The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research Monday 14 & Tuesday 15 May 2018 at UCL Faculty of Laws

The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research Monday 14 & Tuesday 15 May 2018 at UCL Faculty of Laws
The Future of Justice:
Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research

                       Monday 14 & Tuesday 15 May 2018
                                 at UCL Faculty of Laws
The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research Monday 14 & Tuesday 15 May 2018 at UCL Faculty of Laws

The England and Wales justice system is          What new skills, methods and approaches
undergoing rapid change in an ambitious          are needed to properly understand the
                                                                                                             CONFERENCE ESSENTIALS:
reform programme designed to transform           impact of justice system reforms?
processes in criminal, civil and family
                                                                                                             Network: UCLGuest
courts, and tribunals.                           This international symposium, jointly
                                                                                                             Event Code: justice
                                                 convened by UCL Faculty of Laws, the
The move to online determination of              Nuffield Foundation and The Legal
disputes and court closures represents           Education Foundation brings together
                                                                                                             Gideon Schreier Lecture Theatre
a shift away from the model through              leading researchers, judiciary, funders and
                                                                                                             UCL Faculty of Laws
which the principles of public justice have      practitioners to explore these issues and
                                                                                                             Bentham House, Endsleigh Gardens
traditionally been advanced. These changes       learn from existing best practice.
                                                                                                             London WC1H 0EG
have implications for citizens, the judiciary,
the legal profession, and court staff as they    The aim of the symposium is to develop
adapt to new mechanisms for delivering           a sense of the emerging priorities for
justice. The reforms also create important       research and a consensus on the level of
opportunities for generating robust data         commitment needed to build capacity to
on court processes, the individuals that use     deliver this research agenda.
them and case outcomes.

The wide-ranging nature of the reform
programme represents a challenge to the
existing community of justice system
researchers and funders.

                                                                                 The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018

                                                          use of public resources. In order to achieve
                                                          this, we must ensure that court and other
                                                          data that are vital for the conduct of empirical
                                                          research are collected routinely and made
                                                          available for research. We must also support
    The Legal Education Foundation’s vision is of         the development and expansion of a multi-
                                                                                                              In 2004, the Foundation funded the Nuffield
    a society where everyone understands the role         disciplinary research community with the
                                                                                                              Inquiry on Empirical Legal Research, which
    and value of the law and has the capability and       methodological skills and expert knowledge
                                                                                                              examined both the UK’s capacity to carry
    opportunity to use it. In the UK and overseas, the    of the legal system necessary to deliver the
                                                                                                              out empirical research, and how the law was
    ways in which citizens engage with the law and        empirical work required. And we need to
                                                                                                              working in practice. Led by Professor Dame
    legal systems are changing rapidly, creating both     strengthen the commitment to evidence-led
                                                                                                              Hazel Genn, the Inquiry concluded that
    challenges and opportunities for access to justice.   approaches in designing and delivering legal
                                                                                                              although legal research was highly valued
    The nature and the scale of change, exemplified       services and legal education. These tasks
                                                                                                              by those working in the justice system, there
    by the reforms being delivered by the HM Courts       demonstrate the pressing need to work together
                                                                                                              was evidence of insufficient capacity within
    and Tribunal Service Transformation Programme,        to develop a coherent agenda for empirical
                                                                                                              UK universities to undertake empirical legal
    underscore the urgent need to harness the power       research and the will and resources to deliver
    of empirical research to understand what works        it. TLEF is delighted to be supporting this
    in enabling individuals to secure their rights,       event, which we hope will serve as a catalyst for
                                                                                                              Since then, the Nuffield Foundation has funded
    protections and fair treatment.                       this effort. We welcome the partnership with
                                                                                                              research projects in the justice domain totalling
                                                          the Nuffield Foundation and UCL Faculty of
                                                                                                              almost £20 million, and supported initiatives
    Supporting the creation of robust evidence is         Laws, and look forward to meeting you at the
                                                                                                              to improve research capacity. Most recently,
    critical to TLEF’s mission. Empirical research is     conference.
                                                                                                              we have established the Nuffield Family Justice
    vital: to improve understanding of the ways in
                                                                                                              Observatory to support the best possible
    which citizens engage with the justice system;
                                                                                                              decisions for children by improving the use of
    to understand the impacts on outcomes of the
                                                          Matthew Smerdon                                     data and research evidence in the family justice
    move from traditional to new court processes;
                                                          Chief Executive, The Legal Education Foundation     system.
    and to understand how to make the most effective

