Nute High School & Library - PROGRAM OF STUDIES 2021-2022 - 22 Elm Street Milton, New Hampshire 03851

 
Nute High School & Library
 PROGRAM OF STUDIES

          2021-2022

             22 Elm Street
    Milton, New Hampshire 03851
     Telephone: (603) 652-4591

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GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
The Nute High School diploma requires a minimum of 24 credits
including the following requirements.
 English                                       4 credits
Mathematics (must include Algebra I)                             3 credits
4th year of Math experience (Math or course with                 0.5 credit
math-related content)
Science (must include Physical Science, Biology)                 3 credits
Social Studies (must include Civics, Geography, US 3.5 credits
History, Economics, and at least 1 elective)
Health (covered in Wellness)                                     0.5 credits
Physical Education (0.5 covered in Wellness)                     1 credit
Computer Education                                               0.5 credit
Fine Arts                                                        0.5 credit
Electives                                                        7.5 credits
TOTAL                                                            24 credits

ALSO REQUIRED for the Nute High School diploma:

20 Hours of Community Service
Students must have 20 hours of community service beginning after the completion of
their 8th grade year and completed prior to graduation. The community service is not
credit bearing. The Guidance Department has forms available and will track this
requirement. Students must return completed forms to Guidance.

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The Milton School District diploma requires a minimum of 20 credits
including the following requirements to meet the state minimum for high
school graduation. Students must be recommended by School Counselor
and approved by Administration for this option.
 English                                                                             4 credits
 Mathematics (must include Algebra I)                                                3 credits
 Science (must include Physical Science, Biology)                                    2 credits
 Social Studies (must include Civics, Geography, US                                  2.5 credits
 History, and Economics)
 Health (covered in Wellness)                                                        0.5 credits
 Physical Education (0.5 covered in Wellness)                                        1 credit
 Computer Education                                                                  0.5 credit
 Fine Arts                                                                           0.5 credit
 Electives (must include 0.5 Math experience)                                        6 credits
 TOTAL                                                                               20 credits

          CREDIT REQUIREMENTS FOR PROMOTION TO THE NEXT GRADE LEVEL

Prior to the start of the 1st semester of the school year you must have:
Sophomore 6 credits
Junior     12 credits
Senior     18 credits

                                         COURSE SCHEDULING

● Students in Grades 9-11 are expected to schedule a full school day. Seniors who qualify for Senior
  Privilege (Late arrival/Early release) must be enrolled in at least 4 credits for the school year and obtain
  approval from a parent, Counselor, and Principal.
● Schedule changes should be made prior to the first day of class.
● Students may add or drop a class within five days of the start of the class.

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SAMPLE RECOMMENDED COURSE SEQUENCING

College Prep Program - 4 year college/university
(Colleges, other than non-selective schools, require more courses than the minimum graduation
requirements.)

      Freshman                   Sophomores                               Juniors                    Seniors
CP English 9                CP/H English 10               CP/H English 11            CP/H Senior English
CP Algebra I                CP/H Geometry                 CP Algebra II              CP Pre-Calc/Prob&Stats
CP Physical Science         CP/H Biology                  CP/H Chemistry or other    CP/H Chem or other
                                                          Science elective           Science
CP Geography/Civics         Spanish II                    Economics/Social Studies   Social Studies elective
                                                          Elective
Wellness                    Social Studies elective       CP/H US History            CP Spanish IV or other
                                                                                     Electives (includes CTE)
Spanish I                   Computers                     Spanish III
Computers                   Physical Education            Electives (includes CTE)
Fine Arts                   Electives                     Remaining requirements     Remaining requirements

Technical/Vocational Prep Program - includes 2-year community college, Trade school, or career
       Freshman                  Sophomores                       Juniors                   Seniors
English 9                 English 10                English 11                Senior English
Pre-Algebra OR Algebra I Algebra I, Geometry, or    Math course               Math or math-related
                          Practical Math 1                                    course
Physical Science          Biology                   Chemistry* OR Science     Electives (Psychology,
                                                    Elective                  Science, Social Studies,
                                                                              etc.)
Geography/Civics          Social Studies Elective   US History                CTE Year II
Wellness                  Spanish II                CTE Year I
Spanish I                   Physical Education            Electives
Computers
Fine Arts                  CTE for a 3 yr program
                           option
*Some technical schools require successful completion of Algebra II and/or Chemistry

All CTE Program options are listed at the end of the Course Description section at the end of this program.

                                          ACADEMIC LEVELS

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Honors Level (H)
Honors level is designed for highly motivated students who are willing to meet the challenge of a fast-paced
curriculum requiring a high level of commitment, responsibility and independent study. Honors credit is
obtained by performing work substantially above the expectations of the CP curriculum as outlined in this
program of studies.

College Preparatory (CP)
College preparatory level is designed for students who wish to take a demanding academic level and complete
the requirements for admission to a two or four year college. These courses require considerable outside of
class preparation by the student.

Technical/Vocational Preparatory Program (TP)
Technical/vocational preparatory courses provide a general education for students whose academic ability and
career interests are compatible with technical or vocational training. Students may elect to include a specific
vocational program at one of the three area vocational schools.

Grading System

A+     98-100         C+      83-84          F       0-69
A      95-97          C       80-82          P       PASS
A-     93-94          C-      77-79          F       FAIL
B+     91-92          D+      75-76          I       INCOMPLETE
B      88-90          D       72-74
B-     85-87          D-      70-71

A mark of incomplete is given at the end of each quarter when work has not been completed for legitimate
reasons. After two weeks, an incomplete automatically becomes the original earned grade unless additional
work has been submitted or a longer make-up period has been approved by teacher/administration.

Grade Point Averages
Nute GPAs are calculated on a 4.0 scale, all grades are converted from their numerical grade to a 0-4.0.
Nute has a weighted system for GPAs therefore if you take a course at the AP level 0.5 is added to your final
GPA (i.e. a 4.0 would become a 4.5), Honors level 0.4 is added, CP level adds 0.3 and all other courses stay
at current grade. A grade of Pass/Fail will not average into your cumulative GPA.

