CHAPTER-4 SURVEY ONDIGITAL INDIA POLICIES - Shodhganga

 
CHAPTER-4
                           SURVEY ONDIGITAL INDIA POLICIES
This chapter has focused on the survey related to Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana. The key
components of scheme have been represented. Questionnaire has been developed considering whether people
have knowledge of PMKVY, NDLM, PMGDISHA, E-DISHA, CSC, VIDYO, NDAL, AEPDS, E-HEALTH,
TELE MEDICINE, E-PANCHAYAT, E-AGRICULTURE, E-BHOOMI, E-BANKING, gem portal. Survey is
made to know whether they have any idea about EDUCATION POLICY provided by government.
4.1 Introduction to PMKVY
That concept’s aim is to encourage improvement of skill for adolescence via offering monetary rewards. By that
approved training programs could be successfully executed. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana has been
considered a powerful plan of Ministry of Skill Entrepreneurship and development. The Skill official
recognition term has an objective. The objective is to maintain the capability of Indian to achieve
industry appropriate practice of skill. It assists them to secure their lives.
Key Components of Scheme:
Recognition of Prior Learning
Person having past practice of learning long with skills can be evaluated. It licensed under Recognition of Prior
Learning element term. The objective of RPL is to make parallel capability of strict of a country NSQF
workforce. it is feasible that PIAs offer overpass classes to RPL’s student to point out the knowledge different.

Fig 4.1 short period Training instructed at the Training Centers of PMKVY

Special Projects
The Special Project term of PMKVY helps in making of a platform that will be facilitate trainings in special
areas. It included Corporate and Industry bodies, Government bodies’ premises and practices in particular task.
It has been un- described in Qualification Packs or National Occupational Standards. that are qualified.

Short Term Training
There is an important aim of Short Term Training at Training Centre of PMKVY. The objective is that it
provides the help to learner who have the Indian identity. That person are unemployed and are not working at
any school or college drop outs besides offering training in parallel to National Skills Qualification agenda. TCs
also provide guidance in Soft Skills. it also work in the field of Entrepreneurship, Financial along with Digital
Literacy. There are different duration of training according to course that existd between 150 and 300 hours.

Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
Mobilization of Social society is very crucial for the success of PMKVY. Accountability and transparency are
ensured through active participation of community. It assists in leveraging cumulative intercourse of group of
people for the higher function of it.

Placement Guidelines
PMKVY Forecasts to connect the ability, ambition, and awareness of trained workforce. that formulates with
the help of opportunities of jobs along with requirement in market.

                                         Fig 4.2 Placement Guidelines
Accordingly, every effort creates via PMKVY. TCs is offering placement chances to candidates and students. It
is to make skilled and verified under Scheme. Growth of entrepreneurship will be supported by the TP .

Monitoring Guidelines
High level of superiority is sustained using PMKVY TCs. Numerous technologies are used by NSDC Inspection
Agencies like call validations, surprise visits. It involves self-audit reporting, and running by Skills
Development Management System. Technologies can be increased by engaging latest technologies.

Evaluation of Sensors for RPM
In now a day’s there are small amount of workforce of India. It has different kind of proper skillfulness training.
   But along with this, it is the matter of surprising that there is a number of economy fields of our country but
   these field have the limited quantities of trained people. They are tolerating the less profit stage due to low
   quality of workforce. At this time, the youngster of developed country have desire for economic and livelihood
   chance. Because of this reason, development of talent has formulated a key priority sector for our country. It
   does not consider vital only for development of economic. It helps the youngster to achieve their dreams of
   better jobs having good salary and perfect quality & self-employment opportunities.
                                       Table 4.1 Evaluation of Sensors for RPM

   By this country can take benefit of favorable demographic profile. By taking a great pool of skilled people,
   India may become a skill supplier for world.
   Strategy & Approach
1. For successful completion of market-driven skill training & certification this Scheme. It will provide monetary
   incentives approximate to twenty four lakh youth in a span of one year from scheme implementation scheme.

                                          Fig 4.3 The Scheme of PMKVY TCs
   1. This Scheme may be implemented through partnerships Public-Private & Public-            Public.
   2. The implementing agency for this Scheme would be NSDC.
   3. All trainings & certification programs are under Recognition of Prior Learning.         they      would      be
   oriented for the growth of skills in specific growth sectors.
4. There would be separate scheme for Assessment & training bodies & no               overlapping of roles would be
allowed. By this transparency & objectivity would be maintained.
5. Ministry of Skill Development would fund wholly all monetary rewards & Entrepreneurship. It includes
Government of India will be affected by beneficiaries’ accounts bank transfer. As prescribed under scheme to
facilitate smooth disbursement, entire money along with additional fund would be transferred to National Skill
Development Fund so that NSDC can use it further.

4.2 KEY FEATURES
Standards
Training will be against standards made by industrial person. Its name is Sector Skills Councils.
Demand-driven targets:- The objective for talent training are allocated to sector skill councils. This have it’s
dependent on assessment of skill requirement and Skill Gap Studies in discussion with SSCs, States/UTs. It
includes Central Ministries or Departments are under failure to notice of Steering Committee of PMKVY.

                                                Fig 4.4 Key Features
Eligible Providers
NSDC candidates are facing attentiveness before the registering with NSDC. The training centre that is
Government affiliated would be verified by SSCs. On the basis of guidelines which have provided by NSDC,
part of monitoring process would be same. There is permission of only first level of franchising. But it should
be declared in advance.
Training Content
While there is thrust upon outcomes in case of other person assessment and certification. Trainers have a
concentrated to enhance the curricula. High quality of methodology enables the pedagogy and increasing the
ability of trainer. It helps the whole ecosystem for fulfill the purpose of skill in country which is of high quality.
Fig 4.5 Finding training center
All skilled training will include personal grooming, soft skill training, and behavioral change for cleanliness and
good work principles as a part of training.
Assessment & Certification
There are Third party assessments for skill training. It will be executed based on national global level.

