(SPRING SOCCER 2018) SOCCER COACHES MANUAL - Valpo Parks

 
SOCCER COACHES MANUAL
 (SPRING SOCCER 2018)
Coaches Responsibilities -
    Call your players as soon as possible! Provide each team member with the following:
              Your name & phone number
              First practice date, time and location
    Coach’s responsibility that the equipment remains in good and safe condition.
    To ensure their team is on time and ready to play.
    After the last game is played, please return all equipment, extra medals, unclaimed photos, etc. to a Park
       Department Staff member either at the field or through the Administrative Office.
Helpful Hints for Coaches -
    Learn all the kid’s names on your team.
    Have extra copies of practice/game schedules.
    Encourage parents to be prompt when dropping off and picking up kids.
    Recruit a team mom or dad.
    Establish team rules. Have the players assist in developing the team rules.
    Have FUN at practice.
    End each practice with a team cheer.
    Encourage players to bring water bottles to games and practices.
Practice Fields/Format-
      Practices may be 45 minutes to 1:15 twice a week until season begins. When season begins teams are
       encouraged to practice one time per week with games on Saturday.
      Coaches are to make sure all players and parents are respecting the facility they are using.
      Practices are not scheduled by the Valpo Parks Office and fields are first come first serve. Teams are
       asked to share fields if teams do not have an open field to practice at.
      Alternative locations to practice at besides Westside Park are: Foundation Meadow Parks, ValPlayso
       Park, Forest Park, Kirchhoff Park, Will Park,
      If you are in need of a copy of the Valparaiso Parks insurance for a church or subdivision to practice at
       please feel free to contact the office.
      Fundamentals to be taught:
           o Position and movement
           o Ball handling skills (passing, receiving, dribbling)
           o Defensive skills
Rain-out procedure
  A field check will be made prior to the day’s games to determine if we are going to play, and the message
     will be updated throughout the day if the weather changes.
  If games are delayed or canceled a message will be put on Facebook, valpoparks.org, and our voicemail
     system: 219-476-7961 press “1” as soon as the voicemail picks up
  When possible, coaches will be notified by 7:45 a.m.
  Coaches will contact team
  If it rains during or prior to the game starting, the supervisor will make the decision to cancel or delay
     game
  If lightning or thunder is observed by the staff, they will send everyone to their vehicles. Instruct your
     team not to leave immediately*. Any games in progress, or about to start, will be delayed as the Park’s
     staff reviews the conditions. Park staff is instructed to wait approximately 30 minutes before making a
     decision. The staff will inform people if they are going to delay or cancel the game. For games later in
     the day, coaches should call the Park’s Voicemail system 219-476-7961, as we may cancel morning
     games but decide to continue with the schedule later in the day, or later games may be on a time delay.

PHOTO DAY (3 DATES CHECK YOUR AGE GROUP!!!)
   April 18: 12 u at Westside Park at 6pm;
     April 19th – 9u at Westside Park at 6 pm
    ALL 3u, 5u and 7u will be taken on SATURDAY April 21st 45 minutes before game time.
   Please make sure your team is aware of picture day and let coach know if they will not be able to attend.
   If a player is unable to attend, but would like their picture taken, they may contact Funkhouser Fotography
    directly to schedule a make-up date.
   You should receive order forms at least one week before picture day. If someone forgets their photo
    envelope, the photographer will have extras. Photos will also be able to be ordered online.
   The pictures will be handed out to coaches to deliver to players.

                                           SOCCER LEAGUE RULES

Every effort will be made to keep teams equal and balanced in ability. The intent will always be to provide an
equal recreational experience to all participants. Coaches are expected to have players play a variety of
positions to help players develop many different skills.

The following rules are to provide safe and equal games for players, coaches and officials. At no time should
anyone attempt to alter the rules. Additionally, everyone must note that this is a developmental league, so
players should not worry about winning or losing, but concentrate on their skills.

