Constitution Liberal Party of Canada
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Constitution Liberal Party of Canada
Table of Liberal Party of Canada Contents 01 04 06 09 A. Establishment 1. Name D. National Board (Cont.) I. Permanent Appeals Committee M. Leader (Cont.) 46. Leadership Vote 2. Purpose 17. Powers (Cont.) 33. Establishment Procedure (Cont’d) 3. Language 18. Meetings and 34. Governance 47. Leadership 4. Gender and Process 35. Referrals Endorsement Ballot 10 Diversity 19. Miscellaneous 5. One Constitution J. Chief Agent 6. Property E. National 36. Appointment Management 37. Governance B. Registered Committee Liberals 20. Composition K. Policy 7. Eligibility 21. Powers 38. National Board 8. National Register 22. Meetings and N. General Provisions 9. Period Process 48. Amendment L. Conventions 10. Rights 49. Interpretation 39. Call 02 50. Notice 11 F. Provincial or 40. Frequency Territorial Boards 41. Registration 23. Provincial Board and Attendance Composition 05 M. Leader 42. Office 43. Role C. Electoral District 44. Election O. Transition Associations 51. Effective Date 07 11. Recognition 52. Repeal 12. Purpose 53. Dissolutions as of 13. Governance F. Provincial or Effective Date 14. Requirements Territorial Boards 54. Registered Liberals (Cont.) 55. Commissions D. National Board 24. Territorial Board 56. Permanent Appeals 15. Composition Composition M. Leader (Cont.) Committee 16. Election and 25. Election and 44. Election (Cont.) 57. National Board Appointment Provincial or 58. National Convention 08 12 Territorial 59. Chief Agent 03 Conventions 60. Provincial or 26. Responsibilities Territorial Boards 27. Limits G. National Campaign Committee 28. Appointment by M. Leader (Cont.) D. National Board Leader 44. Election (Cont.) (Cont.) 29. Rules 45. Leadership 16. Election and Contestants O. Transition (Cont.) 30. Ratification Appointment 46. Leadership Vote 60. Provincial or Territorial (Cont.) Procedure Boards (Cont.) H. Commissions 17. Powers 61. Dissolution of PTAs 31. Establishment 62. Blended PTAs 32. Governance 63. Electoral District Associations 64. Leader 65. By-Laws 66. Expiry
CONSTITUTION OF THE LIBERAL PARTY OF CANADA As adopted at the Biennial Convention on May 28, 2016. Preamble: The Liberal Party of Canada is an association of Registered Liberals who share certain principles, as set out below, and who strive to elect candidates to the House of Commons for the purpose of advancing those principles. The Liberal Party of Canada is committed to the view that the dignity of each individual person is the cardinal principle of democratic society and the primary purpose of all political organization and activity in such a society. The Liberal Party of Canada is dedicated to the principles that have historically sustained the Party: individual freedom, responsibility and human dignity in the framework of a just society, and political freedom in the framework of meaningful participation by all persons. The Liberal Party is bound by the constitution of Canada and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and is committed to the pursuit of equality of opportunity for all persons, to the enhancement of our unique and diverse cultural community, to the recognition that English and French are the official languages of Canada, and to the preservation of the Canadian identity in a global society. In accordance with this philosophy, the Liberal Party of Canada subscribes to the fundamental rights and freedoms of persons under the rule of law and commits itself to the protection of these essential values and their constant adaptation to the changing needs of modern Canadian society. The Liberal Party of Canada recognizes that human dignity in a democratic system requires that all citizens have access to full information concerning the policies and leadership of the Party; the opportunity to participate in open and public assessment of such means, and such modifications of policies and leadership as they deem desirable to promote the political, economic, social, cultural and general well-being of Canadians. To realize this objective, the Liberal Party of Canada strives to provide a flexible and democratic structure whereby all Canadians can obtain such information, participate in such assessment and militate for such reform through open communications, free dialogue and participatory action both electoral and non-electoral. This Constitution sets forth the institutions, systems and procedures by which the Liberal Party of Canada, in co-operation with its provincial and territorial boards and electoral district associations, works to implement these ideas on behalf of all Registered Liberals.