                                       Fig 4.6 Assessment & Certification
Under PMKVY, those trainees would be assessed having prior experience or skills. It offering competencies and
they would be given monetary rewards for the undergoing assessments.

4.3 MONETARY AWARDS
Reward amount
There are rewards in term of Monetary for several. That places role differs according to trade standards. This
reward can be handover after the judgment based on several various elements. This element can be in the term
of desire of trainees for pay, training cost and other substantial appropriate elements. Incentive which are Higher
could be for training in mechanized, construction and plumbing fields.
Direct Fund Transfer
Totally visible funding of skill training would be providing by PMKVY having no intermediaries.                The
monetary helps are sending to bank account of trainer directly. Aadhaar numbers are also utilized in order to
individual verification of all candidates.
Mobilization of candidates
Awareness building and task of mobilization takes places by the contribution of local State. Local governments
along with Members of Parliament give their contribution          to make sure the greater outreach along with
possession

4.4 SENSORS FOR MEASURING BLOOD PRESSURE
There are 5 general techniques in order to measure the pressure of blood. It have the mixture of flush,
oscillation, auscultation, palpation and transcutaneous. Doppler special blood pressure sensors are utilized in
hospital. These are designed to do the measurement of systolic. It also calculates the diastolic pressures of blood
with the help of oscillometric method.

                                  Fig 4.7 Sensors for Measuring Blood Pressure
Generally A blood pressure sensor is applied with its attachment to a pump bulb. In that a standard adult range
adjustable cuffs that has the capability of increase and decrease mechanically. Along with this, there are blood
pressure device that can be wear on wrist device. These device have the quality of portability along with user-
friendly. Utilization of these devices has occurred for existing practice of patient monitoring.
4.5 SENSORS FOR MEASURING BODY TEMPERATURE
Recently it has been checked that is need of mobile devices used for health monitoring. Production of such
devices has been occurred with the help of several element factors like as ageing societies. Their requirement is
for observe the people that are doing their work in tremendously complex situation. In the situation of remote
and unreachable sector, these devices are used to notice the people. That is accountable for the life of other. for
example we can say they may be
Fig 4.8 Sensors for Measuring Body Temperature
drivers, pilots, firefighter, soldiers and police officers. Capacity to control several essential signs distantly has its
consistence in human body temperature. For thepurpose of confirmation, it is allows the presence of
psychophysical level. So any valuable medical help could be provided on time which can be proved the life
saving in some situations.
Role of Internet of Things in IT development
The crucial network of buildings, tangible devices, vehicles, & other items is termed as Internet of things. It
may be connected to electronics, sensors, software & network. Due to it objects are enabled to collect &
exchange the data. In internet of things substance may be sensed & prohibited to a great extent across network
transportation, which gives chances for real combination of the tangible world into systems which are dependent
on computer. Due to this efficiency, accuracy & economic benefit is improved. If internet of things is
augmented within sensors & actuators, expertise proves an illustration of general group of imitated- tangible
systems.
It   has technologies like     advanced transportation,     advanced homes,       advanced grids & advanced cities.
Everything might be identified in a various way by its implanted system of computing and it might share its
data with pre transferred infrastructure of internet. It is estimated by experts that internet of things might include
almost 50 billion objects by the time 2020.Internet of things has various         benefits in our lives that could aid
people, society & daily basis business. A new concept may be pre transferred in various forms that has financial
matters, safety, health, & every day planning. Internet of things integration in health care system may be very
useful for both people& society. By planting chip into every people, important signs of hospital patients could
be monitored.
        Hospitals are stressed for judging & caring of patients which gives them judging ability where prior
attention is required by monitoring people’s health. People can receive personal safety with the supports of
Internet of things. A home security system that permits people the security systems which monitor at home by
their phones is known as ADT. It also has control ability. The Internet of things is subtracting ordinary frequent
works & leaving machines for doing recurring jobs. As given to Internet of all things, it is projected setup
within everyday animated objects like machines, devices, animals& people that would be network connected &
able to replace data. It will make able Objects & machine to receive & send messages to each other& eliminate
human interference. IP address is required to uniquely identify each device related to Internet of Things. IPv6
should be used for this type of network. It would generate big necessity of IP addresses. Sensors work as brain
of these objects. These types of sensors are micro electro mechanical systems.
          It would respond on change in temperature, light, humidity, time, pressure, motion, sound, weight, etc.
This information might be transferred to information centre where it should be analyzed. So, process of
operating or controlling machinery, industrial processes other applications & various equipments, by using
various control systems & automation is termed where there is less or no human intervention. There are a
variety of automation that are dependent on application where they might           be categorized as developed
automation, autonomous automation, , building automation ,home automation, etc. Now let us see some of
applications of Internet of things. It gives data or process and executes normal instructions. Practitioners can
deploy and execute custom application logic on device by it. This process changes process of designing,
developing. It also consists of deploying and managing IOT systems.
   By internet of things we can control those works which are done on daily basis and by it human intervention
can be avoided. Transparency may be attained by Machine-to-machine communication. By automation works
will be unified and necessary actions can be taken in emergency cases. It provides improved efficiency with fast
and accurate results. It enables to do creative jobs, besides repeating similar work daily. Hence, we might save
money by using this expertise. By keeping devices under observation energy & resources might be optimum
utilized. But a perfect expertise is needed for this. It should be changed for breakdowns, bottlenecks, & system
damages. It is helpful in attaining convenience, comfort & better management and hence quality of life is
improved. A preset program might monitor opening & closing of windows & shades according to position of
sun & wind flow to regulate temperature, humidity & fresh air inside house. We might monitor emissions from
factories & vehicles to minimize air pollution. . The quality of water should be checked which is supplied for
drinking. The warnings of earthquakes & tsunamis should be given in advance by detecting tremors. Detection
of forest fire is also probable within this expertise. An intelligent system might minimize power consumption by
HVAC & lighting equipment according to occupancy & heat load. We should keep quality water drinking tabs.
By detecting tremors, warnings of earthquakes & tsunamis may be sent. Forest fire can also be detected by this
expertise. By this expertise we may identify health issues. Doctor may be informed for analysis. The pulse rate,
digestive system, heart & blood pressure can be diagnosed & monitored. Emergencies may be efficiently
covered by this expertise and it has proved a lot of beneficial for independent living senior citizens & disabled
people.
There are many components of IOT. We should define all five components of IOT Implementation for
understanding the process of IOT working. These are Sensors, data, Systems like devices and machines,
Intelligent Analysis and communication platform, Standards and Intelligent Actions.
Sensors
Sensors may be of two types that are Passive sensors and Active sensors. The main function is the use of sensors
under IOT . Due to the new advancements in technology today sensors have become smarter, cheaper, and
smaller. The main issues of IOT sensors are: security, consumption of power, & interoperability.

