2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization

 
2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization
Report of the
Secretary-General
   on the Work of
 the Organization

            2020
2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization
Report of the
Secretary-General
   on the Work of
 the Organization

            2020
2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization
Contents

COPYRIGHT:
Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization (A/75/1, seventy-fifth session)
Published by the United Nations
New York, New York 10017, United States of America

Copyright © 2020 United Nations
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                                                                                                           PROMOTION OF SUSTAINED ECONOMIC GROWTH
                                                                                                           AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT......................................................................... 32
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ISBN: 978-92-1860051-6                                                                                     MAINTENANCE OF INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY................................. 52
eISBN: 978-92-1005329-7
epubISBN: 978-92-1-358359-3
Print ISSN: 0082-8173                                                                                      DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA....................................................................................... 70
Online ISSN: 2518-6469

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                                                                                                           PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS.............................................. 80
Designed and produced by:
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Department of Global Communications, United Nations, New York                                              EFFECTIVE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE.............................. 94
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Credits:
                                                                                                           PROMOTION OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE AND LAW.......................................... 108
All photographs used in this publication have been sourced from the United
Nations Secretariat and other United Nations entities. Unless otherwise indicated,
all data in this publication have been sourced from the United Nations.
                                                                                                           DISARMAMENT....................................................................................................... 114
Cover:
A student with her climate action sign in Albert Park, Suva, during a visit by Secretary-General
António Guterres to Fiji as part of a trip to spotlight the issue of climate change ahead of the Climate   DRUG CONTROL, CRIME PREVENTION AND COMBATING TERRORISM............... 122
Action Summit. The Secretary-General met with government leaders, civil society representatives
and youth groups to hear from people impacted by climate change and those who are successfully
engaging in meaningful climate action (16 May 2019)                                                        EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF THE ORGANIZATION.............................................. 132

                                                                                                                                                      REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 3
2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization
K E Y PR I O R I T I E S

Behind the scenes during the seventy-fourth                                                           •   Promotion of sustained economic growth
session of the General Assembly                                                                           and sustainable development
(New York, 22 September 2019)                                                                         •    aintenance of international peace
                                                                                                          M
                                                                                                          and security
                                                                                                      •   Development in Africa
                                                                                                      •    romotion and protection of
                                                                                                          P
                                                                                                          human rights
                                                                                                      •   Effective coordination of
                                                                                                          humanitarian assistance
                                                                                                      •   Promotion of international justice
                                                                                                          and law
                                                                                                      •   Disarmament
                                                                                                      •   Drug control, crime prevention and
                                                                                                          combating terrorism

Introduction

4 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020   REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 5
2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization
In 1945, world leaders gathered in San Francisco to
                                                                                                                            sign the Charter of the United Nations, which gave
                                                                                                                            birth to an organization that represented new hope
                                                                                                                            for a world emerging from the horrors of the Second
                                                                                                                            World War. Our founders were in no doubt about the
                                                                                                                            kind of world that they wished to banish to the past.

                                                                                                                            In 2020, as the United Nations celebrates 75 years
                                                                                                                            since the Charter’s signing, we have an opportunity to
                                                                                                                            reflect on our shared progress, as well as our common
                                                                                                                            future. Our vision and values – based on equality,
                                                                                                                            mutual respect and international cooperation – helped                          We must commit to building a more
                                                                                                                            us to avoid a Third World War, which would have had                         inclusive and sustainable world.
                                                                                                                            catastrophic consequences for life on our planet. For
                                                                                                                                                                                                        António Guterres, Secretary-General
                                                                                                                            75 years, we have forged productive cooperative rela-
                                                                                                                            tionships for global problem-solving and the common
                                                                                                                            good. We have put in place vital norms and agreements
                                                                                                                            that codify and protect human rights, set ambitious
                                                                                                                            goals for sustainable development and charted a path                        Yet these efforts have not been enough to hold back the
                                                                                                                            towards a more balanced relationship with the climate                       tides of fear, hatred, inequality, poverty and injustice.
                                                                                                                            and the natural world. Billions of people have emerged                      Moreover, early in 2020, we were brought to our knees
                                                                                                                            from the yoke of colonialism. Millions have been lifted                     by a microscopic virus: the virus responsible for the
                                                                                                                            out of poverty.                                                             coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has taken a
                                                                                                                                                                                                        horrific toll on individuals, communities and societies,
                                                                                                                            Today, day in and day out, around the clock, around the
                                                                                                                                                                                                        with the most vulnerable disproportionately affected.
                                                                                                                            world, the United Nations is helping to save millions of
                                                                                                                            lives every year. Women and men of the United Nations                       The pandemic has demonstrated the fragility of our
                                                                                                                            are assisting 80 million refugees and displaced people                      world. It has laid bare risks ignored for decades: inad-
                                                                                                                            and enabling more than 2 million women and girls to                         equate health systems; gaps in social protection;
                                                                                                                            overcome complications from pregnancy and child-                            structural inequalities; environmental degradation;
                                                                                                                            birth. Over 40 political missions and peacekeeping                          the climate crisis.
                                                                                                                            operations comprising 95,000 troops, police and
                                                                                                                                                                                                        The United Nations family mobilized quickly and com-
                                                                                                                            civilian personnel strive to bring and keep the peace
                                                                                                                                                                                                        prehensively, leading on the global health response,
                                                                                                                            and to protect civilians. Our electoral assistance
                                                                                                                                                                                                        continuing and expanding the provision of life-saving
                                                                                                                            now extends to 60 countries each year, and our help
                                                                                                                                                                                                        humanitarian assistance, establishing instruments for
                                                                                                                            for victims of torture reaches 40,000 people. Some
                                                                                                                                                                                                        rapid responses to the socioeconomic impact and
                                                                                                                            7,500 monitoring missions every year seek to pro-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        laying out a broad policy agenda in support of the
                                                                                                                            tect human rights, make violations known and hold
                                                                                                                                                                                                        most vulnerable communities and regions.¹ But the
                                                                                                                            perpetrators accountable.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        setback to the fundamental Charter goals of peace,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        justice, human rights and development has been deep
                                                                                                                                                                                                        and may be long-lasting.

View of the General Assembly Hall as Secretary-General António Guterres addresses the United Nations Holocaust Memorial
Ceremony, "75 years after Auschwitz – Holocaust Education and Remembrance for Global Justice" (New York, 27 January 2020)   ¹ In June 2020, the Secretary-General launched the United Nations Comprehensive Response to COVID-19: Saving Lives, Protecting Societies,
                                                                                                                            Recovering Better.

       6 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                                 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 7
2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization
BUILDING A MORE                                               With the onset of the pandemic, the United Nations        a common fate. Only with true solidarity and unity will
                                                              called for massive global support for the most vul-       we achieve our shared goals and uphold our values.
SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
                                                              nerable people and countries – a rescue package
                                                                                                                        COVID-19 also brought home the drastic need to rebal-
                                                              amounting to at least 10 per cent of the global econ-
Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, the world was                                                                        ance the human relationship with the natural world.
                                                              omy. Developed countries have stepped up support for
not on track to achieve the Sustainable Development                                                                     We were already approaching the point of no return
                                                              their own people, but we are promoting mechanisms
Goals by the target date of 2030. Now, we face the                                                                      on climate change. Recovery from COVID-19 must go
                                                              of solidarity to ensure that the developing world will
deepest global recession since the Second World                                                                         hand in hand with climate action. With global emis-
                                                              also benefit, including through a debt standstill, debt
War and the broadest collapse in incomes since                                                                          sions reaching record levels, I hosted the Climate
                                                              restructuring and greater support through the inter-
1870. Approximately 100 million more people could                                                                       Action Summit and the Youth Climate Summit in
                                                              national financial institutions. This rescue package
be pushed into extreme poverty. Already in its fifth year                                                               2019. Seventy countries committed themselves to
                                                              has yet to fully materialize.
of implementation, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable                                                                      more ambitious national climate plans to reach net
Development remains humanity’s blueprint for a better         This failure of solidarity compounds a much-longer-       zero emissions by 2050. Beyond climate change, and
future. In January 2020, the United Nations launched          standing struggle to secure the financing necessary for   after more than 15 years of intense efforts, the 2020        The Sustainable Development Goal blocks on the
                                                                                                                                                                                     northern lawn of United Nations Headquarters during
a decade of action to accelerate implementation; the          the success of the 2030 Agenda, complicated by slow       intergovernmental conference on marine biological
                                                                                                                                                                                     the General Assembly (New York, 23 September 2019)
COVID-19 pandemic has made the decade of action               growth and high debt. We must act now to maintain         diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction must
both more challenging and more urgent.                        progress made on sustainable development. We share        now be the starting point for greater harmony with
                                                                                                                        nature as a whole.

