COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES - HELPING LOCAL COMMUNITIES CREATE QUALITY CRICKET FACILITIES

 
COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES - HELPING LOCAL COMMUNITIES CREATE QUALITY CRICKET FACILITIES
COMMUNITY
CRICKET FACILITY
GUIDELINES
HELPING LOCAL COMMUNITIES CREATE QUALITY CRICKET FACILITIES
COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES - HELPING LOCAL COMMUNITIES CREATE QUALITY CRICKET FACILITIES
COMMUNITY
CRICKET FACILITY
GUIDELINES
HELPING LOCAL COMMUNITIES CREATE QUALITY CRICKET FACILITIES         community.cricket.com.au/facilities

                                                              © CRICKET AUSTRALIA                         1
COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES - HELPING LOCAL COMMUNITIES CREATE QUALITY CRICKET FACILITIES
Table of Contents                                                                          Foreword
        FOREWORD                                                    3                             It is my pleasure to introduce you to Cricket Australia’s Community Cricket
                                                                                                   Facility Guidelines – a document that details Cricket Australia’s recommendations
                                                                                                   and preferred requirements and resources for the provision, improvement and
        SECTION 1 BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT                            4                             enhancement of community cricket environments across Australia.
        About the Guidelines                                        5

                                                                                                                                             Cricket in Australia has not previously seen or
        Acknowledgements                                            8
                                                                                                                                             developed a cohesive set of national guidelines for
        Resources                                                  10                                                                       venues that provide for community level cricket.
                                                                                                                                             This is a document of considerable significance
        Definitions                                                 11                                                                      and one that aims to align national cricket facility
                                                                                                                                             and infrastructure planning and development
        National cricket context                                    12                                                                      objectives with our government, community and
                                                                                                                                             industry partners.
        Cricket Facility Hierarchy Model                           14
                                                                                                                                             Through an extensive national consultation
                                                                                                                                             process and a Project Steering Group consisting
                                                                                                                                             of state and national cricket partners, State and
        SECTION 2 TECHNICAL INFORMATION                            16                                                                       Local Government representatives, designers
                                                                                                                                             and product industry personnel, we have now
        Project planning                                            17                                                                      developed the most comprehensive cricket
                                                                                                                                             facility resource ever produced in Australia. An
        Guidance Note 01 Pitches and playing fields                20                                                                       achievement we are very proud of and a resource
                                                                                                                                             that we remain committed to developing and
        Guidance Note 02 Outdoor training facilities               32
                                                                                                                                             continuing to improve.
        Guidance Note 03 Clubrooms and change facilities           46                                                                       Use of the Guidelines will assist the national cricket
                                                                                                                                             community, government, land owners, schools,
        Guidance Note 04 Floodlighting                             64                                                                       technical and planning consultants and industry
                                                                                                                                             suppliers to access relevant information. Further,
        Guidance Note 05 Artificial turf for cricket               92
                                                                                                                                             it will ensure an agreed, adopted and consistent
                                                                                                                                             approach to facility planning, design, development
        Guidance Note 06 Support infrastructure                    96
                                                                                                                                             and management is achieved.
        Guidance Note 07 Indoor cricket                           104                                                                       The Guidelines are applicable to all levels of
                                                                                                                                             community cricket and will benefit the 5,000 plus
                                                                                                                                             associated venues that support cricket activities
                                                                                                                                             every week and help local communities to create
        SECTION 3 PROJECT DELIVERY TOOLS                           112
                                                                                                                                             quality cricket facilities.
        Facility cost guide                                        113

        Capital cost provisions                                    113

        Project delivery tools                                     114
                                                                                                                                             JAMES SUTHERLAND
        Preferred community cricket facility and amenity provision 116                                                                      Chief Executive Officer

        Case studies                                               118

        State and Territory contacts                              136

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SECTION 1   About the Guidelines
                                                                                  INTRODUCTION
                                                                                  Cricket Australia’s Community Cricket Facility Guidelines (‘the Guidelines’)
                                                                                  aim to provide a consolidated resource of community cricket facility planning,
                                                                                  development, management and maintenance information for use by community,
                                                                                  government and national cricket industry partners and stakeholders.
                                                                                  They have been produced by Cricket Australia               Information provided within the Guidelines
                                                                                  with support from insideEDGE Sport and Leisure             represent a national view of community cricket
                                                                                  Planning, and a Project Steering Group consisting          facilities across the country. While research and
                                                                                  of state and national cricket partners, state and          care has been taken in their preparation, there
                                                                                  local government representatives, designers and            are likely to be state or local considerations that
                                                                                  product industry professionals.                            are unique to specific areas. In all instances where
                                                                                                                                             unique considerations are relevant, these and other
                                                                                  The Guidelines represent an important part of
                                                                                                                                             associated local conditions, rules or regulations
                                                                                  Cricket Australia’s investment into community
                                                                                                                                             should be referenced prior to embarking on any
                                                                                  cricket, with facilities being recognised as one of
                                                                                                                                             facility related project.
                                                                                  the key pillars in supporting the growth of cricket
                                                                                  participation and improving participant and fan
                                                                                  experiences.

                                                                                  The Guidelines have been developed in three sections:

                                                                                  SECTION 1                             SECTION 2                               SECTION 3
                                                                                  Background and context                Technical information                   Project delivery tools
                                                                                  Section 1 provides an                 Section 2 identifies a series of        Section 3 provides a range of
                                                                                  introduction to the Guidelines,       Guidance Notes that provide             planning and delivery tools,
                                                                                  relevant background and ‘how          detailed information on facility        checklists and information
                                                                                  to use’ information and context.      provision and associated                aimed to assist stakeholders to
                                                                                  It also provides a summary of         recommendations, technical              plan and deliver their cricket
                                                                                  the national community cricket        requirements and planning               facility projects. Access to
                                                                                  context and identifies where the      considerations. Topics covered          information on project and
                                                                                  Guidelines connect strategically      in Section 2 include:                   lifecycle costs, hierarchy
                                                                                  with cricket participation                                                    provisions, case studies, further
                                                                                                                        GUIDANCE NOTE 01
                                                                                  programs and with national                                                    technical resources and State
                                                                                                                        Pitches and playing fields
                                                                                  cricket facility planning and                                                 and Territory contacts are
                                                                                  funding.                              GUIDANCE NOTE 02                        available in this section.

        SECTION 1
                                                                                                                        Outdoor training facilities

                                                                                                                        GUIDANCE NOTE 03
                                                                                                                        Clubrooms and change facilities

        Background
                                                                                                                        GUIDANCE NOTE 04
                                                                                                                        Floodlighting

                                                                                                                        GUIDANCE NOTE 05
                                                                                                                        Artificial turf for cricket

        & Context
                                                                                                                        GUIDANCE NOTE 06
                                                                                                                        Site and supporting
                                                                                                                        infrastructure

                                                                                                                        GUIDANCE NOTE 07
                                                                                                                        Indoor cricket