                                   DUAL CREDIT OPPORTUNITIES
                                  Earn college credit while in high school

GREAT BAY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

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Nute students have the opportunity to earn high school and college credit by taking classes through the Early
College partnership with Great Bay Community College. Students can enroll for classes at GBCC’s
Rochester or Portsmouth campus, where they will attend class among college students. Transportation is not
provided. For more information on how to access this program students should speak to Guidance. Approval
from Guidance and the Principal is required.

VIRTUAL LEARNING ACADEMY CHARTER SCHOOL

VLACS offers online classes that can earn students dual credit for a fraction of the cost of a typical college
course. The credits can be earned through either the Community College System of NH (the eStart program)
or Southern New Hampshire University (SNHU). The full VLACS course catalog can be viewed at
www.vlacs.org. Interested students should meet with the School Counselor prior to signing up.

COLLEGE BOARD: AP PROGRAM
Per College Board policy AP courses are only offered to Juniors and Seniors

Advanced Placement courses are designed for highly motivated students who are willing to meet the
challenge of a college level course. Upon completion of an AP course students may opt to take the AP exam
designed by the College Board, for a fee. Colleges often grant placement and course credit to students who
score above a certain number on the AP exam. For a full description of course expectations and purposes,
please review the AP section at collegeboard.org.

At Nute, we offer these AP courses when resources and the schedule permits. In an effort to expand the
opportunities available to our students, we can attempt to coordinate with area schools, where there may be
more AP offerings. VLACS also offers some AP selections. If you have an interest in utilizing this
program, students must meet with the School Counselor.

                                          ONLINE PROGRAMS

COURSEWARE (formerly PLATO)

Courseware is an online program available to approved Nute students. These courses can be used a credit
recovery or taken to supplement a full course. For more information on available courses and the program,
students should meet with the School Counselor.

VIRTUAL LEARNING ACADEMY CHARTER SCHOOL

VLACS is a state approved public charter school that provides online courses, free of charge, to all NH
students. Approved students have the opportunity to take courses through VLACS during school or on their
own time. VLACS courses can be used to supplement Nute’s course offerings, as credit recovery, or for dual
credit in high school and college. Courses are offered in a wide variety of subjects and the course catalog can
be viewed at vlacs.org. Students interested in taking a course must sign up with the support of a
parent/guardian and should consult with Guidance.

                              EXTENDED LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES

Extended Learning Opportunities (ELOs) are self-designed experiences that occur outside of the traditional
classroom. Nute offers six different types of ELOs; Internships, Project Based Learning Experiences,
Independent Coursework, Career Exploration, Advanced Study and Service Aide. Students will work with
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the ELO Coordinator and a Faculty Mentor to write an educational plan that includes; established standards,
competencies, understandings, essential questions and knowledge acquisition. The four parts of an ELO
include; Product, Reflection, Research and Presentation. At the end of the experience, the student earns
credit by demonstrating competency through a presentation. These experiences can occur during the school
day, after school, and possibly extending beyond the school year.

These opportunities give students the chance to follow their own unique interests or provide a different way
of proving competency. They offer students rigor, relevance, and teach responsibility. Community members
and businesses can serve as mentors to provide real-world work skills and experience while maintaining
rigorous educational goals. It opens the doors for students to be able to explore careers, develop a deeper
understanding of a particular discipline or explore an area of interest not necessarily taught at Nute. ELOs
can be taken to demonstrate competency in required courses or electives.

These experiences are open to all high school students and can include 8th graders if they are working on
high school competencies. Contact the ELO Coordinator for more details.

                                         TESTING PROGRAMS

Grade 10              PSAT 10 – This practice test for the SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) measures verbal,
                      math and writing skills and is available to all interested sophomores. This is
                      administered in the spring, during the school day.

Grade 11              PSAT/NMSQT – The grade 11 practice test for the SAT is used for Juniors to qualify
                      for National Merit Scholarship. This is administered in the fall, during the school day.

                      All Juniors in the state of New Hampshire are required to take the Scholastic Aptitude
                      Test (SAT) with Essay, as part of state testing. There is no fee for the exam. The test
                      will be administered at Nute, during the school day in the Spring.

Grade 12              SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) or ACT (American College Test)
                      College bound students may opt to take the SAT again in the Summer or Fall of their
                      senior year. The SAT and/or ACT is necessary to meet some college admissions
                      criteria, although many have become test optional. Students must register online at
                      CollegeBoard.org.
                      (Students who meet financial criteria may be eligible for a fee waiver. See Guidance)

                      The ASVAB (Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery) is offered to interested
                      students from Grades 10-12 each year. This test provides valuable feedback whether
                      or not you are interested in the military. Your results are followed up with a Career
                      Exploration session to help you interpret your strengths and aptitudes for various types
                      of careers. This test can be repeated. For more information:
                      https://www.military.com/join-armed-forces/asvab

                                    NH SCHOLARS PROGRAM

The New Hampshire Scholars Initiative is an effort by area business and school volunteers to encourage and
motivate all high school students to complete a defined, rigorous academic course of study that prepares
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them for successful transition to college or university coursework or vocational and technical training
necessary to enter today’s competitive job market.
New Hampshire Scholars Program recommends a Core Course of Study to high schoolers that gives every
participating student the advantage of well-rounded, more challenging coursework. Students who undertake
this rigorous Core Course of Study will challenge themselves to do their best work during their high school
career and will enjoy a wider range of postsecondary options upon graduation.
When planning your curriculum, consider becoming a NH Scholar by taking courses that fulfill the
requirements. You can find more information at www.NHScholars.org.

 NH Scholar Core             NH Scholar STEM               NH Scholar ART            NH Scholar Career
 Requirements                Emphasis Additional           Emphasis Additional       Pathway Requirements
                             Requirements                  Requirements

 English: 4 credits          Lab Science: 1 more           Art: 2 credits (Visual    Meet all NH Scholar
                             credit                        Art, Fine Art,            Core Requirements
                                                           Performing Arts, Music,
                                                           Graphic Design, etc.)

