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ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF COUNTRY The State Government would like to preface this report with an acknowledgment of country. The State Government acknowledge the Kaurna people as the custodians of the Adelaide region and that their cultural and heritage beliefs are still as important to the living Kaurna people today. The State Government would also like to pay respects to the cultural authority of Aboriginal people from other areas of South Australia and Australia who have contributed to the development of the Report and who will be involved in, or impacted by, the delivery of its recommendations.
CONTENTS Minister Foreword 4 Chapter One: Our Journey to 10by20 5 Setting a Target for a Safe South Australia 6 The 10by20 Strategic Policy Panel 7 Next Steps: The Government’s Response 7 10by20 Panel Strategies 8 10by20 Government Responses 9 Chapter Two: Our Focus on Reducing Reoffending 10 Sector change 11 Individual Responsibility 11 Managing Risk 12 Working in Partnership 12 Responding to Complex Needs 12 Correctional Services Culture 12 Chapter Three: Our 10by20 Implementation Plan 13 Implementation Steps 14 Governance, Reporting and Monitoring 15 10by20 Stakeholder Engagement Framework 16 Chapter Four: Our Plan to Achieve 10by20 17 Chapter Five: Our Programs for Change 24 New Foundations Housing Program 25 Work Ready, Release Ready 27 Rehabilitation Programs 29 Legislative Amendments 31 Tailored Rehabilitation for Aboriginal Offenders 33 Expanding Community Supervision and Reintegration Services 35 Corrections Culture 37 Chapter Six: Our Evidence Base for Success 39 New Foundations 41 Work Ready, Release Ready 41 Rehabilitation Programs 42 Community Transition and Learning Centre 42 Appendix A: Our Response to the Panel’s Recommendations 44 Appendix B: Glossary 54 List of Key Terms 54 List of Key Acronyms and Abbreviations 54 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 3
MINISTER FOREWORD Upon becoming Minister for Correctional Services in early 2016, three statistics stood out as key indicators of the substantial challenge facing our prison system. The first, was the fact that the prison population is growing at 6.01% per year. The second, is that over 75% of our current prison population have been in prison at least once before. And finally, that the rate of reoffending is 46%. Reoffending has substantial costs for our community. It means more crime, more victims and more expense to the taxpayer through costly court proceedings and incarceration. However, a reduction in reoffending means a safer community and frees up Government resources to invest in more productive community services, like schools and hospitals. For these reasons, the rate of reoffending must be a key performance indicator of our criminal justice system. In August last year, the State Government set a bold target to reduce the rate of reoffending by 10% by 2020, and following a near-12 month review of the State’s correctional system, we are now driving a fundamental shift in corrections policy. This document is a blueprint for achieving the reoffending reduction target. The strategy has been informed by the work of the independent panel, Chaired by Mr Nyunggai Warren Mundine AO, and accepts all six themes and 36 recommendations put forward by the panel. Almost $80 million, including $28 million in new funding, is being invested in reducing the rate of reoffending by 10% by 2020 which underpins a whole-of-system change in offender management. If the target is realised, SA will become a national leader. Our new approach is built upon factors that prevent reoffending – supportive accommodation, employment and community support. The reality is that the majority of people in prison will be released, which means that successful transition from prison back into the community is paramount. While the Government will ensure that dangerous criminals that need to be locked up will be, focusing on rehabilitation will result in less crimes being committed, fewer victims and the saving of taxpayer dollars. This fundamental policy shift will not only mean fewer victims of crime but will also provide real opportunity for offenders to turn their lives around. The Department for Correctional Services and I will now work swiftly to implement this strategy and realise our target. Hon Peter Malinauskas MLC Minister for Correctional Services 4 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
CHAPTER ONE OUR JOURNEY TO 10BY20 ver the past decade, South Australia has experienced a O significant growth in prisoner numbers despite crime rates decreasing. he Reducing Reoffending: 10% by 2020 target was announced in T August 2016 to address the high rates of reoffending and to ensure that we continue to build safer communities. Strategic Policy Panel was appointed, chaired by Mr Nyunggai A Warren Mundine AO. The Panel’s Report outlines six strategies and 36 associated recommendations. he Government accepts all recommendations and has committed T $79,137,000 – including $28,103,000 in new funding – to achieve the target. Setting a Target for a Safe South Australia The State Government has committed to the Reducing Reoffending: 10% by 2020 (10by20) Strategy The South Australian Government has a vision that our in order to break this cycle and achieve a range of neighbourhoods will be safe and welcoming places benefits, including: where people can live active and healthy lives and feel part of the community. afer communities; S Our commitment to building a safe South Australia ewer victims; and F has seen a marked reduction in the State’s crime rate, ossible cost saving of $20.5 million. P though levels of incarceration continue to rise. The setting of the target was only the first step. South Australia’s imprisonment rate has increased The State Government accepts all of the Panel’s at twice the national rate, with the prison population recommendations and will now work to implement growing by 86.5% in 10 years. evidence-based policies and programs that will Repeat offenders are responsible for a large proportion achieve real change. of South Australian crime and nearly three quarters of those currently in custody have been in prison before. The current situation in South Australia demonstrates a need to break the cycle of reoffending. The State’s criminal justice system must work to address the 46% 2016 underlying causes for anti-social behaviour and assist 41% 50% ex-offenders to become contributing members of society. 2020 45% South Australia’s prison population has had a decade of sustained growth. 40% If we can reduce the rate of reoffending in South Australia, we will create a safer community with fewer victims and less crime. 35% It’s time to take a smarter path and stop the revolving door of our prisons. 30% 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 6 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
