UN-HABITAT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS - UN-HABITAT - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS

 
UN-HABITAT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS - UN-HABITAT - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
UN-HABITAT - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS

                             UN-HABITAT
                           SUB-SAHARAN
                                 AFRICA
                                  ATLAS
UN-HABITAT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS - UN-HABITAT - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA
              2                                                                                                                                                                                    UN-HABITAT                                                                                              3

COUNTRIES COVERED BY THE REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA (ROAf)                                                                                                                                         Africa’s increased urban population is a powerful asset for the continent’s overall transformation. However, it
                                                                                                                                                                                                   can only attain its full potential when cities are properly planned and adequately serviced. A major change is
                                                                                                                                                                                                   needed in the course of Africa’s urban development – a shift whose main thrust can be propelled by, first, a re-
                                                                                                                                                                                                   examination of the planning process and the delivery of basic services.

                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN-Habitat Regional Office in Africa (ROAf), located in Nairobi, Kenya, is working with African governments to
                          Mauritania
                                                                                                                                                                                                   take early action to position themselves for predominately urban populations. The portfolio of ongoing projects
Cabo Verde
                                                     Mali                     Niger                    Chad                                                                                        in Africa is very diverse in terms of geographic coverage and development partners.
                                                                                                                                                  Eritrea
                   Senegal
         The Gambia                                                                                                                                                                                URBANIZATION IN AFRICA: OVERVIEW
                                                     Burkina
             Guinea Bissau    Guinea                  Faso                                                                                                   Djibouti
                                                               Benin
                              Conakry                                    Nigeria                                                                                                                   Demographic and Urban Trends
                                                            Togo                                                        South Sudan
                      Sierra Leone         Côte                                                                                                   Ethiopia
                                          D’Ivoire   Ghana                                        Central African                                                                                  In 2009, Africa’s total population for the first time exceeded one billion, of which 395 million (or almost 40 per
                                Liberia                                                             Republic
                                                                                                                                                                                                   cent) lived in urban areas. Africa should prepare for a total population increase of about 60 per cent between
                                                                                   Cameroon
                                                                                                                                                             Somalia                               2010 and 2050, with the urban population tripling to 1.23 billion during this period.
                                                                         Equatorial                                               Uganda
                                                                          Guinea           Congo                                              Kenya                                                Around 2030, Africa’s collective population will become 50 percent urban. The majority of political constituencies
                                                            São Tomé &                    Brazaville
                                                                                Gabon
                                                              Príncipe                                    Democratic                                                                               will then live in cities, demanding means of subsistence, shelter and services. African governments should position
                                                                                                          Republic of        Rwanda
                                                                                                            Congo
                                                                                                                                                                                                   themselves for predominant urban populations.
                                                                                                                             Burundi

                                                                                                                                       Tanzania                                                    In the early 2040s, African cities will collectively be home to one billion people, equivalent to the continent’s total
                                                                                                                                                                                                   population in 2009. Since cities are the future habitat for the majority of Africans, now is the time for spending
                                                                                                                                                                               Seychelles          on basic infrastructure, social services (health and education) and affordable housing, in the process stimulating
                                                                                              Angola
                                                                                                                                                                                                   urban economies and generating much-needed jobs. Not a single African government can afford to ignore the
                                                                                                                                           Mozambique                                              on-going rapid urban transition.
                                                                                                                                       Malawi                   Comoros
                                                                                                                    Zambia
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Cities must become priority areas for public policies, with investment provided to build adequate governance
                                                                                                                                                                                                   capacities, equitable service delivery, affordable housing provision and better wealth distribution.
                                                                                                                         Zimbabwe                                 Madagascar
                                                                                              Namibia                                                                                  Mauritius
                                                                                                                                                                                                   New urban configurations
                                                                                                              Botswana
                                                                                                                                                                                                   City regions, urban development corridors, mega urban regions and other new urban configurations continue
                                                                                                                                                                                                   to emerge or become increasingly visible across Africa. Their spatial and functional features demand new urban
                                                                                                                                  Swaziland
                                                                                                                                                                                                   management methods to ensure consistent area-wide governance. Sweeping reform is also critical for effective
                                                                                                              South                                                                                delivery of affordable housing, social services and urban infrastructure commensurate with the magnitudes of
                                                                                                                        Lesotho
                                                                                                              Africa                                                                               these rapidly expanding urban concentrations.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Different political traditions, economic circumstances and location-specific features make every African nation
                                                                                                                                                                                                   and city unique. Therefore, effective reform and adaptation must be location specific. Increasingly well-defined
Project manager: Oumar Sylla
                                                                                                                                                                                                   urban regions and urban development corridors introduce complex and highly fluid spatial, regulatory and
Project supervisor: Mutinta Munyati and Mathias Spaliviero
                                                                                                                                                                                                   political realities.
Authors: Marcella Guarneri, Thomaz Ramalho, Fruzsina Straus, Ishaku Maitumbi, Thomas Chiramba, Claude Ngomsi, Mary Muriithi
Contributors: Naison Mutizwa-Mangiza, Yombi Ouedraogo, Julia de Faria, Julia Rabelo, Janice da Silva, Alain Ngono, Aklilu
                                                                                                                                                                                                   As urban systems and interurban flows of people, goods, communications and funds extend across national
Fikresilassie, Charlotte Albin, Mohammed Ademo, Luisa Kieling, Edinilson Silva, Jeremiah Ougo, Denise Dalla Colleta, Wild do
                                                                                                                                                                                                   borders, policies must follow suit if they are to have any realistic prospect of influencing the outcomes. The
Rosario, Catherine Kalisa, Marcel Iradukunda, Asia Adam, Joel Balagizi, Moonga Chilanga, Josphine Maina, Alex Koech, Irene
                                                                                                                                                                                                   management tools of the traditional mono-centric city are not appropriate for today’s multi-nuclear urban
Wamukota, Paul Okunlola, Abena Ntori, Stephanie Gerretsen, Michael Kinyanjui, John Kebari Omwamba, Remy Sietchiping, Gianluca
                                                                                                                                                                                                   configurations. The need for governance reform to introduce holistic area-wide planning and urban management
Crispi
                                                                                                                                                                                                   simply cannot be overemphasized.
Edition: Marcella Guarneri, Mutinta Munyati
Report design and layout: Marcella Guarneri
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Lack of fiscal decentralization
Copyright © United Nations Human Settlements Programme
(UN-Habitat) 2020                                                                                                                                                                                  Many African municipalities are financially weak because their revenue- and finance-generating structures are
                                                                                                                                                                                                   inadequate and inefficient. Decentralizing responsibilities without fiscal decentralization contributes to urban
All rights reserved                                                                                                                                                                                decay, poor services and the proliferation of slums. Fiscal must match political decentralization in order to create
United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)                                                                                                                                            more revenue-generating options and decision-making power for local authorities. Property tax is currently
P.O. Box 30030 00100 Nairobi GPO KENYA                                                                                                                                                             the major revenue source for municipal authorities, although, at times, it can place an inequitable burden on
Tel: 254-020-7623120 (Central Office)                                                                                                                                                              property owners.
www.unhabitat.org
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA
UN-HABITAT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS - UN-HABITAT - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
4                                                                                                                                                                                                                   5

Urban poverty and inequality                                                                                             Cities are in a unique position to contribute to global and local climate change adaptation, mitigation and
                                                                                                                         protection, and they must take advantage of it. However, forward-looking spatial planning decisions alone
Polarization and confrontation have increased in African cities due to laissez-faire attitudes to rapid urbanization.    are not enough. To prevent any policy gaps, it is important to link national, regional and local environmental
The unfolding pattern is one of disjointed, dysfunctional and unsustainable urban geographies of inequality and          adaptation and mitigation policies through vertical and horizontal cooperation across all tiers of government as
human suffering, with oceans of poverty containing islands of wealth. Socioeconomic conditions in most African           well as all relevant stakeholders.
cities are now increasingly showing unequal, threatening systemic stability, affecting not only the continuity of
cities as social-political human eco-systems but also entire nations.                                                    STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE URBANIZATION IN AFRICA
The challenge of African urban sustainability calls for a focus on cities as people-centred concentrations of            Compact cities
opportunity. Harnessing rather than alienating human energies is essential to maintaining urban dynamism,
which cannot be fostered or maintained with rising urban inequality. The urban poor should not be punished for           African cities need to move away from rigid planning and urbanization that creates low densities and long
their poverty. Instead, national urban policy, urban planning and building regulations should reflect a country’s        distances: an unsustainable model that generates socially divided and poorly connected cities.
degree of national development and its institutional capacities while keeping costs at affordable levels for all.
Construction standards should be set more realistically in order to facilitate rather than restrict the creation of      Initiating legal reforms and enhancing institutional capacities
housing and livelihoods.
                                                                                                                         Following the reform process, existing laws and regulations need to be reviewed, while simplified norms and
Informal settlements                                                                                                     basic principles need to be adopted to guide urban development and facilitate the use of tools and guidelines.
                                                                                                                         Partnerships with governments can reduce social conflict, political instability, bureaucratic procedures and
In recent years, Africa as a whole has shown that informal settlements can be reduced effectively as 24 million          corruption, and therefore creates an environment conducive to strong and flexible institutions.
African slum dwellers saw their living conditions improved during the 2000/10 decade. Although, progress has
been uneven across the continent. Northern Africa collectively managed to reduce from 20 to 13 percent the share         Developing a transformative national urban policy
of slum dwellers in its urban population. However, south of the Sahara the number of slum dwellers decreased by
only five per cent (or 17 million).                                                                                      Countries may wish to consider, depending on their national contexts, to review or develop their National Urban
                                                                                                                         Policies. A good National Policy should acknowledge the power of urbanization to propel and guide national
Much remains to be done with regard to urban poverty and slum incidence, because slums are one of the                    economic growth and reduce poverty, both in urban and rural areas; promotes a more optimistic perspective
major threats to African urban stability and, by extension, to overall political stability. One aspect that needs        about the city, confronting the negative perception of urbanization.
more attention is that formal urban markets, by their very operations and rules, prevent access to land by the
majority of city dwellers all over Africa. As a result, informal markets fill this exclusion gap and this is where the   Closing the urban divide
overwhelming majority of African urban land transactions take place nowadays.
                                                                                                                         There is an urgent need of transforming planning and basic service provision from factors which perpetuate
Governments should seek the most effective entry points for an overhaul of the often abysmal failures of their           urban inequity to instruments for fostering inclusiveness and prosperity. Urban investments, in terms of goals and
formal urban land administration systems, with their unresponsive institutions, excessive delays, cumbersome             design, have to take into account the needs and interests of all social groups.
land transaction administration and the associated corruption. Stigmatizing informal urban land markets as
inappropriate, illegal, illegitimate or undesirable negates the realities on the ground.                                 Advancing a new pact: learning to do things together

A second aspect is that slums are largely the outcome of lack of access to urban land and housing finance. Land          The African cities have manifested a great potential in leveraging national transformation, in harnessing the
plots under informal tenure expose those occupying them with eviction, and they cannot be used as collateral             people’s creativity, and in serving as critical nodes in the connection with the global system. Bearing in mind
for bank loans. These two factors do not encourage slum dwellers to improve their homes. This situation must be          that the African future is predominantly urban, the imperative of overcoming the current limitations need to be
changed to encourage the urban poor to undertake improvements through self-help.                                         looked into.

