Making Unity a - DigitalOcean

Page created by Casey Hines
Making Unity a - DigitalOcean
March 2018

Unity a
  PAGE 15
Making Unity a - DigitalOcean
Table of Contents                                                                                                                                                   Volume: 93 Issue: 02

3 women’s
            9                                           Selena
                                                  remains in
                                                                                        21                                                                      Active shooter
                                                                                                                                       training creates dialogue about
 achievements                                    the hearts of
    in today’s society                             everyone                             29                                                                         ‘Book-em’
                                                                                                                                                                brings new meaning to
 6         Abortion Pills Mandated at
           Universities by Senate Bill
                                                                     19                 Technology Innovation one
                                                                                        Classroom at a Time

12         Como La Flor: Selena Vive
           en los Corazones de Fans
                                                                    20                      Shaking up Gender
                                                                                            in Alcoholic Drinks

13         A Movement Worth
           Talking About
                                                                    24                      Stan State’s Promise to
                                                                                            Students from Foster Care
14         The Season of Lent                                       26                      ASI/USU Push for
15         Making Unity into a Reality
                                                                                            More Warrior Pride
                                                                                            Fun and Games

                     Our Mission                                                                                                                                In the February edition of the
                                                                                                                                                                Signal, contributing photos from
                                                                                                                                                February 2018
                                                                                                                                                                the cover were not credited.
                                                                                                                                                                We apologize for the oversight.
                                                                                                                                                                The photos were contributed by
  Signal news strives with its reporting                                                                                                                        Dr. Ann Strahm (Department

 to empower fellow Stan State students
                                                                                    #MeToo                                                                      of Sociology; Dr. John Sarraille
                                                                                                                                                                (Department of Computer Sci-
                                                                                 MOVEMENT CHANGED THE CONVERSATION ABOUT SEXUAL ASSAULT AND HARASSMENT.
                                                                                                                 PAGE 3

 and our community by advocating for                                                                                                                            ence); Raina Schendel (Alumni);
truth and equality while celebrating our                                                                                                                        Elisabeth Schendel (Alumni);
                                                                                                                                                                Emma Mendez (Alumni); and

                                                                                                                                                                Andrew Cabrera (Signal Pho-

                  Editors            Reporters           Designers           Advertising                                                       Administrative                    Want to advertise with
                  Jesús Alvarado     Adino Byrd          Clyde Chen          Managers                                                          Support                           us? Email us at :
                  Kristen Dias       Andrew Cabrera      Simarjit Kaur       Nathan Straubinger                                                Coordinator             
                  Kimberly Fischer   Nicole Dunlap       Maggie Lunt         Audrey Thomaston                                                  Ilene Ruesga
                  Jesús Valdez       Sarah George        Madison Toel
Staff             La Letra Ñ
                                     Emily Hake
                                     Megan Lavilla       Photographer        Webmaster                                                         Faculty Advisor
                  Coordinator        Noor Miqbel         Andrew Cabrera      Isabel Tardif                                                     Dr. Shannon Stevens
                  Jesús Alvarado     Emiliann Parga
                                     Juan Ruiz-Olguin

2        Contact us at: 209.677.3410                @csusignal                                csusignal                                        csu_signal           CSU Signal
Making Unity a - DigitalOcean
Campus Culture

                                                  Women’s History Month
by Sarah George and Juan Ruiz-Olguin

  Eating Disorder
           by Sarah George

   Eating Disorder Awareness week's
theme this year was “Let's Get Real.”
It focused on expanding the conversa-
tion around eating disorders.

  According to the National Eating
Disorders Association, 30 million
Americans will struggle with a full-
blown eating disorder and millions
more will battle food and body image
issues that have untold negative im-
pacts on their lives.

  Because of the lack of understand-
ing surrounding eating disorders,
many people don’t get the support that      Students in the Diversity Center. (Signal Photo/Juan Ruiz-Olguin)
they need.                                      Women’s History Month is celebrated             “Our first event is film ‘Wonder Woman’
                                            during the month of March to bring aware-        and talk about women’s empowerment,”
  If you feel like you may have prob-       ness and attention to the contributions wom-     Hubbard said. “After the film we will have
lems related to eating, or body image       en have made to society.                         a time to talk about the piece and about what
even to the point that you may have an         All around campus there will be fun and       it means for us and a time to process it to-
eating disorder, Psychological Coun-        education events to celebrate all the women      gether.”
seling Services is available to students    around the world and on our campus.                 Hubbard is also very excited about the
free of charge.                                Stephanie Hubbard, (Interim Director, Stu-    showing of the film “Dolores!,” which is
                                            dent Leadership and Development), is cur-        about the activist Dolores Huerta, who was
                                            rently coordinating events held by the Diver-    one of the most important and least known
  Dr. Daniel Berkow (Director, Psy-
                                            sity Center which is hosting several of these    activists in American history.
chological Counseling Service), wants       events.                                             “She was a main player in all of the work
to let students know that there is a safe                                                    that was done for which Cesar Chavez gets
place on campus for them to express                                                          most of the credit. We have a holiday to rec-
concerns of any kind.                                                                        ognize Cesar Chavez, but most people don’t
                                                                                             even know who Dolores Huerta is,” said
   “It’s normal to come to counseling,                                                       Hubbard.
it’s a collaboration, you put something                                                         After the showing, there will be a talk giv-
into it and you get something back,”                                                         en by Pablo Rodriguez, who worked with
Dr. Berkow said.                                                                             Dolores Huerta. Rodriguez will be sharing
                                                                                             his experience working with her and leading
  If you would like to speak to a li-                                                        a discussion after the film.
                                                                                                This event will take place in the Snider Re-
censed counselor visit Psychological
                                                                                             cital Hall at 7 pm-9 pm on Mar. 27.
Counseling Services in Vasche Library
                                                                                                Students and faculty also feel that Wom-
Building Room 185. Their doors are          Stephanie Hubbard, Interim Director for          en’s History Month is very important and it
open Monday - Friday, 8 am to 5 pm.         Student Leadership and Development. (Signal      should be celebrated.
                                            Photo/Juan Ruiz-Olguin)

Making Unity a - DigitalOcean
“   It’s important to acknowledge not just the amazing
    women we read about in history, but your everyday
  woman, who, in their very quiet way, provides for [their]
family and teaches her children to work hard for what they
  want and teaches them to value and respect all people.
                                                - Noelia Gonzalez

