A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports

 
A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports
Bremen Bremerhaven

   A port for
   eco-friendly shipping

Information about environmental management
at the ports of Bremen
A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports
o f B  r e  men
                                     at e
                      “ T h e Se n wa r e o f i ts
                                       a
                        i s f u l ly i l i t y i n                                                                                    Environmental policy of the
                                       ib
                         re sp o n s e w i th th e                                                                                    Senator for Science and Ports
                                        nc
                          acco r d a         f  s u sta i n­
                                       l e o
                          pr inc ip
                           a bi l i t y.”     ce and P
                                                ien
                                                       orts of
                                                               t he                                                                               As the second-largest port location in Germany, the ports of Bremen handle
                                       r for Sc                                                                                                   functions which are of central economic importance at both national and
                            The Senato               Bremen
                                          c Cit y of                                                                                              regional level. The Senate of Bremen is fully aware of its responsibility of
                            Free Hanseati
                                                                                                                                                  reconciling not only social, but also and economic and environmental concerns
                                                                                                                                                  in accordance with the principle of sustainability. The environment management
                                                                                                                                                  system “PERS – Port Environmental Review System” was introduced in 2011
                                                                                                                                                  to address the environmental aspects. PERS documents the efficiency of the
                                                                                                                                                  ports in terms of environmental protection, promotes continuous improvements
                                                                                                                                                  and sets the framework for drawing up and reviewing environmental goals.

                                                                                                                     The Senator for Science and Ports further
                                                                                                                     declares that the ports of Bremen …

                                                                                                                     ◾   comply with the requirements of the relevant environ­-      ◾   implement measures over and above the legal environ-
                                                                                                                         mental legislation and environmental regulations as             mental requirements to support innovative and environ-
                                                                                                                         well as other mandatory specifications;                         mentally friendly technologies and processes and, in
                                                                                                                                                                                         particular, to promote sustainable shipping. The use
                                                                                                                     ◾   have set themselves the goal of developing carbon-              of LNG as an eco-friendly energy source, for instance,
                                                                                                                         neutral port infrastructure by the year 2023. They are          is actively promoted at the ports of Bremen, as is the
                                                                                                                         endeavouring to change over plant and equipment,                generation, storage, use and processing of green hydrogen;
                                                                                                                         company fleet and service vessels to emission-free
                                                                                                                         drive systems and energy supply, to develop additional      ◾   attach great importance to the avoidance of waste and
                                                                                                                         renewable energy supply sources and establish energy            to the potential for preventing accidents;
                                                                                                                         storage systems, to minimise the consumption of
                                                                                                                         resources and to improve energy efficiency;                 ◾   pursue a policy of sustainable development by imple-
                                                                                                                                                                                         menting a continuous improvement process. The social,
                                                                                                                     ◾   pursue the objective of making the ports of Bremen a            ecological and economic objectives as well as the
                                                                                                                         carbon-neutral location. They support the endeavours            actual measures to be implemented are bundled and

    Contents                                                                                                             of the port business to evolve into the “green” hub of a
                                                                                                                         sustainable supply chain and promote the integration
                                                                                                                         and use of renewable energy sources;
                                                                                                                                                                                         regularly updated in the “greenports” programme;

                                                                                                                                                                                         In order to implement the above environmental
                                                                                                                     ◾   regard the avoidance of environmental impact and the            policies, the ports of Bremen shall continuously ensure
    Environmental policy of the Senator for Science and Ports                  2                                         comprehensive observance of nature conservation                 that their employees receive appropriate information
    A port for eco-friendly shipping                                           4                                         as a decisive factor in port operations and port develop-       and training to achieve and maintain a high standard
    Monitoring shipping at the ports                                           5                                         ment. They are expanding the necessary environmental            of precautionary environmental protection.
    Environmental requirements for shipping at the ports of Bremen            11                                         monitoring, opting for products with minimum environ­-
    Further Information                                                      18                                          mental impact and ensure that the activities                 The ports of Bremen shall further communicate their
    Outlook                                                                  20                                          of ports and shipping are reconcilable with nature          “greenports” programme to the public – first and
                                                                                                                         conservation areas;                                          foremost the local population – and continue their
                                                                                                                                                                                      active endeavours to convince all shipping and port
                                                                                                                                                                                      actors to implement sustainable and environmentally
                                                                                                                                                                                      friendly technologies and procedures. ◀

2                                                Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                                    3
A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports
A port
                                                                        for eco-friendly shipping
                                                                        Introduction by Uwe von Bargen,
                                                                        Director Environment and Sustainability, bremenports

                                                                        The ports and shipping are closely interlinked and are moreover
                                                                        dependent on each other. Global challenges such as climate change,
                                                                        the loss of biodiversity and the international Sustainable Development
                                                                        Goals call for new solutions when designing global transport flows,
                                                                        which are essentially guaranteed by shipping. The entire maritime
                                                                        industry is called upon to reduce the adverse effects for which it is
                                                                        responsible. This means reviewing vessel design, optimising shipping
                                                                        operations, developing new fuels based on renewable energy sources
                                                                        as well as corresponding propulsion systems and incorporating
                                                                        these new developments into practical and cost-effective operations.

                                                                        To achieve these objectives, shipping has to have a broad-based consensus
                                                                        throughout society and this also means that we as consumers have to be prepared
                                                                        to accept higher costs as a result. In this day and age of the global economy, this
                                                                        requires uniform competitive conditions and a harmonised legal and economic
                                                                        framework for the technical innovations that are to be developed and operated,
                                                                        but these also have to be backed by public subsidies during the transition phase.
                                                                        New services, such as fuel supply, cleaning and waste disposal, have to generate
                                                                        a certain level of revenues before they can gain a foothold on the market.

