Study In Canada An International Recruiter's Guide to Education in Canada - HubSpot

Page created by Alma Cunningham
Study In Canada An International Recruiter's Guide to Education in Canada - HubSpot
Study In Canada
An International Recruiter’s Guide
to Education in Canada
Study In Canada An International Recruiter's Guide to Education in Canada - HubSpot
Table of Contents

Table of Contents                                             2

Introduction                                                  6

Overview of Canada                                            7

 Physical Location                                            7

 Provinces and Territories                                    8

 Climate and Weather                                          9

 People, Cultures, and Languages                              9

Why Study in Canada                                         10

 Academic Excellence                                        10

 Affordable Costs                                           11

 High Quality of Life                                       12

 Safe Place to Live                                         13

 Multicultural Environment                                  14

 Work During Study                                          15

 Pro-Immigration Policies                                   15

Canadian Education System                                   16

 Primary and Secondary (K-12) Education                     16

 Post-Secondary (Tertiary) Education                        16

   Types of Post-Secondary Institutions                     17

     Universities                                           17

     Colleges                                               17

     CEGEPs                                                 19

     Vocational Schools                                     19

                                          Table of Contents / 2
Study In Canada An International Recruiter's Guide to Education in Canada - HubSpot
Designated Learning Institutions                              20

   Program Types and Designations                                20

   Levels of Post-Secondary Education                            21

 Flexible Study Pathways                                         22

 Pathway Programs                                                24

   English Language Programs                                     24

   Academic Pathway Programs                                     24

Application Requirements and Deadlines                           25

 Admission into a K-12 School                                    25

 Admission into a Post-Secondary Institution                     25

   Academic Requirements                                         25

    Grade Point Average (GPA)                                    25

    Prerequisite Courses                                         26

   English Language Requirements                                 26

    French Language Proficiency                                  26

   Supplementary Requirements                                    27

 Application Deadlines                                           27

   Application Processing Times                                  27

Study Permit and Visa                                            28

 Applying for a Study Permit and Visa                            28

    Steps for Getting a Study Permit                             29

    Application Processing Times                                 29

    Application Rejections                                       30

 Getting the Study Permit                                        30

 Bringing Family                                                 30

                                               Table of Contents / 3
Study In Canada An International Recruiter's Guide to Education in Canada - HubSpot
Student Direct Stream (SDS)                                       30

Financial Costs                                                    31

 Tuition Fees                                                      31

 Living Expenses                                                   33

 Financial Assistance                                              34

     Scholarships                                                  34

     Grants and Bursaries                                          34

     Loans                                                         34

Working While Studying                                             35

 Eligibility Criteria                                              35

     On-Campus Employment                                          36

     Off-Campus Jobs                                               36

     Co-ops and Internships                                        36

Working and Staying in Canada After Graduation                     37

 Post Graduate Work Permit                                         37

 Other Work Permits                                                37

 Paths to Permanent Residence                                      37

Arriving in Canada                                                 38

 Student Checklist                                                 38

 What to Bring                                                     39

 Arrival at a Canadian Airport                                     39

     Common Questions Asked at Arrivals                            40

     Navigating the Airport                                        41

     Airport Pick-Up and Transportation                            41

                                                 Table of Contents / 4
Study In Canada An International Recruiter's Guide to Education in Canada - HubSpot
Living in Canada                                                                 42

 Accommodations                                                                  42

     On-Campus Housing/Residence                                                 42

     Homestay                                                                    42

     Off-Campus Housing                                                          42

 Transportation                                                                  43

     Public Transit                                                              43

     Cars and Driving                                                            43

     Taxi and Ridesharing Services                                               43

     Air Travel                                                                  43

 Health and Travel Insurance                                                     44

 Banking and Money                                                               44

     Cash, Cards, and Online Banking                                             44

     Withdrawing Cash                                                            44

     Opening a Bank Account                                                      44

 Internet                                                                        45

 Cell Phones                                                                     45

 Food Options                                                                    46

 Entertainment, Media, and Sports                                                46

 Personal Safety                                                                 46

Adjusting to Life in Canada                                                      46

Promoting Canada                                                                 47

 Important Note                                                                  47

 Dos and Don’ts of Promoting Canadian Education Institutions                     48

     Do                                                                          48
     Don’t                                                                       48

Let’s #EducateTheWorld Together                                                  49

                                                               Table of Contents / 5
Study In Canada An International Recruiter's Guide to Education in Canada - HubSpot

Canada offers international students an academic          and a safe living environment are just some of
experience that is very hard to beat. Academic            the reasons why Canada is ranked amongst the
excellence, affordability, work opportunities during      top ten destinations for students looking
and post-study, pathway to permanent residence,           to study abroad.

                                       5 Million
                                            Source: Project Atlas,
                                               UNESCO, 2018

                       Fig 1: The breakdown of international students by chosen study destinations

ApplyBoard’s Study in Canada Guide provides:

• An understanding of why Canada is one of the top study destinations in the world

• A breakdown of the different study options available in Canada

• Information about how to apply to study, as well as costs and scholarships

• An overview of the steps and documentation required to enter and study in Canada

• A summary of the employment options available to students during study and after graduation

• Tips about how to best prepare for living and studying in Canada

                                                                                            Introduction / 6
Overview of Canada

Physical Location

Covering an area of 9,984,670 km2, Canada is the            Pro Tip: Travelling to Canada? Check the
world’s second largest country by area, and                 distances between your chosen airport and
almost the same size as all of Europe combined.             your destination. Neighbouring towns could be
It is located in the northern part of North America,        kilometers away given Canada’s vast land mass.
where it shares its southern border with the
United States, while its northern peak goes all the
way up to the Arctic Circle.

                                   Fig 2: Location of Canada on a world map

                                                                               Overview of Canada / 7
Provinces and Territories                                  Yukon                 Manitoba

                                                           Northwest            Ontario
Canadians reside in one of the 10 provinces and 3          Territories
territories within the country, with over 35% living                             Quebec
in Ontario, followed by Quebec (23%), British              Nunavut
Columbia (13%) and Alberta (12%).
                                                                                 New Brunswick
Canada’s capital city is Ottawa, Ontario. Its three        Columbia
largest and most globally recognized metropolitan                                Prince Edward
cities are Toronto (Ontario), Montreal (Quebec),                                 Island
and Vancouver (British Columbia), all of which are         Saskatchewan
                                                                                 Nova Scotia
ranked in the top 20 list of QS World University’s
Best Student Cities.

