Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
Page content transcription
If your browser does not render page correctly, please read the page content below
Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli TAPANI TOURU
Contents HSL stategy and operations Helsinki transport system planning MAL 2019 plan • ”Public transport in the era of big changes in transport sector” Vocabulary HSL = Helsinki region transport HLJ = Helsinki region transport system plan MAL = Land use, Housing and Transport (plan)
What does HSL do? Is responsible for the preparation of the Helsinki Region Transport System Plan (HLJ). Plans and organizes public transport in the region and work to improve its operating conditions. Procures bus, tram, Metro, ferry and commuter train services. Approves the public transport fare and ticketing system as well as public transport fares. Is responsible for public transport marketing and passenger information. Organizes ticket sales and is responsible for ticket inspections.
Cooperation area and expansion of HSL Helsinki Region • Land area 3700 km2 • 14 municipalities • Population 1.38 million HSL • 6 founding municipalities: Helsinki, Espoo, Kauniainen, Vantaa, Kerava, Kirkkonummi. • Sipoo joined in 2012. • Tuusula and Siuntio will join in 2018. According to its charter, HSL may expand to cover all 14 municipalities in the region.
HSL Organisation 1.1.2017 Executive Director Suvi Rihtniemi Transport System Public Transport Customer Experience and and Research Director of Department Sales Tero Anttila Director of Department Mari Flink Director of Department Public Transport Systems Head of Group Customer Experience Sini Puntanen Johanna Wallin (temporary Juha Puolitaival) Head of Group Laura Sundell Transport System Route Network and Timetable Planning Communications and Marketing Head of Group Head of Group Marketing and Communications Tapani Touru Jonne Virtanen Manager Sari Kotikangas Procurement Sales Traffic Surveys Sales Manager Matias Sarkkinen Head of Group Head of Group Mika Häyrynen Customer Service Marko Vihervuori Public Tranport Operating Conditions Head of Group Eija Jalo Head of Group Ticket Inspection Veera Laiterä (temporary Ville Uusi-Rauva) Head of Unit Janne Solala Technology Solutions IT Infra and Administrative Information Systems Ticketing Systems Devices and Operating Director of Department System Services Head of Group Head of Group Data Systems Hannu Heikkinen Data Administration Manager Seppo Perkiö Kerkko Vanhanen Risto Vaattovaara Head of Group Krister Karppinen Administrative and Strategic Financial Services Human Resources Office Services Legal Services Services Financial Manager Human Resources Manager Office Manager Senior Lawyer Kaisa Mäkinen Director of Department Ilmari Mäkinen Maarit Hauskamaa Eeva-Liisa Haaksluoto Heli Ruuska Lawyer Elisa Molin
Public transport purchaser- provider model Bus services (Helb, Nobina, Veolia, Pohjolan liikenne, Korsisaari, Oy Andersson, Taksikuljetus, Etelä-Suomen linjaliikenne, Tammelundin liikenne, Metro Trams Commuter trains Ferry services Åbergin linja) (HKL) (HKL) (VR) (HKL/SLL) Raitiovaunut (HKL)
HSL’s operating income 2015 Total €614.8m Ticket Other income 1.9 % Government subsidies for PT 1.0% revenue Helsinki internal 23.2% Municipal Ticket revenue contributions 48.5% Regional 48.6% tickets 18.2% Extended regional tickets 2.7% Espoo internal 2.4% Vantaa internal 1.7% Kirkkonummi internal 0.1% Kerava-Sipoo internal 0.1% Kutsuplus 0.1% Kauniainen internal 0.02%
HSL’s operating expenses 2015 Total €614.9m Operating Infra services 11.2% costs Other purchases of services 4.6% Personnel expenses 3.1% Rents 0.6% Bus Other expenses 0.6% services 52.2% Train services Operating costs 13.9% 79.9% Tram services 8.4% Metro services 4.3% Ferry services 0.7% Kutsuplus 0.4%
Public Transport Figures
HSL’s operating expenses 2015 Helsinki metropolitan area residents’ travel habits: number of journeys made and the share of public transport within the metropolitan area
