Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli

Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
Helsinki region transport
    system planning
  - public transport and beyond

         24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
            TAPANI TOURU
Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
 HSL stategy and operations
 Helsinki transport system planning
 MAL 2019 plan
  • ”Public transport in the era of big changes in transport sector”

HSL = Helsinki region transport
HLJ = Helsinki region transport system plan
MAL = Land use, Housing and Transport (plan)
Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
HSL in General
Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
What does HSL do?

 Is responsible for the preparation of the Helsinki Region
    Transport System Plan (HLJ).
   Plans and organizes public transport in the region and work to
    improve its operating conditions.
   Procures bus, tram, Metro, ferry and commuter train services.
   Approves the public transport fare and ticketing system as well
    as public transport fares.
   Is responsible for public transport marketing and passenger
   Organizes ticket sales and is responsible for ticket inspections.
Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
HSL – Strategy into action
Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
Cooperation area and
expansion of HSL
 Helsinki Region
   • Land area 3700 km2
   • 14 municipalities
   • Population 1.38 million

   • 6 founding municipalities: Helsinki, Espoo,
     Kauniainen, Vantaa, Kerava, Kirkkonummi.
   • Sipoo joined in 2012.
   • Tuusula and Siuntio will join in 2018.

 According to its charter, HSL may
  expand to cover all 14 municipalities
  in the region.
Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
HSL Organisation 1.1.2017
                                              Executive Director Suvi Rihtniemi
   Transport System                                     Public Transport                                 Customer Experience and
   and Research                                         Director of Department                           Sales
                                                        Tero Anttila
                                                                                                         Director of Department Mari Flink
   Director of Department                               Public Transport Systems
                                                        Head of Group                                    Customer Experience
   Sini Puntanen
                                                        Johanna Wallin (temporary Juha Puolitaival)      Head of Group Laura Sundell
   Transport System                                     Route Network and Timetable Planning             Communications and Marketing
   Head of Group                                        Head of Group                                    Marketing and Communications
   Tapani Touru                                         Jonne Virtanen                                   Manager Sari Kotikangas
                                                        Procurement                                      Sales
   Traffic Surveys                                                                                       Sales Manager Matias Sarkkinen
                                                        Head of Group
   Head of Group
                                                        Mika Häyrynen                                    Customer Service
   Marko Vihervuori
                                                        Public Tranport Operating Conditions             Head of Group Eija Jalo
                                                        Head of Group                                    Ticket Inspection
                                                        Veera Laiterä (temporary Ville Uusi-Rauva)       Head of Unit Janne Solala

Technology Solutions        IT Infra and Administrative                Information Systems      Ticketing Systems        Devices and Operating
Director of Department      System Services                            Head of Group            Head of Group            Data Systems
Hannu Heikkinen             Data Administration Manager Seppo Perkiö   Kerkko Vanhanen          Risto Vaattovaara        Head of Group Krister Karppinen

Administrative and Strategic                 Financial Services            Human Resources            Office Services Legal Services
Services                                     Financial Manager             Human Resources Manager    Office Manager     Senior Lawyer Kaisa Mäkinen
Director of Department Ilmari Mäkinen        Maarit Hauskamaa              Eeva-Liisa Haaksluoto      Heli Ruuska        Lawyer Elisa Molin
Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
Public transport purchaser-
provider model

          Bus services
         (Helb, Nobina, Veolia,
      Pohjolan liikenne, Korsisaari,
      Oy Andersson, Taksikuljetus,
       Etelä-Suomen linjaliikenne,
         Tammelundin liikenne,         Metro       Trams      Commuter trains   Ferry services
              Åbergin linja)           (HKL)         (HKL)          (VR)           (HKL/SLL)

Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
Economic Outlook
Helsinki region transport system planning - public transport and beyond 24.8.2017 @Suvekooli
HSL’s operating income 2015
      Total €614.8m
      Other income 1.9 %    Government subsidies for PT 1.0%                      revenue


             Municipal      Ticket revenue
            contributions       48.5%                                             Regional
               48.6%                                                               tickets
                                                 Extended regional tickets 2.7%
                                                           Espoo internal 2.4%
                                                          Vantaa internal 1.7%
                                                     Kirkkonummi internal 0.1%
                                                   Kerava-Sipoo internal 0.1%
                                                               Kutsuplus 0.1%
                                                    Kauniainen internal 0.02%
HSL’s operating expenses 2015
      Total €614.9m
       Infra services 11.2%                                               costs
                                      Other purchases of services 4.6%

                                      Personnel expenses 3.1%

                                      Rents 0.6%
                                      Other expenses 0.6%                 services

