NI Grid Automation System -

NI Grid Automation System -
NI Grid Automation System
NI Grid Automation System -
NI Grid Automation System -
Get a Better Picture of Your Changing Electrical Network
  Renewable generation, energy storage, plug-in electric vehicles, interconnects, and
  increasing demand are just some of the challenges grid owners face today. These
  challenges require increased flexibility and new measurement technology to improve grid
  control and asset use. The Grid Automation System helps utility companies and utility
  suppliers with the intelligent grid information they need now and in the future as new
  problems emerge.

  Lower the Cost of Grid Information
  The Grid Automation System is a customizable intelligent electronic device designed to
  simplify substation monitoring and upgrades while improving measurement visibility. This
  approach to grid instrumentation uses a common set of hardware with software-designed
  measurements and communication protocols. With this approach, the Grid Automation
  System can deliver new measurements to operators and power system engineers while
  integrating with existing systems. Additionally, the software-based measurements can be
  upgraded in the future as standards, research, and needs evolve.                                                                       3
NI Grid Automation System -
Get Better Information
  Decisions from the control room that rely on information gathered from the grid are
  limited by the capabilities of deployed instrumentation. With the Grid Automation System,
  capabilities can change as the needs of the grid change. Full access to the streaming
  waveform data is available for inline processing, online monitoring, and storage on the
  device. You can program the Grid Automation System to intelligently select which data to
  monitor, store, or transmit to reduce storage and bandwidth requirements. The analog
  input channels that are designed for potential transformer and current transformer inputs
  use high-speed, high-resolution converters that sample at up to 1,000 samples per cycle
  with 24 bits of resolution. The quality of this system goes beyond the specifications
  because NI has nearly 40 years of experience in measurement instrumentation.

                                                             Get the measurements you
                                                             want with a customizable,
                                                             software designed

  Simplify Your Upgrade Plan
  Using a hybrid, customizable device like the Grid Automation System can help simplify the
  transition between technologies by bridging your existing setup with new technology and
  minimizing the need for excess equipment. For example, the Grid Automation System
  programmed as a remote terminal unit can collect data from slave devices communicating
  over one protocol and output to the SCADA/EMS system over another. This prevents
  upgrading more equipment than needed and allows power engineers to selectively
  replace systems that are legacy or outdated.                                                                         4
NI Grid Automation System -
Solve Your Problems
  You can use the Grid Automation System as a ready-to-run device with a default
  personality, a ready-to-program “clean slate,” or anything in between. This is possible
  because of the open approach to software. NI applications feature code that is freely
  available for modification with a current version of LabVIEW and the LabVIEW Electrical
  Power Suite installed on a development machine. If you need a ready-to-run personality
  without the development, NI and NI Alliance Partners deliver turnkey solutions designed
  to contract specifications. Contact NI today to learn more about these solutions.                                                                       5
NI Grid Automation System -
Hardware Specifications
Voltage Input
Channels                8 (2-bus configuration)
ADC Spec                24-bit, 50,000/sec/channel
Input Range             0-250 VRMS nominal, 500V pk.
Thermal Withstand       500 VRMS (continuous), 600 VRMS (10 seconds)

Current Input
Channels                8 (2-bus configuration)
ADC Spec                24-bit, 50,000/sec/channel
Input Range             0-20 ARMS (continuous), 100 ARMS (10 Seconds)
Thermal Withstand       500 ARMS (1 sec), 1250 ARMS (1 cycle)

Binary Input
Channels                8
Input Range             0 – 250 VDC
Crossing Threshold      Ratiometric. Set at (2/3) * VDC Input

GPS, Power, Processing & Comm.
GPS                     Type-F connector, 5V supply for antenna
Power Input             Universal: 110-300 VDC, 100-240 VAC 50/60Hz
Comm. Ports             Dual ENET (1x Fiber, 1x Copper)
Comm. Protocols         Software Defined: DNP3, 61850, EN 60870, C37.118, Modbus
Core Processor          667 MHz dual-core ARM Cortex-A9 Processor
Co-Processor (FPGA)     Xilinx Artix-7

Standards Testing
The NI Grid Automation System was designed and tested to EMC standards such as IEC 61000-
4-X and C37.90.X. See the hardware manual online for the full list.                                                                 6
NI Grid Automation System -
Software Specifications
  The Grid Automation System is shipped with phasor measurement unit capability that
  makes the system ready to install/commission as a PMU out of the box. The software
  code for this personality is available from NI for modification.

   PMU Software Features (inclusive of HW capabilities)
   C37.118.1a-2014 Compliant
   TVE < 1%
   GPS time synchronization to within ±100ns
   Power measurements – RMS, P, Q, S, PF
   Symmetrical Components - Positive, Negative, and Zero Sequence
   Digital reporting
   Up to 1 frame/cycle reporting rate
   2-bus configuration (single reference frequency)

  The Grid Automation System PMU software uses a web-based configuration utility. For
  non-web configuration and multidevice commissioning, a standard format JSON file is
  used for all device settings. You can configure this file offline and then transfer it to the
  device.                                                                             7
NI Grid Automation System -
NI Technology for Grid Measurements

  NI CompactRIO
  The core technology of the Grid Automation System is a CompactRIO reconfigurable
  embedded control and acquisition system from NI. CompactRIO systems combine
  advanced processing components with modular input/output circuitry to help embedded
  designers build intelligent control or measurement systems. NI and third-party companies
  offer more than 200 input/output modules to connect CompactRIO to a variety of sensors,
  signals, actuators, and networks.

