Appendices Appendix A: Vignette

 
Appendices
Appendix A: Vignette

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2020
J. Mangold, Philanthropic Foundations in Higher Education,
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-27387-3
218                            Appendices

Appendix B: Survey (Example)
Appendices   219
220                                                                Appendices

Appendix C: Interviews
List of German Foundations Interviewed (Alphabetical)

I conducted expert interviews with one or more representatives of the following
organizations. In the continuous text, I refer to them without mentioning their
names in order to ensure anonymity of the interviewee.

 #       Foundation
 1       Alfred Toepfer Stiftung F.V.S.
 2       Baden-Württemberg Stiftung
 3       Carl-Zeiss-Stiftung
 4       Else Kröner-Fresenius-Stiftung
 5       Ernst-Abbe-Stiftung
 6       Gemeinnützige Hertie-Stiftung
 7       Haniel Stiftung
 8       Robert Bosch Stiftung GmbH
 9       Schering Stiftung
 10      SRH Holding / SRH Higher Education
 11      Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft
 12      Stiftung Mercator GmbH
 13      VolkswagenStiftung
 14      Wilhelm-Sander-Stiftung
 15      ZEIT-Stiftung Ebelin und Gerd Bucerius
Source: Author’s illustration

List of American Foundations Interviewed (Alphabetical)
 #       American Foundations
 1       Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
 2       Bernard Osher Foundation
 3       Carnegie Corporation of New York
 4       Ford Foundation
 5       Henry Luce Foundation
Appendices                                                        221

 6        Lumina Foundation
 7        The Ahmanson Foundation
 8        The Kresge Foundation
 9        The Ralph M. Parsons Foundation
 10       The Spencer Foundation
 11       The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
 12       W.M. Keck Foundation
Source: Author’s illustration

List of American Organizations Interviewed (Alphabetical)

 #        Organization
 1        American Council of Learned Societies
 2        American Friends of Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
 3        Columbia University
 4        Foundation Center by Candid
 5        George Mason University
 6        National Endowment for the Humanities
 7        National Science Foundation
 8        Princeton University
 9        Rockefeller Archive Center
 10       Stanford University
 11       University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
 12       UCLA Development Office
 13       University of Southern California
 14       University of Washington
 15       Urban Institute
Source: Author’s illustration
222                                                                    Appendices

Appendix D: Interview Questionnaire
Example for US Foundations

Foundation:
Interviewee (with position):
Appointment:
City:
Permission to record: O Yes                                                   O No

--

I. Introductory questions
     1. Generally speaking: What fascinates you most about working in a foun-
         dation?
     2. What is in your opinion special about working in this particular founda-
         tion?
     3. If you have worked in other areas before coming to a foundation: What
         is different about foundations? What do you see as the main difference
         between your previous work environment and the foundation work en-
         vironment?

II. Typical activities of the foundation in the field of higher education
”I am particularly interested in your foundation’s activities in the field of higher
education. I have looked through your homepage and publications to find out
what your foundation’s thematic focal points and projects are.”
     4. What do you consider to be your foundation’s typical focal points/topics
         in the field of higher education?
     5. What do you consider to be your foundation’s typical projects in the
         field of higher education?
     6. What do you consider to be your foundation’s greatest successes?
         Which projects went extraordinarily well?

III. Main part: Questions about foundations‘ role in higher education fund-
ing
     7. What distinguishes higher education funding by foundations compared
        with state and private sector funding? What kind of support can founda-
        tions offer compared with state and market actors? Even though it is not
        a foundation in the classical sense: What distinguishes foundations es-
Appendices                                                                   223

        pecially from the National Science Foundation? National Endowment
        for the Humanities?

   8.   Narrowing it down to higher education institutions: Which role do you
        think funding from foundations plays for higher education institutions?

   9.   I am sure that your foundation, like many other organizations, regularly
        concerns itself with its vision, goals, and strategy. I would like to ask
        you to describe the roles that your foundation currently fulfills as well
        as the roles your foundation would like to fulfill in the future.

   10. Our analysis has shown that higher education supporting foundations in
       Germany follow mostly performance-related and “elite philanthropic”
       motives. They support more frequently (than foundations with other
       purposes) talent, want to acknowledge achievements; want to foster in-
       novations as well as solutions to problems. To what extent would you
       say that this also applies to your American foundation? Are there addi-
       tional characteristics that should be mentioned?

   11. How would you describe the relationship in your foundation between
       funding research and funding teaching? (if applicable)

   12. Types of supported higher education institutions
       According to my data analysis of a database provided by the Foundation
       Center, foundations supporting higher education institutions tend to
       support the higher education institutions that are already better off. Why
       would foundations support schools that are already quite wealthy?

   13. Governance of supported higher education institutions
       The analysis of the Foundation Center database showed that privately
       governed, and not publicly governed, higher education institutions are
       the ones receiving the highest amounts of foundation support. How
       would you explain this? To what extent would you say that foundations
       have a different attitude towards public higher education institutions?

   14. While the top 20 higher education institutions receiving most founda-
       tion funding between 2000 and 2010 change positions, the names tend
       to be remarkably the same. How would you interpret this result?
224                                                                   Appendices

      15. If you consider your foundation’s collaboration with higher education
          institutions: Who is the actual innovative part? Foundations? Higher ed-
          ucation institutions/researchers? Both or none?

List
Within the framework of our research project we came up with a list of twenty of
the most relevant foundations in the field of higher education. Selection criteria
were annual expenditures, recommendations from our scientific council as well
as from experts in the field.

>>Here is a list
Appendices                                     225

Appendix E: Lists of 20 Relevant Foundations
Germany
226   Appendices

USA
References
Adloff, Frank (2004): Wozu sind Stiftungen gut? In Leviathan 32 (2), pp. 269–
285. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11578-004-0018-4, checked on 06/06/2019.
Adloff, Frank (2007): Germany. In Helmut K. Anheier, Siobhan Daly (Eds.):
The Politics of Foundations. A Comparative Analysis. New York: Routledge,
pp. 172–185, checked on 10/27/2017.
Adloff, Frank (2010): Philanthropisches Handeln. Eine historische Soziologie
des Stiftens in Deutschland und den USA. Frankfurt am Main: Campus-Verlag.
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (2017): About Us. Available online at
https://www.humboldt-foundation.de/web/about-us.html, checked on 4/28/2017.
Alfred Toeper Stiftung F.V.S. (2017a): Facts and Figures. Available online at
http://www.toepfer-stiftung.de/en/zahlen-und-fakten-2/, checked on 4/30/2017.
Alfred Toeper Stiftung F.V.S. (2017b): Foundation. Available online at
http://www.toepfer-stiftung.de/en/foundation/, checked on 4/30/2017.
Alfred Toeper Stiftung F.V.S. (2017c): Lehre. Available online at
http://www.toepfer-stiftung.de/lehre/, checked on 4/30/2017.
Allmendinger, Jutta (1989): Educational systems and labor market outcomes.
European Sociological Review (Vol. 5, No. 3).
https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.esr.a036524, checked on 06/06/2019.
Amable, Bruno (2003): The diversity of modern capitalism. Oxford, New York:
Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/019926113X.001.0001,
checked on 06/06/2019.
American Academy of Arts & Sciences (2013): The heart of the matter. The
Humanities and Social Sciences for a vibrant, competitive, and secure nation.
Cambridge, Massachusetts, checked on 2/24/2017.
American Academy of Arts & Sciences (2015): Public Research Universities.
Changes in State Funding. Available online at
https://www.amacad.org/multimedia/pdfs/publications/researchpapersmonograp
hs/PublicResearchUniv_ChangesInStateFunding.pdf, checked on 2/23/2017.
American Academy of Arts & Sciences (2016a): Public research universities.
Understanding the financial model. Available online at
https://www.amacad.org/multimedia/pdfs/publications/researchpapersmonograp
hs/PublicResearchUniv_FinancialModel.pdf, checked on 2/21/2017.