                                                                    Illustration by Simarjit Kaur
Making Unity a - DigitalOcean
Campus Culture

                                                                                                 should be more attention brought to wom-
  For Noelia Gonzalez (Director, Admis-         torical women, but for all women.                en’s issues.
sions and Financial Aid) Women’s History          “It’s important to acknowledge not just the       “Honestly, I feel like a lot of people don’t
Month means reflecting on the accomplish-       amazing women we read about in history,          really acknowledge or pay attention to Wom-
ments that women have made, overcoming          but your everyday woman, who, in their very      en’s History Month and they should. I think
struggles and prejudice.                        quiet way, provides for her family and teach-    it’s a good way to talk about how far women
  “I’ve had men discounting or underesti-       es her children to work hard for what they       have come and it shows that women are ca-
mating me because of my gender. Not just        want and teaches them to value and respect       pable of just as much as men are if not even
men in positions of authority, but like male    all people,” said Gonzalez.                      more,” Kaur said.
students, especially when I was younger,”         Even though Women’s History Month                 There are calendars posted around campus
said Gonzalez.                                  is about spreading awareness about wom-          with different activities and ideas for how to
  Gonzalez also explained that Women’s          en’s accomplishments, Gonzalez added that        get involved.
History Month shouldn’t be just about his-      Women’s History Month is important for all
                                                  “I don’t see them as just women’s issues, I
                                                see them as human issues. I think it’s import-
                                                ant to talk about how we affect each other as
                                                human beings and how we treat each other
                                                not just because I’m a woman,” Gonzalez
                                                  Students on campus, like Priscilla Marti-
                                                nez (freshman, Undeclared), are also excited
                                                about Women’s History Month.
                                                  “Women’s History Month is cool, it is em-
                                                powering to women and it brings light to so-
                                                cial justice issues,” said Martinez.
                                                  Harman Kaur (junior, Psychology) is also
                                                                                                 Young women on campus. (Signal photo/ Juan
Noelia Gonzalez, Director, Admissions and Fi-
                                                excited about the month, but feels as if there
nancial Aid. (Signal Photo/ Juan Ruiz-Olguin)

Making Unity a - DigitalOcean
Stan State News

                                                  Senate Bill to Mandate CSUs/
              by Noor Miqbel
                                                  UCs to Provide Abortion Pills
  Senator Connie Leyva (D-Chino) authored           In Leyva’s press release statement, she ex-      ing of the cervix which will then induce the
Senate Bill 320, which requires that all Uni-     plained why access for a medical abortion on       abortion. Misoprostol can be taken at home
versity of California (UC) and California         campus is a college student’s Constitutional       without the physician present.
State University (CSU) campuses must have         right. “College students should not have to
abortion pills available at their Health Cen-     delay medical care and travel many miles                 How This Will Impact Stan State
ter. The bill will be discussed at the Califor-   away from their work and school responsi-
nia State Assembly later this year.               bilities to access to this Constitutionally pro-      Health Center Director, Dr. Scott Hennes
                                                  tected right,” Leyva said.                         M.D., expects that new training will need
      Why the Right to Access Matters               According to a study conducted by UC             to take place at the campus health center.
                                                  San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine,           The Health Center relies on the licensing of
  In the beginning of 2018, California State      “Every month up to 519 students at the 34          Dr. Hennes and Dr. Sergio Mazon, Medical
Senate passed the amended Senate Bill (SB)        UC and CSU campuses seek medication                Chief of Staff, holding them accountable for
320 Public health:College student Right to        abortions at off-site health care facilities.”     the care they provide to students. The new
Access. The creation of this bill came in           A medical abortion is only used for wom-         training will help the staff prepare for situa-
2016 when a student organization, Students        en who are within the first 10 weeks of their      tions where the worst case scenario occurs.
United for Reproductive Justice, at UC            pregnancy. The medical abortion procedure             “As the director of the Health Center, I
Berkeley discovered that their health center      involves the use of two types of medications,      have to look at how we are prepared to take
on campus did not offer services for women        Mifepristone and Misoprostol.                      care of all the procedures to treat and then
seeking medical abortions.                          Mifepristone will need to be taken in the        all the procedures to manage the complica-
  For students at Stan State the nearest          presence of a physician; this medication in-       tions,” Dr. Hennes said.
Planned Parenthood is 15 miles away in            terferes with the reception of the hormone,           The public can expect this bill to begin to
Modesto. Additionally, it is not opened on        progesterone, that carries a pregnancy to          affect Stan State as new additions are made
the weekends which means if students do           term.                                              to the Health Center. Currently, the health
not have time during the week to seek health        Misoprostol is the second medication             center offers pregnancy tests and referrals to
services they will have to forfeit time from      necessary to use in a medical abortion, this       other clinics if the need for further care ex-
school or work in order to get help.              produces uterine contractions and the open-        ceeds the offered resources on campus.

Health Center located at Stan State. (Signal Photo 2015/Brittany Valadez)

Making Unity a - DigitalOcean
Stan State News

   One of the necessary items Stan State’s
Health Center will be expecting to receive is
an ultrasound machine, and they will be re-
quired to hire or train a person as a licensed
ultrasound technician to run the service. In
fact, the majority of the funding needed is
not actually for the medication itself, but in-
stead the costs of the training and the equip-
ment that the Health Center will need. The
costs that this update will accrue are high,
but some funding has been promised from
private organizations like the Tara Health
Foundation and Women’s Foundation of
   Christina Junqueiro (junior, Liberal Stud-
ies) said that it’s great that the service will be
available for access, but it should fall upon
the individual person to uphold responsibili-                                                                  Illustration by Maggie Lunt
ty for how they use service.
   “This affects the whole campus, even men,
and they shouldn’t wait until they are in this
situation to care,” Junqueiro said.
   The medication for the abortions is not
going to be free at the health centers, since
the bill mainly focuses on the right to access.
This means that students will most likely            effective. In the events where a medical abor-    tient experiences complications from a med-
need their health insurance to pay for some          tion was not effective, cases reported that the   ical abortion.
of the costs.                                        patient needed a blood transfusion, surgery          If there are cases of malpractice the Health
   Dr. Elaine Peterson, International Honor          or hospital care. Dr. Hennes understands that     Center’s policies and procedures are looked
Society in Economics (ODE) adviser, urges            the best outcome is the most ideal one, but it    into to determine evidence of unethical prac-
students who do not have insurance and are           would be irresponsible for physicians to only     tices. Dr. Hennes believes that if everything
low income to apply for Medi-Cal so they             prepare for these cases.                          has been done to protect the patient, then he
can receive help getting medications and ser-           In order for him to provide the best care      has done everything to protect himself, so
vices like access to a medical abortion.             possible, he sets out to make sure that all       that when he provides care to students he is
   “Under the Affordable Care Act, most              outcomes are prepared for. “Everyone thinks       treating them the same way he would treat a
health insurances cover things like contra-          of the best scenario, it says 99.7 percent        family member.
ception,” Dr. Peterson said. “Many services          effective, but I have to look at the .3 per-
are essentially mandated, like preventive ser-       cent. While everything might look easy and                    Constitutional Rights
vices. But, they don’t have to cover every-          straightforward, I prepare for the .3 percent,”
thing 100 percent, that depends on the health        Dr. Hennes said.                                    The right to an abortion was decided in the
insurance policy you buy.”                              In cases of intentional abortion the respon-   landmark supreme court case Roe v. Wade,
                                                     sibility a doctor shares is more of an active     (1973)in addition to the new Senate bill Sen.
            Safety and effectiveness                 role rather than if there was a spontaneous       Leyva authored, access is a part of this right.
                                                     abortion where the doctor was aiding to help        There is also a Constitutional right to free
 According to a study conducted by UCSF,             a circumstance that was unintentional. This
medical abortions are 99.7 percent safe and          increases the liability of a doctor if the pa-

