GUIDE FOR CAREERS ADVISERS 2020 - STUDY UK study-uk.britishcouncil.org
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GUIDE FOR C A R E E R S A DV I S E RS study-uk.britishcouncil.org #StudyUK CON L A COL ABOR ACIÓN DE
HELLO! Welcome to this guide to Higher Education in the United Kingdom. I am delighted that you are interested in advising your students who wish to find out more about studying at a university in the UK. You may not know that there are more than twelve thousand people from Spain who are studying at UK universities. And the number of students from Spain continues to grow every year. UK institutions welcome students from Spain. The strong academic foundations which your students have developed at school combine with the very good level of English which young Spaniards now achieve to open a whole range of possibilities. Whatever they wish to study – from engineering to theatre and from medicine to music – they will find institutions with a range of options to meet their needs. Deciding what to study and where to study is a huge decision for any young person. It is often their teacher to whom they will turn for advice, and we want to make sure that you have as much information as possible to be able to guide them on their opportunities for study in the UK. This guide is intended to help you understand what those opportunities are and to help your students to choose between them. Andy Mackay Director British Council Spain The UK has 162 higher education institutions, and 30 are in the top 200 in the world (QS World University Rankings 2019).
C ON T E N T S 4 Studying in the UK 6 Why study in the UK? 7 UK higher education at a glance 10 Academic culture and study methods 11 What to study 21 Choosing a degree 22 Rankings 23 Admissions 24 Undergraduate application process 25 The role of schools and students 26 UCAS application 28 Pre-departure checklist 29 Tuition and living costs 30 Working while you study 31 Brexit information 32 Equality and diversity in the UK 33 Important tools and links 34 University listings 45 University profiles
4 Guide for careers advisers in schools 5 S T U DY I N G IN THE UK P O P U L AT I O N LAND AREA MONEY The population of the The UK is close to The currency of UK is estimated to be 150,000 square miles the UK is pounds The United Kingdom (UK) consists of England, around 65 million. (242,000 square sterling. Wales, Scotland (which together make up Great kilometres). Britain) and Northern Ireland. Edinburgh Glasgow ECONOMY L ANGUAGE RELIGION The UK is one of the English is spoken The main religion in Belfast Newcastle world’s leading business throughout the UK, but the UK is Christianity. locations. The UK is one of there are other official However, the UK is a the top ten manufacturers languages too, such as multi-faith society where in the world and has Welsh and Scottish Gaelic. other religions are widely Manchester the largest industries in welcomed and accepted. Europe for life sciences, Birmingham ICT and the creative industries. Cardiff London H E R I TA G E GOVERNMENT R O YA L F A M I LY The UK has a fascinating The United Kingdom is a The Queen is Head of history dating back to parliamentary democracy – State in the United 6500 BC. All over the UK this means the government Kingdom. As a C A P I TA L C I T I E S you’ll find monuments is elected by the people. constitutional monarch, The capital city of the UK is London, which is also the capital marking its history, from There is a general election Her Majesty does not of England. For Wales the capital is Cardiff, for Scotland it is Stonehenge to Buckingham once every five years. “rule” the country, but Edinburgh, and for Northern Ireland it is Belfast. Palace. The UK is also The Prime Minister leads the royal family fulfils home to 31 cultural and the government with the important ceremonial and natural UNESCO World support of the cabinet and formal roles with respect Heritage Sites. ministers. to government.
6 Guide for careers advisers in schools 7 W H Y S T U DY UK HIGHER E DUC AT ION I N T H E U K? AT A G L A N CE The UK is home to over 400,000 This quick comparison chart shows some of the key differences international higher-education students between Spain and UK undergraduate education. each year, and it’s easy to see why. UK EHEA CYCLE SPAIN Certificates of higher education Grado Medio de Formación Profesional Higher National Certificates Diplomas of higher education Short-cycle qualifications Grado Superior de Formación The UK has the highest Profesional Foundation degrees international student experience satisfaction ratings Higher National Diplomas for English-speaking countries. UK higher education is Bachelor’s degrees First-cycle qualifications Grado Students in the UK are able to among the best in the world enjoy a great lifestyle: beautiful Bachelor’s degrees with honours and consistently performs countryside, historic sites, city well in world rankings. In QS Graduate certificates and diplomas life, and music and culture. World University Rankings 2019, four UK universities are Professional Graduate Certificate in in the top ten, and eight are Education in the top 50. Master’s degrees Second-cycle qualifications Posgrado Integrated master’s degrees Máster UK graduates enjoy an Postgraduate certificates employability rate averaging Postgraduate diplomas around 90%. This increases to 100% in many disciplines. Doctoral degrees Third-cycle qualifications Doctorado UK universities and colleges Degree grades combine practical learning Degrees in the UK are awarded according to a modular system, with final grades based with lectures and seminars, on the last two years. For postgraduate study in the UK, students are generally expected and embrace innovative to have at least an upper second-class award in their first degree. teaching methods and high- tech learning environments. This is why very few students UK MARK drop out of UK universities. First 70% Upper-second 60–69% Lower-second 50–59% Third 40–49%
PROMOTIONS PROMOTION Ofrecerles la mejor educación del mundo está en tus manos Gana la beca IELTS 2019 Nuestro objetivo (10.000€) ¡Cumple tu sueño de estudiar un curso de grado o es su éxito posgrado en inglés, en España o en el extranjero! El Premio IELTS busca una persona dinámica, innovadora, sociable y con una gran motivación para contribuir a mejorar la sociedad. Estudiar en el Reino Unido Lancaster University con la ayuda de IEC Bangor University IEC es empresa líder en orientación universitaria internacional en España. Desde 1995, miles de estudiantes han confiado en nosotros para descubrir C su camino académico y profesional. M University of Sussex tive So Y ea cia Cr Las universidades del Reino Unido ofrecen las áreas y sistemas de estudio más CM MY vanguardistas, y todas las especializaciones dentro de Ciencias y Tecnología, bl Ingenierías, Medicina y Salud, Dirección de Empresa, Artes y Sociales, Arte, y Swansea University e CY Diseño. CMY Ofrecemos asesoramiento 100% personalizado, analizamos el perfil de cada Be the K alumno para, según sus inquietudes, objetivos, nivel académico y de inglés, Richmond, encontrar The American International su universidad perfecta. University mined one! Ayudamos a orientadores escolares y a sus estudiantes a entender el sistema D educativo británico, el proceso de solicitud, y de selección de universidades. yn Organizamos charlas y ferias universitarias en los colegios. St. Mary's University a r m e Excelentes salidas profesionales en empresas nacionales e internacionales. t ic De Financiación por el gobierno británico del 100%. Además, desde IEC podemos University conseguir becas dependiendo de la universidad. Consulta con nosotros. Academy 92 Innovative c r í b e te Grado - Año 0/Foundation - Verano preuniversitario - Postgrado Ins uí Contacta con nosotros University of Lincoln aq Calle Lagasca 135, 1ºB 28006 Madrid (Spain) +34 915 792 288 www.britishcouncil.es email@example.com @iecformacion www.iecformacion.com
