Vote Education - Budget 2021

 
Vote Education

APPROPRIATION MINISTER(S): Minister of Education (M26)

DEPARTMENT ADMINISTERING THE VOTE: Ministry of Education (A19)

RESPONSIBLE MINISTER FOR MINISTRY OF EDUCATION: Minister of Education

                                        The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2    1
Vote Education                                                                                Overview of the Vote

Overview of the Vote
The Minister of Education is responsible for appropriations in Vote Education for the 2021/22 financial
year covering the following:

• a total of over $2,775 million for services from the Ministry of Education (depreciation and capital
  charge on school accommodation and Learning Support services being the most significant costs)

• a total of nearly $1,870 million for capital expenditure by the Ministry of Education, mainly related to
  school sector property

• a total of just over $10,525 million for educational services from schools (including teacher salaries),
  early learning, educational services from the New Zealand Qualifications Authority, Network for Learning,
  Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand and other non-departmental providers. Aside from teacher
  salaries, schools' operations grants and early learning subsidies, other significant costs include
  curriculum support and professional development in schools and early learning sectors and school
  transport services

• a total of nearly $54 million for allowances, scholarships and awards for students, teachers and
  trainees

• a total of just over $102 million for other educational services, and

• a total of just over $55 million for capital expenditure for schools.

The Minister of Education is also responsible for a capital injection to the Ministry of Education of nearly
$1,176 million.

Details of these appropriations are set out in Parts 2-4.

2    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Appropriations and Capital Injections                                                                                                  Vote Education

Details of Appropriations and Capital Injections
Annual Appropriations and Forecast Permanent
Appropriations
                                                                                                                    2020/21                   2021/22

                                                                                                                 Final        Estimated
                                                                                                             Budgeted             Actual        Budget
Titles and Scopes of Appropriations by Appropriation Type                                                        $000              $000           $000

Departmental Output Expenses

School Property Portfolio Management (M26) (A19)                                                             1,919,823        1,914,823     1,967,859
This appropriation is limited to support and advice for schools on property issues; managing and
supporting the purchase and construction of new property; and upgrades to existing property and
disposal of surplus property; managing teacher and caretaker housing; and other services
provided by the Ministry of Education in its stewardship of the land, buildings and other facilities
that comprise the State school sector property portfolio.

Services to Other Agencies RDA (M26) (A19)                                                                        4,950           4,950          1,800
This appropriation is limited to the provision of services by the Ministry of Education to government
departments and other agencies where those services are not within the scope of another
departmental output expense appropriation in Vote Education.

Support and Resources for Parents and the Community (M26) (A19)                                                 15,175           15,175         14,028
This appropriation is limited to expenditure on support focused on increasing informed
engagement by families and communities in their children's educational outcomes.

Total Departmental Output Expenses                                                                           1,939,948        1,934,948     1,983,687

Departmental Capital Expenditure

Ministry of Education - Capital Expenditure PLA (M26) (A19)                                                  1,394,128        1,394,128     1,869,680
This appropriation is limited to the purchase or development of assets by and for the use of the
Ministry of Education, as authorised by section 24(1) of the Public Finance Act 1989.

Total Departmental Capital Expenditure                                                                       1,394,128        1,394,128     1,869,680

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

Contributions to Other Education-related Organisations (M26) (A19)                                                     -               -        11,748
This appropriation is limited to contributions to the services provided by education-related
organisations that benefit the New Zealand education system and fulfil obligations to the United
Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).

Early Learning (M26) (A19)                                                                                   2,157,324        2,157,324     2,261,481
This appropriation is limited to subsidising delivery of early learning services for children under
six years of age by licensed and certificated services, and the provision of related funds to such
services.

School Managed Network Funding (M26) (A19)                                                                      28,750           28,750         28,750
This appropriation is limited to supporting schools' purchase of a core package of managed
network services from the provider of the managed network service.

School Transport (M26) (A19)                                                                                   225,339         225,339        218,242
This appropriation is limited to transporting eligible students to and from State and state integrated
schools and associated facilities.

Schooling Improvement (M26) (A19)                                                                               32,282           32,282         25,450
This appropriation is limited to school support and schooling improvement projects, including
iwi-strengthening education projects, to improve the capability of schools and school clusters and
their responsiveness to the needs of their communities.

                                                                The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2    3
Vote Education                                                                                         Appropriations and Capital Injections

                                                                                                           2020/21                 2021/22

                                                                                                          Final      Estimated
                                                                                                      Budgeted           Actual     Budget
Titles and Scopes of Appropriations by Appropriation Type                                                 $000            $000        $000

Support for Early Learning Providers (M26) (A19)                                                        14,926          14,926        9,226
This appropriation is limited to assisting early learning services and other bodies corporate that
provide child places for early learning.
Supporting Parenting (M26) (A19)                                                                         9,174           9,174        8,974
This appropriation is limited to delivery of specific programmes and providing advice and support
that enhances the role of parents/caregivers in the development of their children.

Contribution to the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand (M26) (A19)                                12,157          12,157             -
This appropriation is limited to a contribution towards the Teaching Council of Aotearoa
New Zealand carrying out its leadership and other statutory functions for the teaching profession
and education.
UNESCO (M26) (A19)                                                                                       2,083           2,083             -
This appropriation is limited to providing administration and a programme of activities of the
(New Zealand) National Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organisation, including annual membership contribution to international administration and
participation in regional and international activities.
Total Non-Departmental Output Expenses                                                                2,482,035      2,482,035    2,563,871

Benefits or Related Expenses

Home Schooling Allowances (M26) (A19)                                                                    7,301           7,301        7,486
This appropriation is limited to allowances for parents/caregivers of children in full-time
correspondence programmes for primary and secondary education and parents/caregivers of
children receiving their primary and secondary education at home (where a certificate of exemption
from enrolment has been approved under section 38 of the Education and Training Act 2020).

Scholarships and Awards for Students (M26) (A19)                                                        15,772          15,772       14,766
This appropriation is limited to scholarships and allowances for school students, including
subsidies toward fees and travel costs and programmes.

Scholarships and Awards for Teachers and Trainees (M26) (A19)                                           30,675          30,675       31,521
This appropriation is limited to study awards, sabbaticals and fellowships for teachers and
scholarships and allowances for students undertaking teacher training education.
Total Benefits or Related Expenses                                                                      53,748          53,748       53,773
Non-Departmental Other Expenses

Impairment of Debts and Assets and Debt Write-Offs (M26) (A19)                                          12,000          12,000        1,000
This appropriation is limited to bad debt write-offs for Crown debt and to impairment of Crown debt
or other assets arising from objective evidence of one or more loss events that occurred after the
initial recognition of the Crown debt or asset, and the loss event (or events) has had a reliably
measurable impact on the estimated future cash flows of the debt or other asset.
Integrated Schools Property (M26) (A19)                                                                 85,275          79,275     101,123
This appropriation is limited to providing funding to proprietors of integrated schools for capital
upgrade, including modernisation, of their existing school property and facilities as well as
expansion of the network of integrated schools.
Education Providers with COVID-19-Related Losses of Income (M26) (A19)                                  38,789          38,789             -
This appropriation is limited to providing grants as determined by Cabinet to education providers
who have suffered a loss of income as a result of COVID-19.