Networks
We can define another component of implementation of IOT by transmitting the signals which are gathered by
those sensors which are gathered on the networks. It includes bridges, routers in the several topologies. Various
parts of the networks can be connected[6] to sensors through various methods like Wi-Fi, Low Power Wi-Fi,
Bluetooth, regular Ethernet, WiMAX, , Long Term Evolution and today’s technology of Li-Fi .
The major forces for adoption of widespread network in IOT are low prices of data usage, high data rate,
virtualization and deployment of IPv6.
Standards
In the process of implementation the third stage has the total of all the formalities of processing. It also includes
handling, and storing the data. The data was collected by sensors. The aggregation maximizes the value of data
by maximizing the scale, scope, and repetition of available data for analysis. Here aggregation can be get by
using many standards which focuses on the application of IOT .
Intelligent analysis
The last stage in the implementation of IOT is concluding the insight from data for the purpose of analysis.
Analysis of IOT gets affected by cognitive technologies and many other accompanying models. These models
facilitate the use of cognitive technologies. The ability to process various forms of vision, information and voice
have become usable due to advancement in cognitive technologies. It opens the doors for – high understanding
of non-stop streams of actual data. Various factors that affect the reason why intelligent analytics has to be
adopted with IOT involves growth in crowd sourcing, artificial intelligence models, and software of open-
source analytics, analysis and real-time data processing. The issues have to face the adoption of analytics with
IOT. There are inaccurate analysis .These are because of flaws in the data and model. They have ability of
legacy systems .These has to analyze unstructured data. They have the ability of legacy systems’ for managing
real-time data.

Intelligent actions
Some intelligent actions may be explained as M2M and M2H interfaces e.g. with the development in
       advancements of UI and UX. The issues affect the adoption of intelligent actions in the IOT. Some
       improved machine functionality lower machine prices and the machines "changing" actions of human. It
       may be changed through behavioral-science rationale. Here are described some challenges in facing the
       acceptance of smart works with IOT:
        actions of machines in unexpected circumstances
        machine interoperability
        Security of information and privacy
        human behaviors which are mean-reverting
        low adoption of smart technologies

The road ahead
Ecosystem of maximizing complexity can be termed as The Internet of Things .It is the further wave of
advancement. It would make more humane each object of our life. This can be said as the next level for
automating every object in our life. IOT implementation can be made easier and faster by the use of union of
technologies. It will simplify various aspects of our life which are related to our home and work. One outcome
of IOT successful standardization is the implementation of "IoT as a Service" technology, if the service is
offered and used same as we use other flavors of "as a service" technologies. Today the probabilities of
applications in real life would be unlimited. But we have long way to achieve that dream; we should overcome
various obstacles and barriers like consumers and businesses, before harvesting the fruits of this type of
technology.

Applications
The expertise has a lot of application in many fields. Here are some expected areas at that place we may apply
power of Internet of Things. It may be used for solving daily issues.
Advanced Cities
Internet of things could be used for monitoring bridges, vibrations of buildings, & monuments in case building
material is overloaded or threatened. Noise pollution around hospitals and schools could be controlled. Traffic
might also be managed especially during peak hours, traffic jams, accidents, rains. IOT might be used for
managing street lights by that they are switch off automatically in sunlight presence & switch on at beginning of
darkness. Another useful application is to alert officials for empting waste bins which are filled by waste.

Home Automation
Devices might be remotely controlled & programmed by Internet of things. Thefts could be easily detected &
avoided by it. Home automation is the process of controlling home devices by using various control system
methods like electrical home device as lights, fire alarm fan, kitchen timer, outdoor lights etc. might be
controlled by using many control methods. Much higher energy is required by home that makes our homes one
of the largest areas of energy consumption for knowing impact on natural surroundings. Planning of system aim
is to minimize waste of energy in home environment with efficient managing devices of operation. The use of
wireless sensing element network to observe tangible parameters is wished additionally in this design as users
are present in every room & on reception. System may notice wrong predictions of original sensors
information& in a consequence they switch to behaviour of system. Parameters might stop home automation
introduction of systems to energy saving into mass market. Normally we switch off light or electrical equipment
in case of going outside to avoid accident like short circuit & fire etc. but if we forget to switch off devices then
it is essential to come home back. It is total time wastage & a lot of tension is created. Thus for avoiding such
type of situations test expertise has come worldwide that is advanced home expertise. Advanced home is
expertise in which electrical equipment is technologically advanced at home automated or intelligent with
highly advanced automatic systems for purpose of security in various systems. The advanced home is important
for everyone & is useful for every day’s life in home. Advanced home comprises of three parts- controlling
device, network & home automation. Network might be wire or wireless. It could be used to connect automation
to controlling devices. Devices of controlling might be used for managing system. Home automation [8] devices
are to control tangible environment. It might be used in home, kitchen, or in offices etc.
Industrial Automation
This expertise is used to automate remotely manufacturing process. It might prove useful to optimize production
process. We might opt for inventory management & supply chain. They might diagnose if there is a requirement
of machines repair & maintenance. They might monitor toxic gases emission for avoiding workers' health &
environment damage.

