brain    Neuroscience Centre, Dr David Finn. “Special
     many location decisions can be explained by
                                                             projects, such as Galway’s bid to become an          working in the research environment. It is not           handedness and creativity.                           tissue really looks like. Additional features       thanks must be given to our members who have
     lucrative tax incentives, but this was not explaining
                                                             UNESCO City of Film, the Galway Arts Festival        ideal but it is the model that we are working in. I            There was also general information about       included plastic models of the nervous system,      supported and contributed to the development
     everything. I began to look at the other reasons
                                                             and the Volvo Ocean Race economic impact             consider myself fortunate as there are numerous          the brain and visitors had the opportunity to        and even Play-Doh and colouring books for the       of our outreach programme over the years.”
     why some of the world’s leading technology
                                                             assessment.                                          pieces of fantastic work that are not getting funded.    learn more about brain disorders, via a series       very young!
     firms were setting up in Ireland. Answers such as
                                                             “One of the mantras that I have come to recognise    I was lucky to have the support of colleagues in the     of large information posters prepared by the               The Galway Neuroscience Centre                by DR DAVID FINN
     business environment, an educated workforce and
                                                             as a truism in the world of research funding is      Whitaker Institute and the School of Geography           staff and postgraduate students of NUI Galway        acknowledges funding from the National              College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences
     access to the European market all featured, but the
                                                             that ‘money begets money’. Not that all of these     and Archaeology that recognised the potential            Neuroscience Centre. Approximately 180               Centre for Biomedical Engineering Science
     terms ‘culture’ and ‘creativity’ began to crop up
                                                             were funded projects (indeed most were taken on      of the work I was trying to do. The Whitaker             million Europeans are thought to suffer from         and from EXPLORE at NUI Galway, as well
     more and more. So managing directors of these
                                                             purely out of research and civic interests). When    Institute’s Director, Dr James Cunningham, realised      a brain disorder, at a total cost of almost €800     as a grant from the DANA Foundation to
     large companies were telling me that the cultural
                                                             I think about the chronology, what I recognise       the potential of my research pursuits. I would have      billion per annum. The posters covered a variety     Dr Una Fitzgerald, which made this event
     associations of Ireland and the creative industries
                                                             is winning a small research grant was the first      found it incredibly difficult to carry out any of this   of conditions including: epilepsy, Parkinson’s       possible. Dr Fitzgerald, together with Dr Karen
     alongside a creative entrepreneurial spirit were
                                                             stated faith in my work. On the back of that I       work without all the support I’ve had.”                  disease, pain, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia,   Doyle (Physiology) and Dr Muriel Grennon
     active agents in their decision to locate here. That
     revelation helped me see Ireland and its business       successfully tendered to carry out a project that
     offering in a different perspective and pointed         involved slightly larger funding (an economic
     me to an emerging area of research in economic          impact assessment of the Creative Economy of
     geography: the Creative Economy.”                       the West of Ireland commissioned by the WDC).

         Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ Researcher Profile: Dr Patrick Collins                                                                                                                                                                                                        Brain Awareness Week / Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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NUI Galway \ RESEARCH MATTERS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Galway
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               RESEARCH MATTERS / NUI Galway

 Community Outreach
     There was so much Community Outreach activity over the last year that in this issue
     we have put together a collection of pictures showcasing a variety of projects.

                                                                                                                                                                             The ReelLife Science project run by Dr Enda O’Connell, NCBES, with students       Gold medal recipients of the 2013 Gaisce Award David McGurrin, Oisin
                                                                                                                                                                             from St Enda’s College, Galway Conor Elliot, Shane Kelly, Sorcha Whyte, Alice     O'Carroll, Sarah Kilduff, President Michael D Higgins, Rion Breslin &
                                                                                                                                                                             O'Donnell and John Ugwu. Photo by Iain Shaw                                       Christina Quinn

