VANUATU SPC COUNTRY PROGRAMME 2019-2022 Prepared by the Government of the Republic of Vanuatu and the Pacific Community, December 2018

 
VANUATU SPC COUNTRY PROGRAMME
           2019-2022
Prepared by the Government of the Republic of Vanuatu and the Pacific Community, December 2018

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Foreword and endorsement
The Republic of Vanuatu Country Programme (the Programme) provides the direction for Pacific
Community (SPC) engagement with Vanuatu over the next three years. It outlines key actions that
the Government and SPC agreed through a consultation process that began in July 2018.
The Programme marks the first country programme for a Pacific Community member that has
been developed and endorsed since the ‘joint country strategies’ (precursors to country
programmes). It will be used to guide further planning, implementation and monitoring on an
annual basis to support the achievement of development outcomes for Vanuatu under the
National Sustainable Development Plan and to consider potential impact pathways to the
Sustainable Development Goals.

Hon. Ralph Regenvanu                                                                                       Dr Colin Tukuitonga
Minister                                                                                                   Director General
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International                                                                 Pacific Community
Cooperation and External Trade                                                                             Noumea, New Caledonia
Government of Vanuatu

Contents
Foreword and endorsement ................................................................................................................................................. 2
Introduction................................................................................................................................................................................... 3
Vanuatu development agenda.............................................................................................................................................. 3
Vanuatu-SPC country programme 2019-2022 ............................................................................................................ 4
    A changing partnership ...................................................................................................................................................... 4
    Strategic priorities ................................................................................................................................................................ 4
    Ways of working..................................................................................................................................................................... 5
Tracking performance .............................................................................................................................................................. 7
Annex A: A profile of Vanuatu and its development ................................................................................................. 8
Annex B: Vanuatu development and reform priorities ........................................................................................... 8
    Annex C: National Government Policies and Implementation Framework ......................................... 10
Annex E: SPC current work programme against Vanuatu NSDP priorities ............................................... 12

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Introduction
The Vanuatu-SPC Country Programme was developed in partnership with the Government of the Republic of Vanuatu
during 2018, under the leadership and coordination of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Internal Cooperation and
External Trade (MFAICET) and the Department of Strategic Policy, Planning and Aide Coordination (DSSPAC).
The process of developing this country programme began with the opening of the Regional Office for Melanesia in
January 2016. A Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Vanuatu and SPC was signed on
February 23, 2016 to set the path for a more in-depth collaboration based on the National Sustainable Development
Plan (NSDP) that the government had recently embarked upon.
Since that time, the Regional Office has developed an informal country programme based on all SPC work in Vanuatu,
with focus on improving the Productive Sector (Agriculture and Fisheries), as per government direct consultations
and instructions. Monthly reports are produced for the Government, and quarterly consultation meetings are held
with Government to listen to the government’s input on SPC work, emerging needs, and to provide a platform for
Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning against the NSDP.
In mid-2018, a visit to Vanuatu was made by the SPC Deputy Director General to introduce the new concept of a full
country programming process that SPC has embarked upon. This process provides a clear pathway for managing
results with our members, driven by the members themselves.
Following the DDG visit, further in-country consultations were held in August and October 2018 led by MFAICET, the
Director of Aide Coordination (DSSPAC) and the SPC Regional Director for Melanesia. These consultations included
central agencies as well as a range of line ministries. This was followed by a process of analysis of key policies,
strategies and development priorities of the government and its key development financiers, assessment of the
relevance, significance and targeting of SPC’s current portfolio of activities in Vanuatu, and consultations with SPC
programme divisions on current and planned areas of support. The consultation process culminated in a whole-of-
government consultation held on November 2, 2018, at which time Government Departments were able to contribute
at a high level to inform the process further. Inputs from this consultation were finalized by MFAICET and DSSPAC.
Based on these consultations and analyses, this country programme was prepared, reviewed by the Vanuatu
Government and SPC Executive, and jointly agreed. It aligns the Vanuatu Government’s priority interests from its
relationship with SPC with SPC’s strategic plan development objectives and expected resourcing capability.

Vanuatu development agenda
                                                      Vanuatu Vision:
                                   Building a sustainable, stable and prosperous nation
                                     Vanuatu National Development Aspirations:
                      A vibrant cultural identity underpinning a peaceful, just and inclusive society;
                Supported by responsive and capable state institutions delivering quality public services,
           including health and education, to all citizens; Maintaining a pristine natural environment on land
                         and at sea that serves our food, cultural, economic and ecological needs;
              With enhanced resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change and natural disasters; and
                     A stable economy based on equitable, sustainable growth that creates jobs and
                     income earning opportunities accessible to all people in rural and urban areas