                                                                         The ports of Bremen see themselves as a port for eco-friendly, sustainable shipping.
                                                                         Since 2009, when the port management company bremenports launched its
                                                                        “greenports strategy”, it has been corporate policy to pay equal attention to economic,
                                                                         ecological and social interests, to prepare the ports of Bremen to cope with the
                                                                         demands of the future, to minimise the negative impact of the ports and to offer
                                                                         good conditions for its partners in the shipping and port business.

                                                                        In line with these policies, the ports of Bremen have also had environmental
                                                                        certi­fication pursuant to the ESPO PERS environment management standard since
                                                                        2011. Amongst other things, the PERS standard demands systematic environmental
                                                                        monitoring to document improvements in the environmental performance of the
                                                                        ports of Bremen. The Senator for Science and Ports has assigned these tasks to
                                                                        bremenports as part of its regular remit.

                                                                        We have chosen this core topic for the first issue of our Information on Environment
                                                                        Management, as this interface to maritime transport on the seaward side is rarely
                                                                        the focus of attention in our port observation and reporting activities. This issue
                                                                        also takes a look at potential recycling solutions and features the recent presentation
                                                                        of the Nordwest- Award 2020 to bremenports. ◀

4   Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                             5
A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports
Monitoring
                                                                        shipping at the ports

                                                                        Monitoring shipping at the ports of Bremen is the responsibility of
                                                                        Bremen’s Port Authority (HBH) and the river police. Other authorities –
                                                                        such as the Federal Maritime and Hydrography Agency and the
                                                                        Department of the Environment of the Federal Land of Bremen –
                                                                        inspect and monitor the environmental impact of shipping on the
                                                                        ports and surrounding areas.

                                                                        Further information about       This information brochure takes a closer look at the disposal of ship-generated
                                                                        the above authorities is        waste, monitoring air emissions and preventive water protection.
                                                                        available (in German) at:
                                                                                                        I. Disposal of ship-generated waste:

                                                                                                        The ports have to provide sufficient receptacles for incoming ships to dispose of
                                                                                                        ship-generated waste and cargo residues. In accordance with current legislation,
                                                                                                        Bremen’s Port Authority has drawn up a waste management plan for the public
                                                                                                        ports of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen.
                                                                        www.hbh.bremen.de
                                                                                                        Click here for further information:

                                                                                                        www.transparenz.bremen.de/vorschrift_detail/bremen2014_tp.c.121291.de#ivz7

                                                                        www.polizei.bremen.de/
                                                                        wasserschutz-2040
                                                                                                        As part of the PERS environmental management procedures, the ports of
                                                                                                        Bremen determine a key performance indicator for any faults identified in the
                                                                                                        course of ship inspections. This KPI assesses the registered faults in relation
                                                                                                        to the number of ship inspections. The figures refer to ocean-going vessels
                                                                                                        in the port areas of Bremen and Bremerhaven. The data is collected by the Port
                                                                                                        Authority and has been available since 2008.
                                                                        www.bsh.de
                                                                                                        The main faults are:
                                                                                                        ◾ failure to wear protective clothing
                                                                                                        ◾ unsafe access to vessels
                                                                                                        ◾ smoking in non-smoking areas of the ports
                                                                                                        ◾ incorrect waste separation or disposal of waste in the wrong receptacles
                                                                                                        ◾ unwillingness of some ship masters/shipowners to hand over all waste
                                                                        www.bauumwelt.bremen.de/
                                                                        umwelt-1467
                                                                                                        The target is to reduce the percentage of faults. →

6   Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                       7
A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports
II. Monitoring air quality

                14

                                                                                                                              Air quality
                12

                                                                                                                              For years, air quality (at the port) and consequently
                10
                                                                                                                              reducing the share of airborne pollutants has been on the
                                                                                                                              political agenda of the European Union (EU), the European
                    8
                                                                                                                              Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO) and also the United
         per cent

                                                                                                                              Nations (UN/IMO): since 2013, ESPO, has consistently
                    6
                                                                                                                              ranked the topic of air quality in first place of the Top 10
                                                                                                                              priority environmental aspects of the European ports.
                    4

                    2
                                                                                                                              Compliance with the limits for sulphur in marine fuels
                                                                                                                              and the resulting emissions by shipping is naturally of
                    0                                                                                                         key importance for those people who work at or live near
                        2014                2015     2016           2017             2018             2019                    the port in terms of compliance with the European limits
                                                                                                                              for air quality at the port and surrounding area.

    Faults identified during ship inspections
                                                                                                                              The following three sections provide further details
                                                                                                                              of measures implemented at the ports of Bremen:

                                                                                                                              a. Monitoring the sulphur content
                                                                                                                                 of marine fuels
                                                                                                                                 → (Seite 10)
                                                               Reasons for the KPI:
                                                               Since 1 January 2017, ships have been provided with
                                                                                                                              b. Monitoring the exhaust gas plumes
                                                               various receptacles for different waste categories.
                                                                                                                                 of passing ships
                                                               Incorrectly separated waste or disposal of waste in the
                                                                                                                                 → (Seite 11)
                                                               wrong receptacles led to an increase in the number of
                                                               faults recorded in 2017. The ports are still faced with the
                                                                                                                              c. Special measuring programme for
                                                               problem that some shipmasters and/or shipowners are
                                                                                                                                 cruise vessels
                                                               unwilling to dispose of all waste at the ports. The Port
                                                                                                                                 → (Seite 12)
                                                               Authority then has to issue an order for the handover
                                                               of waste and each order leads to a corresponding entry
                                                               in the statistics. Increasing inspections have been
                                                               conducted since 2018 and the resulting orders led to
                                                               higher figures in the statistics for the year 2018 and 2019.

