REDUCING REOFFENDING I0% BY 2020 - Department for ...

REDUCING REOFFENDING I0% BY 2020 - Department for ...
REDUCING REOFFENDING I0% BY 2020 - Department for ...
The State Government would like to preface this report with an acknowledgment
of country.
The State Government acknowledge the Kaurna people as the custodians of the
Adelaide region and that their cultural and heritage beliefs are still as important
to the living Kaurna people today.
The State Government would also like to pay respects to the cultural authority
of Aboriginal people from other areas of South Australia and Australia who have
contributed to the development of the Report and who will be involved in, or
impacted by, the delivery of its recommendations.
REDUCING REOFFENDING I0% BY 2020 - Department for ...
           Minister Foreword                                                4
           Chapter One: Our Journey to 10by20                               5
              Setting a Target for a Safe South Australia                   6
              The 10by20 Strategic Policy Panel                             7
              Next Steps: The Government’s Response                         7
              10by20 Panel Strategies                                       8
              10by20 Government Responses                                   9
           Chapter Two: Our Focus on Reducing Reoffending                  10
              Sector change                                                11
              Individual Responsibility                                    11
              Managing Risk                                                12
              Working in Partnership                                       12
              Responding to Complex Needs                                  12
              Correctional Services Culture                                12
           Chapter Three: Our 10by20 Implementation Plan                   13
              Implementation Steps                                         14
              Governance, Reporting and Monitoring                         15
              10by20 Stakeholder Engagement Framework                      16
           Chapter Four: Our Plan to Achieve 10by20                        17
           Chapter Five: Our Programs for Change                           24
              New Foundations Housing Program                              25
              Work Ready, Release Ready                                    27
              Rehabilitation Programs                                      29
              Legislative Amendments                                       31
              Tailored Rehabilitation for Aboriginal Offenders             33
              Expanding Community Supervision and Reintegration Services   35
              Corrections Culture                                          37
           Chapter Six: Our Evidence Base for Success                      39
              New Foundations                                              41
              Work Ready, Release Ready                                    41
              Rehabilitation Programs                                      42
              Community Transition and Learning Centre                     42
           Appendix A: Our Response to the Panel’s Recommendations         44
           Appendix B: Glossary                                            54
              List of Key Terms                                            54
              List of Key Acronyms and Abbreviations                       54

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                3
REDUCING REOFFENDING I0% BY 2020 - Department for ...
    Upon becoming Minister for Correctional Services in early 2016,
    three statistics stood out as key indicators of the substantial challenge
    facing our prison system.
    The first, was the fact that the prison population is growing at 6.01% per year.
    The second, is that over 75% of our current prison population have been in prison
    at least once before. And finally, that the rate of reoffending is 46%.
    Reoffending has substantial costs for our community. It means more crime, more
    victims and more expense to the taxpayer through costly court proceedings and
    incarceration. However, a reduction in reoffending means a safer community and
    frees up Government resources to invest in more productive community services,
    like schools and hospitals.
    For these reasons, the rate of reoffending must be a key performance indicator of
    our criminal justice system. In August last year, the State Government set a bold target
    to reduce the rate of reoffending by 10% by 2020, and following a near-12 month
    review of the State’s correctional system, we are now driving a fundamental shift in
    corrections policy.
    This document is a blueprint for achieving the reoffending reduction target. The
    strategy has been informed by the work of the independent panel, Chaired by
    Mr Nyunggai Warren Mundine AO, and accepts all six themes and 36 recommendations
    put forward by the panel.
    Almost $80 million, including $28 million in new funding, is being invested in reducing
    the rate of reoffending by 10% by 2020 which underpins a whole-of-system change in
    offender management.
    If the target is realised, SA will become a national leader. Our new approach is built
    upon factors that prevent reoffending – supportive accommodation, employment
    and community support.
    The reality is that the majority of people in prison will be released, which means that
    successful transition from prison back into the community is paramount.
    While the Government will ensure that dangerous criminals that need to be locked
    up will be, focusing on rehabilitation will result in less crimes being committed, fewer
    victims and the saving of taxpayer dollars.
    This fundamental policy shift will not only mean fewer victims of crime but will also
    provide real opportunity for offenders to turn their lives around.
    The Department for Correctional Services and I will now work swiftly to implement
    this strategy and realise our target.

    Hon Peter Malinauskas MLC
    Minister for Correctional Services

4                                                 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
REDUCING REOFFENDING I0% BY 2020 - Department for ...
ONE       TO 10BY20
REDUCING REOFFENDING I0% BY 2020 - Department for ...

                       ver the past decade, South Australia has experienced a
                      significant growth in prisoner numbers despite crime rates
                       he Reducing Reoffending: 10% by 2020 target was announced in
                      August 2016 to address the high rates of reoffending and to ensure
                      that we continue to build safer communities.
                       Strategic Policy Panel was appointed, chaired by Mr Nyunggai
                      Warren Mundine AO. The Panel’s Report outlines six strategies and
                      36 associated recommendations.
                       he Government accepts all recommendations and has committed
                      $79,137,000 – including $28,103,000 in new funding – to achieve
                      the target.

Setting a Target for a Safe South Australia               The State Government has committed to the
                                                          Reducing Reoffending: 10% by 2020 (10by20) Strategy
The South Australian Government has a vision that our
                                                          in order to break this cycle and achieve a range of
neighbourhoods will be safe and welcoming places
                                                          benefits, including:
where people can live active and healthy lives and feel
part of the community.                                        afer communities;
Our commitment to building a safe South Australia             ewer victims; and
has seen a marked reduction in the State’s crime rate,        ossible cost saving of $20.5 million.
though levels of incarceration continue to rise.          The setting of the target was only the first step.
South Australia’s imprisonment rate has increased         The State Government accepts all of the Panel’s
at twice the national rate, with the prison population    recommendations and will now work to implement
growing by 86.5% in 10 years.                             evidence-based policies and programs that will
Repeat offenders are responsible for a large proportion   achieve real change.
of South Australian crime and nearly three quarters of
those currently in custody have been in prison before.
The current situation in South Australia demonstrates
a need to break the cycle of reoffending. The State’s
criminal justice system must work to address the             46%
underlying causes for anti-social behaviour and assist
ex-offenders to become contributing members of society.
    South Australia’s prison population
    has had a decade of sustained growth.
    If we can reduce the rate of reoffending in
    South Australia, we will create a safer
    community with fewer victims and less crime.           35%

    It’s time to take a smarter path and stop the
    revolving door of our prisons.                         30%
                                                                 2016       2017      2018       2019      2020

