CHAPTER-4 SURVEY ONDIGITAL INDIA POLICIES - Shodhganga
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CHAPTER-4 SURVEY ONDIGITAL INDIA POLICIES This chapter has focused on the survey related to Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana. The key components of scheme have been represented. Questionnaire has been developed considering whether people have knowledge of PMKVY, NDLM, PMGDISHA, E-DISHA, CSC, VIDYO, NDAL, AEPDS, E-HEALTH, TELE MEDICINE, E-PANCHAYAT, E-AGRICULTURE, E-BHOOMI, E-BANKING, gem portal. Survey is made to know whether they have any idea about EDUCATION POLICY provided by government. 4.1 Introduction to PMKVY That concept’s aim is to encourage improvement of skill for adolescence via offering monetary rewards. By that approved training programs could be successfully executed. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana has been considered a powerful plan of Ministry of Skill Entrepreneurship and development. The Skill official recognition term has an objective. The objective is to maintain the capability of Indian to achieve industry appropriate practice of skill. It assists them to secure their lives. Key Components of Scheme: Recognition of Prior Learning Person having past practice of learning long with skills can be evaluated. It licensed under Recognition of Prior Learning element term. The objective of RPL is to make parallel capability of strict of a country NSQF workforce. it is feasible that PIAs offer overpass classes to RPL’s student to point out the knowledge different. Fig 4.1 short period Training instructed at the Training Centers of PMKVY Special Projects The Special Project term of PMKVY helps in making of a platform that will be facilitate trainings in special areas. It included Corporate and Industry bodies, Government bodies’ premises and practices in particular task. It has been un- described in Qualification Packs or National Occupational Standards. that are qualified. Short Term Training
There is an important aim of Short Term Training at Training Centre of PMKVY. The objective is that it provides the help to learner who have the Indian identity. That person are unemployed and are not working at any school or college drop outs besides offering training in parallel to National Skills Qualification agenda. TCs also provide guidance in Soft Skills. it also work in the field of Entrepreneurship, Financial along with Digital Literacy. There are different duration of training according to course that existd between 150 and 300 hours. Kaushal and Rozgar Mela Mobilization of Social society is very crucial for the success of PMKVY. Accountability and transparency are ensured through active participation of community. It assists in leveraging cumulative intercourse of group of people for the higher function of it. Placement Guidelines PMKVY Forecasts to connect the ability, ambition, and awareness of trained workforce. that formulates with the help of opportunities of jobs along with requirement in market. Fig 4.2 Placement Guidelines Accordingly, every effort creates via PMKVY. TCs is offering placement chances to candidates and students. It is to make skilled and verified under Scheme. Growth of entrepreneurship will be supported by the TP . Monitoring Guidelines High level of superiority is sustained using PMKVY TCs. Numerous technologies are used by NSDC Inspection Agencies like call validations, surprise visits. It involves self-audit reporting, and running by Skills Development Management System. Technologies can be increased by engaging latest technologies. Evaluation of Sensors for RPM
In now a day’s there are small amount of workforce of India. It has different kind of proper skillfulness training. But along with this, it is the matter of surprising that there is a number of economy fields of our country but these field have the limited quantities of trained people. They are tolerating the less profit stage due to low quality of workforce. At this time, the youngster of developed country have desire for economic and livelihood chance. Because of this reason, development of talent has formulated a key priority sector for our country. It does not consider vital only for development of economic. It helps the youngster to achieve their dreams of better jobs having good salary and perfect quality & self-employment opportunities. Table 4.1 Evaluation of Sensors for RPM By this country can take benefit of favorable demographic profile. By taking a great pool of skilled people, India may become a skill supplier for world. Strategy & Approach 1. For successful completion of market-driven skill training & certification this Scheme. It will provide monetary incentives approximate to twenty four lakh youth in a span of one year from scheme implementation scheme. Fig 4.3 The Scheme of PMKVY TCs 1. This Scheme may be implemented through partnerships Public-Private & Public- Public. 2. The implementing agency for this Scheme would be NSDC. 3. All trainings & certification programs are under Recognition of Prior Learning. they would be oriented for the growth of skills in specific growth sectors.
4. There would be separate scheme for Assessment & training bodies & no overlapping of roles would be allowed. By this transparency & objectivity would be maintained. 5. Ministry of Skill Development would fund wholly all monetary rewards & Entrepreneurship. It includes Government of India will be affected by beneficiaries’ accounts bank transfer. As prescribed under scheme to facilitate smooth disbursement, entire money along with additional fund would be transferred to National Skill Development Fund so that NSDC can use it further. 4.2 KEY FEATURES Standards Training will be against standards made by industrial person. Its name is Sector Skills Councils. Demand-driven targets:- The objective for talent training are allocated to sector skill councils. This have it’s dependent on assessment of skill requirement and Skill Gap Studies in discussion with SSCs, States/UTs. It includes Central Ministries or Departments are under failure to notice of Steering Committee of PMKVY. Fig 4.4 Key Features Eligible Providers NSDC candidates are facing attentiveness before the registering with NSDC. The training centre that is Government affiliated would be verified by SSCs. On the basis of guidelines which have provided by NSDC, part of monitoring process would be same. There is permission of only first level of franchising. But it should be declared in advance. Training Content While there is thrust upon outcomes in case of other person assessment and certification. Trainers have a concentrated to enhance the curricula. High quality of methodology enables the pedagogy and increasing the ability of trainer. It helps the whole ecosystem for fulfill the purpose of skill in country which is of high quality.
