PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY - TDA Stage 4 & 5 - On-Street Parking and Mitigation Measures - Invest in Torbay

 
PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY - TDA Stage 4 & 5 - On-Street Parking and Mitigation Measures - Invest in Torbay
TDA

PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS
STUDY
Stage 4 & 5 - On-Street Parking and Mitigation
Measures

S4-002
MARCH 2020                                   PUBLIC
PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY - TDA Stage 4 & 5 - On-Street Parking and Mitigation Measures - Invest in Torbay
TDA

PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY
Stage 4 & 5 - On-Street Parking and Mitigation Measures

TYPE OF DOCUMENT (VERSION) PUBLIC

PROJECT NO. 70062802
OUR REF. NO. S4-002

DATE: MARCH 2020

WSP
1st Floor, Keble House
Southernhay Gardens, Southernhay East
Exeter, Devon
EX1 1NT
Phone: +44 1392 267 500
Fax: +44 1392 267 599
WSP.com

                                                      PUBLIC
PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY - TDA Stage 4 & 5 - On-Street Parking and Mitigation Measures - Invest in Torbay
QUALITY CONTROL

 Issue/revision         First issue           Second issue      Final Version

 Remarks                First Draft           Second Draft      Final Version

 Date                   21/01/2020            03/03/2020        11/03/2020

 Prepared by            Glen McAdam           Glen McAdam       Glen McAdam

 Signature

 Checked by             Hannah                Hannah            Hannah
                        Shrimpton             Shrimpton         Shrimpton

 Signature

 Authorised by          Roger Evans           Roger Evans       Roger Evans

 Signature

 Project number         70062802              70062802          70062802

 Report number          70062802-S4           70062802-S4       70062802-S4

 File reference         70062802-S4-001       70062802-S4-002   70062802-S4-003

PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                      PUBLIC | WSP
Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                         March 2020
TDA
PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY - TDA Stage 4 & 5 - On-Street Parking and Mitigation Measures - Invest in Torbay
CONTENTS

1     INTRODUCTION                                                       1

1.1   CONTEXT                                                            1
1.2   STUDY DELIVERABLES                                                 1
1.3   STRUCTURE                                                          2

2     STAGE 4 DELIVERABLE 1 – RECAP OF BASELINE ON-STREET
      PARKING SUPPLY & DEMAND                                            4

2.1   MAP OF PARKING LOCATIONS                                           4
2.2   BASELINE SUPPLY DATA AT ON-STREET PARKING LOCATIONS                6
2.3   BASELINE DEMAND DATA AT ON-STREET PARKING LOCATIONS                8

3     STAGE 4 DELIVERABLE 1 – FORECAST ON-STREET PARKING SUPPLY
      & DEMAND                                                15

3.1   IMPLICATIONS OF FORECAST OFF-STREET PARKING DEMAND ON ON-STREET
      PARKING PERFORMANCE                                               15
3.2   FORECAST ON-STREET PARKING DEMAND                                 18
3.3   GIS ANALYSIS OF TRO RESTRICTIONS                                  23

4     STAGE 4 DELIVERABLES 2 & 3 - MITIGATION MEASURES, PARKING
      MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS AND OTHER OPPORTUNITIES 27

4.1   OVERVIEW                                                          27
4.2   RECOMMENDATIONS AND NEXT STEPS                                    34

5     CONCLUSION                                                        35

      PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                             PUBLIC | WSP
      Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                March 2020
      TDA
PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY - TDA Stage 4 & 5 - On-Street Parking and Mitigation Measures - Invest in Torbay
1        INTRODUCTION

1.1      CONTEXT
1.1.1.   Paignton has experienced significant economic decline in recent years. Its population is ageing and
         there is a high level of disadvantage. The retail offer in the town centre has declined over recent
         years. Paignton exhibits the lowest GVA per head in England.
1.1.2.   The regeneration of Paignton Town Centre is one of the key projects for Torbay Council in the coming
         years. As detailed in the Transformation Strategy (April 2017) for Torbay’s Town Centres the
         regeneration aims to achieve the following:
              Improve the visitor and resident experience;
              Create a more attractive town centre through public realm interventions; and
              Encourage the redevelopment of existing poor-quality sites such as Crossways and the Victoria
               Centre.
1.1.3.   In recent years there has been a recognition across many local authorities that car parking sites in
         valuable town centre locations are often under-utilised assets and can often provide the opportunity
         for regeneration and redevelopment. Better management of car parking assets, more efficient usage
         and adjustments to charging regimes can free up under-utilised sites for alternative development uses.
1.1.4.   The ability to realise the value of potential development sites needs to be balanced against the need
         to retain sufficient car parking to meet demand across the year, and ensure that a lack of car parking
         does not contribute to the further deterioration of the economic prosperity of Paignton town centre.
1.1.5.   In September 2019 TDA, for and on behalf of Torbay Council, commissioned WSP to investigate the
         impact of the potential loss of off-street parking spaces at a number of key sites.
1.1.6.   The objectives of the study are:
              To provide a clear and concise understanding of existing public car parking usage, capacity,
               income generation and asset maintenance requirements.
              To provide a robust assessment of future public car parking and cycle parking capacity and
               needs, taking account of on-street provision and the potential for further on-street provision,
               public transport provision and delivery of successful town centre regeneration.
              To assess the potential impact of loss of public car parking capacity in Paignton Town Centre,
               using a number of regeneration / redevelopment scenarios and taking account of the findings
               of the future needs element of this work.
              To recommend ways in which the Council can best mitigate any negative impacts as a result
               of a potential reduction in car parking capacity in the town centre. This will include identification
               of risks, costs and deliverability.

1.2      STUDY DELIVERABLES
1.2.1.   The following deliverables are to be issued by WSP as party of the study:
              Stage 1 Deliverable - Baseline Supply and Demand Technical Note
                  •   A report which gives a detailed overview of baseline parking supply, demand and
                      distribution across the town centres. This will be broken down by time, day of week, and
                      seasonal variation subject to the existing data available.
              Stage 2 Deliverable - Future Parking Demand Forecast Technical Note

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                    March 2020
         TDA                                                                                           Page 1 of 36
PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY - TDA Stage 4 & 5 - On-Street Parking and Mitigation Measures - Invest in Torbay
•   Summary of the forecast demand based on a number of growth factors of between 2% -
                      20%.
              Stage 3 Deliverable – Future Development Impacts Technical Note
                  •   A summary of the potential impact on parking demand across the Study Area as a result
                      of regeneration/growth and redevelopment of some off-street parking in the central area.
              Stage 4 Deliverable 1 - On-street Parking Review Technical Note [This Report]
                  •   This review will identify whether there is evidence of available capacity around the town
                      centre for additional parking demand, and/or whether the current on-street parking
                      restrictions require adjusting to account for changes to off-street provision.
              Stage 4 Deliverable 2 - Mitigation Measures                        and   Parking   Management
               Recommendations Technical Note [This Report]
                  •   This part of the commission will consider what options for mitigation can be considered
                      by Torbay Council / TDA for temporary car parking management and/or alternative
                      parking solutions such as Park & Ride facilities during busy periods, as operated in
                      nearby Brixham.
                  •   An appraisal of parking management measures will be undertaken to consider the most
                      appropriate for application in the town centre as defined above. This may include
                      changes to residents parking rates, changes to parking payment periods, ANPR
                      monitoring and the use of mobile technology to better manage and direct drivers to
                      parking locations and make use of the remaining parking supply more efficiently.
              Stage 4 Deliverable 3 – Further Opportunities Technical Note [This Report]
                  •   Alternative parking enhancements will be considered. This will include opportunities to
                      improve efficiency of parking use and alternative use of parking areas when not in use.
                      Measures to consider are likely to include:
                           −    Solar PV technology in retained MSCPs.
                           −    Electric charging points.
                           −    Cycle parking and E-bike charging points.
                           −    Flexible on-street parking facilities and parklets.
                           −    Parking Guidance systems.
                           −    Variable charging regimes.
              Stage 5 Deliverable - Recommendations and Final Reporting
                  •   The results of the earlier stages of the assessment will be combined into a summary
                      report with a series of recommendations for redevelopment options to be taken forward
                      for further consideration and appraisal.