 Math: 4 credits             STEM related course: 1        Minimum GPA: 3.2          Successfully complete
 (including Alg 1, Alg II,   credit (Science, Math,                                  one of the following:
 and Geometry)               Technology,                                             Approved NH CTE
                             Engineering, Computers,                                 Program, Industry-
                             Adv. manufacturing,                                     Aligned or Career-
                             including CTE)                                          Driven ELO, All
                             *Cannot count a course                                  sequence Components in
                             twice                                                   Formal Career Pathway
                                                                                     Program of Study,
                                                                                     CCSNH Industry
                                                                                     Certificate Sequence

 Lab Science: 3 credits      Minimum GPA: 3.2                                        Successfully engaged in
 (including Biology &                                                                a Work Based Learning
 Chemistry)                                                                          Experience

 Social Science: 3.5                                                                 Successfully earned one
 credits                                                                             of the following: College
                                                                                     Credits, Industry Valued
                                                                                     Recognized Certificate,
                                                                                     or Postsecondary hours

 Foreign language: 2
 credits

                             FUTURE AND CAREER PATHWAY PLANNING

Courses and experiences at Nute High School and the Tri-City Regional Career Technical
Centers should be designed to include, wherever possible, a career focus. This will provide
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an essential connection between school and career planning and preparation. Students are
encouraged to select a career path suited to their interests and abilities.

The Pathway to a FOUR-YEAR COLLEGE DEGREE PROGRAM is for students who are
planning to continue their education at a four-year college after high school.

The Pathway to a TWO-YEAR ASSOCIATE DEGREE PROGRAM or TRADE SCHOOL is
offered to students who plan to further their education after graduation by earning an
associate degree or training before entering the workplace. Some students elect to follow the
2 plus 2 route. Once the student has earned an associate degree, he/she can seek entrance into
a four-year college to complete a baccalaureate degree.

The Pathway to the WORLD OF WORK is designed to prepare students to graduate from
high school and go on to successfully participate in the workforce.

The Pathway into the MILITARY offers a variety of branches and numerous career
opportunities. Each branch of the military has a unique mission within the overall mission of
U.S. security and peace. In addition to the six branches of the military, the Army and Air
National Guards also serve their own special functions. For more information:
https://www.military.com/join-armed-forces/us-military-branches-overview.html
https://www.careersinthemilitary.com/home (powered by ASVAB)

STEPS TO SELECTING A CAREER PATHWAY
  1. Select a Career Interest Area using assessment results data from your AWATO career
     and interest exploration tool. Consulting with your parents, teachers and counselor may
     be helpful.
  2. Choose the best educational pathway that will help you accomplish your career goals.
  3. Working with your parents, teachers, and counselor, elect courses to enroll in that will
     challenge you and provide the tools for you to reach your goals.

                                                 ENGLISH

ENGLISH 9 (TP/CP)                                                                                 1 CREDIT

A strong emphasis in writing skills, especially increasing sophistication in sentence structures and accuracy
in editing, will prepare students for higher level classes at both the high school and the college level.
Vocabulary enrichment and the MLA research paper will be taught. The emphasis in grammar will be on
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parts of the sentence and sentence combining. Literature will include Romeo and Juliet, short stories, and
poetry. CP students will read and summarize 30 pages of a biography weekly, do extra assignments, and
meet a more stringent grading system than General level students, who will read and summarize bi-weekly.

ENGLISH 10 (TP/CP/H)                                                                               1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of or concurrent enrollment in 9th grade English

Essay writing, usage, diction, vocabulary, and SAT preparation will be the focus of this course. Skills will be
reinforced through oral reading and silent reading. Texts may include Macbeth, Mythology, Fahrenheit 451,
and Lord of the Flies. Students will read 40 or more pages weekly or biweekly and summarize them.
Summer reading is mandatory. All students will complete a research paper that follows the MLA format.
College Preparatory (CP) and Honors (H) students will be required to do more assignments, write more in-
depth essays, and meet a more stringent grading system than General (G) level students. Honors students
will be held to the highest standards of quality work, participation, and attitude, and they may be required to
meet outside of class weekly. Honors students will compete in all academic contests.

ENGLISH 11 - AMERICAN LITERATURE                                                              1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of or concurrent enrollment in English 10
This year-long course in American Literature encourages students to examine the diversity of the American
experience and our national identity through literary exploration. Throughout the year, students will delve
into a selection of works representative of a broad range of American experiences and themes, all the while
considering the history that has shaped our nation. Students will read and explicate a selection of novels,
stories, poetry and drama in detail. Students will be assessed on a frequent basis for comprehension and
thematic appreciation as we work through each text. Study units will include assessment points such as
quizzes, exams, projects and essays. Throughout the course, students will write essays in various modes
including analysis, critical response, persuasion, and comparison, as well as do some creative writing.
Students will write frequent responses to the literature, and will take part in frequent discussions in small and
large groups. Students will also be given opportunities to produce creative projects in response to the
literature. Vocabulary study, oral presentations, responses to relevant film and audio resources will all be
components of the course.

SENIOR ENGLISH (TP/CP)                                                                           1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: completion of or concurrent enrollment in 3rd English credit

This year-long course will engage students in the study of literature and language through a variety of
techniques and mediums. Designed to meet the needs of each group of students, this senior level course will
draw from diverse literary texts, poetry, music, film, drama, fiction, current events, and more to provide
students with a review of skills and techniques essential to college and career readiness.

CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE (CP/H)                                                                    .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of English 9 and English 10

This one-semester course is designed for students interested in exploring a diverse selection of literature
based on challenging contemporary issues, themes, and artists. Fiction, non-fiction, plays, film, and poetry
will be studied in-depth. Students will analyze, discuss, and find understanding of the challenging issues of

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our time. Thematic units may include: Social Responsibility, Racism and Prejudice, Crime and Punishment,
Science and Fiction, Media Manipulation, etc. This course can be taken, along with another half-year English
elective, to fulfill a student’s English coursework in his/her Senior year. When combine with another English
elective, this course is an alternative option to Senior English and Honors/AP Literature and Composition.

