PROGRAM OF STUDIES Nute High School & Library 2020-2021 - Milton, New Hampshire 03851 Telephone: (603) 652-4591

 
Nute High School & Library

PROGRAM OF STUDIES

          2020-2021

             22 Elm Street
    Milton, New Hampshire 03851
     Telephone: (603) 652-4591
                 1
NUTE HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS

                                       Required or related classes:
English                  4 credits     Grade level English classes
Math                     3 credits     Must include at least 1 credit of Algebra
Math-related            .5 credit      Math or course containing math-related content
Science                  3 credits     Must include Physical Science and Biology
Civics                  .5 credit
Geography               .5 credit
US/American History 1 credit
Social Studies elective 1 credit
Wellness                1 credit       (this covers 0.5 Health and 0.5 PE)
Physical Education     .5 credit
Computer Education 1 credit
Economics              .5 credit
Fine Arts              .5 credit       Art, Band, Music, Drama, etc.
Electives              7 credits

Total required for graduation = 24 credits

Class of 2020 and beyond: 20 Hours of Community Service
Starting with the graduating class of 2020, students must have 20 hours of community service completed
prior to graduation. The community service is not credit bearing. The Guidance Department has forms
available and will track this requirement. Students must return completed forms to Guidance.

                                     REQUIREMENTS FOR PROMOTION

Credit requirements for advancement to the next grade level are as follows:
Prior to the start of the 1st semester of the year you must have:
Sophomore 6 credits
Junior     12 credits
Senior     18 credits

                                          COURSE SCHEDULING

● Each student is expected to schedule seven classes per semester and to follow the school recommended
  sequence. Prerequisite courses may only be waived with approval of the Principal, the School Counselor
  and the teacher.
● Schedule changes should be made prior to the first day of class.
● Students may add or drop a class within five days of the start of the class. A request to add a class after
  five days requires the written approval of the parent, teacher, Principal and the School Counselor.
● No credit will be given for students who withdraw at the end of one semester from a yearlong class.

                                                       2
ACADEMIC LEVELS

Advanced Placement (AP)
Advanced Placement courses are designed for highly motivated students who are willing to meet the
challenge of a college level course. Upon completion of an AP course students may opt to take the AP exam
designed by the College Board, for a fee. Colleges often grant placement and course credit to students who
score above a certain number on the AP exam. These courses are only offered when resources are available
and there is enough student demand to support a section.

Honors Level (H)
Honors level is designed for highly motivated students who are willing to meet the challenge of a fast-paced
curriculum requiring a high level of commitment, responsibility and independent study. Honors credit is
obtained by performing work substantially above the expectations of the CP curriculum as outlined in this
program of studies.

College Preparatory (CP)
College preparatory level is designed for students who wish to take a demanding academic level and
complete the requirements for admission to a two or four year college. These courses require considerable
outside of class preparation by the student.

Technical/Vocational Preparatory Program (TP)
Technical/vocational preparatory courses provide a general education for students whose academic ability
and career interests are compatible with technical or vocational training. Students may elect to include a
specific vocational program at one of the three area vocational schools.

Grading System

A+     98-100         C+      83-84          F      0-69
A      95-97          C       80-82          P      PASS
A-     93-94          C-      77-79          F      FAIL
B+     91-92          D+      75-76          I      INCOMPLETE
B      88-90          D       72-74
B-     85-87          D-      70-71

A mark of incomplete is given at the end of each quarter when work has not been completed for legitimate
reasons. After two weeks, an incomplete automatically becomes the original earned grade unless additional
work has been submitted or a longer make-up period has been approved by teacher/administration.

Grade Point Averages
Nute GPAs are calculated on a 4.0 scale, all grades are converted from their numerical grade to a 0-4.0.
Nute has a weighted system for GPAs therefore if you take a course at the AP level 0.5 is added to your final
GPA (i.e. a 4.0 would become a 4.5), Honors level 0.4 is added, CP level adds 0.3 and all other courses stay
at current grade. A grade of Pass/Fail will not average into your cumulative GPA.

                                                      3
TESTING PROGRAMS

Grades 9-11   NWEA- Northwest Evaluation Assessment- Students may take tests called Measures
              of Academic Progress (MAP) on computers. Students are given MAP tests to
              determine instructional level and to measure academic growth from year to year in the
              areas of mathematics, reading, and language usage. MAP tests are unique in that they
              adapt to be appropriate for each student’s level of learning. As a result, each student
              has the same opportunity to succeed and maintain a positive attitude toward testing.
              Administered at least once per year.

Grade 10      PSAT 10 – This practice test for the SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) measures verbal,
              math and writing skills and is available to all interested sophomores. This is
              administered in the spring, during the school day.

Grade 11      Optional: PSAT/NMSQT – The grade 11 practice test for the SAT is used for juniors
              to qualify for National Merit Scholarship. Administered in the fall, during the school
              day.

              All juniors in the state of New Hampshire are required to take the Scholastic Aptitude
              Test (SAT), as part of state testing. There is no fee for the exam. The test will be
              administered at Nute, during the school day in the Spring.

Grade 12      SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) or ACT (American College Test)
              College bound students may opt to take the SAT again in the Summer or Fall of their
              senior year. The SAT and/or ACT is necessary to meet some college admissions
              criteria, although many have become test optional. Students must register online at
              CollegeBoard.org.
              (Students who meet financial criteria may be eligible for a fee waiver).

                                             4
RECOMMENDED COURSE SEQUENCING

College Prep Program
(Colleges, other than non-selective schools, require more courses than the minimum graduation
requirements.)

