Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education

 
Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education
The French
    Baccalaureate
A pathway of excellence to higher education
                                              January 2021

AMBASSADE
DE FRANCE
EN AUSTRALIE
Liberté
Égalité
Fraternité
Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education
Overall presentation
table of contents                         The renewed French BAC
                                                                       01
                                                                       02

                                    CORE CURRICULUM
                                                        Philosophy     04
                                                            French     05
                                                            English    06
                                            History and Geography      07
                                                   Science Studies     08
                                                Physical Education     09
                                                           German      10
                                                           Spanish     11

                                                  ELECTIVES
                                           Mathematics Extension 1     12
                                              Physics and Chemistry    13
                         Biology, Earth and Environmental Science      14
                                     Digital and Computer Sciences     15
                                    Economics and Social Sciences      16
                                     International Relations Studies   17
                             Humanities, Literature and Philosophy     18
   -                    Literature, Language and Culture in English    19

                            OPTIONAL CURRICULUM
                                          Mathematics Extension 2      20
                                           Mathematics Advanced        21
                                               Sciences in English     22
                                 History and Geography in English      23
                                    Law and Contemporary Issues        24
                                                             Latin     25
                                                        Mandarin       26

                           SELECTIVE CURRICULUM
                             The British International Section (OIB)   27
                                                       English (OIB)   28
                                       History and Geography (OIB)     29
                                                  Competitive Sport    30

                    PRESENTATION OF LCS AND LFAC
                                                        About LCS      31
                                                       About LFAC      34
Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education
“The strength of our model of emancipation through education
                     comes from the universal values on which it is based,
                          and which we want to promote through it.”
                                                Jean-Yves Le Drian
                                       Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs

                                          Overall presentation
The French Baccalaureate, (“le Baccalauréat” or “Bac”) is an internationally recognised diploma which is often
considered a reference when evaluating general cultural knowledge, critical thinking and academic progress.
The Baccalauréat is a year 12 final exam, approved by the French Ministry of National Education and recognised
internationally. Created in 1808, this diploma possesses two special features: it marks the successful conclusion
of secondary studies and opens access to higher education. It prepares students for higher education anywhere
in the world and in any subject, at universities, preparatory schools, business or engineering schools, etc.

In June 2020, more than 750 000 students graduated with the French Bac, in France and in the 535 French
schools abroad.

The Baccalauréat is an all-encompassing, adaptable and demanding pre-university programme:
     • All-encompassing because it includes humanities studies (literature, philosophy, foreign languages),
       science, sport, and a wide choice of elective subjects in the fields of science and mathematics, social
       sciences or language and literature.

     • Adaptable as it offers students the possibility to choose their own elective subjects as of year 11. For
       example, a student in year 11 could decide to discontinue studying mathematics while another, through
       his or her electives and options, could choose to study up to 9 hours of mathematics per week.

     • Demanding as students are expected to be able to acquire, organise and express in-depth knowledge in
       order to develop their critical thinking skills which is necessary as they become informed and active
       citizens of society.

              AMBASSADE
              DE FRANCE
              EN AUSTRALIE
              Liberté
              Égalité
              Fraternité

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Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education
2021, the renewed
“Baccalauréat”
Structure:
The curricula are designed and issued by the French Ministry of National Education. Most subjects are taught in
French. The new Baccalauréat (introduced in 2021) is structured around a compulsory core curriculum and
Elective Subjects allowing a higher degree of subject specialisation. Therefore, it is an all-encompassing diploma
that requires competence in a range of subjects whilst also allowing a degree of specialisation in certain chosen
subjects.
The compulsory core curriculum includes: French literature (Première / year 11), philosophy (Terminale / year
12), English, a foreign language, civics, history-geography (taught as one subject in France), physical education,
and science.
In addition to studying the core curriculum, students choose three Elective Subjects in Première / year 11 (each
being taught for 4 hours per week) and retain two of these in Terminale / year 12 (both being taught for 6 hours
per week).
Students can also choose to study up to three optional subjects, e.g. Latin, Mandarin, mathematics extension
2, etc. Each subject includes three hours of instruction per week and allows students to broaden their skills and
knowledge.
Selective pathways pathways are also available for students who demonstrate outstanding academic or physical
skills. Students gain access to these selective pathways through entry tests and have to study a more in-depth
academic programme or join an elite sport squad for up to four extra hours a week.

Assessing the new Baccalauréat:
Over the course and at the end of year 11 (Première) and year 12 (Terminale), students sit a series of
extensive national exams, covering all areas of study, which make up the Baccalauréat. Starting in
2021, in order to better prepare students for their higher educational pursuits, the French Baccalaureate
includes ongoing assessments as well as final examinations.
• Continuous formal assessments (“contrôle continu”):
During year 11 and year 12, students take different exams based on nationally designed exercises, focusing on
history and geography, foreign languages A and B, scientific culture, P.E. and one elective. These ongoing
assessments count for 30% of the final grade.
The subject teachers for each mandatory course carry out other assessments, in the form of tests. These tests
will count for 10% of the final grade.

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Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education
• Final examinations (nationally designed exams):
At the end of year 11, students sit a final French language and literature exam in June, as the first part of the
Baccalaureate. They are tested on their written skills and on an oral presentation of a text.
At the end of year 12, students take three written exams (philosophy and two electives they will have studied
during year 11 and year 12) as well as one oral examination about an individual project related to an elective.
Final exams count for 60% of the final grade.

The “Grand Oral”
The “Grand Oral” is a 20-minutes oral exam designed to enable students to demonstrate their ability to speak
in public in a clear and convincing manner.
Students prepare two separate topics related to both of their year 12 electives from which a jury of two teachers
selects one.
The jury evaluates the solidity of the candidate's knowledge, his/her ability to debate and make links between
knowledge, his/her critical spirit, the precision of his/her expression, the clarity of his/her speech, his/her
commitment to his/her words, and his/her strength of conviction.
 While the Grand Oral is demanding, students prepare for this type of examination throughout their education,
as oral presentations and public speaking in general are encouraged and emphasised in the French curriculum.

Grading in the Baccalauréat:
It is important to point out a very significant conceptual difference in terms of grades in the French educational
system. The grading scale in secondary education is strictly numerical and ranges from 0 to 20.
A score of 20 out of 20 means perfection, therefore such a grade is rare and almost unimaginable in certain
subjects such as literature or philosophy.
Written examinations call for argumentative answers and problem solving, and never multiple-choice answers.
The elegance, form, reasoning ability and written expression in all subjects are also graded. All students achieve
an overall score out of 20 for their Baccalauréat – this includes fractions.
A Pass (Passable/Sans mention) requires an average of 10 points or more.
In addition, honour grades (mentions) are based on the basis of the average point score achieved:

• Très bien (High Distinction) = average of 16 or more points
• Bien (Distinction) = average of 14 points or more but fewer than 16
• Assez bien (Credit) = average of 12 points or more but fewer than 14

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Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education
Philosophy
                              The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                              The core curriculum consists of 16 weekly instruction hours in a number of mandatory subjects.
CORE CURRICULUM
                             Philosophy is a compulsory subject for all final year students. The goal of philosophy instruction is to form
                             students’ critical judgement skills and educate them through the acquisition of introductory philosophical
                             knowledge.

