Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission

 
Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission
A review of 2013,
Nantes European
Green Capital
Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission
Table of contents
    GENERAL INTRODUCTION: THE COMMITTED CITY .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                                                                                                   page 6               HEADING 2 - NANTES’ EXPEDITION ACROSS EUROPE                                                                                                                   .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 39
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Sustainable cities need imagination .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                          page 40
    High-level involvement in the local area  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                            page 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            An Expedition with a range of purposes .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                   page 40
    Making the local area more visible throughout Europe and the world .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                                              page 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .       page 41
    11 Key Figures  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .       page 8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               HEADING 3 - EVENTS FOR THE GENERAL PUBLIC IN THE HEART OF THE CITY                                                                                                                                                              .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 42
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Events throughout the year  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
    CHAPTER 1 - A SHARED QUALITY OF LIFE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                                                                         page 10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            “You can have an impact”, the travelling village raising awareness of the environment .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            A network of eco-events in the area .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                          page   44
       HEADING 1 - A CITY REVISITED                                                                 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 11   In the spotlight (map)  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                  page   45
    Fresh insights into the area  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                        page       11       List of Green Capital-branded municipal events .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                             page   45
    Unique experiences  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                page       12
    Public spaces showcase sustainable development .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                page       12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               HEADING 4 - RALLYING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC PLAYERS                                                                                                                           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 46

    Key figures (A city revisited)  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                         page       13       Socio-economic players capitalise on the Green Capital year  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                                      page   47
    In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .    page       14       An eco-innovative hospitality sector .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                         page   48
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Towards new models for a sustainable economy .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                  page   48
       HEADING 2 - THE SHAPE OF A CITY                                                                            .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 16    Key figures (Rallying the socio-economic players) .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                page   49
    Better uses of land .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .          page       16       In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .       page   50
    A backdrop of green and blue: “natural infrastructure” .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                       page       17
    New kinds of mobility  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                   page       18
    Key figures (The shape of a city)  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                  page       19       CHAPTER 3 -
    In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .    page       20       A CATALYST FOR NEW IDEAS AND PRACTICES  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                                                                                      page 52

       HEADING 3 - URBAN SERVICES FOR EVERYONE                                                                                                     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               HEADING 1 - CONTRIBUTIONS OF ALL KINDS                                                                                                  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 53
    Committing to the energy transition .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                       page       22
    Investing in water quality .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                     page       23
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Taking positions .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .          page   53

    Selective waste collection for everyone in the city .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                           page       23
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Questions and avenues for action  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                         page   54

    Multimodal transport  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                 page       23
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .       page   56

    Key figures (Urban services for everyone)  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                  page       24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Key figures (Contributions of all kinds)  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                             page   57

    In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .    page       25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               HEADING 2 - RESEARCH ON THE MOVE                                                                                          .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 58

       HEADING 4 - THE CITY IN NATURE                                                                          .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 27    Support for research initiatives .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                 page   58
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Involving higher education  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                             page   59
    The “Journey to Nantes” guided by the “Green Line” .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                     page       27
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Research priorities in Nantes  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                page   60
    Living parks and gardens  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                         page       28
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Key figures (Research on the move) .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                           page   61
    New practices in the city .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                      page       28
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .       page   62
    Key figures (The city in nature)  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                             page       29
    In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .    page       30          HEADING 3 - RESIDENTS HAVE THEIR SAY                                                                                         .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 63
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The call for residents’ projects .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                              page   63
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Innovative and spontaneous projects .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                             page   64
    CHAPTER 2 -                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Young people in action  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                        page   64

    ATTRACTIVENESS: A METROPOLITAN DYNAMIC .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                                                                                             page 32
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Key figures .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .   page   65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .       page 66

       HEADING 1 - A MEETING PLACE FOR ECO-CITIES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD                                                                                                                                                                 .  .  .  .  .  . page 33                HEADING 4 - COMMITTED AUTHORITIES                                                                                         .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . page 68
    Nantes, world crossroads of the sustainable city in 2013 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                           page       33       New in-house practices  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                        page   68
    Cities have a great deal to say .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                               page       34       Expertise for residents  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                    page   69
    Sharing the international challenges of tomorrow’s city with residents .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                                           page       35       A public authority committed to transition .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                  page   69
    Key figures (A meeting place for eco-cities throughout the world) .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                                    page       36       Key figures (Committed authorities)  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                         page   70
    In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .    page       37       In the spotlight .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .       page 71

2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3
Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission
Editorial
                                                                           Nantes was named “European Green Capital 2013”. The award recognised
                                                                           our unwavering commitment and long-term strategy for safeguarding all
                                                                           aspects of the environment, be it in relation to ecological, human or social
                                                                           concerns. It highlighted our efforts and successes in key areas such as urban
                                                                           planning, transportation, housing, water, energy and waste management.

                                                                           We have lived up to the award throughout the year in a productive and

                                                        © Patrick Garçon
                                                                           varied way, with events, meetings and an array of projects. All of this has
                                                                           really brought out the spirit of Nantes as we worked together to involve all
                                                                           stakeholders to develop the local area in which we live.

                               This year was a success. Thanks to the very strong commitment among the people of Nantes, who I would
                               like to congratulate and thank dearly, Nantes has raised its profile, developed innovative projects and played
                               host to fruitful meetings. A total of 205 citizen projects were submitted, 105 companies received certification
                               for the remarkable action taken to safeguard the environment and 80 delegations were welcomed, including
                               at Ecocity and the Mayors Summit on Climate Change – two events with international reach. This document
                               reports on this year of mobilisation, hard work and enthusiasm. It provides a clear, stimulating and informative
                               view of what went on during this vigorous and intense year.

                               Green Capital, though, was much more than an award. It was more than a year of mobilisation, reflection
                               and influx of ideas. Green Capital was an invitation for us to further develop our efforts in relation to
                               environmental excellence. Given the urgency of the ecological challenges we face, we need to innovate and
                               work together more than ever before to find the solutions capable of harnessing a protected environment to
                               improve our daily life and provide a source of activities and jobs. It is one of the major priorities I have set
                               with my team. We have set ourselves some incredibly bold objectives. In order to achieve them, we need to
                               continue to safeguard our water resources and biodiversity, giving special attention to the Loire, the mighty
                               river which forms the backbone of our conurbation. We need to promote renewable energies and energy
                               renovation, whilst ensuring energy bills are reduced, make resolute choices with regards to the ways in which
                               energy is used in the city, thereby helping to combat climate change and, of course, continue developing
                               public transport. We also need to focus more on recycling and waste processing, encourage short supply
                               chains and consolidate the presence of nature in the city. These are just a few of the major avenues we are
                               working on to ensure Nantes remains a shining example of environmental excellence.

                               Green Capital was an incredible reward and a beautiful adventure. Building on this experience and our
                               desire for excellence, we are going all out to ensure environmental concerns are at the heart of our policies.