Number of public tranpost passengers 2013–2014, million Boardings on public transport vehicles Whole Share of HSL 2014 HSL 2013 Finland 2013 HSL 2013 Buses 182.0 179.3 352.7 51 % Metro 62.1 63.4 63.4 100 % Trams 55.5 56.6 56.6 100 % Commuter trains 51.9 50.3 69.3 73 % Ferrie 1.8 1.8 1.8 100 % Total 353.3 351.4 543.8 65 % Source: Public Transport Performance Statistics 2013, Finnish Transport Agency
Routes and number of services 2014 Weekdays Routes Services Bus 319 21,072 Metro 2 497 Trams 12 2,408 Trains 14 857 Ferry 2 72 Total 349 24,906
Helsinki Region Transport System Planning
Helsinki Region Transport System Plan A long-term strategic plan. Aligns regional transport policy. A common view on the transport system development path and measures in the near future. Part of the land use, housing and transport (MAL) co-operation in the Helsinki region and of the MAL Letter of Intent preparation and monitoring process. Is based on the Regional Development Act and HSL’s Charter.
Helsinki Region Transport System (29%-63%) (29%-63%) 2016 2012
Helsinki Region Transport System Planning has been developed in stages
HLJ 2015 20 Esityksen nimi 29.8.2017
MAL-HLJ-interaction Implementation - two processes hand in hand MAL- Impact assesment Intention 2016-2019 MASU MASU- Preparation of the Land Use draft HLJ 2015 Plan MASU and the Housing Strategy HLJ 2015 - draft Preparation of the Helsinki Region Transport System M = Land use Plan A = Housing HLJ 2015 L = Transport 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
The coherent urban structure of the The dense core area is metropolitan area surrounded by a network combines multiple of district centers each functions and is eco- with their own distinctive Helsinki region is efficient. character and close-to- developed as an nature environment. attractive metropolitan area functioning as an The transport system based integrated whole. on sustainable modes of transport serves the The growing region accessibility of the region offers a wide range of and the competitiveness of housing options. industry and commerce. MAL-VISION (HSYK 26.11.2013 , HLJ Committee 31.1.2014)
Transport goals (HLJ Committee 18 March 2014) Accessibility – smoothness Trip and transportation chains are seamless and reliable near and far. The competitiveness of public transport improves. Cycling is attractive and smooth. Vehicular traffic journey times are predictable and congestion is in control. Walking routes and environments are pedestrian-friendly. Social, economic and ecological sustainability – responsibility Travel is safe on all modes of transport. There are alternatives for daily journeys meeting diverse user needs. It is easy for people to choose healthy and responsible modes of transport. Adverse environmental impacts and the environmental load of transport are reduced. The transport system is developed cost-effectively
In 2050, the Helsinki region is home to every third Finn 2,000,000 network-like public inhabitants transport million 1,050,000 5.7 daily trips a strong metropolis jobs
HLJ 2015 policies show the way
Infrastructure development projects Proposal for projects to be launched in 2015-2025 1a. Small cost-effective measures KUHA (continuous) * *Projects named in the agreement signed between the State and Helsinki region 1b. Helsinki downtown tram network (continuous) municipalities to promote large infrastructure 2. Improvement of Keravantie (Road 148) (supp budget 2014) projects and housing 3. Western additional track in Pasila (budget 2015) 4. Pasila–Riihimäki rail section, 1st phase (budget 2015) * 5. Metro Matinkylä – Kivenlahti + street and road arrangements * 6. Pisara Rail Loop (more detailed cost estimate on 15 Oct 2014) * 7. Klaukkala bypass, Road 132* 8. Hyrylä eastern bypass* 9. Improving the operation of the Helsinki rail yard (HELRA) 10. Development of the main road network monitoring and control system 11. Mid-sized road packages (competitiveness of public transport, vehicular traffic congestion control) 12. Logistics link needed in Central Uusimaa, 1st phase 13. Espoo City Rail Link (Leppävaara-Espoon keskus) 14. Jokeri Light Rail 15. Ruskeasanta station 16. Ring Road I, 2nd phase €375m/year