                                                                                                                           The COVID-19 pandemic has made                              In these challenging times, we must
                                                                                                                        the promise of the 2030 Agenda more                          not lose sight of our shared goals and
                                                                                                                        relevant and vital than ever. To recover                     commitment to sustainable peace.
                                                                                                                        better, we must recover together –                           Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, Chef de Cabinet

   Secretary-General António Guterres speaks to students at Lahore University of Management Sciences on the role
                                                                                                                        there is no other way.
   of youth in the United Nations of the twenty-first century (Lahore, Pakistan, 18 February 2020)                      Amina J. Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General

8 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                           REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 9
2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization
Over
                                                                                                                                                                     …with the support of
                36,000                                                          …across
                                                                                                                      …in
                                                                                                                                                                      $14.2B
       United Nations Secretariat staff                           8 priorities                              140+
                                                                                                          countries
                                                                                                                                                                   in resources, including
        and about 95,000+ uniformed                                    in 35+ programmes…                                                                          $3B regular assessed,
                                                                                                                                       …
              personnel working...                                                                                                                             $7.2B peacekeeping and other
                                                                                                                                                               assessed, and $4B voluntary...

 ... to achieve results in 2019, for example:
            Sustainable Development                           Peace and Security                          Humanitarian Assistance                           Human Rights
            Through the repositioned
                                                              Deployed 40+ peacekeeping,                  Helped mobilize and coordinate                    The Secretary-General launched his
            United Nations development system,
                                                              special political missions and              international assistance worth                    Call to Action for Human Rights
            resident coordinators worked with
                                                              offices to prevent conflict and             $18 billion for 117 million                       to advance enjoyment of human rights
            Governments and partners in
                                                              support peacebuilding efforts               people in need                                    by all
            162 countries and territories
            for the 2030 Agenda

            Disarmament                                       Development in Africa                       Drugs, Crime, Terrorism                           International Justice and Law
            Advanced implementation of the                    Supported the implementation of
                                                                                                          Engaged more than 170 Member                      Supported the Singapore Convention
            Agenda for Disarmament, which                     the Agreement Establishing the
                                                                                                          States in preventing and countering               on Mediation with a record 46 State
            focuses on weapons of mass                        African Continental Free Trade Area,
                                                                                                          violent extremism through outreach                signatories at the opening of a
            destruction, conventional weapons                 one of the largest trading blocs covering
                                                                                                          and capacity-building activities                  United Nations trade-related treaty
            and new battlefield technologies                  about 1.2 billion people and GDP of
                                                              over $2.5 trillion

                                                                                                           Serviced Member States in over

                                                                                                           36,900              intergovernmental meetings and conferences to help foster global
                                                                                                                               consensus on the issues facing the world

10 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                             REPORT
                                                                                                                                     REPORT OF
                                                                                                                                            OF THE
                                                                                                                                               THE SECRETARY-GENER
                                                                                                                                                   SECRETARY-GENERAL
                                                                                                                                                                   AL ON
                                                                                                                                                                      ON THE
                                                                                                                                                                         THE WORK
                                                                                                                                                                             WORK OF
                                                                                                                                                                                  OF THE
                                                                                                                                                                                     THE ORGANIZATION
                                                                                                                                                                                         ORGANIZATION 2020
                                                                                                                                                                                                      2020 11
2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization
THE SECRETARY-GENERAL’S KEY AREAS OF FOCUS FOR                                                      UNITED TO REFORM
2019–2020                                                                                           Implementation of the Secretary-General’s reform agenda across development, management, and peace and
                                                                                                    security is improving the ability of the United Nations to effectively and accountably deliver on its mandates.

                                                                                                    Below are key accomplishments achieved to date and major ongoing changes that are part of the United to
                                                                                                    Reform agenda

                    2030 AGENDA FOR
                      SUSTAINABLE
                                                                                                      DEVELOPMENT                           PEACE AND SECURITY                      MANAGEMENT
                   DEVELOPMENT AND
                                                                                                      SYSTEM                                ARCHITECTURE                            REFORM
                 THE DECADE OF ACTION
                                                                                                      Repositioning the                     Enabling a whole-of-pillar              Shifting the management
     2030        Supported Governments and key                                                        development system to                 approach to confronting                 paradigm to enable nimble,
                    stakeholders at all levels to                                                     accelerate implementation             threats to international peace          effective and efficient
                 kick-start the decade of action to                                                   of the 2030 Agenda                    and security                            operations
                 accelerate implementation of the
                     Sustainable Development
                           Goals by 2030                                                              •A
                                                                                                        new generation of                  •A
                                                                                                                                              restructured peace and               •D
                                                                                                                                                                                      ecentralized operations
                                                                                                       United Nations country teams          security architecture at                through more delegation to
                                                                                                       for more tailored support to          Headquarters with joint                 managers, accompanied by
                                                                                                       countries                             regional teams                          extensive training
                                                                   CLIMATE ACTION
                                                                                                      •A
                                                                                                        new resident coordinator           •P
                                                                                                                                              rioritized support for               •N
                                                                                                                                                                                      ew accountability framework
                                                            Ambitious action to combat climate         system for strengthened               prevention and sustaining               for decision-making authorities
                                                             change and its impacts, including         leadership                            peace
                                                              through the 2019 Climate Action                                                                                       •S
                                                                                                                                                                                      trengthened data analytics
                                                                                                      •A
                                                                                                        Funding Compact with               •S
                                                                                                                                              tronger focus on regional             and evaluation capacities
                                                                Summit initiatives, is vital to
                                                                                                       Member States with mutual-            approaches and strategies
                                                               achieving the 2030 Agenda for                                                                                        •T
                                                                                                                                                                                      wo new management
                                                                                                       accountability targets
                                                             Sustainable Development and the                                                • I ntegrated approach to               departments at Headquarters,
                                                            goals of the Paris Agreement, and to      •R
                                                                                                        evised United Nations                United Nations mission                 with clear roles and
                                                            recovering better, together, from the      cooperation frameworks for             transitions and better                 responsibilities
                                                                    COVID-19 pandemic                  more holistic responses to             alignment with United Nations
                                                                                                       national priorities                                                          •N
                                                                                                                                                                                      ew annual programme
                                                                                                                                              country teams                          budget with better
                                                                                                      •U
                                                                                                        nprecedented effort launched
                                                                                                                                                                                     performance, planning and
                                                                                                       to strengthen the impact of
                                                                                                                                                                                     resource information
                                                                                                       United Nations regional assets
                     GENDER EQUALITY                                                                   and multi-country offices                                                    •O
                                                                                                                                                                                      ngoing simplification of
                Placed the spotlight on dismantling                                                                                                                                  policies and processes,
                                                                                                      •M
                                                                                                        ore transparency,
                gender inequality and ensuring that                                                                                                                                  supported by a senior-level
                                                                                                       accountability and oversight
                 equal participation and women’s                                                                                                                                     client-feedback mechanism
                                                                                                       for results
                   leadership are at the heart of
                                                                                                      •A
                                                                                                        mbitious measures to
                 United Nations efforts to respond
                                                                                                       increase efficiency in country
                       to global challenges
                                                                                                       team operations
                                                                                                      • Enhanced country team capacity
                                                                                                      to help countries scale up
                                                                                                      financing and partnerships for the
                                                                                                      Sustainable Development Goals