                               Johanna Rolland
                               Mayor of Nantes
                               President of Nantes Métropole
    © Jean-Dominique Billaud

4                                                                                                                                                          5
Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission
The committed city
                     The European Commission selected Nantes to be European Green Capital in 2013. It
                     was then down to the local authorities to explain and promote this European recognition
                     amongst inhabitants and stakeholders in the Nantes Métropole area. All the stakeholders         HIGH-LEVEL INVOLVEMENT                                    MAKING THE LOCAL AREA
                     with a part to play in paving the way for tomorrow’s sustainable city were involved
                     throughout the year. This was a collective project, involving stakeholders at all levels: the
                                                                                                                     IN THE LOCAL AREA                                         MORE VISIBLE THROUGHOUT
                     European Commission, towns, local institutions, social and economic stakeholders and                                                                      EUROPE AND THE WORLD
                     large businesses, associations and all the conurbation’s municipalities and, of course,
                     inhabitants. The Green Capital award brought about a real dynamic and had a real impact         Sharing this award with stakeholders in the local area
                                                                                                                     was a key objective. A wide variety of stakeholders
                     on the area, especially in relation to public policies, inhabitant involvement, changes in      and initiatives were therefore involved:
                                                                                                                                                                               As Green Capital, Nantes was able to attract
                     behaviour, reaching out to new audiences, networking, new projects and new initiatives,                                                                   worldwide events, some of which were held for the
                                                                                                                       unicipalities, which not only organised calls for
                                                                                                                      m                                                        first time in France or even in Europe:
                     and so on.                                                                                       citizen projects and opened up new visitor trails
                                                                                                                                                                                 International Association of Public Transport’s
                                                                                                                                                                                the
                                                                                                                      and tours, but also compiled good practices and
                                                                                                                                                                                sustainable development conference,
                                                                                                                      hosted events in their areas;
                                                                                                                                                                                the World Green Infrastructures Congress,
                                                                                                                       ew ideas for residents and their ways of life (calls
                                                                                                                      n
                                                                                                                      for projects, etc.),                                      Eurocities’ Environment Forum,
                                                                                                                       wide range of events throughout the year for local
                                                                                                                      a                                                         the Ecocity World Summit
                                                                                                                      and non-local professionals (conferences, trade
                                                                                                                                                                                and the World Mayors Summit on Climate Change.
                                                                                                                      shows, labelling schemes, etc.);
                                                                                                                                                                               Nantes European Green Capital was also an
                                                                                                                      getting innovative projects up and running;
                                                                                                                                                                               opportunity to combine “expert” summits for
                                                                                                                      ncouraging new stakeholders to factor in the
                                                                                                                      e                                                        European and international delegates with events
                                                                                                                      challenges (not least the environmental challenges)      for the general public and in that way to forge links
                                                                                                                      posed by more sustainable development.                   between those who design cities and those who
                                                                                                                                                                               live in them, at local and global levels. This report
                                                                                                                     Inhabitants and visitors were able to make the most of
                                                                                                                                                                               showcases the dynamic events which took place
                                                                                                                     a much wider range of events and amenities:
                                                                                                                                                                               throughout the local area in 2013.
                                                                                                                       ew trails to find out about the area: “Unsuspected
                                                                                                                      n
                                                                                                                                                                               This year also gave Nantes Métropole a chance to
                                                                                                                      walks”, “Green Island”, “Estuary”, “Green Line”,
                                                                                                                                                                               unveil its global and cross-cutting approach to the
                                                                                                                      “23 Outings in Municipalities”;
                                                                                                                                                                               challenges and to share its conception of the 21st
                                                                                                                      ew places to meet: the “Cantine”, the “Bateau
                                                                                                                      n                                                        century city founded on a shared quality of life, an
                                                                                                                      Lavoir” (a boat-cum-wash house), and the floating        attractive city and a constant quest for new ideas.
                                                                                                                      gardens, all now permanent fixtures;
                                                                                                                      special events for the general public attracting
                                                                                                                       several tens of thousands of visitors: the “Drummers”
                                                                                                                       concert in February, Earth Day in April, 24 Hours
                                                                                                                       of Biodiversity in late June, the celebration of 500
                                                                                                                       years of market gardening in Nantes at Les Nefs site
                                                                                                                       in late August, the Aéroflorale’s flying greenhouse,
                                                                                                                       the giant Lego construction and the Feeding the
                                                                                                                       5,000 in late September.
© Valery Joncheray

6                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7
Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission
ELEVEN                                                      CLIMATE PLAN                                        AIR QUALITY
                                                                                                                                                                     WASTEWATER
                                                                                                                                                                      TREATMENT

    KEY THEMES                                         Tonnes of CO2 avoided thanks to Nantes’
                                                       heating networks.
                                                         274 in 2009 3,274 in 2011
                                                                                                         The number of days during which the European
                                                                                                         Commission’s threshold values were met went
                                                                                                         from 60 days (1999-2001) to 14 days
                                                                                                                                                        Change in the number of km of wastewater
                                                                                                                                                        pipes from 2004 to 2011: from 1,575 to
                                                                                                                                                        1,812 km.
                                                         25,000 in 2012                                  (2007-2009).                                   Source : Nantes Métropole.
                                                       Source : Nantes Métropole, AURAN, EC.             Source : Nantes Métropole.

      SUSTAINABLE LAND USE                                      GREEN SPACES                                 NOISE POLLUTION                                              WATER
    Changes in land use in the conurbation between     Comparison of green space per inhabitant          The percentage of people at night exposed to   Change in the percentage of social housing
    2000 and 2009 and share of natural areas.          versus other winners of the award Nantes:         noise values over 45 DB stands at 15% in       units fitted with individual water meters from
    - Urban areas: 16,050 ha (1999)                   57 m2 green space, Stockholm: 86 m2;              Nantes Métropole.                              43% in 2007 to 100% in 2012.
       vs. 17,400 ha (2009)                            Copenhagen: 28 m2, Vitoria-Gasteiz: 20.2 m2,      Source : Nantes Métropole.                     Source : Nantes Métropole.
    - Natural areas: 32,950 ha (1999)                 Hamburg: 39 m2.
       vs. 32,850 ha (2009)                            Source : Nantes Métropole, European Commission.
    - Area earmarked for future urban developments:
       4,400 ha (1999) vs. 3,150 ha (2009).
    Source : AURAN.

                                                                       NATURE                                                                                     ENVIRONMENTAL
                      TRAVEL                                        BIODIVERSITY
                                                                                                           WASTE MANAGEMENT                                        MANAGEMENT

    Reduction in the percentage of cars used           Forest area in Nantes Métropole: 9% in 2013.      Change in the quantity of household waste      Number of Nantes Métropole staff benefitting
    in urban travel from 2002 to 2012. 2002:           Source : Nantes Métropole.                        (residual household waste, packaging,          from financial assistance for a public transport
    61.6%, 2008: 57%, 2012: 50.9%.                                                                       newspapers, magazines and glass) collected     pass. 2004: 209, 2012: 914.
    Source : Nantes Métropole, AURAN.                                                                    per inhabitant: 354 kg in 2008 and 318 kg      Source : Nantes Métropole.
                                                                                                         in 2013 i.e. a 10.8% reduction in 5 years.
                                                                                                         Source : Nantes Métropole.

8                                                                                                                                                                                                          9
Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission
A shared quality of life 1

CHAPTER 1                                                                                                                                                                                               HEADING 1

                                                                                                                                                                                                        A CITY REVISITED

A shared quality of life                                                                                                                                                                                The 2013 European Green Capital award was a chance for the city to devise a range of
                                                                                                                                                                                                        trails to showcase the wealth of its natural spaces and its heritage. Residents and visitors
                                                                                                                                                                                                        were invited to explore the city in intriguing ways: the “Green Thread” in the city, the
                                                                                                                                                                                                        “Unsuspected Walks” and “23 Outings in Municipalities”, “Green Island” on the Ile de
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Nantes. All these trails complemented one another, giving people a new insight into
                                                                                                                                                                                                        sustainable development in the city centre and its suburbs, and offering unique experiences
                                                                                                                                                                                                        in public spaces.

