Driver's Guide to operation, safety and licensing - cars and light trucks

Driver's Guide to operation, safety and licensing - cars and light trucks
Driver’s Guide
                         to operation, safety and licensing
                         cars and light trucks

                                                           CITY C

January 2020
ISBN 978-1-4601-4388-9
Driver’s Guide
to operation, safety and licensing
cars and light trucks
Introduction:                                                                                          Guides available:
When you are in the driver’s seat, a whole              Along with all the benefits that motor
new world opens to you. For drivers of all              vehicles provide, there are also costs.          Driver’s Guide                                  Commercial                                                                      Rider’s Guide
ages, getting a driver’s licence can be a               Beyond the direct costs of building and
                                                                                                         to operation, safety and licensing
                                                                                                         cars and light trucks
                                                                                                                                                         Driver’s Guide                                                                  to operation, safety and licensing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         motorcycles, mopeds and power-assisted bicycles
                                                                                                                                                         to operation, safety and licensing                                                                                                 Geared to Go
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              A Workbook for

rite of passage, providing opportunities for            maintaining our roadways, there are                                                              trucks, buses, emergency responders and taxis

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Coaching New Drivers

                                                                                                                                           CITY CEN

employment, mobility and independence.                  environmental and human costs. Recent
                                                                                                                                 MAXIMUM           TRE        CITY

                                                        statistics on road safety in Alberta show
Driving involves responsibility and risk.
                                                        that in 2016 there were 133,124 collisions
The following are the key skills you
                                                        reported. In this year, 273 people were
must develop to prepare yourself for

                                                        killed in those collisions and 12,465 were
this responsibility.


                                                        injured. Most collisions can be prevented.                                                                       TAXI


Attitude:                                               The Office of Traffic Safety recommend
                                                                                                       The following guides provide information                                                                                guides should be used when preparing
Develop an attitude of safe and                         that you obtain training and education
                                                                                                       about the safe operation of cars and                                                                                    for the knowledge test and when learning
responsible driving every time you drive.               from a licensed driving school to
                                                                                                       light trucks, commercial vehicles,                                                                                      to operate trucks, emergency response
                                                        enhance your knowledge and skill.
                                                                                                       and motorcycles, and the licensing                                                                                      vehicles, taxis, buses as well as when
Awareness:                                              Driver education courses are available
                                                                                                       of drivers and riders. These guides                                                                                     handling dangerous goods.
                                                        for the operation of passenger vehicles,
Be aware of what is happening around                                                                   provide information for all classes of
                                                        commercial vehicles, and motorcycles.                                                                                                                                  Rider’s Guide to Operation, Safety
you as you drive, and always make                                                                      driver’s licences in Alberta, and will help
responsible decisions about hazards                     If you require information about schools       you obtain an Alberta driver’s licence.                                                                                 and Licensing
and problems.                                           that provide driver education, or              Consider keeping the guides in your                                                                                     Motorcycles, Mopeds and Power-
                                                        information about the testing process to       vehicle as a reference.                                                                                                 Assisted Bicycles
Knowledge:                                              obtain a driver’s licence:
                                                                                                       Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety                                                                                     This guide provides information on the
Learn and understand traffic laws and                   • refer to your local directory
                                                                                                       and Licensing                                                                                                           safe operation of motorcycles, mopeds
rules of the road.                                      • visit                                                                                                                           and power-assisted bicycles. It is used
                                                                                                       Cars and Light Trucks
                                                          (under Driver Education)                                                                                                                                             with the Driver’s Guide to Operation,
                                                        • contact Alberta Transportation Call          This guide provides information for                                                                                     Safety and Licensing.
Enrol in driver education programs to                     Centre at 780–427–8230. You can              all drivers.
learn more about operating a motor                        reach Alberta Government offices                                                                                                                                     Geared to Go: A Workbook
vehicle safely.                                           toll-free from anywhere in the               Commercial Driver’s Guide to                                                                                            for Coaching New Drivers
                                                          province by first calling 310–0000           Operation, Safety and Licensing
It takes education, training and practice                                                                                                                                                                                      This guide assists coaches who are
to develop this awareness, knowledge                                                                   Trucks, Buses, Emergency Responders,                                                                                    providing supervision to new drivers
and skill. Your attitude shows in the                                                                  and Taxis                                                                                                               as they gain experience and skills.
decisions you make about being a
                                                                                                       This guide provides information about
responsible driver. Be prepared to be
                                                                                                       driving commercial vehicles. It is used
courteous with other road users. Always
                                                                                                       with the Driver’s Guide to Operation,
drive proactively.
                                                                                                       Safety and Licensing. Both of these

2   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Introduction              3
The information in these guides explains                For more driver and                             1.   Licensing Information              2.   Traffic Control
best practices for driving a vehicle, but               vehicle information
cannot cover all circumstances. You must                                                                10   Graduated driver licensing         22   Traffic control signals
                                                        Knowledge tests are conducted out of
use judgment and a safety-first attitude to                                                             11   Knowledge test                     23   Pedestrian signals
                                                        registry agent offices. Road tests will be
make decisions in real on-road situations.                                                              12   Vision requirements                     and signs
                                                        conducted by Government of Alberta
These guides interpret the laws that                    driver examiners. Road tests can be             12   Class 5 road tests                 24   Lane reversal signals
govern the movement of vehicles and                     scheduled in-person at the registry agent                                               25   Sign shapes
                                                                                                        13   Types of vehicles for
people on Alberta roadways. They are                    office or online through the government                                                      and colours
                                                                                                             licence class
guides only and have no legal authority.                online scheduling system.
                                                                                                        14   For hire, driver licence           26   Traffic regulatory signs
The laws that apply to driving a vehicle                To find testing services, and information            requirements                       27   Traffic direction signs
can be found in the Traffic Safety Act and              about driver licensing and
its related regulations. These documents                vehicle registration:                           15   Air brake                          27   Speed limit signs
are available at                                                                     endorsement (Q)                    28   Designated lane signs
                                                        • visit
Online.cfm, and:                                                                                        15   Government of Alberta              29   Permissive signs
                                                        • visit               driver examiner
                                                        • visit the Association of Alberta                                                      29   Prohibitive signs
Queen’s Printer Bookstore                                                                               15   Driver’s licence
                                                          Registries at                                                       30   School zones
Suite 700, Park Plaza                                                                                   15   Applying for your Alberta
                                                        • refer to your local directory under                                                        and areas
10611–98 Avenue                                                                                              driver’s licence
                                                          License and Registry Services                                                         31   Playground zones and areas
Edmonton, Alberta T5K 2P7
                                                        • call 780–427–7013 (Service Alberta)           16   Non-Alberta license for tourists
                                                                                                                                                32   Parking services for persons
Tel: 780–427–4952                                                                                            and visitors
                                                                                                                                                     with disabilities
Fax: 780–452–0668                                                                                       16   New Alberta residents
                                                                                                                                                32   TTY capabilities
For toll free service anywhere in Alberta,                                                              17   Medical requirements
call 310–0000, then the number.                                                                                                                 32   Warning signs
                                                                                                        18   Condition codes
                                                                                                                                                36   Information and
                                                                                                             and endorsements
                                                                                                                                                     guide signs
                                                                                                        19   Re-classing your licence
                                                                                                                                                37   Other signs
                                                                                                        19   Replacing your Alberta
                                                                                                                                                37   Construction
                                                                                                             driver’s licence
                                                                                                                                                38   Pavement markings
                                                                                                        20   Renewing your Alberta
                                                                                                             driver’s licence                   40   Shared-use lanes
                                                                                                        20   Updating your Alberta              41   Other roadway markings
                                                                                                             driver’s licence
                                                                                                        20   Registration
                                                                                                             and insurance