       Freshman                   Sophomores                              Juniors                    Seniors
CP English 9               CP/H English 10               CP/H American Studies      CP/H English

CP Algebra I               CP/H Geometry                 CP Algebra II              CP Pre-Calc/Prob&Stats

CP Physical Science        CP/H Biology                  CP/H Chemistry/or other    CP/H Chem or other
                                                                                    Science

CP Geography/Civics        CP Spanish II                 Economics/Social           Social Studies elective
                                                         Studies Elective

Wellness                   Social Studies elective       CP Spanish III             CP Spanish IV or other
                                                                                    Electives (includes CTE)

CP Spanish I               Computers

Computers                  Physical Education            Electives (includes CTE)

Fine Arts                  Electives                     Remaining requirements     Remaining requirements

Technical/Vocational Prep Program
      Freshman                  Sophomores                                Juniors                  Seniors
English 9                  Global Studies                American Studies           Senior English

Pre-Algebra OR Algebra     Algebra I, Geometry, or       Math course                Math or math-related
I                          Practical Math 1                                         course

Physical Science           Biology                       Chemistry* OR Science      Electives (Psychology,
                                                         Elective                   Science, etc.)

Geography/Civics           French II/Spanish II          Social Studies Elective

Wellness                   Economics                     CTE I                      CTE II

French I/Spanish I         Computers                     Electives

Computers                  Physical Education

Fine Arts                  Electives
*Some technical schools require successful completion of Algebra II and/or Chemistry

A listing of CTE Programs at the regional Career Technical Education Centers can be found at the end of this
program.

                                                     5
NEW HAMPSHIRE SCHOLARS

The New Hampshire Scholars Initiative is an effort by area business and school volunteers to encourage and
motivate all high school students to complete a defined, rigorous academic course of study that prepares
them for successful transition to college or university coursework or vocational and technical training
necessary to enter today’s competitive job market.
New Hampshire Scholars Program recommends a Core Course of Study to high schoolers that gives every
participating student the advantage of well-rounded, more challenging coursework in English, math, science,
social studies and foreign language. Students who undertake this rigorous Core Course of Study will
challenge themselves to do their best work during their high school career and will enjoy a wider range of
postsecondary options upon graduation.

When planning your curriculum, consider becoming a NH Scholar by taking courses that fulfill the
requirements. You can find more information at www.NHScholars.org.

Minimum NH Scholar                  STEM Pathway Additional            ART Pathway Additional
Requirements                        Requirements                       Requirements

English: 4 credits                  Lab Science: 1 more credit         Art: 2 credits (Visual Art, Fine
                                                                       Art, Performing Arts, Music,
                                                                       Graphic Design, etc.)

Math: 4 credits (including Alg 1,   STEM related course: 1 credit      Minimum GPA: 3.2
Alg II, and Geometry)               (Science, Math, Technology,
                                    Engineering, Computers, Adv.
                                    manufacturing, including CTE)
                                    *Cannot count a course twice

Lab Science: 3 credits (including   Minimum GPA: 3.2
Biology & Chemistry)

Social Science: 3.5 credits

Foreign language: 2 credits

                                                     6
ENGLISH

ENGLISH 9 (TP/CP)                                                                                    1 CREDIT

A strong emphasis in writing skills, especially increasing sophistication in sentence structures and accuracy
in editing, will prepare students for higher level classes at both the high school and the college level.
Vocabulary enrichment and the MLA research paper will be taught. The emphasis in grammar will be on
parts of the sentence and sentence combining. Literature will include Romeo and Juliet, short stories, and
poetry. CP students will read and summarize 30 pages of a biography weekly, do extra assignments, and
meet a more stringent grading system than General level students, who will read and summarize bi-weekly.

ENGLISH 10 (TP/CP/H)                                                                               1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of or concurrent enrollment in 9th grade English

Essay writing, usage, diction, vocabulary, and SAT preparation will be the focus of this course. Skills will be
reinforced through oral reading and silent reading. Texts may include Macbeth, Mythology, Fahrenheit 451,
and Lord of the Flies. Students will read 40 or more pages weekly or biweekly and summarize them.
Summer reading is mandatory. All students will complete a research paper that follows the MLA format.
College Preparatory (CP) and Honors (H) students will be required to do more assignments, write more in-
depth essays, and meet a more stringent grading system than General (G) level students. Honors students
will be held to the highest standards of quality work, participation, and attitude, and they may be required to
meet outside of class weekly. Honors students will compete in all academic contests.

AMERICAN STUDIES (TP/CP/H)                                                                       2 CREDITS
Prerequisite: successful completion of or concurrent enrollment in English 10

American Studies is a team-taught, interdisciplinary course focused on the literature, history, government,
and economics of the United States beginning with the present day and working backward to World War I.
Students will read primary documents, classic and contemporary American literature, and essays and
commentaries on American culture. Students will examine the United States’ system of government and
economics, understand how and why it works, and examines how it has changed over time. Domestic and
foreign policy, current events, and the rights and responsibilities of citizens will be explored in detail. New
Hampshire’s place in the national fabric will be examined. Students will be engaged in the writing process
throughout the course, including literary analysis, as well as focusing on vocabulary development.
*This course enables students to earn credits for both English 11 and US History.

SENIOR ENGLISH (TP/CP)                                                                             1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: completion of or concurrent enrollment in 3 English credits

This year-long course will engage students in the study of literature and language through a variety of
techniques and mediums. Designed to meet the needs of each group of students, this senior level course will
draw from diverse literary texts, poetry, music, film, drama, fiction, current events, and more to provide
students with a review of skills and techniques essential to college and career readiness.

                                                        7
CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE (CP/H)                                                                   .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of English 9 and English 10 (or Global Studies)

This one-semester course is designed for students interested in exploring a diverse selection of literature
based on challenging contemporary issues, themes, and artists. Fiction, non-fiction, plays, film, and poetry
will be studied in-depth. Students will analyze, discuss, and find understanding of the challenging issues of
our time. Thematic units may include: Social Responsibility, Racism and Prejudice, Crime and Punishment,
Science and Fiction, Media Manipulation, etc. This course can be taken, along with another half-year English
elective, to fulfill a student’s English coursework in his/her Senior year. When combine with another English
elective, this course is an alternative option to Senior English and Honors/AP Literature and Composition.

