FAMILY FARMING 2019-2028
         Global Action Plan
FARMING 2019-2028

Global Action Plan

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FAO and IFAD. 2019. United Nations Decade of Family Farming 2019-2028. Global Action Plan. Rome.
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RWANDA: Papaya seeds are planted at a tree nursery.
©FAO/Ami Vitale

Acknowledgements                                                                        6

Foreword                                                                                7

Introduction                                                                            8

 Background                                                                             8

 Family Farming and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development                         9

 The challenges of food systems and family farming                                      12

Action Plan                                                                             13

 Vision statement of the UN Decade of Family Farming                                    13

 Overall design                                                                         13

 Ensuring effective operationalization                                                  15

 Monitoring and reporting                                                               18

Pillar 1. Develop an enabling policy environment to strengthen family farming           20

Pillar 2–Transversal. Support youth and ensure the generational sustainability of       28
family farming

Pillar 3–Transversal. Promote gender equity in family farming and the                   34
leadership role of rural women

Pillar 4. Strengthen family farmers’ organizations and capacities to generate           42
knowledge, represent farmers and provide inclusive services in the
urban-rural continuum

Pillar 5. Improve socio-economic inclusion, resilience and well-being of                52
family farmers, rural households and communities

Pillar 6. Promote sustainability of family farming for climate-resilient food systems   60

Pillar 7. Strengthen the multidimensionality of family farming to promote               68
social innovations contributing to territorial development and food systems
that safeguard biodiversity, the environment and culture


    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the           Special thanks is extended to the global family
    United Nations (FAO) and the International             farmer organizations, La Via Campesina,
    Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)               the World Farmers’ Organization and to the
    Joint Secretariat of the UNDFF led by Marcela          World Rural Forum for their commitment and
    Villarreal (Director, Partnerships Division,           continuous contributions. We particularly
    FAO) and Ashwani K. Muthoo (Director, Global           thank all the members of the FAO Technical
    Engagement and Multilateral Relations, IFAD)           Committee on the UN Decade on Family Farming
    would like to thank all those who contributed to       (comprised of the Strategic Programme Teams
    the design of the Global Action Plan of the UN         and Regional Offices of FAO), as well as IFAD’s
    Decade of Family Farming 2019-2028.                    Global Engagement and Multilateral Relations
                                                           Division, the Research and Impact Assessment
    Special thanks is extended to the International        Division, and the Sustainable Production, Markets
    Steering Committee of the UN Decade of Family          and Institutions Division who provided regular
    Farming for its strategic guidance and contributions   feedback on the Global Action Plan during
    in the development of the Action Plan.                 its development. We also thank FAO’s Family
                                                           Farming and Partnerships with Civil Society
    Technical guidance was provided by Guilherme           Organizations Unit, the Responsible Agricultural
    Brady (Head of Family Farming and Partnerships         Investment Team, the Policy Economics
    with the Civil Society Organizations Unit, FAO)        and Institutions Branch of the Fisheries
    and Torben Nilsson (Senior Global Engagement           and Aquaculture Department, the Climate,
    Specialist, Global Engagement and Multilateral         Biodiversity, Land and Water Department
    Relations, IFAD).                                      and the Nutrition and Food Systems Division
                                                           for their contributions. Finally, the work of the
    The consultation and drafting process of               communication specialists of FAO and IFAD is
    the Global Action Plan was led by Anna                 here duly acknowledged.
    Korzenszky (FAO) and Edoardo Calza Bini
    (FAO). Significant contributions were provided
    by Sara Hassan (FAO), Mario Acunzo (FAO),
    David Suttie (IFAD), Jeff Campbell (FAO),
    Jhony Zapata (FAO), Sophie Grouwels (FAO),
    Svea Senesie (FAO) and Anna Rappazzo (FAO).
    The support of Rodrigo Castañeda-Sepúlveda
    (FAO), Kayo Takenoshita (FAO), Manuel Claros
    Oviedo (FAO), Sarah D’Angelo (FAO) and Viola
    Paroli is here acknowledged.


Agriculture today stands at a crossroads. It faces      to emerging social, environmental and economic
increasing pressure to provide sufficient, affordable   challenges. They don’t just produce food. They
and nutritious food for a growing population, to        simultaneously fulfil environmental, social and
coping with climate change and the degradation          cultural functions, and are custodians of biodiversity,
of natural resources, including water scarcity,         preserving landscape and maintaining community
soil depletion and biodiversity loss. Pervasive         and cultural heritage. Further, they have the
and persistent social and economic inequalities         knowledge to produce nutritious and culturally
between rural and urban areas have led to an            appropriate food as part of local traditions.
unprecedented level of urbanization, and cities that
have limited absorptive capacity face issues related    In fact, nothing comes closer to the paradigm of
to social marginalization and sometimes conflict.       sustainable food production than family farming.
                                                        Family farmers, when supported with affirmative
To feed the world and do it sustainably, an urgent      policies and programmes, have a unique capacity
and radical shift in our food systems is necessary.     to redress the failure of a world food system that,
To be effective, transformative actions must            while producing enough food for all, still wastes
address a complex set of interconnected objectives      one third of the food produced, fails to reduce
encompassing economic, social and environmental         hunger and the different forms of malnutrition, and
dimensions. Family farmers–including pastoralists,      even generates social inequalities.
fishers, foresters, indigenous people and other
groups of food producers–are at the heart of this       The Global Action Plan of the United Nations
issue. They provide the majority of the world’s         Decade of Family Farming (2019-2028)
food, are the major investors in agriculture and the    represents a tangible result of an extensive and
backbone of the rural economic structure.               inclusive global consultation process involving a
                                                        wide array of different partners around the world.
In view of these challenges, the United Nations         The purpose of the Plan is to mobilize concrete,
proclaimed the United Nations Decade of                 coordinated actions to overcome challenges family
Family Farming (2019-2028) in December                  farmers face, strengthen their investment capacity,
2017, providing the international community             and thereby attain the potential benefits of their
an extraordinary opportunity to address family          contributions to transform our societies and put in
farming from a holistic perspective, in order to        place long-term and sustainable solutions.
achieve substantial transformations in current food
systems that will contribute to achieving the 2030      With the launch of the United Nations Decade
Agenda for Sustainable Development.                     of Family Farming (2019-2028), we reiterate
                                                        our determination and commitment to support
By placing family farming at the centre of the          concerted actions to fulfil the ambitions of the
international agenda for a period of ten years,         2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and
this Decade of Family Farming provides an               to step up interventions for a healthy, resilient and
unprecedented possibility to achieve positive           sustainable food system. Let us put family farming
change throughout global food systems. Family           at the centre to lead this transformation for this
farmers have proven their capacity to develop           Decade and beyond.
new strategies and provide innovative responses