FICTION & FILM (CP/H)                                                                            .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of English 9 and English 10

This class will examine the literary roots of some of cinema’s most successful films. We will consider: what
happens when a variety of short stories, novels, or plays are made into a film; if we approach film and
literary text differently; and how we view and read these texts. We will also consider the cultures out of
which the texts come: Does it make a difference if the work was written in 1789 and filmed in 2011, or if the
story was written by an Argentinian and filmed in London by an Italian director? Through questions such as
these, students will be asked to look at and think about films in a reflective manner. This course can be
taken, along with another half-year English elective, to fulfill a student’s English coursework in his/her
Senior year. When combined with another English elective, this course is an alternative option to Senior
English and Honors/AP Literature and Composition.

LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION (H/AP)                                                                 1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of English 9, English 10, and American Studies. Teacher
Recommendation required for Honors/AP level

An AP course in English Language and Composition engages students in becoming skilled readers of prose
written in a variety of rhetorical contexts, and in becoming skilled writers who compose for a variety of
purposes. Both their writing and their reading should make students aware of the interactions among a
writer’s purposes, audience expectations, and subjects, as well as the way genre conventions and the
resources of language contribute to effectiveness in writing. The purpose of the AP English Language and
Composition course is to enable students to read complex texts with understanding and to write prose of
sufficient richness and complexity to communicate effectively with mature readers. Students who enroll in
this course will be expected to read a wide range of complex texts from the sixteenth century to
contemporary times. Students will learn to write interpretations of a piece of literature based on careful
observation of textual details, while considering the works: structure, style, and themes; social and historical
implications; literary elements such as figurative language, imagery, symbolism, and tone. This will be a
challenging course, requiring rigorous academic pursuit and self-motivated learning. Any students taking this
at AP level who would like to take the AP exam will be responsible for the AP exam charge, currently at $91
per test but is subject to change. For a full description of the course expectations and purposes, please
review the AP Literature and Composition Course Description available at collegeboard.org.

                                         ENGLISH ELECTIVES
                              (Not all English electives are offered every year.)

WRITING WORKSHOP (CP)                                                                              .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: English 9
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This is an intensive writing course. Students will use the writing process to draft, workshop, revise, edit, and
publish writing in the genre, either poetry or prose, of his or her choosing. The final exam grades are based
on the quality of writing from the writing portfolios kept by the students. The course grade is based on the
quantity of writing, both rough draft and revised and edited; writing exercises; the student’s diligence; and
the number of the student’s pieces published and the number shared for feedback.

                                             MATHEMATICS

Starting with the class of 2020 students will be expected to take a math class for each of their 4 years of
high school as stated in NH RSA 186:8: VII, requiring a high school pupil to attain competency in
mathematics for each year in which he or she is in high school through graduation either by satisfactorily
completing a minimum of 4 courses in mathematics or by satisfactorily completing a minimum of 3
mathematics courses and one non-mathematics content area course in which mathematics knowledge and
skills are embedded and applied, as may be approved by the School Board.

PRE-ALGEBRA (TP)                                                                                   1 CREDIT

This course is designed for students who need to further develop their mathematical skills in preparation for
Algebra I. The concepts of variables, relationships, equations, inequalities and open sentences are stressed.
The properties of mathematics are studied, as are exponents and real numbers. This course develops the
student's skills needed to translate English expressions into symbolic math and to solve word problems.
Students are also required to recognize and solve various types of formulas. Some of the special topics
introduced in this course are: statistics (including organizing data), graphs and charts, performing operations
on the number line, (Euclidean) geometry and coordinate geometry.
Major topics and concepts: Efficiency of Number Sense, Mental Mathematics, Relative Magnitude, Ratios,
Rates, Percents, Fractions, Similarity, Conceptual Understanding of Area and Volume, Conceptual
Understanding of Variables, Functions, Patterns, Rates of Change, Read, Interpret, and Analyze
Representations and Create Representations.

ALGEBRA I (TP/CP)                                                                                   1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Pre-Algebra or teacher recommendation

The primary goal of Algebra I is to gain the ability to use variables and computational skills to solve
problems. Algebra I covers the elements of Algebra that can be employed in technical and more advanced
mathematics courses. Computer software utilized includes graphing and function programs, equation solving
assistance, and spreadsheets.
Major topics and concepts: The Language of Algebra (Real numbers, Absolute Value, Variables,
Polynomials, Expressions, Exponents, Patterns, Radicals), Patterns, Functions and Relations (Linear
Equations, Slope/ Rates of Change, Quadratics, System of Equations, Inequalities, Models, Exponential
Equations), Equivalence (Equality) (Equations, Rational Equations, Inequalities, Radicals, Exponents, Linear
Systems).

GEOMETRY (TP/CP)                                                                                    1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I

Geometry is the study of formal math proofs and geometric figures, which develops deductive reasoning
capabilities and problem solving skills. Areas of discussion include area and volume formulas, polygons,
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Pythagorean Theorem, trigonometric functions and extensive work with triangles and circles. A classroom
emphasis is placed on group problem solving and cooperative learning. Students use manipulatives such as
tangrams, pattern blocks, compass and straightedge and other mathematical tools in group problem-solving
sessions. Computer software utilized includes graphing programs, presentation graphics, Geometer's
Sketchpad, and graphic visualizations. Students are required to complete a research project and presentation
of a Mathematics or Science topic once per semester using resources including books, encyclopedias, other
classes and computer technology such as Internet searches. Geometry at the CP level will focus more on
proofs. Major Concepts: Congruency, similarity, transformations, volume, area, perimeter, polygons,
triangles, circles, constructions, proofs, Pythagorean Theorem, and trigonometric functions.