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2020
J. Mangold, Philanthropic Foundations in Higher Education,
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-27387-3
228                                                                 References

American Academy of Arts & Sciences (2016b): Recommitting to Lincoln's
Vision: An Educational Compact for the 21st Century. Available online at
https://www.amacad.org/multimedia/pdfs/publications/researchpapersmonograp
hs/PublicResearchUniv_Recommendations.pdf, checked on 2/23/2017.
American Council of Learned Societies (2017): Our Work. Available online at
http://www.acls.org/about/, checked on 2/28/2017.
American Council on Education (2014): Understanding College and University
Endowments. Available online at http://www.acenet.edu/news-
room/Documents/Understanding-Endowments-White-Paper.pdf, checked on
2/21/2017.
Anderson, Karen M. (2015): Social policy in the European Union. London: Pal-
grave (The European Union series). https://doi.org/10.1111/spol.12373, checked
on 06/06/2019.
Anheier, Helmut K. (2001): Foundations in Europe: A Comparative Perspective.
In Andreas Schlüter, Volker Then, Peter Walkenhorst (Eds.): Foundations in
Europe. London: Directory of Social Change, pp. 35–81.
Anheier, Helmut K. (2003): Das Stiftungswesen in Deutschland: Eine Bestands-
aufnahme in Zahlen. In Bertelsmann Stiftung (Ed.): Handbuch Stiftungen. Ziele -
Projekte - Management - rechtliche Gestaltung. 2nd ed. Wiesbaden: Gabler,
pp. 45–85. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-322-90317-4_3, checked on
06/06/2019.
Anheier, Helmut K. (2004): Civil society. Measurement, evaluation, policy.
London, Sterling, VA: Earthscan Publications.
Anheier, Helmut K. (2014): Nonprofit organizations. Theory, management, poli-
cy. 2nd ed. Oxon, New York: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315851044,
checked on 06/06/2019.
Anheier, Helmut K. (2018): Philanthropic Foundations in Cross-National Per-
spective: A Comparative Approach. In American Behavioral Scientist.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764218773453, checked on 6/6/2017.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Daly, Siobhan (2007a): Comparing foundation roles. In
Helmut K. Anheier, Siobhan Daly (Eds.): The Politics of Foundations. A Com-
parative Analysis. New York: Routledge, pp. 27–44.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Daly, Siobhan (2007b): Philanthropic foundations in mod-
ern society. In Helmut K. Anheier, Siobhan Daly (Eds.): The Politics of Founda-
tions. A Comparative Analysis. New York: Routledge, pp. 3–26.
References                                                                     229

Anheier, Helmut K.; Daly, Siobhan (Eds.) (2007c): The Politics of Foundations.
A Comparative Analysis. New York: Routledge.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Förster, Sarah; Mangold, Janina; Striebing, Clemens
(2017a): Stiftungen in Deutschland 1. Eine Verortung. Wiesbaden: Springer VS
Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-13369-6, checked on 06/01/2019.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Förster, Sarah; Mangold, Janina; Striebing, Clemens (Eds.)
(2017b): Stiftungen in Deutschland 2: Wirkungsfelder. Wiesbaden: Springer VS
Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-11751-1, checked on 06/01/2019.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Förster, Sarah; Mangold, Janina; Striebing, Clemens
(2018): Foundations in Germany. A Portrait. In American Behavioral Scientist.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764218773436, checked on 06/01/2019.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Hammack, David C. (Eds.) (2010): American foundations.
Roles and contributions. Washington, D.C: Brookings Institution Press.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Krlev, Gorgi (2014): Welfare Regimes, Policy Reforms,
and Hybridity (11). https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764214534669, checked on
11/27/2016.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Leat, Diana (2006): Creative philanthropy. Towards a new
philanthropy for the twenty-first century. London, New York: Routledge.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Leat, Diana (2011): Perspektiven für Förderstiftungen. In
Jürgen Kocka, Günter Stock (Eds.): Stiften, Schenken, Prägen. Zivilgesellschaft-
liche Wissenschaftsförderung im Wandel. 1st ed. Frankfurt am Main: Campus,
pp. 101–115.
Anheier, Helmut K.; List, Regina (2005): A dictionary of civil society, philan-
thropy, and the non-profit sector. 1st ed. London, New York: Routledge, checked
on 11/27/2016.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Romo, Frank P. (1999): Foundations in Germany and the
United States. A Comparative Analysis. In Helmut K. Anheier, Stefan Toepler
(Eds.): Private funds, public purpose. Philanthropic foundations in international
perspective. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers (Nonprofit and
civil society studies), pp. 79–118, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4893-5,
checked on 11/27/2016.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Seibel, Wolfgang (2001): The Nonprofit Sector in Germa-
ny: Between State, Economy, and Society. Manchester: Manchester University
Press, checked on 03/10/2019.
230                                                                    References

Anheier, Helmut K.; Striebing, Clemens (2017): Rolle und Positionierungen
von Stiftungen in Kunst und Kultur. In Helmut K. Anheier, Sarah Förster, Janina
Mangold, Clemens Striebing (Eds.): Stiftungen in Deutschland 2: Wirkungsfel-
der. Wiesbaden: Springer VS Verlag, pp. 313–369, checked on 7/18/2017.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-11751-1
Anheier, Helmut K.; Toepler, Stefan (1999): Philanthropic Foundations - An
International Perspective. In Helmut K. Anheier, Stefan Toepler (Eds.): Private
funds, public purpose. Philanthropic foundations in international perspective.
New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers (Nonprofit and civil society
studies), pp. 3–23, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4893-5, checked on
2/1/2015.
Anheier, Helmut K.; Toepler, Stefan (eds.) (2010). International Encyclopedia of
Civil Society, New York: Springer, checked on 04/16/2019
Baden-Württemberg Stiftung (2017a): Aufsichtsrat. Available online at
https://www.bwstiftung.de/die-stiftung/aufsichtsrat/, checked on 4/27/2017.
Baden-Württemberg Stiftung (2017b): Fakten und Zahlen. Available online at
https://www.bwstiftung.de/die-stiftung/fakten-zahlen/, checked on 4/27/2017.
Bastedo, Michael N. and Gumport Patricia J. (2003): Access to What? Mission
Differentiation and Academic Stratification in U. S. Public Higher Education. In
The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Plannin 46,
pp. 341–359. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025374011204, checked on 06/06/2019.
Battis, Ulrich (2003): Entlastung des Staates durch Outsourcing? In Christoph
Mecking, Martin Schulte (Eds.): Grenzen der Instrumentalisierung von Stiftun-
gen. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, pp. 45–56, checked on 4/26/2017.
Berkeley Law (2015): Degrees of Freedom: Expanding College Opportunities
for Currently and Formerly Incarcerated Californians. Available online at
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/files/DegreesofFreedom__Executive_Summary.p
df, updated on 3/21/2017.
Berlin Institute for Integration and Migration (2017): About. Available online at
http://www.bim.hu-berlin.de/en/about/, checked on 4/30/2017.
Bernard Osher Foundation (2017a): Biographies. Available online at
http://www.osherfoundation.org/index.php?board_bio, checked on 1/16/2017.
Bernard Osher Foundation (2017b): Osher Lifelong Learning Institutes. Availa-
ble online at http://www.osherfoundation.org/index.php?olli, checked on
3/20/2017.
References                                                                   231