          José Graziano da Silva                                     Gilbert F. Houngbo
            FAO Director-General                                        President of IFAD                         7


    The Decade of Family Farming provides an extraordinary opportunity for the United Nations to achieve
    its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in an inclusive, collaborative and coherent way. Putting family
    farming and all family-based production models1 at the focus of interventions for a period of ten years, will
    contribute to a world free of hunger and poverty, where natural resources are managed sustainably, and
    where no one is left behind–corresponding to the top commitments of the 2030 Agenda.

    Family farmers hold unique potential to become key agents of development strategies. Family farming is
    the predominant form of food and agricultural production2 in both developed and developing countries,
    producing over 80 percent of the world’s food in value terms.3 Given the multidimensional nature of family
    farming, the farm and family, food production and life at home, farm ownership and work, traditional
    knowledge and innovative farming solutions, the past, present and future are all deeply intertwined.

    Family farming has been gaining global attention since 2014, which was designated the United Nations’
    International Year of Family Farming (IYFF). By dedicating an International Year to family farming, the
    United Nations repositioned family farming at the centre of agricultural, environmental and social policies in
    national agendas and achieved a shift towards a more equal and balanced development.4 The IYFF fuelled
    a robust process of political dialogue among the 197 Member States of FAO, involving all relevant actors,
    which resulted in the formulation of national and regional policies, programmes, activities and institutional
    arrangements in support of family farming.5 Multi-actor platforms, including around 50 National
    Committees on Family Farming (NCFF), have been created for policy dialogue, stimulating strong political
    commitment in favour of family farming (high-level political declarations and civil society mobilizations at
    national and regional levels).6

    In light of the achievements of the IYFF, and as a result of the ensuing IYFF+10 campaign launched on
    20 December 2017, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 2019-2028 as the UN Decade of
    Family Farming7 (UNDFF) at its 72nd Session. UNDFF serves as a framework for countries to develop

    1   In this document the notion of family farming refers to all types of family-based production models in
        agriculture, fishery forestry, pastoral and aquaculture, and include peasants, indigenous peoples, traditional
        communities, fisher folks, mountain farmers, forest users and pastoralists.
    2   In this document, agriculture refers to crop, livestock, fisheries (capture and aquaculture) and forestry.
    3   FAO, 2014.The State of Food and Agriculture. Innovation in family farming, Rome, FAO.
    4   Graziano Da Silva, J. 2014. The family farming revolution. Opinion Article. Available at: www.fao.org/about/
    5   Some significant examples include the Gambia’s reformed seed policy (creation of a Seed Council, on which
        civil society organizations have obtained three seats); the Decree 1030/2014 in Argentina (creation of a State
        Secretariat for Family Farming).
    6   Among others: the 6th Berlin Agriculture Ministers’ Summit (Germany, 18 January 2014) at the Global Forum on Food
        and Agriculture (GFFA) issued a declaration signed by 65 ministers in support of family farming; the Declaration of the
        Heads of States and Governments of the Community of the Latin America and Caribbean States (CELAC) /Havana,
        Cuba, 28-29 January 2014/; the Ministerial Conference for the IYFF for Asia and the Pacific (Chennai, India, 7 August
        2014); the Declaration on Family Farming adopted by the Latin American Parliament (26 August 2014).
    7   United Nations General Assembly, 72nd session, 72/239. United Nations Decade of Family Farming (2019–
        2028), (A/RES/72/239).
8                                                                                                                                 8
public policies and investments to support family farming and contribute to the achievement of the United
Nations’ SDGs. It will address family farming from a holistic perspective for rural poverty eradication
in all its forms and dimensions, while giving the SDGs a central role in the transition towards more
sustainable food systems and societies. To guarantee the success of the UNDFF, action must be supported
by coherent, cross-sectoral policies, concurrently addressing the environmental, economic and social
dimensions of agricultural and rural development.

To oversee the implementation of the UNDFF, an international steering committee was established,
composed of representatives of Member States and family farmer organizations. The International
Steering Committee of the UN Decade of Family Farming (ISC UNDFF) is supported by the FAO and
IFAD joint secretariat.8

    Concept of Family Farming9
    Family Farming (including all family-based agricultural activities) is a means of organizing
    agricultural, forestry, fisheries, pastoral and aquaculture production that is managed and
    operated by a family, and is predominantly reliant on the family labour of both women and
    men. The family and the farm are linked, co-evolve and combine economic, environmental,
    social and cultural functions.