Urban food and water insecurity                                                                                          Learning to work together

Many urban managers deeply underestimate the risks associated with urban food and water insecurity. African              Achieving higher levels of sustainable urban development requires clear policies, simple norms and basic principles,
governments should heed the warning bells of 2008 and seriously consider the potential effects of urban food             and concerted efforts from public, private and social actors and requires that different levels of government learn
and water shortages. Significant amounts of African land and water resources are purchased or long-term leased           to work together. Effective decentralization demands strong coordination capacities of the central government
by foreign governments and foreign food-processing corporations.                                                         and should lead to dynamic and well-governed cities.

Africa is well placed to make strategic, forward-looking decisions on the wise use of its rich water and agricultural    South-South cooperation
resources. However, governments must bargain harder for better and more transparent deals, so that foreign
investment can contribute to Africa’s future food and water security, with benefits spread out among local               Africa can optimize its potential by learning from the experiences of other parts of the world, particularly those
communities in terms of additional business, cash payments and employment opportunities.                                 from the South. Apart from bilateral arrangements, collaboration among ministerial bodies of these regions
                                                                                                                         needs to be developed, and UN-Habitat is ready to play a facilitating role in this process.
Climate change
                                                                                                                         UN-Habitat remains committed to Africa. With the support from the African Development Bank and other
Today’s planning decisions can cause inefficiencies and ecologically-unfriendly urban configurations further             development partners, UN-Habitat is keen to strengthen positive collaboration and partnerships with all levels
down the road. Spatial separation of related urban functions is evident among most metropolitan areas and this           of governments, non-governmental organizations, private sector and regional economic communities such as
increases transportation needs. Urban mobility must become a key factor in spatial decisions, and improved mass          the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East African Community (EAC), and the
transit systems can significantly reduce private vehicle use.                                                            Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Southern Africa Development Community (SADC), etc.
                                                                                                                         towards eradicating urban poverty and in transforming Africa’s urban development agenda.
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA
UN-HABITAT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS - UN-HABITAT - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
6                                                                                                                              ACTIVE COUNTRIES IN 2020                                                                                                                                             7

PARTNERS                                                                                                                                 •      Angola                                                                                 •      Kenya
                                                                                                                                         •      Botswana                                                                               •      Madagascar
In Africa, Habitat Agenda Partners (HAP) are a range of organizations, both outside and within the national,                             •      Burkina Faso                                                                           •      Malawi
local and county government in the quest of sustainable urbanization and human settlements development.                                  •      Cabo Verde                                                                             •      Mozambique
In an effort to continue working and learning together, UN-Habitat has established a number of thematic
networks composed of a cross section of HAPs to allow partners to contribute to the design and implementation                            •      Cameroon                                                                               •      Niger
of normative and operational programmes at all levels.                                                                                   •      Comoros                                                                                •      Rwanda
                                                                                                                                         •      Congo DR                                                                               •      São Tome & Principe
These includes, local authorities, NGOs and CBOs, trade unions, professional bodies, academics and research                              •      Cote d’Ivoire                                                                          •      Somalia
institutions, local communities, parliamentarians, private sector members, foundations, financial institutions,                          •      Ethiopia                                                                               •      South Sudan
women and youths.
                                                                                                                                         •      Ghana                                                                                  •      Uganda
DONORS                                                                                                                                   •      Guinea Bissau                                                                          •      Zambia
                                                                                                                                         •      Guinea Conakry                                                                         •      Zimbabwe
UNICEF-ANGOLA                                           European Commission
PM of Cape Verde to the United Nations                  UNHCR
One UN Fund                                             IOM
DFID                                                    UNICEF - Mozambique
 MPTF Peace Building Fund II                            Smart Africa Secretariat
United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security            Government of Rwanda                        COUNTRY COUNTRY OFFICE                                    Mauritania
(UNTFHS)                                                European Commission Africa UrbanAfrican
                                                                                         Agenda Programme Active
                                                                                                Union/UNECA Active                                                                         Mali                     Niger                    Chad
DROSOS FOUNDATION                                       Embassy of Sweden                               Angola Active             Cabo Verde
                                                                                                         Benin Inactive                                                                                                                                                                 Eritrea
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation            DANIDA                                       Botswana Active                                  Senegal
                                                                                                  Burkina Faso Active
(SDC)                                                   Norway Government                              Burundi Inactive
                                                                                                                                             The Gambia
                                                                                                                                                                                           Burkina
                                                                                                   Cabo Verde Active
SIDA                                                    United Nations Peace Building FundCameroon Active                                       Guinea Bissau     Guinea                    Faso
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Benin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Djibouti
                                                                                                                                                                  Conakry                                      Nigeria
Dahir Dah City Administration                           United Nations Trust Fund forCentral
                                                                                        Human African Republic Inactive
                                                                                                           Security
                                                                                                          Chad  Inactive                                                                          Togo                                                        South Sudan
                                                                                                                                                          Sierra Leone           Côte                                                                                                   Ethiopia
Government of Japan                                     USAID                                         Comoros Active
                                                                                            Congo Brazzaville Inactive                                                          D’Ivoire   Ghana                                        Central African
City Government of Addis Ababa                          Government of the Republic of Zambia        Congo DR Active
                                                                                                  Cote d'Ivoire Active
                                                                                                                                                                    Liberia                                                               Republic
United Nations Development Programme                    UN DESA                    Urban Resilience (DiMSUR) Active
                                                                                                       Djibouti Inactive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Cameroon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Somalia
Booyoung Fund                                           Federal Government of Nigeria Equatorial Guinea Inactive                                                                                               Equatorial                                               Uganda
                                                                                                        Eritrea Inactive
UNDP MPTF (Multi-Partner Trust Fund)                    Government of Ghana                           Ethiopia Active
                                                                                                                                                                                                  São Tomé &    Guinea           Congo                                              Kenya
                                                                                                        Gabon Inactive                                                                                                Gabon     Brazaville
European Union                                          Government of Republic of Korea Ghana Active                                                                                                Príncipe                                    Democratic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Republic of        Rwanda
Government of Cameroun                                  Niger State Government Great Lakes - Chad/Cameroon      Inactive
                                                                                                Guinea Bissau Active                                                                                                                              Congo            Burundi
University of Ottawa                                    Agència Catalana de CooperacióGuinea    al Desenvolupa-
                                                                                                      Conakry Active
                                                                                                         Kenya Active
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Tanzania
Government of Kenya                                     ment (ACCD)                                    Lesotho Inactive
                                                                                                        Liberia Inactive
Kisumu County Government                                Andalusian Agency of InternationalMadagascar  Cooperation
                                                                                                                Active
                                                                                                       Malawi Active                                                                                                                                                                                                 Seychelles
Ericsson                                                for Development (AACID)                            Mali Inactive
                                                                                                    Mauritania Inactive
Pamoja Trust                                            United Nations Development Account           Mauritius Inactive                                                                                                             Angola
                                                                                                      Mozambique       Active                                                                                                                                                    Mozambique
Garissa County Government                                                                                  Namibia     Inactive                                                                                                                                              Malawi                   Comoros
                                                                                                               Niger   Inactive                                                                                                                           Zambia
                                                                                                             Nigeria   Inactive
                                                                                                            Rwanda     Active
                                                                                               São Tome & Principe     Active
                                                                                                            Senegal    Inactive                                                                                                                                Zimbabwe                                 Madagascar
                                                                                                         Seychelles    Inactive                                                                                                     Namibia                                                                                  Mauritius
                                                                                                       Sierra Leone    Inactive
                                                                                                            Somalia    Active
                                                                                                       South Africa    Inactive                                                                                                                     Botswana
                                                                                                      South Sudan      Active
                                                                                               Swaziland - Eswatini    Inactive
                                                                                                          Tanzania     Inactive
                                                                                                       The Gambia      Inactive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Eswatini
                                                                                                               Togo    Inactive
                                                                                                            Uganda     Active
                                                                                                     Youth/Gender      Active                                                                                                                       South
                                                                                                             Zambia    Active                                                                                                                       Africa    Lesotho
                                                                                                         Zimbabwe      Inactive                                               Country Offices
                                                                                                                                                                                  Active
                                                                                                                                                                                  Inactive
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA
UN-HABITAT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS - UN-HABITAT - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
8                                                                                                               % URBAN POPULATION                                      TOTAL POPULATION                                                                                                                                                 9