Total Non-Departmental Other Expenses                                                                  136,064        130,064      102,123

Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure

School Support Project (M26) (A19)                                                                       1,880             200        1,880
This appropriation is limited to capital costs of implementing approved school support and
schooling improvement projects (other than costs related to school property assets).

4    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Appropriations and Capital Injections                                                                                                 Vote Education

                                                                                                                   2020/21                   2021/22

                                                                                                                Final        Estimated
                                                                                                            Budgeted             Actual        Budget
Titles and Scopes of Appropriations by Appropriation Type                                                       $000              $000           $000

Schools Furniture and Equipment (M26) (A19)                                                                    53,000           53,000         53,355
This appropriation is limited to providing funding to schools for new furniture and equipment when
capital works have been approved or to fund the replacement of furniture and equipment.

Total Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure                                                                     54,880           53,200         55,235

Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA (M26) (A19)                                                        302,981         302,981        352,158
The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is to improve the quality of teaching and
learning for children and young people aged 0-18 years.

Departmental Output Expenses

Support and Resources for Teachers                                                                            109,725         109,725        161,693
This category is limited to expenditure on policies and services focused on supporting the
capability of teachers, kaiako and leaders to improve outcomes for students.

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

Curriculum Support                                                                                             75,316           75,316         74,280
This category is limited to funding educational programmes for teachers, kaiako and leaders,
students with their families, and the community that expand learning opportunities.

Professional Development and Support                                                                          117,940         117,940        116,185
This category is limited to building the capability of teachers, kaiako and leaders, through the
delivery of learning and development opportunities.

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA (M26) (A19)                                                          1,166,221        1,166,221     1,320,152
The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is to improve outcomes for targeted
student groups.

Departmental Output Expenses

Interventions for Target Student Groups                                                                       401,267         401,267        393,757
This category is limited to expenditure on policies and services focused on targeted student groups
or individuals' participation in education.

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

Learning Support and Alternative Education                                                                            -               -      657,297
This category is limited to providing additional resources and programmes to enable students with
additional learning needs or those who are disengaged or disengaging from education to
participate in education.

School Lunch Programme                                                                                         90,555           90,555       254,088
This category is limited to providing school lunches to students in schools and kura with high
concentrations of disadvantage.

Students Attendance and Engagement                                                                             12,801           12,801         15,010
This category is limited to providing services to support increased attendance for non-attending
students.

Learning Support                                                                                              657,813         657,813                 -
This category is limited to providing additional resources to enable students with additional learning
needs to participate in education.

Service Academies                                                                                                3,785           3,785                -
This category is limited to providing military-focused programmes for disengaged or disengaging
senior students in secondary schools.

                                                               The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2    5
Vote Education                                                                                              Appropriations and Capital Injections

                                                                                                                2020/21                 2021/22

                                                                                                               Final      Estimated
                                                                                                           Budgeted           Actual     Budget
Titles and Scopes of Appropriations by Appropriation Type                                                      $000            $000        $000

Oversight and Administration of the Qualifications System MCA (M26) (A19)                                    76,893          76,893       76,256
The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is for the New Zealand Qualifications
Authority to provide effective oversight and administration of the qualifications system.
Non-Departmental Output Expenses

Secondary School Assessments                                                                                 58,555          58,555       57,053
This category is limited to the New Zealand Qualifications Authority delivering external assessment
for national secondary school qualifications, including the National Certificate of Educational
Achievement and Scholarship examinations, and moderating of internal school assessments.
Standards and Qualifications Support                                                                         18,338          18,338       19,203
This category is limited to the New Zealand Qualifications Authority managing, operating,
maintaining and providing advice on the New Zealand qualifications system, and providing quality
assurance services on NZQA's areas of responsibility.
Oversight of the Education System MCA (M26) (A19)                                                            69,977          69,977       74,048
The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is to provide policy advice, research,
monitoring and related services that enable Ministers to discharge their responsibilities for a
well-functioning education system (excluding tertiary education).

Departmental Output Expenses

Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System                                                            66,969          66,969       73,548
This category is limited to providing advice and services to support Ministers to discharge
their portfolio responsibilities relating to education (excluding tertiary and international education),
and delivery of research and data analysis, monitoring and reporting on the education system,
and related administrative and oversight activities.
Non-Departmental Output Expenses

Independent Advice on Government Priority Areas                                                                    -               -         500
This category is limited to the provision, independently of the Ministry of Education, of advice
(including second opinion advice and contributions to policy advice led by other agencies, advice
on operational matters and expert review service advice) to support decision-making by Ministers
on government priority areas.
Education Research Initiatives                                                                                3,008           3,008             -
This category is limited to the purchase of research about teaching and learning in our educational
institutions and independent research on education issues, policies and practices.
Primary and Secondary Education MCA (M26) (A19)                                                            7,098,935      7,098,935    6,930,487
The overarching purpose of this appropriation is to provide teachers, funding and other resourcing
entitlements to schools (and other education providers) to deliver education to school students in
Years 0 to 13.
Departmental Output Expenses

Support and Resources for Education Providers                                                               149,177        149,177      162,940
This category is limited to expenses incurred on operational policies, regulations and services
relating to the governance, management and operation of education providers (other than tertiary
education providers).
Non-Departmental Output Expenses

Primary Education                                                                                          4,041,922      4,041,922    3,912,376
This category is limited to providing roll-based operations funding to schools, teacher and
management salaries, support costs and supplementary funding programmes to enable the
delivery of education to all students for Years 0 to 8.
School Risk Management Scheme                                                                                 5,000           5,000        5,000
This category is limited to the expenses incurred in purchasing reinsurance and settling claims under
the school risk management scheme, in accordance with the Education and Training Act 2020.

6    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Appropriations and Capital Injections                                                                                                  Vote Education

                                                                                                                   2020/21                    2021/22

                                                                                                                 Final       Estimated
                                                                                                             Budgeted            Actual        Budget
Titles and Scopes of Appropriations by Appropriation Type                                                        $000             $000           $000

Secondary Education                                                                                          2,902,836       2,902,836      2,850,171
This category is limited to providing roll-based operations funding to schools, teacher and
management salaries, support costs and supplementary funding programmes to enable the
delivery of education, including the delivery of programmes of learning at the secondary-tertiary
interface, to all students for Years 9 to 13.