6                                                                       REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
REDUCING REOFFENDING I0% BY 2020 - Department for ...
The 10by20 Strategic                                      Next Steps:
Policy Panel                        Strategic Policy      The Government’s Response
                                    Panel Membership
In August 2016 the State                                  The Government accepts all of the
Government established
the 10by20 Strategic Policy         Mr Nyunggai Warren    Panel’s recommendations.
Panel (Panel).                      Mundine AO (Chair)    The 10by20 Government Response and Action Plan
The Panel was tasked with                                 (this document) outlines the State Government’s:
                                    Dr Lynn Arnold AO
investigating best practice and                               ommitment to reducing reoffending and
identifying strategies that will                             building community safety;
reduce rates of reoffending         Ms Amanda Blair
                                                              ision for achieving 10by20, including a
and promote rehabilitation
                                                             whole-of-system response;
and reintegration outcomes.         Emeritus Professor
                                    Anne Edwards AO          Implementation plan, which prioritises the
Working within this framework,
                                                             recommendations and outlines key actions;
the Panel developed the
Reducing Reoffending: 10%           Mrs Nikki Govan           igh-level communication and stakeholder
by 2020 Strategic Policy Panel                               engagement plan;
Report (the Report), released       Mr Mal Hyde
                                                              ngoing governance arrangements, monitoring
in December 2016.                   AO APM OStJ
                                                             and evaluation; and
The Report outlined
                                    Mr Michael                ction plan, which provides the roadmap to support
six strategies with 36
                                    O’Connell APM AO         implementation, monitoring, and reporting.
recommendations for the State
Government to consider.                                   This response involves the commitment of all
                                                          agencies within the criminal justice and community
While acknowledging the high quality programs
                                                          service systems.
already being delivered, the Report describes a
Correctional Services system under pressure.              Whilst considering the system as a whole, the
                                                          majority of the Panel’s recommendations relate to
The Panel focused on articulating a vision of: a safer
                                                          the Department for Correctional Services (DCS / the
community by reducing reoffending: 10% by 2020.
                                                          Department). DCS is responsible for prisoners and
Within this context, the Report demonstrates a            offenders while in custody (custodial sentences
need to provide targeted and person-centred               can be served both in prison and in community) and
rehabilitation supports and services, underpinned by an   for ongoing supervision, rehabilitation and reintegration
understanding of both gender and cultural difference.     support post-release – as required.
To achieve the target, initiatives must be resourced      The Department has the greatest opportunity to
accordingly, be outcome focused and include in-built      influence reoffending behaviour through the provision
monitoring and evaluation.                                of high quality rehabilitation, supports and services.
                                                          Leadership over delivering of the action plan and
                                                          monitoring of 10by20 will therefore be the responsibility
                                                          of DCS.

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                                                 7
REDUCING REOFFENDING I0% BY 2020 - Department for ...
The six strategies outlined in the Report, all of which have
been accepted by the State Government, are:

            STRATEGY ONE                              STRATEGY TWO
                       SUCCESSFUL                               EMPLOYMENT
                       RETURN TO                                AND INDUSTRY
            with individualised case                  where partnerships are developed
            management plans for all                  between DCS and the South
            offenders from entry to the               Australian business sector to
            corrections system to six months          improve the employment outcomes
            post-release, where appropriate.          for prisoners and offenders.

            STRATEGY THREE                            STRATEGY FOUR

                       PRIORITISING                             STRATEGY FOR
                       TARGET                                   ABORIGINAL
                       COHORTS                                  OFFENDERS
            to ensure programs are targeted to        to ensure targeted and culturally
            groups to achieve the best results,       appropriate services and programs.
            which include women offenders,            All of the Panel’s recommendations
            prisoners on short sentences,             must consider the specific and
            individuals on remand, and offenders      cultural needs of Aboriginal
            in community corrections.                 offenders when being implemented.

            STRATEGY FIVE                             STRATEGY SIX

                       DCS AGENCY                               PARTNERSHIPS
                       AND STAFF                                AND
                       RESPONSE                                 COLLABORATION
            that allows for change within the         with other government agencies
            current system to ensure that the         and public and private sector
            target is supported by DCS’ culture,      partners that ensure the successful
            resources, capabilities and structures.   delivery of services and programs.

8                                                                REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
In accepting the six strategies and 36 recommendations put forward by the Panel,
the State Government has committed to funding a $79.137 million plan.

The key pillars of this plan include:

                              NEW                            REHABILITATION
                       FOUNDATIONS                           PROGRAMS
    will support offenders who are at risk of                will be expanded and include
 exiting prison into homelessness, to obtain                 a focus on family violence, sex
  suitable housing. The program will include                 offending, violent offenders and
   targeted supports and services to ensure                  drug and alcohol dependency.
 offender reintegrate well to community life.
                                                               FUNDING            $I2.513M
  FUNDING              $I8.9M                                                   UNDERWAY – EXTENDED TO 2020/21

                    OVER FOUR YEARS 2017/18 BUDGET

                      WORK READY,                            AMENDMENTS
                    RELEASE READY                            will support a reduction in reoffending
will provide job readiness training and post-                through a greater emphasis on
      release employment support to ensure                   individual case management, access
 more prisoners are ‘work ready’ on release.                 to rehabilitation and vocational
     Offenders will be provided with relevant                training for people on remand, and
 education and training and those requiring                  enhancements to prison security.
      additional assistance post-release will be               NEW
               linked to a job network provider.               LEGISLATION

  FUNDING           $9.203M
                    OVER FOUR YEARS 2017/18 BUDGET

                                                             EXPANDING COMMUNITY
                  TAILORED                                   AND REINTEGRATION
                                                             will include the provision of additional
                                                             monitoring staff, technology and
          will be particularly focused on the                rehabilitation services for offenders
        needs of Aboriginal offenders from                   through the expanded Home Detention
 remote communities. The program aims to                     program. Funding will also support The
address the disproportionately high rates of                 ‘Arches’, a 30-bed bail accommodation
   Aboriginal incarceration and reoffending.                 facility in Port Adelaide run by Anglicare.

                                                               FUNDING           $38.522M

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                                            9

                                 he growing incarceration rate and high levels of reoffending
                                demonstrate a clear need to implement holistic responses that
                                engage the broader sector in supporting ex-offenders to live
                                crime free lives.
                                 ew and existing 10by20 programs will prioritise individual
                                commitment, change cannot occur unless each individual takes
                                responsibility for his or her offending behaviour.
                                 ll 10by20 Responses will support the Panel’s vision of ‘a safer
                                community by reducing reoffending: 10% by 2020’.

