River Valley High School - Curriculum Guide 2018-2019

 
River Valley High School - Curriculum Guide 2018-2019
River Valley
  High School

Curriculum Guide
   2018-2019
Dear River Valley High School Student:

The staff of River Valley High School is very proud of our curricular offerings and pleased to present this
guide to you and your parents for use in your academic planning. The decisions you make in the
scheduling process are very important and may impact not only your academic progress but your
career choice as well. I encourage you to use all of the resources at your disposal. Our entire faculty
is eager to assist you. If we don’t have the answers, we will direct you to those who do.

I wish you the very best as you pursue your academic goals.

Sincerely,

David J. Coleman
Principal

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FORWARD

River Valley High School offers a modern, comprehensive curriculum from which
students may choose a program designed to prepare them for the educational and work
objectives they have in mind. Intelligent preparation of a student’s program requires
close cooperation among the student, parents, and counselor.

As you examine the course selections available to you, try to plan as realistically as possible
to choose those courses which reasonably fit into your present plans for the future. Be
guided by what is current, based on actual advice given to you by counselors, not what
you may remember as standards no longer in use. Requirements for post-high school
education or prerequisites for certain jobs are constantly changing, and students and
parents should be aware of what is specifically relevant to their situation.

As you plan specific course selections, please bear in mind your interests, proven abilities,
plans for college, technical education, or work, and requirements from high school.

Please do not hesitate to contact the school on any matter where you have questions or
where our professional staff may be of assistance.

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General information
     This booklet is designed to help you make some important decisions about your high school career. It contains a list of
     courses, their credits, specific grade levels, prerequisites, and descriptions. Also, we have included other information
     about minimum requirements for graduation and student load, college prep, tech prep, and vocational course
     recommendations, and a four-year planning page, and registration for next year.

     As you think about your schedule, please keep in mind the following general principles:
1.   All students must take a minimum of five credits.
2.   Students should pay special attention to course prerequisites in this booklet. It should be noted that to enter several
     upper-level courses, certain grade must be obtained an introductory courses.
3.   Student schedules will not be changed on a mirror whim of the student. A student course registration is considered final
     after the parent/guardian and school counselor has signed the form unless a conflict occurs in the scheduling process.
4.   Be careful of too many extracurricular activities and out-of-school work. They can take much-needed study time
     remember your first obligation is to your subject.

     Graduation Requirements:
     2019 2020 2021 2022
     Total Credits:                    21       21      21       21
     English                           4        4       4        4
     Math1                             4        4       4        4
     Science                           3        3       3        3
     Social Studies                    3        3       3        3
     Health                            .5       .5      .5       .5
     P.E.2                             .5       .5      .5       .5
     Life Planning                     .5       .5      .5       .5
     Fine Arts3                        1        1       1        1
     Electives4                        4.5      4.5     4.5      4.5

     Courses that meet this requirement:
     1Mathematics units must include one unit of Algebra II or the equivalent of Algebra II
     2Students have completed one full season of participation in and OHSAA sanctioned sport or by completing one semester

     of marching band at River Valley High School will have .25 P.E. credit waived on the transcript. Students who complete
     two full seasons of the above activities may wait an additional .25 P.E. and fulfill the entire .50 P.E. requirements.
     3 Any elective courses from the areas of visual arts, music, dance, theater/drama
     4 Elective units must include one or any combination of foreign language, fine arts, business, career-technical education,

     family and consumer sciences, technology, agriculture education, or English language arts, mathematics, science, or social
     studies courses not otherwise required

                                                Graduation Testing Requirements
     All students will take end of course exams in the following courses: Algebra I and Geometry, or integrated math I and
     II, physical science, American History, American government, English I and English II (Students studying Advanced
     Placement (AP) or taking dual enrollment courses in physical science, American History or American government may
     take assessments aligned to those courses in lieu of end-of-course exams to avoid double testing)

     And meet one of the following three:
        1. Earn a cumulative passing score on seven end of course exams. Students must accumulate a minimum of 18
        points from scores on their end of course exams to become eligible for diploma.
        2. Earn a “remediation free” score on a nationally recognized college admission exam such as ACT or SAT. The state
        of Ohio will pay for all 11th grade students to take the exam free of charge.
        3. Earn a state Board of Education approved, industry recognized credential or a state issued license for practice in
        a career and achieve a score that demonstrates workforce readiness and employability on a job skills assessment.
     Resource:education.oh.gov

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College Preparatory Students
Students preparing for college should plan to take the minimum core* curriculum as recommended by the state board of
regents for the Ohio State assisted colleges and universities.

4 credits of English, with emphasis on composition
3 credits of mathematics (Algebra I, II, III/Trig, Geometry)
3 credits of science (including Biology & Chemistry)
3 credits of social studies
2 credits of the same foreign language (many schools now recommend 3 credits)
1 credit of fine arts

Also, keyboarding is highly recommended for all college preparatory students.

*Some colleges may require more extensive programs in specific subject areas. All college preparatory students should
assume responsibility for understanding the admission requirements of the college of their choice.

                                                    Tech Prep Students
Tech Prep is designed for students who traditionally enroll in the high school “general” course of study. The goal of Tech
Prep is to combine academics with employability and occupational skills. It is recommended that students who desire to
pursue this program should include the areas of agri-science, industrial technology, home economics, and business in
their curricular planning. Students may either directly enter the workplace after high school graduation, or continue to an
associate degree or certificate at a two-year college and beyond.