However, as the justice system undergoes                                                                    empirical research on law more than a decade
fundamental reform in a time of austerity,                                                                  ago, and in keeping with the Faculty’s mission
the ‘justice research gap’ has opened further,                                                              to promote and facilitate rigorous empirical
and we find ourselves without the necessary                                                                 research on law, we are conscious of the need
empirical research to inform the design and                                                                 to revisit the conclusions of the Inquiry and the
operation of a transformed justice system.                                                                  recommended interventions. This conference
This symposium aims to help close the gap,       UCL Laws has long been a centre of excellence              presents that opportunity in the context of an
by articulating the priority questions for the   for high impact empirical research on law and              exciting new justice system research agenda.
justice research agenda, and identifying ways    the justice system. Home to world-leading
we might build capacity to deliver it. The       research centres on Access to Justice, Empirical           A significant body of the Faculty’s empirical
symposium will also inform our own funding       Legal Studies, Judicial Studies, and Professional          research has been supported by the Nuffield
priorities, and we will continue to work with    Ethics, the Faculty’s research has had global              Foundation and the Legal Education Foun-
The Legal Education Foundation and UCL           influence on policy and practice across a wide             dation and it is therefore a pleasure to have
Faculty of Laws to harness the power of          range of legal fields. As jurisdictions around             the opportunity to collaborate with them in
empirical research within the justice system     the world respond to technological develop-                organizing this international conference on The
                                                 ment and undergo transformative changes in                 Future of Justice.
                                                 the design and delivery of state justice systems,
                                                 this conference is a timely opportunity to
                                                 reflect on critical research questions that arise,
Tim Gardam                                       and to begin shaping an international research
Chief Executive, Nuffield Foundation             agenda. This important research agenda will
                                                 require co-operation between government,                   Professor Dame Hazel Genn
                                                 the judiciary, academia and practice. It will              Director, UCL Centre for Access to Justice
                                                 also require advanced empirical research
                                                 skills. Having led on the Nuffield Founda-
                                                 tion’s Inquiry into UK capacity to undertake

                                                                                     The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018
PROGRAMME - Monday 14 May 2018

     12:00      Registration and Lunch

                Welcome and Introduction
     1.30pm     Professor Dame Hazel Genn
                (Director UCL Centre for Access to Justice)

                Keynote address
                Professor Richard Susskind OBE (President, Society for Computers and Law) ‘The Case for Online Courts’

                PANEL DISCUSSION
                What’s happening in justice? The view from England and Wales
     2.00pm     The Rt Hon Sir Ernest Ryder (Senior President of Tribunals)
                Susan Acland-Hood (CEO of HM Courts & Tribunals Service)
                Joshua Rozenberg QC (Hon) (Commentator and broadcaster)

     3.30pm     Refreshment Break

PROGRAMME - Monday 14 May 2018

            What’s happening in justice? The view from overseas

 5.30pm     Conference guests walk to UCL Darwin Buidling for Nuffield Foundation 75th Anniversary Lecture

            The Nuffield Foundation 75th Anniversary Lecture
            The Rt Hon the Baroness Hale of Richmond DBE
 6.15pm     President of the United Kingdom Supreme Court
            ‘Challenges in the justice system and the contribution of empirical research’
            Introduced by Professor David Rhind (Chairman, Nuffield Foundation)

            Refreshments and canapé reception
            in the South Cloisters

                                                                          The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018
PROGRAMME - Tuesday 15 May 2018

      9.00am       Registration and Refreshments

                   PANEL DISCUSSION
                   Open justice, transparency and accountability
                   Professor Judith Resnik (Yale Law School),
                   Antoine Garapon (Secretary General of the Institute of Higher Studies on Justice)
                   Joshua Rozenberg QC (Hon) (Commentator and broadcaster)
                   Professor Karen Broadhurst (Centre Child and Family Justice Research)

      11.00am      Refreshment break

                   Citizen experience of justice and the connection between this and trust and confidence
                   Professor Tom Tyler (Yale Law School)
                   Dr Ayelet Sela (Bar Ilan University)
                   Professor David Abrams (Penn Law Faculty)

      1.00pm       Lunch

PROGRAMME - Tuesday 15 May 2018

               What do the reforms mean for the judiciary and legal profession?
               His Honour Judge John Aitken (President Social Entitlement Chamber)
  2.00pm       Shannon Salter (Chair BC Civil Resolution Tribunal)
               Dory Reiling (Senior Judge, Amsterdam District Court)
               District Judge Chris Lethem (Judicial Advisor to the Online Court)

  3.45pm       Refreshment break

               Capacity building - creating an environment conducive to the conduct of robust empirical research
               Professor Dame Hazel Genn (UCL Laws)
               Professor Jim Greiner (Harvard Law School)
               Dr Natalie Byrom (Legal Education Foundation)
               Professor Michael Heise (Cornell Law School)
               Suzie Forell (Research Director, Health Justice Australia)

  6.15pm       Conclusion and reception

                                                                      The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018

     DAVID ABRAMS                                                                                 SUSAN ACLAND-HOOD
     Pennsylvania Law School                                                                      HMCTS