Health Monitoring
They might use expertise for identifying issues of health. Pulse Patterns, digestive system, blood pressure, heart
rate might be diagnosed & monitored for anomalies. It might useful for sending information to doctor for
analysis & Hospitals might also be contacted in case of emergency. This system would be very useful for
independently living people like senior citizens & disabled people.

Advanced Environment
Detecting natural calamities& pollution is an important application of Internet of things. It might monitor
emissions from factories & vehicles for minimizing air pollution. We might trace harmful chemical release
waste in rivers, sea& arresting water pollution. We might keep quality tabs for supplying drinking water. We
might send warnings of earthquakes & tsunamis after detecting tremors. Water level of rivers & dams might be
kept under surveillance for being alert in case of flood. Forest fire might also be detected by this expertise
Issues and Challenges
Internet of Things industries have three important concerns that are over- dependence on expertise, privacy &
job loss. When a thing is inserted on internet, it always remains there. Various security measurements are used
for data protection, but there is always a possibility of hackers to break into system & steal information. For
illustration, Anonymous persons can hack in federal sites & reveal all secret information into public. In case all
information is revealed on internet, people might hack it, & find out all about people life and Industries. People
might misuse information that is given to access. Data, such as information collected & stored by IOT, might
be advantageous for industries this information must be secured. The main issues in IOT are security and
privacy.

Advantages of IOT
It is because of IOT some physical objects are getting connected. They are controlled centrally and digitally
with wireless infrastructure. There is a large amount of automation. The faster and timely output may be
achieved by machines and devices are able to communicate without human interference. Some of the
advantages of IOT are:

Automation of daily works leads to better monitoring of devices
By internet of things we can control those works which are done on daily basis and by it human intervention can
be avoided. Transparency may be attained by Machine-to-machine communication. Moreover by automation
works will be unified and necessary actions can be taken in emergency cases.

Efficient & Saves Time
It provides improved efficiency fast and accurate results. It minimises the concept of repeating similar work
daily.
Saves Money Hence, we might save money by using this expertise. By keeping devices under observation
energy & resources might be optimum utilized. But a perfect expertise is needed for this. It should be changed
for breakdowns, bottlenecks, & system damages.

Better Quality of Life
It is helpful in attaining convenience, comfort & better management and hence improving the quality of life.
Advanced Environment
A present program might monitor opening & closing of windows & shades according to position of sun & wind
flow to regulate temperature, humidity & fresh air inside house. We might monitor emissions from factories &
vehicles to minimize air pollution. . We might also keep tabs on quality of water being supplied for drinking.
We might send warnings of earthquakes & tsunamis by detecting tremors. Detection of forest fire is also
probable within this expertise. An intelligent system might minimize power consumption by HVAC & lighting
equipment according to occupancy & heat load.
Health Monitoring
By this expertise we may identify health issues. Doctor may be informed          for analysis and pulse, digestive
system, heart & blood pressure. Emergencies may be efficiently covered by this expertise and it has proved a lot
of beneficial for independent living senior citizens & disabled people

Limitations of IOT
There is no doubt that future is internet & all fields human beings are linked within have widespread IT &
internet applications. But on same time we don’t expect every people to be expert in IT & it poses handicap for
those who are not related to this field & therefore such people are subjected to exploitations. Three of important
concerns that company Internet of things are over-reliance on expertise, breach of privacy, & loss of jobs. Once
a thing is put on internet, there is always a possibility of breach of confidential information. As many examples
are there that shows loss of privacy and security. Some of limitations of IOT are:
Loss of privacy &security
As each and every device like public sector services, industrial machinery and all other household devices like
transport and water supply is connected to Internet, its information is always available on internet. This
information may be attacked by hackers any time. The most crucial time will be in case when any confidential
and private information will be got by unauthorized intruders.
Compatibility
There is always an issue of compatibility in monitoring and tagging because devices of many manufacturers are
interconnected. In case of all manufacturers agree for a common standard, this disadvantage can be dropped off
and even after that there may be persistence of technical issues. We have devices which are Bluetooth-enabled
& even then compatibility issues exist. Compatibility issues may affect people buying from certain
manufacturer, due to which it may lead its monopoly in market
Complexity
The Internet of things is a network of diverse& complex things .Serious consequences may arise due to any
failure in software or hardware. Even a lot of inconvenience may be caused due to power failure.
Lesser Employment of Menial Staff
As a lot of advanced study is needed for this purpose, many unskilled workers might lose their jobs as an effect
of automation of routine activities. Unemployment issues may be aroused due to this in society. We are seeing
already that various jobs have lost to automated machines, as checkout line in supermarkets. Even ATM's are
also affected by this. This will lead largely devastating for society, consumers and people.
Expertise Takes Control of Life
The human life would be controlled by expertise & hence will get dependent on it. Present generation is
addicted to this expertise already for each trifle thing. It is our decision that how much of we are willing to
mechanize and control our daily lives by expertise.
This expertise has its benefits & disadvantages like other expertise. We should be well-equipped for leverage
power of it that it should not control us. With the passing of time, our current generation had risen with
availability of internet. However, on day to day expertise relying and taking those decisions may lead to
devastation. There is not the presence of robust & fault-free system anywhere.
Potential of widespread malware
The malware to spread home’s integration system may be made much easier by the interconnection of devices.
It results in range of total corruption of minor inconveniences. To avoid infection of malware there is need of
numerous devices instead of fixing one device.
Intrusion
There are many devices      which are connected by web. These may be used for selling and for manufacturing
purposes. The usage is also as offerings & advertisements. These will be shown on LED screens. So there is
always a possibility of intrusion because data is shared across broad business numbers.
Digital divide
Experts on subject matter fear that too much dependence would create digital divide among tech-savvy & new
users. For automation cloud computing & broadband would play significant role & at retransferred only
5percent of factual habitat of human beings is connected within broadband & therefore seamless connectivity is
still far cry.
Consumer might manage their privacy settings for protecting their own information & they are knowledgeable
about security of information. Benefit may be taken by many connected consumers of Internet of Things from
analytical services that are given by some devices.
The work related to internet of things in presence of cloud has been discussed in this section. The new
techniques for increasing security management with help of internet of things application has been discussed
here. Some of researches are using fully Homomorphism Encryption in order to Secure Cloud Computing.
Some of researches are considering & Privacy Challenges in IOT -based Health Cloud. There are research
Challenges & opportunities in case of Internet of Things security & forensics. There are some researches that
are bringing IOT & Cloud Computing towards Pervasive Healthcare.
Huge deal of research is performed in security for Internet of Things. Several studies related to security of
internet of things is highlighted in this section. There is lot of existing researches related to protocol verification.
Several researches provide better survey related to execution of Internet of things devices. This research is
related to privacy, trust as well as security. These researches are providing a better analysis of security in case of
constrained devices. There are several issues related to security because of fact that Internet of things devices
need to share the data. Researchers have highlighted key challenges that should be addressed. These challenges
are implementation of security architectures depending over dynamic trust models.
       However, they only considered the challenge. They ignored the research in relation to those challenges.
They considered that for Internet of things should be secure. The management protocols should be developed to
secure IOT. They highlighted that recent standards & algorithms have been made for cryptography. These are
secure hash functions, elliptic curve cryptography, & pairing-dependent cryptography. These techniques are
lightweight & possible to be executed on constrained Internet of things devices. Similar Studies by several
author, & some authors also primarily ideates Internet of things security issues without attempt to solve them.
Several discussions were made to check many basic concerns in case of Internet of things. These are discussion
were made in smart home environment. However some author outlines protection challenges faced by Internet
of things & primarily focus on self-security as well as self-conjuration with reduced human involvement.
Researchers cover some of standards in regard to IOT.