1.3      STRUCTURE
1.3.1.   This report is structured as follows:
          Chapter 1: Introduction – Stating the context of the project, the work packages to be delivered as
           a part of this project and detailing the structure of this work package.
          Chapter 2: Stage 4 Deliverable 1 – On-Street Parking Review Part 1– Baseline Information - This
           section of the report summarises the baseline on-street supply and demand data, along with the
           baseline and forecast off-street data and note its implications for on-street parking.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                             PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                 March 2020
         TDA                                                                                        Page 2 of 36
PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY - TDA Stage 4 & 5 - On-Street Parking and Mitigation Measures - Invest in Torbay
 Chapter 3: Stage 4 Deliverable 1 – On-Street Parking Review Part 1– Forecasting - This section of
  the report estimates on-street parking performance in the future by forecasting the baseline on-
  street demand data in a similar manner to the off-street data.
 Chapter 4: Stage 4 Deliverables 2 & 3: Mitigation Measures, Parking Management
  Recommendations and Other Opportunities – As a result of the above analysis, a number of
  mitigation measures will be analysed via a high level qualitative assessment. This assessment will
  identify the most feasible mitigation measures and identify the likely effects of each in isolation and,
  where applicable, in combination with other mitigation measures.
 Chapter 5: Conclusion – This section will summarise the outcomes of each of the above chapters.

PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                               PUBLIC | WSP
Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                   March 2020
TDA                                                                                          Page 3 of 36
2        STAGE 4 DELIVERABLE 1 – RECAP OF BASELINE ON-STREET
         PARKING SUPPLY & DEMAND

2.1      MAP OF PARKING LOCATIONS
2.1.1.   The location of on-street and off-street parking locations in the centre of Paignton is detailed in Figure
         2-1 below. The location of on-street and off-street parking locations in the entirety of Paignton is
         detailed in Figure 2-2 below. These figures consider only parking locations where detailed parking
         data was available.

         Figure 2-1 – Parking Locations – Central Paignton

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                               PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                   March 2020
         TDA                                                                                          Page 4 of 36
Figure 2-2 – Parking Locations – All of Paignton

2.1.2.   Figure 2-3 details off-street parking locations within the study area where detailed parking data was
         unavailable. It should be noted that this not include parking locations at supermarkets or other such
         commercial locations.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                           PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                               March 2020
         TDA                                                                                      Page 5 of 36
Figure 2-3 – Parking Locations with No Demand Data

2.2      BASELINE SUPPLY DATA AT ON-STREET PARKING LOCATIONS
2.2.1.   Table 2-1 details key information relating to each on-street parking location including the number of
         spaces, the number of ‘mobility’ spaces (i.e. spaces for the disabled, parent / child spaces etc.), the
         hours of operation of the car park and the tariff. Table 2-1 only details this information for on-street
         parking locations where detailed parking data is available.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                             PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                 March 2020
         TDA                                                                                        Page 6 of 36
Table 2-1 – On-Street Parking Supply Information
 Parking           Number   Number
 Location          of       of       Hours of Operation                                  Tariff
 Name              Spaces   Meters
                                                                                            60p for 30 minutes
                                                                                            £1.40 for up to one hour
                                                                                            £2.40 for up to one and a half hours
                                                                                            £3.00 for up to two hours
                                      8am to 6pm                                           £4.00 for up to three hours
 Adelphi Road      19       1
                                      7 days a week including Sundays & Bank Holidays      £5.00 for up to four hours
                                                                                            £6.00 for up to five hours
                                                                                            £7.00 for up to six hours
                                                                                            £10.00 for all day

                                                                                            60p for 30 minutes
                                                                                            £1.40 for up to one hour
                                                                                            £2.40 for up to one and a half hours
                                                                                            £3.00 for up to two hours
                                                                                            £4.00 for up to three hours
 Eastern                              24 hours a day
                   208      7                                                               £5.00 for up to four hours
 Esplanade                            7 days a week including Sundays & Bank Holidays      £6.00 for up to five hours
                                                                                            £7.00 for up to six hours
                                                                                            £10.00 for all day.
                                                                                            £3.50 overnight (available 6 pm to 8 am)

                                                                                            60p for 30 minutes
                                                                                            £1.40 for up to one hour
                                                                                            £2.40 for up to one and a half hours
                                                                                            £3.00 for up to two hours
 Hyde / Dendy /                       8am to 6pm                                           £4.00 for up to three hours
                   46       15
 Torquay Road                         7 days a week including Sundays & Bank Holidays      £5.00 for up to four hours
                                                                                            £6.00 for up to five hours
                                                                                            £7.00 for up to six hours
                                                                                            £10.00 for all day

                                                                                            60p for 30 minutes
                                                                                            £1.40 for up to one hour
                                                                                            £2.40 for up to one and a half hours
                                                                                            £3.00 for up to two hours
                                      9am to 6pm                                           £4.00 for up to three hours
 Palace Avenue     74       8
                                      Monday to Saturday each week                         £5.00 for up to four hours
                                                                                            £6.00 for up to five hours
                                                                                            £7.00 for up to six hours
                                                                                            £10.00 for all day

                                                                                            60p for 30 minutes
                                                                                            £1.40 for up to one hour
                                                                                            £2.40 for up to one and a half hours
                                                                                            £3.00 for up to two hours
                                      8am to 6pm                                           £4.00 for up to three hours
 Queens Road       29       3
                                      7 days a week including Sundays & Bank Holidays      £5.00 for up to four hours
                                                                                            £6.00 for up to five hours
                                                                                            £7.00 for up to six hours
                                                                                            £10.00 for all day

                                                                                          £1.50 for up to four hours
 Sands Road        16       2         8am to 6pm                                         £2.50 all day
                                      7 days a week including Sundays & Bank Holidays
                                                                                          £1.50 for up to four hours
 Stearfield Road   10       2         8am to 6pm                                         £2.50 all day
                                      7 days a week including Sundays & Bank Holidays
                                                                                            60p for 30 minutes
                                                                                            £1.40 for up to one hour
                                                                                            £2.40 for up to one and a half hours
                                                                                            £3.00 for up to two hours
 Torbay Road       44       5         9am to 6pm                                           £4.00 for up to three hours
                                      7 days a week including Sundays & Bank Holidays      £5.00 for up to four hours
                                                                                            £6.00 for up to five hours
                                                                                            £7.00 for up to six hours
                                                                                            £10.00 for all day

PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                                      PUBLIC | WSP
Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                                          March 2020
TDA                                                                                                                 Page 7 of 36
2.2.2.   To summarise Table 2-1; there are 446 on-street parking spaces in the town centre subject to a
         parking tariff. The majority of parking locations allow for on-street parking 7 days a week including
         Sundays and Bank Holidays for 10 hours between 8am and 6pm. The notable exceptions to this are:
              Eastern Esplanade
              Palace Avenue
              Torbay Road
2.2.3.   There are two tariffs in operation, one designed for longer stay use and one designed for short stay
         use. All car parks allow users to pay either via pay & display, parkmobile or by purchasing season
         tickets.
2.2.4.   It should be noted that there is conflicting information, between the numerous data sources, on the
         number of spaces at the following on-street parking locations:
              Eastern Esplanade – Council website states there are 208 spaces whereas the weekly ticket
               summary spreadsheet state there are 209. The working assumption is that there are 208
               spaces.
              Torbay Road – The Council website states there are 44 spaces whereas the weekly ticket
               summary spreadsheet states there are 35. The working assumption is that there are 44 spaces.
2.2.5.   It should also be noted that Paignton town centre is subject to the following Traffic Regulation Orders:
              Borough of Torbay – CPZ F (Adelphi Road) Order 2012
              Borough of Torbay – Street Parking Places (Pay and Display) Order No2 2018
              Borough of Torbay - Various Streets, Paignton - Control of Waiting, Loading and Unloading
               (Order 2015)
2.2.6.   The Traffic Regulation Orders have the cumulative effect that most of the roads in the immediate
         vicinity of Paignton town centre have restricted on-street parking. However, outside of the town centre
         it should be noted that a lot of roads are not subject to parking regulation. It is possible for a fit and
         healthy individual to park in a residential street and be within a reasonable walking distance (less than
         10 minutes and within half a mile) of the town centre, or a number of other trip generators.

2.3      BASELINE DEMAND DATA AT ON-STREET PARKING LOCATIONS
         Background
2.3.1.   This section provides a summary of the baseline parking demand at each on-street location and
         across the study area.
         Tickets Sold
2.3.2.   Table 2-2 shows the tickets sold at each on-street parking location and across the study area for the
         financial year 2018-19. The data is segmented to detail a yearly, weekly and daily tickets sold, both
         across the car park as a total and as a function of the number of spaces within the car park.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                               PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                   March 2020
         TDA                                                                                          Page 8 of 36
Table 2-2 – On-Street Parking Demand Executive Summary – Tickets Sold
          Parking Location    Tickets     Tickets       Tickets      Tickets       Tickets Sold       Tickets Sold
          Name                Sold        Sold Per      Sold Per     Sold (Per     Per Week           Per Day (Per
                                          Week          Day          Space)        (Per Space)        Space)
          Adelphi Road            4,357            84           12           229                  4             0.6
          Eastern               102,993         1,981          283           493                  9             1.4
          Esplanade
          Hyde / Dendy /        115,466         2,221         317          1,540              30                4.2
          Queens /
          Torquay Road
          Palace Avenue         106,684         2,052         293          1,442              28                4.0
          Sands &                12,804           246          35            492               9                1.4
          Streatfield Road
          Torbay Road            48,366           930         133          1,382              27                3.8
          Grand Total           342,304         6,583         940          4,196              81                 12
          Average                57,051         1,097         157            699              13                1.9
2.3.3.   Table 2-2 shows that within the study area a total of 342,304 tickets were sold. Per space, it can be
         seen that the following car parks are selling more tickets than the average across the study area:
              Hyde / Dendy / Queens / Torquay Road
              Palace Avenue
              Torbay Road
         Ticket Hours Sold
2.3.4.   Table 2-3 shows the amount of ticket hours sold at each on-street parking location and across the
         study area for the financial year 2018-19. The data is segmented to detail yearly, weekly and daily
         ticket hours sold, both across the car park as a total and as a function of the number of spaces within
         the car park.

         Table 2-3 – On-Street Parking Executive Summary – Ticket Hours Sold
          Parking            Ticket       Ticket        Ticket       Ticket        Ticket Hours       Ticket Hours
          Location Name      Hours        Hours         Hours        Hours Sold    Sold Per           Sold Per Day
                             Sold         Sold Per      Sold Per     (Per Space)   Week (Per          (Per Space)
                                          Week          Day                        Space)
          Adelphi Road            7,919          152            22          417                8                1.1
          Eastern               155,236        2,985           426          743               14                2.0
          Esplanade
          Hyde / Dendy /        131,132        2,522          360          1,748              34                4.8
          Queens /
          Torquay Road
          Palace Avenue         117,164        2,253          322          1,583              30                4.3
          Sands &                69,073        1,328          190          2,657              51                7.3
          Streatfield Road
          Torbay Road            64,393        1,238          177          1,840              35                5.1
          Grand Total           480,525        9,241        1,320          7,148             137                 20
          Average                80,087        1,540          220          1,191              23                3.3
2.3.5.   Table 2-3 shows that within the study area a total of 480,525 ticket hours were sold. Per space, it can
         be seen that the following car parks are selling more ticket hours than the average across the study
         area:
                Hyde / Dendy / Queens / Torquay Road
                Palace Avenue
                Sands & Streatfield Road
                Torbay Road

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                 PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                     March 2020
         TDA                                                                                            Page 9 of 36
Average Length of Stay & Overall Utilisation
2.3.6.   Table 2-4 shows the average length of stay and the utilisation at each car park and across the study
         area for the financial year 2018-19. It should be noted that the utilisations given are based against a
         theoretical maximum which deduced by including all times within the chargeable period. The majority
         of on-street parking locations do not allow overnight parking hence the greater level of utilisations
         compared to the off-street data. The data does not include users who park without purchasing a ticket
         i.e. permit holders.

         Table 2-4 – On-Street Parking Executive Summary – Average Length of Stay & Overall
         Utilisation
          Parking Location Name                             Average Length of Stay          Average Utilisation
                                                                                            in 2018-19 Ticket
                                                                                            Data
          Adelphi Road                                      1 hours and 49 minutes                         11%
          Eastern Esplanade                                 1 hours and 30 minutes                          9%
          Hyde / Dendy / Queens / Torquay Road               1 hours and 8 minutes                         48%
          Palace Avenue                                      1 hours and 5 minutes                         56%
          Sands & Streatfield Road                          5 hours and 23 minutes                         73%
          Torbay Road                                       1 hours and 20 minutes                         51%
          Grand Total                                                                 N/A                   N/A
          Average                                           1 hours and 49 minutes                         21%
2.3.7.   Table 2-4 shows that the following parking locations have utilisations above 50%:
              Palace Avenue
              Sands & Streatfield Road
              Torbay Road
2.3.8.   Table 2-4 also shows that only Sands & Steartfield Road are used for long stay parking, in alignment
         with the tariff options presented to users.
         Variance in Parking Demand
2.3.9.   Table 2-5 documents yearly variation in tickets sold and income based against the 2018-19 financial
         year. This information only uses the council ticket data information and as such does not account for
         mobile data; as this was only provided for the latest financial year.