Total Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure                                                        8,715,007       8,715,007      8,753,101

Total Annual Appropriations and Forecast Permanent Appropriations                                           14,775,810    14,763,130       15,381,470

Multi-Year Appropriations
Type, Title, Scope and Period of Appropriations                                    Appropriations, Adjustments and Use                          $000

Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure

Schools Payroll Sustainability Loan (M26) (A19)                                    Original Appropriation                                     13,225
This appropriation is limited to making a loan to Education Payroll Limited to
                                                                                   Adjustments to 2019/20                                            -
undertake the Education Payroll Development Programme.
                                                                                   Adjustments for 2020/21                                           -
Commences: 01 October 2017
                                                                                   Adjusted Appropriation                                     13,225
Expires: 30 September 2020                                                         Actual to 2019/20 Year End                                 10,225

                                                                                   Estimated Actual for 2020/21                                3,000

                                                                                   Estimate for 2021/22                                              -

                                                                                   Estimated Appropriation Remaining                                 -

Total Annual Appropriations and Forecast
Permanent Appropriations and Multi-Year
Appropriations
                                                                                                                  2020/21                   2021/22

                                                                                                                Final     Estimated
                                                                                                            Budgeted          Actual         Budget
                                                                                                                $000           $000            $000

Total Annual Appropriations and Forecast Permanent Appropriations                                         14,775,810     14,763,130       15,381,470

Total Forecast MYA Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure                                                         3,000          3,000                -

Total Annual Appropriations and Forecast Permanent Appropriations and Multi-Year                          14,778,810     14,766,130       15,381,470
Appropriations

Capital Injection Authorisations
                                                                                         2020/21                                             2021/22

                                                                             Final Budgeted            Estimated Actual                       Budget
                                                                                       $000                       $000                          $000

Ministry of Education - Capital Injection (M26) (A19)                               791,221                     791,221                    1,176,389

                                                               The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2    7
Vote Education                                                                                                    Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives

Supporting Information
Part 1 - Vote as a Whole
1.1 - New Policy Initiatives
                                                                                  2020/21
                                                                                     Final      2021/22    2022/23      2023/24       2024/25
                                                                                 Budgeted        Budget   Estimated    Estimated     Estimated
Policy Initiative                      Appropriation                                 $000          $000        $000         $000          $000
100% Qualified and Certificated        Early Learning                               12,193       64,068     89,645       112,295       112,295
Teachers
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Primary and Secondary
                                       Education MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                           48         -           -             -              -
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Additional Attendance Service          Outcomes for Target Student
Places                                 Groups MCA
                                       Students Attendance and                              -     4,868      5,335         5,335          5,335
                                       Engagement
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
Additional Funding to Support          Support for Early Learning                    3,700            -           -             -              -
Playcentres                            Providers
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Primary and Secondary
                                       Education MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                       500            -           -             -              -
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Aligning the Premium for the    Early Learning                                      (4,531)     (2,015)      1,296         4,179          4,179
100% Certificated Teacher Rates
                                Non-Departmental Output Expense
Childcare for Essential Workers        Early Learning                               15,000            -           -             -              -
at Alert Level 4
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Education Providers with                   (15,000)            -           -             -              -
                                       COVID-19-Related Losses
                                       of Income
                                       Non-Departmental Other Expense
Christchurch Schools' Rebuild          School Property Portfolio                            -     2,700      4,800         4,800          4,800
Programme                              Management
                                       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Departmental Capital Injection                       -    56,000           -             -              -

8    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives                                                                                                       Vote Education

                                                                             2020/21
                                                                                Final        2021/22       2022/23         2023/24         2024/25
                                                                            Budgeted          Budget      Estimated       Estimated       Estimated
Policy Initiative                   Appropriation                               $000            $000           $000            $000            $000
Completion of the Education         Departmental Capital Injection               5,560         12,018               -               -               -
Resourcing System for Schools
and Early Learning                  Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                         -         3,515               -               -               -
                                    Education Providers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
Continuation of Support for    Primary and Secondary
Casual Schooling Workforce     Education MCA
Unable to Work Due to COVID-19
                               Support and Resources for                           400               -              -               -               -
                               Education Providers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
Continuing Action to Improve        Support and Resources for                      100               -              -               -               -
Social Inclusion                    Parents and the Community
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Improved Quality Teaching and
                                    Learning MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                      561          4,682               -               -               -
                                    Teachers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
Continuing Digital Access for       Improved Quality Teaching and
Principals and Teachers             Learning MCA
                                    Curriculum Support                           1,173          2,143          2,510          2,885           3,942
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
Continuing the Access to Free       Outcomes for Target Student
Period Products in Schools and      Groups MCA
Kura
                                    Interventions for Target Student             1,107          8,191          8,199          8,145                 -
                                    Groups
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    School Lunch Programme                    (25,642)               -              -               -               -
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
Continuing the Ka Ora Ka Ako        Departmental Capital Injection                    -           964               -               -               -
Healthy School Lunches
Programme                           Schools Furniture and                             -              -           570            570                 -
                                    Equipment
                                    Non-Departmental Capital
                                    Expenditure
                                    Outcomes for Target Student
                                    Groups MCA
                                    Interventions for Target Student                  -         2,765          5,531          2,765                 -
                                    Groups
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    School Lunch Programme                            -      128,788        257,807         129,259                 -
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense

                                                               The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2    9
Vote Education                                                                                                    Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives

                                                                                  2020/21
                                                                                     Final      2021/22    2022/23      2023/24       2024/25
                                                                                 Budgeted        Budget   Estimated    Estimated     Estimated
Policy Initiative                      Appropriation                                 $000          $000        $000         $000          $000
Contribution to Mana Ake Initiative Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                       Primary Education                           (2,000)            -           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
Cost Adjustment for Early              Early Learning                                       -    13,362     28,206        29,124         29,996
Childhood Education
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
Cost Adjustment for Schools'           Early Learning                                       -        7          15             15            15
Operational Grant
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Improved Quality Teaching and
                                       Learning MCA
                                       Curriculum Support                                   -       38          76             76            76
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Outcomes for Target Student
                                       Groups MCA
                                       Learning Support and Alternative                     -      891       1,730         1,758          1,759
                                       Education
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Primary and Secondary
                                       Education MCA
                                       Primary Education                                    -     6,705     12,633        12,483         12,417
                                       Secondary Education                                  -     5,692     11,137        11,239         11,287
                                       Non-Departmental Output
                                       Expenses
COVID-19 Tertiary Education            Primary and Secondary
Grant Funding Transfer                 Education MCA
                                       Secondary Education                        (14,000)            -           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
Crown Response to the Abuse in         Oversight of the Education
Care Inquiry                           System MCA
(see also Vote Internal Affairs in     Stewardship and Oversight of the                     -     1,000           -             -              -
Finance and Government                 Education System
Administration Sector, Vote
Health in Health Sector, Vote          Departmental Output Expense
Justice in Justice Sector, Vote
Oranga Tamariki in Social
Services and Community Sector,
and Vote Māori Development in
Māori Affairs Sector)

10    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives                                                                                                       Vote Education