12 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                   REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 13
2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization
UNITED NATIONS DISABILITY INCLUSION STRATEGY: BRINGING ABOUT TRANSFORMATIVE CHANGE

  UNITED NATIONS CLIMATE ACTION SUMMIT: 12 KE Y OUTCOMES                                                             The Strategy’s wide-ranging                    The Strategy includes                      58 United Nations
                                                                                                                     scope covers all three                         concrete benchmarks                        entities reported on the
                                                                                                                     United Nations pillars –                       to accelerate and                          Strategy in its first year
                                                                                                                     human rights, peace and                        measure progress on                        to establish a system-
                                                                                                                     security, and development –                    disability inclusion                       wide baseline on
                                                                                                                     as well as programmes and                                                                 disability inclusion
                                                                                                                     operations

  Secretary-General António Guterres opens the United Nations Climate Action Summit 2019. The Summit aimed
  to boost ambition and accelerate action on climate change and the goals of the Paris Agreement (New York,
  23 September 2019)

  Ambitious national climate plans are needed to             The critical role of cities for implementing national
  achieve net-zero emissions by 2050                         climate plans

  Public, private and accessible finance is key to           Measures for increasing energy efficiency and
  net-zero emissions and climate resilient economies         reducing greenhouse gas emissions

                                                             Solutions proposed to support the most
  Focused discussion to end new coal-fired plants
                                                             vulnerable members of society
  beyond 2020
                                                             Least developed countries are most impacted by
  Nature-based solutions as economically viable
                                                             climate change and most committed to
  options for climate action
                                                             climate action

  Climate risks must be integrated into decision-            Multi-stakeholder initiatives recognizing the
  making systems                                             benefits of climate action must leave no
                                                             one behind                                              Montserrat Vilarrasa, Secretary of the Assembly of Human Rights Montserrat Trueta and Member for Intellectual Disability
  Access to finance agreed for small island
                                                                                                                     at the City Council of Barcelona, speaking at the high-level meeting of women with disabilities in political and public leadership
  developing States to deliver on climate action             New partnerships on how net-zero greenhouse             (New York, June 2019)
                                                             gas emissions by 2050 is possible

14 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                          REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 15
2020 Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization
A CALL TO ACTION FOR                                         RAISING OUR VOICES FOR PEACE                               RENEWING MULTILATERALISM                                          These are not only the lessons of COVID-19. They are
                                                                                                                                                                                          also the clear wish expressed in the worldwide con-
HUMAN RIGHTS
                                                             The pandemic is having profound social, economic and       As we emerge from this pandemic, we cannot go                     sultation process for the seventy-fifth anniversary of
                                                             political consequences, and we must do everything          back to a world that was delivering only for the few.             the United Nations. People want a global governance
The COVID-19 pandemic hit at a time of widespread
                                                             possible to find the peace and unity that our world        We need a new social contract within States and a                 system that delivers for them and is based on full,
disregard for human rights. In February, we launched a
                                                             needs. There can be only one fight in our world today:     new global deal between States. We need new global                inclusive and equal participation in global institutions.
call to action on human rights by which we committed
                                                             our shared battle against COVID-19. That is why, on        governance, rebalanced financial and trade systems,               I look forward to working with Member States and civil
ourselves to making human dignity the core of the
                                                             23 March 2020, I issued an appeal for a global cease-      effective delivery of critical global public goods and            society to chart a way forward that allows us to jointly
Organization’s work, with a special focus on such
                                                             fire, which has been widely endorsed by the Security       decision-making guided by standards of sustainabil-               live up to these expectations.
areas as rights at the centre of sustainable develop-
ment; rights in times of crisis; gender equality and         Council, nearly 180 countries, more than 20 armed          ity. Our recovery from COVID-19 and our renewal of                As we build multilateral approaches, we also need
equal rights for women; public participation and civic       groups and 800 civil society groups. My special envoys     multilateralism must be based on fair globalization,              stronger digital cooperation. Technology can turbo-
space; rights of future generations, especially climate      and I are working together to establish effective cease-   on the rights and dignity of every human being, on                charge recovery from COVID-19 and the achievement
justice; rights at the heart of collective action; and new   fires and overcome the legacy of long-lasting conflicts.   living in balance with nature, on taking account of the           of the Sustainable Development Goals. My Road Map
frontiers of human rights. The pandemic immediately                                                                     rights of future generations and on success measured              for Digital Cooperation promotes a vision of an inclu-
                                                             Violence is not confined to the battlefield; it affects
put these commitments to the test. Human rights                                                                         in human rather than economic terms.                              sive, sustainable digital future for all.
                                                             many women in their homes, where they may now be
formed a cornerstone of the United Nations response.         confined in lockdown or quarantine with their abus-
                                                             ers. In April, I called for an end to violence against
                                                             women everywhere. Some 146 Member States com-
                                                             mitted themselves to including violence prevention
                                                             and response in their COVID-19 response plans.

   Our work preventing, responding                             Our legacy is defined by when,
and rebuilding from crises must                              how and for whom we mobilize
always be guided by the principles of                        global action.
equality and inclusion of all. We must                       Volker Türk, Assistant Secretary-General for
strive in particular to achieve gender                       Strategic Coordination

equality and disability inclusion.
Ana Maria Menéndez, Senior Adviser on Policy

                                                                                                                        A participant of a townhall meeting greets a United Nations staff member. The townhall was held as part of the sixty-third
                                                                                                                        session of the Commission on the Status of Women (New York, 12 March 2019)

16 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                           REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 17
SELECT TRANSFORMATIVE AGENDAS*
 The long-term objectives of the United Nations revolve around transformative agendas
 endorsed or welcomed by the Member States.
                                                                                                                                                                  UNITED TO REFORM                                                              GLOBAL
                                                                                                                                                                  Implementation of the                                                         SOLIDARITY TO
                                                                                                                                                                  Secretary‑General’s                                                           FIGHT COVID-19
                                                                                                                                                                  development,                                                                  General Assembly
                         YOUTH, PEACE                            ACTION FOR                            MIGRATION                    REFUGEES
                                                                                                                                                                  management, and                                                               resolution 74/270
                         AND SECURITY                            PEACEKEEPING                          Global Compact for           Global Compact                                                            HUMAN RIGHTS
                                                                                                                                                                  peace and security                                                            and Security
                         Security Council                        Declaration of Shared                 Safe, Orderly and            on Refugees                                                               The Secretary-General’s
                                                                                                                                                                  reform agenda                                                                 Council resolution
                         resolution 2419 (2018)                  Commitments on                        Regular Migration                                                                                      Call to Action for
                         building on                             United Nations                                                                                                                                                                 2532 (2020) on a
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Human Rights
                         resolution 2250 (2015)                  Peacekeeping                                                                                                                                                                   global ceasefire
                                                                 Operations
2018                                                                                                                                              2019                                    2020

                                       2030 AGENDA AND                                       OCEAN                                  NEW URBAN                                COUNTERING                                SUSTAINING PEACE
                                       AGENDA 2063                                           DECLARATION                            AGENDA                                   DRUGS                                     New framework for sustaining peace,
                                       Framework for a Renewed                               Our Ocean, Our                         United Nations                           Joint Commitment                          adopted in General Assembly resolution
                                       United Nations-African Union                          Future: Call for Action                Conference on                            to Effectively Address                    70/262 and identical Security Council
                                       Partnership on Africa’s Integration                                                          Housing and Sustainable                  and Counter the World                     resolution 2282 (2016)
                                       and Development Agenda 2017–2027,                                                            Urban Development                        Drug Problem
                                       in support of the African Union’s                                                            (Habitat III)                            (General Assembly
                                       Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want                                                                                                       resolution S-30/1)