                             Rationale:                                              Content:
                             Receptive to acquisitions of other disciplines,         Year 12 The program is based mainly on 17 144 h
                             philosophy instruction aims to develop a concern                concepts: art; happiness; consciousness;
                             for questioning and truth, an aptitude for analysis             duty; the state; the subconscious; justice;
                             and independence of thought without which                       language; freedom; nature; reason; religion;
                             students would not be able to understand the                    science; technique; time; work; truth.
                             complexity of reality. Its purpose is to enable each
                             student to orient themselves in the major problems
                             of existence and thought. Therefore, since it
                             develops fundamental, transversal skills (analysis,
                                                                                     Assessment:
                             critical examination, rigour), philosophy instruction   Year   The philosophy assessment consists of        4h    8% of the
                             prepares students for very diverse educational           12    one final written exam. The test is scored        final result
                             pathways: scientific and literary preparatory                  out of 20 and is assigned a coefficient of
                             classes, human sciences, law, etc.                             8. The student chooses one topic from
                                                                                            among the three offered (two essay topics
                                                                                            and a text explanation).
                             Objectives:
                             The student will learn how to analyse concepts,
                             how to distinguish them from one another and how
                             to articulate them in a relevant way. They will
                             express their ideas clearly, both orally and in
                             writing, formulating them precisely and accurately.
                             They will subject these ideas to doubt, examine
                             objections, and respond to them based on
                             reasoned justifications. Throughout this course, the
                             student will: examine their ideas and knowledge to
                             test the validity thereof; narrow down issues that
                             require prior reflection to receive an answer;
                             confront different points of view to a problem before
                             finding an appropriate solution; justify what they
                             believe and what they reject by formulating well-
                             constructed propositions and educated arguments.
                             Instruction is based on two major forms of
                             composition: text explanations and essays.

                             Cognitive learning:
                             Students will progressively learn how to make use
                             of the philosophical knowledge they are acquiring
                             to address the issues in question. Students will
                             develop questions and problems and consider a
                             possible solution to them, not only by analysing
                             concepts and delineating ideas but also by reading
                             texts and work. They will implement reasoning and
                             formulate objections.
  LCS - Orientation - 2021

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Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education
French
                              The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                              The core curriculum consists of 16 weekly instruction hours in a number of mandatory subjects.
CORE CURRICULUM
                             In continuity for the second year, the goal of French instruction in the first year is to broaden and enhance
                             the student’s knowledge and taste of language and literature, to continue the individual construction and
                             adoption of a literary culture, as well as the acquisition of expression, analysis, interpretation and reflection
                             skills, as evaluated at the end of the school year by the expected French exams (EAF).

                             Rationale:                                               Content:
                             The year 11 and 12 French program aims to meet
                             instructional and educational objectives that            Year 11 The student studies four works, one for 144 h
                             represent the French teaching rationales through-                each of the four subjects of study (poetry,
                             out the students’ curriculum:                                    the novel and the narrative, theatre, and
                             - increase students’ general knowledge;                          ideas in literature) and the associated paths
                             - consolidate students’ written, oral expression,                (groupings of literary texts): the works are
                             reading and interpretation skills, so as to educate              defined by a national schedule of twelve
                             both the person and the citizen.                                 works, with half of them renewed each year.
                             The French language is a fundamental aspect of all
                             subjects as it allows students to obtain the written                  Cursory reading is constantly encouraged:
                             and oral skills required for any further studies to be                at least four works must be read at home.
                             cemented. This subject is particularly important for                  Among the readings offered to students,
                             university studies in literature, human sciences,                     preference is given to French and foreign
                             journalism and political sciences.                                    literature, from Classical texts to the greats
                             French plays a decisive role in the formation of the                  of modern and contemporary literature,
                             mind, and in developing an imagination and a                          relying on quality translations.
                             sensitivity to aesthetic impressions. Through
                             frequenting literary works and texts, this subject                    To enhance reading of the works and texts
                             also helps enrich the students experience, their                      comprising the student’s pathway using
                             approach to ethical questions, and their knowledge                    works geared toward other arts and to thus
                             of the world and of others. Therefore, it finds itself                ensure a broader understanding of the
                             where the arts and                                                    contexts and aesthetic challenges that
                             humanities meet.                                                      correspond to them; artistic and cultural
                                                                                                   extensions are also proposed.
                             Objectives:
                             The specific rationales of teaching French in high
                             school are the following:
                             • improve of expression and comprehension skills
                               through regular practice of the language, and
                                                                                      Assessment:
                               through various reading, writing and speaking
                                                                                      Written test    Commentary or dissertation         4h     5% of the
                               exercises;                                                                                                      final grade
                             • build a common literary foundation, open to other
                               arts, to the various fields of knowledge and to         Oral test      An explanation of the text and a   20     5% of the
                               society;                                                               debate                             min   final grade
                             • acquire a clear and solid historical benchmarks,
                               form an aesthetic sense and develop a taste for
                               literature   through     varied   reading     and
                               strengthening analytical and interpretation skills;
                             • deepen of judgement and critical thinking,
                               development of personal reflection and convin-
                               cing argumentation, both written and oral, and an
                               ability to analyse argumentative strategies of
                               speeches both written and oral;
                             • develop an independent and responsible attitude,
                               particularly in terms of information and
                               documentation research.

                             Cognitive learning:
                             The goal of this subject is to transmit knowledge
                             and a taste for the language as well as pleasure in
                             literature, to encourage the practices of speaking,
  LCS - Orientation - 2021

                             writing and reading, which are at the heart of the
                             humanities, and to promote a personal appro-
                             priation of works within our students In this manner,
                             it helps students acquire fundamental compre-
                             hension, expression, reflection, interpretation and
                             argumentation skills.
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Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education
English
                              The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                              The core curriculum consists of 16 weekly instruction hours in a number of mandatory subjects.
CORE CURRICULUM
                             LCS and LFAC teach English as a language, culture and literature subject.