Rules and game format are modified from age group (division) to age group. Also, you may find slight
variations depending on which league your child is participating in. The forms and rules which the Valparaiso
Department of Parks and Recreation follows are shown below. We are encouraging coaches to hold practices
outside of game days so that teams can concentrate on game play while following their team schedule.

Each player who is present for the game MUST always play a minimum of 50% of the game. Players may be
substituted during the game as much as necessary. This may be accomplished whenever your team has
possession from an out of bounds ball. Both teams can substitute on a goal kick, goal score, or an injury. You
are encouraged not to substitute during a corner kick or free kick.

SHINGUARDS – shinguards are REQUIRED for each practice and game for ALL players

3YR DIVISION: Use a size 3 ball. Games will be played on the 5U fields. No goal keeper. Valpo Park Staff
will review certain rules and check equipment before allowing coaches a 10-15 minute warm up period. Valpo
Staff will then referee a 20 minute game consisting of four 5 minute quarters including a 5 minute halftime.
The team will play 6 players at a time; players should be rotated as a whole each quarter, but may be subbed as
needed during play. Team parents are encouraged to assist the instructor on the field. No scorekeeping or
standings. If you are able, you may introduce some positioning at this level, as long as there is no goalie or
players located directly in front of the goal box.

5U DIVISION: Use a size 3 ball. No goal keeper. Valpo Park Staff will review certain rules and check
equipment before allowing coaches a 10-15 minute warm up period. Valpo Staff will then referee a 24 minute
game consisting of four 6 minute quarters including a 5 minute halftime. The team will play 6 players at a time;
players should be rotated as a whole each quarter, but may be subbed as needed during play. Team parents are
encouraged to assist the instructor on the field. No scorekeeping or standings. If you are able, you may
introduce some positioning at this level, as long as there is no goalie or players located directly in front of the
goal box.
7U DIVISION: Use a size 4 ball. Teams are encouraged to place players into positions on the field; goalies
will be allowed. Teams will play 8 players at a time, rotating positions during each quarter or as needed. 3
forwards 2 mid 2 defense 1 goalie. Coaches are encouraged to remain on the field to assist the instructor on the
field and help players play as a team. Valpo Staff will referee a 32 minute game consisting of four 8 minute
quarters including a 5 minute halftime. No scorekeeping or standings.

9U DIVISION: Use a size 4 ball. Games will consist of two 20 minute halves and a 5 minute halftime. Teams
will play 11 on the field, 1 being the goalie. If one team doesn’t have 11 players, the larger team can choose to
give them one of their players to the other team so that players get more playing time. At this time, the concept
of “off sides” play will be introduced.

12U DIVISION: Use a size 5 ball. Games will consist of two 20 minute halves and a 5 minute halftime. Teams
will play 11 on the field, 1 being the goalie. If one team doesn’t have 11 players, the larger team can choose to
give them one of their players to the other team so that players get more playing time.

14U DIVISION: Use a size 5 ball. Games will consist of two 20 minute halves and a 5 minute halftime. Teams
will play 11 on the field, 1 being the goalie. If one team doesn’t have 11 players, the larger team can choose to
give them one of their players to the other team so that players get more playing time.

                                           SOCCER DEFINITIONS
FIELD OF PLAY

Touchlines: The lines on a soccer field
Goal line:    End lines on a soccer field
Goal:         An area into which field players must send the ball in order to score. Two goal posts, a crossbar,
              and the netting form the goal, which is positioned midway along each goal line and extends
              beyond the official playing area.
Goal area: The smaller area (box) in front of the goal. If the offensive team kicks the ball past the goal line
              but not in the actual goal, a defensive player is awarded a goal kick from within the goal area.
              When the goalie has the ball, no one may change or make any movement towards, or attempt to
              obstruct, the goalie.
Penalty Area: The larger area (box) in front of the goal. In this territory, the goalkeeper may use his hands to
              obtain possession of the ball.
Penalty mark: The spot approximately 12 yards from the goal line where each penalty kick is attempted.
Corner area: An arc, or quarter circle, with a radius of one yard, drawn at each corner of the field.
Center Circle: The circle at the center of the field, drawn with a radius of 10 yards from the center spot.
Center Spot: The point in the center circle (midway on the half line) from which kickoffs are taken.
Halfway Line: The line drawn across the center of the field, parallel with the goal line, and separating the
              attacking and defending zones.

