Teaching English in Japan - The Ultimate Guide to - Desert Path Marketing Group

 
Teaching English in Japan - The Ultimate Guide to - Desert Path Marketing Group
The Ultimate Guide to

Teaching
English in
Japan
Teaching English in Japan - The Ultimate Guide to - Desert Path Marketing Group
2    The Ultimate Guide to Teaching English in Japan                 Call us toll free at: 1-800-779-1779

    Table of Contents
                                                                                 page

    Teaching ESL in Japan                                                        3
    Peak ESL Hiring Season in Japan                                              4
    Teaching Requirements for ESL Teachers in Japan                              7
    What You Need to Know About Living in Japan                                  15
    Language in Japan                                                            17
    Transportation in Japan                                                      18
    Etiquette in Japan                                                           20
    Eating in Japan                                                              21
    Climate in Japan                                                             23
    Holidays in Japan                                                            24
    Resources for Living and Teaching English in Japan                           25
    Embassy and Consulate Information for Japan                                  26
    Embassy and Consulate Information Outside Japan                              29
    Take Your First Step Toward Teaching English in Japan                        30

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    Teaching English abroad is a job filled with           it has become one of the most popular
    educational opportunities and cultural                 destinations for those who want to
    experiences alike. As a native English speaker,        teach abroad.
    you will bring a valuable skill to students in
                                                           Part of the increase in demand in Japan is
    Japan; as a visitor, you will learn how the
                                                           the result of its Education Ministry’s 2013
    Japanese people live, eat, communicate, travel
                                                           recommendation to more than double the
    and celebrate. This guide will acquaint you with
                                                           number of foreign English teachers in the
    all of these areas, beginning with details about
                                                           country, from 4,360 to 10,000. It also revived
    the school system, and the documentation
                                                           the Japanese Exchange and Teaching (JET)
    you’ll need to teach in Japan.
                                                           program, with a goal of having native English
                                                           speakers in every elementary, middle and high

    Teaching ESL
                                                           school by 2023.

                                                           The country’s business community continues
    in Japan                                               to prioritize English-speaking proficiency in
                                                           employees; its largest e-commerce company,
                                                           Rakuten, and a Yamaguchi-based international
    With Japan’s welcoming people, rich history,
                                                           clothing company, Uniqlo, have even changed
    cuisine, art, culture, anime and technology,
                                                           their official company languages from Japanese
                                                           to English.

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    Peak ESL Hiring                                              salary of approximately ¥252,000 per
                                                                 month. Salaries may vary depending on

    Season in Japan
                                                                 the performance and bonus structure
                                                                 established by ECC.

                                                             These language schools operate year-round;
    To successfully apply for a position teaching ESL        therefore, employment is based on supply
    in Japan, you’ll want to start working on your           and demand. During recent years, most of
    application materials a year ahead of time. The          the placements for private language schools
    typical Japanese school year differs from the            occurred between August and September or
    typical U.S. school year, and the lead time for          April and May. However, peak seasons during
    hiring decisions is factored in months, not weeks.       one year may differ from the next year.

    Public and Private School System                         For exact details regarding the hiring process,
    The public and private school year is divided into       check out our Job Placement Service. It should
    three semesters, with April to July being the first      be noted that applicants are suggested to apply
    semester, followed by September to December,             for positions three to six months prior to their
    then January to March. Hiring for the public and         desired departure date.
    private schools is typically done for positions
    either starting in April or August. ESL teachers         Universities and Colleges
    looking to work for public and private schools           Japanese universities have two semesters
    should apply three to six months before the start        with the first semester starting in April
    of the semester.                                         and the second starting in October. Some
                                                             universities offer new courses to parallel the
    Private Language Schools                                 Western academic school year, which start in
    Private language schools such as AEON and ECC            either September or October. ESL instructors
    hire on a continual, as needed, basis.                   interested in teaching at a university or college
                                                             should have a minimum of a Master’s Degree
     •   AEON: The AEON Corporation has been                 and/or years of teaching experience. Some
         providing English education since 1973.             universities and colleges also require ESL
         The company currently has over 300                  teachers to have some basic fluency
         branch schools and employs over 800                 in Japanese.
         teachers. AEON teachers can expect to earn
         approximately ¥270,000 per month. Salaries          The hiring season is similar to public and
         may vary depending on the performance               private schools with peak hiring occurring
         and bonus structure established by AEON.            four to six months before the beginning of
                                                             the semester. It’s common for university and
     •   ECC: The Education through Communication            college teachers to have gained experience
         for the Community (ECC) has been                    teaching in the Japanese public and private
         specializing in English instruction since           school systems before obtaining employment
         1962. Throughout Japan, ECC has over                at a university or college. Doing this helps build
         150 schools and employs more than                   contacts and relationships for creating
         650 teachers. ECC teachers earn a base              job prospects.

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    Private Tutoring                                         How to Find Jobs Teaching
    ESL teachers can provide private tutoring for            English in Japan
    Japanese nationals, but most contracts prohibit          Graduates of Oxford Seminars receive our Job
    teachers from doing so. The majority of job              Placement Service with access to established
    opportunities occur through word of mouth or             schools and recruiters around the world. After
    advertising in the local newspapers; however,            completing your in-class component, you
    ESL teachers should be very discreet when                will have access to a team of Job Placement
    obtaining tutoring jobs. ESL teachers should note        Advisors who have firsthand experience
    that tutoring their own students will result in          working internationally and are ready to
    being fired, so it’s highly recommended to tutor         help you find your dream job in the Land of
    Japanese nationals who have no affiliation               the Rising Sun. Contact your Job Placement
    with a school.                                           Advisor for assistance and feedback to improve
    Private English tutors can earn from 2,000 JPY/          your chances of securing a position in this
    hour to 4,000 JPY/hour, depending on the                 competitive ESL teaching market.
    student, the demand, and the location.                   Other useful places to find ESL teaching
                                                             jobs are:
    The Japan Exchange and Teaching
                                                                •   Oxford Seminars’ English Language
    Program (JET)                                                   Schools Directory
    English teaching exchange programs are also
    a popular form of ESL employment. The Japan                 •   Gaijin Pot
    Exchange and Teaching Program, also referred to
                                                                •   Jobs in Japan
    as the JET Program, is the most common English
    teaching exchange program for individuals                   •   The Japan Times
    wanting to live and work in Japan.
                                                                •   Daily Yomiuri
    Please note that the JET Program application
    process typically takes 7-9 months, starting in late        •   Kansai Flea Market
    September. Applicants cannot apply outside of               •   The JALT Job Information Centre
    their native country, and the application process
    includes in-person interviews and health checks.            •   The Japan Research Career Information
                                                                    Network
    Interviews are conducted between February
    and March, with notice to successful applicants             •   Westgate University Program
    occurring between April and May. Individuals                •   All About Teaching English in Japan
    interested in the program should know a contract
    with JET is a minimum of one year with a possible        These resources are available in English and
    extension for three years. Applicants accepted           can be used to supplement your job search
    into the JET Program depart in late July.                beyond the Job Placement Service.

