Bibliography of Conspiracy Theory Studies

Bibliography of Conspiracy Theory Studies

1 Bibliography of Conspiracy Theory Studies Aaronovitch, David. Voodoo Histories: The Role of the Conspiracy Theory in Shaping Modern History. Jonathan Cape, 2009. Abalakina-Paap, Marina, et al. “Beliefs in Conspiracies.” Political Psychology, vol. 20, no. 3, 1999, pp. 637-47. JSTOR, Abcarian, Gilbert. “American Political Radicalism: Context and Perspectives.” American Political Radicalism: Contemporary Issues and Orientations, edited by Abcarian, Xerox, 1971, pp. 1-18.

Abramowicz, Michael. Predictocracy: Market Mechanisms for Public and Private Decision Making.

Yale UP, 2008. Abramoqitz, Sharon, et al. “The Opposite of Denial: Social Learning at the Onset of the Ebola Emergency in Liberia.” The Communication and Community Engagement Response to Ebola, 2014-2015, special issue of Journal of Health Communication, vol. 22, no. 1, 2017, pp. 59-65. Taylor & Francis Online, Adorno, Theodor W., et al. The Authoritarian Personality. Harper, 1950. Agee, Philip. Introduction. Government by Gunplay: Assassination Conspiracy Theories from Dallas to Today, edited by Sid Blumenthal and Harvey Yazijian, New American Library, 1976, pp.

xi-xvii. Ahlquist, J. S., et al. “Alien Abduction and Voter Impersonation in the 2012 US General Election: Evidence from a Survey List Experiment.” Election Law Journal, vol. 14, no. 4, 2014, pp. 460-75. Mary Ann Liebert,

Ahmed, Nafeez M. “Capitalism, Covert Action and State Terrorism: Toward a Political Economy of the Deep State.” The Dual State: Parapolitics, Carl Schmitt and the Dual State, edited by Eric Wilson, Ashgate, 2012, pp. 51-81. ---. Geheimsache 9/11: Hintergründe über den 11. September und die Logik amerikanischer Machtpolitik [Secret Matter 9/11: Background Knowledge of September 11th and the Logic of American Power Politics]. Riemann, 2002. ---. The War on Truth: 9/11, Disinformation, and the Anatomy of Terrorism. Olive, 2005. Aistrope, Tim. “Conspiracy Discourse and the Occupy Movement.” Global Change, Peace & Security, vol.

25, no. 1, 2013, pp. 113-18. Taylor & Francis Online, ---. Conspiracy Theory and American Foreign Policy. Manchester UP, 2016. New Approaches to Conflict Analysis.

Aistrope, Tim, and Roland Bleiker. “Conspiracy and Foreign Policy.” Security Dialogue, vol. 49, no. 3, 2018, pp. 165-82. SAGE Journals, Akerlof, George A., and Robert J. Shiller. Phishing for Fools: The Economics of Manipulation and Deception. Princeton UP, 2015. Akhtar, Aasim Sajjad, and Ali Nobil Ahmad. “Conspiracy Statecraft in Postcolonial States: Theories and Realities of the Hidden Hand in Pakistan’s War on Terror.” Third World Quarterly, vol. 36, no. 1, 2015, pp. 94-110.

2 Alava, Séraphin, Noha Najjir, and Hasna Hussein.

“Étude des processus de radicalisation au sein des réseaux sociaux: place des arguments complotistes et des discours de rupture” [“Study of Radicalization Processes within Social Networks: The Role of Complotist Arguments and Rupture Discourses”]. Les théories du complot à l’heure du numérique [Theories of Conspiracy in the Digital Age], special issue of Quaderni, vol. 94, 2017, pp. 29-40. OpenEdition,

Al-Azm, Sadik J. “Orientalism and Conspiracy.” Orientalism and Conspiracy: Politics and Conspiracy Theory in the Islamic World: Essays in Honour of Sadik J. Al-Azm, edited by Arndt Graf, Shirin Fatih, and Ludwig Paul, I. B. Tauris, 2011, pp. 3-28. Library of Modern Middle East Studies 92. “ The Tragedy of Iblis.” Orientalism and Conspiracy: Politics and Conspiracy Theory in the Islamic World: Essays in Honour of Sadik J. Al-Azm, edited by Arndt Graf, Shirin Fatih, and Ludwig Paul, I. B. Tauris, 2011, pp. 181-222. Library of Modern Middle East Studies 92.