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 01 A. Establishment 1. Name B. Registered Liberals 7. Eligibility There is an association named “The Liberal Party Any person may register as a Registered Liberal, of Canada”, which is referred to throughout this provided that they meet the requirements set out Constitution as the “Party”. by the National Board. There shall be no fee for registration. 2. Purpose The purpose of the Party is to participate in 8. National Register the public affairs of Canada by endorsing and The Party will, under the direction of the supporting Registered Liberals as candidates of National Board, maintain a national register of the Party for election to the House of Commons, all Registered Liberals, indicating the Electoral advocating and supporting Liberal values and District Association in which they are resident philosophies, principles and policies, providing (hereinafter their “home Electoral District a forum for Registered Liberals to provide input Association”). into the policies of the Party, and raising money in support of these purposes. 9. Period Registration as a Registered Liberal will remain 3. Language current for the period established by the National English and French are the official languages of Board, and may be renewed and/or terminated the Party. in the manner and at the times set out by the National Board. 4. Gender and Diversity The Party will promote diversity, inclusiveness 10. Rights and gender parity at all levels of the Party. This Each Registered Liberal has the right, subject to Constitution will operate without discrimination this Constitution, to do the following: on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, a. receive newsletters, information, and notices colour, religion, sex, gender identity or expression, of general meetings and other activities from sexual orientation, age or mental or physical the Party (provided that the Party may elect disability. to limit certain notices to electronic form); b. attend, speak, and vote at a general meeting 5. One Constitution of their home Electoral District Association This Constitution and the by-laws made by the or any Commission or Commission Club with National Board pursuant hereto govern the affairs which they are registered; of the Party and all of its boards, commissions, c. attend and speak (but not vote) at a general committees and associations. No board, meeting of any Electoral District Association commission, committee or association of the other than their home Electoral District Party may establish a constitution other than this Association; Constitution. d. attend, speak, and vote at any convention or general meeting of the Party or their Provincial 6. Property or Territorial Board; Only the Party, an EDA, or a campaign, acting e. be elected as a candidate, or to any office in through its Chief Agent, may hold property and the Party, their Provincial or Territorial Board, money, accept contributions, make expenditures, or any Electoral District Association, provided, enter into contracts of employment, enter in each case that they comply with the into leases, or otherwise make agreements or requirements of this Constitution and the arrangements. No board, commission, committee National Board in respect of such office; or association of the Party may do any of the f. vote on the Leadership Vote and on the foregoing. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Leadership Endorsement Ballot conducted nothing herein limits the ability of an Electoral with respect to their home Electoral District District Association or campaign to hold and Association; and administer property and funds or to enter into g. exercise any other right granted to them by the agreements for the provision of services, subject National Board or any other board, commission, to the by-laws established by the National Board. committee or association of the Party.
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 02 C. Electoral District Associations 11. Recognition D. National Board 15. Composition Recognition may be granted by the National The affairs of the Party will be governed by Board to one Electoral District Association a National Board of Directors (the “National in each federal electoral district, and such Board”), which will consist of: recognition may be revoked, pursuant to rules a. the Leader; and procedures set out in the by-laws (each b. the President; association so recognized, an “Electoral District c. the Vice-President (English); Association”) and in accordance with the Canada d. the Vice-President (French); Elections Act. e. the Policy Secretary; f. the Party Secretary; 12. Purpose g. the immediate past President; Each Electoral District Association shall: h. one representative of those Members of a. endorse and support the candidate of the Parliament who caucus with the Party Party for election to the House of Commons (the “Caucus”); for its electoral district; i. one representative from each Province or b. engage in, and support, field organizing, outreach, Territory (each, a “Director” or a “Director from and fundraising in its electoral district; and, a Province or Territory”) from each province c. facilitate input into Party policy by Registered and territory of Canada; Liberals in its electoral district consistent j. one representative from each commission with the Party policy process established by (each, a “Commission”) established by the the National Board and in accordance with National Board; this Constitution. k. the following non-voting members: i. the National Director of the Party (the 13. Governance “National Director”); The executive or governing board of an Electoral ii. a Treasurer (the “Treasurer”); District Association shall be composed of iii. one representative of the Chief Agent of Registered Liberals (whether or not living within the Party; the applicable electoral district) in such numbers iv. one representative of the Leader; and in such a manner to be determined by Party v. a Revenue Chair (the “Revenue Chair”); by-law. Electoral District Associations shall vi. up to two Chairs of the National comply with such other requirements as to their Campaign Committee; and governance, financial management and reporting, vii. two Constitutional and Legal Advisers. as may be implemented by National Board by by-law. 16. Election and Appointment Election or appointment of members of the 14. Requirements National Board shall be on the following basis: Each officer of an Electoral District Association a. each member of the National Board must be must be a Registered Liberal, and will be a Registered Liberal and otherwise satisfy elected at a general meeting of the Registered any requirements set out in the by-laws; Liberals who reside in such Electoral District b. each of the President, the Vice-President in accordance with the rules of procedure (English), the Vice-President (French), the determined by the National Board. Policy Secretary and the Party Secretary shall be elected by secret ballot, in accordance with the by-laws established by the National Board, by all of the Registered Liberals registered at a National Convention of the Party (with the manner of registration and voting, including any remote registration and voting, to be determined by the National Board). No person elected to the positions set out in this Section 16(b) may serve in the same office for more than two consecutive terms (as such terms are provided for in Section 40);