                                                                             2020/21
                                                                                Final        2021/22        2022/23        2023/24         2024/25
                                                                            Budgeted          Budget       Estimated      Estimated       Estimated
Policy Initiative                   Appropriation                               $000            $000            $000           $000            $000
Deliver Sustained Professional      Departmental Capital Injection                    -            16                -              -                -
Learning and Development to
Embed Tapasā                        Improved Quality Teaching and
                                    Learning MCA
                                    Professional Development and                      -           579          1,179           1,179          1,179
                                    Support
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                    Oversight of the Education
                                    System MCA
                                    Stewardship and Oversight of the                  -           221            221             221               221
                                    Education System
                                    Departmental Output Expense
Depreciation Impacts of             Dept. Net operating                        36,000                -               -              -                -
Revaluing the School Property       surplus/deficit
Portfolio
                                    Departmental Net Assets
Design of an Early Learning       Education Providers with                     30,000                -               -              -                -
Sustainability Fund to Respond to COVID-19-Related Losses of
COVID-19 Impacts                  Income
                                    Non-Departmental Other Expense
                                    Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                      200               -               -              -                -
                                    Education Providers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
Drawdown from Addressing            School Property Portfolio                    4,289               -               -              -                -
Supplier Contractual Obligations    Management
Arising from COVID-19
Contingency                         Departmental Output Expense

                                    Departmental Capital Injection               1,712
Drawdown from Targeted Support Outcomes for Target Student
for At-Risk Ākonga Contingency Groups MCA
                                    Interventions for Target Student             1,073            550                -              -                -
                                    Groups
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Learning Support                             7,963               -               -              -                -
                                    Learning Support and Alternative                  -         6,945            190                -                -
                                    Education
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expenses
                                    Oversight of the Education
                                    System MCA
                                    Stewardship and Oversight of the                50               -               -              -                -
                                    Education System
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                    Secondary Education                          2,700               -               -              -                -
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense

                                                              The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2     11
Vote Education                                                                                                 Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives

                                                                                  2020/21
                                                                                     Final   2021/22    2022/23      2023/24       2024/25
                                                                                 Budgeted     Budget   Estimated    Estimated     Estimated
Policy Initiative                      Appropriation                                 $000       $000        $000         $000          $000
Drawdown from the Educational          Primary and Secondary
Payroll Limited Core Services          Education MCA
Contingency
                                       Support and Resources for                     1,900     1,900      1,900         1,900          1,900
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Drawdown of Capital and                School Property Portfolio                       713     3,597      5,768         6,518          6,518
Operating Funding for Learning         Management
Support Coordinators (adjusted
for reduced capital charge rate)       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Departmental Capital Injection               19,000    57,900     10,000              -              -
                                       Integrated Schools Property                   8,625         -           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Other Expense
                                       Schools Furniture and                         2,100         -           -             -              -
                                       Equipment
                                       Non-Departmental Capital
                                       Expenditure
Early Intervention: Te Kōhanga         Outcomes for Target Student
Reo - Learning Support Initiative      Groups MCA
and Targeted COVID-19
Response                               Interventions for Target Student              1,138     1,150        275           276            276
                                       Groups
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Education Holidays Act          School Property Portfolio                            5,525         -           -             -              -
Remediation Payments (see also Management
Vote Tertiary Education in the
Education and Workforce Sector) Departmental Output Expense
                                       Support and Resources for                       325         -           -             -              -
                                       Parents and the Community
                                       Departmental Output Expenses
                                       Improved Quality Teaching and
                                       Learning MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                     2,038         -           -             -              -
                                       Teachers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Outcomes for Target Student
                                       Groups MCA
                                       Interventions for Target Student              7,937         -           -             -              -
                                       Groups
                                       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Learning Support                             12,000         -           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Oversight of the Education
                                       System MCA
                                       Stewardship and Oversight of the              1,204         -           -             -              -
                                       Education System
                                       Departmental Output Expense

12    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives                                                                                                      Vote Education

                                                                            2020/21
                                                                               Final        2021/22        2022/23        2023/24         2024/25
                                                                           Budgeted          Budget       Estimated      Estimated       Estimated
Policy Initiative                   Appropriation                              $000            $000            $000           $000            $000
                                    Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                   2,750               -         3,500           2,500          1,500
                                    Education Providers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Primary Education                        141,250                -               -              -                -
                                    Secondary Education                       96,750                -               -              -                -
                                    Non-Departmental Output
                                    Expenses
Equity Index - System               Departmental Capital Injection                   -         3,096          1,832                -                -
Infrastructure
                                    Oversight of the Education
                                    System MCA
                                    Stewardship and Oversight of the                 -         7,587          4,128           3,399          2,964
                                    Education System
                                    Departmental Output Expense
Essential Property Maintenance      Integrated Schools Property                      -        26,400         26,400                -                -
at State-integrated Schools
                                    Non-Departmental Other Expense
Expanding Reading Together          Departmental Capital Injection                   -            48                -              -                -
Te Pānui Ngātahi Partnerships
and Duffy Books in Homes            Support and Resources for                        -           528            539             551               562
                                    Parents and the Community
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Improved Quality Teaching and
                                    Learning MCA
                                    Curriculum Support                               -         1,775          2,240           2,560          2,890
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
Expansion of Creatives in           Improved Quality Teaching and
Schools                             Learning MCA
                                    Curriculum Support                          1,600          1,200          1,200                -                -
                                    Non-Departmental Output
                                    Expense
Free and Healthy School Lunches Schools Furniture and                             396             72                -              -                -
Programme                       Equipment
                                    Non-Departmental Capital
                                    Expenditure
                                    Outcomes for Target Student
                                    Groups MCA
                                    Interventions for Target Student              675          1,760                -              -                -
                                    Groups
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    School Lunch Programme                    13,681           9,900                -              -                -
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense

                                                             The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2     13
Vote Education                                                                                                    Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives

                                                                                  2020/21
                                                                                     Final      2021/22    2022/23      2023/24       2024/25
                                                                                 Budgeted        Budget   Estimated    Estimated     Estimated
Policy Initiative                      Appropriation                                 $000          $000        $000         $000          $000
Funding for School Transport           Departmental Capital Injection                       -     2,595           -             -              -
Contract
                                       School Transport                              4,389        3,292           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Primary and Secondary
                                       Education MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                            -     2,848      3,284         3,284          3,284
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Funding Increase for Alternative       Outcomes for Target Student
Education Provision                    Groups MCA
                                       Learning Support and Alternative                     -     1,111      1,111         1,111          1,111
                                       Education
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
Funding the Next Phase of the          School Property Portfolio                            -     4,659     10,968        13,893         15,671
National Education Growth Plan         Management
                                       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Departmental Capital Injection                       -   121,900     71,000        27,000         46,100
Funding to Support Schools to          Education Providers with                      3,789            -           -             -              -
Manage the Immediate Costs of          COVID-19-Related Losses of
COVID-19                               Income
                                       Non-Departmental Other Expense
                                       Outcomes for Target Student
                                       Groups MCA
                                       Learning Support                                 94            -           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Primary and Secondary
                                       Education MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                        70            -           -             -              -
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Primary Education                            26,562            -           -             -              -
                                       Secondary Education                           7,819            -           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output
                                       Expenses
Helping Households Stay                Improved Quality Teaching and
Connected to the Internet              Learning MCA
                                       Curriculum Support                            4,800            -           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense

14    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives                                                                                                      Vote Education