Albert, Michael, and Stephen R.

Shalom. “Conspiracies or Institutions: 9-11 and Beyond.” Z Magazine, 1 July 2002, -shalom. Al-Kandari, Ali A. J. “Arab News Networks and Conspiracy Theories about America: A Political Gratification Study.” Journal of Arab and Muslim Media Research, vol. 3, no. 1, 2010, pp. 59-76. ingentaCONNECT, Allen, George. The Complaint of Mexico, and Conspiracy against Liberty. J. W. Alden, 1843. Allen, Lori. “Sincerity, Hypocrisy, and Conspiracy Theory in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.” International Journal of Middle East Studies, vol.

48, no. 4, 2016, pp. 701-20. Cambridge Core,

Allman, Matthew J. “Swift Boat Captains of Industry for Truth: Citizens United in the Illogic of the Natural Person Theory of Corporate Personhood.” Florida State U Law Review, vol. 38, no. 2, 2011, pp. 387- 410. Florida State U Law Review, Allport, Gordon W., and Leo Postman. The Psychology of Rumor. Holt, 1948. Altemeyer, Bob. The Authoritarian Specter. Harvard UP, 1996. Alter, Jonathan. “The Age of Conspiracism.” Newsweek, 24 Mar. 1997, p. 47. Alvarez, David J. Spies in the Vatican: Espionage and Intrigue from Napoleon to the Holocaust. UP of Kansas, 2002.

Modern War Studies.

Amadeu Antonio Stiftung, editor. No World Order: Wie antisemitische Verschwörungsideologien die Welt verklären [No World Order: How Antisemitic Conspiratorial Ideologies Romanticize the World]. Amadeu Antonio Stiftung, 2015. Brochure. Amadeu Antonio Stiftung, www.amadeu-antonio- Anderegg, William R. L., et al. “Expert Credibility in Climate Change.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 107, no. 27, 6 July 2010, pp. 12107-09. PNAS,

Anderegg, William R.

L., and Gregory R. Goldsmith. “Public Interest in Climate Change over the Past Decade and the Effects of the ‘Climategate’ Media Event.” Environmental Research Letters, vol. 9, no. 5, 2014, pp. 1-8. IOPScience, Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. New ed., Verso, 2006. Andjelkovic, Filip. “Death of an American Dream: Situation the Alien Abduction Phenomenon in the American Cultural Imagination.” University of Toronto, 2017. Self-published paper. Academia,

3 duction_Pheno menon_in_the_American_Cultural_Imagination. Andress, David. “‘Horrible Plots and Infernal Treasons’: Conspiracy and the Urban Landscape in the Early Revolution.” Conspiracy in the French Revolution, edited by Peter R. Campbell, Thomas E. Kaiser, and Marisa Linton. Manchester UP, 2010, pp. 64-85. Andriopoulos, Stefan. “Occult Conspiracies: Spirits and Secret Societies in Schiller’s Ghost Seer.” New German Critique, vol. 35, no. 1 (103), 2008, pp.65-81. Duke UP Online,

Anidjar, Gil. “Antisemitism and Its Critics.” Antisemitism and Islamophobia in Europe: A Shared Story?, edited by James Renton and Ben Gidley, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, pp. 187-214.