                                                                           0   250   500     750 1,000 km

  Fig 3: Map of Canada and its provinces and territories

                                                                         Overview of Canada / 8
Climate and Weather                                         provinces. Coastal regions, such as around British
                                                            Columbia have much milder winters. Summers, on
Given Canada’s massive size and physical                    the other hand, are hot with temperatures ranging
geography, temperatures can vary greatly across             between 20°C/70°F to 30°C/86°F, and occasionally
the country. Canadian winters can be harsh in               exceeding 40°C/104°F. Overall, Canada experiences
many regions, with temperatures ranging between             four distinct seasons annually as outlined in the
-15°C/5°F and -30°C/-22°F in the interior and Prairie       table below.

   Table 1: Canadian weather during the four seasons

     Season                Months                                 Weather Conditions

                                               The weather is usually warm to hot, with daytime tempera-
      Summer             June to August
                                               tures between 20°C/70°F and 30°C/86°F or higher.

                         September to          The weather starts to get colder and there is often a lot of rain.
                          November             Light jackets and/or raincoats are common during this season.

                                               Winters are very cold, with temperatures often staying below
                         December to           freezing all day long. Snowfall often accompanies the cold
                          February             weather. Hats, mittens, scarves, boots, and thick winter jackets
                                               are recommended during the Canadian winters.

                                               The weather starts to get warmer and days are typically very
       Spring            March to May          pleasant, while the evenings getting cool. A light jacket is often
                                               needed during the early mornings and late evenings.

  Pro Tip: Travelling to Canada? Plan for the              Canadians are proud of their rich history and
  weather! Contrary to popular misconception,              diverse blend of people and cultures. There are
  Canada does not always have snow and                     laws in place to protect all people, regardless of
  extreme cold. It gets quite hot in the summers           circumstances, from discrimination.
  with temperatures going up to 40°C/104°F in              Immigrants from across the world make up one fifth
  some parts of the country.                               of Canada’s population of over 37 million.

                                                           Canada’s official languages are English and
People, Cultures, and Languages
                                                           French, though most people speak English. Nearly
                                                           200 other languages are also spoken by the diverse
Canada is globally known for its multiculturalism,
                                                           Canadian population. The languages spoken most
making it a desirable location for international
                                                           frequently after English and French are Mandarin,
students travelling away from their family and
                                                           Cantonese, Punjabi, Spanish, Italian, Dutch,
their home.
                                                           Ukrainian, Arabic, German, and Tagalog.

                                                                                      Overview of Canada / 9
Why Study in Canada
With affordable tuition fees, quality institutions,
flexibility to work during study, post-study work
and immigration options, and welcoming people,
it is no surprise that Canada is one of the premiere
destinations for international students, drawing in
over 300,000 new international students annually.

According to the Canadian Bureau for International
Education’s (CBIE) 2018 International Student Survey,
the overwhelming majority of students (93%) say
they are satisfied with their educational experience
 in Canada.

Academic Excellence
One of the biggest reasons students choose to come
to Canada is the quality of a Canadian education.
Canadian degrees and diplomas are widely recognized
as comparable to those from the United States,
Australia, and the United Kingdom. Canadian
universities and colleges consistently place high on
international rankings. In fact, 17 Canadian universities
are ranked in the top 500 of the QS World University
Rankings 2020. Many are also ranked in the top 100
by reputable sources like The Times Higher Education
World University Rankings and Shanghai Ranking’s
Academic Ranking of World Universities.

Education is highly valued in Canada. The Canadian
government invests heavily in the Canadian education
system. As a result, Canada has one of the highest
rates of post secondary education completion (61%)
amongst the OECD member countries. Unsurprisingly,
Canadian teachers, professors, and researchers
are also amongst the most qualified academic
professionals around the world. Canada also attracts
top international faculty because of its investments
in cutting-edge research in areas such as medical
science, pharmaceuticals, information technology and
artificial intelligence.

                                                            Why Study in Canada / 10
Affordable Costs                                               According to a 2014 HSBC report, The Value of
                                                               Education: Springboard for Success, the average
Not only is the quality of Canadian education                  cost (tuition and living expenses) of a university
amongst the best in the world, it is also one of the           undergraduate education for an international
most cost-effective. The tuition fees, as well as              student in Canada is approximately $30,000 USD
the overall costs of living, are generally lower in            per year. By comparison, the United States ($36,564
Canada than in the United States, United Kingdom,              USD), Australia ($42,093 USD) and the United
and Australia.                                                 Kingdom ($35,045 USD) are all considerably higher.

  Table 2: Cost of education for international students in popular international study destinations

                     University             Cost of Living             Total Costs                          Quality of
   Country          Fees Per Year             Per Year                  Per Year                            Education
                       (USD)                    (USD)                    (USD)                                Rank

                       $24,081                  $18,012                  $42,093
  Australia        (~ $32,000 CAD)          (~ $24,000 CAD)          (~ $56,000 CAD)             1                3

                       $18,937                  $20,292                  $39,229
  Singapore                                                                                      2                6
                   (~ $25,000 CAD)          (~ $27,000 CAD)          (~ $52,000 CAD)

    United             $24,913                   $11,651                  $36,564
                   (~ $33,000 CAD)           (~ $15,000 CAD)          (~ $48,000 CAD)            3                1

   United              $21,365                  $13,680                  $35,045
                   (~ $28,000 CAD)          (~ $18,000 CAD)          (~ $46,000 CAD)             4                2

                       $13,444                  $18,696                  $32,140
 Hong Kong                                                                                       5                7
                   (~ $18,000 CAD)          (~ $24,500 CAD)          (~ $42,500 CAD)

                       $16,746                  $13,201                  $29,947
   Canada                                                                                        6                4
                   (~ $22,000 CAD)          (~ $17,500 CAD)          (~ $39,500 CAD)

  The conversions in CAD are based on the five-year average exchange rate of 1 USD = 0.76CAD approximately, and
  do not account for inflation or changes in exchange rates since the report was published. This table is intended to
  provide an average cost comparison between the various popular study abroad destinations - and should not be
  used to budget a student’s international education as actual fees and costs of living vary by institution, program of
  study and the city a student will live and study in.

                                                                                       Why Study in Canada / 11
High Quality of Life

Canada has ranked #1 in the Best Countries                  Surveys and research shows that Canadians are
Ranking for Quality of Life for four years in a row         generally happier and more satisfied with their
now (as of 2019). It is also amongst the top 15             life than others around the world. According to
countries on the UN’s 2018 Human Development                the Organization of Economic Co-operation and
Index (2019 data not released yet), which                   Development (OECD), Canada has the seventh
assesses the three basic dimensions of human                highest level of satisfaction globally, faring well
development: a long and healthy life, access to             above the USA, UK, Germany, France and Australia.
knowledge and a decent standard of living.