Bernard Osher Foundation (2017c): Osher Reentry Scholarship. Available online
at http://www.osherfoundation.org/index.php?id=39,0,0,1,0,0, checked on
3/20/2017.
Bernard Osher Foundation (2017d). The Programs. Available online at
http://osherfoundation.org/index.php?programs, checked on 3/20/2017.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (2016): Foundation FAQ. Available online at
http://www.gatesfoundation.org/Who-We-Are/General-Information/Foundation-
FAQ, checked on 11/27/2016.
Bok, Derek Curtis (2013): Higher education in America. Princeton, N.J: Prince-
ton University Press.
Borgolte, Michael (2011): Stiftung und Wissenschaft: Historische Argumente für
eine Wahlverwandtschaft. In Jürgen Kocka, Günter Stock (Eds.): Stiften, Schen-
ken, Prägen. Zivilgesellschaftliche Wissenschaftsförderung im Wandel. 1st ed.
Frankfurt am Main: Campus, pp. 33–41, checked on 7/18/2017.
Borgolte, Michael (ed.) (2014): Enzyklopädie des Stiftungswesens in mittelalter-
lichen Gesellschaften. Das soziale System Stiftung : mit einem Beitrag von Vol-
ker Olles über religiöse Stiftungen in China. With assistance of Zachary Chit-
wood, Emese Kozma, Tillmann Sánchez Ignacio Lohse, Annette Schmiedchen.
Berlin: De Gruyter.
Borgwardt, Angela (2015): Investitionen der Wirtschaft in Hochschulbildung -
wer profitiert? 1st ed. Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Abt. Studienförderung
(Schriftenreihe Hochschulpolitik, 11).
Breeze, Beth; Gouwenberg, Barbara; Schuyt, Theo; Wilkinson, Iain (2011):
What Role for Public policy in Promoting Philanthropy? Public Management
Review (Issue 8). https://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2011.619069 , checked on
06/06/2019.
Bryman, Alan (2016): Social Research Methods. 5th edition. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
Bucerius Law School (2017a): Mission. Available online at http://www.law-
school.de/about-bucerius/mission/, checked on 4/25/2017.
Bucerius Law School (2017b): Zahlen und Fakten. Available online at
http://www.law-school.de/deutsch/die-hochschule/zahlen-und-fakten/#c773,
checked on 4/25/2017.
232                                                                  References

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (2012): Bundesbericht For-
schung und Innovation 2012. Bonn und Berlin. Available online at
http://www.bmbf.de/pub/bufi_2012.pdf, checked on 11/27/2016.
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (2016a): Bekanntmachung.
Available online at https://www.bmbf.de/foerderungen/bekanntmachung-
1200.html, checked on 11/26/2017.
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (2018): Bundesbericht For-
schung und Innovation 2018. Available online at https://www.bundesbericht-
forschung-innovation.de/files/Publikation-
bufi%202018%20Short%20version.pdf, checked on 03/10/2019.
Bundesverband Deutscher Stiftungen (Ed.) (2014): Zahlen, Daten, Fakten zum
deutschen Stiftungswesen. Berlin: Bundesverband Deutscher Stiftungen.
Bundesverband Deutscher Stiftungen (6/24/2014): Stiftungen fordern: Mehr
Geld für Grundfinanzierung der Hochschulen. Berlin. Available online at
https://www.stiftungen.org/presse/pressemitteilungen/pressemitteilung/presse/42
60.html, checked on 1/16/2018.
Bundesverband Deutscher Stiftungen; Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach, B.
D.O. (2013): Stiftungen im Spiegel der öffentlichen Meinung. Ergebnisse einer
repräsentativen Bevölkerungsumfrage. Available online at
http://www.stiftungen.org/uploads/tx_leonhardtdyncontent/downloads/Stiftunge
n_im_Spiegel_der_oeffentlichen_Meinung_2013_opt.pdf.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2016): Volunteering in the United States 2015.
Available online at http://www.bls.gov/news.release/volun.nr0.htm, checked on
3/5/2018.
Busemeyer, Marius R. (2006): Die Bildungsausgaben der USA im internationa-
len Vergleich. Politische Geschichte, Debatten und Erklärungsansätze. Wiesba-
den: DUV, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-8350-9155-9, checked on 9/15/2017.
Busemeyer, Marius R. (2017): Education and the Welfare State: A Short Com-
ment on a Complex Relationship. In PS: Political Science and Politics, pp. 426–
427. Available online at https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/ps-political-
science-and-politics/article/education-and-the-welfare-state-a-short-comment-on-
a-complex-relationship/AB71B4A8E389933C4E6C95C8BC88765C, checked on
6/13/2017.
Busemeyer, Marius R.; Martens, Kerstin; Nikolai, Rita (2013): Kapitel 12: Prä-
ventive Sozialpolitik: Investitionen in Humankapitel. In Marius R. Busemeyer,
References                                                                      233

Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Stephan Leibfried, Nicole Mayer-Ahuja, Herbert Obinger,
Brigit Pfau-Effinger (Eds.): Wohlfahrtspolitik im 21. Jahrhundert. Neue Wege
der Forschung. Frankfurt/Main, New York: Campus Verlag.
Busemeyer, Marius R.; Trampusch, Christine (2011): Review Article: Compara-
tive Political Science and the Study of Education. In Brit. J. Polit. Sci. 41 (02),
pp. 413–443. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007123410000517, checked on
06/06/2019.
Campbell, Thomas P. (2017): Why Art Matters to America. In New York Times,
2/22/2017, pp. A23, checked on 2/25/2017.
College Access Foundation: Home. Available online at
http://www.accesscollege.org/, checked on 9/18/2017.
Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project: Data and Methodology. Available online
at http://ccss.jhu.edu/wp-
content/uploads/downloads/2011/09/CNP_Methodology.pdf, checked on
11/28/2016.
Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project (2016): CNP. Available online at
http://ccss.jhu.edu/research-projects/comparative-nonprofit-sector-project/,
checked on 11/28/2016.
Congressional Budget Office (2017): Budget. Available online at
https://www.cbo.gov/topics/budget, checked on 2/25/2017.
Cooper, Michael; Paulson, Michael; Bowley, Graham; Pogrebin, Robin; Kenne-
dy, Randy (2017): Drafting Battle Plans as Funding Cuts Loom. In New York
Times, 2/20/2017, pp. C1-C6, checked on 2/25/2017.
Council for Aid to Education (2/7/2017): Colleges and Universities Raise $41
Billion in 2016. Personal Giving Declines as Support from Organizations Rises.
New York. Available online at http://cae.org/images/uploads/pdf/VSE-2016-
Press-Release.pdf, checked on 2/21/2017.
Crain's (2013): Darren Walker gets back to his roots in a new post. Available
online at
http://www.crainsnewyork.com/article/20131020/NONPROFITS/310209986/dar
ren-walker-gets-back-to-his-roots-in-a-new-pos, checked on 2/14/2017.
Der Spiegel (2013): Kritik an Uni-Finanzen: Mehr Geld allein hilft nicht,
7/4/2013. Available online at
http://www.spiegel.de/lebenundlernen/uni/universitaeten-immer-schlechter-von-
bund-und-laendern-finanziert-a-909507.html, checked on 7/7/2017.
234                                                                  References