                                                                                                                                                                                             Air monitoring station at Hansastrasse in Bremerhaven

8                                                  Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                                 9
A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports
a. Monitoring the sulphur content
        of marine fuels                                                b. Monitoring the exhaust gas plume of ships

     Ocean-going vessels at a berth in the ports of Bremen             In July 2017, the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic                                                       500                                                                                         5

     are not permitted to use fuels with a sulphur content             Agency (BSH) installed an air monitoring station for test

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Number of conspicuously high plume figures
     which exceeds 0.10 per cent by mass. This regulation              purposes at the northern end of the container terminal at                                                 400                                                                                         4

                                                                                                                                         Number of analysed exhaust gas plumes
     implements Directive (EU) 2016/802 of the European                the port of Bremerhaven with the support of bremenports.
     Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2016 relating to          After the test phase had been successfully completed,
     a reduction in the sulphur content of certain liquid              the station went into regular operation in autumn 2018.                                                   300                                                                                         3
     fuels. An exception to this regulation is permissible for         This pilot project measures the chemical composition of
     ocean-going vessels which spend less than two hours               the exhaust gas plumes of passing ships. The results are
     at the berth. On order by the Port Authority, the vessel‘s        used to help prosecute infringements of the obligation                                                    200                                                                                         2
     crew is obliged to take a sample of the fuel used at              to use low-sulphur marine fuels.
     the port and submit it to the Port Authority.
                                                                                                                                                                                 100                                                                                         1
                                                                       To ensure that the measured exhaust gas plumes emitted
     The following KPI shows the improvement in compliance             by passing ships can be unambiguously allocated to the
     with the limit values: The chart shows compliance with            correct vessel, the BSH has also installed an AIS receiver                                                  0                                                                                         0
     the limits for the sulphur content in marine fuels for            (Automatic Identification System), which records the
                                                                                                                                                                                  06.2017   11.2017   04.2018         09.2018            02.2019       07.2019          12.2019
     ships in port in relation to the number of inspections.           AIS signals transmitted by vessels within a radius of 25 km.
     The data has been collected by Bremen’s Port Authority            The exhaust gas signals are measured and compared
     since 2010. The objective is to achieve 100 per cent              with the AIS signals and meteorological data.                         Number of analysed exhaust gas plumes,                   Number of conspicuously high plume figures
     compliance with the sulphur limits by ships at the port.

                                                                                                                                      In 2019, the BSH ship exhaust gas measuring station in                               If a significantly higher sulphur content can be
                                                                                                                                      Bremerhaven analysed a total of 3697 exhaust gas                                     unambiguously allocated to a specific vessel, this is
                                                                                                                                      plumes. The results showed an observed compliance                                    normally reported automatically to the prosecuting
              100                                                                                                                     rate of more than 99% in 2019. This is comparable                                    authorities one or two hours after the ship has passed
                                                                                                                                      with the findings at other BSH measuring stations in                                 the control point. All the reports are sent to the Port
                                                                                                                                      Wedel (> 99%) and Kiel (98.7%) and also with the                                     State Control (PSC), the river police in Brake, Bremen
                 90                                                                                                                   figures recorded by the Port Authority for compliance                                and Bremerhaven and the Port Authority. Reports
                                                                                                                                      with sulphur limits in marine fuels.                                                 for ships which are leaving the port are sent to the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           river police in Hamburg.
                 80
                                                                                                                                      The above diagram shows the number of analysed
          per cent

                                                                                                                                      plumes and the number of conspicuously high plume                                    The fuel of ships entering the port is normally
                 70
                                                                                                                                      figures by month since the start of measurements in                                  inspected by the river police. →
                                                                                                                                      Bremerhaven. Low figures for the number of analysed
                                                                                                                                      plumes (less than 100) are the result of unfavourable
                 60                                                                                                                   meteorological conditions, such as a stable wind
                                                                                                                                      situation with the wind coming from south or east,
                                                                                                                                      or a breakdown in the measuring system.
                 50
                         2010               2015             2016           2017             2018             2019

     Compliance with the sulphur limits for marine fuels

10                                                         Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                                                                                                   11
A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports
c. Special measuring programme
                                                                                                                               for cruise vessels