    For further details and exact dates, please visit
    www.jetprogramme.org/e/aspiring/howto.html.

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    Another useful resource for ESL teachers
    that is available online is Metropolis.
    This news source contains a vast amount
    of information about Japan including
    job advertisements, apartment listings,
    popular restaurants, upcoming concert
    dates, and more. The editions are
    published daily and are entirely
    in English.

    Jobs Teaching English in
    the Summer in Japan
    As mentioned in the Peak ESL Hiring
    Season in Japan section, the school year
    is split into three semesters with the first
    semester occurring from April to July.
    Therefore, the summer English positions
    are short, not making it worthwhile
    for ESL teachers to travel abroad. In
    addition, the ESL summer positions
    usually do not pay for accommodations
    and often require the teacher to have
    them arranged before the position
    is awarded. Most teachers granted
    summer teaching positions are already
    living or traveling in Japan.

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    Teaching                                                    spouse, employer, or academic institute must
                                                                submit the certificate before individuals can

    Requirements
                                                                apply for a visa.

                                                                Resident Card
    for ESL Teachers                                            This card is issued to foreign nationals
                                                                looking to stay in Japan for 3 months or

    in Japan
                                                                longer by immigration authorities at the main
                                                                international airports within Japan. This will
                                                                serve as an important piece of identification
    Applying to work in another country can                     that will likely be needed when purchasing
    seem daunting, but it doesn’t need to be. The               a phone plan, opening a back account or
    paperwork and documentation process follows                 renting an apartment. Please note that you are
    a logical progression: check the requirements               required by law to notify municipal offices of
    for your country, gather the necessary personal             any changes in address after receiving this card.
    documents (birth certificates, marriage                     Foreigners should always carry their
    certificates, passport, etc.), get background               resident card.
    or criminal checks where necessary, and then
    apply for a certificate of eligibility, which is what       American Citizens
    you need in order to get a work visa.                       U.S. citizens wanting to teach English in Japan
                                                                can qualify for three types of visas.
    The Certificate of Eligibility
    A Certificate of Eligibility is issued before a visa        Work Visa:
    application by a regional immigration authority             In order to obtain a work visa, a Certificate of
    under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Justice           Eligibility is required. There are two ways to
    as evidence that the applicant fulfills various             obtain the Certificate of Eligibility, which are:
    conditions of the Immigration Control Act,
                                                                   1. Apply as an ALT (Assistant Language
    including those certifying that the activity in
                                                                      Teacher) through a private company
    which the foreigner wishes to engage in Japan
                                                                      for the public system such as the JET
    is valid and comes under a status of residence
                                                                      Program
    (excluding Temporary Visitor Status).
                                                                           a. Applicants require a degree
    The Certificate of Eligibility has the advantage
    of reducing the time required to obtain a visa                         b. Applicants do not need to be U.S.
    and complete immigration procedures, since                                born citizens as long as they have
    a foreigner in possession of such a certificate                           at least 12 years of education in
    can probably acquire a visa at an embassy or                              an English-speaking country
    consulate without any inquiries being made to
    the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and, by showing                2. Apply as an English instructor.
    the certificate to the immigration officer, obtain                     a. Applicants must apply through a
    landing permission more easily. This document                             private language school (juku and
    is required of individuals wanting to work,                               eikaiwa) such as Berlitz
    study, or live in Japan. A sponsor such as a
                                                                           b. Applicants require a valid U.S.
                                                                              passport

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              c. Applicants need to have a criminal                      b. Documentation (e.g. marriage
                 record check                                               certificate, statement of joint
                                                                            bank accounts, birth certificate,
              d. Applicants require a degree
                                                                            etc.) proving the relationship
    Spousal Visa:                                                           between the applicant and the
    Spouses can apply for visas in one of two ways:                         permanent resident

       1. Spouse of a Japanese national must                             c. A copy of the permanent
          provide:                                                          resident’s passport

              a. Documentation (original marriage                        d. Documentation certifying the
                 certificate) proving the applicant is                      applicant or his or her sponsor’s
                 married to a Japanese national                             financial stability (e.g. bank
                                                                            statement, employment and tax
              b. The resident card of a Japanese                            payment certificate, etc.)
                 national
                                                                         e. The applicant can apply for the
              c. A letter of guarantee by a person                          visa outside of Japan; however,
                 living in Japan                                            the permanent resident should
              d. Japanese spouse’s employment                               be in Japan. The visa is valid for a
                 certificate and certificate of tax                         maximum of three years.
                 payment                                      Student Visa:
              e. If the Japanese spouse is not                Individuals wanting to study in Japan must
                 employed or is currently not                 apply for a student visa. In order for applicants
                 living in Japan, you’ll need a letter        to qualify for a student visa they must:
                 of guarantee from a Japanese                    1. Obtain sponsorship from an educational
                 guarantor residing in Japan. The                   institution
                 guarantor’s employment and tax
                 payment certificate will also be                2. Provide proof (e.g. bank statement) of
                 required                                           money to pay for tuition, textbooks, and
                                                                    accommodation expenses
              f.   The applicant can apply for the
                   visa outside of Japan; however, the        Student visa holders are prohibited from
                   application process is usually done        engaging in paid employment without obtaining
                   within Japan. The visa is valid for 90     permission from Japanese immigration and
                   days to three years and applicants         the school. If the request to obtain paid
                   must extend the visa before expiry.        employment is approved, students are limited
                                                              to a maximum number of working hours
       2. Spouse of Permanent Resident must                   per week.
          provide:

              a. A permanent resident is someone
                 who has lived in Japan for at least
                 five consecutive years and who has
                 applied and been accepted as a
                 permanent resident