                                                                   For over 10 years, CompactRIO
                                                                   has reliably served a variety of
                                                                   industries for measurement and

Processing and Controller Specifications
Core Processor                        667 MHz dual-core ARM Cortex-A9
Co-Processor (FPGA)                   Xilinx Artix-7 FPGA Fabric
Operating System                      NI Linux Real-Time (open source, email
Storage                               1 GB (nonvolatile)
Memory                                512 MB DDR3 RAM
Supported Development Languages       LabVIEW, C, C++, Linux-supported scripting languages
Supported Development Languages       LabVIEW
(FPGA)                                                                                 8
NI Grid Automation System -
NI Technology in Action

 National Grid UK Improves Operational Data
 National Grid UK, the transmission system operator for nearly 20 million people in the UK,
 is deploying an advanced, upgradable grid measurement system to provide better
 operational data for the state of the UK grid. With the challenges of today and the
 unforeseen challenges of the future, National Grid UK is focusing on developing a flexible
 solution that can be upgraded with new software as the measurement needs of the grid
 and amount of data available evolve.

                                                                National Grid UK built a solution
                                                                using CompactRIO to manage
                                                                data visibility issues now and in
                                                                the future.

 The Solution
 National Grid UK selected the NI platform to develop a flexible, powerful, and connected
 measurement system capable of gathering and analyzing large amounts of data to better
 detect grid-wide trends. Compared to its existing infrastructure, implementing a smarter,
 more connected system allows National Grid UK to manage change, optimize energy
 sources, and plan for the future grid. The new system also takes advantage of the high-
 processing power of CompactRIO to offer grid-wide visibility while providing more in-
 depth data then the previous system.                                                                         9
NI Grid Automation System -
NI Technology in Action
 LocalGrid Increases Reliability & Security with MicroGrids
 LocalGrid Technologies, a spin-off of National Instruments Alliance Partner Prolucid
 Technologies Inc., along with National Instruments, is leading the development of “smart”
 distributed power generation and MicroGrids. Changing to a decentralized approach to
 power management enables distributed generation by making renewable energy available
 that is either utility or state owned, or available through feed-in-tariff (FIT) programs.
 Toronto Hydro-Electric System Limited (Toronto Hydro) has been a participant in this
 project. Toronto Hydro is one of the largest municipal electricity distribution companies in
 Canada and has approximately 1,600 feeder lines and 719,000 customers, according to
 their website. Making the most effective use of multiple generation sources requires a
 dynamic and flexible distribution grid. This is a key driver for grid modernization. Toronto
 Hydro hopes to use intelligent monitoring and control to help overcome many restrictions,
 and the Intelligent Node Project with LocalGrid is their first effort in this important area.

                                             “We standardized our design on the CompactRIO
                                             platform because it is a highly modular off-the-
                                             shelf, software-designed controller that provides
                                             us the I/O and processing flexibility we need.”
                                                 -Bob Leigh, CEO LocalGrid Technologies

 The Solution
 Using the NI cRIO-9068 controller and LocalGrid DataFabric software built on the NI
 LabVIEW platform, utilities and power providers can now quickly and cost-effectively
 deploy MicroGrid solutions that are modular and standards based so they can be
 easily customized for future growth and expansion. This solution enables secure and high-
 resolution communications over existing and low-bandwidth networks seamlessly, and
 can be used to manage distributed grid assets, develop better network “stress” insight,
 and optimize generation dispatch.                                                                            10
NI Tools for Grid Measurements
 LabVIEW Electrical Power Suite
 • Power and Energy Calculations (IEC 61000-4-30)
 • Unbalance (IEC 61000-4-30)
 • Flicker (IEC 61000-4-15)
 • Event detection and aggregation (IEC 61000-4-30)
 • Harmonic Analysis (IEC 61000-4-7)
 • Phasor Measurements (C37.118.1a-2014 PMU)
 • COMTRADE File Format
 • Protection Curves (50, 51,27, 59, and custom)

 LabVIEW Programmable                            NI Linux Real-Time
 Protocols                                       • Integrate applications from the Linux
 • DNP3                                          community
 • IEC 61850 (MMS, GOOSE)                        • Run compatible scripting code
 • IEC 60870-5                                   • Open source code available from
 • C37.118.1-2011 (PMU)                

 C/C++ Code Integration
 • Run C code, LabVIEW, or both on the core processor
 • Use Eclipse, or preferred IDE, to develop, debug and deploy to device                                                                      11
About NI
 Four Decades of Progress
 For nearly 40 years, NI has worked with engineers and scientists to provide answers to
 the most challenging questions. Through these pursuits, NI customers have brought
 hundreds of thousands of products to market, overcome innumerable technological
 roadblocks, and engineered a better life for us all. If you can turn it on, connect it, drive it,
 or launch it, chances are NI technology helped make it happen.

                                                                   NI headquarters in Austin, TX

 Quick Facts
 • Founded:                             1976
 • 2013 Revenue :                       $1.17B
 • Global Operations:                   Offices in nearly 50 countries
 • Employee Count:                      Approximately 7,100 employees
 • Customer Base:                       35,000+ companies served annually
 • Diversity:                           No industry comprises more than 15% of revenue

 ©2015 National Instruments. All rights reserved. CompactRIO, LabVIEW, National Instruments, NI, and are trademarks of
 National Instruments. Other product and company names listed are trademarks or trade names of their respective companies. A
 National Instruments Alliance Partner is a business entity independent from National Instruments and has no agency, partnership,
 or joint-venture relationship with National Instruments.                                                                                                               12
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