Fig 4.5 Finding training center All skilled training will include personal grooming, soft skill training, and behavioral change for cleanliness and good work principles as a part of training. Assessment & Certification There are Third party assessments for skill training. It will be executed based on national global level. Fig 4.6 Assessment & Certification Under PMKVY, those trainees would be assessed having prior experience or skills. It offering competencies and they would be given monetary rewards for the undergoing assessments. 4.3 MONETARY AWARDS Reward amount There are rewards in term of Monetary for several. That places role differs according to trade standards. This reward can be handover after the judgment based on several various elements. This element can be in the term
of desire of trainees for pay, training cost and other substantial appropriate elements. Incentive which are Higher could be for training in mechanized, construction and plumbing fields. Direct Fund Transfer Totally visible funding of skill training would be providing by PMKVY having no intermediaries. The monetary helps are sending to bank account of trainer directly. Aadhaar numbers are also utilized in order to individual verification of all candidates. Mobilization of candidates Awareness building and task of mobilization takes places by the contribution of local State. Local governments along with Members of Parliament give their contribution to make sure the greater outreach along with possession 4.4 SENSORS FOR MEASURING BLOOD PRESSURE There are 5 general techniques in order to measure the pressure of blood. It have the mixture of flush, oscillation, auscultation, palpation and transcutaneous. Doppler special blood pressure sensors are utilized in hospital. These are designed to do the measurement of systolic. It also calculates the diastolic pressures of blood with the help of oscillometric method. Fig 4.7 Sensors for Measuring Blood Pressure Generally A blood pressure sensor is applied with its attachment to a pump bulb. In that a standard adult range adjustable cuffs that has the capability of increase and decrease mechanically. Along with this, there are blood pressure device that can be wear on wrist device. These device have the quality of portability along with user- friendly. Utilization of these devices has occurred for existing practice of patient monitoring. 4.5 SENSORS FOR MEASURING BODY TEMPERATURE Recently it has been checked that is need of mobile devices used for health monitoring. Production of such devices has been occurred with the help of several element factors like as ageing societies. Their requirement is for observe the people that are doing their work in tremendously complex situation. In the situation of remote and unreachable sector, these devices are used to notice the people. That is accountable for the life of other. for example we can say they may be
Fig 4.8 Sensors for Measuring Body Temperature drivers, pilots, firefighter, soldiers and police officers. Capacity to control several essential signs distantly has its consistence in human body temperature. For thepurpose of confirmation, it is allows the presence of psychophysical level. So any valuable medical help could be provided on time which can be proved the life saving in some situations. Role of Internet of Things in IT development The crucial network of buildings, tangible devices, vehicles, & other items is termed as Internet of things. It may be connected to electronics, sensors, software & network. Due to it objects are enabled to collect & exchange the data. In internet of things substance may be sensed & prohibited to a great extent across network transportation, which gives chances for real combination of the tangible world into systems which are dependent on computer. Due to this efficiency, accuracy & economic benefit is improved. If internet of things is augmented within sensors & actuators, expertise proves an illustration of general group of imitated- tangible systems. It has technologies like advanced transportation, advanced homes, advanced grids & advanced cities. Everything might be identified in a various way by its implanted system of computing and it might share its data with pre transferred infrastructure of internet. It is estimated by experts that internet of things might include almost 50 billion objects by the time 2020.Internet of things has various benefits in our lives that could aid people, society & daily basis business. A new concept may be pre transferred in various forms that has financial matters, safety, health, & every day planning. Internet of things integration in health care system may be very useful for both people& society. By planting chip into every people, important signs of hospital patients could be monitored. Hospitals are stressed for judging & caring of patients which gives them judging ability where prior attention is required by monitoring people’s health. People can receive personal safety with the supports of Internet of things. A home security system that permits people the security systems which monitor at home by their phones is known as ADT. It also has control ability. The Internet of things is subtracting ordinary frequent works & leaving machines for doing recurring jobs. As given to Internet of all things, it is projected setup within everyday animated objects like machines, devices, animals& people that would be network connected & able to replace data. It will make able Objects & machine to receive & send messages to each other& eliminate human interference. IP address is required to uniquely identify each device related to Internet of Things. IPv6
should be used for this type of network. It would generate big necessity of IP addresses. Sensors work as brain of these objects. These types of sensors are micro electro mechanical systems. It would respond on change in temperature, light, humidity, time, pressure, motion, sound, weight, etc. This information might be transferred to information centre where it should be analyzed. So, process of operating or controlling machinery, industrial processes other applications & various equipments, by using various control systems & automation is termed where there is less or no human intervention. There are a variety of automation that are dependent on application where they might be categorized as developed automation, autonomous automation, , building automation ,home automation, etc. Now let us see some of applications of Internet of things. It gives data or process and executes normal instructions. Practitioners can deploy and execute custom application logic on device by it. This process changes process of designing, developing. It also consists of deploying and managing IOT systems. By internet of things we can control those works which are done on daily basis and by it human intervention can be avoided. Transparency may be attained by Machine-to-machine communication. By automation works will be unified and necessary actions can be taken in emergency cases. It provides improved efficiency with fast and accurate results. It enables to do creative jobs, besides repeating similar work daily. Hence, we might save money by using this expertise. By keeping devices under observation energy & resources might be optimum utilized. But a perfect expertise is needed for this. It should