                           HEADING 1
                           A CITY REVISITED                           . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   page 11        FRESH INSIGHTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                             INTO THE LOCAL AREA
                           HEADING 2
                           THE SHAPE OF A CITY  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 16                                              From the banks of the Loire to the banks of the Sèvre,
                                                                                                                                                                                                             nature is never far from the urban landscape, offering
                                                                                                                                                                                                             visitors a chance to find out about its flora and fauna
                           HEADING 3                                                                                                                                                                         in a variety of ways. In late June, at the 24 Hours of
                           URBAN SERVICES FOR EVERYONE                                                                        . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   page 22        Biodiversity, naturalists and plant and animal lovers came
                                                                                                                                                                                                             together for a surveying marathon. Municipalities used
                                                                                                                                                                                                             the Green Capital year to update their landmarks and
                           HEADING 4                                                                                                                                                                         trails. Six “unsuspected” walks along the water’s edge
                                                                                                                                                                                                             provided an opportunity to stroll through municipalities’
                           THE CITY IN NATURE                                   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   page 27        natural sites and heritage. The Natural History Museum
                                                                                                                                                                                                             invited youngsters to attend workshops on the green city.
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Whatever the theme, nature and its spectacle was an
                                                                                                                                                                                                             integral part: musical trips on the river at the “Rendez-
                                                                                                                                                                                                             vous de l’Erdre”, dining at the “Cantine du Voyage”,
                                                                                                                                                                                                             literary encounters with the cyclists of Dyna-Mots. Whether
                                                                                                                                                                                                             young or old, there was much to explore during Nantes
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Green Capital.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           © Patrick Garçon
© Jean-Dominique Billaud

10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         11
Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission
A shared quality of life 1

                                                                                                                       © Jean-Dominique Billaud
                                                                                                                                                   KEY FIGURES

                                                                                                                                                   A CITY REVISITED

                                                                                                                                                                                       1st

                                                                                                                                                                            for the third year in a row,
                                                                                                                                                                              Nantes has come first

     UNIQUE EXPERIENCES                                                                                                                                 300                   in the accessible cities
                                                                                                                                                                                 award run by the                  240
                                                                                                                                                         metres               French Association for
                                                                                                                                                                                 Paralysed People.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    events
     Unique experiences were on offer during Nantes Green Capital in 2013: on the arts side, the “Journey to Nantes”
     and its questions about sustainable urban development; in a spirit of solidarity with inhabitants and Greeters
     welcoming visitors and helping them to find about their districts; in terms of sports, by bicycle with the 10 000
     cycle tourists in August, or the more offbeat “Green Island” with its depictions of nature in an urban landscape. The                        100% of the population                                    took place as part of

                                                                                                                                                                                 94,332
     12 stopping-off points, including the Ecosphere, the metaphysical trail and the Tripode basins, were woven into                                 of Nantes lives                                       Green Capital in 2013.
     an urban trail that drew on ideas put forward by architects, landscapers and artists in tandem with inhabitants.
                                                                                                                                                    within 300 metres
                                                                                                                                                    of a green space.
                                                                                                                                                                                     meals

                                                                                                                                                                             served by the Cantine
                                                               PUBLIC SPACES SHOWCASE
                                                               SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                               45,000                  du Voyage, putting the
                                                                                                                                                                            spotlight on the region’s
                                                                                                                                                                                 farm produce.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              20,290
                                                                                                                                                        visitors                                                   visitors
                                                               Stopping-off points in public spaces ranged from the
                                                               “Gourmet Stations” and the “Estuaire” installations to
                                                               all the particular points of interest overseen throughout
                                                               the year by associations and municipalities. Sustainable                                attended the                                          visited the Nantes

                                                                                                                                                                                  1,000
                                                               development is gaining ground throughout the city and
                                                               is involving as many people as possible. The Gourmet
                                                                                                                                                   Plant Extravaganza,                                        European Green
                                                               Stations – relaxation and picnicking areas in the midst of                         playing host to Bristol                                  Capital info point in the
                                                               freely available fruit and vegetables – are an illustration.
                                                               Starting with three in the city centre, they have been
                                                                                                                                                      and Hamburg,
                                                                                                                                                  on 7 and 8 September.
                                                                                                                                                                                    singers                Orangery at the Jardin
                                                                                                                                                                                                            des Plantes between
                                                               rolled out in seven of Nantes’ districts, bringing their                                                                                      April and October.
                                                               number to ten in total. Each of these Gourmet Stations
                                                               is planted, tended and run by inhabitants’ associations
                                                               and groups.
                                                                                                                                                                               rehearsed and took
      © Jean-Dominique Billaud

                                                                                                                                                                             part in the “City Voices”
                                                                                                                                                                            concerts in 2013 with the
                                                                                                                                                                              Urban Voices group.

12                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         13
Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission
A shared quality of life 1

     In the spotlight
                                                                                                        SPOTLIGHT 1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SPOTLIGHT 4

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exploring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ean
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Nantes Europ al
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Green Capit

      PARC DES OBLATES                                                                                                                                                                                                           GUIDE BOOK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SIX “UNSUSPECTED WALKS”

      The 100th park in the City of Nantes was opened in June 2013 with an “Estuaire” art installation by the                                                                                                                                                                                                            Devised to make the most of the city’s assets from the point of
      HeHe collective representing energy at the heart of the city. With its grazing animals, the three-hectare park                                                                                                                                                                                                     view of sustainable development, these walks link up 23 sites
      offers stunning views over the Loire, Rezé and Trentemoult.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        put forward by municipalities. Multimodal walks along the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Contents
                                                                                                                             Set sail on a journe
                                                                                                                                                   y of discovery in a region
                                                                                                                                                                              France”                                             Walks around the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                city centre…
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 04
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 06      water’s edge (Sèvre, South Loire, Loire, Chézine, Erdre and
                                                                                                                                                     “Venice of Western
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10
                                                                                                                             previously known as the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mauves) highlight the city’s river identity. The walks are run
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Suggested route
                                                                                                                                                                           treasures.
                                                                                                                                                    in its bountiful urban
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       sights to discover                                         14
                                                                                                                             and immerse yourself
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12 others must-see
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Strolls along the river…
                                                                                                                                                                                                          the region are
                                                                                                                                                                                   locations across
                                                                                                                                                  the city centre
                                                                                                                                                                   and in various                       the region's rivers
                                                                                                                                                                               away as you explore and biodiversity.                                                 the Erdre…                                    16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      valleys along

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         by the city’s 23 municipalities.
                                                                                                                              The walks around must-see sights. Get swept                                                            Riverbanks and                                                                18
                                                                                                                                             several                              g the city's vitality
                                                                                                                              punctuated by                 for wildlife, enhancin                                                                       natural side
                                                                                                                              that meander
                                                                                                                                            through havens                                                                           Admire the Loire's
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  from Rezé to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Vertou                              20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    blue network                          Loire                     24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     A green and                         the banks of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      beaten path from                       of La Chézine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Explore off the                         y in the heart
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            of green discover
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Set out on a journey

                                                                                                                                                                              Walks around            Walks around

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Get the app
                                                                                                                                                                                   the

                                                                                                                                                                                 Erdre               Loire upstream
                                                                                                                                                                                                           the

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Nantes

                                                                                                        SPOTLIGHT 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                        from
                                                                                                                                                          Walks around
                                                                                                                                                                 Loire                                                                                                  !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          the guide book
                                                                                                                                                            the

                                                                                                                                                           Chézine                                                                             and follow
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            been created
                                                                                                                                                                                Walks around                                                                            mobile app has
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the guide book,                     nearest tram,
                                                                                                                                                                                 citycentre
                                                                                                                                                                                     the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     To complement                     as well as the                      the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the six walks It can also be used to locate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     to geolocate                                                            .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Bicloo stations the food hotspots in Nantes*
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Busway and            s as well as
                                                                                                                                                      Walks around
                                                                                                                                                           the                                                                        parks and garden                                 free:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       mobile app for
                                                                                                                                                     southern stretch                                                                 Download the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Nantes Green
                                                                                                                                                       of the                                                                                             (for Android),
                                                                                                                                                           Loire                           Walks around                                   On Google  Play
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Store (for your
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        iPhone).

                                                                                                                                                                                             Sèvre
                                                                                                                                                                                             the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          On the Apple                     "  Award      is recogni-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     an Green Capital    and high-qu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ality of life.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The "Europe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ' environment                    er its assets.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tion of Nantes a great way to rediscov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     are                                      lesdenantes.fr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        These walks                              at www.lestab
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             available
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         hotspots are also
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Nantes” food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        *The “Tables de

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         03
                                                                                                                                                                                    02

      GREEN CAPITALS BY BICYCLE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SPOTLIGHT 5

      In 2013, the “Dyna-Mots” association cycled from Vitoria-Gasteiz to Nantes, and there are plans to cycle
      from Nantes to Copenhagen in 2014. Literary cycle rides are available throughout the year.
                                                                                                                           GREETERS SHOWCASE THE CITY

                                                                                                                           The Greeters - a welcoming committee for visitors - and their volunteers work with the inhabitants of
                                                                                                        SPOTLIGHT 3        Malakoff, Dervallières and Nantes North to help visitors to the city to find out about their districts. This
                                                                                                                           citizens’ initiative was available throughout the Green Capital year.