ALGEBRA II (TP/CP)                                                                                1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I and Geometry

Algebra II further develops topics from Algebra I and Geometry with additional discussions in graphs and
functions, word problems, probability and statistics, radical operations, quadratic solutions and linear
systems. Much of the course work and problem solving involves the integration of Algebra and Geometry
into cohesive upper-level mathematics. Students will recognize, describe, and generalize patterns building
mathematical models to describe, interpret, and predict the behavior of real-world phenomenon at a more
sophisticated level than Algebra I. Computer software utilized includes graphing and function programs,
presentation graphics, equation solving assistance, Geometer's Sketchpad, graphic visualizations and
spreadsheets. Students will come to understand that algebraic methods and functions are important tools that
they can use to gain access to higher levels of mathematics, science, and engineering. Students are required
to complete a research project and presentation of a Mathematics or Science topic once per semester using
resources including books, encyclopedias, other classes and computer technology such as Internet searches.
Major topics and concepts: The Language of Algebra (Real & Complex Numbers, Absolute Value,
Variables, Polynomials, Expressions, Exponents, Patterns, Radicals), Patterns, Functions and Relations
(Linear Equations, Slope/ Rates of Change, Quadratics, System of Equations, Inequalities, Models,
Exponential Equations, Polynomials, Logarithmic Functions, Sequences and Series, Piecewise Functions,
Inverse Functions), Equivalence (Equality) (Equations, rational Equations, Inequalities, Radicals, exponents,
linear systems, logarithms, matrices.

Practical Math 1                                                                             1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I

This course focuses on the practical uses of mathematics in everyday life. It assists students in learning to
apply mathematics concepts in practical, everyday situations, such as balancing a checkbook, managing a
budget, and other common uses of mathematics in life. This course also reinforces the basic principles of
pre-algebra and algebra with an emphasis on the practical applications of those concepts.

Practical Math 2                                                                             1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Practical Math 1

This course builds off the principles learned in Practical Math 1. It furthers students apply to apply
mathematics in everyday life by introducing the concepts of accrued interest, long range financial planning,

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and basic accounting techniques. This course also reinforces the basic principles of algebra and geometry
with an emphasis on the practical applications of those concepts.

                                      MATHEMATICS ELECTIVES
                                (Not all math electives are offered every year)

TRIGONOMETRY (CP)                                                                           .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I (CP), Geometry (CP), and Algebra II

Trigonometry is the study of right-angle triangles and their applications and related topics. The study of
trigonometry derived much of its interest from problems of astronomy and navigation and consists of
problems involving a combination of Algebra and Geometry. The course is designed especially for those
who will pursue the natural and physical sciences in college. Students are required to complete a research
project and presentation of a Mathematics or Science topic once per semester using resources including
books, encyclopedias, other classes and computer technology such as Internet searches.
Major topics and concepts: Similarity, Units and Accuracy, Right Triangle Trigonometry, Analytic
Geometry and Circular Trigonometry, Characteristics of Trig. Functions, Identities, Radian Measure, Non-
right Triangle Laws, Trigonometric Graphs, Vectors in the Plane.

PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS (H)                                                                     1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra II (C or better)

Topics include basic measures of central tendency and variability; frequency distributions; probability; the
binomial distribution; the normal distribution; the normal distribution; sampling or distributions; estimation
of parameters; hypothesis testing; non-parametric tests; simple regression and correlation.

PRE-CALCULUS (H)                                                                                   1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I, Algebra II, and Geometry

The objective of this course is to prepare students to take Calculus at the high school level or in post-
secondary math courses. Advanced Algebra topics beyond the scope of the Algebra II course are covered,
including polynomial functions and equations, complex numbers, exponential and logarithmic functions, and
sequences and series. Other topics include right triangle trigonometry and cyclical trigonometric functions
using radian measure and graphing. Classroom emphasis is on problem solving. Students are required to
complete a research project and presentation of a Mathematics or Science topic once per semester using
resources including books, encyclopedias, other classes and computer technology.
Major topics and concepts: Linear Relations and Functions, Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities,
The Nature of Graphs, Polynomial and Rational Functions, The Trigonometric Functions, Graphs of
Trigonometric Functions, Polar Coordinates and Complex Numbers, Exponential and Logarithmic
Functions, Sequences and Series.

The following courses qualify as “non-mathematics content area course in which mathematics knowledge
and skills are embedded and applied.”
Chemistry
Personal Finance
Accounting I / II
Introduction to Woodworking
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Intermediate Woodworking
Advanced Woodworking
The Game of Life

                                                  SCIENCE

PHYSICAL SCIENCE (TP/CP)                                                                           1 CREDIT

Physical Science is an introductory course covering topics relating to the interactions of matter and energy
and how those interactions have created our natural world. The course stresses the scientific method of
inquiry and is designed to give a general overview of motion, energy, chemistry and wave mechanics, and
the laws that govern them. Course work is supplemented with laboratory experiments and projects. College
preparatory credit in physical science involves more in depth and additional written chapter work, a final
written paper, as well as the regular class assignments and homework.

BIOLOGY (TP/CP/H)                                                                                  1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Physical Science

Biology is the study of life that seeks to provide an understanding of the natural world. This course covers a
wide variety of biological concepts including cells, animal populations and communities, evolution, the
human body, and genetics. CP and Honor students will be required to complete additional requirements to
ensure a more thorough understanding of the material.

                                           SCIENCE ELECTIVES
                               (Not all science electives are offered every year)

CHEMISTRY (CP/H)                                                                               1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Physical Science and Biology, along with successful completion of
Algebra II and/ or current enrollment in Algebra II

Chemistry offers opportunities for students to consider intellectually challenging questions about the behavior
of matter. After acquiring basic laboratory techniques, students study and perform experiments to help them
understand, quantitatively and qualitatively, atomic structure and chemical change. This course emphasizes
laboratory applications and the development of independent thinking. Students opting for honors credit will
complete additional course requirements to ensure a more thorough understanding of the material.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (TP, CP, H)                                                                1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Physical Science and Biology
Environmental Science is the study of interactions between living organisms and their physical surroundings.
The course covers the diverse environmental conditions present on Earth and the populations and
communities of living organisms that inhabit them. The cycling of resource materials and the flow of energy
through ecosystems will be discussed, as well as the human condition and our impacts on the environment
and the biosphere. Students opting for CP credit will complete additional requirements to ensure a more
thorough understanding of the material.