be changed for breakdowns, bottlenecks, & system damages. It is helpful in attaining convenience, comfort & better management and hence quality of life is improved. A preset program might monitor opening & closing of windows & shades according to position of sun & wind flow to regulate temperature, humidity & fresh air inside house. We might monitor emissions from factories & vehicles to minimize air pollution. . The quality of water should be checked which is supplied for drinking. The warnings of earthquakes & tsunamis should be given in advance by detecting tremors. Detection of forest fire is also probable within this expertise. An intelligent system might minimize power consumption by HVAC & lighting equipment according to occupancy & heat load. We should keep quality water drinking tabs. By detecting tremors, warnings of earthquakes & tsunamis may be sent. Forest fire can also be detected by this expertise. By this expertise we may identify health issues. Doctor may be informed for analysis. The pulse rate, digestive system, heart & blood pressure can be diagnosed & monitored. Emergencies may be efficiently covered by this expertise and it has proved a lot of beneficial for independent living senior citizens & disabled people. There are many components of IOT. We should define all five components of IOT Implementation for understanding the process of IOT working. These are Sensors, data, Systems like devices and machines, Intelligent Analysis and communication platform, Standards and Intelligent Actions. Sensors
Sensors may be of two types that are Passive sensors and Active sensors. The main function is the use of sensors under IOT . Due to the new advancements in technology today sensors have become smarter, cheaper, and smaller. The main issues of IOT sensors are: security, consumption of power, & interoperability. Networks We can define another component of implementation of IOT by transmitting the signals which are gathered by those sensors which are gathered on the networks. It includes bridges, routers in the several topologies. Various parts of the networks can be connected to sensors through various methods like Wi-Fi, Low Power Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, regular Ethernet, WiMAX, , Long Term Evolution and today’s technology of Li-Fi . The major forces for adoption of widespread network in IOT are low prices of data usage, high data rate, virtualization and deployment of IPv6. Standards In the process of implementation the third stage has the total of all the formalities of processing. It also includes handling, and storing the data. The data was collected by sensors. The aggregation maximizes the value of data by maximizing the scale, scope, and repetition of available data for analysis. Here aggregation can be get by using many standards which focuses on the application of IOT . Intelligent analysis The last stage in the implementation of IOT is concluding the insight from data for the purpose of analysis. Analysis of IOT gets affected by cognitive technologies and many other accompanying models. These models facilitate the use of cognitive technologies. The ability to process various forms of vision, information and voice have become usable due to advancement in cognitive technologies. It opens the doors for – high understanding of non-stop streams of actual data. Various factors that affect the reason why intelligent analytics has to be adopted with IOT involves growth in crowd sourcing, artificial intelligence models, and software of open- source analytics, analysis and real-time data processing. The issues have to face the adoption of analytics with IOT. There are inaccurate analysis .These are because of flaws in the data and model. They have ability of legacy systems .These has to analyze unstructured data. They have the ability of legacy systems’ for managing real-time data. Intelligent actions
Some intelligent actions may be explained as M2M and M2H interfaces e.g. with the development in advancements of UI and UX. The issues affect the adoption of intelligent actions in the IOT. Some improved machine functionality lower machine prices and the machines "changing" actions of human. It may be changed through behavioral-science rationale. Here are described some challenges in facing the acceptance of smart works with IOT: actions of machines in unexpected circumstances machine interoperability Security of information and privacy human behaviors which are mean-reverting low adoption of smart technologies The road ahead Ecosystem of maximizing complexity can be termed as The Internet of Things .It is the further wave of advancement. It would make more humane each object of our life. This can be said as the next level for automating every object in our life. IOT implementation can be made easier and faster by the use of union of technologies. It will simplify various aspects of our life which are related to our home and work. One outcome of IOT successful standardization is the implementation of "IoT as a Service" technology, if the service is offered and used same as we use other flavors of "as a service" technologies. Today the probabilities of applications in real life would be unlimited. But we have long way to achieve that dream; we should overcome various obstacles and barriers like consumers and businesses, before harvesting the fruits of this type of technology. Applications The expertise has a lot of application in many fields. Here are some expected areas at that place we may apply power of Internet of Things. It may be used for solving daily issues. Advanced Cities Internet of things could be used for monitoring bridges, vibrations of buildings, & monuments in case building material is overloaded or threatened. Noise pollution around hospitals and schools could be controlled. Traffic might also be managed especially during peak hours, traffic jams, accidents, rains. IOT might be used for managing street lights by that they are switch off automatically in sunlight presence & switch on at beginning of darkness. Another useful application is to alert officials for empting waste bins which are filled by waste. Home Automation Devices might be remotely controlled & programmed by Internet of things. Thefts could be easily detected & avoided by it. Home automation is the process of controlling home devices by using various control system