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    Canadian Citizens                                             5. A return travel ticket
    Canadian citizens wanting to teach English in
                                                                  6. A valid Canadian passport
    Japan can qualify for four types of visas.
                                                               Applicants applying for a working holiday visa
    Work Visa:
                                                               in Japan can only acquire one during the course
    A Certificate of Eligibility is required. There are
                                                               of their life. Once the initial working holiday
    two ways to obtain the Certificate of Eligibility:
                                                               visa has been issued, applicants must enter
       1. Apply as an ALT (Assistant Language                  Japan within three months. The initial stay is
          Teacher) through a private company                   six months but applicants can apply for an
          for the public system such as the JET                extended stay of six months, which has to be
          Program                                              approved by Japanese immigration authorities.
                                                               Holiday visa holders who intend on leaving
               a. Applicants require a degree                  Japan during their stay must present their
               b. Applicants do not need to be                 resident card to immigration authorities upon
                  Canadian or U.S. citizens as long            departing with the appropriate box ticked in
                  as they have at least 12 years of            order to qualify for re-entry.
                  education in an English-speaking             Spousal Visa:
                  country                                      Spouse of a Japanese national must provide:
       2. Apply as an English instructor                          1. Documentation proving the applicant is
               a. Applicants must apply through a                    married to a Japanese national
                  private language school (juku and               2. The resident card of a Japanese national
                  eikaiwa) such as Berlitz
                                                                  3. Documentation certifying the profession
               b. Applicants require a valid                         and income of the applicant or his or her
                  Canadian passport                                  spouse
               c. Applicants need to have a                       4. A letter of guarantee by a person living
                  criminal record check                              in Japan
               d. Applicants require a degree                     5. A permanent resident is someone
    Working Holiday Visa:                                            who has lived in Japan for at least five
    Applicants must be/have:                                         consecutive years and who has applied
                                                                     and been accepted as a permanent
       1. A Canadian citizen                                         resident.
       2. Intending mainly to holiday in Japan for                6. Documentation (e.g. marriage certificate,
          a specific period of time                                  statement of joint bank accounts, etc.)
                                                                     proving the relationship between the
       3. Between 18 - 30 years of age at the time
                                                                     applicant and the permanent resident
          of application
                                                                  7. A copy of the permanent resident’s
       4. Proof (e.g. bank statement) of a specific
                                                                     passport
          amount of money for the holiday in
          Japan - the minimum amount is $2,000                    8. Documentation certifying the profession
          CDN                                                        and income of the applicant or his or her
                                                                     spouse

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        9. A letter of guarantee by the permanent               Working Holiday Visa:
           resident                                             Individuals applying for a working holiday visa
                                                                must:
     The applicant can apply for the visa outside
     of Japan; however, the application process is                 1. Be an Australian citizen
     usually done within Japan. The visa is valid for
                                                                   2. Intending mainly to holiday in Japan for
     one year or three years and applicants must
                                                                      a specific period of time
     extend the visa before expiry.
                                                                   3. Be between 18-30 years of age at the
     Student Visa:
                                                                      time of application
     Individuals wanting to study in Japan must
     apply for a student visa. In order for applicants             4. Provide proof (e.g. bank statement) of a
     to qualify for a student visa, they must:                        specific amount of money for the holiday
                                                                      in Japan - the minimum amount is 2,500
        1. Obtain sponsorship from an educational
                                                                      AUD
           institution
                                                                   5. Have a return travel ticket
        2. Provide proof (e.g. bank statement) of
           a specific amount of money to pay for                   6. Have a valid Australian passport
           tuition, textbooks, and accommodation
           expenses.                                            Applicants applying for a working holiday visa
                                                                in Japan can only acquire one during the course
     Student visa holders are prohibited from                   of their life. Once the initial working holiday
     engaging in paid employment without obtaining              visa has been issued, applicants must enter
     permission from Japanese immigration and                   Japan within three months. The initial stay is
     the school. If the request to obtain paid                  six months but applicants can apply for an
     employment is approved, students are limited               extended stay of six months, which has to be
     to a maximum number of working hours                       approved by Japanese immigration authorities.
     per week.                                                  Holiday visa holders who intend on leaving
                                                                Japan during their stay must present their
     Australian Citizens                                        resident card to immigration authorities upon
     Australian citizens wanting to teach English in            departing with the appropriate box ticked in
     Japan can qualify for four types of visas.                 order to qualify for re-entry.

     Work Visa:                                                 Spousal Visa:
     A Certificate of Eligibility is required. Australian       Spouses can apply for a visa by obtaining a
     citizens require sponsorship from an employer              Certificate of Eligibility or by providing:
     to apply for the Certificate of Eligibility. Other
     prerequisites applicants require are:                         1. Documentation proving the applicant is
                                                                      married to a Japanese national
        1. A college degree
                                                                   2. The resident card of a Japanese national
        2. Valid Australian passport
                                                                   3. Documentation certifying the profession
        3. Health and criminal record check                           and income of the applicant or his or her
     Employment visas are valid for a period of                       spouse
     three years.                                                  4. A letter of guarantee by the Japanese
                                                                      spouse

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     The applicant can apply for the visa outside of            Working Holiday Visa:
     Japan; however, the application process is usually         Applicants must be/have:
     done within Japan. The visa is valid for one year,
                                                                   1. A British citizen
     three years, or six months and applicants must
     extend the visa before expiry.                                2. Intending mainly to holiday in Japan for
                                                                      a year or less
     Student Visa:
     Individuals wanting to study in Japan must apply for          3. Between 18 - 25 years of age at the time
     a student visa. In order for applicants to qualify for           of application
     a student visa they must:                                     4. Traveling without children
        1. Obtain sponsorship from an educational                  5. Traveling without spouses unless the
           institution                                                spouse has a valid visa
        2. Provide proof (e.g. bank statement) of a                6. A minimum of 2,500 GPB in the
           specific amount of money to pay for tuition,               applicant’s bank account (bank
           textbooks, and accommodation expenses                      statement of last 3-months must be
     Student visa holders are prohibited from engaging                shown)
     in paid employment without obtaining permission               7. Receipt of return travel ticket
     from Japanese immigration and the school. If the
     request to obtain paid employment is approved,                8. A valid UK passport
     students are limited to a maximum number of
                                                                Applicants applying for a working holiday visa
     working hours per week. The visa is valid for six
                                                                in Japan can only acquire one during the course
     months, one year, or three years and applicants
                                                                of their life. Once the initial working holiday
     must extend the visa before expiry.
                                                                visa has been issued, applicants must enter
                                                                Japan within three months. The initial stay is
     British Citizens                                           six months but applicants can apply for an
     British and Irish passport holders do not require          extended stay of six months, which has to be
     a visa if they intend on staying in Japan for six or       approved by Japanese immigration authorities.
     less months and are entering for the following             Holiday visa holders who intend on leaving
     purposes: holiday, visiting relatives, conferences,        Japan during their stay must present their
     study, and business.                                       resident card to immigration authorities upon
     Work Visa:                                                 departing with the appropriate box ticked in
     A Certificate of Eligibility is required. UK citizens      order to qualify for re-entry.
     require sponsorship from an employer to apply              Spousal Visa:
     for the Certificate of Eligibility. Other prerequisites    Spouses can apply for a visa by obtaining a
     applicants require are:                                    Certificate of Eligibility or by providing:
        1. A university degree                                     1. Documentation proving the applicant
        2. A valid UK passport                                        is married to a Japanese national by
                                                                      providing the Japanese spouse’s family
        3. A health and a criminal record check                       register. The copy has to be issued
                                                                      within three months of visa application
     Employment visas are valid for one to three years.
                                                                      and show the registered marriage