Today’s workplace is rapidly changing and the technology used by business/industry is becoming more complex.
Employers are demanding highly competent people, well versed in technical and human relations skills. But more than half
of our young people leave high school without the knowledge and training needed to find and hold a job. Most challenging
job opportunities exist for those who have gained knowledge in math, science, technical principles, computer, and
communication skills. Tech Prep provides an opportunity for our students to gain knowledge and skills required in today’s
job market. Students have the opportunity to take a tech prep program on and off campus.

                                              Career Technical Prep Students
Tri-Rivers Career Center has 13 additional courses, which are available to our students. The Tri-Rivers programs are
listed later in this handbook. Since these programs are mainly for juniors and seniors and they will not be taking any
courses in the R.V.H.S. building, a student planning to attend Tri-Rivers needs to have most of his/her requirements
completed before entering the Career Center. These include:

2 credits of English
2 credits of Social Studies
2 credits of Math – Preference is given to students who have earned Algebra I credit
2 credits of Science
½ credit of Health
½ credit of Physical Education

It is recommended for students to have 6.0 core credits at the end of the first semester of the year of application for
acceptance to TRCC. However it is required that students have 6.0 core credits by the end of their sophomore year.
Program specific requirements may also apply.

Core credits for this purpose are defined as English, Math,
Science, Social Studies, Health or Physical Education.

It is very important that interested freshmen and sophomores plan a schedule with the school counselor that will meet
these requirements. Deficiencies must be made up in summer school, tutoring, or Independent Study via Tri-Rivers Adult
Education Department.

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Parents are urged to talk with our counseling staff regarding course selection, either by setting up a conference or
contacting them by phone.
Miss Klingel – Grades – 6-8
Mrs. Kanagy – Grades – 9-12 – Last Names – A-K
Mrs. LaBarge – Grades – 9-12 Last Names – L-Z

                               BOARD POLICY RIVER VALLEY LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICT
                                     Student Scheduling and Parent Involvement
The River Valley Board of Education expects parents/guardians to be actively involved in assisting their student(s) in
choosing a proper program of studies and courses in grades nine through twelve. During the spring of each year, students
and parents will be involved in scheduling classes for the next school year beginning in the fall. School counselors,
teachers and administrators will be available for conferences to assist in this process upon the request of parent and/or
student. Parents/ guardians are encouraged to schedule a conference regarding course scheduling and available
programs. The student’s schedule of requested classes will include courses for both semesters. The student’s schedule
request form must be approved and signed by a parent/guardian prior to the scheduling of classes.

All scheduling will be completed and a copy of the student’s class schedule for next school year will be given to each
participating student with his/her final report card of the prior year.

                                                High School Schedule Changes
After the first 5 days of the start of any semester, any subject dropped will be considered failed. This will show on the
student’s transcript as a “WF” which will figure into their GPA as an “F”.

                                                     Study Hall Policy
Students may not have more than 2 study halls per semester. Being a Teacher Assistant (TA) is included in the 2 study
hall maximum. Examples: Students may have up to 2 study halls, have
1 - study hall and 1 - TA or 2 - TA periods scheduled per semester

                                     Statement of High School Equivalence (G.E.D.)
Persons who have not completed their formal high school education are able to establish its equivalence through a
program administered by the Ohio Department of Education. The State of Ohio High School Equivalence indicates that the
holder has the equivalent of a high school education. The statement is NOT a high school diploma nor can it be exchanged
for a diploma.

The statement is awarded to eligible applicants on the basis of their performance on the Ohio High School Equivalence
Exam. To be eligible to take the tests:

1. The applicant must be 18 years of age or if under 18, must have parent’s consent and be officially withdrawn with a
valid work permit.

2. The class of which the applicant was last a member shall have graduated or the applicant has the superintendent’s
approval.

Applications and further information are available from Harding High School.

                                 OTHER INFORMATION FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

                                                 COLLEGE CREDIT PLUS
The state of Ohio sponsored College Credit Plus program is designed to allow qualified high school students the
opportunity to earn college credit and/or high school graduation credit through successful completion of college courses.

Any student in grade 7-12 is eligible to apply for College Credit Plus admission to a public or participating private college.
The college will admit students based on their college-readiness in one or more areas. Under College Credit Plus, students
can complete their freshman year of college or more, or explore college content that interests them. Earning college
credits while in high school can reduce time and costs of attending college.

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Students must meet college admission criteria, complete an application, and meet college readiness scores on the ACT,
SAT, or COMPASS (MTC).

Prior to March 1st each year River Valley will provide information about College Credit Plus to all students grades 7-12

Prior to March 30th each year River Valley will host an informational session that student and a parent must attend or set
up a conference with a counselor.

Prior to April 1st, students interested in participating in College Credit Plus must submit the Intent to Participate form to
RVHS Guidance Office.

More information about College Credit Plus can be found on the River Valley High School webpage under the Guidance
tab.

Both high school and college credit are received:
Students electing this option will not be required to pay for costs including, tuition, books, materials, etc.

                       MARION TECHNICAL COLLEGE AT RIVER VALLEY-COLLEGE CREDIT PLUS
Marion Technical College provides an instructor and offers college-level courses at River Valley High School through the
College Credit Plus (CCP) program. This program is a dual- enrollment program where students earn high school credit as
well as transcripted college credit from Marion Technical College. Students are able to take courses within their school
day in the RVHS building. The majority of the courses offered are transferable to public colleges in Ohio as well as many
private colleges. Students are encouraged to talk with their college of choice about the transferability of CCP courses. For
more information, please see a School counselor.