                      Fig 4: Life satisfaction rankings around the world (on a scale of 10)

                                                                                     Why Study in Canada / 12
A Safe Place to Live
                                                              safest countries countries in the world. Canada
Another big reason why students choose to                     is listed amongst the 20 safest countries in the
come to Canada is personal safety. In a 2019                  world in the 2019 Global Finance ranking of
World Education Services study, over 25% of the               safest countries, with over 82% of people living in
international students in the US showed concerns              Canada feeling safe walking at night. Institute for
about gun violence at their institution. Prospective          Economics and Peace’s 2019 Global Peace Index
international students and their parents can gain             also ranks Canada as one of the 10 most peaceful
comfort knowing that Canada is amongst the                    countries around the world.

 Fig 5: Percentage of people feeling safe walking alone at night around the world

                                                                                    Why Study in Canada / 13
Multicultural Environment                               are South Asians, Chinese, Africans, Carribeans,
                                                        Filipinos, Latin Americans, Arabs, Southeast Asians,
Canada is a welcoming country with a unique             West Asians, and Koreans. According to a census
Canadian culture that embraces diversity and            report, 10+ religions are practiced, and nearly 200+
celebrates multiculturalism. In fact, in 1971, Canada   languages are spoken in Canada.
became the first country to make multiculturalism       Canadian culture incorporates flavours from all
an official Canadian policy. According to Canadian      over the world, and Canadians celebrate events
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, “Diversity is Canada’s   and festivals from all around the world, such as
strength,” and Canadians’ “different backgrounds…       Diwali, Chinese New Year, Caribana, Eid, and
and different stories are all part of what makes our    St. Patrick’s Day.
communities and our country strong.”
                                                        Canada’s welcoming population and thriving
Immigrants are the backbone of growth in Canada.        multicultural environment makes Canada a
A quarter of the Canadian population is either          perfect home away from home for students
foreign-born or were born to immigrant parents.         around the world.
The ten largest visible minority groups in Canada

                                                                      Fig 6: The most spoken languages in
                                                                      Canada after English and French

                                                                            Why Study in Canada / 14
Work During Study                                   Pro-Immigration Policies

The option to work while studying is one of         When travelling abroad to study, students usually
the decision-making criteria for prospective        get temporary status in the country they’re
international students finalizing their education   studying in. That status often expires when their
destination. International students enrolled        program ends, so they have to return home
in a full-time post-secondary program at a          after graduation. Canada, on the other hand, has
Designated Learning Institute (DLI) can work up     programs designed to help international students
to 20 hours per week during school terms and        gain Canadian work experience after graduation
full-time (30+ hours/week) during scheduled         and if they wish, subsequently transition to
breaks, such as the summer holidays. Most           permanent residency and eventually citizenship.
students don’t need a work permit to work while     A Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP), for
they study, whether their job is on-campus or       example, lets students who have graduated from
off-campus.                                         a 2+ year PGWP-eligible program stay and work
                                                    in Canada for up to three years. Students can also
Learn more about the work options available
                                                    use this work experience to qualify for permanent
to international students in the Working While
                                                    residency in Canada.
Studying section of this course.
                                                    Learn more in the Working and Staying in Canada
                                                    after Graduation section of this course.

                                                                        Why Study in Canada / 15
Canadian                                           Many international students begin their Canadian
                                                   education at a secondary school, which starts

Education System                                   in Grade 9 and are more commonly known as
                                                   high schools.

                                                   ApplyBoard has contracts with many Canadian
The Canadian Education system comprises of
                                                   high schools and school boards, including the
primary, secondary, and tertiary education. The
                                                   Toronto District School Board and the Calgary
primary and secondary education is grouped as
                                                   Board of Education, which accept students in
K-12, which is short for “Kindergarten to Grade
                                                   primary as well as secondary/high schools. Login
12”. Tertiary education, more commonly referred
                                                   to the ApplyBoard Platform to view the full list of
to post-secondary education in North America,
                                                   our K-12 partnerships, admission requirements,
is attained at universities, colleges, CEGEPs,
                                                   processes, and fees.
and vocational schools, where students can
earn undergraduate and postgraduate degrees,
diplomas and certificates.                         Post-Secondary (Tertiary)
Primary and Secondary
                                                   After the successful completion of secondary
(K-12) Education                                   (high) school, students can pursue post-secondary
                                                   education, which includes certificate, diploma,
In Canada, education is free for all Canadians
                                                   and degree programs at undergraduate and
from Kindergarten to Grade 12. The completion
                                                   graduate studies level. Post-secondary education
of Grade 12 marks the end of secondary school,
                                                   is offered at public and private vocational schools,
except in Quebec where students earn their
                                                   CEGEPs, colleges, and universities. Post-secondary
secondary school diploma after Grade 11.
                                                   institutions that are approved to host international
Public education is highly regarded in Canada.     students are referred to Designated Learning
Private schools and boarding schools also exist,   Institute (DLI).
but over 95% of the Canadian student population
attend public schools and consistently perform
well in global student assessments.

                                                               Canadian Education System / 16
Types of Post-Secondary Institutions                  as medicine or law, as well as for academia and
                                                      research-based careers. A Bachelor’s degree is
In some parts of the world, the words “college”
                                                      also required to pursue any postgraduate degrees,
and “university” are often used interchangeably
                                                      which can be course-based or research-based
to refer to all post-secondary education. In Can-
                                                      Master’s, followed by a PhD, which is the highest
ada, the two are very distinct in terms of their
                                                      level of academic standing students can achieve.
program offerings, requirements and teaching
styles, although some overlap is starting to emerge
between the program offerings at colleges and         Colleges
                                                      Canada is home to over 130 colleges, many
                                                      of whom are ApplyBoard partners, including
Universities                                          Conestoga College, Seneca College, Centennial
                                                      College, George Brown College, Humber College,
There are over 90 universities in Canada, offering
                                                      and Red River College. For a complete list of
students over 15,000 undergraduate (Bachelor’s)
                                                      ApplyBoard’s Canadian college partners, log in to
and graduate (Master’s and PhD) degree programs.
                                                      the ApplyBoard Platform.
ApplyBoard is partnered with many of the most
popular and well-known Canadian universities,         Colleges in Canada focus on applied and technical
including the University of Waterloo, Queen’s         education that is specifically geared towards a
University, the University of Western Ontario,        career. Class sizes are small, with a lower student-
Yorkville University and more. Visit the ApplyBoard   to-instructor ratio, which allows teachers to
website to see all the Canadian universities with     provide personalized attention and more practical
whom ApplyBoard is partnered.                         or hands-on learning opportunities.