                                                                            2020/21
                                                                               Final        2021/22        2022/23        2023/24         2024/25
                                                                           Budgeted          Budget       Estimated      Estimated       Estimated
Policy Initiative                   Appropriation                              $000            $000            $000           $000            $000
Increasing Ongoing Resourcing       Outcomes for Target Student
Scheme Teacher Aide Hours           Groups MCA
                                    Interventions for Target Student          21,221          12,974         12,974         12,974          12,974
                                    Groups
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Learning Support                          19,827                -               -              -                -
                                    Learning Support and Alternative                 -        12,468         12,468         12,468          12,468
                                    Education
                                    Non-Departmental Output
                                    Expenses
                                    Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                    Primary Education                           2,343          4,836          4,836           4,836          4,836
                                    Secondary Education                         1,390          2,869          2,869           2,869          2,869
                                    Non-Departmental Output
                                    Expenses
Increasing Trades Academy           Improved Quality Teaching and
Places and Supporting               Learning MCA
Secondary Transitions
                                    Support and Resources for                     625          1,250          1,250           1,250          1,250
                                    Teachers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                    Secondary Education                         5,569          8,931          6,724           6,724          6,724
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
Increasing Wellbeing and Mental     Improved Quality Teaching and
Health Support to Learners and      Learning MCA
Education Workforce
                                    Support and Resources for                 13,004          13,792         12,717           9,229          9,229
                                    Teachers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Outcomes for Target Student
                                    Groups MCA
                                    Interventions for Target Student              915            915            915             965               965
                                    Groups
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                    Primary Education                         27,820           5,640          5,640           5,640          5,640
                                    Secondary Education                       32,287          15,035         15,035         15,035          15,035
                                    Non-Departmental Output
                                    Expenses

                                                             The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2     15
Vote Education                                                                                                    Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives

                                                                                  2020/21
                                                                                     Final      2021/22    2022/23      2023/24       2024/25
                                                                                 Budgeted        Budget   Estimated    Estimated     Estimated
Policy Initiative                      Appropriation                                 $000          $000        $000         $000          $000
Intensive Support for Young            Support for Early Learning                           -   (2,000)     (2,000)       (2,000)       (2,000)
Learners with Wellbeing and            Providers
Behavioural Needs that may be
Challenging to Others (Savings)        Non-Departmental Output Expense

                                       Improved Quality Teaching and
                                       Learning MCA
                                       Curriculum Support                                   -     (300)       (300)         (300)         (300)
                                       Professional Development and                               (533)       (533)         (533)         (533)
                                       Support
                                       Non-Departmental Output
                                       Expenses
                                       Primary and Secondary
                                       Education MCA
                                       Secondary Education                                  -   (1,599)     (1,599)       (1,599)       (1,599)
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
International Education Strategic      Oversight and Administration of
Recovery: Enable Providers to          the Qualifications System MCA
Deliver Education Offshore and
Develop Quality Assurance              Standards and Qualifications                    500            -           -             -              -
                                       Support
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
Investigating and Negotiating Pay Departmental Capital Injection                            -      480            -             -              -
Equity Claims
                                  Primary and Secondary
                                  Education MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                       610        9,023      8,944         6,285          4,485
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Keeping Households Connected           Schools Furniture and                         1,200            -           -             -              -
Through the 2021 School Year           Equipment
                                       Non-Departmental Capital
                                       Expenditure
                                       Improved Quality Teaching and
                                       Learning MCA
                                       Curriculum Support                          (7,800)        6,600           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
Learning Support - Maintaining         Outcomes for Target Student
Ministry Specialist Staff              Groups MCA
                                       Interventions for Target Student                     -     6,080      6,080         6,080          6,080
                                       Groups
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Maintaining Kōhanga Reo Viability Early Learning                                    24,439       24,832     25,187        25,498         25,498
during the Post-COVID-19
Rebuilding Phase                  Non-Departmental Output Expense

Meeting the Operational Costs of School Property Portfolio                                  -    11,250     11,250        11,250         11,250
a Growing School Property        Management
Portfolio
                                 Departmental Output Expense

16    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives                                                                                                     Vote Education

                                                                           2020/21
                                                                              Final        2021/22        2022/23        2023/24         2024/25
                                                                          Budgeted          Budget       Estimated      Estimated       Estimated
Policy Initiative                   Appropriation                             $000            $000            $000           $000            $000
Mitigating Impacts of               Schools Furniture and                      3,900               -               -              -                -
Socioeconomic Disadvantage:         Equipment
School Lunches
                                    Non-Departmental Capital
                                    Expenditure
                                    Outcomes for Target Student
                                    Groups MCA
                                    School Lunch Programme                  106,900        109,800                 -              -                -
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
Moving Towards Pay Parity for       Departmental Capital Injection                  -           984              20             20                20
Teachers in Education and Care
Services                            Early Learning                                  -        25,374         50,414         52,130          53,959
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                    Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                       -         4,039          2,266           1,750          1,433
                                    Education Providers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
National Education Growth Plan:     School Property Portfolio                    948          3,976         11,994         11,994          11,994
Drawdown of Wave 2                  Management
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Departmental Capital Injection          271,720        191,890         177,250         26,620           4,210
                                    Schools Furniture and                      1,970          2,810          4,340           2,750               280
                                    Equipment
                                    Non-Departmental Capital
                                    Expenditure
NCEA and Scholarship                Oversight and Administration of
Assessment - Maintaining Pay        the Qualifications System MCA
Rates for New Zealand
Qualifications Authority's          Secondary School Assessments                    -         5,000          5,000                -                -
Specialist Workforce                Non-Departmental Output Expense
NCEA Change Programme -             Departmental Capital Injection                  -           121          2,350           2,625          2,625
A Strengthened NCEA for all
New Zealanders                      Improved Quality Teaching and
                                    Learning MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                       -        25,730         30,617         24,643          11,523
                                    Teachers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
NCEA Online: Transforming           Oversight and Administration of
Assessment for Learners             the Qualifications System MCA
                                    Secondary School Assessments             14,846          14,285          4,772           4,772          4,772
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
Network-as-a-Service and            School Property Portfolio                  5,793          7,249          7,470           6,970          6,970
Cybersecurity for Schools           Management
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Schools Furniture and                      4,500          3,390          2,750         10,920          10,920
                                    Equipment
                                    Non-Departmental Capital
                                    Expenditure

                                                            The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2     17
Vote Education                                                                                                    Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives

                                                                                  2020/21
                                                                                     Final      2021/22    2022/23      2023/24       2024/25
                                                                                 Budgeted        Budget   Estimated    Estimated     Estimated
Policy Initiative                      Appropriation                                 $000          $000        $000         $000          $000
Ongoing Resourcing Scheme              Outcomes for Target Student
Cost Pressure for Teacher Aide         Groups MCA
Hours
                                       Interventions for Target Student              3,863            -           -             -              -
                                       Groups
                                       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Learning Support                             10,737            -           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Primary and Secondary
                                       Education MCA
                                       Primary Education                             2,770            -           -             -              -
                                       Secondary Education                           1,643            -           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output
                                       Expenses
Pastoral Care of Domestic Tertiary     Oversight and Administration of
Students - Funding for Code            the Qualifications System MCA
Administration and Disputes
Resolution Scheme (see also Vote       Standards and Qualifications                    108        1,251      1,211         1,211          1,211
Tertiary Education in the Education    Support
and Workforce Sector)                  Non-Departmental Output Expense
Prime Minister's Vocational            Scholarships and Awards for                          -      900         900           900            900
Excellence Awards                      Students
                                       Benefits or Related Expense
                                       Improved Quality Teaching and
                                       Learning MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                            -      150         150           150            150
                                       Teachers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Property Funding to Build and   School Property Portfolio                                   -     1,018      2,230         4,620          6,297
Expand Schools Delivering Māori Management
Medium Education
                                Departmental Output Expense
                                       Departmental Capital Injection                       -    16,650     30,810        27,400          2,210
Providing Digital Identity Required Departmental Capital Injection                   2,688        2,550        830           830               -
for Online Assessment and
Learning                            Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                     2,634        4,669      3,073         2,819          2,819
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Purchasing Land for New Schools School Property Portfolio                                   -     2,125      4,250         4,250          4,250
                                Management
                                       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Departmental Capital Injection                       -    85,000           -             -              -

18    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives                                                                                                      Vote Education

                                                                            2020/21
                                                                               Final        2021/22        2022/23        2023/24         2024/25
                                                                           Budgeted          Budget       Estimated      Estimated       Estimated
Policy Initiative                   Appropriation                              $000            $000            $000           $000            $000
Reform of the Tomorrow's            School Property Portfolio                        -         8,129          8,707           8,769          8,827
Schools System                      Management
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Departmental Capital Injection                   -        11,553         18,195         12,552          11,510
                                    Early Learning                                   -         1,800                -              -               -
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                    Improved Quality Teaching and
                                    Learning MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                        -        29,000         29,879         30,792          20,329
                                    Teachers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Oversight of the Education
                                    System MCA
                                    Stewardship and Oversight of the            2,500          2,500          2,500                -               -
                                    Education System
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                        -         4,639          5,567           6,588          6,588
                                    Education Providers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Primary Education                                -         4,700                -              -               -
                                    Secondary Education                              -         3,500                -              -               -
                                    Non-Departmental Output
                                    Expenses
Reform of Vocational Education -    Oversight and Administration of
Transition and Integration Phase    the Qualifications System MCA
(see also Vote Tertiary Education
in the Education and Workforce      Standards and Qualifications                     -              -         2,000           2,000          2,000
Sector)                             Support
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
Reform of Vocational Education:     Oversight and Administration of
Further Investment in the           the Qualifications System MCA
New Zealand Institute of Skills
and Technology (see also Vote       Standards and Qualifications                2,000          3,000                -              -               -
Tertiary Education in the           Support
Education and Workforce Sector)     Non-Departmental Output Expense
Savings - Increasing Ongoing        Outcomes for Target Student
Resourcing Scheme Teacher           Groups MCA
Aide Hours
                                    Learning Support                          (5,000)               -               -              -               -
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
Savings - Ongoing Resourcing        Outcomes for Target Student
Scheme Cost Pressure for            Groups MCA
Teacher Aide Hours
                                    Interventions for Target Student          (3,800)               -               -              -               -
                                    Groups
                                    Departmental Output Expense

                                                             The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2    19
Vote Education                                                                                                    Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives

                                                                                  2020/21
                                                                                     Final      2021/22    2022/23      2023/24       2024/25
                                                                                 Budgeted        Budget   Estimated    Estimated     Estimated
Policy Initiative                      Appropriation                                 $000          $000        $000         $000          $000
Schools' Payroll Sustainability        Primary and Secondary
Investment                             Education MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                       250       14,750           -             -              -
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Second Tranche of                      Primary and Secondary
Implementation of the Teacher          Education MCA
Aide Pay Equity Settlement
                                       Support and Resources for                            -     3,809           -             -              -
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
State Sector Decarbonisation -         Departmental Capital Injection               21,053       19,880     13,915              -              -
Drawdown from Tagged Capital
Contingency                            Outcomes for Target Student
                                       Groups MCA
(Tranche One, Two, Three and
Five projects)                         Interventions for Target Student                     2       20          20             20            14
(see also Vote Business, Science       Groups
and Innovation in the Economic
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Development and Infrastructure
Sector, Vote Conservation in
Environment Sector, Vote Defence
Force in External Sector, Vote
Health in Health Sector, Vote
Parliamentary Service in Finance
and Government Administration
Sector and Vote Revenue in
Finance and Government
Administration Sector)
Support for Schools Payroll            Primary and Secondary
                                       Education MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                     1,560            -           -             -              -
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Supporting At-Risk Ākonga to           Outcomes for Target Student
Re-Engage and Attend School            Groups MCA
During the COVID-19 Recovery
                                       Interventions for Target Student                292            -           -             -              -
                                       Groups
                                       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Students Attendance and                       2,575            -           -             -              -
                                       Engagement
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense

20    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives                                                                                                      Vote Education

                                                                            2020/21
                                                                               Final        2021/22        2022/23        2023/24         2024/25
                                                                           Budgeted          Budget       Estimated      Estimated       Estimated
Policy Initiative                   Appropriation                              $000            $000            $000           $000            $000
Supporting Māori Learners and       Support and Resources for                   2,000          2,000          2,000           2,000          2,000
Te Reo Māori Post COVID-19          Parents and the Community
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Improved Quality Teaching and
                                    Learning MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                 38,822          30,822         22,122         31,822          31,822
                                    Teachers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Curriculum Support                          1,178          1,178            878           1,178          1,178
                                    Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                    Outcomes for Target Student
                                    Groups MCA
                                    Interventions for Target Student          18,000          16,000         15,000         15,000          15,000
                                    Groups
                                    Departmental Output Expense
Supporting Pacific Bilingual and    Departmental Capital Injection                   -           628                -            16                 -
Immersion Education in
Schooling                           Improved Quality Teaching and
                                    Learning MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                        -           794            994             894               894
                                    Teachers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Oversight of the Education
                                    System MCA
                                    Stewardship and Oversight of the                 -           398              88             88                88
                                    Education System
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Primary and Secondary
                                    Education MCA
                                    Support and Resources for                        -           730            471             465               465
                                    Education Providers
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Primary Education                                -           683          1,468           1,688          1,942
                                    Secondary Education                              -            31              67             77                88
                                    Non-Departmental Output
                                    Expenses
Supporting School Property          School Property Portfolio                        -         2,813          8,438         11,250          11,250
Redevelopments                      Management
                                    Departmental Output Expense
                                    Departmental Capital Injection                   -        75,000         75,000                -                -

                                                             The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2     21
Vote Education                                                                                                      Part 1.1 - New Policy Initiatives