                                                          BIODIVERSITY SURVEYS…
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SPOTLIGHT 6
                                                          OPEN TO THE PUBLIC

                                                          In order to find out about changes in the local flora and
                                                          fauna, researchers set up monitoring centres with volunteers.    CULTURAL EVENTS IN DISTRICTS
                                                          An exhibition at the Natural History Museum showcased six
                                                          examples of participatory surveys, while the 24 Hours of
                                                          Biodiversity offered a chance to observe nature during the day   Spreading through the parks of Nantes, satellite cultural events (Jardi’n’Jazz, Sous les (Hauts) Pavés…,
                                                          and at night in the company of experts.                          Le Swing des jardins, Pol’Airs, etc.) are all intended to bring art and culture closer to residents. These
                                                                                                                           were eco-friendly events which tried to reduce their environmental impact: reducing the waste generated,
                                                                                                                           optimising water and energy consumption, promoting local products and encouraging people to use soft
                                                                                                                           travel options.

      affiche A3 24h bio.indd 1          06/06/13 10:31

14                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             15
Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission
A shared quality of life 1

     HEADING 2

     THE SHAPE OF A CITY                                                                                             A BACKDROP OF GREEN AND BLUE:
                                                                                                                     “NATURAL INFRASTRUCTURE”
     If quality of life in Nantes is to be preserved and improved, space needs to be used in more
     rational and subtler ways: a more robust city centre and an innovative stock of small housing                   Nantes Métropole, with its backdrop of green and blue, has a whole range of natural environments: natural green spaces
     estates and townhouses. Creating public or semi-public spaces helps to reconcile private                        and farmland, wetlands, valleys, urban forests, etc. Local authorities are therefore taking a consistent and concerted line
                                                                                                                     to safeguard natural spaces and preserve species, and to protect, restore and make the most of aquatic environments.
     life with community life, combining contemporary design, a wealth of natural spaces, rivers                     Preserving this heritage is a key part of the city’s plans to strike a balance between the city and nature.
     and streams, the heritage, and the provision of soft services and travel options. Public travel,
     housing and infrastructure policies all have the same objectives: reducing the consumption
     of space by rebuilding the city around itself, optimising the urban fabric and making it
     denser, managing short journeys in the local area and encouraging people to change the
     ways in which they move about.

     BETTER USES OF LAND

     Urban renewal and the regeneration of agricultural        Bottière-Chénaie, Le Grand Carcouët and Malakoff-
     wasteland in a developing city limit how far it can       Pré-Gauchet.
     spread out. The 337 hectares of the Ile de Nantes         At the same time, under Local Urban Planning
     provide significant scope for redevelopment where         schemes, 31,400 of the city’s 52,000 hectares are
     a whole range of solutions are being tried out to         earmarked for farmland and natural areas. Nantes
     develop and make the most of the space available.         Métropole and the Chamber of Agriculture are
     In this real-time invention of the city, the aim is to    working together to regenerate plots of land that
     strike a balance between different uses (work, leisure,   have fallen into disuse and make them available for
     housing, mobility) and to nurture new (eco)-districts:    farming.

                                                                                                                      © Christian Konig
     © Patrick Garçon

16                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 17
Nantes European Green Capital - A review of 2013, European Commission
A shared quality of life 1

                                                                                                                             KEY FIGURES

                                                                                                                             THE SHAPE OF A CITY

                                                                                                                                                                  Within                                   50
                                                                                                                                   61 %                           500                               new homes
                                                                                                                                                                  metres                              per ha

                                                                                                                               Natural spaces and            400,000 of the city’s                The space taken up by
                                                                                                                             farmland remained at          residents live within 500               urban development,
                                                                                                                             the same level of 61%          metres of a well-served               especially housing, has
                                                                                                                            between 2005 and 2013.        transport stop - one of the            been falling since 1996.
                                                                                                                                                          main factors in choosing a           Efforts to optimise space for new
                                                                                                                                                               district to live in.             homes have been ongoing for
                                                                                                                                                                                                20 years, with new homes per
                                                                                                                                                                                              hectare increasing from 36 to 50.

                                                                                                                               2.1 million                        250                                    470
                                                                                                                                    journeys                       farms                              kilometres
     © Patrick Garçon

                                                                                                                              Are made by Nantes’          113 of which sell direct              In terms of soft travel,
                                                                                                                            inhabitants every day, i.e.     to the general public.             there are 470 km of cycle
                                                                                                                             3.5 journeys per person                                              paths or tracks in the
                                                                                                                                     per day.                                                   conurbation as a whole.

     NEW KINDS OF MOBILITY
                                                                                                                                                                                        Fewer journeys by car: 50.9%
     The city comes together every day by foot, by “Bicloo”, folding or electric bike, by tram, “Busway” or “Chronobus”,                                                                of journeys in 2012 compared
     boat, tram-train, car-sharing or self-service car. On average, the inhabitants of Nantes Métropole make 3.5 journeys                                                               with 57% in 2008.

                                                                                                                                10,000                       50.9 %
     per person per day. The way in which they travel is changing. More people are walking, cycling and using public                                                                    This reduction is more substantial
     transport, and fewer people are using cars. Getting people to use alternatives to their own cars (walking, cycling,                                                                among inhabitants of the outer suburbs
     public transport, car-sharing) is now a challenge for the community as a whole.                                                                                                    (71% of journeys in 2008, 63.9% in
                                                                                                                                subscribers                    of journeys              2012), although the reduction among
                                                                                                                                                                                        inhabitants of the inner suburbs is also
                                                                                                                                                                                        high (49 to 43.6 %).

                                                                                                                                 for the “Bicloo”
                                                                                                                            self-service cycle scheme

18                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 19
A shared quality of life 1

     In the spotlight
                                                                                                    SPOTLIGHT 1                                                                                                        SPOTLIGHT 5

      TRANSFORMING THE CITY IN BOTTIÈRE-CHÉNAIE
                                                                                                                        IN OTHER MUNICIPALITIES
      With 3,500 inhabitants over a 35-hectare area located 15 minutes from the centre of Nantes, this eco-
      district is aiming for a mix of uses (housing, shops, services and leisure) and a mix of people: social rental,   New eco-districts are flourishing in Brains, La Chapelle-sur-Erdre and Orvault. Other large-scale developments
      affordable homes or public ownership schemes. A five-hectare park links the new types of housing and an           are reshaping the urban fabric and breathing new life into Malakoff district, Vertou and the town centre of
      old water course has been redeveloped as part of the landscape.                                                   Saint Aignan de Grand-Lieu.

                                                                                                    SPOTLIGHT 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SPOTLIGHT 6

      MOBILITY FOR ALL
                                                                                                                        RESTORING RIVERS AND STREAMS
      Investment and day-to-day action are a must if walking, cycling and public transport are to account for 58%
      of urban travel and cars for 40% by 2030. The “Mobilus“ programme led by “Ecopôle” in 2012-2013
      was intended to make younger residents aware of different types of mobility and transport in the city.            Works to protect and restore the aquatic environment surrounding the L’Ilette river, passing through the
                                                                                                                        municipalities of Rezé, Les Sorinières and Vertou, took place throughout 2013. To make the most of this
                                                                                                                        hidden landscape, a 16-km footpath now links four valleys (Walk 14: L’Ilette - Jaguère) with facilities along
                                                                                                                        the way (signposting, wooden bridges, etc.) and a new wetland area, thereby returning the l’Ilette to its
                                                                                                    SPOTLIGHT 3         natural state.