                           Mauritania                                                                                                                   COUNTRY TOTAL POPULATION                                  Mauritania
                                                                                                                                                            Nigeria 196 045 330
                                                    Mali                 Niger               Chad                                                          Ethiopia 107 345 043                                                              Mali                     Niger                    Chad
Cabo Verde                                                                                                                                               Congo DR 83 930 200            Cabo Verde
                                                                                                                                    Eritrea               Tanzania 59 048 950                                                                                                                                                             Eritrea
                   Senegal                                                                                                                            South Africa 57 359 592                              Senegal
                                                                                                                                                              Kenya 51 006 685
         The Gambia                                                                                                                                                                              The Gambia
                                                   Burkina                                                                                                 Uganda 44 597 809                                                                 Burkina
             Guinea Bissau                          Faso                                                                                         Djibouti   Angola   30 780 974                      Guinea Bissau                            Faso                                                                                                   Djibouti
                              Guinea                                                                                                                 Mozambique 30 518 389                                            Guinea
                              Conakry                       Benin   Nigeria                                                                           Burkina Faso 29 890 567                                         Conakry                          Benin     Nigeria
                                                          Togo                                                South Sudan                                    Ghana 29 442 460                                                                       Togo                                                        South Sudan
                      Sierra Leone         Côte                                                                                     Ethiopia          Madagascar 26 256 142                                   Sierra Leone         Côte                                                                                                   Ethiopia
                                          D’Ivoire Ghana                                  Central African                                             Cote d'Ivoire 24 895 315                                                    D’Ivoire   Ghana                                        Central African
                                Liberia                                                      Republic                                                   Cameroon 24 666 901                                             Liberia                                                             Republic
                                                                                                                                                               Niger 22 345 683
                                                                            Cameroon                                                                        Malawi 19 206 704                                                                                              Cameroon
                                                                                                                                                 Somalia Mali 19 088 019                                                                                                                                                                             Somalia
                                                                                                                                                            Zambia 17 617 648
                                                                    Equatorial                                          Uganda                          Zimbabwe 16 917 742                                                                                      Equatorial                                               Uganda
                                                                     Guinea          Congo                                         Kenya                   Senegal 16 291 612                                                                                     Guinea           Congo                                              Kenya
                                                         São Tomé &                                                                                                                                                                                 São Tomé &
                                                           Príncipe         Gabon Brazaville      Democratic
                                                                                                                                                               Chad 15 325 883
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Príncipe          Gabon     Brazaville
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Democratic
                                                                                                                                                           Somalia 15 172 033
                                                                                                  Republic of      Rwanda                         Guinea Conakry 13 066 956                                                                                                                       Republic of        Rwanda
                                                                                                     Congo         Burundi                            South Sudan 12 928 898                                                                                                                        Congo            Burundi
                                                                                                                                                           Rwanda 12 509 052
                                                                                                                                                              Benin 11 488 643
                                                                                                                           Tanzania                        Burundi 11 243 877                                                                                                                                                  Tanzania
                                                                                                                                                               Togo 7 991 242
                                                                                                                                                      Sierra Leone 7 711 406
                                                                                                                                                Congo Brazzaville 5 401    196
                                                                                                                                                                        Seychelles                                                                                                                                                                                     Seychelles
                                                                                                                                                             Eritrea 5 185 322
                                                                                                                                                             Liberia 4 848 910
                                                                                      Angola                                              Central African Republic 4 733 302                                                                                                          Angola
                                                                                                                               Mozambique               Mauritania 4 537 698                                                                                                                                                       Mozambique
                                                                                                                           Malawi                     Comoros
                                                                                                                                                           Namibia 2 589 482                                                                                                                                                   Malawi                   Comoros
                                                                                                           Zambia                                        Botswana 2 334 764                                                                                                                                 Zambia
                                                                                                                                                           Lesotho 2 259 223
                                                                                                                                                       The Gambia 2 162 692
                                                                                                                                                             Gabon 2 066 864
                                                                                                                Zimbabwe                                Madagascar
                                                                                                                                                    Guinea   Bissau 1 905 516                                                                                                                                    Zimbabwe                                 Madagascar
                                                                                      Namibia                                                Swaziland - eSwatini 1 391 340 Mauritius                                                                                                 Namibia                                                                                  Mauritius
                                                                                                                                                Equatorial Guinea 1 314 675
                                                                                                                                                          Mauritius 1 268 105
                                                                                                       Botswana                                            Djibouti   971 122                                                                                                                         Botswana
                                                                                                                                                          Comoros     831 352
                                                                                                                                                       Cabo Verde     553 600                                                         Total Population
                                              % Urban Population                                                                             São Tome & Principe      208 827                                                                (2018)
                                                                                                                                                         Seychelles   95 219
                                                      (2018)                                                                Eswatini                                                                                                 >100M                                                                                Eswatini
                                            >70%                                                                                                                                                                                     100M - 50M
                                                                                                         South                                                                                                                                                                                        South
                                            69 - 50%                                                     Africa   Lesotho                                                                                                            50M - 20M                                                        Africa    Lesotho
                                            49 - 40%                                                                                                                                                                                 20M - 10M
                                            39 - 20%                                                                                                                                                                                 10M - 100K
                                            19 - 10%
UN-HABITAT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS - UN-HABITAT - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          URBAN POPULATION (2018)                                                                                                                                          11

                                      Mauritania                                                                                                                          COUNTRY                                                       Mauritania
55.262                                                                                                                                                                  South Africa 10919.359
39.994                                                           Mali                     Niger                 Chad                                                          Nigeria 9942.297                                                                     Mali                     Niger                    Chad
27.079      Cabo Verde                                                                                                                                                            DRC 4924.023                Cabo Verde
3.89                                                                                                                                                  Eritrea                  Ghana 2489.533                                                                                                                                                                   Eritrea
9.242                          Senegal                                                                                                                                       Ethiopia 2440.181                                   Senegal
8.444                                                                                                                                                                   Côte d'Ivoire 1476.401
1.988
                     The Gambia                                                                                                                                                                                        The Gambia
                                                                 Burkina                                                                                                  Cameroon 1325.11                                                                         Burkina
8.898                    Guinea Bissau                            Faso                                                                                              DjiboutiSenegal 1277.252                               Guinea Bissau                            Faso                                                                                                   Djibouti
                                          Guinea                                                                                                                                                                                            Guinea
4.543
9.667
6.659
                                          Conakry                          Benin     Nigeria
                                                                                                                               South Sudan
                                                                                                                                                                              Zambia 1266.841
                                                                                                                                                                                Kenya 1158.465
                                                                                                                                                                            Tanzania 1068.352
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Conakry                          Benin     Nigeria                                                COUNTRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      South Sudan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             URBAN POPULATION                                              Mauritania
                                                       Côte             Togo                                                                          Ethiopia                                                                                           Côte             Togo                                                                            Ethiopia
8.517
2.368
                                  Sierra Leone
                                                      D’Ivoire   Ghana                                     Central African
                                                                                                                                                                              Angola 1013.531
                                                                                                                                                                        Madagascar     927.259
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sierra Leone
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        D’Ivoire   Ghana                                     Central African
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Nigeria                   98 610 801
8.122                                       Liberia                                                           Republic                                                    Zimbabwe     898.584                                                Liberia                                                            Republic                  South Africa                       38 086 769                                                                              Mali                     Niger                    Chad
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Cabo Verde
7.063                                                                                                                                                                             Mali 852.497
5.701
2.001
                                                                                             Cameroon                                                                  Mozambique 823.643
                                                                                                                                                                    SomaliaSomalia 781.165
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Cameroon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Congo DR                       37 348 939
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Somalia
6.369                                                                                                                                                                         Guinea 674.21
8.973                                                                                Equatorial
                                                                                                      Congo
                                                                                                                                          Uganda                        Sierra Leone 645.306                                                                                           Equatorial
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Congo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ethiopia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Uganda                          22 327 769                                                                                                                                                                           Eritrea
                                                                                      Guinea                                                         Kenya                                                                                                                              Guinea                                                           Kenya
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Senegal
7.613                                                                                                                                                                        Uganda 629.441
6.199
1.278
                                                                        São Tomé &
                                                                          Príncipe           Gabon Brazaville      Democratic
                                                                                                                                                                               Congo 534.042
                                                                                                                                                            Central African Republic 502.752
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          São Tomé &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Príncipe           Gabon  Brazaville
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Democratic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Angola                    20 161 538
4.385                                                                                                              Republic of      Rwanda                                      Benin 486.086                                                                                                                         Republic of       Rwanda
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Tanzania                     19 958 545
5.449                                                                                                                 Congo         Burundi                                      Togo 450.18                                                                                                                            Congo           Burundi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Ghana                   16 517 220
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The Gambia
4.658
4.316
                                                                                                                                             Tanzania
                                                                                                                                                                                 Chad 421.481
                                                                                                                                                                                 Niger 396.646
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Tanzania
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Burkina
0.623                                                                                                                                                                          Liberia 368.651
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Cameroon                       13 912 132                                      Guinea Bissau                            Faso                                                                                                   Djibouti
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Guinea
2.604                                                                                                                                                                      Mauritius 351.699
1.784                                                                                                                                                                   Burkina Faso 323.163
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Kenya                  13 771 805
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Benin
3.56                                                                                                                                                                    South Sudan 314.909
                                                                                                                                                                                          Seychelles                                                                                                                                                                                       Seychelles
 093
 067
                                                                                                                                                                              Malawi 278.646
                                                                                                                                                                               Eritrea 229.718                                                                                                                                             Cote d'Ivoire                      12 646 820                                                       Conakry                                    Nigeria
 172                                                                                                   Angola                                                                  Gabon 188.838                                                                                                             Angola
 956                                                                                                                                             Mozambique                  Namibia 173.96
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mozambique Mozambique
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10    986   620                                                                                Togo                                                        South Sudan
 616
 208                                                                                                                        Zambia
                                                                                                                                            Malawi                       Comoros
                                                                                                                                                                          Mauritania 167.332
                                                                                                                                                                             Rwanda 119.936                                                                                                                                   Zambia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Malawi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Uganda
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Comoros
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10 525 083                                               Sierra Leone         Côte                                                                                                   Ethiopia
 974                                                                                                                                                                  Guinea-Bissau 107.712
 875
 856
                                                                                                                                                                             Djibouti 98.633
                                                                                                                                                                             Burundi 98.327                                                                                                                                                Madagascar                         9 767 285                                                                    D’Ivoire   Ghana                                        Central African
                                                                                                                                 Zimbabwe                                 Madagascar                                                                                                                                                 Zimbabwe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              8Madagascar
 285                                                                                                                                                                         Lesotho 88.923
 682                                                                                                   Namibia                                                               Gambia 87.204        Mauritius                                                                                              Namibia                                         Mali                    093 320 Mauritius                                               Liberia                                                             Republic
 49                                                                                                                                                               Equatorial Guinea 82.618
 844
 205                                                                                                                    Botswana
                                                                                                                                                                           Botswana 54.495
                                                                                                                                                                         Cabo Verde 52.849                                                                                                                                Botswana                 Senegal                    7 689 641
 526
 53                                                       Urban Population
                                                                                                                                                                            Comoros 44.607
                                                                                                                                                                          Swaziland 43.26                                                                   Urban Population                                                                        Zambia                    7 663 677                                                                                                             Cameroon
 94
 06
                                                         >50M
                                                                (1950)
                                                                                                                                         Eswatini
                                                                                                                                                             Sao Tome and Principe 21.918
                                                                                                                                                                          Seychelles 20.458
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           >50M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  (1970)                                                                           Somalia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Eswatini
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6 827 415                                                                                                                                                                                       Somalia
                                                         50M - 10M
                                                                                                                                                                        Saint Helena 2.266
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           50M - 10M                                                                      Burkina Faso                        5 798 770
                                                         9M - 5M
                                                                                                                         South
                                                                                                                         Africa   Lesotho                                                                                                                  9M - 5M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Africa Lesotho       Zimbabwe                       5 447 513                                                                                                   Equatorial                                               Uganda
                                                         4M - 1M
                                                         900K - 100K
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4M - 1M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           900K - 100K                                                                                 Benin                  5 434 128                                                                                                    Guinea           Congo                                              Kenya
                                                         50M                                                                               Eswatini                                                                                                       >50M                                                                                 Eswatini
                                                         50M - 10M                                                                                                                                                                                         50M - 10M
                                                         9M - 5M
                                                         4M - 1M
                                                                                                                         South
                                                                                                                         Africa   Lesotho                                                                                                                  9M - 5M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4M - 1M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Africa    Lesotho                                                                           Source: UNDESA - United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2018). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018
                                                         900K - 100K                                                                                                                                                                                       900K - 100K                                                                                                                                                  Revision, Online Edition.
UN-HABITAT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS - UN-HABITAT - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
12                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               URBAN GROWTH RATE                                                                                           URBAN GROWTH RATE (UNDESA 2015-2020)                                                                                                                             13

