1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...

 
1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...
1st
Asian Conference
on Biocultural Diversity
         Report
1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...
Greeting

Chairman of Executive Committee of 1st Asian Conference on
Biocultural Diversity
Masanori Tanimoto                  Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture

  It has been an honour for us to have hosted the “1st Asian
Conference on Biocultural Diversity” here in Ishikawa from the 27th to
the 29th of October, 2016. I would like to express my deepest gratitude
for your extensive support and cooperation.
  This conference came to realization as a result of “Noto’s Satoyama
and Satoumi” being recognized by the FAO as a GIAHS site, a first
within a developed country. Due to Ishikawa Prefecture’s effort to
spread its effect, the designation has benefited not only the sectors of
agriculture, forestry and fishery, but also other sectors such as tourism
and manufacturing industry. The utilization of nature and culture has
resulted in the revitalization of the regional community. This effort
on revitalization was acknowledged by UNESCO and the Secretariat
of the Convention on Biological Diversity and enabled us to hold the
conference on biocultural diversity for the first time in Asia.
  The conference was attended by researchers, policymakers,
and other institutions from around the world, which were brought
together at the International Symposium held during the conference.
Participants included guest executives from international organizations
such as Dr. Braulio Dias, Executive Secretary of the CBD, and Dr.
Flavia Schlegel, Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences,
UNESCO. In addition, recognizing the importance of cooperation from
future generations in maintaining our culture and nature, we also held
a Youth session, where students from Ishikawa Prefecture, Thailand
and Russia were invited to discuss biocultural diversity. With over 500
participants from 37 countries, the full potential of the conference was
realized in size and content.
  With the adoption of the “Ishikawa Declaration” at the conference
wrap up, we were able to reaffirm the importance of the conservation
and appropriate utilization of biological and cultural diversity as
a whole interrelated with regional development. Starting with the
Thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (CBD-COP13),
we intend to pass on the outcomes of this conference through every
opportunity possible.
  I hope the participants are able to apply what they have learned
during this conference to their home countries for policy making and
resulting in revitalization. For example, by establishing the “Ishikawa
International Cooperation Program for GIAHS” in close cooperation
with FAO, UNU, Kanazawa University and JICA, we aim to continue
our work towards conservation of biocultural diversity at the local
level and contribute to the development of a sustainable society.
  Lastly, I would like to extend my greatest thanks to all relevant
authorities for the great success of this conference. Thank you very
much.
1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...
Contents   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity Report

           The Outline
              About 1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity                                      4

              Program                                                                                  6

              Album
              Opening ceremony                                                                         8
              Thematic meetings                                                                        9
              Experts meeting                                                                          9
              Plenary meeting
                 International symposium                                                              10
                 Forum                                                                                13
                 Closing session                                                                      15
              Reception                                                                               16
              Youth session                                                                           18
              Poster session                                                                          19
              Field excursion                                                                         20
              VIP excursion                                                                           24
              International Symposium of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems             25
              The Scandinavia-Japan Sasakawa Foundation courtesy call on the Governor                 25
              The venue                                                                               26

           Opening ceremony, Thematic meetings, Experts meeting
              Opening ceremony                                                                        28
              Thematic meetings                                                                       30
              Experts meeting                                                                         32

           Plenary meeting (International symposium)
              Guest speeches                                                                          34
              Keynote address                                                                         36
              Presentation                                                                            38
              Lecture                                                                                 40
              High-level talk session                                                                 41
              Lecture                                                                                 46

           Plenary meeting (Forum), Youth session
              Lecture                                                                                 48
              Panel discussion                                                                        49
              Youth session                                                                           54

           Plenary meeting (Closing session)
              Ishikawa Declaration                                                                    58
              Youth session report                                                                    61
              Organizers' address                                                                     63

           Related events
              VIP excursion                                                               66
              International Symposium of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems 67

           Documents
              Executive Committee                                                                     70
              Public relations                                                                        71
              Products and handouts                                                                   72
              Newspaper articles                                                                      74

           ※ This report is made by the secretariat of the 1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity
              according to the records of the presentations and comments of the participants. The
              personal positions are written as they were when the conference was held.
1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...
Glossary and Abbreviations
BR              Biosphere Reserve(s)
CBD-COP13       13th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
FAO             Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
GIAHS           Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems
IUCN            International Union for Conservation of Nature
JICA            Japan International Cooperation Agency
MAB Programme   Man and the Biosphere Programme
SCBD            Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
SDGs            Sustainable Development Goals
UNDB            The United Nations Decade on Biodiversity
UNDP            United Nations Development Programme
UNESCO          United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNU             United Nations University
UNU-IAS         United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability
                United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability
UNU-IAS OUIK
                Operating Unit Ishikawa/Kanazawa

                Ama, meaning "woman of the sea," is the name of the free-diving women of Japan’s costal regions. Diving
Ama divers
                deep into the ocean to harvest abalone, rock-oysters, seaweed and other shellfish.

                Satoyama is a term applied to a mosaic of socio-ecological systems such as villages, farmlands, secondary
                forests, artificial forests, grasslands, bamboo groves, and irrigation ponds that have been formed and
                maintained through long-term human influence.
Satoyama
                Satoyama are areas where people live and get their livelihood, and at the same time, are often inhabited
                by a variety of species adapted to and rely on these landscapes to survive, and to nurture their own culture,
                hence they play an important role in sustaining and enhancing biodiversity.

                Satoumi is a term for coastal areas which have a strong connection with peoples' livelihoods; an area where
                people lead their lives by acquiring the diverse riches of the sea. Satoumi is high in productivity and serves
Satoumi
                as habitat to an abundant ecosystem that provides an important place for sea creatures to spawn and raise
                their fries.

                                                                          Noto Region             ①
                                                                                                  ●
                                                Japan
                                                                                  ②
                                                                                  ●           ③
                                                                                              ●
                                                                                   ④
                                                                                   ●

                                                                              ⑤
                                                                              ●       ★        〈Venue〉
                                                                                          ⑥
                                                                                          ●    Wakura-Onsen, Nanao
                                                                                   ⑦
                                                                                   ●
                                                                               ⑧
                                                                               ●
                                               Ishikawa Prefecture
                                                                               ⑨
                                                                               ●

                                                                                                   ① Suzu City
                                                                          ⑩
                                                                          ●                        ② Wajima City
                                                                                                   ③ Noto Town
                                                                                                   ④ Anamizu Town
                                                                                                   ⑤ Shika Town
                                                                          ⑪
                                                                          ●                        ⑥ Nanao City
                                                                           ▲                       ⑦ Nakanoto Town
                                                                          Mt. Hakusan
                                                                                                   ⑧ Hakui City
                                                                     Hakusan Region                ⑨ Houdatsushimizu Town
                                                                                                   ⑩ Kanazawa City
                                                                                                   ⑪ Hakusan City
1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...
1st Asian Conference
          on Biocultural Diversity

            The Outline

   About 1st Asian Conference
     on Biocultural Diversity
                 Program
                  Album

1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity
1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...
About 1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity

      In recent years, the idea of combining conservation and utilization of biodiversity with regional
    culture has been advocated by UNESCO and SCBD. Following the 1st European Conference for the
    Implementation of the UNESCO-SCBD Joint Programme on the Links between Cultural and Biological
    Diversity in Florence, Italy 2014, we organized the 1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity in
    October 2016. This was achieved with the cooperation of UNESCO, Secretariat of the Convention on
    Biological Diversity, United Nations University, Ishikawa Prefectural Government and Nanao City.
      For this conference, Dr. Dias, who is the Executive Secretary of the CBD, attended and joined us in the
    high-level talk session. During the conference, there were thematic meetings and panel discussions with
    policymakers from international organizations and from different countries. They presented their efforts
    and participated in discussions. We also organized a youth session, where high school and university
    students joined discussions on biocultural diversity.
      As a result of this conference, we have adopted the “Ishikawa Declaration”. We confirmed that the
    conservation and appropriate utilization of biological and cultural diversity as a whole interrelate with
    regional development.