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 03 D. National Board (Cont.) 17. Powers The National Board will have the power to: c. if there is a vacancy in the office of the a. make by-laws, by majority vote, to President, one of the Vice-Presidents (as determine any matter delegated to it in this determined by the National Board) must Constitution (provided that such by-laws assume the functions of the President; must be consistent with this Constitution and d. a person who has resigned the office of published on the website of the Party in order President cannot subsequently serve as the to be effective, and shall only be effective until immediate past President unless they are first the next National Convention unless ratified re–elected to the office of President; or amended at such convention) including e. if there is a vacancy in any other office, without limitation: then (i) in the case of offices typically i. the delegation of authority to the elected at a National Convention or Management Committee; appointed, the National Board must promptly ii. the establishment and governance appoint a Registered Liberal to assume the of standing and special committees, functions of the vacant office for the including without limitation committees remainder of their predecessor’s term; and dealing with matters of policy, election (ii) in the case of offices elected at a readiness, conventions, and Leadership Provincial or Territorial Convention or by a Contests; Commission, the vacancy will be filled by iii. the establishment and governance of the executive of the applicable Provincial or Commissions, and the recognition of Territorial Board, or Commission; sections, branches and clubs; f. the representative of Caucus shall be selected iv. the governance and administration of by caucus with the consent of the Leader; Electoral District Associations; g. each Director from a Province or Territory v. the process of policy consultation and will be elected by secret ballot, in accordance development followed by the Party; with the by-laws established by the National vi. the rules governing registration as a Board, by Registered Liberals of the province Registered Liberal; or territory in which such Director lives at a vii. the rules governing registration and Provincial or Territorial Convention; attendance (both remote and in-person) h. each representative of a Commission will be at any convention of the Party; selected by such Commission, in accordance viii. the rules governing the election of with the by-laws established by the National officers to the National Board, Board; ix. the responsibilities, rules and procedures i. each of the National Director, Treasurer, of the National Board and the and Revenue Chair shall be appointed by the Management Committee; National Board with the consent of the x. the rules governing the election, Leader and the President; responsibilities, removal and limitation of j. the Constitutional and Legal Advisers shall Provincial or Territorial Boards; be appointed by the National Board with the xi. the procedures of the Permanent consent of the Leader and the President. One Appeals Committee; and of the two Constitutional and Legal Advisers xii. the Chief Agent; shall be English speaking, and the other b. oversee the financial administration of the French speaking, with one with experience Party, including the approval of budgets, in the common law tradition, and one with fees, expenses and revenue targets and the experience in the civil law tradition; administration of banking matters; k. the representative of the Chief Agent will be c. oversee, acting through the National Director, selected by such Chief Agent, in accordance the hiring and supervision of personnel, with the by-laws established by the National employed, contract or otherwise, of the Board; and Party and any Provincial or Territorial Board, l. the representative of the Leader, and the committee, or commission; two chairs of the National Campaign d. approve the incurrence of debt and granting Committee shall be designated by the Leader. of security on behalf of the Party and any Provincial or Territorial Board, committee, or commission; and
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 04 D. National Board (Cont.) 21. Powers Subject to direction from the National Board, the e. approve the entering into of any lease or Management Committee may exercise all powers agreement or the acquisition of any real, that the National Board may exercise except personal, moveable or immovable property the power to appoint or remove officers or to on behalf of the Party and any Provincial or modify any by-law relating to the establishment, Territorial Board, committee, or commission. governance or administration of Commissions, (and subject always to prior or subsequent 18. Meetings and Process decisions of the National Board). The National Board shall meet not less than four times per calendar year, and shall establish a by- 22. Meetings and Process law to govern its procedures. The National Board The Management Committee shall meet not may meet in person or by electronic means, but if less than four times per calendar year, and the they meet by electronic means, each member must National Board shall establish a by-law to govern be able to communicate with each other member. its procedures. The Management Committee may meet in person or by electronic means, but if they 19. Miscellaneous meet by electronic means, each member must be Each officer of the National Board will have the able to communicate with each other member. powers and responsibilities set out for them in the by-laws of the National Board, and will serve F. Provincial or Territorial Boards until new officers are elected at the next National Convention of the Party. 23. Provincial Board Composition Each province will have a volunteer Provincial or E. National Management Committee Territorial Board, to be composed of: a. the Director elected for such Province 20. Composition or Territory, who shall serve as chair of the There shall be a national management committee Provincial or Territorial Board; (the “Management Committee”), which will be b. a vice-chair, elected by the Registered composed of: Liberals who reside in such Province; a. the Leader (provided that a delegate of the c. a secretary, elected by the Registered Leader may attend Management Committee Liberals who reside in such Province; on his or her behalf in the absence thereof); d. an organization chair, elected by the b. the President; Registered Liberals who reside in such c. the Vice-President (English); Province; d. the Vice-President (French); e. a policy chair, elected by the Registered e. the Policy Secretary; Liberals who reside in such Province; f. the Party Secretary; f. one director at large, plus up to one g. two of the Directors from a Province or additional director at large for every ten Territory elected among themselves for a electoral districts contained in such Province term determined by them; one of whom (rounded where applicable), with such must be capable of expressing themselves directors to be elected by the Registered in English, and the other of expressing Liberals who reside in such Province (or in a themselves in French; region thereof) in accordance with procedures h. one of the representatives of the determined by the National Board, or Commissions who are members of the applicable by-law; National Board of Directors elected among g. one representative from each Commission themselves for a term determined by them; established by the National Board, to be i. one representative of the National selected by the provincial or territorial section Campaign Committee; of such Commission or, if there is no such j. the Treasurer (on a non-voting basis); section, in a manner to be determined in the k. the Revenue Chair (on a non-voting basis); applicable by-law; and l. the National Director (on a non-voting h. such other positions established by the basis); and National Board. m. one representative of the Chief Agent (on a non-voting basis).