Family Farming and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable

The UNDFF will channel strong political commitment at national, regional and global levels, in the spirit of
global partnership and solidarity, particularly supporting the creation of an enabling environment for family
farmers to be empowered and supported. Key factors include identifying and implementing concrete policies
and actions associated with effective and predictable investment modalities. With that in mind, this 10-year
process primarily contributes to the 2030 Development Agenda through revitalizing the global partnership
for sustainable development and helping the mobilization of the means of implementation (SDG 17). The
UNDFF as a multi-stakeholder alliance can reinforce the renewed global partnership for development
by: enhancing North-South, South-South and triangular, regional and international cooperation with a
focus on knowledge-sharing and innovation tailored to family farming (target 17.6); fostering international
support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support
national sustainable development plans (17.9); supporting the joint and coordinated actions for sustainable
development, supported by multi-stakeholder partnerships (17.16), among others.

In the framework of this improved global partnership, the UNDFF aims at strengthening family farming
and promoting diversified and innovative food systems while contributing to the 2030 Agenda in an even
more comprehensive and coherent way. The seven pillars of work identified (see below) as building blocks
for the implementation of the UNDFF are fully consistent with the spirit and guiding principles of the SDGs

8   Further information on the governance mechanism in UNITED NATIONS DECADE OF FAMILY FARMING
    2019-2028. Guiding Document.
9   Conceptual definition proposed by the International Steering Committee of the IYFF. FAO, 2014, The State of
    Food and Agriculture. Innovation in Family Farming, p. 9.
•   Leaving no one behind: Many factors–including social, political and economic–can
         contribute to a person or a group experiencing vulnerability, poverty, poor nutritional
         standards, lack of opportunities or low standard of life. Moreover, these ‘group-
         based’ inequalities intersect. A key challenge ‘leaving no one behind’ is learning how
         to recognize and respond to the relationships between these different factors and
         how they combine, thus requiring action across all SDGs. The different Pillars of the
         UNDFF Action Plan (with a more specific reference to Pillar 5 on socio-economic well-
         being and resilience, and on Pillars 2 and 3 on women and youth) address issues that
         can tackle inequality, discrimination and marginalization. Achieving progress towards
         the well-being of family farmers helps convert their potential into reality, making them
         agents of change who contribute to the realization of multiple SDGs.

     •   Multidimensionality: Family farmers are key actors. Their multifunctionality allows
         them to act holistically on various relevant aspects of sustainable development. For
         instance: they produce most of the world’s food, in particular the food consumed by
         the rural and urban poor; they preserve biodiversity, they manage natural resources
         and ecosystems, they preserve and share traditional knowledge, they contribute
         to the resilience of people and ecosystems, and when empowered, they add
         economic value and foster inclusive economic growth. The pillars of the UNDFF aim
         to integrate the three dimensions of sustainable development–economic growth,
         social inclusion and environmental protection–as well as support participation
         and partnerships among different actors. Each pillar allows for integrated work on
         multiple and interconnected SDGs with benefits accruing across sustainability and
         development dimensions.

     •   A nexus approach: Almost four years after the approval of the SDGs, many
         countries are still struggling to implement comprehensive plans, which are a
         prerequisite of the indivisibility and interconnectedness of the SDGs. By virtue of the
         multidimensionality of sustainable development, the SDGs are indivisibly connected
         to each other. The UNDFF pillars help identify nexuses across the SDGs, facilitating
         the identification of priorities, as well as comprehensive plans and institutional
         arrangements. Taking into account complex development nexuses reduces the
         risk of sector-specific actions undermining each other, while helping analyse
         trade-offs and synergies between expected results. Ultimately, this enhances the
         implementation of the 2030 Agenda while delivering the UNDFF’s expected results
         with improved efficiency. A more detailed description of nexuses promoted by the
         different pillars of the UNDFF workplan is included below.

     •   Means of implementation (MoI): Identified in the 2030 Agenda, MoI include
         finance, trade, capacity-building and/or science, technology and innovation, policy
         environment, and partnerships. They enable the deployment of the SDGs at their
         maximum potential. The UNDFF specifically focus on innovation, knowledge-
         sharing, capacity-building and technology access and/or transfer as the basis to
         formulate impactful actions and strategies that effectively support the realization
         of various integrated sets of SDGs through the achievement of its specific pillars/
         outcomes. In other words, the UNDFF can help the identification and mobilization
         of MoI to support the SDGs, particularly at country level, and raise awareness on
         needs for MoI globally, regionally, nationally and locally.

Reinforcing the capacity of family
                                                          farmers and their organizations makes
                                                          family farmers more able to serve their
      Poor family farmers can shift from                  communities
         subsistence to creating income
  generation opportunities in rural areas                 Recognition, voice and an enabling environment
                                                          will support their potential as agents of change
    Social protection policies and resilient
     livelihoods are key to exiting poverty
         traps and providing opportunities
                                                          Family farmers and their
                                                          organizations can deliver inclusive
                                                          rural services and contribute to
  Family farmers can implement resilient                  territorial development
      and highly productive agricultural                  Improved access to basic services and capacity
            practices that create income                  development in rural areas is key to make family
               generation opportunities                   farmers agents of change
 Policies to improve their access to natural
  resources, productive inputs and tailored
services unleash their productive potential               Women farmers are essential to
                                                          achieve sustainable, productive
                                                          and inclusive food systems
                                                          Gender equality in terms of improved access to
                                                          resources, technology, and a greater voice in
                                                          decision-making is a key step towards creating the
                                                          world we want


                                                                   FAMILY FARMING
                                                                   SUPPORTS SDGs

        Family farmers can contribute to
     transforming food systems to make
                  them more sustainable

 Policies should support family farmers in
      reducing food loss and in managing                  Family farmers enable diversified food
   natural resources in a sustainable and                 systems that can create job
                          efficient manner                 opportunities in rural areas and
                                                          positively affect rural-urban mobility,
                                                          particularly for youth