                             Rationale:                                                Content:
                             The instructional approach consists of placing
                                                                                       Year 11 Theme: Founding movements and moving 288 h
                             students in active communication situations
                                                                                       and 12 worlds. This theme allows us to analyse
                             conducive to exchange. Above all, a modern
                                                                                               cultural phenomena by exploring the history
                             language course is a course where students
                                                                                               of the language and observing the forms it
                             communicate and interact in a foreign language as
                                                                                               takes in the world today. In the final cycle, it
                             much as possible. It’s a time and space where they
                                                                                               contains eight axes:
                             speak and listen. Regular writing practice that
                             allows students to reinforce what they have learnt
                             and enrich their knowledge complements the                          1) Identities and exchanges
                             systematic practice of oral skills using authentic                  2) Private space and public space
                             documents (videos, recordings, texts and images).                   3) Art and power
                             All throughout the final year, the student will work                4) Citizenship and virtual worlds
                             on documentary research in the modern language:                     5) Fictions and realities
                             the intersection of information sources, the diversi-               6) Scientific innovations and responsibility
                             fication of exposition methods between languages,                   7) Diversity and inclusion
                             and the responsible usage of computer                               8) Territory and memory
                             technologies help foster autonomy and build civic-
                             mindedness and education through media and
                             information. Project pedagogy strengthens auto-           Assessment:
                             nomy and creativity and helps students work in a
                                                                                       Year   Exam 1: oral comprehension         1h      2.5% of the
                             team, make choices, and deepen their thinking.             11    and written expression                     final grade
                              A digital portfolio for everything they have learnt in
                             modern languages may help the student reflect on                 Exam 2: written                   1h30
                             their own growth in cultural and linguistic study. By            comprehension and written         mins
                             developing their linguistic, cultural, and commu-                expression
                             nication skills, students will prepare themselves for
                             higher education and more appropriate, sponta-            Year   Exam 3: oral comprehension,       1h30     2.5% of the
                                                                                        12    written comprehension, written    mins     final grade
                             neous use of modern languages.
                                                                                              expression

                             Objectives:                                                      Oral expression                  20 mins
                             The goal is to enhance the student’s autonomy in
                             practising a foreign language with the following
                             language activities:
                               • Reception (oral comprehension, written
                                 comprehension).
                               • Production (continuous oral expression, written
                                 expression).
                               • Oral Interaction.

                             At the end of the final year, the competency level
                             required is B2 (independent user advanced level).
                             However, our students achieve C1 and C2 as
                             assessed by the Cambridge Advanced Exam
                             (advanced/native speaker level).

                             Cognitive learning:
                             Students can follow an academic course at
                             university level, communicate effectively at a
                             managerial and professional level, participate with
                             confidence in workplace meetings or academic
                             tutorials and seminars and express themselves with
                             a high level of fluency.
  LCS - Orientation - 2021

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Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education
History and Geography
                              The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                              The core curriculum consists of 16 weekly instruction hours in a number of mandatory subjects.
CORE CURRICULUM
                             Senior high school history, geography, and civics give students precise and diverse knowledge over a wide
                             historical timeframe, spanning from ancient times to the present day. They contribute in a complementary
                             way to the student’s intellectual education, their civic education and their general knowledge.

                             Rationale: This course helps students acquire             of geography is to understand how individuals and societies
                             temporal and spatial benchmarks that allow them to        organise their space, develop themselves in it and transform it.
                             discern the evolution of societies, cultures, policies,   In particular, it relies upon maps and aims to achieve the
                             the various phases of their history as well as the        following goals: to understand the organisation of territories; to
                             actions and decisions of their actors, thus exposing      adopt a multi-scale approach; make comparisons between
                             them to other cultures through knowledge of               territories; highlight interactions between actors, their territories
                             previous human experiences and various territories.       and their environments; develop critical analysis of documents,
                             This will provide them with an enlightened                contact with the field, and drafting sketches to ensure the
                             understanding of the worlds of both yesterday and         acquisition of spatial reference points on French, European and
                             today in a more distanced, reflective manner. In          world scales.
                             terms of education, this subject is particularly useful   The goal of moral and civic education is to transmit the values of
                             for studies in human sciences (history, geography,        the Republic to all students, to enable an adoption of principles
                             psychology, information and communication                 and values that guarantee respect for others, to help forge their
                             sciences, sociology), law, political science,             critical senses, to adopt an ethical mind-set, to prepare to moral
                             business, journalism, history and geography, at           citizenship, and to raise awareness of individual and collective
                             universities, regional planning schools, and              responsibilities.
                             selective preparatory courses.
                                                                                       Content:
                             Objectives: Upon their entry to high school,               History   Year 11: Nations, empires, nationalities (from         108 h
                             students master knowledge and skills acquired in                     1789 to the aftermath of World War I): Europe
                             middle school. This involves consolidating,                          in the face of revolutions, France in a Europe of
                                                                                                  nationalities: politics and society (1848-1871),
                             expanding and deepening these skills by                              The Third Republic before 1914: a political
                             introducing subjects that are more complex on the                    regime, a colonial empire, World War I.
                             one hand and on the other, by strengthening their
                             reflection, analysis, curiosity and questioning                      Year 12: Relationships between powers and the
                             capacities. In order to develop their independence,                  opposition of political models, from the 1930s to
                                                                                                  the present day: Fragilities of democracy,
                             students use subject specific concepts and tools,                    totalitarianism and World War II, The multi-
                             take on historical or geographical approaches and                    plication of international actors in a bipolar world
                             justify them, construct historical or geographical                   (from 1945 to the beginning of the 1970s),
                             arguments, and use computer technologies. This                       Economic, political and social challenges from
                                                                                                  1970 to 1991, The world, Europe and France
                             instruction contributes to the development of oral                   since the 1990s: between cooperation and
                             skills, in particular through the practice of                        conflicts.
                             argumentation. This leads them to clarify their
                             thinking and explain their reasoning in a convincing      Geography Year 11: The dynamics of a world in recom-              108 h
                                                                                                  position, Metropolisation: a differentiated global
                             manner.                                                              process, A diversification of spaces and actors
                                                                                                  of production, Rural spaces: multifunctionality or
                             Cognitive learning: The goal of history                              fragmentation?      China:     multiple    spatial
                             education is: the construction of a reflection on time               recompositions.
                             and sources; an introduction to reasoning; the                       Year 12: Territories in globalisation: between
                             development of an ability to place human actions                     integration and rivalry: Seas and oceans: at the
                             and facts in the proper context and time; the                        heart of globalisation, Territorial dynamics,
                             students awareness of their belonging to the history                 cooperation and tensions in globalisation,
                             of the country, of Europe and of the world, as well                  European Union in globalisation: complex
                                                                                                  dynamics, France and its regions in the
                             as the values, knowledge and reference points that                   European Union and in globalisation: driving
                             contribute to the development of their responsibility                forces and recompositions.
                             and civic education; the development of the
                             student’s culture on a general knowledge. The goal          Civics   Year 11: Society: foundations and weaknesses           36 h
                                                                                                  of the social bond, recompositions of the social
                                                                                                  bond.

                                                                                                  Year 12: Democracy: Democratic foundations
                                                                                                  and experiences, rethinking democracy and
                                                                                                  bringing it to life.

                                                                                       Assessment:
                                                                                       Year   2 External writing compound tests               2h       2.5%
  LCS - Orientation - 2021

                                                                                        11    (Essay, Document analysis or                             of the
                                                                                              transposition of a text into a diagram)               final grade

                                                                                       Year   1 External writing compound test                         2.5%
                                                                                        12    (Essay, Document analysis or                    2h       of the
                                                                                              transposition of a text into a diagram)               final grade

                                                                                 7
Baccalaureate AMBASSADE DE FRANCE EN AUSTRALIE - A pathway of excellence to higher education
Science Studies
                              The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                              The core curriculum consists of 16 weekly instruction hours in a number of mandatory subjects.
CORE CURRICULUM
                             The Science Studies provide general scientific training to all students while also providing a point of reference
                             to those who are pursuing, or who may want to pursue, tertiary scientific studies.