                                                                                            Nuala Dalton (Milltown NS), Professor Tom Sherry (Dean of Science NUIG);
      A school group receives a guided tour of neighbouring Terryland Forest Park.          Des Foley (Head of the School of Science GMIT) and John McNamara (R&D
      The park is being promoted as an Outdoor Laboratory for university                    Director Medtronic) at the vintage classroom exhibit during the Galway Science
      research and and as an Outdoor Classroom for local schools                            and Technology Festival Fair held last November in NUI Galway

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RailGirls Women in Technology Workshops and Conference DERI May 2013
                                                                                                                                                                             Judges and winners at NUI Galway’s THREESIS 2013 competition at
                                                                                                                                                                             An Taidhbhearc Theatre, Galway. John Holden, Irish Times Journalist and
                                                                                                                                                                             Editor of NUI Galway’s Research Matters publication; Eithne Verling,                                                                  Dr Michel Dugon
                                                                                                                                                                             Director of the Galway City Museum; Sara Vero, Ryan Institute and                                                                     is joined by junior
                                                                                                                                                                             THREESIS runner-up; James Curry, Moore Institute and THREESIS                                                                         eco-explorers in “Bug
                                                                 Dr. Anna Soler (2nd from right), winner of the                                                              winner; Joanne Kenny, Clinical Neuroimaging Laboratory and                                                                            Hunters” an RTÉ
      Brendan Smith of INSIGHT being presented                                                                                                                               THREESIS runner-up; Prof. Lokesh Joshi, VP Research NUI Galway
      with the inaugural 'IT in the schools’ award               Ryan Institute’s first annual Award for Selfless                                                                                                                                                                                                  series of 15 mini
      at the annual ITAG awards ceremony                         Cooperation. Pictured here with her colleagues                                                                                                                                                                                                    documentaries on
                                                                 from the Irish Seaweed Research Group after                                                                                                                                                                                                       Irish wildlife
                                                                 receiving her award at the Ryan Institute’s
                                                                 Research Day in September. Alex Wan, Dr. Benoit
                                                                 Quéguineur, Dr. Richard Walsh, Dr. Anna Soler,
                                                                 Dr. Liam Morrison

                                                                                                                         Nina Walsh from St Senan's Primary School
                                                                                                                         Kilrush Co Clare with her certificate of
                                                                                                                         participation at the Youth Academy Graduation                                                                                        Wisdom Agba entertains
                                                                                                                         February 2014                                                                                                                        a crowd of visitors with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a thermal camera at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Engineer’s Week Family
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Day in St Nicholas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Church organised by the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              College of Engineering
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and Informatics as part
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              of National Engineers
      Emma Richardson (6) from Galway Educate                    Dr Louise Firth of Zoology at Galway                                                                                                                                                         Week 2013
      Together National School at the launch of NUI              Atlantaquaria for National Science Week                                                                     Junior Infants in Scoil Iognaid made “Little heart cells” during
      Galway’s 8th Annual Teddy Bear Hospital                    November 2013                                                                                               a Cell EXPLORERS workshop

        Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ Community Outreach                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Community Outreach / Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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Research Matters - NUI Galway
NUI Galway \ RESEARCH MATTERS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Galway
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          RESEARCH MATTERS / NUI Galway

     Aran Open Access                                                                                                                                       Research Support Services
     Maximising the Impact of Your                        Open Access Publishing                            Open Access Publishing
     Research through Open Access                         OA publishing operates in parallel with           at NUI Galway                                                                                                                                         The goal of NUI
                                                          conventional publication channels, such as
     Publication                                          journals, by making research outputs accessible
                                                                                                            ARAN (Access to Research at NUI Galway,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Galway’s Research
     NUI Galway’s ARAN system publishes the
     University’s research outputs on an open access
                                                          free of charge online and without subscription
                                                          barriers, sometimes after an agreed period has
                                                                                                            University research outputs and is linked                                                                                                             Support Services is to
                                                                                                            from the IRIS system to enable easy deposit
     (OA) basis, thereby maximising recognition,          elapsed since initial publication.
                                                                                                            of papers, after which Library staff complete                                                                                                         promote, develop and
     use and citation. The use of ARAN offers
     benefits and requires limited effort.
                                                                                                            the publication process. Download reports per
                                                                                                            publication can be generated.                                                                                                                         enable research activity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  at NUI Galway.
     Advantages of Open Access Publishing
     • Studies show that:
                                                                                                            Making Your Publications
       - OA articles are cited more than non-OA articles in the same journal                                Openly Accessible via ARAN
       - OA articles are cited sooner as well as more often
                                                                                                            This involves minimal effort on your part.
       - This happens in most disciplines, although at different rates, for example:
                                                                                                            Please contact:

                                                                                                            Rosie Dunne
               Physics                                                                                      Research Services Librarian
            Sociology                                                                                       ext. 5959
               Law                                                                                                                                          The Research Support Services Team
                                                                                                            Mike Lynch

                                                                                                            Digitisation & Institutional Repository                  he service launched in February 2014      a new website focused entirely on the research     community. Now that we have launched our
            Education                                                                                       Librarian
                                                                                                                                                                     and is a collaboration of the Research    lifecycle.                                         initial services we are looking to create other
                                                                                                            ext. 5961                                                Office, Research Accounting Office,             “We are moving toward a stronger and more    supports that make managing a research project
       Health Science                                                                                                          Technology Transfer Office and Human               cohesive support model for our researchers,”       an easier task.”
      Political Science                                                                                                                                     Resources.                                         explains Natalie Walsh, Manager of Research
           Economics                                                                                        To add publications already in IRIS,                 The focus of Research Support Services is     Support Services. “As a group we feel that the     The support desk can be contacted at
              Biology                                                                                       please see the guide at                         to provide assistance to the research community    introduction of the research support desk -        091 495969, via email at or by
                                                                                                                        through a new research support desk which will     staffed by a team of experienced administrators    visiting
                          0           50               100              150             200           250
                                             % increase in citations with Open Access                                                                       manage general queries for all four offices, the   - is a welcome addition to the existing services
                                                                                                                                                            introduction of dedicated research management      we offer. Our intention is to create a stronger
                                                                                                                                                            workshops, the introduction of a new research      research support structure in the university                                                  by JOHN COX                                     network for administrators and the launch of       to meet the varying needs of our research
     • Publications can be easily discovered through a variety of sources, including Google and     University Librarian
     • OA publishing increases university competitiveness and recognition
     • Research funders place increasing emphasis and expectation on the widest possible access to
        research findings
     • OA has the potential to reduce costs for journal subscription if widely adopted

        Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ Aran Open Access                                                                                                                                                                                                         Research Support Services / Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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NUI Galway \ RESEARCH MATTERS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       RESEARCH MATTERS / NUI Galway

     The Activist Researcher - Promoting long lasting                                                                                                                  Measurement Instrument Database
     change beyond the academy and the potential of                                                                                                                    for the Social Sciences Goes Global
     Participatory Action Research (PAR)

                                                                                                                                                                       The Measurement Instrument Database for the Social Sciences (MIDSS), hosted
                                                                                                                                                                       by the Whitaker Institute, is an open access repository of shareable assessment
                                                                                                                                                                       instruments used to collect data from across the social sciences.

                                                                                                                                                                       R        esearchers worldwide have submitted
                                                                                                                                                                                their measurement instruments, and
                                                                                                                                                                                the database currently holds in excess
                                                                                                                                                                       of 530 instruments. The website has an average
                                                                                                                                                                       of over 11,000 visits and approximately 4,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            research. Going on the statistics, it looks like it is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            well on its way to becoming the go-to repository
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            of shareable assessment instruments across the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            social sciences.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The development of the MIDSS is