The 10by20 Strategic Next Steps: Policy Panel Strategic Policy The Government’s Response Panel Membership In August 2016 the State The Government accepts all of the Government established the 10by20 Strategic Policy Mr Nyunggai Warren Panel’s recommendations. Panel (Panel). Mundine AO (Chair) The 10by20 Government Response and Action Plan The Panel was tasked with (this document) outlines the State Government’s: Dr Lynn Arnold AO investigating best practice and ommitment to reducing reoffending and C identifying strategies that will building community safety; reduce rates of reoffending Ms Amanda Blair ision for achieving 10by20, including a V and promote rehabilitation whole-of-system response; and reintegration outcomes. Emeritus Professor Anne Edwards AO Implementation plan, which prioritises the Working within this framework, recommendations and outlines key actions; the Panel developed the Reducing Reoffending: 10% Mrs Nikki Govan igh-level communication and stakeholder H by 2020 Strategic Policy Panel engagement plan; Report (the Report), released Mr Mal Hyde ngoing governance arrangements, monitoring O in December 2016. AO APM OStJ and evaluation; and The Report outlined Mr Michael ction plan, which provides the roadmap to support A six strategies with 36 O’Connell APM AO implementation, monitoring, and reporting. recommendations for the State Government to consider. This response involves the commitment of all agencies within the criminal justice and community While acknowledging the high quality programs service systems. already being delivered, the Report describes a Correctional Services system under pressure. Whilst considering the system as a whole, the majority of the Panel’s recommendations relate to The Panel focused on articulating a vision of: a safer the Department for Correctional Services (DCS / the community by reducing reoffending: 10% by 2020. Department). DCS is responsible for prisoners and Within this context, the Report demonstrates a offenders while in custody (custodial sentences need to provide targeted and person-centred can be served both in prison and in community) and rehabilitation supports and services, underpinned by an for ongoing supervision, rehabilitation and reintegration understanding of both gender and cultural difference. support post-release – as required. To achieve the target, initiatives must be resourced The Department has the greatest opportunity to accordingly, be outcome focused and include in-built influence reoffending behaviour through the provision monitoring and evaluation. of high quality rehabilitation, supports and services. Leadership over delivering of the action plan and monitoring of 10by20 will therefore be the responsibility of DCS. REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 7
10BY20 PANEL STRATEGIES The six strategies outlined in the Report, all of which have been accepted by the State Government, are: STRATEGY ONE STRATEGY TWO SUCCESSFUL EMPLOYMENT RETURN TO AND INDUSTRY COMMUNITY with individualised case where partnerships are developed management plans for all between DCS and the South offenders from entry to the Australian business sector to corrections system to six months improve the employment outcomes post-release, where appropriate. for prisoners and offenders. STRATEGY THREE STRATEGY FOUR PRIORITISING STRATEGY FOR TARGET ABORIGINAL COHORTS OFFENDERS to ensure programs are targeted to to ensure targeted and culturally groups to achieve the best results, appropriate services and programs. which include women offenders, All of the Panel’s recommendations prisoners on short sentences, must consider the specific and individuals on remand, and offenders cultural needs of Aboriginal in community corrections. offenders when being implemented. STRATEGY FIVE STRATEGY SIX DCS AGENCY PARTNERSHIPS AND STAFF AND RESPONSE COLLABORATION that allows for change within the with other government agencies current system to ensure that the and public and private sector target is supported by DCS’ culture, partners that ensure the successful resources, capabilities and structures. delivery of services and programs. 8 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
10BY20 GOVERNMENT RESPONSES In accepting the six strategies and 36 recommendations put forward by the Panel, the State Government has committed to funding a $79.137 million plan. The key pillars of this plan include: NEW REHABILITATION FOUNDATIONS PROGRAMS will support offenders who are at risk of will be expanded and include exiting prison into homelessness, to obtain a focus on family violence, sex suitable housing. The program will include offending, violent offenders and targeted supports and services to ensure drug and alcohol dependency. offender reintegrate well to community life. APPROVED FUNDING $I2.513M NEW FUNDING $I8.9M UNDERWAY – EXTENDED TO 2020/21 OVER FOUR YEARS 2017/18 BUDGET LEGISLATIVE WORK READY, AMENDMENTS RELEASE READY will support a reduction in reoffending will provide job readiness training and post- through a greater emphasis on release employment support to ensure individual case management, access more prisoners are ‘work ready’ on release. to rehabilitation and vocational Offenders will be provided with relevant training for people on remand, and education and training and those requiring enhancements to prison security. additional assistance post-release will be NEW linked to a job network provider. LEGISLATION NEW FUNDING $9.203M OVER FOUR YEARS 2017/18 BUDGET EXPANDING COMMUNITY SUPERVISION TAILORED AND REINTEGRATION REHABILITATION FOR will include the provision of additional ABORIGINAL OFFENDERS monitoring staff, technology and will be particularly focused on the rehabilitation services for offenders needs of Aboriginal offenders from through the expanded Home Detention remote communities. The program aims to program. Funding will also support The address the disproportionately high rates of ‘Arches’, a 30-bed bail accommodation Aboriginal incarceration and reoffending. facility in Port Adelaide run by Anglicare. CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT APPROVED FUNDING $38.522M UNDERWAY REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 9
CHAPTER OUR FOCUS ON TWO REDUCING REOFFENDING
CHAPTER TWO OUR FOCUS ON REDUCING REOFFENDING he growing incarceration rate and high levels of reoffending T demonstrate a clear need to implement holistic responses that engage the broader sector in supporting ex-offenders to live crime free lives. ew and existing 10by20 programs will prioritise individual N commitment, change cannot occur unless each individual takes responsibility for his or her offending behaviour. ll 10by20 Responses will support the Panel’s vision of ‘a safer A community by reducing reoffending: 10% by 2020’. Sector Change Individual Responsibility Realising the 10by20 target requires whole-of-sector Program participation will be underpinned by each individual support and commitment to a positive, outcomes- taking responsibility for their offending and demonstrating focused criminal justice system. Rather than solely a willingness to change their behaviour. 