                                                                                  2020/21
                                                                                     Final       2021/22     2022/23      2023/24       2024/25
                                                                                 Budgeted         Budget    Estimated    Estimated     Estimated
Policy Initiative                      Appropriation                                 $000           $000         $000         $000          $000
Supporting the Co-location of          School Property Portfolio                            -        158         315           315            315
Marlborough Boys' and Girls'           Management
Colleges and the Relocation of
Bohally Intermediate                   Departmental Output Expense
                                       Departmental Capital Injection                       -      6,300            -             -              -
Targeted Initiatives to Support        Improved Quality Teaching and
Ākonga Success in NCEA                 Learning MCA
Pāngarau, Te Reo Matatini,
Numeracy and Literacy                  Support and Resources for                            -      1,900       2,620         2,940          2,540
                                       Teachers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Targeted Support for Pacific           Improved Quality Teaching and
Learners and Families Funding          Learning MCA
                                       Professional Development and                    595           940       1,220         1,350          1,350
                                       Support
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
                                       Outcomes for Target Student
                                       Groups MCA
                                       Interventions for Target Student             14,056        14,934      18,737        19,537         19,537
                                       Groups
                                       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Primary and Secondary
                                       Education MCA
                                       Support and Resources for                     1,529         2,437       2,437         2,437          2,437
                                       Education Providers
                                       Departmental Output Expense
Technology Support for School          Outcomes for Target Student
Children with Learning Support         Groups MCA
Needs
                                       Interventions for Target Student                334              -           -             -              -
                                       Groups
                                       Departmental Output Expense
                                       Learning Support                                666              -           -             -              -
                                       Non-Departmental Output Expense
Transition Support for State and       Education Providers with                     20,000              -           -             -              -
State-integrated Schools that          COVID-19-Related Losses of
have Lost International Revenue        Income
as a result of COVID-19
                                       Non-Departmental Other Expense
Total Initiatives                                                               1,127,868       1,484,541   1,273,017      845,143       651,865

22    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
1.2 - Trends in the Vote

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Part 1.2 - Trends in the Vote
                                                                                     Summary of Financial Activity

                                                                                                                                       2016/17     2017/18      2018/19     2019/20         2020/21                         2021/22                     2022/23     2023/24     2024/25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Non-
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Departmental Departmental
                                                                                                                                                                                           Final   Estimated Transactions Transactions         Total
                                                                                                                                         Actual      Actual       Actual      Actual   Budgeted        Actual      Budget       Budget       Budget    Estimated   Estimated   Estimated
                                                                                                                                          $000        $000         $000        $000        $000         $000         $000         $000         $000         $000        $000        $000
                                                                                     Appropriations
                                                                                     Output Expenses                                  3,699,206   3,897,511    4,055,300   4,253,353   4,424,991   4,419,991    1,983,687    2,563,871     4,547,558   4,686,749   4,750,794   4,809,853
                                                                                     Benefits or Related Expenses                       34,354      38,147       37,883      42,634      53,748        53,748         N/A       53,773       53,773      56,705      56,256      56,134
                                                                                     Borrowing Expenses                                       -           -            -           -           -            -           -             -            -           -           -           -
                                                                                     Other Expenses                                     65,206      71,517       77,374      80,074     136,064       130,064           -      102,123      102,123     102,123      74,283      74,283
                                                                                     Capital Expenditure                               966,007    1,030,141    1,077,700   1,145,528   1,452,008   1,450,328    1,869,680       55,235     1,924,915   1,424,529   1,167,001    994,519
The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2

                                                                                     Intelligence and Security Department Expenses            -           -            -           -           -            -           -          N/A             -           -           -           -
                                                                                     and Capital Expenditure
                                                                                     Multi-Category Expenses and Capital
                                                                                     Expenditure (MCA)
                                                                                        Output Expenses                               6,329,976   6,553,093    6,887,517   7,457,962   8,711,999   8,711,999      791,938    7,961,163     8,753,101   8,677,825   8,597,855   8,359,063
                                                                                        Other Expenses                                        -           -            -           -           -            -           -             -            -           -           -           -
                                                                                        Capital Expenditure                                   -           -            -      6,418            -            -         N/A             -            -           -           -           -
                                                                                     Total Appropriations                            11,094,749 11,590,409    12,135,774 12,985,969 14,778,810 14,766,130       4,645,305   10,736,165    15,381,470 14,947,931 14,646,189 14,293,852
                                                                                     Crown Revenue and Capital Receipts
                                                                                     Tax Revenue                                              -           -            -           -           -            -         N/A             -            -           -           -           -
                                                                                     Non-Tax Revenue                                     6,603       4,296        7,219       6,382       4,965         4,965         N/A        4,965        4,965       4,965       4,965       4,965
                                                                                     Capital Receipts                                         -           -            -           -           -            -         N/A             -            -           -           -           -
                                                                                     Total Crown Revenue and Capital Receipts            6,603       4,296        7,219       6,382       4,965         4,965         N/A        4,965        4,965       4,965       4,965       4,965

                                                                                     Note - where restructuring of the vote has occurred then, to the extent practicable, prior years information has been restated as if the restructuring had occurred

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Vote Education
                                                                                     before the beginning of the period covered. In this instance Total Appropriations for the Budgeted and Estimated Actual year may not equal Total Annual
                                                                                     Appropriations and Forecast Permanent Appropriations and Multi-Year Appropriations in the Details of Appropriations and Capital Injections.

23
Vote Education                                                                                                      Part 1.2 - Trends in the Vote

Adjustments to the Summary of Financial Activity Table Due to Vote
Restructuring

                                                                                                                  2020/21     2020/21
                                                                                                                     Final Estimated
                                                                  2016/17     2017/18     2018/19     2019/20   Budgeted        Actual
                                                              Adjustments Adjustments Adjustments Adjustments Adjustments Adjustments
                                                                     $000        $000        $000        $000        $000        $000
Appropriations
Output Expenses                                                            -         3,008       3,008     3,008          3,008         3,008
Benefits or Related Expenses                                               -                -         -         -              -             -
Borrowing Expenses                                                         -                -         -         -              -             -
Other Expenses                                                             -                -         -         -              -             -
Capital Expenditure                                                        -                -         -         -              -             -
Intelligence and Security Department Expenses and                          -                -         -         -              -             -
Capital Expenditure
Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure
(MCA)
     Output Expenses                                                       -       (3,008)      (3,008)   (3,008)       (3,008)       (3,008)
     Other Expenses                                                        -                -         -         -              -             -
     Capital Expenditure                                                   -                -         -         -              -             -
Total Appropriations                                                       -                -         -         -              -             -
Crown Revenue and Capital Receipts
Tax Revenue                                                                -                -         -         -              -             -
Non-Tax Revenue                                                            -                -         -         -              -             -
Capital Receipts                                                           -                -         -         -              -             -
Total Crown Revenue and Capital Receipts                                   -                -         -         -              -             -

The prior year information in the Summary of Financial Activity table has been restated to reflect the
current Vote structure.

24    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Part 1.3 - Analysis of Significant Trends                                                                              Vote Education

1.3 - Analysis of Significant Trends
Significant changes in departmental and non-departmental appropriations related to early childhood
education and schooling between 2016/17 and 2024/25 are discussed briefly below.