         Table 2-5 – Off-Street Parking Demand Executive Summary – Yearly Variation
          All On-      Tickets     Difference       Difference        Difference in
          Street       Sold        (+-)             (%)               Income (%)
          Parking
          Locations
          2018-19        354,748                0                0%              0%
          2017-18        390,966        36,218               10%                 1%
          2016-17        425,900        71,152               20%                -3%

2.3.10. The table shows that that the number of tickets sold in 2018-19 was lower than that of previous
        financial years. However, the income generated from ticket sales was higher than that of 2016-17 (but
        not 2017-18).
2.3.11. It is known that the pricing structure and length of stays offered has changed throughout the assessed
        years and this may explain why there is a not a linear relationship between the falling ticket sales and
        the income gained.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                       PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                           March 2020
         TDA                                                                                                 Page 10 of 36
2.3.12. Figure 2-4 shows the weekly variance in ticket hours sold across the study area.

        Figure 2-4 – On-Street Ticket Hours Sold Each Week (Grand Total)

2.3.13. Figure 2-4 shows that the amount of ticket hours sold is above the average most noticeably in May –
        July and September to October, coinciding with the busiest holiday periods. The amount of ticket hours
        sold is below the average most noticeably from the end of October through to the end of the financial
        year with exception to the week of February half term.
2.3.14. There is no data available from which to detail daily variances in parking demand for on-street assets.
        It would be reasonable to assume that the busiest periods are Fridays and Saturdays in line with the
        off-street data.
2.3.15. On Tuesday 3rd December 2019 WSP’s in-house data collection team carried out an on-street parking
        snapshot survey in order to capture hourly variation regarding parking occupancies. This data
        accounts for permit parking holders and length of stays. The figure below shows hourly variation
        aggregated across the study area as well as at parking locations which at some point during the
        working day struggle to accommodate demand. It is recognised that this data is based on a snapshot
        during a period of low demand and for a more thorough assessment of parking occupancy across the
        day, a series of in-depth surveys should be undertaken.

        PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                            PUBLIC | WSP
        Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                March 2020
        TDA                                                                                      Page 11 of 36
Figure 2-5 – On-Street Hourly Variation in Occupancies (Locations Experiencing Capacity
Issues)

Figure 2-6 – On-Street Hourly Variation in Occupancies (Locations Not Experiencing Capacity
Issues)

PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                  PUBLIC | WSP
Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                      March 2020
TDA                                                                            Page 12 of 36
2.3.16. From the figure above, it can be seen that across the full study area occupancies range from 30-60%,
        with the busiest period occurring around 11am. However, the distribution of demand is not uniform
        across the study area and a number of streets suffer from capacity issues at some point throughout
        the day.
2.3.17. There are instances where the occupancy at a car park was recorded as being greater than the supply.
        In these cases, there was evidence of users parking either purchasing a ticket or using a badge /
        permit and not parking in a demarked space. This occurred at Streartfield Road and Queens Road.
2.3.18. The table below shows the split of ticket types in each area across the study area across all assessed
        time periods. The table shows that the locations with the greatest proportion of use by blue badge
        holders are Dendy Road (52% of users) and Steartfield Road (44%).

        Table 2-6 – Off-Street Parking Demand Executive Summary – Proportion of Ticket Types
          Location        Blue Badge        Meter Payment   Permit Holders

         Eastern                   17%                82%                    1%
         Esplanade
         Steartfield               44%                56%                    0%
         Road
         Dendy Road                52%                47%                    1%
         Hyde Road                 21%                79%                    0%
         Torquay                   24%                76%                    0%
         Road
         Palace                    33%                63%                    4%
         Avenue
         Torbay Road               40%                60%                    0%
         Queens                    18%                82%                    0%
         Road
         Adelphi                       5%             38%                    57%
         Road
         Sands Road                10%                90%                    0%
        Conclusion
2.3.19. The following on-street parking locations may have difficulty accommodating extra demand given that
        their overall utilisation is near to or above 50%. Given the data does not include season tickets /
        permits and given seasonal / daily variation these parking locations are expected to be close to
        capacity at peak times.
                Hyde / Dendy / Queens / Torquay Road
                Palace Avenue
                Sands & Streatfield Road
                Torbay Road
2.3.20. The following on-street parking locations exhibit less parking pressure; however, it is still expected
        that at times of peak demand there is only limited availability to accommodate any additional demand.
              Adelphi Road (Note: CPZ in operation which may skew the utilisation data)
              Eastern Esplanade

        PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                            PUBLIC | WSP
        Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                March 2020
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2.3.21. In general, the on-street parking locations assessed appear to be busier than the off-street locations
        and as such there is less room to accommodate an increase in demand.
2.3.22. Adelphi Road has a lower utilisation figure although it is reasonably expected that this is due to the
        CPZ in operation on this road. Once accounting for permit tickets and alike, it is likely that this on-
        street parking location is comparable to those mentioned above.
2.3.23. Eastern Esplanade is the only on-street parking location assessed which would appear to have
        sufficient remaining capacity to accommodate an increase in demand at times of peak demand. It
        should be noted that Eastern Esplanade is a relatively long road and demand varies along its length
        in line with proximity to attractions and the town centre.
2.3.24. The data provided was granular to identify seasonal trends in the data but not granular enough to
        detail daily and hourly variation. A small-scale study by WSP’s in-house data collection team showed
        hourly variation; however daily variation is still not able to be documented. Nonetheless, it can be
        reasonably assumed that peaks and troughs in on-street parking demand are in rough alignment with
        the off-street data. As such, it is reasonable to assume that the busiest times of year for parking
        demand are in the summer holidays and in October half term; on weekends (inclusive of Fridays
        during the school holidays) and between 10am and 3pm.

        PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                            PUBLIC | WSP
        Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                March 2020
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3        STAGE 4 DELIVERABLE 1 – FORECAST ON-STREET PARKING
         SUPPLY & DEMAND

3.1      IMPLICATIONS OF FORECAST OFF-STREET PARKING DEMAND ON ON-
         STREET PARKING PERFORMANCE
3.1.1.   The Stage 2 & 3 report detailed the ability of off-street parking supply to cater for off-street parking
         demand in a number of supply and demand scenarios as listed below.

         Table 3-1 – Forecast Scenarios1
         Scenario                                                                                                       Total Change in
                    Forecast Year   Demand Description      Supply Description
         ID                                                                                                             Parking Supply

         A          2020            Low End Growth - 2%        Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria (Old Side).              185 Spaces

                                                               Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria (Old Side) and 130
         B          2021            TEMPRO Growth - 4%                                                                  315 Spaces
                                                                spaces at Crossways.

                                                               Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria (Old Side), 130 spaces
         C1         2023            TEMPRO Growth - 6%          at Crossways and an additional 175 spaces from          490 Spaces
                                                                elsewhere in the central area.

                                                               Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria (Old Side), 130 spaces
         C2         2023            High End Growth - 10%       at Crossways and an additional 175 spaces from          490 Spaces
                                                                elsewhere in the central area.

                                                               Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria (Old Side), 130 spaces
         D1         2025            TEMPRO Growth - 8%          at Crossways and an additional 375 spaces from          690 Spaces
                                                                elsewhere in the central area.

                                                               Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria (Old Side), 130 spaces
         D2         2025            High End Growth - 15%       at Crossways and an additional 375 spaces from          690 Spaces
                                                                elsewhere in the central area.

                                                               Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria (Old Side), 130 spaces
         E1         2028            TEMPRO Growth - 10%         at Crossways and an additional 475 spaces from          790 Spaces
                                                                elsewhere in the central area.