                                                    OPEN ENROLLMENT
Students who are residents and/or are attending the River Valley Local Schools may be able to attend an alternate public
school via open enrollment. In like manner, students who are residents of a different district may be able to attend a River
Valley School. All information on inter-district and intradistrict open enrollment will be available in each school’s office by
March 1.

                                    OPPORTUNITIES FOR ADDITIONAL CREDITS
Although we believe that the conventional classroom environment offers the optimal opportunity for a student’s
academic success, we do recognize the following alternatives for earning credit.

                                                    PRIVATE TUTORING
If a student is considering the private tutor option to earn credits, he/she must confer with a school counselor and obtain
specific guidelines.

                                                   INDEPENDENT STUDY
This is an option for students to earn high school credit through Tri-Rivers Center for Adult Education. Students study
material independently and are then tested to ascertain if necessary competencies are attained. This is offered for
remedial work and must have the approval of a school counselor.

                                              CORRESPONDENCE COURSES
River Valley High School accepts credit via correspondence schools only with prior approval from the school counselor.

                                                FLEXIBLE CREDIT OPTIONS
River Valley High School will permit a flexible credit option for students to earn credit toward graduation. Students and
parents must provide a written plan and meet with the Principal and Counselor for a consultation prior to approval of
flexible credit option.

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ONLINE COURSES
River Valley High School offers credit recovery courses and electives not presently offered through online course
offerings. Students may also take online courses in place of courses not able to fit in their schedule. Students may take one
½ credit course at a time. River Valley will pay for the course provided the student has at least one period where they can
work in the computer lab on the online course daily at school. Students are not permitted to take multiple courses at once.
If a student fails a course for any reason, River Valley Local Schools will bill the family the cost of the course. Students
wishing to take an online course must have the approval of a school counselor and complete an application.

                                                    EARLY GRADUATION
Students are permitted to plan for early graduation. Written requests must come from both the student and his/her
parents directly to the principal, and a consultation meeting is required with Guidance. This letter of intent must be
submitted by the end of the first semester of the sophomore year. An Early Graduation committee will review each
request and make appropriate recommendations to the principal who will decide each case.

The student has an option whether he/she desires to participate in commencement exercises or receive the diploma from
the high school office (during office hours) the week following commencement exercises.

                                        MARION TECHNICAL COLLEGE
Advanced Placement Credit
Awarded To Marion County School System Graduates

Rationale: Recognizing the fact that no education is terminal and also recognizing the need to consider outstanding high
school students in the same manner as outstanding academic students, MTC will award Advanced Placement Credit to
outstanding high school students.
R.V. Courses                                          MTC Courses MTC Credit Hours
Algebra I & II & Geometry                             Math I                 4 cr. hrs.
Algebra I & II, Geometry, Trig., & Calculus           Math II                4 cr. hrs.
Two yrs. Of Acct.                                     Accounting 121         4 cr. hrs.
Typing – 1yr.                                         Office Adm. 121        4 cr. hrs.
Typing- 2 yr.                                         Office Adm. 121        4 cr. hrs.
Drafting I Drafting GE 131                            Engineering            4 cr. hrs.

Those Eligible: Those graduates who meet the required competencies of their high school courses with a
minimum grade point average of 3.00 and who are recommended by their instructor.

Total Possible Course Credit: Up to 24 credit hours of college credit can be earned, depending upon the high school
program the student completes.

Cost to Student: None. The credit is awarded to the graduate upon the graduate’s registering and admission to
Marion Technical College; and in the case of technical and skill courses, as soon as the student successfully passes the next
sequential course.

                                                 NATIONAL TEST DATES
ACT                                                      SAT
December 9, 2017                                         December 2, 2017
February 10, 2018                                        March 10, 2018
April 14, 2018                                           May 5, 2018
June 9, 2018                                             June 2, 2018

Sophomores and juniors will be provided the opportunity to take the PSAT sometime in the Fall. Specific test dates will
be announced at a later date.

This plan sheet is provided for your convenience in assisting your son/daughter with his/her high school selections.
Please retain it for your future reference and use it in maintaining the student’s progress.

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FOUR-YEAR PLAN
                                                            Ninth Grade                            Credits

1. English ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Math _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Physical Science __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. American History _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5. P.E. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
6. Fine Art ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7. Health ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
8. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Total Credits_________________________________________

                                                              Tenth Grade                           Credits
1. English ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Math _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Biology_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. World History _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5. P.E. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________
6. Fine Art ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
8. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Total Credits_________________________________________

                                                              Eleventh Grade                       Credits
1. English ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Math _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Science_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. American Government___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
6. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
8. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Total Credits_________________________________________

                                                             Twelfth Grade                            Credits
1. English ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Math ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Life Planning______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
6. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
8. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Total Credits_________________________________________

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Honors Diplomas
     Information taken from the Ohio Department of Education website. “High school students can gain state recognition
     for exceeding Ohio’s graduation requirements through an honors diploma. Students challenge themselves by taking
     and succeeding at high-level coursework and in real-world experiences.

     Students in the classes of 2017-2020 “may choose to pursue the Academic, International Baccalaureate or Career
     Tech honors diploma under the previously established criteria or the revised criteria. They also may choose to
     pursue the STEM, Arts, or Social Science and Civic Engagement honors diploma.”

     “Students in the class of 2021 and beyond must meet the revised criteria to earn an honors diploma.”