10by20 programs responding to crime reactively, the system must act are designed to enable and support real change. proactively to improve community safety and support ex-offenders to desist from crime long-term. Change and desistance from crime is fundamentally the responsibility of each The majority of prisoners will complete their sentences individual offender. Through the 10by20 and leave custody.1 There is a need to ensure that South Strategy, programs and policies will seek Australian communities are equipped with appropriate to enable ex-offenders to take ownership support to reduce the likelihood of reoffending and over their offending behaviour. returning to DCS. A range of factors can adversely impact on the Program delivery will be supported by in-built, likelihood of reoffending, including social isolation, individualised reintegration support and services where poverty, and poor housing. appropriate. These supports will take into account The 10by20 Strategy will assist ex-offenders to become the individual lifestyle factors and family, social, and contributing members of society by providing targeted community networks that may support or discourage supports as well as committing to link individuals to each individual’s desistance from crime. Within a whole-of- appropriate mainstream programs. system focus, the State Government will support DCS to enable all offenders leaving custody, where appropriate, to: A range of mainstream activities and support will work together to develop pro-social attitudes and actions in e contributing members of society and live B the lives of ex-offenders, including: crime-free lives; ublic health; P ake ownership over their journey toward T Education; desistance from crime; Employment support; eintegrate to community post-release with R Sport and recreation; and adequate support to find employment, education Community events. and /or housing; The State Government has tasked DCS with the econnect with culture, community and family; R responsibility to lead change across the sector. nderstand and access relevant mainstream support U The Department will be enabled to develop new and services while in community; and programs, policies and procedures that will lead to better outcomes for offenders and ex-offenders. ccess targeted and specialist support and services, A whilst in prison and post-release, including both criminogenic and general rehabilitation programs. REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 11 1 DCS is also responsible for ensuring community safety, especially from high risk offenders who will not be returning to community, through the maintenance of a high quality prison system.
CHAPTER TWO CONTINUED COMMUNITY MEMBERS 10by20 does not mean being soft on risk. Victims and their families Rather, the focus is on the impact that the Agencies that support victims delivery of evidence based rehabilitation can have on managing risk and reducing Offenders, ex-offenders and their families reoffending. Aboriginal community leaders and members All South Australians Managing Risk Responding to Complex Needs When delivering on the 10by20 recommendations, the primary focus will be achieving the Report’s vision, Many offenders have multiple and complex needs, which is: ‘a safer community by reducing reoffending: including mental and physical disorders, mental health 10% by 2020’. issues, intellectual disability, behavioural issues, personality disorders, addiction, or an acute risk of suicide or self-harm. We know that effective in-prison rehabilitation programs are dependent on a system operating with a Responding to complex needs and comorbidity requires high standard of safety and quality security systems. the effective delivery of a range of evidence based, cross-government programs and supports. This must be further supported by effective supervision, case management and accountability within the Programs targeted to people with complex needs include: community corrections systems, which will support ppropriate and individually tailored case A each offender to desist from crime and comply with the management services; conditions of his or her order. ental health supports; M Key considerations for the implementation of all ommunity and public housing; C programs and policies will be the potential impact on victims and the potential for further victimisation. argeted health services, both in prison and community; T ransition support at the point of release from T Working in Partnership prison; and Working in partnership with stakeholders involved isability support services. D in and/or impacted by State Government decisions Programs must also address specific criminogenic needs is essential to successfully delivering on the 10by20 to achieve real change. DCS is responsible for the provision recommendations. of evidence based rehabilitation programs, including: Those directly impacted must be provided with a voice, omestic and Family Violence Intervention Program; D where appropriate. This includes victims and their iolence Prevention Program; V families as well as offenders and their families. iving Without Violence; L Table One identifies key partners who will be engaged exual Behaviour Clinic; S by DCS, as the 10by20 Strategy lead. The 10by20 stakeholder engagement framework is further outlined aking Changes; M in Chapter Three. upporting Desistance; and S TA BL E O N E : K E Y PA R TNE RS lcohol and Other Drugs Therapeutic Community A (located at the Cadell Training Centre). GOVERNMENT The Department for Communities and Social Inclusion Correctional Services Culture South Australia Police Change must be led internally by DCS as the first point SA Health, including Prison Health and Mental Health in the broader system response to 10by20. The Department for Education and Child Development DCS is responsible for ensuring the safe, secure, and The Courts Administration Authority humane management of each offender whilst in prison The Department of State Development and community corrections. The Department for Child Protection Each contact between an offender and a corrections staff member will have an impact on potential future NON-GOVERNMENT desistance from crime. The Government is proud of the The NGO sector, including service providers great work of DCS staff members but understands that The local business sector the system must continue to improve. Academia, key areas of criminology/social science The State Government is committed to ensuring that Local and national media DCS training, resourcing, and programs and policies support positive interactions between staff and offenders. 12 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
CHAPTER OUR 10BY20 THREE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN
CHAPTER THREE OUR 10BY20 IMPLEMENTATION PLAN he 10by20 Implementation Plan will ensure evidence-based, T quality responses are developed in a consistent manner, supported by appropriate monitoring and evaluation. he State Government will remain accountable to achieving the T target through the delivering of annual 10by20 update reports. he State Government will support the development of a 10by20 T Engagement Strategy that will encourage all South Australians to play a positive role in supporting offenders to reintegrate back into the community. Implementation Steps Quick action must be balanced with the need to deliver evidence-based programs supported by appropriate monitoring and evaluation. The State Government will therefore take a phased implementation approach. Phase One Immediate Action Phase Two Growing Change Phase One will focus on implementing action in Phase Two, July 2018 to 2021, will involve response to recommendations that can be delivered the implementation of the work undertaken immediately and by June 2018. in Phase One. This Phase will also include 10by20 activity is already underway in response to monitoring, review, and evaluation of Phase a number of the Panel’s recommendations. This has One programs. allowed for change to commence as soon as possible, The State Government is committed to resulting in greater impact. strengthening existing policies, programs, Phase One also involves building the foundations and services that align with the Panel’s for action to be undertaken in Phase Two, including recommendations. This will occur over both research, program development, the establishment of stages, with monitoring and evaluation allowing evaluation frameworks and review of internal processes. for additional strengthening where required. PH AS E O N E PHASE TWO IMMEDIATE JUNE 2018 JULY 2018 2021 14 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
Governance, Reporting and Monitoring The measurement is: The State Government is committed to a whole-of- ‘The percentage of adult prisoners system response to 10by20. released from custody who return to As the majority of the Panel’s recommendations relate corrective services with a new correctional to corrections, DCS will be responsible for leading this sanction (either prison or community response as well as meeting ongoing reporting and corrections) within two years.’2 monitoring requirements. The DCS Chief Executive and Executive Group will Reporting will continue until 2023 as the RoGS drive change and support other areas of Government reporting schedule is based on a two year timeframe, to deliver on 10by20. The 10by20 Aboriginal Reference which means that the final outcome in relation to the Group will remain a major stakeholder in delivering on 10by20 target will not be known until January 2023. key actions. The annual update reports will include: This Executive leadership provides a central point onitoring of RoGS rate of reoffending; M for stakeholder engagement and discussions with other agencies responsible for delivery against the eport on and review of progress against the R recommendations. target, actions, outcomes, and recommendation outlined in the 10by20 Report and Action Plan; and DCS will leverage existing cross-agency groups when required, including the Chief Executive Group for pdate on any changes to the Action Plan, U Aboriginal Affairs and the Ministerial Workgroup for as necessary. Women’s Offenders. The final 10by20 Update Report will include an Section Seven of the Panel’s Report sets out how the evaluation of the 10by20 project and outcomes State Government will monitor progress on the 10by20 with recommended next steps. Strategy and the reporting schedule. TA B LE TWO: R EPOR TI N G TI MELI N E This document provides the first deliverable: the R EPOR T DATE Government’s Response and Action Plan. The Action STATE GOVERNMENT FIRST Plan will be a ‘living document’ that will continue to RESPONSE AND ACTION PLAN HALF 2017 be monitored and amended. 10BY20 FIRST UPDATE REPORT 1 QTR 2018 The Reporting schedule proposed by the 10by20 Panel 10BY20 FIRST has been updated to match the Report on Government UPDATE REPORT 2 QTR 2019 Services (RoGS) reporting timeframes. The first 10by20 Update Report will be provided in the first quarter of 10BY20 FIRST UPDATE REPORT 3 QTR 2020 2018, with reports due ongoing until the first quarter 2023, see Table Two. The reporting timeframe will 10BY20 FIRST 2021 allow for accurate measurement against the target as UPDATE REPORT 4 QTR recorded in the RoGS. 10BY20 FIRST UPDATE REPORT 5 QTR 2022 FINAL 10BY20 FIRST UPDATE REPORT 6 QTR 2023 REDUCING REOFFENDING TARGET The benefits of a 10% reduction in reoffending: 5I.I% 46% 4I.4% afer communities S ewer victims F ossible cost saving P of $20.5 million N AT I O NAL C U R R ENT SA TAR G ET AVE RAGE SA R ATE 1 0 % BY 2020 This reducing reoffending target is based on the return to correctional services data as reported annually in the Report on Government Services. REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 15 2 Report on Government Services, Justice, Volume C, http://www.pc.gov.au/research/ongoing/report-on-government-services.
CHAPTER THREE CONTINUED 10by20 Stakeholder Engagement Framework TA B LE THR EE: STA KEHOLDER EN GAGEMEN T FR A MEWORK The South Australian Government is committed to PRINCIPLE IMPACT ON 10BY20 STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT supporting a culture of high-quality and effective 1 stakeholder and community engagement. Good Achieving the 10by20 Strategy will impact engagement helps create better decisions by bringing on all South Australians. The response must, We know therefore, be developed holistically with a the voices of citizens and stakeholders into the issues why focus on developing: supportive communities, that are relevant to them. we are linkages to mainstream services; and engaging partnerships with other agencies and NGOs. This commitment is expressed in the Government’s Better Together principles of engagement. The 10by20 The 10by20 Strategy will focus on those Stakeholder Engagement Framework will align with who need to be involved to achieve change, each of the six principles, outlined in Table Three. 2 including: State Government departments, relevant NGOs, academics in related fields, We know The 10by20 Stakeholder Engagement Strategy will Aboriginal communities and their leaders, who to include a specific focus on engaging with Aboriginal engage victims, as well as both offenders and their families, communities and community leaders. In families. Each stakeholder group will be developing the 10by20 Report, South Australia’s involved on the issues that are relevant to them. Aboriginal communities expressed need for meaningful The development of the 10by20 Report engagement to achieve real change; this will be 3 involved extensive consultation, as outlined in achieved primarily through the 10by20 Aboriginal Section Two. Ongoing stakeholder engagement We know will seek to build on this history to ensure Reference Group. the history 10by20 responses are based on the experience The engagement of stakeholders will also be considered and expertise of our stakeholders. in response to each of the Panel’s recommendations. Early engagement is central to each When developing new 10by20 programs, a program level stakeholder engagement strategy will be developed, to 4 new program implemented. Stakeholder engagement will be a foundational element of We start be aligned to the Better Together principles. together program design and will ensure co-ownership and commitment to new programs. This Framework will provide the foundation for the State Government’s response to Panel recommendation True engagement with all stakeholders is 32: Develop and implement a community engagement 5 essential to achieving the 10by20 target. The engagement strategy will seek to engage strategy to increase community understanding around We are genuine stakeholders ongoing through the use of a the importance of rehabilitation and the long-term variety of tools, such as the 10by20 inbox. community safety benefits. 6 Engagement methods and processes will be The engagement strategy will focus on building the different dependent on the stakeholder group community’s understanding of the correctional services We are and the issue or program being discussed. system and will aim to encourage all South Australian relevant The Strategy will ensure that engagement and is creative and appropriately tailored to the community members to play a positive role in supporting engaging specific group whose feedback is being sought. offender rehabilitation and community reintegration. The community engagement strategy will be developed in Stage One of the Government’s response. 16 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