Making Unity a - DigitalOcean
Stan State News

   dom of religion. Doctors working at pub-       pectations often shift when a person works
licly funded colleges are not expected to         for a government funded institution.
provide medical abortions when first hired          “When you leave purely private behavior
so, is it fair for them to be expected to aid     and take a government paycheck, you have
in these services now if it infringes on their    to be able to do what the government tells
First Amendment right?                            you to do as part of the workplace require-
   Dr. Stephen Routh, Professor of Political      ments,” Dr. Routh said.
Science and Public Administration, speaks
about the issues of the conscience concerns                     What to Expect
and how doctors and staff working at public
colleges can exercise their rights.                 The bill is going to the California State
   “If someone has a religious belief and they    Assembly later this year where, if passed
don’t want to be associated by any means          Gov. Jerry Brown, it will either be approved
with abortion or any other medical procedure      or vetoed. The bill is not expected to be in
or drugs that their theological belief system     effect until 2022, which gives time for all
prohibits or disapproves of, then they are        campuses to begin looking into what re-
going to make a First Amendment exercise          sources are necessary for them to comply
claim,” Dr. Routh said. “Basically, they are      with the new law.
not able to freely exercise their religion by       For Stan State, Dr. Hennes emphasized
being mandated to deal with something their       the fact that once the Chancellor’s Office
religion strictly prohibits.”                     establishes the procedures and policies, then
   It is important to note the differences of a   the Health Center will begin following this
private citizen and citizen who works for the     practice.
government. Dr. Routh described how ex-                                                           Illustration by Maggie Lunt

Making Unity a - DigitalOcean
La Letra Ñ

Como La Flor: Selena
Lives in the Hearts of Fans

              by Emily Hake

   Nearly 23 years after her tragic death,
Selena Quintanilla’s status as a pop culture
icon and a heroine of the Latinx community
is stronger than ever.
   The Vasche Library and Housing & Res-
idential Life will collaborate to celebrate
Selena’s memory by hosting a movie night
showing of Selena, the 1997 Warner Bros
film that stars Jennifer Lopez and retells the
beloved Quintanilla’s rise to fame, iconic
musical career and tragic murder.
   “When I think of Selena, she’s such an
icon. Not only in the Latino community or
Latinx community, but just with people in
general,” Miguel Pulido, the Communica-
tions Specialist for Housing who is work-
ing with the library to plan the event to be
held, said. “I think her story is so universal
and it touches so many lives…I think people
should know about her.”
   Selena’s fame, influence and widespread
popularity show no signs of slowing down,
even over two decades after her untimely
   After a petition gathered over
37,000 signatures from fans, MAC Cos-
metics released a line based on the items in
Selena’s own makeup case. The collection
quickly sold out and is widely regarded as
the cosmetic company’s best-selling celebri-
ty line of all time.                              Miguel Pulido, Communications Specialist for Housing, displays the Selena movie night flyer.
   More recently, both Demi Lovato and Kim        (Signal Photo/Emily Hake)
Kardashian donned the singer’s famous pur-
ple jumpsuit, bangs and red lips to pay trib-    image superimposed with the         they’re going to be bumping on the way to the club…
ute to Selena last Halloween.                    words, “Queen of Cumbia.”           there’s aspects of Selena in everyday culture. And that’s
   On Mar. 1, Texan grocer H-E-B, partnered        “Whether it’s the shade of the    still relevant through the generations,” Pulido said.
with the Selena Foundation, ignited a frenzy     MAC lipstick they’re using that        Andres Olmedo (junior, Kinesiology), who identifies
in Selena fans when it released limited edi-     just really compliments their       as a Chicano, remembers her music inspiring his ado-
tion, reusable shopping bags with Selena’s       face, whether it’s the song that    lescence.

Making Unity a - DigitalOcean
La Letra Ñ

   “The big red lips, Selena’s im-         He recollected how Selena, a           said.                                    last semester, plan to collaborate
age…she set so many trends that         third generation Texan of Mex-               Before her fame among the             more in the future to feature sim-
are still popular today,” Olmedo        ican descent, didn’t grow up              Latinx community, Olmedo re-             ilarly diverse and culturally im-
said.                                   speaking Spanish but instead              called, people like Madonna              portant films for Library After
   Pulido also emphasized the           learned the language through her          dominated in pop culture.                Hours events.
timelessness of Selena’s beauty         music.                                       “Then you had Selena, who is             “I think [we] can expect peo-
and fashion.                               “In some of her initial inter-         exotic and bilingual and made            ple to just relive the moments
   “Whether it be through the           views I remember she would                Spanish music popular in the             and those memories of an icon
comeback of crop tops or bust-          mix up words, she would speak             States for the first time. Before        in our community—not just in
iers, or the red lipstick, or the       in a broken Spanish accent, but           Rhianna and Beyoncé, it was              our community, the Latinx or
bangs, that was all Selena…I            that was so relatable to us be-           her.”                                    Chicano community, but in the
think some of her most iconic           cause that’s how we felt when                To this day, Selena’s songs           community at Stan State,” Puli-
looks, you could still replicate        we spoke English,” he added.              send a powerful message: One             do said.
them today, and they’d still kill          Selena’s worldwide popularity          of love, of heartbreak and one              Similarly, Hannula empha-
the runway,” he said. “Timeless         only proves the importance of             that recalls strong memories for         sized the importance of building
is what she is.”                        diverse role models for people            many of those who grew up with           the campus community by offer-
   But Selena’s influence goes          of color, especially for young            her music. Telling these stories         ing more events like Library Af-
beyond her striking beauty and          fans who want to see someone              and featuring such a culturally          ter Hours for students.
ageless fashion. Her music tran-        on stage who looks, speaks, acts          significant and inspiring figure            “Her [Selena’s] story is time-
scends generations and evokes a         and sings like them. Selena was           was important when choosing a            less. Who doesn’t want the story
strong feeling of nostalgia and         a Mexican-American, specifical-           film for the Library After Hours         of a talented young person with
pride for members of the Latinx         ly a Texan or Tejano, who ex-             event.                                   limitless potential…whose, un-
community.                              pressed and celebrated her mul-              “We want our films to reflect         fortunately, life was cut short?…
   Pulido remembers his child-          tiple identities with ease.               the diversity of our campus,”            It’s a great movie, it’s a great
hood where Selena’s songs                  “To not need to be compart-            said Outreach Librarian Cat              person, it’s a great event, it’s a
played in the background of his         mentalized in all these multiple          Hannula, who is collaborating            great collaboration between us
memories.                               identities, but being able to be          with Pulido to plan the event.           and the Library,” Pulido said.
   “She would come out on the           all of them, all the time, here and          Pulido said that students “can           The Library After Hours
big shows on the Spanish net-           present at the moment…I think             expect a night of nostalgia…a            showing of Selena is this Friday
works like Cristina or Sabado           that’s what Selena did for us, she        flashback ofApril
                                                                                                memories with fam-         at 8 pm in the Library, 2nd floor.
Gigante, so she was always in           was able to show that you could           ilies.”                                  Admission is free for all students
the background and not in the           be multiple identities at the same           Pulido and Hannula, who host-         and food and refreshments will
forefront of our lives,” he said.       time and be proud of it,” Pulido          ed a showing of Hidden Figures           be provided.