1.   In response to its development challenges, in 2016 Vanuatu adopted Vanuatu 2030, The People’s Plan, also known
     as The National Sustainable Development Plan (NSDP) 2016 to 2030, specifying 3 national development pillars,
     along with overarching objectives for each sector aligned to these national themes and targets.
2.   The NSDP Monitoring and Evaluation Framework was adopted in July, 2017. The three NSDP pillars are
     comprised of a total of 98 policy objectives spread over 15 goals. There is a maximum of three indicators and
     targets for each of the 98 policy objectives. In actuality there is a total of 77 indicators and 83 targets in the Social
     Pillar, 62 indicators and 64 targets in the Environment Pillar and 57 indicators and 58 targets in the Economy
     Pillar.
3.   In addition to these overarching national frameworks, Vanuatu development actions are guided by a range of
     national and sector level strategies, as well as some key regional and global commitments and frameworks
     (Annex C).
4.   Vanuatu implements its development priorities with support from a range of development partners (Annex D),
     chief amongst these being Australia, China, ADB and the World Bank

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Vanuatu-SPC Country Programme 2019-2022

     A changing partnership
1.   Historically, SPC has provided wide-ranging support to Vanuatu. Broadly speaking, this support is and has been
     fairly well aligned with the government’s development priorities. However, it has always been mostly siloed –
     both within Vanuatu line ministries and within SPC programme divisions.
2.   Vanuatu wishes to continue drawing extensively on SPC’s scientific and technical expertise, to help address its
     Vanuatu 2030 challenges. However, senior officials in both Vanuatu and SPC have agreed that SPC support could
     achieve greater impact if a different sort of partnership is developed, as follows:
     High level ownership and leadership of a deepening relationship – The Vanuatu-SPC Country Programme
     2019-2022 will be led by the Vanuatu Government through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International
     Cooperation and External Trade (as primary point of contact between SPC and member states as per governance
     arrangements SPC) and the Department of Strategic Policy, Planning and Aide Coordination (DSSPAC) for
     monitoring and evaluation of the Country Programme. Within SPC, it will be overseen by the Regional Director
     for Melanesia.

     Shared responsibility and accountability for advancing agreed strategic priorities. In the past, SPC support
     for Vanuatu has often been supply driven, i.e., where SPC had succeeded in obtaining resources for a particular
     project. However, SPC is not a donor. It is a member organisation. Its staff, programmes and resources are owned
     by its members and are at their disposal. It acts as an adviser to its member governments within its many areas of
     expertise and as an implementing agent for its members’ development efforts. In future, the Vanuatu
     Government will engage with its other development partners and financiers to encourage them to use SPC as
     their implementing agent, wherever the Vanuatu Government considers SPC is best placed to play that role. This
     can be especially effective where Vanuatu has bilateral funding from donors and can assist with resource
     mobilization for work to support key sectors of development with SPC assistance.

Strategic priorities
During this country programme period (2019 to 2022), SPC will work more deeply with Vanuatu in support of the
following 3 priority areas:

     (1) Support to the Productive Sector:
         The productive sector is the foundation of healthy eating, food security, sustainable livelihoods, mitigate the
         effects of natural disasters and climate change and promote environmental protection. In line with the
         NSDP’s Environmental Pillar 1 and 4 (“Improved resilience and natural resources management”), the
         support would contribute to the realization of the following policies and more:
              •     The Agriculture Sector Policy 2015-2030
              •     The National ‘Gudfala Kakae’ Policy 2017-2030
              •     The National Fruits and Vegetables Strategy 2017-2027
              •     Vanuatu Agritourism Plan of Action 2016

         These are a strategic fit to SPCs Goal 1 for “Pacific People to benefit from sustainable Economic
         Development” through:
              •    Seeds for Life
              •    Landscapes and forests management
              •    SPS (Sanitary and phytosanitary measures) and Biosecurity
              •    Food Systems for Health: Build capacities in Value add – organic agriculture / Participatory Guarantee Schemes
              •    NCDs, Nutrition, Support to Gudfala Kaikai policy

     (2) Water:
         The Government of Vanuatu has an ambition to ensure that all populations of Vanuatu have access to potable
         water. The NSDP captures the policy directives for this under the Environment and Economic Pillars. SPC has
         been working in partnership with the Ministry of Lands and Water Resources on this.

         SPC has supported the Department of Water Resources with technical support on ground-water assessment and
         integrated water resource management; hazard mapping; Tagabe Catchment Management support; Hazard Mapping;
         PCRAFI support. This links to a component of SPC’s Goal 1to strengthen sustainable management of natural resources
         (fisheries, forestry, land use, agriculture, minerals, water)

     (3) Oceans:
         Vanuatu National Ocean Policy commits the Government implement actions for marine spatial planning and
         support marine protected areas, support fisheries management, promote maritime tourism and maritime

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transport, address deep sea mining and reduce and mitigate the marine impacts of climate change and
                natural hazards

                SPC’s support to Ministry of Foreign Affairs Oceans Division in implementation of National Oceans Policy and work under
                the Pacific Community Centre for Ocean Science (PCCOS).

From SPC’s perspective, increased visibility and intensified national engagement in supporting Vanuatu to address
these critical challenges makes sense, given its extensive role and contribution regionally to advancing the
management of these issues.