      GARDEN-SHARING, RESIDENTS’ INITIATIVES 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SPOTLIGHT 7
      Garden-sharing, and better awareness and consultation of inhabitants are among the main themes of
      the citizens’ projects put forward as part of Nantes Green Capital. When social links are combined with
      new ways of owning public spaces, citizens’ initiatives become a source of inspiration for all, as can be
      seen from the work of the “Amicale Laïque” in the gardens of Couëron and the work of the “Jardiniers de                                                                           CALMING TRAFFIC
      France” in Rezé.
                                                                                                                                                                                        AT THE COURS DES
                                                                                                                                                                                        CINQUANTE OTAGES
                                                                                                    SPOTLIGHT 4
                                                                                                                                                                                        Since late 2012, this thoroughfare in the
                                                                                                                                                                                        centre of Nantes and the streets adjacent to
                                                                                                                                                                                        it, now transformed into a restricted traffic
      THE SÈVRE GRASSLANDS                                                                                                                                                              zone, is for use by pedestrians, cyclists, trams,
                                                                                                                                                                                        buses, “Chronobus”, and local residents’
                                                                                                                        © Jean-Dominique Billaud

                                                                                                                                                                                        and workers’ cars. In parallel, a speed limit
      Spanning 17.5 hectares, the Sèvre grasslands site is a very important eco-corridor to the east of Rezé.                                                                           of 30 km/h is being extended throughout
      The “Bretagne Vivante” association capitalised on its wealth of biodiversity, with regular surveys and                                                                            the city centre. From now on, travel on main
      educational trips throughout 2013.                                                                                                                                                roads will be calmer and multimodal.

20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            21
A shared quality of life 1

     HEADING 3

     URBAN SERVICES FOR EVERYONE                                                                                           INVESTING IN WATER QUALITY

     Continuing to offer high-quality and environmentally-friendly services to a constantly                                Investment in water and sewerage is continuing: the
                                                                                                                           “Petite Californie” treatment plant was brought in line
     growing population (104,000 newcomers from 2002 to 2007, 100,000 more residents                                       with biological treatment standards in 2012 and the
     expected by 2030) is a daily challenge for the local authorities. Key areas of the city’s                             “Roche” water production plant is being modernised
     plans include a commitment to the energy transition, investing in water quality, introducing                          in 2014. Average water consumption by households is
                                                                                                                           continuing to fall (from 150 litres per person per day in
     selective waste collection for everyone and developing more intermodal transport.                                     2007 to 129 litres in 2011). The fact that water quality is
                                                                                                                           fully in line with European standards means that drinking
                                                                                                                           water is safe and constantly available. Steps are being

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   © Patrick Garçon
                                                                                                                           taken to manage the whole water cycle from pumping,
                                                                                                                           distribution, rainwater management and processing
                                                                                                                           of waste water to the hydro-ecological restoration of
                                                                                                                           streams and rivers.

     COMMITTING TO THE ENERGY TRANSITION
                                                                                                                           SELECTIVE WASTE COLLECTION FOR EVERYONE IN THE CITY
     Under the Local Energy and Climate Plan that it adopted in 2007, Nantes Métropole set itself the goal of reducing
     its greenhouse gas emissions per inhabitant by 30% by 2020. Since 2003, annual CO2 emissions in the area
     have been falling by 5%. Such an effort requires a host of investments. Opting for heating networks supplied          Widely available since September 2013, door-to-door selective waste collection is now routine for all city’s inhabitants.
     chiefly by renewable energies (waste incineration, biomass) for blocks of flats and major infrastructure led to a     The city is offering more incentives to reduce the quantity of waste produced and to sort it. These include: new recycling
     new boiler facility and a further 71 km of networks in the city in 2013 . The number of homes involved has more       schemes, yellow sacks/bags, “Tri’Sac”, open recycling points, support for businesses re-using waste, development of
     than doubled and their occupants have seen their heating bills level off or even decrease. The local authority has    individual and shared composting. Combined with efforts by residents, these schemes made it possible to reduce the
     set a renewable energy coverage level for new housing which is higher than required by the Thermal Regulation 2012.   quantity of waste produced by 17.6% (residual domestic waste and recyclable packaging) per resident per year between
                                                                                                                           2001 and 2013.

                                                                                                                                                                                           MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT

                                                                                                                                                                                           Making the various uses and modes of transport more
                                                                                                                                                                                           multimodal and complementary is the cornerstone of
                                                                                                                                                                                           transport policy. Since 2013, three new “Chronobus”
                                                                                                                                                                                           lines, new park-and-ride schemes and the north-south
                                                                                                                                                                                           cycle route, as well as the introduction of the “LIBERTAN”
                                                                                                                                                                                           smart card, have helped to link different kinds of mobility
                                                                                                                           © Patrick Garçon
                                                                                                                                                                                           in better ways.
     © Christian Konig

22                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    23
A shared quality of life 1

      KEY FIGURES

      URBAN SERVICES FOR EVERYONE                                                        In the spotlight
                                                                                                                                                                                        SPOTLIGHT 1
            209                    120,000                           15%
           journeys                      users
                                                                                          WASTE, INSPIRING CREATIVE PROJECTS BY RESIDENTS

                                                                                          14 citizens’ projects are promoting new practices in connection with waste: from selling recycled goods
      People living in Nantes   Tram line 1, with close to        The target set for      at the “Ecossolies”, “Humus 44” dry toilets, “Envie 44” reconditioned goods, creative recycling at the
       make 209 journeys/       120,000 users every day,          cycle journeys in       “Ressourcerie de l’Ile” and composting with “Compostri”, associations are competing with one another to
                                                                                          re-invent waste.
     year/resident on public    is the third most travelled       the city by 2030.
     transport in comparison           line in France.
        with 169 in France
           as a whole.                                                                                                                                                                  SPOTLIGHT 2

                                                                                          “CHRONOBUS”

       113,000                                                        446                 The four main “Chronobus” lines came into service in October 2012 and the following three at the beginning
                                                                                          of the school year in 2013. After 2014, the network will be supplemented by three new lines providing ring-
                                                                 underground              road connections. They supplement the 45 km of tram lines and 7 km of “Busway” already available.
            tonnes                                                containers
                                                                                                                                                                                        SPOTLIGHT 3
       of CO2 are avoided                                        for waste installed
       annually as a result                                      in 2013 compared
       of public transport.                                      with 338 in 2011.        LE GRAND-CARCOUËT GOES LOW CARBON

                                                                                          Everyone has a part to play in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the area (-5% since 2003). Nantes Habitat
                                                                                          has been building positive-energy homes, in advance of the regulations, for the benefit of occupants moving in
                                                                                          from 2013 onwards. The 30-home project was awarded first prize in EDF’s low-carbon architecture awards.

         17.7 %                         129                       14,000                                                                                                                SPOTLIGHT 4

           of waste                       litres                      homes
                                                                                          “TRI’SAC”: TWO COLOURS FOR WASTE

                                                                                          Under the “Tri’Sac” scheme all yellow sacks (recyclable waste) and blue sacks (other waste) can be
         is recycled and            of water per day            including 9,500 social
                                                                                          collected together. The waste is sorted visually at the processing plant so that it can be sent to the relevant
       51.2% is converted         and per inhabitant in       homes, were being heated    processing facility. Introduced gradually from 2006 onwards, this collection scheme was extended in
       into materials and         2011 compared with            by a heating network      2013 to all tower block districts in Nantes. It aims to resolve constraints on space and to encourage
       40.8% into energy.             150 in 2007.              in 2013 (30,000 homes     selective sorting of the main types of domestic waste.
                                                                    forecast by 2017).
24                                                                                                                                                                                                             25
A shared quality of life 1

                                                                                                                           HEADING 4

                                                                                                                           THE CITY IN NATURE

                                                                                                                           Natural spaces intentionally left in their wild state include “Heron Island” at Saint-Sébastien-
                                                                                                                           sur-Loire and “Petite Amazonie”, a Natura 2000 zone in the heart of Nantes. The city
                                                                                                       SPOTLIGHT 5         provides a haven for 193 protected animal species and 47 protected plant species. It is
                                                                                                                           also a cultural backdrop for a whole range of art installations and events, giving inhabitants
     © Nantes Métropole

                                                                                                                           fresh insights into their area.