                                                          Access to infrastructure, technology, and to
        Family farmers can promote food                   tailored innovations that meet their needs is
        systems that are more resilient to                what they need to improve our common future
                          climate change
 Improving the ability of family farmers to
      adapt to climate-related shocks is a
precondition for unleashing their potential               Family farmers can enable food systems
                                                          that strengthen sustainable integration
                                                          between urban and rural areas

                                                          With innovative market solutions, people living
              Family farmers can preserve                 in both rural and urban areas can enjoy healthy,
biodiversity, teh environment and culture                 nutritious and safe food

   Safeguarding their cultural and natural
         heritage lies at the heart of this    Figure 1
The challenges of food systems and family farming

     Food systems face increasingly pressing challenges such as hunger and diet-related diseases, the
     need to provide a growing global population with sufficient and healthy food, the need to reduce
     food loss and waste, the depletion of natural resources, the increase of greenhouse gas emissions,
     environmental degradation, climate change and its related shocks and stresses.10

     Family farmers, including peasants, indigenous peoples, traditional communities, pastoralists, fishers,
     mountain farmers, and many other groups of food producers, hold unique potential to promote
     transformative changes in how food is grown, produced, processed and distributed, which enhances
     territorial development.11

     Enabling and supporting family farmers to attain diversified, innovative and dynamic agricultural
     systems can increase the availability of nutritious, sustainably produced and culturally appropriate
     food, which can incentivize healthy diets while promoting the transition towards context-specific,
     diversified, resilient and sustainable food systems.

     Viable food systems that are built around family farmers can offer new economic opportunities and
     attractive employment. They also promote rural services (which are complementary to agricultural
     activities), while at the same time increasing rural-urban linkages and synergies through a short food
     supply chain, which can provide promising solutions to eliminating food loss and waste.

     The multifunctionality of family farmers related to their roles within the community and as caretakers
     of the environment allows for efficient and sustainable use and management of natural resources,
     such as the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, the prevention of soil depletion,
     water pollution and environmental degradation. It also promotes social inclusion and equity, the
     preservation/transmission of knowledge and culture, and the provision of ecosystem services and
     landscape management.

     This complexity requires adequate interconnected policies and actions that concurrently address the
     environmental, social and economic challenges of our society.

     10 FAO, 2017. The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges. FAO, Rome.
     11 See e.g. Herrero, et al. 2017, Farming and the geography of nutrient production for human use: a
        transdisciplinary analysis. The Lancet Planetary Health, 1: e33-e42; Graeub et al. 2016, The State of Family
        Farms in the World. World Development, 87: 115; Lowder et al. 2016, The Number, Size, and Distribution
        of Farms, Smallholder Farms, and Family Farms Worldwide; World Development, 87: 16-29; HLPE. 2016.
        Sustainable Agricultural Development for Food Security and Nutrition: What Roles for Livestock? A report by
        the High-Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security.
        Rome; HLPE. 2017. Sustainable Forestry for Food Security and Nutrition. A report by the High-Level Panel
        of Experts on 45 Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security, Rome; HLPE 2014.
        Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture for food security and nutrition. A report by the High-Level Panel
        of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition. Rome, Italy, June 2014; HLPE. 2013. Investing in Smallholder
        Agriculture for Food Security. A report by the High-Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of
        the Committee on World Food Security. Rome, Committee on World Food Security; Van der Ploeg, J.D. 2010.
        The peasantries of the twenty-first century: the commoditisation debate revisited. Journal of Peasant Studies,
        37(1): 1–30; De Schutter, O. 2010. Agroecology and the Right to Food. Report presented to the Human Rights
        Council 8
        A/HRC/16/49, Sixteenth Session. New York, USA, United Nations.

Action Plan

     Vision statement of the UN Decade of Family Farming

     The vision of the UN Decade of Family Farming: A world where diverse, healthy and sustainable
     food and agricultural systems flourish, where resilient rural and urban communities enjoy a high
     quality of life in dignity, equity, free from hunger and poverty.

     Family farming is essential to achieve this vision.

     Sensible policies, programmes and regulations considering the needs of present and future
     generations must protect and expand the agency, inclusion and economic capacity of family
     farmers putting their diversity at the centre of sustainable development and contributing to the
     Agenda 2030. This journey must start now.

Overall design

The Global Action Plan of the UN Decade of Family Farming 2019-202812 aims at accelerating actions
undertaken in a collective, coherent and comprehensive manner to support family farmers, who are
key agents of sustainable development.

Given the extensive heterogeneity of family farms around the world, general policy prescriptions are
unlikely to be relevant to all family farmers.13 To effectively support family farming, it is necessary to
consider its particular geographic and socio-economic specificities and to develop context-specific
interventions focused on the explicit features of the relevant family farmer groups, while building on
locally available resources and capacities.

This plan is meant to provide a detailed guidance for the international community, including: local and
national governments, parliamentarians, specialized agencies and other relevant bodies of the United

12 The Global Action Plan was designed through a global consultation process gathering inputs from all relevant
   actors around the world about the main challenges, priorities and potential contributions of family farming to
   sustainable agriculture, forestry and fisheries at different levels. Data collected include key elements of around
   60 direct conversations (semi-structured interviews) with representatives of various stakeholders (government
   representatives, family farmers, civil society organizations, consumers and rural workers). Indicative actions
   also emerged from the direct submission of action-proposals by global family farmer networks (by the
   International Planning Committee for Food Security, World Rural Forum and La Via Campesina). Finally, the
   plan also incorporates results of 672 responses collected through the online consultation launched on the
   FAO Family Farming Knowledge Platform in 6 languages, (in English, Spanish, French, Arabic, Russian,
   and Chinese). A broad discussion was organized on the first draft of the Global Action Plan at the Global
   Conference on Family Farming, held in Bilbao, Spain on 25-29 March 2019 resulting in the final version of
   the Global Action Framework approved by the International Steering Committee of the Decade of Family
   Farming and presented here.
13 FAO, 2014. The State of Food and Agriculture. Innovation in family farming. FAO, Rome.