Universities provide well-rounded academic            Students graduating from a college program
education with theoretical and practical              typically earn a diploma, though some colleges are
components. Due to the in-depth curriculum,           are now accredied to offer degree programs where
undergraduate (Bachelor’s) university programs        the hands-on, technical training is supplemented
are typically three or four years long, though some   by academic course work.
two-year Associate Bachelor’s degree programs
are available.

A Bachelor’s degree is typically required for
acceptance into professional programs, such

                                                                  Canadian Education System / 17
Universities                                         Colleges

                              Typically large                                    Smaller class sizes
 Class Size          100-500 students in introductory                     Lower student-to-instructor ratio

  Teaching          Large lectures, often supplemented                  Small class-sizes with hands-on work
 & Learning             by smaller tutorial classes
    Style                    Independent work

 Curriculum           Academic programs with broad                 Career-oriented, practical programs with courses
   Focus                    course offerings                                  in the chosen career field

   Faculty         Academic researchers (PhDs) as well              Industry professionals with several years of
 Credentials         as some industry professionals                working experience in their professional field

Program Type        Undergraduate & graduate degree                 Regular, advanced, and postgraduate certifi-
                   programs (Bachelor’s, Master’s, PhD)                         cates and diplomas

  Duration                 3 to 4 years; typically 4                                1 to 3 years

  Annual            Vary by program; generally higher                  Vary by program; generally lower than
Tuition Fees                than college fees                                     university fees

 Table 3: Difference between universities and colleges in Canada

                                                                         Canadian Education System / 18
Universities have been the default choice of           supplement university training. In 2017, 40% of
post-secondary education for many years. How-          international students in Canada were enrolled
ever, an increasing number of both Canadian and        in colleges, while another small percentage (~2%)
international students are now opting for a college    were studying in CEGEP (Quebec) and in other
education, either as a stand-alone option or to        vocational schools.

 CEGEP        Other 0.4%



                                                                      Fig 5: Composition of international
                                                                      students at various Canadian
                                                                      post-secondary institutions


Vocational Schools                                     CEGEPs

Vocational schools (also called career, techni-        CEGEP, which stands for Collège D’Enseignement
cal, and trade schools) offer occupation-specific      Général et Professionnel, and translates to “Gener-
programs geared towards helping students go            al and Vocational College” is a type of post-second-
directly from school into their chosen careers.        ary institution that is only present in the province
These programs can range from a few months to          of Quebec. A CEGEP offers pre-university and tech-
one-to-two years, and often include a work com-        nical programs which lead to “Diploma of College
ponent. Examples of vocational training programs       Studies”, equivalent to grade 12 and the first year
include medical assisting, automotive repair, flight   of university studies. For students in Quebec, com-
training, culinary arts, and computer support.         pletion of CEGEP is a prerequisite for admission
                                                       into Year two (of four) in Quebec universities.
Graduates from a vocational school/career
program earn a completion certificate from
their school. Though often referred to as “career
diploma” by vocational schools, it should be
noted that these certificates are not equivalent to
college diplomas.

                                                                   Canadian Education System / 19
Designated Learning Institutions                          Degrees are typically granted by universities after
                                                          the completion of an academic program:
When deciding where to study and what to
study, we recommend first confirming that                 • Bachelor’s degrees are awarded after four
an institution is accredited as a Designated                years of full-time study. Although uncommon,
Learning Institution (DLI). DLIs are approved by            some three-year Bachelors and two-year Associ-
the government to offer a letter of acceptance to           ate Bachelor’s degrees also exist in Canada.
international students leading to the possibility         • Master’s degrees, available after a Bachelor
of a study permit.                                          degree for further specialization in chosen sub-
While students can study at other schools, only             ject, are typically one to two years in duration.
students at DLIs are eligible to work during                They could be course-based, such as an MBA or
study. Learn more about the eligibility criteria in the     research/thesis-based.
Working While Studying section of this course.            • Doctorate or PhD programs are typically
Furthermore, only graduates from the approved               research-based and require students to have
list of programs at DLIs are eligible for the               found a research supervisor at the university
Postgradute Work Permit (PGWP), a legal                     they are applying to. A PhD is typically earned
document with allows students to stay and work              in three to seven years and cannot be pursued
in Canada after graduation. Learn more about                without a Master’s degree first.
PGWP and its eligibility criteria in the Working and      Diplomas are earned after the completion of a
Staying in Canada after Graduation section of             college program and fall into one of the following
this course.                                              three categories:
List of designated learning institutes, and which         • Regular diploma is granted at the end of an
of their study programs (if any) are PGWP-                  accredited two-year program.
eligible, can be viewed here.
                                                          • Advanced diploma is granted after the
                                                            completion of a three-year program.

Types of Study Programs                                   • Postgraduate diploma programs are
and Designations                                            one-to-two years in length and can be
                                                            pursued after a regular/advanced diploma
The designation earned upon the completion of
                                                            or a Bachelor’s degree.
an academic program depends on the type of
program and the type of post-secondary institu-           Certificates are awarded after completion of
tion. The designations offered in the Canadian            short courses in a particular subject. Certificate
post-secondary education system include de-               programs are typically less than a year in duration
grees, diplomas, and certificates.                        and can be offered by universities, colleges
                                                          and vocational schools.