Sector Change                                                                               Individual Responsibility
Realising the 10by20 target requires whole-of-sector                                        Program participation will be underpinned by each individual
support and commitment to a positive, outcomes-                                             taking responsibility for their offending and demonstrating
focused criminal justice system. Rather than solely                                         a willingness to change their behaviour. 10by20 programs
responding to crime reactively, the system must act                                         are designed to enable and support real change.
proactively to improve community safety and support
ex-offenders to desist from crime long-term.                                                  Change and desistance from crime is
                                                                                              fundamentally the responsibility of each
The majority of prisoners will complete their sentences
                                                                                              individual offender. Through the 10by20
and leave custody.1 There is a need to ensure that South
                                                                                              Strategy, programs and policies will seek
Australian communities are equipped with appropriate
                                                                                              to enable ex-offenders to take ownership
support to reduce the likelihood of reoffending and
                                                                                              over their offending behaviour.
returning to DCS.
A range of factors can adversely impact on the                                              Program delivery will be supported by in-built,
likelihood of reoffending, including social isolation,                                      individualised reintegration support and services where
poverty, and poor housing.                                                                  appropriate. These supports will take into account
The 10by20 Strategy will assist ex-offenders to become                                      the individual lifestyle factors and family, social, and
contributing members of society by providing targeted                                       community networks that may support or discourage
supports as well as committing to link individuals to                                       each individual’s desistance from crime. Within a whole-of-
appropriate mainstream programs.                                                            system focus, the State Government will support DCS to
                                                                                            enable all offenders leaving custody, where appropriate, to:
A range of mainstream activities and support will work
together to develop pro-social attitudes and actions in                                           e contributing members of society and live
the lives of ex-offenders, including:                                                            crime-free lives;
     ublic health;
    P                                                                                             ake ownership over their journey toward
    Education;                                                                                  desistance from crime;
     Employment support;                                                                         eintegrate to community post-release with
      Sport and recreation; and                                                                 adequate support to find employment, education
       Community events.                                                                        and /or housing;
The State Government has tasked DCS with the                                                      econnect with culture, community and family;
responsibility to lead change across the sector.
                                                                                                  nderstand and access relevant mainstream support
The Department will be enabled to develop new                                                    and services while in community; and
programs, policies and procedures that will lead to
better outcomes for offenders and ex-offenders.                                                   ccess targeted and specialist support and services,
                                                                                                 whilst in prison and post-release, including both
                                                                                                 criminogenic and general rehabilitation programs.

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                                                                                      11
 DCS is also responsible for ensuring community safety, especially from high risk offenders who will not be returning to community,
through the maintenance of a high quality prison system.

                                                            COMMUNITY MEMBERS
 10by20 does not mean being soft on risk.
                                                            Victims and their families
 Rather, the focus is on the impact that the
                                                            Agencies that support victims
 delivery of evidence based rehabilitation
 can have on managing risk and reducing                     Offenders, ex-offenders and their families
 reoffending.                                               Aboriginal community leaders and members
                                                            All South Australians
Managing Risk
                                                           Responding to Complex Needs
When delivering on the 10by20 recommendations,
the primary focus will be achieving the Report’s vision,   Many offenders have multiple and complex needs,
which is: ‘a safer community by reducing reoffending:      including mental and physical disorders, mental health
10% by 2020’.                                              issues, intellectual disability, behavioural issues, personality
                                                           disorders, addiction, or an acute risk of suicide or self-harm.
We know that effective in-prison rehabilitation
programs are dependent on a system operating with a        Responding to complex needs and comorbidity requires
high standard of safety and quality security systems.      the effective delivery of a range of evidence based,
                                                           cross-government programs and supports.
This must be further supported by effective supervision,
case management and accountability within the              Programs targeted to people with complex needs include:
community corrections systems, which will support
                                                               ppropriate and individually tailored case
each offender to desist from crime and comply with the
                                                              management services;
conditions of his or her order.
                                                               ental health supports;
Key considerations for the implementation of all
                                                               ommunity and public housing;
programs and policies will be the potential impact on
victims and the potential for further victimisation.           argeted health services, both in prison and community;
                                                               ransition support at the point of release from
Working in Partnership                                        prison; and
Working in partnership with stakeholders involved              isability support services.
in and/or impacted by State Government decisions           Programs must also address specific criminogenic needs
is essential to successfully delivering on the 10by20      to achieve real change. DCS is responsible for the provision
recommendations.                                           of evidence based rehabilitation programs, including:
Those directly impacted must be provided with a voice,         omestic and Family Violence Intervention Program;
where appropriate. This includes victims and their
                                                               iolence Prevention Program;
families as well as offenders and their families.
                                                               iving Without Violence;
Table One identifies key partners who will be engaged
                                                               exual Behaviour Clinic;
by DCS, as the 10by20 Strategy lead. The 10by20
stakeholder engagement framework is further outlined           aking Changes;
in Chapter Three.                                              upporting Desistance; and
TA BL E O N E : K E Y PA R TNE RS                              lcohol and Other Drugs Therapeutic Community
                                                              (located at the Cadell Training Centre).
 The Department for Communities and Social Inclusion       Correctional Services Culture
 South Australia Police                                    Change must be led internally by DCS as the first point
 SA Health, including Prison Health and Mental Health      in the broader system response to 10by20.
 The Department for Education and Child Development        DCS is responsible for ensuring the safe, secure, and
 The Courts Administration Authority                       humane management of each offender whilst in prison
 The Department of State Development                       and community corrections.

 The Department for Child Protection                       Each contact between an offender and a corrections
                                                           staff member will have an impact on potential future
 NON-GOVERNMENT                                            desistance from crime. The Government is proud of the
 The NGO sector, including service providers               great work of DCS staff members but understands that
 The local business sector                                 the system must continue to improve.
 Academia, key areas of criminology/social science         The State Government is committed to ensuring that
 Local and national media                                  DCS training, resourcing, and programs and policies
                                                           support positive interactions between staff and offenders.

12                                                                    REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020

                        he 10by20 Implementation Plan will ensure evidence-based,
                       quality responses are developed in a consistent manner, supported
                       by appropriate monitoring and evaluation.
                        he State Government will remain accountable to achieving the
                       target through the delivering of annual 10by20 update reports.
                        he State Government will support the development of a 10by20
                       Engagement Strategy that will encourage all South Australians to
                       play a positive role in supporting offenders to reintegrate back
                       into the community.

Implementation Steps
Quick action must be balanced with the need to deliver evidence-based programs supported by appropriate
monitoring and evaluation.
The State Government will therefore take a phased implementation approach.