                                                                                                             2017
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2016
   BEIJING DECLARATION                                           MAURITIUS DECLARATION                                                               DOHA DECLARATION
   Fourth World Conference on Women, and Platform                Further Implementation of the Programme of Action for                               Thirteenth United Nations Congress on Crime
   for Action                                                    the Sustainable Development of Small Island                                         Prevention and Criminal Justice
                                                                 Developing States
                WOMEN, PEACE AND SECURITY                                                                                                                                                                                                     AGENDA 2030
                                                                                                                                                                ADDIS ABABA ACTION AGENDA                                                     Transforming our world:
                Security Council resolution 1325 (2000)          WORLD SUMMIT DECLARATION
                                                                                                                                                                Third International Conference on Financing                                   the 2030 Agenda for
                                                                 Development, peace and collective security, human rights
                                                                                                                                                                for Development                                                               Sustainable Development
                MILLENNIUM DECLARATION                           and the rule of law, and strengthening the United Nations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              provides a shared blueprint
                Summit and Millenium Development
                                                                               DOHA DECLARATION                                                                             VIENNA DECLARATION                                                for peace and prosperity
                Goals
                               DURBAN DECLARATION                              Follow-up Conference on Financing                                                            Programme of Action for Landlocked Developing                     for people and the planet,
                               ON RACISM                                       for Development                                                                              Countries for the Decade 2014–2024                                now and into the future. At
                               Durban Declaration and                                                                                                                                                                                         its heart are 17 Sustainable
                               Programme of Action,                                          ISTANBUL DECLARATION                                                                                                                             Development Goals.
                                                                                             Programme of Action for the                                                                   SENDAI FRAMEWORK
                               outcome document of the                                                                         SAMOA
                                                                                             Least Developed Countries for                                                                 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk
                               Durban Review Conference 2009                                                                   PATHWAY                                                     Reduction 2015–2030
                                                                                             the Decade 2011–2020              SIDS Accelerated
                                              MONTERREY
                                                                                                                               Modalities of
                                              CONSENSUS                                                     RIO+20             Action (SAMOA)                                                              PARIS AGREEMENT
                                              International                                                 Conference on      Pathway                                                                     Agreement of the Parties
                                              Conference on                                                 Sustainable                                                                                    to the United Nations
                                              Financing for                                                 Development                                                                                    Framework Convention
                                              Development                                                                                                                                                  on Climate Change

1995        2000          2001            2002            2005         2008              2011         2012                   2014            2015
                                                                                                                                                                             * The diagram shows select transformative agendas since 1995. The list is not exhaustive.
                                                                                                                                                                             The United Nations programme of work is also guided by several other legislative mandates.

 18 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                                REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 19
STRENGTHENING OUR                                                 Only an Organization that is inclusive and equitable will    To improve our fitness for the challenges of the twen-                  The work and reforms of the Organization remain at
                                                                  sustain us for the future. We have maintained gender         ty-first century, 50 United Nations entities jointly                    risk of financial disruption. In 2019 the Organization
ORGANIZATION
                                                                  parity among senior management, and we now have              designed a data strategy as a comprehensive play-                       faced its worst regular budget cash shortage in a
                                                                  the highest number of women serving as heads and             book for data-driven change. Data permeate all                          decade, and the situation in 2020 may worsen fur-
As part of our efforts to revitalize multilateralism, we
                                                                  deputy heads of mission in our history. We are also          aspects of our work, and their power – harnessed                        ther. Cash constraints are forcing us to prioritize our
continued the implementation of an ambitious reform
                                                                  working to build a more geographically diverse work-         responsibly – is critical to the global agendas that                    work on the basis of availability of funds, rather than
agenda to improve the effectiveness and accountabil-
                                                                  force. In March 2020, I launched the Geographical            we serve.                                                               programmatic priorities.
ity of the United Nations. New structures across the
                                                                  Diversity Strategy to improve the representation sta-
development, peace and security and management
                                                                  tus of unrepresented and underrepresented Member
architectures of the Secretariat were established in
                                                                  States within the Secretariat. In 2019, I launched the
2019 to allow the Organization to respond more nimbly
                                                                  first ever United Nations Disability Inclusion Strategy      ACHIEVING GENDER PARITY AT THE UNITED NATIONS                           Implementation of the Gender Parity Strategy has
to emerging requirements and better cooperate across
                                                                  to raise the Organization’s standards and performance                                                                                progressed well at United Nations Headquarters, and
the pillars of its work. The new approaches introduced
                                                                  and enhance coordinated efforts to mainstream dis-            Gender parity at Headquarters    Gender parity in field locations
                                                                                                                                                                                                       most entities are on track to reach parity at each level
as part of these reforms have been validated through
                                                                  ability inclusion across the United Nations system.
a trial by fire, as they allowed the United Nations to                                                                         60%
continue its critical work uninterrupted throughout                                                                                                                                                    The Secretary-General achieved his 50/50 gender
the COVID-19 pandemic.                                                                                                         55%                                                                     parity target among senior leadership in full-time
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Under Secretary-General and Assistant Secretary-
                                                                                                                               50%
                                                                                                                                                                                                       General posts in January 2020, almost two years
                                                                                                                                                                                         48%
                                                                                                                               45%                                                       4035/8484     ahead of schedule

                                                                                                                               40%
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Challenges remain to reaching parity in the field,
                                                                                                                               35%                                                                     particularly in peace operations, where the full
                                                                                                                                                                                         33%
                                                                                                                                                                                         911/2740      attention of senior leadership will be focused on
                                                                                                                               30%
                                                                                                                                                                                                       achieving the target of parity at every level in the
                                                                                                                                 D-2     D-1      P-5      P-4     P-3       P-2     Total staff       Organization by 2028

Townhall meeting for civil society and United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres: The townhall was an opportunity
for civil society to engage with the Secretary-General and senior leadership on topics pertaining to gender equality and the   Secretary-General António Guterres with members of the Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB)
work of the Organization (New York, 12 March 2019)                                                                             (New York, November 2019)

20 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                                           REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 21
LOOKING AHEAD                                                     We also need a global new deal in which global govern-
  THE SECRETARY-GENER AL’S DATA STR ATEGY FOR ACTION                                                                                                                              ance and financial and trade systems are rebalanced
                                                                                                                                                                                  and decisions are guided by standards of sustainabil-
  BY E VERYONE, E VERY WHERE                                                                                    As we grapple with the effects of COVID-19, we have an
                                                                                                                opportunity to build a more equal world. This means               ity, giving light to the aspirations in the 2030 Agenda.
                                                                                                                creating a new social contract – integrating education,           COVID-19 is a human tragedy, but it has also created
                                                                                                                employment, sustainable development and social                    a generational opportunity. Let us make the commit-
                                                                                                                protection – based on equal rights and opportunities              ment to build back better, upholding the vision and
                                                                           To strengthen our fitness for the
                                                                                                                for all. Social protection systems for the future must            resolve reflected in the Charter signed 75 years ago,
                                                                           challenges of the twenty-first
                                                                                                                include universal health coverage and promote wom-                which continues to guide our way forward together.
                                                                           century the Data Strategy of the
                                                                           Secretary-General for Action by      en’s employment and gender equality, investment in
                                                                           Everyone, Everywhere was             public services and economies that work for people
                                                                           launched. It is a comprehensive      and the planet.
                                                                           playbook for data-driven change
                                                                           based on global best practice.