                               David S. Abrams     American Association of Law Schools.                                       Susan Acland-
                               is Professor of     His research interests include the Law                                     Hood joined
                               Law, Business       and Economics of Crime, Intellectual                                       HMCTS as
                               Economics and       Property, Corporate Finance, and Health                                    Chief Executive
                               Public Policy at    Economics. Recent research topics include                                  in November
                               the University      the use of machine learning to improve                                     2016. She is
                               of Pennsylvania     fairness in criminal justice, the impact of                                responsible for
                               Law School and      non-practicing entities on innovation, and                                 the day-to-day
                               the Wharton         improving methods for measuring and                                        operations and
     School. He joined the Penn faculty in 2008    valuing innovation. His work has appeared      management of the courts and tribunals in
     after serving as the Olin Fellow in Law and   in a number of top peer-reviewed journals      England and Wales (and reserved tribunals
     Economics at the University of Chicago.       and law reviews including the Stanford Law     in Scotland and Northern Ireland). She
     He earned his Ph.D. in Economics from the     Review, University of Chicago Law Review,      is also responsible for the £1bn reform
     Massachusetts Institute of Technology in      University of Pennsylvania Law Review,         programme which will upgrade the best
     2006, his Master’s in Physics from Stanford   American Economic Journal: Applied             justice system in the world using modern
     in 2001 and his Bachelor’s in Physics from    Economics, and the Journal of Legal Studies.   technology and ways of working.
     Harvard in 1998. He is a Board Member
     and past-President of the Society for                                                        Susan was previously the Director of
     Empirical Legal Studies, and former chair                                                    Enterprise and Growth at HM Treasury
     of the Law and Economics section of the                                                      where she was responsible for policies

                                               Social Entitlement Chamber

on productivity, growth, business,                                       John has been                Entitlement Chamber. SEC is the largest
infrastructure, exports, competition and                                 Chamber                      Tribunal with around 100 full time Judges
markets, and for energy and transport                                    President of                 and 2500 fee paid Judges, Doctors and
spending. Before that, she spent two years                               the Social                   Disability Qualified Members dealing
as Director of Education Funding at the                                  Entitlement                  with around 250,000 appeals each year but
Department for Education, overseeing                                     Chamber since                up to 500,000 in busy periods. There are
the comprehensive reform of the capital                                  2014. His                    three jurisdictions covering Social Security
programme. Susan has also worked                                         background is                Appeals, and Criminal Injuries appeals on
extensively on home affairs and justice                                  the Criminal                 a Great Britain basis and Asylum support
policy, both at Number 10 and in the Home      Bar which he left in 2002 to become an                 throughout the United Kingdom. SEC has
Office. She has also had senior roles in the   Immigration judge. He then became a                    an important role in the reform program
London Borough of Tower Hamlets, and in        Designated Immigration Judge in effect                 seeking to develop an accessible, user
the Social Exclusion Unit.                     a team leader. He was Acting Regional                  friendly and efficient method of dealing
                                               Judge for the North East in Immigration                with cases online where appropriate.
                                               from 2003 to 2006 then became Deputy
                                               President at Health Education and Social
                                               Care responsible for Special Educational
                                               Needs, Care Standards and Appeals from
                                               the NHS all on a national basis. In 2014 he
                                               became Chamber President of the Social

                                                                               The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018

     KAREN BROADHURST                                                                             NATALIE BYROM
     Lancaster University                                                                         The Legal Education Foundation

                                Professor Karen    recently the impact of child removal on                                   Natalie is
                                Broadhurst is      women appearing before the family courts.                                 Director of
                                based in the       Karen’s work has catalysed major new                                      Research and
                                Department         prevention initiatives both in England but                                Learning at The
                                of Sociology       also a number of international contexts.                                  Legal Education
                                at Lancaster                                                                                 Foundation- an
                                University. She    Karen is currently leading the development                                independent
                                founded and        of the Nuffield Family Justice Observatory,                               grant making
                                Co-Directs         to enable the launch of a new organisation                                foundation with
     the Centre for Child and Family Justice       in 2019. Karen’s personal investment in        a portfolio of over 200 grants – where
     Research at Lancaster University, co-hosted   this initiative reflects her interest in the   she leads work to better understand the
     by the Departments of Law and Sociology       potential contribution of social science to    ways in which people can be assisted to
     with the Data Science Institute. Karen has    social justice and practice innovation. Her    understand and use the justice system to
     served as Principal or Co-Investigator on     work is extensively published in range of      secure their rights, protections and fair
     number of applied research studies funded     social work, social science, health and law    treatment. She recently completed a PhD
     by the Nuffield Foundation, the ESRC,         journals. She regularly sits on government     exploring the impact of cuts to civil legal
     the Australian Research Council, as well      advisory/expert groups related to both         aid on vulnerable individuals, focusing
     as local and national Government. She         child and family social work and the family    on the experience of Law Centres. Natalie
     has a long-standing interest in the impact    courts.                                        is passionate about improving public
     of State intervention in family life, most