10 Guide for careers advisers in schools 11 A C A D E M I C C U LT U R E W H AT T O S T U DY UK degrees are designed to encourage students In the next section of this guide, you will find to develop independence and individuality. information about popular subject areas, the benefits of studying in the UK and entry requirements. Great emphasis is placed on the value of self-expression and originality, and students are encouraged to develop their own opinions early on in their degree programme, as well as It is important that students are aware that initiate and develop independent research and study skills. universities set their own entry requirements and that these vary from institution to institution. They are based on essential skills and knowledge for the chosen programme of study, as well as recognised English-language certification. Students should always check the specific S T U DY ME T HOD S requirements for each course and university. If students lack the qualifications or practical experience required for a university course, there are many undergraduate programmes which include a “foundation year” – a one-year preparatory course designed to support students Lectures are typically larger Seminars are smaller classes Tutorials are meetings and help them make the transition to their chosen classes that last around one where a tutor and students between a tutor and an degree programme. hour. A lecturer/tutor will guide can discuss topics and individual/small group of students through the course questions related to research, students to give more focused material by explaining the reading, essays, exams, guidance on a student’s past, main points.’ Lecture sizes vary presentations or present and future work. significantly (60–150 students). other assignments. Practical work and field Additional assistance is Independent learning and trips are intended to give available to students if they group study are required on practical experiences of the need help with a course. Most courses. This means students theories learned in class and lecturers have dedicated office have to work on their own and to develop practical skills. hours during which they can in small groups to produce meet students, and many work for class. operate open-door policies. A wide range of international Workplace is a work A placement year (work partnerships enables environment under the experience) is a common students to spend a year supervision of a professional. feature on many programmes. studying abroad at a multitude of international destinations. E X TR A- CU R R I CU L A R AC TI V ITI E S Tip Student Union Societies provide fantastic extra-curricular activities. Universities also offer additional An excellent place for students to look at assistance, such as study-skills training or help with learning difficulties (ADHD: dyslexia, ADHA, etc.). what course to study is www.ucas.com
12 Guide for careers advisers in schools 13 S CIENCE S C R E AT I V E A RT S , The UK has been home to ground-breaking scientific research for MUS IC A ND DE SIGN centuries, and its universities are at the heart of the action. A long tradition of innovation, combined with a modern, trail- blazing spirit, makes the UK an ideal place to study science. With world-class teaching and facilities, UK universities have everything needed to help launch a career in the arts. Study possibilities Most undergraduate programmes in the pure sciences last for three years – four in Scotland – and Creative arts and design students are surrounded There is a huge range of creative arts and design lead to a Bachelor of Science (BSc) qualification. by people who share their passion for art, fashion, courses on offer. Perhaps your students are There are many undergraduate degrees in the pure There are a growing number of four-year theatre, architecture, and much more. There is also interested in sculpture or graphic design, or they and applied sciences at UK universities and programmes, however, which lead to an a large proportion of international students (over want to pursue a career in fashion or computer colleges. Biology, chemistry and physics can all be undergraduate Master of Science qualification (MSci, 16.8 per cent of all students and over 25 per cent of game design. Whatever the area of interest, they studied alone or combined with other theoretical which is different from the postgraduate MSc). academics and professors are from outside the UK), will find hundreds of exciting courses. sciences to form “joint honors” degrees – for so your students will be in good company, joining a example, Physics and Astrophysics, or Chemistry At undergraduate level there are degrees covering a diverse creative community. with Environmental Studies. From the beginning of wide range of subjects, from fine art to textiles, and the degree, students can choose to specialise in from sculpture and digital media to graphic design. specific areas – in biology, for example, one might Music Courses are usually assessed on the basis of focus on biochemistry, cell and molecular biology, students’ portfolios (their collections of work). immunology or genetics. Students can study music-related degrees at both conservatoires and universities. Music studies can be combined with a variety of qualifications in education, business, production and technology. E N T RY R E Q U I R E M E N T S When applying for a creative course, the tutors may ask to see a portfolio (this might include ‘works in progress’ as well as completed work), and want to see evidence of your student’s ability and passion for their chosen subject. Some institutions hold interviews as part of the application process. At undergraduate level, most courses expect students to have studied art, design, or a similar subject at further education level. Many undergraduate courses also ask that students do a one-year Art and Design Foundation course (or equivalent) before E N T RY R E Q U I R E M E N T S progressing to the degree programme. Students applying for a science degree in Entry to music-related courses, including in the UK should study two or more of the conservatoires, will involve auditions. following subjects: maths, biology, Note too the specific UCAS deadlines for chemistry and physics. conservatoires.