                          BB vs CSU Monterey Bay (CSUMB) 7pm           WTN vs Highline College 12pm                     WTRACK at SF State Distance Carnival
                          MTRACK at Hornet Multi TBD                   BB vs CSULA 1pm                                    TBD
                          WTRACK at Hornet Multi TBD                   SBALL vs Simon Fraser 2pm                        BB at CSUSB 11am
                          SBALL at CSU San Bernadino (CSUSB)           BB vs CSULA 4pm                                  SBALL vs CSU San Marcos 11am
                                                                                                                        SBALL cs CSUSM 1:30pm

                            1pm                                        SBALL vs Concordia Irvine 6 pm
                          SBALL at CSU San Bernadino
                            3:30 pm                                    BB vs CSULA 12 om                          2nd   WTN vs TBD TBD
                                                                25th WTB vs Dominican 12 pm                             MGOLF vs Hanny Stanislaus
                                                                                                                         Invitational 8am
                   17th MTRACK at Hornet Multi TBD                     SBALL vs Concordia Portland 3pm
                          WTRACK at Hornet Multi TBD
                          SBALL at CSUSB 11pm                          MGOLF at SoCal Intercollegiate 8am         3rd   WTN TBD TBD
                          WTN vs Cal Poly 12pm                                                                          MGOLF vs Hanny Stanislaus
                          BB vs CSUMB 1pm                              MGOLF at SoCal Intercollegiate 8amWTN vs          Invitational 8am
                          SBALL at CSUSB1:30                           Dixie State University 2pm
                          BB vs CSUMB 4pm                              SBALL vs Western Washington 3pm            4th   WTN vs TBD TBD
                                                                       SBALL vs Western Washington 5:30pm
                          BB vs CSUMB 12 pm                                                                             WTN vs TBD TBD
                   18th WTN vs Sonoma State 12 pm                                                                 5th
                                                                29th   WTN vs UC San Diego (UCSD) 2pm
                                                                       BB at CSUSB 3pm                                  WTN vs TBD TBD
                          MGOLF at CBU Invitational 8am                                                                 BB vs CSUSM 6pm
                   19th                                                                                                 MTRACK at CHICO Twilight TBD
                          WTN vs Hawaii-Hilo 11am                      MTRACK at Stanford Invitation TBD
                                                                30th   WTRACK at SF State Distance Carnival             WTRACK at Chico Twilight TBD
                                                                                                                        SBALL vs Sonoma State 4pm
                   20th MGOLF at CBU Invitational 8 am                   TBD
                                                                       MTRACK at Stanford Invitation TBD                SBALL vs Sonoma State 6:30pm
                   21st   SBALL vs Central Washington 5pm              WTRACK at SF State Distance Carnival
                                                                         TBD                                      7th   WTN vs TBD TBD
                          BB ca CSULA 6pm                              WTN at Nevada 11am                               MTRACK at Chico Twilight TBD
                          WTRACK at Mustang Invitational (Cal          BB at CSUSB 11am                                 WTRACK at Chico Twilight TBD
                            Poly) TBD                                  BB at CSUSB 2pm                                  SBALL vs Sonoma State 12pm
                          MTRACK at Mustang invite                     SBALL vs CSU San Marcos (CSUSM) 4pm              BB cs Cal State San Marcos 1pm
                          WTN vs Holy Names 12pm                       SBALL cs CSUSM 6:30pm                            SBALL vs Sonoma State 2:30pm
                          SBALL vs Western Oregon 3:30pm                                                                BB cs Cal State San Marcos 4pm
                          SBALL vs Montana State Billings 6pm          MTRACK at Stanford Invitation TBD
                                                                31st                                                    WTN vs TBD TBD
                                                                       WTRACK at SF State Distance Carnival       8th
                          WTRACK at Mustang Invitational (TBD           TBD                                             BB vs CSUSM 11am
10                 24th
                          MTRACK at Mustang Invitational TBD           MTRACK at Stanford Invitation TBD
Cut Here   Cut Here   Illustration by Maggie Lunt
La Letra Ñ

Como La Flor: Selena Vive
en los Corazones de Fans
                  por Emily Hake

                      Después de casi veintitrés años de su muerte, el      Recolectó cómo Selena, una texana de tercera generación de
                    estatus de Selena Quintanilla como icono ante la      descendencia mexicana, creció no hablando español sino que lo
cultura pop y como héroina ante la comunidad latinx es aún relevante      aprendió a través de su música.
más que nunca.                                                              “En unas de sus primeras entrevistas recuerdo que mezclaba las
  La biblioteca Vasche y el departamento residencial colaborarán          palabras, hablaba con un español mocho, pero eso era muy relevante
para celebrar la memoria de Selena, organizando una noche de              para nosotros cuando hablábamos en inglés,” Pulido dijo.
película donde verán “Selena.” La película de 1997 recuenta la his-         La popularidad de Selena solo comprueba la importancia de ten-
toria de Quintanilla y cómo alcanzó su fama, su carrera musical y         er diversas figuras para la gente de color, especialmente para fans
hasta su trágico asesinato.                                               jóvenes que quieren ver a alguien en el escenario que se parece a
  “Cuando pienso en Selena, ella es todo un ícono. No solamente           ellos. Alguien que habla y actúa y cante como ellos. Selena era mexi-
ante la comunidad latinx, pero ante toda la gente en general,” Miguel     coamericana, específicamente una texana que expresaba y celebraba
Pulido, especialista de comunicación para el departamento residen-        ambas identidades.
cial, dijo. “Creo que su historia es universal e impacta a muchas vi-       “Al no dejar compartimentarse en ambas identidades, y al expresar
das…Creo que la gente debe saber de ella.”                                ambas en cualquier tiempo…Yo creo que eso fue lo que hizo Selena
  La fama de Selena, su influencia y su popularidad demuestran cero       por nosotros. Ella fue capaz de demostrar que uno puede ser una
señas en detenerse, incluso después de dos décadas de su temprana         multitud de identidades y tener orgullo de ello,” Pulido dijo.
muerte.                                                                     Antes de su fama entre la comunidad latinx, Olmedo recuerda,
  Después de que una petición de haya obtenido más de          gente como Madonna dominaba la cultura pop.
treinta siete mil firmas de sus fans, la marca cosmética MAC creó           “Luego tiene a Selena, quien es exótica y bilingüe e hizo música
una línea de maquillaje basada en lo que Selena utilizaba. La col-        en español popular en los Estados Unidos por primera vez. Antes que
ección rápidamente se agotó y es una línea conocida como la más           Rihanna y Beyoncé, era Selena.”
vendida en toda la empresa.                                                 Hasta este día las canciones de Selena mandan un mensaje poder-
  Recientemente, ambas artistas, Demi Lovato y Kim Kardashian, se         oso: un mensaje de amor, de despecho y uno que recuenta las me-
vistieron como la misma cantante en su traje púrpura, su copete y sus     morias de aquellos quienes crecieron escuchándola. Contando estas
labios rojos en tributo a ella el pasado Halloween.                       historias y presentando una figura inspiradora y culturalmente sig-
  Este pasado marzo primero, el tendero texano de H-E-B se asoció         nificante fue algo importante cuando llegó el tiempo de elegir una
con la fundación Selena para crear una bolsa reusable como edición        película para este evento.
limitada. La bolsa tiene las palabras “Queen of Cumbia,” o reina de         “Queremos que nuestras películas reflejen la diversidad de nuestro
la cumbia.                                                                campus,” Cat Hannula, la bibliotecaria, dijo.
  “O sea el color del lápiz labial de MAC que están usando que com-         Pulido añadió diciendo que los estudiantes “pueden esperar una
plementa sus rostros, o la canción que escuchan al ir a un antro…         noche de nostalgia…los recuerdos con la familia.”
hay aspectos de Selena en la cultura de cada día. Y todo eso aún es         Pulido y Hannula están planeando en colaborar más en los días que
relevante a través de las generaciones,” Pulido dijo.                     vienen para organizar eventos similares que hablen de la diversidad y
  Andrés Olmedo, estudiante de kinesiología, quien se identifica          del significativo cultural a través de películas en la biblioteca.
como chicano, recuerda la música de Selena inspirando a su adoles-          “Creo que podemos esperar a que la gente reviva los momentos
cencia.                                                                   y las memorias de un ícono en nuestra comunidad—no solamente
  “Los labios grandes y rojos, la imagen de Selena…creó muchas            nuestra comunidad, la comunidad latinx o Chicanx, pero en la comu-
tendencias que aún son populares hasta hoy,” Olmedo dijo.                 nidad de la universidad,” Pulido dijo.
  Pulido enfatizó la atemporalidad de la belleza y el estilo de Selena.
  “Ya sean sus blusas o sus bustiers, o el lápiz labial rojo, o su co-      Igualmente, Hannula subrayó la importancia de unir a la comuni-
pete, todo eso era Selena…Creo que su estilo aún se puede replicar        dad de este campus al ofrecerles más eventos como éste.
hoy en día y aún superará en la pista de modelo”, Pulido dijo. “Eterna      “La historia de Selena es eterna. ¿Quién no quiere escuchar la his-
es lo que ella es.”                                                       toria de una talentosa persona con potencial sin límites…cuya vida
  Pero la influencia de Selena va más allá de su belleza y de su estilo   fue corta? Es una estupenda película, es una gran persona, es un gran
que no pasa de moda. Su música transciende generaciones y evoca           evento, es una buena colaboración entre nosotros y la biblioteca,”
una nostalgia y un orgullo para la comunidad latinx.                      Pulido dijo.
  Pulido recuerda su niñez cuando la musida de Selena tocaba en el          El evento en la biblioteca donde verán a “Selena,” la película, esaz
fondo.                                                                    este viernes a las ocho de la noche en el segundo piso. El evento es
  “Salía en los shows de Cristina y Sábado Gigante, así que siempre       gratis para todos los estudiantes y habrá comida y refrescos.
estaba presente en nuestras vidas,” Pulido añadió.                          Translated by Jesús Alverado
Campus Culture