CHAPTER OUR RESPONSE TO THE FOUR PANEL’S RECOMMENDATIONS
CHAPTER FOUR OUR RESPONSE TO THE PANEL’S RECOMMENDATIONS STRATEGY SUCCESSFUL Outcome: Provision of end-to-end case management ONE RETURN TO for prisoners from prison entry to post-release to ensure COMMUNITY successful and sustained return to the community. Develop an end-to-end case management program with appropriate performance indicators that 1 ACCEPTED supports prisoners from prison entry through to post-release. Recognise prisoner diversity and tailor programs to be most responsive to particular groups, taking differences and specific needs into consideration. Programs must be appropriately tailored to women, 2 ACCEPTED Aboriginal, CALD, and learning or cognitive impaired offenders; all of whom require customised responses. Develop a transition program for offenders leaving the prison system with supports and services provided 3 ACCEPTED up to six months post-release, where appropriate. 4 Develop a stable housing model to support prisoners release to appropriate accommodation. ACCEPTED Ensure assessment processes and case planning provides prisoners’ with the appropriate pathways 5 ACCEPTED to participate in meaningful workforce activity post-release, through paid or unpaid work. 6 Ensure drug and alcohol treatment programs are an integral part of DCS’ rehabilitation strategy. ACCEPTED 7 Investigate the development of dedicated therapeutic communities within the prison environment. ACCEPTED Improve information sharing and support for offenders’ families, so that they are better involved 8 ACCEPTED in reintegration preparation and planning. South Australian Prison Health to enhance prisoners’ access to health services and ensure the delivery ACCEPTED 9 IN PRINCIPLE of medical plans on release, for prisoners requiring ongoing medical interventions. GOVERNMENT ACTION 2 01 7 2 01 8 2 019 2020 # Implement the end-to-end case Develop an end-to-end case management service model 1, 8 management service model Continue to commit to the provision of evidence-based rehabilitation programs for targeted cohorts 2 Design and implement rehabilitation programs tailored to Aboriginal offenders’ specific cultural needs 2 Design and implement rehabilitation programs tailored to women offenders’ gendered and cultural needs 2 Design and implement rehabilitation programs tailored to the specific needs of offenders 2 with cognitive impairments Strengthen the reliability and quality of reintegration service pathways, including through the 3, 5 Adelaide Pre-release Centre Continue to develop and implement partnerships with the non-government sector in the delivery 1, 3, 5 of rehabilitation and reintegration supports and services. Design and implement the New Foundations program Deliver, evaluate and review the New Foundations program 3, 4, 5 Continue to embed specialist drug and alcohol treatment programs and provide targeted therapeutic communities in 2, 6, 7 prison based residential facilities. 18 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
STRATEGY EMPLOYMENT Outcome: Improved employment outcomes TWO AND INDUSTRY for prisoners and offenders. Engage a specialist job network provider to work with prisoners to engage in meaningful activity, 10 ACCEPTED including employment, when returning to community. 11 Investigate the expansion of prison industries. ACCEPTED ACCEPTED 12 Investigate opportunities for social ventures. IN PRINCIPLE Develop partnerships with the local business sector that seek to: uild DCS’ understanding of the needs of business and potential opportunities for collaboration. B vercome barriers facing offenders and ex-offenders to gaining meaningful employment both O 13 paid and unpaid ACCEPTED ndertake a feasibility study with businesses to investigate opportunities for joint ventures U to produce products currently being manufactured overseas. Increase training and education and explore apprenticeship opportunities. GOVERNMENT ACTION 2 017 2 01 8 2 019 2020 # Develop and implement the Deliver, evaluate and review the 10, 13 Work Ready, Release Ready program Work Ready, Release Ready program Expand Prison Industries and in-custody integrated vocational options with the focus on providing meaningful 10, 11, 12 and relevant work opportunities for prisoners Design and implement an expanded in-prison Deliver, evaluate and review the expanded 11 Structured Day program Structured Day program Develop and implement strategies to increase engagement with local businesses to provide ex-offenders with the 13 opportunity to become contributing members of society Execute and implement the Memorandum of Administrative Agreement between the Department of 13 State Development, TAFE SA and DCS REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 19
CHAPTER FOUR CONTINUED Outcome: Programs and supports are STRATEGY PRIORITISING prioritised towards offenders who will THREE TARGET COHORTS receive the greatest benefit. Ensure that resources and programs are targeted, evidence-based and focus on cohorts which will 14 ACCEPTED provide the best return on investment. ACCEPTED 15 Prioritise offenders and prisoners who are responsive and ready to change. IN PRINCIPLE Ensure DCS’ risk assessment tools and processes gather the information required to appropriately 16 ACCEPTED prioritise and target programs to the individual needs of offenders. ACCEPTED 17 Ensure all programs are rigorously monitored and evaluated. IN PRINCIPLE Investigate and implement strategies to provide individuals on remand with rehabilitation whilst 18 ACCEPTED at the same time accounting for the legal and ethical constraints that apply to the remand cohort. Investigate and implement strategies that better target offenders on short sentences 19 (less than twelve months) through evidence-based interventions that are shown to have meaningful ACCEPTED impacts on reoffending. Investigate and implement strategies that provide appropriate rehabilitation programs and supports 20 ACCEPTED for offenders on community based sentences to support them to desist from crime. Continue to deliver on the actions in the Strong Foundations and Clear Pathways: Women Offender 21 ACCEPTED Framework and Action Plan June 2014 – June 2019. GOVERNMENT ACTION 2 01 7 2 01 8 2 019 2020 # Continue to be a leader in the area of offender rehabilitation by increasing the delivery of criminal programs 14 – 21 by more than 10% Strengthen the evaluation of rehabilitation programs to determine effectiveness across South Australia 14 – 17 Increase engagement of the non-government sector to deliver rehabilitation programs, supports and services 18 – 20 Deliver, evaluate and review the Implement the Bail Accommodation Support Program 18 Bail Accommodation Support Program Design and scope a Community Transition and Implement, evaluate and review the Learning Centre for Aboriginal offenders in a remote area 18 – 20 Community Transition and Learning Centre of South Australia Develop and implement new programs and services for Deliver, evaluate and review new programs and services remand prisoners and offenders on short/community- for remand prisoners and offenders on short/community- 18 – 20 based sentences based sentences Continue to acknowledge women’s gendered and cultural needs in the design of correctional environments, services and practices through the implementation of actions in the Strong Foundations and Clear Pathways: Women Offender 21 Framework and Action Plan June 2014 – June 2019 20 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