                             Rationale:                                              Content:
                             The goal of scientific education is not to build
                             encyclopedic knowledge but rather to seek to            Year 11 A detailed overview of the material:                 72 h
                             achieve three inter-related goals:                              - An organisational level: chemical elements
                             •help make each student an enlightened person,                  - Orderly buildings: crystals
                               aware of who they are, what the world is and what             - A complex structure: the living cell
                               their relationship to the world is;
                             •help make each student a responsible citizen,                     The sun, our source of energy:
                                                                                                - Solar radiation
                               one who knows the consequences of their actions
                               have on the world and one who has the                            - The terrestrial radiative balance
                               necessary tools to control them;                                 - Biological conversion of solar energy:
                                                                                                  photosynthesis
                             •help each student develop a rational, indepen-
                               dent, and enlightened mind, one able to exercise
                                                                                                Earth’s radiation balance
                               critical analysis in the face of misinformation and
                                                                                                - The shape of the Earth
                               rumours.
                                                                                                - The history of the age of the Earth

                             Objectives:                                                        Sound and music, carriers of information:
                             This program is presented as a succession of                       - Sound, a vibratory phenomenon
                             themes. The themes are to instil the three main                    - Music, or the art of understanding
                             training objectives: understanding the nature of                     numbers
                             scientific knowledge and its methods of develop-                   - Sound, information to be coded
                             ment, identifying and implementing scientific                      - Understanding music
                             practices, and identifying and understanding
                             the effects science has on societies and the            Year 12 Science, climate and society:                        72 h
                             environment.                                                    - Earth’s atmosphere and life
                                                                                             - The complexity of the climate system
                                                                                             - The climate of the future
                             Cognitive learning:                                             - Energy, development choices and the
                             This involves making each student understand how                  future climate
                             scientific culture is essential in today’s world in
                             understanding the evolution of societies, such as                  The future of energies:
                             environmental sciences and how to control this                     - Two centuries of electrical energy
                             evolution through:                                                 - The advantages of electricity
                             •understanding of the nature of scientific                         - Optimisation of electricity transport
                               knowledge and its methods of development.                        - Energy choices and their impacts on
                             •identification and implementation of scientific                     societies
                               practices.
                             •identification and understanding of the effects                   A story of life:
                               science has on societies and the environment.                    - Biodiversity and its evolution
                                                                                                - Evolution as a way to read the world
                                                                                                - Demographic models
                                                                                                - Artificial intelligence

                                                                                     Assessment:
                                                                                     Year   Written assessment: test combining          2h      2.5%
                                                                                      11    analysis, summary and calculation                   of the
                                                                                            issues relating to 2 themes of the               final grade
                                                                                            course.

                                                                                     Year   Test combining analysis, summary and        2h      2.5%
  LCS - Orientation - 2021

                                                                                      12    calculation issues relating to 2 themes             of the
                                                                                            of the course.                                   final grade

                                                                               8
Physical Education
                              The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                              The core curriculum consists of 16 weekly instruction hours in a number of mandatory subjects.
CORE CURRICULUM
                             Physical Education (P.E.) is a mandatory subject. Its purpose is to instruct, train and educate students in physical, athletic
                             and artistic activities. The year is broken down into three sequences with 12 sessions of two hours.

                             Rationale:                                                skills, students engage in diversified physical, athletic and
                             Its goal is to develop, through physical, athletic and    artistic activities, organised into five complementary learning
                             artistic practice, a fulfilled, cultivated citizen,       fields. These five learning fields constitute the students training
                             capable of making enlightened choices to regularly        path. They allow them to gain practical experience and access
                             and independently engage in an athletic, supportive       academic knowledge and elements of contemporary culture.
                             way of life. High school P.E. prepares students for       This subject contributes to the development of oral skills, in
                             the rest of their post-high school studies through the    particular through the practice of argumentation. This leads them
                             construction of long-lasting, reasoned physical           to clarify their thinking and explain their reasoning in a
                             practices, the adoption of an athletic culture,           convincing manner.
                             engagement in collaborative and collective work
                             among various groups, oral development, and               Content:
                             elective education. All these elements will enable
                             the development of skills that students will have to      Year 11 Physical and artistic activities (PAAs) are taught       144 h
                             use after high school.                                    and 12 with a didactic and educational process that
                                                                                                  enables each student to engage in real learning
                                                                                                  and adapt to the characteristics of the
                             Objectives:                                                          instructional contexts.
                             The year is broken down into 3 sequences or 12
                                                                                                  These academic forms of practice continue to
                             sessions of 2 hours.
                                                                                                  carry the cultural background of contemporary
                             Improving locomotion: The students will enrich                       physical and artistic activities.
                             their motor skills through their engagement in                       P.E. must lead to acquiring of the skills outlined
                             diversified, in-depth athletic and artistic physical                 in the “End of High School Achieve-ments”
                             activities (PAAs), level 4 for Mandatory P.E. and                    (EHSAs) section of each of the five
                             level 5 for Elective P.E. (School Sports Section).                   learning fields.
                             Knowing how to prepare and train: Through their                      EHSA 1: Engaging in the activity (Motor)
                             engagement in the courses, the students will learn                   EHSA 2: Knowing how to prepare and train
                             how to manage their exercise, alone and with                         (Methodology)
                                                                                                  EHSA 3: Choosing and assuming roles (Social)
                             others. Therefore, the students get used to training
                             and learn how to train independently.                                These EHSAs cover the five general objectives
                             Exercise responsibility individually and within                      and thus involve motor, methodological and
                                                                                                  social dimensions.
                             a group: Through their involvement in the PAAs
                             and in various roles (opponent, partner, observer,                   There are 3 to 4 in each learning field (LF) out of
                             referee, judge, counsel, aide, etc.), the students will              the 5 possible:
                             build social and supportive behaviours.                              LF1: Producing an optimal performance that is
                                                                                                  measurable within a given time frame. Example:
                             Improving Health Sustainably: Through their                          swimming
                             involvement in physical exercise, the students will                  LF2: Adapting movement to various
                             learn how to improve their health sustainably. By                    environments. Example: surfing
                             developing their physiological, motor, cognitive and                 LF3: Expressing oneself before others in an
                             psychosocial resources, they will improve their well-                artistic and/or acrobatic expression.
                             being, for themselves and for others.                                Example: Acrobatics.
                                                                                                  LF4: Leading and mastering group or
                             Accessing cultural heritage: The various                             interindividual competition.
                             physical, athletic and artistic activities the high                  Example: badminton, European handball and
                             school students take part in will allow them to                      tennis
                             access a cultural heritage in which they find                        LF5: Performing physical activity to improve
                             themselves not only as a practitioner but also a                     one’s resources and to train. Example: Long-
                             spectator or critic.                                                 distance running and step aerobics.