             A Movement Worth Talking About
             By Emilliann Parga                                                                           Lastly, “clear ethical standards and clear
                                                                                                       personal integrity; also, have balance and a
                                                                                                       sense of humor.”
                                                                                                          “[Balance], that is something that women
                                                                                                       have to do, especially if you are trying to
                                                                                                       move up the ladder while you have children
   The feminist movement had begun in the                                                              and a family, that’s always a big question
60s with women fighting against the in-                                                                ‘how do you balance?’ Dr. Junn said.
equality in the workplace. With how much                                                                  Dr. Sari Miller-Antonio (Associate Dean,
time has passed the expectation that equality                                                          CAHSS) and Dr. Ellen E. Bell (Associate
would have been achieved already was high.                                                             Professor of Anthropology) both agree that
But unfortunately, things are still unequal.                                                           “Women in power not just role models for
Women are still fighting for their rights with                                                         women but role models for every gender.”
the #MeToo campaign, they are putting their                                                               Women are just as capable as men, but
foot down against these injustices and being                                                           they tend to be valued differently. This has to
silenced is a thing of the past.                                                                       do with how women are perceived and how
   Maria Gonzales, who is an alumnus of                                                                both genders are brought up.
Stan State and former president of the Femi-                                                              According to an article published by The
nist Club, thinks that everyone is standing up                                                         U.S. National Institute Of Medicine and Na-
for a greater movement.                                                                                tional Institute of Health, “A range of parent
   “People are standing up for themselves                                                              factors were represented in sex roles, from
and each other, and that includes everyone                                                             parents’ attitudes, expectations, and percep-
                                                     “Never let them dull your shine” print provid-    tions, parents’ behaviors with their children,
not just women,” Gonzalez said.                      ed by Emiliann Parga.
   For President Ellen Junn, it is difficult                                                           and how parental characteristics affected
to think that society is still being unfair to         President Junn’s Cabinet Member Rosalee         c h i l d r e n ’s
women.                                               Rush said that, “Being on a Cabinet that is       gender devel-
   “I’m thinking ‘we’re still doing this, I          majority women is transformative and em-          opment.”
thought we’d be further along?’ And yes, it’s        powering”                                            Because
true, things are better but it’s really not at all      “For me personally, it’s an opportunity to     of        gender
equal,” Dr. Junn said.                               learn and be mentored by someone who can          and societal
   Women are making great strides within the         provide counsel and guidance on profession-       norms, both
workplace. High positions do not only con-           al issues specific to women executives and        women and
sist of men anymore and women are making             share wisdom on how to navigate systems,”         men are put
their way to the tops of many institutions,          Rush said.                                        in an imagi-
businesses and corporations.                           Yet, women are still payed less than men        nary box that
   At Stan State, the members of the Presi-          for the same jobs with the same degrees.          conditions
dent’s Cabinet consist of 11 individuals, 10           According to a report released in April         them to be-
of which are women. This exemplifies how             2016, by the Senate Joint Economic Commit-        lieve that they
women can get the job done just as well as           tee, “ Today, on average, a women earns 79        have norms
men, and when they have the experience and           cents for every dollar a man earns, and wom-      to follow that
                                                                                                                          “This piece is about the
qualifications, gender should not play a fac-        en’s median annual earnings are $10,800 less      correlate to tendency to paint a woman
tor on how their capabilities are perceived.         than men’s.”                                      their gender as a victim, and how external
                                                                                                                          views begin to be internal-
                                                       Dr. Junn also said that gender unfortunate-     identity.          ized and affect the women.”
                                                     ly still influences a role in the workplace and      According Print provided by Hayley
                                                     that “it always has. It’s nothing new, but it’s   to an article Simon (senior, Fine Arts).
                                                     gotten a little bit more attention now.”          published by The U.S. National Institute Of
                                                       The number one piece of advice that Dr.         Medicine and National Institute of Health,
                                                     Junn has for women who strive to be in high-      an example of gender stereotyping is “Gen-
                                                     er positions is “to get as much education as      der stereotypes are embodied as children
                                                     you can.”                                         engage in activities knowing and acting on
                                                         Secondly, “seek mentorship from those         their gender”
                                                     who have gone down the path that you aspire          “That has a lot to do with stereotypes. I
                                                     to go down.”                                      think women are valued as wives, mothers
This piece is from the Unrepresentable: Art            Also, “develop strong writing, speaking         and objects of sexual desire,” Gonzalez said.
and Sexual Violence Exhibit; Provided by Alys-
sa Moon (senior, Fine Arts).
                                                     and interpersonal skills.”