14 Guide for careers advisers in schools 15 B USIN ESS, SOCIAL S CIENCE S M A N AG E M E N T A ND H U M A N I T I E S A N D A D M I NI S T R AT I O N The UK has a strong heritage in the social sciences and humanities – both in education and research – with some of the oldest universities in the world and a huge amount of public funding. The UK’s location between the American and Asian time zones has helped it to become a global hub for industries, including finance, trading, Study possibilities History and classical studies include a diverse management consultancy, marketing, and accountancy, and many range of subjects, from the study of the ancient international financial institutions have their European Social sciences and humanities have a very broad world to contemporary political and social history, or global headquarters here. offer. Students can study many different subjects, as well as 20th century, European, American, East across both undergraduate and postgraduate Mediterranean, British, Irish and Jewish history. levels. At undergraduate level students will find Philosophy, religious studies, theology and Students in the UK are exposed to these industries At undergraduate education level, a typical many degree programmes that combine two or literature degrees often focus on academic first-hand, learning from leading minds and making business course is likely to cover marketing, more subjects. theories, analyses and criticism from a wide range connections with influential people. accounting, information management, tax Social studies focus on human society and of contemporary and historical perspectives. and business law, and computing. social relationships. Subjects include politics, Cultural studies and languages degrees include Study possibilities Students can choose specific courses in anthropology, economics, international interdisciplinary courses that focus on particular management science, financial management, relations, sociology, social work and human geographic regions, such as Europe, Africa or Latin UK universities offer internationally-recognised management and entrepreneurship, industry geography. America. The variety of subjects on offer mean that qualifications in a wide range of subjects, including enterprise management, or specialise in a subject Humanities include a broad range of subjects to your student can study almost any combination of business, economics, finance, accountancy, like culinary management, events management, do with the study of human culture – for example, international languages and cultures in the UK. management, office skills and public service. hospitality or leisure management. All will provide students with the knowledge they need for a career archaeology, religious studies (theology), history, There are general courses or specialist programmes philosophy, literature and languages. in business. for any chosen career, such as sports management or hotel management. Courses may be assessed through exams, essays, Communications and media subjects can include case studies and group work. Most courses lead media, marketing, advertising, PR (public relations), to a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science publicity, publishing and journalism – which can (BSc) qualification, although you can also gain focus on broadcast, radio, newspaper a Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) or or magazine (or ‘periodical’) journalism. a Master’s in Management Science (MMan Sci). E N T RY R E Q U I R E M E N T S Many courses look for a good academic E N T RY R E Q U I R E M E N T S record with some social sciences or humanities experience, rather than a Many courses look for a good academic specific qualification in a student’s record with evidence of interest in the chosen subject. There are exceptions, subject, such as secondary-school however – courses with a language element coursework in economics or business might require secondary-school coursework administration. in that language.
16 Guide for careers advisers in schools 17 ENGINEERING L AW A N D L E G A L STUDIE S UK universities are at the forefront of global developments in engineering, and are the ideal place to start a career. The UK’s legal systems are globally recognized and used in This is proven in high recruitment rates for You will also find courses in music technology, sound commercial and financial centres around the world. engineering and technology graduates from UK engineering, metals technology, motor vehicle universities. If your students want to make a big technology and industrial design. impact on infrastructure and environmental projects Each year around 18,000 students enroll on more Most undergraduate engineering degree than 1,500 law courses in the UK. The practice of law is a regulated profession – in any sector, anywhere in the world – the UK is the programmes are three-year courses leading to a throughout the European Union, so students place to be. bachelor’s degree (BEng or BSc). should be encouraged to consult local Study possibilities procedures and recognition of studies in Study possibilities information provided by the Ministry of Many programmes include the opportunity There are three legal systems in the UK – one for Science, Innovation and Universities. The range of engineering courses of completing a master’s with an extra year England and Wales, one for Northern Ireland and in the UK is very broad, across the different levels of of study. another for Scotland – though elements such as education and different areas of engineering. commercial law and tax law are similar. The content and structure of law courses are therefore slightly In addition to a career as a barrister or At undergraduate level, most students choose to different, depending on where students study. Your solicitor, law degrees are a route into specialise in a field such as chemical engineering, students should ask the tutors for more information professions such as consultancy in trade electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, before they enrol. and industry, as well as roles in mediation structural engineering or biomedical engineering. services. In higher education there are many different types of law qualifications, including bachelor’s degrees, vocational certificates and foundation degrees, in subjects such as law, legal services, commercial or trade law. Most undergraduate degree courses start with a general introduction to the law, which helps students to decide their field of interest. To qualify as a lawyer in the UK, it is necessary to complete modules in seven areas known as the ‘foundations of legal knowledge’. E N T RY R E Q U I R E M E N T S E N T RY R E Q U I R E M E N T S Most engineering courses expect students to have studied a relevant subject at school or There can be a lot of competition for places further education level – many require them on law degree programmes, and higher to have studied mathematics, but other education institutions usually ask for supporting subjects are physics, computing, a strong academic record. These should be electronics, technology or science subjects. academic subjects, but not necessarily a subject related to law. There are also engineering courses with an emphasis on design – such as automotive or English and maths are particularly technology design – which might require important. To apply for some undergraduate academic experience in art or design. law courses, students may need to take the Similarly, for audio or music technology, pre-university LNAT (National Admissions students might need to show that they have Test for Law) – this tests their ability to think practical music experience. critically and argue effectively.
20 Guide for careers advisers in schools 21 H E A LT H C A R E A N D CHOOS ING MEDICINE A DEGREE With over 160 universities and colleges, and over 35,000 courses and Studying healthcare and medicine in the UK means joining a tradition of study options, your students can make their UK higher education academic excellence. The health sector in the UK is globally renowned, and experience as unique as they are. its universities are known for ground-breaking medical research. There are specialist universities and colleges, ww What are your favourite subjects at school Study possibilities Medicine degrees usually last five years, but courses vary in length. Students who already have an world-renowned, historic institutions, modern and what are you good at? undergraduate degree in another subject can join innovative facilities, and pioneering and UK universities and colleges offer training in a wide ww What level of English do you have? medicine by taking a four-year Graduate Entry progressive research centres in locations all over range of fields, from surgery to nursing, dentistry, the country, offering the chance to tailor learning ww What kind of job would you like to have when veterinary medicine and much more. There are Program (GEP). After completing an undergraduate to individual aspirations and career goals. you graduate? Are there job opportunities in many degree programmes to choose from, such as degree, students can move on to a two-year this career area? pharmacology, midwifery, dental technology, foundation programme (a general medical training It is important that students take a considered optometry, podiatry, nutrition, psychology, programme which combines work experience with and well-researched approach before completing ww What are the best universities for the the area physiotherapy and radiography. training), and then register with the General their application. of study which interests you. Will you meet Medical Council (GMC), which permits them to the entry requirements? Teaching methods are varied – students might take Students should consider the following questions. work in medicine in the UK. ww What are the employability rates of the part in small-group practice, laboratory practicals, ward rounds at hospitals, computer-aided learning different universities? and lectures. Spanish students who are planning to ww Are you interested in programmes which practise medicine in Spain should be aware include one-year industry placement or study In the UK, students can start studying healthcare that medicine is a regulated profession and and medicine courses at undergraduate or abroad? the Ministry of Science, Innovation and postgraduate level. Undergraduate medical courses Universities in Spain is the competent ww Does your chosen career require a master’s lead to a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery authority regarding access to the profession. degree or an industry-specific qualification? qualification (this might be abbreviated as MBBS, MBBS/BSc, MB ChB, MB BCh or BMBS, depending ww Is your career choice a regulated profession on the institution). in Spain? E N T RY R E Q U I R E M E N T S Students will need a good grounding in the life sciences. To join an undergraduate degree, they should have a good academic record and secondary-school coursework in relevant science subjects such as chemistry and biology. If applying for a degree in medicine or dentistry, some institutions require students to take the BMAT (BioMedical Admissions Test) or UKCAT (UK Clinical Aptitude Test) Tip before submitting their university application. A great place to start is the British Council’s Study UK website. UCAS deadlines for applications to medical study-uk.britishcouncil.org courses are earlier than all other courses.