UNTRY OFFICE                             Mauritania                                                                                                                          COUNTRY URBAN RATE                                             Mauritania
0.50                                                                                                                                                                          Botswana    11.77
.56                                                                 Mali                     Niger                 Chad                                                      Swaziland    10.30                                                                        Mali                     Niger                    Chad
.65            Cabo Verde                                                                                                                                                      Tanzania   10.22                   Cabo Verde
.49                                                                                                                                                      Eritrea             Mauritania   9.81                                                                                                                                                                      Eritrea
.34                               Senegal                                                                                                                                    Cameroon     8.58                                       Senegal
.34                                                                                                                                                                             Djibouti  8.45
.27
                        The Gambia                                                                                                                                                                                         The Gambia
                                                                    Burkina                                                                                                         Chad  8.24                                                                         Burkina
.25                         Guinea Bissau                            Faso                                                                                              Djibouti Kenya     8.16                                 Guinea Bissau                            Faso                                                                                                   Djibouti
                                             Guinea                                                                                                                                                                                             Guinea
.19
.87
.76
                                             Conakry                          Benin     Nigeria
                                                                                                                                  South Sudan
                                                                                                                                                                                   Niger
                                                                                                                                                                                  Gabon
                                                                                                                                                                                   Benin
                                                                                                                                                                                          8.01
                                                                                                                                                                                          7.82
                                                                                                                                                                                          7.72
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Conakry                          Benin     Nigeria                                           COUNTRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          South Sudan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 URBAN GROWTH RATE                                             Mauritania
                                                          Côte             Togo                                                                          Ethiopia                                                                                            Côte             Togo                                                                       Ethiopia
.72
.69
                                     Sierra Leone
                                                         D’Ivoire   Ghana                                     Central African
                                                                                                                                                                                Gambia
                                                                                                                                                                                 Malawi
                                                                                                                                                                                          7.56
                                                                                                                                                                                          7.48
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sierra Leone
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            D’Ivoire  Ghana                                 Central African
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Uganda                         5.70
.69                                            Liberia                                                            Republic                                                      Rwanda    7.47                                                    Liberia                                                       Republic                          Burundi                        5.68                                                                                     Mali                     Niger                    Chad
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Cabo Verde
.88                                                                                                                                                                              Angola   7.43
.83
.77
                                                                                                Cameroon                                                                   Côte d'Ivoire
                                                                                                                                                                       SomaliaLesotho
                                                                                                                                                                                          7.33
                                                                                                                                                                                          6.73
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Cameroon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Tanzania                         5.22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Somalia
.58                                                                                                                                                                              Zambia   6.28
.54                                                                                     Equatorial
                                                                                                         Congo
                                                                                                                                             Uganda                       Mozambique      6.22                                                                                        Equatorial
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Congo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Burkina
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Uganda     Faso                     4.99                                                                                                                                                                                  Eritrea
                                                                                         Guinea                                                         Kenya                                                                                                                          Guinea                                                           Kenya
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Senegal
.47                                                                                                                                                                               Sudan   6.06
.37
.33
                                                                           São Tomé &
                                                                             Príncipe           Gabon  Brazaville
                                                                                                                      Democratic
                                                                                                                                                                             Zimbabwe
                                                                                                                                                                             Seychelles
                                                                                                                                                                                          6.04
                                                                                                                                                                                          5.97
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           São Tomé &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Príncipe         Gabon  Brazaville
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Democratic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mali                     4.86
.31                                                                                                                   Republic of      Rwanda                                     Liberia 5.84                                                                                                                       Republic of       Rwanda
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ethiopia                       4.63
.28                                                                                                                      Congo         Burundi                             Madagascar     5.72                                                                                                                         Congo           Burundi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Congo DR                           4.53
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The Gambia
.27
.13
                                                                                                                                                Tanzania
                                                                                                                                                                                Burundi
                                                                                                                                                                                Senegal
                                                                                                                                                                                          5.49
                                                                                                                                                                                          5.28
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Tanzania
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Burkina
.04                                                                                                                                                                               Congo   5.06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Madagascar                             4.48                                             Guinea Bissau                            Faso                                                                                                   Djibouti
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Guinea
.03                                                                                                                                                                        Sierra Leone   5.04
.98                                                                                                                                                            Central African Republic   4.98
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mozambique                              4.35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Benin
.96                                                                                                                                                                             Somalia   4.73
                                                                                                                                                                                            Seychelles                                                                                                                                                                                         Seychelles
.91
.77
                                                                                                                                                                                 Guinea
                                                                                                                                                                                Ethiopia
                                                                                                                                                                                          4.67
                                                                                                                                                                                          4.66                                                                                                                                                     Angola                        4.32                                                              Conakry                                    Nigeria
.77                                                                                                       Angola                                                                 Nigeria  4.64                                                                                                          Angola
.75                                                                                                                                                 Mozambique                   AFRICA   4.44
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Equatorial        Guinea
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Mozambique
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4.28                                                                                            Togo                                                        South Sudan
.69
.64                                                                                                                            Zambia
                                                                                                                                               Malawi                       Comoros  Mali
                                                                                                                                                                                Namibia
                                                                                                                                                                                          4.22
                                                                                                                                                                                          4.14                                                                                                                               Zambia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Malawi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Mauritania
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Comoros
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4.28                                                      Sierra Leone         Côte                                                                                                   Ethiopia
.58                                                                                                                                                                                 Togo  4.10
.56
.53
                                                                                                                                                                               Comoros
                                                                                                                                                                                  Eritrea
                                                                                                                                                                                          4.06
                                                                                                                                                                                          3.99                                                                                                                                                         Niger                     4.27                                                                          D’Ivoire   Ghana                                        Central African
.45                                                                                                                                 Zimbabwe                                 Madagascar
                                                                                                                                                                                Uganda    3.83                                                                                                                                      Zimbabwe                                        Madagascar
.42                                                                                                       Namibia                                                          Burkina Faso   3.79      Mauritius                                                                                           Namibia                                       Kenya                      4.23                  Mauritius                                     Liberia                                                             Republic
.39                                                                                                                                                                                  DRC  3.66
.29
.27                                                                                                                        Botswana
                                                                                                                                                                Sao Tome and Principe
                                                                                                                                                                                  Ghana
                                                                                                                                                                                          3.52
                                                                                                                                                                                          3.42                                                                                                                           Botswana                  Nigeria                       4.23
.18
.99                                                          Urban Growth Rate
                                                                                                                                                                                 Algeria
                                                                                                                                                                           South Africa
                                                                                                                                                                                          3.18
                                                                                                                                                                                          2.88                                                                  Urban Growth Rate                                                                 Somalia                        4.23                                                                                                                   Cameroon
.95
.79
                                                            >5
                                                                   (1950-1955)
                                                                                                                                            Eswatini
                                                                                                                                                                         Guinea-Bissau
                                                                                                                                                                           South Sudan
                                                                                                                                                                                          2.84
                                                                                                                                                                                          2.30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               >5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (1970-1975)                                                               Zambia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Eswatini
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4.23                                                                                                                                                                                             Somalia
.79
.68                                                         5-4
                                                                                                                                                                            Cabo Verde
                                                                                                                                                                              Mauritius
                                                                                                                                                                                          1.98
                                                                                                                                                                                          1.94                                                                 5-4                                                                               Namibia                         4.20
.66
.64
                                                            4-3
                                                                                                                           South
                                                                                                                            Africa   Lesotho
                                                                                                                                                                     Equatorial Guinea - 2.98
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4-3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Africa   Lesotho          Malawi                        4.19                                                                                                         Equatorial                                               Uganda
.54
.42
                                                            3-2
                                                            2-1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3-2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2-1                                                                        South Sudan                            4.10                                                                                                          Guinea           Congo                                              Kenya
.09
                                                            5                                                                           Eswatini
3.97                                                                                                                                                                          Mauritius -    0.09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mauritius                         0.11
                                                            5-4
                                                            4-3
                                                                                                                            South
                                                                                                                            Africa   Lesotho
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               5-4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4-3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Africa Lesotho        MEDIAN:                           3.80
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  >5                                                                                   Eswatini
                                                            3-2
                                                            2-1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3-2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2-1                                                                                                                                                                                                5-4
UN-HABITAT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS - UN-HABITAT - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS                                                                                                                                               15