National Skill Development Corporation
NSDC National Skill Development Corporation is the institutions topromote the private sector initiatives for the
development of skill.

                              Fig 4.9 The National Skill Development Corporation
It is known as Private Public Partnership association. That is acting as representatives in Government and
Industry Associations on the Board of it.
Sector Skill Councils
Sector Skill Councils are well known as industry-led bodies. There are held accountablefor explaining concept,
                                                                                                     processes,
                                                                                                  skilling needs
and                                                                                                certification.
                                                                                                  There is also
                                                                                                       involves
                                                                                                   accreditation
of                                                                                                     industry
                                                                                                         sectors
                                                                                                  respectively.
Fig 4.10 Sector Skill Councils
The SSCs should check NOSs & QPs in case of job roles that are relevant to industry. It would be work with
NSDA in order to confirm that those are according to NSQF.
National Skill Qualification Framework
National Skill Qualification Framework is considered to have an expressivestructure. This is going to specify
the qualifications according to knowledge levels, skills and aptitude. However, competency dependent skill
framework and nationallyincorporated education which is going to provide multiple pathways. It includes in
case of professional education as professional training between professional educations and training
respectively. The objective is the process of linking one stage of education to higher stage. It is done for to make
a skillful person to get preferred stage.

                                  Fig 4.11National Skill Qualification Framework

National Occupational Standards
National Occupational Standards are going to specify standard that make an individual perform and achieve
when he is carrying out a particular activity in workplace. They need to meet that standard time after time with
knowledge and understanding.
           4. Produce the role profile
           3. Identify relevant knowledge units
           2. Identify relevant generic units
           1. List the task, duties or responsibilities of the job
                                     Fig 4.12National Occupational Standards
Qualification Packs
Group of NOSs having link to a job role called Qualification Packs. It isaccessible in every job role in all field
of industry.
Fig 4.13 Group of NOSs
Such drive both creation of curriculum, & assessments. These job roles have been executed at stage of ability.
The Skill Development Management System
The Skill Development Management System has been started with NSDC.
NSDC is operating through partnerships with different stakeholders in catalysing. It has been evolved in skilling
ecosystem.
a)   International Engagement: technical assistance, Investments, transnational standards, overseas jobs & other
locations.
b)   Private Sector: Areas of partnerships contain awareness building, loan financing, capacity creation. It also
involved creation & operations of Sector Skill Councils, assessment leading to certification. Corporate Social
Responsibility, employment generation, World Skills competitions and participation in individual Initiatives
such as Udaan.
c)   State Governments: making of programs & schemes, alignment to NSQF & capacity building, capacity
building efforts among others and operationalization of program.
d)   Central Ministries: Participation in flagship programmes such as Make in India, Smart City, Pradhan Mantri
Jan Dhan Yojana, Digital India & Namami Ganga, Swachh Bharat etc.
e)   University/School systems: Vocationalisation of education with particular training programs, entrepreneur
development, evolution of credit framework etc.
f)   Innovation: Helps to initial stage social entrepreneurs doing on inventive business models to focus gaps in
skilling ecosystem, together with programs for persons having disability.
g)   Non-profit organizations: Capacity building of marginalized & development of livelihood, special groups,
self-employment & entrepreneurship programs.
Research methodology
The section has focused on survey of different people considering PMKVY, NDLM, E-DISHA, CSC, VIDYU,
NDAL , AEPDS policy. The objective of this survey is to investigate whether people are positive or negative
toward this policy.
Section Research Methodology
Table 4.2 Query