Nations, international financial institutions and other international mechanisms, regional bodies,
     farmers and producer organizations, academic and research institutes, civil society organizations, and
     small and medium enterprises and the private sector, to achieve the main objectives of the UNDFF
     outlined in the vision statement.

     It serves as a tool to create connections with ongoing processes14 and recommended approaches,
     where family farming, rural development and sustainable livelihood are already strongly interwoven,
     in order to develop and implement strategies at the global, regional, national and local levels. It offers
     a comprehensive instrument to support efforts to achieve the SDGs in the context of the progressive
     realization of the Right to Adequate Food.

     The Global Action Plan outlined here recommends a series of indicative and interconnected actions
     from the global to the local level following the mutually reinforcing pillars of work.

     Indicative actions presented under the pillars are to be considered as guidance for all actors in
     building plans and strategies at different levels. While providing potential approaches or entry points,
     they cover a wide range of possible areas of interventions simultaneously targeting different aspects
     (including obstacles) of family farmers to be assessed in a holistic manner for concrete action.

     The Action Plan provides an extensive list of activities through various modalities of action, including:
     data collection pertaining to specific issues, advisory and extension services, and communication
     and advocacy activities tailored to target groups. Developing the capacities of family farmers and
     other stakeholders across a wide spectrum must be reinforced as a key component, along with
     strengthening inclusive governance mechanisms. These activities can provide a base for appropriate
     and adequately financed public policies that support family farming.

     According to the pillars of work presented above, an enabling policy environment (Pillar 1) needs to
     be in place to achieve and sustain progress in food security and nutrition. This enabling environment
     can provide a framework for specific strategies and interventions tailored to family farming groups
     facing distinctive economic, environmental and social realities, and equipped with various assets.

     To guarantee the future of family farming while building on the essential contribution of women
     to agriculture, transformative actions must be taken to incentivize the active engagement, and the
     leadership and socio-economic inclusion of youth and women. Activities to ensure the generational
     renewal (Pillar 2–Transversal) and to promote gender equity and equality (Pillar 3–Transversal) in
     family farming will be mainstreamed in all the other work pillars.

     Providing tailored support to organizations of family farmers (Pillar 4) is paramount. This includes
     all the various sectors of food producers, such as farmers, fishers, pastoralists, forest users and
     indigenous peoples. This is essential not only to enhance and amplify sustainable food production
     practices, or to strengthen their capacity to access and generate economic opportunities, but also
     to empower them to better access necessary resources, services and markets and to bolster their
     collective action to participate meaningfully in negotiations and policy processes.

     Helping family farmers increase their productivity is not enough. Reflecting the diversity of family
     farmers and improving their livelihood and economic viability in a manner that enables them to escape

     14 Related processes include the UN Decade of Nutrition 2016-2025, the UN Decade of Biodiversity 2011-
        2020, the UN Decade of Water 2018-2028, implementation of internationally agreed instruments, etc.

poverty–a focus on the provision of the minimum requirements for the households of rural family
farmers–is also required (Pillar 5). Specific steps are essential to promote sustainable food production,
processing and distribution practices in agriculture, livestock, fisheries and aquaculture, and forestry
(Pillar 6) and, further, to support the multifunctional nature and performance of family farming,
which provide services to food production, nourishing cultures and agro-biodiversity and providing
diversified rural economic opportunities (Pillar 7).

While developing the intervention under the specific pillars, actions are to be adapted and
contextualized according to concrete regional, national and local (territorial) sociocultural and socio-
economic conditions. Moreover, as a precondition for the successful implementation of the UNDFF,
a bottom-up approach to implementation is recommended, in participative and inclusive processes,
placing family farmers at the forefront. While encouraging multi-actor collaboration at all levels, the
Global Action Plan also invites all actors to revise their specific roles and responsibilities vis-à-vis the
support of family farming and increasing the sustainability of our food systems.

Ensuring effective operationalization

This section presents basic implementation modalities which will be promoted by the UNDFF to
initiate country-driven, inclusive and bottom-up activities to progress with the implementation of the
Global Action Plan.

Among the initial steps in the implementation of the UNDFF, synergies with other international
bodies and processes relevant to family farming will be created. Examples of related processes with
opportunities to optimize efforts and promote mutual benefits include the UN Decade of Action
on Nutrition 2016-2025, the UN Decade of Water 2018-2028, and the UN Decade of Ecosystem
Restoration 2021-2030. The UNDFF will also seek opportunities to support the implementation and
benefit from activities related to agreed international frameworks (the Voluntary Guidelines to support
the Progressive Realization of the Right to Adequate Food in the Context of National Food Security,
the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests
in the Context of National Food Security to Food, the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable
Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication, the UN Declaration of
the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas, among others). Concrete joint road
maps with priority initiatives reinforcing mutual benefits with the various initiatives will be developed
to strengthen partnerships, increase family farming visibility and reinforce the implementation of
actions for the support of family farming.