     Phase One Immediate Action                                 Phase Two Growing Change
     Phase One will focus on implementing action in             Phase Two, July 2018 to 2021, will involve
     response to recommendations that can be delivered          the implementation of the work undertaken
     immediately and by June 2018.                              in Phase One. This Phase will also include
     10by20 activity is already underway in response to         monitoring, review, and evaluation of Phase
     a number of the Panel’s recommendations. This has          One programs.
     allowed for change to commence as soon as possible,        The State Government is committed to
     resulting in greater impact.                               strengthening existing policies, programs,
     Phase One also involves building the foundations           and services that align with the Panel’s
     for action to be undertaken in Phase Two, including        recommendations. This will occur over both
     research, program development, the establishment of        stages, with monitoring and evaluation allowing
     evaluation frameworks and review of internal processes.    for additional strengthening where required.

     PH AS E O N E                                              PHASE TWO

           IMMEDIATE                  JUNE 2018                      JULY 2018                   2021

14                                                                  REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
Governance, Reporting and Monitoring                                                      The measurement is:
The State Government is committed to a whole-of-                                            ‘The percentage of adult prisoners
system response to 10by20.                                                                  released from custody who return to
As the majority of the Panel’s recommendations relate                                       corrective services with a new correctional
to corrections, DCS will be responsible for leading this                                    sanction (either prison or community
response as well as meeting ongoing reporting and                                           corrections) within two years.’2
monitoring requirements.
The DCS Chief Executive and Executive Group will                                          Reporting will continue until 2023 as the RoGS
drive change and support other areas of Government                                        reporting schedule is based on a two year timeframe,
to deliver on 10by20. The 10by20 Aboriginal Reference                                     which means that the final outcome in relation to the
Group will remain a major stakeholder in delivering on                                    10by20 target will not be known until January 2023.
key actions.
                                                                                          The annual update reports will include:
This Executive leadership provides a central point
                                                                                                onitoring of RoGS rate of reoffending;
for stakeholder engagement and discussions with
other agencies responsible for delivery against the                                             eport on and review of progress against the
recommendations.                                                                               target, actions, outcomes, and recommendation
                                                                                               outlined in the 10by20 Report and Action Plan; and
DCS will leverage existing cross-agency groups when
required, including the Chief Executive Group for                                               pdate on any changes to the Action Plan,
Aboriginal Affairs and the Ministerial Workgroup for                                           as necessary.
Women’s Offenders.                                                                        The final 10by20 Update Report will include an
Section Seven of the Panel’s Report sets out how the                                      evaluation of the 10by20 project and outcomes
State Government will monitor progress on the 10by20                                      with recommended next steps.
Strategy and the reporting schedule.                                                      TA B LE TWO: R EPOR TI N G TI MELI N E
This document provides the first deliverable: the                                         R EPOR T                                    DATE
Government’s Response and Action Plan. The Action                                           STATE GOVERNMENT                          FIRST
Plan will be a ‘living document’ that will continue to                                      RESPONSE AND ACTION PLAN                  HALF    2017
be monitored and amended.                                                                   10BY20                                    FIRST
                                                                                            UPDATE REPORT 1                           QTR     2018
The Reporting schedule proposed by the 10by20 Panel
                                                                                            10BY20                                    FIRST
has been updated to match the Report on Government
                                                                                            UPDATE REPORT 2                           QTR     2019
Services (RoGS) reporting timeframes. The first 10by20
Update Report will be provided in the first quarter of                                      10BY20                                    FIRST
                                                                                            UPDATE REPORT 3                           QTR     2020
2018, with reports due ongoing until the first quarter
2023, see Table Two. The reporting timeframe will                                           10BY20                                    FIRST
allow for accurate measurement against the target as                                        UPDATE REPORT 4                           QTR
recorded in the RoGS.                                                                       10BY20                                    FIRST
                                                                                            UPDATE REPORT 5                           QTR     2022
                                                                                            FINAL 10BY20                              FIRST
                                                                                            UPDATE REPORT 6                           QTR     2023

The benefits of a 10%
reduction in reoffending:                                        5I.I%                                   46%                       4I.4%
        afer communities
        ewer victims
        ossible cost saving
       of $20.5 million
                                                               N AT I O NAL                            C U R R ENT             SA TAR G ET
                                                               AVE RAGE                                SA R ATE              1 0 % BY 2020
This reducing reoffending target is based on the
return to correctional services data as reported
annually in the Report on Government Services.

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                                                                                    15
    Report on Government Services, Justice, Volume C,

10by20 Stakeholder Engagement Framework                    TA B LE THR EE: STA KEHOLDER EN GAGEMEN T FR A MEWORK

The South Australian Government is committed to            PRINCIPLE
                                                                         IMPACT ON 10BY20 STAKEHOLDER
supporting a culture of high-quality and effective

stakeholder and community engagement. Good                               Achieving the 10by20 Strategy will impact
engagement helps create better decisions by bringing                     on all South Australians. The response must,
                                                           We know       therefore, be developed holistically with a
the voices of citizens and stakeholders into the issues    why           focus on developing: supportive communities,
that are relevant to them.                                 we are        linkages to mainstream services; and
                                                           engaging      partnerships with other agencies and NGOs.
This commitment is expressed in the Government’s
Better Together principles of engagement. The 10by20                     The 10by20 Strategy will focus on those
Stakeholder Engagement Framework will align with                         who need to be involved to achieve change,
each of the six principles, outlined in Table Three.       2             including: State Government departments,
                                                                         relevant NGOs, academics in related fields,
                                                           We know
The 10by20 Stakeholder Engagement Strategy will                          Aboriginal communities and their leaders,
                                                           who to
include a specific focus on engaging with Aboriginal       engage        victims, as well as both offenders and their
families, communities and community leaders. In                          families. Each stakeholder group will be
developing the 10by20 Report, South Australia’s                          involved on the issues that are relevant to them.
Aboriginal communities expressed need for meaningful                     The development of the 10by20 Report
engagement to achieve real change; this will be
                                                                         involved extensive consultation, as outlined in
achieved primarily through the 10by20 Aboriginal                         Section Two. Ongoing stakeholder engagement
                                                           We know       will seek to build on this history to ensure
Reference Group.                                           the history   10by20 responses are based on the experience
The engagement of stakeholders will also be considered                   and expertise of our stakeholders.
in response to each of the Panel’s recommendations.
                                                                         Early engagement is central to each
When developing new 10by20 programs, a program level
stakeholder engagement strategy will be developed, to
                                                           4             new program implemented. Stakeholder
                                                                         engagement will be a foundational element of
                                                           We start
be aligned to the Better Together principles.              together      program design and will ensure co-ownership
                                                                         and commitment to new programs.
This Framework will provide the foundation for the
State Government’s response to Panel recommendation                      True engagement with all stakeholders is
32: Develop and implement a community engagement           5             essential to achieving the 10by20 target.
                                                                         The engagement strategy will seek to engage
strategy to increase community understanding around        We are
                                                           genuine       stakeholders ongoing through the use of a
the importance of rehabilitation and the long-term                       variety of tools, such as the 10by20 inbox.
community safety benefits.
                                                                         Engagement methods and processes will be
The engagement strategy will focus on building the                       different dependent on the stakeholder group
community’s understanding of the correctional services     We are        and the issue or program being discussed.
system and will aim to encourage all South Australian      relevant      The Strategy will ensure that engagement
                                                           and           is creative and appropriately tailored to the
community members to play a positive role in supporting    engaging      specific group whose feedback is being sought.
offender rehabilitation and community reintegration. The
community engagement strategy will be developed in
Stage One of the Government’s response.