Query                                          Male(y) Male(n) Female(y) Female(n)
Have    any   idea   about    EDUCATION
POLICY provided by government                  62        13         51          24
Have personal computer                         65        10         56          19
Have android based mobile                      73        2          69          6
Have Internet connection                       66        9          55          20
KNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY                             47        28         35          40
KNOWLEDGE OF NDLM                              58        17         28          47
KNOWLEDGE OF PMGDISHA                          62        13         46          29
KNOWLEDGE OF E-DISHA                           67        8          39          36
KNOWLEDGE OF CSC                               61        14         55          10
KNOWLEDGE OF VIDYO                             66        9          59          16
KNOWLEDGE OF NDAL                              57        18         42          33
KNOWLEDGE OF AEPDS                             67        8          48          27
KNOWLEDGE OF E-HEALTH                          59        16         57          18
KNOWLEDGE OF TELE MEDICINE                     71        4          67          8
KNOWLEDGE OF E-PANCHAYAT                       65        10         62          13
KNOWLEDGE OF E-AGRICULTURE                     70        5          67          8
KNOWLEDGE OF E-BHOOMI                          62        13         57          18
KNOWLEDGE OF E-BANKING                         68        7          63          12
Have used E-COMMERCE                           72        3          71          4
Idea about Gem portal                          61        14         49          26
More over the research has also considered the influencing factors such as whether people have computer or
mobile, internet speed in their areas, their technical background. This survey is supposed to provide fruitful
results in order to confirm the acceptance of digital policy of Indian government by people.
Following chart represents idea about education policy provided by government from the group of (m/f) male
and female. Their feedback has been taken using questionnaire. Following chart represent the positive and
negative feedback from male and female.
Any idea about EDUCATION POLICY
                                 provided by government
                      70
                      60
                      50
                                                                               Male(y)
                      40
                                                                               Male(n)
                      30
                                                                               Female(y)
                      20
                                                                               Female(n)
                      10
                       0
                             Male(y)     Male(n)    Female(y)   Female(n)

                Fig 4.14 Any idea about EDUCATION POLICY provided by government
Following chart represents answer to question “Have personal computer” from the group of (m/f) male and
female. Its response has been taken expending exercise. Some chart presents the negative and positive feedback
from male and female. Some survey would be profitable in way to confirm whether there are people who have
been as much as sources to take profits of policy offered through government. That type of questionnaire
supports in knowing whether people have been any idea about EDUCATION POLICY offered via government
from personal computer. That is enough to know whether they having personal computer, android based mobile
and Internet network. This survey is confirming whether the people use personal computerforKNOWLEDGE
OF PMKVY, PMGDISHA and NDLM. This is also decided whether they have been any idea related to E-
DISHA, CSC and VIDYO. There awareness regardingNDAL,AEPDS andE-HEALTH from personal computer
has been checked. There is including many o things which is beneficial for us and we can be found it easily and
easy to understand. It is considered whether people have personal computer to know about TELE
MEDICINE,E-PANCHAYAT,E-AGRICULTURE,E-BHOOMI,E-BANKING, E-COMMERCE.
Have personal computer
                     70

                     60

                     50

                     40                                                        Male(y)
                                                                               Male(n)
                     30                                                        Female(y)
                                                                               Female(n)
                     20

                     10

                      0
                            Male(y)        Male(n)   Female(y)   Female(n)

                                       Fig 4.15 Have personal computer
Following chart represents answer to question “Have android based mobile” from the group of     (m/f) male and
female. This response has been expected needed output by expending questionnaire. A few charts represent the
positive & negative return of output from male and female. Such research would be beneficial in way to
confirms there are subordinate that have enough resources to take benefits of terms provided by government.
That category of questionnaire helps in hold information whether people have any concept about education
policy provided through government from android based mobile. That is easy to understand alternatives they have
individual computer, android based mobile and Internet connection. This survey is tells either the people use
android depend mobile forknowledge of PMKVY, NDLM and PMGDISHA. It is also confirmed alternative they
have any idea about E-DISHA, VIDYO. There are satisfaction regardingNDAL,E-HEALTH and AEPDS from
android based mobile has been confirmed.
It is takes whether people uses android based mobile know about TELE MEDICINE,E-BANKING, E-
COMMERCE.
Have android based mobile
                      80

                      70

                      60

                      50
                                                                            Male(y)

                      40                                                    Male(n)
                                                                            Female(y)
                      30                                                    Female(n)

                      20

                      10

                       0
                             Male(y)      Male(n)   Female(y)   Female(n)

                                       Fig 4.16 Have android based mobile
Following chart represents answer to question “Have Internet connection”from the group of (m/f) male and
female. By using questionnaire the output has been taken. A lot of investigation will be well in manner to
confirm whether the people who have enough sources to take benefits of conditions given by government. Such
graphs display the positive and negative feedback from gender wise people. This questionnaire helps in using
the terms because of people have any idea about EDUCATION POLICY. It is provided by government from
Internet network. That is defines to know whether they could be use their personal computer. They are used
android based mobile and Internet connection. The result is confirming whether the people use Internet
connectionforUsing of PMKVY and PMGDISHA. It is also confirmed whether they have any idea about CSC,
E-DISHA and VIDYO. There knowledgeable regardingNDAL andE-HEALTH from software dependent mobile
has been configures. It is used whether people have Internet connectionknow about TELE MEDICINE,E-
PANCHAYAT,E-AGRICULTURE,E-BHOOMI,E-BANKING, E-COMMERCE.
Have Internet connection
                70

                60

                50

                40                                                                      Male(y)
                                                                                        Male(n)

                30                                                                      Female(y)
                                                                                        Female(n)

                20

                10

                 0
                         Male(y)         Male(n)       Female(y)       Female(n)

                                        Fig 4.17 Have Internet connection
Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY” from the group of male and
female. The Chart is showing the both negative and positive feedback from male and female. Government
provided education policy by using internet for people which is more understandable. That is much easy to hold data
and check that they have personal system or android based mobile and Internet connection. This survey is
confirming whether the people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY. Those surveys will
know in way to check whether there are people who have enough resources to get benefits of policy provided by
government. It is also confirmed whether people any idea about. There awareness regardingthis from android
based mobile has been checked. It is considered whether people have personal computers toknow about it.
KNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY
            50

            45

            40

            35

            30
                                                                                         Male(y)

            25                                                                           Male(n)
                                                                                         Female(y)
            20                                                                           Female(n)