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (2014): Daten zur Entwicklung des Pro-
gramms Sonderforschungsbereiche (2014). Available online at
http://www.dfg.de/download/pdf/foerderung/programme/sfb/bericht_daten_entw
icklung_sfb_2014.pdf, checked on 1/24/2018.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (2016): Profile and Mission. Available online
at
http://www.dfg.de/download/pdf/dfg_im_profil/geschaeftsstelle/publikationen/fl
yer_zahlen_fakten_de.pdf, checked on 1/7/2018.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (2018): Collaborative Research Centres.
Available online at
http://www.dfg.de/en/research_funding/programmes/coordinated_programmes/c
ollaborative_research_centres/index.html, checked on 1/25/2018.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (2019a). Mission statement. Available online
at https://www.dfg.de/en/dfg_profile/mission/index.html, checked on
05/14/2019.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (2019b). Fachkollegienwahl 2019. Available
online at
https://www.dfg.de/foerderung/info_wissenschaft/2019/info_wissenschaft_19_0
8/index.html, checked on 04/22/2019.
Deutschlandfunk Kultur (2014): Exzellenzinitiative. Ausweitung auf Lehre ist
"problematisch". Available online at
http://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/exzellenzinitiative-ausweitung-auf-lehre-
ist-problematisch.1008.de.html?dram:article_id=301784, checked on 1/7/2018.
EBS Universität (2017): About Us. Available online at
https://www.ebs.edu/en/about-ebs, checked on 4/25/2017.
Esping-Andersen, Gøsta (1990): The three worlds of welfare capitalism. Prince-
ton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
Excellence Initiative (2014): Excellence Initiative. Available online at
http://www.excellence-initiative.com/excellence-initiative, updated on 8/4/2014,
checked on 8/4/2014.
Federal Reserve Bank of New York (2017a): Consumer Credit Panel / Equifax.
Available online at
https://www.newyorkfed.org/medialibrary/interactives/householdcredit/data/xls/s
l_update_2016.xlsx, checked on 2/20/2017.
References                                                                     235

Federal Reserve Bank of New York (2017b): Quartely Report on Household
Debt and Credit. Available online at
https://www.newyorkfed.org/medialibrary/interactives/householdcredit/data/pdf/
HHDC_2016Q4.pdf, checked on 2/20/2017.
Ferris, James M. (2015): Is this a new golden age of philanthropy? Available
online at http://www.pgdc.com/sites/all/files/cms/938685/attachments/new-
golden-age-of-philanthropy.pdf, checked on 8/5/2015.
Fleishman, Joel L. (2001): Public Policy and Philanthropic Purpose - Foundation
Ownership and Control of Corporations in Germany and the United States. In
Andreas Schlüter, Volker Then, Peter Walkenhorst (Eds.): Foundations in Eu-
rope. London: Directory of Social Change, pp. 372–408, checked on 5/2/2017.
Ford Foundation (2017a): Challenging Inequality. Available online at
https://www.fordfoundation.org/work/challenging-inequality/, checked on
2/14/2017.
Ford Foundation (2017b): Our Origins. Available online at
https://www.fordfoundation.org/about-us/our-origins/, checked on 2/14/2017.
Ford Foundation (2017c): Regional Offices. Available online at
https://www.fordfoundation.org/about-us/#regional-offices, checked on
2/14/2017.
Förster, Sarah (2017): Rolle und Positionierung deutscher Sozialstiftungen. In
Helmut K. Anheier, Sarah Förster, Janina Mangold, Clemens Striebing (Eds.):
Stiftungen in Deutschland 2: Wirkungsfelder. Wiesbaden: Springer VS Verlag,
pp. 219–312, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-11751-1, checked on 7/18/2017.
Foundation Center by Candid (2014a): Key facts on foundations 2014. Available
online at
http://foundationcenter.org/gainknowledge/research/keyfacts2014/foundation-
focus.html, checked on 11/27/2016.
Foundation Center by Candid (2014b): Authorization Memo to Janina Mangold,
9/25/2014.
Foundation Center by Candid (2015): Key Facts on U.S. Foundations. Available
online at
http://foundationcenter.org/gainknowledge/research/keyfacts2014/pdfs/Key_Fact
s_on_US_Foundations_2014.pdf, checked on 11/27/2016.
236                                                                    References

Foundation Center by Candid (2016a): Foundation Stats 2014. Available online
at http://data.foundationcenter.org/?_ga=1.182722661.2101538079.1471394248,
checked on 11/27/2016.
Foundation Center by Candid (2016b): Mission, Vision, Values,
http://foundationcenter.org/about-us/mission-vision-values, checked on
11/27/2016.
Foundation Center by Candid (2016c): Philanthropy Classification System,
https://taxonomy.foundationcenter.org/, checked on 11/27/2016.
Foundation Center by Candid (2017a): Foundation Stats. Available online at
http://data.foundationcenter.org/#/foundations/operating/nationwide/total/list/201
4, checked on 1/26/2017.
Foundation Center by Candid (2017b): Knowledge Base. What is a foundation?
Available online at http://grantspace.org/tools/knowledge-base/Funding-
Resources/Foundations/what-is-a-foundation, checked on 1/27/2017.
Foundation Center by Candid (2017c): Visualization of term education. Availa-
ble online at
http://taxonomy.foundationcenter.org/#/196621952574451930210073, checked
on 1/18/2017.
Foundation Center by Candid (2017d): Visualization of term higher education.
Available online at
http://taxonomy.foundationcenter.org/#/190293718768719275153361, checked
on 1/18/2017.
Foundation Directory Online (2017): The Wal-Mart Foundation Inc. Available
online at https://fconline.foundationcenter.org/grantmaker-
profile/?key=WALM001, checked on 1/27/2017.
Fritsche, Angelika (2013): Private Stiftungen als Partner der Wissenschaft. Ein
Ratgeber für die Praxis. Berlin: Bundesverband Deutscher Stiftungen.
Fritz Thyssen Stiftung (2017a): Figures, data and facts. Available online at
http://www.fritz-thyssen-stiftung.de/about-us/foundation/figures-data-and-
facts/?L=1, checked on 4/28/2017.
Fritz Thyssen Stiftung (2017b): History. Available online at http://www.fritz-
thyssen-stiftung.de/about-us/foundation/history/?L=1, checked on 4/28/2017.
References                                                                  237