          Date              October 27-29, 2016

         Venue              Aenokaze Hotel, Wakura-onsen, Nanao, Ishikawa

                            UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), Secretariat of the Convention
      Organizers
                            on Biological Diversity, United Nations University, Ishikawa Prefectural Government, Nanao City
                            Kanazawa City, Wajima City, Suzu City, Hakui City, Hakusan City, Shika Town, Houdatsushimizu
    Co-organizers
                            Town, Nakanoto Town, Anamizu Town, Noto Town

     Cooperation            Agency for Cultural Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Ministry of the Environment

     Participants           500 (including 100 foreign participants from 37 countries)

4   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   The Outline
1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...
What is biocultural diversity?
  Biocultural diversity is the relation between the diversity of nature and culture in a complex socio-
ecological adaptive system. The nature component refers to the flora and fauna in their natural habitat
(biodiversity), and the culture component refers to the human lifestyle developments influenced by the
surrounding ecosystems, including food, clothing, housing, language, religion and arts (cultural diversity).
  Examples of this integration of nature with human intervention are rice paddies and waterways
maintained by local communities. The cultural norm of rice
paddy upkeep provides the locals稲作の基盤となる環境
                                    with food resources and at          Environment that is the basis of rice farming

the same time creates ideal conditions for various creatures in
the local ecosystem to thrive.自然                  文化                         Nature                           Culture
                       里山の生態系              稲作にまつわる生活様式
  In Japan, such examples of cultural lifestyle blending with      Ecosystem of satoyama areas,
                                                                                                   Lifestyle elements related to
                       ●豊かな水源              ●湛水等の農法                 where creatures live in water
                                                                                                   rice farming such as flooding
nature are more commonly      found in rural●祭礼
                       ●田や水路に集う生きも           villages, however     sources, paddy fields, water
                                                                                                   methods, festivals, and food
                        のの生活の場      など     ●食事          など         canals, etc
due to numerous factors this harmonious link between nature
and culture is under threat.
  To maintain and counteract 水環境の維持管理
                                    the loss of biodiversity                   Maintenance of the water environment

and cultural diversity, a number of measures have been
established by the global community such as the Convention on Biological Diversity and the
Convention for the safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural heritage.

Why is Biocultural Diversity Important?
  Humankind’s coexistence with nature helps provide natural resource sustainability and contributes to
regional development. Without factoring in the environmental costs from production and consumption
patterns that focus on economic gain, there is a great danger that there will be detrimental effects to
human welfare.
  Thus, it is necessary to promote biocultural diversity through regional developments that encompass
local industries, planning, and environmental education, placing an importance on the link between nature
and culture, and the balance between utilization and conservation.

Local Issues on Biocultural Diversity
  The loss of biocultural diversity is evident even in areas where there has been a firm relationship
between nature and traditional culture.
  In rural areas in Japan, continuous depopulation makes it harder for local industries and heritages to
be passed on to subsequent generations. Furthermore, changes in lifestyles have created problems in
the maintenance of traditional way of life and local culture, which consequently have caused changes
to the ecosystems. A combination of these factors result in a loss of biocultural resources inherited for
generations with some facing extinction.
  In order to reverse this negative cycle, a new regional development model needs to be created which
will be commercially attractive and at the same time, enhances the conservation and effective use of
natural and cultural local resources through human intervention.

                                                                             The Outline   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   5
1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...
Program

    October 27
    Opening ceremony                         Organizers’ addresses
                                             Masanori Tanimoto (Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan)
    9:30-9:45                                Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias (Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity)
    Room C                                   Flavia Schlegel (Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences, UNESCO)

    Thematic meetings                        Introduction
                                             Koji Nakamura (Visiting Professor at Kanazawa University, Visiting Professor, UNU-IAS)
    9:50-17:00
    Room A,B,D                                 Thematic
                                               meeting 1          Policy Coordination for the Promotion of Biological and Cultural Diversity
                                             UNESCO-SCBD Joint Programme on the Links between Biological and Cultural Diversity (United States of America)
                                             Revisiting the Asian Philosophy of Protected Areas from a Bio-Cultural Perspective (Malaysia)
                                             The UNU-IAS ISI Project and Biocultural Diversity (Japan)
                                             A Community-Based Approach to Resilient and Sustainable Landscapes: Lessons from the COMDEKS Programme
                                             (United States of America)
                                             Multi-Dimensional Interactions for Biocultural Diversity: Making a New Pathway through UNU-IAS OUIK’s activities (Japan)
                                             The National Biodiversity Strategy and Local Biodiversity Strategies in Japan (Japan)
                                             Biodiversity Strategy on Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries in Japan (Japan)
                                             Living Within the Seasonal Rhythm of Nature: The Sri Lankan Biocultural Diversity Experience (Sri Lanka)
                                             Introduction and Policy Coordination for the Promotion of the Links between Biodiversity and Cultural Diversity in Sabah, Malaysia (Malaysia)
                                             Aichi’s strategy toward conservation of biocultural diversity (Japan)
                                             Biodiversity and Community Development in Kanazawa (Japan)
                                             Biocultural Diversity in Sri Lanka: Local Practice and Policy Implementation (Sri Lanka)
                                             Traditional Biocultural Diversity of Salpa Pokhari in Nepal (Nepal)
                                             A Lake of Tragedies and Opportunities: Good-Intentioned Policies that Drowned Local Communities, and What
                                             Rescue Opportunities Can Be Seized (Philippines)
                                             Ishikawa Satoyama Promotion Fund (Japan)