16                                                                    REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020

STRATEGY                                SUCCESSFUL                  Outcome: Provision of end-to-end case management

ONE                                     RETURN TO                   for prisoners from prison entry to post-release to ensure
                                        COMMUNITY                   successful and sustained return to the community.

         Develop an end-to-end case management program with appropriate performance indicators that
     1                                                                                                               ACCEPTED
         supports prisoners from prison entry through to post-release.

         Recognise prisoner diversity and tailor programs to be most responsive to particular groups, taking
         differences and specific needs into consideration. Programs must be appropriately tailored to women,
     2                                                                                                               ACCEPTED
         Aboriginal, CALD, and learning or cognitive impaired offenders; all of whom require customised

         Develop a transition program for offenders leaving the prison system with supports and services provided
     3                                                                                                               ACCEPTED
         up to six months post-release, where appropriate.

     4   Develop a stable housing model to support prisoners release to appropriate accommodation.                   ACCEPTED

         Ensure assessment processes and case planning provides prisoners’ with the appropriate pathways
     5                                                                                                               ACCEPTED
         to participate in meaningful workforce activity post-release, through paid or unpaid work.

     6   Ensure drug and alcohol treatment programs are an integral part of DCS’ rehabilitation strategy.            ACCEPTED

     7   Investigate the development of dedicated therapeutic communities within the prison environment.             ACCEPTED

         Improve information sharing and support for offenders’ families, so that they are better involved
     8                                                                                                               ACCEPTED
         in reintegration preparation and planning.

         South Australian Prison Health to enhance prisoners’ access to health services and ensure the delivery      ACCEPTED
     9                                                                                                              IN PRINCIPLE
         of medical plans on release, for prisoners requiring ongoing medical interventions.


              2 01 7                          2 01 8                        2 019                            2020             #

                                                                 Implement the end-to-end case
 Develop an end-to-end case management service model                                                                         1, 8
                                                                 management service model

 Continue to commit to the provision of evidence-based rehabilitation programs for targeted cohorts                           2

 Design and implement rehabilitation programs tailored to Aboriginal offenders’ specific cultural needs                       2

 Design and implement rehabilitation programs tailored to women offenders’ gendered and cultural needs                        2

 Design and implement rehabilitation programs tailored to the specific needs of offenders
 with cognitive impairments

 Strengthen the reliability and quality of reintegration service pathways, including through the
                                                                                                                             3, 5
 Adelaide Pre-release Centre

 Continue to develop and implement partnerships with the non-government sector in the delivery
                                                                                                                            1, 3, 5
 of rehabilitation and reintegration supports and services.

 Design and implement the New Foundations program                Deliver, evaluate and review the New Foundations program   3, 4, 5

 Continue to embed specialist drug and alcohol treatment programs and provide targeted therapeutic communities in
                                                                                                                            2, 6, 7
 prison based residential facilities.

18                                                                                  REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
STRATEGY                            EMPLOYMENT                     Outcome: Improved employment outcomes
TWO                                 AND INDUSTRY                   for prisoners and offenders.

      Engage a specialist job network provider to work with prisoners to engage in meaningful activity,
10                                                                                                                ACCEPTED
      including employment, when returning to community.

 11   Investigate the expansion of prison industries.                                                             ACCEPTED

 12   Investigate opportunities for social ventures.                                                             IN PRINCIPLE

      Develop partnerships with the local business sector that seek to:
          uild DCS’ understanding of the needs of business and potential opportunities for collaboration.
          vercome barriers facing offenders and ex-offenders to gaining meaningful employment both
 13      paid and unpaid                                                                                          ACCEPTED

          ndertake a feasibility study with businesses to investigate opportunities for joint ventures
         to produce products currently being manufactured overseas.
         Increase training and education and explore apprenticeship opportunities.


           2 017                             2 01 8                        2 019                          2020              #

Develop and implement the                                       Deliver, evaluate and review the
                                                                                                                         10, 13
Work Ready, Release Ready program                               Work Ready, Release Ready program

Expand Prison Industries and in-custody integrated vocational options with the focus on providing meaningful
                                                                                                                        10, 11, 12
and relevant work opportunities for prisoners

Design and implement an expanded in-prison                      Deliver, evaluate and review the expanded
Structured Day program                                          Structured Day program

Develop and implement strategies to increase engagement with local businesses to provide ex-offenders with the
opportunity to become contributing members of society

Execute and implement the Memorandum of Administrative Agreement between the Department of
State Development, TAFE SA and DCS

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                                                                 19

                                                                              Outcome: Programs and supports are
 STRATEGY                           PRIORITISING                              prioritised towards offenders who will
 THREE                              TARGET COHORTS                            receive the greatest benefit.

      Ensure that resources and programs are targeted, evidence-based and focus on cohorts which will
 14                                                                                                                ACCEPTED
      provide the best return on investment.

 15   Prioritise offenders and prisoners who are responsive and ready to change.                                  IN PRINCIPLE

      Ensure DCS’ risk assessment tools and processes gather the information required to appropriately
 16                                                                                                                ACCEPTED
      prioritise and target programs to the individual needs of offenders.

 17     Ensure all programs are rigorously monitored and evaluated.                                               IN PRINCIPLE

        Investigate and implement strategies to provide individuals on remand with rehabilitation whilst
 18                                                                                                               ACCEPTED
        at the same time accounting for the legal and ethical constraints that apply to the remand cohort.

        Investigate and implement strategies that better target offenders on short sentences
 19     (less than twelve months) through evidence-based interventions that are shown to have meaningful          ACCEPTED
        impacts on reoffending.

        Investigate and implement strategies that provide appropriate rehabilitation programs and supports
 20                                                                                                               ACCEPTED
        for offenders on community based sentences to support them to desist from crime.