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 05 F. Provincial or Territorial Boards (Cont.) G. National Campaign Committee 28. Appointment by Leader 24. Territorial Board Composition There shall be a national campaign committee Each Territory will have a Provincial or Territorial (the “National Campaign Committee”), composed Board composed of the board of the Electoral of such national campaign chairs and Registered District Association recognized for such Territory. Liberals as the Leader shall designate. 25. Election and Provincial or Territorial 29. Rules Conventions The National Campaign Committee shall have the Each member of a Provincial or Territorial power to establish national rules with respect to Board must be a Registered Liberal, and will be nominations (including any associated fees), the elected by secret ballot at a convention (each, a process of registering to vote at a nomination “Provincial or Territorial Convention”) at which meeting, vetting of candidates for nomination, all Registered Liberals living in the Province or removals of nominated candidates, disputes, Territory which such Provincial or Territorial campaign matters and election readiness. Board represents are eligible to vote. Such election shall be conducted according to the 30. Ratification procedures established by the National Board. A Rules established by the National Campaign Provincial or Territorial Convention shall be held Committee shall be subject to ratification by the not less frequently than National Conventions, National Board. and otherwise in accordance with by-laws made by the National Board. H. Commissions 26. Responsibilities 31. Establishment Subject to this Constitution and any by-laws The National Board may establish a Commission made by the National Board, each Provincial or to provide a forum for engagement and Territorial Board will have the power, with respect representation of a demographic group of only to its Province or Territory, to determine Registered Liberals. matters expressly delegated to it in this Constitution or by the National Board, including 32. Governance without limitation: Commissions shall be governed by the by-laws a. the establishment and governance of standing established by the National Board, and shall and special committees dealing with matters have such sections, branches and clubs as are of election readiness, policy and Provincial or recognized in accordance with the by-laws. Territorial conventions; Any amendments to Commission by-laws b. the implementation of election readiness will only occur after thorough and effective programs in its Province or Territory communication and consultation with the established by the National Campaign affected Commission. Committee; and c. the organization of the policy consultation and development process in its Province or Territory. 27. Limits For greater certainty, no Provincial or Territorial Board may hold property or money, enter into agreements or leases, or employ or engage personnel.
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 06 I. Permanent Appeals Committee 33. Establishment L. Conventions 39. Call There shall be a Permanent Appeals Committee The National Board shall hold such national composed of persons appointed by the National conventions (each, a “National Convention”) and Board, to hear disputes arising out of this Provincial or Territorial conventions as may be Constitution, the by-laws made by the National required to give effect to the provisions hereof, Board, and any rules made by the National including the election of those elected officers Campaign Committee. of the National Board who are not elected at a Provincial or Territorial Convention or by 34. Governance Commissions, and to deal with policy, by-law The procedures governing the Permanent Appeals ratification, training, election readiness and such Committee shall be established by the National other matters as it may determine. Board. Decisions of the Permanent Appeals Committee shall be final and binding on the Party 40. Frequency and not subject to appeal to any other body. National Conventions shall be held approximately every two years and in any event 35. Referrals not later than three years following the previous The National Board and/or the National Campaign National Convention. Committee may refer a question of interpretation of this Constitution, Party by-laws, or rules that 41. Registration and Attendance is not resolved by the Constitutional & Legal Any Registered Liberals who pay the fees Advisors to the Permanent Appeals Committee. established by the National Board may register and attend such Convention (remotely, or in person, to the extent and in the manner provided J. Chief Agent for by the National Board). 36. Appointment The National Board may, with the consent of the M. Leader President and the Leader, appoint a corporation incorporated under the laws of Canada as the 42. Office chief agent for the Party contemplated under the The Leader is entitled to exercise all authority Canada Elections Act. of a leader under the Canada Elections Act and is elected by the Registered Liberals of the Party. 37. Governance The constating documents of the Chief Agent 43. Role shall provide that its board shall be elected The Leader is responsible to: annually from amongst a list of candidates a. speak for the Party concerning any political nominated jointly by the Leader and President, issue; which list shall include at least one member of the b. take part in the development of the Party Management Committee. policies and Party platform; c. be guided by the Party policies and the Party platform; K. Policy d. report to the Party at every National Convention; and, 38. The National Board e. appoint the Campaign Chairs. The National Board shall establish and maintain a national policy process, to be coordinated by 44. Election the Policy Secretary, which must provide for the a. Whenever a Leader is to be chosen for the following: Party, the Party must elect a new Leader a. communication and discussion between according to the procedures set out in Registered Liberals; this Chapter (which is referred to in this b. engagement of Registered Liberals; Constitution as a “Leadership Vote”). c. reporting and accountability to Registered b. The Leader ceases immediately to be the Liberals; Leader (a “Leadership Trigger Event”) when: d. flexibility to accommodate changing technology, conditions and electoral cycles; and e. input into platform development process.