                    Operating costs                                        13.9%
                        79.9%                                              Tram
                                               Metro services 4.3%
                                               Ferry services 0.7%
                                                   Kutsuplus 0.4%
Public Transport
HSL’s operating expenses 2015
Helsinki metropolitan area residents’ travel habits: number of journeys made and
the share of public transport within the metropolitan area
Number of public tranpost
passengers 2013–2014, million
      Boardings on public transport vehicles
                                                                    Whole             Share of
                            HSL 2014          HSL 2013          Finland 2013          HSL 2013
        Buses                   182.0              179.3             352.7                51 %
        Metro                     62.1               63.4              63.4             100 %
        Trams                     55.5               56.6              56.6             100 %
        Commuter trains           51.9               50.3              69.3              73 %
        Ferrie                      1.8                1.8               1.8            100 %

        Total                   353.3              351.4             543.8                65 %

                              Source: Public Transport Performance Statistics 2013, Finnish Transport Agency
Routes and number of services
                 Routes   Services

      Bus         319     21,072
      Metro         2        497
      Trams        12      2,408
      Trains       14        857
      Ferry         2         72

      Total       349     24,906
Helsinki Region
Transport System
Helsinki Region Transport
System Plan
 A long-term strategic plan.
 Aligns regional transport policy.
 A common view on the transport system development path and
  measures in the near future.
 Part of the land use, housing and transport (MAL) co-operation in
  the Helsinki region and of the MAL Letter of Intent preparation and
  monitoring process.
 Is based on the Regional Development Act and HSL’s Charter.
Helsinki Region
Transport System



Helsinki Region Transport
System Planning has been
developed in stages
HLJ 2015

20     Esityksen nimi   29.8.2017
MAL-HLJ-interaction                                                                 Implementation

   - two processes hand in hand
         Impact assesment                                              Intention
          Preparation of
           the Land Use                 draft              HLJ 2015
            Plan MASU
              and the
             Strategy                      HLJ 2015 -
                Preparation of
              the Helsinki Region
               Transport System                                              M = Land use
                     Plan                                                    A = Housing
                   HLJ 2015
                                                                             L = Transport

       2012      2013               2014                2015          2016
The coherent urban
                          structure of the        The dense core area is
                         metropolitan area      surrounded by a network
                        combines multiple        of district centers each
                       functions and is eco- with their own distinctive
   Helsinki region is         efficient.         character and close-to-
    developed as an                                nature environment.
attractive metropolitan
area functioning as an                     The transport system based
   integrated whole.                         on sustainable modes of
                                               transport serves the
               The growing region           accessibility of the region
              offers a wide range of       and the competitiveness of
                 housing options.            industry and commerce.

                      (HSYK 26.11.2013 , HLJ Committee 31.1.2014)
Transport goals             (HLJ Committee 18 March 2014)

     Accessibility – smoothness
      Trip and transportation chains are seamless and reliable near and far.
      The competitiveness of public transport improves.
      Cycling is attractive and smooth.
      Vehicular traffic journey times are predictable and congestion is in control.
      Walking routes and environments are pedestrian-friendly.

     Social, economic and ecological sustainability – responsibility
      Travel is safe on all modes of transport.
      There are alternatives for daily journeys meeting diverse user needs.
      It is easy for people to choose healthy and responsible modes of transport.
      Adverse environmental impacts and the environmental load of transport
       are reduced.
      The transport system is developed cost-effectively
In 2050, the Helsinki region is home to

 every third Finn   2,000,000            network-like public
                    inhabitants          transport

 1,050,000          5.7    daily trips
                                                  a strong
HLJ 2015 policies show the way
Infrastructure development projects
Proposal for projects to be launched in 2015-2025

1a. Small cost-effective measures KUHA (continuous) *
                                                                                         *Projects named in the agreement signed
                                                                                             between the State and Helsinki region
1b. Helsinki downtown tram network (continuous)
                                                                                             municipalities to promote large infrastructure
2. Improvement of Keravantie (Road 148) (supp budget 2014)
                                                                                             projects and housing
3. Western additional track in Pasila (budget 2015)
4. Pasila–Riihimäki rail section, 1st phase (budget 2015) *
5. Metro Matinkylä – Kivenlahti + street and road arrangements *
6. Pisara Rail Loop (more detailed cost estimate on 15 Oct 2014) *
7. Klaukkala bypass, Road 132*
8. Hyrylä eastern bypass*
9. Improving the operation of the Helsinki rail yard (HELRA)
10. Development of the main road network monitoring and control system
11. Mid-sized road packages (competitiveness of public transport, vehicular traffic congestion
12. Logistics link needed in Central Uusimaa, 1st phase
13. Espoo City Rail Link (Leppävaara-Espoon keskus)
14. Jokeri Light Rail
15. Ruskeasanta station
16. Ring Road I, 2nd phase
Other areas of development for the
     municipalities 2016–2050               Land Use Zones           The primary development
                                                                   areas of the region 2016–2050
The development of areas outside the
regional zones which have a strategic                              The goal is to direct at least 80 % of
importance in the current plans of the                             new housing construction into these
            municipalities                                                         areas