                                                                                                                            The Senator for Climate Protection, Environment, Mobility,    Only in some individual cases, particularly in cases with
                                                                                                                            Urban Development and Housing was commissioned to             several cruise ship arrivals, was there any evidence
                                                                                                                            examine the influence of the cruise terminal on air quality   of influence by the ship emissions in respect of nitrogen
                                                                                                                            in Bremerhaven.                                               dioxide in the hourly average figure and in some
                                                                                                                                                                                          individual daily averages.
                                                                                                                            In addition to the permanent air monitoring station at
                                                                                                                            Hansastrasse in Bremerhaven, the programme also            These measurements permit the conclusion that there is
                                                                                                                            included the installation of a mobile station at Kaiser-   no evidence of any significant influence of the cruise
                                                                                                                            schleuse lock to measure particulate matter and nitrogen ships on air quality in Bremerhaven outside the port area
                                                                                                                            dioxide within the area influenced by the cruise terminal. in respect of the annual average values of the pollutants
                                                                                                                            The programme focussed on the question of whether          particulate matter PM10, particulate matter PM2.5 and
                                                                                                                            there was evidence of any impact and consequently          nitrogen dioxide.
                                                                                                                            additional air pollution at the nearest residential area.
                                                                                                                                                                                       The reasons for this are the positive relations with regard
                                                                                                                            Particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide were monitored     to the distance between the location of the cruise
                                                                                                                            during the 2019 cruise season from 1 March 2019 until      terminal and the place of use that requires protection
                                                                                                                            the end of January 2020 and after that season.             (the distance to Bremerhaven city centre, the immission
                                                                                                                                                                                       location, is more than 800 metres), mixing of the air
                                                                                                                            The average pollutant concentrations measured at both      layers and unpolluted wind from the west. →
                                                                                                                            monitoring stations (Hansastrasse and the mobile
                                                                                                                            station at Kaiserschleuse lock) over the entire measure-
                                                                                                                            ment period were significantly below the legally
                                                                                                                            prescribed limits for particulate matter as well as for
                                                                                                                            nitrogen dioxide and below the limits recommended by
                                                                                                                            the World Health Organization.

                                                                                                                            Neither an evaluation of the measurements for specific
                                                                                                                            wind directions nor an evaluation solely of the days
                                                                                                                            with cruise ship arrivals at the terminal revealed any
                                                                                                                            evidence of a direct correlation between cruise ship
                                                                                                                            arrivals at the terminal and the average pollution levels
                                                                                                                            of the measured components.
“Mein Schiff 3” at the cruise terminal in Bremerhaven

  12                                                    Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                             13
A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports
b. Underwater cleaning trials
                III. Vorbeugender Gewässerschutz                            a. Treatment of waste water from ships                          at the ports of Bremen

                Although no monitoring to classify the water quality of     In February 2019, the German Environment Agency              Biofouling refers to the growth of microorganisms, plants,
                the port waters in Bremerhaven and Bremen has been          published an expert opinion on the legal requirements        algae and animals on all structures that are under water.
                carried out to date by the Senate Department for Climate    for the treatment of waste water from ships:                 Failure to remove fouling from ships’ hulls has various
                Protection, Environment, Mobility, Urban Development                                                                     negative effects on the environment as well as the cost
                and Housing or by any other authority, a system is in                                                                    effectiveness of ship operations, which is why vessels
                place to monitor the use of these waters as permitted by                                                                 undergo regular cleaning.
                the water authorities (waste water and/or precipitation).
                                                                                                                                         However, it is essential to ensure that biofouling is
                Permission for the discharge of waste water into port                                                                    removed in a controlled environment. Quite apart from
                water areas is granted in accordance with the require-                                                                   compliance with IMO regulations, it is also important
                ments of the Waste Water Directive. The water authority     www.umweltbundesamt.de/sites/default/files/                  to reduce the environmental impact of marine shipping
                then monitors compliance with the approved limits.          medien/1410/publikationen/2019-02-18_texte_                  and avoid potential pollution of the water resulting from
                                                                            09-2019_rechtsgutachten_schiffsabwasser_fin.pdf              inexpert cleaning operations. The introduction and
                                                                                                                                         spread of non-native and potentially invasive species, for
                                                                            The treatment of these categories of waste water (ballast    instance, have a negative effect on ecology, on economic
                                                                            water, scrubber wash water, domestic waste water incl.       and cultural activities as well as human health.
                                                                            sewage and waste water from the underwater cleaning
                                                                            of ship hulls and propeller polishing) is governed by        Moreover, incorrect cleaning can cause microplastics
                                                                            various overlapping and interacting legal levels (marine     and pollutants from the anti-fouling system (AFS) to leach
                                                                            and international environmental law, European Union          into the water, with equally harmful consequences. →
                                                                            law, national law), the different handling of this matter
                                                                            at international and national level and the specific
                                                                            conditions of the individual port (geographical situation,
                                                                            main incidence of traffic etc.). This leads to legal
                                                                            uncertainty and ambiguity for the parties responsible
                                                                            for these matters, especially with regard to the practical
                                                                            implementation and execution of these requirements.

                                                                            Until a consensus has been reached at national level on
                                                                            assessment of the findings of the expert opinion, harmo-
                                                                            nised guidelines for the treatment of waste water from
                                                                            ships are to be prepared by the competent departments
                                                                            in the Federal Land of Bremen to support the work of the
                                                                            institutions and staff involved at local level. Once the
                                                                            different departments have reached an agreement, these
                                                                            guidelines will be distributed to the shipowners by the
                                                                            Port Charges Department and published on the websites
                                                                            of bremenports, the Port Authority and the Senator
                                                                            for Climate Protection, Environment, Mobility, Urban
                                                                            Development and Housing.

                                                                                                                                         Diver with underwater cleaning equipment

14   Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                                15
A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports
Testing innovative anti-fouling strategies
     at the ports of Bremen

     A number of business enterprises and institutions, under
     the overall coordination of the Senator for Climate
     Protection, Environment, Mobility, Urban Development
     and Housing and the Hamburg-based company LimnoMar,
     have set up a project to promote “freedom from hull
     fouling thanks to proactive cleaning on abrasion-
     resistant, biocide-free coatings for the shipping business”.
     In addition to the competent authorities, bremenports,
     cleaning companies, AFS manufacturers and scientific
     partners are involved in the project to conduct tests on
     various vessels.