                             Cognitive learning:                                       Assessment:
                             In order to achieve the objectives of the program,
                             the goal behind the P.E. program is to have the            Year   Year 11: Throughout the cycle of 11 sessions, students are
                             student develop skills along different dimensions:          11    graded on 08 points, the grade is finalised in the last
                             motor, methodological and social. To develop their                session: Knowing how to prepare and train (Methodology),
                                                                                               Choosing and assuming roles (Social).
                                                                                               As for Engaging in the activity (Motor), graded out of 12 pts,
                                                                                               the evaluation is done during the last session.

                                                                                        Year   Throughout the cycle of 11 sessions, students are graded on
                                                                                         12    8 points, the grade is finalised in the last session: Knowing
  LCS - Orientation - 2021

                                                                                               how to prepare and train (Methodology); choosing and
                                                                                               assuming roles (Social). The students decide on the
                                                                                               distribution of points between these two components
                                                                                               (2pts, 4pts, or 6pts).
                                                                                               As for Engaging in the activity (Motor) graded out of 12 pts,
                                                                                               the evaluation is done during the last session.

                                                                                 9
German
                              The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                              The core curriculum consists of 16 weekly instruction hours in a number of mandatory subjects.
CORE CURRICULUM
                             During the last two years of high school, the students will consolidate their linguistic and communication
                             skills, deepen their knowledge of the geographical and cultural areas of the language, and open their minds
                             through units of works devoid of stereotypes and prejudices toward the language or its speakers.

                             Rationale:                                                Content:
                             For final year students, their intellectual maturity
                             allows them to develop a rational, comparative,           Year 11 Reception refers to oral and written 144 h
                             more systematised approach to the various                 and 12 comprehension. Examples of situations
                             constituents of a language, i.e. its lexicon, grammar,            requiring oral comprehension (listening and
                             phonology and spelling. Students are encouraged                   understanding) include: listening to public
                             to use their entire linguistic repertoire to develop an           announcements, receiving information
                             in-depth use of each language studied.                            (media), being a spectator (film, theatre,
                                                                                               public meetings, conferences, shows), etc.
                             Objectives:                                                       Examples of written comprehension
                                                                                               (reading) activities include: reading for
                             The main objective for high school is to significantly
                                                                                               orientation, getting information or following
                             consolidate progress in oral skills recorded in recent
                                                                                               instructions, reading for fun, etc.
                             years. However, this progress does not separate
                             the oral and written facets of the language. These
                                                                                                Production refers to oral and written
                             facets are complementary to each other in learning
                                                                                                expression. For oral production situations,
                             and are shown in communication situations in
                                                                                                the student may make real or fictitious
                             which the student takes part. By developing the
                             student’s linguistic, cultural, and communication                  public announcements, read an original text
                             skills, the students will prepare themselves for                   aloud, sing, present, comment on data or an
                             higher education and a more appropriate,                           event, persuade, etc. For writing activities,
                             spontaneous usage of modern languages.                             the student may transcribe a message from
                                                                                                dictation, fill in a questionnaire, write press
                                                                                                articles, create displays, write notes,
                             Cognitive learning:                                                reports, and summaries, write emails,
                             Modern foreign and regional languages (MFRLs)                      create creative writings, etc.
                             help make students active and autonomous; they
                             put them in a position to exchange, persuade and                   The gradual acquisition of foreign and
                             debate using oral skills, as well as describe, tell,               regional language skills, the development of
                             explain and argue using writing.                                   comprehension, expression, interaction and
                                                                                                mediation capacities are, for final-year
                             Regular writing that allows students to cement what                students, focused on a theme: Founding
                             they have learnt and enrich their knowledge                        movements and moving worlds. This
                             complements the systematic practice of oral skills                 theme, which is common to all modern
                             using authentic documents (videos, recordings,                     foreign and regional languages, can be
                             texts and images). All throughout the final year, the              broken down differently for each modern
                             student will work on documentary research in the                   language according to its own cultural
                             modern language: the intersection of information                   history and makes it possible to analyse
                             sources, the diversification of exposition methods                 cultural phenomena by exploring the history
                             between languages, and the responsible usage of                    of each language and observing the forms
                             computer technologies help foster autonomy and                     they take in today's world.
                             build civic-mindedness and education through
                             media and information.

                                                                                       Assessment:
                                                                                       Year   2 mid-term exams                 1h         2.5% of the
                                                                                        11    (CE): Oral Comprehension and    +1h30       final grade
                                                                                              written expression               mins

                                                                                       Year   1 mid-term exam                  1h30       2.5% of the
                                                                                        12    (CE): Oral comprehension and     mins       final grade
                                                                                              written expression               +10
                                                                                              + oral expression                mins

                                                                                       Assessments are done according to European standards for
  LCS - Orientation - 2021

                                                                                       common exams.

                                                                                10
Spanish
                              The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                              The core curriculum consists of 16 weekly instruction hours in a number of mandatory subjects.
CORE CURRICULUM
                             During the last two years of high school, the student will consolidate their linguistic and communication skills,
                             deepen their knowledge of the geographical and cultural areas of the language, and open their minds through
                             works devoid of stereotypes and prejudices toward the language or its speakers.

                             Rationale:                                                Content:
                             For final year students, their intellectual maturity
                             allows them to develop a rational, comparative,           Year 11 Reception refers to oral and written compre- 144 h
                             more systematised approach to the various                 and 12 hension. Examples of situations requiring
                             constituents of a language, i.e. its lexicon, grammar,            oral comprehension (listening and under-
                             phonology and spelling. Students are encouraged                   standing) include: listening to public
                             to use their entire linguistic repertoire to develop an           announcements, receiving information
                             in-depth use of each language studied.                            (media), being a spectator (film, theatre,
                                                                                               public meetings, conferences, shows), etc.
                             Objectives:                                                       Examples of written comprehension
                                                                                               (reading) activities include: reading for
                             The main objective for high school is to significantly
                                                                                               orientation, getting information or following
                             consolidate progress in oral skills recorded in recent
                                                                                               instructions, reading for fun, etc.
                             years. This progress does not, however, separate
                             the oral and written facets of the language: These
                                                                                                 Production refers to oral and written
                             facets are complementary to each other in learning
                                                                                                 expression. For oral production situations,
                             and are shown in communication situations in
                                                                                                 the student may make real or fictitious
                             which the student takes part. By developing the
                             student’s linguistic, cultural, and communication                   public announcements, read an original text
                             skills, the student will prepare themselves for higher              aloud, sing, present, comment on data or an
                             education and a more appropriate, spontaneous                       event, persuade, etc. For writing activities,
                             usage of modern languages.                                          the student may transcribe a message from
                                                                                                 dictation, fill in a questionnaire, write press
                                                                                                 articles, create displays, write notes,
                             Cognitive learning:                                                 reports, and summaries, write emails,
                             Modern foreign and regional languages (MFRLs)                       create creative writings, etc.
                             help make students active and autonomous; they
                             put them in a position to exchange, persuade and                    The gradual acquisition of foreign and
                             debate using oral skills, as well as describe, tell,                regional language skills, the development of
                             explain and argue using writing.                                    comprehension, expression, interaction and
                                                                                                 mediation capacities are, for final-year
                             Regular writing that allows students to cement what                 students, focused on a theme: Founding
                             they have learnt and enrich their knowledge                         movements and moving worlds. This
                             complements the systematic practice of oral skills                  theme, which is common to all modern
                             using authentic documents (videos, recordings,                      foreign and regional languages, can be
                             texts and images). All throughout the final year, the               broken down differently for each modern
                             student will work on documentary research in the                    language according to its own cultural
                             modern language: the intersection of information                    history and makes it possible to analyse
                             sources, the diversification of exposition methods                  cultural phenomena by exploring the history
                             between languages, and the responsible usage of                     of each language and observing the forms
                             computer technologies help foster autonomy and                      they take in today's world.
                             build civic-mindedness and education through
                             media and information.