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SECTION 1   About the Guidelines
            HOW TO USE THE GUIDELINES                                                                                                 ACCESSING THE GUIDELINES                               ONGOING IMPROVEMENT
            The Guidelines are intended to support stakeholders to appropriately scope,                                               The Guidelines are free to access and will be          As cricket and facilities continue to evolve,
                                                                                                                                      hosted on Cricket Australia’s Club Assist website at   innovate and improve, so too will these Guidelines.
            plan, design, budget, deliver improved cricket facility projects and outcomes
                                                                                                                                      community.cricket.com.au/facilities
            across Australia.                                                                                                                                                                Cricket Australia recognise that not everything
                                                                                                                                      Individual Guideline sections and associated           can be included within a single set of Guidelines.
            Cricket Australia’s recommendations that make reference to current standards, as well as provision for best               Guidance Notes and project delivery tools can be       However, Cricket Australia is committed to
            practice and should not be viewed by stakeholders as ‘essential requirements’ to be delivered across all                  viewed, downloaded, saved and printed for your         including additional Guidance Notes and
            existing venues.                                                                                                          convenience.                                           Case Studies that our stakeholders request
                                                                                                                                                                                             more information on. If there is an element
            It will be important for the Guidelines to also be read and implemented in conjunction with other existing                Access to Cricket Australia project funding
                                                                                                                                                                                             or level of detail that is not included within
            sporting code guidelines and associated standards and requirements to ensure facilities are maximised for                 information, guidelines and State and Territory
                                                                                                                                                                                             the Guidelines, please let Cricket Australia
            shared community and/or multi-use.                                                                                        related grant programs can also be accessed via
                                                                                                                                                                                             know and we will continue to add more
                                                                                                                                      the Cricket Australia Club Assist website.
            Within each Guidance Note provided in Section 2, there are technical tips that will support users with                                                                           information and best advice over time.
            specific and recurring issues and challenges that have been identified by consultants, government partners
            and by the national cricket community. Look out for these tips as they could save you a lot of time, energy
            and money!                                                                                                                ASSUMPTIONS
                                                                                                                                      The Guidelines contain comments and information        cricket, almost every match played around the
                                                                                                                                      of a general nature only and are not provided          world has competition specific Playing Conditions
            WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT TO YOU                                                                                             as a substitute for professional advice. Site          which provide amendments to the laws to suit a
                                                                                                                                      specific research, technical assessment and            particular match.
            Cricket Australia recommends that all stakeholders involved in the                                                        local interpretation and implementation of the
            planning, management, maintenance and use of cricket facilities refer                                                                                                            These Playing Conditions allow cricketers to play
                                                                                                                                      Guidelines will also be required.
            to these Guidelines when initiating new or revisiting old projects. They                                                                                                         a variety of match formats and almost every
            are provided for State and Territory Cricket Associations, Clubs and                                                      The Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in England           cricket association has their own localised playing
            Associations, Local Councils, State Government departments, planners,                                                     has been the custodian of the Laws of Cricket          conditions or regulations, which are to be adhered
            consultants, industry suppliers, developers, schools and other peak                                                       since the Club’s formation in 1787. While The Laws     to and accommodated into venue planning and
            sporting bodies.                                                                                                          of Cricket provide the core rules for a game of        development where appropriate.

            A core role of the Guidelines is to educate stakeholders involved in the
            specific elements that improve participant experiences in cricket and to
            bridge the knowledge gap between stakeholders and their understanding
            of the sport and its requirements.

              STAKEHOLDER              HOW YOU CAN USE THE GUIDELINES
                                       ƒƒCommunicate Cricket’s priorities to local stakeholders
              STATE AND TERRITORY      ƒƒAdvise Clubs on preferred levels and types of provision
              CRICKET ASSOCIATIONS
                                       ƒƒAssist local stakeholders to plan and budget for projects
                                       ƒƒUnderstand hierarchy levels and venue expectations
              COMMUNITY CRICKET        ƒƒUnderstand the role of all stakeholders in project planning
              CLUBS AND ASSOCIATIONS
                                       ƒƒPlan and budget for local projects and improvements
                                       ƒƒInform local policy, strategy and municipal planning                The Guidelines have
                                       ƒƒGuide venue, site and master planning projects                   been developed in order
              LOCAL GOVERNMENT                                                                             to provide direction for
                                       ƒƒInform technical design and specification development
                                       ƒƒInform annual budget and capital works processes                the development of new
                                                                                                         facilities and/or elements
                                       ƒƒAssist in prioritising projects and funding applications
              STATE GOVERNMENT
                                       ƒƒIdentify opportunities for joint sport and community outcomes
                                                                                                         of those being considered
                                                                                                              for refurbishment,
                                       ƒƒInform project planning, budgeting and management                    redevelopment or
              TECHNICAL CONSULTANTS
              AND INDUSTRY SUPPLIERS   ƒƒInform technical design and expected project outcomes                  improvement.
                                       ƒƒUnderstand cricket specific and technical requirements

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SECTION 1   Acknowledgements
            PROJECT STEERING GROUP                                                                                       KEY CONTRIBUTORS
            The Community Cricket Facility Guidelines have been developed using a range                                  Information, advice and local case study               ƒƒCity of Canada Bay (NSW)
                                                                                                                         information was also supplied by the following
            of industry information sources and resources (refer following section) and have                                                                                    ƒƒCity of Casey (VIC)
                                                                                                                         organisations and has been helpful in providing a
            received significant input from cricket, government and industry stakeholders.                               national approach to the Guidelines:                   ƒƒCity of Hobsons Bay (VIC)

                                                                                                                         ƒƒNT Cricket                                           ƒƒCity of Yarra (VIC)
            Special thanks is extended to insideEDGE Sport and Leisure Planning, in particular Michael Bodman and
            Adrian Wilson for researching, coordinating and preparing the Guidelines, with support from a committed      ƒƒCricket Queensland                                   ƒƒBankstown District Cricket Club (NSW)
            Project Steering Group of individuals and organisations.
                                                                                                                         ƒƒCricket Tasmania                                     ƒƒDonvale Cricket Club (VIC)

                                                                                                                         ƒƒWestern Australia Cricket Association                ƒƒMount Barker Cricket Club (SA)

                                                                                                                         ƒƒNSW Government Office of Sport                       ƒƒSydney Cricket Club (NSW)

                                                                                                                         ƒƒQLD Department of National Parks,                    ƒƒWerribee Cricket Club (VIC)
            Project Steering Group included:                                                                               Recreation, Sport & Racing
                                                                                                                                                                                ƒƒCity Of Melbourne (VIC)
            ƒƒAndrew Ingleton               ƒƒPhil Saikaly                         ƒƒJohn Watkin                         ƒƒWA Department of Sports and Recreation
              Executive General Manager       Sport and Recreation                   Senior Manager                                                                             ƒƒOnkaparinga City Council (SA)
              Game and Market Development     Victoria                               Game Development                    ƒƒCessnock City Council (NSW)
                                                                                                                                                                                ƒƒNorthern Areas Council (SA)
              Cricket Australia                                                      Cricket Australia                   ƒƒBlacktown City Council (NSW)
                                            ƒƒEvan Wilkinson
            ƒƒAnthony Brookes                 A/G Manager Metropolitan             ƒƒMark Simpson
              Manager State Infrastructure    Community Facilities                   Senior Manager
              and Government Relations        Sport and Recreation Victoria          Market Development                  OTHER SUPPORTERS
              Cricket NSW                                                            Cricket Australia
                                            ƒƒIan Fitzgerald
            ƒƒInside Edge Team                Sports Surfaces                      ƒƒJacinta Canestra                    Through the early consultation phases of research      Support from Parks and Leisure Australia in the
              Including Michael Bodman,       Australia                              Brand Manager Media                 and Guideline preparation, many government             distribution of project information and in providing
              Gavin Jordan                                                           Communications and Marketing        and community stakeholders attended project            numerous opportunities to present Guidelines
                                            ƒƒRohan O’Neill                                                              workshops and forums. Thank you to the 100             and seek feedback from state and national
              and Adrian Wilson                                                      Cricket Australia
                                              General Manager Game and                                                   plus organisations for your attendance and             members has also been invaluable. A peer review
            ƒƒRobert Bienvenu                 Market Development Manager           ƒƒKen Gannon                          contribution.                                          of Draft Guidelines by Parks and Leisure Australia
              Architect & Managing Director   Cricket Victoria                       AFL National                                                                               representatives has also assisted to refine the
              Kneeler Design                                                         Facilities Manager                                                                         guidelines content.
                                            ƒƒAndrew Caldwell
            ƒƒPaul Battaglia                  Club Development                     ƒƒNick Hatzoglou
              Recreation Services             and Volunteer Manager                  Manager Club Cricket
              Co-ordinator                    SACA                                   Cricket Australia
              City of Maribyrnong

            CONTENT SUPPORT PARTNERS
            Significant contributions from the following organisations and individuals are gratefully acknowledged and
            have helped to shape the content and development of the Guidelines:

            ƒƒJMA Architects                                       ƒƒCricket Victoria Local Government Consultant

            ƒƒMusco Lighting                                       ƒƒKings Sports

            ƒƒMartin Butcher Lighting Design                       ƒƒSports Surfaces Australia (SSA)

            ƒƒSporteng

                                                                                                                         A number of contributors have provided photographs and images for use within the Guidelines. Special
                                                                                                                         thanks is provided to all of those that have taken photographs and allowed us to reproduce these images
                                                                                                                         within the Guidelines. Where possible, individual images have been recognised throughout the Guidelines.