A solid process will be promoted to contextualize the implementation of the Global Action Plan of the
UNDFF at national and regional levels. Governments and regional intergovernmental spaces will be
encouraged to identify and map existing efforts taken at national and/or regional levels to strengthen
family farming. This mapping process should incorporate existing ongoing relevant actions and a
needs assessment of different actors in order to build integrated and well-tailored interventions
to effectively support family farmers. It is recommended to undertake this process in an inclusive
manner, involving family farmers and other relevant actors, including already existing National
Committees of Family Farming, to guarantee that all actors provide their complementary contributions
according to their specific roles and responsibilities. Including to promote multi-actor collaboration
in order to mobilize key players to convert identified needs and actions into concrete action plans at
national level.

Figure 2 Overall structure of the Global Action Plan

     Pillar 1                                      Pillar 4
                                                   Strengthen family farmers’
     Develop an enabling policy                    organizations and their capacities
     environment to strengthen                     to generate knowledge, represent
                                                   farmers’ concerns and provide
     family farming                                inclusive services in rural areas.

     Build and strengthen supportive policies,
     investments and institutional frameworks
     for family farming at local, national and     Pillar 5
     international levels based on inclusive and   Improve socio-economic inclusion,
     effective governance and on timely and        resilience and well-being of family
     geographically relevant data.                 farmers, rural households and
     Guarantee sustained political commitment
     and investment by state and non-state
     actors. Create and strengthen
     international, national and local
     cooperation and partnerships with the
     view of promoting the rights and              Pillar 6
     multifunctional role of family farming.
                                                   Promote sustainability of family
                                                   farming for climate-resilient food

                                                   Pillar 7
                                                   Strengthen the multidimensionality
                                                   of family farming to promote social
                                                   innovations contributing to territorial
                                                   development and food systems that
                                                   safeguard biodiversity, the
                                                   environment and culture.

Pillar 2                                  Ensure the generational sustainability of family farming through enabling
                                             youth accessing land, other natural resources, information, education,
                                             infrastructure and financial services, markets and policymaking processes
   Support youth and                         related to farming. Benefiting from the intergenerational transfer of
   ensure the generational                   tangible and non-tangible farming assets, stimulate young farmers to
   sustainability of family                  interconnect traditional, local knowledge with innovative ideas to become
   farming                                   agent of inclusive rural development.

Strengthen the (self-)organization of family farmers within all rural institutions, including associations,
cooperatives and civil society organizations, in order to foster their capacities as agents of change; enhance
the generation and dissemination of knowledge and services to maintain the economic, social, cultural and
environmental diversity of rural areas in a harmonious interconnection with urban areas; and to enhance
family farmers’ meaningful participation in decision making processes at all levels.

Improve family farmers’ livelihoods and enhance their resilience to multiple hazards; increase rural communities’
access to basic social and economic services addressing the multiple social, economic and environmental
vulnerabilities of family farmers and promoting the realization of human rights; facilitate and promote production
diversification to reduce risks, improve the consumption of healthy and nutritious food, and expand and diversify
family farmers’ economic opportunities to access inclusive markets and food systems, to get adequate
remuneration and returns on their investments.

Improve family farmers’ access, responsible management and use of land, water and other natural resources to
enhance sustainable and diversified production that improves resilience to climate change, fostering productivity
and the economic viability of family farmers; promote a more enabling market environment for family farming to
diversify their activities and create new employment opportunities in rural areas; value and promote indigenous and
traditional knowledge; increase the availability of diverse, nutritious and culturally appropriate food contributing to
sustainable, resilient and inclusive food systems and to healthy diets in both rural and urban areas.

Fulfil family framers’ potential towards protecting the environment, preserving the diversity of ecosystem, genetic
resources, culture and life; reinforcing markets that favour family farmers’ services, production and processing
with specific quality characterization; enable more diverse food consumption while increasing economic
opportunities and preserving traditional practices and knowledge, and agricultural biodiversity, contributing to
territorial development.

   Pillar 3
                                             Support instruments and conducive actions for the achievement of women’s rights
                                             and gender equality in food and agricultural production. Promote gender equality
                                             by reinforcing women’s organizations, promoting self-empowerment, their own
   Promote gender equity                     capacity development process and women's autonomy and agency, to increase
   in family farming and                     access to and control over productive and financial resources, especially land, as
   the leadership role of                    well as access to information, social protection policies, markets, job opportunities,
                                             education, appropriate extension services, gender--friendly technology, and full
   rural women                               participation in policy processes.
The Regional and National Action Plans including specific activities will provide a road map for countries
     and regions to progress with the implementation of the UNDFF, allowing for the building of accurate
     interlinkages to the broader SDG process, and giving value to the multidimensional contributions of
     family farming to achieve the SDGs.

     The ISC UNDFF will gather country demands and guide FAO and IFAD to ensure support for effective
     policies and actions and coherence with their existing mechanisms, especially taking advantage of FAO
     and IFAD’s knowledge and experience in facilitating multilateral exchange and cooperation. FAO and
     IFAD stand ready to assist family farmers, to strengthen their organizations–also through horizontal
     exchanges at different levels–as key agents of operationalizing national plans, while also ensuring that
     actions reach the grass-roots level.

     The Global Action plan envisages the establishment of 100 National Action Plans of Family Farming by
     2024. This target is ambitious, but attainable, especially considering the support received through the
     approval of the UN General Assembly (and the 104 countries co-sponsoring the ‘IYFF+10 campaign’).
     Responsible authorities are invited to inform the ISC UNDFF of the development of National Actions
     Plans and submit those to the Secretariat of the UNDFF, through their respective FAO or IFAD country/
     regional representatives. Information received will inform the development of biennial reports (see
     ‘Monitoring and reporting’ below) providing opportunities to discuss progress made by governments
     and other stakeholders in the framework of the UNDFF to contribute to the improvement of the Global
     Action Plan.

     Monitoring and reporting

     To track the progress of the implementation of activities during the UNDFF, a reporting mechanism and
     timeline will be developed in line with the monitoring process of the SDGs.