Anthony, Susan. “Anxiety and Rumor.” Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 89, no. 1, 1973, pp. 91-98. Taylor & Francis Online, Anton, Andreas. “Konspirative Wirklichkeiten: Zur Wissenssoziologie von Verschwörungstheorien” [“Conspired Realities: On the Sociology of Knowledge of Conspiracy Theories”]. Verschwörungen [Conspiracies], edited by Felix Butzlaff and Matthias Micus, special issue of INDES: Zeitschrift für Politik und Gesellschaft, vol. 4, 2015, pp. 33-42. V&R eLibrary, “ Unreal Realities: An Approach to Conspiracy Theories Based on Sociology of Knowledge.” Complotto [Conspiracy], edited by Massimo Leone, special issue of Lexia: Revisita di Semiotica [Journal of Semiotics], vol.

23-24, 2016, pp. 299-308.

---. Unwirkliche Wirklichkeiten: Zur Wissenssoziologie von Verschwörungstheorien [Unreal Realities: On the Sociology of Knowledge of Conspiracy Theories]. Logos, 2011. PeriLog 5. “ Verschwörungstheorien zum 11. September” [“Conspiracy Theories on September 11th”]. Konspiration: Soziologie des Verschwörungsdenkens [Conspiracy: Sociology of Conspiracist Thought], edited by Anton, Michael Schetsche, and Michael K. Walter, Springer VS, 2014, pp. 157-81. Anton, Andreas, Michael Schetsche, and Michael K. Walter, editors. Konspiration: Soziologie des Verschwörungsdenkens [Conspiracy: Socioloy of Conspiracist Thought].

Springer VS, 2014. “ Einleitung: Wirklichkeitskonstruktion zwischen Orthodoxie und Heterodoxie – zur Wissenssoziologie von Verschwörungstheorien” [“Introduction: Construction of Reality between Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy – On the Sociology of Knowledge of Conspiracy Theories”].” Introduction. Konspiration: Soziologie des Verschwörungsdenkens [Conspiracy: Sociology of Conspiracist Thought], edited by Anton, Michael Schetsche, and Michael K. Walter, Springer VS, 2014, pp. 9-27.

Apter, Emily. “On Oneworldedness: Or Paranoia as a World System.” American Literary History, vol. 18, no. 2, 2006, pp. 365-89. JSTOR, Arendt, Hannah. Wahrheit und Lüge in der Politik: Zwei Essays [Truth and Falsehood in Politics: Two Essays]. 1971. Piper, 1987. Arndt, Andreas. Unmittelbarkeit [Immediacy]. transcript, 2004. Arnold, Gordon B. Conspiracy Theory in Film, Television, and Politics. Praeger, 2008. Ash, Michael G. “Pseudowissenschaft als historische Größe: Ein Abschlusskommentar” [“Pseudoscience as Historical Variable: A Résumé”]. Pseudowissenschaft: Konzeptionen von Nichtwissenschaftlichkeit in der Wissenschaft [Pseudoscience: Conceptions of Non-Scientificity in Science], edited by Dirk Rupnow et al., Suhrkamp, 2008, pp.


4 Asprem, Egil, and Asbjørn Dyrendal. “Conspirituality Reconsidered: How Surprising and How New Is the Confluence of Spirituality and Conspiracy Theory?” Journal of Contemporary Religion, vol. 30, no. 3, 2015, pp. 367-82. Assmann, Jan. Das kulturelle Gedächtnis: Schrift, Erinnerung und Identität in frühen Hochkulturen [Cultural Memory: Script, Memory, and Identity in Early High Civilizations]. Beck, 1992. Astapova, Anastasiya. “In Search for Truth: Surveillance Rumors and Vernacular Panopticon in Belarus.” Journal of American Folklore, vol. 130, no. 517, 2017, pp. 276-304. JSTOR,

“ Rumor, Humor, and Other Forms of Election Folklore in Non-Democratic Societies: The Case of Belarus.” Folklore, vol. 69, 2017, pp. 15-48. Folklore, Aston, Nigel. “Conspiracy Confirmed: Some Anglican Anticipations of Burke’s Reflections.” Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theory in Early Modern Europe: From the Waldensians to the French Revolution, edited by Barry Coward and Julian Swann, Ashgate, 2004, pp. 215-37.