                                            Cornell Law School

understanding of the legal system- in                                   Dawn Chutkow               Before entering academia, Professor
2017 she was appointed to the BBC                                       is a Visiting              Chutkow practiced law in Chicago,
Expert Women Network and her research                                   Professor of               specializing in mergers and acquisitions.
and writing have been featured in The                                   Law at Cornell             She earned an A.B. from Duke University,
Guardian, the New Statesman and the legal                               Law School,                a J.D. from the University of Chicago, and a
press. Natalie sits on the Administrative                               Executive Editor           Ph.D. from Cornell University.
Justice Council and the Civil Justice                                   of the Journal
Council’s Litigant in Person Engagement                                 of Empirical
Group.                                                                  Legal Studies,
                                            and Executive Director of the Society for
                                            Empirical Legal Studies. Her research
                                            uses empirical, qualitative, and legal
                                            analyses to explore the administrative
                                            function of courts, interactions among
                                            political institutions, and justice system
                                            processes. Her teaching includes courses
                                            on the politics of judicial decision making,
                                            empirical legal methods, and the nature,
                                            functions, and limits of law.

                                                                             The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018

     SUZIE FORELL                                                                                     ANTOINE GARAPON
     Health Justice Australia                                                                         Institut des Hautes Etudes sur la Justice

                                 With more            family law duty services, collaborative                                    Born in 1952,
                                 than 25 years’       partnerships, community legal education                                    Antoine
                                 experience in        and summary crime services. Suzie is                                       Garapon, Ph.D,
                                 justice sector       an author of Reshaping legal assistance                                    is Secretary-
                                 research,            services: building on the evidence base                                    General of the
                                 Suzie recently       and has a particular interest in integrating                               Institut des
                                 commenced as         evaluative thinking into practice, to build                                Hautes Etudes sur
                                 Research Director    the evidence-base. In 2016-17, Suzie co-                                   la Justice (IHEJ).
                                 for Health Justice   led a team of researchers analysing the                                    Prior to his
     Australia. In this role Suzie will be leading    administrative data of all NSW civil court      appointment to the IHEJ, Antoine Garapon
     the development of a national evaluation         and tribunals, to investigate its utility to    served as a juvenile judge for many years.
     framework for health justice partnerships.       inform policy. Previously, Suzie was a          He is editor for the journal Esprit and has
     Previously Suzie was a Principal Researcher      principal policy analyst with NSW Police,       written widely on legal, cultural, historical
     at the Law and Justice Foundation of NSW,        implementing and evaluating national drug       and political themes. Its last book (with
     where she led the ‘what works’ research          strategy initiatives, and a researcher at the   Jean Lassègue): Justice digitale. Révolution
     strategy and managed research alliances          NSW Independent Commission Against              graphique et rupture anthropologique
     with Legal Aid Commissions to evaluate           Corruption. Suzie has a BA (hons) from          (Presses universitaires de France, 2018). He
     legal assistance strategies and build            Melbourne University and research M             also manages the collection Bien commun
     evaluation capability. Suzie evaluated legal     Crim (hons) from Sydney.                        at Michalon Publishing co. and has a
     assistance strategies including outreach,                                                        weekly programme on France-culture.

                                               UCL Centre for Access to Justice

He has published more than thirty books,                                  Dame Hazel                  its activities into an innovative ‘Health
all of them concerned with law and justice.                               Genn is Professor           Justice Partnership’ with a GP practice
Notable among his works are Imaginer la                                   of Socio-Legal              in Stratford delivering free social welfare
loi: le droit dans la littérature (Michalon,                              Studies in the              legal advice to patients within the practice.
Paris 2008); Juger en Amérique et en France:                              Faculty of Laws             Dame Hazel is interested in the access to
culture juridique française et common law                                 at UCL. She                 justice implications of online courts and
(O. Jacob, Paris 2003); Des crimes qu’on ne                               was Dean of the             in October 2017 delivered the Annual
peut ni punir ni pardonner: pour une justice                              Faculty 2008-               Birkenhead Lecture entitled ‘Online Courts
internationale (O. Jacob, Paris: 2002); Et                                2017 and is                 and the Future of Justice’ -
ce sera justice: punir en démocratie (O.       currently Director of the UCL Centre for     
Jacob, Paris 2001) and, in Spanish, Juez       Access to Justice and Co-director of the
y democracia. Una reflexión muy actual         UCL Judicial Institute. Dame Hazel is a
(Judge and Democracy: A Most Up-to-Date        leading authority on access to civil and
Reflection – Flor del Viento, 1998).           administrative justice. She has conducted
                                               numerous empirical studies of public
                                               access to the justice system, including
                                               the seminal Paths to Justice: What People
                                               Do and Think About Going to Law. In
                                               2013 she established the UCL Centre for
                                               Access to Justice, and in 2016 developed