4   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing
3.      The Basics of Driving                            5.   Highways and Freeways              7.   Responsible Driving           9.   Driving Within the Law
44     Pre-drive basics                                  70   Lane selection and position        90   Proactive driving             108 Driver fitness
46     Driving a vehicle with an                              in your lane                       92   Securing passengers           109 Driving responsibly
       automatic transmission                            71   Passing                            94   Fuel efficiency and helping   111 Driving laws
47     Driving a vehicle with a                          72   Emergency                               our environment               115 Driver’s licence suspensions
       manual (standard) transmission                         stopping lane                      95   Traffic laws                      and disqualifications
48     Steering                                          73   Entering and exiting a                                                117 Alberta Transportation
                                                              major roadway                      8.   Sharing the Road
49     Signalling                                                                                                                       Safety Board (ATSB)
                                                                                                 98   Vulnerable road users
49     Accelerating                                      6.   Emergency Situations and                                              10. Towing a Trailer
                                                                                                 100 Commercial vehicles
49     Stopping time and distance                             Challenging Conditions
                                                                                                 101 Log hauling vehicles           120 Registration and licence plate
51     Reversing
                                                         78   Emergency braking                                                     120 Equipment
52     Parking                                                                                   102 School buses
                                                         78   Loss of control                                                       120 Towing a trailer
                                                                                                 103 Snowplows
4.      Intersections and Turns                          80   Vehicle mechanical problems
                                                                                                 104 Railway crossings
58     Right-of-way                                      81   Challenging conditions
                                                                                                 106 Vehicles carrying passengers
58     Intersections                                     84   Emergency supplies                     or dangerous goods
59     Uncontrolled intersections                        84   Animals                            106 Light rail transit
60     Keep intersections clear                          84   Collisions                         106 Off-highway vehicles
61     Traffic circles and Roundabouts                   85   Emergency                          106 Funeral processions
                                                              response vehicles and tow trucks
63     Turning
                                                         85   Emergency vehicles
66     Turning lanes
                                                         86   Maintenance and
67     U-turns
                                                              construction vehicles

6    Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                           Introduction   7


8   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing
Graduated driver                                         • You are not permitted to have more
                                                           passengers than seat belts.
                                                                                                       Exiting the GDL program                      The Class 7 electronic driver knowledge
                                                                                                                                                    test is available in the following 25
                                                                                                       Exiting the GDL program is not
licensing                                                • You will be suspended if you accumulate     mandatory. However, if you do exit from      languages:
Regardless of age, all new drivers are                     eight or more demerit points.               GDL you will:                                • Amharic
part of the Graduated Driver Licensing                   • You must have zero level of alcohol                                                      • Arabic
                                                                                                       • move from a class 5-GDL to a full
(GDL) program. This program ensures                        and drug when driving (or riding a            class 5 driver’s licence                   • Chinese (Simplified)
new drivers get the support, skills and                    motorcycle).
                                                                                                       • qualify to re-class to a class 1, 2, 3,    • Chinese (Traditional)
experience they need to handle the
                                                         Stage 2: GDL Probationary                       or 4 driver’s licence                      • Cree
complex task of driving. GDL improves
road safety by creating a safe and                       (Class 5-GDL)                                 • increase the number of demerits            • Dutch
controlled environment for all new drivers.                                                              you are allowed
                                                         To become a probationary driver you must:                                                  • English
                                                                                                       • remove the zero alcohol and drug
As a GDL driver, you will hold one of the                 hold your class 7 driver’s licence for a                                                 • Farsi
                                                                                                         tolerance condition
following driver’s licence:                                year (this time will be extended if you                                                  • French
                                                                                                       • be able to be an accompanying
• Stage One: Class 7                                       receive a suspension of your driving                                                     • German
                                                                                                         driver to a learner
  (Learner’s Driver’s Licence)                             privileges)                                                                              • Hindi
                                                                                                       To exit the GDL program you must:
• Stage Two: Class 5-GDL                                  be 16 years of age or older                                                              • Italian
  (Probationary Licence)                                                                                be in the probationary stage for           • Korean
                                                          pass the basic Alberta class 5 road test      a minimum of two years
The following information highlights the                                                                                                            • Oromo
key features of the Learner (Stage One)                  Probationary conditions:                       be suspension free for the last            • Polish
and Probationary (Stage Two) phases of                                                                   twelve months of the two-year
                                                         • You must be a probationary driver for a                                                  • Portuguese
the Graduated Driver Licensing program.                                                                  probationary stage
                                                           minimum of two years.                                                                    • Punjabi
                                                         • You must have no more passengers             pass the advanced road test
Stage 1: Learner (Class 7)                                                                                                                          • Russian
                                                           than seat belts.
To obtain a class 7 learner’s driver’s                                                                                                              • Somali
licence you must:                                        • You will be suspended if you                Knowledge test                               • Spanish
                                                           accumulate 8 or more demerit points.
 be 14 years of age or older                                                                          To obtain your learner’s driver’s licence,   • Tagalog
                                                         • You must have a zero alcohol level          you will need to pass a knowledge test.
 pass a vision screening                                  when driving.                                                                            • Thai
                                                                                                       You can take your knowledge test at
                                                         • You are not able to re-class your licence                                                • Ukrainian
 pass a knowledge test on the rules                                                                   most Alberta Registry Agent offices. The
     of the road                                           to a commercial driver’s licence (classes   test is based on questions taken from        • Urdu
                                                           1, 2, 3 or 4).                              this guide. You will be asked about safe     • Vietnamese
 have parental consent if you are
                                                         • You cannot serve as an accompanying         driving practices, driving laws and          There is a fee for each knowledge test
     under 18 years of age
                                                           driver to a learner.                        road signs.                                  that you take, and you can take only one
 have valid identification                                                                                                                         test per day.
                                                                                                       The test is 30 multiple choice questions
                                                         Stage 3: Full, non-GDL Driver’s
Learner’s conditions:                                                                                  and you must score a minimum of 25
                                                         licence (Class 5)                             correct responses out of 30 to pass the
• You must hold a learner’s driver’s                     To become a fully licensed driver you must:   test. You will do the test on a computer.
  licence (class 7) for at least one year.
                                                          have been suspension free for the           When you pass the knowledge test you
• You must be accompanied by a fully                       last twelve months of the                   must take the knowledge test permit you
  licensed (non-GDL probationary) driver                   probationary stage                          purchased to do the test to a registry
  who is 18 years of age or older and is
                                                          pass the advanced road test                 agent to ensure your driver’s licence is
  seated next to you.
                                                         It will take a minimum of three years         updated. The knowledge test permit is
• You are not permitted to drive from
                                                         to complete both the learner’s and            not a driver’s licence.
  midnight to 5 a.m.
                                                         probationary stages of the program.
10   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                             Chapter 1 Licensing Information   11
Vision requirements                                      to operate your vehicle safely without
                                                         supervision while interacting with other
                                                                                                        The advanced road test                       • Climbing over the curb while parking,
                                                                                                                                                       or being unable to park legally in
                                                                                                        The advanced road test determines
A vision assessment is required before                   road users.                                                                                   three attempts.
                                                                                                        whether a probationary driver has gained
you are eligible to obtain an Alberta
                                                         The vehicle for your road test must be in      the necessary advanced driving skills and    • Failing to slow or observe adequately
Driver’s Licence. If you do not meet the
                                                         acceptable working condition and must          experience under challenging conditions        at uncontrolled intersections
vision standards, you will be referred to
                                                         have the following:                            to become a fully licensed driver. You         (you must be prepared to yield
an optometrist or an ophthalmologist to
                                                                                                        will need to pass this test to exit the        to drivers to your right).
have a Vision Referral form completed.                   • a valid licence plate and insurance
                                                                                                        Graduated Licensing Program and be a         When you pass a road test you must take
If you have corrective glasses or contact                • headlights, brake lights and signal lights   full class 5 (non-GDL) driver.               the road test permit you purchased to do
lenses, bring them with you for your
                                                         • horn                                                                                      the test to a registry agent to ensure your
vision assessment.                                                                                      This road test is approximately 60
                                                         • speedometer                                  minutes, including your driver examiner’s    driver’s licence is updated. The road test
                                                         • brakes/park brake                            pre-test instructions and summary of your    permit is not a driver’s licence.
Class 5 road tests                                       • unobstructed windshield/wipers               results. The advanced road test will
Class 5 is the most commonly held                                                                       also include:
driver’s licence, allowing drivers to
                                                         • tires are in good condition
                                                         • driver and passenger doors
                                                                                                                                                     Types of vehicles for
                                                                                                        • a variety of intersection types,
operate cars and other light vehicles.
                                                         • vehicle seats/seat belts                       including uncontrolled ‘T’ intersections   licence class
                                                         • exhaust system/muffler                       • high speed roadways of 80 to 100 km/hr
The basic road test                                                                                                                                  Class 7 (GDL)
Passing the basic road test allows GDL                   • mirrors                                      • merging on the highway, with
                                                                                                                                                     A person 14 years of age or older may
drivers to move from a class 7 (Learner)                 • enough fuel for a road test                    acceleration and deceleration lanes
                                                                                                                                                     apply for a Learners Driver’s Licence.
to a class 5-GDL driver’s licence. This                                                                 • high volume traffic areas
                                                         The test will include identifying and                                                       A parent or guardian must give consent
test determines whether a learner has                    operating your vehicle’s controls.             • parking – an angle or perpendicular
                                                                                                                                                     on the application if the person applying
developed the driving skills necessary                   This includes:                                   park. The advanced test does include
                                                                                                                                                     is under 18 years of age. For learning
like safe vehicle handling, judgment and                                                                  a parallel and hill park
                                                         • handling the vehicle (steering, braking                                                   and while accompanied by a full licensed
knowledge of the rules of the road
to become a class 5-GDL
                                                           and speed control)                           Some common reasons for not                  driver, the holder of a class 7 driver’s
                                                                                                                                                     licence may operate, the following:
probationary driver.                                     • selecting the proper lane for turns          passing the road tests
                                                         • observing and obeying speed zones            • Exceeding the minimum number of            • a vehicle or vehicle-trailer combination
When you pass the basic road test
                                                         • determining right of way at intersections      points for errors.                           that the holder of a Class 5 driver’s
you must take the road test permit you
                                                           and while changing lanes                     Regardless of the number of points for         licence may operate
purchased to do the test to a registry
agent to ensure your driver’s licence is                 • demonstrating knowledge and skill at         errors, the following are some of the        • a motorcycle (must be 16 years of
updated. The road test permit is not a                     intersections with and without sign and      reasons for automatic failure:                 age or older when learning with a
driver’s licence.                                          signal controls                                                                             supervisor who holds a Class 6
                                                                                                        • Exceeding the speed limit or driving
                                                         • interacting with other road users in a                                                      non-GDL licence)
During the probationary stage you                                                                         too fast for the conditions.
                                                           non-obstructive manner                                                                    • a moped
will have a minimum of two years to                                                                     • Failing to stop completely before
further develop the skills necessary to                  • parking – perpendicular, uphill or             proceeding through an intersection
take the advanced road test and exit the                   downhill parking, and parallel (drivers        controlled by a stop sign, or before
GDL program.                                               over 65 are not required to complete a         turning right on a red light.
                                                           parallel park)
This road test is approximately                                                                         • Failing to yield the right of way at an
30 minutes. This will include the driver                                                                  intersection or during a lane change.
                                                           For more information, please see
examiners pre-test instructions and                                                                     • Obstructing traffic by driving too
                                                           “Preparing for Your Road Test” on
summary of your results. You will be                                                                      slowly or stopping unnecessarily.
                                                           Alberta Transportation’s website.
required to demonstrate the ability