     Revised Honors Diploma Options:

1.   Academic Honors Diploma*
2.   International Baccalaureate Honors Diploma
3.   Career Tech Honors Diploma
4.   STEM Honors Diploma
5.   Arts Honors Diploma-includes dance, drama/theatre, music and visual art.
6.   Social Science and Civic Engagement Honors Diploma

     *This is the option that most students choose to complete. Please see the criteria for this option listed below.
     Information regarding the other Honors Diploma types can be found in the River Valley Counseling office or on the
     Ohio Department of Education website at http://education.ohio.gov/Topics/Ohio-s-Graduation-
     Requirements/Honors-Diplomas.

     Academic Honors Diploma
     Students must meet all but one of these requirements.
     4 units of Math
     4 units of Science, including 2 units of advanced science
     4 units of Social Studies
     3 units of one world language, or no less than 2 units of each of two world languages studied
     1 unit of fine arts
     A cumulative GPA of 3.5 on a 4.0 scale
     An ACT score of 27 or higher or a SAT score of 1280 or higher

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English

English 9                         English 10                            English 11                 CP English 12

CCP English Comp I

English Electives: English Communications, Practical Writing/Study Skills, Media Studies, Poetry I, Poetry II, Science
Fiction Literature, and Creative Writing.

                                                             Math

Algebra I*        Geometry*          Algebra II*         Algebra III*        Pre-Calculus*         AP Calculus I and II*

Applied                   Applied           Applied
Algebra I                 Geometry          Algebra II                  Intro to College Algebra

Math Elective: Probability and Statistics-May be taken any time after Geometry

*4-year colleges recommend these classes.

                                                         Social Studies

9th American History          10th World Studies               11th American Government

Social Studies Electives: Interactive History, Wars & Foreign Policy, Geography, and Economics
Notes: A 4th credit of Social Studies is one of the is one of the requirements for an Honors Diploma

                                                            Science

9th                               10th                        11th
Physical                          Biology                     Chemistry
Science

Environmental
Science

Science Electives: Physics, Anatomy & Physiology, Scientific Design, Forensic Science, AP Chemistry, and Topics in Science.

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12
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CAREER-TECHNICAL PREP EDUCATION
(Programs via Tri-Rivers Career Center)
See one of the school counselors or the Tri-Rivers Career Center website for programs and more information.
https://tririvers.com/

                                              AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION
This program offers opportunities for students entering the work force or for those pursuing post secondary education
options leading to employment in agriculture or other related fields. Our programs offer students diversified hands on
training in our classroom and computer laboratory. Students may take all or some of the following courses, but may not
duplicate any: Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, Animal and Plant Science (formerly Plant and Horticultural
Science), Animal and Plant Biotechnology (formerly Animal Science and Technology), Business Management for
Agricultural and Environmental Systems, and Mechanical Principles.

Along with these afore mentioned courses, FFA is an intra-curricular part of the course. This student organization
includes participation in judging and public speaking contests, community service activities, and recreational activities.

AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND NATURAL RESOURCES – Freshmen Level HS805 (1.25 credits)
This first course in the career field is an introduction to Agricultural and Environmental Systems. Students will be
introduced to the scope of the Agricultural and Environmental Systems career field. They will examine principles of food
science, natural resource management, animal science & management, plant & horticultural science, power technology
and bioscience. Students will examine the FFA organization and Supervised Agricultural Experience programs.
Throughout the course, students will develop communication, leadership and business skills essential to the agriculture
industry.

ANIMAL AND PLANT SCIENCE – Sophomore Level HS806 (1.25 credits)
Students will apply knowledge of animal and plant science to the agriculture industry. They will be introduced to the
value of production animals relative to the agricultural marketplace. Students will engage in animal classification and
selection, body systems, along with animal welfare and behavior in relation to the production of animals. Students will
learn principles of plant anatomy and physiology, and the role of nutrition, deficiencies and growing environment on
plant production. Throughout the course, business principles and professional skills will be examined.

Prerequisite: At least a “C” in Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources or Teacher Permission

ANIMAL AND PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY, BUSINESS MANAGEMENT FOR AGRICULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL
SYSTEMS, and A & E CAPSTONE- Junior and Senior Levels. These courses will rotate in being offered. The A & E Capstone
course will be required for all Seniors enrolled in Agricultural Education.

COURSE 1 (Offered every other year beginning 2015-2016 school year)- Business Management for Agricultural and
Environmental Systems– Junior/Senior Level HS808 (1.5 credits)

Students will examine elements of business, identify organizational structures and apply management skills while
developing business plans, financial reports and strategic goals for new ventures or existing businesses. Learners will use
marketing concepts to evaluate the marketing environment and develop a marketing plan with marketing channels,
product approaches, promotion and pricing strategies. Throughout the course, students will apply concepts of ethics and
professionalism while implications of business regulations will be identified.

Prerequisite: At least a “B” in first Junior/Senior Level Course (for Seniors) or at least a “C” in Plant and Horticultural
Science (for Juniors), or teacher permission.

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COURSE 2 (Offered every other year beginning in 2016-2017 school year)- Animal and Plant Biotechnology –
Junior/Senior Level HS807 (1.5 credits)
Learners will apply principles of chemistry, microbiology and genetics to plant and animal research and product
development. Students will apply genetic principles to determine genotypes and phenotypes. Students will describe the
parts and functions of animal and plant cells and their importance in biochemistry. They will perform restrictive enzyme
digests, Polymerase Chain Reactions and apply principles of nucleic acid blotting. This course will examine applications of
Central Dogma Theory and other Molecular-Genetics Technologies.

Prerequisite: At least a “B” in first Junior/Senior Level Course (for Seniors) or at least a “C” in Animal and Plant Science
(for Juniors), or Teacher Permission.