   Areal development may not cause
significant regional investment needs or                          The complemental areas of the
hinder the development of the regional                            primary development areas in
           scale at a later time
                                                                           the region
Regional industrial,                                                 These areas become primary
  logistical and                                                  development areas as the transport
warehouse centres                                                    network is complemented in
                                                                    accordance with the HLJ 2015

                                                                   Possible areas of expansion after
  Areas outside the designated
                                                                    Areas connected to large transport
                                                                  investments and whose development
    Areal development may not cause
 significant regional investment needs or                         in a grand scale is in conjunction with
 hinder the development of the regional                             the implementation of the possible
            scale at a later time                                         transport investments
HLJ 2015 is good for the region
        Public transport is
        used more: its share     Accessibility
        of motorized trips       of the region        The per journey cost
        increases by                                  of public transport
        6 percentage points.     improves             decreases.

        The capacity of main
        roads is used almost
        to the full but hardly   An increasing number of people choose
        ever exeeded.
                                 public transport, cycling and walking.
Significant environmental impacts
        The climate target 2030                   New land use is
        for the metropolitan area                 located in noise
        is achieved.                              zones.
        The EU climate targets are not
        achieved without significant
        changes.                                  Air quality may       Quiet
                                                  deteriorate           areas
                                                  locally.              are not at risk.

        Increase in vehicular traffic increases   Conditions for a car-free
        accidents but relative to population,     lifestyle are created but car
        accidents decrease.                       dependency continues to be a
In the future the population of the region increases significantly.
The functioning of the traffic system is ensured by:
• intensifying land use in harmony with transport system.
• examining vehicular traffic pricing as a means of directing mobility and funding
  transport system
• improving the service level of public transport in the whole region.

-> MAL-agreement between state and municipalities
MAL 2019
Towards next transport system

 Prepared together with regional housing and land use
  planning processes (MAL agreement)
 Key challenge is to decrease CO2 emissions (with
  economically viable solutions)
  • More compact cities
  • Bigger share of sustainable modes of transport
  • Technology will for sure help, but when and how?

 ”Realism and resilience”
Planning Organization
                                                                                                             take part in transport

                  Expert groups:        Land Use Group          Housing Group            Transport Groups    system planning and
                  Representatives                                                                           are responsible for land
                  of municipalities,                                                                           use and housing
                  HSL and the                                                                                      planning.
                  state                    Land Use, Housing and Transport (LHT) Project Group

                                                                                                               is responsible for
                                                                                                            preparing the transport

                  Steering groups:
                                                                                                            system plan (binded by
                  Leading authorities           LHT Committee             Transport System Committee          law) and its impact
                  of municipalities
                  and the state                                                                                   assessment.

                                                                                                                  The State
                                        Helsinki Region General Meeting                                     participates in planning
                  Decision makers:                                              HSL Executive Board
                  Elected officials                 (HSYK)                                                   and is represented in
                                                                                                             the Transport System
                  of municipalities
                                                     Keski-Uusimaa Region (KUUMA) Executive Board             Committee and LHT
                                                                                                                 project group.
Land Use, Housing and Transport
System Plan 2019
                                                      Political decision making

                                                      Integrated transport, land use and housing planning


                                                      Support studies

                                                      ”Planning the plan”

                                                      Learning from the previous plan

•   Concrete measures for the near        •   Impact assessment guides planning
    future, flexibility in the long run   •   Milestones set the pace of planning and decision making
•   Efficient use of existing data        •   Transparent, concise and efficient interaction
Public transport trunk routes

                                  2015 -> 2030

40               Esityksen nimi                  29.8.2017
Year 2030:
                                                                     Density related to accessibility

Saavutettavuus ja tiheys laskettu ruuduittain asukasmääräpainotettuina persentiileinä ja niistä erotus: tuloksena erottuu ruudut, joissa muihin kehyskuntien
(vasen kuva) tai PKS:n (oikea kuva) asukkaisiin verrattuna hyvä saavutettavuus ja vähän maankäyttöä tai toisinpäin.
Centers in
v. 2015
ja 2050
Technology & services