12   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                              Chapter 1 Licensing Information   13
Class 5 - GDL                                            • a motorcycle (for learning with a
                                                           supervisor who holds a Class 6
                                                                                                      Air brake                                     Driver’s licence
The minimum licensing age is 16 years.
                                                           non-GDL licence)                           endorsement (Q)                               A driver’s licence is a licence to operate
Anyone under the age of 18 years                                                                                                                    a motor vehicle issued pursuant to the
                                                         The holder of a Class 5 driver’s licence     When a person successfully completes
applying for a driver’s licence must have                                                                                                           Traffic Safety Act. A person shall not drive
                                                         shall not operate:                           an approved Alberta air brake course
parental or guardian consent.                                                                                                                       a motor vehicle on a highway unless that
                                                         • a motorcycle (unless for learning)         through an authorized agency, an air
                                                                                                                                                    person’s driver’s licence is in that person’s
The holder of a class 5 GDL driver’s                                                                  brake endorsement (the letter Q) will be
                                                         • a vehicle with a seating capacity of                                                     possession. On the request of a peace
licence may operate, the following:                                                                   placed on that driver’s licence.
                                                           more than 15 while that vehicle is                                                       officer, a person driving a motor vehicle
• a vehicle or vehicle-trailer combination                 transporting any person other than         An air brake endorsement is required for      shall produce their subsisting driver’s
  that the holder of a Class 5 driver’s                    the driver                                 drivers of vehicles with:                     licence, insurance and registration.
  licence may operate                                                                                                                               Ensure that these documents are
                                                         • a vehicle transporting passengers          • an air-only braking system, or
                                                           for hire                                                                                 with you every time you operate a
Class 5 – NON-GDL                                                                                     • a combination of air and hydraulic
                                                                                                                                                    motor vehicle.
The minimum licensing age is 18 years.                   • a vehicle equipped with air brakes,          braking system
The holder of a class 5 NON-GDL driver’s                   unless the supervisor has an air
                                                                                                      For information on taking an approved air
licence may operate the following:                         brake endorsement
                                                                                                      brake course, please refer to our website:    Applying for your
• a vehicle or vehicle-trailer combination                                                  
                                                                                                                                                    Alberta driver’s
  that the holder of a Class 5 driver’s                  For hire, driver licence
                                                                                                      Government of                                 licence
  licence may operate
                                                         requirements                                                                               Driver licensing services are provided
Vehicles that may be operated with a
Class 5 driver’s licence:
                                                         A Class 4 driver’s licence is required       Alberta driver                                through the Alberta registry
                                                         when the vehicle owner or operator, or
• a vehicle with only two-axles                          the operator’s employer, is being paid for   examiner                                      agent network.