Ongoing work across government under NSDP
SPC will continue to provide the full range of support and services currently underway or planned. In each of its long-
standing areas of work at the national level in Vanuatu, SPC support is highly valued. Nevertheless, there are ways in
which SPC’s ongoing support can be improved. Vanuatu and SPC will actively explore opportunities to broaden or
improve the contributions being made through these activities, and the ways in which they are monitored, in line with
the new partnership set out in paragraphs 10-11 above. For example:
    •    SPC internally is in the early stages of developing integrated programming and management approaches that
         will likely benefit Vanuatu in some key areas, such as food security and nutrition.
    •    SPC will continue to work with MFAICET and DSSPAC to be accountable to the government for managing our
         work with the line Departments for results. This will be achieved through (a) regular quarterly dialogue to
         monitor and monitor and hone the Country Programme, held with the Regional Office and DSSPAC and the
         Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and (b) joint country missions by technical divisions when combined support is
         expected to be delivered.1
Annex E maps all known current and proposed SPC support that is nationally focused within Vanuatu. This does not
include the very broad range of regional work that SPC undertakes and from which Vanuatu benefits as a member of
SPC, e.g., participation in regional meetings and workshops, region-wide scientific and technical research and
analytical reports, regional databases and information products etc.

Ways of working
Principles: Vanuatu and SPC have jointly agreed that, in both planning and implementing activities within this country
programme, our work together will follow the principles outlined in the Aid Management Policy. SPC appreciates that
the Government recognizes that partners, such as SPC, and the Government, have collective responsibility to build a
stable, effective and accountable environment to promote effective ownership and thus more effective external
assistance. The notion of shared responsibility underpins the principles outlined below (taken directly from the
Government Aid Management Policy, DSSPAC, 2018)
           1.     All development partners commit to and respect the Government’s national leadership and ownership of
                  the development process with a focus on quality, effectiveness and results to ensure consistency with
                  development priorities and alignment with national planning and decision making process for economic
                  growth, thereby reducing poverty while allowing debt sustainability.

           2.     The Government will engage in development cooperation with partners and approve new programs
                  according to a transparent assessment of projects and programs in line with the AMP and its planning
                  framework. The engagement will form the basis of cooperation agreements that clearly articulate the roles,
                  approaches and obligations of the Government and its development partners.

           3.     The AMP clarifies the roles and responsibilities of the Government’s central and line Ministries in overall
                  coordination and management and recognizes the role of DSPPAC and, specifically, the Aid Coordination
                  and Negotiation Unit (ACNU), and the roles of the MFEM and the MFAICET.

           4.     Recognizes the importance of an improvement in the capacity of DSPPAC to allow it to effectively perform
                  the central development cooperation and management role.

1       For example, for food security, this might include experts in non-communicable diseases, climate smart
        agriculture, value chains and rural youth self-employment support through agri-business development.

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5.   Promotes and encourages inclusive development partnerships that focus on trust, mutual respect and
            learning recognizing the different and complementary roles of all stakeholders.

       6.   Promotes and encourages transparency and accountability in a mutual manner so that the decisions,
            implementation and results are mutually beneficial and serve the interests of Vanuatu’s citizens.

       7.   Identifies institutional arrangements to ensure broad and regular consultations and dialogue with
            development partners.

       8.   Encourages the use of Government systems to include planning, financial management including the budget
            process, and monitoring and evaluation.
                a. Planning: Use of the NSDP, NPF, ACNU Development Project Profile (for proposed and planned
                      projects); integration into Ministry and agency corporate and business plans; and responsiveness
                      to sector or thematic strategies.
                b. Financial Management: Use and integration of financial information in the annual national budget
                      process, use of the established FMIS, and budget reporting.
                c. Monitoring and Evaluation: Use of the approved Monitoring and Evaluation Framework including
                      reporting formats and information fields while indicating relationship to NSDP Pillars, Goals,
                      Policy Objective, and, per Policy Objective, Indicator(s), Target(s) and Baseline measurement.

       9.   Identifies institutional arrangements among Government Ministries with cost-effective and efficient \
            implementation, delivery and accountability mechanisms.

       10. Underlines the principles of good governance, mutual accountability and zero tolerance to corruption. The
           Government requests joint efforts with partners to minimize corruption and illicit flows by enforcing
           Vanuatu’s laws and promoting a culture of zero tolerance for all corrupt practices. This includes efforts to
           improve fiscal transparency, strengthen independent enforcement mechanisms, and extend protection for
           whistle-blowers.

       11. Recognizes the critical importance of inclusive sustainable development that addresses gender equality,
           environmental sustainability and respect for human rights.

       12. Ensures that planning, management, coordination, monitoring and evaluation are inclusive of Provincial
           Governments, NGOs and the private sector.