            15

            10

             5

             0
                     Male(y)          Male(n)         Female(y)        Female(n)

                                    Fig 4.18KNOWLEDGE OF PMKVY
Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF NDLM” from the group of male and female.
Their feedback has been taken using questionnaire. Following chart represent the positive and negative feedback
from male and female. Chart is representing the positive and negative feedback from male and female.Such
survey would be beneficial in order to confirm whether there are people who have enough resources to get
benefits of policy provided by government. This type of questionnaire helps in knowing whether people have
any idea about NDLM provided by government from Internet connection. It is essential to know whether they
have personal computer, android based mobile, and Internet connection. This survey is confirming whether the
people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF NDLM. It is also confirmed whether they have any idea
about. There awareness regardingthis from android based mobile has been checked. It is considered whether
people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about it.
KNOWLEDGE OF NDLM
             70

             60

             50

             40                                                                             Male(y)
                                                                                            Male(n)
                                                                                            Female(y)
             30
                                                                                            Female(n)

             20

             10

              0
                       Male(y)          Male(n)          Female(y)        Female(n)

                                      Fig 4.19KNOWLEDGE OF NDLM
•   Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF PMGDISHA” from the group of male
and female. The Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA) being initiated under Digital
India. A training partner shall be responsible for ensuring that the training centers adhere to the PMGDISHA
requirements. This type of questionnaire helps in knowing whether people have any idea about PMGDISHA
provided by government from Internet connection. It is essential to know whether they have personal
computer, android based mobile, and Internet connection. The beneficiary must be Digitally Illiterate. Only
individual person per eligible household will be taken for training that an Age Group: 14 - 60 years.
That involved Non-smart phone users, households, college drop-outs, contributor of the youngester literacy task.
It includes the digitally illiterate school. In that school the students from class 9th to 12th get the Computer and
ICT Training. These facilities are not provided in their schools. In that graph we are discussed about
PMGDISHA concept and in that concept both male and female are participate equally.
KNOWLEDGE OF PMGDISHA
          70

          60

          50

          40                                                                                   Male(y)
                                                                                               Male(n)
          30                                                                                   Female(y)
                                                                                               Female(n)
          20

          10

              0
                     Male(y)           Male(n)           Female(y)          Female(n)

                                   Fig 4.20KNOWLEDGE OF PMGDISHA

Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-DISHA” from the group of male
and female. According to an official spokesman here, these centers would be set up under the Government
of India Citizen Service Centre Scheme.

The people would also get reliable and timely information straight from the Government. As there would
be no intermediaries, the time of delivery of service would be reduced thus ensuring quick redress of
grievances.

Initially 39 services related to driving licenses, vehicle registration, land record copy, arms licenses, house
tax, birth and death certificates, caste, residence, income and rural area certificates and passport were being
provided through these centers. The State Government is setting up the E-Disha service centers in public-
private partnership to provide services in rural areas at par with urban areas and ensure that the benefits of
public welfare schemes percolate to the grassroots level.
KNOWLEDGE OF E-DISHA
                 80

                 70

                 60

                 50
                                                                                     Male(y)

                 40                                                                  Male(n)
                                                                                     Female(y)

                 30                                                                  Female(n)

                 20

                 10

                  0
                         Male(y)        Male(n)       Female(y)      Female(n)

                                    Fig 4.21KNOWLEDGE OF E-DISHA
Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF CSC” from the group of male and female.
CSC, Common Services Centers is the full form of CSC. It has been considered mission scheme assignment that
is coming in the Digital India Programmed. It is a pan-India network. It is providing the regional, knowledge of
different languages, geographic and cultural variety of country. It involved such terms like getting access
to CSC services, Registration, Connecting the servers of CSC. CSC has worked tirelessly to improve its
environmental performance and has stayed on. There are a lot of things which is most helpful in our life and
needs. It is taken whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about CSC.
In this graph there is defines CSC concept for male as well as female and how you could be use and expends
that terms. At what time you require that in whole world.
KNOWLEDGE OF CSC
             70

             60

             50

             40                                                                       Male(y)
                                                                                      Male(n)
                                                                                      Female(y)
             30
                                                                                      Female(n)

             20

             10

              0
                      Male(y)         Male(n)        Female(y)       Female(n)

                                     Fig 4.22KNOWLEDGE OF CSC

Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF VIDYO” from the group of male and female.
This type of questionnaire helps in knowing whether people have any idea about VIDYO provided by
government from Internet connection. It is also confirmed whether they have any idea about. There awareness
regardingthis from android based mobile has been checked. These outputs has been gets using questionnaire.
Such survey would be beneficial in order to confirm whether there are people who have enough resources to get
benefits of policy provided by government. Some chart present the positive and negative feedback from male
and female. It is essential to know whether they have personal computer, android based mobile, and Internet
connection. This survey is considering whether the people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF
VIDYO. It is considered whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about
VIDYO.
KNOWLEDGE OF VIDYO
             70

             60

             50

             40                                                                          Male(y)
                                                                                         Male(n)

             30                                                                          Female(y)
                                                                                         Female(n)

             20

             10

               0
                       Male(y)         Male(n)         Female(y)        Female(n)

                                     Fig 4.23KNOWLEDGE OF VIDYO

Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF NDAL” from the group of male and female.
Government offers some facilities for male as well as female in NDAL concept. In that case there are a lot of
terms and conditions which is necessary to follow by them with strict behaviour. This helps in people to find a
suitable and comfort environment.
It is in a well-mannered and fully satisfactory for males and females. But for this you require a personal system
and internet connection. By using internet network you can easily understand all the terms and conditions. That
survey is taking whether the people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF NDAL. It is also confirmed
whether they have any idea about. There awareness regardingthis from android based mobile has been checked.
The knowledge about that is so easy to understand and it is more reliable to expend.
Government provided more offers belongs that concept and fully supported about that. They follow the rules
and regulation accepted environment of internet connection beside the generation. As a result, people could be
get knowledge and more & more information about that by using internet network.
.
KNOWLEDGE OF NDAL
                   60

                   50

                   40
                                                                                      Male(y)

                   30                                                                 Male(n)
                                                                                      Female(y)
                                                                                      Female(n)
                   20