FICTION & FILM (CP/H)                                                                            .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of English 9 and English 10 (or Global Studies)

This class will examine the literary roots of some of cinema’s most successful films. We will consider: what
happens when a variety of short stories, novels, or plays are made into a film; if we approach film and
literary text differently; and how we view and read these texts. We will also consider the cultures out of
which the texts come: Does it make a difference if the work was written in 1789 and filmed in 2011, or if the
story was written by an Argentinian and filmed in London by an Italian director? Through questions such as
these, students will be asked to look at and think about films in a reflective manner. This course can be
taken, along with another half-year English elective, to fulfill a student’s English coursework in his/her
Senior year. When combined with another English elective, this course is an alternative option to Senior
English and Honors/AP Literature and Composition.

LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION (H/AP)                                                                          1
CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of English 9, Global Studies and American Studies. Teacher
Recommendation required for Honors/AP level

An AP course in English Language and Composition engages students in becoming skilled readers of prose
written in a variety of rhetorical contexts, and in becoming skilled writers who compose for a variety of
purposes. Both their writing and their reading should make students aware of the interactions among a
writer’s purposes, audience expectations, and subjects, as well as the way genre conventions and the
resources of language contribute to effectiveness in writing. The purpose of the AP English Language and
Composition course is to enable students to read complex texts with understanding and to write prose of
sufficient richness and complexity to communicate effectively with mature readers. Students who enroll in
this course will be expected to read a wide range of complex texts from the sixteenth century to
contemporary times. Students will learn to write interpretations of a piece of literature based on careful
observation of textual details, while considering the works: structure, style, and themes; social and historical
implications; literary elements such as figurative language, imagery, symbolism, and tone. This will be a
challenging course, requiring rigorous academic pursuit and self-motivated learning. Any students taking this
at AP level who would like to take the AP exam will be responsible for the AP exam charge, currently at $91
per test but is subject to change. For a full description of the course expectations and purposes, please
review the AP Literature and Composition Course Description available at collegeboard.org.

                                                       8
ENGLISH ELECTIVES
                              (Not all English electives are offered every year.)

WRITING WORKSHOP (CP)                                                                              .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: English 9

This is an intensive writing course. Students will use the writing process to draft, workshop, revise, edit, and
publish writing in the genre, either poetry or prose, of his or her choosing. The final exam grades are based
on the quality of writing from the writing portfolios kept by the students. The course grade is based on the
quantity of writing, both rough draft and revised and edited; writing exercises; the student’s diligence; and
the number of the student’s pieces published and the number shared for feedback.

                                            MATHEMATICS

Starting with the class of 2020 students will be expected to take a math class for each of
their 4 years of high school as stated in NH RSA 186:8: VII, requiring a high school pupil to
attain competency in mathematics for each year in which he or she is in high school through graduation
either by satisfactorily completing a minimum of 4 courses in mathematics or by satisfactorily completing a
minimum of 3 mathematics courses and one non-mathematics content area course in which mathematics
knowledge and skills are embedded and applied, as may be approved by the School Board.

PRE-ALGEBRA (TP)                                                                                   1 CREDIT

This course is designed for students who need to further develop their mathematical skills in preparation for
Algebra I. The concepts of variables, relationships, equations, inequalities and open sentences are stressed.
The properties of mathematics are studied, as are exponents and real numbers. This course develops the
student's skills needed to translate English expressions into symbolic math and to solve word problems.
Students are also required to recognize and solve various types of formulas. Some of the special topics
introduced in this course are: statistics (including organizing data), graphs and charts, performing operations
on the number line, (Euclidean) geometry and coordinate geometry.
Major topics and concepts: Efficiency of Number Sense, Mental Mathematics, Relative Magnitude, Ratios,
Rates, Percents, Fractions, Similarity, Conceptual Understanding of Area and Volume, Conceptual
Understanding of Variables, Functions, Patterns, Rates of Change, Read, Interpret, and Analyze
Representations and Create Representations.

ALGEBRA I (TP/CP)                                                                                   1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Pre-Algebra or teacher recommendation

The primary goal of Algebra I is to gain the ability to use variables and computational skills to solve
problems. Algebra I covers the elements of Algebra that can be employed in technical and more advanced
mathematics courses. Computer software utilized includes graphing and function programs, equation solving
assistance, and spreadsheets.
Major topics and concepts: The Language of Algebra (Real numbers, Absolute Value, Variables,
Polynomials, Expressions, Exponents, Patterns, Radicals), Patterns, Functions and Relations (Linear
Equations, Slope/ Rates of Change, Quadratics, System of Equations, Inequalities, Models, Exponential
Equations), Equivalence (Equality) (Equations, Rational Equations, Inequalities, Radicals, Exponents, Linear
Systems).
                                                       9
GEOMETRY (TP/CP)                                                                                    1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I

Geometry is the study of formal math proofs and geometric figures, which develops deductive reasoning
capabilities and problem solving skills. Areas of discussion include area and volume formulas, polygons,
Pythagorean Theorem, trigonometric functions and extensive work with triangles and circles. A classroom
emphasis is placed on group problem solving and cooperative learning. Students use manipulatives such as
tangrams, pattern blocks, compass and straightedge and other mathematical tools in group problem-solving
sessions. Computer software utilized includes graphing programs, presentation graphics, Geometer's
Sketchpad, and graphic visualizations. Students are required to complete a research project and presentation
of a Mathematics or Science topic once per semester using resources including books, encyclopedias, other
classes and computer technology such as Internet searches. Geometry at the CP level will focus more on
proofs. Major Concepts: Congruency, similarity, transformations, volume, area, perimeter, polygons,
triangles, circles, constructions, proofs, Pythagorean Theorem, and trigonometric functions.