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 07 M. Leader (Cont.) participation of men and women and the recognition of English and French as i. due to incapacity, the Leader ceases to the official languages of Canada; be recognized by the Governor-General iv. establish the Leadership Vote Committee as the leader of the Party in the House of consisting of: Commons; 1. two co-chairs, one of whom must be a ii. the Leader dies; man and one of whom must a woman iii. there are published in accordance and one of whom must be English- with this Constitution the results of a speaking and one of whom must be Leadership Endorsement Ballot in which French-speaking; the Leader is not endorsed; or 2. the National President; iv. the National Board of Directors declares 3. two persons elected by the National that the result of a Leadership Vote is Board from among the members of invalid. the National Board, one of whom must c. If the Leader publicly announces an intention be English-speaking and one of whom to resign or if the Leader delivers to the must be French-speaking; National President a written resignation or 4. two representatives appointed by the a written request to call a Leadership Vote, Caucus; then the Leader ceases to be the Leader on 5. any number of other Registered the earlier of the appointment of an Interim Liberals appointed by the co-chairs in Leader and when a new Leader is elected by consultation with the National Board Registered Liberals. and respecting the principle of equal d. Upon the occurrence of a Leadership Trigger participation of men and women and Event, or if the Leader publicly announces an the recognition of English and French as intention to resign or if the Leader delivers to the official languages of Canada. the National President a written resignation or e. The Leadership Expenses Committee is a written request to call a Leadership Vote, the responsible to: National President must call a meeting of the i. fix a deposit, refundable or otherwise, to National Board of Directors to be held within be paid by each leadership contestant in 27 days, and at that meeting the National accordance with the requirements of the Board of Directors must: National Board before the Leadership i. upon the occurrence of a Leadership Vote is completed; Trigger Event, or if the Leader so ii. set a maximum limit for the leadership requests, in consultation with the contestant expenses that may be incurred Caucus, appoint an “Interim Leader”; by any leadership contestant; ii. set a date for a Leadership Vote; iii. adopt rules (to be known as the iii. establish the Leadership Expenses “Leadership Expense Rules”) that provide committee consisting of: for procedures to supervise compliance 1. two co-chairs, one of whom must be a with the maximum limit for the man and one of whom must a woman leadership contestant expenses that may and one of whom must be English- be incurred by any leadership contestant speaking and one of whom must be and to ensure full and frank disclosure French-speaking; of all contributions to leadership 2. the Treasurer; campaigns; 3. two persons elected by the National iiv. on an ongoing basis to ensure compliance Board from among the members of with the Leadership Expense Rules. the National Board, one of whom must f. The Leadership Vote Committee is responsible be English-speaking and one of whom to plan, organize and carry out the Leadership must be French-speaking; Vote. 4. two representatives appointed by the g. Each member of the Leadership Expenses Caucus; Committee and the Leadership Vote 5. any number of other Registered Liberals Committee must agree in writing to remain of the Party appointed by the co-chairs neutral in the election of the Leader. in consultation with the National Board and respecting the principle of equal
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 08 M. Leader (Cont.) 46. Leadership Vote Procedure a. The Leadership Vote is a direct vote of all h. The person appointed as the Interim Leader Registered Liberals who have a right to vote may exercise all the powers of the Leader on the Leadership Vote weighted equally for under this Constitution until a new Leader is each electoral district in Canada and counted elected by the Registered Liberals of the Party. in accordance with this Section. i. If a date has been set for a Leadership Vote b. Every Registered Liberal who ordinarily and the National Board, by resolution passed resides in Canada has the right to vote on the by three-quarters of its voting members, Leadership Vote, if that Registered Liberal has: determines that political circumstances require i. been a Registered Liberal for the 41 days that the date be reset to another date, then immediately preceding the day of the the National Board may, by resolution passed Leadership Vote; and, by a majority of the votes cast, reset the ii. complied with the registration procedures date for the Leadership Vote to another date established by the National Board or by and may review and alter any arrangements the Leadership Vote Committee. already made for the Leadership Vote. c. At least 27 days before the day of the Leadership Vote, the National Board must 45. Leadership Contestants publish on the public website of the Party the To be eligible for election as Leader, a person must: registration procedures for the Leadership Vote. a. be a Registered Liberal; d. Each Registered Liberal who has a right to b. be eligible to be a candidate in an election of vote in a Leadership Vote may vote by a a member to serve in the House of Commons preferential ballot on which the voter indicates under the Canada Elections Act; their preference for leadership contestants. c. deliver to the National President, at least 90 A ballot is not spoiled because the voter has days before the day of the Leadership Vote, not indicated a preference for all leadership a written nomination (which may be in one contestants. or more counterparts) signed by at least 300 e. The ballots must be counted, under the Registered Liberals including at least 100 direction of the Chief Electoral Officer, in Registered Liberals of the Party from each of accordance with the following procedure: three different provinces or territories; and i. each electoral district is allocated 100 d. within the time limits established by the points; Leadership Vote Committee, provide to the ii. on the first count: President or their designate, an undertaking in 1. for each electoral district, the first writing that: preference votes recorded in favour i. they agree to be bound by this of leadership contestants on the Constitution, any by-laws made by the ballots cast by those Registered National Board, and the Leadership Liberals who live in that electoral Expense Rules; district are counted and then the ii. they will submit all disputes concerning 100 points allocated to the electoral any matter relating to the selection of district are allocated to each the Leader and the Leadership Vote leadership contestant on the basis and the construction or application of of the ratio the number of the first this Constitution, any by-laws made by preference votes received by that the National Board and the Leadership leadership contestant bears to the Expense Rules to, and abide by the total number of votes counted; decision of, the Permanent Appeal 2. the total number of points allocated Committee; and to each leadership contestant from iii. have otherwise complied with the all electoral districts in Canada are bylaws made by the National Board and added to produce a total for the the Leadership Expense Rules and with “national count”; the Canada Elections Act.