                                               Thematic
                                               meeting 2          Sustainable and Equitable Use of Biocultural Resources and Capacity Building
                                             Nurturing Venison as a “New” Bio-culture in Japan: Perspectives from Food Security, Bio-ethics and Comparative Cultural Analysis (Japan)
                                             Participatory Learning to Diversify Fodder Crop Production in Small Dairy Farms surrounding the Natural Forest Area of Konto Watershed, Malang, Indonesia (Indonesia)
                                             Conservation of Biocultural Diversity on Sacred Groves: Opportunities for Sustainable Future (India)
                                             Integrating Wild Herbal Medicinal Plant Domestication into a Local Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan as a Means for Improving Local Livelihoods (Nepal)
                                             Utilization of Local Biocultural Diversity Resources: Traditional Knowledge in the Agriculture Ecosystem within the
                                             Crocker Range Biosphere Reserve, Sabah, Malaysia (Malaysia)
                                             Biocultural Characteristics of Baduy People (Banten, Indonesia): Life History and Rice Farming (Indonesia)
                                             The Golden Interweave of “Human-Nature-Culture” as a Model of Community Development: A Case Study from the
                                             Pastoralist Landscape of Darvi sum, Khovd aimag, Mongolia (Mongolia)
                                             Restoring the Roots and Co-creating Beauty: A Case Study on Reviving Cultural Landscape of Jaffr (the Rasht valley, Tajikistan) (Tajikistan)
                                             Creating positive cycle on preservation and utilization of cultural resources (Japan)
                                             Daichi’s modern art festival: Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial (Japan)
                                             Community-Driven Initiatives as a Way to Strengthen Bio-cultural Traditions in Indigenous Communities: Experiences from Arunachal Pradesh in India’s northeast (India)
                                             Development of the Integrated Education Fieldworks for the Biocultural Diversity: Learning from the Rural Areas of Ishikawa Prefecture (Japan)
                                             Engaging the Youth in Revitalizing Biological and Cultural Diversity: Insights from the Philippines and Internationally (Philippines)
                                             Human Capacity Building in the GIAHS “Noto’s Satoyama and Satoumi” in Japan (Japan)
                                             “Forest of Yoboshi-go”: Place-based Learning in the Satoyama in Noto (Japan)

                                               Thematic
                                               meeting 3          Biocultural Approaches for Sustainable Development of Internationally Designated Areas
                                             Progress in Fifteen Years and Future Prospects of the GIAHS Program (Italy)
                                             Eco-Cultural Industrial Promotion through GIAHS in China (China)
                                             Promoting Biocultural Diversity through Human Development: The Case of Philippine-Japan GIAHS Twinning
                                             Satoyama Meister Training Program (Philippines)
                                             Pursuing Regional and Historic Evidence of the Coexistence of Human Activity and Nature for the Dynamic
                                             Conservation of Kunisaki Peninsula Usa GIAHS (Japan)
                                             Agricultural Activities in Hakui City designated as GIAHS (Japan)
                                             Involving Local People in Asian Biosphere Reserves: From the Case Study of Mount Hakusan Biosphere Reserve (Japan)
                                             Report 1 on On-the-field Workshop for Asian Biosphere Reserves’ Local Practitioners in Mount Hakusan Biosphere Reserve (Bhutan)(Kazakhstan)(Thailand)
                                             Report 2 on On-the-field Workshop for Asian Biosphere Reserves’ Local Practitioners in Mount Hakusan Biosphere Reserve (Indonesia)(Mongolia)(Vietnam)
                                             What the Mount Odaigahara, Mount Omine & Osugidani Biosphere Reserve links (Japan)
                                             Utilization of the Ecosystem Services in the Past Half-Century of Aya Town (Japan)
                                             Why We Encourage Multiple Designations of Biosphere Reserves with Others (Japan)
                                             Infusing the Satoyama Initiative Concepts into the National and Local Context: a Case Study of the Participatory
                                             Planning and Monitoring Process of an Indigenous Rice Paddy Cultural Landscape, Taiwan (Taiwan)
                                             Human and Nature Interaction in Ifugao Satoyama Landscape: UNESCO-Inscribed Heritage Site and GIAHS (Philippines)
                                             Establishment of an Integrated Management System for Multi-Internationally Designated Areas (Korea)
                                             Possible Multiple Nominations between World Heritage and Other International Conservation Instruments (Japan)

6   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity      The Outline
1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...
October 28
Plenary meeting
International symposium   Guest speeches
                          Yutaka Shoda (Deputy Director-General, Nature Conservation Bureau, Environmental Policy Bureau, Ministry of the Environment)
9:30-12:30                Keisuke Isogai (Director-General, Commissioner's Secretariat, Agency for Cultural Affairs)
                          Ryuko Inoue (Deputy Director-General, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)
Room A-B-C
                          Keynote address                             Biocultural Diversity: Linking People with Nature
                          Kazuhiko Takeuchi (Senior Visiting Professor, UNU-IAS, Professor at the University of Tokyo)

                          Presentation                      Regional Revitalization through Utilization of Ishikawa, Nature and Culture and the Inheritance for the Next Generation
                          Masanori Tanimoto (Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan)

                          Lecture               KOMATSU’s Efforts on Regional Revitalization in Ishikawa
                          Shuji Yamashita (Senior Executive Officer, Vice President, Production Division, Komatsu Ltd.)

                          High-level talk session                                  Global Agenda and Biocultural Diversity
                          MC : Kazuhiko Takeuchi (Senior Visiting Professor, UNU-IAS, Professor at the University of Tokyo)
                          Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias (Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity)
                          Flavia Schlegel (Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences, UNESCO)

                          Lecture               We Love You Planet!~Let’s live our life conscientiously~
                          IRUKA (Singer-songwriter, IUCN Goodwill Ambassador, A picture book writer)

Forum                     Lecture               Nature and Cultural Diversity - The Importance for Humanity
                          Koichiro Matsuura (Former Director-General of UNESCO)
14:00-16:30
Room A-B-C                Report of the thematic meeting
                          Hellin Brink (UNESCO-SCBD Joint Programme)
                          John Scott (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity)
                          Masahito Yoshida (University of Tsukuba)

                          Panel discussion
                          Building Partnership for Local Nature and Culture from Asian Perspectives
                          Moderator
                          Tsunao Watanabe (Director, Operating Unit Ishikawa/Kanazawa, UNU-IAS)
                          Panelists
                          Fumiko Nakao (Director, Global Biodiversity Strategy Office, Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan)
                          Yang-bo Kim (Director-General of Environment Conservation Bureau of Jeju Special Self-governing Province, Korea)
                          Gerald Jetony (Senior Geologist at Natural Resources Office, State Government of Sabah, Malaysia)
                          Norio Mitani (Chief Editor, Manufacturing Engineering Dept., Awazu Plant, Komatsu Ltd.)
                          Shinjiro Imura (Organic Farmer, President, Kanazawa Agriculture, President, Kanazawa Daichi Co., Ltd. President, Asian Agriculture Co., Ltd.)
                          Yuki Hagino (Leader of Team Maruyama)
                          Takashi Azuma (Director-General, Planning and Development Department, Ishikawa Prefectural Government)

Closing session           Ishikawa Declaration
16:50-17:30               Youth session report
                          Student representatives from Kanazawa Izumigaoka High School and Nanao High School, Thai high schools, and universities
Room A-B-C
                          Organizers’ address
                          Toyokazu Fushima (Mayor of Nanao City)

Reception                 Opening
18:00-19:30               Welcome remarks on behalf of the reception host
Dekayama                  Masanori Tanimoto (Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan)