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        2. The resident card of a Japanese national               1. A college degree
        3. Proof (last three months of bank                       2. Valid Irish passport
           account) of sufficient funds to settle in
                                                                  3. Health and criminal record check
           Japan
                                                               Employment visas are valid for one or
     The applicant can apply for the visa outside
                                                               three years.
     of Japan; however, the application process is
     usually done within Japan. The visa is valid for
                                                               Working Holiday Visa:
     one year or three years and applicants must
                                                               The Republic of Ireland and Japan have
     extend the visa before expiry.
                                                               established a working holiday program for
                                                               young Irish citizens. The program officially
     Student Visa:
                                                               started in January 2007. Up to 400 Irish citizens
     Individuals wanting to study in Japan must
                                                               will be granted holiday visas at which point the
     apply for a student visa. In order for applicants
                                                               application period will be closed. The applicant
     to qualify for a student visa they must obtain a
                                                               prerequisites for a working holiday visa are
     Certificate of Eligibility by:
                                                               listed below.
        1. Obtaining sponsorship from an
           educational institution                             Applicants must be/have:
        2. Proof (e.g. bank statement) of a specific              1. An Irish citizen
           amount of money to pay for tuition,
                                                                  2. Intending mainly to holiday in Japan for
           textbooks, and accommodation
                                                                     a specific period of time
           expenses
                                                                  3. Between 18 - 25 years of age at the time
     Student visa holders are prohibited from
                                                                     of application; the Japanese government
     engaging in paid employment without obtaining
                                                                     has agreed to extend the age limitation
     permission from Japanese immigration and
                                                                     to 30 years of age
     the school. If the request to obtain paid
     employment is approved, students are limited                 4. Traveling without a dependent unless
     to a maximum number of working hours                            the dependent has the proper visa to
     per week.                                                       enter Japan
                                                                  5. Proof of a return travel ticket and full
     Irish Citizens
                                                                     intention to leave Japan when the visa
     Irish citizens wanting to teach English in Japan
                                                                     expires
     can qualify for four types of visas.
                                                                  6. Proof (e.g. bank statement) of a specific
     Work Visa:
                                                                     amount of money for the holiday in
     A Certificate of Eligibility is required. Irish
                                                                     Japan - minimum 1,600 EUR including
     citizens require sponsorship from an employer
                                                                     return travel ticket or 3,200 EUR without
     to apply for the Certificate of Eligibility and it
                                                                     return travel ticket
     expires three months after being issued. Once
     the Certificate of Eligibility has been issued               7. Copy of overseas travel insurance
     the visa application process can begin. Other
     prerequisites applicants require are:                        8. Criminal record and health check

                                                                  9. Valid Irish passport

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     Applicants applying for a working holiday visa in         Student visa holders are prohibited from
     Japan can only acquire one during the course of           engaging in paid employment without obtaining
     their life. Once the initial working holiday visa has     permission from Japanese immigration and the
     been issued, applicants must enter Japan within           school. If the request to obtain paid employment
     three months. Holiday visa holders who intend on          is approved, students are limited to a maximum
     leaving Japan during their stay must present their        number of working hours per week.
     resident card to immigration authorities upon
     departing with the appropriate box ticked in order        New Zealand Citizens
     to qualify for re-entry                                   New Zealand citizens interested in teaching ESL
     Spousal Visa:                                             in Japan can qualify for four types of visas.
     Spouses can apply for a visa by obtaining a               Work Visa:
     Certificate of Eligibility or by providing:               A Certificate of Eligibility is required. New
        1. Documentation proving the applicant is              Zealand citizens require sponsorship from an
           married to a Japanese national by providing         employer to apply for the Certificate of Eligibility
           the Japanese spouse’s family register. The          and it expires three months after being issued.
           copy has to be issued within three months           Once the Certificate of Eligibility has been issued
           of visa application and show the registered         the visa application process can begin. Other
           marriage.                                           prerequisites applicants require are:

        2. The resident card of a Japanese national               1. A college degree

        3. Proof (last three months of bank account) of           2. Valid New Zealand passport
           sufficient funds to settle in Japan                    3. Health and criminal record check
        4. A letter of guarantee from the Japanese             Employment visas are valid for one or three
           spouse                                              years.
     The applicant can apply for the visa outside of Japan;    Working Holiday Visa:
     however, the application process is usually done          Applicants must be/have:
     within Japan. The visa is valid for one year or three
     years and applicants must extend the visa                    1. A New Zealand citizen
     before expiry.                                               2. Intending mainly to holiday in Japan for a
                                                                     specific period of time
     Student Visa:
     Individuals wanting to study in Japan must apply             3. Between 18 - 30 years of age at the time
     for a student visa. In order for applicants to qualify          of application
     for a student visa they must obtain a Certificate of
                                                                  4. No dependent children
     Eligibility by:
                                                                  5. Proof of a return travel ticket
        1. Obtaining sponsorship from an educational
           institution                                            6. Proof of a specific amount of money
                                                                     for the holiday in Japan - a minimum of
        2. Providing proof (e.g. bank statement) of a
                                                                     $2,000 NZD, or $3,000 NZD for a married
           specific amount of money to pay for tuition,
                                                                     couple. Bank - statements, ATM printouts
           textbooks, and accommodation expenses.
                                                                     or cash will not be accepted as proof