Frumkin, Peter; Kaplan, Gabriel (2010): Foundations and Higher Education. In
Helmut K. Anheier, David C. Hammack (Eds.): American foundations. Roles
and contributions. Washington, D.C: Brookings Institution Press, pp. 98–119.
Gauck, Joachim (2014): Bundespräsident Joachim Gauck bei der Konferenz
„Zeit der Bürger“ anlässlich des 50. Jubiläums der Robert Bosch Stiftung am 16.
Oktober 2014 in Berlin. Available online at http://www.bosch-stif-
tung.de/content/language1/downloads/Rede_des_Bundespraesidenten_20141016
.pdf, checked on 11/27/2016.
Geiger, Roger L. (2007): The Publicness of Private Higher Education: Examples
from the United States. In Jürgen Enders, B. W. A. Jongbloed (Eds.): Public-
private dynamics in higher education. Expectations, developments and outcomes.
Bielefeld [Germany], Piscataway, NJ: Transcript; Distributed by Transaction
Publishers (Science studies), pp. 139–156.
Gemeinnützige Hertie-Stiftung (2017a): About Us. Available online at
http://www.ghst.de/en/about-us/, checked on 4/30/2017.
Gemeinnützige Hertie-Stiftung (2017b): Annual Report 2016. Available online
at http://www.ghst.de/fileadmin/jahresbericht2016/de/finanzen, checked on
4/30/2017.
Gemeinnützige Hertie-Stiftung (2017c): Facts. Available online at
https://www.hertie-school.org/en/who-we-are/facts/, checked on 4/30/2017.
Gemeinnützige Hertie-Stiftung (2017d): Hertie Institute for Clinical
Brain Research. Available online at http://www.ghst.de/en/neurosciences/hertie-
institute-for-clinical-brain-research/, checked on 4/30/2017.
Gerda Henkel Stiftung (2017): General Research Grants. Available online at
https://www.gerda-henkel-stiftung.de/research_grants, checked on 10/25/2017.
German Science Council (2017): About us. Available online at
https://www.wissenschaftsrat.de/en/about.html, checked on 7/6/2017.
German U15 (2013): Stellungnahme zur Universitätsfinanzierung. Available
online at https://www.german-
u15.de/aktivitaeten/publikationen/statements/Ressourcen/Statement_Hochschulfi
nanzierung_02_2013_final1.pdf, checked on 1/27/2018.
Gerring, John (2012): Social Science Methodology. A Unified Framework. 3rd
print. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Strategies for Social Inquiry).
https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139022224, checked on 06/06/2019.
238                                                                   References

Given, Lisa M. (ed.) (2008): The Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research
methods. Los Angeles, London: SAGE.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412963909, checked on 06/06/2019.
Graf, Lukas (2009): Applying the Varieties of Capitalism Approach to Higher
Education: Comparing the internationalisation of German and British universi-
ties. In European Journal of Education (44, Part II (4)), pp. 569–585, checked on
11/27/2016. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3435.2009.01401.x, checked on
06/06/2019.
Graf, Lukas (2013): The hybridization of vocational training and higher educa-
tion in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Opladen, Berlin & Toronto: Budrich
UniPress, checked on 11/27/2016. https://doi.org/10.3224/86388043, checked on
06/06/2019.
Gumport, Patricia J.; Snydman, Stuart K. (2006): Higher Education: Evolving
Forms and Emerging Markets. In Walter W. Powell, Richard Steinberg (Eds.):
The nonprofit sector. A research handbook. 2nd ed. New Haven: Yale University
Press, pp. 462–484.
Hall, Peter A.; Gingerich, Daniel W. (2004): Varieties of Capitalism and Institu-
tional Complementarities in the Macroeconomy. An Empirical Analysis. Max-
Planck-Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung Köln. Köln (MPIfG Discussion Paper,
04 / 5). Available online at http://www.mpi-fg-koeln.mpg.de/pu/mpifg_dp/dp04-
5.pdf, checked on 11/27/2016.
Hall, Peter A.; Soskice, David W. (2001): Varieties of capitalism. The institu-
tional foundations of comparative advantage. Oxford [etc.]: Oxford University
Press. Available online at http://digamo.free.fr/hallsosk.pdf. checked on
11/27/2016.
Hammack, David C.; Smith, Steven Rathgeb (2018): U.S. Foundations: Dimen-
sions For International Comparison. In American Behavioral Scientist.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764218775159, checked on 06/06/2019.
Hancké, Bob; Rhodes, Martin; Thatcher, Mark (2007): Introduction: Beyond
Varieties of Capitalism. In Bob Hancké, Martin Rhodes, Mark Thatcher (Eds.):
Beyond varieties of capitalism. Conflict, contradiction, and complementarities in
the European economy. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 3–38.
https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206483.001.0001, checked on
06/06/2019.
References                                                                    239

Haniel Foundation (2017a): Foundation in Figures. Available online at
https://www.haniel-stiftung.de/en/about-us/acting-conscientiously, checked on
4/27/2017.
Haniel Foundation (2017b): Founding Company. Available online at
https://www.haniel-stiftung.de/en/about-us/farsighted-action, checked on
4/28/2017.
Haniel Foundation (2017c): Promoting Future Generations. Available online at
https://www.haniel-stiftung.de/en/promoting-future-generations, checked on
4/28/2017.
Haniel Foundation (2017d): The Way We Work. Available online at
https://www.haniel-stiftung.de/en/about-us/offering-people-prospects-
promoting-ideas, checked on 4/28/2017.
Haniel Foundation (2017e): Board of Trustees. Available online at:
https://www.haniel-stiftung.de/en/about-us/decision-makers-with-good-
judgement, checked on 4/28/2017.
Hansen, Janet S. (2008): The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in Financ-
ing Public Schools. In Helen F. Ladd, Edward B. Fiske (Eds.): Handbook of
research in education finance and policy. New York: Routledge, pp. 314–331,
https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203961063, checked on 10/21/2015.
Harvard University (2018): Message from the CEO. Available online at
https://www.harvard.edu/sites/default/files/content/hmc_message_final_harvard_
university_financial_report_2018.pdf, checked on 04/16/2019.
Harvard University (2019): Endowment. Available online at:
https://www.harvard.edu/about-harvard/harvard-glance/endowment, checked on
04/16/2019.
Hega, Gunther M.; Hokenmaier, Karl G. (2002): The welfare state and educa-
tion: A comparsion of social educational policy in advanced industrical societies.
In Politikfeldanalyse / German Policy Studies (Vol. 2, No. 1), pp. 1–29, checked
on 3/13/2017.
Helmsley Charitable Trust (2017): Education. Available online at
http://helmsleytrust.org/programs/education-human-services-education, checked
on 3/22/2017.
Henry Luce Foundation (2015): Henry Luce Foundation Financial Statements.
Available online at
240                                                                   References