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SECTION 1   Resources                                                                                                        SECTION 1   Definitions
            The following range of documents, sources and reference material has been                                                    The following definitions are provided for generic terms referenced throughout
            reviewed in the preparation of the Guidelines. Information sources listed below                                              the Guidelines.
            also provide additional technical and support information that may assist in
            planning and delivering future projects.                                                                                      TERM                           DEFINITION

            Australian Standards                 Sport and Recreation Victoria         NRL Preferred Facility Guidelines                  ASSOCIATION
                                                                                                                                                                         Organisation usually comprised of member clubs, responsible for organising and administering local cricket
                                                                                                                                                                         competitions
            Many elements of cricket facility    Sport and Recreation Victoria         As a co-use of many community
            and infrastructure provision are     which sits in the Department          cricket facilities across the                      BASE                           The part of a cricket pitch or practice pitch area on which the synthetic surface is applied
            guided by Australian Standards,      of Health and Human Services          country, a review of the NRL
            including lighting, fencing,         provides a number of guides and       Preferred Facility Guidelines for                  BUSINESS PLAN                  A formal statement of club or venue goals and an action plan for reaching those goals
            building design, construction        resources designed to assist the      Grassroots Rugby League (2014)
                                                                                                                                                                         A statement of all the required tasks, responsibilities and costs that should be taken into consideration regarding
            and use of materials. Reference      community sporting sector to          has been undertaken to identify                    CAPITAL REPLACEMENT PROGRAM
                                                                                                                                                                         infrastructure development and renewal.
            is made throughout these             plan and deliver sporting facility    key areas of potential alignment
            Guidelines to specific Australian    projects. Particular references       between Cricket and Rugby                                                         A Geotechnical Engineer is a specialist qualified to prepare a geotechnical report that typically reports on factors
            Standards that should be             within the Guidelines are made        League. Where appropriate,                         GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEER
                                                                                                                                                                         such as soil type, composition and quality, compaction and moisture levels
            referenced and utilised by           to the Community Sporting             references to facility standards
            stakeholders. More information on    Facility Lighting Guide and           that meet both Cricket and                         GREENFIELD SITE                An undeveloped site earmarked and suitable for future development
            Australian Standards is available    Universal Design principles.          Rugby League have been
            via www.standards.org.au             More information is available via     accommodated within the                                                           The total amount of visible light illuminating a point on a surface from all directions above the surface. The
                                                                                                                                          ILLUMINANCE
                                                 www.dtpli.vic.gov.au/grants/          Guidelines. More information                                                      standard unit for illumination is Lux
            Building Code of Australia           find-a-grant/community-facility-      on the NRL Preferred Facility
                                                 funding-program                       Guidelines is available via                                                       Refers to the sport and activity of competitive cricket played indoors. It has its own set of facility criteria, rules
            The Building Code of Australia                                                                                                INDOOR CRICKET
                                                                                       www.playnrl.com.au                                                                and regulations
            (BCA) provides a nationally
            accepted and uniform set of
                                                 England Cricket Board (ECB)                                                                                             Refers to non-competition training and skill development activities participated in an indoor venue suitable for
            technical requirements for all       Indoor Cricket Facilities: Design     Basic Guide to Turf                                INDOOR TRAINING
                                                                                                                                                                         cricket practice
            areas of building, from design       Guidelines                            Cricket Pitch Preparation
            to construction. The BCA was                                                                                                                                 A comparison of not only the initial capital cost for specific facility elements, but an analysis of ongoing usage,
                                                                                       John Shannon’s Basic Guide to                      LIFECYCLE COST
            developed by the Australian          The ECB have published a                                                                                                maintenance and replacement costs
                                                                                       Turf Cricket Pitch Preparation
            Building Codes Board (ABCB)          significant resource on indoor
                                                                                       (2010) document provides a                         LUMINAIRE                      The housing that contains a floodlight lamp and includes the lamp, reflector and the lens
            on behalf of the Commonwealth,       cricket playing facilities that are
                                                                                       training booklet to assist club
            State and Territory Governments.     suitable for local to international
                                                                                       curators or people with little or                                                 MPA is the metric unit for pressure or stress called megapascal (MPa). The term is used in concrete as the
            More information on the Building     standard usage. References                                                               MPA
                                                                                       no experience in turf cricket pitch                                               common unit for compressive strength.
            Code of Australia is available via   to relevant material for indoor
                                                                                       preparation and maintenance
            www.abcb.gov.au                      cricket facilities and amenities                                                                                        A suitably qualified expert who is engaged by a client (likely to be Club, Council or Association) to oversee the
                                                                                       to prepare a suitable playing                      PROJECT MANAGER
                                                 have been made within the                                                                                               design and construction phases of a project
                                                                                       surface and maintain it to
            WA Sports Dimensions Guide           Guidelines. More information on
                                                                                       relevant competition playing
                                                 the ECB Indoor Cricket Facilities:                                                       PAVEMENT                       A term used to describe an asphalt or concrete pitch base
            This guide has been prepared                                               standards. More information on
                                                 Design Guidelines is available via
            by the Department of Sport and                                             the Basic Guide to Turf Cricket                    PILE                           The fibre material that forms the playing surface in synthetic turf pitches and playing areas
                                                 www.ecb.co.uk
            Recreation and provides general                                            Pitch Preparation is available via
            information regarding the design     AFL Preferred Facility Guidelines     Club Assist Facilities and Funding                                                Pile height refers to the length of the pile – synthetic turf pitch pile heights suitable for cricket vary from 9mm to
                                                                                                                                          PILE HEIGHT
            and marking out of a range of                                              community.cricket.com.au                                                          11mm
            sporting activities played in        As a significant national venue
            Western Australia. In the context    partner, review of the AFL            Stakeholder Contributions                          PITCH
                                                                                                                                                                         The central flat strip of a cricket field that accommodates the main batting and bowling activities. Typically pitch
                                                 Preferred Facility Guidelines                                                                                           surfaces are either natural turf or synthetic turf
            of these Guidelines, information
            has been reviewed for both           (2012) has been undertaken
                                                                                       and Case Studies
            indoor and outdoor cricket.          to identify key areas of              A number of local councils, clubs                                                 The peak governing body for cricket provision, development and administration within each individual State and
                                                                                                                                          STATE/TERRITORY ASSOCIATION
            More information on the Sports       alignment between Cricket and         and other organisations have                                                      Territory in Australia – State/Territory Associations are all affiliated with Cricket Australia
            Dimensions Guide is available via    Australian Rules Football. Where      provided specific information
                                                                                                                                          SYNTHETIC GRASS/TURF (PITCH)   Collective term applied to outdoor artificial cricket pitch surfaces
            www.dsr.wa.gov.au                    appropriate, references to facility   and case studies that have
                                                 standards that meet both Cricket      been reviewed, considered                                                         Collective term applied to outdoor synthetic grass products jointly approved for use by Cricket Australia and the
                                                 and Australian Rules Football         and represented within the                         SYNTHETIC GRASS/TURF (FIELD)
                                                                                                                                                                         Australian Football League for use on cricket ground infields and outfields
                                                 have been accommodated within         Guidelines. There are too many
                                                 the Guidelines. More information      in number to identify individually,                TURF                           Natural grass cricket pitch surface that is specifically prepared and manicured by specialist curators
                                                 on the AFL Preferred Facility         but best practice examples
                                                 Guidelines is available via           and case studies have been                                                        This is a measure of light of a cricket ground. It is important as it measures the difference (and consistency)
                                                 www.aflcommunityclub.com.au           highlighted in relevant Sections                   UNIFORMITY
                                                                                                                                                                         between bright and dark areas
                                                                                       and Guidance Notes throughout
                                                                                       the Guidelines.

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SECTION 1   National Cricket Context
                                                                                                                                                  COMMUNITY CRICKET PARTICIPATION
                                           STRATEGY FOR AUSTRALIAN CRICKET
                                                                                                                                                  Cricket Australia’s Well Played policy
                                                                                                                                                  document identifies that cricket today
                                                                    FUNCTIONAL STRATEGIES
                                                                                                                                                  is one of the most popular and highly
                                 GAME & MARKET
                                  DEVELOPMENT                          TEAM PERFORMANCE                          OPERATIONS                       participated sports in Australia.
                                                                                                                                                  Cricket has significant appeal for a range of
                                                                                                                                                  participants and its variety of game formats ensures
                                                                                                                                                  attraction of a diversity of participants.