COURSE 3- A & E Capstone HSCAP (1.5 credits, must be taken by all Seniors enrolled in Agricultural Education)

Students enrolled in the Senior Level Course must also enroll in the A & E Capstone class, which requires 480 hours of
documented work in an approved Agricultural related job or research project, or an approved job shadowing experience.

Prerequisite: Students must be enrolled in the Second Course of the Junior/Senior Level.

ELECTIVE:
MECHANICAL PRINCIPLES HS809 (1.5 credits) Students will engage in the mechanical principles utilized in animal and
plant production systems. They will learn electrical theory, design, wiring, hydraulic and pneumatic theory, along with
metallurgy in relation to hot and cold metals. Students will apply knowledge of sheet metal fabrication applicable to the
agricultural industry along with identify, diagnose, and maintain small air-cooled engines. Throughout the course,
students will learn critical components of site and personal safety as well as communication and leadership skills.

Prerequisite: At least a “C” in Animal and Plant Science or Teacher Permission

                                                        COMPUTER
COMPUTER BASICS (.5 credit) HS558
With learner-centered instruction in this beginning course, students will learn the fundamentals of touch keyboarding
techniques and basic computer terminology. Students will also learn the basics of Google Docs, Sheets, Slides, and
Drawings. Students will learn to navigate the Internet, use email, and share documents through Google. Open to grades 9-
12.

BUSINESS ENTREPRENEURSHIP (.5 credit) HS561
In this introductory business course, students learn the basics of planning and launching their own successful business.
Whether they want to start their own moneymaking business or create a non-profit to help others, this course helps
students develop the core skills they need to be successful. They learn how to come up with new business ideas, attract
investors, market their business and manage expenses. Students hear inspirational stories of teen entrepreneurs who
have turned their ideas into reality, and then they plan and execute their own.

GIMP (.5 credit) HS557
This course is designed to give students an understanding of how to apply Photoshop to perform many different image-
processing techniques. Adobe Photoshop has become an industry standard for so many different disciplines including
graphic design, digital photography, web design, digital video editing, and even creating animations. Students will
produce and will be assessed on many projects. Through project work, students will learn how to use several tools for
selecting parts of images, retouching, layers, special filters, painting, digital photography and animation.

Prerequisite: Grades 10 - 12.

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COMPUTER APPLICATIONS (.5 credit)
Students will use G-Suite for Education to further their knowledge and skills in word processing, spreadsheets,
presentations, Maps, Photos, Sites, Forms, etc. This course is project based and students will use multiple resources
including the Internet to complete these projects. The results of these projects will be printed, posted on line in a
webpage or as an oral presentation.

Prerequisite: Computer Basics

TECHNOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS (.5 credit)
Students will be responsible for creating, filming, editing, and producing the RV News, RV Scrolling announcements
and the RV Website. In addition, students may email announcements to the student body and faculty, record athletic
events, record special events involving RV students/activities and produce special video productions. Junior/Senior
Status is preferred with the availability to work after school during RV extra-curricular events.

Prerequisite: Computer Applications, Junior and Senior students preferred with the availability to work after school
during RV extra-curricular events

CODECADEMY (.5 credit)
This self-taught computer class allows students to pick from a variety of topics in Codecademy.com or
Code.org. Codecademy has 3 areas of focus. They are Web-Development, Programming and Data Science. Web
Development includes Make a Website, HTML, CSS, AngularJS 1.X, AngularJS 2.X, and Intro JavaScript. Programming
Languages to pick from are Java, JavaScript, Python, and Ruby. Each student is required to take 40 hours of
coursework and present a final project demonstrating the use/capabilities of the course.

                                                           ENGLISH
(FOUR CREDITS REQUIRED FOR GRADUATION)

ENGLISH COMMUNICATIONS (1 credit) HS302
This course will acquaint the student with the basics of public speaking and the elements of written and spoken
argument. Students will learn essential formats for speech preparation and will practice techniques of speech
presentation and delivery. Students will give speeches both individually and in small groups. Students will also learn to
debate contemporary issues by writing debate propositions, arguing affirmative and negative positions, and responding
logically to rebuttal arguments. Students should expect to give speeches before the class often and to spend time in
researching topics. Knowledge of research skills is highly recommended for interested students.

ENGLISH 9 (1 credit) HS315
This course is for all ninth graders and introduces them to high school level literature study and composition. This course
aligns with standards set by the state of Ohio and will provide some special attention to preparing students for the Ohio
Statewide assessments that are given. An emphasis on grammar, vocabulary, and writing as well as formal study of all
genres of literature are the core subjects of the class. However, students should also expect to practice public speaking,
listening and viewing as skills inherent to success in high school as well as in life. The immediate goal of this course is to
prepare students for higher levels of language arts at the high school. The long-term goal is to contribute toward each
student’s growth as a literate, thoughtful, and articulate citizen. A fee $12 is required for novels.

ENGLISH 10 (1 credit) HS325
This course is for all tenth graders and provides knowledge of and practice in high school level literature study and
composition. This course aligns with standards set by the state of Ohio and continues an emphasis on grammar,
vocabulary and writing as well as a formal study of literature. Students should also expect to practice speaking, listening
and viewing skills as they are skills inherent to success in high school as well as in life. The immediate goal of this course
is to prepare students for success on state assessments and in higher level English courses. The long-term goal is to
contribute toward each student’s growth as a literate, thoughtful, and articulate individual. Fee =$16.00 for required
novel and play.