     The Senator for Climate Protection, Environment,
     Mobility, Urban Development and Housing is responsible
     for approving applications for permission to perform
     underwater cleaning operations in Bremen.

     The current project is aimed at identifying and testing
     innovative cleaning methods on biocide-free, abrasion-
     resistant coatings which are eligible for approval and
     also examines suitable underwater coatings for multiple
     cleaning operations. It is also intended to elaborate
     the fundamental requirements for obtaining approval,
     in cooperation with the different stakeholders at the port,
     and to promote the exchange of experience with other
     coastal ports in Germany and Europe. ◀

     Applying the biocide-free test film “Dolphin S”
     to the bremenports service vessel “Mowe”                                                                              Biofouling on a bow thruster caused by the Australian tubeworm

16                                                     Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                    17
A port for eco-friendly shipping - Bremen Bremerhaven - Bremenports
Environmental requirements
                                                                         for shipping at the ports of Bremen
                                                                         Bremen signs the World Ports Climate Declaration

                                                                         On 11 July 2008, Bremen committed itself to the World Ports Climate
                                                                         Declaration in Rotterdam together with another 53 ports all over
                                                                         the world. The objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by
                                                                         marine shipping, port operations and development as well as
                                                                         hinterland transport, to promote the increasing use of renewable
                                                                         energy sources and to develop and implement carbon inventories.
                                                                         After the ports of Bremen had signed the World Ports Climate
                                                                         Declaration, Bremen helped to draw up the contents of the Environ-
                                                                         mental Ship Index (ESI).

                                                                                                            I. ESI and reduced port charges for eco-friendly vessels

                                                                                                            The ESI was developed by a working group made up of the major North-West
                                                                                                            European Ports, including Bremen, on behalf of the World Port Climate Initiative
                                                                                                            to enable the comparison and assessment of ship-generated emissions. It is a
                                                                                                            voluntary international rating system which allows ports to offer incentive
                                                                                                            programmes for eco-friendly ocean-going vessels.

                                                                                                            The fundamental principle is to reward vessels whose emissions of air pollutants
                                                                                                            and carbon outperform the legal requirements (IMO Standard). The ESI score is a
                                                                                                            figure between 0 and 100, where 0 points are awarded to a vessel which satisfies
                                                                                                            the legal requirements and 100 points go to a vessel which emits no sulphur
                                                                                                            oxides or nitrogen oxides and which publishes an energy efficient report. Ships
                                                                                                            can be registered voluntarily for the ESI and are awarded an individual ESI score
                                                                                                            based on various certificates and documentation and calculated in accordance
                                                                                                            with the ESI formula.

                                                                                                            The ESI is continuously adapted in line with the latest legal requirements.
                                                                                                            As only fuels with a maximum sulphur content of 0.5% have been permissible
                                                                                                            since the beginning of 2020, the ESI formula had to be modified accordingly.
                                                                                                            In 2019, the ESI working group also decided to extend the ESI to include
                                                                                                            the parameter of noise pollution by vessels. In line with the recommendation of
                                                                                                            the working group, the ports of Bremen have therefore offered an “ESI Noise”
                                                                                                            bonus since 01.01.2020. →

18   Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                          19
greenports Awards

     The ports of Bremen rolled out their bonus programme                The ESI has met with broad acceptance from both ship­          Every year since 2014, bremenports has presented
     for eco-friendly shipping in 2012. The programme                    owners and ports: amongst other things, this is evident        greenports awards in the categories “Ship with the
     is reviewed every year and adapted if necessary. Eco-               from the steadily rising number of ship registrations          lowest emissions” and “Shipowner/charterer of the fleet
     friendly vessels are granted a discount on the port                 and incentive providers. This wide acceptance can              with the lowest emissions”. The greenports awards are
     charges. Since 01.01.2020, the Senator for Science                  be attributed to the close and continuous cooperation          intended to honour particularly environmentally friendly
     and Ports has also offered an environmental discount                between shipowners, ports and other stakeholders.              ships or shipping companies. The winners are calculated
     for barges calling at the ports of Bremen.                                                                                         on the basis of the Environmental Ship Index (ESI) score
                                                                         The share of vessels with a registered ESI score calling       achieved the preceding year for the ports of Bremen.
     The Senator for Science and Ports has accordingly                   at the ports of Bremen is meanwhile almost four times          A vessel has to call at the ports of Bremen several times
     included appropriate provisions in the Schedule of                  higher than in 2012, despite the decline in the total          during the reporting period to qualify for the greenports
     Port Charges:                                                       number of vessels calling at the ports. Compared               award. This condition was introduced as a token of
     www.bremenports.de/hafengebuehrenordnung/                           with 2012, when only 11% of all the vessels arriving           our appreciation for regular users of the ports compared
                                                                         at the ports of Bremen had an ESI score, the share had         with vessels which call only once. →
                                                                         increased to 43% by 2019. The ports of Bremen and
                                                                         Bremerhaven hope to achieve an even higher increase
                                                                         in the share of ship arrivals with an ESI score.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   The Evergreen shipping company won the 2020 greenports award
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   for the most eco-friendly fleet at the ports of Bremen.
                                                                         Further details of the ESI are available on the ESI website:
                                                                         www.environmentalshipindex.org

                                                                                                                                        The award-winning vessels and
                                                                                                                                        shipping companies