                                                                                       Assessment:
                                                                                       Year 11   2 mid-term exams (CE): oral          1h   2.5% of the
                                                                                                 comprehension and written           +1h30 final grade
                                                                                                 expression                           mins

                                                                                       Year 12   1 mid-term exam (CE): oral          1h30    2.5% of the
                                                                                                 comprehension and written           +10     final grade
                                                                                                 expression + oral expression        mins

                                                                                       Assessments are done according to European standards for
  LCS - Orientation - 2021

                                                                                       common exams.

                                                                                11
Mathematics Extension 1
                             The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                             Elective subjects allow students to delve deeper into areas of particular interest to them that they may
                             they wish to pursue in higher education.
ELECTIVES
                            The elective Mathematics Extension 1 is a continuation of the mandatory mathematics course delivered in
                            year 10. This elective allows the students to gain a better understanding of mathematics, as well as developing
                            their critical thinking skills.

                            Rationale:                                           Finally, students are given written homework projects at regular
                                                                                 intervals, in the form of training exercises or formative
                            This mathematics elective allows the develop-
                                                                                 assessments.
                            ment of reasoning, thinking, rigour, logic and
                            argumentation skills by making students explain
                            and defend their problem solving methods and         Content:
                            model solutions using technological tools. This      Year 11: 144 h - Year 12: 216 h
                            elective is highly recommended for further
                            studies in many fields: technological,                Algebra and      Combinatorics and counting, manipulation
                            engineering, mathematic, business and scientific      geometry         of vectors, lines and planes of space,
                            studies.                                                               orthogonality and distances in space,
                                                                                                   cartesian equations.
                            Objectives:
                            The mathematics elective is designed with the         Analysis         Number Sequences (arithmetic, geometric,
                            intention of: allowing each student to develop a                       variations, limits, recurrent reasoning), limits
                            taste for mathematics, to appreciate the different                     of functions, continuity of functions of a
                            rationales as well as the major study axis. This,                      variable, exponential and logarithmic
                            in turn, allows them to personally experience the                      functions, sinus and cosine functions,
                            efficiency of mathematical concepts and of                             primitives and equations differential, integral
                            abstract thinking, to develop interactions with                        calculus.
                            other electives, and to prepare for tertiary
                            studies through an ambitious and demanding            Probability      Statistical test of independence, sums of
                            program.                                                               random variables, concentration and law of
                                                                                                   large numbers.
                            Cognitive learning:
                            In the prolongation of previous cycles, we work       Algorithmic,     Variables, iterative and conditional loops,
                            using six major skills:                               programming      computer functions and lists. Programming
                            • Search, experiment, particularly with the help                       languages such as Python.
                              of online tools;
                            • Create, make simulations, validate or inva-         Set and          Set, subset and complementary, meeting,
                              lidate a model;                                     logical          intersection, n-tuple and cartesian product. To
                            • Represent, choose a subject (numerical,             vocabulary       reason by disjunction elimination, by the
                              algebra, geometry ...), change the register;                         absurd, by contrast.
                            • Reason, demonstrate, find partial solutions                          Reasoning by equivalence, using a
                              and put them into perspective;                                       characteristic property.
                            • Calculate, apply certain techniques and                              Distinguish necessary conditions and
                              enforce algorithms;                                                  sufficient conditions. Demonstrate a property
                            • Communicate a result orally or written, explain                      by recurrence: use of counter-example.
                              your reasoning.
                                                                                  Maths            Complex numbers, Arithmetic, Graphs and
                            Students work on these skills in class, via many      experts          matrices.
                            diverse math exercises (performed individually
                            or in groups), such as automatisms, problem
                            solving and practical work that requires using
                            algorithms to simulate or practice programming.
                                                                                 Assessment
                                                                                   Year 11 General exams for          2h               5% of the
                            Many situations require well-developed oral                    those dropping                             final grade
                            skills: interactive exchanges during the                       physics + chemistry
                            construction of the lesson, putting work in
                            common after its completion, corrections of           Year 12 Written exam             3h30 mins          16% of the
                            exercises and individual or group presentations.              + practical exam         +30 mins           final grade

                            Oral work equally occupies an important place         Year 12 “Grand Oral” exam         20 mins           10% of the
                            in the mathematics elective, especially in the                                                            final grade
                            field of argumentation.
 LCS - Orientation - 2021

                                                                                   Year 11   Continuous assessment (research,         10% of the
                            Many situations require well-developed oral            and 12    oral presentation, prac., etc.)          final grade
                            skills: interactive exchanges during the
                            construction of the lesson, putting work in
                            common after its completion, corrections of
                            exercises and individual or group presentations.

                                                                            12
Physics and Chemistry
                             The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                             Elective subjects allow students to delve deeper into areas of particular interest to them that they may
                             they wish to pursue in higher education.
ELECTIVES
                            The elective physics and chemistry (SPC) is a continuation of the mandatory SPC course taught in year 10.
                            The physics and chemistry elective allows the students to gain a better understanding of physics and
                            chemistry, and to develop both their individual and collective sense of responsibility as citizens of the world,
                            particularly in areas such as environment and sustainability.

                            Objectives:                                                    Content:
                            Year 11 and 12 pupils who study the physics and                The Year 11 and 12 curriculum is composed of four
                            chemistry elective are able to explore their interest in the   themes: Constitution and Transformation of Matter,
                            sciences and to acquire various modes of reasoning             Movement and Interactions, Energy: Conversions
                            necessary to the pursuit of experimental sciences.             and Transfers, and Waves and Signals.
                            Through this elective, students open up a path towards
                            further studies in the domain of experimental sciences,        They are based on everyday situations and find links
                            medicine, technology, engineering, computer                    with the other disciplines.
                            science, mathematics, etc. Being both a fundamental
                            and applied science, physics and chemistry plays an            Year 11 Concepts related to technique         144 h
                            essential role in the acquisition of crucial knowledge and     Year 12 (models, response to an action, etc.) 216 h
                            skills, in particular for students considering further                    Concepts related to the values of
                            studies in engineering as well as biology, Earth and                      quantities (measurements and error
                            environment sciences. Furthermore, it enables for a                       bars, units, etc.)
                            contextualisation of mathematics and computer
                            sciences.                                                                 Experimental and digital devices
                                                                                                      (sensors, measuring instruments,
                            The year 11 curriculum is a continuation of the year 10                   microcontrollers, etc.)
                            curriculum and it combines both experimental and
                                                                                                      Mathematical concepts (situations of
                            theoretical aspects, contextualising the concepts and
                                                                                                      proportionality, functions, vectors,
                            phenomena studied. Thus, modelisations occupy a
                                                                                                      etc.)
                            central place in the curriculum, enabling the students to
                            form links between the “material world” of experiments                    Concepts related to digital sciences
                            and facts, with the abstract concepts and theories.                       (programming, simulation, etc.)