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 09 M. Leader (Cont.) 47. Leadership Endorsement Ballot a. The National Board is responsible to ensure iii. on the second count, the leadership that a ballot (referred to throughout this contestant who received the least points Constitution as the “Leadership Endorsement on the first national count is eliminated Ballot”), in a form approved by the National and that leadership contestant’s first Board of Directors which permits the voter to count ballots are distributed in each indicate whether or not they are in favour of electoral district among the remaining endorsing the Leader, is voted on at or prior leadership contestants according to to the first National Convention of the Party the second preferences indicated and held after each general election in which the counted according to the procedure set Leader does not become or continue to be the out above as if they were first preference Prime Minister, with sufficient time that the votes; results may be announced at such National iv. on each subsequent count, the Convention. leadership contestant who received b. The Leadership Endorsement Ballot is a direct the least votes in the preceding count vote of all Registered Liberals, voting in their is eliminated, and that leadership home Electoral District Association, weighted contestant’s ballots are distributed equally for each electoral district in Canada among the remaining leadership and counted in accordance with this Section. contestants according to the next c. The vote on the Leadership Endorsement preferences indicated; Ballot must be conducted by secret ballot, and v. the first leadership contestant to receive the ballots must be delivered promptly and more than 50% of the points allocated directly to the auditors of the Party or another on any national count is selected as the independent accounting firm appointed by the Leader. National Board (the “Leadership Endorsement f. The Leadership Vote Committee and the Ballot Auditor”). National Board must jointly appoint a d. The President and the National Director chief electoral officer (the “Chief Electoral are jointly responsible to ensure that the Officer”) who will be responsible to make ballots are counted in secrecy by the all arrangements necessary for the conduct Leadership Endorsement Ballot Auditor and of the balloting on the Leadership Vote and that the national count for the Leadership adjudicate all disputes over accreditation and Endorsement Ballot is published at the the right to vote on the Leadership Vote. National Convention of the Party before any g. The Chief Electoral Officer must act results are otherwise announced or published. independently of the National Board and each e. The ballots must be counted in accordance of the leadership contestants. with the following procedure: h. The National Board may make any by-law in i. each electoral district is allocated 100 accordance with the procedure set out above points. to regulate the procedures of the Leadership ii. for each electoral district, the votes Vote, that is consistent with this Constitution, recorded in favour of endorsing the including but not limited to: Leader on the ballots cast by Registered i. voting procedures (including Internet Liberals who live in that electoral district balloting and electronic balloting); are counted and then the 100 points ii. nomination criteria; allocated to the electoral district are iii. registration fees and procedures; and allocated in favour of endorsing the iv. leadership contestant deposit Leader on the basis of the ratio the requirements. number of votes recorded in favour of endorsing the Leader bears to the total number of valid ballots cast. iii. the total number of points allocated in favour of endorsing the Leader from all electoral districts in Canada are added to produce a total for the “national count”; and iv. the Leader is not endorsed if the “national count” is less than the product of 50 multiplied by the number of all electoral districts in Canada.