        Continue to deliver on the actions in the Strong Foundations and Clear Pathways: Women Offender
 21                                                                                                               ACCEPTED
        Framework and Action Plan June 2014 – June 2019.


           2 01 7                           2 01 8                         2 019                          2020              #

 Continue to be a leader in the area of offender rehabilitation by increasing the delivery of criminal programs
                                                                                                                         14 – 21
 by more than 10%

 Strengthen the evaluation of rehabilitation programs to determine effectiveness across South Australia                  14 – 17

 Increase engagement of the non-government sector to deliver rehabilitation programs, supports and services              18 – 20

                                                               Deliver, evaluate and review the
 Implement the Bail Accommodation Support Program                                                                          18
                                                               Bail Accommodation Support Program

 Design and scope a Community Transition and
                                                               Implement, evaluate and review the
 Learning Centre for Aboriginal offenders in a remote area                                                               18 – 20
                                                               Community Transition and Learning Centre
 of South Australia

 Develop and implement new programs and services for           Deliver, evaluate and review new programs and services
 remand prisoners and offenders on short/community-            for remand prisoners and offenders on short/community-    18 – 20
 based sentences                                               based sentences

 Continue to acknowledge women’s gendered and cultural needs in the design of correctional environments, services
 and practices through the implementation of actions in the Strong Foundations and Clear Pathways: Women Offender          21
 Framework and Action Plan June 2014 – June 2019

20                                                                                 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
STRATEGY                          STRATEGY FOR                   Outcome: Programs, policies and supports are

FOUR                              ABORIGINAL                     culturally appropriate and tailored to the needs of
                                  OFFENDERS                      Aboriginal offenders.

     Ensure the specific and cultural needs of Aboriginal offenders are included in the implementation
22                                                                                                                ACCEPTED
     of all Panel recommendations.

     Develop a strategic framework for Aboriginal offenders. The framework must be founded on a rigorous
23                                                                                                                ACCEPTED
     examination of issues facing Aboriginal offenders and be results based.

     Ensure that Aboriginal offenders who are returning to country receive specialised transition supports        ACCEPTED
24                                                                                                               IN PRINCIPLE
     and services.

     Continue to pursue, in concert with the community, the development of a community transition centre
25                                                                                                                ACCEPTED
     close to country.

     Maintain links with the Chief Executive Group for Aboriginal Affairs as a forum for critical discussion
26                                                                                                                ACCEPTED
     on issues, policies and programs affecting Aboriginal offenders.

     Ensure translation services are provided for Aboriginal offenders who do not speak English
27                                                                                                                ACCEPTED
     as their first language.

28   Continue to strengthen partnerships with Aboriginal businesses and community organisations.                  ACCEPTED


          2 01 7                           2 01 8                         2 019                         2020               #

Ensure correctional environments, services and practices are culturally appropriate and tailored to the specific
cultural needs of Aboriginal offenders through consultation with the 10by20 Aboriginal Reference Group, community       22 – 27
engagement and the development of an Aboriginal Offender Framework.

Design and scope a Community Transition and Learning
                                                              Implement, evaluate and review the Community Transition   24, 25,
Centre for Aboriginal offenders in a remote areas of South
                                                              and Learning Centre                                       27, 28

Ensure cross-government connections are supported and strengthened to deliver on the 10by20 Strategy                      26

Continue to promote and support the State Government’s Aboriginal Economic Participation Strategy                         28

Pursue opportunities to partner with the Commonwealth Government to deliver on the 10by20 Strategy                      22 – 28

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                                                                 21

                                       DCS AGENCY                  Outcome: DCS resources, staff and culture
 STRATEGY                              AND STAFF                   are best utilised to achieve the Reducing Reoffending:
 FIVE                                  RESPONSE                    10% by 2020 target.

      Ensure DCS continues to develop a supportive culture to underpin the effective implementation of the
 29                                                                                                                      ACCEPTED
      Panel’s recommendations, while ensuring safety and security is maintained.

      Review opportunities to expand and enhance staff training to improve understanding of the complex
 30                                                                                                                      ACCEPTED
      composition of South Australia’s offending population.

      Ensure DCS has sufficient resources, capabilities and structures to achieve the effective implementation           ACCEPTED
 31                                                                                                                     IN PRINCIPLE
      of the Panel’s recommendations, across both the prison and community corrections systems.

      Develop and implement a community engagement strategy to increase community understanding
 32                                                                                                                      ACCEPTED
      around the importance of rehabilitation and the long-term community safety benefits.


           2 01 7                            2 01 8                         2 019                          2020                   #

 Ensure the correctional services system is contemporary and supported by a modern, responsive and skilled workforce          29 – 31

 Continue to embed workforce integrity and professional standards through amendments to the Correctional
                                                                                                                              29 – 31
 Services Act

 Deliver high quality training and build staff wellbeing and resilience so that each staff member is equipped to address
                                                                                                                               29, 30
 the needs of offenders whilst maintaining safety and security

 Pursue opportunities to make improvements to the Trainee Correctional Officer Program and the strategic learning
                                                                                                                               29, 30
 priorities for entry level correctional officers to support the ongoing development of a rehabilitation-focused workforce

 Deliver best-practice Correctional Officer recruitment and selection policies and practices                                    29

 Build staff understanding and commitment to the concept of ‘every contact matters’                                             29

 Engage the South Australian community through media and other channels to develop a more accurate
 understanding of offending and reoffending behaviour

22                                                                                  REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
STRATEGY                           PARTNERSHIPS                            Outcome: DCS resources, staff and culture

SIX                                AND                                     are best utilised to achieve the Reducing
                                   COLLABORATION                           Reoffending: 10% by 2020 target.

     Set up an advisory group to develop appropriate mechanisms to enhance service coordination,
33                                                                                                                    ACCEPTED
     information sharing and data collection processes

     Support DCS to commission partnerships with government, non-government and private agencies to
34                                                                                                                    ACCEPTED
     provide services that are accountable, managed for results and deliver on the Panel’s recommendations.

     Consider whether to develop and implement a multi-agency, cross-government strategy to prevent crime          ACCEPTED
35                                                                                                                IN PRINCIPLE
     and reduce reoffending, including assisting DCS to achieve the target.

     The Department for Communities and Social Inclusion and DCS should seek to enhance information                ACCEPTED
36                                                                                                                IN PRINCIPLE
     sharing at the individual and system levels to contribute to a reduction in reoffending.