                                                    PRACTICAL KIT FOR SUSTAINABLE
                                                    DEVELOPMENT

                                                    As an information tool for the residents of Nantes devised by
                                                    a district council and rolled out to a further 10 districts, the kit
                                                    outlines the main local services offered by the City of Nantes
                                                    and Nantes Métropole and their partners in relation to waste
                                                    management, responsible consumption, energy, water, and
                                                    association resources.                                                      THE “JOURNEY TO NANTES” GUIDED BY THE “GREEN LINE”

                                                                                                                                The three “Estuaire” exhibitions (2007, 2009 and 2012) highlighted the relationship between culture and nature,
                                                                                                                                while “Green Line” (2013) guided us through an urban marathon of sights with a whole range of stopping-off
                                                                                                       SPOTLIGHT 6              points: floating gardens in the Ceineray basin lit by the ZUR Collective on summer evenings, an old-style bar
                                                                                                                                tucked away on the Bateau Lavoir (a boat-cum-wash house), the “basketball tree” just a few steps from the Marine
                                                                                                                                World Carrousel, “Green Peril” at the Zoo Galerie and so on. By working alongside artists, the green and cultural
                                                                                                                                city of Nantes has something to offer all the generations.
     PHOTOVOLTAIC STATIONS IN NANTES CITY CENTRE

     Installed in 2009 on the roof of the Beaulieu shopping centre, 1,450 m2 of photovoltaic panels generate
     enough electricity to run the public lighting of a municipality of 2,000 inhabitants. With its 2,300 locally-
     manufactured solar panels, the roofed Pierre Quinon athletics stadium, inaugurated in 2013, is the largest
     urban photovoltaic surface in France.

                                                                                                       SPOTLIGHT 7

     THE LISA BRESNER MULTIMEDIA LIBRARY PAVES THE WAY
     FOR SOCIAL COHESION AND EDUCATIONAL SUCCESS

     Along the tramway, at the crossroads between the Chantenay, Saint-Anne, Bellevue, Zola and Dervallières                     © Jean-Dominique Billaud
     districts, the Lisa Bresner multimedia library plays a key role in the urban renewal of Grand Bellevue. Inaugurated
     in 2013, it provides a local service by supporting local cultural projects and projects by local associations,
     and by providing links between the generations and accessibility for all. The facility factored in energy and
     environmental concerns into its design and operation: ventilation, heating, consumption and cold air.

26                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  27
A shared quality of life 1

                                                                                                                              KEY FIGURES

                                                                                                                              THE CITY IN NATURE

                                                                                                                                                          32,850
                                                                                                                                                             hectares
      © Jean-Dominique Billaud

                                                                                                                                                       The conurbation boasts
                                                                                                                                     50                  16,600 hectares of
                                                                                                                                                        farmland and 16,250                   10
     LIVING PARKS AND GARDENS                                                                                                    rivers and           hectares of natural areas          Gourmet
                                                                                                                                                       and space for enjoying
                                                                                                                                   streams                 leisure activities.           Stations
     With their displays of landscaping traditions from elsewhere, parks and gardens in Nantes are the sights visited
     most often throughout the year: from the English-style Parc de Procé to the Japanese garden of the Ile de Versailles,
     from the Parc du Grand Blottereau, hosting the Plant Extravaganza, with its charming Mediterranean ambiance
     and Korean hill, to the former Fonderies de l’Atlantique (Atlantic Foundries) which have been turned into a tropical
     garden. The Jardin des Plantes provided a brilliant setting for the illustrator Claude Ponti and his imaginative
                                                                                                                                 flow through the                                      as well as urban
     works. Live entertainment is on offer in Saint Jean de Boiseau, along the “Loire by bike” trail, at the Parc du
     Château du Pé and, in Brains, the Marais circuit is becoming a great place to see flora and fauna.
                                                                                                                               “Venice of the West”
                                                                                                                             over more than 250 km.              2                 allotments and orchards
                                                                                                                                                                                     were set up in public
                                                                                                                                                                                        spaces in 2013.
                                                                                                                                                               parks
     NEW PRACTICES IN THE CITY

                                                                                                                                12.9 %
                                                                                                                                                       in Nantes won the new

                                                                                                                                                                                     650,000
     Individuals and communities are being encouraged                                                                                                 national “Ecojardin” label
     to see citizenship in new ways. The Green Capital
                                                                                                                                                        in 2013: La Chantrerie
     year provided an incentive for a growing number                                                                            of the local          and Le Grand Blottereau.
     of initiatives by citizens and associations alike.
     With the “Ressourcerie de l’Ile” and the “Atelier du                                                                           area                                                   tourists
     Retzemploi” and their drop-off points, inhabitants are
     able to extend the life cycle of day-to-day objects,
     while the Gourmet Stations are encouraging them to
     share seasonal produce and are becoming a fixture
     in districts. Under the impetus of the Energy Info
     Space, 86 positive-energy families from Nantes are
                                                                                                                              is covered by Natura
                                                                                                                                2000 zones and is            61 %                  followed the Green Line
                                                                                                                                                                                     and visited the sites.
     being challenged to reduce their energy consumption
     and are managing to reduce their energy bills by
                                                                                                                               therefore protected
                                                                                                                                at European level.
                                                                                                                                                           of the local
     an average of 13% per household. Along the same
     lines, 50 families are trying out eco-friendly practices
                                                                                                                             The Natura 2000 zones             area
                                                                    © Patrick Garçon

     to reduce the quantity of waste they produce every                                                                         increased by 162
     day and 10 families in one district of Nantes are                                                                       hectares between 2001
     experimenting with new ways of reducing food                                                                                   and 2010.
     waste.                                                                                                                                             is formed by natural
                                                                                                                                                        spaces, half of which
                                                                                                                                                        is used for suburban
                                                                                                                                                             agriculture.

28                                                                                                                                                                                                                 29
A shared quality of life 1

     In the spotlight
                                                                                                     SPOTLIGHT 1                                                                                                       SPOTLIGHT 5

      A PARK WITH A MILLION VISITORS IN NANTES
                                                                                                                         THE MARINE BIO-RESOURCES PAVILION
      With its very dense network of green and blue, the city has no shortage of places for people to stroll and
      relax: the Parc de Procé, the Ile de Versailles and the Jardin des Plantes which alone has more than one           Located in front of the École des Métiers de l’Imprimerie, a wall showcases ongoing experiments with the
      million visitors every year. These sights were re-invented in 2013, with a new green archipelago at Quai           use of micro-algae in urban environments: bio-façades, algae as insulation for buildings and generators of
      Ceineray and Claude Ponti’s imaginative installation at the Jardin des Plantes.                                    electricity, proteins used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, and more. This installation is also a
                                                                                                                         stopping-off point along the “Green Island” trail on the Ile de Nantes.