                            Cognitive learning:                                            Assesment:
                            The competencies chosen to characterise the scientific
                            approach are aimed at structuring students’ training and        Year 11 General exams                  2hrs              5% of the
                            assessment. These are some examples:                                    for those                                       final grade
                                                                                                    dropping SPC
                            Taking initiatives: state a thesis question, research and
                                                                                            Year 12 Written exam             3 hrs 30 mins         16% of the
                            organise information in order to answer the thesis                      +practical exam            +30 mins            final grade
                            question.
                                                                                            Year 12 “Grand Oral:                 20 mins           10% of the
                            Analysis / Reasoning: formulate hypotheses, suggest                     exam                                           final grade
                            problem-solving strategies, plan tasks, choose,
                            elaborate and justify a protocol while respecting safety        Year 11 Continuous assessment (research,               40% of the
                            measures.                                                       and 12 oral presentation, practicals...)               final grade

                            Validation: critical thinking, identifying error sources,
                            estimating the error bars, comparing to a theoretical
                            value, analysing and contrasting a model with
                            experimental results, suggesting possible adjustments
                            to a model or a reasoning.

                            Communication: presenting a reasoning orally and in
                            writing in an argumentative, synthetic and coherent                                                                       the physics
                                                                                                                 st ud  en  t an  d I have chosen
                            manner, using specific vocabulary and choosing                    I am a year   12                                      that it is a
                                                                                                          istr y el ec  tiv e because I know knowledge
                            appropriate representations, working in a team.                   and chem                                      scientific
                                                                                                                   to cultivate your
                                                                                               wonderful way                            ki ng skills.
                                                                                                                   ur critical thin
                                                                                               and develop yo
                                                                                                                                                        w me to
                                                                                                                 th  is sp  ec ifi c elective will allo
                                                                                                I believe that                               perspective,
 LCS - Orientation - 2021

                                                                                                                     from a different
                                                                                                view the world                                   me much more
                                                                                                          a  grea  t  un  iversity and give
                                                                                                 get into                                   I will
                                                                                                                   thanks to which
                                                                                                 opportunities
                                                                                                                       as a person.                         Stanislaw
                                                                                                  be able to grow

                                                                              13
Biology, Earth and
                            Environmental Science
                             The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                             Elective subjects allow students to delve deeper into areas of particular interest to them that they may
ELECTIVES
                             they wish to pursue in higher education.

                            The elective S.V.T (sciences et vie de la terre / biology, earth and environmental sciences) is the continuation
                            of the compulsory year 10 SVT education. Students acquire scientific knowledge from fundamental concepts
                            of biology and geology and deepen their scientific knowledge and capacities leading them to become
                            responsible citizens in many sectors of our society.

                            Objectives:                                            knowledge and abilities to evolve, until they are able to question
                                                                                   them if necessary, and to gradually reach the truth with research
                            Biology, Earth and environmental science in
                                                                                   and proof.
                            senior high school aims to provide students with
                            scientific skills and knowledge to prepare them for    Content:
                            tertiary education.
                                                                                    Year 11   The Earth, life and the evolution of living beings          144 h
                            SVT is in tune with the rapid evolution of              Year 12   Transmission, variation and expression of the genetic       216 h
                            knowledge and technologies and allows students                    patrimony. The internal dynamics of the Earth
                            to understand and apply scientific objects and
                                                                                              Contemporary issues of the planet
                            methods, to study the environment, health and                     Ecosystems and environmental services
                            laboratory safety, and to become citizens of the                  From the wild plant to the domestication of plants
                            future.                                                           The climates of the Earth

                            There are three main objectives set out in the                    The human body and health
                            curriculum:                                                       Genetic variations and health
                                                                                              Functioning of the human immune system
                                                                                              Behaviours, movements and the nervous system
                            • reinforce the mastery of scientifically valid
                              knowledge and relevant scientific reason-
                              ing methods and, more broadly, ensure the            Assessment:
                              acquisition of general scientific knowledge
                              based on the fundamental concepts of biology          Year 11    General exams                   2h                   5% of the
                              and geology.                                                     (written)                                           final grade

                            • structuring students to help develop                  Year 12    Written exam                3h30 mins               16% of the
                                                                                               +practical exam                +1h                  final grade
                              critical thinking skills and to gain a civic
                              education by understanding our current world          Year 11    Continuous                   20 mins           Part of the 40%
                              and its evolution from a scientific perspective.      and 12     assessment                                          of the
                                                                                               (essays, research,                               continuous
                            • preparing students pursuing scientific studies                   debates, etc.)                                  assessment
                              for higher education and later a career in                                                                           grade
                              biology and earth science.
                                                                                    Year 11    Continuous                       –             Part of the 40%
                                                                                    and 12     assessment                                          of the
                                                                                               (essays, research,                               continuous
                            Skills / capacities:                                               debates, etc.)                                  assessment
                            To achieve these goals, the SVT curriculum in the                                                                      grade
                            year 12 cycle is organised into three main topics:
                            → The Earth, life and the evolution of living
                              beings
                            → Contemporary issues of the planet
                            → The human body and health
                                                                                                                  is spread
                            In these three topics, having a critical mindset is                French biology
                                                                                                                   erous
                            particularly necessary when faced with a higher                    out across num
                            degree of questioning of the contributions of                                           ing but
                                                                                               chapters, includ
                            science.                                                                               geology,
                                                                                                not limited to                           s, etc…
                            These three topics also enable students to                                               nmental studie
                            discover jobs related to fundamental sciences                       genetics, enviro            analysing sure    lts as well
                                                                                                          lo  p sk ills  in
                                                                                                We de  ve                                       writing
                            (research, teaching), the current or emerging jobs
                                                                                                         lo pi ng  sc  ie nti fic methods in
                            in the sciences of the environment and of                            as deve                                       ology in
                                                                                                           al  pr es  en  ta tions. Doing bi
                            sustainable development, in geosciences, in                          and in or                                      study a
                                                                                                             ve s m  e  an   opportunity to
                            resource and risk management, as well as jobs                        French   gi                                  ing able to
                            related to health and sport.                                                      e of  to  pi cs while still be
                                                                                                  wide ra ng                                        me a
                                                                                                                                y chapter, giving
 LCS - Orientation - 2021

                                                                                                           de  pt h in  ev  er
                                                                                                  go into                                       sity and
                            Finally, this subject contributes to developing oral
                                                                                                        am   ou  nt  of   ch oices for univer
                            competencies through the practice of argu-                            large
                                                                                                                         ths.
                            mentation. This helps students to specify their                       future career pa                                 Alexandra
                            thoughts and explain their reasoning in order to
                            convince others. It enables each person’s

                                                                              14
Digital
                            and Computer Science
ELECTIVES
                             The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
                             Elective subjects allow students to delve deeper into areas of particular interest to them that they may
                             they wish to pursue in higher education.