methods like electrical home device as lights, fire alarm fan, kitchen timer, outdoor lights etc. might be controlled by using many control methods. Much higher energy is required by home that makes our homes one of the largest areas of energy consumption for knowing impact on natural surroundings. Planning of system aim is to minimize waste of energy in home environment with efficient managing devices of operation. The use of wireless sensing element network to observe tangible parameters is wished additionally in this design as users are present in every room & on reception. System may notice wrong predictions of original sensors information& in a consequence they switch to behaviour of system. Parameters might stop home automation introduction of systems to energy saving into mass market. Normally we switch off light or electrical equipment in case of going outside to avoid accident like short circuit & fire etc. but if we forget to switch off devices then it is essential to come home back. It is total time wastage & a lot of tension is created. Thus for avoiding such type of situations test expertise has come worldwide that is advanced home expertise. Advanced home is expertise in which electrical equipment is technologically advanced at home automated or intelligent with highly advanced automatic systems for purpose of security in various systems. The advanced home is important for everyone & is useful for every day’s life in home. Advanced home comprises of three parts- controlling device, network & home automation. Network might be wire or wireless. It could be used to connect automation to controlling devices. Devices of controlling might be used for managing system. Home automation  devices are to control tangible environment. It might be used in home, kitchen, or in offices etc. Industrial Automation This expertise is used to automate remotely manufacturing process. It might prove useful to optimize production process. We might opt for inventory management & supply chain. They might diagnose if there is a requirement of machines repair & maintenance. They might monitor toxic gases emission for avoiding workers' health & environment damage. Health Monitoring They might use expertise for identifying issues of health. Pulse Patterns, digestive system, blood pressure, heart rate might be diagnosed & monitored for anomalies. It might useful for sending information to doctor for analysis & Hospitals might also be contacted in case of emergency. This system would be very useful for independently living people like senior citizens & disabled people. Advanced Environment Detecting natural calamities& pollution is an important application of Internet of things. It might monitor emissions from factories & vehicles for minimizing air pollution. We might trace harmful chemical release waste in rivers, sea& arresting water pollution. We might keep quality tabs for supplying drinking water. We might send warnings of earthquakes & tsunamis after detecting tremors. Water level of rivers & dams might be kept under surveillance for being alert in case of flood. Forest fire might also be detected by this expertise
Issues and Challenges Internet of Things industries have three important concerns that are over- dependence on expertise, privacy & job loss. When a thing is inserted on internet, it always remains there. Various security measurements are used for data protection, but there is always a possibility of hackers to break into system & steal information. For illustration, Anonymous persons can hack in federal sites & reveal all secret information into public. In case all information is revealed on internet, people might hack it, & find out all about people life and Industries. People might misuse information that is given to access. Data, such as information collected & stored by IOT, might be advantageous for industries this information must be secured. The main issues in IOT are security and privacy. Advantages of IOT It is because of IOT some physical objects are getting connected. They are controlled centrally and digitally with wireless infrastructure. There is a large amount of automation. The faster and timely output may be achieved by machines and devices are able to communicate without human interference. Some of the advantages of IOT are: Automation of daily works leads to better monitoring of devices By internet of things we can control those works which are done on daily basis and by it human intervention can be avoided. Transparency may be attained by Machine-to-machine communication. Moreover by automation works will be unified and necessary actions can be taken in emergency cases. Efficient & Saves Time It provides improved efficiency fast and accurate results. It minimises the concept of repeating similar work daily. Saves Money Hence, we might save money by using this expertise. By keeping devices under observation energy & resources might be optimum utilized. But a perfect expertise is needed for this. It should be changed for breakdowns, bottlenecks, & system damages. Better Quality of Life It is helpful in attaining convenience, comfort & better management and hence improving the quality of life. Advanced Environment A present program might monitor opening & closing of windows & shades according to position of sun & wind flow to regulate temperature, humidity & fresh air inside house. We might monitor emissions from factories & vehicles to minimize air pollution. . We might also keep tabs on quality of water being supplied for drinking.
We might send warnings of earthquakes & tsunamis by detecting tremors. Detection of forest fire is also probable within this expertise. An intelligent system might minimize power consumption by HVAC & lighting equipment according to occupancy & heat load. Health Monitoring By this expertise we may identify health issues. Doctor may be informed for analysis and pulse, digestive system, heart & blood pressure. Emergencies may be efficiently covered by this expertise and it has proved a lot of beneficial for independent living senior citizens & disabled people Limitations of IOT There is no doubt that future is internet & all fields human beings are linked within have widespread IT & internet applications. But on same time we don’t expect every people to be expert in IT & it poses handicap for those who are not related to this field & therefore such people are subjected to exploitations. Three of important concerns that company Internet of things are over-reliance on expertise, breach of privacy, & loss of jobs. Once a thing is put on internet, there is always a possibility of breach of confidential information. As many examples are there that shows loss of privacy and security. Some of limitations of IOT are: Loss of privacy &security As each and every device like public sector services, industrial machinery and all other household devices like transport and water supply is connected to Internet, its information is always available on internet. This information may be attacked by hackers any time. The most crucial time will be in case when any confidential and private information will be got by unauthorized intruders. Compatibility There is always an issue of compatibility in monitoring and tagging because devices of many manufacturers are interconnected. In case of all manufacturers agree for a common standard, this disadvantage can be dropped off and even after that there may be persistence of technical issues. We have devices which are Bluetooth-enabled & even then compatibility issues exist. Compatibility issues may affect people buying from certain manufacturer, due to which it may lead its monopoly in market Complexity The Internet of things is a network of diverse& complex things .Serious consequences may arise due to any failure in software or hardware. Even a lot of inconvenience may be caused due to power failure. Lesser Employment of Menial Staff As a lot of advanced study is needed for this purpose, many unskilled workers might lose their jobs as an effect of automation of routine activities. Unemployment issues may be aroused due to this in society. We are seeing already that various jobs have lost to automated machines, as checkout line in supermarkets. Even ATM's are also affected by this. This will lead largely devastating for society, consumers and people.