                                                                                                                                         Award     Reporting                                                ESI score of                                        ESI average of
                 50                                                                                                                      year      year        Winning vessel                               winning vessel            Winning shipowner         the winning fleet

                                                                                                                                         2020       2019       Multipurpose offshore vessel “Olympic Orion” 71,1                      Evergreen Line            53,8
                 40
                                                                                                                                         2019       2018       Car carrier “Auto Energy”                    60,8                     Tern Tank                  82,4

                 30
                                                                                                                                         2018       2017       Container vessel “MSC Anzu”                  51,4                     Yang Ming                  43,5
          per cent

                 20                                                                                                                      2017       2016*      Chemical tanker “Bit Oakland”                51,4                     Tarbit Shipping AB         57,8

                                                                                                                                         2016       2015*      Car carrier “Morning Lisa”                   45,4                      EUKOR Car Carriers        36,9
                 10

                                                                                                                                         2015       2014*      General cargo vessel “Wilson Dover”          41,8                      Wilson ASA                34,2

                     0
                         2012               2015                2016          2017             2018             2019                     2014       2013*      Car carrier “Morning Linda”                  45,4                      EUKOR Car Carriers        35,6

                                                                                                                                                                                                                           * The certificate for these years states the reporting year.

     The chart shows the share of ship arrivals with an ESI score

20                                                           Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                                                            21
The winners of the
                                                                                                                                                       “greenports awards 2020”

                                                                                                                                                        Modern and flexible: an all-rounder from one of the          In addition to the public award ceremony, bremenports
                                                                                                                                                        world’s most modern fleets of offshore service vessels in    also symbolically offsets the carbon emissions caused by
                                                                                                                                                        the renewable energy sector won the greenports award         the winning vessel during one call at the ports of Bremen.
bremenports Managing Director Robert Howe presents the                         Container vessel “MSC Anzu” operated by the Mediterranean Shipping
                                                                                                                                                        2020 in the category “Most eco-friendly vessel”. The         This year, 8.29 t CO2 were offset by contributing to the
2019 greenports award to representatives of the Danish Terntank                Company (MSC) was the most environmentally friendly ocean-going
                                                                                                                                                       “Olympic Orion” (IMO Number 9617313) operated by the          Bremen project “DER KLIMAFONDS”. The voluntary
shipping company.                                                              vessel to call at the Bremen/Bremerhaven ports in 2017 and therefore
                                                                                                                                                        Olympic Subsea ASA shipping company called at the            climate protection payment depends on the emissions
                                                                               won the 2018 award.
                                                                                                                                                        ports of Bremen a total of twelve times in 2019. With an     and promotes measures aimed at reducing carbon
                                                                                                                                                        average of 71.1 points for the ESI Scores registered for     emissions in non-profit social and cultural institutions.
                                                                                                                                                        2019, this vessel achieved the highest score since the
                                                                                                                                                        awards were launched in 2013 for a ship that calls           bremenports is keen to show that it is also possible to
                                                                                                                                                        regularly at the ports of Bremen.                            neutralise individual calls at a port and thus help pave
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the way for decarbonising shipping. The port manage-
                                                                                                                                                       The “Olympic Orion” is a 98.3 metre long multipurpose         ment company would be pleased if more use were made
                                                                                                                                                       offshore vessel with diesel-electric propulsion and low       of this option in future until emission-free propulsion
                                                                                                                                                       fuel consumption. The Norwegian shipping company              systems are available for shipping.
                                                                                                                                                       uses this vessel to perform all kinds of work below sea
                                                                                                                                                       level and in the field of renewable energy.

                                                                                                                                                       The greenports award 2020 for the shipping company
                                                                                                                                                       with the “Most eco-friendly fleet” went to the Evergreen
                                                                                                                                                       Line, which had an average score of 53.8 points for its
                                                                                                                                                       overall fleet. In 2019, the vessels “Ever Lucky” and “Ever
The winning ship in 2016 was the “Bit Oakland”, a chemical                     The car carrier “Morning Lisa” won the greenports award for 2015.
                                                                                                                                                       Lifting” called at the ports of Bremen a total of 10 times.
and product tanker.                                                            The ship calls at Bremerhaven three or four times a year.
                                                                                                                                                       The Evergreen Group focusses strongly on environmental
                                                                                                                                                       protection and energy management on board its vessels.

The general cargo vessel “Wilson Dover” received the greenports award          The first winner of the greenports award, which was launched in 2013,
for the year 2014.                                                             was the car carrier “Morning Linda”.

  22                                                                    Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                                         23
II. Emission model                                                                                                      Emission of air pollutants by ships calculated
                                                                                                                             for the port areas
     Emissions from the port which have an adverse effect on      calculated for the years 2012, 2015 and 2018. The
     ambient air quality are caused by use of the infrastruc-     results illustrate the extent to which sulphur oxide and   The figures shown were calculated by the Institute of
     ture by the terminal operators and the delivery of freight   particulate matter could be reduced as a result of the     Shipping and Logistics (ISL) using a simulation model
     by ships, trucks, trains and barges. It has not yet been     legally prescribed reduction of the sulphur content of     which permitted the replication of shipping movements.
     possible to collect satisfactory data on the emissions       marine fuels. The simulations showed no reduction only     The charts show the particulate matter, nitrogen oxide
     caused by overall shipping operations at the port.           for nitrogen oxides.                                       (NOx) and sulphur oxide (SOx) emissions in relation
                                                                                                                             to the gross tonnage for 2012, 2015 and 2018.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 PM10
     As part of the development of an emission model for the                                                                                                                                     200
     ports of Bremen, the design of a simulation tool was                                                                    Since 2015, shipping has been obliged to use fuels with
     commissioned to calculate the emission of air pollutants      Irrespective of these simulated emission figu-            a maximum sulphur content of 0.1% in Sulphur Emission
     by shipping (nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, particulate     res, the stations for monitoring ambient air              Control Areas (SECA). The significant decline in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                 150
                                                                   quality in the vicinity of the ports prove that