Atkinson, Matthew D., et al. “(Where) Do Campaigns Matter? The Impact of National Party Convention Location.” The Journal of Politics, vol. 76, no. 4, 2014, pp. 1045-58. The U of Chicago P Journals, Aupers, Stef. “‘Trust No One’: Modernization, Paranoia and Conspiracy Culture.” European Journal of Communication, vol. 27, no. 1, 2012, pp. 22-34. SAGE Journals, Aureli, Andrea. “The Usual Suspects.” Paranoia within Reason: A Casebook on Conspiracy as Explanation, edited by George E. Marcus, U of Chicago P, 1999, pp. 197-225.

Late Editions: Cultural Studies for the End of the Century 6.

Avery, J.M. “The Sources and Consequences of Political Mistrust among African Americans.” American Politics Research, vol. 34, no. 5, 2006, pp. 653-82. SAGE Journals, Babcock, Linda, and George Loewenstein. “Explaining Bargaining Impasse: The Role of Self-Serving Biases.” Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 11, no. 2, 1997, pp. 109-26. American Economic Association, Baehr, Peter, and Daniel Gordon. “Unmasking and Disclosure as Sociological Practices: Contrasting Modes for Understanding Religious and Other Beliefs.” Journal of Sociology, vol.

48, no. 8, 2012, pp. 380-96. SAGE Journals,

Bagdasarjan, Bardan Ernestovič. ‘Teorija Zagovora’ v Otečestvennoj Istoriografii Vtoroj Poloviny XIX-XX vv. [Conspiracy Theories in Russian Historiography, Second Half of the 19th and 20th Century]. MGUS, 2000. Bail, Christopher A. “Emotional Feedback and the Viral Spread of Social Media Messages about Autism Spectrum Disorders.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 106, no. 7, 2016, pp. 1173-80. AJPH, Bailyn, Bernard. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Belknap P of Harvard UP, 1976. ---. Pamphlets of the American Revolution 1750-1776: Harvard UP, 1967.

Bajuk, Tatiana. “Udbomafija and the Rhetoric of Conspiracy.” Paranoia within Reason: A Casebook on Conspiracy as Explanation, edited by George E. Marcus, U of Chicago P, 1999, pp. 269-99. Late Editions: Cultural Studies for the End of the Century 6.

Baker, Jean H. Affairs of Party: The Political Culture of Northern Democrats in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. 1983. Fordham UP, 1998.

5 Bale, Jeffrey M. “Political Paranoia v. Political Realism: On Distinguishing between Bogus Conspiracy Theories and Genuine Conspiratorial Politics.” Patterns of Prejudice, vol. 41, no. 1, 2007, pp. 45-60. Taylor & Francis Online, Ball, Kelsey. “Cultural Mistrust, Conspiracy Theories and Attitudes towards HIV Testing among African Americans.” Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, vol. 7, no.

8, 2016, pp. 1-7. Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research,

Bamford, James. The Shadow Factory: The Ultra-Secret NSA from 9/11 to the Eavesdropping of America. Doubleday, 2009. Banas, John A., and Gregory Miller. “Inducing Resistance to Conspiracy Theory Propaganda: Testing Inoculation and Metainoculation Strategies.” Human Communication Research, vol. 39, no. 2, 2013, pp. 184-207. Wiley Online Library, Barbeito, Patricia Felisa. “’He’s Making Me Feel Things in My Body That I Don’t Feel’: The Body as Battleground in Accounts of Alien Abduction.” The Journal of American Culture, vol. 28, no. 2, 2005, pp. 201-15. Wiley Online Library,

Baringer, Sandra. The Metanarrative of Suspicion in Late Twentieth Century America. Routledge, 2004. Literary Criticisim and Cultural Theory. Barkun, Michael. Chasing Phantoms: Reality, Imagination, & Homeland Security since 9/11. U of North Carolina P, 2011. “ Conspiracy Theories as Stigmatized Knowledge.” Diogenes, 2016, pp. 1-7. SAGE Journals, ---. A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. 2nd ed., U of California P, 2013. Comparative Studies in Religion and Society 15.