       13. Ensures that the Aid Project Management System (APMS) is fully operational and updated to serve as a
           single reference point and repository of all (proposed, planned, ongoing and eventually, completed projects)
           information on development projects and programs. The Government will require all development partners
           and Ministries and agencies to report all development assistance flows (commitments and disbursements)
           to promote transparency and facilitate timely approval and implementation.

       14. The Government reserves the right to refuse or redirect external assistance if the potential negative effects
           of the assistance are judged to outweigh its possible benefits. The measures for this right of refusal will
           include both quantitative and qualitative aspects that will be decided on a case-by-case basis.

Activity programming:
For each of the three strategic priorities for this Country Programme (paragraph 12 above), SPC staff missions will
visit Vanuatu before the end of April, 2019 to flesh out the specific areas where SPC can best contribute.

Resource mobilisation (financial and technical):
This will be a joint responsibility, including from other potential partners. To this end, Vanuatu has committed to
work with its bilateral donors to have them use SPC as an implementing agency where feasible and appropriate.

Focal points:
Progress with implementing this country programme will be coordinated by the Director General of MFAICET and
monitored and evaluated by the Director of DSSPAC for Vanuatu and by the Regional Director for Melanesia for SPC.

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Tracking performance
1.       The Government of Vanuatu will be responsible for monitoring and assessing the performance and
contribution of SPC-supported activities within Vanuatu against its National Sustainable Development Plan using the
national M & E Framework for the NSDP.
2.        SPC will prepare a country report in June each year (a) summarising the key results (outputs) achieved over
the previous year; and (b) highlighting significant outcomes where they exist – those that have demonstrably changed
the lives of Vanuatu citizens for the better. This report will be shared with all members as a CRGA information paper.
3.       This country programme is a living document. It will be revisited annually by both Vanuatu and SPC, to check
and monitor the relevance of ongoing activities to Vanuatu’s specific policy objectives and to update Annex E with any
new activities or emerging priorities.

Results Matrix under NSDP M & E Framework to be reported annually:

                                                                                                                        Lead
      Priority             Impact            Result                          NSDP Indicator                             responsibility
                                                                                                                        Vanuatu   SPC
 Support to               Wide spread      More local       ENV 1.2.1 National food guidelines directing food           MALFFB,   LRD,
 Productive Sector,      knowledge of      food             security and nutrition promotional activities               MoH       PHD
 Gudfala Kaikai          Gudfala kaikai    consumption,     (including aelan kaikai) completed and operational
 policy                  policy; better    reduction in
 implementation,         national and      diabetes and     SOC 3.2.1 No. of Diabetic (NCD) related amputations
 Food security and       community         heart            By 2020, the prevalence of diabetes amongst the
 NCDs                    level             disease;         adult population is
Annex A: A profile of Vanuatu and its development
Overview

Geography: Vanuatu is made up of 83 islands and an exclusive economic zone of 680,000 square kilometres. Its total
land area is just over 12,000 square kilometres. Vanuatu has been ranked globally as the world’s most vulnerable
country to natural disasters, with several active volcanoes and frequent exposure to earthquakes, tsunamis, cyclones
and volcanic eruptions.
Population: Vanuatu has a total population of about 304,500 (mid-year 2018 SPC estimate), 70% of which lives in
rural areas. Over half of the population live on the three largest islands (Espiritu Santo, Malakula and Efate); and the
urban population is concentrated in the capital, Port Vila and Luganville. Between 1999 and 2009, urban population
growth was 2-3 times higher than that for rural areas, suggesting high rates of urbanisation and both major urban
centres have large communities and informal urban settlements just outside the municipal boundaries. Vanuatu is
linguistically complex, with over 100 local languages spoken.
Government: Vanuatu achieved independence on 30 July 1980 from what had been a joint British and French
colonial administration. Today it is a parliamentary republic, governed by a 52 member unicameral parliament
elected by universal suffrage to serve a four-year term. The President is the head of state and is elected for a five-year
term by an electoral college comprising members of parliament and the presidents of the six provincial governments.
The Prime Minister is the head of government and is elected by the parliament from amongst its members. Vanuatu
operates a mixed legal system of English common law, French law and customary law. The National Council of Chiefs
advises on matters of culture and language. The current Prime Minister is Charlot Salwai, elected in 2016. The next
general election is due to be held in 2020.
Economy: Subsistence farming, fishing and production of cash crops such as kava, coconut and cocoa are the main
sources of livelihood for the vast bulk of Vanuatu’s population. Exports are also dominated by agricultural products
(e.g., kava, coconut products, beef and cocoa. Tourism receipts are equivalent to about 30% 2of Vanuatu’s GDP and
account for about 30% of its formal employment. Construction, driven by the private sector as well as donor-funded
infrastructure projects, is also a significant contributor to economic growth. In March 2015, tropical cyclone Pam
caused widespread damage, from which the country is continuing to recover. In 2017 Vanuatu's GDP per capita was
just under USD 3,000. Taxation revenue (equivalent to about 18% of GDP) comes mainly from import duties.
Society: One-third of Vanuatu’s population lacks access to basic services and about 13 per cent live below the national
basic-needs poverty line3. Literacy, numeracy, immunisation and nutrition indicators are stagnating and, in some
cases, declining, partly because the government has insufficient revenue to provide adequate education and health
services. Most of the population does not have access to a reliable supply of potable water, and sanitation is
inadequate. Violence against women and children is the most common crime, with 72 per cent of women experiencing
physical and sexual violence in their life time. Vanuatu has a ‘young’ population structure with a median age of 20
years, associated with high rates of youth unemployment. The number of school (and university) leavers entering the
job market far outstrips the average number of jobs created in the formal economy. In 1999, UNDP’s Human
Development Index (HDI) ranked Vanuatu 140 out of 164 developing countries, improving to 118 in 2005 but
dropped to 134 in 2015 and to 138 in 20184, largely because Vanuatu’s development gains in health, education and
income growth are not increasing at comparable rates as similarly ranked countries.