                                                         the service that the vehicle is being used                                                 When applying for an Alberta driver’s
• a recreational vehicle with not more                                                                Government of Alberta driver examiners
                                                         to provide.                                                                                licence you must provide identification.
  than three axles                                                                                    are responsible for ensuring only qualified
                                                                                                      individuals receive a driver’s licence.       For information on the
• a vehicle with only two-axles while that               A Class 4 driver’s licence is NOT
                                                                                                      Road tests must be conducted only by          identification requirements visit
  vehicle is towing a trailer with one or                required when the vehicle owner or
                                                                                                      persons designated as Government of 
  more axles, and is not equipped with                   operator, or the operator’s employer
  air brakes                                                                                          Alberta driver examiners. Registry Agent      identification-cards.aspx,
                                                         drives a private passenger vehicle for
                                                                                                      Offices are the primary sites for road        or contact a registry agent at
• a recreational vehicle with only two                   the transportation of passengers on
                                                                                                      tests to begin and end, with these tests
  axles while that vehicle is towing a                   an incidental or occasional basis and
                                                                                                      conducted during Government of Alberta
  trailer with one or more axles, and the                receives compensation for:                                                                 A driver’s licence may only be issued to
                                                                                                      approved hours. Road tests can be
  trailer is not equipped with air brakes                                                                                                           residents of Alberta. A resident
                                                         • payment for the kilometres travelled, or   scheduled in-person at the registry agent
• a recreational vehicle with three axles                                                                                                           is a person lawfully entitled to be in
                                                         • straight reimbursement for out-of-         offices or online through the Government
  while that vehicle is towing a trailer                                                                                                            Canada, who makes their home in Alberta
                                                           pocket expenses directly related           of Alberta online scheduling system. On
  that has one or two axles and is not                                                                                                              and is ordinarily present in Alberta.
                                                           to the transportation such as gas,         a road test, no passengers or pets are
  equipped with air brakes                                                                                                                          Applicants originating from outside
                                                           parking, gate passes and tolls, or         allowed. One exemption occurs when
                                                                                                                                                    Canada or the United States must
• a moped                                                  when the vehicle operator is party to      an examiner is accompanied by another
                                                                                                                                                    produce suitable immigration documents
• all motor vehicles included under                        an agreement to provide transportation     government official in the course of
                                                                                                                                                    to be considered as residents.
  classes 1, 2, 3 and 4 for learning. The                  for compensation only to:                  being monitored.
  learner must be at least 18 years of                   • the operator’s family members
  age and have a supervisor with a valid
                                                         • members of the operator’s household
  driver’s licence for the type of vehicle.
                                                         • persons for whom the operator is a
                                                           legal guardian

14   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                             Chapter 1 Licensing Information   15
Parental consent requirement                             Depending on the class of licence, driver’s    A valid licence from a country that has       • The documents required by the laws
If you are under the age of 18, and are                  licence equivalency restrictions may apply     a Reciprocal Licensing Agreement with           of the jurisdiction where the student
applying for a driver’s licence for the first            to individuals exchanging a driver’s licence   Alberta can be exchanged for a Class 5          ordinarily resides are carried by the
time, your parent or legal guardian, who                 from another jurisdiction within Canada.       licence when the applicant presents a           student or are in the vehicle.
must show proof of guardianship, must                                                                   valid licence of equivalent class.            • The student must carry proof showing
                                                         Applicants for class 1, 2 or 4 licences
accompany you to a registry office to sign               must provide a medical report and pass a                                                       that he or she is a full time student in
                                                                                                         Note: Japanese licence exchanges
a consent on your licence application.                   vision screening.                                                                              this province.
                                                                                                         must be completed at an approved
Parents or legal guardians have the right                For more information on exchanging a            registry agent office. Parental consent
to withdraw their consent in writing at any              licence from another province, refer to the     for applicants under 18 years of age         Medical requirements
time until the person reaches the age of                 website:           is required.                                 It is your responsibility and legal obligation
18 years. If they do, the driver’s licence               alberta-licences.aspx                                                                        to disclose any medical or physical
privileges will be suspended.                                                                           All other licence classes require testing
                                                                                                                                                      condition that may interfere with the safe
                                                         From the United States                         and vision screening. The applicants
The signature of your parent or legal                                                                                                                 operation of a motor vehicle. If you have a
                                                                                                        must disclose all medical conditions and
guardian is not required if you can provide              Licence holders from the United States,                                                      medical or physical condition, you will be
                                                                                                        physical disabilities that may affect their
documentation that you are married                       other than those in the class 5, 6 and 7,                                                    required to provide a completed Medical
                                                                                                        ability to safely operate a motor vehicle.
or self-supporting.                                      must complete all requirements.                                                              Examination for Motor Vehicle Operators
                                                                                                        All applicants must produce immigration
                                                         When you apply, you may be required to                                                       form. Medical Examination forms can
                                                                                                        and residency documentation along
                                                                                                                                                      be obtained from an Alberta Registry
Non-Alberta                                              provide documents to prove residency.
                                                         For details, inquire at your local registry
                                                                                                        with acceptable identification.
                                                                                                                                                      Agent office or your doctor. Your doctor

license for tourists                                     agent office.                                  Countries without reciprocal                  must complete this form. The Medical
                                                                                                                                                      Examination form must be returned to an
and visitors                                                                                            licensing agreements                          Alberta Registry Agent office.
                                                         Countries with reciprocal                      A person coming to Alberta from outside
A person visiting Alberta who is                         licensing agreements                           Canada may apply to have their previous       A person 75 years of age or older,
authorized to drive a motor vehicle of                   Alberta currently has Reciprocal Licensing                                                   who applies for a driver’s licence, or is
                                                                                                        driving history credited to their Alberta
a particular class or type under a valid                 Agreements with the following countries:                                                     renewing their existing driver’s licence,
                                                                                                        driving record. A successful application
licence or permit issued outside Alberta                                                                                                              must provide a Medical Examination
                                                         • Austria                                      will grant exemption from the Graduated
is not required to hold a current and valid                                                                                                           for Motor Vehicle Operators form, and
                                                                                                        Driver Licensing (GDL) program and allow
driver’s licence if the person drives the                • Australia                                                                                  have their vision assessed at an Alberta
                                                                                                        for Class 5 road testing without being
same type or class of motor vehicle while                • Belgium                                                                                    Registry Agent office. The Medical
                                                                                                        required to hold a Class 7 driver’s licence
visiting in Alberta.                                     • England                                                                                    Examination for Motor Vehicle Operators
                                                                                                        for one year. More information about the
                                                         • France                                       process for exchanging a licence from a       form must be completed and signed by
                                                                                                                                                      a physician.
New Alberta residents                                    • Germany                                      non-reciprocal country is available at any
                                                                                                        registry agent office.                        You may be requested to provide a
                                                         • Isle of Man
From other places in Canada                              • Japan
                                                                                                                                                      medical report, regardless of your age, to
People who have recently moved to
                                                                                                        Students                                      determine your medical fitness to operate
                                                         • Netherlands
Alberta may use their valid driver’s licence                                                            A student is not required to obtain an        a motor vehicle.
                                                         • Northern Ireland                             Alberta driver’s licence when operating a
from outside of Alberta for the first 90                                                                                                              The basic road test may be requested,
days of their residency.                                 • Republic of Korea                            motor vehicle if the following apply:
                                                                                                                                                      for any driver, if there are concerns about
                                                         • Scotland                                     • The student is authorized to operate        their medical fitness.
They must apply for an Alberta driver’s
                                                         • Switzerland                                    a motor vehicle of the same type or
licence and give their old licence to an
Alberta registry agent office within those               • United States                                  class by the laws of the jurisdiction in
90 days. It is illegal to hold more than one             • Wales                                          which the student ordinarily resides.
driver’s licence.