                                                               Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria (Old Side), 130 spaces
         E2         2028            High End Growth - 20%       at Crossways and an additional 475 spaces from          790 Spaces
                                                                elsewhere in the central area.

3.1.2.   The results of this analysis are shown below.

         1The forecast model years are based on a suggested timeline during which regeneration may happen. The
         growth factors have been applied based on these years and a variation in anticipated growth.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                                     PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                                         March 2020
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Table 3-2 – Summary of Forecast Parking Demand by Scenario
                                       Overview of Forecast Parking Demand (Town Centre – Central Area)

                                                                                    Forecast Assessment
                              Approximate
 Scenario /    Central
                              Central
 Demand        Spaces                                                                     Pre-Mitigation
                              Spaces Lost
 Growth        Remaining
                              (cumulative)
                                               Average      Busy        Very Busy                                 Comments

                                                                 SHORT TERM –2 Years

 Baseline.

                                                                                       All parking demand in the central area can be met without re-
 Baseline      1,085          0
                                                                                       distribution.

 Scenario A: Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria Centre (Old Side).

 A: 2%                                                                                 All parking demand in the central area can be met without re-
               900            185
 Growth1                                                                               distribution.

 Scenario B: Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria Centre (Old Side) and 130 spaces at Crossways.

 B: 4%                                                                                 All parking demand in the central area can be met without re-
               770            315
 Growth2                                                                               distribution.

                                                                 MEDIUM TERM –6 Years

 Scenario C1 & C2: Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria Centre (Old Side), 130 spaces at Crossways and an additional 175 spaces from elsewhere within
 the Central Area.

 C1: 6%                                                                                Parking demand in the central area can be met without re-
               595            490
 Growth2                                                                               distribution. However, in periods of exceptionally busy demand
                                                                                       there is not a lot of reserve capacity in the central area. It is
 C2: 10%                                                                               likely that a proportion of users will not be able to park at the
               595            490                                                      exact car park that they wish to.
 Growth3

 Scenario D1 & D2: Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria Centre (Old Side), 130 spaces at Crossways and an additional 375 spaces from elsewhere.

 D1: 8%                                                                                Parking demand in the central area met without re-distribution
               395            690
 Growth2                                                                               in periods of average demand. In periods of busy demand
                                                                                       there is not a lot of reserve capacity in the central area. It is
                                                                                       likely that a proportion of users will not be able to park at the
 D2: 15%                                                                               exact car park that they wish to. In periods of exceptionally
               395            690                                                      busy demand the central off-street parking locations are full
 Growth3                                                                               and re-distribution to other areas is needed.

                                                                 LONG TERM – 9 Years

 Scenario E1 & E2: Loss of 185 spaces at Victoria Centre (Old Side), 130 spaces at Crossways and an additional 475 spaces from elsewhere within
 the Central Area

                                                                                       Parking demand in the central area met without re-distribution
                                                                                       in periods of average demand, although there is not a lot of
                                                                                       reserve capacity and it is likely that a proportion of users will
 E1: 10%
               295            790                                                      not be able to park at the exact car park that they wish to. In
 Growth2
                                                                                       periods of busy and exceptionally busy demand the central off-
                                                                                       street parking locations are full and re-distribution to other
                                                                                       areas is needed.

                                                                                       Parking demand in the central area cannot be met without re-
                                                                                       distribution in all periods. A small number of vehicles (approx.
 E2: 20%                                                                               50) need to park in other areas of Paignton in periods of
               295            790
 Growth3                                                                               average demand whilst a sizeable number of vehicles (approx.
                                                                                       275) need to park in other areas periods of exceptionally busy
                                                                                       demand.

PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                                                  PUBLIC | WSP
Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                                                      March 2020
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Demand

         1= based on low growth, 2 = based on TEMPRO (national forecast) growth, 3= based on high growth,

         The TEMPRO growth figures have been used as it is the industry standard and reflects the national forecasts for the growth in traffic
         taking in a multitude of factors including the number of households and jobs. The high-end growth figures are based on TEMPRO as well
         as additional growth based on town centre regeneration ambitions.

          Forecast Central area car parks occupancy – Dark Green = < 40% capacity, Green = 40 - 85% capacity; Amber = 85%-95% capacity;
         Red = >95% capacity. Dark green indicates significant spare capacity, green indicates no re -distribution needed from inside central to
         outside, amber indicates small scale re-distribution needed from inside central area to outside, red indicates significant re -distribution
         needed beyond central area.

         Frequency of demand periods – Periods of busy demand (or greater) occur approximat ely 70 times a year. These periods of demand
         generally occur on weekends in term time and occasionally on weekdays during the school holidays. Periods of very busy demand occur
         approximately 25 times a year, pre-dominantly on weekends during the school holidays.

         Supply

         The forecast projections make allowance for the availability of 200 spaces at hotel operators.

3.1.3.   Table 3-2 provides an overview of the forecast parking supply and demand across all central area car
         parks in each scenario. In all scenarios the off-street parking supply can cater for the off-street parking
         demand when considering the whole of the study area. This includes parking areas to the north of the
         town centre around Preston, and to the south at Clennon Valley and Quay West.
3.1.4.   However, in the medium-term (2023-2025) scenarios users may no longer be able to park in the
         central area car park they wish to and in the long-term (2028 onwards) a significant proportion of users
         may no longer be able to park in the central area and may potentially be dissuaded from visiting the
         town centre.
3.1.5.   The above shows that in the long-term (2028 onwards) and high demand scenarios, in order for supply
         to meet demand, some behavioural change may be needed on the part of car park users. A level of
         redistribution is needed to car parks out of the central area, or more efficient use of on-street facilities
         is required.
3.1.6.   It was noted that the above methodology has the following limitations:
          Use of occupancy data for forecasting of off-street – The car park occupancy data was used as the
           basis for the above analysis as it was the only dataset granular enough to detail seasonal, daily
           and hourly variation in parking demand. Similarly, it is the only dataset which can capture all parking
           users including season ticket / blue badge holders. Whilst this dataset is the most suitable to be
           growthed due to the above factors, there are limitations with the dataset as follows:
             • Data is based on calendar year of 2017.
             • Only covers off-street locations.
             • The baseline data to be forecast was thought to not be as unreliable at times of extremely high
               demand.
             • Assumptions had to be made on Crossways and Goodrington car park where data was missing.
               In all cases, robust worst-case assumptions were made likely over-estimating the level of
               demand at these sites.
          Methodology - No account was made for the following effects of increased parking demand:
             •    Use of alternative modes/mode shift;
             •    Redistribution from off-street parking to on-street parking;
             •    Redistribution of parking outside of the study area; for example, to Broadsands car park.
             •    Changes in permit usage.
             •    Change in tariffs

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                                               PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                                                   March 2020
         TDA                                                                                                                         Page 17 of 36
3.1.7.   The implication of the off-street parking demand work carried out in Stages 2 & 3 on the on-street
         parking demand is that there is likely to be a proportion of users who wish to park in the centre of town
         car parks but no longer can. As such, these displaced users must either relocate and park off-street
         in car parks in the north and south of Paignton or change to on-street parking. This does not occur in
         the short term; begins to occur in very busy periods in the medium term, and in the long-term high
         growth scenario occurs during periods of average demand.