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 10 N. General Provisions 49. Interpretation This Constitution will be governed by the 48. Amendment interpretation provisions of this paragraph, a. This Constitution may be amended in and the National Board will have authority to accordance with this Section by a resolution interpret this Constitution, subject to appeal of two-thirds of Registered Liberals registered to the Permanent Appeals Committee. Words at a National Convention (with the manner of importing the singular include the plural, and registration and voting, including any remote vice versa. The power to appoint includes the registration and voting, to be determined by power to replace. The power to make a by-law the National Board). or adopt rules includes the power to amend b. Amendments to this Constitution may be or repeal the by-law or rule. Wherever any proposed by: period between two events is expressed as a i. the Leader; number of days, the days on which the first and ii. the Management Committee; second events take place are not to be counted. iii. the National Board; Wherever it is stated that a person must have iv. any Provincial or Territorial Board; or been a Registered Liberal for a number of days v. any Commission. immediately preceding an event, then their c. Proposed amendments must be submitted application to be a Registered Liberal must have in writing to the President at least 48 days been received (a) during regular business hours before the National Convention at which they on a day when the receiving office was open at are to be considered. least that number of days before the event or d. The President must publish a copy of each (b) electronically in a manner approved by the proposed amendment to this Constitution that National Board of Directors before midnight, must be submitted to a National Convention local time of the residence of the applicant, that on the public website of the Party at least 27 number of days before the event. For all purposes days before such National Convention. of this Constitution, a Registered Liberal will e. A constitutional amendment takes effect on be considered to live at the place of their the later of the time it is adopted and the date ordinary residence, which must be determined (if any) specified in the amendment. in accordance with the Canada Elections Act. f. After each convention at which this Each member of the House of Commons, each Constitution is amended, the Constitutional candidate at a general election or a by-election and Legal Advisers shall oversee the and each Registered Liberal living with the publication of this Constitution as amended member of the House of Commons or candidate and may, in so doing, and subject to the is entitled to be deemed to have a place of ratification of the National Board: ordinary residence in the electoral district i. renumber the provisions of this represented by the Member of Parliament or in Constitution to accommodate the which the candidate seeks to be elected, as the changes that have been made; case may be. A document is delivered to a person ii. correct typographical errors, spelling when it is actually received by that person, and a errors, and cross-references between document is delivered to an office designated by provisions which are no longer accurate; the National Board when it is actually received at iii. correct errors which are purely that office. typographical; iv. replace gender biased language with 50. Notice gender neutral language; and Unless this Constitution otherwise provides, v. correct inconsistencies between the any notice to a Registered Liberal may be given English and French versions of this by mail to each household, by electronic mail, Constitution only insofar as such or in any other manner established by the changes will not change the substantive National Board. A notice need not be given to meaning of any provision. any Registered Liberal designated as “inactive” in accordance with procedures established by the National Board in a by-law, or who has requested not to receive correspondence. The inadvertent failure to give notice to any Registered Liberal of the Party of anything does not invalidate the notice, the meeting or any business of the meeting.
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 11 O. Transition 56. Permanent Appeals Committee. As of the Effective Date, the Permanent Appeals 51. Effective Date Committee existing immediately prior to the This Constitution takes effect on the date it is Effective Date is continued as the Permanent adopted (the “Effective Date”), except as noted Appeals Committee of the Party. below. 57. National Board 52. Repeal Each officer of the Party elected at the May, 2016 As of the Effective Date, the Existing Constitution, Biennial Convention of the Party in Winnipeg will the constitution of each Commission, and every continue to hold the office to which they were previously adopted by-law of the Party is elected until the next National Convention of the repealed. As of January 1, 2017 (the “Transfer Party, except that the titles of such officers shall Date”), the constitution and any by-laws of each changes as follows: Provincial and Territorial Association (each, a “PTA”) existing under the Existing Constitution (other than a blended PTA) is repealed. As Elected Under Existing New Title Constitution 53. Dissolutions as of Effective Date As of the Effective Date, each of the Council National President President of Presidents, the National Election Readiness Committee, and the National Policy and Platform National Vice-President Vice-President Committee are dissolved. (English) (English) 54. Registered Liberals National Vice-President Vice-President Each person who was, pursuant to the Existing (French) (French) Constitution, a member or supporter of the Party immediately prior to the Effective Date, National Policy Chair Policy Secretary is, as of the Effective Date, a Registered Liberal. The National Membership By-Law of the Party National Membership Party Secretary will continue to apply to all Registered Liberals, Secretary mutatis mutandis, until the earlier of the date on which the National Board passes a by-law governing the process of registration as a 58. National Convention Registered Liberal, or the Transfer Date. The next National Convention of the Party will be held between September 1, 2017 and April 55. Commissions 30, 2018, as determined by the National Board As of the Effective Date, each of the Indigenous (and provided that the National Board may in its Peoples’ Commission, the National Women’s discretion elect to hold a convention outside of Liberal Commission, the Commission of Young this period