                                                                                                     SPOTLIGHT 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SPOTLIGHT 6
      THE INHABITED GARDEN AT THE “LIEU UNIQUE”
                                                                                                                               500 ans
                                                                                                                               Les

                                                                                                                                                                                          MARKET GARDENERS
      Lucien and Simone Kroll, architect and gardener, are working from the “Lieu Unique” to encourage users
                                                                                                                          dumaraîchage                                                    MAKE A RETURN
                                                                                                                            nantais
      to play an active part in building this multi-faceted city. The sustainable city is first and foremost, and for
      everyone, something that is not out of the ordinary. This is reflected during the summer by the subsistence
      crop garden along the banks of the Erdre.
                                                                                                                                                                                          TO THE CITY
                                                                                                                               31 AOÛT / 1ER SEPT. 2013
                                                                                                                               Nefs des Machines de l’île
                                                                                                                               Nantes                                                     Over a weekend, the old warehouses on
                                                                                                                                                                                          the Iles de Nantes were transformed into a
                                                                                                     SPOTLIGHT 3                                                                          market garden showcasing and celebrating
                                                                                                                                                                                          500 years of this trade. 2,000 m2 of sandy
                                                                                                                                                                                          “beds” were installed with greenhouses and
                                                                                                                         500 years of market gardens in Nantes - 31 Aug.-1 Sept. 2013     irrigation systems as well as displays of
      GARDENS AT SAINT-SÉBASTIEN-SUR-LOIRE                                                                               Venue: Nefs des Machines de l’île - Nantes                       fresh vegetables.

      Putting gardeners without enough land in touch with older people with gardens but unable to tend them
      anymore is a scheme being run by the “Allée Verte” socio-cultural centre. The scheme is generating all
      kinds of garden- and solidarity-based initiatives by volunteers. This project is one of the initiatives selected
      from the call for citizens’ projects.                                                                                                                                                                            SPOTLIGHT 7

                                                                                                     SPOTLIGHT 4         THE MABOUL DISTORSION COMPANY
                                                                                                                         AND SHARED CREATIVITY
      FIELDS IN THE CITY – EXPERIMENTING WITH URBAN AGRICULTURE
                                                                                                                         As part of “Art for All”, a cultural policy being run by the City of Nantes to involve residents, the Maboul
                                                                                                                         Distorsion Company ran an “Art for All” event in the Nantes North district, “Trace(s)”, in which twenty or
      From turf to a rural scene in the heart of the city is a step that residents of the Ile de Nantes have             so local residents of all ages and professional artists worked together for several months to create a street
      happily made with the help of landscapers from ZEA. Corn, marrows and other vegetables were sown and               show. Aiming to help the residents of Nantes to find out about their district’s resources, the Company put
      harvested during the summer. A stopping-off point along the “Green Island” trail.                                  on a travelling show in a green corridor at the heart of the district in front of 300 spectators.

30                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            31
Attractiveness: a metropolitan dynamic 2

CHAPTER 2                                                                                                                                                 HEADING 1

                                                                                                                                                          A MEETING PLACE FOR ECO-CITIES

Attractiveness:                                                                                                                                           THROUGHOUT THE WORLD

a metropolitan drive                                                                                                                                      Nantes European Green Capital was a chance to share a vision and a reality of the
                                                                                                                                                          sustainable city with other cities in Europe and the world. It highlighted the important
                                                                                                                                                          role and the attractiveness of the metropolitan “model” by comparing this experience of
                                                                                                                                                          development with other areas and placing the challenges facing eco-cities at European and
                                                                                                                                                          international level.

                   HEADING 1
                   A MEETING PLACE FOR ECO-CITIES                                                                                                              NANTES, A GLOBAL HUB FOR THE SUSTAINABLE CITY IN 2013
                   THROUGHOUT THE WORLD                   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   page 33

                                                                                                                                                                                           A dozen or so international               Alongside these meetings, and throughout the year,
                   HEADING 2                                                                                                                                                               events took place in Nantes               several events provided an opportunity to think about
                                                                                                                                                                                           as part of the Green Capital              sustainable cities in practice, focusing on the key
                   NANTES’ EXPEDITION ACROSS EUROPE                                                 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   page 39                                    year. With 2,000 participants,            themes of a city’s organisation. All the following were
                                                                                                                                                                                           representing 575 towns and                explored in relation to the challenges posed by the
                                                                                                                                                                                           cities and 75 countries, Ecocity          organisation of urban life: mobility on a tight budget
                   HEADING 3                                                                                                                                                               and the World Mayors Council              (UITP* Conference), the various functions of plants
                                                                                                                                                                                           were events that were in tune             in urban planning (WGIC*, National Biodiversity
                   EVENTS FOR THE GENERAL PUBLIC                                                                                                                                           with the city’s commitments:              Conference), energy issues (BIOGAZ European
                                                                                                                                                                                           taking a fresh look at the                fair), water and environmental vulnerability (ASTEE
                   IN THE HEART OF THE CITY             . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   page 42
                                                                                                                                                                                           issues facing sustainable cities          Congress), waste prevention and management (12th
                                                                                                                                                                                           and giving towns and cities               National Waste Conference). Nantes also helped
                                                                                                                                                                                           throughout the world a chance             to spread the word about sustainable development
                   HEADING 4
                                                                                                                                                               to have their say. Another large-scale event, the World               through its active participation in networks such
                   RALLYING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC PLAYERS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 46                                                                Forum on Human Rights, with 2,300 participants from                   Eurocities, ICLEI, UCLG, the World Mayors Council,
                                                                                                                                                               a hundred or so countries, pledged to defend human                    CEMR* and CIVITAS*. Following on from Hamburg
                                                                                                                                                               rights in conjunction with the environment, with a focus              and Vitoria-Gasteiz, environmental associations from
                                                                                                                                                               on cultural rights and the new Agenda 21 for culture.                 Europe (Stockholm, Hamburg, Lisbon, Izmir, Seville,
                                                                                                                                                               Fifteen or so cultural networks took part in the discussions,         Lodz) met in Nantes at the initiative of Ecopole.
                                                                                                                                                               affirming the role played by culture in developing cities,
                                                                                                                                                               and signed, alongside Nantes, the European Charter for
                                                                                                                                                               a Responsible and Sustainable Mobility of Artists and
                                                                                                                                                               Cultural Professionals.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      © Daniel Hayduk
                                                                                                                                                               *UITP: International Association of Public Transport *WGIC: World Green Infrastructure Congress *ASTEE: Association Scientifique
© Patrick Garçon

                                                                                                                                                               et Technique pour l’Eau et l’Environnement (Scientific and Technical Association for Water and the Environment) *Eurocities: Network
                                                                                                                                                               of major European cities set up in 1986 *ICLEI: International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives *UCLG: United Cities and
                                                                                                                                                               Local Governments *World Mayors Council on Climate Change (WMCCC) *CEMR: Council of European Municipalities and Regions
                                                                                                                                                               *CIVITAS: Cleaner and Better Transport in Cities.

32                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    33
Attractiveness: a metropolitan dynamic 2

     CITIES HAVE A GREAT DEAL TO SAY                                                                                        SHARING THE INTERNATIONAL CHALLENGES
                                                                                                                            OF TOMORROW’S CITY WITH INHABITANTS
     2013 also provided an opportunity for cities to have their say. Whether at the General Meeting of Eurocities in
     Ghent, where Nantes assumed the role of Vice-Chair, or at the stopovers on Nantes’ Expedition across Europe, the
                                                                                                                            Alongside elected representatives and experts, Nantes      During Ecocity, 8,000 youngsters and their parents
     city of Nantes voiced the concerns of cities internationally - Brussels, Geneva, Hamburg, Montreal, Prague, Turin,
                                                                                                                            also focused on inhabitants, drawing their attention to    used two million Lego bricks to build tomorrow’s city.
     Warsaw all featured in the diaries of the President of Nantes Métropole and the Mayor of Nantes. International
                                                                                                                            two problems: food waste, and a city designed for all      New ideas for schools and community infrastructure, a
     recognition of its expertise (mobility, water, waste, etc.) also means that Nantes Métropole receives many requests
                                                                                                                            and for all ages. Following on from London, Paris and      balance between plants and buildings, and multimodal
     to talk about the choices it has made.
                                                                                                                            Nairobi, Tristram Stuart came to Nantes to organise        transport routes were just some of the avenues explored
                                                                                                                            “Feeding the 5,000” during the Ecocity World Summit.       by these builders. This “Build the change” programme
                                                                                                                            Some 7,000 diners met at the Les Nefs site on the Ile      channelled young people’s creativity and constructional
                                                                                                                            de Nantes with a view to cutting down on food waste.       flair into imagining the needs of future generations.
                                                                                                                            Prepared by local volunteers from Disco Soupe, the meal,
                                                                                                                            centred around fruit and vegetables, and having little
                                                                                                                            to do with conventional marketing “criteria”, brought
                                                                                                                            together inhabitants from across the Nantes area and
                                                                                                                            delegates taking part in Ecocity to get behind a strong
                                                                                                                            message and a European ambition: reducing food waste
                                                                                                                            by 50% by 2015.