                                                                           Data permeates all aspects
                                                                           of our work, and its power –
                                                                           harnessed responsibly – is
                                                                           critical to the global priorities
                                                                           we serve. The footprint,
                                                                           expertise and connectedness of
                                                                           the United Nations family create
                                                                           unique opportunities to advance
                                                                           global “data action” with insight,
                                                                           impact and integrity.

                                                                           The Strategy will guide us
                                                                           through a long-term
                                                                           transformation: so that
                                                                           everyone, everywhere, can
                                                                           nurture data as a strategic asset
                                                                           for insight, impact and integrity,
                                                                           to better deliver on our
                                                                           mandates for people and the
                                                                           planet.

                                                                                                                A young visitor wearing a sweatshirt proclaiming “Our Generation Will Change the World” listens to a tour guide explaining
                                                                                                                the working methods of the Security Council (New York, 15 November 2019)

22 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                   REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 23
United Nations Family: Our Work
The Secretariat is one of six principal organs of the broader United Nations family. The organs comprise numerous
agencies, funds and programmes, subsidiary organs, functional and regional commissions, and training institutes,
among others.

Below is a sample of the work of the broader United Nations family, in particular the work of the agencies, funds
and programmes serving on the ground.

PRINCIPAL ORGANS

       General Assembly                         Security Council                         Secretariat                     Economic and Social                         International Court                       Trusteeship Council
                                                                                                                              Council                                     of Justice

  Subsidiary                Funds and                Research               Subsidiary                               Departments                  Related                                               Regional
                                                                                                     Other Bodies                                                          Functional                                            Specialized
   Organs                  Programmes               and Training             Organs                                   and Offices              Organizations                                          Commissions
                                                                                                     and Entities                                                         Commissions                                             Agencies
                                                    Institutions

Climate action                          Women                                 Human rights                          Children                                   Disease prevention                        Livelihoods
Protects, improves or restores          Assists over 337,000 girls and        Seeks to protect human rights,        Feeds 16 million children with daily       Supports the vaccination of 108           Supports 5 million people in 28
344 million hectares of landscapes      women in preventing or addressing     make violations known and hold        school meals                               million people against yellow fever       crisis-affected countries in getting a
and marine habitats                     female genital mutilation             perpetrators accountable, with                                                   Assists with the shipping of              job or a better livelihood
                                                                              7,500 monitoring missions
                                                                                                                    Benefits 51 million children with
                                        Helps over 2 million women a                                                                                           21 million doses of oral cholera          Helps 24 million people in 22
Mobilizes funding and supports                                                                                      cash transfer programmes
renewable energy development            month overcome pregnancy and          Helps 40,000 victims of torture in                                               vaccine                                   countries gain access to financial
                                        childbirth complications              78 countries
                                                                                                                    Supports 4.1 million children in           Helps train thousands of health           services
across more than 27 developing
                                                                                                                    receiving treatment for severe acute       workers, tested 220,000 samples
countries
                                        Supports 150,000 women in             Partners with 89 countries to         malnutrition                               and vaccinated 303,000 people as          Engages with 30 Governments to
Supports clean, affordable and          receiving legal aid                   reform discriminatory laws                                                       part of a 22-month-long response to       build multi-dimensional poverty
                                                                                                                    Supplies vaccines to 50% of                                                          indices to improve social inclusion
sustainable energy access for                                                                                                                                  an Ebola outbreak
                                        Advocates for and empowers                                                  the world’s children, helping to save
800,000 households headed by
                                        women in the economy, including       Peace and security                    3 million lives a year
women in 16 countries
                                        through 82 laws and policies                                                                                           Displacement
                                                                              Maintains more than
                                        adopted in 40 countries
Food security
                                                                              40 political missions and             Safe water and sanitation                  Registered 9 million refugees last
                                                                              peacekeeping operations, including                                               year in the United Nations Biometric
Provides food and assistance to                                               95,000 peacekeeping personnel         Facilitates access to safe drinking
                                                                                                                                                               Identity Management System in
                                                                                                                    water for 18.3 million people
87 million people in 83 countries                                                                                                                              69 countries
                                                                              Deploys special envoys and
                                                                                                                    Helps 15.5 million people gain             Assists over 81,000 stateless
Assists 25 million people with cash                                           representatives of the Secretary-
                                                                              General in 54 contexts in efforts     access to basic sanitation services        individuals in acquiring and/or
transfers in 62 countries,
empowering people to achieve                                                  to secure sustainable peace                                                      confirming their nationality
nutrition outcomes while boosting
                                                                              Assists some 60 countries                                                        Assists and protects
local markets                                                                                                                                                  82.5 million people fleeing war,
                                                                              with their elections
                                                                                                                                                               famine and persecution

24 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                        REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 25
The United Nations response                                                                                                            THE SECRETARY-GENERAL'S POLICY INITIATIVES

to COVID-19
                                                                                                                                            23 JULY                         30 JULY                                    25 AUGUST
                                                                                                                                            Impact of COVID-19 on the       Impact of COVID-19 on                      COVID-19 and
The COVID-19 pandemic has swiftly taken hundreds                  economic crisis, a humanitarian crisis, a security cri-                   Arab region                     South-East Asia                            transforming tourism
of thousands of lives, infected millions of people,               sis and a human rights crisis. The global response                        9 JULY                          28 JULY                                    4 AUGUST
upended economies and disrupted every aspect of                   requires reimagining the structures of societies and                                                      COVID-19 in an                             Education during COVID-19
modern life. It is more than a health crisis: it is an            how we cooperate for the common good.                                     the impact of COVID-19 on       urban world                                and beyond
                                                                                                                                            Latin America and the
                                                                                                                                            Caribbean

                                                                                                                                                            JULY                                                       AUGUST

                                                                                                                                           9 JUN                      25 JUNE                     8 MAY                    21 MAY
                                                                                                                                           Impact of COVID-19 on      United Nations              Appeal against           Verified campaign on trusted
                                                                                                                                           food security and          comprehensive               hate and xenophobia      factual COVID-19 information
                                                                                                                                           nutrition                  response to COVID-19
                                                                                                                                                                                                  6 MAY                    20 MAY
                                                                                                                                           3 JUN                      19 JUN                      A disability-inclusive   Impact of COVID-19
                                                                                                                                           COVID-19 and               The world of work           response to COVID-19     in Africa
                                                                                                                                           people on the move         and COVID-19
                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 MAY                    13 MAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Impact of COVID-19 on    COVID-19 and the need for
DEATHS
COUNT                                                                                                                                                                                             older persons            action on mental health

    10,000+

    1,000 — 10,000

    100 — 1000                                                                                                                                              JUNE                                                           MAY
    10 — 100

    1 — 10

    0
                                                                                                                                                                                          16 APR                 23 APR
    No Reported Data
                                                                                                                                                                                          Impact of COVID-19     COVID-19 and
    Not Applicable                                       The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not                                                      on children            human rights:
                                                         imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.                                                                                         We are all in this together
                                                                                                                                            31 MAR                                        9 APR
                                                                                                                                            Shared responsibility, global                 Impact of COVID-19     17 APR
                                                                                                                                            solidarity: responding to                     on women               Debt and COVID-19:
THREE-PILLAR RESPONSE                                                                                                                       socio-economic impacts                                               a global response in
                                                                                                                                                                                          5 APR                  solidarity
                                                                                                                                            23 MAR                                        Appeal against
We are pursuing a three-pillar response: first, a large-          recovery that builds back better – towards more equal,                    Appeal for global ceasefire                   gender-based
scale health response, including accelerating work                inclusive, resilient and sustainable societies, as well                                                                 violence
towards a vaccine, diagnostics and treatment for                  as an international system that can protect and deliver
everyone, everywhere; second, an effort to address                on critical global public goods.
                                                                                                                                           MARCH                                                               APRIL
the devastating socioeconomic, humanitarian and
human rights effects of the pandemic; and third, a