Expertise Takes Control of Life The human life would be controlled by expertise & hence will get dependent on it. Present generation is addicted to this expertise already for each trifle thing. It is our decision that how much of we are willing to mechanize and control our daily lives by expertise. This expertise has its benefits & disadvantages like other expertise. We should be well-equipped for leverage power of it that it should not control us. With the passing of time, our current generation had risen with availability of internet. However, on day to day expertise relying and taking those decisions may lead to devastation. There is not the presence of robust & fault-free system anywhere. Potential of widespread malware The malware to spread home’s integration system may be made much easier by the interconnection of devices. It results in range of total corruption of minor inconveniences. To avoid infection of malware there is need of numerous devices instead of fixing one device. Intrusion There are many devices which are connected by web. These may be used for selling and for manufacturing purposes. The usage is also as offerings & advertisements. These will be shown on LED screens. So there is always a possibility of intrusion because data is shared across broad business numbers. Digital divide Experts on subject matter fear that too much dependence would create digital divide among tech-savvy & new users. For automation cloud computing & broadband would play significant role & at retransferred only 5percent of factual habitat of human beings is connected within broadband & therefore seamless connectivity is still far cry. Consumer might manage their privacy settings for protecting their own information & they are knowledgeable about security of information. Benefit may be taken by many connected consumers of Internet of Things from analytical services that are given by some devices. The work related to internet of things in presence of cloud has been discussed in this section. The new techniques for increasing security management with help of internet of things application has been discussed here. Some of researches are using fully Homomorphism Encryption in order to Secure Cloud Computing. Some of researches are considering & Privacy Challenges in IOT -based Health Cloud. There are research Challenges & opportunities in case of Internet of Things security & forensics. There are some researches that are bringing IOT & Cloud Computing towards Pervasive Healthcare. Huge deal of research is performed in security for Internet of Things. Several studies related to security of internet of things is highlighted in this section. There is lot of existing researches related to protocol verification. Several researches provide better survey related to execution of Internet of things devices. This research is related to privacy, trust as well as security. These researches are providing a better analysis of security in case of constrained devices. There are several issues related to security because of fact that Internet of things devices
need to share the data. Researchers have highlighted key challenges that should be addressed. These challenges are implementation of security architectures depending over dynamic trust models. However, they only considered the challenge. They ignored the research in relation to those challenges. They considered that for Internet of things should be secure. The management protocols should be developed to secure IOT. They highlighted that recent standards & algorithms have been made for cryptography. These are secure hash functions, elliptic curve cryptography, & pairing-dependent cryptography. These techniques are lightweight & possible to be executed on constrained Internet of things devices. Similar Studies by several author, & some authors also primarily ideates Internet of things security issues without attempt to solve them. Several discussions were made to check many basic concerns in case of Internet of things. These are discussion were made in smart home environment. However some author outlines protection challenges faced by Internet of things & primarily focus on self-security as well as self-conjuration with reduced human involvement. Researchers cover some of standards in regard to IOT. National Skill Development Corporation NSDC National Skill Development Corporation is the institutions topromote the private sector initiatives for the development of skill. Fig 4.9 The National Skill Development Corporation It is known as Private Public Partnership association. That is acting as representatives in Government and Industry Associations on the Board of it. Sector Skill Councils Sector Skill Councils are well known as industry-led bodies. There are held accountablefor explaining concept, processes, skilling needs and certification. There is also involves accreditation of industry sectors respectively.
Fig 4.10 Sector Skill Councils The SSCs should check NOSs & QPs in case of job roles that are relevant to industry. It would be work with NSDA in order to confirm that those are according to NSQF. National Skill Qualification Framework National Skill Qualification Framework is considered to have an expressivestructure. This is going to specify the qualifications according to knowledge levels, skills and aptitude. However, competency dependent skill framework and nationallyincorporated education which is going to provide multiple pathways. It includes in case of professional education as professional training between professional educations and training respectively. The objective is the process of linking one stage of education to higher stage. It is done for to make a skillful person to get preferred stage. Fig 4.11National Skill Qualification Framework National Occupational Standards National Occupational Standards are going to specify standard that make an individual perform and achieve when he is carrying out a particular activity in workplace. They need to meet that standard time after time with knowledge and understanding. 4. Produce the role profile 3. Identify relevant knowledge units 2. Identify relevant generic units 1. List the task, duties or responsibilities of the job Fig 4.12National Occupational Standards Qualification Packs Group of NOSs having link to a job role called Qualification Packs. It isaccessible in every job role in all field of industry.