---. Millennialism and Violence. Frank Cass, 1996.

Cass Series on Political Violence 2. “ President Trump and the Fringe.” Terrorism and Political Violence, vol. 29, no. 3, 2017, pp. 437-43. ---. Religion and the Racist Right: The Origins of the Christian Identity Movement. 2nd ed., U of North Carolina P, 1996. Baron, Hans. The Crisis of the Early Italian Renaissance: Civic Humanism and Republican Liberty in an Age of Classicism and Tyranny. Princeton UP, 1966. Barreto, Matt A., et al. “The Tea Party in the Age of Obama: Mainstream Conservatism or Out-Group Anxiety?” Rethinking Obama, Emerald, 2011, pp. 105-37. Political Power and Social Theory 22.

Barrett, David V. A Brief History of Secret Societies. Carroll & Graf, 2007. Barron, David, et al. “Associations between Schizotypy and Belief in Conspiracist Ideation.” Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 70, 2014, pp. 156-59. ScienceDirect, ---, et al. “The Relationship between Schizotypal Facets and Conspiracist Beliefs via Cognitive Processes.” Psychiatry Research, vol. 259, 2018, pp. 15-20. ScienceDirect,

Bartlett, Jamie, and Carl Miller. “The Power of Unreason: Conspiracy Theories, Counter-Terrorism and Extremism.” Demos, 27 Aug.

2010, Bartoschek, Sebastian. Bekanntheit von und Zustimmung zu Verschwörungstheorien: Eine empirische Grundlagenarbeit [Prominence of and Agreement with Conspiracy Theories: An Empirical Fundmental Work]. Dissertation, Westfälische Wilhelmsuniversität, 2013. JMB, 2015.

6 Basham, Lee. “Afterthoughts on Conspiracy Theory: Resilience and Ubiquity.” Conspiracy Theories: The Philosophical Debate, edited by David Coady, Ashgate, 2006, pp. 133-39. “ Conspiracy Theory and Rationality.” Beyond Rationality: Contemporary Issues, edited by Carl Jensen and Rom Harré, Cambridge Scholars, 2011, pp. 49-87. “ Joining the Conspiracy.” Arguementa, vol. 3, no. 2, 2017, pp. 271-90. Argumenta, “ Living with the Conspiracy.” The Philosophical Forum, vol. 32, no. 3, 2001, pp. 265-80. Wiley Online Library,

“ Malevolent Global Conspiracy.” Journal of Social Philosophy, vol.

34, no. 1, 2003, pp. 91-103. Wiley Online Library, “ The Need for Accountable Witnesses: A Reply to Dentith.” Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective, vol. 5, no. 7, 2016, pp. 6-13. SERRC, Basham, Lee, and Matthew Dentith “Social Science’s Conspiracy-Theory Panic: Now They Want to Cure Everyone.” Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective, vol. 5, no. 10, 2016, pp. 12-19. SERRC,

Bastian, Misty L. “‘Diabolic Realities’: Narratives of Conspiracy, Transparency and ‘Ritual Murder’ in the Nigerian Popular Print and Electronic Media.” Transparency and Conspiracy: Ethnographies of Suspicion in the New World Order, edited by Harry G. West, Duke UP, 2003, pp. 65-92. Bates, David W. Enlightenment Aberrations: Error and Revolution in France. Cornell UP, 2002. Baum, William. “The Conspiracy Theory of Politics of the Radical Right in the United States.” Dissertation, State University of Iowa, 1960.