                                           CITY      COUNTRY                                             Mauritania
                                          Lagos          Nigeria   9,000,000
                                      Kinshasa        Dr Congo     7,785,965                                                       Mali                    Niger                     Chad
                                       Abidjan      Ivory Coast    3,677,115   Cabo Verde
                                           Kano          Nigeria   3,626,068                       Dakar                                                                                                                        Eritrea
                                        Ibadan           Nigeria   3,565,108                        Senegal
                                   Cape Town       South Africa    3,433,441
                                                                                        The Gambia                  Bamako      Ouagadougou         Kano
                                        Durban     South Africa    3,120,282                                                                                   Maiduguri
                                        Luanda           Angola    2,776,168                  Guinea Bissau Guinea            Burkina             Zaria
                                                                                                                               Faso                                                                                                         Djibouti
                                  Addis Ababa          Ethiopia    2,757,729                                                                   Kaduna
                                        Nairobi           Kenya    2,750,547
                                                                                                  Conakry     Conakry                      Benin                                                                              Addis Ababa
                                                                                                                                    Ghana
                                Dar es Salaam         Tanzania     2,698,652                Camayenne                                                     Nigeria                                     South Sudan
                                   Mogadishu            Somalia    2,587,183                         Sierra Leone          Côte Kumasi Togo
                                                                                                                                           Lagos       Ibadan                                                                   Ethiopia
                                          Dakar         Senegal    2,476,400                                              D’Ivoire                                             Central African
                                Johannesburg       South Africa    2,026,469
                                                                                                               Liberia   Abidjan                    Benin
                                                                                                                                                                                 Republic
                                     Khartoum             Sudan    1,974,647                                  Monrovla               Accra               Douala
                                          Accra          Ghana     1,963,264                                                                                  Cameroon                                                                             Somalia
                                                                                                                                              Port Harcourt
                                   Camayenne             Guinea    1,871,242                                                                                      Yaoundé
                                       Conakry           Guinea    1,767,200
                                        Soweto     South Africa    1,695,047                                                                           Equatorial                                                  Uganda                      Mogadishu
                                       Pretoria    South Africa    1,619,438                                                                            Guinea          Congo                                                  Kenya
                                       Kaduna            Nigeria   1,582,102
                                                                                                                                          São Tomé &                   Brazaville                        Kampala
                                                                                                                                            Príncipe          Gabon                   Democratic                                Nairobi
                                         Harare      Zimbabwe      1,542,813
                                        Kumasi           Ghana     1,468,609                                                                                                          Republic of            Rwanda
                                                                                                                                                                   Brazaville
                                Antananarivo       Madagascar      1,391,433                                                                                                  Kinshasa Congo                 Burundi
                                  Lubumbashi          Dr Congo     1,373,770
                                      Kampala           Uganda     1,353,189
                                        Douala       Cameroon      1,338,082                                                                                                                                           Tanzania
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Dar es Salaam
                                      Yaounde        Cameroon      1,299,369
                                       Bamako              Mali    1,297,281                                                                                  Luanda
                                    Brazzaville          Congo     1,284,609                                                                                                                                                                                    Seychelles
                                        Lusaka          Zambia     1,267,440                                                                                                                     Lubumbashi
                                   Omdurman               Sudan    1,200,000
                                       Maputo      Mozambique      1,191,613                                                                                                Angola
                                 Port Harcourt           Nigeria   1,148,665                                                                                                                                               Mozambique
                                    Benin City           Nigeria   1,125,058                                                                                                                                           Malawi                  Comoros
                                    Maiduguri            Nigeria   1,112,449                                                                                                                      ZambiaLusaka
                                Ouagadougou        Burkina Faso    1,086,505
                                           Zaria         Nigeria   975,153                                                                                                                                   Harare
                                Port Elizabeth     South Africa    967,677                                                                                                                                                                       Antananarivo
                                     Monrovia            Liberia   939,524                                                                                                                              Zimbabwe
                                         Abobo      Ivory Coast    900,000                                                                                               Namibia                                                                                        Mauritius
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Madagascar
                                                                                                                                                                                             Botswana

                                                                                                                             Cities Population                                                               Petroria Maputo
                                                                                                                                                                                        Johannesburg
                                                                                                                                     (2020)
                                                                                                                             >7M                                                                                   Eswatini
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Soweto
                                                                                                                             4M - 3M
                                                                                                                                                                                             South
                                                                                                                             3M - 2M                                                         Africa   Lesotho
                                                                                                                             2M - 1,5M
                                                                                                                             1,5M - 1,2M                                Cape Town           Port Elizabeth
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Durban
                                                                                                                             1,2M - 1M
16                                                                                                                     COUNTRY PRESENCE                                     CURRENT PORTFOLIO                                                                                                                                                 17

       UN-Habitat remains committed to Africa. With the support from the African Development Bank and other                                                                                        The Regional Office for Africa covers Sub-Saharan Africa, consisting of 49 countries and 22 active countries.
       development partners, UN-Habitat is keen to strengthen positive collaboration and partnerships with all levels                                                                              However, the largest country project portfolios of UN-Habitat in Sub-Saharan Africa are in Somalia and the
       of governments, non-governmental organizations, private sector and regional economic communities such as                                                                                    Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), with a total portfolio of between US$20 million and US$30 million each.
       the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East African Community (EAC), and the                                                                                       In both countries, the projects focus on post-conflict reconstruction and rehabilitation. Other countries with
       Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS),Southern Africa Development Community (SADC), etc.                                                                                       sizeable portfolios (between US$2 million and US$8 million) include: Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria,
       towards eradicating urban poverty and in transforming Africa’s urban development agenda.                                                                                                    Guinea Conakry, Ghana and Sao Tome and Principe. The rest of the countries have smaller project portfolios
       Regional Office for Africa has reorganize the management of its country programmes in order to optimize country                                                                             (below US$2 million). These include South Sudan, Cameroon, Chad, Zambia, Rwanda, Uganda, Burkina Faso,
       presence, in line with the current reorganized of the UN development system, especially reform of the Resident                                                                              Angola, Cabo Verde, Guinea Bissau and Comoros.
       Coordinator and UN Country Team system, and is engaging more systematically with the UN regional coordination                                                                               In addition, the regional office implements a number of multi-country or sub-regional projects ranging in size,
       processes, especially the Regional Coordination Mechanism (RCM) and the UN Sustainable Development Group                                                                                    with the largest one (US$14 million) on building urban climate resilience covering four South-Eastern African
       (Eastern and Southern Africa as well as Central and Western Africa). To achieve this, the Regional Office for Africa                                                                        countries.
       has prioritized all countries in its region on the basis of current projects, pipeline projects and status of discussions
       with both national governments and potential donors. It is supporting the development of Habitat Country
       Programme Documents (HCPD), as frameworks for resource mobilization and implementation and National
       Urban Policies (NUP) and support to UN Resident Coordinators (RCs) and UN Country Teams (UNCTs) within the
       sub-region in their efforts to mainstream urbanization issues, challenges and priorities.

                          Mauritania                                                                                                                          COUNTRY      CURRENT                                     Mauritania
                                                                                                                                                                           PORTFOLIO (USD)
                                                     Mali                     Niger               Chad                                                           Somalia $44.000.000,00                                                           Mali                     Niger                    Chad
Cabo Verde                                                                                                                                                     Congo DR $24.000.000,00       Cabo Verde
                                                                                                                                         Eritrea                 Ethiopia $2.500.000,00                                                                                                                                                        Eritrea
                   Senegal                                                                                                                          São Tome & Principe $5.500.000,00                           Senegal
                                                                                                                                                                    Kenya $5.000.000,00
         The Gambia                                                                                                                                                                                   The Gambia
                                                     Burkina                                                                                                         Chad $4.150.004,00                                                           Burkina
             Guinea Bissau                            Faso                                                                                                  Mozambique $7.000.000,00
                                                                                                                                                      Djibouti                                            Guinea Bissau                            Faso                                                                                                   Djibouti
                              Guinea                                                                                                                        South Sudan $1.500.000,00                                      Guinea
                              Conakry                          Benin     Nigeria                                                                                  Zambia $1.311.400,00                                     Conakry                          Benin     Nigeria
                                                            Togo                                                   South Sudan                                   Uganda $1.200.000,00                                                                    Togo                                                        South Sudan
                      Sierra Leone         Côte                                                                                          Ethiopia              Botswana $750.000,00                                Sierra Leone         Côte                                                                                                   Ethiopia
                                          D’Ivoire   Ghana                                     Central African                          Africa Urban Agenda Programme $709.000,00                                                      D’Ivoire   Ghana                                        Central African
                                Liberia                                                           Republic                                    Urban Resilience (DiMSUR) $625.000,00                                          Liberia                                                             Republic
                                                                                                                                                               Cameroon $421.924,00
                                                                                 Cameroon                                                                   South Africa $15.000,00                                                                                             Cameroon
                                                                                                                                                      SomaliaCabo Verde $375.000,00                                                                                                                                                                       Somalia
                                                                                                                                                                 Rwanda $1.000.000,00
                                                                         Equatorial                                          Uganda                        Guinea Bissau $760.00,00                                                                                   Equatorial                                               Uganda
                                                                          Guinea          Congo                                         Kenya                     Angola $120.000,00                                                                                   Guinea           Congo                                              Kenya
                                                            São Tomé &                                                                                                                                                                                   São Tomé &
                                                              Príncipe           Gabon Brazaville      Democratic
                                                                                                                                                                   Ghana $100.000,00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Príncipe          Gabon     Brazaville
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Democratic
                                                                                                                                                                 Lesotho $100.000,00
                                                                                                       Republic of      Rwanda                                   Namibia $100.000,00                                                                                                                   Republic of        Rwanda
                                                                                                          Congo         Burundi                               Zimbabwe $70.000,00                                                                                                                        Congo            Burundi
                                                                                                                                                            Burkina Faso $50.000,00
                                                                                                                                                                     Chad $50.000,00
                                                                                                                                Tanzania                          Malawi $50.000,00                                                                                                                                                 Tanzania
                                                                                                                                                                Comoros $3.000.000,00
                                                                                                                                                   African Union/UNECA $0,00
                                                                                                                                                       Congo Brazzaville $500.000,00
                                                                                                                                                                             Seychelles                                                                                                                                                                                     Seychelles
                                                                                                                                                       Equatorial Guinea $0,00
                                                                                                                                                                   Eritrea $0,00
                                                                                           Angola                                                                  Liberia $0,00                                                                                                           Angola
                                                                                                                                    Mozambique                  Mauritius $0,00                                                                                                                                                         Mozambique
                                                                                                                                Malawi                     ComorosNigeria $0,00                                                                                                                                                     Malawi                   Comoros
                                                                                                               Zambia                                            Senegal $0,00                                                                                                                                   Zambia
                                                                                                                                                               Seychelles $0,00
                                                                                                                                                            Sierra Leone $0,00
                                                                                                                                                    Swaziland - eSwatini $0,00
                                                                                                                     Zimbabwe                               Madagascar
                                                                                                                                                             The Gambia $0,00                                                                                                                                         Zimbabwe                                 Madagascar
                                                                                           Namibia                                                               Burundi $12,000 Mauritius                                                                                                 Namibia                                                                                  Mauritius
                                                                                                                                                                  TOTAL:    $95.430.324,00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Current Portfolio Size
                                               On going projects                                           Botswana                                                                                                                                                                                        Botswana
                                                                                                                                           Not only ROAF/All UNH projects
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          >10M
                                             >10
                                             10 - 7                                                                                                                                                                                       5 - 10M
                                             6-4                                                                               Eswatini                                                                                                   1 - 5M                                                                               Eswatini
                                             3-2                                                                                                                                                                                          500K - 1M
                                                                                                            South                                                                                                                                                                                          South
                                             1                                                              Africa   Lesotho                                                                                                              500K - 100K                                                      Africa    Lesotho
                                             0/ Inactive                                                                                                                                                                                  >100K
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No Funds
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No information
       SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
       REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA
THEMATIC AREAS OF INTERVENTION                                                                                                                     19

                                                    In terms of thematic focus, the largest operational projects in Africa focus on:
                                                    •       Post-conflict reconstruction and rehabilitation
                                                    •       Urban resilience and climate change adaptation.