                          Guest speech
                          Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias (Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity)

                          Toast
                          Toyokazu Fushima (Mayor of Nanao City)

                          Performance
                          Gojinjo Daiko,Yada lion dance

                          Closing remarks
                          Masahiro Miyashita (Chairperson, Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly)

October 29
Field excursion
                                                                                               The Outline          1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity                     7
1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity - Report - 第1回アジア ...
Album

    Opening ceremony
    At the opening ceremony, to begin the conference, three people including                                           Date       October 27 9:30-9:45
    governor Tanimoto made opening addresses representing the organizers.                                              Venue      Room C

                                             Masanori Tanimoto, Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture giving opening remarks

                   Masanori Tanimoto                                 Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias                                                Flavia Schlegel
         (Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan)         (Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity)     (Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences, UNESCO)

8   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity     The Outline
Thematic meetings
At the thematic meetings, there were presentations made by relevant people         Date      October 27 9:50-17:00
according to the three themes on biocultural diversity.                            Venue     Room A,B,D

       Dr. Koji Nakamura (Visiting professor at Kanazawa University)                       Thematic meeting 1
             making an introduction for the thematic meetings.

                           Thematic meeting 2                                              Thematic meeting 3

Experts meeting                                                                    Date      October 27 18:00-19:30
                                                                                   Venue     Room D

                                                                             The Outline    1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   9
Album

     Plenary meeting
     Active discussions were made through lectures and panel discussions on                  Date       October 28 9:30-17:30
     biocultural diversity.                                                                  Venue      Room A-B-C

     International symposium

     ● Guest speeches

                                   Yutaka Shoda                                                       Keisuke Isogai
               (Deputy Director-General, Nature Conservation Bureau,      (Director-General, Commissioner's Secretariat, Agency for Cultural Affairs)
              Environmental Policy Bureau, Ministry of the Environment)

                                                                                                         Ryuko Inoue
                                                                           (Deputy Director-General, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research
                                                                             Council Secretariat, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)
10   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity    The Outline
● Keynote address
  Dr. Kazuhiko Takeuchi (Senior Visiting Professor, UNU-IAS) made a keynote address titled “Biocultural Diversity: Linking People with Nature”.

● Presentation
  Mr. Masanori Tanimoto (Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture) made a presentation with the theme of, “Regional Revitalization through Utilization
  of Ishikawa, Nature and Culture and the Inheritance for the Next Generation”.

● Lecture
  Mr. Shuji Yamashita (Senior Executive Officer, Vice President, Production Division, Komatsu Ltd.) made a lecture with the theme of
  “KOMATSU's Efforts on Regional Revitalization in Ishikawa”.

                                                                                      The Outline    1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   11
Album

     ● High-level talk session
         Active discussions were made under the theme of “Global Agenda and Biocultural Diversity”.

                       Flavia Schlegel                                       Kazuhiko Takeuchi                              Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias
      (Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences,      (Senior Visiting Professor, UNU-IAS, Professor at         (Executive Secretary of the Convention on
                          UNESCO)                                          the University of Tokyo)                               Biological Diversity)

     ● Lecture
         Ms. IRUKA (Singer-songwriter, IUCN Goodwill Ambassador, A picture book writer) made a lecture with the theme of “We Love You Planet! -Let’s
         live our life conscientiously-”.

                                                                                      Ms. IRUKA reading the picture book to the participants

12   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity        The Outline
Forum
● Lecture
  Dr. Koichiro Matsuura (Former Director -General of UNESCO) gave a lecture on “Nature and Cultural Diversity- the Importance for Humanity”.

● Report of the thematic meeting
  The report of the details from yesterday's thematic meeting was made.

             Hellin Brink                                             John Scott                                       Masahito Yoshida
    (UNESCO-SCBD Joint Programme)               (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity)              (University of Tsukuba)

                                                                                              The Outline   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   13
Album

     ● Panel discussion
            There were active discussions made under the theme of “Building Partnership for Local Nature and Culture from Asian Perspectives”.
            Moderator          Tsunao Watanabe (Director, Operating Unit Ishikawa/Kanazawa, UNU-IAS)
            Panelists          Fumiko Nakao (Director, Global Biodiversity Strategy Office, Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan)
                               Yang-bo Kim (Director-General of Environment Conservation Bureau of Jeju Special Self-governing Province, Korea)
                               Gerald Jetony (Senior Geologist at Natural Resources Office, State Government of Sabah, Malaysia)
                               Norio Mitani (Chief Editor, Manufacturing Engineering Dept., Awazu Plant, Komatsu Ltd.)
                               Shinjiro Imura (Organic Farmer, President, Kanazawa Agriculture, President, Kanazawa Daichi Co., Ltd. President, Asian Agriculture Co., Ltd.)
                               Yuki Hagino (Leader of Team Maruyama)
                               Takashi Azuma (Director-General, Planning and Development Department, Ishikawa Prefectural Government)

                 Tsunao Watanabe                            Fumiko Nakao                                         Yang-bo Kim                                 Gerald Jetony

     (                                     )   (                                              ) (                                         ) (                                      )
              Director, Operating Unit           Director, Global Biodiversity Strategy                 Director-General of Environment                     Senior Geologist
          Ishikawa/Kanazawa, UNU-IAS              Office, Ministry of the Environment,                 Conservation Bureau of Jeju Special            at Natural Resources Office,
                                                         Government of Japan                             Self-governing Province, Korea          State Government of Sabah, Malaysia

                    Norio Mitani                               Shinjiro Imura                                   Yuki Hagino                                   Takashi Azuma

     (                                     ) (                                                )                                               (                                     )
            Chief Editor, Manufacturing             Organic Farmer, President, Kanazawa                 (Leader of Team Maruyama)                     Director-General, Planning and
          Engineering Dept., Awazu Plant,        Agriculture, President, Kanazawa Daichi Co.,                                                            Development Department,
                   Komatsu Ltd.                   Ltd. President, Asian Agriculture Co., Ltd.                                                        Ishikawa Prefectural Government

14   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity          The Outline
Closing session

● Ishikawa Declaration
     Ishikawa Declaration was adopted to anticipate further promotion of conservation and utilization of biocultural diversity.

● Recognition
     UNESCO-SCBD Joint Programme presenting a crystal plaque to Governor Tanimoto for Ishikawa Prefecture's work to hold the first in Asia
     international conference on biocultural diversity.

● Youth session report
     Presentation by the participants of the youth session that was held in the afternoon of the same day.                                              ● Organizers’ address

     Daichi Yomogida                     Koto Nakashima                             Kyoka Amano                 Yossavee Leesurapong                          Toyokazu Fushima
(Kanazawa University 6th year)   (Kanazawa Izumigaoka High School 2nd year)   (Nanao High School 2nd year)   (Princess Chulabhorn’s Collage 2nd year)        (Mayor of Nanao City)

                                                                                                                     The Outline            1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   15
Album

     Reception
     At the reception, with local cuisine using local products and locally-brewed sake                   Date       October 28 18:00-19:30
     were served. There were performances of traditional performing art by Gojinjo Daiko                 Venue      Dekayama
     and Yada lion dance.