          2 017                           2 01 8                        2 019                         2020                   #

Ensure all justice agencies are connected to the Office for Crime Statistics and Research Steering Group to support
collaboration and data and information sharing

Increase the number of services contracted to the non-government sector and embed payment-by-results
mechanisms into these funding contracts to achieve value for money and to incentivise reductions in reoffending             34
amongst program participants

Continue to look to the future of South Australia through whole-of-government commitment to achieving the
10by20 target

Achieve cross-government commitment to the 10by20 Strategy through the continued use of multi-agency case
                                                                                                                           35, 36
planning and risk management

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                                                                   23

                      NEW FOUNDATIONS
                      HOUSING PROGRAM
Why New Foundations?                                                                         The New Foundations Program
Unstable housing, homelessness                       In the 2017-18 Budget                   New Foundations will be led by DCS in partnership
and crime are closely linked.                        Forward Estimates,                      with the NGO sector, which will be responsible for
                                                     the State Government                    providing appropriate accommodation, tenancy
Research shows that having
                                                     has committed                           support, and rehabilitation and reintegration support
access to stable and appropriate
                                                     $18.9 million to deliver                services to participants.
housing plays an essential
                                                     New Foundations
role in reducing the likelihood                                                              The three programs will involve:
of reoffending. Housing
                                                     The Program aligns                           ccommodation: participants will have immediate
also supports the effective
                                                     to Strategy One:                            access to stable, long-term accommodation with the
delivery of rehabilitation and
                                                     Successful Return                           type of housing tailored to the needs, strengths and
reintegration programs for
                                                     to Community                                preferences of the individual.
people post-release
                                                                                                  enancy Support: many offenders do not have the
The New Foundations program
                                                                                                 skills to live independently and require support to
seeks to address this need by linking offenders to
                                                                                                 build their capability and understanding of tenant
appropriate housing if they are at high risk of exiting
                                                                                                 responsibilities, such as: paying rent on time, being
prison into homelessness or inadequate housing. The
                                                                                                 a good neighbour and maintaining a property.
program will also include individualised reintegration,
rehabilitation and tenancy management support to                                                 Rehabilitation and Reintegration Support
ensure participants return well to community living.                                             Services: additional individualised supports and
                                                                                                 services will seek to support offenders to address
New Foundations is based on the international Housing
                                                                                                 the underlying causes for their past offending
First, a recovery-oriented approach.
                                                                                                 behaviour. Here a range of targeted services will be
The Housing First model, which seeks to establish                                                provided, including employment preparation, mental
permanent stable housing arrangements for people                                                 health treatment, and family reunification supports.
at risk of homelessness, has more success than other
                                                                                             Program participants will be able to access housing and
models where participants have to move through a series
                                                                                             associated supports for up to 12 months post-release.
of stages before they are deemed “housing ready”.3
                                                                                             Over this time, participants will be responsible for
In implementing this program, the State Government
                                                                                             building independent living skills with the intention that
will be following best practice; Housing First programs
                                                                                             they will be capable of independently maintaining their
are being implemented internationally including in
                                                                                             living arrangements long-term.
Canada, the US, and the UK.4
                                                                                             This combination of supports will enable participants
    We know that a significant proportion                                                    to return to community in a stable, healthy way, as
    of South Australian offenders,                                                           participating members of community.
    when released from prison, struggle
                                                                                             DCS will seek to partner with one or more organisations
    with reintegrating back to community due
                                                                                             from the Community Housing or NGO sectors to
    to inappropriate housing, homelessness,
                                                                                             support delivery of the program. Under a competitive
    or lack of tenancy support.
                                                                                             procurement process, the Department will release a
                                                                                             tender in 2017 that will be supported by an innovative
                                                                                             co-design process.
                                                                                             The contract with the successful organisation/s
                                                                                             will include payment by results measures to ensure
                                                                                             that tax payer money is used to achieve the best
                                                                                             outcomes possible.

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                                                                                        25
     resky-Wolff et al., 2010; Ridgway and Zipple, 1990.
    Volker Busch-Geertsema. (2013). Housing First Europe Final Report.

Benefits of New Foundations                                  Outcomes from New Foundations

Benefits of the New Foundations program include:             TIMEFRAME     OUTCOME

      educed reoffending through addressing the links
     R                                                                     The program will immediately result in cost
     between homelessness and crime.                                       savings for the Government as offenders
                                                                           are diverted from high-cost incarceration to
                                                                           lower-cost, community systems of offender
      educed homelessness with participants able to
     access secure and stable housing and provided with      Short-Term
                                                                           The program will support offenders to
     support to help sustain permanent housing.
                                                                           take control, overcome other issues that
                                                                           contributed to their offending behaviour
     Increased availability and diversity of
                                                                           and begin to contribute positively to
     accommodation options in the community to                             society.
     support offenders whilst not displacing other high-
     needs individuals.                                                    The program will reduce demand for prison
                                                                           beds as participants are less likely to return
                                                                           to prison due to a reduction in reoffending.
      educed prison bed demand and associated
                                                                           As a result, further cost savings will be
     cost savings.                                                         realised by Government, which can be
                                                             Medium-Term   diverted into other rehabilitation programs.
      upport the provision of housing and individualised
                                                                           Having exited from the program,
     support for eligible offenders in a way that achieves                 ex-participants will be better able to
     value for money for the State.                                        maintain employment and positively
                                                                           contribute to society.
      nhanced community safety by increasing
     offenders’ connection to the community through                        The program will have a range of benefits
                                                                           for the broader community, including both
     appropriate, stable and sustainable housing to                        economic and social impacts as a result
     enhance rehabilitation and reintegration.                             of lower crime rates. Ex-offenders will also
                                                             Long-Term     continue to contribute positively to society.
                                                                           The program will lead to increased capacity
                                                                           in the social housing sector, meaning that
                                                                           other high needs groups are not displaced
                                                                           from finding suitable accommodation.