22 Guide for careers advisers in schools 23 R ANKING S A D M I S S I ON S University and subject league tables (or rankings) Keep in mind The British model emphasizes independent scholarship and critical thinking, allow students to search for and compare data and so during the admissions process the universities value a combination of information on universities across the UK. League tables should not be used in isolation, but academic performance, soft skills and personal interests. University rankings give an indication of a they are good resources are a good source to help university’s overall strengths, while subject rankings students start researching their university options. Admission requirements Academic references should include: provide an indication of the strengths of a university League tables are based on research and results, ww reference to the student’s personal qualities in a student’s chosen degree. Given the focused and can help you understand what previous Student applications are typically assessed in nature of the UK system, subject rankings are the students thought about a course, costs, kinds of the following areas: ww school information, particularly on its most relevant. jobs or further study which students went on to do curriculum ww academic proficiency based on their Official league tables are published by the after completing their course. They are not, qualifications and credentials to date ww an outline of the student’s context and that of Guardian, Times Higher Education, The Times and however, a guarantee, as each course and their results university will be different for everyone. ww English proficiency based on performance in The Sunday Times Influential rankings are also ww reference to the student’s current studies recognised assessment tests such as IELTS published by QS and the The Complete University Some information is retrospective, so be careful to Guide. Note that criteria and methodology differ in ww interest demonstrated through the personal ww grade predictions check which year the data refers to. When calculating each table and that further information comparing data for courses, care should be taken statement ww a profile of the school (which can be is available on organisational websites. where the differences between courses are small. ww academic references. hyperlinked in the reference). Here are some of the league tables Students should also take note of the number of that are popular in the UK: respondents to the survey for each course. Depending on the institution or programme, additional requirements may include: ww interviews The Complete Times Higher Education The Guardian ww audition or portfolio of work University Guide www.timeshighereducation. www.theguardian.com/ ww additional testing. www.thecompleteuniversity co.uk/world-university- education/universityguide Academic requirements typically include: guide.co.uk/league-tables/ rankings/ ww 4º ESO marks, 1ºBachillerato marks and rankings predicted grades for 2º Bachillerato ww a recognised English language certificate. IB students must check whether they are required to pass standard or higher level. This is particularly applicable for science, engineering and medical courses. Universities may be willing to accept a student’s application if their marks in specific degree relevant subjects are higher than their overall Bachillerato mark. EBAU marks are not compulsory for many university applications, but, as always, students need to check the specific requirements of their chosen programme of study.
24 Guide for careers advisers in schools 25 U N D E RG R A D UAT E THE ROLE OF SCHO OL S A P P L I C AT I ON P RO CE S S AND STUDENTS Applying for an undergraduate degree in the UK is very simple. Students Schools, teachers and careers advisers have a vital role to play in supporting open an account at www.ucas.com and follow the instructions. students when they take their first steps on an international career path. The application process for UK universities is online Key dates Role of the school Role of the student and centralised. Your students can apply for up to five courses at once through UCAS, for a Pre-application 1 September UCAS application system Schools and advisors, from 3º ESO, can provide small administration fee, and UCAS handles students with the opportunity to attend orientation opens ww Students should ensure they have fully everything else. fairs, university workshops, professional internships and shadowing experiences. The more engaged the researched their options and which courses Summary of 15 October Deadline for applications for school is, the more students are likely to make the they would like to apply for. application process medicine, dentistry and right choices. An ever-growing number of students veterinary science, and from bilingual schools (public, charter or private) Application applications to the have the qualifications and English language ww Students must register with UCAS and fill Universities of Oxford and competency to study at a university in the UK. in an applicaton form Students must: Cambridge ww Part of the application relates to details of ww complete their application at www.ucas.com, qualifications gained to date and predicted Role of teachers/careers advisers: incorporating the personal statement; this 15 January Main deadline for majority of grades for qualifcations they are currently includes information about why students want applications The role of teachers and careers advisers is to: studying for to study their chosen degree ww Students must accredit their level of English ww provide students with a general understanding ww take part in an interview or specific entry exam 24 March Art and design courses of the opportunities offered by the UK with, for example, IELTS, Cambridge Advanced or test if requested by the university deadline or other qualification specified by the university ww accompany students to, or make students aware ww ensure that they have all the relevant certificates IELTS, Cambridge Advanced or other as specified of, international fairs and exam results as requested by by the university 30 June Second deadline for ww invite international experts to the school the university applications ww Students will also need to write a Personal ww advise students on reliable and useful sources of ww if required, confirm their place if they receive an Statement – their chance to stand out from information, e.g. agencies and official sources. offer before their exam results are available. the crowd August Clearing process begins ww Schools must also provide a written reference Application process Post-application which confirms the student’s suitability for September– UK university starts the course, as well as student’s predicted grades. October Applications are made early in 2º Bachillerato Students should: and teachers support by: ww apply for a student loan (if necessary); the ww writing a reference Student Loans Agency then pays the course fees, directly to the university, on the student’s behalf ww providing predicted grade information for student UCAS applications (www.ucas.com,) ww search for grant and scholarship options Some universities and colleges will continue to accept teacher receives request from UCAS to access ww arrange travel to and accommodation in the UK applications after the January deadline. It is much the system and input predicted grades better, however, to apply early. ww provide applicants with accommodation, ww helping students with their personal statements enrolment and orientation information once ww supporting students in their choices. an offer has been accepted. UCAS Extra Students who have not been accepted on a course or have declined all their offers can use UCAS Extra to make one more application. This service is open between February and July.