2   IMF 2018 Article IV Consultation Report
3   2010 National Poverty Report, National Statistics Office & UNDP 2013
4   http://hdr.undp.org/en/2018-update

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Annex B: Vanuatu development and reform priorities
National Sustainable Development Plan 2016-2030                                      Budget Policy Priorities 2019
(The People’s Plan)
Society Pillar
SOCIETY 2: An inclusive and equitable quality education system with life-long       Improved education quality and
learning for all                                                                    accessibility

SOCIETY 3: A healthy population that enjoys a high quality of physical, mental,     Improved quality of health care
spiritual and social well-being
SOCIETY 5: A society where the rule of law is consistently upheld, and access to    Improved service delivery
timely justice is available to everyone

SOCIETY 6: A dynamic public sector with good governance principles and strong
institutions delivering the support and services expected by all citizens of
Vanuatu
SOCIETY 1: A Nation based on traditional governance and Christian principles,       Social inclusion, Security
which underpin our culture and continue to bestow life skills and knowledge to
future generations

SOCIETY 4: An inclusive society which upholds human dignity and where the
rights of all Ni-Vanuatu including women, youth, vulnerable groups and the
elderly are supported, protected and promoted in our legislation and institutions
Environment Pillar
ENVIRONMENT 1: A nation that ensures our food and nutrition security needs          Improved resilience and natural
are adequately met for all people through increasing sustainable food               resource management
production systems and improving household production

ENVIRONMENT 2: An economy which fosters sustainable growth and
development through low impact industries and modern technologies to ensure
the well-being of future generations

ENVIRONMENT 3: A strong and resilient nation in the face of climate change
and disaster risks posed by natural and man-made hazards

ENVIRONMENT 4: A nation which utilises and sustainably manages our land,
water and natural resources

ENVIRONMENT 5: A nation committed to ensuring the conservation and
sustainable management of our biodiversity and ecosystems

Economy Pillar
ECONOMY 1: A stable and prosperous economy, encouraging trade, investment
and providing economic opportunities for all members of society throughout
                                                                                    Improved business
Vanuatu
                                                                                    opportunities and investment
ECONOMY 3: A strong rural economy that creates opportunities, enables the
development of rural communities and increasingly contributes to national
prosperity

ECONOMY 4: An enabling business environment, creating opportunities and
employment for entrepreneurs throughout Vanuatu

ECONOMY 2: Sustainable and well-maintained infrastructure and services for          Improved infrastructure
all, through inclusive and effective partnerships

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Annex C: National Government Policies and Implementation
Framework

The national planning framework consists of the following (Taken from Aid Management Policy, DSSPAC, 2018):
    •     Vanuatu 2030: The People’s Plan (Vanuatu’s National Sustainable Development Plan -NSDP, 2016-2030)
    •     Vanuatu 2030: The People’s Plan Monitoring and Evaluation Framework
    •     Annual Development Report
    •     National Planning Framework
    •     Annual Budget Policy Statement

The NSDP identifies the country’s vision and serves as its overarching policy framework to achieve a stable, sustainable
and prosperous country within the next 15 years. The NSDP sets out the national priorities and their alignment with
the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to which the Government has committed.
In regards to the AMP, the NSDP “requires the active participation of civil society, the private sector and our
international development partners.” And, “It also requires strong coordination of the partnerships with business, civil
society, development agencies and donors, aligning their contributions to national priorities and ensuring program
delivery takes place through national systems.”
There are many NSDP components that relate to effective development assistance. Regarding the management of the
assistance, the most relevant goal is within Pillar 1: Society Pillar under Goal 6: Strong and Effective Institutions - a
dynamic public sector with good governance principles and strong institutions delivering the support and services
expected by all citizens of Vanuatu. The following policy objectives are relevant to the AMP:
    6.1        Enhance the capacity and accountability of public officials, and ensure the impartiality and effectiveness
               of performance management systems.
    6.4        Strengthen national institutions to ensure they are cost-effective and well-resourced to deliver quality
               public services.
    6.5        Strengthen local authorities and municipal institutions to enable decentralized service delivery.
    6.6        Strengthen physical planning and management to meet the service delivery needs of a growing
               population.
    6.8        Coordinate resources to align with national objectives.
    6.9        Strengthen research, data and statistics for accountability and decision-making.