     Considering the ongoing monitoring process of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
     Development, Member States and other UNDFF actors will be invited to align the presentation of their
     progress with the regular Voluntary National Reviews (VNR) of the 2030 Agenda. That each country
     will have primary responsibility for collecting and making data on the SDG indicators available will
     contribute to the results of the UNDFF. Progress reports on the activities undertaken in the framework
     of the UNDFF will be assessed under the overall purview of the ISC UNDFF.

     Beyond the 2030 Agenda monitoring and accountability system, and in line with declarations on aid
     effectiveness such as the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action,
     a framework for policy coherence for sustainable development will be established with all relevant
     initiatives, platforms and processes. This presents opportunities for synergies and joint actions (the Paris
     Agreement and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the United Nations
     Decade of Action on Nutrition, and the relevant Committee on World Food Security products, among

     For monitoring purposes, an ad hoc Working Group on Monitoring (including different stakeholders,
     in particularly Member States, farmers’ organizations, civil society, academia and research centres)
     will be established. The group will develop a joint methodology and tools to monitor progress, to raise
     awareness about UNDFF monitoring at national and global levels, as well as to help countries enhance
     their technical and institutional capacity for monitoring and reporting.

The establishment of this inclusive monitoring mechanism will aim at enhancing coordination among
the different actors involved, contributing to timely synergies, promoting accountability and sharing
best practices at all levels, including through:

      •    The follow-up and review of global and country/region-specific family farming
           situations, trends, progress, challenges and lessons shared;
      •    Assessment of the effectiveness of the UNDFF and the extent of the application of
           its recommendations on agriculture and rural development policies at national and
           subnational levels; and
      •    Advice provided on the basis of country/regional reviews of the UNDFF’s objectives.

Stakeholders are encouraged to implement national and regional mechanisms to support monitoring.
To guarantee a participatory and inclusive approach of the global monitoring exercise, all actors
working in the framework of the UNDFF (including governments, farmers’ organizations, academia
and research centres, among others) will be encouraged to share their contributions and results
through submitting their reports to the UNDFF website.

Based on data and information gathered through the above mechanisms, and as defined in UN
Resolution (§ 5), the Secretariat of the UNDFF will provide biennial reports to the UN Secretary-
General, in order to inform the UN General Assembly of the overall progress made on the
implementation of UNDFF and on the related SDGs. These reports will be sent to the governing
bodies of FAO and IFAD (FAO’s Council and IFAD’s Executive Board) for review and comments. The
biennial reports will provide opportunities to assess achievements and improve actions carried out
under the framework of the UNDFF. The Global Action Plan of the Decade will be updated after every
biennial report.

As a further opportunity to evaluate the progress of the UNDFF, an open and inclusive dialogue
among all stakeholders will be convened on the occasion of the Global Forum on Family Farming
(every two years) and the two High-Level Events on Family Farming (mid-term and end of the

Pillar 1.
     Develop an enabling policy
     environment to strengthen
     family farming

©FAO/Sergey Kozmin
An enabling social, economic and political environment is a prerequisite for family farmers to lead
     the transformation towards zero hunger and poverty, sustainable and healthy food systems, and an
     inclusive and resilient society.

     Building an enabling policy environment to support the diverse and multi-layered contributions of
     family farming to sustainable development requires strong and sustained political commitment.
     This political commitment must translate into adequate resourcing along with inclusive and effective
     governance and institutional arrangements, including meaningful opportunities for family farming
     organizations and civil society to engage in multisectoral and multi-actor mechanisms, platforms
     and policy processes (at all stages, including their design, implementation and monitoring) and in the
     context of the progressive realization of the Right to Adequate Food.

     At the same time, awareness-raising activities–targeting specific groups and also integrated in the
     education system at all levels–are important means to reframe society’s perception of family farming and
     to increase social recognition of their role and multidimensional contribution to sustainable development.

     Effective interventions to support family farmers and their multidimensional nature cannot be
     approached through traditional sectoral policies, but require a complex set of integrated, multisectoral
     policies, strategies and programmes that address the economic, environmental and social constraints
     family farmers and their communities face.

     These policy shifts must be grounded on reliable, timely, and locally relevant data and evidence on the
     multidimensional performance of family farming and simultaneously look at interconnected objectives
     for the whole food system.

         By focusing on institutional and policy enabling environment, this pillar would help countries
         promoting integrated approaches to achieve and sustain progress over the entire SDGs
         framework. Strengthening the policy environment in support of family farming addresses
         systemic issues such as improving data generation and availability, reinforcing policy and
         institutional coherence and fostering multi-stakeholder partnerships and capacity-building (SDG
         17), as well as fostering an improved and transparent governance, strengthening institutions
         and promoting laws and policies that foster sustainable development, peace and security (SDG
         16). It would also allow for harmonization of comprehensive sustainable development plans
         and strategies at country level, with sectoral policies targeting in particular the most vulnerable
         segments of the society to leave no one behind, with positive effects on poverty and hunger
         eradication (SDGs 1 and 2).

©FAO/Marco Longari

Outcomes                       Outputs                                    Indicative actions from global to local level

       PILLAR 1. Develop an enabling policy environment to strengthen family farming

     1.1. Reliable, timely,          1.1.A. Data collection and inclusive     1.1.1. Systematize already existing information and collect and
     locally relevant data           research assessing multiple              document timely, locally relevant data related to the diversity
     and evidence about              dimensions of family farming             and to the multidimensional performance of family farming (size,
     the multidimensional            conducted to support well-targeted       labour, natural resource management, crops, livestock, socio-
     performance of family           policy design and implementation         economic services, ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation,
     farming available to inform     for family farming in all agricultural   etc.).
     policymaking, monitoring        sectors.
     and evaluation at all levels.
                                                                              1.1.2. Review and improve methods applied in agricultural census
                                                                              in order to record multidimensional contributions and performance
                                                                              of family farming for the support of policy development.