                                                   AUSTRALIAN COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITIES STRATEGY                                               Cricket Australia’s Play Cricket website
                                                                                                                                                  www.playcricket.com.au provides a wealth of
                                                                                                                                                  information about how and where you can play all
                                                                                                                                                  forms of cricket, including learning the skills, junior
                                                          STATE/TERRITORY FACILITIES STRATEGIES
                                                                                                                                                  cricket and senior cricket.

                                                                                                                                                  The following game formats help to define the
                                                                                                                                                  pathways for community cricket and in turn, the
                                                            REGIONAL CRICKET FACILITIES PLAN
                                                                                                                                                  venue requirements to facilitate opportunities for
                                                                                                                                                  cricket participation.

                                                      FACILITIES                           PROJECTS

                                                          SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS AND RESOURCES

                                    NATIONAL                           NATIONAL DATABASE             NATIONAL COMMUNITY FACILITIES
                                   GUIDELINES                           & REPORTING TOOL                FUNDING SCHEME (NCFFS)

                                                INFORM/ALIGN WITH                          NATIONAL FACILITIES FRAMEWORK

            NATIONAL FACILITIES FRAMEWORK
            There are a number of elements that fit together to constitute the Framework
            for Australian Cricket facilities. These elements are all visually represented in the
            diagram above.
            The framework aligns with, supports, and where appropriate helps inform Cricket’s functional strategies
            and the Strategy for Australian Cricket.

            The Guidelines are one of three supporting documents and resources that will be will be used to support
            the entire framework and will make a significant contribution towards leading and guiding cricket facility
            planning, development and management into the future.

            These resources will also contribute significantly to growing investment in facility development and
            prioritising Cricket’s resources across the national facility landscape. In addition they will identify key
            opportunities through facilities to increase participation and inspire the next generation of players, fans
            and volunteers.

            The preparation of the Framework for Australian Cricket facilities and the Community Cricket Facility
            Guidelines will be supported by the National Community Facilities Funding Scheme (NCFFS). This is the
            existing national funding mechanism for grassroots cricket facilities.

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SECTION 1   Cricket Facility Hierarchy Model
            HIERARCHY OVERVIEW                                                                                                       HIERARCHY MODEL
            Information presented within these Guidelines provides the preferred levels of                                           The following table provides an overview of the Cricket Facility Hierarchy
            facility and amenity provision for community level cricket.                                                              including facility levels, their purpose, core cricket, and other compatible uses.
            The Cricket Facility Hierarchy model defines             risk management, occupancy agreements and                       The Guidelines refer specifically to facilities at Premier/Regional, Club (Home) and Club (Satellite) levels –
            community cricket facilities, their purpose and core     associated site influences (e.g. ground sizes,                  specifically those below the red line.
            cricket uses for Premier/Regional and Club level         neighbouring properties) will all play a role in being
            cricket. It also references the linkage that community   able to achieve the recommended facility and                      HIERARCHY LEVEL    FACILITY PURPOSE                         CORE CRICKET USE                           OTHER COMPATIBLE USES
            cricket and associated facilities have with Domestic/    amenity levels.
            First Class and International level facilities.                                                                                               Host matches and engage fans of
                                                                     Section 3 of the Guidelines represents a more                                        domestic and international training,
                                                                                                                                                                                                   International, Domestic and State          Squad and international training and
            Within each level of the hierarchy, facility and         detailed breakdown of Cricket’s preferred venue,                                     matches, series and major events
                                                                                                                                       INTERNATIONAL                                               level fixtures, events and high            camps, State/Territory Administration
            amenity provision and the capacity to reach or           pitch, training, site facilities and amenity levels of                               during the Australian cricket season
                                                                                                                                                                                                   performance training.                      Headquarters.
            exceed the desired levels will be influenced by          provision in order to facilitate cricket training and                                and deliver a world class experience
            the type and levels of play, as well as by local         matches at each hierarchy level.                                                     for cricketers, staff and fans.
            competition or Association requirements and rules.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Squad training, camps and/or
            Local Government planning schemes, policies,                                                                                                  Provide a home, secondary home           Primary, secondary or satellite venue      institute for cricket, Premier cricket
                                                                                                                                                          or training centre for State/Territory   for Domestic teams and state squads        finals venue, State and National
                                                                                                                                       DOMESTIC/FIRST     teams (away from International           (training and matches) and showcase        carnival venue, coach and umpire
                                                                                                                                       CLASS
                                                                                                                                                          grounds) and a pathway venue for         venue for Australian team games for        development programs and education
                                                                                                      Williamstown Cricket Ground                         state teams and talent squads.           women’s and underage cricket.              centre. Priority access for cricket is
                                                                           Image courtesy of insideEDGE Sport and Leisure Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              required.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Home and away fixtures for Premier         Shared training venue for local
                                                                                                                                                          Integrates the community cricket
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Cricket in each state, regional training   community (outdoor turf pitches and
                                                                                                                                                          pathway and provides connection
                                                                                                                                                                                                   venue for pathway squads and               possible indoor training pitches),
                                                                                                                                                          between Foundation and Talent
                                                                                                                                       PREMIER/REGIONAL                                            programs, event/carnival venue for         under age Association competition
                                                                                                                                                          pathways. Facilities service home
                                                                                                                                                                                                   state and regional programs and            venue and location for school holiday
                                                                                                                                                          clubs, as well as providing for the
                                                                                                                                                                                                   marquee venue for local competitions       camps. Likely to be shared with a
                                                                                                                                                          broader cricket catchment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   (e.g. finals).                             winter tenant.
                                                                                                                                                          Provide a mix of recreational and        A club’s home ground to conduct
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Training facilities and social amenities
                                                                                                                                                          competitive cricket opportunities        home and away fixtures for local,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              are provided to promote social
                                                                                                                                                          within a community club environment      Association, metropolitan and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              activity and community use. Shared
                                                                                                                                                          for local communities – clubs and        country cricket in each state, local
                                                                                                                                       CLUB (HOME)                                                                                            venue with a winter tenant. Under
                                                                                                                                                          venues connect with their associated     club training, facilitating school to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              age Association competition venue or
                                                                                                                                                          turf or synthetic competition and        club connectivity and providing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              finals venue at key sites within local
                                                                                                                                                          pathway structure (for all age           opportunities for in2CRICKET and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Associations.
                                                                                                                                                          groups).                                 modified programs such as T20Blast.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Venues typically include parks,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              recreation reserves and schools and
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Satellite or overflow venues away          often shared venues for broader
                                                                                                                                                          Provides opportunities for club
                                                                                                                                                                                                   from a club’s main home ground that        community use and access. School
                                                                                                                                                          and school competition and social/
                                                                                                                                                                                                   support junior, school and senior club     sites also provide access to cricket
                                                                                                                                       CLUB (SATELLITE)   recreational cricket. Venues often
                                                                                                                                                                                                   cricket competition (primarily match       opportunities through school
                                                                                                                                                          used as secondary grounds for junior
                                                                                                                                                                                                   day use) and formal and informal           curriculum, after school programs,
                                                                                                                                                          and lower senior grades.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   social cricket use.                        school teams and for recreational
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              use by school pupils and the local
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              community.

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COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES - HELPING LOCAL COMMUNITIES CREATE QUALITY CRICKET FACILITIES
SECTION 2   Project Planning
                                                                                   All projects no matter the size, need to be planned. The following key planning
                                                                                   process and principles will assist to create successful project outcomes, ensure
                                                                                   you get what you want and paid for and help to evaluate whether you achieved
                                                                                   what you set out to achieve.
                                                                                   The following five staged process is Cricket                  Your project budget will ultimately guide project
                                                                                   Australia’s recommended guide to project planning,            outcomes and what can be delivered, so don’t
                                                                                   however it is important to evaluate your project              underestimate all costs involved as last minute
                                                                                   budget through all stages of planning. Generally              surprises will always cost more to resolve than if
                                                                                   ‘anything is possible’ if cost is not an issue!               they were considered at the start of a project.

                                                                                   PROJECT PLANNING STAGES AND RECOMMENDED PLANNING TASKS
                                                                                   It is recommended that Local Councils and/or associated land owners are engaged through all stages of
                                                                                   project planning and delivery to ensure a coordinated approach is achieved and any issues and challenges
                                                                                   can be addressed collectively.