The Vanuatu 2030: The People’s Plan Monitoring and Evaluation Framework (MEF) was designed to complement the
NSDP and report on its progress. It is the result of the Monitoring and Evaluation Policy. The MEF is results based and
is intended to serve as a guide for implementing, monitoring and reporting on the NSDP. The Department of Strategic
Policy Planning and Aid Coordination (DSPPAC) prepared the MEF with the assistance of the Vanuatu National Statistics
Office (VNSO) and inputs of a variety of Government Ministries and agencies as well as other stakeholders.
The Annual Development Report (ADR) is the annual monitoring report for the NSDP. It follows the NSDP’s MEF. The
report is results-oriented as it shows the status of achieving specific targets based on activities to achieve the NSDP’s
pillars, goals and policy objectives. DSSPAC’s Monitoring and Evaluation Unit produces the ADR.
The National Planning Framework (NPF) was prepared for the use of decision makers involved in planning at the
Ministry and agency level. This includes keeping Ministries and agencies compliant with the legal reporting
requirements of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Management (MFEM) and the Public Service Commission (PSC).
The NPF is to ensure that planning across the Government is carried out in a uniform manner. The planning process
includes the Corporate Plans (Ministry or agency medium term strategies) and Business Plans (annual plans that
accompany annual budget submissions). The NPF was prepared by DSSPAC.
The Annual Budget Policy Statement is prepared per the Public Finance and Economic Management Act. It incorporates
the Government’s strategic vision that is in line with the NSDP and identifies the financial policies and indicators of the
Government including economic and fiscal performance, targets and future trends.
The AMP is part of the above policy and process framework and will use what processes and procedures that exist from
this framework to the extent possible. The AMP will also be a part of the Foreign Policy now being prepared by the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and External Trade (MFAICET).
In addition, there are sectoral policies being revised in key line Ministries that inform planning and
programming of sectoral work and integrated programming that will be utilized in the implementation of this
Country Programme.

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Regional
  Ø       SAMOA Pathway (2014)
  Ø       Regional Framework for Accelerating Action on Food Security and Nutrition in Pacific SIDS (Draft,
          February 2018)
  Ø       Majuro Declaration for Climate Leadership (September 2013)

Global
  Ø       Sustainable Development Goals
  Ø       Paris Agreement on Climate Change
  Ø       Barbados Plan of Action

Annex D: Vanuatu key development partnerships
   Ø     Asian Development Bank (ADB) Current: 124.3 Million USD with some co-financing with Japan and New
         Zealand. Note that total is 202.41 USD= 83.46 in 14 Grants, 23.05 in 19 Technical Assistance interventions,
         and 95.96 in 16 Loans). Sectors:
                  Transport Infrastructure – marine and road
                  Urban and Sanitation – Drainage, sanitation
                  Energy – Renewable – Hydro
                  Disaster relief/reconstruction – volcano victims, schools, roads/crossings
                  Private Sector - Enabling business environment, policy and legislative reforms
                  Health – Introduction of 3 new Vaccines (neumococi, HPV, Retrovirus)
                  Education – Repair of Schools (TC Pam reconstruction)

  Ø World Bank (WB)
  Ø Australia currently focuses its support on a wide range of sectors, from Infrastructure to Health to Education
    and Gender and Climate Change and Disaster Management.
  Ø European Union national indicative programme (NIP) (2014-2020) includes an allocation of €21 million,
    fully committed to budget support for value chain work in three areas: Coconuts, Fruits/Vegetables and Beef.
    In addition to this there is a €10 million financing fund and a €4 million technical assistance fund, totalling
    €35 million in the NIP. Vanuatu will also benefit from the Regional EDF 11 Programmes, such as the Fisheries
    work that will soon commence (SPC, FFA as principle implementers).
  Ø Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) country programme framework (2018-2022) is for 5.5 Million
    USD, and is focused on achieving outcome: Sustainable increase in production and marketing of domestic
    agriculture products and healthy consumption of safe and nutritious food. This will mainly be in the form of
    policy support, resource management training and support to develop integrated landscape/ seascape
    management plans.
  Ø German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) supports several projects, including SPC/GIZ CCCPIR,
    which provides technical advisory support to the National Advisory Board on Climate Change & Disaster Risk
    Reduction (NAB) and the Ministry of Climate Change (MoCC). This has included a NAB Secretariat handover
    process, including providing support to the NAB UNFCCC Taskforce and defining national climate negotiation
    priorities, and the NAB Climate Finance working Group (with SPC/ISACC project) to approve the Climate
    Finance Review document and plan for 2018 GCF Readiness funding.
  Ø South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) provides assistance through projects such as
    PEBACC (Regional EBA adaptation project), and have the only approved GCF project in country, for Climate
    Change Information, with upcoming work expected through a Blue Carbon project that will be done in tandem
    with SPC.
  Ø Japan provides assistance to build, manage and maintain infrastructure, including a recently completed
    addition and renovation of existing commercial port, where there are a large amount of cruise ship dockings
    (up to 29 in a month during high season)
  Ø New Zealand, supports projects focused primarily on education and agriculture.
  Ø China is a large supporter in Vanuatu, contributing through grants and soft loans, focused mainly on
    infrastructure (wharfs, roads, convention centre, sporting facilities, Prime Minister Office renovation)
  Ø United States of America (USA) has some programmes through USAID that are implemented by SPC (ISACC
    project)