                                                                               The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018

     JIM GREINER                                                                                    MICHAEL HEISE
     Harvard Law School                                                                             Cornell Law School

                                Jim Greiner is      in statistics at Harvard University. His work                               Michael Heise,
                                the Honorable S.    has been published in a variety of venues                                   Professor of
                                William Green       including the Harvard Law Review, the                                       Law at Cornell
                                Professor of        Yale Law Journal, the Journal of the Royal                                  Law School,
                                Public Law at       Statistical Society (Series B), the Annals of                               specializes in
                                Harvard Law         Applied Statistics, and Jurimetrics.                                        empirical legal
                                School, where                                                                                   scholarship
                                he teaches                                                                                      and bridging
                                courses on civil                                                                                empirical
     procedure, expert witnesses, and voting                                                        methodologies, legal theory, and policy
     regulation. He is the founder and Faculty                                                      analysis. He writes in public and private
     Director of the Access to Justice Lab, which                                                   law areas, including law and education
     implements randomized field experiments                                                        policy, civil justice reform, and judicial
     to find out what works for individuals                                                         decisionmaking. Professor Heise’s
     and families who cannot afford to hire                                                         teaching areas include education law, torts,
     lawyers. Before coming to HLS in 2007,                                                         constitutional law, empirical methods for
     Jim practiced law for six years (three for                                                     lawyers, insurance law, and law and social
     the U.S. Department of Justice, three for                                                      science. In 1991-92 Heise served in the
     Jenner & Block, LLC), followed by a Ph.D.                                                      Bush Administration as Deputy Chief of

                                               Judicial Advisor, Online Courts

Staff to the U.S. Secretary of Education.                                Chris Lethem                the development of rules for digital courts
Professor Heise has received numerous                                    is on part                  across the entire civil, family and tribunal
awards for his scholarship and teaching,                                 secondment as               jurisdictions. He is a member of the Civil
including the Law & Society Association’s                                the judicial lead           Judicial Engagement Group who advise
Best Article Prize in 1999. Professor Heise                              to the HMCTS                and monitor the civil aspects of HMCTS’
has co-edited the Journal of Empirical Legal                             Civil Money                 court reform project.
Studies since 2005.                                                      Claims project
                                                                         charged with                Chris Lethem has a long standing
                                                                         developing the              involvement in supporting access to justice
                                               Online Court. He was formerly a member                for Litigants in Person and is a Litigant in
                                               of Lord Justice Brigg’s Hard Working                  Person Liaison Judge and a member of the
                                               Group that formulated the Report on the               Judicial Working Group advising JEB on
                                               Civil Courts Structure Review Group                   McKenzie Friends. He is a member of the
                                               and which provided a blueprint for the                Judicial Working Group on Litigants in
                                               modernisation of the civil courts. He is              Person and a member of the Asplin Judicial
                                               a member of the Civil Procedure Rule                  Working Group on McKenzie Friends.
                                               Committee and is charged with supporting              He continues to sit as a judge.
                                               the development of rules for the Online
                                               Court. He is also a member of the Online
                                               Procedure Advisory Group who consider

                                                                               The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018

     DORY REILING                                                                                     JUDITH RESNIK
     Amsterdam District Court                                                                         Yale Law School

                                 Dory Reiling         Judges (Council of Europe) Opinion 14 on                                   Judith Resnik is
                                 Ph.D. Mag.Iur.       information technologies and the courts.                                   the Arthur Liman
                                 (1950) is a se-      Her 2009 book Technology for Justice, How                                  Professor of Law at
                                 nior judge at        Information Technology can Support Judicial                                Yale Law School,
                                 the Amsterdam        Reform, is widely available in print, on line                              and holds a term
                                 District Court.      and as an e-book.                                                          appointment as an
                                 She is involved                                                                                 Honorary Visiting
                                 in designing the     Her publications can be found on www.                                      Professor, UCL
                                 digital procedures, her tweets are on www.                                    Faculty of Laws.
     in the civil courts in the Netherlands. She and her Technol-         Her teaching and scholarship focuses on the
     was a senior judicial reform specialist at       ogy for Justice blog is on www.doryreiling.     impact of democratic, egalitarian principles
     the World Bank and IT program manager                                       on government services, from courts and
     for the Netherlands judiciary. She regularly                                                     prisons to post offices; on the relationships of
     lectures on court IT at universities, judi-                                                      states to citizens and non-citizens’ the forms
     cial academies and postgraduate schools                                                          and norms of federalism; and on equality
     and works as an IT adviser to judiciaries                                                        and gender. Professor Resnik’s books include
                                                                                                      Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy,
     around the world. She is also a co-author of
                                                                                                      and Rights in City-States and Democratic
     the World Bank Handbook on Justice Sec-
                                                                                                      Courtrooms (2011); she is the co-editor of
     tor Assessments. She was the acting expert
                                                                                                      Federal Courts Stories (2010); Migrations and
     for the Consultative Council of European