3.2      FORECAST ON-STREET PARKING DEMAND
3.2.1.   As part of this report, the on-street parking data has been forecast in line with the Scenarios outlined
         in Table 3-1. No alteration to supply nor hours of operation of on-street parking has been assumed,
         nor at present has any re-distribution of off-street parking been assumed.
         Seasonal / Weekly Variation
3.2.2.   Forecasting the weekly data shows that, overall across the full study area and across the full
         chargeable period, there is enough supply to cater for demand even in the scenario subject to the
         highest growth in demand (E2 with 20%).
         Figure 3-1 – On-Street Parking Demand (Weekly Variation in Utilisation)

3.2.3.   It should be acknowledged that the weekly data focuses on utilisations throughout the chargeable
         period which, at the largest off-street parking location of Eastern Esplanade, is 24 hours a day.
         Similarly, it should also be acknowledged that the data only includes ticket sales and therefore under-
         estimates utilisation due to not including permit holders or blue badge holders.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                              PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                  March 2020
         TDA                                                                                        Page 18 of 36
Occupancy Data (Hourly Variation)
3.2.4.   To counter the above issues, the project team have also forecast the occupancy survey undertaken
         on Tuesday 10th December 2019. The results for the baseline scenario, a medium-term medium
         growth scenario (C1) and a long-term high growth scenario (E2) are in Figure 3-2 below.
         Figure 3-2 – On-Street Parking Demand (Full Study Area)

3.2.5.   Figure 3-2 shows that even in the long-term high-growth scenario there is plenty of space across the
         full study area on-street for vehicles to park. This would likely be the case even if the data was adjusted
         to represent a summer weekend – there is room across the full study area for on-street parking to
         double from the December 2019 baseline.
3.2.6.   Notwithstanding the above, Table 3-3 - Table 3-5 shows that even in the baseline, continuing through
         to the longer term scenario, users will have difficulty parking in the exact on-street parking location
         that they wish to. In these tables, the on-street snapshot survey data at each parking location has
         been forecast in line with the demand present in each scenario.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                    March 2020
         TDA                                                                                          Page 19 of 36
Table 3-3 – Baseline Occupancy Study

 Baseline               Spaces    9am         11am   1pm    3pm    5pm
 Eastern Esplanade      208       5%          19%    26%    25%    13%

 Streatfield Road       10        20%         120%   110%   60%    50%

 Dendy Road             25        100%        96%    96%    100%   40%

 Hyde Road              16        100%        69%    31%    31%    6%

 Torquay Road           10        70%         100%   60%    100%   80%

 Palace Avenue          81        67%         100%   63%    67%    41%

 Torbay Road            44        59%         70%    64%    41%    41%

 Queens Road            29        114%        114%   103%   86%    83%

 Adelphi Road           19        32%         42%    37%    32%    53%

 Sands Road             16        25%         44%    31%    25%    6%

 Total                  458       40%         56%    48%    45%    30%

Table 3-4 – Forecast Scenario C1

 Forecast Scenario C1   Spaces    9am         11am   1pm    3pm    5pm
 Eastern Esplanade      208       6%          20%    28%    26%    14%

 Streatfield Road       10        21%         127%   117%   64%    53%

 Dendy Road             25        106%        102%   102%   106%   42%

 Hyde Road              16        106%        73%    33%    33%    7%

 Torquay Road           10        74%         106%   64%    106%   85%

 Palace Avenue          81        71%         106%   67%    71%    43%

 Torbay Road            44        63%         75%    67%    43%    43%

 Queens Road            29        121%        121%   110%   91%    88%

 Adelphi Road           19        33%         45%    39%    33%    56%

 Sands Road             16        27%         46%    33%    27%    7%

 Total                  458       43%         59%    51%    47%    32%

PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                             PUBLIC | WSP
Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                 March 2020
TDA                                                                       Page 20 of 36
Table 3-5 – Scenario E2 Occupancy Forecast

          Forecast –
                                Spaces   9am    11am   1pm    3pm    5pm
          Scenario E2
          Eastern
                                208      6%     23%    31%    29%    16%
          Esplanade
          Streatfield Road      10       24%    144%   132%   72%    60%
          Dendy Road            25       120%   115%   115%   120%   48%
          Hyde Road             16       120%   83%    38%    38%    8%
          Torquay Road          10       84%    120%   72%    120%   96%
          Palace Avenue         81       80%    120%   76%    80%    49%
          Torbay Road           44       71%    85%    76%    49%    49%
          Queens Road           29       137%   137%   124%   103%   99%
          Adelphi Road          19       38%    51%    44%    38%    63%
          Sands Road            16       30%    53%    38%    30%    8%
          Total                 458      48%    67%    58%    53%    36%
3.2.7.   Table 3-3 shows that in the baseline scenario the following roads experience capacity problems at
         some point of the day:
            Streatfield Road
            Dendy Road
            Hyde Road,
            Torquay Road
            Palace Avenue
            Queens Road
3.2.8.   Table 3-3 shows in the baseline scenario the following roads are not subject to capacity problems:
            Eastern Esplanade
            Torbay Road
            Adelphi Road
            Sands Road
3.2.9.   Table 3-3 - Table 3-5 shows that growthing the demand data does not have an appreciable impact
         on which roads experience capacity problems when demand is not re-distributed.
3.2.10. In Table 3-6 and Table 3-7 excess demand has been redistributed. This shows that eventually all
        roads, with the exception of Eastern Esplanade, begin to experience capacity problems. Whilst not
        reprinted, it becomes apparent that if one were to growth the scenarios to replicate the summer period
        (instead of a Tuesday in December when the snapshot surveys were taken) then eventually in the
        long-term high growth scenario then all assessed roads would be at or over capacity.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                           PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                               March 2020
         TDA                                                                                     Page 21 of 36
Table 3-6 – Scenario C1 Occupancy Study (With Redistribution)

          Forecast – Scenario C1   Spaces   9am    11am       1pm    3pm    5pm

          Eastern Esplanade        208      6%     20%        28%    26%    14%

          Streartfield Road        10       21%    100%       100%   64%    53%

          Dendy Road               25       100%   100%       100%   100%   42%

          Hyde Road                16       100%   73%        33%    50%    7%

          Torquay Road             10       100%   100%       64%    100%   85%

          Palace Avenue            81       78%    100%       74%    71%    43%

          Torbay Road              44       63%    75%        67%    43%    43%

          Queens Road              29       100%   100%       100%   91%    88%

          Adelphi Road             19       33%    100%       39%    33%    56%

          Sands Road               16       27%    69%        33%    27%    7%

          Total                    458      43%    59%        51%    47%    32%

         Table 3-7 – Scenario E2 Occupancy Study (With Redistribution)

          Forecast – Scenario E2   Spaces   9am        11am   1pm    3pm    5pm
          Eastern Esplanade        208      6%         27%    31%    29%    16%

          Streartfield Road        10       24%        100%   100%   72%    60%

          Dendy Road               25       100%       100%   100%   100%   48%

          Hyde Road                16       100%       100%   38%    38%    8%

          Torquay Road             10       84%        100%   72%    100%   96%

          Palace Avenue            81       80%        100%   76%    80%    49%

          Torbay Road              44       90%        100%   100%   68%    49%

          Queens Road              29       100%       100%   100%   100%   99%

          Adelphi Road             19       89%        100%   63%    38%    63%

          Sands Road               16       30%        100%   38%    30%    8%
          Total                    458       48%       67%    58%    53%    36%

3.2.11. Table 3-6 & Table 3-7 show that the only on-street parking location assessed which experiences no
        capacity issue is Eastern Esplanade. However; it should be noted that if one were to combine the
        datasets and dually acknowledge that off-street demand may re-allocate into on-street locations, then
        Eastern Esplanade may well become occupied. The data for Eastern Esplanade also does not include
        blue badge and permit holders, and therefore there is likely to be more limited capacity than is currently
        being shown.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                              PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                  March 2020
         TDA                                                                                        Page 22 of 36
3.2.12. It is understood that there is a proposal for Eastern Esplanade to be converted from highway with on-
        street parking to become an off-street parking facility, managed by Torbay Council. Whilst this would
        not provide additional capacity as such, it does provide the opportunity for Torbay Council to better
        manage the parking in this location close to seafront attractions. This would potentially mitigatie the
        loss of off-street parking elsewhere in the town centre.