                                                                    Canadian Education System / 20
Levels of Post-Secondary Education                           of post-secondary education that students must
                                                             attain before pursuing further higher studies in the
Post-secondary education is two-fold, including              form of Masters, PhD and postgraduate diplomas
both undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG)                and certificates.
studies. Undergraduate studies is the first level

  Table 4: Post-secondary education options in Canada

      Program           Program       Study Level        Academic   Available at           Available at     Available at
        Type            Duration       (UG/PG)*         Admission    University              College        Vocational
                        (in Years)                     Requirements                                           School

                            2               UG           High School

                            3               UG           High School

                           1-2              PG            Advanced
                                                         Diploma OR

                                                         High School
Flexible Study Pathways                                tution altogether as they discover new interests
                                                       and strengths. It is also common for students to
One of the best things about the Canadian              couple their Bachelor’s degree with a postgradu-
education system is the flexibility it offers to       ate diploma afterwards to gain more hands-on,
students. Students can combine their education         industry-focused experience in their chosen field.
experience with the various degree, diploma,
                                                       Canadian post-secondary institutions share
and certificate programs at different Canadian
                                                       a strong relationship which makes it easy for
post-secondary institutions to suit their interests,
                                                       students to transfer between different levels
career goals, and learning preferences.
                                                       and types of education. In other words, courses
For example, many students opt to go to college        completed at one institution are recognized by
first and earn a diploma before obtaining their        the other, thus ensuring that the student is not
Bachelor’s degree at a university. Sometimes, stu-     retaking similar courses.
dents switch from one program to another at the
same school or even transfer to a different insti-

                                                                 Canadian Education System / 22
Degree Programs
            Master’s                              Docorate (PhD)                      Diploma Programs
             (1-2 years)                                 (3-7 years)


                                   University/ College

             (3-4 years)                                               Diploma
                                                                       (1-3 years)

        University             University

                                CEGEP                            Vocational
  AD                                                              Training
(2 years)                       (2-3 years)
                                                                       (1-4 years)

                                                                                 Vocational School/
       University                      Quebec Only
                                                                                 Career College

                    Secondary/High School (Grade 9-12*)

                 Primary/Elementary School (Grade 1-8)


Fig 6: Overview of the Canadian Education System and the flexible study pathways it offers

                     *high school ends after grade 11 in some provinces

                                                               Canadian Education System / 23
Pathway Programs                                    In some cases, students can simultaneously apply
                                                    for admission into the language program and
Students who wish to study in Canada may first      into their academic program. If they meet the
attend a prerequisite or preparatory program to     academic admission criteria, they will receive a
meet the entry requirements for their desired       conditional offer of admission, which is contingent
degree or diploma program. This is called a         on the successful completion of the language
pathway program. Pathway programs bridge the        program. This is a great way for the student to
gap between the qualifications from a student’s     be sure they will be able to study at their desired
home country and the level needed to enter into     post-secondary institution before enrolling into its
a post-secondary institution in Canada.             language program.

                                                       Did you know that ApplyBoard has
                                                       partnerships with many English Language
English Language Programs
                                                       Institutes in Canada? Find out which of our
English language programs are the most                 partner schools have English Language
common type of pathway programs pursued                Institutes and the types of pathway programs
by students wanting to study in Canada.                they offer on the ApplyBoard Platform.
The language programs are designed to get
                                                    Note that at some institutions, a student can begin
the student’s language skills up to the level
                                                    taking academic courses while also participating in
required for admission in their desired school
                                                    English language classes and activities.
program. These programs also include a social
component with events and activities that help      Language pathway programs are also offered
students become accustomed to the Canadian          by IELTS, TOEFL, and other recognized language
culture and seamlessly transition into their life   assessment bodies, as well as by private
in Canada.                                          preparatory education providers, such as Kaplan
                                                    and Pearson.
Many Canadian colleges and universities offer
English language programs through their
own English Language Institutes. Students           Academic Pathway Programs
graduating from those programs can enroll
                                                    Academic pathway programs focus on academic
directly into the academic programs at those
                                                    subjects, offering students foundational courses
colleges/universities, provided that they meet
                                                    in math, the sciences, business, the arts, etc. to
the academic requirements.
                                                    improve their subject knowledge and to meet the
                                                    prerequisite course requirements for admission
                                                    into undergraduate and graduate programs.

                                                               Canadian Education System / 24
Application                                             Academic Requirements
                                                        Successful completion of secondary school is a
Requirements                                            requirement for admission into an undergraduate

and Deadlines
                                                        program in Canada. In the Canadian context, this
                                                        means that a student must have completed Grade
                                                        12 or equivalent to gain admission.

Ready to study in Canada? Start by reviewing the        A three or four year Bachelor’s Degree is
admission requirements for the programs the             required, on the other hand, for admission into
student is interested in. Admission requirements        postgraduate degree programs. Regular and
can vary by program and by institution.                 advanced diplomas are sufficient for admission
Requirements for the same programs can also             into a postgraduate diploma or certificate
change over time.                                       program. Some institutions may accept work
                                                        experience as a substitute for the required degree
                                                        if the student has extenuating circumstances.
Admission into a K-12 School
                                                        Grade Point Average (GPA)
International students can gain admission into
public and private K-12 schools at any grade level.     Students will be asked to submit proof of degree/
Applicants need to provide their most recent            diploma completion, as well as their transcript
transcript or school cards, as well as letters of       or report card, which lists the grades the student
recommendation to be considered for admission.          earned in each course. Typically, only the grades in
                                                        the student’s last two years of study are taken into
                                                        consideration for admission.
Admission into a
                                                        A student’s final Grade Point Average (GPA), as
Post-Secondary Institution
                                                        well as the type of courses taken, ultimately
                                                        determine if a student meets the academic
Students applying to Canadian post-secondary
                                                        admission criteria. GPA requirements, on average,
institutions are generally assessed based on
                                                        vary between 65% to 90% depending on the
their past academic performance, as well as
                                                        program and the institution.
their English language skills. Some programs
also require supplementary information from
the student, such as a resume, to further assess
a student’s suitability for the program before
making their admission decision.

                                                      Application Requirements and Deadlines / 25
Prerequisite Courses                                   Language test score requirements vary by
                                                       program and institution, and sometimes by the
Some postsecondary academic programs require
                                                       home country of the student applicant. Some
students to have taken Grade 12 equivalent
                                                       institutions only look at the overall scores, while
courses in related subjects. For example,
                                                       others have cut-offs for scores in each of the
students applying for engineering programs
                                                       four skills sections. Typically, students need
frequently need to have taken Grade 12 level
                                                       IELTS scores of 6.5 (7 for some postgraduate
math and physics courses. The prerequisite
                                                       programs) or TOEFL (iBT) scores between 70.0
course requirements vary by program and
                                                       and 90.0 for admission consideration. Always
by school. Be sure to check the requirements
                                                       refer to the admission requirements for each
specific to the chosen program on the
                                                       program on the ApplyBoard Platform for the
ApplyBoard Platform before applying!
                                                       most accurate information.