Fig 4.13 Group of NOSs Such drive both creation of curriculum, & assessments. These job roles have been executed at stage of ability. The Skill Development Management System The Skill Development Management System has been started with NSDC. NSDC is operating through partnerships with different stakeholders in catalysing. It has been evolved in skilling ecosystem. a) International Engagement: technical assistance, Investments, transnational standards, overseas jobs & other locations. b) Private Sector: Areas of partnerships contain awareness building, loan financing, capacity creation. It also involved creation & operations of Sector Skill Councils, assessment leading to certification. Corporate Social Responsibility, employment generation, World Skills competitions and participation in individual Initiatives such as Udaan. c) State Governments: making of programs & schemes, alignment to NSQF & capacity building, capacity building efforts among others and operationalization of program. d) Central Ministries: Participation in flagship programmes such as Make in India, Smart City, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Digital India & Namami Ganga, Swachh Bharat etc. e) University/School systems: Vocationalisation of education with particular training programs, entrepreneur development, evolution of credit framework etc. f) Innovation: Helps to initial stage social entrepreneurs doing on inventive business models to focus gaps in skilling ecosystem, together with programs for persons having disability. g) Non-profit organizations: Capacity building of marginalized & development of livelihood, special groups, self-employment & entrepreneurship programs. Research methodology The section has focused on survey of different people considering PMKVY, NDLM, E-DISHA, CSC, VIDYU, NDAL , AEPDS policy. The objective of this survey is to investigate whether people are positive or negative toward this policy. Section Research Methodology
Table 4.2 Query Query Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Have any idea about EDUCATION POLICY provided by government 62 13 51 24 Have personal computer 65 10 56 19 Have android based mobile 73 2 69 6 Have Internet connection 66 9 55 20 KNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY 47 28 35 40 KNOWLEDGE OF NDLM 58 17 28 47 KNOWLEDGE OF PMGDISHA 62 13 46 29 KNOWLEDGE OF E-DISHA 67 8 39 36 KNOWLEDGE OF CSC 61 14 55 10 KNOWLEDGE OF VIDYO 66 9 59 16 KNOWLEDGE OF NDAL 57 18 42 33 KNOWLEDGE OF AEPDS 67 8 48 27 KNOWLEDGE OF E-HEALTH 59 16 57 18 KNOWLEDGE OF TELE MEDICINE 71 4 67 8 KNOWLEDGE OF E-PANCHAYAT 65 10 62 13 KNOWLEDGE OF E-AGRICULTURE 70 5 67 8 KNOWLEDGE OF E-BHOOMI 62 13 57 18 KNOWLEDGE OF E-BANKING 68 7 63 12 Have used E-COMMERCE 72 3 71 4 Idea about Gem portal 61 14 49 26 More over the research has also considered the influencing factors such as whether people have computer or mobile, internet speed in their areas, their technical background. This survey is supposed to provide fruitful results in order to confirm the acceptance of digital policy of Indian government by people. Following chart represents idea about education policy provided by government from the group of (m/f) male and female. Their feedback has been taken using questionnaire. Following chart represent the positive and negative feedback from male and female.
Any idea about EDUCATION POLICY provided by government 70 60 50 Male(y) 40 Male(n) 30 Female(y) 20 Female(n) 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.14 Any idea about EDUCATION POLICY provided by government Following chart represents answer to question “Have personal computer” from the group of (m/f) male and female. Its response has been taken expending exercise. Some chart presents the negative and positive feedback from male and female. Some survey would be profitable in way to confirm whether there are people who have been as much as sources to take profits of policy offered through government. That type of questionnaire supports in knowing whether people have been any idea about EDUCATION POLICY offered via government from personal computer. That is enough to know whether they having personal computer, android based mobile and Internet network. This survey is confirming whether the people use personal computerforKNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY, PMGDISHA and NDLM. This is also decided whether they have been any idea related to E- DISHA, CSC and VIDYO. There awareness regardingNDAL,AEPDS andE-HEALTH from personal computer has been checked. There is including many o things which is beneficial for us and we can be found it easily and easy to understand. It is considered whether people have personal computer to know about TELE MEDICINE,E-PANCHAYAT,E-AGRICULTURE,E-BHOOMI,E-BANKING, E-COMMERCE.
Have personal computer 70 60 50 40 Male(y) Male(n) 30 Female(y) Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.15 Have personal computer Following chart represents answer to question “Have android based mobile” from the group of (m/f) male and female. This response has been expected needed output by expending questionnaire. A few charts represent the positive & negative return of output from male and female. Such research would be beneficial in way to confirms there are subordinate that have enough resources to take benefits of terms provided by government. That category of questionnaire helps in hold information whether people have any concept about education policy provided through government from android based mobile. That is easy to understand alternatives they have individual computer, android based mobile and Internet connection. This survey is tells either the people use android depend mobile forknowledge of PMKVY, NDLM and PMGDISHA. It is also confirmed alternative they have any idea about E-DISHA, VIDYO. There are satisfaction regardingNDAL,E-HEALTH and AEPDS from android based mobile has been confirmed. It is takes whether people uses android based mobile know about TELE MEDICINE,E-BANKING, E- COMMERCE.