     F       ew who consider the state of the               initially during the 1970s as a reaction to          PAR approach to their work, NUI Galway’s              instrument downloads per month. The global           supported by the Whitaker Institute through
             world would deny the requirement for           traditional ‘extractive’ researcher-led approaches   Community Knowledge Initiative provides               impact of MIDSS is also evident with the             funding by the Irish Social Sciences Platform,
             sustainable change in many areas of            to social science. A fundamental assumption          a great platform of support for researchers           majority of visitors based outside of Ireland -      funded under the Programme for Research
     society and the environment. An increasingly           of PAR is that the process of research is crucial    to foster community-engaged research and              USA: 40 percent, UK: 10 percent, Canada:             in Third Level Institutions, administered by
     complex mix of social, environmental, economic         to the long-term outcomes of that research.          knowledge exchange.                                   6 percent, India: 4 percent and Philippines:         the HEA and co-funded under the European
     and political challenges requires new ways             Researchers adopting PAR principles in their              In essence, PAR represents a research style -    4 percent.                                           Regional Development Fund.
     of thinking about and approaching research.            work emphasise principles of collective,             an orientation rather than a single methodology.           MIDSS was established as a first point
     The question of whether researchers can do             participatory inquiry as a means to address          At its very basis is the commitment to using          of consultation for researchers looking for          For more information, or to upload/download an
     more to consider the long term implications of         socially progressive issues and empower              the field of research as an educational and           measurement tools to conduct their own               instrument, visit the MIDSS website:
     their work is a long-standing one in the social        communities both during and after the research       empowerment tool to benefit communities                                                          
     sciences. In this context, the role of the “activist   process.                                             and society to the greatest extent possible. In
     researcher” and in particular the potential of the          My work has involved participatory action       the context of increasingly complex challenges
     methodology of “Participatory Action Research”         research with environmental organisations            facing society in the 21st century, the potential
     (PAR) as a route to bringing about progressive         and social movements, such as the Transition         of PAR as a means of promoting social change
     change beyond the academy has recently gained          Town Movement. When working with any                 beyond research and the academy should not be
     prominence among social scientists.                    community or stakeholder group it is essential       overlooked.
          PAR is a form of applied research that            that the research process supports a genuine
     involves the study of a particular issue with          two-way flow of information. PAR is perfect          by MARY GREENE
     the full engagement of those affected by it. In        for this, and as such is broadly used by many        College of Arts, Social Sciences and Celtic Studies
     essence it is research with, by and for people         other researchers in the field of geography. For
     rather than research on people. PAR emerged            researchers who are considering adopting a

         Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ The Activist Researcher                                                                                                                                                                 Measurement Instrument Database for the Social Sciences Goes Global/ Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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NUI Galway \ RESEARCH MATTERS                                                                                                                                                                                                           RESEARCH MATTERS / NUI Galway