                                                       Some institutions also offer students the option
English Language Requirements                          of completing an English language program to
Since English is the primary language of               meet the language requirements for admission
instruction in Canadian post-secondary                 into their chosen program. Learn more about
institutions (outside of Quebec), students             the English language programs in the Canadian
applying from a non-English speaking country           education system section of this course.
need to demonstrate English proficiency
through an English Language Test as part of
                                                       French Language Proficiency
their admission applications. Standardized
English language tests evaluate students on their      Students wishing to attend a school where French
reading, listening, speaking and writing skills.       is the primary language of instruction must
                                                       demonstrate their French language proficiency.
All Canadian institutions accept English Language
                                                       Test d’Evaluation du Francais (TEF) and Test de
Testing System (IELTS) and Test of English as
                                                       Connaissance du Francais (TCF) are the most
a Foreign Language (TOEFL) scores as proof
                                                       commonly recognized French language tests.
of language proficiency. Some Canadian
post-secondary institutions may also accept
test scores from other accredited language
assessment institutes.

                                                    Application Requirements and Deadlines / 26
Supplementary Requirements                                    Application Deadlines
Depending on the nature of the program,
students may need to provide supplementary                    In Canada, admissions are typically offered for
non-academic documents or test scores to                      entry in fall (September), winter (January) and
support their admission application. These                    summer (May). September is considered the
could include personal statements, essays,                    official start of the school year and that’s when
resumes, GRE/GMAT scores, etc. Always review                  the biggest intake occurs. Many programs are
the program requirements before submitting an                 only available for admission in the fall.
application to be sure it is complete. Applications           Private colleges and vocational schools often have
may be rejected due to missing documents.                     new classes starting every one to two months.
                                                              As a result, students can apply to begin their
Programs with a work component often ask for
                                                              education at any point in the year.
a resume. Personal statements and/or essays
are also frequently needed for competitive                    Application deadlines vary by institution, as well
undergraduate programs and professional                       as by programs. General application deadlines
programs. Many postgraduate programs also                     are outlined in the table below. We strongly
require a GRE/GMAT test score as part of their                recommend checking the school’s page on the
requirements.                                                 ApplyBoard Platform for the most accurate
                                                              deadline information.

   Table 5: Application deadlines and session start dates

         Intake Session*                       Semester Start Date                 Application Deadlines**

                 Fall                                  September                         January - March

               Winter                                   January                      September - November

              Summer                                        May                           January - March

*Some institutions have rolling intake seasons with               Application Processing Times
classes starting every 1-2 months, and not only in
                                                                  When it comes to admission application
September, January and May.
                                                                  deadlines, we recommend applying as early as
**Many institutions offer rolling admission where                 possible to give students enough time to secure
applications are processed as they are submitted, and             a study permit and visa. Schools can often take
close once the number of available spots are filled.              up to 60 days after the application deadline
Some institutions review applications and issue                   to process an application and issue a Letter of
admission decisions as applications come, referred                Acceptance (LOA), which is required to apply for
to rolling admissions, while other schools only make              a study permit.
admission decisions after the application deadline.

                                                            Application Requirements and Deadlines / 27

Study Permit                                         Applying for a Study Permit and Visa

and Visa                                             Students can apply for their study permit once
                                                     they have received an offer of admission and
                                                     paid their tuition deposit. Applications can be
Getting admitted to one’s desired study program      submitted online; however, paper applications
is a big milestone, but it is not enough to gain     are also available and can be submitted at the
entry to and study in Canada.                        Visa Application Centres (VACs) or to the Canadian
                                                     Consulate’s Office in the student’s home country.
A study permit is needed to study in Canada.
Additionally, most international students also       As part of the application, students need
need a visitor visa (temporary resident visa) or     to provide:
an electronic travel authorization (eTA) - often     • A letter outlining why they want to study
referred to as student visa - to enter                 in Canada
into Canada.
                                                     • Documentation which demonstrates that they
Students can submit an application for their           have the financial means to support themselves
study permit and their visa/eTA at the same time.      and their education in Canada
The student visa will be automatically issued
if the student gets approved for study permit.       Know what you need before you apply. Review the
To learn more, visit the Government of Canada        complete list of the documents required to get a
website for study permits.                           study permit.

                                                                       Study Permit and Visa / 28
Steps for Getting a Study Permit
Students must follow the steps below to obtain a study permit:

    Gather all the documents needed for the application.

    Submit the application and all the required supporting documents. Application is not considered
    complete until the application fee is paid.

    Give biometrics. Students will receive a letter indicating when and how to give their biometrics after
    submitting their application.

    If required, students must attend an in-person interview and/or send any additional documentation
    that may be requested after the application is processed.
    Find out what additional information the student might need to submit.

    The student will receive a Letter of Introduction (LOI) from the visa office once their application
    is approved. This letter confirms approval of the study permit and is used to obtain a study
    permit once you arrive in Canada. Along with the LOI, students also receive an Electronic Travel
    Authorization (eTA) or a visitor visa at that time, which they will need to enter into Canada.

    Send their Passport to the visa office to get the visa stamped. The passport will be requested when
    the LOI is issued.

Since visa requirements and application process           Check the processing time estimates from the
can change over time, applicants should also              Government of Canada to find out how long it
always refer to the Government of Canada                  takes to process most applications.
website for the most up-to-date information.
                                                          We recommend applying 90-120 days before
                                                          the start of academic session to allow for any
Application Processing Times                              processing delays, as well as to ensure that the
                                                          student will have enough time to reapply for the
The time needed to process the study permit
                                                          permit if their application is initially rejected.
application varies by country, the type of
application, and the volume of applications.

                                                                             Study Permit and Visa / 29
Application Rejections                                         Bringing Family
If study permit application is denied, they will be
notified with a letter which will include an expla-            Canada’s welcoming immigration policy allows the
nation of why the visa was refused. Students are               spouse and minor children of international students
encouraged to address the refusal reasons and                  to accompany them to Canada to work and study.
reapply, where possible. Common reasons for                    Students can apply for their family’s visa alongside
refusal include:                                               their own. The children do not need a study permit
                                                               to enroll into a primary or secondary school while
• Insufficient proof that the student has enough
                                                               they are in Canada.
  money to support himself why studying in Canada

• Failure to convince the visa officer that the main           Student Direct Stream (SDS)
  purpose of travel to Canada is to study

• Failure to convince the visa officer that the student        The Student Direct Stream (SDS) is an expedited
  will leave at the end of the study period                    study permit processing program for students from
                                                               selected countries who demonstrate upfront that
                                                               they have the financial resources and language
Getting the Study Permit                                       skills to succeed academically in Canada.