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        7. In Japan within six months of the date of         The applicant can apply for the visa outside
           issue of the visa                                 of Japan; however, the application process is
           Criminal record and health check                  usually done within Japan. The visa is valid for
           Valid New Zealand passport                        one year or three years and applicants must
                                                             extend the visa before expiry.
     Applicants applying for a working holiday visa
     in Japan can only acquire one during the course         Student Visa:
     of their life. The initial stay is six months but       Individuals wanting to study in Japan must
     applicants can apply for an extended stay of six        apply for a student visa. In order for applicants
     months, which has to be approved by Japanese            to qualify for a student visa they must obtain a
     immigration authorities. Holiday visa holders           Certificate of Eligibility by:
     who intend on leaving Japan during their stay
                                                                1. Obtaining sponsorship from an
     must present their resident card to immigration
                                                                   educational institution
     authorities upon departing with the appropriate
     box ticked in order to qualify for re-entry.               2. Providing proof (e.g. bank statement) of
                                                                   a specific amount of money to pay for
     Spousal Visa:                                                 tuition, text books, and accommodation
     Spouses can apply for a visa by obtaining a                   expenses
     Certificate of Eligibility or by providing:
                                                             Student visa holders are prohibited from
        1. Documentation proving the applicant               engaging in paid employment without obtaining
           is married to a Japanese national by              permission from Japanese immigration and
           providing the Japanese spouse’s family            the school. If the request to obtain paid
           register. The copy has to be issued               employment is approved, students are limited
           within three months of visa application           to a maximum number of working hours
           and show the registered marriage                  per week.
        2. The resident card of a Japanese national          Once you’ve finished gathering your materials
                                                             and putting your ESL teaching application
        3. Proof (last three months of bank
                                                             together, it’s time to begin learning about life
           account) of sufficient funds to settle in
                                                             in Japan. What will your living accommodations
           Japan
                                                             be? Does your health insurance work there?
        4. A letter of guarantee from the Japanese           When should you take your shoes off? How
           spouse                                            should you use your chopsticks? And can you
                                                             communicate with basic phrases?

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     What You Need                                             In addition, bathtubs are not used for washing,
                                                               but for soaking and relaxing. They’re smaller

     to Know About
                                                               in length but much deeper than U.S.-style tubs
                                                               and they can be compared to miniature
                                                               hot tubs.
     Living in Japan                                           Some employers provide dorm style
                                                               apartments with shared bathrooms and
     The ‘Land of the Rising Sun’ is a welcoming
                                                               kitchens and separate bedrooms. Typical one-
     destination for many ESL teachers wanting to
                                                               room apartments (studio) often do not contain
     find a job teaching English abroad. Teaching in
                                                               a separate bedroom.
     Japan allows teachers to explore a nation known
     for being the perfect blend of ancient customs            A futon mat rolled out on the floor is still
     and cutting-edge technology.                              commonly used for sleeping, which is then
                                                               folded up and stored in a closet during the
     Housing                                                   day to save space, or hung outside using
     Housing in Japan is generally smaller and very            special clips to air. It is important to note that
     different from homes in the United States. The            apartments are not usually insulated, so space
     terms used to describe housing also differ. Japan         heaters, electric floor mats, and Kotatsu (small
     has its own set of housing terms to distinguish           tables with built in electric blankets) are used to
     between the different styles of housing units             keep apartments and houses warm.
     available. The letters LDK are used to identify
     whether the house has a living room (L), dining           Technology and Advancement
     area (D), and kitchen (K). For example, a 2DK             On the whole, Japan is a technologically
     apartment is an apartment with two bedrooms               advanced country with talking escalators and
     and a dining room with kitchen; whereas 1K is             heated toilet seats. It’s the model of efficiency
     an apartment with one bedroom and a small                 in many ways, and so accessing the Internet is
     kitchen. Housing in Japan is typically measured           fairly easy for ESL teachers. If teachers don’t
     using tatami matting, a traditional style of              have access at their accommodations, there are
     flooring, which still covers the floors of some           a few other options for accessing it, such as:
     rooms in modern apartments.                                  •   Rent a mobile phone (Keitai) with
     A typical bedroom is six tatami mats in area                     Internet connection
     (~100 sq. ft.). While many modern apartments                 •   Visit an Internet cafe. There are a few
     have Western-style bathrooms, combining a                        common franchises including, Yahoo
     small bathtub, shower, and sink, ESL teachers                    Japan Internet Cafe, Manga Land, and
     should expect older apartments or buildings to                   Kinko’s
     have “squatters” (toilets on the ground). Newer
     apartments tend to have a bath unit, which                   •   Use wireless Internet “hot-spots”
     includes everything in one room. The bath                 ESL teachers shouldn’t have a problem
     units are covered with tile or plastic inserts, so        accessing the Internet or computers in Japan,
     foreigners should not expect shower curtains              as most work places will have Internet access;
     or dividers.                                              however, setting up the Internet on your home
                                                               computer can be a fairly drawn-out or
                                                               lengthy process.

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     Airfare
     Similar to accommodations, some contracts
     may include paid airfare depending on the
     employer and length of contract. It’s common
     for employers to reimburse teachers for the
     cost of their airfare after they’ve fulfilled the
     contractual agreement, often in the form of a
     contract completion bonus.

     This encourages employees to stay the
     full duration of their contract and protects
     employers from losing their new staff members
     prematurely. Therefore, ESL teachers should
     plan to pay for airfare, at least initially.

     Health Benefits
     Since 2007, the majority of ESL teachers are
     enrolled in the Japanese Employee Health
     Insurance system, Shakai Hoken. Although this
     usually provides subsidized health benefits,
     it could still be worthwhile for an ESL teacher
     to have additional coverage from their home
     country. It’s essential to establish what
     coverage a teacher has, before departing from
     their home country.
     For further information regarding Japan’s health
     For further information regarding Japan’s health
     benefit system, visit http://www.mhlw.go.jp/
     benefit system, visit http://www.mhlw.go.jp/
     english/ .
     english/.

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     Language in                                               - My name is______.
                                                               ______ to mooshimasu.

     Japan                                                     - How are you?
                                                               Ogenki desu ka?
     The Japanese language is one of the most
     intriguing and difficult languages to learn               - Thank you/You’re welcome.
     because it is written with a combination of               Arigatou/Dou itashimashite!
     three different types of scripts:
                                                               - How much does this cost?
        •   Kanji (Chinese characters)                         Ikura desu ka?
        •   Hiragana (phonetic script used for
            writing Japanese)                                  - I can speak English.
                                                               Watashi wa Eigo ga hanasemasu.
        •   Katakana (phonetic script used for
            writing foreign words in Japanese)                 - Can we go there by bus?
                                                               Basu de ikemasu ka?
     Some may consider Romaji, the widely
     used Roman script, to be a fourth script.
                                                               - How much is the ticket?
     English teachers should attempt to learn
                                                               Kippu wa ikura desu ka?
     Japanese to help make the transition into
     daily life a lot easier and to help with the
                                                               - Good Morning!
     initial culture shock.
                                                               Ohayo Gozaimasu
     Before leaving for Japan, consider learning
     the following Japanese phrases, which will                - Excuse me.
     help you during your stay in Japan.                       Sumimasen

                                                               These are just some of the basic phrases
                                                               English teachers may want to learn in Japanese
                                                               before arriving in Japan. Keep in mind that rural
                                                               areas tend to have less English traffic signs and
                                                               maps when compared to tourist locations such
                                                               as Tokyo, so a phrase book will be useful
                                                               to pack.