     New Publications
     Judges, Law and War                                                                                                       Integrated Reporting: Concepts and Cases that Redefine
     Dr Shane Darcy Publisher: Cambridge University Press Summer 2014                                                          Corporate Accountability
     A new book by Dr Shane Darcy of the Irish            the substantive rules and principles of the                          Prof Cristiano Busco, Frigo M.L., Riccaboni A, Quattrone P (Eds.)
     Centre for Human Rights explores the judicial        law of armed conflict, as well as the creation,                      Publisher: Springer 2013
     contribution to the development of international     application and enforcement of this corpus of
     humanitarian law. In Judges, Law and War,            laws. Dr Darcy also gives consideration to the                       Professor Cristiano Busco, joint leader of the       of initiatives, organisations and individuals
     Dr Darcy examines the formative role played          contemporary place of judicial bodies in the                         Performance Management research cluster at the       have begun to converge in response to the
     by international courts and judicial bodies          international law-making process, the challenges                     Whitaker Institute for Innovation and Societal       need for a consistent, collaborative and
     developing international rules applicable to         presented by judicial creativity and the role of                     Change, has co-edited a new book entitled            internationally accepted approach to redesign
     situations of armed conflict. This substantial       customary international law in the development                       Integrated Reporting - Concepts and Cases that       corporate reporting. Integrated Reporting is a
     research, completed while on sabbatical at           of humanitarian law. The book will be published                      Redefine Corporate Accountability.                   process that results in communication of the
     Harvard and the University of Queensland,            by Cambridge University Press this summer.                                                                                annual “integrated report” which describes
     shows how judicial bodies have influenced                                                                                 The authors have elaborated on one of the            value creation over time. An integrated report
                                                                                                                               most relevant topics on reinventing corporate        is a concise communication about how an
                                                                                                                               reporting in the current business scenario. The      organisation’s strategy, governance, performance
                                                                                                                               book offers a fresh perspective focusing on          and prospects lead to the creation of value
     Technology Entrepreneurship - Bringing Innovation to the Marketplace                                                      both theoretical underpinnings and practical         over the short, medium and long term. This
     Dr Natasha Evers, Dr James Cunningham, Dr Thomas Hoholm                                                                   challenge and presents a sound redesign              book offers a fresh perspective with expert
     Publishers: Palgrave-Macmillian London 2014                                                                               to corporate accountability. It focuses on           contributions focusing on both the theoretical
                                                                                                                               integrated reporting as a contemporary social        underpinnings and the practical challenges for
                                                                                                                               and managerial innovation where a number             the future of corporate reporting.
     This book provides students from engineering,        tools and frameworks required for managing,
     technology and science-based backgrounds             commercialising and marketing technological
     with the theoretical knowledge and practical         innovation. With real life examples and case
     skills required to transform innovative ideas        studies from a range of countries and industries,
     into commercially viable businesses for profit       it will equip students with the understanding                        William Lloyd Garrison and Giuseppe Mazzini:
     and/or social ends. Blending together theory,        required to successfully launch their product.                       Abolition, Democracy, and Radical Reform
     policy and practice in a manner that is accessible   A variety of case studies are included from
     to readers with little knowledge of business         North America, Europe, Scandinavia and Asia                          Dr Enrico Dal Lago Publisher: Louisiana State University Press 2013
     commercialisation, it offers a framework for         in technology-related sectors such as web-based
     understanding the entrepreneurial process for        technologies, green technologies, nano and                           William Lloyd Garrison and Giusseppe Mazzini         and Mazzini nonetheless represent a connection
     technological ideas. The book gives students         biotechnology, material science, marine food                         were two foremost nineteenth-century radicals        between the egalitarian ideologies of American
     a comprehensive insight into the specialised         processing, instrumentation and electronics, and                     who lived during a time of profound economic,        abolitionism and Italian democratic nationalism.
     field of ‘technopreneurship’. It provides the        information technology.                                              social and political transformation in the United    Focusing on Garrison’s and Mazzini’s activities
                                                                                                                               States and Europe. Both born in 1805, but into       and translational links within their milieus
                                                                                                                               quite different family backgrounds, the American     and in the wider international arena, Dal Lago
                                                                                                                               Garrison and Italian Mazzini led entirely            shows why two nineteenth century progressives
     Social Marketing: From Tunes to Symphonies                                                                                different lives – one as a citizen of a democratic   and revolutionaries considered liberation from
     Prof Gerard Hastings & Dr Christine Domegan Publisher:                                                                    republic, the other as an exile proscribed by        enslavement and liberation from national
     Routledge Press 2013                                                                                                      most European monarchies. Using a comparative        oppression as two sides of the same coin.
                                                                                                                               analysis, Enrico Dal Lago suggests that Garrison

     ‘Social marketing’ involves the application of       (CBPM) and the vital role of critical thinking.
     marketing techniques (usually associated with        In addition, the communications chapter is
     promoting consumption) to social ends. Beyond        extended and radically updated to include much
     this simple definition, social marketing offers an   more on digital media. The rise of corporate
     alternative to the standard Western economic         social responsibility is also critically analysed.
     model of consumption at all costs.
                                                          The subject of social marketing is brought to life
     This popular introductory textbook has been          with the integration of case studies from across
     updated to provide greater depth on marketing        the world to provide a textbook which is required
     theory, more on branding, co-creation of value,      reading for students at advanced undergraduate
     Community Based Prevention Marketing                 and postgraduate levels.

         Issue 7 \ Spring 2014 \ New Publications                                                                                                                                                                                      New Publications / Spring 2014 / Issue 7

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