                                                               The SDS program is currently available to legal
Once the student lands in Canada, they will be
                                                               residents who also reside in: China, India, Pakistan,
greeted by a Canadian Immigration/Visa Officer.
                                                               Philippines, Vietnam, Senegal, and Morocco. Most
The Officer will inquire about the reason of
                                                               SDS applications are processed within 20 days.
the student’s visit and ask for the supporting
documentation that the student had submitted                   Students applying through the SDS stream must pro-
as part of their initial study permit and visa                 vide the following documents with their application:
application. The Officer will issue the study permit
                                                               • Proof of a language test result from IELTS or
if they are satisfied that the student’s visit is
                                                                 TEF (French)
legitimate and they will comply with guidelines of
immigration. Student will then be able to collect              • Proof of Guaranteed Investment Certificate
their luggage and head to their destination.                     (GIC) of CAN $10,000

  Pro Tip: Bring all documentation, such as offer letter       • Proof of full payment of tuition for the
  and proof of tuition payment, in hand luggage. The Visa        applicant’s first year of study
  Officer will ask for those and inquire about the student’s
                                                               • Letter of acceptance from a post-secondary DLI
  future plans before issuing the study permit.
                                                               • Most recent secondary or post-secondary
The study permit will contain information about                  educational transcripts
the student’s purpose of visit, academic program,
and duration of stay. The permit will also indicate            • Proof of completion of upfront medical
if a student has any restrictions on working while               examination
studying. Learn more in the Working While Studying             Visit the Student Direct Stream page on the
section of this course.                                        Government of Canada website to learn more about
The study permit is typically issued for the length of         the SDS eligibility criteria and application process.
the students’ study program, plus an extra 90 days.
The 90 days lets students prepare to leave Canada
after graduation or apply to extend their stay.

                                                                                  Study Permit and Visa / 30
Financial Costs                                          Tuition Fees

                                                         According to Statistics Canada, the average
Though a worthwhile long-term investment, inter-         annual tuition fee for international students
national education can be expensive. Being aware         for academic year 2018/2019 was $27,159 CAD
of all living costs and budgeting accurately is criti-   for undergraduate studies, and $16,497 CAD for
cal for ensuring students have the financial means       graduate studies.
to complete their education.                             Fees can vary greatly depending on the field of
                                                         study, as well as by the academic institution. At
                                                         the undergraduate level, annual fees range from
                                                         approximately $20,000 CAD to $60,000 CAD for
                                                         professional programs like dentistry and veteri-
                                                         nary medicine. For graduate studies, annual tuition
                                                         fees can range from $10,000 CAD to $57,000 CAD
                                                         for an Executive MBA. See Table 6 for the average
                                                         international tuition fees by field of study during the
                                                         2018-2019 academic year.

                                                                                      Financial Costs / 31
Table 6: Average international tuition fees* by field of study during the 2018-2019 academic year

                             Field of Study                                 Undergraduate               Graduate

                                Education                                       $19,461                  $15,236

     Visual and performing arts, and communication technologies                 $22,950                  $14,144

                              Humanities                                        $26,175                  $13,520

                    Social and behavioural sciences                             $24,808                  $14,304

                  Law, legal professions and studies                            $29,756                  $15,941

          Business management and public administration                         $26,395                  $22,442

                            Executive MBA                                    Not Available               $56,282

                             Regular MBA                                     Not Available               $37,697

              Physical and life sciences and technologies                       $29,067                  $14,664

          Mathematics, computer and information sciences                        $30,187                  $15,553

                              Engineering                                       $30,742                  $17,753

                              Architecture                                      $24,101                  $14,016

           Agriculture, natural resources and conservation                      $24,101                  $14,016

                               Dentistry                                        $55,802                  $21,635

                               Medicine                                         $29,905                Not available

                                Nursing                                         $20,354                  $13,713

                               Pharmacy                                         $34,726                  $11,642

                          Veterinary medicine                                   $60,458                   $9,088

              Other health, parks, recreation and fitness                       $23,192                  $16,590

           Personal, protective and transportation services                     $20,453                  $13,948

*Weighted average tuition fees in Canadian dollars (CAD). Source: Statistics Canada

                                                                                              Financial Costs / 32
Living Expenses                                               expenses. Costs are generally more expensive in bigger
                                                              cities and will also depend on a student’s lifestyle,
In addition to tuition, students must also account            choice of accommodations, and spending habits.
for books, housing, food, and other day-to-day living         The costs, on average, breakdown as the following:

   Table 7: Estimated living and studying costs for the academic year (8 Months, in CAD)

                         Expenses                                    On-Campus                    Off-Campus

                    Books & Supplies                               $1,000 - $2,000             $1,000 - $2,000

                         Housing                                   $3,000 - $8,400             $5,000 - $13,600

                           Food                                    $2,500 - $4,000              $1,600 - $2,500

                      Transportation                                   $0 - $200                  $640 - $1,000

                          Utilities                                        $0                      $400 - $800

                          Internet                                         $0                      $320 - $680

                           Phone                                                    $320 - $640

                         Clothing                                                  $800 - $2,000

                         Laundry                                                    $200 - $300

                     Health Insurance                                               $600 - $800

                  Entertainment & Fun                                              $1,000 - $2,000

             Personal/Miscellaneous items                                          $1,000 - $2,000

                                                                    Transportation is not needed on a daily
    Off-campus costs assume the student is living                   basis if a student is living on-campus as
    independently. Students can lower costs by                      the residences are located within walking
    sharing off-campus housing with other students.                 distance of the campus.

    Books and supplies costs vary by program.                       When it comes to food, some institutions
                                                                    require students to purchase a meal plan.
    Utilities and Internet are included and available
                                                                    Students can use the money added to their
    at on-campus residences.
                                                                    meal plan to purchase meals from on-
                                                                    campus cafeterias and restaurants.