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ENGLISH 11 (1 credit) HS332
The emphasis in this course is on our heritage in American Literature; however, grammar, writing, speaking, and listening
skills are also given attention. One or more research papers will be required. The course will be aligned with state
standards which have been designed to bring continuity among grade level courses. It is designed to concentrate on those
areas of literature and English language which will best prepare the students for college. At all times, proper oral and
written expression is stressed. The long-term goal is to contribute toward each student’s growth as a literate, thoughtful,
and articulate individual. Students will be required to purchase a novel for the class.

ENGLISH 12 (1 credit) HS343
This course is designed for seniors planning to attend a four-year college or university after high school graduation. Its
immediate goal is to prepare students for their college freshman English course(s) by focusing on the study and analysis
of British literature, historical periods and culture; grammar and language usage; public speaking and listening; and a
heavy emphasis on both the formal and informal writings that will be expected in college. The long-term goal is to help
produce literate, articulate and thoughtful citizens. All coursework aligns with the Ohio standards for twelfth grade
language arts.

CCP ENGLISH COMP I/ORAL COMMUNICATIONS (2 credits) HS344
This course is a Marion Technical College course offered at River Valley High School in conjunction with Oral
Communications. Upon successful completion of the course students are guaranteed transfer credit to any university in
Ohio. This is a writing intensive course and includes writing from experience and research. The writing instruction is
focused on logic, structure, and documentation. Failure of this course may result in the student reimbursing River Valley
Local School District the cost of the MTC course.

Prerequisite: overall 3.0 GPA, and an A or B in CP English 11 - To enroll: test college-ready on the ACT or AccuPlacer test,
apply to Marion Technical College.

MEDIA STUDIES (.5 credit) HS365
This course will examine the history of media and the effects of media on today’s audiences. Students will study social
media, advertisements, news, television programming, magazines, and film to determine how language, presentation,
and prevalence help, harm, entertain, and/or manipulate modern consumers. Students should expect frequent class
discussion, project work, and media analysis as they learn to critically evaluate the media that is a constant part of
their lives.

PRACTICAL WRITING/STUDY SKILLS (.5 credit) HS371
Everyone will have to write in something in today’s professional world. This course focuses on those writing skills
necessary for success in real life. The emphasis will be on using clear, precise, and thoughtful language in all types of
writing including reports, narratives, expository essays, memos, etc. Students will learn and practice those writing skills
that can impress employers, work colleagues, and college-level educators. Some grammar review will also be required.
This class is designed for freshmen and sophomores who need practice in basic writing skills and wish to improve their
writing skills as they take on the challenge of high school English.

Prerequisite: 9th and 10th grade students only

EFFECTIVE WRITTEN COMMUNICATIONS (.5 credit) HS375
A course designed specifically for juniors or seniors, this more advanced version of Practical Writing emphasizes practice
in basic writing skills necessary for real life with the expectation that students will have some mastery of mechanics and
crucial content skills for college and business writing. This is an excellent refresher for those students who need to review
the fundamentals of writing prior to entering college or the business world or for those who just want to brush up on the
skills needed for writing in everyday life. They will practice their skills in writing reports, narratives, expository essays,
short research papers, persuasive essays, memos, etc.

Prerequisite: 11th and 12th grade students only
Note: Students are not able to take Effective Written Communications if they have already taken Practical Writing/ Study
Skills.

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SCIENCE FICTION LITERATURE (.5 credit) HS361
This elective course is designed to explore the science fiction genre of literature, including subgenres such as time travel,
utopias, dystopias, artificial/post human life forms, alternate history, virtual reality, extra-terrestrial encounters, etc.
Students will read a variety of works, view occasional science fiction films, research topics related to themes of the genre,
discuss various, subjects that tie into the work we are reading, and attempt writing short works of science fiction. We will
also spend time studying previous examples of science fiction concepts that are no longer fiction.

Prerequisite: 9th and 10th grade students only (limited space and materials available)

POETRY I (.5 credit)
This semester course is for all students who wish to gain a fuller understanding and lasting appreciation for poetry. A
wide range of poetic forms, styles, content, and poets will be studied. Instruction encompasses figurative language, blank
verse, free verse, classical forms, and contemporary forms. Students will compose their own poetic works and prepare a
personal poetry book. Students will be required to read poetry aloud.

Prerequisite: Open to grades 9 (after freshmen English is taken - to take semester 2), 10-12.

POETRY II (.5 credit)
This semester course is for all students who wish to further delve into the reading and writing of poetry. Poetry writing
annotation and memorization will be expected. Analyzation and analysis of pets and poetry through Literary analysis
writing will also be explored. Original poems will be submitted for publication consideration.

Prerequisite: Poetry I

CREATIVE WRITING (.5 credit) HS105
Creative Writing is for students eager to produce and share original poetry, drama, short stories or other writings in
specific genres. The focus will be on learning and using the structures and styles of poetry and fictional prose, although
elements of expository writing may be included. Through the study of models and the use of writing exercises, students
will create a portfolio of original writings based on class assignments and independent work. Visits from published
authors as well as information for student writers may be part of the course curriculum. Interested students should have
solid skills in the mechanics of writing such as spelling, punctuation, sentence structure, etc.

Prerequisite: 10-12 – Students may be asked to submit writing samples prior to enrolling.

                                             FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES
LIVING TODAY (1 credit) HS851
Students will learn to make the best use of their money in various situations such as buying clothes and purchasing and
preparing foods and the affects of advertising on these purchases. Students will also learn coping skills to assist them in
their transition from 8th grade to high school. Topics include effective time management, goal setting, handling stress,
communication and study skills, and conflict resolution. A lab fee will be charged.