                                Masanori Tanimoto                                                          Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias
                      (Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan)                              (Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity)

                                                                        Toyokazu Fushima
                                                                       (Mayor of Nanao City)

                                                                    Powerful act of Gojinjo Daiko

16   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity    The Outline
Yada lion dance with full feeling and lively motion

                           ● Closing remarks

                                                        Masahiro Miyashita
                                            (Chairperson, Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly)

                                           The Outline   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   17
Album

     Youth session
     At the youth session group work and presentation were made by students                                Date         October 28 13:30-16:00
     from Kanazawa Izumigaoka High School, Nanao High School, High Schools in                              Venue        Room D
     Thailand, Kanazawa University and Russian Universities.

     Encouragement given by Masanori Tanimoto, Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture    Encouragement given by Flavia Schlegel, Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences, UNESCO

                                                            Making discussions during the group work

                                                               Presentations made by the students

18   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   The Outline
Poster session
At the poster session, 42 posters were presented. At the panel exhibition,         Date     October 27, 28
32 exhibits were made by related local government, corporations and                Venue    Foyer
organizations.

                                                                             The Outline   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   19
Album

     Field excursion
     Introduced the Ishikawa Prefecture's efforts to conserve and utilize Satoyama                                                   Date        October 29
     and Satoumi, as well as organized an experiencing opportunity to feel the
     charm of Satoyama and Satoumi of Ishikawa.

            Traditional Culture and Sustainable Regional                                                  UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage "Aenokoto" and
       1    Development in Noto’s Satoyama-Satoumi                                                   2    Human Resource Development Using the Nature in Noto
                                                  ❶ Team Maruyama (Wajima City)                                                                  ❶ Noto Marine Center (Noto Town)
                               ❸                    Introduction of Team Maruyama’s activities                                                     Introduction of environmental education
                       ❹
                                                                                                                                        ❺
                                                    and observation of the sites                                                  ❷❸❹              and observe of the Marine Center
                                                                                                                                        ❶
                       ❶
                   Noto Airport
                               ❷
                                                  ❷【Lunch】Shunran no Sato (Noto Town)                             Noto Airport                   ❷ Aenokoto (Noto Town)
                                                    Visit the village of farm hostels and                                                          Observation of “Aenokoto” ritual
                                                    experience mushroom hunting                                                                    performance at Yanagida Botanical Park
                                                  ❸ Shiroyone Senmaida                                                                             "Gorokuan"
               Aenokaze Hotel                       (terraced paddy fields) (Wajima City)                     Aenokaze Hotel                     ❸【Lunch】Yanagida Botanical Park
               (Venue)                                                                                        (Venue)
                                                    Observation of terraced rice paddies                                                           PICCORO (Noto Town)
                                                  ❹ Wajima Kiriko Art Museum                                                                     ❹ Noto Satoyama Satoumi Meister Training
                                                    (Wajima City)                                                                                  Program (Suzu City)
                                                    Observe Kiriko Art Museum and experience                                                       Introduction of the training program for
                                                    the carrying of Kiriko float                                                                   human resource development using the
                                                                                                                                                   nature in Noto   *Explanation to be given
                                                                                                                                                   in Yanagida Botanical Park
        Kanazawa St.                                                                                 Kanazawa St.
                                                                                                                                                 ❺ Sogen Sake Brewery (Suzu City)
                                                                                                                                                   Tour at the sake brewery

       3    Regional Vitalization through Sustainable Fishing and Tourism                            4    Sustainable Agriculture and Traditional Culture in Noto

                                                  ❶ Togi Fishing Port (Shika Town)                                                               ❶ Noto Jofu Kaikan (Nakanoto Town)
                                                    Presentations on fishing basket and fixed                                                      Introduction of the woven hemp cloth of
                                                    netting, and tour of the fishing port                                                          Noto and weaving experience
                   Noto Airport                   ❷ Ippon-sugi Street (Nanao City)                                Noto Airport                   ❷ Noto Satoyama agricultural school
                           ❹
                                                    Observation of Hanayome Noren Museum,                                                          (Hakui City)
           ❶       ❸                                and visit to Shirai, a kelp and marine                                                         Introduction of natural farming and
                                                    products shop                                                                                  observation of natural farming methods
     Aenokaze Hotel ❷                             ❸【Lunch】Noto Railway Sightseeing                                    Aenokaze Hotel             ❸【Lunch】Restaurant “Matsuo” (Hakui City)
           (Venue)                                                                                                    (Venue)
                                                    Train“Noto Satoyama-Satoumi”
                                                                                                                  ❶
                                                                                                                                                 ❹ Houdatsu Kuzu Kaikan
                                                    (Nanao City - Anamizu Town)                            ❸❷                                      (Houdatsushimizu Town)
                                                    Ride on the sightseeing train                         ❺                                        Introduction of kuzu (arrowroot) processed
                                                                                                              ❹
                                                  ❹ Boramachi Yagura (Anamizu Town)                                                                in Houdatsu Town and experience of
                                                    Explanation of Bora (mullet) fishing and                                                       making arrowroot gruel
                                                    observation of the Yagura (watchtower)                                                       ❺ Chirihama Beach Driveway
                                                                                                                                                   (Hakui City - Houdatsushimizu Town)
        Kanazawa St.                                                                                 Kanazawa St.
                                                                                                                                                   The bus will drive along the beach, it is the
                                                                                                                                                   only such “road” in Japan.

                                                                                                          Protection of Japanese Crested Ibis and promotion of
       5    Mt. Hakusan Biosphere Reserve and Fermented Food Culture                                 6    gibier at the foot of Mt.Hakusan

                                   Noto Airport   ❶ Chirihama Beach Driveway                                                      Noto Airport   ❶ Chirihama Beach Driveway
                                                    (Hakui City - Houdatsushimizu Town)                                                            (Hakui City - Houdatsushimizu Town)
                                                    The bus will drive along the beach, it is the                                                  The bus will drive along the beach, it is the
                                                    only such “road” in Japan.                                                                     only such “road” in Japan.
                               Aenokaze Hotel                                                                                 Aenokaze Hotel
                               (Venue)            ❷【Lunch】Kenrokuen Garden                                                    (Venue)            ❷【Lunch】Kenrokuen Garden (Kanazawa
                                                    (Kanazawa City)                                                                                City) Strolling in Kenrokuen Garden and
                                                    Strolling in Kenrokuen Garden and have                                                         have lunch at restaurant "Miyoshian"
                               ❶                                                                                              ❶
                                                    lunch at restaurant "Miyoshian"                                                              ❸ Ishikawa ZOO (Nomi City)
                                                  ❸ Shiramine (Hakusan City) Strolling in the                                                      Introduction to the work towards protecting
                                                    Shiramine to view villagescape                                                                 Japanese Crested ibis (The symbol of
                                                  ❹ Hakusan Folk Museum (Hakusan City)                                                             Satoyama), and observe the diverse
                           Kanazawa St.                                                                                   Kanazawa St.
                           ❷                        Observation of the museum and experience                              ❷                        breeding with the live video.
               ❺                                    the food culture of the foot area of Mt.                                                     ❹ CRAFT WORKS ER (Hakusan City)
                                                                                                                  ❸
                                                    Hakusan                                                           ❹                            Introduction to the wildlife damage
           Komatsu Airport                                                                               Komatsu Airport
                                                  ❺ Pickled pufferfish shop "Arayo" (Hakusan City)                                                 management at Satoyama and observation
                                                    Introduction of fermented food culture and                                                     of leather goods made of wild boar etc, and
                       ❹                            observation tour of the Arayo factory                                                          also tried a sample of Gibier food.
                       ❸