                                                    Other projects cover:
                                                    •      Urban resilience and climate change adaptation,
                                                    •      Housing and slum upgrading,
                                                    •      Urban basic services,
                                                    •      Land management,
                                                    •      Urban economy,
                                                    •      Municipal finance,
                                                    •      Urban and regional planning
                                                    •      Policy development.

                                                                  Mauritania
                                                                  Mauritania
                                             Cabo Verde                                      MaliMali                      Niger
                                                                                                                        Niger                 Chad
                                                                                                                                            Chad
                                         Cabo Verde                                           Mali                        Niger               Chad
                                         Cabo Verde
                                                                  Senegal
                                                            Senegal
                                                             Senegal
                                                       The Gambia
                                                  The Gambia                                      Burkina
                                                                                              Burkina
                                                                                                   Faso
                                                   The Gambia
                                                           Guinea Bissau Guinea                Burkina
                                                      Guinea Bissau Guinea                     Faso
                                                       Guinea Bissau Guinea                      Faso     Benin
                                                                           Conakry                     Benin
                                                                       Conakry                                     Nigeria
                                                                        Conakry                         Benin
                                                                                                        Togo         Nigeria                                  South Sudan
                                                                                         Côte       Togo                                                    South Sudan             Ethiopia
                                                              Sierra Leone          Côte
                                                                                       D’Ivoire Ghana                                                         South Sudan         Ethiopia
                                                                                      Côte            Togo                                                                           Ethiopia
                                                               Sierra Leone        D’Ivoire Ghana
                                                                            Liberia D’Ivoire
                                                                        Liberia                Ghana
                                                                         Liberia                                             Cameroon
                                                                                                                          Cameroon                                                             Somalia
                                                                                                                            Cameroon                                                          Somalia
                                                                                                                                                                         Uganda                  Somalia
                                                                                                                                                                      Uganda        Kenya
                                                                                                      São Tomé &                   Congo                                  Uganda Kenya
                                                                                                  São Tomé   &
                                                                                                        Príncipe                     Congo
                                                                                                                            Gabon Brazaville       Democratic
                                                                                                                          Gabon                                                      Kenya
                                                                                                   São  Tomé &
                                                                                                    Príncipe                        Brazaville   Democratic
                                                                                                                                                   Republic of     Rwanda
                                                                                                                                                                 Rwanda
                                                                                                      Príncipe             Gabon                   Democratic
                                                                                                                                                 Republic
                                                                                                                                                     Congoof        Rwanda
                                                                                                                                                                   Burundi
                                                                                                                                                   Republic of
                                                                                                                                                   Congo         Burundi
                                                                                                                                                     Congo          Burundi Tanzania
                                                                                                                                                                          Tanzania
                                                                                                                                                                             Tanzania
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Seychelles
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Seychelles
                                                                                                                                       Angola                                                                    Seychelles
                                                                                                                                     Angola                                    Mozambique
                                                                                                                                       Angola                                 Mozambique
                                                                                                                                                                           Malawi                 Comoros
                                                                                      Thematic Area                                                       Zambia
                                                                                                                                                                          Malawi Mozambique      Comoros
                                                                                       Thematic Area                                                    Zambia
                                                                                     PSUP                                                                                   Malawi                  Comoros
                                                                                      PSUP
                                                                                     NUP/urban-rural    linkages                                          Zambia
                                                                                      NUP/urban-rural linkages
                                                                                     Housing                                                                    Zimbabwe                           Madagascar
                                                                                                                                      Namibia                 Zimbabwe                            Madagascar         Mauritius
                                                                                      Housing
                                                                                     Public Space
                                                                                                                                    Namibia                      Zimbabwe                           Madagascar       Mauritius
                                                                                      Public Space
                                                                                     GCRP                                                              Botswana
                                                                                                                                      Namibia                                                                           Mauritius
                                                                                      GCRP
                                                                                     Youth                                                           Botswana
                                                                                     DRR  Thematic Area
                                                                                      Youth                                                            Botswana
                                                                                     CPI
                                                                                      CPIUrban Basic Services
                                                                                     Waste
                                                                                      Waste
                                                                                         Legislation, Land & Governance
                                                                                     GLTN
                                                                                      GLTN
                                                                                         Urban Planning & Design                                                Lesotho
                                                                                     WatSan
                                                                                      WatSan
                                                                                         Housing & Slum Upgrading                                    South
                                                                                     Mobility
                                                                                      Mobility                                                       Africa   Lesotho
                                                  Countries where ROAf                   Urban Economy                                                  South
                                                  was Active 2018                    Climate
                                                                                      Climate Change
                                                                                                Change
                                                                                         Disaster Risk Reduction                                       Africa Lesotho
                                               Countries where ROAf
                                               was Active 2018                       Planning
                                                                                      Planning
                                               Countries where ROAf
                                               was Active 2018

Village of Nioumachoua, Mohéli Island,
Union of the Comoros ©Shutterstock
FRAMEWORK OF INTERVENTION                                                                                                                             21

                                                                                                                  •           SDGs 2030 with a focus on SDG 11: sustainable cities and communities

                                                                                                                  UN-HABITAT STRATEGIC PLAN
                                                                                                                  •           New Urban Agenda 2016-2036
                                                                                                                  •           Africa Agenda 2063
                                                                                                                  •           UN-Habitat Strategic Plan 2020-2023:

                                                                                                                          2020-2023
       AFRICAN UNION Harmonized Regional Framework
       for the Implementation of the New Urban Agenda
                                                                                                                                                          THEORY OF CHANGE
       AFRICA AGENDA 2063                                                                                         UN-HABITAT STRATEGIC PLAN 2020-2023

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Objective
                                                                                                                                        Sustainable urbanization is advanced as a driver of development
                                                                                                                                                 and peace, to improve living conditions for all

                                                                                                                                                          Reduced spatial

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Domains of Change
                                                                                                                                                           inequality and                   Enhanced                      Strengthened
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Effective
                                                                                                                                                             poverty in                       shared                      climate action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           urban crisis
                                                                                                                                                            communities                     prosperity                    and improved
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           prevention
                                                                                                                                                             across the                    of cities and                      urban
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and response
                                                                                                                                                            urban - rural                     regions                      environment

DEVELOPMENT
                                                                                                              3                                              continuum

                                                                                                                      Organizational      Drivers of
                                                                                                                      performance         change
                                                                                                                      enablers
                                                                                                                                          1. Policy &     Increased and equal                                                  Reduced
                                                                                                                      1. Monitoring &     Legislation                                                                                                     Enhanced social
                                                                                                                                                             access to basic              Improved spatial                 greenhouse gas
                                                                                                                      knowledge                                                                                                                             integration
                                                                                                                                                          services, sustainable           connectivity and                  emissions and
                                                                                                                                          2. Urban                                                                                                         and inclusive
                                                                                                                                                          mobility and public               productivity                     improved air
                                                                                                                      2. Innovation       Planning and                                                                                                     communities
                                                                                                                                                                 space                                                          quality
                                                                                                                                          Design
                                                                                                                      3. Advocacy,
                                                                                                                      communication       3. Governance
                                                                                                                      and outreach
                                                                                                                                          4. Financing
                                                                                                                                                             Increased and                                                                                Improved living
LUS 17 2030
       SDGAGENDA
            ICONSFOR
                  • GUIDELINES    FOR USE - SDG
                     SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
                                                                                                                      4. Partnerships     Mechanisms
                                                                                                                                                             secure access
                                                                                                                                                                                              Increased                       Improved
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           standards and

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Outcomes
                                                                                                                                                                                            and equitably                      resource
                                                                                                                                                               to land and                                                                                   inclusion of
                                                                                                                      5. Capacity                                                            distributed                   efficiency and
                                                                                                                      building                               adequate and                                                                                migrants, refugees
                                                                                                                                                                                          locally generated                 protection of
                                                                                                                                                                affordable                                                                                 and internally
                                                                                                                                                                                              revenues                    ecological assets
                                                                                                                      6. Systems and                             housing                                                                                 displaced persons
                                                                                                                      processes

                                                                                                                                                               Effective                      Expanded                         Effective                     Enhanced
                                                                                                                                                              settlements                   deployment of                   adaptation of                 resilience of the
                                                                                                                                                              growth and                frontier technologies             communities and                built environment
                                                                                                                                                             regeneration                  and innovations                infrastructure to              and infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           climate change

                                                                                                                                                              Social inclusion issues: (1) Human rights; (2) Gender; (3) Children, youth and Older Persons; (4) Disability

EM
                                                         17 SDG ICONS                                                                                                                  Crosscutting thematic areas: (1) Resilience; (2) Safety
N 2]   NEW URBAN AGENDA

S.
DED ON THE INTERNET, THESE GUIDELINES MUST BE UPLOADED ON THE SAME PAGE.

d the SDG logo, including the colour wheel, to graphically promote awareness of the Sustainable Development
resolution A/RES/70/1 of the General Assembly of 25 September 2015.
22                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               23

                                                                                                                                                     PRIORITY FOCUS AREA
                                                                                                                                                     Land                                               Municipal Finance                                   Slum Upgrading
                                                                                                                                                     Legislation                                        Local Economy Development                           Resilience
                                                                                                                                                     Local Government and Decentralisation              Youth and Livelihood                                Rehabilitation
                                                                                                                                                     Safer Cities                                       Energy                                              Risk Reduction
                                                                                                                                                     Climate Change                                     Mobility                                            Advocacy
                                                                                                                                                     Urban Planning and Design                          Water and Sanitation                                Innovation
                                                                                                                                                     Regional and Metropolitan Planning                 Waste Management                                    Migration
                                                                                                                                                     Public Space                                       Housing

ANGOLA
                                                                                                                                                     UN-HABITAT’S WORK IN THE COUNTRY
Country overview                                                                                                                                     National Urban and Territorial Development Policy (PNOTU): providing technical assistance for the Ministry of Spatial
On 30 October 2015, the eve of World Cities Day, UN-Habitat’s office in Luanda was officially inaugurated within the Finan-                          Planning and Housing (MINOTH) on the development of a policy framework including legal, institutional and programmatic
cial Contribution Agreement of the Ministry of Urban Planning and Housing (MINUHA) with the Program for the develop-                                 aspects in line with the Constitutional articles and the New Urban Agenda principles.
ment of the National Policy for Territorial and Urban Planning (PNOTU).
In 2016, UN-HABITAT prepared the Country Programme Document 2017-2021 for UN-HABITAT in Angola, endorsed by                                          National Housing Policy: supporting the National Housing Direction at MINOTH, the National Housing Institute (INH) and
MINUHA, which aims to establish a strategic framework for the implementation of programmes, projects and activities of                               the Housing Development Fund (FFH) to jointly develop a policy framework in line with the global Habitat Housing strategy,
the Programme, as well as serve as a platform to fund raise for the maintenance of UN-HABITAT in the country.                                        the New Urban Agenda and the current Angolan economic scenario.