The Season of Lent
   Similarly to the countdown to spring
                                                                                                                                    by Andrew

                                                                                                       The atmosphere is filled with joy, laughter
break, the season of Lent is coming to an                                                           and the smell of fish is in the air. Stories are
end. Catholics and other denominations                                                              told among friends and the essence of family
have been taking part in this tradition this                                                        is present.
year since Feb. 14. The season began on that                                                           Mayoral is a parishioner at St. Joseph’s,
day, Ash Wednesday, and runs until Mar. 29,                                                         and attends their fish fry weekly with his
Holy Thursday.                                                                                      family.
   Students and faculty took part on Ash                                                               “The fish fry at St. Joseph’s are the great-
Wednesday, and Pastor Matthew O’Donnell                                                             est thing about Lent. They’re so much fun.
preceded the mass held at the Amphithe-                                                             They have Elvis impersonators, and the fish
ater with the Catholic Student Association                                                          is bomb,” Mayoral said.
(CSA). Over 100 people attended the proces-                                                            According to Marty Reid, a member of the
sion, receiving their ashes and proclaiming                                                         Knights of Columbus at St. Joseph’s, “the
their faith in God.                               St. Stanislaus will be holding their annual       fish fry has been completely sold out” since
   Until Holy Thursday, Catholics tradition-      Lent Soup Dinner on Mar. 23 on 1200 Maze          the first Friday of Lent, Feb. 17.
                                                  Blvd. Modesto at 6 pm. (Signal Photo/Andrew
ally give up something, which is done to sig-                                                          They set a maximum of 600 plates per din-
nify how Jesus journeyed through the desert                                                         ner, but after the first two Fridays they start-
for 40 days and 40 nights, without food or           She gave examples of things she could do       ed to add more.
water.                                            such as praying the rosary, a lot of volunteer-      On the third Friday they reached a total of
   According to Geoff Wong, a parishioner at      ing for hospitals and visiting lonely people      632 plates sold, dine-in and take-out. After
the All Saints Parish in Turlock, “Lent is the    at the hospitals. She may also go to daily        being open for an hour and a half last week,
most holy season for Catholics, leading up to     mass since “it is a sacrifice because I’m not a   they sold out and hit 635 plates.
the resurrection of our Lord and Savior Jesus     morning person.”
Christ. So it’s a period of inner spectrum, a        Last year Cervantes gave up coffee for
period to draw closer to God and our faith in     Lent. For someone who drinks a cup to start
preparation for Easter Sunday.”                   their day, 40 days could feel like forever.
   For Lent, Wong focuses on the newer con-          “Talk about caffeine withdrawals. I was
cept of “doing more” instead of giving some-      jittery and cranky. In the mornings, I want-
thing up.                                         ed something warm. I could have tea but it
   “Often times, I usually do more. It might      didn’t give me that kick to wake up. Physi-
be a small sacrifice, but usually I try to find   cally my body resented it, but that was a sac-
something to do more faithfully, more spir-       rifice,” she added.
itually, rather than giving something up,”           Jacob Mayoral, a senior at James C. Enochs
Wong said.                                        High School in Modesto and a Starbucks
   This recurring idea of “doing more” was        employee, said “It’s kind of pathetic. Jesus
the answer for many Catholics including Ana       fasted completely of everything in the desert,
                                                  no food or water. I can do no Starbucks for       St. Joseph’s Church prayer candles are all
Cervantes, a parishioner at St. Stanislaus in                                                       lit during this time of prayer and reflection.
Modesto.                                          40 days. I’m not going to die or anything; I      (Signal Photo/Andrew Cabrera)
   “Before I used to give up things, I can go     never thought it would get to this.”
days without coffee or days without sugar or         Drinking Starbucks daily, he found him-          If students are interested in eating at the St.
sweets. There’s nothing in particular that I’d    self depending on it but this Lent season he      Joseph’s Fish Fry, they should come before
have to give up per se, but I was also told to    will be without it.                               they open at 5 pm at Father O’Hare Hall be-
start doing something during Lent,” Cervant-         While at work, Mayoral is constantly in a      hind the church.
es said.                                          state of temptation.                                For an adult ticket it’s $10, children ages
                                                     “Because I work there, I drink a lot of        12 and under are $5, and families with four
                                                  [coffee]. I am completely surrounded by it. I     or more get a pack for $30.
                                                  have to touch the stuff to make drinks, and I       St. Joseph will be holding a Live Stations
                                                  say ‘wow, this looks really good’ but I need      of the Cross right after their Walk for Life,
                                                  to say no,” Mayoral said. “It’s only 40 days,     which starts at 8 am on Mar. 30. Additional
                                                  just a small part of my life.”                    information can be found on their website or
                                                     On Fridays, Catholics give up meat for the     on one of their bulletins.
                                                  day. The fast food industry has taken notice        The season of Lent comes to an end this
                                                  of these meatless Fridays and has produced        year on Good Friday, the day that Jesus
                                                  many fish-friendly foods like Taco Bell’s         Christ was crucified in the city of Jerusa-
                                                  Fish Tacos and Carl’s Jr’s beer battered cod      lem. Catholics then wait for Him to rise on
                                                  fish sandwich.                                    the third day, Easter Sunday, which lands on
                                                     Many churches hold a weekly fish fry or        Apr. 1.
                                                  soup dinner on Friday nights, which bring
As a result of giving coffee up for Lent, Ana
Cervantes drinks tea in the morning. (Signal
                                                  many parishioners together.
Photo/Andrew Cabrera)


 Making Unity a Reality                                                                             by Sarah George

            here has been an increase          Access, there has been an increase in         there may be an increase in anxiety.
            in anxiety and tension over        stress and concerns with welfare, increase       “Students may feel like their re-
            the past couple of years           in polarization and incivility, and a grow-   ligious values are being threatened.
            due to the current polit-          ing number of schools have become hos-        Students may feel like their political
ical climate. However, Stan State              tile environments for vulnerable groups.      values are being threatened. Students
faculty and students are commit-                  According to Dr. Daniel Ber-               may feel a whole host of issues that are
ted to promoting unity and inclusion.          kow (Director, Psychological Coun-            near and dear to them are being threat-
  Many students on campus still feel like      seling Services), the concerns have           ened, and they may not feel affirmed
they are unable to express themselves in the   been felt here at Stan State as well.         in those things,” Dr. Weikart said.
classroom, but faculty wants to reassure          “There has been a rise in general             Kyle Addis, (senior, Liberal Studies),
students that this is a safe place for them.   anxiety I think because of things like        agreed with Dr. Weikart’s sentiment.
  Faculty and students agree that unity        school shootings and seeing stuff on             “Controversial topics get brought up all
and inclusion begins with having coura-        the news,” Dr. Berkow said. “Every-           the time in class. Whether it be about rac-
geous conversations.                           thing is different, it just seems like a      ism, religion, or the school education sys-
                                               higher level of background anxiety.”          tem. Sometimes you just have to choose
             Happening Now
                                                  Dr. Richard Weikart (Professor, His-       your battles. I never want a discussion
  According to a recent poll by UCLA           tory), was one of the faculty members         to turn into an argument with another
Institute for Democracy, Education, and        who expressed his opinion on why              classmate or the professor,” Addis said.