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     Transportation                                            types of trains vary from small local companies
                                                               to the bullet train (Shinkansen). The Japanese

     in Japan
                                                               National Tourism Organization (JNTO) provides
                                                               English timetable booklets, which include
                                                               general information regarding the train services
     Japan is proud of its transportation network.             in Japan and timetables for all major trains.
     You probably won’t be driving (Japan residents            HyperDia is a useful English website that
     drive on the left side of the road, which is              provides users with the schedule, traveling
     counterintuitive for most visitors), but the              options and cost to travel between the
     network of subways, trains, taxis and buses can           two stations.
     get you anywhere you need to go.
                                                               Subways are very clean, efficient and
     Taxi
                                                               affordable, but can be extremely crowded
     Traveling by taxi is definitely the most
                                                               during rush hour. Major routes in major
     expensive mode of transportation, as is the
                                                               cities have a frequency of one train every two
     case with most developed countries. Fares are
                                                               minutes, making it one of the most efficient
     similar in most parts of Japan, and the initial fee
                                                               transportation services in the world. The
     is approximately 600 - 700 JPY for the first 2km.
                                                               subway is also reasonably priced and ESL
     After the initial 2km, it is approximately 100 JPY
                                                               teachers can purchase monthly passes giving
     for every 350 meters.
                                                               them unlimited access to stops within their
                                                               specified route.
     Here are a few tips when traveling by taxi:
                                                               Bus
        •   Don’t whistle for a taxi. Waving or
                                                               The bus can be the most difficult mode of
            holding your hand above your head is
                                                               transportation for foreigners. Unlike the
            acceptable
                                                               train and subway system, timetables and
        •   Do not open or shut the door. Drivers              destinations are usually written only in Chinese
            will be able to control the doors with a           characters (Kanji) making it a little harder for
            remote                                             teachers to reach their destination.
        •   ESL teachers should have someone                   City buses usually operate on one of two
            write down their destination in Japanese.          systems:
            Don’t expect the driver to speak or read
                                                                  1. Individuals pay a flat fee regardless of
            English
                                                                     distance
        •   Expect to wait in line for a taxi at most
                                                                  2. Passengers take a ticket when boarding
            train stations
                                                                     the bus and pay the driver upon
     Train and Subway                                                departure based on distance.
     The train is certainly the most popular mode
                                                               When travelling long distances, the bus can be
     of transportation among teachers and
                                                               a very cost-effective option for teachers when
     Japanese nationals alike. It’s fast, frequent, and
                                                               compared to the train.
     comfortable, but can be expensive depending
     on the type of train and distance traveled. The

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     Other Modes of Transportation                               •   Register the bicycle for theft
     Other popular modes of transportation that                      prevention
     are available for ESL teachers include:
                                                                 •   Write your name, phone number, and
     Bicycle                                                         work address on the bicycle in English
     The bicycle is a very common mode of
                                                              These are just some examples of the rules
     transportation among Japanese nationals and
                                                              and regulations for bicycle safety. English
     foreigners alike, due to convenience, speed
                                                              teachers wanting to travel by bike should
     and cost. If foreigners choose to purchase
                                                              ensure that they’re familiar with all the
     or rent a bicycle, it’s important to remember
                                                              regulations and traffic signs.
     that it’s illegal and dangerous to perform the
     following actions:                                       Motor Vehicles
                                                              ESL teachers wanting to operate a motor
        •   Carry an open umbrella while riding a
                                                              vehicle must obtain an International Driving
            bike, unless it is securely attached to an
                                                              Permit from their home country driving
            umbrella holder
                                                              association. The International Driving Permit
        •   Ride at night without lights, although            is valid for one year and those staying longer
            most bikes come equipped with lights              must obtain a Japanese driver’s license.
                                                              Documentation required for a Japanese
        •   Ride double or tandem                             driver’s license includes a resident card, a
        •   Ride a bicycle directly behind cars,              passport, and a driver’s license from their
            buses, or street cars                             home country. A fee and eye test will also
                                                              be required.
        •   Ride a bicycle after consuming alcohol
                                                              For a more comprehensive list of information
        •   Ride on the sidewalk                              on obtaining a Japanese driver’s license visit,
                                                              https://japan.usembassy.gov/e/acs/tacs-
        •   Ride while speaking on a mobile phone
                                                              drive.html.
        •   Ride while listening to music through
            headphones

     If a teacher is seen conducting any of these
     actions, the police may stop them. Some other
     tips for riding a bicycle are:

        •   Always lock the bicycle up; bicycle theft
            is the most common crime in Japan
            (most bikes have locks built in to them)

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     Etiquette in Japan                                         •   It’s common for workers to apologize for
                                                                    leaving work before their co-workers

     Japan has many unique customs and etiquette;               •   When seated at a traditional Japanese
     therefore, prior to departing for Japan, English               restaurant, it is customary for men to sit
     teachers should take note of the following                     cross-legged when eating, while women sit
     cultural traditions.                                           with their legs folded to the side

     The bow is probably the most commonly known                •   The guest of honor always sits the farthest
     Japanese greeting to those outside of the country.             away from the door
     Basic bow etiquette involves men bowing with their         •   There are separate slippers to be worn in
     hands at their side and women with their hands                 the toilet
     clasped on their laps. Mastering the bow takes years
     of practice, but once it’s mastered, one may convey        •   Japanese nationals don’t blow their noses
     a variety of different messages. For example: the              in public
     longer and deeper the bow, the more respect and         These are some of the more prominent customs
     dignity is expressed.                                   and they may vary by region. While teachers
                                                             should respect their local hosts, foreigners aren’t
     General Etiquette
                                                             expected to be familiar with all of the intricacies of
     Some other examples of commonly practiced
                                                             the culture.
     customs and etiquette are:

        •   Don’t wear shoes on tatami mats; it’s            Bathing Etiquette
            recommended to wear socks, although bare         Bathtubs are solely used for soaking and relaxing,
            feet may be acceptable                           not for washing. This is especially important to
                                                             remember when bathing at public baths and
        •   Always remove shoes when entering a home         hot springs (Onsen). Common bathing practices
            and place them with the toes facing the door     include:
        •   When visiting someone else’s house, wear            •   The body must be washed and rinsed of all
            shoes instead of sandals. Those who do                  soap before entering the bathtub
            choose to wear sandals should bring a pair
            of white socks so their bare feet do not touch      •   Bath water may be shared so washing and
            the slippers the host offers                            rinsing after getting out is also appropriate

        •   The seat of a car directly behind the driver        •   Only use soap outside the bathtub
            represents the place of honor                       •   Tattoos should not be visible when bathing
        •   Don’t step on the thresholds of temples                 (unless at home) and will need to be
                                                                    covered
        •   Don’t leave a social function before the guest
            of honor                                            •   Always carry handkerchiefs and tissues
                                                                    because public washrooms may not
        •   Most workers will arrive early and start                provide toilet paper or paper towels
            working immediately once working hours
            begin                                            These bathing practices are especially important
                                                             for ESL teachers in shared accommodations or
                                                             while living with Japanese families.