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             2020 27
JOINT OPERATIONAL RESPONSE STRATEGIES                                                                                                      We cannot afford to leave anyone behind in our                 United Nations system to the pandemic through the
                                                                                                                                           response and recovery. To support global leaders,              Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19.
FOR THE UNITED NATIONS FAMILY AND PARTNERS                                                                                                 I have issued policy briefs to guide the response
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Through the United Nations development system, we
                                                                                                                                           to those most in need. No one is safe until everyone
1 – HEALTH: COVID-19 STRATEGIC PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE PLAN                                                                                                                                             are assisting in five areas: essential health services;
                                                                                                                                           is safe.
Strategic objectives                                                   Partners                                                                                                                           social protection and basic services; protecting jobs
                                                                                                                                                                                                          and providing support to small and medium-sized
   1     Mobilize all sectors and communities
                                                                                      200+                                                 RESPONSE OF THE BROADER                                        enterprises and informal sector workers; financing;
                                                                                                                                                                                                          and social cohesion and resilience.
                                                                                      Governments, international and non-governmental      UNITED NATIONS FAMILY
   2    Control sporadic cases and clusters, and prevent
        community transmission                                                        organizations, research institutes and businesses
                                                                                                                                                                                                          The United Nations country teams have mobilized
                                                                                                                                           The entire United Nations system has mobilized behind          to support a coherent response to the pandemic,
   3    Suppress community transmission
                                                                       Funding requirements
                                                                                                                                           the World Health Organization-led health response to           collaborating with Governments, international finan-
                                                                                                                                           distribute medical supplies, train health workers, sup-        cial institutions and others in socioeconomic impact
   4    Reduce mortality
                                                                                      $1.74 billion                                        port testing and tracing, prevent the spread of the virus,     assessments and expeditious solutions in a “devel-
                                                                                      required; $1.44 billion received (83% funded)        disseminate information and support national plans.            opment emergency” mode.
   5    Develop safe and effective vaccines and therapeutics
                                                                                                                                           As Secretary-General, I convened world leaders to              The specialized agencies are supporting Governments
2 – HUMANITARIAN: GLOBAL HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN                                                                                        cooperate on a vaccine that is universally available and       and partners with guidance on public health measures,
Strategic objectives                                                   Partners                                                            affordable, as well as on financing and debt relief. On        aviation, shipping, tourism, technology, food supply
                                                                                                                                           23 March, I appealed for a global ceasefire, which has         and security, agriculture and other areas on which the
   1    Contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic and reduce
        morbidity and mortality                                                       110+                                                 been endorsed by close to 180 Member States, over 20           pandemic had an impact.
                                                                                      international and non-governmental organizations     armed movements and 800 civil society organizations.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          The peacekeeping missions have put in place mitiga-
                                                                                                                                           Our humanitarian agencies already support more than            tion measures to continue protecting vulnerable com-
   2    Decrease the deterioration of human assets, human rights,      Funding requirements
        social cohesion and livelihoods                                                                                                    100 million people around the world and are placing            munities while promoting the safety and health of our
                                                                                                                                           a high priority on continuing to provide life-saving           personnel and maintaining continuity of operations.
                                                                                      $10.31 billion                                       help while also supporting the response of the wider
   3    Protect, assist and advocate for refugees, internally
        displaced people, migrants and vulnerable communities
                                                                                      required; $2.475 billion received (24% funded)

3 – DEVELOPMENT: UNITED NATIONS SOCIOECONOMIC RESPONSE FRAMEWORK
Strategic objectives                                                   Partners

   1    Protect health services and health systems during the crisis
                                                                                      165+
                                                                                      national institutions in countries and territories
   2    Protect people: provide social protection and basic services                  with United Nations country teams

   3    Protect jobs, small and medium-sized enterprises, informal
        sector                                                         Funding requirements

   4    Facilitate macroeconomic response and multilateral
        collaboration
                                                                                      $1 billion
                                                                                      required; $58 million received (6% funded)
   5    Support social cohesion and community resilience

ATTENTION TO THE HARDEST-HIT                                           or refugee crises, and vulnerable groups, including
                                                                       women, children, older persons, lesbian, gay, bisexual,
COUNTRIES AND POPULATIONS
                                                                       transgender and intersex (LGBTI) individuals, those
                                                                       with disabilities, those with mental health considera-
Since the outset, I have advocated for special attention                                                                                      The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) trained young social workers and activists to educate
                                                                       tions and those who are on the move, among others.
to be given to those hardest hit by the pandemic. This                                                                                        communities on how to protect themselves from COVID-19 (Bor, South Sudan, 15 July 2020)
includes 63 countries already facing humanitarian

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UNITED NATIONS FAMILY SUPPORT ON THE GROUND
UN FAMILY SUPPORT ON THE GROUND                                                                         RECOVERING BETTER                                            members were required to shift abruptly to remote
                                                                                                                                                                     working arrangements.
                                                                                                        The COVID-19 pandemic has underscored fragilities,           Reforms implemented since January 2019 have also
             MEDICAL COORDINATION                                                                       which extend far beyond global health. Recovery will         allowed us to effectively meet the challenge of oper-
             MEDICAL COORDINATION                            MEDICAL SUPPLY CHAIN
             174 countries coordinating with                 MEDICAL SUPPLY CHAIN                       be an opportunity to address inequality, exclusion,
             134 countries coordinating with WHO             >452 million items of personal                                                                          ating during a pandemic. The changes brought about
             World Health Organization (WHO) on              >250 million items of personal             gaps in social protection systems, the climate crisis
             on strategic preparedness and                   protective equipment shipped or                                                                         by reform include a new, empowered and independent
             strategic preparedness and response             protective equipment shipped               and many other injustices that have been exposed.
             response to the COVID-19 pandemic               to be shipped                                                                                           system to coordinate sustainable development efforts,
             to the COVID-19 pandemic                                                                   Instead of going back to unsustainable approaches,           enhanced delegation of authority to senior managers
                                                                                                        we need to transition to renewable energy, sustaina-         to better respond to issues specific to their respective
                                                                                                        ble food systems, greater gender equality, stronger          mandates and locations, the shift to a more nimble
             MEDICAL COORDINATION                                                                       social safety nets, universal health coverage and an         supply chain management approach that facilitated
                                                             MEDICAL SUPPLY CHAIN                       international system that can deliver.
             123
             >108countries
                   countriessupported
                              supportedinin                                                                                                                          faster sourcing and delivery of necessary goods and
                                                             29
                                                             10 million diagnostic tests and
             formulating national health plans and                                                                                                                   services, clearer divisions of responsibility in the area
                                                             collective kits shipped
                                                                             procuredorand
                                                                                        to shipped,
             registering financial needs on WHO                                                                                                                      of human resources that enabled the rapid revision of
                                                             be shipped
                                                             with millions more in 6-week pipeline      CONTINUING OUR WORK
             Strategic Partnership Portal
             Partners Portal                                                                                                                                         policy and the uninterrupted delivery of operational
                                                                                                                                                                     support, and the consolidation of disparate medi-
                                                                                                        The United Nations has been able to continue deliv-
                                                                                                                                                                     cal and health-care capacities at Headquarters into
                                                                                                        ering with minimal interruption during the COVID-19
                                                                                                                                                                     a unified structure that was better able to coordi-
                                                             CRISIS RESPONSE                            pandemic as a result of strong business continuity
             MEDICAL SUPPORT                                                                                                                                         nate medical support and evacuation arrangements
                                                             110 Governments
                                                             >60 partners across andinternational       measures in place, including investments over the
             12,000  beds provided
             100 emergency          by WHO
                              medical  teamsGlobal                                                                                                                   for United Nations personnel. COVID 19 therefore
                                                             non-governmental
                                                             and non-governmental organizations
                                                                                       organizations    past few years on information and communications
             Emergency
             deployed toManagement     Team
                          support national   to
                                           partners                                                                                                                  served as an important validation of the principles
                                                             contributing fundsintohumanitarian
                                                             brought together       the global          technology platforms that have enabled uninterrupted
             bolster clinical-care
             with technical medicalcapacity
                                     advice                                                                                                                          of the reforms.
                                                             humanitarian
                                                             response planresponse plan                 productivity and collaboration for the Organization’s
                                                                                                        workforce, of which significant numbers of staff