                                                    SKILLS

Heading        Using the forehead, between the eyebrows and the hairline, to propel and direct the ball.
               Heading is second in importance only to kicking, and is an essential defensive play. (12U
               ONLY)
Tackling       Using your feet to charge your opponent, steal the ball and knock it away. Opponent may not be
               grabbed in the process.
Charging       The use of a shoulder to charge the shoulder of an attacking player in order to dispossess him or
               her of the ball-only is the only time deliberate body contact is allowed in soccer. It can ONLY be
               shoulder to shoulder and is ONLY to win the ball not to knock the opponent down.
Throw-in       When a player using both hands on the ball will throw the ball into play. The throw must start
               from behind the head and both feet must be touching ground either outside or on the touchline.
Shooting       Heading or kicking the ball in goal with intent of scoring.

                                             GAME SITUATIONS

Wall           A human barrier of players, used to aid the goalkeeper in defending against free kicks. Players
               may line up 10 or more yards from the ball.
Offsides       Although clearly written, the offside law causes more trouble on and off the field than anything
               else in soccer. It is not used with younger children. A player is offsides if he is nearer the
               opponent’s goal line than the ball at the moment it is played to him or her unless:
               -he or she is in their own half
               -there are two of his opponents nearer their own goal line then he or she is.
               -the ball was last touched or played by an opponent
               -he or she receives the ball direct from a goal kick, corner kick, and throw in or when it was
               dropped by the referee.
Handball       The intentional use of the hands by a player other than the goalkeeper. The “hands” include the
               area from the point of the shoulder to the tips of the fingers. There are times when the ball will
               strike the player’s arm or hand and that a handball foul will not be called. The referee will
               determine what is a handball foul.

                               WHEN THE BALL IS IN OR OUT OF PLAY

Live Ball     One that has been put in play by a free kick, throw in or has touched the ground on a drop ball.
Ball-out-of-play When the ball has completely crossed (on the ground or in the air) outside the touchline or
              goal line, or when the referee has blown the whistle to stop play. Players can be outside the
              touchline or goal line to play the ball as long as the ball has not completely crossed the line.
Scoring a goal A point is scored when a live ball passes entirely through the mouth of the goal. A goal cannot
              be scored until the ball has completely crossed the goal line between the goal posts. Also, it is
              important to note that a goal cannot be scored from:
              -an indirect free kick                  -goal kick
              -kick off                               -throw-in

                                     START AND RESTART OF PLAY

Kick off     An indirect kick used to put the ball in play from the center circle at the beginning of each
             quarter and after each score. The ball must be kicked forward over the line until the ball is put in
             play.
Throw-in     The method of putting the ball back into play after it has gone out of bounds over the touchline.
             The ball is put back into play by a throw from the spot where the ball went out of bounds from a
             player from the opposite team that last touched it. A goal cannot be scored directly from a
             throw-in.
Corner-kick When the defense hits the ball over its own goal line, the offense is awarded a corner kick from
             the corner nearest where the ball went out of play. A goal can be scored from the kick.
Drop Ball    Where the ball is put into play by the referee by being dropped between two opponents. Ball
             becomes alive when it touches the ground.
Goal Kick    When the ball has wholly crossed the goal line after being last touched by the attacking team.
             The ball is placed back into play by a kick from the goal area by the defending team.
Penalty kick A direct free kick at the penalty mark. All players, except the goalie and the player taking the
             kick, must stay outside the penalty area. The goalie must be positioned on the goal and may not
             leave until the ball is put in play. The player taking the kick should be trying to score a goal.
             When the ball is kicked, it is alive and can be played by anyone, except the kicker, who must
             wait until the ball is touched by another player.
FREE KICKS AND PENALTY DESCRIPTIONS