Prerequisite: 9-10

CHILD DEVELOPMENT (.5 credit) HS855
Students will learn prenatal, infant and young child growth and development. Students will be expected to participate in
caring for the “Computer Baby” or completion of an alternative paper/ project.

Prerequisite: 10-12

NUTRITION AND FITNESS (.5 credit) HS859
Students will understand how various social factors affect our lifestyles. Forms of exercise will be included in this class
plus healthy food preparation. A lab fee will be charged.

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INTRODUCTION TO FOODS (.5 credit) HS861
Students will learn various safe food handling and techniques. They will also learn how the My Plate guides food choices
and also many food preparation techniques. A lab fee will be charged.

Prerequisite: 10-12, Open to 9th grade after the completion of Living Today.

LIFE PLANNING/FINANCIAL LITERACY (.5 credit) HS865
Students will participate in career assessment tests to analyze their interests, skills and workplace values. Students will
learn job obtainment skills including application procedures, cover letters, resumes, interviewing and follow-up. Students
will be required to complete the components of the career passport: a career narrative, resume and a summary of their
employability skills. Various money management skills including credit card use and budgeting will also be addressed.

                                                  FOREIGN LANGUAGE
SPANISH I (1 credit) HS450
This course will cover: the development of verbal skills with emphasis on pronunciation, the introduction of basic
grammar, beginners level vocabulary, and the building of writing skills.

Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in C.P. English. Sophomores must have a minimum of a B average in English 9 and a
minimum of 3.2 GPA in academic courses or Teacher Permission. Juniors must be enrolled in C.P. English 11.

SPANISH II (1 credit) HS460
This course will cover: the continued development of verbal skills with emphasis on speaking in complete sentences with
prompts, the introduction of intermediate grammar and vocabulary and the enhancement of writing.

Prerequisite: A grade of “C” or better in Spanish I.

SPANISH III (1 credit) HS470
This course will cover: the continued development of verbal skills with an emphasis on speaking in real life situations, the
introduction of advanced grammar, a broadening of previously learned vocabulary, and emphasis on proficient writing
skills.

Prerequisite: A grade of “C” or better in Spanish II or permission from the instructor.

SPANISH IV (1 credit) HS480
The course will review and sharpen grammar concepts with the exception of learning the “Se” construction and the
formation of the compound verb tense, continue to stress proficiency in verbal and written communication and target
workplace vocabulary such as medical, business, customer service, and include the reading of Don Quixote de LaMancha.

Prerequisite: A grade of “C” or better in Spanish III or permission from the instructor.

                                  HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION
(ONE-HALF CREDIT HEALTH, ONE-HALF CREDIT PHYSICAL EDUCATION REQUIRED FOR GRADUATION)

HEALTH (.5 credit) HS755
This health course is a required course for graduation to be taken either freshman or sophomore year. This course will
cover: care of the human body, mental health, misuse of alcohol, tobacco and drugs, prevention of diseases, community
and consumer health, CPR information and training, accident prevention and family life education (sex education and
venereal disease.) This course will be taught as an online course.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION (.25 credit) HS909
A total of ½ credit is required for graduation. All students take physical education every day for a semester for ¼ credit.
These activities will be covered in physical education: aerobics, badminton, basketball, fitness, jogging, soccer-football,
softball, table tennis, tennis, track and field, and volleyball.

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PHYSICAL CONDITIONING (.25 credit) HS921
This class is designed to introduce the student to the weight room and weight lifting as a form of physical fitness. Students
will learn the different lifts for various muscle groups along with correct lifting technique. In this class the student will be
expected to lift every day, record their progress and do their very best.

                                                       MATHEMATICS
(FOUR CREDITS REQUIRED FOR GRADUATION)

Colleges recommend taking Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II, as a minimum, for entrance and success in introductory
college math courses. Also recommended is a college preparatory math class in the senior year, preferably Pre-calculus.
Students who wish to do well on the SAT, ACT, and other college entrance tests should also take Algebra III and
Trigonometry.

APPLIED ALGEBRA I (1 credit) HS510
This course covers the same objectives as Algebra I in an applied manner. Most students should follow this course with
Applied Geometry, Applied Algebra II, and Introduction to College Algebra. A graphing calculator is required.

Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation

APPLIED GEOMETRY (1 credit) HS515
This course covers the same objectives as Geometry in an applied manner. Most students should follow this course with
Applied Algebra II, and Introduction to College Algebra. A scientific calculator is required.

Prerequisite: Applied Algebra I and teacher recommendation

APPLIED ALGEBRA II (1 credit) HS525
This course covers similar objective as Algebra 2, but in an applied manner. Topics include: expressions, equations,
and inequalities; functions, equations, and graphs; linear systems of equations, quadratic functions and equations,
polynomials, and polynomial functions. A graphing calculator is recommended. Most students should follow this
course with Introduction to College Algebra.

Prerequisite: Applied Geometry or teacher recommendation

ALGEBRA I (1 credit) HS512
Algebra I covers the fundamental operations with the number systems as well as the basic language and operations with
the algebraic concepts. Topics include: integers, signed numbers, solving equations and inequalities, linear graphing,
polynomials, and systems of equations. A graphing calculator is required.

Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation

GEOMETRY (1 credit) HS520
Geometry is the traditional course in plane geometry with some three dimensional applications. Logic and proof are
emphasized and many arithmetic and algebraic concepts are reviewed and extended. Congruencies and similarities are
covered in detail. Compass and straightedge constructions are used as a means for reviewing and fortifying concepts
already learned. Areas and volume are included. Coordinate geometry, transformations, and trigonometry of right angles
are included if time permits. A scientific calculator is required.