                                                Journalist and Broadcaster

Mobilities: Citizenship, Borders, and Gender                            Joshua Rozenberg                online courts in England and Wales.
(2009), and the 2014 Daedalus volume, The                               QC (hon)                        For more than a decade he has written a
Invention of Courts. Professor Resnik chairs                            is Britain’s                    twice-monthly column for the Law Society
Yale Law School’s Global Constitutional                                 best-known                      Gazette. From 2010 to 2016, he wrote a
Law Seminar and edits its on-line book                                  commentator on                  weekly commentary for the Guardian
series. Professor Resnik is also the founding                           the law. He is the              website.
director of Yale’s Arthur Liman Center for                              only full-time
Public Interest Law, convening colloquia on                             journalist to have              Joshua was the BBC’s legal correspondent
access to criminal and civil justice systems.                           been appointed as               for 15 years before moving in 2000 to
The 2018 Liman monograph, Who Pays?             Queen’s Counsel honoris causa.                          The Daily Telegraph. He resigned as the
Fines, Fees, and the Cost of Courts, is an                                                              newspaper’s legal editor in the summer
online e-book; earlier monographs include       After taking a law degree at Oxford he                  of 2007 but continued writing a weekly
a series of reports on solitary confinement,    trained as a solicitor, qualifying in 1976.             column until the end of 2008.
co-authored with the Association of State       He is an honorary Master of the Bench
Correctional Administrators. Judith Resnik      (bencher) of Gray’s Inn and holds honorary              A decade after he left the BBC, Joshua
has been awarded a Carnegie Fellowship to
                                                doctorates in law from four universities.               returned in 2010 to present the popular
support her work on prison reform and other
                                                                                                        Radio 4 series Law in Action, a programme
pressing issues. You can read more about the
                                                Joshua has delivered the first two of a series          he had launched in 1984. The programme
award and Judith’s work here:
                                                of three annual lectures at Gresham College             is broadcast in the spring, summer and
                                                about the government’s plans to introduce               autumn each year.

                                                                                  The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018

     THE RT HON SIR ERNEST RYDER                                                                     SHANNON SALTER
     Senior President, Tribunals in the UK                                                           British Columbia Civil Resolution Tribunal

                                Sir Ernest Ryder   Justice, he was responsible for the creation                                Shannon Salter
                                is the Senior      of the Family Court and the family justice                                  is Chair of the
                                President of       modernisation programme. In addition to                                     Civil Resolution
                                Tribunals in the   his appointment as the Senior President,                                    Tribunal, Canada’s
                                United Kingdom     he is the Head of Deployment Strategy                                       first online
                                and is a judge     for the Lord Chief Justice and the Course                                   tribunal resolving
                                of the Court       Director of the Leadership Programme at                                     small claims and
                                of Appeal in       the Judicial College. He regularly lectures                                 condominium
                                England and        at the Judicial College, the Judicial Institute                             disputes. She is
     Wales. He is also a judicial member of        in Scotland and at Universities across the        an adjunct professor at the UBC Allard
     the Board of Her Majesty’s Courts and         United Kingdom.                                   School of Law, teaching administrative law
     Tribunals Service. He was formerly a judge                                                      and legal ethics and professional regulation.
     of the Family Division of the High Court.     Sir Ernest started his professional life          Shannon was a BC Supreme Court judicial
                                                   as a merchant banker and has also been            law clerk before practicing civil litigation at
     Until his appointment to the Court of         a commissioned officer in the Army                a large Vancouver firm. She has served as
     Appeal, Sir Ernest was the senior Presiding   Reserves. He is the Chancellor Emeritus           a vice chair of the Workers’ Compensation
     Judge of the Northern Circuit where he sat    of the University of Bolton, an honorary          Appeal Tribunal and on the College of
     in the criminal, civil and administrative     Professor of Law and a Trustee of the             Registered Nurses of BC. She is currently a
     courts as well as in family. As Judge in      Nuffield Foundation.                              commissioner of the Financial Institutions
     Charge of the Modernisation of Family                                                           Commission, vice president of the BC