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     Eating in Japan                                          Keep in mind that if you try these types of foods
                                                              before going to Japan, it may vary in taste. Don’t
                                                              worry about trying to understand a Japanese
     Japanese cuisine is one of the highlights for            menu; often, there are plastic food displays to
     any teacher living in Japan. There are a variety         help with selecting and ordering food which can
     of food choices from sushi and sashimi to                be of great assistance when first arriving
     okonomiyaki. Popular Japanese cuisine among              in country.
     foreigners includes:
                                                              Other popular concepts with foreigners living
        •   Izakaya: Japanese style pub grilled and           in Japan that relate to food and drink are nomi
            fried foods                                       houdai and tabe houdai. These translate to “all
                                                              you can drink” and “all you can eat” and can be
        •   Okonomiyaki: Japanese pizza or
                                                              a very cost-effective way to fill up.
            pancake

        •   Sukiyaki and Shabu-Shabu: Thin slices             Typical Food Costs
            of beef served with vegetables and tofu           As a whole, it is cheaper to eat Japanese food
                                                              rather than to purchase American-style food
        •   Soba and Udon: Soba are thin,                     or to eat at American-style restaurants. Many
            buckwheat noodles, while Udon are                 teachers find it more reasonable to eat in
            thick white noodles                               Japanese restaurants, than to buy groceries and
                                                              eat at home.
        •   Ramen: Large bowl of noodles served in
            a meat broth                                      Average restaurant meal: (/person)
        •   Japanese sweets: Varies from Yokan                      Cheap: 800 JPY
            (sweet red bean jelly) to Mochi (pounded
            rice cakes)                                             Medium: 1,000 - 4,000 JPY

        •   Takoyaki: Octopus in fried batter balls                 Expensive: 4,000+ JPY

        •   Onigiri: Triangular rice patties
            containing a variety of fillings and              Finding American Food
            wrapped in seaweed                                ESL teachers may be surprised to hear that
                                                              most major cities have Costco and specialty
        •   Kaiten Sushi: Restaurants serving sushi           food or import stores that supply American
            on a conveyer belt                                foods. As most teachers will not own a vehicle,
        •   Fugu: Raw pufferfish carefully prepared           it is beneficial that Costco will deliver right to
            by master chefs                                   one’s home and stores are often conveniently
                                                              located next to train lines.
        •   Katsudon: A bowl of rice topped with
            deep-fried pork cutlet, egg and other             If teachers are living in a smaller, more rural
            accompaniments                                    city, large supermarkets such as Costco may not
                                                              exist but it is likely that they will still be able to
        •   Curry Rice: Japanese-style curry served           find typical American food. Another food source
            on rice                                           in Japan is Foreigners Buyer’s Club (FBC), which
                                                              will also deliver American groceries anywhere
                                                              in Japan.

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     It should be noted, however, that buying                   Chopstick Etiquette
     American food will likely cost considerably more           Chopsticks hold a very special place in the
     than buying Japanese food. These purchases                 minds of Japanese nationals, so observe the
     should be considered by most teachers as                   following rules when using them:
     luxury items.
                                                                  •   Do not stick chopsticks vertically in the
     Eating Etiquette                                                 food; this is only done at funerals
     Common eating etiquette varies tremendously
                                                                  •   Do not pass food between another set of
     from the United States. Chopsticks are the
                                                                      chopsticks
     utensil of choice and learning to eat with them
     will make your meals much easier while living                •   Do not lick or suck on chopsticks
     in Japan. Cutlery, such as forks, knives, and
     spoons are available in most restaurants, but                •   Chopsticks should not be used to skewer
     ESL teachers may need to request to use them,                    foods
     as they are typically not provided. English                  •   It’s considered taboo to use mismatched
     teachers visiting a Japanese home will rarely                    chopsticks
     find cutlery to use during mealtime. Things
     teachers should know about eating include:                   •   Most Japanese nationals use their fingers
                                                                      when items are too large for chopsticks;
       •   It’s proper to slurp noodles; it is a sign of              cutlery may also be provided
           enjoyment and satisfaction
                                                                  •   Do not use chopsticks to move dishes
       •   Japanese nationals do not pour soy sauce
           on their rice                                          •   When taking food from a shared dish,
                                                                      follow the lead of your hosts
       •   It’s unacceptable to eat while walking
                                                                Japanese foods do have seasonal elements.
       •   If someone offers to pay for a meal, it is           While basic rice and vegetables are staples
           polite to attempt to pay for your portion            year-round, there is an annual calendar of fish
           once or twice before allowing them to                availability, and restaurants feature such items
           pay                                                  as fresh bamboo shoots in spring, eggplant in
       •   It’s unacceptable to fill one’s own glass;           the summer, mushrooms in the autumn and
           it may indicate that you are an alcoholic;           pickled turnip in the winter. It’s no wonder that
           however, teachers should be sure to fill             Japan’s weather is such an integral part of the
           the glasses of others that are empty                 island’s character.

       •   If a teacher doesn’t want any more food
           or drink, they should leave their glass or
           bowl half full

     Even though these are common practices in
     Japan, locals expect foreigners to be unaware
     of the proper etiquette. However, foreigners
     should attempt to follow common eating
     practices as this displays politeness
     and courtesy.