Prerequisite: At least a C in Algebra I or an A in Applied Algebra I, or recommendation of the math department.

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ALGEBRA II (1 credit) HS530
Algebra II is a course that follows Geometry in the traditional class sequence. Students must follow this course with
Algebra III/Trigonometry to meet the Ohio Core requirements. Pre-Calculus then completes this sequence. Topics include
review and extension of Algebra I topics, quadratic functions, radicals, complex numbers, polynomial functions, radical
functions, rational functions, and matrices. Students will learn these topics algebraically, numerically, and graphically,
with and without technology. A graphing calculator is required.

Prerequisite: At least a C in Geometry, or an A in both Applied Algebra I and Applied Geometry, or recommendation of
the math department.

PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS (.5 credit) HS531
The goal of this course is to offer a basic course for meeting the needs of students who will be going to college and are
required to take statistics. Topics include: descriptive and inferential statistics, variables and types of data, data
collection and sampling, observational and experimental studies, frequency distributions and graphs, measure of
central tendency, measures of variation, measures of position, exploratory data analysis, and basic probability.

Prerequisite: Minimum C in Algebra II, minimum of B in Geometry, or teacher recommendation.

ALGEBRA III/TRIGONOMETRY (1 credit) HS540
Students should take this course as an extension of Algebra II. Topics include Trigonomic functions and their graphs,
identities, equations, radians, polar coordinates, quadratic graphing, quadratic systems, conic sections, and higher-degree
equations. Students planning to take Pre-calculus are required to take this course first.
A graphing calculator is required.

Prerequisite: C in Algebra II

INTRODUCTION TO COLLEGE ALGEBRA (1 credit) HS545
This course provides a fourth year of math for those students in the applied sequence. Topics include: radical
functions and rational exponents, exponential and logarithmic functions, rational functions, sequences and series,
quadratic relations and conic sections, probability and statistics, and basic trigonometry concepts. A graphing
calculator is recommended.

Prerequisite: Applied Algebra II or teacher recommendation

PRE-CALCULUS (1 credit) HS550
The purpose of this course is to prepare the student for the study of calculus. Real number, subsets of the real numbers,
sequences, series, limits, functions, graphs, problem solving, transcendental functions, vectors, and analytic geometry are
included in the course. A graphing calculator is required.

Prerequisite: C in Algebra III/Trigonometry

AP CALCULUS (2 credits) HS555
The course is 2 full blocks (1 full block each semester). First semester is Calculus I and the second semester is Calculus II.
The topics shall include functions, graphs, limits, parametric equations, derivatives, integrals, applications, the
Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, logarithmic and exponential functions, and integration techniques. A graphing
calculator is required.

Prerequisite: B in Pre-Calculus or faculty member’s recommendation.

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MUSIC DEPARTMENT
Several important objectives of the River Valley High School Music Program are to guide students to the achievement of
musical literacy; to enable students to understand and to enjoy hearing and playing good music of all kinds; to integrate
the student’s possession of musical experiences such as they enjoy in the classroom.

The music curriculum attempts to provide aesthetic, cognitive, and psychomotor experiences in music, which meet the
social and emotional needs of students. Given this opportunity, the student will develop his potential as a consumer,
performer, and creator of music through oral, visual, motor and listening activities.

The River Valley Music Department offers a number of varied music courses including theory, appreciation, and several
performance- oriented courses in the choral and instrumental fields. Both credit and non-credit type courses are
available.

                                                      CHORAL MUSIC
CONCERT CHOIR (1 credit) HS933
Choir is open to all students in grades 9 through 12 who are interested in singing. Music of all periods and voicing will be
sung. Voicing includes SATB, SSA and TTBB. No minimum music requirements or experiences are necessary. The choir
performs at various school concerts throughout the year. This is a year-long course.

THE EVOLUTION OF POPULAR MUSIC (½ credit) HS934
This is a music appreciation course designed to give students a perspective on popular music through the ages. The
course will explore current popular music, how popular music has been influenced by earlier music, and the relationship
between society and popular music.

MUSIC COMPANY (non-credit)
This choir is the traveling show choir open for students of grades
9-12 through audition only.
Voicing will be SATB or two-part. All rehearsals are after school. Dancing ability is helpful. This group is a vocal extra-
curricular activity.

THE NEW RHYTHM BOYS (non-credit)
The New Rhythm Boys explores the realms of three and four part male singing through Pop style, Gospel music, and
Barbershop. This group is a vocal extra-curricular activity.

NEW ADDITION (non-credit)
Three-part women’s singing is the focus of this small traveling ensemble. Students in grades 9-12 will be selected through
audition only. All rehearsals are after school. Lighter musical tunes are the basic repertoire. This group is a vocal extra-
curricular activity.
                                                   INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC
The Instrumental Music Program in the River Valley Local School District exists for the students. It provides the students
with an opportunity to learn and experience the joys of playing a musical instrument and belonging to a musical
organization.

BAND (1 credit) HS931
All students who wish to be a member of the high school band program must enroll for the entire school year. This
includes required participation in concert band, marching band, and pep band. Membership is open to students in grades
9-12 with previous membership in the River Valley High School or Middle School Band Program (membership in the band
program at another school may be substituted for students new to River Valley) and Director approval. Additional
participation fees are required for materials and uniforms. (Financial Aid may be available, based on need, through the
River Valley Music Boosters.)

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