ALGEBRA II (TP/CP)                                                                                1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I and Geometry

Algebra II further develops topics from Algebra I and Geometry with additional discussions in graphs and
functions, word problems, probability and statistics, radical operations, quadratic solutions and linear
systems. Much of the course work and problem solving involves the integration of Algebra and Geometry
into cohesive upper-level mathematics. Students will recognize, describe, and generalize patterns building
mathematical models to describe, interpret, and predict the behavior of real-world phenomenon at a more
sophisticated level than Algebra I. Computer software utilized includes graphing and function programs,
presentation graphics, equation solving assistance, Geometer's Sketchpad, graphic visualizations and
spreadsheets. Students will come to understand that algebraic methods and functions are important tools that
they can use to gain access to higher levels of mathematics, science, and engineering. Students are required
to complete a research project and presentation of a Mathematics or Science topic once per semester using
resources including books, encyclopedias, other classes and computer technology such as Internet searches.
Major topics and concepts: The Language of Algebra (Real & Complex Numbers, Absolute Value,
Variables, Polynomials, Expressions, Exponents, Patterns, Radicals), Patterns, Functions and Relations
(Linear Equations, Slope/ Rates of Change, Quadratics, System of Equations, Inequalities, Models,
Exponential Equations, Polynomials, Logarithmic Functions, Sequences and Series, Piecewise Functions,
Inverse Functions), Equivalence (Equality) (Equations, rational Equations, Inequalities, Radicals, exponents,
linear systems, logarithms, matrices.

Practical Math 1                                                                            1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I

This course focuses on the practical uses of mathematics in everyday life. It assists students in learning to
apply mathematics concepts in practical, everyday situations, such as balancing a checkbook, managing a
budget, and other common uses of mathematics in life. This course also reinforces the basic principles of
pre-algebra and algebra with an emphasis on the practical applications of those concepts.

                                                       10
Practical Math 2                                                                            1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Practical Math 1

This course builds off the principles learned in Practical Math 1. It furthers students apply to apply
mathematics in everyday life by introducing the concepts of accrued interest, long range financial planning,
and basic accounting techniques. This course also reinforces the basic principles of algebra and geometry
with an emphasis on the practical applications of those concepts.

                                      MATHEMATICS ELECTIVES
                                (Not all math electives are offered every year)

SAT MATH (CP)                                                                               .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II

This semester long course focuses on the SAT test and will help to prepare students for this test. Students
review topics that they may be weak in as identified by a diagnostic test. Other SAT tests are taken and
analyzed. Test-taking skills are emphasized.

TRIGONOMETRY (CP)                                                                           .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I (CP), Geometry (CP), and Algebra II

Trigonometry is the study of right-angle triangles and their applications and related topics. The study of
trigonometry derived much of its interest from problems of astronomy and navigation and consists of
problems involving a combination of Algebra and Geometry. The course is designed especially for those
who will pursue the natural and physical sciences in college. Students are required to complete a research
project and presentation of a Mathematics or Science topic once per semester using resources including
books, encyclopedias, other classes and computer technology such as Internet searches.
Major topics and concepts: Similarity, Units and Accuracy, Right Triangle Trigonometry, Analytic
Geometry and Circular Trigonometry, Characteristics of Trig. Functions, Identities, Radian Measure, Non-
right Triangle Laws, Trigonometric Graphs, Vectors in the Plane.

PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS (H)                                                                     1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra II (C or better)

Topics include basic measures of central tendency and variability; frequency distributions; probability; the
binomial distribution; the normal distribution; the normal distribution; sampling or distributions; estimation
of parameters; hypothesis testing; non-parametric tests; simple regression and correlation.

PRE-CALCULUS (H)                                                                                   1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Algebra I, Algebra II, and Geometry

The objective of this course is to prepare students to take Calculus at the high school level or in post-
secondary math courses. Advanced Algebra topics beyond the scope of the Algebra II course are covered,
including polynomial functions and equations, complex numbers, exponential and logarithmic functions, and
sequences and series. Other topics include right triangle trigonometry and cyclical trigonometric functions
using radian measure and graphing. Classroom emphasis is on problem solving. Students are required to
complete a research project and presentation of a Mathematics or Science topic once per semester using
resources including books, encyclopedias, other classes and computer technology.
                                                      11
Major topics and concepts: Linear Relations and Functions, Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities,
The Nature of Graphs, Polynomial and Rational Functions, The Trigonometric Functions, Graphs of
Trigonometric Functions, Polar Coordinates and Complex Numbers, Exponential and Logarithmic
Functions, Sequences and Series.

The following courses qualify as “non-mathematics content area course in which mathematics knowledge
and skills are embedded and applied.”
Chemistry
Personal Finance
Accounting I / II
Introduction to Woodworking
Intermediate Woodworking
Advanced Woodworking

                                                  SCIENCE

PHYSICAL SCIENCE (TP/CP)                                                                           1 CREDIT

Physical Science is an introductory course covering topics relating to the interactions of matter and energy
and how those interactions have created our natural world. The course stresses the scientific method of
inquiry and is designed to give a general overview of motion, energy, chemistry and wave mechanics, and
the laws that govern them. Course work is supplemented with laboratory experiments and projects. College
preparatory credit in physical science involves more in depth and additional written chapter work, a final
written paper, as well as the regular class assignments and homework.

BIOLOGY (TP/CP/H)                                                                                  1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Physical Science

Biology is the study of life that seeks to provide an understanding of the natural world. This course covers a
wide variety of biological concepts including cells, animal populations and communities, evolution, the
human body, and genetics. CP and Honor students will be required to complete additional requirements to
ensure a more thorough understanding of the material.

                                           SCIENCE ELECTIVES
                               (Not all science electives are offered every year)

CHEMISTRY (CP/H)                                                                               1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Physical Science and Biology, along with successful completion of
Algebra II and/ or current enrollment in Algebra II

Chemistry offers opportunities for students to consider intellectually challenging questions about the
behavior of matter. After acquiring basic laboratory techniques, students study and perform experiments to
help them understand, quantitatively and qualitatively, atomic structure and chemical change. This course
emphasizes laboratory applications and the development of independent thinking. Students opting for
honors credit will complete additional course requirements to ensure a more thorough understanding of the
material.

                                                      12
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (TP, CP, H)                                                                1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Physical Science and Biology
Environmental Science is the study of interactions between living organisms and their physical surroundings.
The course covers the diverse environmental conditions present on Earth and the populations and
communities of living organisms that inhabit them. The cycling of resource materials and the flow of energy
through ecosystems will be discussed, as well as the human condition and our impacts on the environment
and the biosphere. Students opting for CP credit will complete additional requirements to ensure a more
thorough understanding of the material.