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     Climate in Japan                                       Winter
                                                            The Japanese have yet to adopt centralized
                                                            indoor heating and with winter being the
     Japan has a very complex climate. The type             coldest season, ESL teachers might have trouble
     of weather encountered will depend on the              adjusting. In the north and on Japan’s seaside,
     location. Similar to many regions in North             high levels of precipitation and heavy snowfalls
     America, Japan has four distinct seasons:              occur through the months of December to
                                                            February. The Pacific side of Japan can be very
     Spring                                                 cold but it experiences less heavy snowfalls.
     Spring is the season of the famous cherry
     blossoms and probably the most comfortable             Natural Disasters
     season for ESL teachers. Temperatures are              The ‘Ring of Fire’ is a zone that surrounds
     warm but not too hot, with little rain. Those          the coastal lines of the Pacific Ocean, which
     living along the coastline will experience             causes earthquakes, volcanoes, typhoons,
     more precipitation.                                    and tsunamis. Both Japan and USA’s Pacific
                                                            and west coastline are considered part of this
     Summer                                                 unstable environmental region; therefore,
     During the summer the weather can be very
                                                            they experience similar plate tectonic activity
     hot and humid throughout most of the country.
                                                            and a combination of earthquakes, volcanoes,
     The rainy season starts in the southern part
                                                            typhoons, and tsunamis.
     of Japan during the early part of summer (May
     and June) and eventually moves northward.              For further information regarding Japan’s
     Typhoons also occur during the summer                  natural disasters and emergency tips, please
     months, where torrential rains and high winds          visit https://travel.state.gov/.
     are formed. During typhoon season, coastal
     provinces along the Pacific Ocean will endure
     more intense rainfalls and wind.

     Autumn
     Autumn is similar to spring with relatively warm
     temperatures and low rainfall. Second only to
     cherry blossoms, Japan’s fall foliage is a sight
     to see.

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     Holidays in Japan                                        May 5 - Children Day (kodomo no hi) Part of
                                                              Golden Week; on this holiday, and for some
                                                              time prior, families with boys will fly a windsock
     One thing Japan does not lack is national                in the shape of a koi.
     holidays. English teachers traveling to Japan
     should be enticed by the long list provided              Third Monday of July - Ocean Day (umi no
     below, although some private schools may not             hi) This day represents the return of Emperor
     provide them as days off.                                Meiji from a boat trip to Hokkaido in 1876.

     Remember: Take money out before any                      Third Monday of September - Respect for
     national holiday, as most banks and ATMs                 the Aged Day (keiro no hi) The elderly are
     are closed (ATM machines are not accessible              celebrated.
     24-hours a day)                                          Around September 23 - Autumn Equinox Day
     January 1st - New Year (shogatsu) This is                (shubun no hi) During the week of Equinox Day,
     the most important Japanese holiday. Most                graves are visited.
     businesses are closed until after January 3rd.           Second Monday of October - Health and
     Second Monday of January - Coming of Age                 Sports Day (taiiku no hi in Japanese) This
     (seijin no hi) This is a celebration of men and          represents the 1964 Olympic games in Tokyo.
     women who are 20 years of age.                           November 3 - Culture Day (bunka no hi) This
     February 11th - National Foundation Day                  day celebrates peace, freedom and the
     (kenkoku kinenbi) The day when the first                 promotion of culture.
     Japanese emperor was crowned.                            November 23 - Labor Thanksgiving Day (kinro
     Around March 21 - Spring Equinox Day                     kansha no hi)
     (shunbun no hi) During the week of Equinox               December 23 - Emperor’s Birthday (tenno
     Day, graves are visited.                                 no tanjobi) The current emperor’s birthday
     April 29 - May 5 - Golden Week: The longest              is always a national holiday. The holiday has
     holiday in Japan and Japanese workers are                always been celebrated on Emperor Akihito’s
     given the time off with pay; be prepared for             birthday since he assumed the throne in 1990.
     most stores to be closed or to have smaller
     staffs during this time.

     April 29 - Showa Day (showa no hi) Showa Day
     is part of the Golden Week; it is the birthday of
     the former Emperor Showa.

     May 3 - Constitution Day (kenpo kinenbi) A
     national holiday remembering the new
     constitution.

     May 4 - Green Day (midori no hi) Part of the
     Golden Week; a celebration of nature.

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     Resources for Living                                      Japan.

                                                                  •     Preparing to Go Checklist: A guide to

     and Teaching                                                       preparing your documentation, including
                                                                        international identification, airline tickets,

     English in Japan                                             •
                                                                        medical needs and legal issues

                                                                        Guide to Vaccinations: Common
     There is an abundance of resources for future ESL                  vaccinations, current guidelines and links
     teachers; however, finding resources that meet                     to the CDC and WHO
     specific teaching needs can be difficult. Some               •     What to Pack: A comprehensive list, from
     examples of the available teaching resources include:              travel documents to general living items to
        •   Teaching English in Japan (TEIJ): Resources                 classroom needs
            and support for those interested in teaching          •     Travel Safety: Emergency preparedness
            ESL in Japan; everything from resume tips to                lists, procedures and contacts
            conversational textbooks and how to conduct
            your first day of class.                              •     Visa and Travel Information:
                                                                        Understanding the kinds of visas and
        •   Transitions Abroad: A multi-faceted website                 application guidelines
            for those who want to work, study or volunteer
            abroad. This page has multiple articles and job       •     Lesson Activities: Lists are broken into
            advertisements for teaching English in Japan.               speaking, listening, writing, reading,
                                                                        grammar, vocabulary and games and
        •   Songs For Teaching: Choose from a vast                      puzzles
            selection of songs that help students learn
            English and other subjects in fun and                 •     Lesson Plans: Classroom plans for
            collaborative ways.                                         beginning, intermediate and advanced
                                                                        students, as well as some for any level
        •   Genki English: The “Genki” English model
            – which has been researched by Harvard                •     Classroom and Teacher Resources:
            University and the University of Oxford –                   Alphabet, number and phonics flashcards,
            includes songs, games and lessons aimed at                  worksheets and online resources
            the ESL learner.                                      •     Theory and Research: Sophisticated
        •   Escape Artist: A trusted resource for expats                articles about language acquisition and
            interested in teaching English abroad,                      learning differences
            EscapeArtist provides tips on finding work and        •     Additional Resources: A group of ESL
            living in different countries, and a community              teacher resources, including portal sites
            of experienced fellow educators.                            and chatrooms
     Oxford Seminars ESL Teaching                              These are just some examples of the resources
     Resources                                                 available to ESL teachers. As mentioned above
     Oxford Seminars has created its own extensive library     there is a large number of teaching aids available,
     of tips, links to useful websites, detailed checklists,   but teachers will have to devote time to finding
     articles, research and classroom ideas – most of them     the resources that meet their individual
     printable – for those interested in teaching ESL in       teaching needs.

                                              https://www.oxfordseminars.com/
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