                                                                SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Within the framework of PNOTU, a legal, institutional and socio-economic spatial diagnostic of the country has been de-                                                                                                                                                        3
veloped to support territory and urban planning. In addition, the main policy guidelines and evolution of the policy were                            New Urban Agenda for Angola: supporting the domestication of the New Urban Agenda in Angola, including translation
defined in line with the current country priorities.                                                                                                 into Portuguese, its adaptation, domestication as well as its dissemination through lectures and awareness raising to differ-
The development of the National Housing Policy has already been approved by the Board of Directors of MINUHA, for which                              ent government institutions and civil organizations.

                                                                GOALS (SDG)
UN-HABITAT Angola in partnership with the Housing Unit of UN-Habitat in Nairobi, should support the Government to
achieve.                                                                                                                                             Urbanization Atlas of Angola: preparation, publication and dissemination of the Urbanization Atlas of Angola, based on
Furthermore, UN-HABITAT provides high-level advocacy to civil society, academia, government agencies and development                                 data from the lastest Population and Housing Census and satellite images to track and record the expansion of Angolan
partners through discussions, lectures and technical assistance on the New Urban Agenda, Sustainable Development Goal                                cities.
11, Housing and Sustainable Urban Development.
                                                                                                              THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS THAT ARE RELEVANT
OVERVIEW
                                                                SDG LOGO, INCLUDING THE COLOUR WHEEL, PLUS 17 TO
                                                                                                              SDGUN-HABITAT’S WORK IN THIS
                                                                                                                   ICONS • GUIDELINES  FORCOUNTRY
                                                                                                                                           USE
            Total Population (2018)          Location
             30,780,974
            Urban Population (2018)
            65.5%- 20,161,538
            Urban Growth Rate (2015-2020)
            4.32%
            No. of Projects (2018-2019)
            01
            Total value of projects (2019)
            $120,000                                              SDG LOGO WITH UN EMBLEM                SDG LOGO WITHOUT UN EMBLEM
                                                                                                                                                     UN-HABITAT ANGOLA                                                  17 SDG ICONS
                                                                  FOR UN ENTITIES [VERSION 1]           FOR NON-UN ENTITIES [VERSION 2]
THE CHALLENGE
According to National Institute of Statistics, Angola’s urban population reached 62.6% in 2014. The majority of the urban
population is concentrated in coastal cities, especially Luanda, Benguela and Cabinda, with a high exposure to the effects of
climate change. Also, despite massive governmental investments on housing and urban infrastructure since early 2000’s, the
urbanisation process resulted mainly from an informal occupation   THESE     GUIDELINES
                                                                      of land.               MUSTagglomerations
                                                                                The biggest urban   BE PROVIDED       TOLuanda,
                                                                                                                    are: REQUESTERS.
with 6,760,444 inhabitants (41.9% of the total urban population);  WHENEVER        THE SDG LOGOwith
                                                                      Benguela-Catumbela-Lobito,      AND/OR     ICONS
                                                                                                          1,083,417       ARE UPLOADED ON THE INTERNET, THESE GUIDELINES MUST BE UPLOADED ON THE SAME PAGE.
                                                                                                                     inhabitants
(6.70%); Lubango, with 600,751 inhabitants (3.72%); Huambo, with 595,304 inhabitants (3.69%); and Cabinda, with
516,711 inhabitants (3.20%). These cities concentrate almost 60%   I. DESCRIPTION
                                                                        of the total urban population of Angola and 37.1% of
the country’s total population.                                    The United Nations has commissioned seventeen (17) icons and the SDG logo, including the colour wheel, to graphically promote awareness of the Sustainable Development
According to the Census 2014, 87.2% of the private-owned urban     Goalshousing   stock
                                                                            adopted   byof Angola
                                                                                         the      result
                                                                                             Member      from of
                                                                                                      States  self-construction,
                                                                                                                 the United Nations by resolution A/RES/70/1 of the General Assembly of 25 September 2015.
57.2% of urban households have access to safe water, 81.8% have access to proper sanitation facilities, 50.9% have access
to electricity and only 37.5% benefit from an adequate solid waste management system.
                                                                   II. USE OF THE SDG LOGO AND 17 ICONS
                                                                USE BY UN ENTITIES
                                                                                                                                                     Meeting of the Executive Director,   Urban Walk 2017 - Baixa de Luanda -   Urban Walk 2017 - Baixa de Luanda -     Informal Settlements Debate in Luanda
                                                                Use of the SDG logo [Version 1 with the UN emblem] and 17 icons by   United
                                                                                                                                UN-Habitat   withNations     offices,
                                                                                                                                                  Hon. Mrs. Ana Paula  Funds
                                                                                                                                                                        Advocacyand    Programmes
                                                                                                                                                                                  for New                and other
                                                                                                                                                                                          Urban Agenda and            subsidiary
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Tour guides:  Angela Mingas, organs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Secretary andwith
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          organizations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              stakeholders © UN-Habitat Angola
                                                                                                                                de Carvalho, Minister of Housing and    Sustainable Development Goals        of State for Territorial Development of
                                                                of the United Nations System                                    Territorial Development, Angola during  © UN-Habitat Angola                  MINOTH, and Thomaz Ramalho, Human
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS                                                                                                                WUF 9 in Kuala Lumpur © UN-Habitat                           Settlements Officer - UN-Habitat.
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA                                      United Nations offices, Funds and Programmes and other subsidiary organs   and organizations of the United Nations System may use the   SDG logo [Version 1 with the UN emblem]
                                                                                                                                                                                                     © UN-Habitat Angola
                                                                and 17 SDG icons without obtaining prior approval from the UN Department of Public Information (DPI), except for when uses other than those described in these guidelines are
                                                                requested (see page 19). However, for reporting purposes, DPI should be informed of events and information materials for which the SDG logo and the icons are being used including,
24                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              25

    BENIN                                                                                                                                                            BOTSWANA
    Country overview
                                                                                                                                                                     UN-Habitat’s interventions
    UN-Habitat is committed to continue its strong cooperation with the government of Benin. Benin is part of the UEMOA
                                                                                                                                                                     Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme (PSUP): UN-Habitat has been supporting the Government of Botswana in the
    sub-regional African organization. UN-Habitat and UEMOA (Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine) signed a MoU
                                                                                                                                                                     development of Housing policies, improving livelihoods through normative work and projects as well as strategies to address
    (Memorandum of Understanding) in 2010 to mainstream their partnership on urban and housing thematic on the sub-re-
                                                                                                                                                                     slums. The government supported in developing urban profiles for various towns including Gaborone.The funding is by the
    gion.
                                                                                                                                                                     European Commission and community management funds.
    In 2014, The Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme was implemented with a focus on the development of strategies
    for slum upgrading. The programme also aimed at improving the institutional coordination and institutional responsibilities,
                                                                                                                                                                     SDG Monitoring: UN-Habitat availed funds to monitor SDG 11 in Botswana which was selected as one of the pilot coun-
    and identifying the role of key ministries, NGO, the private sector, and the donors in the strategies for slum upgrading, par-
                                                                                                                                                                     tries in Africa. Trainings were held for the national and local governments. The interventions will be used to achieve SDG 11
    ticularly, in the three cities of Cotonou, Abomey and Tchaourou.
                                                                                                                                                                     in Botswana.
    OVERVIEW
                    Total Population (2019)                   Location
                                                                                                                                                                     UN-Habitat Country Programme document: The Government of Botswana has already highlighted priority areas for the
                     11,488,642                                                                                                                                      country programme. The process will be finalized once the signing of the MOU is completed for the Government to allocate
                                                                                                                                                                     financial resources for the development and the implementation of the UN-Habitat Country Programme.
                    Urban Population (2019)
                    47.3%- 5,434,128
                    Urban Growth Rate (2015-2020)
                    3.89%                                                                                                                                            OVERVIEW
                    No. of Projects (2018-2019)
                                                                                                                                                                                 Total Population (2018)          Location
                    00                                                                                                                                                            2,334,763
                    Total value of projects (2019)
                                                                                                                                                                                 Urban Population (2018)
                    00                                                                                                                                                           69.4%-1,620,326
    THE CHALLENGE                                                                                                                                                                Urban Growth Rate (2015-2020)

    In Benin, rural areas become urban centers and urban centers become large metropolitan areas, there is an increased compe-                                                   2.87%
    tition as well as demand for land for different purposes. This requires adequate planning and control to ensure harmonious                                                   No. of Projects (2018-2019)
    development and functional efficiency of these uses and settlements (Aribigbola, 2008). The effective urban land control and                                                 02
    management, particularly in areas with rapid urban sprawl, is crucial to tackling growing land use problems such as slum
    formation, rising cost of land, accessibility to urban land for housing, incompatible use, flooding and congestion among                                                     Total value of projects (2019)

    others for the purpose of achieving sustainable city development and ensure the safety and health of the people.                                                             $ 450,000
    UN-HABITAT BENIN                                                                                                                                                 THE CHALLENGE