Beal, Wesley. “Conspiracy, Theory, Genre: Collecting, the Paralysis of Interpretation, and Lyrical Truth in John Sayles’s Silver City.” Genre, vol.

41, no. 1-2, 2008, pp. 151-70. Genre, 2-151. Behringer, Wolfgang. “Detecting the Ultimate Conspiracy, or how Waldensians Became Witches.” Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theory in Early Modern Europe: From the Waldensians to the French Revolution, edited by Barry Coward and Julian Swann, Ashgate, 2004, pp. 13-35.

Bell, David. The New American Right. Criterion, 1955. ---. The Radical Right: The New American Right. Doubleday, 1964. Bell, David, and Lee-Jane Bennion-Nixon. “The Popular Culture of Conspiracy/the Conspiracy of Popular Culture.” The Age of Anxiety: Conspiracy Theory and the Human Sciences, edited by Jane Parish and Martin Parker, Blackwell, 2001, pp. 133-52. Sociological Review Monographs. Beller, Johannes. “Religion and Militarism: The Effects of Religiosity, Religious Fundamentalism, Religious Conspiracy Belief, and Demographics on Support for Military Action.” Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, vol.

23, no. 2, 2017, pp. 179-82. APA PsycNET, Benjamin, Ludy T., Jr. “Psychoanalysis, American Style.” Monitor on Psychology, vol. 40, no. 8, 2009, p. 24. Bennett, Brian P. “Hermetic Histories: Divine Providence and Conspiracy Theory.” Numen, vol. 54, no. 2, 2007, pp. 174-209. JSTOR,

Bennett, David H. The Party of Fear: From Nativist Movements to the New Right in American History. 2nd, revised and updated ed., Vintage Books, 1995.

7 Benz, Wolfgang. “Diffamierung aus dem Dunkel: Die Legende von der Verschwörung des Judentums in den ‘Protokollen der Weisen von Zion’” [“Defamation out of Darkness: The Legend of the Jewish Conspiracy in the ‘Protocols of the Elders of Zion’”]. Große Verschwörungen: Staatsstreich und Tyrannensturz von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart [Great Conspiracies: Coupd’etat and Overthrowing Tyranny from Antiquity until the Present], edited by Uwe Schultz, C.

H. Beck, 1998, pp. 205-17. ---. Die Feinde aus dem Morgenland: Wie die Angst vor den Muslimen unsere Demokratie gefährdet [Enemies of the Orient: How the Fear of Muslims Endangers Our Democracy]. C. H. Beck, 2012. Beck’sche Reihe. Bercé, Yves-Marie. Complots et conjurations dans l’Europe moderne: Actes du colloque international organisé par l’École Française de Rome, l’Institut de Recherches sur les Civilisations de l’Occident Moderne de l’Université de Paris-Sorbonne et le Dipartimento di Storia Moderna e Contemporanea dell’Università degli Studi di Pisa [Plots and Conspiracies in Modern Europe: Proceedings of the International Colloquium Organized by the French School of Rome, the Insititute of Research on Civilizations of the Modern Occident of the University Paris-Sorbonne and the Department of Modern and Contemporary Studies of the University of Pisa].

École Française de Rome, 1996. Collection de l'Ecole Française de Rome 220.

Berger, Peter L., and Thomas Luckmann. Die gesellschaftliche Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit: Eine Theorie der Wissenssoziologie [The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge]. 1966. Fischer, 2012. Bergmann, Eiríkur. Conspiracy and Populism: The Politics of Misinformation. Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. ---. Nordic Nationalism and Right-Wing Populist Politics: Imperial Relationships and National Sentiments. Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. “ La nouvelle donne politique de l’Islande post-krach: Refondation, continuité ou statu quo?” [“New Political Situation in Post-Crisis Iceland: Reorganization, Continuity, or Status Quo?”].