26 Guide for careers advisers in schools 27 U C A S A P P L I C AT I O N U C A S A P P L I C AT I O N Predicted grades Offers for admission STUDENTS have five ADVISERS / TEACHERS have two sections to complete: sections to complete: As applications are made early, schools must An institution makes one of provide predicted grades. four decisions: 1. personal details 1. academic reference: academic ability Predicted grades play a strong role in whether a ww an unconditional offer: accepted and interests of student; references student is given a conditional offer or not. 2. choices: five courses maximum (remember: apply to a ww a conditional offer: the applicant will be should be tailored to reflect intended course at university); no preference order; universities School teachers should predict a grade based on accepted if they meet criteria as stated by the courses and colleges do not see the student’s other choices their professional judgment, the student’s past institution 2. predicted grades: this is included in the performance and current progress. 3. education: list current and pending qualifications ww unsuccessful: the applicant is not offered reference section, and teachers provide 4. employment: include relevant paid work experience Schools should be realistic but optimistic with admission an accurate estimation of student’s final grades. predicted results. Universities understand that ww an offer of a place on an alternative course. 5. personal statement: academic focus, demonstrated grade predictions are an imperfect science. enthusiasm for subject matter. Acceptance Reference Students must decide which offer Schools can choose to help students in all of the steps below or by simply completing the reference section. A reference may include: to accept. They can respond in three ways to ww information on the student’s academic their offers: Completing and tracking Personal statement achievements since the age of 16 and, ww a firm acceptance; when students make a firm sometimes, predicted grades acceptance of an unconditional offer, all other Once all six sections are complete and the student When writing their personal statements, ww comments on the student’s suitability for applications are removed from the process has paid the one-time application fee, it can be students should consider the following university life and their chosen programmes of ww an insurance acceptance, which acts as a submitted to UCAS. questions. study back-up (optional); students can accept two “Nominated access” ww Why are you interested in the subject? ww mention of any achievements, skills, experiences unconditional offers ww It is recommended that each student ww What do you want to do when you graduate? or personal qualities that are relevant ww a refusal of the offer. nominates a teacher, parent or both ww some context for the student’s predicted grades ww How can you demonstrate your readiness as an alternative contact for university? ww mention of any personal factors that may have ww The nominated person(s) can contact UCAS on ww What skills, knowledge, achievements and influenced their academic performance as the student’s behalf to discuss the application experience do you have that are relevant relevant to the application. ww UCAS advisers will not discuss an application to your chosen subjects? with anyone other than the student or their ww Why are you applying to study in the UK? nominated contact. ww What can you bring to university life? Student/adviser track ww online system offered by UCAS This is the only part of the application in which the student ww grants access to status updates of the student’s has complete control. application through decisions, offers, replies and results stages. For more information on how to help your students write their personal statement, please visit www.ucas.com/personalstatement For more information, visit: www.ucas.com/how-it-all-works
28 Guide for careers advisers in schools 29 P R E - D E PA RT U R E T UI T ION A ND CHECK LI ST L I V IN G COS T S Here are some tips and advice for students before their study journey begins. Tuition fee status Country Annual fees Number ww European students can apply for a tuition (£) of years Accommodation Medical loan to finance fees ww European students beginning their studies in England, Northern £9,250 Three Universities provide support to students to help EU students need an EHIC health card to access 2019 have guaranteed access to current Ireland, Wales them find the right accommodation. Once a free medical care in the UK. This is issued in their student has accepted a place at university they home country. Students can also look at taking funding arrangements by the UK are able to apply for university accommodation. private medical insurance, as there are special government Scotland £1,820* Four All universities have accommodation for first arrangements via universities. ww Students apply directly to the Student Loans year students, and non-UK students have Note: the figures above are correct at the time Company for a tuition-fee loan. preference in securing a place. In order to secure Support and wellbeing of printing. a place though, they need to apply on time. Students can use the International Student Details can be found on university webpages. Calculator (international.studentcalculator.org) to Universities have student support services to help Services are diverse and vary. They may include students find their feet and get the most out of estimate what the likely cost of living will be, based COSTS 10 MONTHS airport pick-up on arrival, an orientation week, their experience in the UK. on lifestyle. Here is an example: (£) free English-language support, careers centres to help students find internships/jobs, financial help Self-catering accommodation 3000 and advice, mentoring, and much more. Once a student has accepted a place at university they are able to apply for university accommodation. Utility bills (gas, electricity, water) 600 Details can be found on university webpages. University-managed 4000–5000 accommodation Food 2500 Clothing 500 Books, stationary 500 Social life (incl. telephone) 1000 Transport (London = £2000) 1800 Tip Note: students can only apply for tuition fees once they have Universities can help students find summer a confirmed place on a specific internships, which are often used by employers degree programme. as a recruitment tool. This is an interesting way for your students to save money during Tuition fees are paid directly to the summer and further their careers. institutions on behalf of the students.