EARTH SCIENCE (TP/CP/H)                                                                            1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Physical Science and Biology

Introduction to Earth Science uses the scientific method to explain natural aspects of Earth. Topics covered
in the course include the Plate Tectonic Theory to describe the formation of mountains, valleys, earthquakes,
volcanoes, and oceans. The course will conclude with a discussion about the atmosphere and weather.
College preparatory and honors credits in Introduction to Earth Science involve an additional research
project of the student’s choosing, written paper, and presentation to the class.

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY (CP/H)                                                                      1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Biology

Using biology as a foundation, this course builds upon concepts of biochemistry and provides and in-depth
exploration of all systems of the human body. The course is designed for the above average ability students
who may be interested in pursuing a career in a medically related field. Laboratory dissections are an integral
part of the course. Students opting for honors credit will complete more in depth requirements to ensure a
more thorough understanding of the material.

                                             SOCIAL STUDIES
CIVICS (TP/CP)                                                                             .5 CREDIT

Civics will help students understand the importance of our governmental system, its workings, and the
history of our laws. The course will place an emphasis on the Constitution, Bill of Rights, amendments,
Mayflower Compact, and other significant documents that has shaped our current legal system. Students
will also study the principles of American democracy, such as popular sovereignty, individual rights, and the
system of checks and balances. Research projects, papers, outside reading, and position papers will be
required. College prep students will be required to accomplish additional work as determined by the teacher
to further challenge their abilities.
Major topics and concepts: Settlement, Early Government, Constitution, Bill of Rights, Presidency,
Senatorial powers, Judicial Branch, and Interest Groups.

GEOGRAPHY (TP/CP)                                                                          .5 CREDIT

During this course, students will study the relationship between the physical make-up of the land of the
different continents and how people have adapted to them. Students will study the different types of maps
and how they are used to support the information supplied. Also the cultural aspects of each of the major
continents will be touched upon. College prep students will be required to accomplish additional work as
determined by the teacher to further challenge their abilities.

                                                      13
Major topics and concepts: Geographical themes, United States physical and cultural geography, Latin
America, European geography, Middle Eastern influences, and the importance of Geography in today’s
world.

ECONOMICS                                                                                       .5 CREDIT
Grade 11 or 12

This course is designed to help students understand the economic choices that they will soon be confronting
and to help understand why the economy works the way it does. College prep students will be required to
accomplish additional work as determined by the teacher to further challenge their abilities and ensure a
more in depth understanding of the subject matter.
Major topics and concepts: The capitalist system, economic impact of consumers on a micro and macro
level, business competition, marketing, investment, and savings, American labor force, unemployment, and
growing and declining industries, how the government can influence the economy during periods of
recession, the development money as a medium of exchange, how banks operate, advancements in both
science and technology have impacted the exchange of goods on a global scale.

AMERICAN STUDIES (TP/CP/H)                                                                   2 CREDITS
Prerequisite: successful completion of Global Studies or concurrent enrollment in English 10

American Studies is a team-taught, interdisciplinary course focused on the literature, history, government,
and economics of the United States beginning with the present day and working backward to World War I.
Students will read primary documents, classic and contemporary American literature, and essays and
commentaries on American culture. Students will examine the United States’ system of government and
economics, understand how and why it works, and examine how it has changed over time. Domestic and
foreign policy, current events, and the rights and responsibilities of citizens will be explored in detail. New
Hampshire’s place in the national fabric will be examined. Students will be engaged in the writing process
throughout the course, including literary analysis, as well as focusing on vocabulary development.
*This course enables students to earn credits for both English 11 and US History.

                                    SOCIAL STUDIES ELECTIVES
                                  (Not all electives are offered every year.)

FOUNDATIONS OF WESTERN CIVILIZATIONS                                                       1 CREDIT

Foundations of Western Civilizations seeks to discover the bedrock of today’s Western cultures and
societies. Through studies on Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt, Greece, the founding and collapse of the Roman
Empire, the Renaissance, and more, students will discover what comprises the beginnings of Western
culture. Students who would have taken Global Studies as a combined course, students who will likely be
going into the fields of history, geography, or politics, and students who are interested in learning about
ancient civilizations and the beginnings of our life as it is today are all welcome to take this course.

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MODERN GLOBAL ISSUES                                                                         .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Geography

Students will discover some of the biggest issues facing various societies in our world through reading,
research, discussion, and more. This course focuses on multiple themes, including but not limited to: the
impact of globalization, the role of the global citizen, the role of the United Nations, and international
politics. Students are asked to learn about and analyze a range of ever evolving issues presented to our world
today as international affairs develop. Recommended for students who plan to be an active participant in
their community and/or students who interested in or plan to enter fields in politics or history.

MODERN AMERICAN ISSUES                                                                       .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Civics

Modern American Issues introduces students to the most significant matters facing the American public
today. Students will learn about current events in U.S. politics, as well as major issues facing voters at the
polls. Because of the nature of the course, the curriculum is ever evolving. Students will also begin to
discover their own opinions and political leanings through research, readings, discussion, and more. This
course serves as an introduction to the importance of becoming an active, responsible citizen.
Recommended for students who plan to be an active participant in their community and/or students who
interested in or plan to enter fields in politics or history.

HISTORY OF MEDIA                                                                             .5 CREDIT

History of Media will focus on the evolution of communications media and its mutual influence on society.
Students will be asked to analyze the importance of media and the transfer of information to the general
public. Medias to be studied include, but are not limited to, newspaper, radio, television, music, and social
media.

COMPARATIVE RELIGIONS                                                                        .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Geography

This course seeks to explore today’s living world religions. Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and
Islam will serve as the five major world religions that students will study. Each religion will be looked at
through multiple lenses, including but not limited to historically, politically, and modern practices. Students
will be challenged to look at the world in new ways. By studying and comparing these religions students
will gain a better understanding of the people and the world around them. Students will be challenged to look
at the world in a new way and examine the role of religions in our world today.