20   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity                   The Outline
● course1    Traditional Culture and Sustainable Regional Development in Noto’s Satoyama-Satoumi

                                                                                       Experiencing mushroom gathering

      Introducing the efforts made by Team Maruyama

                                                               Shiroyone Senmaida (terraced paddy fields)        Wajima Kiriko Art Museum

          【Lunch】Farmers Inn “Shunran no Sato”                                            Experiencing carrying a Kiriko

● course2    UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage "Aenokoto" and Human Resource Development Using the Nature in Noto

                                                                    Demonstration of “Aenokoto”             【Lunch】Yanagida Botanical Park PICCORO

                     Noto Marine Center

                                                                                   Tour at the Sougen Sake Brewery Co., Ltd.

      Explanation made at the beach close to the facility                     Experiencing the trolley utilizing a discontinued line

                                                                               The Outline       1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity       21
Album
     ● course3             Regional Vitalization through Sustainable Fishing and Tourism

                                                                                                                  Ipponsugi street /Hanayome Noren Museum

                      Introducing, basket fishing and set-net fishing

                                                                                      Noto Railway Sightseeing Train “Noto Satoyama-Satoumi Train”   【Lunch】“Noto Satoyama-Satoumi Train's” sushi lunch

                  Observing the direct sales store at Togi Fishing Port                                                   Introduction of Boramachi Yagura

     ● course4             Sustainable Agriculture and Traditional Culture in Noto

                               Tour at the Noto Jofu Center                                 Introduction to natural cultivation at Noto Satoyama Agricultural School

          Tour of the Natural Cultivation Farm at Noto Satoyama Agricultural School       【Lunch】Restaurant “Matsuo”                                 Observing the Houdatsu Kuzu Center

22   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity          The Outline
● course5         Mount Hakusan Biosphere Reserve and Fermented Food Culture

                                                                                                             Walk at Shiramine Area

                     Walk in Kenrokuen Garden

                                                                                                      Visit at the Hakusan Folk Museum

                    【Lunch】Kenrokuen Garden                                                  Taking a look at the Pickled Pufferfish Shop “Arayo"

● course6         Protection of Japanese Crested Ibis and promotion of Gibier at the foot of Mount Hakusan

                     Walk in Kenrokuen Garden

                                                                                  Introduction to wildlife damage management at Satoyama at CRAFT WORKS ER

                    【Lunch】Kenrokuen Garden

  Visit to the Ishikawa Zoo        Explaining the works towards conserving Toki           Observation of leather goods made at CRAFT WORKS ER

                                                                                               The Outline     1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   23
Album

     VIP excursion
     After the opening ceremony, Governor Tanimoto, Dr. Dias and Dr. Schlegel                            Date         October 27
     visited the places of Noto's Satoyama and Satoumi. At “Shunran no Sato”, they                       Itinerary    Farmers Inn “Shunran no Sato”, Shiroyone
     had a talk with Mr. Kiichiro Tada, who is the Director of the Shunran no Sato
                                                                                                                      Senmaida (terraced paddy fields), Osaki
     executive committee and Ms. Chiharu Hayase who is an Ama diver in Wajima.
                                                                                                                      lacquerware store
     ● Farmers Inn “Shunran no Sato”

     ● Shiroyone Senmaida (terraced paddy fields)

                                         Mr. Kaji, Mayor of Wajima City explained about “Shiroyone Senmaida” to participants

     ● Osaki lacquerware store

                                                      Observing the production process of Wajima lacquerware

24   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity    The Outline
International Symposium of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems
As a side event, it was organized to celebrate the fifth anniversary of “Noto’s                        Date               October 27 14:00-16:30
Satoyama and Satoumi” designation and the new designation of “Ayu of the                               Venue              Convention Hall, Kagaya Hotel
Nagara River System” in Gifu Prefecture as a GIAHS site.

                                                                        Remarks made by Masanori Tanimoto, Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture     Remarks made by Hajime Furuta, Governor of Gifu Prefecture

                     Venue view of the symposium                          Venue during the keynote address                                     Comments from the participants at the panel discussion

The Scandinavia-Japan Sasakawa Foundation courtesy call on the Governor
The Scandinavia-Japan Sasakawa Foundation made a courtesy call on the Governor                                          Date                 October 28 16:00-
Tanimoto.                                                                                                               Venue                Tairyoumatsuri

                                                                                                  The Outline                 1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity                                 25
Album

     The venue

                                                                                          The female Ama divers of Wajima

     Oku-noto no Aenokoto designated as the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage in 2009

            Floats of the Seihaku festival (Yama, Hoko, Yatai, float festivals)
            designated as the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage in 2016

                 The Amamehagi of Noto proposed to be designated as
                        UNESCO intangible cultural heritage

26   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity         The Outline
1st Asian Conference
          on Biocultural Diversity

               Day 1
             October 27

          Opening ceremony
           Thematic meetings
            Experts meeting

1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity
Opening ceremony

                                                     Masanori Tanimoto
                                                     Governor of Ishikawa Prefecture

                                                      I would like to          GIAHS site, the first one in Japan.
                                                     express my sincere          The effect of the GIAHS designation has not been limited
                                                     thanks to all of the      to agriculture in Ishikawa; there has been a ripple effect in
                                                     organizers of this        other sectors, such as tourism, manufacturing, and traditional
     1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity, a first ever in            crafts. We have endeavored to link nature and culture in order
     Asia, to be held here in Ishikawa. At the same time, I would              to revitalize local regions. There are over 500 participants
     like to welcome all of the participants to Ishikawa.                      from 36 countries joining us for this conference. I am looking
       The idea of combining conservation and utilization of                   forward to seeing the results of the conference being reflected
     biodiversity with regional culture has been advocated by                  in regional policymaking, and it is my hope that the mutual
     UNESCO and SCBD in recent years. I believe Ishikawa’s                     learning that takes place here will lead to vitalization in our
     efforts with regard to “Noto’s Satoyama and Satoumi”                      respective communities.
     correspond to this movement. The aim of the Noto                            This year marks a turning point for “The United Nations
     communities is to conserve traditional agriculture as well as             Decade on Biodiversity (UNDB)”, which began in 2011. Also,
     culture that is rooted in people’s lives, and to develop and              it is exactly five years since the launching event of UNDB
     pass down the furusato (hometown) culture.                                was held here in Ishikawa. At this international conference,
       Ishikawa Prefecture has worked with UNU-IAS OUIK to                     Ishikawa Prefecture is resolving once again to contribute to
     promote these efforts at every opportunity. This work has been            the conservation of biodiversity and cultural diversity from a
     praised by UNESCO and SCBD, and has led to this 1st Asian                 regional perspective.
     Conference on Biocultural Diversity being held in Ishikawa
     Prefecture. It is a great honor, and very significant that this
     conference is being held in Noto, which was designated as a