                                               Bar Ilan University

Council of Administrative Tribunals, and                                   Ayelet Sela is an            needs. Finally, she collaborates with
a board member of the Canadian Legal                                       assistant professor          researchers from the BIU Data Science
Information Institute (CanLII). She is a co-                               (lecturer) at Bar            Institute on studies of digital contracts
author of the BC Administrative Decision                                   Ilan University              and court dockets. Previously, Dr. Sela was
Maker’s Manual, as well as a number of                                     Faculty of Law.              the socio-legal research coordinator of an
legal journal articles. Named one of the 25                                Her work unites              ERC-funded research on judicial conflict
Top Most Influential Lawyers in Canada                                     research in law,             resolution, a legal auditor in the Israeli
in 2017, she was previously recognized as                                  social sciences              Ministry of Justice, a fellow at the Gould
one of Canada’s New Law Pioneers by the                                    and technology               Negotiation and Dispute Resolution Center
Canadian Bar Association and an Access         to explore issues of dispute system design,              and the Codex Center for Legal Informatics
to Justice All-Star by the National Self-      procedural justice, law and technology, and              at Stanford University, and a legal clerk for
Represented Litigants Project (NSLAP).         the legal profession. Dr. Sela’s current work            Justice Eliezer Rivlin of the Israeli Supreme
In 2016 she was recipient of the Adam          spans three areas. First, she examines the               Court. Dr. Sela holds a JSD and JSM from
Albright award for outstanding teaching by     impact of process design and technological               Stanford Law School and an LL.B from the
an adjunct professor. Shannon is a frequent    choice architecture on the behavior and                  Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
speaker at international conferences on        experience of participants in online legal
online dispute resolution, administrative      processes. Second, she analyzes the role of
law, legal education, and the future of        courts and judges in an era of vanishing
law and technology. She has BA and LLB         trials and how court process designs and
(UBC), and her LLM (Toronto).                  judicial regulation should adapt to current

                                                                                 The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018

     RICHARD SUSSKIND OBE                                                                         TOM TYLER
     Society for Computers and Law                                                                Yale University

                              Richard Susskind      numerous books, including The Future                                    Tom R. Tyler is a
                              is President of       of the Law (1996), Transforming the Law                                 Macklin Fleming
                              the Society for       (2000), The End of Lawyers? (2008), and                                 Professor of Law
                              Computers and         Tomorrow’s Lawyers (2013, 2017). His book                               and Professor of
                              Law, Chair of the     The Future of the Professions, co-authored                              Psychology at Yale
                              Advisory Board        with his son Daniel, was recognised as one                              University. His
                              of the Oxford         of the books of 2015 by both the Financial                              research explores
                              Internet Institute,   Times and the New Scientist.                                            the dynamics
                              and Strategy                                                                                  of authority
     & Technology Adviser to the Lord Chief         Richard is a Fellow of the Royal Society of   in groups, organizations, and societies.
     Justice of England and Wales. He chaired       Edinburgh and of the British Computer         In particular, he examines the role of
     the ODR Advisory Group of Civil Justice        Society. In the 1980s, he wrote his           judgments about the justice or injustice of
     Council whose radical proposals on online      doctorate on artificial intelligence and      group procedures in shaping legitimacy,
     courts have been adopted as judicial and       the law at Balliol College, Oxford. He        compliance and cooperation.
     government policy. Richard is the world’s      holds professorships at Oxford University,
     most cited author on the future of legal       UCL, Gresham College, and Strathclyde         Tom is the author of several books,
     services. His work has been translated into    University. An Honorary Bencher at Gray’s     including The social psychology of
     15 languages and he has been invited to        Inn, he was awarded an OBE in 2000.           procedural justice (1988); Social justice in a
     speak in over 50 countries. He has written                                                   diverse society (1997); Cooperation in groups


                                              THE RT HON THE BARONESS HALE OF RICHMOND DBE PC LLD FBA
                                              President of the United Kingdom Supreme Court

(2000); Trust in the law (2002); Why people                               Lady Hale is               she led the work of the family law team,
obey the law (2006); Why people cooperate                                 the United                 resulting (among others) in the Children
(2011); and Why Children Follow Rules                                     Kingdom’s most             Act 1989 and the Mental Capacity Act
(2017).                                                                   senior judge.              2005. In 1994, she was appointed a Judge
                                                                          She became the             of the Family Division of the High Court.
He received his Ph.D. in social psychology                                first woman                She was promoted to the Court of Appeal
from UCLA in 1978. Since then he has                                      Lord of Appeal             in 1999 and in 2004 to the House of Lords.
taught at Northwestern University; the                                    in Ordinary in             In 2009, she became the first woman Justice
University of California at Berkeley; and                                 2004, after a              of the Supreme Court, and was appointed
New York University.                          varied career as an academic lawyer, law               Deputy President in 2013 and President in
                                              reformer and judge. She was educated at                2017.
                                              Girton College, Cambridge (where she
                                              is now Visitor) and was called to the Bar              Lady Hale was founding editor of the
                                              by Gray’s Inn in 1969. She taught Law at               Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law,
                                              Manchester University for 18 years, and                and author of the case book on The Family,
                                              practised for a while at the Manchester Bar.           Law and Society. She was a Trustee of the
                                                                                                     Nuffield Foundation from 1987 to 2002 and
                                              In 1984 she became the first woman to                  Chancellor of the University of Bristol from
                                              serve on the Law Commission, where                     2004 to 2016.