http://www.hluce.org/files/documents/luceaudit2015signed.pdf, checked on
3/13/2017.
Hergert, Stefani (2016): SRH übernimmt die EBS Universität. In Wirtschafts-
woche 2016, 7/28/2016. Available online at
http://www.wiwo.de/unternehmen/dienstleister/neuer-eigentuemer-srh-
uebernimmt-die-ebs-universitaet/13938104.html, checked on 4/25/2017.
Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research (2017): Organisation. Available
online at https://www.hih-tuebingen.de/de/ueber-uns/organisation-struktur/,
checked on 4/30/2017.
Hinze, Sybille (2009): Forschungsförderung in Deutschland. In Stefan Hornbos-
tel, Andreas Knie, Dagmar Simon (Eds.): Handbuch Wissenschaftspolitik. 1st ed.
Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, pp. 162–175.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-531-91993-5, checked on 06/06/2019.
Hirsch, Anja; Neujeffski, Moritz; Plehwe, Dieter (2016): Unternehmensnahe
Stiftungen im Spannungsfeld zwischen Gemeinwohl und Partikularinteressen.
Eine Exploration im Bereich Wissenschaft. Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für
Sozialforschung. Available online at
https://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf_umleitung/i16-201r.html, checked on 4/27/2017.
Hof, Hagen; Hartmann, Maren; Richter, Andreas (2010): Stiftungen. Errichtung,
Gestaltung, Geschäftstätigkeit. 2. Auflage. München: Dt. Taschenbuch-Verl.
(Dtv, 5621).
Hölscher, Michael (2016): Spielarten des akademischen Kapitalismus. Hoch-
schulsysteme im internationalen Vergleich. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-10962-2, checked on 06/06/2019.
Institute of International Education (2017): Who We Are. Available online at
http://www.iie.org/Who-We-Are/Mission-and-Values#.WJaImjjz9Zo, checked
on 2/5/2017.
Inter-American Foundation (2017): Home. Available online at
http://www.iaf.gov/, checked on 2/5/2017.
Internal Revenue Service (2017a): Donor-advised fund. Available online at
https://www.irs.gov/charities-non-profits/charitable-organizations/donor-
advised-funds, checked on 6/5/2017.
Internal Revenue Service (2017b): Private Foundations. Available online at
https://www.irs.gov/Charities-&-Non-Profits/Charitable-Organizations/Private-
Foundations, checked on 1/27/2017.
References                                                                    241

Internal Revenue Service (2017c): Private operating foundations. Available
online at https://www.irs.gov/charities-non-profits/private-foundations/private-
operating-foundations, checked on 1/27/2017.
Internal Revenue Service (2017d): Section 2. Private Foundations Defined – IRC
509(a)(1) Exlcusions (Other Than IRC 170(b)(1)(A)(vi)) and IRC 509(a)(4)
Exclusion. Available online at https://www.irs.gov/publications/p557/ch03.html,
checked on 1/28/2017.
Jackson, Gregory; Deeg, Richard (2006): How Many Varieties of Capitalism?
Comparing the Comparative Institutional Analyses of Capitalist Diversity. Max-
Planck-Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung Köln. Köln (MPIfG Discussion Paper,
06/2). Available online at http://www.mpifg.de/pu/mpifg_dp/dp06-2.pdf,
checked on 11/27/2016.
Jacob, Marita; Weiss, Felix (2010): From higher education to work patterns of
labor market entry in Germany and the US. In Higher Education (Vol. 60 No. 5),
pp. 529–542, checked on 11/22/2016.
Joachim Herz Stiftung (2017a): Facts and Figures. Available online at
https://www.joachim-herz-stiftung.de/en/who-we-are/facts-and-figures/, checked
on 4/30/2017.
Joachim Herz Stiftung (2017b): Founder. Available online at
https://www.joachim-herz-stiftung.de/en/who-we-are/joachim-herz/, checked on
4/30/2017.
Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main (2017): Stiftungsuni-
versität. Available online at http://www.stiftungsuni.uni-
frankfurt.de/38072349/stiftungsuniversitaet?legacy_request=1, checked on
4/28/2017.
Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies (2012): Holding the Fort: Non-
profit Employment during a Decade of Turmoil. With assistance of Lester M.
Salamon, C. Wojciech Sokołowski, Stephanie Geller. Johns Hopkins Center for
Civil Society Studies. Available online at http://ccss.jhu.edu/wp-
content/uploads/downloads/2012/01/NED_National_2012.pdf, checked on
11/27/2016.
Joint Science Conference (2017): About Us. Available online at
http://www.gwk-bonn.de/index.php?id=126, checked on 7/6/2017.
Junck, Sibylle (2007): Short study Unternehmensnahe Stiftungen. Ed. Bundes-
verband Deutscher Stiftungen, Berlin, checked on 5/2/2017.
242                                                                    References

Katz, Stanley (2012): Beware Big Donors. In The Chronicle of Higher Education
2012, 3/25/2012. Available online at http://chronicle.com/article/Big-
Philanthropys-Role-in/131275/, checked on 2/19/2017.
Keck Observatory (2017): W.M. Keck Observatory. Available online at
http://www.keckobservatory.org/, checked on 3/20/2017.
Knie, Andreas; Simon, Dagmar (2009): Stabilität und Wandel des deutschen
Wissenschaftssystems. In Stefan Hornbostel, Andreas Knie, Dagmar Simon
(Eds.): Handbuch Wissenschaftspolitik. 1st ed. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozi-
alwissenschaften, pp. 26–38. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-531-91993-5, che-
cked on 06/06/2019.
Kohl, Jürgen (1999). Wohlfahrtsstaatliceh Regimetypen im Vergleich. In: Wolf-
gang Glatzer et al. (eds) Deutschland im Wandel. Gegenwartskunde — Sonder-
heft, vol 11. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden,
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-322-99707-4_21, checked on 06/06/2019.
Kresge Foundation (2016): Annual Report 2015. Available online at
http://kresge.org/sites/default/files/library/kresge-foundation-2015-annual-report-
full_-_for_download.pdf, checked on 2/15/2017.
Kresge Foundation (2017a): Education. Available online at
http://kresge.org/programs/education, checked on 2/15/2017.
Kresge Foundation (2017b): Who We Are. Available online at
http://kresge.org/who-we-are, checked on 2/15/2017.
Krull, Wilhelm; Tepperwien, Antje (2015): Neue Herausforderungen für die
öffentliche und private Forschungsförderung. In Dagmar Simon, Andreas Knie,
Stefan Hornbostel, Karin Zimmermann (Eds.): Handbuch Wissenschaftspolitik.
Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien (Springer NachschlageWissen), pp. 447–463.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-05455-7, checked on 06/06/2019.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (2017): About the Lab. Available online
at http://www.lbl.gov/about/, checked on 3/16/2017.
Lehrehochn (2017): About Us. Available online at http://lehrehochn.de/ueber-
uns/#start, checked on 4/30/2017.
Leuze, Kathrin (2007): What Makes for a Good Start? Occupation-specific
Higher Education and Graduate Career Mobility. In International Journal of
Sociology (37/2), pp. 29–53, checked on 11/27/2016.
References                                                                     243