                                                                                Information and traffic
                                                                                management system
                 ROAD FEES

       DEMAND DRIVEN PUBLIC TRANSPORT                                           Delivery services
                  CITY BIKES

               SHARED VEHICLES
                                                                                Alternative fuels


43                                         MAL2019 - Liikenteen uudet palvelut ja teknologiat             29.8.2017
Sharing rides
                                                                                                   Division of trips              The portion of shared
                                                                                                                                rides according to initial
                                                                                                                                        trip plan

                                                                                                     Private car (alone)yksin    Substitued private
                                                                                                                                Korvautunut         car trip
                                                                                                    Julkinen liikenne
                                                                                                     Public transport            Substitued public
                                                                                                                                Korvautunut        transport tripmatka
                                                                                                    Jaettu henkilöautomatka
                                                                                                     Private car (shared)

Lähtevien ajoneuvomatkojen määrän alenema (ajon.matkaa/alue)
aamuhuipputunnilla 2030

44                                                             MAL2019 - Liikenteen uudet palvelut ja teknologiat                                                   29.8.2017
Simulation of shared modes

45          MAL2019 - Liikenteen uudet palvelut ja teknologiat   29.8.2017
The role of public transport in the
   revolution of urban transport
   (according to UITP and the public transport authorities of large Nordic cities)
    Cities are growing and excessive                Efficient public transport trunk services are still
    driving takes up space weakening the            needed but increasing the share of public
    quality of the living environment and           transport through investments and subsidies is
    threatening economic growth,                    getting more difficult and expensive
    productivity and health
Data transmission, data, mobile
devices, social media, location                     More effective and optimal use of                     A more extensive array of
services, etc. create possibilities and             existing space is necessary                           mobility services designed
bring new services to the market                                                                            around efficient public
                                                    Increasing road and street capacity
                                                                                                          transport is the answer to
As values and behavior change,                                                                             the versatile, increasing
                                                    for driving is a bad alternative
citizens are looking for new means                                                                         mobility needs of cities.
of mobility

 Political will supports (even requires) reducing       Pricing of transport is necessary to
 emissions, better urban environment, healthy           direct demand and modal choice
 mobility choices, utilizing digitalization,
 developing markets
   46                                                                                                                      29.8.2017
Preliminary trends in the development of HSL’s
role in the field of mobility services
     1        Ticketing cooperation                   2Information and marketing cooperation                  3          Services provided by HSL

           1c. Public transport ticketing                 2b. Other mobility service providers                     3c. In certain areas of at certain times,
         cooperation with authorities and                 are included in the Journey Planner                            public transport supply is
         commercial actors is increased.                                                                             replaced/piloted by other mobility
                                                      •     Data interfaces available for everyone                      services, provided the service
     •   Ticketing interfaces in contractual                in line with the Act on Transport Services
         cooperation                                        (independent of this)                              •    Supplements HSL’s services
     •   HSL’s condition is the ownership of          •     Partners for more extensive cooperation            •    Creates a long-distance trip chain
         customers and anonymous travel data                are selected on the same basis as for              •    Contributes to sustainable mobility (car-free
         of the users of HSL transport                      ticketing cooperation                                   lifestyle) that does not unilaterally compete
         services                                     •     Operative powers                                        with public transport
     •   Selecting partners who implement                                                                      •    Does not increase car mileage, in particular
         HSL’s strategic goals                                                                                      in areas with limited capacity
     •   Having only cooperation with benefits
         to HSL’s goals and customers in                                                                        3a. HSL provides a mobility platform. HSL
         proportion to the resources required                                                                 plans and organizes a mobile ride-hailing and
     •   Common commercial and technical                                                                               pooling service in its area
         criteria for contract partners
     •   Operative powers

                 Transport system planning takes all mobility services comprehensively into account regardless of HSL’s role in their production

                                    HSL is responsible for the preparation of the Helsinki Region Transport System
47                                  Plan (HLJ) in cooperation with strategic land use and housing planning.
Planning Outcomes
 Current situation and Goals
  •   Grounds for developing the Helsinki Region
 2019 – 2030: Measures
  •   Investments in infrastructure and land use
  •   Other efficient measures
 2031 – 2050: Scenarios
  •   Uncertainty increases in the long run, which
       Examination of different scenarios and
         development paths
       Increased demand for flexibility in planning
       Adapting to changes in operational environment
Thank you
                    Head of Group Tapani Touru
Transport System and Research Department, Helsinki Region Transport
                         +358 40 504 2270
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