                                                                              1.1.3. Support local, participatory and policy-oriented research (co-
                                                                              creation of knowledge through the collaboration of researchers and
                                                                              family farmers) on:
                                                                              •     Access to socio-economic services (health, education, social
                                                                                    protection, financial inclusion, etc.);
                                                                              •     Access and adoption of sustainable production practices;
                                                                              •     Services provided by family farmers;
                                                                              •     Identification, utilization and market development for locally
                                                                                    produced, nutritious foods;
                                                                              •     Impact of healthy diets and improved nutrition on the health
                                                                                    of various population groups (develop diet quality assessment

     1.2. Enhanced political         1.2.A. Awareness-raising and             1.2.1. Develop awareness training and advocacy campaigns,
     and financial commitment        advocacy initiatives improving the       tools and materials targeted to specific population groups on
     and public awareness to         understanding of different actors        the simultaneous contributions of family farming to social,
     support diverse and multi-      on family farming-related matters        environmental and economic development.
     layered contributions           carried out.
     of family farming to
                                                                              1.2.2. Raise public awareness both in rural and urban areas
     sustainable development.
                                     1.2.B. Continuous, meaningful,           on family farmers’ contributions to public health, promote the
                                     coherent and active political and        consumption of healthy and nutritious diets of family farmers.
                                     financial engagement ensured.

Indicators                       Target for    Target for
                                                                                                             biennium      UNDFF

•    Sustainable innovation done by family farming;                       Number of countries with                30           60
•    Family farming integrated in urban and territorial food systems      increased level of availability,
     planning (including local government strategies for ensuring food    accessibility, quality and usage
     security and nutrition);                                             of sector/cross-sectoral data
                                                                          and analytical tools/products
•    Risk management strategies;
                                                                          that are used in decision-
•    Share of family farming products for consumption, export and         making processes pertaining to
     supplied to agribusiness; and                                        family farming.
•    Investment trends related to family farmers, etc.

1.14. Promote the development of accessible data-repository systems
including data relevant to different areas of family farming for public
policy development purposes.

1.1.5. Provide gender- and age-disaggregated data (by using the
Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index /WEAI/).

1.1.6. Provide support to strengthen and facilitate integrated and
multisectoral research based on the local, traditional and indigenous
knowledge of family farmers at local, national, regional and inter-
regional levels.

1.1.7. Create clear, usable indicators and analytic tools for
development of policies, to effectively reach family farming in all
sectors, monitoring their implementation and effectiveness.

1.2.3. Promote continuous multi-actor dialogue to build coherent          Number of countries with               100           150
and active political commitment with appropriate financing for the        increased level of commitment
support of family farming.                                                and capacity to adopt
                                                                          comprehensive sectoral and/
                                                                          or cross-sectoral policies,
1.2.4. Provide technical assistance to integrate the multidimensional
                                                                          strategies and investment
practices of family farming into national policies/strategies.
                                                                          programmes to support the
                                                                          multi-layered contributions
1.2.5. Disseminate and share existing public policies on family           of family farming to social,
farming.                                                                  economic and sustainable

Outcomes                    Outputs                                   Indicative actions from global to local level

        PILLAR 1. Develop an enabling policy environment to strengthen family farming

      1.3. Inclusive and           1.3.A. Governance, coordination and       1.3.1. Promote the equal participation of women and youth in family
      effective governance for     accountable policy mechanisms (for        farming-related governance mechanisms.
      comprehensive, family        design, implementation, monitoring)
      farming-focused policy       with meaningful and effective
      design, implementation       participation of family farmers and       1.3.2. Provide capacity development for governments at all levels,
      and monitoring enhanced.     their organizations in place.             family farmer organizations and other relevant actors to effectively
                                                                             participate in and manage collaborative multi-sectorial and multi-
                                                                             actor governance mechanisms/decision-making processes.
                                   1.3.B. Governance mechanisms
                                   facilitating family farmers’ linkages
                                   to other sectors, in particularly         1.3.3. Provide capacity development for family farmers and their
                                   with social policies, territorial/rural   organizations, in particular women and youth, on technical and advocacy
                                   development, landscape approaches,        skills and promote their active participation in policy processes at all
                                   etc. in place.                            levels (development, implementation and monitoring) for effective, well-
                                                                             tailored and integrated policies supporting family farming.

      1.4. Increased coherence     1.4.A. Increased capacities to            1.4.1. Increase the use of global policy instruments and guidelines
      and integration between      develop effective and coherent            relevant for family farming.15
      family farming-related       policies for the support of family
      policies and legislations.   farming.
                                                                             1.4.2. Provide coordinated capacity development to strengthen and
                                                                             update legal and institutional frameworks including through multi-
                                   1.4.B. Coherent policy frameworks         lateral cooperation and parliamentary alliances to diagnose critical
                                   for the support of family farming in      constraints faced by family farmers, to better tailor, prioritize and target
                                   place and applied at different levels     interventions and investments for the support of family farming.
                                   (from local to global).
                                                                             1.4.3. Conduct, review and promote strengthened interconnections
                                   1.4.C. Increased financial                and synergies between public policies in agriculture with poverty
                                   commitment and investment in the          reduction and food security and nutrition policies, including those
                                   implementation of legislative and         related to employment generation, social protection and other
                                   policy frameworks.                        programmes which promote sustainable rural-urban development.

     15 A non-exhaustive list of instruments include: Committee on World Food Security CFS policy recommendations.

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