                                                                                            Financial Costs / 33
Financial Assistance                                     also get scholarships from their home country and
                                                         should do their research ahead of time to ensure
International students have a few financial aid          they don’t miss any deadlines.
options available to them to finance their studies in
Canada, including scholarships, bursaries, and loans.
                                                         Grants and Bursaries
                                                         Bursaries are offered by post-secondary institutions
Scholarships                                             and are available to students who demonstrate
Scholarships are awarded to students with                financial need. Students typically need to submit
academic excellence through a competitive                an application with details of their finances to show
application process. Students can apply for              financial need.
scholarships at their chosen institutions when
they apply for admission. We strongly recommend
searching for scholarships early on in the
admission process as many scholarships have              International students can apply for student loans
short application deadlines.                             from financial institutions in Canada in the form of
                                                         a student line of credit (LOC). Student LOC typically
Many post-secondary also grant automatic
                                                         has a lower interest rate than a regular credit card
entrance scholarships to students with high GPAs.
                                                         and the credit limit is based on the student’s tuition
Students can check the amounts they may be
                                                         and level of studies.
eligible for by visiting the institution’s website for
scholarship, bursaries and financial aid.                Students can apply for a LOC when they are in Canada
                                                         and enrolled in a full-time post-secondary program.
Government of Canada and related government
agencies also offer numerous scholarships to
international students. Additionally, students can

                                                                                      Financial Costs / 34
Working While                                        Eligible international students can work up to
                                                     20 hours per week during a regular academic

Studying                                             session and full-time during regularly scheduled
                                                     breaks between academic sessions, such as
                                                     the summer break. Students cannot start their
Canada’s student-friendly work policies are          employment before their studies begin, and
amongst one of the major reasons international       require a work permit to resume employment
students choose Canada as their study                once their study program ends and their study
destination.                                         permit expires.

Many international students opt for working          Students are ineligible to work if they are:
while studying to earn an income, as well as         • Only enrolled in an English or French as a
to gain valuable Canadian work experience to           second language (ESL) program,
support their professional growth.
                                                     • Only taking general interest courses,
There are many work opportunities available
                                                     • Only taking courses required to be accepted
to eligible international students, including
                                                       into a full-time program,
on-campus employment, off-campus jobs,
co-ops, and internships.                             • Only enrolled as a part-time student, or

                                                     • Have any other restrictions specified on their
                                                       study permit
Eligibility Criteria
                                                     The eligibility criteria and requirements may
International students do not need a work permit     change over time. Please refer to the Government
to work while they study. They are eligible to       of Canada website for the most up-to-date
work in Canada provided that there aren’t any        information about studying and working in
restrictions on their study permit.                  Canada as an international student.

Typically, international students can work while
studying if they are enrolled as a full-time post-
secondary student in a Designated Learning
Institution that is over 6 months in duration and
leads to a degree, diploma, or certificate.

                                                                     Working While Studying / 35
On-Campus Employment                                 Co-ops and Internships
“On-campus” refers to all the buildings and          Some study programs include work experience
offices on the school premises. Full-time students   as part of their curriculum, which is known as
can work on-campus if their study permit             a co-op placement or internship. International
indicates that they’re allowed to work on- or        students can take advantage of these work
off-campus. For most up-to-date information on       placements by getting a co-op or intern work
which students are eligible to work on-campus,       permit. Note that some employers also offer
please visit the Government of Canada website        unpaid internships as a way to gain work
for Work On-Campus.                                  experience.

                                                     For most up-to-date information on whether a
                                                     student is eligible for co-op or intern work permit,
Off-Campus Jobs
                                                     please visit the Government of Canada website.
International students can join the Canadian
workforce while studying on a part-time basis
if there are no work restrictions on their study
permit. For most up-to-date information on
student eligibility for off-campus employment,
please visit the Government of Canada website
for Work Off-Campus.

                                                                     Working While Studying / 36
Working and                                           in an 8-month to 2-year program can obtain a
                                                      PGWP that is valid for up to the same length as

Staying in Canada                                     their study program. For example, if a student
                                                      completed a 9-month program, a work permit
After Graduation                                      may be issued for up to 9-months. Students in a
                                                      program that is less than 8-months in duration are
                                                      not eligible for PGWP.
International students place post-graduation          PGWP requirements and eligibility criteria
benefits as an important factor when deciding         can change at any time. Always refer to the
where to study. Canada’s foreign-worker policies      Government of Canada website for the most
and post-graduate work programs make it possible      accurate information.
for international students to work in Canada after
they graduate, and give Canada a competitive
advantage over other international education          Other Work Permits

The experience international graduates gain – and     If a student is not eligible for the Post Graduate
income derived – from this employment is important    Work Permit (PGWP), they may still be able to
to offset their family’s investment and help repay    work in Canada by obtaining an open work permit
their study loans. The work experience gained after   or an employer-specific work permit. For more
graduation can also help international students       information about other work permits, please visit
qualify for permanent residence in Canada.            the Government of Canada webpage for Types of
                                                      Work Permits.
For more information about staying in Canada
after graduation, visit the Government of Canada’s
website on Stay in Canada after Graduation.           Paths to Permanent Residence

                                                      Canada welcomed more than 286,000 permanent
Post Graduate Work Permit                             residents in 2017 and plans to welcome over a
                                                      million new immigrants by 2021. International
The post-graduation work permit (PGWP) allows
                                                      students can use their Canadian work experience
students who have graduated from eligible
                                                      to qualify for permanent residence. In fact, 40%
programs at designated learning institutions (DLIs)
                                                      of all economic-class immigrants accepted by the
to gain valuable Canadian work experience.
                                                      federal government are international students
   Did you know that not all programs at a DLI        who have graduated and who want to stay in
   make students eligible for PGWP? To find out       Canada.
   which post-secondary institutions are DLI, and
                                                      Visit the Government of Canada webpage on Find
   which of their programs are eligible for PGWP,
                                                      Your Path to Permanent Residence to learn more
   review the Designated Learning Institution List.
                                                      about the different immigration & PR pathways
Students graduating from a 2+ year PGWP-              and their requirements.
eligible academic program can work up to three
years following their period for study. Students

                                         Working and Staying in Canada After Graduation / 37
Arriving in Canada

It can be daunting to think about leaving friends
and family behind to travel thousands of miles
away to an unknown destination across the world.
Proactive planning can help students travel and
settle into their new home away from home. Here
are a few tips and a checklist to make sure the        PASSPORT

student is prepared before the board their plane
to Canada.

Student Checklist

     Arrange accommodations. Learn more about how to secure your accomodations
     in the Living in Canada section of this course.

     Register for courses

     Pack bags

     Buy plane ticket

     Obtain ground transportation from the airport to accommodation

     Create an emergency contact list

     Need to travel with medication? Learn how to travel with medication and what
     documentation the student needs to bring with them.

     Arrange banking - consider buying traveller’s cheques for large denominations, as
     well as carrying a smaller amount of cash. Monetary Instruments, including cash
     and traveller’s cheques, valuing at or more $10,000 CAD (or its foreign equivalent)
     must be declared at customs. Learn more.

     Keep documents secure! Have the student save pictures of their passport, study
     permit (and visa, if relevant); have electronic copies of insurance and rental
     agreements saved securely for future reference. Make sure they know when their
     study permit will expire.

                                                                  Arriving in Canada / 38
You can also read