Refonder la légitimité de l’État: Quand les experiences et les patriques parlent [Rebuilding the Legitimacy of the State: When Experiences and Patrons Speak], edited by Severine Bellina, Karthala, 2015, pp. 101-15 “ Populism in Iceland: Has the Progressive Party Turned Populist?” Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration, vol. 11, no. 1, 2015, pp. 33-54. IRPA, “ The Surge of the Finns Party: A Brief History.” Oxford Research Group, 6 March 2017, story. “ Togstreita íslenskra stjórnmála – áhrif pólitískrar sjálfsmyndar þjóðarinnar á efnahagsstjórnmál landsins” [“Internal Dilemma of Icelandic Politics”].

Skírnir: Journal of the Icelandic Literature Society, 2014.

“ Við og hinir: Þjóðernispopúlismi á Norðurlöndum” [“Us and Them: Nationalist Populism in the Nordic Countries”]. Skírnir: Journal of the Icelandic Literature Society, 2017, pp. 138-65. Beringer, Alex J. “‘Some Unsuspected Author’: Ignatius Donnelly and the Conspiracy Novel.” Arizona Quarterly, vol. 68, no. 4, 2012, pp. 35-60. Poject Muse, “ The Pleasures of Conspiracy in Henry James’s ‘The Princess Casamassima.’” Studies in American Fiction, vol. 39, no. 1, 2012, pp. 23-42. Project Muse,

Berinsky, Adam. “The Birthers Are (Still) Back.” YouGov, 11 July 2012, till-back.

“ Poll Shows False Obama Beliefs a Function of Partisanship.” Huffington Post, 6 Dec. 2010, l?guccounter=1.

8 “ Rumors and Health Care Reform: Experiments in Political Misinformation.” British Journal of Political Science, vol. 47, no. 2, 2017, pp. 241-62. Cambridge Core, “ Rumors, Truths, and Reality: A Study of Political Misinformation.” 2012. Unpublished. “ Telling the Truth about Believing the Lies? Evidence for the Limited Prevalence of Expressive Survey Responding.” The Journal of Politics, vol. 80, no. 1, 2018, pp. 211-24. The U of Chicago P Journals,

Berlet, Chip. “Collectivists, Communists, Labor Bosses, and Treason: The Tea Parties as Right-Wing Populist Counter-Subversion Panic.” Critical Sociology, vol.

38, no. 4, 2012, pp. 565-87. SAGE Journals, “ Friendly Fascists: The Far Right Tries to Move in on the Left.” Progressive, June 1992, pp. 16-20. ---. Toxic to Democracy: Theories, Demonization, and Scapegoating. Political Research Associates, 2009. Berlet, Chip, and Matthew N. Lyons. Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort. Guilford, 2000. Critical Perspectives.

Bernardi, Daniel, and Scott Ruston. “Triangle of Death: Strategic Communication, Counterinsurgency, and the Rumor Mill.” Rumor and Communication in Asia in the Internet Age, edited by Greg Dalziel, Routledge, 2013, pp. 61-78. Media, Culture and Social Change in Asia 32. Bessi, Alessandro, et al. “Homophily and Polarization in the Age of Misinformation.” The European Physical Journal Special Topics, vol. 225, no. 10, 2016, pp. 2047-59. SpringerLink,

“ On the Statistical Properties of Viral Misinformation in Online Social Media.” Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications, vol.

469, 2017, pp. 459-70. ScienceDirect, “ Personality Traits and Echo Chambers on Facebook.” Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 65, 2016, pp. 319-24. ScienceDirect, ---, et al. “Science vs. Conspiracy: Collective Narratives in the Age of Misinformation.” PLOS ONE, vol. 10, no. 2, 2015, pp. 1-17. PLOS ONE,

---, et al. “Social Determinants of Content Selection in the Age of (Mis)Information.” Social Informatics, edited by Luca Maria Aiello and Daniel McFarland, Springer, 2014, pp. 259-68. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 8851. SpringerLink, ---, et al. “Trend of Narratives in the Age of Misinformation.” PLOS ONE, vol. 10, no. 8, 2015, pp. 1-16. PLOS ONE, Bickenbach, Matthias. “Der Satellitenblick und die Menschheitsverschwörung: Enemy of the State und Jean Pauls Luftschiffer Giannozzo als Figurationen latenter Paranoia” [“Satellite View and the Conspiracy of Human Kind: Enemy of the State and Jean Paul’s Luftschiffer Giannozzo as Figurations of Latent Paranoia”].