                                                                              The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018
ABOUT THE NUFFIELD FOUNDATION                                                                ABOUT THE LEGAL EDUCATION

     The Nuffield Foundation funds research,       their skills and confidence in quantitative    The Legal Education Foundation is a grant
     analysis, and student programmes that         and scientific methods.                        making trust that helps people better
     advance social well-being across the UK.                                                     understand and use the law. We operate
     We want to improve people’s lives, and        We are the founder and co-funder of the        across three strategic objectives: increasing
     their ability to participate in society, by   Nuffield Council on Bioethics, which           public understanding of the law and the
     understanding the social and economic         examines and reports on ethical issues in      capability to use it; improving the skills
     factors that affect their chances in life.    biology and medicine. We have recently         and knowledge of lawyers; and increasing
     The research we fund aims to improve          established the Ada Lovelace Institute         access to employment in the profession.
     the design and operation of social policy,    to examine the ethical and social issues       We do this so that so that those working
     particularly in Education, Welfare, and       arising from the use of data, algorithms and   in in the law can be equipped to meet legal
     Justice. We have recently established the     artificial intelligence.                       needs to the highest standard, and so that
     Nuffield Family Justice Observatory to                                                       individuals and organisations with legal
     support the best possible decisions for       We are financially and politically             needs can learn about how to use the law to
     children by improving the use of data and     independent, but we often work in              secure rights, fair treatment and protection.
     research evidence in the family justice       partnership with other organisations that      We place a particular emphasis on being
     system in England and Wales.                  share our aims and interests.                  evidence-led and on the role of digital
                                                                                                  technology and, more recently, have added
     Our student programmes – Nuffield                        policy and communications functions to
     Research Placements and Q-Step – provide      @NuffieldFound                                 the organisation. We distribute around
     opportunities for young people to develop                                                    £5million a year in grants. In 2014, the

                                               TO JUSTICE

Foundation established the Justice First       Located within the UCL Faculty of Laws,                law including specialist advice in welfare
Fellowship – a scheme to provide fully-        the Centre for Access to Justice combines              benefits, housing, education, and commu-
funded training contracts, pupillages and      the unique advantages of clinical legal                nity care
wider development opportunities for the        education with the provision of pro bono
next generation of specialist social welfare   legal advice to vulnerable communities,      
lawyers. In partnership with a growing         predominately in the areas of social welfare,
number of host organisations and co-           employment and education law. UCL is
funders, over fifty Fellowships have now       unique in its incorporation of casework and
been funded across all four countries of the   social justice awareness into the law degree
UK.                                            programmes we offer. Working in partner-
                                               ship with charity organisations and legal
                                               professionals, the Centre provides legal
                                               assistance to members of the local commu-
                                               nity while giving students an opportunity
                                               to gain hands on experience in meeting
                                               legal needs. The UCL Integrated Legal Ad-
                                               vice Clinic, based in Stratford, offers users
                                               of the Liberty Bridge Road General Practice
                                               and local residents free face to face general
                                               legal advice on all aspects of social welfare

                                                                                The Future of Justice: Harnessing the Power of Empirical Research - May 2018
Location of the Darwin Building for the Nuffield Foundation 75th Anniversary Lecture on Monday 14 May at 6.15pm

                                                                                                                                         UCL Laws
                                                                        AD                                                     EN

                                                    RO                                                               RD
                                                 ON                              Euston Sq.            GA
                                            ST                                                     IGH


                                       EU                                                   LE

                                                                                                                     Ta v

                                                                                                                                   s le ig


                                                                                                                        on S

                                                                                                                                     h S

                             Warren St.





                                                                                                      th Clo

                                                                          R S

                                                                                                                                             Ta v





                                                             rsi                                                                                         Lecture Theatre



                                                 U   niv

                                                                                                                                                         entrance via

                                 St.                                                                                                                     Malet Place

                                                                                              M a le

                                                                                                t P la





                                                                                                                                                            Wa y
                                                                              n P



                                                          To r
                                                                                                                                                                              Russell Sq.

                                                                                                            T S

                                                                                        R S



                                                     T R





                                          Goodge St.

UCL Faculty of Laws
Bentham House
Endsleigh Gardens
London WC1H 0EG
You can also read