EARTH SCIENCE (TP/CP/H)                                                                            1 CREDIT
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Prerequisite: successful completion of Physical Science and Biology

Introduction to Earth Science uses the scientific method to explain natural aspects of Earth. Topics covered in
the course include the Plate Tectonic Theory to describe the formation of mountains, valleys, earthquakes,
volcanoes, and oceans. The course will conclude with a discussion about the atmosphere and weather. College
preparatory and honors credits in Introduction to Earth Science involve an additional research project of the
student’s choosing, written paper, and presentation to the class.

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY (CP/H)                                                                      1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Biology

Using biology as a foundation, this course builds upon concepts of biochemistry and provides and in-depth
exploration of all systems of the human body. The course is designed for the above average ability students
who may be interested in pursuing a career in a medically related field. Laboratory dissections are an integral
part of the course. Students opting for honors credit will complete more in depth requirements to ensure a
more thorough understanding of the material.

                                             SOCIAL STUDIES
CIVICS (TP/CP)                                                                              .5 CREDIT

Civics will help students understand the importance of our governmental system, its workings, and the history
of our laws. The course will place an emphasis on the Constitution, Bill of Rights, amendments, Mayflower
Compact, and other significant documents that has shaped our current legal system. Students will also study
the principles of American democracy, such as popular sovereignty, individual rights, and the system of checks
and balances. Research projects, papers, outside reading, and position papers will be required. College prep
students will be required to accomplish additional work as determined by the teacher to further challenge their
abilities.
Major topics and concepts: Settlement, Early Government, Constitution, Bill of Rights, Presidency,
Senatorial powers, Judicial Branch, and Interest Groups.

GEOGRAPHY (TP/CP)                                                                           .5 CREDIT

During this course, students will study the relationship between the physical make-up of the land of the
different continents and how people have adapted to them. Students will study the different types of maps and
how they are used to support the information supplied. Also the cultural aspects of each of the major continents
will be touched upon. College prep students will be required to accomplish additional work as determined by
the teacher to further challenge their abilities.
Major topics and concepts: Geographical themes, United States physical and cultural geography, Latin
America, European geography, Middle Eastern influences, and the importance of Geography in today’s world.

ECONOMICS                                                                                        .5 CREDIT
Grade 11 or 12

This course is designed to help students understand the economic choices that they will soon be confronting
and to help understand why the economy works the way it does. College prep students will be required to

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accomplish additional work as determined by the teacher to further challenge their abilities and ensure a more
in depth understanding of the subject matter.
Major topics and concepts: The capitalist system, economic impact of consumers on a micro and macro
level, business competition, marketing, investment, and savings, American labor force, unemployment, and
growing and declining industries, how the government can influence the economy during periods of recession,
the development money as a medium of exchange, how banks operate, advancements in both science and
technology have impacted the exchange of goods on a global scale.

US HISTORY                                                                                    1 CREDIT
This course is designed to facilitate discovery within our nation’s history, beginning with the earliest forms
of democracy and tracing history to present day. A focus on what it means to be American will be central
throughout the course. We will explore themes including but not limited to settlement, forming our nation,
democracy, religion, racism, slavery, primary and secondary sources, economy, politics, and more. This class
will investigate these historical themes while developing skills in research, critical thinking, writing,
reflection, and communication. Students should expect varying forms of assessment, all designed to support
student growth and learning.

                                    SOCIAL STUDIES ELECTIVES
                                  (Not all electives are offered every year.)

FOUNDATIONS OF WESTERN CIVILIZATIONS                                                        1 CREDIT

Foundations of Western Civilizations seeks to discover the bedrock of today’s Western cultures and
societies. Through studies on Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt, Greece, the founding and collapse of the Roman
Empire, the Renaissance, and more, students will discover what comprises the beginnings of Western
culture. Students who would have taken Global Studies as a combined course, students who will likely be
going into the fields of history, geography, or politics, and students who are interested in learning about
ancient civilizations and the beginnings of our life as it is today are all welcome to take this course.

HISTORY OF MEDIA                                                                            .5 CREDIT

History of Media will focus on the evolution of communications media and its mutual influence on society.
Students will be asked to analyze the importance of media and the transfer of information to the general
public. Medias to be studied include, but are not limited to, newspaper, radio, television, music, and social
media.

COMPARATIVE RELIGIONS                                                                       .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Geography

This course seeks to explore today’s living world religions. Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and
Islam will serve as the five major world religions that students will study. Each religion will be looked at
through multiple lenses, including but not limited to historically, politically, and modern practices. Students
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will be challenged to look at the world in new ways. By studying and comparing these religions students
will gain a better understanding of the people and the world around them. Students will be challenged to look
at the world in a new way and examine the role of religions in our world today.

MODERN GLOBAL ISSUES                                                                         .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Geography

Students will discover some of the biggest issues facing various societies in our world through reading,
research, discussion, and more. This course focuses on multiple themes, including but not limited to: the
impact of globalization, the role of the global citizen, the role of the United Nations, and international
politics. Students are asked to learn about and analyze a range of ever evolving issues presented to our world
today as international affairs develop. Recommended for students who plan to be an active participant in
their community and/or students who interested in or plan to enter fields in politics or history.

MODERN AMERICAN ISSUES                                                                       .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Civics

Modern American Issues introduces students to the most significant matters facing the American public
today. Students will learn about current events in U.S. politics, as well as major issues facing voters at the
polls. Because of the nature of the course, the curriculum is ever evolving. Students will also begin to
discover their own opinions and political leanings through research, readings, discussion, and more. This
course serves as an introduction to the importance of becoming an active, responsible citizen.
Recommended for students who plan to be an active participant in their community and/or students who
interested in or plan to enter fields in politics or history.