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Bremen
     matter and carbon dioxide) for both port locations in                                                                   figures for SOx and particulate matter in the calculation
     Bremen and Bremerhaven. The emissions were then               the current limits for ambient air quality have           results is attributable to the introduction of the
                                                                   been consistently satisfied for years and that            new limit. ◀

                                                                                                                                                                                            mg/BRZ

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Bremerhaven
                                                                   there is no evidence of any problematic polluti-                                                                              100
                                                                   on for the population.

                                                                                                                                                                                                     50
                                                                  Further information is available on the website of the
                                                                  Senator for Climate Protection, Environment, Mobility,
                                                                  Urban Development and Housing:
                                                                                                                                                                                                      0
                                                                  www.bauumwelt.bremen.de/umwelt/luft-23472
                                                                                                                                                                                                          2012    2015   2018

                                                                                                                                                      SOx                                                        NOx
                                                                                                                                        2,0                                                          25
                                                                  At the same time, there is an increase in the number and
                                                                  relative share of ships calling at the ports of Bremen
                                                                  which have an ESI score and thus generate lower emissi-                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                        1,5

                                                                                                                                                                              Bremen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Bremen
                                                                  ons than the technically permitted maximum.

                                                                                                                                                                                                     15

                                                                                                                                g/BRZ

                                                                                                                                                                                            g/BRZ
                                                                                                                                                                              Bremerhaven

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Bremerhaven
                                                                                                                                        1,0

                                                                                                                                                                                                     10

                                                                                                                                        0,5
                                                                                                                                                                                                      5

                                                                                                                                         0                                                            0
                                                                                                                                              2012       2015        2018                                 2012    2015   2018

                          “Bremerhaven” model: examined area

24                                                    Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                       25
Further
                                                                         information
                                                                         I. Recycling at the port area

                                                                         Waste balance sheet for the “Überseehafen” port district serves
                                                                         as the basis for developing recycling strategies

                                                                         In the Überseehafen port district in Bremerhaven there are a large number
                                                                         of actors (port management, cargo handling companies, logistics services
                                                                         providers, shipyards, specialist waste disposal companies etc.) with different
                                                                         business units and different key tasks. Each of these actors is responsible for
                                                                         drawing up its own waste balance sheet, provided it is obliged to do so. The
                                                                         objective of a Master’s thesis submitted in February 2020 was to draw up a
                                                                         waste balance sheet for the entire port district for the year 2018; this was done
                                                                         in cooperation with the Institute for Energy and Recycling of Bremen University
                                                                         of Applied Sciences. In addition to dredging spoils and ship-generated
                                                                         waste, the balance sheet also included the waste generated by six business
                                                                         enterprises located in the Überseehafen district.

                                                                         The entire waste mass included in the balance sheet for 2018 amounts to approx.
                                                                         244,000 megagrams (Mg) and breaks down into a total of 64 waste categories,
                                                                         with dredging spoils (176,400 Mg) and bilge oil (57,780 Mg) making up by
                                                                         far the highest mass flows and accounting for decisive quantities in Bremen’s
                                                                         waste management plan. When dredging spoils and bilge oil are discounted, the
                                                                         recorded waste refers to comparatively low quantities. The waste masses and key
                                                                         figures such as ship arrivals, container throughput and automobile throughput
                                                                         served as the basis for calculating specific waste quantities for various sub-
                                                                         systems of the Überseehafen, such as the container and automobile terminals.

                                                                         The waste balance sheet served as the basis for a closer examination of selected
                                                                         waste categories. The selection criteria were the total quantity and theoretical
                                                                         potential for increasing resource efficiency. An initial analysis of the examined
                                                                         waste included characterisation of the waste, a description of the waste
                                                                         generation, waste collection and the previous disposal process. A utility value
                                                                         analysis then compared selected disposal processes for the examined waste
                                                                         in order to obtain a basis for issuing recommendations for action. →

26   Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                       27
II. Nordwest Award 2020: carbon-neutral port