Have android based mobile 80 70 60 50 Male(y) 40 Male(n) Female(y) 30 Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.16 Have android based mobile Following chart represents answer to question “Have Internet connection”from the group of (m/f) male and female. By using questionnaire the output has been taken. A lot of investigation will be well in manner to confirm whether the people who have enough sources to take benefits of conditions given by government. Such graphs display the positive and negative feedback from gender wise people. This questionnaire helps in using the terms because of people have any idea about EDUCATION POLICY. It is provided by government from Internet network. That is defines to know whether they could be use their personal computer. They are used android based mobile and Internet connection. The result is confirming whether the people use Internet connectionforUsing of PMKVY and PMGDISHA. It is also confirmed whether they have any idea about CSC, E-DISHA and VIDYO. There knowledgeable regardingNDAL andE-HEALTH from software dependent mobile has been configures. It is used whether people have Internet connectionknow about TELE MEDICINE,E- PANCHAYAT,E-AGRICULTURE,E-BHOOMI,E-BANKING, E-COMMERCE.
Have Internet connection 70 60 50 40 Male(y) Male(n) 30 Female(y) Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.17 Have Internet connection Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY” from the group of male and female. The Chart is showing the both negative and positive feedback from male and female. Government provided education policy by using internet for people which is more understandable. That is much easy to hold data and check that they have personal system or android based mobile and Internet connection. This survey is confirming whether the people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY. Those surveys will know in way to check whether there are people who have enough resources to get benefits of policy provided by government. It is also confirmed whether people any idea about. There awareness regardingthis from android based mobile has been checked. It is considered whether people have personal computers toknow about it.
KNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY 50 45 40 35 30 Male(y) 25 Male(n) Female(y) 20 Female(n) 15 10 5 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.18KNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF NDLM” from the group of male and female. Their feedback has been taken using questionnaire. Following chart represent the positive and negative feedback from male and female. Chart is representing the positive and negative feedback from male and female.Such survey would be beneficial in order to confirm whether there are people who have enough resources to get benefits of policy provided by government. This type of questionnaire helps in knowing whether people have any idea about NDLM provided by government from Internet connection. It is essential to know whether they have personal computer, android based mobile, and Internet connection. This survey is confirming whether the people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF NDLM. It is also confirmed whether they have any idea about. There awareness regardingthis from android based mobile has been checked. It is considered whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about it.
KNOWLEDGE OF NDLM 70 60 50 40 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) 30 Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.19KNOWLEDGE OF NDLM • Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF PMGDISHA” from the group of male and female. The Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA) being initiated under Digital India. A training partner shall be responsible for ensuring that the training centers adhere to the PMGDISHA requirements. This type of questionnaire helps in knowing whether people have any idea about PMGDISHA provided by government from Internet connection. It is essential to know whether they have personal computer, android based mobile, and Internet connection. The beneficiary must be Digitally Illiterate. Only individual person per eligible household will be taken for training that an Age Group: 14 - 60 years. That involved Non-smart phone users, households, college drop-outs, contributor of the youngester literacy task. It includes the digitally illiterate school. In that school the students from class 9th to 12th get the Computer and ICT Training. These facilities are not provided in their schools. In that graph we are discussed about PMGDISHA concept and in that concept both male and female are participate equally.
KNOWLEDGE OF PMGDISHA 70 60 50 40 Male(y) Male(n) 30 Female(y) Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.20KNOWLEDGE OF PMGDISHA Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-DISHA” from the group of male and female. According to an official spokesman here, these centers would be set up under the Government of India Citizen Service Centre Scheme. The people would also get reliable and timely information straight from the Government. As there would be no intermediaries, the time of delivery of service would be reduced thus ensuring quick redress of grievances. Initially 39 services related to driving licenses, vehicle registration, land record copy, arms licenses, house tax, birth and death certificates, caste, residence, income and rural area certificates and passport were being provided through these centers. The State Government is setting up the E-Disha service centers in public- private partnership to provide services in rural areas at par with urban areas and ensure that the benefits of public welfare schemes percolate to the grassroots level.
KNOWLEDGE OF E-DISHA 80 70 60 50 Male(y) 40 Male(n) Female(y) 30 Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.21KNOWLEDGE OF E-DISHA Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF CSC” from the group of male and female. CSC, Common Services Centers is the full form of CSC. It has been considered mission scheme assignment that is coming in the Digital India Programmed. It is a pan-India network. It is providing the regional, knowledge of different languages, geographic and cultural variety of country. It involved such terms like getting access to CSC services, Registration, Connecting the servers of CSC. CSC has worked tirelessly to improve its environmental performance and has stayed on. There are a lot of things which is most helpful in our life and needs. It is taken whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about CSC. In this graph there is defines CSC concept for male as well as female and how you could be use and expends that terms. At what time you require that in whole world.
KNOWLEDGE OF CSC 70 60 50 40 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) 30 Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.22KNOWLEDGE OF CSC Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF VIDYO” from the group of male and female. This type of questionnaire helps in knowing whether people have any idea about VIDYO provided by government from Internet connection. It is also confirmed whether they have any idea about. There awareness regardingthis from android based mobile has been checked. These outputs has been gets using questionnaire. Such survey would be beneficial in order to confirm whether there are people who have enough resources to get benefits of policy provided by government. Some chart present the positive and negative feedback from male and female. It is essential to know whether they have personal computer, android based mobile, and Internet connection. This survey is considering whether the people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF VIDYO. It is considered whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about VIDYO.