STRATEGY STRATEGY FOR Outcome: Programs, policies and supports are FOUR ABORIGINAL culturally appropriate and tailored to the needs of OFFENDERS Aboriginal offenders. Ensure the specific and cultural needs of Aboriginal offenders are included in the implementation 22 ACCEPTED of all Panel recommendations. Develop a strategic framework for Aboriginal offenders. The framework must be founded on a rigorous 23 ACCEPTED examination of issues facing Aboriginal offenders and be results based. Ensure that Aboriginal offenders who are returning to country receive specialised transition supports ACCEPTED 24 IN PRINCIPLE and services. Continue to pursue, in concert with the community, the development of a community transition centre 25 ACCEPTED close to country. Maintain links with the Chief Executive Group for Aboriginal Affairs as a forum for critical discussion 26 ACCEPTED on issues, policies and programs affecting Aboriginal offenders. Ensure translation services are provided for Aboriginal offenders who do not speak English 27 ACCEPTED as their first language. 28 Continue to strengthen partnerships with Aboriginal businesses and community organisations. ACCEPTED GOVERNMENT ACTION 2 01 7 2 01 8 2 019 2020 # Ensure correctional environments, services and practices are culturally appropriate and tailored to the specific cultural needs of Aboriginal offenders through consultation with the 10by20 Aboriginal Reference Group, community 22 – 27 engagement and the development of an Aboriginal Offender Framework. Design and scope a Community Transition and Learning Implement, evaluate and review the Community Transition 24, 25, Centre for Aboriginal offenders in a remote areas of South and Learning Centre 27, 28 Australia Ensure cross-government connections are supported and strengthened to deliver on the 10by20 Strategy 26 Continue to promote and support the State Government’s Aboriginal Economic Participation Strategy 28 Pursue opportunities to partner with the Commonwealth Government to deliver on the 10by20 Strategy 22 – 28 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 21
CHAPTER FOUR CONTINUED DCS AGENCY Outcome: DCS resources, staff and culture STRATEGY AND STAFF are best utilised to achieve the Reducing Reoffending: FIVE RESPONSE 10% by 2020 target. Ensure DCS continues to develop a supportive culture to underpin the effective implementation of the 29 ACCEPTED Panel’s recommendations, while ensuring safety and security is maintained. Review opportunities to expand and enhance staff training to improve understanding of the complex 30 ACCEPTED composition of South Australia’s offending population. Ensure DCS has sufficient resources, capabilities and structures to achieve the effective implementation ACCEPTED 31 IN PRINCIPLE of the Panel’s recommendations, across both the prison and community corrections systems. Develop and implement a community engagement strategy to increase community understanding 32 ACCEPTED around the importance of rehabilitation and the long-term community safety benefits. GOVERNMENT ACTION 2 01 7 2 01 8 2 019 2020 # Ensure the correctional services system is contemporary and supported by a modern, responsive and skilled workforce 29 – 31 Continue to embed workforce integrity and professional standards through amendments to the Correctional 29 – 31 Services Act Deliver high quality training and build staff wellbeing and resilience so that each staff member is equipped to address 29, 30 the needs of offenders whilst maintaining safety and security Pursue opportunities to make improvements to the Trainee Correctional Officer Program and the strategic learning 29, 30 priorities for entry level correctional officers to support the ongoing development of a rehabilitation-focused workforce Deliver best-practice Correctional Officer recruitment and selection policies and practices 29 Build staff understanding and commitment to the concept of ‘every contact matters’ 29 Engage the South Australian community through media and other channels to develop a more accurate 32 understanding of offending and reoffending behaviour 22 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
STRATEGY PARTNERSHIPS Outcome: DCS resources, staff and culture SIX AND are best utilised to achieve the Reducing COLLABORATION Reoffending: 10% by 2020 target. Set up an advisory group to develop appropriate mechanisms to enhance service coordination, 33 ACCEPTED information sharing and data collection processes Support DCS to commission partnerships with government, non-government and private agencies to 34 ACCEPTED provide services that are accountable, managed for results and deliver on the Panel’s recommendations. Consider whether to develop and implement a multi-agency, cross-government strategy to prevent crime ACCEPTED 35 IN PRINCIPLE and reduce reoffending, including assisting DCS to achieve the target. The Department for Communities and Social Inclusion and DCS should seek to enhance information ACCEPTED 36 IN PRINCIPLE sharing at the individual and system levels to contribute to a reduction in reoffending. GOVERNMENT ACTION 2 017 2 01 8 2 019 2020 # Ensure all justice agencies are connected to the Office for Crime Statistics and Research Steering Group to support 33 collaboration and data and information sharing Increase the number of services contracted to the non-government sector and embed payment-by-results mechanisms into these funding contracts to achieve value for money and to incentivise reductions in reoffending 34 amongst program participants Continue to look to the future of South Australia through whole-of-government commitment to achieving the 35 10by20 target Achieve cross-government commitment to the 10by20 Strategy through the continued use of multi-agency case 35, 36 planning and risk management REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 23
CHAPTER OUR PROGRAMS FIVE FOR CHANGE