3.3      GIS ANALYSIS OF TRO RESTRICTIONS
3.3.1.   The on-street parking demand has thus far focused only on streets for which there is a charged parking
         bay.
3.3.2.   WSP have performed a high level GIS analysis of the Traffic Regulation Orders (TROs) in operation
         in Paignton in order to identify roads which may be affected by potential parking demand overspill.
         TROs are legal agreements which allow either the highway authority or the police to enforce
         regulations such as speed limits, on-street parking restrictions and operational restrictions (one-way
         streets).
3.3.3.   The analysis has shown that in the town centre TRO’s are abundant such that users cannot legally
         park on many streets for free. However, away from the town centre, users could theoretically park on
         a number of streets - in relatively close proximity to a chargeable parking location – for free. This can
         cause a number of adverse impacts for Paignton and its residents including the displacement of
         resident parking and a loss of income generated by parking demand.
3.3.4.   For the purpose of this report, analysis of the TROs has been broken down into Northern, Central and
         Southern areas.
         Paignton North
3.3.5.   The area analysed in the north of Paignton spans from the town centre towards Preston and as far
         west as Marldon Road, the study area is shown in Figure 3-3 below.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                              PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                  March 2020
         TDA                                                                                        Page 23 of 36
Figure 3-3 - Paignton North – TROs

3.3.6.   From Figure 3-3 it can be seen that TROs are widely used on streets surrounding existing on-street
         and off-street parking locations and that residential areas outside of the town centre area have far less
         restrictions. Areas in the north west of the study area shown above have much fewer restrictions and
         therefore could be subject to increased parking pressures in the future. These areas are:
            Barcombe Road
            Shorton Road
            Winsu Avenue
            Southfield Avenue
            Laura Grove
         Paignton Central
3.3.7.   The town centre of Paignton has the most restrictive TROs with most streets east of A3022 Totnes
         Road being subject to some form of restriction. As shown in the figure below, most restrictions refer
         to ‘Schedule 1.0 – No waiting at any time.’

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                              PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                  March 2020
         TDA                                                                                        Page 24 of 36
Figure 3-4 - Central Paignton - TROs

3.3.8.   Figure 3-4 shows areas to the west of A3022 Totnes Road have the fewest parking restrictions. These
         are roads such as:
            Primley Park
            Singer Close
            Kelland Close
            Clifton Road
         Paignton South
3.3.9.   The south of Paignton has relatively few TROs in place with most parking capacity in the area coming
         from large car parks such as Clennon Valley and Quay West.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                          PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                              March 2020
         TDA                                                                                    Page 25 of 36
Figure 3-5 - South Paignton - TROs

3.3.10. During seasonal highs, streets without TROs may need extra protection from users who are over
        spilling from the car parks. Wheatlands Road has unrestricted parking on its northern side and it is
        likely that some users of Clennon Valley have realised the opportunity for free on-street parking at this
        location, the issue will be exacerbated during the summer months when people make greater use of
        the beaches and Splashdown water park.
3.3.11. Other streets which may need TRO protection are:
          Clennon Rise
          Osney Crescent
          York Road
3.3.12. Implementing restrictions to the streets identified above is likely to increase occupancy at off-street
        locations in the area and therefore likely to lead to increased demand for parking facilities.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                             PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                 March 2020
         TDA                                                                                       Page 26 of 36
4        STAGE 4 DELIVERABLES 2 & 3 - MITIGATION MEASURES,
         PARKING MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS AND OTHER
         OPPORTUNITIES

4.1      OVERVIEW
4.1.1.   This stage considers what interventions should be considered by Torbay Council. These options
         include measures which can both be utilised in the short-term during periods of exceptionally high
         demand, as well in the long term high-growth scenarios.
4.1.2.   The measures cover a range of potential parking management measures, physical upgrades to the
         existing parking facilities and changes to parking restrictions where appropriate. It should be noted
         that the forecasting work has utilised robust assumptions for growth and that in general parking
         capacity issues are at present only apparent on a small number of days in the year. Only in longer-
         term high growth scenarios are capacity issues apparent on what could be considered a significant
         number of days.
4.1.3.   The high-level assessment of the options in this chapter considers both the direct impacts of potential
         parking interventions on parking as well as the indirect impacts which certain interventions may have
         on the public realm, the environment and revenue. The measures should not be considered as
         independent of one another.
4.1.4.   It should be noted that, based on the forecast supply and demand scenarios set out in Stages 2 to 4,
         there is forecast to be sufficient parking supply across Paignton during the short to medium term
         scenarios tested with limited pressure on parking assets. It is only in the longer term, higher growth
         scenarios where there is forecast to be a significant pressure on parking capacity in the town centre
         and surroundings. Therefore there is sufficient time to consider a range of potential interventions in
         more detail prior to implementation to ensure the correct solution or combination of solutions is
         identified.
         Parking Management Measures
4.1.5.   This section sets out the potential interventions aimed at more efficient parking utilisation across
         available car parks as demand increases. Each measure is described below, with the following table
         providing an assessment as to their likely impacts and level of suitability for application.
         Tariff Changes
4.1.6.   Table 4-1 details potential interventions to the tariff structure. The following interventions have been
         considered:
            • Revise Off-Street Parking Regime – Currently, parking charges are broadly consistent across
              the study area, with central area car parks charging the same hourly rate as those some distance
              from the town centre. It is proposed that, in order to incentivise the use of car parks outside of
              the central area, car parking charges should be adjusted to make car parks further away cheaper
              to use, particularly for longer stay visit. This would not only encourage greater use of assets that
              are currently under-utilised, it also has the potential to reduce congestion and traffic levels in the
              central town centre area.
            • Revise On-Street Parking Regime – This intervention would include a review of on-street
              parking charges to ensure the tariffs are aimed at attracting very short-stay visitors. Currently,
              on-street parking charges are comparable with those at off-street car parks, with the same