26                                                                    REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
               RELEASE READY
Why Work Ready,                                              The Work Ready, Release Ready Program
Release Ready?                       In the 2017-18 Budget   Work Ready, Release Ready will allow DCS to
Offenders need to be                 Forward Estimates,      further engage with the local business sector to
accountable for their actions        the State Government    ensure that training and work preparation outcomes
and our services can provide         has committed           are high quality and relevant to the needs of South
opportunities for them to take       $9.203 million to       Australian employees.
ownership and address the            deliver Work Ready,
                                                             In delivering the program, DCS will use payment by
reasons for their past behaviour.    Release Ready.
                                                             results measures to ensure that funding will achieve
We need to ensure that                                       real results.
offenders have the opportunity       The Program aligns
                                                             This will be further supported by a competitive
to upskill and become valuable,      to Strategy Two:
                                                             procurement process to engage the specialist job
contributing members of society.     Employment and
                                                             network provider, who will engage participants
This will be achieved by                                     with employment and build successful community
focussing on the provision of                                reintegration pathways.
employment preparation and support combined with             The program will seek to support offenders who are
appropriate case management services. By engaging a          engaged and willing to take the necessary steps to
specialist job network provider, offenders who are ready     desist from crime; this cohort will be eligible to access
to change can be supported to find employment and give       additional education opportunities. The Program will
back to their communities.                                   also support offenders at a higher risk of reoffending to
The Work Ready, Release Ready (WRRR) program                 find a job; these are people who want to live crime-free
involves the development and expansion of services in        lives but may struggle to find employment.
the areas of employment, as well as education and            The WRRR program involves three key elements:
vocational training.                                             valuation of each prisoner’s educational and
This program signals the need to promote and expect             employment needs on entry to the prison system.
prisoners to be ‘work ready’ and contributing citizens          This will allow DCS to focus effort where required
upon release to the community.                                  and collecting information to allow a consistent
                                                                approach to rehabilitation activities across the
WRRR will facilitate the development of vocational skills
                                                                whole of an individual’s sentence.
linked to South Australia’s skill shortage and the State’s
economic growth targets by supporting offenders to               ngagement of a specialist Job Network Provider
access relevant education and vocational qualifications         who will work with individual prisoners to engage in
prior to release.                                               meaningful activity. Participants will be connected
                                                                with employers and assisted to gain employment
Drawing on evidence that shows that high rates of
                                                                when returning to the community. This will be
reoffending are often associated with complex issues, the
                                                                supported by improved engagement with local
program will support a holistic response to reoffending
                                                                businesses to increase awareness of prisoners’ skills
through linking assistance to find employment with
                                                                and identifying the needs of local industries.
integrated case management supports.
                                                                Increased skills and education opportunities will assist
Through WRRR, DCS will seek to maximise opportunities
                                                                prisoners to overcome the barriers they face in gaining
for prisoners to be engaged in employment whilst in             meaningful employment post-release. Opportunities will
custody; fostering a strong work ethic and developing           be provided through the use of technology to upskill
vocational skills.                                              prisoners and to provide increased access to tailored
In doing so, prisoners will be prepared for a successful        education programs that meet not only the needs of the
and sustained return to the community, post-release.            individual but also address the needs of the job market.

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                                                      27

     Increased skills and education opportunities will         Outcomes from the Work Ready,
     be supported by the recently developed tri partite         Release Ready Program
     Memorandum of Administrative Agreement (MOAA)
     between DCS, the Department of State Development           TIMEFRAME     OUTCOME
     and TAFE SA. The MOAA will enable prisoners
                                                                              Program participants are enabled to
     across South Australia to access fee free accredited                     undertake education programs that
     employment related training.                                             meet current skill gaps as identified by
                                                                              employers, which means that employers
Benefits of the Work Ready, Release Ready Program               Short-Term    have access to a skilled workforce.
Benefits of the WRRR program include:                                         Program participants develop the necessary
                                                                              skills needed to succeed in the job market
      educing reoffending through the provision of
     R                                                                        and to integrate into the community.
     evidence-based rehabilitation services in the areas                      The program will reduce demand for
     of education, vocational training, and employment;                       prison beds as rates of reoffending fall;
                                                                              this will lead to cost savings for the
      upporting prisoners to gain financial security,
     S                                                                        prison system, which can be diverted into
     status, purpose, and pro-social connections as a                         programs that will have positive impacts
                                                                Medium-Term   on the community.
     result of returning to work;
                                                                              Having exited from the program,
      ddressing the link between lack of income
     A                                                                        participants return to the community with
     security and crime by providing prisoners, whilst                        increased resilience and capacity and have
                                                                              improved economic and health prospects.
     in prison, with the necessary skills, qualifications and
     experience to gain meaningful employment;                                Participation in employment and education
                                                                              continues to increase amongst prisoners,
      roviding prisoners with the relevant opportunity
     P                                                                        which results in increased stability for
     to gain employment whilst in the community, and,                         ex-prisoners.
     as a result, mitigating the likelihood of breaches of      Long-Term     The wider community will benefit from the
     community based orders;                                                  economic and social impact of lower crime
                                                                              rates and the contributions that offenders
     Improving DCS’ engagement with local businesses                         will be making after being diverted from
                                                                              antisocial behaviours.
     and increasing awareness of prisoners’ skills and
     needs across the business sector;

      roviding prisoners with opportunities to take
     responsibility for their anti-social behaviour and
     contribute to society; and

      nabling prisoners to own their education and
     employment and support planning for
     the future.

28                                                                       REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
Why Rehabilitation                                              All DCS rehabilitation programs are founded in evidence
Programs?                            In the 2016-17 Budget      and best practice; DCS staff members focus on utilising
Rehabilitation programs focus        Forward Estimates,         best-practice therapy techniques that target antisocial
on addressing the reasons,           the State Government       attitudes and thoughts.
or risk factors, behind each         committed $12.513          To achieve the 10by20 target through the provision
individual’s offending behaviour.    million to deliver         of rehabilitation programs, DCS targets moderate to
                                     rehabilitation programs.   high risk offenders where investment is most likely
They are the factors indicative
of the likelihood of reoffending                                to effect change.
in the future.                       The Program aligns
                                     to Strategy One:           Expansion of Rehabilitation Programs
DCS currently delivers a range       Successful Return          Under the 10by20 Strategy, DCS will expand their
of rehabilitation programs           to Community and           suite of rehabilitation programs aimed at reducing
and the State Government is          Strategy Three:            reoffending across a range of different offender types
committed to ensuring that           Prioritising Target        and characteristics.
these programs continue and          Cohorts
are expanded where needed.                                      With new funding, in the 2016-17 financial year alone,
                                                                DCS rehabilitation staff members were able to provide
Trained staff can use evidence-based risk assessment            1500 additional hours of rehabilitation support to
tools to identify individual risk factors, which determine      prisoners and offenders.
the programs they need. The risk factors which DCS
seek to address include:                                        The Department’s programs focus on addressing
                                                                dynamic risk factors related to violent, sexual, domestic
    riminal thoughts: attitudes, values, and beliefs;
   C                                                            violence, generalised and drug-related offending. Table
    egative personality traits: impulsive, pleasure
   N                                                            four provides an overview of the key rehabilitation
   seeking, aggressive, irritable;                              programs offered by DCS
    ntisocial relationships: isolation from
   positive relationships;
    ast criminal behaviour;
    ubstance abuse: alcohol or drug use that led
   to criminal behaviour;
    oor family relationships: with parents, partner
   and children;
    ducation and employment: poor educational
   attainment and unemployment; and
    ack of positive activities and hobbies: poor use
   of recreation time.

REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020                                                                                        29
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