30 Guide for careers advisers in schools 31 W OR K IN G W HIL E BREXIT YOU S T UDY INF OR M AT I O N Students in the UK typically work part-time during Many UK universities offer work placements as part The UK Government has confirmed that there will be no change in tuition- term time to help cover living costs and gain valuable of their degree programmes. These are often fee status for current EU students at British universities or for students work experience. incorporated into students’ regular course load, and whose studies begin in 2020–2021. students will usually be paid for placements over To work in the UK, students will need to apply for a four weeks in duration. This means that EU students studying at UK National Insurance number and ensure that they have applied for settled status. Some programmes allow students to work a year in universities will pay the same fees as ‘home’ industry as part of their degree. Students receive a students and access tuition-fee loans for the full Most students’ unions provide advice and support to salary for these positions. duration of their course. students who are interested in finding employment. EU students are strongly advised to apply for From April 2019 the minimum wage in the UK is: settled status from March 2019 until June 2021, ww age 18–20 £6.15 enabling them to live, work and study in the UK ww age 21–24 £7.70 for as long as they wish. ww age 25 and over £8.21. Tip: keep up to date with the latest official news on Brexit and EU students at Universities UK’s website https://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/ policy-and-analysis/brexit/Pages/brexit-and- universities.aspx Tip This information is correct at the time of printing
32 Guide for careers advisers in schools 33 E QUALIT Y AND IMP O RTA N T D I VE R S I T Y IN T HE U K T O OL S A ND L INK S Religious observance at Students with disabilities Study UK National Careers Service UK universities British universities provide excellent support One-stop-shop for information for international Advice and guidance to make decisions on The UK is a multicultural society. British universities facilities for students who have disabilities and offer students interested in studying in the UK. learning, training and work. are home to students of multiple faiths, and they additional tailored support for students who need study-uk.britishcouncil.org nationalcareers.service.gov.uk support students in the observance of different it. While all UK universities offer strong services in religions and beliefs. The UK is officially a Christian this area, there are variations in the level of support UCAS NARIC UK country and observes religious holidays based on offered to meet particular needs. Students should the Christian calendar. However, there are contact the disability support office on campus celebrations and observance days for a wide range early in the application process to ensure that the Course search, guidance and undergraduate National agency for the recognition and of religions in the UK. university has the resources and capabilities to application. comparison of international qualifications meet students’ needs. and skills. Many British universities have officially-designated www.ucas.com representatives across multiple faiths and religions The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 prohibits www.naric.org.uk/naric/ who are able to introduce students to their local education and training providers discriminating Unistats community. against disabled people. Universities are required to Ministry for Science, Innovation make reasonable adjustments to serve disabled Programme comparison tool. and Universities Generally, UK universities avoid scheduling students so they are not at a substantial compulsory activities during religious holidays for disadvantage. unistats.direct.gov.uk Authority in Spain for recognition of students whose commitment to the observance of qualifications and regulated profession their faith would otherwise cause them to miss There is limited funding for international disabled National Student Survey information. assessment or other activities. University policies students, but sponsors may provide additional offer flexibility to students if the observance of a grants to cover extra expenses a student may have www.ciencia.gob.es religious holiday prevents a student from attending due to their disability. This resource allows students to see how class or completing an assignment, if agreed with a satisfied current students are with their Universities UK lecturer in advance. LGBTQ culture in the UK universities’ provision. www.thestudentsurvey.com Association of universities in the UK. UK universities are inclusive organizations and www.universitiesuk.ac.uk do not discriminate on the grounds of sexual International Student orientation or gender identity. There are LGBTQ Calculator Tool communities at most UK universities. Some Prospects UK institutions offer support groups and host events Official website for comparing UK higher for their LGBTQ communities. Review and compare career options education course data. and degree programmes. There are a number of laws in the UK that prohibit international.studentcalculator.org discrimination on the basis of gender identity or www.prospects.ac.uk sexual orientation, and universities must comply with that law. Prepare for success Learning activities for ESL students applying to UK universities. www.prepareforsuccess.org.uk Tip Teachers interested on a free MOOC or interested in training as career advisers, should write to firstname.lastname@example.org