Foul          A rule infraction which results in a penalty

Free Kicks    Either an indirect or direct free kick

Indirect Kick A kick which cannot score a goal until is has been touched by another player. An indirect kick
              results when a non-personal foul occurs:
              -playing in a manner considered dangerous by the ref
              -consecutive touches by the same player at kick-off
              -dangerous play (high kick)
              -charging away from the ball
              -charging goalie when they do not have ball
              -opponent obstruction
              -when a goalie carries the ball more then 4 steps
              -offsides
              -during the start of play, playing the ball a second time before it has been touched by another
              player. (i.e. kick-offs)

Direct Kick   A kick which a goal can be scored without having to be touched by another player. Penalty kick
              is a type of direct kick. A direct free kick shall be awarded when one of the following Personal
              Major fouls occur:
              -kicking or tripping           -jumping an opponent
              -violent charge                -holding the opponent
              -pushing an opponent           -handling the ball
              -charging from behind          -striking an opponent
              Any time a direct free kick is given against the defending team in its own penalty area, it results
              in a penalty kick.

                                          PLAYER DESCRIPTION

Goal Keeper          Is a player who guards the goal. Unlike other players, the goalie can touch and throw the
                     ball with his or her hands while in the penalty area.
Fullbacks/Defense    The players that form the last line of defense, immediately in front of the goalie. Their
                     main job is to repel attacks on goal.
Halfbacks/Mid        Players who play mainly in the central part of the field and whose main responsibility is
                     to link the defense and attack.
Forwards/Offense     Players who play primarily in the attacking third of the field and whose main
                     responsibility is to score goals.
GAME:     Q1   Q2      Q3    Q4   GAME:     Q1   Q2      Q3    Q4
FORWARD                           FORWARD
FORWARD                           FORWARD
FORWARD                           FORWARD
  MID                               MID
  MID                               MID
  MID                               MID
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
SWEEPER                           SWEEPER
 GOALIE                            GOALIE
  SUB                               SUB
  SUB                               SUB
  SUB                               SUB
SNACK:              DRINK:        SNACK:              DRINK:

GAME:     Q1   Q2      Q3    Q4   GAME:     Q1   Q2      Q3    Q4
FORWARD                           FORWARD
FORWARD                           FORWARD
FORWARD                           FORWARD
  MID                               MID
  MID                               MID
  MID                               MID
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
SWEEPER                           SWEEPER
 GOALIE                            GOALIE
  SUB                               SUB
  SUB                               SUB
  SUB                               SUB
SNACK:              DRINK:        SNACK:              DRINK:
GAME:     Q1   Q2      Q3    Q4   GAME:     Q1   Q2      Q3    Q4
FORWARD                           FORWARD
FORWARD                           FORWARD
FORWARD                           FORWARD
  MID                               MID
  MID                               MID
  MID                               MID
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
SWEEPER                           SWEEPER
 GOALIE                            GOALIE
  SUB                               SUB
  SUB                               SUB
  SUB                               SUB
SNACK:              DRINK:        SNACK:              DRINK:

GAME:     Q1   Q2      Q3    Q4   GAME:     Q1   Q2      Q3    Q4
FORWARD                           FORWARD
FORWARD                           FORWARD
FORWARD                           FORWARD
  MID                               MID
  MID                               MID
  MID                               MID
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
DEFENSE                           DEFENSE
SWEEPER                           SWEEPER
 GOALIE                            GOALIE
  SUB                               SUB
  SUB                               SUB
  SUB                               SUB
SNACK:              DRINK:        SNACK:              DRINK:
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