                                                                                                                            ƒƒReview the adequacy and gaps of existing facilities with your Local Council
                                                                                                                            ƒƒA club or venue business plan will assist to identify core club needs
                                                                                                  Stage 1
                                                                                                                            ƒƒStakeholder consultation will help to identify needs beyond cricket
                                                                                           Project Scoping                  ƒƒConsideration should be given to new and/or redeveloped facilities

                                                                                                                            ƒƒAssess the capacity of the site and venue facilities and services
                                                                                                                            ƒƒDefine your project and all of its elements
                                                                                                                            ƒƒConsult with all tenants, user groups and potential future users
                                                                                                  Stage 2                   ƒƒTest project needs and opportunities with stakeholder objectives
                                                                                      Planning & Feasibility                ƒƒIdentify and outline project budget
                                                                                                                            ƒƒIdentify potential project and funding partners (work with State and Territory Association)

                                                                                                                            � Consider best practice by adopting a principle based approach to design
                                                                                                                            � Engage design and technical professionals
                                                                                                                            � Create a detailed design brief and technical specifications

         SECTION 2
                                                                                                  Stage 3                   � Identify clear project outcomes and objectives
                                                                                                                            � Verify other non-cricket user and sporting code requirements if multi-use facility
                                                                                          Design & Budget
                                                                                                                            � Prepare detailed designs and associated project and lifecycle costs

         Technical
                                                                                                                            �	Seek necessary planning, building and funding approvals and permits

                                                                                                                            �   Appoint a project manager to oversee procurement and delivery
                                                                                                                            �   Seek competitive prices from contractors based on agreed project specification

         Information
                                                                                                  Stage 4                   �   Finalise your project budget and appoint contractors
                                                                                             Construction                   �   Oversee the construction process – ask questions if you are unsure as to what is being
                                                                                                                                developed and delivered

                                                                                                                            �   Project hand-over and commissioning
                                                                                                                            �   Promote project to club, cricket and community stakeholders
                                                                                                                            �   Finalise any funding acquittals
                                                                                                  Stage 5
                                                                                                                            �   Allocate venue management and maintenance budget and monitor its implementation
                                                                                             Management                     �   Finalise venue Management Plan
                                                                                                                            �   Enjoy your new facility!

16   COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES   VERSION SEPTEMBER 2015                                                                                                             © CRICKET AUSTRALIA                        17
SECTION 2   Project Planning
            BEFORE YOU START – CONSULT YOUR LAND OWNER!
            The most critical element to project planning starts before your idea progresses very far. Sharing             STAGE 3 Design and budget
            your facility ideas, projects or proposals and seeking approval from your Local Council and/or land
            owner before you do anything else is essential for projects of any scale.                                      If your project has progressed to this stage, you should by now have a very clear picture of what you want
                                                                                                                           to build, renovate or redevelop. Now it’s time to engage design consultants, engineers and/or architects,
            It can be assumed that all cricket facilities are provided on or adjacent to land and property that            refine project objectives, prepare a design brief and start the design and development process.
            comes under Local Council or State/Territory Government planning controls. It is imperative that initial
            consultation with Local Government Authorities is undertaken before your project progresses too far.           Adopting a principle based approach during the design phase such as incorporating Universal Design
                                                                                                                           principles will help facilitate best practice design discussions and outcomes.
            Consulting at this point with your Local Council can help you to avoid potential project delays,
            costly errors and ensure that projects meet all statutory requirements and planning approval                   Your budget will also change at this point. The more detailed the design elements, the greater the range of
            processes. It may also open up additional opportunities and potential funding avenues that you                 considerations to be made. In most instances you will need professional designs and associated drawings in
            may not have considered.                                                                                       order to secure Local Council approvals, support and funding.

            Consultation with Council will also assist to commence the process of capital works budget                     In conjunction with design related considerations, management, capital replacement and maintenance
            planning and allocation.                                                                                       costs associated with new and proposed infrastructure will be important to inform design discussions and
                                                                                                                           outputs.

            STAGE 1 Project scoping
            It is important during the project scoping phase to not only identify what it is you want, but to also
                                                                                                                           STAGE 4 Construction
            understand the ‘project need’ and how it will be addressed. Your project scope needs to clearly define the     The construction phase will follow the design stage and planning approvals and also includes contractor
            project, what it’s likely to cost, how and by who will the infrastructure be used and what club, cricket and   procurement. Securing quotations or tender responses for works should be based on an agreed design and
            community needs will be satisfied as a result.                                                                 scope of works to ensure you can compare quotes. Your contractor procurement method will be influenced
                                                                                                                           by the scale of project. Your budget is likely to change again at this stage and will be based around
            Project scoping and early planning is best underpinned by a project, venue or club business plan that
                                                                                                                           contractor prices.
            clearly articulates project needs, scope and requirements.
                                                                                                                           Appointing contractors can be a challenging process and at this stage clubs may wish to appoint a project
                                                                                                                           manager or work directly with their Local Council to identify and appoint contractors, as well as manage
            STAGE 2 Planning and feasibility                                                                               their work and adherence to the project specification through the construction process.
            Careful planning of your project is critical to achieving success and will require a focus on understanding    The impacts on existing users, seasonal timing and
            the capacity and suitability of your site and/or existing facilities to accommodate further enhancement. No    the potential displacement of clubs and games
            two facilities are the same, so individual planning is an essential requirement.                                should be considered and incorporated into any
            Engagement with all tenant clubs, existing user groups and potential future users is an important              construction program.
            element of this stage, and both cricket and specific requirements of other compatible activities should be
            investigated.
                                                                                                                           STAGE 5 Management
            Project needs and opportunities should also be tested at this stage and assessed against stakeholder
                                                                                                                           This includes the hand-over of your new or
            objectives and known available budgets. It is likely that project parameters may need to change or evolve
                                                                                                                           redeveloped facility and its commissioning.
            at this point, so be prepared to be flexible to ensure your project can move to the next stage and attract
                                                                                                                           Evaluate (with your project manager and Local
            the required funding to progress.
                                                                                                                           Council) the outcomes and identify if you have ‘got
            Identification of the likely facility management model also needs to be considered at this point in project    what you paid for’. Communicate the completion
            planning to help the design and budget stage of project development.                                           of the project to club, cricket and community
                                                                                                                           partners and stakeholders and complete any
                                                                                                                           necessary paperwork, funding acquittals and ‘as
                                                                                                                           built drawings’ to necessary organisations.

                                                                                                                           Enjoy your new facility and don’t forget to
                                                                                                                           continue to budget and account for ongoing
                                                                                                                           management, maintenance, renewal and
                                                                                                                           replacement costs to ensure you maximise the
                                                                                                                           benefits of your improved facility into the future.
                                                                                                                           Documenting all venue operational aspects
                                                                                                                           into an agreed Management Plan will assist all
                                                                                                                           stakeholders to clearly understand their roles and
                                                                                                                           responsibilities over the life of the facility.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Endeavour Park, Cairns (QLD)
                                                                                                                                                                                        Image courtesy of insideEDGE Sport and Leisure Planning

18      COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES                                                  VERSION SEPTEMBER 2015                                                                                      © CRICKET AUSTRALIA                   19
SECTION 2   Guidance Note 01 Pitches & Playing Fields
                                                                                           INTRODUCTION
                                                                                           Cricket playing fields and pitches are diverse across Australia and are
                                                                                           fundamental to participating in the game of cricket. It is critical they are
                                                                                           provided to the best quality and standard as possible and maximise the use,
                                                                                           enjoyment and experience of players at all levels.
                                                                                           This Guidance Note provides information on recommended cricket
                                                                                           pitch and playing field dimensions, boundary lengths and sizes, ground
                                                                                           and pitch orientation and preferred playing surfaces for cricket pitches,           Information enclosed should
                                                                                           infields and outfields.                                                                 be used when planning
                                                                                           Changing formats of the game, in particular the rise in popularity of T20              new grounds, measuring
                                                                                           cricket has increased the demand for modified training and match day                existing boundaries, checking
                                                                                           facilities to suit a diversity of uses. These changes, albeit positive for         compliance and installing new
                                                                                           the growth of the sport, have increased the complexity of cricket field           turf and synthetic cricket pitches.
                                                                                           planning and development for peak sporting bodies, local government
                                                                                           and commercial facility owners alike.