Departmental Expenditure
The largest component of departmental output expenditure relates to the provision of school land and
buildings, including capital charge, depreciation and Public Private Partnership contractual payments. The
major changes here relate to movements in the value of the property portfolio after additional government
investment in schools, the annual revaluation of the portfolio and property disposals. There are also
increased costs related to delivering a more extensive works programme and managing a growing
property portfolio. In 2020/21, the capital charge rate was reduced from 6% to 5% from 1 July 2020.

Other significant changes to departmental funding include:

• increased provision for services for students with learning support needs, including provision for teacher
  aides, and additional in-class support, Intensive Wraparound Services, adjustments to funding levels for
  the Ongoing Resourcing Scheme (ORS), School High Health Needs Fund, teacher aides and other
  supports (both for price and volume changes) and settlements for related collective agreements

• the development of various systems, such as an education-wide funding system, and initiatives to
  support the implementation of a managed network for all schools and support for the design and
  delivery of curriculum resources for students and teachers in Māori language in education provision,
  in particular Māori-medium education

• provision for improving and accelerating education outcomes for Pacific learners to ensure they and
  their families have their identities, languages and cultures valued and respected and have the skills,
  knowledge, and equitable opportunities to pursue any education pathway

• support for the implementation of Communities of Learning | Kāhui Ako that peaked in 2017/18
  and 2018/19

• provision for improving data quality, availability and timeliness which will enable the education system
  to know about the people in its care and how best to position services in a timely and efficient manner,
  and that will address the needs of each learner and their community and whānau

• expanding and extending the Ka Ora, Ka Ako | Healthy School Lunches programme

• initiatives for raising the profile of and strengthening the pipeline into vocational education

• supporting the maintenance of services through capital operating swaps, procurement efficiency
  savings and occasional transfers from non-departmental programmes

• delivery of the extensive education work programme

• provision for the cost of establishing, designing and implementing the required changes to ensure
  that the schools payroll service is compliant with Holidays Act 2003 legislation (and assessing and
  remediating any resulting liability), as well as assessing and negotiating a range of pay equity claims
  and implementing resulting settlements

• provision for current and former Ministry staff who have not been paid in accordance with the
  requirements of the Holidays Act 2003

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Vote Education                                                                              Part 1.3 - Analysis of Significant Trends

• support for the implementation of changes in the Education and Training Act 2020 to deliver increased
  student achievement

• implementation and delivery of the Targeted Support for Pacific Learners and Families package which
  covers brokerage support, Pacific Education innovation fund, support for Pacific Early Learning
  Centres, Tautai o le Moana and translation of materials into 10 Pacific languages

• funding for access to sanitary products in schools and kura

• funding to redevelop the National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) qualifications,
  ensuring 150,000 students who study NCEA every year have the appropriate skills and knowledge to
  seek further education or employment, either in New Zealand or overseas

• initial funding towards fulfilling the Government's manifesto commitment to replace the current decile
  system with the Equity Index from the 2023 school year

• funding for the first year of a multi-year investment to reform the Tomorrow's Schools model

• increasing the funding to maintain the Ministry's current level of service in managing the school
  property portfolio

• provision to maintain Learning Support services for the most vulnerable ākonga/learners in the face
  of rising costs of wages and inflation, and

• funding from the COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund

     − to support Māori learners and whānau to reconnect with education services following COVID-19
       to ensure they access the full range of education and wellbeing services and achieve successful
       outcomes

     − to increase wellbeing and mental health supports, including guidance counselling and the Urgent
       Response Fund, in alignment with the government priority focus on mental health.

Departmental output expense appropriations Interventions for Target Student Groups and Support and
Resources for Teachers were moved to multi-category appropriations from 2016/17, and Stewardship
of the Education System and Policy Advice were moved to another multi-category appropriation from
2017/18. Support and Resources for Education Providers was moved to the Primary and Secondary
Education MCA from 2020/21.

Departmental Capital Expenditure
Most capital expenditure by the Ministry of Education relates to the State school property portfolio, either
through school projects or projects managed by the Ministry. Movements between years mainly relate to
factors such as site purchases and the timing of new schools' roll-growth classrooms and redevelopment
projects. There is also an ongoing focus on expenditure in Christchurch to remediate damage from the
2010 and 2011 earthquakes and reflect demographic change. Also included is expenditure on school
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) network upgrades (including broadband), as well as
the development of information systems.

26    The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2
Part 1.3 - Analysis of Significant Trends                                                                              Vote Education

Capital Injections
Additional capital provided to the Ministry over the period mainly relates to the expansion and upgrading
of the school property portfolio (including the School Investment Package and National Education
Growth Plan), the Christchurch Schools' Rebuild Programme, and repayment of service concession
liabilities to the private sector partners for schools built under Public Private Partnerships. Also reflected
is provision for energy efficiency initiatives in schools, the development and upgrade of information
systems such as the Education Resourcing System, and to address learners' needs by improving data
quality, availability, timeliness and capability, the establishment of the Learning Support Coordinator roles
in State and State-integrated schools, the introduction of the decarbonisation programme replacing coal
boilers in schools, growth in existing and new schools, delivery of Māori-medium education, and reform
of the Tomorrow's Schools system.

Non-Departmental Outputs
From 2018/19, most non-departmental other expense appropriations and categories under multi-category
appropriations were reclassified as non-departmental output expenses, including Early Childhood
Education, Primary Education, Secondary Education and Learning Support (under the Outcomes for
Target Student Groups MCA).

From 2020/21, the largest appropriations in the Vote (Primary Education and Secondary Education) have
been combined under Primary and Secondary Education MCA, together with secondary-tertiary interface
and school risk management scheme funding.

From 2021/22, Contribution to the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand, UNESCO and
Education Research Initiatives under Oversight of the Education System MCA are combined under a
new non-departmental output appropriation Contributions to Other Education-related Organisations.
Learning Support and Service Academies categories under Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA
are merged into a new category Learning Support and Alternative Education.

Changes in non-departmental output expenses are principally owing to a combination of:

• roll-related increases in early childhood education sessional payments, as well as revised funding
  rates and increased provision for equity funding

• roll-related increases in funding for schooling, including teacher salaries, as well as provision
  for improved operations funding rates for schools

• the impact of wage settlements for teachers and principals (including the flow-on of these costs to the
  early childhood education sector), as well as changes to Accident Compensation Commission (ACC)
  rates and the take up of superannuation subsidies

• provision for current and former school staff who have not been paid in accordance with the
  requirements of the Holidays Act 2003

• the impact of pay equity settlements for school staff such as teacher aides, as well as a contribution
  toward the settlement of non-teaching staff collective agreements setting the current living wage as
  a minimum rate

• funding for schools to replace parental donations to alleviate financial pressure on families who
  struggle to pay school donations, as well as benefiting eligible schools by providing greater certainty
  of revenue or increased revenue

• provision to increase funding to employ ORS teacher aides for more hours to help with the transition
  back to school

                                               The Estimates of Appropriations 2021/22 - Education and Workforce Sector B.5 Vol.2    27
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