                            This subject is an extension of the Primary School computer science program, mathematics and technology
                            subjects in Junior High and the computer science and technology program in Year 10. The subject builds on
                            the algorithmics taught in year 10 mathematics.

                            Rationale:                                             Content:
                            The specialised digital and computer sciences
                                                                                   Year 11 This subject is based on the universality of      144 h
                            program in year 12 aims to consolidate essential
                                                                                   Year 12 the four fundamental concepts and the             216 h
                            computer science competencies in order to prepare
                            students for university studies. Through this                  variety of their interactions:
                            subject, students learn to apply scientific                     Data: represents diverse information in the
                            approaches to practical cases and develop their                 form of unified numbers: texts, images,
                            research skills.                                                sounds, physical measures, sums of money,
                                                                                            etc.
                            Objectives:                                                     Algorithms: give an abstract explanation of
                            The objective of this subject is for the students to            the data processes to carry out using basic
                            master the concepts and methods that represent                  operations.
                            the core of computer sciences, through scientific
                            and technological dimensions.                                   Languages: allow students to translate
                                                                                            abstract algorithms to text or graph
                                                                                            programs that processing machines can
                            Assessments:                                                    execute.
                            Students will develop the ability to:
                                                                                            Processing machines and their operating
                            •analyse and model problems according to infor-                 systems: run programs with sequences of
                             mation flow and processing;                                    numerous simple instructions, ensuring
                                                                                            persistent data storage and managing
                            •break down problems and subproblems,                           communication. This includes connected
                             recognise situations that have already been                    objects and their networks.
                             analysed and reuse the solutions;
                                                                                            In addition to the aforementioned concepts
                            •conceive algorithmic solutions;                                is the transversal element: the interfaces
                                                                                            that enable human interaction and commu-
                            •translate algorithms into a programming lan-                   nication, data collection and system control.
                             guage, specifying interfaces and interactions,
                             understanding and reusing existing code sources,               This subject aims to increase the number of
                             creating development processes and program                     practical opportunities students get,
                             validation;                                                    including different formats that allow
                                                                                            students to develop transversal skills:
                            •put into place concepts and technologies that                    - Demonstrate autonomy, initiative and
                             enable acquiring, memorising, processing and                       creativity
                             disseminating information;                                       - Present a problem or its solution
                                                                                              - Develop an argument in a debate
                            •understand and use abstraction and gene-
                                                                                              - Cooperate with a team while working on
                             ralisation.
                                                                                                a project
                                                                                              - Research information, share ressources
                                -                                                             - Use software responsibly and with
                                                                                                critical thinking
                                                                                            This subject contributes to students
                                                                                            acquiring digital skills for which they can
                                                                                            receive a certification at the end of the year
                                                                                            11 and 12 cycle.

                                                                                   Assessment:
 LCS - Orientation - 2021

                                                                                   At least one quarter of the total teaching time is allocated to
                                                                                   conceiving and elaborating projects in groups of two to four
                                                                                   students.

                                                                            15
Economics
                            and Social Sciences
                             The French Baccalaureate comprises the core curriculum, electives, options and selective curricula.
ELECTIVES
                             Elective subjects allow students to delve deeper into areas of particular interest to them that they may
                             they wish to pursue in higher education.

                            The elective ESS is a continuation of mandatory year 10 ESS (preliminary course). It contributes to training
                            future students and citizens in understanding major economic, sociological and political challenges of our
                            contemporary societies.

                            Rationale:                                               Cognitive learning:
                            The teaching is suited to High School Students who       Ability to work independently and autonomously, engage in
                            seek to acquire knowledge and methods of                 group work, critical thinking, develop general knowledge, reflect
                            reasoning specific to the ESS. It gives them the         on contemporary societal issues, use research tools, carry out
                            cognitive tools to better understand the debates         research from start to finish, communicate results in writing as
                            that cross our contemporary societies. It is             well as orally, calculate, read and interpret statistical and
                            particularly useful for high school students who         graphical data (proportion, variation, indices, real and nominal
                            intend to study programs in which economic,              values, average, median, interest rate, correlation, causality,
                            sociological and political skills will be valued.        multiplier, geometric mean, interquartile range / ratio, Lorenz
                                                                                     curve, Gini coefficient), argue, problematise, write essays and
                            Post school studies: Bachelors in economics and          participate in debating.
                            management, economic and social admi- nistration,
                            psychology, information and commu- nication              Content:
                            sciences, sociology, law, political science, business    Year 11: 144 h - Year 12: 216 h
                            studies, journalism, history, geography, urban/
                            spatial planning.                                        Economics          Micro and macroeconomics, markets,                  170 h
                                                                                                        business life cycle, finance, global
                                                                                                        economy, international trade, financial
                            Objectives:                                                                 system, public policies, European monetary
                                                                                                        policies, sustainable development
                            The program aims to gradually provide the neces-
                            sary tools for understanding social and economic         Sociology          Socialisation, social network, labour               118 h
                                                                                                        markets, social stratification and mobility,
                            phenomena, on different scales (micro and macro).                           social control , crime
                            Like the other scientific disciplines, the economic
                            and social sciences articulate modeling and              Political science Power, institutions and political                     52 h
                                                                                                       representation, public opinion, parties,
                            empirical investi- gations to give a rigorous account                      unions, interest groups
                            of social reality and to question preconceptions.
                                                                                     Interdisciplinary Social welfare, entrepreneurship,                     74 h
                            The disci- plinary approach of the program               studies           governance, inequalities, theory of justice,
                            (economics, sociology and political science) aims                          positive discrimination
                            to allow students to appropriate the basics of each
                            discipline (objects, approaches and methods,
                            problems, concepts, mechanisms) before the               Assessment:
                            different disci- plinary perspectives are intersected
                                                                                      Year 11    External writing compound test            2h           5% of the
                            with common objects of study.                                                                                              final grade

                            Students demonstrate understanding of economic                       External writing compound test or         4h          16% of the
                                                                                      Year 12    long essay (1500 words)                               final grade
                            terms, concepts and relationships, and apply
                            concepts and theories. Like all courses, this elective
                            contributes to the development of oral skills, notably    Year 12    External oral exam (jury                  20          10% of the
                            through the practice of debating.                                    examination)                             mins         final grade

                                                                                      Year 11    Continuous assessment (essays,                         Part of the
                                                                                      and 12     research, debates, etc.)                              40% of the
                                                                                                                                                       continuous
                                                                                                                                                       assessment
                                                                                                                                                          grade
 LCS - Orientation - 2021

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