16   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                                Chapter 1 Licensing Information   17
Driver Licence classes                                   Endorsement codes                               Driver licence condition codes:         Re-classing your
1, 2 or 4                                                An endorsement code on a driver’s
A person who applies for, or renews,                     licence shows that the person has
                                                                                                         A    Adequate Lenses                    licence
a class 1, 2 or 4 driver’s licence must                  had specific education or training, like        B    Special Conditions                 When re-classing your driver’s licence
provide a completed Medical Examination                  completing a novice driver education            C    Periodic Medical                   (excluding class 7 to class 5), you must
for Motor Vehicle Operators form. This                   course or a course specific to operating                                                present proof that you have completed a
                                                         a school bus. An endorsement may also           D    Periodic Vision Report*            knowledge test and vision test through a
will be required every five years to age 45,
then every two years until the age of 65,                indicate that the person is permitted to        E    Periodic Driver Examination*       registry agent office.
and annually thereafter.                                 drive a vehicle that has a specific feature,
                                                                                                         F    Valid Temporary Licence            Re-classing your driver’s licence from
                                                         like a vehicle with air brakes.
                                                                                                                                                 your current class to a class 1, 2 or 4
                                                                                                         H    Daylight Driving Only
Condition codes                                          Each condition or endorsement has a letter
                                                         code attached to it and may be shown            J    Outside Mirrors
                                                                                                                                                 licence will also require a medical report.
                                                                                                                                                 See the medical requirements section for
and endorsements                                         on the driver’s licence. Conditions and         K    Automatic Transmission             more information.
                                                         endorsements specific to you are placed
                                                                                                                                                 A fee is charged for each knowledge test,
Condition codes                                          on the front of the licence, in the Cond/End    L    Hand Controls
                                                                                                                                                 road test, and for the final licence re-
A condition code may be added to                         section. Some of the condition codes and        M Under Alberta Transportation          classification service.
a person’s driver’s licence to ensure                    endorsements have an explanation on the           Safety Board Review*
that person meets the requirements to                    back of the driver’s licence.                                                           For information knowledge test fee, visit
                                                                                                         N    Excludes Class 2 and 4   
operate a motor vehicle. For example,
all drivers must meet specific vision                                                                    P    Testing to be conducted by         For information on road test fee, visit
requirements to operate a vehicle. If                                                                         Provincial Examiner only*
you require glasses or contact lenses
                                                                                                         T    Special Medical*                   Driving with the wrong licence class is
to improve your vision to these specific
                                                                                                                                                 against the law. It is an offence for vehicle
standards, you will have a Condition code                                                                Driver licence endorsements:
                                                                                                                                                 owners to allow their vehicle to be used
placed on your driver’s licence indicating
                                                                                                         Q    Air Brakes                         by someone who does not have the
this requirement. Also, a person can be
                                                                                                                                                 proper class of licence for that vehicle.
required to have a health examination                                                                    S    School Bus
by a doctor periodically to be allowed to
                                                                                                         V    Extended Length Vehicle
drive, and this will be indicated on the
driver’s licence.
                                                                                                              Combinations                       Replacing your
In more extreme situations, a change in a
                                                                                                         U    Completed Driver                   Alberta driver’s
                                                                                                              Education Course*
person’s situation can make it impossible
                                                                                                        *Do not appear on the driver’s licence
for him or her to safely operate a vehicle.
                                                                                                                                                 If your driver’s licence is lost, stolen,
These situations are not common, but do
                                                                                                                                                 destroyed or is unreadable, you must
mean that the person is not able to be
                                                                                                                                                 apply for a replacement immediately at a
licensed to operate a vehicle.
                                                                                                                                                 registry agent office.
                                                                                                                                                 If your driver’s licence is stolen, you must
                                                                                                                                                 report it to the police, and provide a copy
                                                                                                                                                 of the police report to the registry agent
                                                                                                                                                 when you apply for your replacement. All
                                                                                                                                                 services for your driver’s licence must be
                                                                                                                                                 done in person.

18   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                           Chapter 1 Licensing Information   19
Renewing your                                            Registration
Alberta driver’s                                         and insurance
licence                                                  Registration
The Government of Alberta has stopped                    • Motor vehicles and trailers travelling on
mailing out reminders about driver’s                       Alberta roadways must be registered.
licences and vehicle registration.                       • Registration certificates cannot be
Albertans with disabilities will continue to               issued to anyone under the age of
receive reminders in the mail. Albertans                   18 years, unless the application for
can sign up for electronic reminders                       registration is also signed by a parent
by visiting E-registry or MyAlberta and                    or guardian. A parent or guardian
signing up for free reminders. It is your                  has the right to withdraw consent in
responsibility to renew your driver’s                      writing during this time. If consent
licence on or before the expiry date.                      is withdrawn, the licence plate and

                                                           vehicle registration will be

Updating your Alberta                                      suspended. The signature of your
                                                           parent or guardian is not required
driver’s licence                                           if you can prove you are married
                                                           or self-supporting.
To change the information, such as your
name, address, or licence class, on your                 • In Alberta, licence plates remain with
driver’s licence visit an Alberta registry                 the owner of the vehicle and are not
agent office.
The law requires that you have the
                                                           transferable to another person.
                                                         • A vehicle owner must register his or
                                                           her vehicle within three months of
                                                                                                       Traffic Control
correct information, such as a name
                                                           moving to Alberta.
or address change, on your driver’s
licence. You may be required to provide                  Insurance requirements
proper identification before any change,                 • All motor vehicles must be insured with
replacement or renewal can be made.                        a public liability insurance policy as
To replace, renew or update your Alberta                   outlined in the Alberta Insurance Act.
driver’s licence contact a registry agent by • It is illegal to operate an uninsured
visiting    motor vehicle.
a-registry-agent.cfm                         • Your insurance company issues a
                                               financial responsibility card (pink
                                               card) which must be presented
                                               when registering a vehicle and when
                                               requested by a peace officer.

20   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing
Traffic control signals                                   Left turn at red light Unless a sign
                                                          prohibits the turn, the only left turn
                                                                                                         pedestrian walk light at the intersection. If
                                                                                                         it shows the WALK symbol, the light will
                                                                                                                                                          Flashing yellow light:

Traffic control signals are lights that                   permitted at a red light is onto a one-way     stay green. If it shows the DON’T WALK
use the colors green, yellow and                          street from a one-way street. This turn is     symbol, be ready to stop. If the traffic light
red to control the flow of traffic at                     only permitted after the vehicle is brought    does change, the driver must stop before
intersections or where roadways                           to a complete stop before the stop line or     the intersection if it can be done safely.       Drivers facing a flashing yellow traffic
merge. The color of the light                             crosswalk, and if the turn can be made                                                          control light may proceed with caution
determines which stream of traffic                        safely after yielding to other traffic.        Green arrow with green light:                    after yielding to pedestrians and other
has the right of way. The traffic                                                                                                                         vehicles within the intersection.
control signal may be vertical or                         Solid yellow light:
                                                                                                                                                          Flashing green light:
                                                                                                         Drivers facing a traffic control light with a
                                                                                                         green arrow and solid green traffic control
                                                          When a green light changes to yellow, it       light may enter the intersection and
                                                          warns that the light will change to red        proceed without yielding in the direction
                                                                                                                                                          Drivers facing a flashing green traffic
                               green at the bottom.       immediately and drivers must prepare to        indicated by the arrow. Drivers facing the
                                                                                                                                                          control light are permitted to go through,
                                                          stop or clear the intersection. Drivers        green light may also proceed in the other
                                                                                                                                                          turn left or turn right without stopping.
                               The order of lights        approaching an intersection with a solid       directions when it is safe and legal.
                                                                                                                                                          Opposing traffic will be facing a red light;
 The order of lights           for a horizontal traffic   (not flashing) yellow traffic control light
                                                                                                         Green arrow with red light:                      however a driver must still yield to
 for a vertical traffic        control signal is red      must bring their vehicles to a complete
 control signal is red         on the left, yellow in
                                                                                                                                                          pedestrians or other vehicles lawfully
                                                          stop before the stop line or crosswalk,
 at the top, yellow            the centre, and                                                                                                            in the intersection.
                                                          unless a point has been reached at the
 in the centre, and            green on the right.
                                                          intersection where stopping cannot be
Solid red light:                                          done safely. If there is no stop line or
                                                                                                         Drivers facing a traffic control light with a
                                                                                                                                                          Pedestrian signals
                                                          crosswalk, vehicles must stop before
                                                          the intersection.
                                                                                                         green arrow and a red control light may          and signs
                                                                                                         enter the intersection and proceed
                                                          Drivers already in the intersection                                                             Drivers must understand pedestrian
                                                                                                         without stopping only in the direction
                                                          and facing a yellow light must safely clear                                                     control lights so they can anticipate
Drivers facing a traffic control signal                                                                  indicated by the arrow.
                                                          the intersection.                                                                               the actions of those sharing the road.
displaying a solid red light must bring their
                                                                                                         Flashing red light:                              Pedestrians facing a traffic control signal
vehicles to a complete stop before the
                                                          Solid green light:                                                                              where a word or symbol indicating
stop line or crosswalk that is directly in
                                                                                                                                                          “WALK” is displayed, may enter the
front of the vehicle. If there is no stop line
                                                                                                                                                          crosswalk or roadway when it is safe,
or crosswalk, drivers must stop before the
                                                                                                                                                          and proceed in that direction.
intersection. Vehicles must remain
stopped at the red light until it turns green,            Drivers facing a solid green traffic control   Drivers facing a flashing red traffic control    A pedestrian facing a traffic signal where
unless safely turning right after stopping.               light are permitted to travel through the      light must stop before the stop line or          a word or symbol indicates DON’T
                                                          intersection without stopping, unless          crosswalk. If there is no stop line or           WALK must not enter the crosswalk or
A solid double red light has the same                                                                    crosswalk, drivers must stop before the
                                                          required to yield to oncoming traffic when                                                      roadway. Pedestrians who have begun
meaning as a single red light.                                                                           intersection. Drivers should proceed only
                                                          turning left or to pedestrians in the                                                           crossing when the word or symbol
Right turn at red light Unless a sign                     crosswalk when turning right or left.          when it is safe and after yielding the           appears may continue crossing and clear
prohibits the turn, a driver may turn right                                                              right-of way. The flashing red light is          the crosswalk. Some pedestrian signals
                                                          When approaching a green light,                treated like a stop sign.
at a red light after stopping completely                                                                                                                  include a countdown timer to show how
                                                          anticipate that it will turn yellow. A
before the stop line or crosswalk, if the                                                                When the lights in all directions are            much time remains before the
                                                          “stale” green light means the light has
turn can be made safely after yielding to                                                                flashing red the intersection becomes a          light changes.
                                                          been green for a while and will turn
other traffic.                                            yellow soon. A good tip is to check the        4-way stop.

22   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                                         Chapter 2 Traffic Control   23
Lane reversal signals                                                                            Action or activity within circle is permitted.

                                                         Lane reversal signals are used to control
                                                                                                                                                                                    Green circle on white
                                                         the direction of traffic on specific lanes of
                                                         a roadway. A common use of this control
                                                                                                                                                                                    Square shape
                                                         is reversible lanes that change the flow of
                               Pedestrian signal
                                                         traffic during different times of the day.
 Pedestrian signal
 indicating “WALK”             indicating “DON’T         The signal(s) over one or more lanes
                               WALK” or “WAIT”           change between a red X and a                                                                     Regulatory message such as speed limit
                                                         green arrow.                                                                                                               Regulatory message
Yellow lights on a sign with a symbol
                                                                                                                                                                                    on white background
indicate that caution is required because                Solid red X:
of school zones or areas, playground
zones or areas, school crossings, and                                                                                                                                               Rectangle shape
pedestrian crossings. When the yellow
lights are flashing, the driver must reduce                                                              Vehicle moving from red X lane to green
speed to a maximum of 30 km/h and                                                                        arrow lane.

yield or stop for pedestrians.                                                                                                                            Indicates school zone/area or school
                                                         When a red X is displayed over a driving
                                                         lane, the driver does not enter or remain
                                                                                                         Sign shapes                                      crosswalk.

                                                         in that lane. This signal indicates that the    and colours
                                                         lane is being used by oncoming traffic.                                                                                    Fluorescent yellow
                                                                                                         The word or symbol on traffic regulation                                   green background
                                                         Move safely into a lane with a                  signs tell the driver what can or cannot
 Pedestrian crossing                                     green arrow.                                    be done at a specific location or time,
                                                                                                                                                                                    Pentagon shape
 signs with yellow
                                                                                                         and provide information. The shape and
 lights (above) and                                      Downward pointing green arrow:
 without yellow                                                                                          colour will vary depending on the type
 lights (at right).                                                                                      of message.                                      Indicates lane control.

At intersections with traffic control signals,                                                           Traffic regulation signs include those
but without pedestrian WALK and DON’T                                                                    that show right-of-way and road access                                     White message on
                                                                                                         that is permitted or prohibited. They also                                 black background
WALK signals, pedestrians must obey the
rules for the colour of light they are facing.                                                           show control of speed, turns, direction                                    Square shape
                                                         A driver facing the downward pointing           of travel, passing, traffic lanes, parking
• Solid red light Do not enter                           green arrow is permitted to travel in           and crosswalks.
  the intersection.                                      that lane.
                                                                                                                                                          Provides construction area information.
• Solid yellow light Clear the
                                                                                                         Action or activity within the circle is
  intersection if already crossing,
                                                                                                         not permitted.                                                             Information or picture
  or do not enter the intersection.
                                                                                                                                                                                    on orange background
• Solid green light Proceed across                                                                                                 Red circle and slash
  the road within any marked or                                                                                                    on white background                              Diamond shape
  unmarked crosswalk.
                                                                                                                                   Square shape
Pedestrians should check for vehicles
before starting to cross.

24   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                                          Chapter 2 Traffic Control   25
Provides information such as distance
to destination.
                                                                                                        Traffic direction signs Speed limit signs
                                                         Yield the right of way to traffic not facing                                 Speed limits do not indicate the
                                  White message on       the sign and to all pedestrians waiting to     Proceed in direction
                                                                                                                                      maximum speed drivers should travel.
                                  green background
                                                         cross and within the crosswalk                 of arrow only:
                                                                                                                                      They are the maximum speed permitted
                                  Rectangle shape        or intersection.                                                             when conditions are ideal. Any speed
                                                                                                                                      that is unsafe for the current conditions
                                                                                                                                      is illegal.
Indicates place for fuel, food, lodging
                                                                                                                                      Unless otherwise posted:
or assistance.

                                White message on
                                                                                                        Two way traffic:
                                brown background

                                Square shape             Wrong way:
                                                         Indicates traffic is moving in an
                                                                                                                                       Speed limit signs are in kilometres per hour
                                                         oncoming direction.                                                           (km/h).
                                White message on
                                blue background                                                                                       100 km/h is the maximum speed limit on
                                Square shape                                                                                          a provincial highway located outside
                                                                                                                                      an urban area.
                                                                                                        Divider ahead – keep right:   • 80 km/h is the maximum speed
Indicates caution or warning of hazard                                                                                                  limit on a provincial highway
                                                         Do not enter:
displayed on sign.                                                                                                                      located inside a corporate limit of
                                Black lettering on                                                                                      a city.
                                yellow background                                                                                     • 80 km/h is the maximum speed
                                                                                                                                        limit on a roadway that is located
                                Diamond shape                                                                                           outside an urban area.

                                                         Railway crossing:

Traffic regulatory
signs                                                                                                                                  A provincial highway is identified by either
                                                                                                                                       a single-digit, two-digit or three-digit
Stop:                                                                                                                                  highway route marker.