                                                             CRISIS RESPONSE
             COMMUNITY SUPPORT
                                                             63 countries rapidly
                                                             64             rapidly targeted
                                                                                    targetedfor
                                                                                             for
             2.6 billion
             2.44 billionpeople
                          peoplereached
                                  reachedwith
                                          with
                                                             priority emergency
                                                                      emergency assistance
                                                                                  assistancewith
                                                                                              with
             messaging on
             messaging    on prevention
                             preventionand
                                        andaccess
                                             access
                                                             the help of the  INFORM   risk
                                                                       of the INFORM risk
             to health
                health services
                       services
                                                             framework forfor COVID-19
                                                                              COVID-19

                                                             CRISIS RESPONSE
             COMMUNITY SUPPORT
             COMMUNITY SUPPORT                               22,493
                                                             14      households
                                                                million householdsaffected by by
                                                                                     affected
             3 million learners n more than 90
             4.2 million learners in 119 specialized         COVID-19 receiving   humanitarian
                                                                        receiving humanitarian
             specialized OPENWHO COVID-19
             OpenWHO COVID-19 courses                        multi-sector cash
                                                             multi-sector  cash grants
                                                                                grantsfor
                                                                                       for basic
             courses
                                                             basic needs
                                                             needs

             COMMUNITY SUPPORT                               CRISIS RESPONSE
             1.9 million health and community
             2.1                                             36 million households benefiting
                                                             12                       benefiting from
             workers trained
                       trained in
                               in detection,
                                  detection,referral
                                             referral        from new or
                                                             additional   additional
                                                                        social        social provided
                                                                               assistance
             and appropriate
                 appropriate management
                                managementof  ofcases        assistance  provided
                                                             by governments    withbyUN
                                                                                      Governments
                                                                                        family
             cases
             on the on
                    ground
                        the ground                           with United Nations family support
                                                             support

                                                                                                           Doctors and nurses with the United Nations Population Fund COVID-19 response (Cariacuao, Venezuela, 5 May 2020)
     As of 31 August 2020

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K E Y PRO G R A M M E S

Staff outside the SDG Action Zone at                                                                    •   Support to global policymaking organs
United Nations Headquarters. The Zone is a                                                              •   International cooperation for development
new opportunity to reshape multilateral
                                                                                                        •   Regional cooperation for development
engagement during the General Assembly
high-level week (New York, 20 September 2019)

                                                                                                        I N DI CAT I V E R E S O U R C E S

                                                                                                            $1.6B
                                                                                                            $483M regular assessed and
                                                                                                            $1.1B voluntary contributions

                                                                                                        S E L EC T M A N DAT E S

                                                                                                        •   Political Declaration of the High-level Midterm
                                                                                                            Review on the Implementation of the Vienna
                                                                                                            Programme of Action, General Assembly
                                                                                                            resolution 74/15
                                                                                                        •   Political declaration of the high-level meeting to
                                                                                                            review progress made in addressing the priorities
                                                                                                            of small island developing States through
                                                                                                            the implementation of the SIDS Accelerated
                                                                                                            Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway, General
                                                                                                            Assembly resolution 74/3
                                                                                                        •   Follow-up to and implementation of the SIDS
                                                                                                            Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA)
                                                                                                            Pathway and the Mauritius Strategy,
                                                                                                            General Assembly resolution 74/217
                                                                                                        •   Repositioning of the United Nations
                                                                                                            development system in the context of the
                                                                                                            quadrennial comprehensive policy review,
                                                                                                            General Assembly resolution 72/279

Promotion
                                                                                                        •   Political declaration of the high-level political
                                                                                                            forum on sustainable development,
                                                                                                            General Assembly resolution 74/4

of Sustained                                                                                            •   Victoria Falls Declaration on the United Nations
                                                                                                            Decade of Action and Delivery for Sustainable
                                                                                                            Development in Africa, ECA/RFSD/2020/16

Economic Growth                                                                                         S E L EC T E N T IT I E S

and Sustainable                                                                                         •   Department of Economic and Social Affairs

Development                                                                                             •   United Nations Conference on Trade
                                                                                                            and Development (UNCTAD)
                                                                                                        •   Office of the High Representative for the LDCs,
                                                                                                            LLDCs and SIDS
                                                                                                        •   Regional Commissions
                                                                                                        •   UN-Habitat
32 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020   REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER• AL United
                                                                                                             ON THE Nations
                                                                                                                    WORK OF Environment
                                                                                                                            THE ORGANIZATION 2020 33(UNEP)
                                                                                                                                        Programme
ALIGNMENT WITH SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

                                                                                                                             CONTEXT

                                                                                                                             Now in its fifth year of implementation, work on the
                                                                                                                             2030 Agenda is accelerating, guided by the pledge of
                                                                                                                             leaving no one behind.

                                                                                                                             In 2019, Member States reaffirmed their shared
                                                                                                                             commitment to the 2030 Agenda, with leaders call-
                                                                                                                             ing for a decade of action to deliver the Sustainable
                                                                                                                             Development Goals by 2030. The COVID-19 pandemic
                                                                                                                             has underscored the importance of accelerating
                                                                                                                             progress in eradicating fundamental deprivations,
                                                                                                                             reducing inequalities and reversing course on climate
                                                                                                                             change and biodiversity loss, all central aspirations
                                                                                                                             in the Agenda.

                                                                                                                                Recovering better means
                                                                                                                             creating more sustainable
                                                                                                                             economies and resilient societies
                                                                                                                             to preserve our environment and
                                                                                                                             leave no one behind.
                                                                                                                             Liu Zhenmin, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and
                                                                                                                             Social Affairs

                                                                                                                                                                                          Billboards showcasing the Sustainable Development
Secretary-General António Guterres speaks at the opening of the United Nations Climate Action Summit, which aimed to boost                                                                Goals in Times Square, New York City, displayed in
ambition and accelerate action to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement (New York, 23 September 2019)                                                                                     advance of the General Assembly high-level week
                                                                                                                                                                                          (New York, 19 September 2019)

       34 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                       REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 35
KEY OBJECTIVES                                             Accelerated action for the 2030 Agenda depends on
                                                           high-quality, disaggregated data and statistics. The
The Organization provides solutions to foster interna-     Data for Now initiative is aimed at accelerating the
tional cooperation and partnerships in the follow-up       sustainable use of geospatial information, big data and
to transformative global agendas, including the 2030       other non traditional sources. Through the Global Land
Agenda, the Paris Agreement, the Sendai Framework          Indicators Initiative, for example, over 200 experts
for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, the Addis           have been trained on data collection and reporting.
Ababa Action Agenda and the Istanbul Programme of
Action for the Least Developed Countries for the dec-
ade 2011–2020. Regional support is spearheaded by
the regional commissions and regional offices of enti-
ties of the United Nations Sustainable Development
Group in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America         2019 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
and the Caribbean, Europe and Western Asia. On the           STOCKTAKING
ground across 162 countries and territories, the res-
ident coordinators help to join up the expertise of all
resident and non-resident entities in the United Nations                   >125
                                                                           senior government officials convened
development system in support of national efforts.
                                                                           in 2019 at the United Nations