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CRIME & PUNISHMENT                                                                          .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: must be Grade 11 or 12

This course will look at the phenomenon in our society of punishment in regards to crime, the idea of
punishment for punishment’s sake, and punishment for rehabilitation of the offender. Topics in this course
will include historical patterns of violence, the formation and purpose of police and jails, and the evolution of
punishment for criminals. Several questions we will look at include how we determine the appropriate
amount of punishment, the effectiveness of punishment on criminals in our society, and whether race, sex or
age affect punishment. It also covers the general progression of punishment and levels of crime in our
country.

STREET LAW                                                                                  .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: must be Grade 10 or higher

Throughout this class, the goal will be to gain a better understanding of the American Legal system through a
variety of different exploratory techniques. Students will develop and understanding of the law, its
application in society, and correlation to their lives. Students will engage in debates, analyze hypotheticals,
groups research work, mock processes of law, and other creative and engaging methods to gain a better
understanding of our law-based society. Questions that will be asked include: what is the purpose of laws,
how effective are our laws, how laws affect public issues today, and how may we improve the system we
have.

HISTORICAL FICTION OR FACT (TP/CP/H)                                                        .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Global Studies
This course will examine the use of film to enhance student’s understanding of significant historical events.
The course will be centered on student research and discussion as students evaluate and analyze the historical
accuracy and purpose of various historical films. (This will be a writing intensive class.)
The course would be set up in the following manner: An introduction a specific historical event, watch and
analyze a historical film focused on the specific event (i.e. The Patriot focuses on the American Revolution),
discuss major ideas in the film to evaluate, research those major ideas and evaluation on the historical
accuracy of the major ideas in the film.

PSYCHOLOGY (CP, H)                                                                       1 CREDIT
Recommended for Grades 11 or 12
Psychology will be studied using an eclectic approach. Various theories, including behaviorism, humanism,
and psychoanalysis will be explored. Gestalt, Pavlov, Skinner, Rogers, Watson, Kohlberg and Freud, among
others, will be covered. The foundation of norms and values, as well as theories of human development will
be explored. Class participation, projects, and outside reading will be required. Honors credit may be earned
with additional achievement.
Major topics and concepts: The major theories/approaches to psychology, including but not limited to
the theories of Freud, Watson, Maslow, Skinner, Erickson, and Pavlov, human intelligence through
biological and environmental means. Nature vs. nurture, how our personalities can be shaped by many
different factors, the biological and chemical systems that may influence behavior, how society’s treatment
of psychological issues has changed over time, how environmental and heredity theories that help to explain
human behavior.

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MODERN LANGUAGES
Though a modern language is not a graduation requirement, the study of a modern language is a college
admission requirement for many colleges. Most colleges require at least two years of study of the same
language to be admitted to their school. Competitive colleges may require three or four years of consecutive
language study.

SPANISH I (CP)                                                                                     1 CREDIT

Students will be introduced to common vocabulary and basic grammatical concepts through the following
topics: greetings, introductions, descriptions, expressing opinions, preferences and talking about time, date,
weather, family, school and hobbies. Beginning speaking, reading, writing and listening skills will be
developed. Aspects of Spanish and Latin American culture will also be explored.

SPANISH II (CP)                                                                                    1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Spanish I with a grade of C or better

Spanish II revisits and extends the topics of Spanish I and further expands vocabulary, while introducing
more complex grammatical structures. The four language skill areas of reading, writing, listening, and
speaking will be further developed. Students will further their knowledge and understanding of the cultures
of Spain and Latin America.

SPANISH III (H)                                                                                    1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Spanish II with a grade of C or better

At the Spanish III level, students are expected to use Spanish only in the classroom, (to the greatest extent
possible). Weekly oral presentations and activities to develop spontaneous speaking skills are routine.
Students in Spanish III explore more thoroughly grammatical concepts and are introduced to situational
vocabulary, (expressions to use in various situations). Major works of Spanish literature and art are
introduced.

SPANISH IV (H)                                                                                     1 CREDIT
Prerequisite: successful completion of Spanish III with a grade of C or better

In the Spanish IV classroom, students will “fine tune” their abilities in the four language skill
areas. Students use Spanish exclusively in the classroom and are expected to present weekly oral current
event reports from a Spanish speaking country. Pragmatic language skills, (using conversation fillers,
introducing or changing a topic, etc.) are introduced and listening skills are further developed by listening to
native speakers of the language at conversational speed. Major works of Spanish art and literature are
explored in more depth.

                                         BUSINESS EDUCATION
                                   (Not all electives are offered every year)

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS                                                                         .5 CREDIT
Grades 11 & 12
This course is a Project Running Start course which will allow students to receive three (3) college credits
through Great Bay Community College upon successful completion. This course will investigate the world
of business, how it all works, and what types of careers can be pursued within it, Practical case studies about
popular businesses will be reviewed. This course is a must for anyone interested in pursuing a career in
business or a business degree after high school.
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INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMING                                                                  .5 CREDIT
This course introduces students to computer science as a vehicle for problem solving, communication, and
personal expression. As a whole, this semester focuses on the visible aspects of computing and computer
science. Three units will be covered: Problem Solving and Computer, Web Development and Animations
and Games.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMING                                                                         .5 CREDIT
Building upon Introduction to Programming, students will look outward and explore the impact of computer
science on society. Students will see how a thorough user-centered design process produces a better
application. Three units will be covered: The Design Process, Data and Society, and Physical Computing. If
time allows, Visual Basic will be introduced and applied using Excel as a vehicle. Prequisite: Introduction
to Programming

SPORTS AND ENTERTAINMENT MARKETING                                                              .5 CREDIT
The business of entertainment, including movies, concerts, theme parks, and sporting events have a
tremendous impact on our economy and provide many career opportunities. These activities are global in
their reach and impact. Sports marketing is a growing division of the marketing field that focuses on the
business of sports and the use of sports as a marketing tool. This class will provide students with an overview
of the sports and entertainment field form a business and marketing perspective.