                                              GUIDANCE NOTE 01
                                              Pitches &
                                              Playing Fields

                                                                                                                                                            Example of multiple north-south orientated playing field
                                                                                                                                                          Image courtesy of insideEDGE Sport and Leisure Planning

20   COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES           VERSION SEPTEMBER 2015                                                                                                   © CRICKET AUSTRALIA                     21
SECTION 2    Guidance Note 01 Pitches & Playing Fields
            PLAYING FIELD AND PITCH ORIENTATION                                                                                                                                                        PLAYING FIELD DIMENSIONS
            The orientation of cricket playing fields is an important planning consideration.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Playing field dimensions for cricket vary dependent upon their location and
            The time of day (early morning or late afternoon)                                                                                                                                          primary use.
            and the time of year (winter or summer) has a
            bearing on optimum orientation. The aim however                                                                                                                                            When planning and measuring playing field            If existing playing fields do not meet minimum
            is to share between opposing participants the                                                   It is recommended that cricket grounds and pitches                                         dimensions, distances should be taken from the       preferred playing field dimensions, Cricket
            advantages and/or disadvantages of the sun’s                                                   are orientated in a north-south direction to minimise                                       middle point of the centre pitch (for single pitch   Australia advises that relevant Clubs, Associations,
            direction and natural factors such as breezes.                                                the effect of a setting sun on players, with a suggested                                     grounds) or from the centre of both the east and     Councils and land owners work together to seek

            Limits of orientation where a uniform direction
                                                                                                            optimum orientation of 10-15 degrees east of north.                                        west pitches where a turf table is present (refer    a solution to ensure that play can be facilitated
                                                                                                                                                                                                       diagrams over page).                                 while maintaining the safety of players, spectators
            for all facilities can be arranged is depicted in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            and other site users. Protection of property
            the diagram below with a cricket field being                                                                                                                                               Cricket Australia recommends that all new or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            including residences and vehicles should also be a
            between 45 degrees west of north and 35                                                                                                                                                    redeveloped playing fields be developed to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            consideration in decision making.
            degrees east of north.1                                                                                                                                                                    accommodate the maximum recommended sizes
                                                                                                                                                                                                       for senior play, creating opportunities to reduce    Where multiple playing fields are provided within
            NOTE: It is important to recognise that local conditions
                                                                                                                                                                                                       boundaries (via rope or line marking) for all        the one playing area, a minimum 2m buffer
            may override these recommendations and each site and                                                                  Best co
            associated conditions should be treated individually.                                                                 o r i e nt a m m o n                                                 relevant forms and formats of play.                  between boundaries is recommended to reduce
                                                                                             N                                                tion
                                                                                                                                                                                                       The following diagram and supporting table
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            potential conflicts between grounds and games
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            being conducted concurrently.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       outline recommended playing field dimensions
                                                                                                                                                                                                       for varying levels of cricket competition and
                                                                                                                                                                                                       associated age groups.
                                                                                      L im it s of g o o d o ri e nt ati o                                                                             Existing playing fields currently being used
                                                                                          u n ifo r m d i re c ti o n o n wh e re a
                                                                                                                              fp                                                                       for cricket are not all expected to meet these
                                                                                         a l l f a c i l i t i e s c a n b e a l ay f o r
                                                                                                                              rrange                                                                   recommended dimensions. However, all new
                                                                                                                                      d                                                                                                                       Plan for the maximum boundary size and rope off/line
                                                                                                                                                                                                       fields being planned, realigned, developed or
                                                                                                                                                                                                       upgraded should use the following dimensions as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               mark boundaries within the playing area to achieve
                                                                                                                                                                                                       a way to guide the desired levels of play for each
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                the greatest range of cricket participation options.
                                                                                           360˚
                                                                       340˚                                     15˚                                                                                    playing field.

                                                                                                                                                 35˚
                                                                                                    A s s o ciat
                                                      315˚                                                         ion a
                                                                                                                           nd R                                                                                       The following diagrams represent how to measure playing
                                                                                         Hard Cour t Tenn                         ugb
                                               305˚                                                                                     yF                                                                             field dimensions for both single pitches and turf tables.
                                                                                            B a s ke t b a l l i s                           o
                                                                                             N et b a l l
                                                                                                                                             otb

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  82m 75m 60m 58m 50m82m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      45m75m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          40m603
                                                                                                                                                 all

                                                                                          Cour t Tennis
                                                                                G   ras s
                                                                                           et and
                                                                                      Crickseball
                                                                                                                                                                        75˚
                                                                                        Ba

                                 W                                                                                                                                             E
                                        255˚

                                                                                                                                                               125˚
                                                                                                                                                        135˚
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Measuring single pitch                             Measuring multiple pitch or
                                                             215˚
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    playing field dimensions                        turf table playing field dimensions
                                                                         195˚                                         160˚
                                                                                                                                                         Reciprocal bearings                                   Measure boundary distance from                Measure boundary distance from the centre of the

                                                                                             S                                                             shown dotted                                            the centre of the pitch.                 pitch being used. This will require the overall playing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               field area to be slightly larger in order to meet
                                                                                                                                                   1
                                                                                                                                                       WA Sports Dimensions Guide for Playing Areas.                                                          minimum or recommended sizes for each pitch.

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SECTION 2    Guidance Note 01 Pitches & Playing Fields

                                                                       82m                                                                INFIELD, OUTFIELD AND CLOSE-INFIELD DIMENSIONS
                                                                       75m                                                                Ground users and maintenance personnel
                                                                                                                                          should refer to their local cricket association
                                                                       60m
                                                                                                                                          or competition rules for local requirements or
                                                                       58m                                                                specific restrictions regarding the use of close-
                                                                                                                                          infield and infield markings.
                                                                       50m
                                                                                                                                          A painted oval is made by drawing a semi-circle
                                                                       45m                                                                of 27.4m radius from the centre of each pitch with
                                                                       40m                                                                respect to the breadth of the pitch and joining
                                                                                                                                          them with lines parallel, 27.4m to the length of
                                                                       30m                                                                the pitch. This line, commonly known as the circle
                                                                                                                                          divides the field into an infield and outfield.

                                                                                                                                          Two circles of radius no closer than 10m centred
                                                                                                                                          from the middle stump at each end of pitch and
                         82m 75m 60m 58m 50m 45m 40m 30m                          30m 40m 45m 50m 58m 60m 75m 82m                         often marked by dots, define the close-infield. The                         Melbourne Cricket Ground

                                                                                                                                          infield, outfield and the close-infield are used to
                                                                                                                                          enforce field restrictions and/or safety zones for
                                                                                                                                          some game formats and age groups. Distances
                                                                       30m                                                                are variable and Local Cricket Associations or
                                                                                                                                          competition administrators may provide alternative
                                                                       40m                                                                distances within their local rules.
                                                                       45m
                                                                       50m
                                                                       58m
                                                                       60m
                                                                       75m                                        MELBOURNE                                                                     27.4m
                                                                                                               CRICKET GROUND
                                                                       82m                                      85m square x 75m
                                                                                                               straight boundaries

                                        These dimensions correspond to the preferred                                                                                                                           CLOSE-INFIELD
                                    playing field dimensions outlined in the following table
                                                                                                                                                                                                        10m
                                                 PREFERRED PLAYING
              LEVEL OF COMPETITION                FIELD DIMENSIONS                                                                                              27.4m                                         27.4m
                                              MINIMUM    RECOMMENDED                                                                                                                                              INFIELD
                                                                                 When designing and developing ovals, grounds and
              IN2CRICKET (AGES 5 TO 8)         25m           30m               park precincts, buffer distances between cricket ground
              UNDER 10                         30m           40m              boundaries should be considered in relation to other park                                                                 10m
              UNDER 12                         40m           45m             infrastructure including car parks, roadways, neighbouring
              UNDER 14                         45m           50m                properties, trails and playgrounds. Buffer distances of
                                                                              between 20m to 40m from boundaries are preferable to
              UNDER 16                         45m           55m
                                                                               reduce risk and increase park user and property safety.
              OPEN AGE                         50m           60m
              (COMMUNITY CLUB)                                                    Additional design elements including mounding,
                                                                             vegetation planting and fencing and their appropriateness                                                          27.4m
              OPEN AGE                         65m           75m
              (PREMIER/REGIONAL)                                                  to local conditions, settings and aesthetics should                                                                                  OUTFIELD
              DOMESTIC MEN’S AND UNDERAGE      82m           82m
                                                                                   all be considered during venue design stages to
              NATIONAL MALE EVENTS                                                  assist in reducing and alleviating potential risk.
              DOMESTIC WOMEN’S AND UNDERAGE    58m           58m
              NATIONAL GIRLS EVENTS