CHAPTER FIVE OUR PROGRAMS FOR CHANGE NEW FOUNDATIONS HOUSING PROGRAM Why New Foundations? The New Foundations Program Unstable housing, homelessness In the 2017-18 Budget New Foundations will be led by DCS in partnership and crime are closely linked. Forward Estimates, with the NGO sector, which will be responsible for the State Government providing appropriate accommodation, tenancy Research shows that having has committed support, and rehabilitation and reintegration support access to stable and appropriate $18.9 million to deliver services to participants. housing plays an essential New Foundations role in reducing the likelihood The three programs will involve: of reoffending. Housing The Program aligns ccommodation: participants will have immediate A also supports the effective to Strategy One: access to stable, long-term accommodation with the delivery of rehabilitation and Successful Return type of housing tailored to the needs, strengths and reintegration programs for to Community preferences of the individual. people post-release enancy Support: many offenders do not have the T The New Foundations program skills to live independently and require support to seeks to address this need by linking offenders to build their capability and understanding of tenant appropriate housing if they are at high risk of exiting responsibilities, such as: paying rent on time, being prison into homelessness or inadequate housing. The a good neighbour and maintaining a property. program will also include individualised reintegration, rehabilitation and tenancy management support to Rehabilitation and Reintegration Support ensure participants return well to community living. Services: additional individualised supports and services will seek to support offenders to address New Foundations is based on the international Housing the underlying causes for their past offending First, a recovery-oriented approach. behaviour. Here a range of targeted services will be The Housing First model, which seeks to establish provided, including employment preparation, mental permanent stable housing arrangements for people health treatment, and family reunification supports. at risk of homelessness, has more success than other Program participants will be able to access housing and models where participants have to move through a series associated supports for up to 12 months post-release. of stages before they are deemed “housing ready”.3 Over this time, participants will be responsible for In implementing this program, the State Government building independent living skills with the intention that will be following best practice; Housing First programs they will be capable of independently maintaining their are being implemented internationally including in living arrangements long-term. Canada, the US, and the UK.4 This combination of supports will enable participants We know that a significant proportion to return to community in a stable, healthy way, as of South Australian offenders, participating members of community. when released from prison, struggle DCS will seek to partner with one or more organisations with reintegrating back to community due from the Community Housing or NGO sectors to to inappropriate housing, homelessness, support delivery of the program. Under a competitive or lack of tenancy support. procurement process, the Department will release a tender in 2017 that will be supported by an innovative co-design process. The contract with the successful organisation/s will include payment by results measures to ensure that tax payer money is used to achieve the best outcomes possible. REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 25 3 resky-Wolff et al., 2010; Ridgway and Zipple, 1990. K 4 Volker Busch-Geertsema. (2013). Housing First Europe Final Report. http://www.habitat.hu/files/FinalReportHousingFirstEurope.pdf
CHAPTER FIVE CONTINUED Benefits of New Foundations Outcomes from New Foundations Benefits of the New Foundations program include: TIMEFRAME OUTCOME educed reoffending through addressing the links R The program will immediately result in cost between homelessness and crime. savings for the Government as offenders are diverted from high-cost incarceration to lower-cost, community systems of offender educed homelessness with participants able to R management. access secure and stable housing and provided with Short-Term The program will support offenders to support to help sustain permanent housing. take control, overcome other issues that contributed to their offending behaviour Increased availability and diversity of and begin to contribute positively to accommodation options in the community to society. support offenders whilst not displacing other high- needs individuals. The program will reduce demand for prison beds as participants are less likely to return to prison due to a reduction in reoffending. educed prison bed demand and associated R As a result, further cost savings will be cost savings. realised by Government, which can be Medium-Term diverted into other rehabilitation programs. upport the provision of housing and individualised S Having exited from the program, support for eligible offenders in a way that achieves ex-participants will be better able to value for money for the State. maintain employment and positively contribute to society. nhanced community safety by increasing E offenders’ connection to the community through The program will have a range of benefits for the broader community, including both appropriate, stable and sustainable housing to economic and social impacts as a result enhance rehabilitation and reintegration. of lower crime rates. Ex-offenders will also Long-Term continue to contribute positively to society. The program will lead to increased capacity in the social housing sector, meaning that other high needs groups are not displaced from finding suitable accommodation. 26 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
WORK READY, RELEASE READY Why Work Ready, The Work Ready, Release Ready Program Release Ready? In the 2017-18 Budget Work Ready, Release Ready will allow DCS to Offenders need to be Forward Estimates, further engage with the local business sector to accountable for their actions the State Government ensure that training and work preparation outcomes and our services can provide has committed are high quality and relevant to the needs of South opportunities for them to take $9.203 million to Australian employees. ownership and address the deliver Work Ready, In delivering the program, DCS will use payment by reasons for their past behaviour. Release Ready. results measures to ensure that funding will achieve We need to ensure that real results. offenders have the opportunity The Program aligns This will be further supported by a competitive to upskill and become valuable, to Strategy Two: procurement process to engage the specialist job contributing members of society. Employment and network provider, who will engage participants Industry This will be achieved by with employment and build successful community focussing on the provision of reintegration pathways. employment preparation and support combined with The program will seek to support offenders who are appropriate case management services. By engaging a engaged and willing to take the necessary steps to specialist job network provider, offenders who are ready desist from crime; this cohort will be eligible to access to change can be supported to find employment and give additional education opportunities. The Program will back to their communities. also support offenders at a higher risk of reoffending to The Work Ready, Release Ready (WRRR) program find a job; these are people who want to live crime-free