Students having a conversations in MSR. (Signal Photo/Sarah George)


     This mural found in the Diversity Center represents social justice and was made by Housing and Residential Life students. (Signal Photo/Sarah

       Stephanie Hubbard, Interim Director             one who disagrees with you and isn’t            do about a certain topic,” Dr. Stevens
     for Student Leadership and Develop-               willing to hear or consider your side.”         said. “We can’t be freed by knowledge
     ment said this type of anxiety and guilt                                                          if we’re not sharing it with one another.”
                                                                         Speak Up
     surrounding controversial topics is un-                                                             Students also said how they feel about
     productive in a learning environment.               Despite the fear of speaking up and the       sharing in class. Yanly Gutierrez (soph-
       “The concept of conflict, people are re-        anxiety surrounding controversial top-          omore, Sociology), explained that the
     ally averse to it and especially around           ics, this community needs students and          more other students participate the
     issues of diversity people start to feel          staff to continue to have those courageous      more likely she is to participate also.
     guilt, which is unproductive,” Hub-               conversations for a variety of reasons.           “I feel more comfortable sharing in class
     bard said. “People get immobilized, be-             Hubbard explained that these courageous       when other students speak up. The more often
     cause they don’t know what to say or              conversations are especially important for      other students share in class, the more likely
     they don’t want to say the wrong thing.”          underrepresented groups here on campus.         I am to share my opinions,” Gutierrez said.
       This fear of speaking up is known as              “Creating understanding and build-              Addis expressed a similar opinion.
     the chilling effect. Dr. Shannon Stevens          ing on that is really important and it            “If I get to know the majority of the
     (Assistant Professor, Communication               starts with conversations,” Hubbard               students in the room then I tend to open up more
     Studies) explained this concept further.          said. “It is also important for students        and participate in the discussion,” Addis said.
       “Through social taboos, we are afraid to        to know that our campus can have great-               Value of Controversy and Variety
     express ourselves, we are afraid to say some-     er influence when we come together.”
     thing for fear that the people in the dominant      “If everybody stays in their individu-           Stan State increasingly consists of a va-
     group around us are not going to agree, and       al identity silos, that is the surest way to    riety of groups and this can be a source of
     will therefore punish us, will silence us, will   not get very far, but when we come to-          strength for the university in many ways.
     exclude us in some way,” said Dr. Stevens.        gether both the people of underrepresent-          Dr. Michael Tumolo, (Associate Pro-
       Tirzah Ricklick, (junior, Kinesi-               ed identities as well as people of majority     fessor, Communication Studies) shared
     ology), explained how she has seen                identities we are powerful,” Hubbard said.      his opinion on the value of controver-
     the chilling effect in her classes.                 Dr. Stevens said that diverse con-            sy, and how we can learn through it.
       “There are always people uncomfort-             versations     are     also    an     import-      “It’s not whether you like the brocco-
     able sharing in class for a number of             ant part of the learning process.               li, it’s about whether you understand the
     reasons. Sometimes they are shy, disin-             “I think that it can do a disservice          broccoli,” Dr. Tumolo said. “Controversy
     terested, insecure about their opinion or         to the other students in the classroom          offers an opportunity to understand one’s
     what people will think of them because            and to the faculty who are teaching that        own beliefs and the beliefs of others.”
     of it,” Ricklick said. “It can be genuinely       group to not open up and at least try to           Different    opinions     are      funda-
     hard to have a conversation with some-            explain why you believe the way you             mental to democracy as well as
Students write comments on the Diversity Center's Windows, expressing what unity means to them.(Signal Photo/Andrew Cabrera)

  Stan State's Peace Pole, found between the Vasche Library and Main Dining. It says May Peace Prevail on Earth in different languages.   17
  Signal Photo/Sarah George)

Students work together to keep their food dry on a rainy day. (Signal Photo/Sarah George)
   to the community at Stan State.                 dents might react to diverse opinions based         tion and part of the solution,” Hubbard said.
   “The whole notion of allowing variet-           on her previous interactions with students.            The Diversity Center, located in the
ies of opinions is enshrined in our found-           “The majority of the students here are            Vasche Library Room 201, is begin-
ing documents,” Dr.Weikart said. “I see            definitely people who want to bring others          ning the process of developing work-
tremendous value in tolerating different           in, who want to have unity and inclusion            shops to help students have these cou-
kinds of viewpoints. It’s simply the lov-          at the core of who they are,” Hubbard said          rageous conversations with one another.
ing thing to do to people that you disagree          Ricklick also understands the importance             These workshops will teach students how to
with, it has to work in all directions though      of being a safe space for her classmates.           take personal responsibility to educate them-
and that’s the problem a lot of times.”              “I think that students should be respectful       selves, how to uphold unity and inclusion and
   Variety is valuable to many individu-           of their fellow students and professor. Intent-     build relationships, and how to look at their
als as well. Part of the process of iden-          ly listening and responding to a student when       own actions through the eyes on another.
tity development is allowing a variety             they share can go a long way,” Ricklick said.          Currently the Diversity Center has been
of people into your life Hubbard said.               Dr. Stevens wants her students to feel            sponsoring programs and working to have
   “Life can’t just be about me and my people,     encouraged to share in their classrooms.            permanent hours. Students may find them
it has to start having an integration. What do       “No matter where you are coming from as           open in the afternoon from 1pm-5pm.
the other people in my world mean and how do       a student, in classes where people want you            Psychological Counseling is also avail-
we interact with one another,” Hubbard said.       to talk, and share, these are people who want       able to students who are looking for a pri-
                                                   their students to teach each other, to learn from   vate space to share. Dr. Berkow said that
              Truly a Safe Space                   each other and to grow,” Dr. Stevens said.          he was glad to see more students take ad-
  The term “safe space” refers to a space                                                              vantage of the services here on campus.
                                                          Looking Forward at Stan State                   “We are really working hard to make
for individuals to come together to com-
municate regarding their experiences                 Hubbard        is      looking      forward       counseling understandable and safe, and
typically found on university campuses.            to building a stronger communi-                     I think we are succeeding and I think we
  While Stan State has several designated safe     ty based on diversity in the future.                are helping normalize it,” Dr. Berkow said.
spaces here on campus, students and faculty          “I think we need to move the conversation
can also find a safe space to have conversations   from guilt and blame to being more productive
in classrooms and among their classmates.          and inviting everyone, especially the people
  Hubbard shared her thoughts on how stu-          of the majority to be a part of the conversa-