where, in its view, it is necessary to Liberals of Canada, and the Senior Liberals’ accommodate venue availability requirements) to Commission are continued as Commissions elect a new National Board in accordance with (the “Existing Commissions”) established by the the terms hereof. National Board. As of the Effective Date, the constitutions and any by-laws of each Existing 59. Chief Agent Commission will be deemed, mutatis mutandis, As of the Effective Date, the Federal Liberal to become a by-law of the National Board until Agency of Canada is deemed to be continued as such time as the National Board passes a by-law the Chief Agent of the Party. The provisions of relating to the governance of Commissions. As Section 37 shall take effect as of the Transfer Date. of the Effective Date, all property of the Existing Commissions is transferred to the Party, each section 60. Provincial or Territorial Boards and club of an Existing Commission will continue As of the Effective Date, the President of each as a section or club of the applicable Commission, PTA shall be designated as a Director from the and each officer of an Existing Commission shall province or territory they represent. As of the continue as an officer of such Commission. Effective Date, the executive or board of each PTA shall be deemed to also constitute
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 12 O. Transition (Cont.) in this Constitution or its transition prevents the Party from (a) sharing personnel, assets, the Provincial or Territorial Board for their information and/or meeting arrangements province or territory. Any Provincial or Territorial with the formerly blended PTAs, as described Conventions held following the date hereof and above, or to continue to cooperate in election prior to the Transfer Date will elect a Provincial readiness, campaign activities, and other mutually or Territorial Board consistent with Section agreed to activities and (b) allowing Registered 23 hereof, and such election shall take effect Liberals from holding office in a provincial Liberal immediately, with such Provincial and Territorial association or any association thereof. Board serving as the executive of the relevant PTA from its date of election, and automatically 63. Electoral District Associations becoming the applicable Provincial or Territorial Each Electoral District Association subsisting Board on the Transfer Date. Following the under the Existing Constitution is deemed to be Transfer Date, each Provincial or Territorial recognized by the National Board and continued Convention (which shall be scheduled and held as an Electoral District Association under this in accordance with the terms hereof) will elect Constitution. The constitution of each Electoral a Provincial or Territorial Board consistent with District Association will continue to govern such Section 23 hereof. Electoral District Association until the Transfer Date, at which time such Electoral District 61. Dissolution of PTAs Association will be governed by the by-laws of On the Transfer Date, each PTA (other than the National Board. a Blended PTA) shall be dissolved, and the property, leases and contracts of each such 64. Leader PTA transferred to the Party. Each employee The Right Honourable Justin Trudeau shall be of such a PTA immediately prior to the Transfer continued as the Leader on the Effective Date. Date shall be an employee of the Party as of the Transfer Date. Each office location of such a PTA 65. By-Laws immediately prior to the Transfer Date shall be On or prior to the Transfer Date, the National an office location of the Party as of the Transfer Board shall pass by-laws with respect to each of Date. No PTA shall enter into any new contract the following: or financial commitment, following the Effective a. the establishment and governance of Date, except with the prior express written Commissions, and the recognition of sections, consent of the National Director. branches and clubs; b. the governance and administration of 62. Blended PTAs Electoral District Associations; On the Transfer Date, each of The Liberal Party c. the process of policy consultation and of Newfoundland and Labrador, The Liberal Party development followed by the Party; of Prince Edward Island, The Nova Scotia Liberal d. the rules governing registration as Registered Party and The New Brunswick Liberal Association Liberals; (each, a Blended PTA) shall be continued as e. the rules governing registration and associations whose purpose is to participate in attendance at any convention of the Party; the public affairs of their Province by endorsing f. the rules governing the election of officers to Liberals as candidates for election to the the National Board; Legislature of those Provinces. Such Blended g. the responsibilities, rules and procedures of PTAs shall, as of the Transfer Date, have no further the National Board and the Management federation with the Party. As of the Transfer Committee; Date, each Blended Association will continue h. the rules governing the election, to hold the property, leases and contracts held responsibilities, removal and limitation on by it, and employ the person employed by it, Provincial or Territorial Boards; immediately prior to the Transfer Date, except i. the procedures of the Permanent Appeals as may be otherwise agreed between the Party Committee; and and such Blended PTA. The Party will negotiate j. the Chief Agent. in good faith to provide for administration agreements between itself and each Blended PTA 66. Expiry with respect to the shared used of personnel, Part O of this Constitution will expire as of the assets and offices. For greater clarity, nothing date of the first National Convention convened after the Transfer Date.
Constitution Liberal Party of Canada 13 Index of Defined Terms Term Section Page “Caucus” 15 h 02 “Chief Electoral Officer” 46 f 09 “Revenue Chair” 15 k, v 02 “Commission” 15 j 02 “Constitution” Preamble Preamble “Director” 15 i 02 “Director from a Province or Territory” 15 i 02 “Effective Date” 51 11 “Electoral District Association: 11 02 “Existing Commissions” 55 11 “Existing Constitution” Preamble Preamble “Home Electoral District Association” 8 01 “Leadership Endorsement Ballot” 47 a 09 “Leadership Endorsement Ballot Auditor” 47 c 09 “Leadership Expense Rules” 44 e, i 07 “Leadership Trigger Event” 44 b 06-07 “Leadership Vote” 44 a 06 “Management Committee” 20 04 “National Board” 15 02 “National Campaign Committee” 28 05 “National Convention” 39 06 “National Director” 15 k, i 02 “Party” 1 01 “Provincial or Territorial Convention” 25 05 “PTA” 52 11 “Transfer Date” 52 11 “Treasurer” 15k-ii 02
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