Other areas of development for the municipalities 2016–2050 Land Use Zones The primary development areas of the region 2016–2050 The development of areas outside the regional zones which have a strategic The goal is to direct at least 80 % of importance in the current plans of the new housing construction into these municipalities areas Areal development may not cause significant regional investment needs or The complemental areas of the hinder the development of the regional primary development areas in scale at a later time the region 2025–2050 Regional industrial, These areas become primary logistical and development areas as the transport warehouse centres network is complemented in accordance with the HLJ 2015 Possible areas of expansion after Areas outside the designated 2040 zones Areas connected to large transport investments and whose development Areal development may not cause significant regional investment needs or in a grand scale is in conjunction with hinder the development of the regional the implementation of the possible scale at a later time transport investments 31
HLJ 2015 is good for the region Public transport is used more: its share Accessibility of motorized trips of the region The per journey cost increases by of public transport 6 percentage points. improves decreases. significantly. The capacity of main roads is used almost to the full but hardly An increasing number of people choose ever exeeded. public transport, cycling and walking.
Significant environmental impacts The climate target 2030 New land use is for the metropolitan area located in noise is achieved. zones. The EU climate targets are not achieved without significant changes. Air quality may Quiet deteriorate areas locally. are not at risk. Increase in vehicular traffic increases Conditions for a car-free accidents but relative to population, lifestyle are created but car accidents decrease. dependency continues to be a challenge.
Mid-Summary In the future the population of the region increases significantly. The functioning of the traffic system is ensured by: • intensifying land use in harmony with transport system. • examining vehicular traffic pricing as a means of directing mobility and funding transport system • improving the service level of public transport in the whole region. -> MAL-agreement between state and municipalities
Towards next transport system plan Prepared together with regional housing and land use planning processes (MAL agreement) Key challenge is to decrease CO2 emissions (with economically viable solutions) • More compact cities • Bigger share of sustainable modes of transport • Technology will for sure help, but when and how? ”Realism and resilience”
Planning Organization Municipalities take part in transport PREPARATION Expert groups: Land Use Group Housing Group Transport Groups system planning and Representatives are responsible for land of municipalities, use and housing HSL and the planning. state Land Use, Housing and Transport (LHT) Project Group HSL is responsible for preparing the transport STEERING Steering groups: system plan (binded by Leading authorities LHT Committee Transport System Committee law) and its impact of municipalities and the state assessment. DECISION MAKING The State Helsinki Region General Meeting participates in planning Decision makers: HSL Executive Board Elected officials (HSYK) and is represented in the Transport System of municipalities Keski-Uusimaa Region (KUUMA) Executive Board Committee and LHT project group.
Land Use, Housing and Transport System Plan 2019 Political decision making Integrated transport, land use and housing planning ”Framework” Support studies ”Planning the plan” Learning from the previous plan • Concrete measures for the near • Impact assessment guides planning future, flexibility in the long run • Milestones set the pace of planning and decision making • Efficient use of existing data • Transparent, concise and efficient interaction
Public transport trunk routes Population 2015 -> 2030 40 Esityksen nimi 29.8.2017
Year 2030: Density related to accessibility Saavutettavuus ja tiheys laskettu ruuduittain asukasmääräpainotettuina persentiileinä ja niistä erotus: tuloksena erottuu ruudut, joissa muihin kehyskuntien (vasen kuva) tai PKS:n (oikea kuva) asukkaisiin verrattuna hyvä saavutettavuus ja vähän maankäyttöä tai toisinpäin.