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Annex E: SPC current work programme against Vanuatu NSDP
priorities
NSDP Pillar 1:             Society Pillar

SPC strategic plan      Goal 3: Pacific people reach their potential and live long and healthy lives
alignment:
NSDP Sub-          SPC     SPC support                                                                     Status/planned
sector             lead                                                                                    2019-2021
Soc. 4             RRRT UPR: RRRT assistance with reporting and implementation of Treaty and               Ongoing
Inclusive Society          Universal Periodic Review (UPR) obligations;
Soc. 6                     Stakeholder trainings, mock UPR sessions; Legislative & policy reviews
Good Gov.                  for human rights compliance & ensuring human rights compliance in
                           new legislation & policies
                           Training for Vanuatu State Prosecution Department summary
                           prosecutors (police level training) (Australia funded)
Soc. 4, 5          RRRT Human Rights Task Force;                                                           Ongoing
Inclusive Society          Family Protection Act implementation tracking tool design, validation
                           and finalisation; Community awareness raising on Child Safeguarding
                           Policy and Gender Equity in Education Policy - Malampa Province;
                           Training on RBA (Rights Based Approach) for National Human Rights
                           CSO Coalition
Soc. 2             EQAP Support to Vanuatu to improve quality of education nationally:                     Ongoing,
Education                  Pacific Islands Literacy and Numeracy Assessment: (PILNA) –                     extensive
                           implementation and administration for outcome of improved literacy              Country
                           and numeracy nationally;                                                        Programming
                           Support to education assessment system:                                         sectoral
                           Improve education system governance, MEL;                                       discussions
                           VEMIS: Increased capacity to manage and use high quality, value and             completed
                           reliable data to inform planning and decision-making;
                           Helping Vanuatu to connect to Regional Qualification Register to
                           improve labour mobility
Soc. 3             PHD     1. Non-communicable diseases (NCD) – Advocacy; technical                        Ongoing, TA and
Health                     assistance; and promotional resources for awareness campaigns, WAKE             materials
                           UP NCD campaign with MoH, Wan Smol Bag, Mele community                          available to MoH
                           2. PPHSN: Strengthening public health surveillance and response;                upon request,
                           strengthening lab standards and training of staff                               ongoing support
                           3. Strengthening collaboration regional clinical services and
                           workforce issues
Soc. 3             GEM     Water: Continued support to the groundwater assessment and                      Ongoing –
Health                     monitoring in existing sites and new sites where needed.                        resource
                                                                                                           mobilization
                              •    Further training of ground water drill team                             required due to
                              •    Continued capacity development in groundwater assessment and            completion of
                                   monitoring                                                              PAM project
                              •    GCF Water security engagement                                           funding
                              •    Link in with water governance work which is already being
                                   supported by UNICEF, other partners where possible
Soc. 4               SDP      Gender responsive planning and budgeting processes: increased                Ongoing
Inclusive Society             capacity for Department of Women’s Affairs, central agencies and sectors
                              for gender analysis (including gender statistics)
Soc. 6               SDD      Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS): system review,               Ongoing
Statistics, Data              prioritisation, training in use of information technology to inform policy
                              Population census – Technical support for planning, design, delivery of
                              2020 Census
                              Support 2019 SDG NSDP Voluntary Nat. Review SPC/UNESCAP/PIFS;
                              Support to Vanuatu National Voluntary Reporting (VNR) preparation via
                              the Pacific SDG regional support partnership.

                           Support to NSO on their reform agenda, as requested
NSDP Pillar 2:         Environment Pillar

SPC strategic plan     Goal 2: Pacific communities are empowered and resilient
alignment:

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NSDP Sub-          SPC     SPC support                                                                          Status/planned
sector             lead                                                                                         2019-2021
Env. 1, 4          LRD     Seeds for Life                                                                       Ongoing
Sustainable Food           Work with staff for Ex-situ conservation at the VARTC
Production                      •    Assist in the evaluation of tree and food crops (climate readiness)
Systems;                        •    Increase the number of collecting missions and characterize main plant
sustainably                          genetic resources from Vanuatu (food and tree crops)
manage                          •    Support the Government in conservation of noble varieties of kava
resources                       •    Enhance where and when required local capacities for plant tissue
                                     culture
                                •    Provide technical support on nurseries establishment / community
                                     seed banks (vegetables, clonal crops)
                           Landscapes and forests management                                                    Planned
                                •    Build capacities in community based natural forest management
                                     (restoration, protection, regeneration)
                                •    Support in surveillance systems for forest conservation
                                •    Assist in building REDD+ readiness capacities
                                •    Introduce tools to and build capacity in land use (voluntary guidelines)
                                •    Assess economic value of land (land degradation)
                           Biosecurity/SPS                                                                      Planned
                                •    Build capacity in plant health (plant health clinics)
                                •    Assist NPPOs in Pest and Disease On-line Commenting Systems
                                •    Create awareness at national level on important pest incursions
                                •    Assist in pest identification, early warning; response planning and
                                     implementation – phyto-sanitation (Pre-border / border / post border)
                                •    Assist in PPPO work planning – working with member countries and
                                     IPPC on the e-phyto and implementation of National Reporting
                                     Obligations (NRO’s) and other International Standards of Phyto-
                                     sanitary Measures (ISPM’s).                                                Need Govt req:
                           Food Systems for Health                                                              SPC can assist
                                •    Build capacities in Value add – organic agriculture / Participatory        with EDF 11
                                     Guarantee Schemes                                                          implementing

                   GEM     Ridge to reef management (R2R) – Tagabe River Catchment                              Ongoing
                   (R2R)   Management Plan support
Env. 1, 4          FAME    Aquaculture: Capacity development provided to government & farmers                   Ongoing
Sustainable Food           in aquatic biosecurity; community based and people-centred approaches
Production                 to strengthen community impacts of small scale aquaculture; tilapia
Systems;                   pond installation and methodology training, prawn hatchery support
sustainably
manage                     Coastal Fisheries: Coastal fisheries policies, management plans and                  Ongoing
resources                  legislation reviewed; Coastal fisheries monitoring, control, surveillance
                           and enforcement support, database and training; Improved information
                           and management of beche-de-mer stocks; Support provided for coastal
                           fisheries resource or ecosystem surveys and assessments
Soc 6              GEM     Good Oceans and Maritime Governance:                                                 Ongoing
Good               FAME    Assist Vanuatu for laws and policies to comply with international
Governance                 maritime instruments; support Vanuatu to establish their maritime
                           jurisdictional rights and responsibilities;
                                                                                                                Need Gov’t
Env. 2                     OCEANS POLICY IMPLEMENTION: Awaiting request from Vanuatu                            request
Low impact                 government for support
industry, modern
technologies               Sustainable Maritime Transport and Safe Navigation:                                  Ongoing
                           Assist Vanuatu with training of domestic vessels ship owners to adopt
                           and implement safety standards and Safety Management Systems (SMS);
                           support Vanuatu to have the capacity and systems to deliver safety of
                           navigation services in line with international maritime instruments;
                           Vanuatu able to improve energy efficiency and lower GHG emissions in
                           maritime transport

                           Shipping and ports energy efficiency:
                           Training, technical assistance, and data collection and analysis for, e.g.,
                           Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP), port energy

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management (MTCC-Pacific5), to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and
                               reliance on fossil fuel in the maritime transport sector;

                               Ship Safety – International Safety Management (ISM) code audit;
    Env 3
    Resilient                  Improved Ocean Literacy and Maritime Capacity: Expertise, skills
                               and knowledge is improved for people in the maritime and ocean-related
                               sectors, support to Women in Maritime Association

                               DRM: Enhanced partnerships and practises on good governance for
                               resilience; utilize science based approaches to support evidence-based
                               decision-making; implement and maintain new or enhanced climate,
                               disaster, water & sanitation resilient investments – ground water        Ongoing
                               assessments with community engagement and capacity building of Dept.
                               of Water to use SPC provided drill rig.

                               Emergency management – partnership strengthening, including
                               twinning (fire services, emergency services); capacity building NDMO,
                               emergency response support to NDMO in disaster management

                               Multi-Hazard Mapping: Lenakal, Tanna and Malekula mapping and
                               community training for coastal flooding; capacity building of Met
                               services and provincial authorities and communities; work under
                               PCRAFI Project

    NSDP Pillar 3:         Economy Pillar
    SPC strategic plan     Goal 1: Pacific people benefit from sustainable economic development
    alignment:
    NSDP Sub-sector    SPC     SPC support                                                              Status/planned
                       lead                                                                             2019-2021
    Econ. 3            FAME Oceanic Fisheries: Stock assessment and monitoring; Analysis and            Ongoing
    Strong Rural               advice for evidence-based fisheries management;
    Economy
    Econ. 1                    Data management: Fisheries and marine ecosystems data collection
    Trade                      and data management services

                                Sustainable Livelihoods: Identification, promotion and transfer of
                                marine-based livelihood alternatives including sustainable nearshore
                                fishing methods for food and income generation, low-cost post-harvest
                                technologies and non-extractive use of marine resources

5     Maritime Technology Cooperation Centre, co-hosted by SPC and SPREP.

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