     In the next phase, the findings of the waste balance        The port management company bremenports has won                bremenports has long since followed ambitious climate        The cooperation of the terminal operators, the transport
     sheet will be used to develop a waste flow analysis as a    the NordWest Award 2020 for its project entitled               protection goals for the ports of Bremen. Initially, the     business inclusive of marine shipping, and the other
     starting point for the development of recycling strategies “The climate-neutral port of Bremen/Bremerhaven”.               focus was on measures within its own sphere of activities.   business enterprises at the port is essential to help us
     in the Überseehafen district in Bremerhaven.                The award is presented by North-West Metropolitan              The gradual transition to green power had a major effect.    achieve our objective of becoming a carbon-neutral port
                                                                 Region and comes with prize money of 10,000 euros.                                                                          location. bremenports endeavours to set a good example
     The preliminary project findings were presented at a                                                                       The port management company first purchased moorland         in this respect and supports initiatives that help to
     local workshop with various stakeholders as part of the                                                                    certified emission reduction credits as subsequent           achieve significant reductions for the port location and
     EU LOOP Ports Project.                                                                                                     offsetting for its unavoidable carbon emissions for          the transport chains and simultaneously boost the
                                                                                                                                the year 2013. bremenports has continued to uphold           competitiveness and attractiveness of the ports. These
                                                                                                                                that principle so that the company can be considered         measures include, for instance, significantly increasing
                                                                                                                                carbon-neutral since 2013.                                   the local generation of renewable energy, improving
                                                                            www.bremenports.de/greenports/nordwest-award-2020                                                                efficiency with the help of digitisation as well as promo-
                                                                                                                                In its efforts to make the port infrastructure carbon-       ting sector coupling and innovation geared towards a
                                                                                                                                neutral by 2023, the company has already succeeded in        hydrogen economy inclusive of renewable electricity-
     https://www.loop-ports.eu                                                                                                  reducing carbon emissions from 7000 t carbon in 2011         based fuels. ◀
                                                                                                                                to 1997 t carbon in 2018, which is equivalent to a
                                                                                                                                relative reduction of 71.5 %

                                                                                                                                To address the current residual carbon emissions, it is
                                                                                                                                necessary to promote the modernisation or renewal of
                                                                        www.metropolregion-nordwest.de/portal/seiten/           our fleet of vessels and change over to propulsion
                                                                        nordwest-awards-2020-die-besten-im-nordwesten-          systems that use renewable fuel. The same applies to the
                                                                        900000204-10018.html                                    company automobile fleet. We also have to make more
                                                                                                                                use of the option of renewable energy sources (including
                                                                                                                                geothermal energy) for heat supply and, where possible,
                                                                                                                                raise our own generation of renewable energy.
                80

                70
         per cent

                60

                50

                40
                       2012           2013            2014            2015           2016        2017        2018

     The above chart shows the reduction in emissions compared with 2011.                                                                                                                    bremenports Managing Director Robert Howe during filming for the Nordwest Award.

28                                                        Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                                                                                                               29
Impressum
     Outlook                                                                                                                                 PUBLISHED BY
                                                                                                                                             bremenports GmbH & Co. KG

                                                                                                                                             CONTACTS
     Further brochures in this series will be published every two years to provide                            Further information is
                                                                                                                                             Katja Pape
     information about current trends in environmental management at the ports                                contained in our PERS
                                                                                                                                             Environmental Management /
     of Bremen.                                                                                               Recertification Report 2020:
                                                                                                                                             Port Environmental Review System
                                                                                                                                             katja.pape@bremenports.de
     In 2022, the focus will be on progress towards achieving a carbon-neutral
     port and the projects involved in that process.                                                                                         Uwe von Bargen
                                                                                                                                             Director Environment
     In addition to the publisher, bremenports, various institutions and business                                                            and Sustainability Management
     enterprises at the ports of Bremen are actively involved in environmental                                                               uwe.von.bargen@bremenports.de
     management and protection. They will also report on their activities. ◀
                                                                                                                                             DESIGN & LAYOUT
                                                                                                              www.bremenports.de/            GuS Kommunikation GmbH
                                                                                                              greenports/wp-content/
                                                                                                              uploads/sites/3/2020/          PHOTOS
                                                                                                              10/PERS-Rezertifizierung_      bremenports, bremenports
                                                                                                              Report_2020_de.pdf             photo database “bremer-haven-
                                                                                                                                             perspektiven.de”, Marcus
                                                                                                                                             Lorenczat, momentkonserve,
                                                                                                                                             illuminaphotographic – adobe
                                                                                                                                             stock, waldmear brandt – adobe
                                                                                        PORT MANAGEMENT
                                                                                                                                             stock, alexander – adobe stock,
                PORT MINISTRY                                                                                                                Anton Sharov – adobe stock

                                                                     Management tasks                         Management tasks               PRODUCTION
       Port policies and political strategies                                                                                                The greenports brochure is
                                                                                      PORT INFRASTRUCTURE
                                                                                                                                             printed on eco-friendly, fully
                                                                   Special Asset Port and                                                    reusable recycled paper using a
                                                                                                          Special Asset Fishing Port
                 Ministerial tasks                                Special Asset Fishing Port
                                                                                                                  (Onshore)                  climate-neutral printing process.
                                                                          (Offshore)
                                                                                                                                             Unavoidable carbon emissions
                                                                                                                                             are offset by contributing to
                                                  100%
                                                                                       Customer relations, e.g.                              climate protection projects such
                                                ownership
                                                                                                                                             as the Wildlife Corridor in Kenya.
                                                                                    Customer relations, e.g.
                                                                                                                                             Bremen, Nov. 2020
      FREE HANSEATIC CITY OF BREMEN
                                                                                Automotive and                                               marketing@bremenports.de
                   Official tasks                                         general cargo handling                      Container handling
                                                                                                                                             Gender information: In the interests
                                                                                                                                             of readability, only the masculine
               PORT AUTHORITY
                                                                                                                                             form has been used in most cases
     HANSESTADT BREMISCHES HAFENAMT                                           Container handling                  General and bulk cargo     when referring to several persons.
      Harbour master, marine traffic control,                                                                                                This, however, is always intended
        port security and risk prevention
                                                                                                                                             to cover all genders.

                                                                              Container handling                  General and bulk cargo

     Organisational structure of the ports of Bremen

30                                                          Information about environmental management at the ports of Bremen                                                       31
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