CRIME & PUNISHMENT                                                                           .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: must be Grade 11 or 12

This course will look at the phenomenon in our society of punishment in regards to crime, the idea of
punishment for punishment’s sake, and punishment for rehabilitation of the offender. Topics in this course
will include historical patterns of violence, the formation and purpose of police and jails, and the evolution of
punishment for criminals. Several questions we will look at include how we determine the appropriate
amount of punishment, the effectiveness of punishment on criminals in our society, and whether race, sex or
age affect punishment. It also covers the general progression of punishment and levels of crime in our
country.

STREET LAW                                                                                   .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: must be Grade 10 or higher

Throughout this class, the goal will be to gain a better understanding of the American Legal system through a
variety of different exploratory techniques. Students will develop and understanding of the law, its
application in society, and correlation to their lives. Students will engage in debates, analyze hypotheticals,
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groups research work, mock processes of law, and other creative and engaging methods to gain a better
understanding of our law-based society. Questions that will be asked include: what is the purpose of laws,
how effective are our laws, how laws affect public issues today, and how may we improve the system we
have.

HISTORICAL FICTION OR FACT (TP/CP/H)                                              .5 CREDIT

This course will examine the use of film to enhance student’s understanding of significant historical events.
The course will be centered on student research and discussion as students evaluate and analyze the historical
accuracy and purpose of various historical films. (This will be a writing intensive class.)
The course would be set up in the following manner: An introduction a specific historical event, watch and
analyze a historical film focused on the specific event (i.e. The Patriot focuses on the American Revolution),
discuss major ideas in the film to evaluate, research those major ideas and evaluation on the historical
accuracy of the major ideas in the film.

PSYCHOLOGY (CP, H)                                                                     1 CREDIT
Recommended for Grades 11 or 12

Psychology will be studied using an eclectic approach. Various theories, including behaviorism, humanism,
and psychoanalysis will be explored. Gestalt, Pavlov, Skinner, Rogers, Watson, Kohlberg and Freud, among
others, will be covered. The foundation of norms and values, as well as theories of human development will
be explored. Class participation, projects, and outside reading will be required. Honors credit may be earned
with additional achievement.
Major topics and concepts: The major theories/approaches to psychology, including but not limited to the
theories of Freud, Watson, Maslow, Skinner, Erickson, and Pavlov, human intelligence through biological
and environmental means. Nature vs. nurture, how our personalities can be shaped by many different
factors, the biological and chemical systems that may influence behavior, how society’s treatment of
psychological issues has changed over time, how environmental and heredity theories that help to explain
human behavior.

                                         MODERN LANGUAGES
Though a modern language is not a graduation requirement, the study of a modern language is a
college admission requirement for many colleges. Most colleges require at least two years of study of the
same language to be admitted to their school. Competitive colleges may require three or four years of
consecutive language study.

SPANISH I (CP)                                                                                    1 CREDIT
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Students will be introduced to common vocabulary and basic grammatical concepts through the following
topics: greetings, introductions, descriptions, expressing opinions, preferences and talking about time, date,
weather, family, school and hobbies. Beginning speaking, reading, writing and listening skills will be
developed. Aspects of Spanish and Latin American culture will also be explored.

SPANISH II (CP)                                                                                     1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Spanish I with a grade of C or better

Spanish II revisits and extends the topics of Spanish I and further expands vocabulary, while introducing more
complex grammatical structures. The four language skill areas of reading, writing, listening, and speaking will
be further developed. Students will further their knowledge and understanding of the cultures of Spain and
Latin America.

SPANISH III (H)                                                                                     1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Spanish II with a grade of C or better

At the Spanish III level, students are expected to use Spanish only in the classroom, (to the greatest extent
possible). Weekly oral presentations and activities to develop spontaneous speaking skills are routine.
Students in Spanish III explore more thoroughly grammatical concepts and are introduced to situational
vocabulary, (expressions to use in various situations). Major works of Spanish literature and art are
introduced.

SPANISH IV (H)                                                                                      1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Spanish III with a grade of C or better

In the Spanish IV classroom, students will “fine tune” their abilities in the four language skill areas. Students
use Spanish exclusively in the classroom and are expected to present weekly oral current event reports from a
Spanish speaking country. Pragmatic language skills, (using conversation fillers, introducing or changing a
topic, etc.) are introduced and listening skills are further developed by listening to native speakers of the
language at conversational speed. Major works of Spanish art and literature are explored in more depth.

                                         BUSINESS EDUCATION
                                   (Not all electives are offered every year)

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS                                                                         .5 CREDIT
Grades 11 & 12

This course is a Project Running Start course which will allow students to receive three (3) college credits
through Great Bay Community College upon successful completion. This course will investigate the world
of business, how it all works, and what types of careers can be pursued within it, Practical case studies about
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popular businesses will be reviewed. This course is a must for anyone interested in pursuing a career in
business or a business degree after high school.

INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMING                                                                    .5 CREDIT

This course introduces students to computer science as a vehicle for problem solving, communication, and
personal expression. As a whole, this semester focuses on the visible aspects of computing and computer
science. Three units will be covered: Problem Solving and Computer, Web Development and Animations
and Games.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMING                                                                           .5 CREDIT

Building upon Introduction to Programming, students will look outward and explore the impact of computer
science on society. Students will see how a thorough user-centered design process produces a better
application. Three units will be covered: The Design Process, Data and Society, and Physical Computing. If
time allows, Visual Basic will be introduced and applied using Excel as a vehicle. Prequisite: Introduction
to Programming

SPORTS AND ENTERTAINMENT MARKETING                                                             .5 CREDIT

The business of entertainment, including movies, concerts, theme parks, and sporting events have a
tremendous impact on our economy and provide many career opportunities. These activities are global in
their reach and impact. Sports marketing is a growing division of the marketing field that focuses on the
business of sports and the use of sports as a marketing tool. This class will provide students with an overview
of the sports and entertainment field form a business and marketing perspective.