involves the development and expansion of services in lives but may struggle to find employment. the areas of employment, as well as education and The WRRR program involves three key elements: vocational training. valuation of each prisoner’s educational and E This program signals the need to promote and expect employment needs on entry to the prison system. prisoners to be ‘work ready’ and contributing citizens This will allow DCS to focus effort where required upon release to the community. and collecting information to allow a consistent approach to rehabilitation activities across the WRRR will facilitate the development of vocational skills whole of an individual’s sentence. linked to South Australia’s skill shortage and the State’s economic growth targets by supporting offenders to ngagement of a specialist Job Network Provider E access relevant education and vocational qualifications who will work with individual prisoners to engage in prior to release. meaningful activity. Participants will be connected with employers and assisted to gain employment Drawing on evidence that shows that high rates of when returning to the community. This will be reoffending are often associated with complex issues, the supported by improved engagement with local program will support a holistic response to reoffending businesses to increase awareness of prisoners’ skills through linking assistance to find employment with and identifying the needs of local industries. integrated case management supports. Increased skills and education opportunities will assist Through WRRR, DCS will seek to maximise opportunities prisoners to overcome the barriers they face in gaining for prisoners to be engaged in employment whilst in meaningful employment post-release. Opportunities will custody; fostering a strong work ethic and developing be provided through the use of technology to upskill vocational skills. prisoners and to provide increased access to tailored In doing so, prisoners will be prepared for a successful education programs that meet not only the needs of the and sustained return to the community, post-release. individual but also address the needs of the job market. REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 27
CHAPTER FIVE CONTINUED Increased skills and education opportunities will Outcomes from the Work Ready, be supported by the recently developed tri partite Release Ready Program Memorandum of Administrative Agreement (MOAA) between DCS, the Department of State Development TIMEFRAME OUTCOME and TAFE SA. The MOAA will enable prisoners Program participants are enabled to across South Australia to access fee free accredited undertake education programs that employment related training. meet current skill gaps as identified by employers, which means that employers Benefits of the Work Ready, Release Ready Program Short-Term have access to a skilled workforce. Benefits of the WRRR program include: Program participants develop the necessary skills needed to succeed in the job market educing reoffending through the provision of R and to integrate into the community. evidence-based rehabilitation services in the areas The program will reduce demand for of education, vocational training, and employment; prison beds as rates of reoffending fall; this will lead to cost savings for the upporting prisoners to gain financial security, S prison system, which can be diverted into status, purpose, and pro-social connections as a programs that will have positive impacts Medium-Term on the community. result of returning to work; Having exited from the program, ddressing the link between lack of income A participants return to the community with security and crime by providing prisoners, whilst increased resilience and capacity and have improved economic and health prospects. in prison, with the necessary skills, qualifications and experience to gain meaningful employment; Participation in employment and education continues to increase amongst prisoners, roviding prisoners with the relevant opportunity P which results in increased stability for to gain employment whilst in the community, and, ex-prisoners. as a result, mitigating the likelihood of breaches of Long-Term The wider community will benefit from the community based orders; economic and social impact of lower crime rates and the contributions that offenders Improving DCS’ engagement with local businesses will be making after being diverted from antisocial behaviours. and increasing awareness of prisoners’ skills and needs across the business sector; roviding prisoners with opportunities to take P responsibility for their anti-social behaviour and contribute to society; and nabling prisoners to own their education and E employment and support planning for the future. 28 REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020
REHABILITATION PROGRAMS Why Rehabilitation All DCS rehabilitation programs are founded in evidence Programs? In the 2016-17 Budget and best practice; DCS staff members focus on utilising Rehabilitation programs focus Forward Estimates, best-practice therapy techniques that target antisocial on addressing the reasons, the State Government attitudes and thoughts. or risk factors, behind each committed $12.513 To achieve the 10by20 target through the provision individual’s offending behaviour. million to deliver of rehabilitation programs, DCS targets moderate to rehabilitation programs. high risk offenders where investment is most likely They are the factors indicative of the likelihood of reoffending to effect change. in the future. The Program aligns to Strategy One: Expansion of Rehabilitation Programs DCS currently delivers a range Successful Return Under the 10by20 Strategy, DCS will expand their of rehabilitation programs to Community and suite of rehabilitation programs aimed at reducing and the State Government is Strategy Three: reoffending across a range of different offender types committed to ensuring that Prioritising Target and characteristics. these programs continue and Cohorts are expanded where needed. With new funding, in the 2016-17 financial year alone, DCS rehabilitation staff members were able to provide Trained staff can use evidence-based risk assessment 1500 additional hours of rehabilitation support to tools to identify individual risk factors, which determine prisoners and offenders. the programs they need. The risk factors which DCS seek to address include: The Department’s programs focus on addressing dynamic risk factors related to violent, sexual, domestic riminal thoughts: attitudes, values, and beliefs; C violence, generalised and drug-related offending. Table egative personality traits: impulsive, pleasure N four provides an overview of the key rehabilitation seeking, aggressive, irritable; programs offered by DCS ntisocial relationships: isolation from A positive relationships; ast criminal behaviour; P ubstance abuse: alcohol or drug use that led S to criminal behaviour; oor family relationships: with parents, partner P and children; ducation and employment: poor educational E attainment and unemployment; and ack of positive activities and hobbies: poor use L of recreation time. REDUCING REOFFENDING: 10% BY 2020 29
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