                                                                                                                             © Christiane Blanchard
      © Patrick Garçon

     TOWNS AND CITIES OFFICIALLY REPRESENTED AT ECOCITY :
     Dakar, Kabul, Montreal, Paris, Seattle, Suncheon, Copenhagen, Loos-en-Gohelle, Hamburg, Medellin, Brussels,
     Rennes, Portland, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Niigata, Nuremberg, Montreuil, Växjö, Buenos Aires, Utrecht, Greater Lyon, Malmö,
     Gothenburg, Tallinn, Toulouse, Dunkerque, BrabantStad, Rosny-sous-Bois, Cahors, Durban, Angers, Port-au-Prince,
     São Paulo, Athens, Sofia, Timbuktu, Fribourg, Casablanca, Aalborg, Adelaide, Brazzaville, Bristol, Cairo, Brest,
     Saint-Ouen, Manspach, Bilbao, Dublin, Geneva, Bern, Todmorden, Bremen, Bergen, Boulder, Hanover, Strasbourg,
     and more.

34                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               35
Attractiveness: a metropolitan dynamic 2

        KEY FIGURES

        A MEETING PLACE FOR ECO-CITIES
        THROUGHOUT THE WORLD
                                                                                              In the spotlight
                                                                                                                                                                                          SPOTLIGHT 1

                                            8,400
                                            delegates                                          TEDX ARRIVES IN NANTES IN 2013

                                                                                               The “TED” (Technology-Entertainment-Design) conferences are a platform for the most innovative ideas for
                                                                                               our future. In a world perpetually questioning itself, this mission to “spread ideas” is an unquestionable
                                          attended all the                                     success. In Nantes, the “TEDx” was launched in January 2013 with its first event on the “Green City” at
                                        Nantes Green Capital                                   the Lieu Unique.

                  5                     international events
                                            during 2013.            100,600
            continents                                                     hits                                                                                                           SPOTLIGHT 2

          The 65 official                                          on the Nantes Green         ECOCITY
       delegations and their
       600 guests came from
        the five continents.
                                          40,000                  Capital website during
                                                                  the course of the year.
                                              visitors                                         Ecocity’s debates and discussions focus on making, governing, financing and designing cities. Attended
                                                                                               by many networks (UCLG, CMER, Eurocities) and international authorities (European Commission, United
                                                                                               Nations), elected representatives, technicians and professionals recounted their experiences in the company
                                                                                               of Severn Cullis-Suzuki, one of the stars of the 1992 Rio “Earth Summit”, Rob Hopkins from Transition
                                                                                               Towns, Joan Clos from UN-Habitat and Richard Register, President of Ecocity Builders.

                                       and 8,000 professionals

               750                     were welcomed at public
                                         exhibitions in 2013.               2                                                                                                             SPOTLIGHT 3
          contributions                                                 projects
                                                                                               THE MAIN DATES OF THE GREEN CAPITAL AWARD
      from fifty or so countries                                    The carbon emissions

                                            1,060
           worldwide were                                        offset in conjunction with    - October 2010: title of Green Capital is awarded, the city starts to draw up its plans.
        submitted for Ecocity.                                      the Ecocity emissions,     - September 2011: the programme is put together and all the stakeholders rallied.
      They provided a starting point
     for the working sessions during      press articles             managed by GERES-
                                                                   CO2 Solidaire, went to
                                                                                               - July 2012: the call for citizens’ projects is launched.
                                                                                               - November 2012: the baton is passed from Vitoria-Gasteiz to Nantes.
       the three days of the summit                                 two projects: cooking      - 21 January 2013: Green Capital year is officially launched.
              (100 sessions).                                      equipment in Mali and       - 14 June 2013: Europe is welcomed to the city for the Green Capital 2015 award.
                                                                  conservatories in Kabul      - L ate November 2013: the exhibition showcasing the Aéroflorale’s travels is showcased
                                        Nantes Green Capital            (Afghanistan).            by the European Parliament and the Committee of the Regions in Brussels.
                                        was featured in over                                   -1
                                                                                                 8 December 2013: the Green Book symbolising European recognition is handed to Copenhagen,
                                         1,060 press articles                                   Green Capital 2014.
                                        and reports in 2013.

36                                                                                                                                                                                                            37
Attractiveness: a metropolitan dynamic 2

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SPOTLIGHT 4            HEADING 2

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NANTES’ EXPEDITION ACROSS EUROPE
     LIST OF CONFERENCES ATTENDED BY THE NANTES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Making Europe’s towns and cities aware of the challenges that safeguarding biodiversity in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              urban environments raises and reaching out to new audiences were the two main aims of
     - Eurocities Environment Forum, Nice, 13-15 March.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Nantes’ Expedition across Europe. The Expedition featured the Aéroflorale flying greenhouse
     - UCLG, “Going Green”, Montreal, 20 March.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              - ambassador of Nantes Green Capital - and containers offering both information on Nantes
     - 7th Conference on Sustainable Cities, Geneva, 17-19 April.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              European Green Capital and an exhibition to make people more aware of the challenges
     - Smart Cities Conference, Warsaw, 9-11 May.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              posed by the ways in which cities are developing nowadays.
     - European Forum on Eco-Innovation: “air quality equals quality of life”, Prague, 23 and 24 May.
     - “Green Week”, Brussels, 6 June.
     - Conference on Climate Change, Bonn, 13 June.
     - Eurocities Environment Forum, Nantes, 23-25 September.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SPOTLIGHT 5

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            THE GREEN CAPITAL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            PLAYS HOST TO VISITORS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The Orangerie in the Jardin des Plantes took on the colours of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            the European Green Capital to welcome its visitors. The hub for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            welcoming visitors and providing information, supplemented
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            by various information points in the municipalities, welcomed
                                                          LES Im
                                                                        PaCtS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            over 20,000 visitors in six months.
                                                                                        Sur LE
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     key figures

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   LES CHIFFRES CLÉS

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            press info, signage and more, visitors including members
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ent atteind
                                                                    NUMBER OF LITRES OF HERBICIDE USED BY NANTES’ DEPARTMENTS                                                                                                                 re

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             © Erwan Balanca

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            everything on hand to welcome them. Banners with useful
                                                                                        50 000

                                              900                                    40 000

                                                                                   30 000

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            information about the environment were rolled out in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      © Christian Konig
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   © Patrick Garçon

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            24 municipalities for inhabitants and travelling and fixed
                 © Valery Joncheray

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     EnEn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2013,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2013Nantes est la capitale verte de l’Europe. Cette distinction vient reconnaître
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                                                            © Erwan Balanca

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                                                                                                   ole, AURA LOCAL AND REGIONAL PRESS Nantes Métropole                                                                                                                                                                                                          ement          depu
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1212017

                                               Sources : Nantes
                                                © Christian Konig

                                                          2006 Métropole, AURAN.
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                                                                                              24 I +33 6 18 28 562009                  2010                                             2011                                                                                                                                                      www.nantesgreencapital.fr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1212017

                                                                                                                     39
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               © Patrick Garçon
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1212017

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1212017

                                                                                                              Sonia Menhane (TV-Radios) I smenhane@profilepr.fr
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        www.nantesmetropole.fr

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Nantes’ Expedition across Europe and to feature in the
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                                                           : Nantes  Métropole, AURAN.
                                             Sources : Direction du cycle de l’eau,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     www.na                  l.fr
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            European Parliament.
      © Christiane Blanchard

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         40x60 exp veg.indd 2                                                01/08/13 16:16

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