24      COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES                                                             VERSION SEPTEMBER 2015                                                                             © CRICKET AUSTRALIA                25
SECTION 2    Guidance Note 01 Pitches & Playing Fields
                                                                                                                      2.4 to 2.8m                                                                                                                   2.64m
            CRICKET PITCH DIMENSIONS
            The following cricket pitch dimensions identify the                                                                                3.05m
            recommended sizes for community cricket pitches.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1.22m
            Turf cricket pitches                                                                                                                                        The bowling crease
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    STUMPS
            The dimensions of a turf pitch are 20.12m long (from stump to stump),

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.44m
                                                                                                                                                                        The bowling crease is the line through
            plus a minimum of 1.22m behind the stumps to accommodate the return                                                                                         the centre of the three stumps at the
            crease and bowler approach area. The width of a turf pitch is 3.05m wide.                                                                                   relevant end. It is 2.64m in length

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1.22m
            The overall dimensions of a turf table will vary according to the level of                                                                                  with stumps in the centre.1
            cricket competition being played.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1.32m

            Synthetic cricket pitches                                                                                                                                   The popping crease
                                                                                                                                                                        The popping crease is in front of
            The dimensions of a synthetic cricket pitch should be in the range                                                                                                                                              1.83m minimum

                                                                                                                         SYNTHETIC PITCH
                                                                                                                                                                        and parallel to the bowling crease.

                                                                                                         25m to 28m

                                                                                                                                                  TURF PITCH
            of 25.0m to 28.0m long and 2.4m to 2.8m wide. Providing a pitch
                                                                                                                                                                        It is 1.22m from the bowling crease.

                                                                                                                                                               20.12m
            of adequate width is particularly important for junior development
                                                                                                                                                                        The popping crease is marked to a
            (promotes greater enjoyment if juniors are able to land the ball on the
                                                                                                                                                                        minimum of 1.83m on either side of
            pitch) and also encourages the art of spin bowling with players able to
                                                                                                                                                                        the centre of the middle stumps and
            pitch the ball wide on the pitch and spin it into or away from the batter.
                                                                                                                                                                        is unlimited in length. 2
            **in2Cricket, T20 Blast and modified pitches
            in2Cricket or other modified game pitches can be flexible in surface,
                                                                                                                                                                        The return crease
            including synthetic (permanent or roll out surfaces), concrete pitches or                                                                                   The return crease is at right angles to

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     20.12m
            mown areas of ground outfields.                                                                                                                             the popping crease at a distance of
                                                                                                                                                                        1.32m either side from the middle of
                                                                                                                                                                        the stumps. The return crease must
                                                                                                                                                                        extend to a minimum 2.44m behind
                                                                                                                                                                        the popping crease but may be
                                                                                                                                                                        unlimited in length. 3
                  At venues where only cricket is played, plan for the maximum size for a
                synthetic cricket pitch being 2.8m wide x 28m long or for turf venues provide                                                                               WA Sports Dimensions Guide for Playing Areas.
                                                                                                                                                                        1

                                                                                                                                                                        2
                                                                                                                                                                            WA Sports Dimensions Guide for Playing Areas.
              the maximum number of turf pitches for the relevant hierarchy and level of play.                                                                          3
                                                                                                                                                                            WA Sports Dimensions Guide for Playing Areas.

                                                                                     PREFERRED PITCH TYPE AND DIMENSIONS
              LEVEL OF COMPETITION                                                                                                                                                                                             POPPING
                                                                       PITCH TYPE                               RECOMMENDED
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CREASE
              IN2CRICKET (AGES 5 TO 8)                                  Flexible**               To suit ability 13m to 16m x 2.4m – 2.8m
              T20 BLAST (AGES 8 TO 12)                                  Flexible**                            18m x 2.4m - 2.8m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                RETURN
              UNDER 10                                                  Synthetic                       25m - 28m x 2.4m - 2.8m                                                                                                 CREASE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1.22m
              UNDER 12                                                  Synthetic                       25m - 28m x 2.4m - 2.8m                                                                                                BOWLING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CREASE
              UNDER 14                                                  Synthetic                       25m - 28m x 2.4m - 2.8m
              UNDER 16                                                  Synthetic                       25m - 28m x 2.4m - 2.8m
              OPEN AGE (COMMUNITY CLUB) – SYNTHETIC ONLY                Synthetic                       25m - 28m x 2.4m - 2.8m
              OPEN AGE (COMMUNITY CLUB) – TURF ONLY                        Turf                       22.56m x 3.05m (5-6 pitches)                                                                                                                  3.05m
              OPEN AGE (PREMIER/REGIONAL) – TURF ONLY                      Turf                       22.56m x 3.05m (8-10 pitches)
              DOMESTIC CRICKET AND UNDERAGE NATIONAL EVENTS                Turf                        22.56m x 3.05m (10 pitches)
                                                                                                                                           1
                                                                                                                                               Cricket Australia

26      COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES                                                                         VERSION SEPTEMBER 2015                                                                                                            © CRICKET AUSTRALIA   27
SECTION 2    Guidance Note 01 Pitches & Playing Fields
            SYNTHETIC CRICKET PITCHES
            Synthetic cricket pitches comprise of a concrete         Cricket Australia recommends using a 9mm-                                                                                                                                 Avoid ‘winged’ styled synthetic pitches where
            pavement with a short pile height synthetic grass        11mm synthetic pitch pile as it provides a more                                                                                                                          possible as these present potential maintenance
            pitch glued to the pavement. The cricket pitch           positive experience for all players. Due to different                                                                                                                     and trip hazards and can increase capital costs.
            should be a rigid pavement consisting of a concrete      skill sets being required for different surfaces,
            base and underlying crushed rock sub-base                if players (juniors in particular) are constantly
            designed to cater for the subgrade conditions.           playing on surfaces with different bounce and pace
                                                                     characteristics, their skill development, safety and
            The concrete surface is finished smooth (not                                                                        Example of extended pitch                                Example of extended pitch
                                                                     confidence will likely be negatively affected.
            polished) for the laying and gluing of the synthetic                                                                     area at Lilydale                                        area at Montrose
            grass pitch. The synthetic grass surface should be                                                                   Recreation Reserve (VIC)                                     Reserve (VIC)
            a short pile height synthetic grass (9-11mm) and be
            laid over the total length and width in two halves
            with holes for the stump boxes.
                                                                       Synthetic cricket pitches require regular maintenance
            Suggestions for installing a synthetic cricket pitch:         to ensure their quality, playability and integrity           Any synthetic grass pitch surround or extension
            ƒƒTest existing subgrade material and design rigid           is maintained. Regular sweeping is required and              is likely to impact on winter sport usage and user
              pavement to cater for existing ground conditions.          pitches should be water blasted every two years              groups must be consulted prior to installation. All
            ƒƒMark out area for construction of concrete slab
                                                                       (minimum) to promote and refresh the synthetic pile.        installations must meet AFL-Cricket Australia approved
              for size.                                                                                                                   performance requirements for artificial turf.
            ƒƒExcavate area to depth of rigid pavement and
              dispose of excavated material.
            ƒƒLaser level area.
            ƒƒSupply and lay crushed rock base layer                        Synthetic pitch pile heights (IMPORTANT):
                                                                                                                               SYNTHETIC CRICKET PITCH COVERING
              (minimum 50mm) to area and compact and
                                                                            Synthetic grass cricket pitch surfaces should      Synthetic cricket pitches may need to be covered during the winter season to both protect the surface
              laser level (note: crushed rock layer to extend
              a minimum of 150mm beyond the edge of the
                                                                            range from 9mm-11mm pile height without            and for the safety of winter sport participants. Two options are recommended for synthetic cricket pitch
              concrete pavement).
                                                                                any sand or crumbed rubber filling.            covering, both of which should be conducted with consideration given to Occupational Health and Safety
                                                                                                                               and risk management issues and playability for non-cricket users. Winter use of playing fields and the
            ƒƒBox off area in preparation for pouring of
                                                                                                                               compatibility of synthetic pitch covering methods with winter sporting codes needs to be considered when
              concrete.
                                                                                                                               deciding on the most appropriate pitch covering option.
            ƒƒSupply and place reinforced chainmesh
              to area (generally centrally located within
                                                                     SYNTHETIC CRICKET PITCH EXTENSIONS
              thickness of slab).                                                                                               COVER
                                                                     To assist with the maintenance of synthetic cricket                                  IMPACTS AND CONSIDERATIONS                                                                                   TYPICAL INSTALLATION EXAMPLE
                                                                                                                               METHOD
            ƒƒSupply and pour 25 MPA concrete to required            pitches, pitch surrounds and to provide safe and
              depth of 100mm to area and smooth finish surface       consistent run-ups for bowlers, the installation                                     Synthetic pitch covers can be placed over pitches during the winter season. When using synthetic