                                                                           … with over
KEY OUTCOMES
                                                                           2,000                                        Participants at the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, held under the auspices of the
Stocktaking and acceleration of the                                        representatives across sectors…              General Assembly (New York, 24 September 2019)
Sustainable Development Goals
                                                                           … to examine SDG progress in

                                                                           47
Five years after their creation, the Sustainable
Development Goals represent the collective desire
to build a better world for people and the planet. The                     countries
United Nations plays a key role in supporting Member                       (+1 in 2018)…
State implementation. Since 2016, 168 countries have
developed plans for the Goals and presented voluntary                      and will complete reviewing
national reviews at the high-level political forum on                      progress in
sustainable development, demonstrating their com-
mitment to adapting policies and institutions.                             168
                                                                           countries by 2020
While there is progress on some of the 17 Sustainable
Development Goals, including for indicators on pov-                                                                    A reformed UN development                                        The regional dimension of
erty, hunger, youth employment, biodiversity, climate
                                                                                                                     system – built around a new                                     development goes beyond the sum
change and access to justice, the world is not on track
to achieve them by 2030. Consequently, global lead-                                                                  generation of UN resident                                       of actions at the national level;
ers gathered in September 2019 for the first United                                                                  coordinators, who lead UN teams in                              development issues require a
Nations summit on the 2030 Agenda since its adop-                                                                    the field – is essential for the UN to                          transboundary approach.
tion. As a result, Member States adopted a commit-
                                                                                                                     meet its responsibilities to support                            Alicia Bárcena, Executive Secretary, Economic
ment to accelerate implementation through a decade
of action. Since then, I have called for greater mobili-                                                             Member States achieve the SDGs.                                 Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

zation, ambition, financing and solutions, particularly                                                              Robert Piper, Assistant Secretary-General for
on poverty, climate and gender equality.                                                                             Development Coordination

36 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                        REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 37
THE 2030 AGENDA FOR
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
AN OVERVIEW

              NO POVERTY                                                      ZERO HUNGER                                                     GOOD HEALTH AND                                                  REDUCED INEQUALITIES                                          SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND                                                RESPONSIBLE
                                                                                                                                              WELL-BEING                                                                                                                     COMMUNITIES                                                           CONSUMPTION AND
              Proportion of population below                                                                                                                                                                   Labour share of GDP
                                                                              Prevalence of undernourishment                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       PRODUCTION
              the international poverty line, total                                                                                           Neonatal mortality rate                                                                                                        Proportion of urban population
                                                                                                                                              (deaths per 1,000 live births)                                                                                                 living in slums                                                       Material footprint per capita
  29%
 29%                                                              15%                                                                                                                               54%
                                                                                                                                                                                                   54%
                                                                 15%                                                              31
                                                                                                                                 31                                                                                                                                                                                                                (metric tons per person)
 29%                                                             15%                                                                                                                               54%                                                51%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     51%                                                                                                                            12.2
                                                                                                                                 31                                                                                                                                28%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  28%                                                                                                              12.2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     51%                                                                                                                           12.2
                                                                                                                      11%
                                                                                                                     11%                                                                                                                                          28%
                                                                                                                     11%                                                                 18                                                                                                                          24%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    24%
                                                                                                                                                                                        18
                                                                                                                                                                                        18                                                                                                                          24%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  8.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 8.8
                                                       8%
                                                      8%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         8.8
                                                      8%

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2015
As of 2019, roughly 8% of the world's                            After extended progress, the number of people                   The neonatal mortality rate has consistently                    The share of national income going to labour                   The number of people living in informal urban                   The global material footprint per capita has
population still lives in extreme poverty.                       suffering from hunger is on the rise.                           declined.                                                       has shown a downward trend.                                    settlements has declined steadily.                              increased.

              QUALITY EDUCATION                                              GENDER EQUALITY                                                  CLEAN WATER AND                                                  CLIMATE ACTION                                                LIFE BELOW WATER                                                      LIFE ON LAND
                                                                                                                                              SANITATION
              Primary school completion rate                                 Proportion of seats held by                                                                                                       Parties that have communicated                                Average proportion of marine                                     Forest area under an inde-
              (of relevant age group)                                        women in national parliaments                                    Proportion of population using                                   their first nationally determined                             Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)                                    pendently verified forest
                                                                                                                                              safely managed sanitation                                        contributions to the United Nations                           covered by protected areas                                       management certification
                                                      85%
                                                     85%
                                                                                                                                              services                                                                                                                                                               46%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    46%         41,580  km2 2 scheme
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 41,580km
                                                                                                                      25%                                                           45%
                                                                                                                                                                                   45%                                                                186
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     186                                                            46%
                                                     85%                                                             25%                                                                                                                                                                                                        41,580 km2
                                                                                                                     25%                                                           45%                                                               186
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   31%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  31%
  83%
 83%
                                                                    13%
                                                                   13%                                                             28%
                                                                                                                                  28%                                                                                                                             31%
 83%
                                                                   13%                                                            28%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       40,589km
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           40,589  km2 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           40,589 km2

                                                                                                                                                                                                  00
                                                                                                                                                                                                  0

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Universal and equitable access to primary                        Major progress made towards addressing                          More people have access to safely managed                       186 of the 189 Paris Agreement signatories                     Even more must be done to safeguard KBAs.                       More efforts are needed to conserve and
education is yet to be achieved.                                 underrepresentation of women in parliament.                     sanitation services today.                                      have communicated their first NDCs.                                                                                            restore forests around the world.

              AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN                                           DECENT WORK AND                                                  INDUSTRY, INNOVATION                                             PEACE, JUSTICE AND                                            PARTNERSHIP FOR
              ENERGY                                                         ECONOMIC GROWTH                                                  AND INFRASTRUCTURE                                               STRONG INSTITUTIONS                                           THE GOALS
              Proportion of population with                                  Global unemployment rate                                         Research and development                                         Proportion of countries with                                  Net ODA (proportion of                                       ACCELERATING PROGRESS
              access to electricity                                                                                                           expenditure as a proportion                                      human rights institutions in                                  Development Assistance
                                                                                                                                              of GDP                                                           compliance with the                                           Committee GNI)                                               Five years into implementation, the
                                                     88.9%
                                                    88.9%                                                                                                                          1.7%
                                                                                                                                                                                  1.7%                         Paris Principles                                   0.3%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.3%                                                0.3%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.3%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      40%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     40%                                                                                  Sustainable Development Goals are not on
                                                    88.9%                                                                                                                         1.7%                                                                           0.3%                                               0.3%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     40%                                                                                  track to being achieved by 2030, despite
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          progress in some areas. Furthermore, as a
                                                                    5.8%
                                                                   5.8%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   result of the COVID-19 pandemic, progress
                                                                   5.8%                                                5.4%
                                                                                                                      5.4%                                                                                                                                                                                                                has slowed – and in some cases, been
                                                                                                                      5.4%                                                                         16%                                                                                                                                    reversed – across the 17 Goals. This
  77.7%                                                                                                                                                                                           16%
 77.7%                                                                                                                                                                                            16%                                                                                                                                     makes the Decade of Action all the more
 77.7%                                                                                                                           1.5%
                                                                                                                                1.5%
                                                                                                                                1.5%                                                                                                                                                                                                      urgent, requiring the support of Member
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          States and other partners.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          For a detailed progress report on the
                                        2015

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                                                                                                                         2019

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   2000

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Sustainable Development Goals, visit
                                     2015

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The vast majority of the world's population                      Global unemployment has declined relative                       Research and development is increasingly                        Less than 50% of countries have human rights                   The 0.7% aid/GNI target for international aid has                         www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/
now has access to electricity.                                   to 2000.                                                        prioritized across the globe.                                   institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles.          yet to be collectively achieved.                                          progress-report
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Source: OECD

38 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020                                                                                                                                                                                           REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENER AL ON THE WORK OF THE ORGANIZATION 2020 39
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