                   10

                    0
                          Male(y)        Male(n)       Female(y)       Female(n)

                                    Fig 4.24KNOWLEDGE OF NDAL

Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF AEPDS” from the group of male and
female. The knowledge about that is so easy to understand and it is more reliable to expend. Government
provided more offers belongs that concept and fully supported about that. They follow the rules and regulation
accepted environment of internet connection beside the generation. As a result, people could be get knowledge
and more & more information about that by using internet network.
It is more conceptual and organizer to maintain data and information that is related to AEPDS. That is gives
support to people to integrates the data about AEPDS and make it more useable as per their requirements. We
know that there is a great no of schemes related to government rules and conditions that must be follows by
people   as   necessary   connection.    That      survey   is     taking   whether   the   people   use   Internet
connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF AEPDS. It is also confirmed whether they have any idea about. There
awareness regardingthat from android based mobile has been operates. It is considered whether people have
Internet connection and personal computers toknow about AEPDS.
KNOWLEDGE OF AEPDS
                80

                70

                60

                50
                                                                                    Male(y)

                40                                                                  Male(n)
                                                                                    Female(y)
                30
                                                                                    Female(n)
                20

                10

                 0
                        Male(y)        Male(n)       Female(y)     Female(n)

                                    Fig 4.25 KNOWLEDGE OF AEPDS
Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-HEALTH” from the group of male and
female. Their feedback has been taken using questionnaire. Following chart represent the positive and negative
feedback from male and female. This type of questionnaire helps in knowing whether people have any idea
about E-HEALTH provided by government from Internet connection. It is essential to know whether they have
personal computer, android based mobile, and Internet connection. This survey is considering whether the
people use Internet connectionforKNOWLEDGE OF E-HEALTH. It is also confirmed whether they have any
idea about. There awareness regardingthis from android based mobile has been checked. It is considered
whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about E-HEALTH.
KNOWLEDGE OF E-HEALTH
            70

            60

            50

            40                                                                              Male(y)
                                                                                            Male(n)
                                                                                            Female(y)
            30
                                                                                            Female(n)

            20

            10

             0
                      Male(y)           Male(n)          Female(y)        Female(n)

                                   Fig 4.26KNOWLEDGE OF E-HEALTH
Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF TELE -MEDICINE” from the group of male
and female. The remote diagnosis and treatment of patients by means is of telecommunications technology. That
offers healthcare providers to estimate and treatment of patients having no need for an in-person visit.
Telemedicine is follows the healthcare services for example health assessments or discussion on the
telecommunications structure. Telemedicine is expends of electronic information to communicate methods to
offer and support healthcare. The distance separates the participants.

1. Telemedicine give permission to health care professionals to calculate, diagnose and treat patients at a space
to expending telecommunications method. It is considered whether people have Internet connection and
personal computers toknow about TELE MEDICINE.
2. These terms are helpful for females as well as male. By using internet they are getting a lot of views and
extra ordinary terms about that.
KNOWLEDGE OF TELE MEDICINE
                    80

                    70

                    60

                    50
                                                                                Male(y)

                    40                                                          Male(n)
                                                                                Female(y)
                    30                                                          Female(n)

                    20

                    10

                     0
                            Male(y)     Male(n)    Female(y)     Female(n)

                                  Fig 4.27KNOWLEDGE OF TELE MEDICINE
Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-PANCHAYAT” from the group of
male and female. The Union Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) has made it mandatory to implement thee-
panchyaat system containing 11 Panchayat Enterprise. Gateway to the dynamic websites of Panchayats is in the
country. An element of Panchayats Enterprise Suite has introduced under e-Panchayat Mission Mode. It is
considered whether people have Internet connection and personal computers toknow about E-
PANCHAYAT. In that graph there is defines such concepts for both males and females. Internet connection
provides all the details about that.
KNOWLEDGE OF E-PANCHAYAT
             70

             60

             50

             40                                                                        Male(y)
                                                                                       Male(n)
                                                                                       Female(y)
             30
                                                                                       Female(n)

             20

             10

              0
                      Male(y)         Male(n)         Female(y)       Female(n)

                                Fig 4.28KNOWLEDGE OF E-PANCHAYAT
Following graph represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-AGRICULTURE” from the group of
male and female. E-Agriculture is a global Community of Practice where people from whole world transfer
data, ideas and sources related to the use of data. Those communication methods (ICT) are used for
sustainable agriculture and rural enhancement.Technology has been played an important role in enhancing
the agricultural industry. Currently, that is available to produce crops in a desert via expend
of agricultural biotechnology. By genetic engineering scientists have been maintain to introduce traits into
existing genes. It is done with a goal of producing crops resistant to droughts and pests.Companies such as
CropX are expending sensors to found moisture in the soil. They support farmers produce irrigation for crops
depends on soil moisture and temperature. That type of technology could be support farmers become most
sustainable via managing water applications to the soil. That is taken whether people have Internet connection
and personal computers toknow about E-AGRICULTURE.
KNOWLEDGE OF E-AGRICULTURE
              80

              70

              60

              50

                                                                                     Male(y)

              40                                                                     Male(n)
                                                                                     Female(y)
                                                                                     Female(n)
              30

              20

              10

               0
                      Male(y)         Male(n)       Female(y)       Female(n)

                                Fig 4.29KNOWLEDGE OF E-AGRICULTURE
Following chart represents answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-BHOOMI” from the group of male and
female. That chart shows answer to question “KNOWLEDGE OF E-BHOOMI” from the group of male and
female. Bhoomi is a project having a connection of funded through the Indian Government. The
KarnatakaGovernment has computerized the records paper of land. That produce an application concept to
monitor an modify registry of property in Karnataka. That was computerized leading to transparency in rural
land record management. The Bhoomi program executed in 2002 was among the pioneering e-Governance
programs of the Country. In that term there is involve male as well as female candidates. Under
the Bhoomi program of Karnataka Government, about 20 Million farm land records in the State.
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