28   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity     Opening ceremony
Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias
                                           Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity

                                         Ishikawa Prefecture            sustainability. Actually sharing the benefits of biodiversity
                                       is blessed with                  and the transmission of local biocultural diversity is also
                                       gifts of nature and              important; this includes enhancing and supporting local and
                                       h u m a n c r e a t i v i t y.   traditional knowledge systems, technologies and cultural
                                       Together they have               practices.
co-evolved over generations in mutual supportive ways, a                  During this symposium, I would like to hear how we
perfect example of biocultural diversity. Ishikawa Prefecture           can promote diverse and culturally appropriate means
is working to strengthen local implementation of initiatives            for local development through mutual exchange and
to support biocultural diversity by promoting diverse,                  learning, especially through local implementation linked
culturally appropriate means of local development through               with internationally supported programs. The secretariat
mutual exchange and learning. This is achieved by linking               is committed to taking this work further, and I invite the
local initiatives to international designation systems, such            Ishikawa Prefectural government and UNU to present the
as GIAHS site by FAO, UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and                      results of this important meeting at our next conference, the
Geopark.                                                                13th conference of parties of CBD, which will take place this
   The complex interplay between biodiversity and                       December in Cancun, Mexico.
cultural diversity has a vital impact on economic, political,             Finally, I wish you good luck in having successful
environmental, social and cultural sustainability. Together             discussions ahead, and look forward to the results both for the
with UN University, and our host Ishikawa Prefecture, we                benefit of the CBD and relevant UNESCO programs.
will commit to further exploring and assisting all parties
to implement integrated approaches to conservation and

                                           Flavia Schlegel
                                           Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences, UNESCO

                                             This joint program         Prefecture during the coming three days. I’m also very proud to
                                           was launched by              see how far the UNESCO-SCBD Joint Programme on the links
                                           UNESCO and SCBD              between biological and cultural diversity has come, thanks to
                                           exactly six years ago in     receiving continuous support from various partners.
                                        October 2010. This first           Ishikawa Prefecture is a model region when it comes to
Asian conference also serves as the sixth anniversary of the start      efficiently combining cultural and biological diversity. It is home
of that initiative.                                                     to an FAO GIAHS site, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, as well
   This conference is building on the success of the 1st European       as various cities participating in the creative cities network. It is a
Conference on Biocultural Diversity, which was held in Florence,        place with active links between cultural and biological diversity.
Italy in 2014. This was followed by a number of dialogues               SCBD and UNESCO have both stayed focused on the issues
with indigenous people and local communities organized in               of connections between biological and cultural diversity; it has
2015 in Africa and in Latin America. These helped us to better          remained high in our common agenda and it will continue to
understand the links between biological and cultural diversity in       be our priority for joint action. I wish all of us a very successful
different regions around the globe. Better understanding of these       meeting and I’m looking forward to hearing your conversations,
links is very important for a variety of UNESCO’s projects and          your recommendations, and other positive results of the
programs. I am very eager to listen to you and to hear from you         conference.
the results of this exchange, which is being hosted by Ishikawa

                                                                            Opening ceremony      1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   29
Thematic meetings

       Dr. Koji Nakamura (visiting professor at Kanazawa                 their understanding of the relationship between biodiversity
     University and UNU-IAS) presented a keynote speech to               and cultural diversity, their appropriate conservation and
     share the main purposes of the meeting. Dr. Nakamura                utilization, and exchange programs and human resource
     explained the past efforts of Ishikawa Prefecture with regard       development among the international designation systems.
     to conservation and the use of Satoyama and Satoumi while           Finally, he stated that, as the outcomes of the three thematic
     highlighting the perspective of Japanese civilization, including    meetings that resulted in the “Ishikawa Declaration” would be
     the links between local biodiversity and cultural diversity. As     internationally shared, he expected the 1st Asian Conference
     well, he pointed out how international designation systems          on Biocultural Diversity to become an opportunity for
     such as GIAHS in Noto Peninsula and UNESCO Biosphere                regional exchange to bring about local development that takes
     Reserve in the Hakusan region have contributed to sustainable       advantage of biocultural diversity, and to contribute to the
     development of local communities in Ishikawa Prefecture.            attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals.
     He also encouraged the participants to hold discussions on

     Thematic meeting 1                                                    Session C “Local Partnership and Policy Implementation”:
                                                                         Presenters were local activists and policymakers from Sri
     Policy Coordination for the                                         Lanka, Nepal and the Philippines, who pointed out that for
     Promotion of Biological and                                         local ecosystems to be preserved, indigenous people and
     Cultural Diversity                                                  local communities should have a major role in environmental
                                                                         management. Kanazawa City introduced its regional
                                                                         strategy for biodiversity conservation and measures for
       Session A “International Programme on Biocultural
                                                                         the participation of the public. Ishikawa Prefecture shared
     Diversity”: This session featured presenters from international
                                                                         experiences on the policy development process to improve the
     organizations such as UNESCO, SCBD, UNDP, UNU
                                                                         value of biocultural diversity through collaboration between
     and IUCN. The session underlined the importance of
                                                                         local government and the public with the introduction of the
     financial support for grass-roots community activities
                                                                         Ishikawa Satoyama Promotion Fund.
     through international programs, as well as the role of local
                                                                           The importance of multi-level initiatives with regard to
     government in carrying out the coordination required for local
                                                                         biocultural diversity and policies to support local development
     development.
                                                                         was discussed based on these fruitful presentations in
       Session B “Biocultural Policy at the National and Regional
                                                                         Thematic meeting 1.
     Level”: Presenters were from government agencies such as
     Japan’s Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Agriculture,
     Forestry and Fisheries, as well as Sri Lankan Ministry of
     Environment, and local governments such as Malaysia’s
     Sabah State and Aichi Prefecture. The session focused on
     strategic planning with regard to biocultural diversity and
     involving the cultural sectors, as well as mainstreaming the
     idea of biocultural diversity in policymaking.