Leuze, Kathrin (2010): Smooth path or long and winding road? How institutions
shape the transition from higher education to work. Opladen [u.a.]: Budrich Uni-
Press Ltd, checked on 11/27/2016.
Mangold, Janina (2017a): Rolle und Positionierung deutscher Wissenschaftsstif-
tungen. In Helmut K. Anheier, Sarah Förster, Janina Mangold, Clemens Strie-
bing (Eds.): Stiftungen in Deutschland 2: Wirkungsfelder. Wiesbaden: Springer
VS Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-11751-1, checked on 06/06/2019
Mangold, Janina (2017b): Strategische Philanthropie. In Helmut K. Anheier,
Sarah Förster, Janina Mangold, Clemens Striebing (Eds.): Stiftungen in Deutsch-
land 3: Portraits und Themen. Wiesbaden: Springer VS Verlag, pp. 93–108.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-13384-9, checked on 06/06/2019
Mangold, Janina (2018): Foundations in Germany: Higher Education. In Ameri-
can Behavioral Scientist. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764218777283, checked
on 06/06/2019.
Marquardt, Wolfgang (2011): Neue Entwicklungen der Hochschulfinanzierung
in Deutschland. Bericht des Vorsitzenden zu aktuellen Tendenzen
im Wissenschaftssystem. Edited by Wissenschaftsrat. Available online at
https://www.wissenschaftsrat.de/download/archiv/VS_Bericht_Juli_2011.pdf,
checked on 1/27/2018.
Max Weber Stiftung (2017): About Us. Available online at
http://www.maxweberstiftung.de/en/ueber-uns.html, checked on 4/28/2017.
Mayring, Philipp (2002): Einführung in die qualitative Sozialforschung. Eine
Anleitung zu qualitativem Denken. 5th ed. Weinheim and Basel: Beltz Verlag
(Beltz Studium).
Mayring, Philipp (2010): Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse. Grundlagen und Techniken.
11., aktualisierte und überarbeitete Auflage. Weinheim, Bergstr: Beltz, J (Beltz
Pädagogik).
McKeever, Brice S. (2016): The Nonprofit Almanac: The Essential Facts and
Figures for Managers, Researchers, and Volunteers (9). With assistance of Brice
S. McKeever, Nathan Dietz, Saunji D. Fyffe. 0009th ed.: Rowman & Littlefield
Publishers (Urban Institute Press), checked on 11/27/2016.
Mercator Research Institute on the Global Commons and Climate Change
(2017): Founders. Available online at http://www.mcc-
berlin.net/en/about/founders.html, checked on 4/30/2017.
244                                                                     References

Metro Group (2017): Company. Available online at
https://www.metrogroup.de/en/company, checked on 4/26/2017.
Mosher, James S. (2015): Education state, welfare capitalism regimes, and poli-
tics. In Comp Eur Polit 13 (2), pp. 240–262. https://doi.org/10.1057/cep.2013.19,
checked on 06/06/2019.
National Center for Charitable Statistics (2016): National Taxonomy of Exempt
Entities, https://nccs.urban.org/project/national-taxonomy-exempt-entities-ntee-
codes, checked on 11/27/2016.
National Center for Education Statistics (2016): Digest of Education Statistics,
2015. Available online at https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2016/2016014.pdf, checked on
2/20/2017.
National Center for Education Statistics (2017a): Graduation Rates. Available
online at https://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=40, checked on 4/6/2017.
National Center for Education Statistics (2017b): Tuition costs of colleges and
universities. Available online at https://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=76,
checked on 2/20/2017.
National Endowment for the Arts (2017a): About the NEA. Available online at
https://www.arts.gov/about-nea, checked on 3/1/2017.
National Endowment for the Arts (2017b): National Endowment for the Arts
Appropriations History. Available online at https://www.arts.gov/open-
government/national-endowment-arts-appropriations-history, checked on
2/25/2017.
National Endowment for the Humanities (2016): Appropriations Request For
Fiscal Year 2017. Available online at
https://www.neh.gov/files/fy_2017_congr_budget.pdf, checked on 2/25/2017.
National Endowment for the Humanities (2017): NEH-Mellon Fellowships for
Digital Publication. Available online at
https://www.neh.gov/grants/research/neh-mellon-fellowships-digital-publication,
checked on 4/10/2017.
National Institutes of Health (2017a): Budget. Available online at
https://www.nih.gov/about-nih/what-we-do/budget, checked on 2/25/2017.
National Institutes of Health (2017b): Mission and Goals. Available online at
https://www.nih.gov/about-nih/what-we-do/mission-goals, checked on
2/25/2017.
References                                                                    245

National Science Foundation (2015): Introduction & NSF Overview. Grants
Conference Tampa, FL, 6/1/2015.
National Science Foundation (2016): Consolidated Appropriations Act of FY
2016. Available online at
https://www.nsf.gov/about/congress/114/highlights/cu16_0104.jsp, checked on
2/25/2017.
National Science Foundation (2017): About the National Science Foundation.
Available online at https://www.nsf.gov/about/, checked on 2/25/2017.
NORDMETALL Stiftung (2017): Daten und Fakten. Available online at
http://www.nordmetall-stiftung.de/duf.html, checked on 4/30/2017.
NRW School of Governance (2017): Die NRW School. Available online at
http://nrwschool.de/die-school/die-nrw-school-2/, checked on 6/19/2017.
OECD (2003-2016): Education at a glance 2003-2016. OECD indicators. Paris:
OECD Publishing, checked on 11/27/2016.
OECD (2016a): Private spending on education. Available online at
https://data.oecd.org/eduresource/private-spending-on-education.htm#indicator-
chart, checked on 11/27/2016.
OECD (2016b): Public spending on education. Available online at
https://data.oecd.org/eduresource/public-spending-on-education.htm#indicator-
chart, checked on 11/27/2016.
OECD (2019a): Public education spending. Available online at
https://data.oecd.org/eduresource/public-spending-on-education.htm, checked on
04/28/2019.
OECD (2019b): Social spending. Available online at
https://data.oecd.org/socialexp/social-spending.htm, checked on 04/28/2019.
Office of Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. (2017): About. Available online at
https://www.gov.ca.gov/m_about.php, checked on 3/24/2017.
Parsons (2017): FAQ. Available online at https://www.parsons.com/about-
parsons/Pages/faqs.aspx, checked on 2/17/2017.
Polanyi, Karl (1944): The great transformation. The political and economic ori-
gins of our time. New York: Rinehart.
246                                                                    References

Prewitt, Kenneth (1999): The Importance of Foundations in an Open Society. In
Bertelsmann Stiftung (ed.) (Ed.): The Future of Foundations in an Open Society.
Gütersloh, pp. 17–29.
Princeton University (2017): Ivy League. Available online at
https://etcweb.princeton.edu/CampusWWW/Companion/ivy_league.html,
checked on 2/19/2017.
Ralph M. Parsons Foundation (2017a): Grants database. Available online at
http://rmpf.org/grantmaking/grants-database/, checked on 3/14/2017.
Ralph M. Parsons Foundation (2017b): Ralph M. Parsons. Available online at
http://rmpf.org/about-us/ralph-parsons/, checked on 2/16/2017.
Renz, Loren; Lawrence, Steven; Smith, James Allen (2004): Foundation Funding
for the Humanities. An overview of current and historical trends. Foundation
Center; American Academy of the Arts and Sciences. Available online at
https://www.amacad.org/publications/human_funding.pdf, checked on
3/13/2017.
Robert Bosch Stiftung: The Support We Offer. Available online at
http://www.bosch-stiftung.de/content/language2/html/funding-principles.asp,
checked on 11/1/2017.
Robert Bosch Stiftung (2006): NaT-Working. Available online at
http://www.bosch-stiftung.de/content/language1/downloads/Broschuere06.pdf,
checked on 8/17/2017.
Rockefeller Foundation (2017): About us. Available online at
https://www.rockefellerfoundation.org/about-us/, checked on 4/19/2017.
Rossbach, Henrike (2017): Auf der Suche nach Rendite. Hohe Inflation und
niedrige Zinsen machen Stiftungen zu schaffen. In Frankfurter Allgemeine Zei-
tung, 3/28/2017. Available online at
http://www.faz.net/aktuell/finanzen/anleihen-zinsen/hohe-inflation-und-niedrige-
zinsen-machen-stiftungen-zu-schaffen-14946544.html, checked on 2/19/2017.
Rubin, Herbert J.; Rubin, Irene (2012): Qualitative interviewing. The art of hear-
ing data. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE.
https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781452226651, checked on 06/06/2019.
Russell Sage Foundation (2017): What We Do. Available online at
https://www.russellsage.org/about/what-we-do, checked on 1/27/2017.
References                                                                     247