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                    March 2020
         TDA                                                                                          Page 27 of 36
charge for one-hour stays. This does not encourage the use of off-street facilities for longer
              visits. On-street parking facilities, particular very close to the town centre, should be aimed at
              very short-stay visitors. Therefore, it is recommended that on-street charges are adjusted so
              that stays are limited for up to two hours and charged at a higher rate than off-street parking.
              This intervention is aimed at making more efficient use of the existing off-street parking stock
              and prevent long-stay users from parking on-street.
            • Variable charging regimes – Parking charges across the majority of parking assets in Paignton
              are consistent across the year. Only Roundham car park in Paignton operates a winter tariff
              with a reduced rate across short and long stay parking. It is suggested that a seasonal variation
              could be applied across all car parks to better manage car park usage across the year. An
              alternative approach would be to introduce a flexible parking regime reactive to the availability
              of parking at any given time. Realtime parking sensor technology would allow this type of
              approach.
            • Joint Ticketing – A formal park and ride system is not considered appropriate for Paignton due
              to the more limited levels of employment within the town centre. However, there are certain
              times across the year, primarily during specific events when high visitor levels are experienced,
              when an informal park and ride system may be appropriate. Visitor would be encouraged to
              park in peripheral car parks such as Quay West and Clennon Valley, and a combined parking
              and bus ticket could be provided allowing visitors to transfer to Route 12 services into the town
              centre. This route runs on a daytime frequency of every 10 minutes between Dartmouth Road
              and Paignton town centre and therefore provides a convenient link to the town centre.
4.1.7.   Table 4-1 below provides a review of the relative advantages and disadvantages of each of these
         interventions.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                            PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                March 2020
         TDA                                                                                      Page 28 of 36
Table 4-1 – Potential Parking Interventions – Changes to Tariffs

          Option            Advantages                Disadvantages                             Likely Impact
          Adjust off-       • Could incentivise       • Parking regime adjusted in the last     • More efficient use of
          street parking    more balanced             18 months, so another change may          existing assets and better
          tariffs           utilisation of current    not be popular politically or with the    distribution of parking
                            parking assets.           local population                          uptake across current
                                                      • If not implemented in combination       sites if pricing strategy is
                                                      with TRO adjustments may lead to          done correctly.
                                                      overspill parking in undesirable           • Off-street car parks
                                                      locations, and a potential reduction      would experience higher
          Adjust on-                                  in income.                                usage as users become
          street pay and                              • Would require more detailed             aware of on-street
          display tariffs                             modelling (incl. data on journey          restrictions.
                                                      purposes) and appraisal of potential
                                                      impacts.

          Variable          • Could be                • Risk of leading to user confusion if    • Variable charging
          charging          implemented in such       charging regimes are too variable,        regime provides better
          regimes.          a way that it is either   potentially deterring regular visitors.   opportunity to influence
                            predictive to (i.e.                                                 where visitors and
                            seasonal changes) /                                                 residents park depending
                            responsive to user                                                  on their journey purpose.
                            demand.
                            • Achieves more
                            even distribution of
                            users around current
                            assets when
                            needed.
          Joint ticketing   • Would reduce            • Would require agreement between         • Encourage a small
          options during    congestion in central     operators.                                proportion of users during
          event             areas and in turn         • The service would require               busy periods to park out
          conditions        improve ambience.         adequate signage and advertising.         of the town centre and
          (Route 12 link    • Potential at                                                      use P&R services.
          from              Clennon Valley to
          Dartmouth         implement P&R
          Road).            infrastructure.
         Traffic Regulation Order Review
4.1.8.   Table 4-2 details potential interventions to Paignton’s Traffic Regulation Orders. Changes in demand
         and supply of off-street parking in the future will impact upon on-street parking, potentially beyond the
         town centre. Therefore, the following interventions have been considered:
            • Consider Expansion of Controlled Parking Zones – This intervention would involve a detailed
              analysis of Controlled Parking Zones and how they could be expanded in order to protect
              residential areas from overspill and parking pressure in the future. A more detailed review of
              on-street parking in and around the town centre will be required to get an accurate picture of on-
              street parking patterns.
            • Review of Kerbside Restrictions - A review of all kerbside restrictions such as loading bays,
              disabled parking spaces, motorcycle spaces, coach drop-off/pick-up locations, clearways etc. to
              ensure efficient road space use. The review would highlight where kerbside restrictions are not
              being applied efficiently or are considered to be unnecessary then there may be opportunity to
              provide additional on-street parking in the future. The review should also consider the areas of
              short-stay free parking on streets to the north of Torbay Road, potentially opening up additional

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                        PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                            March 2020
         TDA                                                                                                  Page 29 of 36
on-street chargeable assets. There is the potential to introduce app-based solutions which could
              increase short-term use of the kerbside and encourage a greater turnover of vehicles.
            • Consider Flexible on-street parking facilities and parklets – Existing locations such as
              Eastern Esplanade, which are currently susceptible to seasonal demand, could provide the
              opportunity for more flexible use of roadspace. Opportunities to improve public realm and
              diversify the economy throughout the year could be opened up through the creation of temporary
              ‘parklets’ or temporary retail kiosk or street food spaces. This approach also promotes street
              activities during quieter periods, making further use of kerbside assets and potentially additional
              visitor attractions.

         Table 4-2 – Potential Parking Interventions – Review of TROs

          Option                Advantages                   Disadvantages                    Likely Impact
                                • Likely to improve
                                residential access to                                         • The introduction of
                                properties.                                                   another CPZ reduces
                                                             • The drawing up of CPZ
          Review Expansion      • May increase parking                                        likelihood of on-street
                                                             boundaries may be initially
          of Controlled         demand if there are                                           overspill, encouraging
                                                             unpopular amongst local
          Parking Zones.        currently users parking in                                    demand to be retained in
                                                             residents and businesses.
                                residential streets for                                       charged parking
                                non-residential journey                                       locations.
                                purposes into Paignton.
                                • More efficient use of
                                kerbside assets;
                                Potential for more           • Reduction in loading bays
          Review of
                                flexible on-street           could lead to informal loading
          kerbside
                                restrictions based on        in inappropriate locations,
          restrictions such
                                time and demand.             causing congestion and
          as loading bays,
                                Opportunity to increase      delay. • Ongoing, more
          to ensure efficient
                                on-street parking            complicated enforcement
          roadspace use.
                                provision during periods     required
                                of high demand.

                                                             • The location of flexible
                                • Flexible use of
                                                             parking facilities would need
                                roadspace in areas                                             • If this option was
                                                             to be well communicated /
          Flexible on-street    currently under-utilised                                      enacted Eastern
                                                             advertised for efficient use.
          parking facilities    creates the opportunity                                       Esplanade would be a
                                                             • May need some promotion
          and parklets.         to potentially improve the                                    suitable option for such a
                                                             and publicity to successfully
                                public realm and                                              flexible arrangement.
                                                             communicate the concept to
                                diversify the economy.
                                                             the general public. .
         Technology Solutions
4.1.9.   Table 4-3 appraises potential technological solutions that could be taken up in Paignton. The following
         measures have been considered:
            • Kerbside Management technology – Introduction of parking management technology such as
              AppyWay to manage and monitor parking on a Realtime basis. Smart sensors are installed at
              both on and off-street parking areas, connected via an App allowing cashless payments and
              pre-booking of parking. Drivers are provided with real-time parking availability information and
              are directed towards available spaces. Parking sessions can start and end automatically using
              ANPR technology. The approach provides a seamless user experience along with providing a
              valuable and comprehensive real-time dataset for the parking operator.

         PAIGNTON PARKING NEEDS STUDY                                                                    PUBLIC | WSP
         Project No.: 70062802 | Our Ref No.: S4-002                                                        March 2020
         TDA                                                                                              Page 30 of 36
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