30   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   Thematic meetings
Thematic meeting 2                                              Japanese Agency for Cultural Affairs and Tokamachi City,
                                                                talked about Daichi’s Modern Art Festival, and introduced
Sustainable and Equitable                                       institutional design and local planning for the conservation
Use of Biocultural Resources                                    and utilization of cultural resources.
and Capacity Building                                              Session F “Human Resource Development for Biocultural
                                                                Approaches”: Five case studies on human resource
                                                                development were shared: an education program conducted
  Session D “Utilization of Local Biocultural Resources
                                                                in the forest organized by international NGOs, Kanazawa
1”: Five case studies by researchers and administrative
                                                                University’s education program for international students,
officers were presented. The presentations included specific
                                                                the Satoyama Satoumi Meister Program, and the locally
examples of the use of deer meat in Japan, diversification in
                                                                initiated “Team Maruyama” activity on Noto Peninsula. The
hay production in Indonesia, conservation of “sacred groves”
                                                                importance of locally organized field education in the Asian
in India, cultivation of wild herbs in Nepal, and utilization
                                                                region through case studies was highlighted.
of traditional seeds and livestock in Malaysia. The points of
                                                                   Thematic meeting 2 concluded with the consensus that
the session were the importance of traditional knowledge in
                                                                traditional knowledge embodied in local communities should
the sustainable use of local ecosystems, ways of conserving
                                                                be applied and integrated into initiatives for sustainable
and utilizing the knowledge, and the fair distribution of the
                                                                economic development and education for future generations,
resulting economic benefit.
                                                                and further expanded across Asia.
  Session E “Utilization of Local Biocultural Resources
2”: Three case studies on indigenous communities were
presented. They focused on the Baduy of Indonesia, nomads
in Mongolia, and a fruit farmer in Tajikistan. These people
shared the challenges, as indigenous communities living in
modern society, and the prospects of realizing sustainable
livelihoods in the future. Two Japanese presenters, the

Thematic meeting 3                                              being effectively utilized as educational material for mutual
                                                                learning among the sites.
Biocultural Approaches for                                        Session I “Local Management Using Multiple International
Sustainable Development of                                      Designations”: Local implementation for landscape
Internationally Designated Areas                                conservation and regional vitalization among multiple
                                                                international designations such as UNESCO Man and the
                                                                Biosphere Programme, GIAHS and World Heritage were
  Session G “Local community Development through
                                                                discussed. Cases from Taiwan, the Philippines, Korea and
GIAHS”: Five case studies from the international to the
                                                                Japan revealed the importance of the community’s role in
community level were presented by FAO, China, the
                                                                controlling international designations and creating synergy
Philippines and Japan. The session highlighted the GIAHS
                                                                among them.
twinning program for capacity development between Ifugao,
                                                                  The discussions that took place in Thematic meeting 3
Philippines and Noto, Japan, and the effect of GIAHS
                                                                verified that the sharing of knowledge and good practices
designations on agricultural practices of the Kunisaki
                                                                among multiple internationally designated sites would be an
Peninsula and Hakui City. The role of GIAHS in local
                                                                effective tool for the promotion of sustainable development at
revitalization was discussed from various perspectives.
                                                                the community level.
  Session H “Involving Local People in Biosphere Reserves”:
This session consisted of two group presentations by invited
local practitioners (from Bhutan, Kazakhstan, Thailand,
Indonesia, Mongolia and Vietnam) on the achievements of
the field training program in the Mount Hakusan Biosphere
Reserve (BR), and Japanese cases of Odaigahara BR and Aya
BR. It concluded with the idea of local community practices

                                                                    Thematic meetings   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   31
Experts meeting

       In the Experts meeting, specific recommendations for the annex of the Ishikawa Declaration were introduced by each of the three
     chairpersons of the thematic meetings, Ms. Hellin Brink (UNESCO-SCBD Joint Programme), Mr. John Scott (SCBD) and Dr.
     Masahito Yoshida (University of Tsukuba). The discussions focused mainly on “Policy Coordination”, “Development of Human
     Resources” and “Utilization of International Designation Systems” for conserving and utilizing biocultural diversity.
       The annex was consolidated and recommendations were summarized as:
          - Education and human resource development are important for the sharing of traditional knowledge on the sustainable use of
            natural resources;
          - It is important to support local sustainable livelihood and economic activities;
          - The governance process is important for the reflection of various opinions, as is coordination among different policy levels.
       The Ishikawa Declaration and its recommendations, including the points above, were adopted by the conference participants.

32   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   Experts meeting
1st Asian Conference
          on Biocultural Diversity

               Day 2
             October 28

            Plenary meeting
      (International symposium)

1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity
Guest speeches

                                         The Japanese presidency for CBD-COP10, which was held in Nagoya in 2010, led the adoption of
                                       the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and, the “Aichi Biodiversity Targets”, more specific targets to be
                                       realized by 2020. The long-term target is “to live in harmony with nature”.
                                         To realize a symbiotic society, it is not only preservation of the primeval natural environment
                                       that is important, but also conservation of the secondary natural environment, which is created and
                                       maintained through human activity such as agriculture and forestry. These natural environments are
                                       the source of creation of culture, and are being maintained through the efforts of local communities.

     Yutaka                              During CBD-COP10, Ishikawa Prefecture kindly accepted participants for a field trip to ‘Shunran

     Shoda                             no Sato’. This allowed the participants to visualize life with nature. Ishikawa Prefecture is also
     Deputy Director-General,          working towards the reintroduction of toki (Japanese crested ibis) through distributed breeding, as it
     Nature Conservation Bureau,       is the species’ last habitat on the main island of Japan.
     Environmental Policy Bureau,
     Ministry of the Environment         In this way, Ishikawa Prefecture has conserved and sustainably used biocultural diversity, while
                                       promoting a lifestyle that coexists with nature, which fosters the creation of culture. Moreover,
                                       Ishikawa has been strongly promoting these endeavors internationally. This is particularly true in
                                       Noto, where the 1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity is being held, as the area is surrounded
                                       by Satoyama, Satochi and Satoumi (SEPLS*), which foster culture. I hope this conference will play
                                       an important role in creating opportunities to sustain and develop the interaction between nature and
                                       culture.

                                       *Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes

                                         In the coming years, it will become increasingly important to maintain the diversity and harmony
                                       of nature and culture, in order to create social and economic value, and it will be essential for the
                                       creation of a sustainable society. The UNESCO Creative Cities Network is an example of what can
                                       be done to help achieve this. It is a network of creative cities around the world that use their cultural
                                       resources to vitalize themselves and their region. For this vitalization to be possible, diversity within
                                       the culture is essential.
                                         In 2020, the Olympics and Paralympic Games will be held in Tokyo. These are both sports festivals

     Keisuke                           and cultural festivals. At the Agency of Cultural Affairs, we will support and develop cultural and

     Isogai                            artistic activities all over the world as part of our cultural program in the coming four years. We
     Director-General,                 believe that rediscovering and compiling records of local culture, while respecting the diversity of
     Commissioner’s Secretariat,       nature, will liven up the momentum of cultural activities all over Japan, and make the rich, multi-
     Agency for Cultural Affairs
                                       layered culture of our country appealing to people all over the world.
                                         I hope this conference in Ishikawa Prefecture, which has abundant nature and culture, will provide
                                       an opportunity for fulfilling discussions and the creation of new values, and will provide the impetus
                                       for the creation of a sustainably developing society that is in symbiosis with nature.

34   1st Asian Conference on Biocultural Diversity   International symposium
You can also read
NEXT SLIDES ... Cancel