ACCOUNTING I (TP/CP)                                                                          .5 CREDIT

This course is designed to prepare students with skills to enhance their opportunities for success in the
workplace and in society. Students will develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological and
ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees and entrepreneurs. Students will
study the accounting cycle for a service business and a merchandising business. The student will be
expected to analyze transactions, journalize, post, perform banking and payroll procedures, prepare
schedules and financial statements. Students will also complete a Video Transfer Simulation covering all
aspects of the basic accounting cycle.
Major topics and concepts: GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles), Posting to a General
Ledger, Journalizing and Posting Transactions for a Proprietorship, Work Sheet for a Service Business,
Financial Statements for a Proprietorship.
*This course qualifies as a fourth year of Math related experience.

BUSINESS MANAGEMENT (TP/CP)                                                                 .5 CREDIT

Students will be introduced to today’s critical business management concepts and principles in a realistic,
investigative, and enriching manner. Business operations are approached from the entrepreneurial and
management perspective. Students will create their own business, completing all nine steps of a business
plan. Also covered will be a brief introduction of business law, contracts, ethics, technology, and
international business.
Major topics and concepts: Business and its Environment, Forms of Business Ownership and the Law,
Information and Communication Systems, Production and Marketing Management, Financial Management,
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Legal Aspects of Business, Human Resources Management, Management Responsibilities.

             INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION
                          (Not all electives are offered every year)

COMPUTER APPLICATIONS (TP)                                                                  .5 CREDIT

This course is offered to students who wish to learn real-world computer applications in a wide variety of
professions. Students will design various office documents using Word, Excel, PowerPoint and use Adobe
PhotoShop (if available). This course is offered to students who wish to learn real-world computer
applications in a wide variety of professions. Students will design various office documents using Word,
Excel, PowerPoint and use Adobe PhotoShop (if available). They will become familiar with tool bars, set-up
options, templates, tables, formulas graphics, modifying templates and creating common workplace
documents.
Major topics and concepts: Microsoft Word applications, Microsoft PowerPoint applications, Microsoft
Excel applications, Adobe Photoshop, Ethical Responsibilities

COMPUTER APPLICATIONS II                                                                   .5 CREDIT

This course is offered to students who wish to learn advanced computer applications necessary to pursue a
career in a variety of business professions. Students will design a number of advanced office documents
using Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Adobe PhotoShop (if available). Many integrated computer application
projects will be completed in a simulated business environment.
Major topics and concepts: Microsoft Word applications, Microsoft PowerPoint applications, Microsoft
Excel applications, Adobe Photoshop, Ethical Responsibilities.

COMPUTER GRAPHICS                                                                        .5 CREDIT

This course will focus on the theory and practice of visual elements of electronic media. Students will take
and process digital still images as well as short videos. They will use the scanner to import pager images.
They will work with various image formats, e.g., BMP, TIFF, JPEG and become familiar with the properties
of each. Students will work with the GIMP program, as well as MS MovieMaker, to create simple
animations, study pixel properties, layering and color options. Students will produce several projects
including flyers, brochures, and greeting cards. An electronic project using PowerPoint or a web page will
also be created.
Major topics and concepts: Introduction to Computer Graphics, Using GIMP (GNHU Image Manipulation
Program), Using a digital camera and/or the FLIP video camera, Incorporating digital photos and/or videos
into a variety of documents, Creating a story board in MS MovieMaker, Ethical responsibilities regarding
photographs, movies, and posting to the Internet.

WEB PAGE DESIGN                                                                          .5 CREDIT

This course will focus on the construction and evaluation of Web pages. Students will explore existing
educational web pages and evaluate them. Using free online web creation sites, students will create a variety
of web pages. They will also create their own pages using Notepad and HTML tags. Students will insert
images, format text and graphics, add music and create hyperlinks. Students will also learn about the history
of the Internet, e-mail applications, operators, and identity theft.
Major topics and concepts: Introduction to the Internet, E-Mail, Refining a search using Operators,
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Identity Theft and Computer Ethics, Using HTML, Free online web creation sites.

                                     TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION
                                  (Not all electives are offered every year)

INTRODUCTION TO WOODWORKING                                                             .5 CREDIT
This semester long course is designed to introduce students to general woodworking practices. Students will
expand their knowledge and experience through various projects, lessons, and vocabulary. Students will be
expected to learn about and safely use hand tools, power tools, and woodworking machinery. The projects
are designed to give students as much experience as possible by using many different machines and tools.

INTERMEDIATE WOODWORKING                                                                  .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Introduction to Woodworking
This semester long course is designed to build upon student skills and woodworking practices gained in
Introduction to Woodworking. Students will expand their knowledge and experience through various
projects, lessons, and vocabulary. Students will be expected to safely use hand tools, power tools, and
woodworking machinery.

ADVANCED WOODWORKING I                                                                  .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Intermediate Woodworking
This semester long course emphasizes craftsmanship, self-direction, and employability/entrepreneurship
skills. Students will build upon previous woodworking skills and practices to work independently and
collaboratively on various self-directed and instructor chosen side projects.

ADVANCED WOODWORKING II                                                                   .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Advanced Woodworking I
More independent project work for the more experienced woodworker.

HOME MAINTENANCE/AGRICULTURE                                                                 1 CREDIT
This full year course will focus on two major areas: 1. Home construction / maintenance 2. Agriculture.
Agricultural Education will provide students with a science background that deals with origins, structures
and functions of living plants and animals. It includes the basic study of biological, earth and social
sciences. Home Maintenance will help future homeowners understand how the basic structural and
mechanical systems work in a home. There will also be a section dedicated to automobile ownership and
maintenance. Students will gain a better understanding of modern home and auto ownership and
maintenance through classroom and laboratory experience.

                                 FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCE
                                  (Not all electives are offered every year)

THE GAME OF LIFE                                                                              .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Must be Grade 11 or 12

This course was designed to eliminate those situations that occur post-high school when one says, “I wish I
were taught that while I was in school.” Students are provided the knowledge and acquire skills necessary for
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