ACCOUNTING I (TP/CP)                                                                           .5 CREDIT
This course is designed to prepare students with skills to enhance their opportunities for success in the
workplace and in society. Students will develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological and
ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees and entrepreneurs. Students will
study the accounting cycle for a service business and a merchandising business. The student will be
expected to analyze transactions, journalize, post, perform banking and payroll procedures, prepare
schedules and financial statements. Students will also complete a Video Transfer Simulation covering all
aspects of the basic accounting cycle.
Major topics and concepts: GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles), Posting to a General
Ledger, Journalizing and Posting Transactions for a Proprietorship, Work Sheet for a Service Business,
Financial Statements for a Proprietorship.
*This course qualifies as a fourth year of Math related experience.

BUSINESS MANAGEMENT (TP/CP)                                                                 .5 CREDIT

Students will be introduced to today’s critical business management concepts and principles in a realistic,
investigative, and enriching manner. Business operations are approached from the entrepreneurial and
management perspective. Students will create their own business, completing all nine steps of a business
plan. Also covered will be a brief introduction of business law, contracts, ethics, technology, and
international business.
Major topics and concepts: Business and its Environment, Forms of Business Ownership and the Law,
Information and Communication Systems, Production and Marketing Management, Financial Management,
Legal Aspects of Business, Human Resources Management, Management Responsibilities.

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INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION
                          (Not all electives are offered every year)

COMPUTER APPLICATIONS (TP)                                                                  .5 CREDIT

This course is offered to students who wish to learn real-world computer applications in a wide variety of
professions. Students will design various office documents using Word, Excel, PowerPoint and use Adobe
PhotoShop (if available). This course is offered to students who wish to learn real-world computer
applications in a wide variety of professions. Students will design various office documents using Word,
Excel, PowerPoint and use Adobe PhotoShop (if available). They will become familiar with tool bars, set-up
options, templates, tables, formulas graphics, modifying templates and creating common workplace
documents.
Major topics and concepts: Microsoft Word applications, Microsoft PowerPoint applications, Microsoft
Excel applications, Adobe Photoshop, Ethical Responsibilities

COMPUTER APPLICATIONS II                                                                   .5 CREDIT

This course is offered to students who wish to learn advanced computer applications necessary to pursue a
career in a variety of business professions. Students will design a number of advanced office documents
using Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Adobe PhotoShop (if available). Many integrated computer application
projects will be completed in a simulated business environment.
Major topics and concepts: Microsoft Word applications, Microsoft PowerPoint applications, Microsoft
Excel applications, Adobe Photoshop, Ethical Responsibilities.

COMPUTER GRAPHICS                                                                        .5 CREDIT

This course will focus on the theory and practice of visual elements of electronic media. Students will take
and process digital still images as well as short videos. They will use the scanner to import pager images.
They will work with various image formats, e.g., BMP, TIFF, JPEG and become familiar with the properties
of each. Students will work with the GIMP program, as well as MS MovieMaker, to create simple
animations, study pixel properties, layering and color options. Students will produce several projects
including flyers, brochures, and greeting cards. An electronic project using PowerPoint or a web page will
also be created.
Major topics and concepts: Introduction to Computer Graphics, Using GIMP (GNHU Image Manipulation
Program), Using a digital camera and/or the FLIP video camera, Incorporating digital photos and/or videos
into a variety of documents, Creating a story board in MS MovieMaker, Ethical responsibilities regarding
photographs, movies, and posting to the Internet.

WEB PAGE DESIGN                                                                          .5 CREDIT

This course will focus on the construction and evaluation of Web pages. Students will explore existing
educational web pages and evaluate them. Using free online web creation sites, students will create a variety
of web pages. They will also create their own pages using Notepad and HTML tags. Students will insert
images, format text and graphics, add music and create hyperlinks. Students will also learn about the history
of the Internet, e-mail applications, operators, and identity theft.
Major topics and concepts: Introduction to the Internet, E-Mail, Refining a search using Operators,
Identity Theft and Computer Ethics, Using HTML, Free online web creation sites.

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TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION
                                  (Not all electives are offered every year)

INTRODUCTION TO WOODWORKING                                                             .5 CREDIT
This semester long course is designed to introduce students to general woodworking practices. Students will
expand their knowledge and experience through various projects, lessons, and vocabulary. Students will be
expected to learn about and safely use hand tools, power tools, and woodworking machinery. The projects
are designed to give students as much experience as possible by using many different machines and tools.

INTERMEDIATE WOODWORKING                                                                  .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Introduction to Woodworking
This semester long course is designed to build upon student skills and woodworking practices gained in
Introduction to Woodworking. Students will expand their knowledge and experience through various
projects, lessons, and vocabulary. Students will be expected to safely use hand tools, power tools, and
woodworking machinery.

ADVANCED WOODWORKING I                                                                  .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Intermediate Woodworking
This semester long course emphasizes craftsmanship, self-direction, and employability/entrepreneurship
skills. Students will build upon previous woodworking skills and practices to work independently and
collaboratively on various self-directed and instructor chosen side projects.

ADVANCED WOODWORKING II                                                                   .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: Advanced Woodworking I
More independent project work for the more experienced woodworker.

HOME MAINTENANCE/AGRICULTURE                                                                 1 CREDIT
This full year course will focus on two major areas: 1. Home construction / maintenance 2. Agriculture.
Agricultural Education will provide students with a science background that deals with origins, structures
and functions of living plants and animals. It includes the basic study of biological, earth and social
sciences. Home Maintenance will help future homeowners understand how the basic structural and
mechanical systems work in a home. There will also be a section dedicated to automobile ownership and
maintenance. Students will gain a better understanding of modern home and auto ownership and
maintenance through classroom and laboratory experience.

                                 FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCE
                                  (Not all electives are offered every year)

THE GAME OF LIFE                                                                              .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: must be Grade 11 or higher

The Game of Life/Life Skills is designed to increase student knowledge and skills necessary for everyday
living. The course emphasizes goal-setting, decision making and problem solving, communication, healthy
lifestyles and relationships, nutrition, personal safety, citizenship and consumerism.