Come to a complete stop and do not                                                                                                    A local road generally would not have a
proceed until safe.                                                                                                                   route marker but could be identified by a
                                                                                                                                      name, such as Irricana Road, a township
                                                                                                                                      road, such as TWP RD 52, or a range
                                                                                                                                      road, such as RGE RD 252.
                                                                                                                                      • 50 km/h is the maximum speed
                                                                                                                                        limit on a roadway that is
                                                                                                                                        located within an urban area,
                                                                                                                                        unless otherwise posted.

26   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                       Chapter 2 Traffic Control   27
Designated                                               Left lane turn left,
                                                         right lane straight
                                                                                                      Permissive signs                        Prohibitive signs
lane signs                                               or turn left:                                Permission signs are a green circle     The symbol prohibiting an action is a red
                                                                                                      on a white square. The action within    circle and diagonal red bar on a white
The message or symbol on these signs
                                                                                                      the green circle is permitted.          square. The action within the red circle is
indicates the direction(s) a vehicle must
                                                                                                                                              not permitted.
travel in the lane.                                                                                   Turn left only:
                                                                                                                                              No left turn:           No right turn:
Right turn:                    Left turn:

                                                         Left lane turn left,
                                                         right lane straight:

                                                                                                      Turn right only:
                                                                                                                                              No U-turn:              Do not pass:
Straight or                    Straight or
right turn:                    left turn:

                                                         Left lane turn left,
                                                         centre lane straight,
                                                         right lane straight
                                                                                                      Straight only:
                                                         or turn right:
                                                                                                                                              Do not pass bicycles:
Straight                       Left turn
only:                          lane control:

                                                                                                      Dangerous              Motorized
                                                         Indicated lanes are reserved for specific    goods:                 snow vehicles:
                                                         vehicles like buses, taxis and bicycles.
                                                         The symbol on the sign will identify the
Some intersections allow more than one                   vehicles permitted to travel in this lane.
vehicle travelling in the same direction to              Reserved lanes may operate at all times
turn at the same time. Maintain your lane                or only some of the time. Reserved lanes
position during and after the turn.                      that operate only some of the time will
                                                         show the hours of the day and the days       Trucks:                Bicycles:
Dual                            Dual
                                                         of the week when the lane is reserved.
right turn:                     left turn:

                                                                                                      Passing permitted:

28   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                             Chapter 2 Traffic Control   29
No                              No motorized             No parking on the days and times           These hours may vary for different towns      School crosswalk
pedestrians:                    snow vehicles:           shown:                                     and cities according to municipal bylaws.
                                                                                                                                                  This sign alerts drivers to watch
                                                                                                    If a municipality does establish times
                                                                                                                                                  for pedestrians.
                                                                                                    different from these, the times will
                                                                                                    be posted beneath the school sign.
                                                                                                    You are not permitted to pass or attempt
                                                                                                    to pass another vehicle travelling in the
                                                                                                    same direction within a school zone,
No trucks:                      No bicycles:
                                                                                                    when the zone is in effect.

                                                                                                    The speed limit for both urban and
                                                         No stopping on the days                    rural school zones is 30 km/h unless
                                                         and times shown:                           otherwise posted.
                                                                                                                                                  Playground zones and
                                                                                                    School zone ends:
No dangerous goods:                                                                                 A school zone ends where a traffic
                                                                                                    sign indicates:                               Playground zone:
                                                                                                    1. a higher maximum speed, or
                                                                                                    2. the end of the school zone.

Parking and stopping
not permitted:                                           School zones                                                                             When you approach a playground sign
The arrow under the symbol indicates
where the action indicated on the sign
                                                         and areas                                                                                with a maximum speed sign attached to
                                                                                                                                                  it, you are entering a playground zone.
is not permitted.
                                                         School zone:                                                                             You must not exceed the posted speed,
                                                                                                    School area:                                  when the zone is in effect.
                                                         When you approach a school sign, with
                                                         a maximum speed posted with it, you        When you approach a school sign               Playground restrictions are in effect
                                                         are entering a school zone. You must not   without a speed sign attached to it, you      every day from 8:30 a.m. to one hour
                                                         exceed the posted speed when the zone      are entering a school area. This sign is to   after sunset.
                                                         is in effect.                              alert drivers that children may be walking
                                                                                                                                                  These hours may vary for different towns
                                                                                                    or crossing the road and you must use
                                                                                                                                                  and cities according to municipal bylaws.
                                                                                                    caution when driving through the
                                                                                                                                                  If a municipality does establish times
                                                                                                    school area.
                                                                                                                                                  different from these, the times will be
                                                                                                                                                  posted beneath the playground sign.
                                                                                                                                                  You are not permitted to pass or attempt
                                                                                                                                                  to pass another vehicle travelling in the
                                                         Times (school days only) are:                                                            same direction within a playground zone
                                                         • 8:00 a.m. – 9:30 a.m.                                                                  when the speed restriction is in effect.
                                                         • 11:30 a.m. – 1:30 p.m.                                                                 The speed limit for both urban
                                                         • 3:00 p.m. – 4:30 p.m.                                                                  and rural playground zones, when the
                                                                                                                                                  times are in effect, is 30 km/h unless
                                                                                                                                                  otherwise posted.

30   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                                 Chapter 2 Traffic Control   31
Playground zone ends:                                    It is illegal for any vehicle to park or stop   Traffic Regulations:                            Turn or curve ahead:
                                                         in a parking stall reserved for persons
                                                         with disabilities unless the vehicle has an
                                                         identifying parking placard or
                                                         licence plate.
                                                         The application for a parking placard for
                                                         persons with disabilities can be found at          Stop ahead              Yield ahead            Sharp turn right          Curves right
A playground zone ends where a traffic
                                                         disabilities.aspx or by contacting a registry
sign indicates:
                                                         agent or family doctor.
1. a higher maximum speed, or
2. the end of the playground zone.                       TTY capabilities
Playground area:                                         This sign indicates pay phones that have
                                                                                                           Traffic control          School bus
                                                         a TTY (teletypewriter) that assists people        signals ahead            stop ahead             Sharp turn left           Road curves left
                                                         who are hearing or speech-impaired to
                                                         use telephone networks.
                                                                                                         Stop at traffic lights ahead when
                                                                                                         yellow lights flashing:

                                                                                                                                                         Road turns left/right         Winding road
When you approach a playground sign
without a speed limit sign attached to it,
you are entering a playground area. This
sign is to alert drivers that children may
be near and you must use caution when                    Warning signs                                   This warning sign is placed in advance of
                                                                                                         some intersections with traffic control
driving through the playground area.                     Warning signs give drivers advance              signals. When the yellow lights are
                                                         notice of actions required, or potentially      flashing, drivers approaching the
                                                         hazardous conditions on or near a road.
Parking services                                         Some of these signs warn of:
                                                                                                         intersection must prepare to stop
                                                                                                         because the traffic control signal light will
for persons                                              • a traffic regulation, such as stop            be turning from green to yellow or yellow

with disabilities                                          or yield                                      to red, or is currently red.                    Recommended maximum
                                                                                                                                                         speed through this curve
                                                         • features or physical conditions
                                                                                                                                                         under ideal driving conditions
                                                           of the road
                                                         • hazards that may require a driver
                                                           to respond

This sign indicates parking for persons
with disabilities. These parking spaces
ensure that persons with disabilities have
safe access to goods and services.