34 Guide for careers advisers in schools 35 UNIVERSIT Y R ANKING UK UNIVERSITIES (Source: Times Higher Education 2019) L I S T ING S Position in the Name of the institution Position in the Name of the institution UK UK 1 University of Oxford 26 Newcastle University A–Z listings of universities 2 University of Cambridge 27 University of Liverpool University rankings are a great source of information for students and can really help them 3 Imperial College London 28 Cardiff University decide what and where to study. UK universities consistently perform well in the world 4 UCL 29 University of East Anglia rankings. Four of the top ten spots in the QS ranking 2019 go to UK universities, and the THE World Rankings 2019 give the top two places to UK Universities. 5 London School of Economics 30 University of Bath Take a look at the Times Higher Rankings, QS Rankings and the National Student Survey. and Political Science 31 University of Dundee 6 University of Edinburgh 32 Queen’s University Belfast 7 King’s College London 33 University of Reading 8 University of Manchester 34 Brighton and Sussex Medical School 9 University of Bristol 35 University of Essex 10 University of Warwick 36 Royal Holloway, University of London 11 University of Glasgow 37 St. George’s, University of London 12 University of Sheffield 38 University of Surrey 13 Durham University 39 Swansea University 14 University of Birmingham 40 Anglia Ruskin University Tip 15 University of Southampton 41 Birkbeck, University of London Rankings tables can also be used for subject 16 University of York searches, allowing your students to find out 42 Heriot-Watt University where a university is ranked in their area of 17 Queen Mary University of London interest. 43 Aberystwyth University 18 University of Exeter 44 Aston University 19 Lancaster University 45 City, University of London 20 University of Nottingham 46 University of Kent 21 University of Leeds 47 University of Stirling 22 University of Aberdeen 48 Bangor University 23 University of Sussex 49 Brunel University London 24 University of St. Andrews 50 Loughborough University 25 University of Leicester
36 Guide for careers advisers in schools 37 ENGLAND Anglia Ruskin University Buckinghamshire New University Guildhall School of Music and Drama Leeds Trinity University Essex CM1 1SQ High Wycombe HP11 2JZ Barbican EC2Y 8DT Leeds LS18 5HD www.anglia.ac.uk www.bucks.ac.uk www.gsmd.ac.uk www.leedstrinity.ac.uk +44 (0)124 549 3131 +44 (0)1494 522141 +44 (0) 20 76 282571 +44 (0) 113 283 7123 Arden University Canterbury Christ Church University Harper Adams University Liverpool Hope University Coventry CV3 4FJ Canterbury CT1 1QU Newport TF10 8NB Liverpool L16 9JD www.arden.ac.uk www.canterbury.ac.uk www.harper-adams.ac.uk www.hope.ac.uk 44 (0)203 005 6070 +44 (0)1227 922 243 +44 (0) 1952820280 +44 (0) 151 291 3000 Arts University Bournemouth City University London Hartpury University Liverpool John Moores University Poole BH12 5HH London EC1V 0HB Gloucestar GL19 3BE Liverpool L3 5UX www.aub.ac.uk www.city.ac.uk www.hartpury.ac.uk www.ljmu.ac.uk +44 (0)1202 363 233 +44 (0)20 7040 5060 +44 (0) 1452 7022 44 +44 (0) 151 231 2121 Aston University Coventry University Imperial College London London Metropolitan University Birmingham B4 7ET Coventry CV1 5FB London SW7 2AZ London N7 8DB www.aston.ac.uk www.coventry.ac.uk/international www.imperial.ac.uk www.londonmet.ac.uk +44 (0)121 204 4888 +44 (0)24 7765 7688 +44 (0) 20 7589 5111 +44 (0) 20 7423 0000 Bath Spa University Cranfield University Keele University London School of Economics and Political Bath BA2 9BN Befordshire MK43 OAL Staffordshire ST5 5BG Science, The (LSE) – London WC2A 2AE www.bathspa.ac.uk www.cranfield.ac.uk www.keele.ac.uk www.lse.ac.uk +44 (0)1225 875 777 + 44 (0)23 475 0111 +44 (0) 1782 734 010 +44 (0) 20 7405 7686 Birkbeck University of London De Montfort University King’s College London London School of Hygiene and Tropical London WC1E 7HX Leicester LE1 9BH London SE1 8WA Medicine – London WC1E 7HT www.bbk.ac.uk www.dmu.ac.uk/international www.kcl.ac.uk www.lshtm.ac.uk +44 (0)20 7380 3243 +44 (0)116 2506070 +44 (0) 20 7836 5454 +44 (0) 20 7636 8636 Birmingham City University Durham University Kingston University London South Bank University Birmingham B5 5JU Durham DH1 3LE Surrey KT1 1LQ London SE1 0AA www.bcu.ac.uk/international www.dur.ac.uk www.kingston.ac.uk www.lsbu.ac.uk +44 (0)121 331 5595 +44 (0)191 334 6328 +44 (0) 20 3308 9932 +44 (0) 20 7815 7815 Bishop Grosseteste University Edge Hill University Lancaster University Loughborough University Lincoln LN1 3DY Lancashire L39 4QP Lancaster LA1 4YW Loughborough LE11 3TU www.bishopg.ac.uk www.edgehill.ac.uk/international www.lancaster.ac.uk www.lboro.ac.uk +44 (0)1522 563 859 +44 (0)1695 657 122 +44 (0) 1524 652 01 +44 (0) 1509 223 522 Bournemouth University Falmouth University Leeds Arts University Manchester Metropolitan University Bournemouth BH12 5BB Cornwall TR10 9FE West Yorkshire LS2 9AQ Manchester M15 6BH www.bournemouth.ac.uk www.falmouth.ac.uk www.leeds-art.ac.uk www.mmu.ac.uk +44 (0)1202 961 916 +44 (0) 1326 254 350 +44 (0) 113 202 8000 +44 (0) 161 247 2000 Brunel University London Goldsmiths, University of London Leeds Beckett University Middlesex University Uxbridge UB8 3PH London SE14 SNW Leeds LS1 3HE London NW4 4BT www.brunel.ac.uk www.gold.ac.uk www.leedsbeckett.ac.uk www.mdx.ac.uk +44 (0)1895 265599 +44 (0) 20 7919 7171 +44 (0) 113 812 3113 +44 (0) 20 8411 5555