The Parallax View: Zur Mediologie der Verschwörung [The Parallax View: On the Mediology of Conspiracy], edited by Marcus Krause, Arno Meteling, and Markus Stauff, Fink, 2011, pp. 155-70. Mediologie 22.

Biggio, Rebecca Skidmore. “The Specter of Conspiracy in Martin Delany’s ‘Blake.’” African American Review, vol. 42, no. 3, 2008, pp. 439-54. JSTOR, Bilewicz, Michał, et al. “Harmful Ideas: The Structure and Consequences of Anti-Semitic Beliefs in Poland.” Political Psychology, vol. 34, no. 6, 2013, pp. 821-39. Wiley Online Library,

9 Bilewicz, Michał, Aleksandra Cichocka, and Wiktor Soral, editors. The Psychology of Conspiracy: A Festschrift for Miroslaw Kofta. Routledge, 2015. Bilewicz, Michał, and Ireneusz Krzeminski.

“Anti-Semitism in Poland and Ukraine: The Belief in Jewish Control as a Mechanism of Scapegoating.” International Journal of Conflict and Violence, vol. 4, no. 2, 2010, pp. 234-43. IJCV, Bilewicz, Michał, and Grzegorz Sedek. “Conspiracy Stereotypes: Their Sociopsychological Antecendents and Consequences.” The Psychology of Conspiracy: A Festschrift for Miroslaw Kofta, edited by Bilewicz, Aleksandra Cichocka, and Wiktor Soral, Routledge, 2015, pp. 3-23.

Billig, Michael. “Anti-Semitic Themes and the British Far Left: Some Social-Psychological Observations on Indirect Aspects of the Conspiracy Tradition.” Changing Conceptions of Conspiracy, edited by Carl F. Graumann and Serge Moscovici, Springer, 1987, pp. 115-36. Birchall, Clare. “Aesthetics of the Secret.” Conspiratorial Mind and Social Imagination, special issue of Critique and Humanism, vol. 48, no. 2, 2017, pp. 231-56. “ The Commodification of Conspiracy Theory.” Conspiracy Nation: The Politics of Paranoia in Postwar America, edited by Peter Knight, New York UP, 2002, pp. 233-53.

“ Conspiracy Theories and Academic Discourses: The Necessary Possibility of Popular (Over)Interpretation.” Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, vol.

15, no. 1, 2001, pp. 67-76. Taylor & Francis Online, ---. Knowledge Goes Pop: From Conspiracy Theory to Gossip. Berg, 2006. Culture Machine. “ ‘ There’s Been Too Much Secrecy in This City’: The False Choice between Secrecy and Transparency in US Politics.” Cultural Politics: An International Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, 2011, pp. 133-56. Cultural Politics,

Bjerg, Ole, and Thomas Presskorn-Thygesen. “Conspiracy Theory: Truth Claim or Language Game?” Theory, Culture & Society, vol. 34, no. 1, 2016, pp. 137-59. SAGE Journals, Blackstock, Nelson. Cointelpro: The FBI’s Secret War on Political Freedom. 1st ed., Pathfinder, 1975. Blair, J. Anthony. “The Keegsta Affair: A Test Case for Critical Thinking.” Groundwork in the Theory of Argumentation: Selected Papers of J. Anthony Blair, edited by Christopher W. Tindale, Springer, 2012, pp. 13-22. Argumentation Library 21.

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