                                                   Technology Innovation One
             By Jesús Valdez                          Classroom at a Time
  Every year technology advances at a rap-          Luis Segovia (Lead IT Consultant) be-         are usually taught and becomes more hands-
id pace, Stan State is attempting to keep up     lieved that Kramer brought all the right fea-    on for the students.
with that pace with the help of Office of In-    tures to advance technology at Stan State.         “It’s just not a lecture anymore. The whole
formation and Technology (OIT).                     “Looking at all the systems, we found that    concept of active learning is that the student
  They have added “Smart Classrooms” that        Kramer had everything that the campus can        reads the lecture material in their own time
have a Windows PC, Aver document camera,         grow off of and futureproof the campus using     and then they actually do the assignment or
Blu Ray DVD player and more.                     one integrator that would continue to support    lab in class,” Cardoza said.
  Corey Cardoza (Director, Information Ser-      us easily,” Sergova said.                          Nancy Rodriguez (junior, Psychology, So-
vices) wanted to innovate classrooms to be          VIA includes a touch screen, which helps      ciology) likes the hands-on approach ALC
completely wireless.                             the presenter choose what method they want       provides.
  “Luis Segovia came over from CSU East          to use.                                            “I like it because after the lecture we do a
Bay and already had some relationships with         “The touchscreen control panel, if you        lab,” Rodriguez said. “It’s also more hands
AV vendors for classroom spaces, so we           will, allows the instructor or the person pre-   on, and it’s cool that we have projectors, so
brainstormed and looked at the latest tech-      senting to control what input, if they wanted    we can work in groups.”
nologies out there, and so we wanted to in-      to go off a hardwire connection, or if they        As OIT carries out classroom updates, they
stall some wireless collaboration software       wanted to project wirelessly,” Cardoza said.     are also checking to see how the WiFi is in
and devices in the classrooms that allow both       Also, the inclusion of having a document      the rooms and refining it.
faculty and students to present wirelessly,”     camera with VIA devices help with more             “WiFi is always a focus with us, and we
                                                 precise viewing of microscope slides.            are continuing to upgrade. As we’re going
                                                    According to Cardoza, OIT has upgraded        building by building, we’re trying to address
                                                 approximately 21 classrooms with the tech-       that,” Cardoza said.
                                                 nology during last summer and winter break.        Also, architects, facilities services, the
                                                 They are additionally planning to upgrade        dean of the library, and IT are thinking of
                                                 15-18 classrooms this summer.                    technological advances that they can use for
                                                    Consequently, as new technology is being      the remodel of the library.
                                                 implemented, there will be some growing            Some of these new technology being con-
                                                 pains which Dr. José Díaz-Garayúa (Profes-       sidered includes “Digital signage, wireless
                                                 sor of Geography) is experiencing.               collaboration, makerspaces, huddle rooms
                                                    “I was having problems with the audio as      and study spaces,” according to Cardoza.
                                                 well, and I have to delay my class, actually       “I think the makerspaces would be the
                                                 my class is delayed by one day, and we had       most innovative of all those,” Cardoza said.
                                                 an exam [on the same day] that I wanted to
                                                 bring a speaker,” Dr. Díaz-Garayúa said.
Students in the Active Learning Classroom.
                                                    Another way Stan State is innovating in the
(Signal Photo/Jesús Valdez)
                                                 classroom is the creation of technology en-
Cardoza said.                                    hanced Active Learning Classrooms (ALC)
   Students and faculty may experience a         with the first one built during the summer. It
way of presenting that is faster and easier      currently resides in two classrooms.
anywhere in a classroom.                            “That allows using some of the same tech-
   “It speeds up the time for the presentation   nology as the Kramer VIA, but there’s sever-
it allows students to present,” Cardoza said.    al screens in the rooms, and so what it allows
“If they’re doing a group presentation, rather   is for teachers to teach in that flipped envi-
than the time to go upfront, they can essen-     ronment where they’re doing group collabo-
tially present from their seat if the teacher    ration work. So you have groups of students
allows that.”                                    that each have their own screen and students
   The device that OIT and the campus decid-     can collaborate around one table and they
ed on to implement in certain classrooms is      can share their screen amongst their groups,”
called VIA created by Kramer and was cho-        Cardoza said.
sen because of its wireless presentations.          ALC changes the methodical way classes
                                                                                                  Dr. José Díaz-Garayúa (Geography). (Signal
                                                                                                  Photo/Jesús Valdez)


              By Jesús Valdez                     Shaking Up Gender
                                                  in Alcoholic Drinks
                                                orie ones, what does that tell me? Am I not      der a drink that’s considered feminine be-
                                                a real woman? Is there something wrong           cause they might look at you and say ‘you
                                                with me? Same with men, if this is a man-        good? are you okay?’” Camarillo said.
  In society, gender difference can be          ly drink and you don’t like it, should you       “So, that’s when you can feel pressured to
marked by clothing, toys and even alco-         question your manhood? The stereotypes           order something that they’ll approve of.”
holic drinks.                                   get perpetuated in multiple ways, by the            Pires said that it’s uncommon for a man
  A “manly” drink typically has a brown         color, by the characteristics they associate     to order a “girly” drink, and if they do
color or another dark color, like a Jack        with like, skinny. It’s so annoying,” Dr.        they disguise it to make it less noticeable.
and Coke, whereas a “girly” drink has           Sniezek said.                                       “It’s very rare, and if they’re with
more vibrant colors for the alcohol to pop        According to Paul Pires, the bar manag-        friends they get shit about it too. A lot of
out, like a Mai Tai.                            er at the Center Street Grill, the drinks that   times we’ll have a guy say they order a
  Dr. Tamara Sniezek (Profeassor of So-         patrons order align with their respective        lemon drop or they’ll ask for it in a dif-
ciology, Gerontology and Gender Stud-           gender.                                          ferent glass so it won’t look like a sissy
ies) said society can be a cause of why                                                          drink, or they talk really low when order-
these stereotypes exist since we focus on                                                        ing it,” Pires said.
differences rather than similarities be-                                                            He has had some experience of over-
tween genders.                                                                                   hearing patrons make stereotypical com-
  “He has beer because that’s the manly                                                          ments to men about the drink the man has
thing because men are tough guys and                                                             ordered.
they can handle their liquor. What kind of                                                          “Every once in a while you will have
alcohol is associated with women, fruity                                                         someone make a wise remark about it.
cocktails? Usually they’re about wom-                                                            They usually say it’s a sissy drink, or you
en being more esoteric, ditzy and they                                                           want an umbrella with that,” Pires said.
totally perpetuate gender stereotypes,”                                                             Perhaps one of the most popular drinks
Dr. Sniezek said. “It’s because you can’t                                                        that is considered “manly” is beer. Ac-
treat people unequally if they’re the same.     Aron Lopez (senior, Social Science) (Signal      cording to the U.S. Department of Health
If we’re saying there’s no difference be-       Photo/Jesús Valdez)                              and Human Services, a beer has a lower
tween men and women then we would be                                                             amount of alcohol compared to a martini,
treated the same and have equal rights,           “I would either have to say the Lemon          a supposed “girly” drink.
but you have to focus on differences and        Drop Martini usually or white wine [for             “Yeah, they taste so good and they don’t
keep making differences.”                       women and] for men it would be beer or           realize how much alcohol is in it. A mar-
                                                whiskey,” Pires said.                            tini has three or four shots compared to a
                                                  The radiant colors of some drinks are an       beer. One beer has one shot and a a marti-
                                                indicator for Jacob Cayabyab (junior, Nurs-      ni has 3 of them,” Pires said.
                                                ing) that the drink is considered “girly.”          Aron Lopez (senior, Social Science)
                                                  “There’s the existence of girly drinks,        likes drinking various types of beer be-
                                                I know that for sure. Since I don’t real-        cause of the “taste” and being “lighter”
                                                ly drink, and I know that’s out there, and       than alcohol.
                                                you can sort of tell because of the color-          “I drink a different variety. I like drink-
                                                ful drinks. There’s a difference between         ing Mexican beer, like Tecate Light, Co-
                                                getting a beer and a fancy margarita with        rona, Modelo, but I’m also into IPA’s,
                                                a little umbrella in there or some fruits,”      brown ale, 805’s, and I typically like go-
                                                Cayabyab said.                                   ing to breweries,” Lopez said.
Lemon Drop Martini that is sold at the Cen-
                                                  Alejandra Camarillo (freshman, Criminal           However, Athena Cada (senior, Crimi-
ter Street Grill. (Signal Photo/Jesús Valdez)
                                                Justice) said one of the effects that can oc-    nal Justice) drinks beer because “alcohol
                                                cur if a person is drinking with a group is      and me don’t get along.”
  The stereotypes that are prescribed to        the possibility to conform to their gender’s        “I drink what I want,” Cada said. “I’m a
these drinks may make a person reeval-          respective drinks due to peer pressure. He       girl that drinks beer.”
uate themselves if they don’t like the          added that he would prefer to order what            Though gender stereotypes are appar-
drinks.                                         he likes.                                        ent in modern day society when people
  “Even if you are a woman and you                “Let’s say you’re out with your friends,       are deciding what alcoholic beverage to
don’t like frufru alcohol or skinny girl        and they’re all boys, and obviously if           choose, it is ultimately the choice of the
margaritas, or you don’t want the low cal-      you’re with all your dudes you won’t or-         consumer to choose what drink is best for
You can also read