32   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                                           Chapter 2 Traffic Control   33
Crossings ahead:                                                                                Narrow roadways ahead:

                                                           T intersection      T intersection                                              Pavement ends          Slippery when wet
Pedestrian crossing                Animal crossing                                               Road narrows        Narrow passage
                                                                                                 both sides

                                                                                                                                         Hazard marker           Hazard marker
                                                         Railway crossing     Trucks entering                                            object on right         object on left
 Moose crossing                   Bicycle crossing                            from right
                                                                                                Left lane narrows   Right lane narrows
                                                                                                to right            to left

                                                                                                                                           Rumble strips             Falling rock
School crosswalk                  Motorized snow            Dead end           Roundabout
                                  vehicles crossing
                                                                                                  Left lane ends     Right lane ends
                                                         Roadways ahead that join:
Intersections ahead:
                                                                                                Divided highway:

                                                                                                                                         Chevron sign indicates a sharp
                                                                                                                                         bend in the road

                                                          Merging traffic                                                                Shared-use
 Hidden road right                 Hidden road left
                                                                                                Divided highway     Divided highway
                                                                                                begins              ends
                                                         Roadways ahead side-by-side
                                                         but do not join:
                                                                                                Changing road conditions:

     Hidden road                    Y intersection                                                                                                                   SINGLE
                                                           Free flow
                                                                                                       Hill              Bump            Warns motorists to      Warns that cyclists are
                                                           (added lane)
                                                                                                                                         provide space for       allowed full use of the
                                                                                                                                         cyclists                lane ahead and that the
                                                                                                                                                                 lane is too narrow for
                                                                                                                                                                 side-by-side driving.

34   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                         Chapter 2 Traffic Control   35
Information and                                          Off-road services and facilities:
                                                                                                      Other signs                                  Construction
                                                         Signs for off-road facilities indicate
guide signs                                              availability and direction to the services   Slow moving vehicle:                         The speed limit in construction zones
                                                                                                                                                   must be obeyed at all times. This applies
Information and guide signs provide                      or recreational areas.                       A slow-moving vehicle sign is placed on      even when people and equipment are
information about routes, off-road                                                                    the back of vehicles that travel less than   not working, since hazards like bumps,
facilities, and geographical features                                                                 40 km/h, such as farm tractors,              fresh oil and loose gravel may be present.
and points of interest.                                                                               machinery or construction equipment.         If workers are present, the fines in these
                                                                                                      This sign warns drivers to be prepared to    areas will be doubled.
Route markers:
                                                                                                      reduce their speed.
                                                                                                                                                   • Obey the flag person’s signal.
Route markers indicate numbers,                          Hospital                Airport
names or other designations of roads.                                                                                                              • Be prepared to slow down and stop
                                                                                                                                                     if required.

                                                                                                                                                   The following are some of the warning
                                                                                                                                                   signs about road construction:
                                                         Parking                 Fuel
Highway route marker            Highway route marker                                                  Over sized loads:
                                                                                                      This sign indicates a wide load is being
                                                                                                      transported. Use caution when passing
                                                                                                      vehicles displaying this sign.

                                                         Food                    Trailer campground                                                 People working              Flag person
Trans-Canada highway             Yellowhead highway

                                                         Telephone               Accommodation
Bicycle route marker
                                                                                                                                                   Survey crew ahead         Uneven pavement
Highway information:
Destination signs provide direction
and distance to a destination.
                                                         RCMP or city police

Directional                                                                                                                                        Detour next ___ km

                                                         Recreation area ahead
                                                                                                                                                   Construction zone ends

Combination of direction and distance

36   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                                  Chapter 2 Traffic Control   37
Pavement markings                                                                                         White line markings:

Markings on the roadway can provide the                                                                   White lines mean that vehicles on each
following information:                                                                                    side of the white line are travelling in the
                                                                                                          same direction.
• lane identification separating
  opposing traffic
• traffic movement in the same direction
• traffic movement in the opposite
  direction                                              Solid yellow lines, single or double, indicate
                                                         that passing is not permitted.
• passing zones and no passing zones
• lane use and designation
• pedestrian crosswalks
                                                                                                                                                            On a two way left turn lane, the centre lane
• stop lines                                                                                               Solid white lines indicate that lane changing
                                                                                                                                                            of the road is shared and reserved for left
• parking areas                                          Broken yellow lines indicate that passing is      is not permitted.
                                                                                                                                                            turning traffic travelling in either direction.
• word or symbol messages                                permitted. Be sure that the lane is clear and
                                                         the pass can be completed safely.
In some cases pavement markings
are used along with other traffic control
                                                                                                                                                           Diamond markings:
signs or signals.
                                                                                                           Broken white lines indicate that lane           Diamond markings indicate that a lane is
                                                                                                           changing is permitted.
Lane markings                                                                                                                                              reserved for specific vehicles. There may
Lane markings can be yellow or white,                    A solid yellow line and a broken yellow line                                                      also be signs that will indicate time or
single or double, solid or broken. These                 together indicate that a pass is permitted                                                        vehicle restrictions.
                                                         for the driver who has the broken line on his    Symbols
lines provide important information about
                                                         or her side of the roadway. Passing is not       Symbols may be used on the pavement
direction of traffic flow, lane changing,                permitted for the driver with the solid yellow   to supplement standard signs or by
lane restrictions and passing.                           line on their side of the roadway.
                                                                                                          themselves to warn drivers, or to regulate
Solid line markings:                                                                                      or guide traffic. These markings include:

Solid lines mean that crossing the solid                                                                  Arrows:
line to pass or change lanes is not
                                                                                                          Arrows indicate the vehicle movements
                                                                                                          permitted in a lane.
Broken line markings:
Broken lines mean that crossing the
broken line to pass or change lanes
is permitted.

Yellow line markings:
Yellow lines mean that vehicles on each
side of the yellow line must travel in
opposite directions. A yellow line should
always be on the driver’s left side.

38   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                                                             Chapter 2 Traffic Control   39
Shared-use lanes                                         X markings:
                                                                                                      Other roadway
                                                         X markings on rural highways indicate
                                                         the approach to a railway crossing. An
                                                         advanced warning sign will also indicate     Crosswalks:
                                                         the approach to a railway crossing.
                                                                                                      Crosswalk lines mark pedestrian
                                                                                                      crosswalks. Crosswalks also exist
                                                                                                      at intersections even when they are
                                                                                                      unmarked, unless a sign indicates
Reserved bicycle lane ahead
                                                                                                      no crossing. Stop lines indicate where
                                                                                                      vehicles must stop at intersections or
Bicycle lanes are painted in the curb
                                                                                                      railway crossings.
lane of the road with bicycle-shaped
stencils and street signage. Bicycle lanes
can also be positioned beside a row of
                                                                                                                             Crosswalk lines
parking spots. Vehicles are not allowed
to drive in the bicycle lanes, except when
needing to turn or enter/exit a parking
spot. The bicycle lane paint line is usually             Painted island:
dashed near corners to indicate that it                  Painted islands indicate that this area is
is permitted to enter the bicycle lane to                not to be used for travel by any road              Stop line
turn right. Be very careful and watch for                users. Motorists can cross painted
bicycles when entering the bicycle lane                  islands for the purpose of entering or       Drivers should not stop in a ‘no stopping
when turning.                                            leaving a driveway, alleyway or private      zone’ because they may interfere with
                                                         drive.                                       other vehicles that are turning from one
                                                                                                      roadway to another. This is usually where
                                                                                                      large vehicles need extra room to turn.

                                                         Do not park or stop in this area.
Bicycle lane markings

This lane is reserved for cyclists. It is                                                                     No stopping zone
separated from traffic and parking by
solid white lines and is marked with an
image of a bicycle and diamond.

The image of a bicycle capped by a pair of
arrows guides cyclists and reminds drivers
to expect cyclists in the same travel lane.

40   Driver’s Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing                                                                                            Chapter 2 Traffic Control   41
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