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FOODS OF EUROPE (TP)                                                                         .5 CREDIT
Imagine this menu for a day trip in Europe. You rise in Denmark to an early breakfast of Danish pastry and
Dutch cocoa; munch on sausage and pumpernickel while motoring across Germany; and dine late on French
onion soup with melted Swiss cheese just outside Paris. Foods of Europe is a semester long course that
examines the role food plays in cultures throughout the world. Beginning with a look at cuisines of Western
& Northern Europe, we will journey around the continent looking at the many influences on cuisine,
examining similarities and differences. We will seek the answers to our questions by examining culture,
geographic location, government, religious and other influences. This course includes participation in
cooking lab experiences approximately once per week.
PERSONAL FINANCE (TP)                                                                           .5 CREDIT
This course is recommended for Grades 11 or 12.

This course will look at you the consumer. Students will be provided an introductory look into the world of
personal finance. Topics such as budgeting, check writing, insurance, savings and credit will be addressed.
In Personal Finance students will demonstrate an understanding of management practices related to
consumer and personal financial well-being including and demonstrate an understanding of budgeting &
consumer skills, consumer decision making and personal finance. *This course qualifies as a fourth year
of Math related experience.

HOUSING AND DESIGN (TP)                                                                        .5 CREDIT

Housing & Design is an introductory course exploring a variety of aspects. Topics will include investigation
of career opportunities in all areas of the industry; an evaluation of housing design as relates to resources and
available options; and an overview of historical influence on design. Students explore their personal tastes
and style by evaluating how and why individuals make their housing decisions.
Major topics and concepts: Integrate knowledge, skills, and practices required for careers in housing,
interiors, and furnishings.

CHILD HEALTH, NUTRITION & SAFETY CP                                                            .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: offered to Grades 11 and 12 only

This course will provide an introduction and overview to a variety of health, nutrition and safety practices in
regards to working with young children. Through this course, students will have the opportunity to study and
implement health and safety practices that focus on the best interests of the child. One of the key factors in
good health is good nutrition. Good nutrition habits formed early will stay with children as they continue to
grow and develop. Students will develop menus for meals and snacks that are nutritious, appealing and age
appropriate for young children. Recognition and treatment of child abuse victims will be addressed. **It
should be noted that CPT & First Aid are NOT part of this course.
*Successful completion of this course, along with a fee, will earn 3 college credits from Great Bay
Community College.

FOOD AND NUTRITION (TP)                                                                        .5 CREDIT

This course will focus on a variety of situations regarding food and nutrition in our American culture.
Beginning with a look at proper etiquette in social situations, this course will give students the opportunity to
develop and demonstrate proper safety and sanitation procedures and proper measuring and preparation
techniques in a kitchen (cooking lab) situation. Students will investigate the correlation between nutrition
and wellness across the lifespan. For our final topic, we will look at how our own food experiences have
been influenced by the geography, history, and culture of an immigrant population and how this “melting
pot” of ingredients has come to represent a unique American cuisine.
Major Concepts & Topics: Practice proper etiquette in social situations, proper safety & sanitation
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practices, proper measuring/preparation techniques as relates to food preparation and consumption (this will
include demonstration of correct lab (cooking) procedures as needed for successful completion of a variety
of cooking assignments), the correlation between nutrition and wellness across the life span, and how
immigration, culture, food supply and economics have influenced American cuisine.

INTERNATIONAL CUISINE (TP)                                                                    .5 CREDIT

This course will examine the role food plays in cultures throughout the world. Beginning with a look at the
areas of the world that struggle with insufficient amounts of food, we will examine the causes for the huge
gap between countries and cultures regarding food distribution. We will journey around the globe looking at
the many influences on cuisine, examining similarities and differences. We will seek answers to our
questions by examining culture, geographic location, government, religious and other influences.
Major Concepts & Topics: Influence of culture & customs on food choices, how various influences
shape a culture’s food customs and similarities among foods in different cultures.

AMERICAN CUISINE (TP)                                                                         .5 CREDIT
American cuisine, as with any other cuisine has been shaped by the history of the country itself. For more
than two hundred years, America has been seen as a bountiful land, rich in natural resources and full of
opportunities. During this semester long class, we will look at the variety of influences that have shaped
cuisine in America. Beginning with a look at the issue of hunger in America, we will proceed historically
through American cuisine, looking first with the indigenous peoples, “native Americans” and their practices
of hunting, gathering and cultivating foods in a variety of locations and climates, throughout the North
American continent. At the time our land was full of thick forests and thriving streams, the land provided all
that was needed. The arrival of the first early European settlers and their survival meant adaptation to the
land, the climate and perhaps most importantly to the foods available. Colonization from a variety of
European countries provided many new opportunities for adaptations of old recipes and food practices,
bringing the variety that is still evident in regional cuisine of present day. Continuing forward, we will
explore the cuisines of the individual regions of the United States, looking at the unique influences to food
lore, supplied by heritage and homesteading. In conclusion, we will investigate changes to cuisine brought
forth by machinery, technology and science, including the birth of the “fast food industry”, GMO and
organic foods.
-Students will have the opportunity to prepare a variety of “American” dishes from the different regions
throughout the United States.

ART, MUSIC, DRAMA & MOVEMENT IN ECE (CP)                                                    .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: offered to Grades 11 and 12 only.

This course focuses on nurturing creativity in young children through the provision of developmentally
appropriate activities in the areas of art, music, dramatic play, and movement. The various methods and
materials used to stimulate a young child’s creative impulses will be explored.
*Successful completion of this course, along with a fee, will earn 3 college credits from Great Bay
Community College.

ADULT ROLES IN THE MODERN FAMILY (TP)                                                      .5 CREDIT
Prerequisite: offered to Grades 11 and 12 only.

Do you love children? Have you thought about becoming a parent someday? Perhaps you are excited about a
career working with children, parents, and families. If any of these peaks your interest, this course is
designed for you! Because most people become parents, this course focuses on the decisions and skills
related to effective parenting. It explores various family forms and functions, the cycle of family
development, and how the parenting role changes as children grow and develop.
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