                                                                                                                                 SYNTHETIC PITCH COVERS
              for laying of synthetic cricket grass material.        of synthetic grass surrounds to synthetic pitches                                    pitch covers it is important to ensure that covers used meet AFL-Cricket Australia approved synthetic
                                                                     could be considered.                                                                 turf product performance and testing standards. Synthetic covers require the brooming in of rubber
            Independent research conducted by Cricket Victoria
            in association with 11 Metropolitan Melbourne
                                                                                                                                                          granules when laid and the vacuuming of them out prior to lifting them off.
                                                                     Consideration of pitch extensions should
            Councils concluded that Cricket’s endorsed 9mm-          include an assessment of the run-up conditions,                                      Storage of covers over the off-season is a key consideration. Issues can arise if these covers are stored
            11mm synthetic surface type provides the most            identification of potential risks and hazards to                                     whilst still wet as the moisture is unable to escape and can damage the cover. Achieving integration of
            consistent playing surface. The bounce and pace of       players and consultation with land managers and                                      synthetic surface and natural grass interface can be challenging. Installation and removal of synthetic
            this pitch type is more predictable and promotes skill   other ground users to identify other possible                                        pitch covers can be labour intensive and Work Health and Safety provisions should be adhered to.
            development and player safety.                           impacts.
            The research further found that other types of           Extensions may include a 5m-10m extension at                                         This is the most common method of community level synthetic cricket pitch covering during the
            cricket pitch surfaces (e.g. those with a longer         both ends of the pitch and 0.5m–2.0m extension
                                                                                                                                                          off season and is generally managed by the relevant Council or cricket club. Heavy duty industrial
                                                                                                                                                          plastic should be laid over the synthetic pitch surface prior to soil being spread.
                                                                                                                                 COVER WITH SOIL
            pile and/or supplied with crumbed rubber) tested         on the sides of the pitch, which should abut the
            have greater variation in pace and bounce which          synthetic grass pitch and be anchored at the edges                                   Issues with using soil include the potential injury to untrained club volunteers attempting to cover/
            often arises from their design and also from how         to avoid tripping hazards.                                                           uncover cricket pitches and potential injury risk due to change in surface level around the pitch.
            well they are maintained. Generally, the tested                                                                                               Damage to pitch as a result of machinery/tools tearing sections of the synthetic grass are
                                                                     Any consideration of pitch extensions should be
            pitches other than the style of pitch endorsed by                                                                                             also common and an uneven and raised surface surrounding the pitch can result in either an
                                                                     undertaken in consultation with winter sport users
            Cricket Victoria are slower and have a higher (or                                                                                             unpredictable deviation of the ball once in play or a ‘swimming pool’ effect whereby rainfall is
                                                                     and as a minimum must meet AFL - Cricket Australia
            “trampoline” type) bounce.                                                                                                                    unable to escape the pitch and can impact on the ability to commence play.
                                                                     performance requirements for artificial turf.

28      COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES                                                     VERSION SEPTEMBER 2015                                                                                                                                             © CRICKET AUSTRALIA             29
SECTION 2       Guidance Note 01 Pitches & Playing Fields
            TURF CRICKET PITCHES                                                                                                            NATURAL PLAYING FIELD SURFACES                                     Artificial turf playing field surfaces
                                                                                                                                                                                                               In 2007 the AFL and Cricket Australia endorsed
            The overall dimensions of a turf table and                             preparation is likely to impact on the number            Ideally, cricket playing fields should fall in all                 the playing of community level Australian
            number of individual pitches will vary according                       of pitches that are able to be provided at this          directions from the centre pitch area, but failing                 Rules Football and Cricket on synthetic surface
            to the level of cricket competition being                              level of venue.                                          this, they should have a single phase slope of 1% in               playing fields.
            played. The Cricket Australia facility hierarchy                                                                                any convenient direction. If the oval is on very well
                                                                                   The slope of a turf pitch should not exceed 1%                                                                              The approved synthetic surface types were
            recommends the following levels of provision.                                                                                   drained soil, no slope is required.1
                                                                                   and follow the slope pattern of the oval. If the                                                                            subjected to a series of stringent laboratory
            Domestic/Underage national                                             oval is centre sloped, the pitch square should also      From a playability and water conservation                          tests and criteria developed by the University of
                                                                                   slope from the centre. The amount of fall should         perspective, preferred playing surfaces are                        Ballarat which related to durability, joint strength,
            10 pitches to accommodate a combination of
                                                                                   therefore not exceed 30mm across a 3.05m                 generally warm season grasses. Determining the                     resistance to weathering, ball roll and bounce,
            domestic cricket matches, carnivals and regular
                                                                                   strip or 200mm along its length, being as flat as        most appropriate species for local conditions                      hardness, critical fall height, traction and abrasion.
            weekly fixtures.
                                                                                   possible at the centre. The pitch square should be       and climate should involve consultation with                       The benefits of the testing and certification
            Premier/Regional                                                       about 75mm above the level of outfield to allow for      turf management specialists and be considerate                     process are as followed:
                                                                                   surface drainage off the pitch.1                         of soil conditions, drainage and irrigation
            8-10 pitches dependent upon whether the                                                                                                                                                            ƒƒEnsuring surfaces have the same playing
                                                                                                                                            requirements, usage and ground maintenance
            venue is used for a range of State, Regional,                                                                                                                                                        characteristics as natural turf
                                                                                                                                            service provision levels.
            Country, Metropolitan and/or Junior Association
            representative matches, in addition to regular                                                                                                                                                     ƒƒEnsuring quality and durability of the product
            weekly competition fixtures.                                                                                                                                                                       ƒƒMaximising playing comfort and safety.

            Community Club (home or satellite grounds)                                                                                                                                                         Since the development of the synthetic turf
                                                                                                                                                                                                               standards, the AFL and Cricket Australia have
            5-6 pitches to accommodate weekly Country,
                                                                                                                                                                                                               established a licensing program that ensures
            Metropolitan and/or Junior Association fixtures.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               the quality of products being manufactured
            Turf management practices and affordability of
                                                                                                                                                                                                               from a performance and longevity perspective
                                                                                                                                                                                                               and that the products comply with safety and
                                                                                                                                                                                                               insurance requirements. For more information on
                                                                                                                                                          Blackman Park, Lane Cove (NSW)                       synthetic surfaces for AFL/Cricket please refer to
                                                                                                                                               Image courtesy of insideEDGE Sport and Leisure Planning         Guidance Note: 05.
                          Before opting for a dual pitch arrangement, ensure communication and a healthy relationship exists between
                             curator, club/s and other users of both turf and synthetic pitches. Dual pitch set ups are most successful
                            where pitch management programs are strong and incidences of pitch preparation or inclement weather
                              (where covers must remain on) do not impact too adversely on the ability to use the synthetic pitch.

            DUAL TURF AND SYNTHETIC PITCHES
            Dual turf and synthetic cricket pitch configurations are becoming more common in community cricket,
            particularly for landlocked communities with little green space to develop additional grounds.

            Dual turf-synthetic pitch arrangements maximise
            facility usage whereby grounds previously used
            solely for turf competitions in the afternoon, can
            also be utilised for junior matches in the morning
            and weekday evenings. This enables not only
            optimum usage of the ground and a greater
            return on investment for landowners, but also
            promotes greater connectivity between junior
            and senior cricket and strengthens the player
            development pathway.

            The flexibility of both turf and synthetic pitches
            allows use for centre pitch practice (match
            simulation) during mid week training sessions as
            well as a pre-match warm up facility for bowlers.                                      Dual turf and synthetic pitches

            1
                WA Sports Dimensions Guide for Playing Areas.                                                                                                                                    Drop-in synthetic pitch           1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       WA Sports Dimensions Guide for Playing Areas

30      COMMUNITY CRICKET FACILITY GUIDELINES                                                                     VERSION SEPTEMBER 2015                                                                                                  © CRICKET AUSTRALIA                        31
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