Centers in Helsinki region v. 2015 ja 2050
Technology & services PRIVATE AUTOMATED VEHICLES SHARED AUTOMATED VEHICLES AUTOMATED MINI BUSSES AUTOMATED PUBLIC TRANSPORT VEHICLES Sharing INFORMATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ALTERNATIVE FUELS Automation ELECTRIC AND CARGO BICYCLES Information and traffic NEW AVIATION VEHICLES management system ROAD FEES DEMAND DRIVEN PUBLIC TRANSPORT Delivery services CITY BIKES SHARED VEHICLES Alternative fuels MAAS/TRAVEL CHAIN SERVICES HOME DELIVERY SERVICES 43 MAL2019 - Liikenteen uudet palvelut ja teknologiat 29.8.2017
Sharing rides Division of trips The portion of shared rides according to initial trip plan Henkilöautomatka Private car (alone)yksin Substitued private Korvautunut car trip Henkilöautomatka Julkinen liikenne Public transport Substitued public Korvautunut transport tripmatka Julkisenliikenteen Jaettu henkilöautomatka Private car (shared) Lähtevien ajoneuvomatkojen määrän alenema (ajon.matkaa/alue) aamuhuipputunnilla 2030 44 MAL2019 - Liikenteen uudet palvelut ja teknologiat 29.8.2017
Simulation of shared modes 45 MAL2019 - Liikenteen uudet palvelut ja teknologiat 29.8.2017
The role of public transport in the revolution of urban transport (according to UITP and the public transport authorities of large Nordic cities) Cities are growing and excessive Efficient public transport trunk services are still driving takes up space weakening the needed but increasing the share of public quality of the living environment and transport through investments and subsidies is threatening economic growth, getting more difficult and expensive productivity and health Data transmission, data, mobile devices, social media, location More effective and optimal use of A more extensive array of services, etc. create possibilities and existing space is necessary mobility services designed bring new services to the market around efficient public Increasing road and street capacity transport is the answer to As values and behavior change, the versatile, increasing for driving is a bad alternative citizens are looking for new means mobility needs of cities. of mobility Political will supports (even requires) reducing Pricing of transport is necessary to emissions, better urban environment, healthy direct demand and modal choice mobility choices, utilizing digitalization, developing markets 46 29.8.2017
Preliminary trends in the development of HSL’s role in the field of mobility services 1 Ticketing cooperation 2Information and marketing cooperation 3 Services provided by HSL 1c. Public transport ticketing 2b. Other mobility service providers 3c. In certain areas of at certain times, cooperation with authorities and are included in the Journey Planner public transport supply is commercial actors is increased. replaced/piloted by other mobility • Data interfaces available for everyone services, provided the service • Ticketing interfaces in contractual in line with the Act on Transport Services cooperation (independent of this) • Supplements HSL’s services • HSL’s condition is the ownership of • Partners for more extensive cooperation • Creates a long-distance trip chain customers and anonymous travel data are selected on the same basis as for • Contributes to sustainable mobility (car-free of the users of HSL transport ticketing cooperation lifestyle) that does not unilaterally compete services • Operative powers with public transport • Selecting partners who implement • Does not increase car mileage, in particular HSL’s strategic goals in areas with limited capacity • Having only cooperation with benefits to HSL’s goals and customers in 3a. HSL provides a mobility platform. HSL proportion to the resources required plans and organizes a mobile ride-hailing and • Common commercial and technical pooling service in its area criteria for contract partners • Operative powers Transport system planning takes all mobility services comprehensively into account regardless of HSL’s role in their production HSL is responsible for the preparation of the Helsinki Region Transport System 47 Plan (HLJ) in cooperation with strategic land use and housing planning.
Planning Outcomes Current situation and Goals • Grounds for developing the Helsinki Region 2019 – 2030: Measures • Investments in infrastructure and land use development • Other efficient measures 2031 – 2050: Scenarios • Uncertainty increases in the long run, which requires: Examination of different scenarios and development paths Increased demand for flexibility in planning Adapting to changes in operational environment
Thank you Head of Group Tapani Touru Transport System and Research Department, Helsinki Region Transport email@example.com +358 40 504 2270
You can also read