KNOWLEDGE OF VIDYO 70 60 50 40 Male(y) Male(n) 30 Female(y) Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.23KNOWLEDGE OF VIDYO Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF NDAL” from the group of male and female. Government offers some facilities for male as well as female in NDAL concept. In that case there are a lot of terms and conditions which is necessary to follow by them with strict behaviour. This helps in people to find a suitable and comfort environment. It is in a well-mannered and fully satisfactory for males and females. But for this you require a personal system and internet connection. By using internet network you can easily understand all the terms and conditions. That survey is taking whether the people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF NDAL. It is also confirmed whether they have any idea about. There awareness regardingthis from android based mobile has been checked. The knowledge about that is so easy to understand and it is more reliable to expend. Government provided more offers belongs that concept and fully supported about that. They follow the rules and regulation accepted environment of internet connection beside the generation. As a result, people could be get knowledge and more & more information about that by using internet network. .
KNOWLEDGE OF NDAL 60 50 40 Male(y) 30 Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.24KNOWLEDGE OF NDAL Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF AEPDS” from the group of male and female. The knowledge about that is so easy to understand and it is more reliable to expend. Government provided more offers belongs that concept and fully supported about that. They follow the rules and regulation accepted environment of internet connection beside the generation. As a result, people could be get knowledge and more & more information about that by using internet network. It is more conceptual and organizer to maintain data and information that is related to AEPDS. That is gives support to people to integrates the data about AEPDS and make it more useable as per their requirements. We know that there is a great no of schemes related to government rules and conditions that must be follows by people as necessary connection. That survey is taking whether the people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF AEPDS. It is also confirmed whether they have any idea about. There awareness regardingthat from android based mobile has been operates. It is considered whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about AEPDS.
KNOWLEDGE OF AEPDS 80 70 60 50 Male(y) 40 Male(n) Female(y) 30 Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.25 KNOWLEDGE OF AEPDS Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-HEALTH” from the group of male and female. Their feedback has been taken using questionnaire. Following chart represent the positive and negative feedback from male and female. This type of questionnaire helps in knowing whether people have any idea about E-HEALTH provided by government from Internet connection. It is essential to know whether they have personal computer, android based mobile, and Internet connection. This survey is considering whether the people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF E-HEALTH. It is also confirmed whether they have any idea about. There awareness regardingthis from android based mobile has been checked. It is considered whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about E-HEALTH.
KNOWLEDGE OF E-HEALTH 70 60 50 40 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) 30 Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.26KNOWLEDGE OF E-HEALTH Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF TELE -MEDICINE” from the group of male and female. The remote diagnosis and treatment of patients by means is of telecommunications technology. That offers healthcare providers to estimate and treatment of patients having no need for an in-person visit. Telemedicine is follows the healthcare services for example health assessments or discussion on the telecommunications structure. Telemedicine is expends of electronic information to communicate methods to offer and support healthcare. The distance separates the participants. 1. Telemedicine give permission to health care professionals to calculate, diagnose and treat patients at a space to expending telecommunications method. It is considered whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about TELE MEDICINE. 2. These terms are helpful for females as well as male. By using internet they are getting a lot of views and extra ordinary terms about that.
KNOWLEDGE OF TELE MEDICINE 80 70 60 50 Male(y) 40 Male(n) Female(y) 30 Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.27KNOWLEDGE OF TELE MEDICINE Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-PANCHAYAT” from the group of male and female. The Union Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) has made it mandatory to implement thee- panchyaat system containing 11 Panchayat Enterprise. Gateway to the dynamic websites of Panchayats is in the country. An element of Panchayats Enterprise Suite has introduced under e-Panchayat Mission Mode. It is considered whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about E- PANCHAYAT. In that graph there is defines such concepts for both males and females. Internet connection provides all the details about that.
KNOWLEDGE OF E-PANCHAYAT 70 60 50 40 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) 30 Female(n) 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.28KNOWLEDGE OF E-PANCHAYAT Following graph represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-AGRICULTURE” from the group of male and female. E-Agriculture is a global Community of Practice where people from whole world transfer data, ideas and sources related to the use of data. Those communication methods (ICT) are used for sustainable agriculture and rural enhancement.Technology has been played an important role in enhancing the agricultural industry. Currently, that is available to produce crops in a desert via expend of agricultural biotechnology. By genetic engineering scientists have been maintain to introduce traits into existing genes. It is done with a goal of producing crops resistant to droughts and pests.Companies such as CropX are expending sensors to found moisture in the soil. They support farmers produce irrigation for crops depends on soil moisture and temperature. That type of technology could be support farmers become most sustainable via managing water applications to the soil. That is taken whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about E-AGRICULTURE.
KNOWLEDGE OF E-AGRICULTURE 80 70 60 50 Male(y) 40 Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) 30 20 10 0 Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n) Fig 4.29KNOWLEDGE OF E-AGRICULTURE Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-BHOOMI” from the group of male and female. That chart shows answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-BHOOMI” from the group of male and female. Bhoomi is a project having a connection of funded through the Indian Government. The KarnatakaGovernment has computerized the records paper of land. That produce an application concept to monitor an modify registry of property in Karnataka. That was computerized leading to transparency in rural land record management. The Bhoomi program executed in 2002 was among the pioneering e-Governance programs of the Country. In that term there is involve male as well as female candidates. Under the Bhoomi program of Karnataka Government, about 20 Million farm land records in the State.
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