Salamon, Lester M.; Anheier, Helmut K. (1998): Social Origins of Civil Society:
Explaining the Nonprofit Sector Cross-Nationally. In Voluntas: International
Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 1998 (3), p. 213.
https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022058200985, checked on 06/06/2019.
Salamon, Lester M.; Sokołowski, C. Wojciech; Anheier, Helmut K. (2000):
Social Origins of Civil Society: An overview. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins
Center for Civil Society Studies (Working papers of the Johns Hopkins Compar-
ative Nonprofit Sector Project, 38).
Schlüter, Andreas (2004): Stiftungsrecht zwischen Privatautonomie und Ge-
meinwohlbindung. Ein Rechtsvergleich Deutschland, Frankreich, Italien, Eng-
land, USA. München: C.H. Beck (Schriften des Rechtszentrums für Europäische
und Internationale Zusammenarbeit (R.I.Z.), 21).
Schneider, John C. (2007): Foundations and Higher Education: Whose Agenda?
New England Board of Higher Education. Available online at
http://www.nebhe.org/info/journal/articles/2007-Spring_Schneider.pdf, checked
on 1/7/2018.
Schneider, Martin R. and Paunescu Mihai: Changing varieties of capitalism and
revealed comparative advantages from 1990 to 2005: A test of the Hall and
Soskice claims. (Socio-Economic Review,, 10(4)).
https://doi.org/10.1093/ser/mwr038 , checked on 06/06/2019.
Scholarship America (2017): Who We Are. Available online at
https://scholarshipamerica.org/about-us/scholarship-americas-mission-vision-
history/, checked on 2/5/2017.
Schreiterer, Ulrich (2009): USA. In Stefan Hornbostel, Andreas Knie, Dagmar
Simon (Eds.): Handbuch Wissenschaftspolitik. 1st ed. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für
Sozialwissenschaften, pp. 481–493. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-531-91993-5,
checked on 06/06/2019.
Schubert, Torben; Schmoch, Ulrich (2009): Finanzierung der Hochschulfor-
schung. In Stefan Hornbostel, Andreas Knie, Dagmar Simon (Eds.): Handbuch
Wissenschaftspolitik. 1st ed. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften,
pp. 244–261. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-531-91993-5, checked on
06/06/2019.
Schulze-Cleven, Tobias (2015): Liberalizing the academy: The transformation of
higher education in the United States and Germany. Edited by Center for Higher
Education Studies. UC Berkeley.
248                                                                     References

Berkeley (Research & Occasional Paper Series, CSHE.1.15). Available online at
http://www.cshe.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/shared/publications/docs/ROPS.
CSHE_.1.15.Schulze-Cleven.LiberalizingAcademy.2.9.2015.pdf, checked on
11/28/2016.
Science Philanthropy Alliance (2017): Our Mission. Available online at
http://www.sciencephilanthropyalliance.org/our-mission/, checked on 3/20/2017.
Scott, W. Richard (2010): Higher education in America: An institutional field
approach. Available online at
https://cepa.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/ScottWRichard.pdf, checked on
3/15/2017.
Seibel, Wolfgang (1990). Government/third-sector relationship in a comparative
perspective: the cases of France and West Germany.
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01398491, checked on 03/10/2019.
Sharpe, Rochelle (2016): The Hidden College Fees. Edited by New York Times.
Available online at https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/06/education/edlife/those-
hidden-college-fees.html?_r=0, checked on 2/23/2017.
Silicon Valley Community Foundation (2017): By the number. Available online
at
https://www.siliconvalleycf.org/sites/default/files/documents/general/SVCF_Fac
tSheet_web.pdf, checked on 1/27/2017.
Simon, John; Dale, Harvey; Chisolm, Laura (2006): The Tax Treatment of Non-
profit Organizations: A Review of Federal and State Policies. In Walter W. Pow-
ell, Richard Steinberg (Eds.): The nonprofit sector. A research handbook. 2nd ed.
New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 267–306, checked on 6/6/2017.
Slaughter, Sheila; Taylor, Barrett Jay (Eds.) (2016): Higher education, stratifica-
tion, and workforce development. Competitive advantage in Europe, the US, and
Canada (Higher education dynamics, 45). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-
21512-9, checked on 06/06/2019.
Smith, Steven Rathgeb (2010): Foundations and Public Policy. In Helmut K.
Anheier, David C. Hammack (Eds.): American foundations. Roles and contribu-
tions. Washington, D.C: Brookings Institution Press, pp. 371–387.
Smith, Steven Rathgeb; Grønbjerg, Kirsten A. (2006): Scope and Theory of
Government-Nonprofit Relations. In Walter W. Powell, Richard Steinberg
(Eds.): The nonprofit sector. A research handbook. 2nd ed. New Haven: Yale
University Press, pp. 221–242.
References                                                                    249

Speth, Rudolf (2009): Stiftungen und Think-Tanks. In Stefan Hornbostel, An-
dreas Knie, Dagmar Simon (Eds.): Handbuch Wissenschaftspolitik. 1st ed. Wies-
baden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, pp. 390–405.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-531-91993-5, checked on 06/06/2019.
SRH (7/28/2016): EBS Universität wird Teil der SRH Hochschulen. Available
online at http://www.srh.de/de/newsroom/news/detail/nd/2016/07/28/ebs-
universitaet-wird-teil-der-srh-hochschulen/, checked on 4/25/2017.
SRH (2017a): Facts and Figures. Available online at
http://www.srh.de/en/srh/facts-figures/, checked on 4/25/2017.
SRH (2017b): History. Available online at https://www.srh.de/de/die-
srh/geschichte/, checked on 4/25/2017.
SRH (2017c): SRH Hochschulen. Available online at:
https://www.srh.de/de/hochschulen/, checked on 4/25/2017.
Stanford Law School; Berkeley Law (2015): Degrees of Freedom. Expanding
College Opportunities for Currently and Formerly Incarcerated Californians.
Available online at
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/files/DegreesofFreedom2015_FullReport.pdf,
updated on 3/21/2017.
Statistisches Bundesamt (2012): Die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung des Dritten Sek-
tors. With assistance of Natalie Rosenski. Edited by Federal Statistical Office.
Available online at
https://www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/WirtschaftStatistik/UnternehmenGew
erbeanzeig-
en/WirtschaftlicheBedeutung3Sektor032012.pdf?__blob=publicationFile,
checked on 11/27/2016.
Statistisches Bundesamt (2014): Monetäre hochschulstatistische Kennzahlen -
Fachserie 11 Reihe 4.3.2 - 2011. Available online at
https://www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/Thematisch/BildungForschungKultur/
BildungKulturFinan-
zen/KennzahlenMonetaer2110432117004.pdf?__blob=publicationFile, updated
on 2/12/2014, checked on 11/27/2016.
Statistisches Bundesamt (2017a): Studierende. Available online at
https://www.destatis.de/DE/ZahlenFakten/Indikatoren/LangeReihen/Bildung/lrbi
l01.html?cms_gtp=152374_list%253D1&https=1, checked on 7/7/2017.
You can also read
NEXT SLIDES ... Cancel