                                                                                                                                                                   In Botswana, the increase of urbanization rates is mainly determined by two phenomena: the rural to urban migration typ-
                                                                                                                                                                     ical of dry lands where livelihood opportunity in the countryside are more and more scarce because of water scarcity, and
                                                                                                                                                                     the peri-urban migration. In general, the country has seen its population concentrating in urban areas according to their
                                                                                                                                                                     vocation. Towns like Serowe and Palapye have been attracting population because of their concentrated employment op-
                                                                                                                                                                     portunities mainly associated with services and industries. Maun and Kasane, being the tourism hub of the country, have
                                                                                                                                                                     seen growing urbanization rates associated with employment within the tourism sector. The construction of the trans-kal-
                                                                                                                                                                     ahari highway and the trade exchange at the gate with Namibia contributed to the accelerated growth of Ghanzi’s town.
                                                                                                                                                                     Gaborone’s urban growth has been mainly characterized, on the other side, by the peri-urban migration phenomena. Peri
                                                                                                                                                                     urban areas in Botswana play a vital role in urbanization because they absorb much of the population that, coming from
                                                                                                                                                                     the rural areas, is not accommodated in cities, primarily because of the shortage in affordable land and housing. Drivers of
                                                                                                                                                                     peri-urbanisations are financial capital (industries) and public policy, which aim to divert new housing development to the
                                                                                                                                                                     peri urban areas, like Mogodisthane or Tlokweng, to decongest and improve the living conditions of the city centers. Both in
                                                                                                                                                                    the case of the “vocational” migration and the peri-urban migration, vulnerability of the urban context is highly determined
    Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme (PSUP) | Slums, Habitats, Programming       Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme Empowers Women and Girls through      by the great pressure that high concentration of people put on unplanned urban settlements whose services networks, such
    © UN-Habitat PSUP                                                                  Community-Managed Funding
                                                                                       © UN-Habitat PSUP
                                                                                                                                                                     as health, education, water, electricity and transport are mostly underdeveloped.
    SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS
    REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA
26                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     27

                                                                                                                                                       PRIORITY FOCUS AREA
                                                                                                                                                       Land                                                   Municipal Finance                                  Slum Upgrading
                                                                                                                                                       Legislation                                            Local Economy Development                          Resilience
                                                                                                                                                       Local Government and Decentralisation                  Youth and Livelihood                               Rehabilitation
                                                                                                                                                       Safer Cities                                           Energy                                             Risk Reduction
                                                                                                                                                       Climate Change                                         Mobility                                           Advocacy
                                                                                                                                                       Urban Planning and Design                              Water and Sanitation                               Innovation
                                                                                                                                                       Regional and Metropolitan Planning                     Waste Management                                   Migration
                                                                                                                                                       Public Space                                           Housing

BURKINA FASO                                                                                                                                           UN-HABITAT’S WORK IN THE COUNTRY
                                                                                                                                                       Establishing a Metropolitan Governance and planning system for the Greater Ouagadougou (2019): With the support of UN-Habitat, a Memo-
                                                                                                                                                       randum of Understanding was signed in September 2019 between Ouagadougou and its surroundings municipalities (Loumbila, Pabre, Saaba, Komsilga,
Country overview                                                                                                                                       Koubri and Tanghin-Dassouri), to establish the inter-municipal cooperation for the metropolitan governance and define the steps forward for its implemen-
UN-Habitat is committed to continue its long-standing cooperation with the government of Burkina Faso, which started in                                tation.
1972. UN-Habitat’s technical assistance included support to the elaboration of urban policy, upgrading of urban settlements                            Centre of Excellence for Housing with UEMOA: UN-Habitat is supporting the establishment of a sub-regional Center of Excellence on Housing within
                                                                                                                                                       an academic institution serving as an innovative and sustainable knowledge hub that provides data, knowledge, expertise and long term capacity building
and environmental approaches to constructions. We are engaged in pursuing our work in partnership with the local author-                               and training services to develop the skills of urban sustainability practitioners in the eight countries of the West Africa Economic and Monetary Union
ities.                                                                                                                                                 (WAEMU – Burkina Faso, Sénégal, Mali, Niger, Togo, Bénin, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast). The Center of Excellence is set up at the University of Ouagadou-
The UEMOA (Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine), is a sub-regional African organisation covering 8 countries                                 gou, Burkina Faso with the support of the University of Dakar in Senegal and UN-Habitat.
in West Africa i.e Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. It’s headquarter is based                         Identification of urban durable solutions for integrating IDPs: the objective of the project is to strengthen the resilience of the municipalities affected
                                                                                                                                                       by the massive internal displacement of populations and to contribute to the prevention of an increase in tensions between displaced and host communi-
in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. UN-Habitat and UEMOA signed a MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) in 2010 to main-

                                                                          SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
                                                                                                                                                       ties by improving living conditions, implementation of durable solutions and the promotion of inclusion (and therefore the non-stigmatization of IDPs) and
stream their partnership on urban and housing thematic on the sub-region.                                                                              social cohesion.                                                                                                                                         3
                                                                                                                                                       Development of the National Urban Policy (NUP) - UN-Habitat is supporting the Government of Burkina Faso in the development of his National
                             ‘’A team of UN-Habitat came to train us in plumbing and thanks to this project, I can handle most plumbing                Urban Policy (NUP). In the context where urbanization, fueled by migratory and natural balances, has generated urban development issues specific to the
                             works and have skills such as fixing a tab or a toilet, even moving it if necessary and working on connections.           country. Cities and towns of Burkina Faso are facing a rapid sprawl, lack of planning, basic services and infrastructure, and weak governance and financial
                                                                                                                                                       systems, among other challenges. Its speed is an obstacle to the real-time consideration of these issues by public policies. The challenge for national and

                                                                          GOALS (SDG)
                             I didn’t expect to have a training that kind and quality, I didn’t have anything to do, I was sitting at home all
                                                                                                                                                       local authorities and civil society organizations would be to control and manage this urban growth, in the big cities as well as in the medium and small
                             day, but thanks to this project I can handle things and be useful. It helped me a lot.’’                                  cities of the country. A recent assessment on the NPHUD implementation showed that a new National Urban Policy (NUP) should be prepared through a
                                                                                                                                                       multi-sectorial, inclusive and participatory approach, which can place urbanization as a key factor to achieve sustainable development in Burkina Faso. This
                             Samateou Moaida, Sociologistic, Agence Perspective                                                                        will be implemented with the funds from the Andalusian Agency of International Cooperation for Development (AACID)for approximately Euro 70 000 and
                                                                                                                                                       the contribution of Burkina Faso.
OVERVIEW                                                                                   IMPACT                                                  THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS THAT ARE RELEVANT
            Total Population (2018)               Location                SDG LOGO,26,000
                                                                                     INCLUDING
                                                                                          victims of climateTHE
                                                                                                            related COLOUR
                                                                                                                                                   TO UN-HABITAT’S WORK IN THIS COUNTRY
                                                                                                                    disasters in 2018WHEEL, PLUS 17 SDG ICONS • GUIDELINES FOR USE
             29,890,567                                                                    against 34,000 in 2017

                                                                                           3,316 homeless in 2017 against 1,139 in 2018
            Urban Population (2018)
            19.4%- 5,798,770                                                               More than 14,000 persons benefited from the
                                                                                           Participatory Slum Upgrading Program in regional
            Urban Growth Rate (2015-2020)                                                  capitals
            4.99%
            No. of Projects (2018-2019)
            01
            Total value of projects (2019)
            $50,000
                                                                            SDG LOGO WITH UN EMBLEM                   SDG LOGO WITHOUT UN EMBLEM       UN-HABITAT BURKINA FASO                                             17 SDG ICONS
                                                                            FOR UN ENTITIES [VERSION 1]              FOR NON-UN ENTITIES [VERSION 2]
THE CHALLENGE
In Burkina Faso, the urban population increased from 15,5% in 1996 to 31,5% in 2016. It is expected to reach 52% by
2050. Cities and towns of Burkina Faso are facing rapid sprawl, lack of planning, basic services and infrastructure, and weak
governance and financial systems, among other challenges.
                                                                 THESE GUIDELINES MUST BE PROVIDED TO REQUESTERS.
Urban growth in Burkina Faso remains polarized in the two majorWHENEVER           THE SDG
                                                                  cities of the country:     LOGO AND/OR
                                                                                         Ouagadougou    (46,4%)ICONS    ARE UPLOADED ON THE INTERNET, THESE GUIDELINES MUST BE UPLOADED ON THE SAME PAGE.
                                                                                                                 and Bobo-Di-
oulasso (15,4%), representing nearly 62% country’s urban population . These cities are growing very quickly, without the
necessary support measures in terms of planning, administration, I. DESCRIPTION
                                                                     infrastructure, equipment and services. This fast-paced
urban growth results in sprawling and increase of informal settlements    in theNations
                                                                 The United      peri-urban
                                                                                         hasareas.
                                                                                             commissioned seventeen (17) icons and the SDG logo, including the colour wheel, to graphically promote awareness of the Sustainable Development
                                                                 Goals adopted by the Member States of the United Nations by resolution A/RES/70/1 of the General Assembly of 25 September 2015.

                                                                          II. USE OF THE SDG LOGO AND 17 ICONS
                                                                          USE BY UN ENTITIES                                                           Encounter between the Prime Minister                  Encounter between the Prime Minister               Visit of the Delegation of UN-Habitat to
                                                                                                                                                       of Burkina Faso and the Director of the               of Burkina Faso and the Director of the            Burkina Faso
                                                                          Use of the SDG logo [Version 1 with the UN emblem] and 17 icons              by  United
                                                                                                                                                       Regional Office Nations
                                                                                                                                                                       for Africa   offices,     Funds   and Regional
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Programmes            and other subsidiary
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Office for Africa                       organs      and organizations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                © UN-Habitat
                                                                                                                                                       © UN-Habitat                                          © UN-Habitat
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA ATLAS                                                  of the United Nations System
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR AFRICA
                                                                          United Nations offices, Funds and Programmes and other subsidiary organs and organizations of the United Nations System may use the SDG logo [Version 1 with the UN emblem]
                                                                          and 17 SDG icons without obtaining prior approval from the UN Department of Public Information (DPI), except for when uses other than those described in these guidelines are
                                                                          requested (see page 19). However, for reporting purposes, DPI should be informed of events and information materials for which the SDG logo and the icons are being used including,
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