38 Guide for careers advisers in schools 39 ENGLAND Newcastle University Ravensbourne Royal Veterinary College, The University College London Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU London SE10 0EW London NW1 0TU London WC1E 6BT www.ncl.ac.uk www.ravensbourne.ac.uk www.rvc.ac.uk www.ucl.ac.uk +44 (0) 191 208 6000 +44 (0) 30 3040 3500 +44 (0) 20 7468 5147 +44 (0) 20 7679 3000 Newman University, Birmingham Regent’s University London School of Oriental and African Studies University for the Creative Arts Birmingham B32 3NT London NW1 4NS (SOAS), University of London Farnham GU9 7DS www.newman.ac.uk www.regents.ac.uk London WC1H 0XG www.uca.ac.uk +44 (0) 121 476 1181 +44 (0) 20 7487 7700 www.soas.ac.uk +44 (0) 1252 722 441 +44 (0) 20 7637 2388 Northumbria University Newcastle Richmond, The American International University of Bath Newcastle upon Tyne NE 1 8ST University in London Sheffield Hallam University Bath BA2 7AY www.northumbria.ac.uk Richmond-upon-Thames TW10 6JP Sheffield S1 1WB www.bath.ac.uk +44 (0) 191 227 4646 www.richmond.ac.uk www.shu.ac.uk +44 (0) 1225 388 388 +44 (0) 208 332 9000 +44 (0) 114 225 5555 Norwich University of the Arts University of Bedfordshire Norwich NR2 4SN Royal Academy of Music, University of London Solent University Luton LU1 3JU www.nua.ac.uk London NW1 5HT Southampton SO14 0YN www.beds.ac.uk +44 (0) 1603 310 561 www.ram.ac.uk www.solent.ac.uk +44 (0) 300 3300 073 +44 (0) 20 7873 7373 +44 (0) 23 8201 5066 Nottingham Trent University University of Birmingham Nottingham NG1 4BU Rose Bruford College of Theatre and Performance St George’s, University of London Birmingham B15 2TT www.ntu.ac.uk Kent DA 15 9DF London SW7 0RE www.birmingham.ac.uk +44 (0) 115 941 8418 www.bruford.ac.uk www.sgul.ac.uk +44 (0) 121 414 3344 +44 (0) 20 8308 2600 +44 (0) 20 8672 99 44 Open University, The University of Bolton Milton Keynes MK7 6BJ Royal Central School of Speech and Drama St Mary’s University, Twickenham Bolton BL3 5AB www.open.ac.uk (The), University of London London TW1 4SX www.bolton.ac.uk +44 (0) 300 303 5303 London NW3 3HY www.stmarys.ac.uk +44 (0) 1204 900 600 www.cssd.ac.uk +44 (0) 20 8240 4027 Oxford Brookes University +44 (0) 20 7722 8183 University of Bradford Oxford OX3 0BP Staffordshire University Bradford BD7 1DP www.brookes.ac.uk Royal College of Art Staffordshire ST4 2DE www.brad.ac.uk +44 (0) 1865 741 111 Kensington, London SW7 2EU www.staffs.ac.uk +44 (0) 1274 232 323 www.rca.ac.uk + 44 (0) 1782 294 000 Plymouth Marjon University +44 (0) 20 7590 4444 University of Brighton Devon PL6 8BH Teesside University Brighton BN2 4AT www.marjon.ac.uk Royal College of Music Middlebrough TS1 3BX www.brighton.ac.uk +44 (0) 1752 636 890 London SW7 2BS www.teesside.ac.uk +44 (0) 1273 600 900 www.rcm.ac.uk +44 (0) 1642 218 121 Plymouth University +44 (0) 20 7591 4300 University of Bristol Plymouth PL4 8AA Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance Bristol BS8 1QU www.plymouth.ac.uk Royal Holloway, University of London London SE10 9JF www.bristol.ac.uk +44 (0) 1752 585 858 Surrey TW20 0EX www.trinitylaban.ac.uk +44 (0) 117 928 9000 www.royalholloway.ac.uk +44 (0) 20 8305 4444 Queen Mary, University of London +44 (0) 1784 434 455 University of Buckingham London E1 4NS University College Birmingham Buckingham MK18 1EG www.qmul.ac.uk Royal Northern College of Music Birmingham B3 1JB www.buckingham.ac.uk +44 (0) 20 7882 5555 Manchester M13 9RD www.ucb.ac.uk +44 (0) 1280 820 313 www.rncm.ac.uk +44 (0) 121 604 1000 +44 (0) 161 907 5200
40 Guide for careers advisers in schools 41 ENGLAND ENGLAND University of Cambridge University of Gloucestershire University of Liverpool University of Sheffield Cambridge CB2 1TT Cheltenham GL50 2RH Liverpool L69 7ZX Sheffield S10 2TN www.cam.ac.uk www.glos.ac.uk www.liv.ac.uk www.sheffield.ac.uk +44 (0) 1223 760 606 +44 (0) 1242 714 700 +44 (0) 151 794 5927 +44 (0) 114 222 2000 University of Central Lancashire University of Greenwich University of London University of Southampton Preston PR1 2HE London SE10 9LS London WC1E 7HU Southampton SO17 1BT www.uclan.ac.uk www.gre.ac.uk www.london.ac.uk www.southampton.ac.uk +44 (0) 1772 201 201 +44 (0) 20 8331 8136 +44 (0) 20 7862 8000 +44 (0) 238 059 5000 University of Chester University of Hertfordshire University of Manchester University of Suffolk Chester CH1 4BJ Hatfield AL10 9AB Manchester M13 9PL Ipswich IP4 IQJ www.chester.ac.uk www.herts.ac.uk www.manchester.ac.uk www.vos.ac.uk +44 (0) 1244 511 000 +44 (0) 1707 284 000 +44 (0) 161 275 2077 +44 (0) 1473 338 833 University of Chichester University of Huddersfield University of Northampton, The University of Sunderland Chinchester PO19 6PE Huddersfield HD1 3DH Northampton NN2 7AL Sunderland SR1 3SD www.chi.ac.uk www.hud.ac.uk www.northampton.ac.uk www.sunderland.ac.uk +44 (0) 1243 816 000 +44 (0) 1484 422 288 +44 (0) 300 303 2772 +44 (0) 191 515 2000 University of Cumbria University of Hull University of Nottingham University of Surrey Carlisle CA1 2HH Hull HU6 7RX Nottingham NG7 2RD Guildford GU2 7XH www.cumbria.ac.uk www.hull.ac.uk www.nottingham.ac.uk www.surrey.ac.uk +44 (0) 330 920 9917 +44 (0) 1482 346 311 +44 (0) 115 951 5151 +44 (0) 1483 682 222 University of Derby University of Kent University of Oxford University of Sussex Derby DE22 1GB Kent CT2 7NZ Oxford OX1 2JD Brighton BN1 9BL www.derby.ac.uk www.kent.ac.uk www.ox.ac.uk www.sussex.ac.uk +44 (0) 1332 591 167 +44 (0) 1227 764 000 +44 (0) 1865 288 000 +44 (0) 1273 606 755 University of East Anglia University of Law, The University of Portsmouth University of the Arts, London Norwich NR4 7TJ UK-wide Portsmouth PO1 2UP London WC1V 7EY www.uea.ac.uk www.law.ac.uk www.portsmouth.ac.uk www.arts.ac.uk +44 (0) 1603 591 515 +44 (0) 1483 216 000 +44 (0) 239 284 8484 +44 (0) 207 514 6000 University of East London University of Leeds University of Reading University of the West of England, Bristol London E16 2RD Leeds LS2 9JT Reading RG6 6AH Bristol BS16 1QY www.uel.ac.uk www.leeds.ac.uk www.reading.ac.uk www.uwe.ac.uk +44 (0) 20 8223 3000 +44 (0) 113 343 2336 +44 (0) 118 987 5123 +44 (0) 117 965 6261 University of Essex University of Leicester University of Roehampton University of Warwick Colchester CO4 3SQ Leicester LE1 7RH London SW15 5PJ Coventry CV4 8UW www.essex.ac.uk le.ac.uk www.roehampton.ac.uk www.warwick.ac.uk +44 (0) 1306 87 3666 +44 (0) 116 252 2296 +44 (0) 208 392 3192 +44 (0) 24 7652 3723 University of Exeter University of Lincoln University of Salford University of West London Exeter EX4 4QE Lincolnshire LN6 7TS Salford M5 4WT London W5 5RF www.exeter.ac.uk www.lincoln.ac.uk www.salford.ac.uk www.uwl.ac.uk +44 (0) 1392 723 044 +44 (0) 1522 886 664 +44 (0) 161 295 4545 +44 (0) 20 8231 2468
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